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Lesson Plan Template: Hackett 2014

Teacher Candidate: Hannah Tubbs

School: SUNY Plattsburgh

Date: November 1, 2014

Subject: Earth Science

Grade Level: 9th

Unit/Lesson Title/Number: Law of Superposition/ Lesson 3

Lesson Context and Central Focus: Include authentic connection(s)

The third lesson of this unit will begin to elaborate on the law of superposition. Students will be able to look
at a stratigraphic map and be able to identify the age of rock bed based on the law from oldest to youngest.
Through this lesson, students will practice aging bed based off of Stenos law of superposition. Students will
leave the classroom and be able to look at a stratigraphic map and be able to label it based on the age of
oldest to youngest. The lesson that will follow this one will be looking into different evidence that we can
find within the rock bed that will allow us to give a specific age when the rock bed was created. The lesson
after this one will go into observing unconformities, relative age, and more.

Class Profile:
Consider what students know (prior knowledge), what they can already do, what they are learning to do,
what you know about their experiences, cultural backgrounds, and interests.
Things to include in the next lesson plan

Grade level
Age range
Number of male students
Number of female students
English language learners
Gifted students
Students with IEPs and 504 plans
Struggling readers

content standards
Common Core

Lesson 1:
1.Standard 4: Students will understand and apply scientific concepts, principles, and
theories pertaining to the physical setting and living environment and recognize the
historical development of ideas in science

Lesson Plan Template: Hackett 2014

(Include CC
Literacy Standards)


1.2j Geologic history can be reconstructed by observing sequences of rock types and
fossils to correlate bedrock at various locations.
Geologists have divided Earth history into time units based upon the fossil record.
Age relationships among bodies of rocks can be determined using principles of
original horizontality, superposition, inclusions, cross-cutting relationships, contact
metamorphism, and unconformities. The presence of volcanic ash layers, index
fossils, and meteoritic debris can provide additional information.

Next Generation Science Standards & STEM:

ESS1.C: The History of Planet Earth
The geologic time scale interpreted from rock strata provides a way to organize
Earths history. Analyses of rock strata and the fossil record provide only relative
dates, not an absolute scale. (MS-ESS1-4)

21st Century Skills

Learning and Innovation Skills

Communication and collaboration

Students will need to collaborate and communicate with one another throughout the
lesson in order to understand the order of ages throughout the classroom.
While working within groups they will have time to communicate and collaborate as

1. Students will be able to outline the different rock types and select which ones will gives us
Objectives/Targets information on the Earths History
Label :
(Blooms Taxonomy)

Must be numbered

*Could be collected for
and/or auditing

1a. Sedimentary Rocks

1b. Fossils found within the rock
2. Students will be able to analyze different layers of bed within a stratigraphic map and be
able to label oldest to youngest
2a. Stratigraphic maps
2b. Different fossils with in the bedrock
2c. Geologic time
2d. Law of Superposition

Objective 1:

Collect Do-now- where students will explain how sedimentary rocks are made and
include why fossils are found within in them.

Objective 2:

Hand in worksheet that shows understanding of aging of rocks and Law of


Lesson Plan Template: Hackett 2014


Teacher input,
method(s), modeling,
guided practice,
independent practice,
and/or activities

Label: Bell Ringer

Also may be called:
set induction,
anticipatory set,
Do Now, Write Now,
Silent Starter

Create a classroom stratigraphic map, where we will layer each student by age and
they will get to name their own rock.

Identify one language function essential for students within your central focus and
include the corresponding learning task(s).

Do Now: Creation of Sedimentary Rocks (CSE) (21st)

Students will be go to the third page of their a question review sheet and answer a few
questions about sedimentary rocks- including drawing pictures, and creating a picture
of their very own fossil-5 minutes

Transition: The teacher will present a picture of stratigraphic map and ask students to
raise their hand and answer the question of which rock is the oldest. (CSE)
Vocab Stop: The teacher will then define the law of superposition on the board and
ask his/her students to place these two definitions into their Earth Science Vocab
section of their binder. (Auditory)-5 Minutes (CSE)
The teacher will begin to explain the concept of Law of superposition and relative age.
A quick power point slide show will be used to display vocab and other visuals. -5
minutes (visual, auditory)

Label: Transitions

Activity: Classroom Age Stratigraphic Map (21st) (CSE)

visual, auditory, and
Accommodations for
learning modalities

The teacher will ask the students to take a look at the front of the classroom where
there will be a large stratigraphic map presented on the board. There will be enough
rock beds for each student in the class.
The teacher will pass out a mini version of the Classroom Age Stratigraphic Map
The teacher will ask the students to fill in their sheet, while we fill out the large poster,
crayons should be provided for them to color each layer.

Checks for
and/or content
(formative) Ex. (CFU

The teacher will ask the students to group together with the number on the top right
corner of their Classroom Age Stratigraphic Map worksheet.
The teacher will ask every student who is over the age of (Certain age) to raise his or
her hand. Once we figure out the oldest student, they will go write their name in the
lowest rock bed.
The students will be asked to place their name on the next lowest rock bed and name it
Name-Rock for example, Hannah-Rock

Lesson Plan Template: Hackett 2014

Label: Evidence of
21st Century Skills

Evidence of
Cognitive Student
Engagement (CSE)


While each student is going up to write their name on the board in chronological order,
the class will have a mini version of the poster in front of them.
The teacher will reinforce students to copy down the names as we go through them.
The students will also be reminded to use crayons to color in each name/rock bed to
divide them more visually.
The students will then collaborate together to figure out the rest of the map and when
completing the map they will be able to figure out who is the oldest. -15 minutes
(visual, auditory, and kinesthetic)

Check for Understanding: The teacher will ask students to recite how we know
which person is oldest in the classroom, and making the connection to understanding
the principle of superposition. (CSE)
Closure/Practice: The teacher will stay in the four groups based on the Classroom
Age Stratigraphic Map. (21st . (CSE)
The teacher will ask students what is the basic idea to remember ageing in a
stratigraphic map. Bottom: Oldest Top: Youngest
The students will work in groups on a stratigraphic map and label the rock beds from
oldest to youngest for the remainder of class-10 minutes

Label formative or
summative, describe
purpose, and provide

1. Formative: Students will answer the do now based on sedimentary rocks and fossils that
will be handed in and assessed for understanding of content. Students will be graded with a
pass or fail and will be given the correct answer if they are incorrect.
2. Formative: Students will be working in groups to age a stratigraphic map. The teacher will
be looking for the correct numbers for the age of bedrocks. If they do not complete with in
the designated class time they will finish it for homework. Will be graded on a pass or fail
basis, will be given feedback if there answers are incorrect.

Type: PowerPoint
Describe type and
purpose. Include a
back-up plan.

Purpose: Provide definitions, pictures, and directions for activities

Back-up Plan: Verbally provide definitions, and directions for activities


Academic Language:

Lesson Plan Template: Hackett 2014

required for the

Introduced: Within the lesson and the do now & mini lesson
Practiced: Writing down the words in their vocab stop packets

How will the language

be introduced,
practiced, & assessed?

Assessed: In homework, students will be asked create a map that assesses the law of

ELL considerations:
Student Supports,
Interactions with
and/or Support

Accommodations for students with IEPS and/or 504s:

Colleague Collaboration:


Very large poster board, various colored markers and crayons, mini version of the
Class Stratigraphic Map, worksheets with stratigraphic maps

Time Required
40 Minutes

Include key instructional materials and written assessments. Provide citations for materials that you did not create

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