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Multi Phase Flow Meter Vendors quote on their specification sheets GVF functional range. What is GVF?

Let us understand it.


Operations Engineer should have full clarity on GVF - What it is and how it is calculated from the readily known well fluid ope
understanding GVF and calculating it from the normally known well fluid operating data and the expected variations. Useful f
Vop=Ps*Vs*Zop*Top/(Pop*Zs*Ts)

Most of the Multi Phase Flow Metering specifications


require that GVF range is specified. This spreadsheet
calculates GVF, from the normally known Flow, GOR &
WC data. GVF is gas to total fluids percentage at actual
conditions

Temp in Rankine, Pressure, psia


Black font is user input
RED Font data cells are Std/Calculated.

GAS VOLUME(VOID) FRACTION, GVF - CALCULATION S

Parameter
Case/Units

C
A
S
E
1

C
A
S
E

GOR

WC
Water Cut

W
Water
Flow

Liquid
(oil+water)

Vg,std, Gas Flow at


Standard
Conditions

BBLs/DAY

SCF/BBL

BWPD

BLPD

SCFD

1000
5000
20000

500
600
1000

70
50
50

2333
5000
20000
0
0
0
0

3333
10000
40000
0
0
0
0

500,000
3,000,000
20,000,000
-

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

O
Oil Flow

10000
20000

When liquid & gas flows are given use this row.
GOR & WC are not needed

1,700,000
500,000

C
A
S
E
2

When liquid & gas flows are given use this row.
GOR & WC are not needed

Gas Volume (void) Fraction (GVF.) Definition:


GVF, or gas volume fraction, is defined as the ratio of the gas volumetric flow-rate to the total volumetric flow-rate.
The total volumetric flow-rate is the sum of the liquid volumetric rate and the gas volumetric flow-rate. These
volumetric flows are usually expressed in actual (not standardized )volumetric terms. Express in either percentage (0-100%) or
WC = Water Cut or Percentage
Gas Oil Ratio (GOR) is expressed in Standard Cubic Feet of gas per barrel of hydrocarbon liquid crude (SCF/BBL)
BWPD = Barrels of Water Per Day
BLPD = Barrels of Liquid (Crude+Water) Per Day
SCFD = Standard Cubic Feet Per Day

at is GVF? Let us understand it. Needless to say, before MPFMs selection the specifying
he readily known well fluid operating data of Water Cut, GOR and flows. This spreadsheet readily helps Operating Engineer in
he expected variations. Useful for reviewing and specifying the GVF range while ordering the MPFMs.
1
2
3
4
5

e Std/Calculated.

Case 1 = When Oil Flow, Water cut and GOR are given
Case 2= When Standard oil, water and Gas Flows are given. GOR & WC Not necessary. Go
Any one row is enough for a condition, table can be used to find a range of GVF by varyin
Variation in liquid volumes at Standard and actual conditions is taken as negligible
Input Zop & Zs values correctly by using the other worksheet. Refer other worksheet tit
Z values are also dependent on the compositions of N2, CO2 & H2S use other worksheet

ION, GVF - CALCULATION SPREADSHEET FROM UPSTREAM WELL DATA - P, T, OIL FLOW, WATER CUT & GOR

Vg,op= G
Gas Flow at Operating
Conditions

Ps
Pressure Std

Ts
Temp Std

Zs
Comp
Factor

Pop
Operating
Pressure

Top
Operating
Temp

Zop
Comp
Factor

PSIA

Rankine

No.

PSIA

Rankine

No.

14.7
14.7
14.7
14.7
14.7
14.7
14.7

520
520
520
520
520
520
520

0.9987
0.9987
0.9987

100
200
300

600
700
800

0.9937
0.9927
0.9948

14.7
14.7
14.7
14.7
14.7

520
520
520
520
520

#DIV/0!
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14.7
14.7
14.7
14.7
14.7
14.7
14.7
14.7
14.7
14.7

520
520
520
520
520
520
520
520
520
520

#DIV/0!
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14.7
14.7
14.7

520
520
520

1
1

100
200

600
700

0.9937
0.9927

G, in Ft3/Day
84,383
295,044
1,501,805
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286,530
49,110
#DIV/0!

14.7
14.7

520
520

volumetric flow-rate.
ow-rate. These
n either percentage (0-100%) or corresponding Fraction (0.0 to 1.0) as needed.

crude (SCF/BBL)

#DIV/0!
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s Operating Engineer in

given. GOR & WC Not necessary. Go to Row for case-2 for GVF calculation.
sed to find a range of GVF by varying oil, water cut, GOR or flows.
nditions is taken as negligible
rksheet. Refer other worksheet titled "Z Calculation" in this file
2, CO2 & H2S use other worksheet to correctly input Z values.

W, WATER CUT & GOR

Vg,op= G
Gas Flow at Operating
Conditions
G, in BPD
15,028
52,546
267,463
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51,029
8,746
#DIV/0!

GAS+OIL+WATER
Total Liquid Flow at
Operating Conditions
BLPD

GAS
VOLUME(VOID)
FRACTION=
100*G/(G+O+W)
GVF in %

18,361
62,546
307,463
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81.85
84.01
86.99
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61,029
28,746

83.61
30.43
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Description: This spreadsheet calculates gas compressibility factor based on


Brill and Beggs correlation.
Instruction: 1) Select a unit system; 2) Update data in the Input Data section;

3) Review result in the Solution section.


1

14.7 psia

30 MPa

Input Data:

Pressure:
Temperature:
Gas specific gravity:
Mole fraction of N2:
Mole fraction of CO2:
Mole fraction of H2S:

60 F
0.65 air = 1
0.1

100 C
0.65 air = 1
0.1

0.08

0.08

0.02

0.02

Solution:

Pseudocritical pressure =
Pseudocritical temperature =
Pseudo-reduced pressure =
Pseudo-reduced temperature =
A=
B=
C=
D=
Gas compressibility factor z =

697 psia
345 R
0.02
1.60
0.4684
0.0053
0.0668
0.9849
0.9987

4.74 MPa
191.53 K
0.02
1.60
0.4684
0.0053
0.0668
0.9849
0.9987

Reference: Brill-Beggs-Z.xls http://petroleumsupport.com/brill-beggs-z/

14.7 psia
92 F
0.65 1 for air
0.1
0.08
0.02