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INTRODUCTION TO

SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
Psychology 220
University of Toronto

Instructor and TAs

Instructor:
Jennifer

Fortune (jennifer.fortune@utoronto.ca)

Teaching Assistants:
Last

Names A G: Lindsey Cary


(lindsey.cary@utoronto.ca)
Last Names H M: Susan Gillingham
(susan.gillingham@mail.utoronto.ca)
Last Names N Z: Marta Wnuczko
(m.wnuczko@utoronto.ca)

Course Goals & Objectives

By the end of the course, students should be able to:


Explain how social psychologists think about and study
human behavior.
Discuss the body of knowledge and underlying principles
that currently exist in the field.
Reflect upon the implications of social psychological
research for the situations we encounter in everyday life.
Be a good consumer of research, and critically evaluate
scientific findings about social psychological issues.

Course Information

Meeting Times:
Mondays,

6:10 - 9:00pm

Meeting Location: PB B150


Midterms in special testing rooms (TBA)

Textbook

Social Psychology Alive (1st


Canadian Edition)
J.

Olson, S.J. Breckler, & E.C.


Wiggins. (2008).
Used copies probably
available

Course Format

Lectures, videos, demonstrations.


Text book and supplementary readings.
Overlap between lectures and readings will vary; if
you want to do well, you must come to class.
Grades based on:
Two

non-cumulative term tests


Cumulative final exam
Five reflection assignments

Course Components
Components

Content

Date

Weight

Term Test 1
(75 multiple choice)
Location: TBA

Material from lecture and


readings covered Sept 10
- 24

Oct 1, 6:00
8:00pm

25%

Term Test 2
(75 multiple choice)
Location: TBA

Material from lecture and


readings covered from
Oct 15-29

Nov 5, 6:00
8:00pm

25%

Due by
Reflection Assignments* Choice of 8 topics/formats
(5)
midnight the
(worth 2% each)
Thurs after they
are assigned
Final Exam
TBA
Material from lecture and
(75 multiple choice)
2 hours
readings covered from
Location: TBA
Sept 10 Dec 3

10%

40%

Term Test 1 (25%) Oct 1

Assigned readings in text, lecture, supplementary


articles, and videos from Sept 10 24.

2 hours (6:00 8:00pm).

75 multiple choice questions.

Testing rooms TBA

Term Test 2 (25%) Nov 5

Assigned readings in text, lecture, supplementary


articles, and videos from Oct 15 29.

2 hours (6:00 8:00pm).

75 multiple choice questions.

Testing rooms TBA

Final Exam (40%)

Assigned readings in text, lecture, supplementary


articles and videos for the entire course (Sept 10
Dec 3).
2 hours
During Final Exam Period
75 multiple choice questions.
Testing rooms TBA.

Reflection Assignments (2% each)

Allow for reflection upon and engagement with


course topics.
May take various formats including:
500

word reflection papers


Worksheets
Mini-labs

Will be introduced during each of the 8 lecture


days beginning on Sept 17.
You are responsible for completing 5 of your choice
(for a total of 10%).

Reflection Assignments (2% each)

Due by midnight 3 days after they are assigned via


the Assignment section on the Blackboard site.
Eg.

Assignment given on a Monday will be due


Thursday

It is your responsibility to keep track of how many


assignments you have submitted.
Max 5 assignments- we wont mark extras

Reflection Assignments (2% each)

LATE ASSIGNMENTS WILL NOT BE ACCEPTED.


There will be no opportunity to make up missed
assignments.
If I do poorly on a reflection assignment, can I do
an extra one to make up for it? Do you take the
best 5?
No.

We will only mark your first 5 assignments.

Date

Topic

Readings

Sept 10

Introduction + Research Methods

Olson Chap. 1 & 2

Social Cognition

Olson Chap. 3
Supplementary Articles
Olson Chap. 4 & 5
Supplementary Articles

Sept 17
Sept 24

Reflection Assignment #1
Social Perception + Person in Situation

Reflection Assignment #2

Oct 1

Test 1

Oct 8

No Class - Thanksgiving

Oct 15
Oct 22
Oct 29

Attitudes & Attitude Change

Reflection Assignment #3

Stereotypes, Prejudice, and Discrimination

Reflection Assignment #4

Intra- & Inter-group Relations

Reflection Assignment #5

Nov 5

Test 2

Nov 12

No Class Fall Break

Nov 19
Nov 26
Dec 3

Conformity, Compliance and Obedience

Reflection assignment #6

Prosocial & Antisocial Behaviour

Reflection Assignment #7

Emotion & Close Relationships

Reflection Assignment #8

Olson Chap. 6 & 7


Supplementary Articles
Olson Chap. 9
Supplementary Articles
Olson Chap. 10
Supplementary Articles

Olson Chap. 8
Supplementary Articles
Olson Chap. 11 & 12
Supplementary Articles
Olson Chap. 13
Supplementary Articles

Course Website

UT Blackboard site (http://portal.utoronto.ca)


Includes:
Lecture

slides (posted with blanks - by midnight the


morning of the lecture)
Announcements
Supplementary articles
Course information (including syllabus)
Assignment Uploader

Communication

Use your UTORmail account ONLY


Include the course code and a concise statement of purpose
in the subject line

E.g., PSY220: question about term test 1.

Check course documents first

Email the TA to which you have been assigned


Last Names A G: Lindsey Cary (lindsey.cary@utoronto.ca)
Last Names H M: Susan Gillingham
(susan.gillingham@mail.utoronto.ca)
Last Names N Z: Marta Wnuczko (m.wnuczko@utoronto.ca)

Find two buddies!

Exchange contact information with two classmates


Help

each other out by sharing class notes.

LECTURE 1

INTRODUCTION TO
SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY

What is Social Psychology?

The study of how individuals thoughts, feelings, and


behaviors are influenced by other people
4 key components of this definition:

Influenced by other people

Thoughts, feelings, and behaviors

Individuals perspective

Scientific study

How Other People Affect Us

Other people affect how we interpret events

Other people affect how we feel about ourselves

Other people affect how we behave

Social Psychology: Just Common Sense?

Social psychology is sometimes subjected to the I knew


it all along phenomenon.
many social psychological findings confirm intuitions
many other findings, however, disconfirm intuition
science trumps intuition

Hindsight appears clearer than it is

hindsight bias: the inclination to see events that have


already occurred as being more predictable than they were
before they took place

Contradictory proverbs

Birds of a feather flock together


Opposites attract
All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy
Idle hands are the devils playground
Absence makes the heart grow fonder
Out of sight, out of mind

Social Psychology: Benefits

Being an informed citizen


using

scientific findings to form strategies for dealing


with social problems and social issues

Applying social psychological knowledge


health,

business, politics, law, etc.

Understanding the influences on your own life

Social Psychology: Its Everywhere!

Brief History of Social Psychology

Earliest documented social psychology experiment:


social facilitation effect (Triplett, 1898)

Brief History of Social Psychology

Earliest documented social psychology


experiment: social facilitation effect
(Triplett, 1898)
Bike racers faster against others than alone
Children wound fishing reel faster when
together than when alone

Floyd Allport (1920s) main proponent of


experimental social psychology and
author of one of the 1st textbooks on
social psychology

Brief History of Social Psychology

World War II:


European

psychologists fleeing Nazi


occupied Europe
Kurt

Lewin

Known as the father of modern


social psychology
Groundbreaking emphasis on the
role of individual AND environment
in producing behaviour

Brief History of Social Psychology

World War II:


The

Nazi phenomenon and Holocaust begged


explanation
Sparked much research on conformity, obedience,
prejudice, and aggression
Nazi propaganda sparked interest in research on
persuasion

Video

The Power of the Situation

THE METHODS OF SOCIAL


PSYCHOLOGY

Competing Proverbs
31

Birds of a feather flock together vs Opposites


attract.
All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy, vs
Idle hands are the devils playground.
Absence makes the heart grow fonder vs Out of
sight, out of mind.
Proverbs are often contradictory, but they may be a
good starting point for research.

The Science of Social Psychology


32

1.

State problem

2.

Formulate hypothesis

3.

Design study & collect data

4.

Test hypothesis with the data

5.

Communicate study results

Does absence make the heart grow


fonder?
33

Hypothesis: romantic couples who are separated


will think more highly of one another than when they
are together.
Experiment:
Please

write a description of your


boyfriend/girlfriend.
Independent variable: partner present or absent
Dependent variable: # of positive things written about
the partner.

Does absence make the heart grow


fonder?
34

Result
people

who were separated from their partner during


the experiment wrote more positive comments than
people who were not separated from their partner.

Communicate results:
Submit

article to scholarly journal

The Science of Social Psychology


35

Independent variable
Dependent variable

Research Design
36

Experiments
Researcher

controls procedures
Random assignment to conditions
Allows for conclusions about cause & effect

Quasi-experiments
No

random assignment
2 IVs: together/apart & men/women

Research Design
37

Laboratory experiments

Field experiments

Non-experimental studies
38

Correlational research
Sacrifices

the ability to draw conclusions about

causality.

Correlations
Relationship

between two variables


have magnitude (correlation coefficient) and direction

Correlations
39

Correlation coefficient

r = -.78
Direction of
the correlation

Correlations
40

Equal magnitude
Different directions

r = -.78

r = +.78

How is temperature related to ice


cream sales?
41

Two variables:
daily

temperature
Ice cream sales

What is the correlation between these two


variables? What does this mean?
.78

Correlations
42

What can we conclude from a correlation?


What is the correlation between drowning and ice
cream sales?
What

would a positive correlation mean?

Limits of correlations

Reflection Assignment

No reflection assignment this week- we will start


doing those next class.