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1. A survey vessel has a 10 ft diameter, B 5-90 propeller with a pitch of 10 ft.

The
propeller speed is 200 rpm, the boat speed is 20 knots, and the thrust reduction factor
(t) is 0.12, wake fraction (w) is 0.18, and the relative rotational efficiency R is 1.0.
The propeller operates as indicated by the Wageningen (Troost) Series B propeller
charts. Determine:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

Thrust
Shaft torque
EHP of the boat
The propeller shaft power (delivered power) PD
The (Quasi) PC or D

The propeller is also tested at zero ship speed (bollard pull) and it is found that the
engine limits the torque to 50,000 lbf ft. Determine:
f.

the propeller rpm and thrust at this condition

a. Prop. Thrust.
Given variables

d := 10ft

p := 10ft

p_over_d :=

t := .12

w := .18

R := 1

n_rpm := 200

n :=

n_rpm
60 sec

n = 3.333

Vs := 20knot

:= 1.9905lb

sec
ft

VA := Vs ( 1 w)

Velocity of Approach

Advance Ratio

m
VA = 8.437
s
VA
J1 :=
n d

1
s

Use the B 5-90 prop curve to determine KT and KQ

J1 = 0.83

KT := .12

KQ := .023

2 4

Thrust := KT n d

Thrust = 2.654 10 lb

b. Shaft Torque
2 5

Torque := KQ n d

c. Shaft powerr delivered

PD := 2 n

Torque
lb
550

Torque = 5.087 10 lb ft

ft
sec

hp

PD = 1.937 10 hp

d. EHP

Vs

PE := Thrust ( 1 t )

lb
550

ft

PE = 1.433 10 hp

sec

hp

e. Quasi Efficiency
D :=

PE

D = 0.74

PD

f. Propeller rpm and thrust at 50,000.


Advance_velocity := 0

n o :=

Torque max := 50000 lb ft

Torque max
5

no = 3.305

KQ d R
2 4

Thrust q := KT n q d

1
s

n q := n o 60 sec

n q = 198.286

7 2

Thrust q = 9.391 10 s lb

2. A propeller is to be selected for a single-screw container ship with the following


features:
EHP = 80000 HP, ship speed = 25 kts, maximum propeller diameter = 34 ft,
w = 0.249, t = 0.18, R = 1.0, centerline depth, h = 25 ft
a. Using the maximum prop diameter, determine the optimum B 5-90 design. Use the
metrics below to confirm your design.
a.
P/D
b.
KT (optimum)
c.
KQ (optimum)
d.
o (optimum)
e.
J
f.
Developed HP
g.
The (Quasi) PC or D
h.
RPM
From the consideration of cavitation, determine:
i.
The predicted cavitation (%) using the Burrill correlation
j.
The expanded area ratio (EAR) to provide 5% cavitation for a commercial
ship.
Assume the operating conditions are similar to the B 5-90 propeller.
Given

V2 := 25 knot

EHP := 80000 hp

d 2 := 34 ft

w2 := .249

t2 := .18

R := 1

h := 25

First we must combine a couple of equations in order to get all the information we know in terms of KT and
J.

ft

lb

sec
R2 := 550
hp

EHP

V2

Kt

T2 :=

R2
1 t2

ft

lb

sec
550
hp

Kt :=

( EHP)

)(

V2 d 2 1 t2 1 w2

J2

T2
2

n2 d2

V2
J2 :=
n 2 d 2

= 0.55

Now we can plot the function KT = 0.55 * J2 on the B 5-90 curve graph. Drawing a verticle line
where the function plot and each KT - P/D intersect will provide a value for KT and o. Starting
with a logical P/D (.5 for example), step though P/D values, recording KT and o. Take note at
the peak value for o, That will determine optimal values.
found:
P/D = 1.2
KT=.29
o = .6

Using the curves posted on the web, I

a. P/D = 1.2
J2 :=

b. KT(opt) = .29

Kt

Kq := .055

.55

c. KQ(opt) = .055

o2 := .6

2 5

d. o = .6

Kt := .29

Q2 := Kq n d

J2 = 0.726

e. J = 0.726
1t
PC := o2

1 w R
EHP
PD2 :=
PC

f. HP = 124200 HP
1 w2
n 2 := V2
J2 d 2

g. PC = .644
h. RPM = 77.012

n2 = 1.284

1
s

N2 := n 2 60 s

Cavitation Calculations

EAR := 90

A E := EAR

d2
4

assume AD ~ AE

P_over_D_ans := 1.2

PD2 = 1.242 10 hp

PC = 0.644
N2 = 77.012

h := 25ft

A P := A E [ 1.067 0.229( P_over_D_ans ) ]

2
2
VR := V2 ( 1 w2) + ( 0.7 n d 2)

C :=

AP

1
2

VR

2026
0.7R :=

ft

sec

+ 64.4

ft

C = 5.421 10

1
A s

sec

sec

1
2 ft
VR + 4.836 N2 d 2
s
2

0.7R = 1.095 10

0.2

C :=

10

A E = 7.591 10 m

C A s + 0.3064 0.523 0.7R


0.2

0.7R
0.0305

C = 17.791

0.0174

% cavitation

Negative cavitation indicates that it is not a problem with at this speed

i. Cavitation = - 17.8%
Cn := C .0305 0.7R

A pn :=

0.2

0.2

. 0174 .3064 + .523 0.7R

.5 V 2
Cn R

EARn :=

A pn

( )

1.067 .229 1.2 34


4

j. = EAR is much less than one, Changing to meet these requirements would
not be necessary. (This will be considered extra credit)

3. List the advantages and disadvantages of the fixed pitch propeller, controllable
pitch propeller, and waterjet propulsion systems. List the best applications (or
platform(s)) for each propulsor and supporting reasons considering the mission of the
platform. (expectation: half a page of concise thought).
For full credit - A brief discussion similar to that in chapter 6 of the text, At least 2 advantages and 2
disadvantages of each and an example of where each has been used sucessfully.