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Answer key: Environment & Ecology

1. D 2. A 3. D 4. D 5. D 6. D 7. D 8. D 9. B 10. C 11. B 12. A 13. D 14. A 15. B 16.

C 17. 18. D 19. A 20. C 21. C 22. D 23. D 24. D 25. C 26. C 27. D 28. B 29.
D 30. D 31. Correction 32. B 33. A 34. Correction i and ii both 35. D 36. C 37. D
38. B 39. A 40. C 41. D 42. C 43. C 44. D 45. C 46. D 47. D 48. A 49. A 50. D 51. B
52. D 53. C 54. A 55. A 56. A 57. C 58. A 59. B 60. D 61. B 62. D 63. B 64. C 65. B
66. D 67. A 68. B 69. A 70. D 71. A 72. 73. D 74. C 75. B 76. C 77. B 78. A 79. B
80. B 81. B 82. C 83. B 84. C 85. A 86. D 87. B 88. C 89. B 90. D 91. B 92. B 93. D
94. D 95. B 96. D 97. A 98. A 99. A 100. A

1. . What is the way to avoid the occurrence of disasters, especially in factories

and plants?
a. The peoples right to know everything concerning the factories and plants
and their products.
b. Shift factories and plants to remote regions
c. Total ban on the use of their production.
d. Safety rules and regulations followed strictly
2. Which of the following is correctly matched:
a. Ecology Study of organisms in relation to their environment
b. Synecology Study of interrelationships among communities of organisms
c. Autecology Study of individual organism in an ecosystem
d. All of the above
3. 23. Consider the following
i. Troposphere ii. Euphotic zone iii. Stratosphere iv. Photic zone v. Mesophere
vi. Aphotic zone
Which of the above form a part of the biosphere?
a. i, ii, iii, iv and v b. ii, iii, iv, v and vi c. i, iii, iv, v and vi d. i, ii, iii, iv and
25. .. Biosphere reserve is termed as the last stronghold of
many Himalayan species. This also forms a part of worlds Biodiversity
Hotspot. Majorly inhabited by Adi, Budhhhist and Mishmi tribes. Takin and
Vanda orchid are, respectively, the faunal and floral rarities to be found here.
The blank is filled by a. Dibru Saikhowa Biosphere Reserve
b. Kangchendzonga Biosphere
c. Dihang Dibang Biosphere Reserve
d. Nokrek Biosphere Reserve
26. Which of the pyramids can be inverted?
I .Pyramids of number ii. Pyramid of biomass iii. Pyramid of energy
Select the correct code:
a. I, ii and iii b. ii and iii c. I and ii d. I and iii

4. 32. Walker circulation which impacts the monsoon system in India majorly
belongs to which of the following?
a. Indian Ocean
b. Pacific Ocean c. Indian and Pacific Ocean d.
Atlantic Ocean
5. 39. Which of the following is the most productive aquatic ecosystem?
a. Estuary
b. Eutrophic lake c. Continental shelf d. High sea
6. 42. How is a Run of the River(ROR) hydroelectric project different from
normal hydro electric projects?
a. ROR project harnesses seasonal flow of water during monsoon or floods
b. There is no storage impounded by an ROR project
c. Both a and b are correct
d. None of the above
7. 44. At which of the following places will you find Coral Reefs in India?
a. Gulf of Mannar, Sunderbans and Andaman and Nicobar
b. Andaman and Nicobar, Lakshadweep and Gulf of Kutchh
c. Andaman Nicobar, Gulf of Mannar, Lakshadweep
d. Both b and c are correct
47. Which of the following causes a tsunami?
a. Earthquakes b. Submarine landslides c. Impact of meteor d. All of the
9. 49. Why do desert plants bloom at night?
a. As they are pollinated by night flying insects
b. They develop well in dark
c. Desert plants lack moisture
d. None of the above
52. Which of the following species are found in the Temperate Alpine
climate of India?
i. Blue sheep
ii. Tahr
iii. Golden Eagle
iv. Griffon Vulture
Select the correct code:
a. Only i and ii b. Only ii and iv

c. Only i, iii and iv d. All of the the above

53. Which of the following is a critically endangered species in India?

i. Himalayan Brown Bear
ii. Kalij Pheasant
iii. Himalayan Griffon Vulture
iv. Goldne Eagle

Select the correct code:

a. only I and ii b. only ii and iv c. only i, iii and iv

d. None of the above

55. Consider the following statements about Temperate Deciduous Forests

i. These are found in the north eastern part of USA, China, New Zealand, Chile and
also found in coastal regions of Western Europe
ii. They shed their leaves in the winter season
Which of the above is/are correct?
a. Only I
b. Only ii
c. Both I and ii
d. Neither I nor ii
58. Consider the following statements about Ramsar Convention.
1. The Ramsar Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and
sustainable utilization of wetlands.
2. Under the convention definition of wetlands include "areas of marine water the
depth of which at low tide does not exceed six meters" as well as fish ponds, rice
paddies and salt pans.
3. The nation with the highest number of sites under the convention is China.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) Only 1 & 2
(b) Only 2 & 3 (c) Only 1 & 3 (d) All of the above
60. Study of pug marks can provide the certain information such as:
1. Presence of different species in the area of study.
2. Population of large cats (tigers, lions etc.).
3. Sex ratio of large cats.
4. It helps in determination of age also.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) Only 1 & 2
(b) Only 2, 3 & 4 (c) Only 1, 2 & 4
(d) All of the above
10. 65. India has . Biodiversity hotspotsa. Two
b. Three
c. Four

d. One

66. Which of the following is correct about Red List of endangered species?
i. It is jointly prepared by IUCN and UNEP under UNFCCC
ii. It classifies species in 3 categories only
Select the correct codea. Only I
b. Only ii
c. Both I and ii d. None of the above
67. Which of the following is correct about CITES?
i. It contains provisions to protect wildlife species form illegal trade, habitat
destruction and climate change
ii. It releases Red List of Endangered species with the help of IUCN
Select the correct code
a. Only I
b. Only ii

c. Both I and ii

d. None of the

71. Consider the following statements related to river dolphins:

1. The presence of river dolphin represents the purity of the holy Ganges as it
can only survive in pure and fresh water.
2. The Ganges river dolphin has been recognized by the government of India
as its National Aquatic Animal.
3. 'My Ganga, My Dolphin' is a collaborative effort of IUCN - India and the
forest department of Bihar.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) Only 1 & 2
(b) Only 2 & 3
(c) Only 1 & 3 (d) All of the
73. What are the advantages of GM crops over traditional crops?
a. They are better equipped against biotic and abiotic stresses
b. High resistance to disease, insects, weeds
c. Better in value and nutrient composition
d. Not only that they are resistant to climatic changes, they are more capable
to with stand natural occurrences like droughts, floods
11. 75. The use of microorganism metabolism to remove pollutants such as oil
spills in the water bodies is known as :
[A]Biomagnification [B]Bioremediation [C]Biomethanation
76. The largest number of Tiger Reserves are located in :
[B]Andhra Pradesh [C]Madhya Pradesh [D]West Bengal
77. The Siberian Crane, an endangered migratory bird is a regular visitor of
which of the following national park/bird sanctuaries:
[A]Ranganathittu bird sanctuary
[B]Keoladeo national park
[C]Vedanthangal bird sanctuary
[D]Sultanpur bird sanctuary
78. In an ecotone, the species which become abundant are called:
[A]Edge species [B]Keystone species [C]Endemic species [D]Foster
12. 80. Which of the following is not among the four coral reef regions of India
identified by the Government for intensive conservation and management?
[A]Gulf of Mannar [B]Gulf of Khambat [C]Lakshadweep Islands
[D]Andaman and Nicobar Islands
13. 86. The importance of coral reefs especially for the tropical waters are:
1. The zooxanthellae algae symbiotic with corals remove carbon dioxide from
the air.
2. Make carbohydrates available as food.
3. The warm water limits nutrients essential for life thus helps in maintaining
4. Assist in recycling of the nutrients.
Which of the statements given above are correct?

(a) Only 1, 2 & 3

(b) Only 2, 3 & 4

(c) Only 2 & 3

(d) Only 1, 3 & 4

14. 94. Consider the following.

1. Central American Highland Forests
2. Western Ghats
3. Eastern Madagascar
4. Temperate Andes
Which of the above has been identified as biodiversity hotspots by IUCN?
(a) Only 1, 2 & 3 (b) Only 1 & 2
(c) Only 2, 3 & 4 (d) All of the above
15. 99. Consider the following statements about Bonn Convention.
1. It aims to conserve terrestrial, marine and avian migratory species
throughout their range.
2. Migratory species threatened with extinction are listed on Appendix I of the
3. There were 119 Parties to the Convention but countries like China, USA,
and Russia are not party to the convention.
Which of the statements given above are incorrect?
(a) Only 1 & 2 (b) Only 2 & 3
(c) Only 1 & 3 (d) None of the above

16. Which one of the following is a wrong statement?

Greenhouse effect is a natural phenomenon
Eutrophication is a natural phenomenon in freshwater bodies
Most of the forests have been lost in tropical areas
Ozone in upper part of atmosphere is harmful to animals
Question 2
17. In an area where DDT had been used extensively, the population of birds
declined significantly because
Cobras were feeding exclusively on birds
Many of the birds eggs laid, did not hatch
Birds stopped laying eggs
Earthworms in the area got eradicated
Question 3
19. Measuring Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) is a method used for
Measuring the activity of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in producing curd on a
commercial scale
Working out the efficiency of R.B.Cs. about their capacity to carry oxygen
Estimating the amount of organic matter in sewage water
Working out the efficiency of oil driven automobile engines
Question 4

Identify the correctly matched pair

Basal Convention Biodiversity Conservation
Montreal Protocol - Global warming
Kyoto protocol Climatic change
Ramsar Convention Ground water pollution
Question 6
20. Common indicator organism of water pollution is:
Entamoeba histolytica
Escherichia coli
Eichhornia crassipes
Lemna paucicostata
Question 7
22. Shell of egg in bird becomes thin (not properly formed) due to the pollution of
pesticides. This is due to interference in the activity of :
Mg ATPase
Ca ATPase
None of these
23. Lichens can be used as :
Source of wood
Initial vegetation for waste lands
Bio-indicator for water and air pollution
To check the air pollution
Question 9
25. Industrial melanism is an example of
Protective resemblance with the surrounding
Drug resistance
Defensive adaptation of skin against UV radiations
Darkening of skin due to industries
Question 10
26. Carbon dioxide is called green-house gas because it is
Transparent to sunlight but traps heat
Transparent to heat but traps sunlight
Used in green-house to increase plant growth
Transparent to both sunlight and heat
Question 11

28. Trichoderma harzianum has proved a useful microorganism for:
Reclamation of wastelands
Bioremediation of contaminated soils
Biological control of soil-borne plant pathogens
Gene transfer in higher plants
Question 12
29. The two gases making highest relative contribution to the greenhouse gases
CO2 and N2O
CO2 and CH4
CH4 and N2O
CFC5 and N2O
Question 13
31. The slow rate of decomposition of fallen logs in nature is due to their:
Poor nitrogen content
Low moisture content
Low cellulose content
Anaerobic environment around
32. Which one of the following is not a bioindicator of water pollution?
Sewage fungus
Stone flies
Question 15
34. Which one of the following is the correct percentage of the two (out of the
total of 4) green house gases that contribute to the total global warming?
CO2 40%,CFCs 30%
CFCs 14%, Methane 20%
Methane 20%, N2O 18%
N2O 6%, CO2 86%

Most hazardous metal pollutant of the automobile exhaust is


Noise pollution is measured in
Question 3
Non-Ionizing radiations with specific biological effects are
Gamma rays
UV radiations
Ozone day is observed on
September 16
April 25
January 15
December 16
Question 5
Ozone depletion in the stratosphere will cause
Increased incidence of skin cancer
Forest tires
Global warming
none of these
Question 6
Sulphur dioxide affects
All membrane systems
Cell wall
Question 7
Ozone hole is largest over

Ozone layer of upper atmosphere is being destroyed by
Photochemical oxidants
Sulphur dioxide
Question 9
Peeling of Ozone umbrella, which protects us from UV rays, is caused by
Coal burning
Phosphate pollution is brought about by
Phosphate rocks
Phosphate rocks and sewage
Fertilizers and sewage
Question 11
Sound becomes a hazardous noise pollution if its level is above
30 dB
80 dB
120 dB
150 dB
Question 12
Which of the following shows biological amplification?
Both (A) and (B)
Neither (A) nor (B)
Question 13

SO2 pollution is indicated by

Deschampsia (grasses)
Sphagnum (Mosses)
Usnea (Lichens)
Cucurbita (climbers)
SO2 and NO2 produce pollution by increasing
Buffer action
Question 15
Pollutants having most lasting effect are
Smoke from chimneys