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Gerald

Fleming

Cessarini
Martin Boszat

Alan Farmer

Ian Kershaw

Supple

The theory is
based on the
idea is what
always
intended and
planned

The middle
ground
between the
two main
theories

Belief that
Holocaust was
not planned
but drifted

Goldhagen

Davidowicz
Hans
Mommsen

Moderate
Functionalist

Structuralist

Intentionalist

Historical
debate

Resistance by
Jews

Violence
towards Jews
before the
Final Solution

Holocaust

Kristallnacht night of the


broken glass
His personal
doctor did
Euthanasia
under his
orders

Gave insight in
Mein Kampf
and Victory
speeches

No written
orders

Must have had


some control
over the orders
- he had full
control over
his leadership

Consequence
of the attack
was the
removal of
Jews from
economic life

Passive
Resistance

Active
Resistance

Revolt at
Auschwitz Sonnerkommando

Individuals
and
organisations

Organisations
Individuals

Hilter

Himmler

Heydrich

Head of the SS

Headed the
Wannsee
Conference

More of an
operational
wheel rather
than a leader

Saw himself as
a future leader

Goering

Big Business

SS

Warsaw
Ghetto

Revolt at
Sorbibor
Camp

Had contracts
with Nazs
over slave
labour

Won contracts
on the
crematoria
Made
contracts with
Big Business

Holocaust
I.
Historical debate
A.

Structuralist
1.

B.

Belief that Holocaust was not planned but drifted


a.

Alan Farmer

b.

Ian Kershaw

c.

Martin Boszat

d.

Hans Mommsen

Moderate Functionalist
1.

The middle ground between the two main theories


a.

C.

Intentionalist
1.

II.

The theory is based on the idea is what always intended and planned
a.

Goldhagen

b.

Supple

c.

Davidowicz

d.

Gerald Fleming

Violence towards Jews before the Final Solution


A.

Kristallnacht - night of the broken glass


1.

III.

Cessarini

Consequence of the attack was the removal of Jews from economic life

Individuals and organisations


A.

Individuals
1.

2.

Hilter
a.

No written orders

b.

His personal doctor did Euthanasia under his orders

c.

Gave insight in Mein Kampf and Victory speeches

d.

Must have had some control over the orders - he had full control over his leadership

Himmler
a.

Head of the SS
(1)

3.

Heydrich
a.

Headed the Wannsee Conference


(1)

4.
B.

More of an operational wheel rather than a leader

Saw himself as a future leader

Goering

Organisations
1.

SS
a.

2.

Made contracts with Big Business

Big Business
a.

Had contracts with Nazs over slave labour

b.

Won contracts on the crematoria

IV.

Resistance by Jews
A.

Passive Resistance

B.

Active Resistance
1.

Warsaw Ghetto

2.

Revolt at Sorbibor Camp

3.

Revolt at Auschwitz - Sonnerkommando