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ENGINEERING MECHANICS - STATICS

Presentation:

RENE S. ARCILLA
Civil & Geodetic Engineer

ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURES:
Purpose of analysis: determine how the loads applied to structures are distributed
throughout the structure.
Limit of analysis is on pin-connected types, i.e., assemblages of bars fastened by
smooth bolts, pins or hinges.
Two types of structures will be studied pin-connected trusses and pin-connected
frames.
For trusses internal force in a bar is directed along the axis of the bar.
For frames members are subjected to bending action.

After learning how these types of structures are constructed, the internal forces
holding their various members in equilibrium create concurrent or non-concurrent
systems of forces in equilibrium.

HAU CEA

SY 2012 - 2013

METHOD OF JOINTS:

ENGINEERING MECHANICS - STATICS

Presentation:

RENE S. ARCILLA
Civil & Geodetic Engineer

ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURES:

B
D

F
Formation of a Simple Truss

HAU CEA

SY 2012 - 2013

METHOD OF JOINTS:

ENGINEERING MECHANICS - STATICS

Presentation:

RENE S. ARCILLA
Civil & Geodetic Engineer

ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURES:

W
W

HAU CEA

SY 2012 - 2013

METHOD OF JOINTS:

ENGINEERING MECHANICS - STATICS

Presentation:

RENE S. ARCILLA
Civil & Geodetic Engineer

ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURES:

HAU CEA

SY 2012 - 2013

METHOD OF JOINTS:

ENGINEERING MECHANICS - STATICS

Presentation:

RENE S. ARCILLA
Civil & Geodetic Engineer

ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURES:

Compression
B

A
C

HAU CEA

SY 2012 - 2013

Tension

F
E

METHOD OF JOINTS:

ENGINEERING MECHANICS - STATICS

Presentation:

RENE S. ARCILLA
Civil & Geodetic Engineer

ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURES:
A Fink truss is loaded as shown below. Determine the force in each member of the
truss assuming them to be pin-connected.

10kN
10kN

10kN

30

60

60
C

20kN

HAU CEA

SY 2012 - 2013

60

60

30

20kN

METHOD OF JOINTS:

ENGINEERING MECHANICS - STATICS

Presentation:

RENE S. ARCILLA
Civil & Geodetic Engineer

ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURES:
A Fink truss is loaded as shown below. Determine the force in each member of the truss assuming
them to be pin-connected.
30 10 kN
At joint B:
BD

Fy = 0
BC 10cos30 = 0
BC = 8.66 kN (C)

AB = 70 kN
BC

RG

RA

Fx = 0
AB BD 10sin30 = 0
BD = AB 10sin30
BD = 70 10sin30
BD = 65kN (C)

Since the truss is symmetrically loaded, the reactions will share half of the total load, hence
RA = RG = (10x3 + 20x2) = 35 kN
At joint A:

AB
AC

Fv = 0
RA ABsin30 = 0
35 = ABsin30
35
AB =
sin30
AB = 70kN (C)

Fh = 0
AC ABcos30 = 0
AC = ABcos30
AC = 70cos30
AC = 60.62kN
AC = 60.62kN (T)

RA = 35 kN
HAU CEA

SY 2012 - 2013

METHOD OF JOINTS:

ENGINEERING MECHANICS - STATICS

Presentation:

RENE S. ARCILLA
Civil & Geodetic Engineer

ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURES:
A Fink truss is loaded as shown below. Determine the force in each member of the truss assuming
them to be pin-connected.
10 kN
At joint D:

D
BD = 65 kN
CD = 31.75kN

DE

RG = 35

RA = 35
At joint C:
BC=8.66

AC=60.62

20 kN
HAU CEA

DF

SY 2012 - 2013

CD

Fv = 0

Fh = 0
20 BCsin60 CDsin60 = 0 AC + CE + BCcos60 CDcos60 = 0
CE = AC + CDcos60 BCcos60
20 BCsin60 = CDsin60
CE = 60.62 + (-31.75)cos60 8.66cos60
CE
CE = 40.42 kN
20 8.66sin60
CD =
CE = 40.42 kN (T)
sin60
CD = 31.75kN
CD = 31.75kN (T)
METHOD OF JOINTS:

ENGINEERING MECHANICS - STATICS

Presentation:

RENE S. ARCILLA
Civil & Geodetic Engineer

ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURES:

10kN
10kN

10kN

30

60

60
C

35 kN

HAU CEA

SY 2012 - 2013

20kN

60

60

30

20kN

35 kN

METHOD OF JOINTS:

ENGINEERING MECHANICS - STATICS

Presentation:

RENE S. ARCILLA
Civil & Geodetic Engineer

ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURES:
Joint B of the truss shown in the figure is subjected to the forces exerted by the three
members AB, BC, and BD. Members AB and BD are in the same straight line, but BC
is inclined at an angle of degrees with this straight line. Show that the force in BC
must be zero. Generalize this result and then show that the force in members CD, DE,
EF, FI, HI, KH, and JK is also zero.
F
D

L
C

RA

HAU CEA

SY 2012 - 2013

RL

METHOD OF JOINTS:

ENGINEERING MECHANICS - STATICS

Presentation:

ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURES:

RENE S. ARCILLA
Civil & Geodetic Engineer

At joint A:

AB
5
A

AC

L
C

RA = P
Fy = 0

RA

RL

RA AB(3/5) = 0
RA = AB(3/5)

At joint B:
Fx = 0

AB = (5/3)RA
AB = (5/3)P

AB = (5/6)P (C)
Fx = 0
AC AB(4/5) = 0
AC = (5/6)P(4/5)
AC = P (T)
HAU CEA

SY 2012 - 2013

BC

AB BD = 0
AB = BD
Fy = 0
BCsin = 0
BC = 0

METHOD OF JOINTS:

ENGINEERING MECHANICS - STATICS

Presentation:

RENE S. ARCILLA
Civil & Geodetic Engineer

ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURES:
The cantilever truss in the figure below is hinged at D and E. Find the force in each member.

RD

DV

DH

RE

HAU CEA

SY 2012 - 2013

METHOD OF JOINTS:

ENGINEERING MECHANICS - STATICS

Presentation:

RENE S. ARCILLA
Civil & Geodetic Engineer

ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURES:
Compute the force in members AB, BE, and DE of the cantilever truss shown.

GV

RG

GH

RH

HAU CEA

SY 2012 - 2013

METHOD OF JOINTS:

ENGINEERING MECHANICS - STATICS

Presentation:

RENE S. ARCILLA
Civil & Geodetic Engineer

ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURES:
Compute the force in each member of the Warren Truss shown.

RA
HAU CEA

SY 2012 - 2013

RE
METHOD OF JOINTS:

ENGINEERING MECHANICS - STATICS

Presentation:

RENE S. ARCILLA
Civil & Geodetic Engineer

ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURES:
Determine the force in members AB, AC, BD, CD and CE of the cantilever truss shown. If the loads
were applied at C and E instead of at B and D, specify which members would have their internal
force changed.

RF

DH
DV
HAU CEA

SY 2012 - 2013

RD
METHOD OF JOINTS:

ENGINEERING MECHANICS - STATICS

Presentation:

RENE S. ARCILLA
Civil & Geodetic Engineer

ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURES:
Compute the force in each member of the truss shown. If the loads at B and D are shifted vertically
downward to add to the loads at C and E, will there be any changes in the reactions? Which
members, if any, would undergo a change in internal force?

RA
HAU CEA

SY 2012 - 2013

RF
METHOD OF JOINTS:

ENGINEERING MECHANICS - STATICS

Presentation:

RENE S. ARCILLA
Civil & Geodetic Engineer

ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURES:
Determine the force in each member of the crane shown in the figure.

RE

DH
RD
HAU CEA

DV
SY 2012 - 2013

METHOD OF JOINTS:

ENGINEERING MECHANICS - STATICS

Presentation:

RENE S. ARCILLA
Civil & Geodetic Engineer

ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURES:
Determine the force in members AB, BD, and CD of the truss shown in the figure.

RA

HAU CEA

SY 2012 - 2013

RH

METHOD OF JOINTS:

ENGINEERING MECHANICS - STATICS

Presentation:

RENE S. ARCILLA
Civil & Geodetic Engineer

ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURES:
Determine the force in members FH, DF, and DG of the truss shown in the figure.

RA

HAU CEA

SY 2012 - 2013

RH

METHOD OF JOINTS: