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THARPANA MANTHRAM

We do tharpanam regularly on :
* All Amavasya days
* Four samkramanams (month beginnings)a. mesha samkramanam,
b. karkidaga samkramanam,
c. thula samkramanam and
d. makara samkramanam
and
* Lunar and Solar eclipses.
Some rules regarding tharpanam are given below:
1.On the day of Tharpanam, till tharpanam is completed we are not supposed to
drink/eat anything.
2.On the day of tharpanam, the daily rituals like Sandhya vandhana have to be first
performed. Then before tharpanam, Madhyanikam have to be performed. If you
are working and need to go to office very early, do Madhyanikam immediately after
Prathasandhya and then perform Tharpanam.
3.Wet cloth should not be worn during tharpanam. Do not wear single veshti. Tie
uthareeyam or thorthu around waist above veshti.
4.Except the tharpanam during eclipse all other tharpanams are to be done after 12
noon. In cities many people go to office very early and Kanchi Sankaracharya once
answered to a query that a person can do tharpanam after 6.00 AM .
5.Tharpanam should be done with hand full of water and not drops or spoon full of
water.
The water should be poured out using the space between the thumb and the four
fingers of right hand by tilting the hand to right side. (For pithru tharpanam, the
water should fall on the koorcham through right hand thump).
6.Every time a pinch of black til has to be taken. Care should be taken not to take it
using the thumb and the index finger.
7.Pithru tharpanam should always be done with poonal hanging from the right
shoulder to the left side(Edam) of the body.
8. While doing tharpanam put two durbhas on the place we are going to sit underneath folded legs. (Durbheshwaseenaha).
9.Silver, copper or brass vessels have to be used for tharpanam. Under no
circumstance should steel or other metal vessels are to be used.
11.Tharpanam should be done facing east. It is believed that it either should be
done in our homes, in public places or holy places like sea-shore or river side.
12.If Amavasya and the first of the month in which tharpanam has to be performed
comes on the same day, then tharpanam for the samkramanam (first of the month)
should be done.

Tharpanam
Achamanam
Take minute quantities of water three times in the right hand and take it (swallow)
with the following manthra.

1.Om Achyuthaya nama 2,Om Ananthaya nama 3.Om Govindaya nama


Then
Touch with thumb both cheeks saying kesava -Narayana
Touch with ring finger both eyes saying Madhava Govinda
Touch with the first finger both sides of nose saying Vishno-Madhusoodana
Touch with little finger both ears saying Trivikrama-Vamana
Touch with the middle finger both shoulders saying Sreedhara-Hrishi kesa
Touch with all fingers the belly button saying Padmanabha
Touch with all fingers the head saying Damodara
2.Ganapathi dyanam
Recite the following manthra slowly hitting the forehead with both fists together.:Shuklambaradharam Vishunum Sasi Varnam ChathurBhujam,
Prasanna Vadanam Dyayeth Sarva Vigna Upa Santhaye.
3. Pranayamam.
Hold both Nostrils with Thumb and the little and third finger of the hands and
recite the following Manthra:Om Bhoo
Om Bhuva
Ogum Suva
Om Maha
Om Jana
Om Thapa
Ogum Sathyam
Om Tatsa vithur varenyam Bargo devasya dhi mahi dhiyo yona prachodayath
Om Apa
Jyothj rasa
Amrutham brahma
Bhoorbuvasuvarom
Touch the ears three times saying
Om, Om , Om
4. Sankalpam
Mamo Patha Samastha Duritha kshaya dwara Sri Parameshwara Preethyartham.
Apavithra pavithro va Sarvavastham gathopi va,
Ya smareth pundarikaksham sa bahyanthara suchi
Manasam vachikam paapam karmana samuparjitham
Sri Rama smarane naiva vyapohathi na samsaya
Sri Rama-Rama Rama Thidir Vishnu thada vaara nakshatram Vishnureva cha,
Yogascha karanam Chaiva sarvam Vishnu mayam jagat Sri Govinda Govinda Govinda
Adya Sri Bhagavatha maha purushasya Vishnor Agnaya pravarthamanasya Adhya

Brahmana Dweethiya parardhe Swetha Varaha kalpe Vaivaswatha manvanthare


ashta vimsathi thame kali yuge prathame padhe ,jambu dweepe , Bharatha varshe,
Bharatha Khande , Mero Dakshine Parswe , Sakabdhe asmin varthamane vyvaharike
Prabhavadeenam sashtya samvatsaranam madhye --------------- Nama samvatsare,
--------- ayane, ------------- rithou, ---------------- mase, -------------- pakshe , Adhya
--------- Punya thithou,-------------vasra yukthayam,,---------------- nakshatra
yukthayam
Shubha yoga Shubha karana, Evam guna viseshana visishtayam
asyam,----------- Punya thithou,
(Poonal Edam) ( Change the position of poonal from left shoulder to right shoulder
LEFT MODE)
Paternal side---------------------gothranaam(tell your gothram)-------------- (Names of father, grand
father, great grand father) sarmanaamVasu-Rudra-adithya swaroopanam asmad
Pithru Pithamaha- Prapithamahanam , -------(your Gothram) Gothraa (Names of
mother. Grand mother, great grand mother ) Namnee , Vasu-Rudra-Adithya
swaroopa Asmad
(if mother is not alive) Mathru, pitamahi, prapithamahischa
(if mother is alive then say--) pithamahi, prapithamahi, pithruprapithamahischa,
Maternal side-----------------------gothraanam(Ammanathu gothram)---------------- (if you know tell
the names of maternal grand father, his father and his grand father)
Sarmanam vasu rudra -adithya swaroopanam asmad
mathamaha, mathru pithamaha, mathru prapithamahanam, (Your maternal grand
father's gothram)---------gothraa ----------------------(tell the names, if you know,
of maternal grand mother, maternal great grand mother, Grand mother of
maternal grand father) Namnee, vasu-rudra adithya swaroopa asmad
mathamahi, mathu pithamahi, mathu prapithamahischa,
Ubhaya vamsa pithrunaam akshayya thripthyartham amavasya* punya kale
vargadwaya pithrunudhdhisya darsa shradhdham hiranya roopna adhya karishye.
Thathangam thila tharpanam cha karishye.
(* - Mesharavi punya kale --for tharpanam done on Mesha sankramam(chittiraimedam first)
Karkadaga ravi punya kale-- for tharpanam done during adi-Karkidaga
Sankramam(Adi- Karkadakam first),
Thula ravi punya kale-- for tharpanam done during thula masam first(IyppasiThulam first),
Makara ravi punya kale-- for tharpanam done on makara sankramam(Thai
Makaram first),
Suryoparaga punya kale-- for tharpanam done during solar eclipse &
Somoparaga punyakale --for tharpanam done during Lunar eclipse)
Throw away the Durbha (only) held round the fingers along with Pavithram to

the North side. Poonal valam- Change position of poonal to the left shoulder(usual
mode), touch water with finger Apa upasparsya.
5. Dakshina
Poonal Edam - change position of poonal to right shoulder(left mode).
Take two durbhas and keep in front of you. Assume this as Vadhyar, acharyar or
Brahmanan.
Take another set of two durbhas and put in front of the above durbhas(Vadhyar /
Brahmanan)-and say Amavasya punyakale varghadwaya pithrunudhisya asmin maya
kriyamana hiranyaroopa darsa sradhdhe mama vargadwaya pithrunaam Idhamasam.
Put few til on the durbhas and say - tiladhi sakalaradhanai swarchitham.
Take vettilai, Pakku, Dakshinai and add a drop of water and chant Hiranya
garbha garbhastham hema beejam vibhavaso Anantha punya phaladham ada:
santhim prayachame. Amavasya punya kale vargadwaya pithrunudhischya darsa
sradhdha prathyam nayartham idam hiranyam phala thamboola sahithammama varga
dwaya pithru preethim kamayamana: thubhyamaham sampradhade (Keep the
Dakshina on the durbhas)
Om Thathsath.
Poonal valam. Pradhakshina namaskaram:
Change poonal to usual pattern from left shoulder
(Chant and rotate in the same place clock wise)
Devathabhya pithrubhyascha maha yogibhya eva cha
Nama swaadhai swaahayai nithyameva namo nama.
Yani kani cha papani janmanthara krithani cha
Thani Thani vinasyanthi pradhakshina pade pade.
Mama vargadwaya pithrubhyo nama:
Do namaskaram prostate in front of the koorcham.
6. Arrangement of Koorcham**
In a thambalam, plate or tharpanavatta pohini arrange the durbhas and koorcham
as shown below :
EAST
I
I
I
I
WEST
---------I---------------------I--------> SOUTH
I
I
I
I
WEST
** - In some families they use two koorchams one for pithru vargam and another
for mathru vargsm.

7.Avahanam
Pooanal Edam - Wear the poonal in the left mode and chant with folded hands
Swamina: maya krithena anena hiranya roopa darsa sradhdhena mama vargadwaya
pithara: save nithya truptha bhooyasurithi bhavantho S nu gruhnnanthu.
(Anugruhnnanthaa bhooyasu:)
Take two durbhas while chanting the following manthras:a. Aayatha pithara: somya gambhirai: padhibhi: poorvai: prajamasmabhyam
dadhatho rayim cha deergayuthwam cha satha saaradam cha. Om bhorbuvaswarom.
Asmin koorche vargodhaya pithroon dhyayami, avahayami. Put two durbhas on the
koorcham.
Put til-Ellu and on the koorcham saying- tiladhi sakalaradhanai swarchitham.
b. If you know the names of pithrus then modify tha above Avhanam as follows:Take two durbhas while chanting the following manthras:Aayatha pithara: somya gambhirai: padhibhi: poorvai: prajamasmabhyam
dadhatho rayim cha deergayuthwam cha satha saaradam cha. Om bhorbuvaswarom.
Asmin koorche ---------------gothran---------------( Names of father, grand father, great
grand father) sarmana: Vasu-Rudra-adithya swaroopan asmad Pithru PithamahaPrapithamahan , -------(your Gothram) Gothraa--------------- (Names of mother.
Grand mother, great grand mother ) Namnee, Vasu-Rudra-Adithya swaroopa:
asmad (if mother is not alive) Mathru, pitamahi, prapithamahischa
(if mother is alive then say--) pithamahi, prapithamahi, pithruprapithamahischa,
---------------------gothraa (Ammanathu gothram- Your maternal grand father's
gothram)---------------- (if you know tell the names of maternal grand father, his
father and his grand father) Sarmana: vasu rudra -adithya swaroopan asmad
mathamaha, mathru pithamaha, mathru prapithamaha, (Your maternal grand
father's gothram)---------- gothraa ----------------------(tell the names, if you know,
of maternal grand mother, maternal great grand mother, Grand mother of
maternal grand father) Namnee, vasu-rudra adithya swaroopa asmad mathamahi,
mathu pithamahi, mathu prapithamahischa, dhyayami, avahayami- Put two durbhas
on the koorcham.
Put til-ellu- on the koorcham saying - tiladhi sakalaradhanai swarchitham.
8. Pithru tharpanam
Do tharpanam, three times each, chanting the manthram (three times each) with
ellu(til) and water directly from panchapathram. Keep the udhdharani on the
koorcham to prevent the koorchm from floating on water while doing the
tharpanam.
Pitru varga tharpanam :

Pithrun swadha namastharpayami 3 times


Pithamahan swadha namastharpayami 3 times
Prapithamahan swadha namastharpayami 3 times
If mother is not alive :
Mathru: swadha namastharpayami 3 times
Pithamahi swadha namastharpayami 3 times
Prapithamahi swadha namastharpayami 3 times
If mother is alive:
Pithamahi swadha namastharpayami 3 times
Prapithamahi swadha namastharpayami 3 times
Pithru prapithamahi swadha namastharpayami 3 times
Mathru varga tharpanam :
Mathamahan swadha namastharpayami 3 times
Mathu: pithamahan swadha namastharpayami 3 times
Mathu: prapithamahan swadha namastharpayami 3 times
Mathamahi swadha namastharpayami 3 times
Mathu: pithamahi swadha namastharpayami 3 times
Mathu: prapithamahi swadha namastharpayami 3 times
Jnatha jnatha pithru varge tharpanam (Tharpanam to unknown manes of paternal
& Maternal sides)
a.Jnaatha jnatha mama vargadwaya pithroon swadha namas tharpayami
b. Jnaatha jnatha mama vargadwaya pithroon swadha namas tharpayami
c. Jnaatha jnatha mama vargadwaya pithroon swadha namas tharpayami
Oorjam vahantheeramrutham grutham paya keelalam parisrutham swadha stha
tharpayatha me, pithroon trupyatha thrupyatha thrupyatha. (Pour all water in the
panchapathram on the koorcham).
9. Poonal valam. Pradhakshina namaskaram:
Change poonal to usual pattern from left shoulder
(Chant and rotate in the same place clock wise)
Devathabhya pithrubhyascha maha yogibhya eva cha
Nama swaadhai swaahayai nithyameva namo nama.
Mama vargadway pithrubhyo nama:
Do namaskaram prostate in front of the koorcham.

10. Udwasanam
Poonal Edam- Wear the poonal in the left mode. Take til-ellu and chant
Aayatha pithara: somya gambhirai: padhibhi: poorvai: prajamasmabhyam
dadhatho rayim cha deergayuthwam cha satha saaradam cha. Om bhorbuvaswarom.
Asmath koorchath yadhasthanam prathishtapayami. (Put the ellu on the koorcham).
Shobhanarthe kshemaaya punaraghamanaayacha. (Touch the koorcham with hand).
11. Sarva Tharpanam
Take koorcham, untie the knot of Koorcham. Take the koorcham, other durbhas
and remaining til(ellu) in hand and along with water do a single Tharpanam
chanting :
Yesham na matha na pitha na bandhu na anya gothreena the sarve trupthimayanthu
mayoth srushtai kusodhakai: Trupyatha, Trupyatha, Trupyatha.
12. Pavithram visarjanam
Remove pavithram from mothira viral, untie and put it on north side, change
poonal to right shoulder and touch water.
13.Brahmarpanam
Offer a hand full of water chanting.
Om Tat sat Brahmarpanamasthu
Do Aachamanam.

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