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JOB HAZARD

RECOGNITION,
EVALUATION &
CONTROL

Hazards that can lead


to accidents and workrelated illnesses.

An accident
is the result of
contact of a
body with a
source
of
energy above
the threshold
limit of that
body

COMMON ACCIDENTS
 Struck by
 Struck against
 Fall from a height
 Fall on same level






Caught in
Caught on
Electrocution
Overload

CAUSES OF ACCIDENTS


Unsafe Condition - seen as a physical or chemical


property in the material

Unsafe Act - a violation of safe procedure


act of omission
act of commission

Three Steps to Control Accidents &


Work-related illness:
Identify
 Evaluate
 Correct


IDENTIFY THE HAZARD


Inspection (Before)
 Investigation (After)


EVALUATE THE
HAZARD


OSHA standards

NIOSH

TLV

CORRECT THE HAZARD


Engineering Control
 Administrative Control
 Personal Protective Equipment


ENGINEERING METHODS
Eliminate or reduce the hazard by:
 Initial design specification
 Substitution
 Isolation (Place)
 Ventilation, others . . .

ADMINISTRATIVE METHODS
Control of employees exposure
 Scheduled reduced work hours in
contaminated areas
 Increased breaks
 SOPs
 Isolation (Time)
 Medical Exams

PERSONAL PROTECTIVE
EQUIPMENT
- barrier aids in controlling individual
exposure to hazards

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH
The promotion and maintenance of the
highest degree of physical, mental and
social well-being of workers in all
occupations
ILO/WHO 1950

TYPES OF HAZARDS
Physical Hazards
 Chemical Hazards
 Biological Hazards
 Ergonomic Hazards


PHYSICAL HAZARDS
 Noise
 Vibration
 Extremes Temperatures
 Too Much/Poor Illumination
 High/Low Pressure

CHEMICAL HAZARDS
Liquids
 Solids
 Gas


CHEMICAL HAZARDS
Routes of entry
 Inhalation
 Ingestion
 Dermal contact
 Eye contamination

BIOLOGICAL HAZARDS
Bacteria
 Viruses
 Fungi
 Insects/Parasites


ERGONOMIC HAZARDS





Improper Tools and Equipment Design


Unnecessary/ Unusual Lifting or
Reaching
Repetitive Motions
Stress at Work

Mismatch between
The worker & his work

HAZARD RECOGNITION










Visible dust clouds or fumes


Eye or skin irritation on walk-through
Road excavation
Need to raise voice to communicate
Change of nail polish
Poor work practice
Poor plant layout
Noontime sun
Octopus connections

WORK ENVIRONMENT
MEASUREMENT (WEM)

is the direct measurement


of hazards, environmental
stresses
and
their
hazardous effects on the
workers health.

PURPOSE OF WEM
 Determine the magnitude of harmful
environmental agents;
 Predict the harmfulness of new facilities,
processes and methods;
 To monitor workers exposure to hazards;
 Evaluate the effectiveness of control
 measures adopted for improvement;
 Maintain a favorable working condition.

WORK ENVIRONMENT
MEASURING INSTRUMENTS


NOISE - Sound level meter, frequency analyzer.

LIGHT - Luxmeter or Lightmeter

EXTREMES OF TEMPERATUTE Thermometer

RADIATION Film badge, Thermoluminiscence


detectors, Pocket dosimeter.

CHEMICAL AGENTS Gas and Vapor monitors.

BIOLOGIC AGENTS Microscope.

WEM CONTROL METHODS


 Substitution
 Changing the
process
 Isolation
 Wet methods
 Local exhaust
ventilation








PPE
Personal hygiene
Housekeeping
Waste disposal
Medical controls
Administrative
control