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UNITI
INTRODUCTIONTOPOWERQUALITY
PARTA
1.WhatisPowerQuality?
2.HowcanPowerQualityproblemsbedetected?
3.WhatareHarmonics?
4.Whatarethevariouspowerqualityissues?
5.Classifypowerqualityeventsinlongdurationeventsandshoutdurationevents.
6.Differentiatebetweensagandswell.
7.Mentionthetypesofsag.
8.Whatarethecausesofsags?
9.DefineWaveformDistortion.
10.Whatarethecomponentsofwaveformdistortion?
11.DefineTotalharmonicdistortionandmentiontheformulausedtocalculateTHD.
12.DefineTotalDemandDistortion(TDD).
13.Defineforthefollowingterms:(i)DCoffset,(ii)Interharmonics,(iii)VoltageFlicker
14.Listanyfourstandardsavailableinpowerquality.
PARTB
1.(a)Whatarethemajorpowerqualityissues?Explainindetail(8)
(b)Definepowerquality?Explainthereasonsforincreasedconcerninpowerquality.(8)
2.Explainthevarioustypesofpowerqualitydisturbancesandimpactsofpowerquality.(16)
3.(a)Discussthefollowingcharacteristicsofpowerqualityevents
(i)Shortdurationvariations.
(ii)Longdurationvariations.(8)
(b)Discussindetailabouttransients.(8)
4.Discussindetailaboutsagsandswells.(16)

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5.ExplainforthefollowingrelatedwithPowerquality.
(i)Voltageimbalance(ii)Undervoltage(ii)Overvoltage(iv)Frequencyvariation(16)

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6.Definewaveformdistortion?Explainthewaveformdistortioncategories.(16)
7.Whatisharmonics?Explainharmonicdistortionwithrelevantwaveforms(16)
8.Explainthefollowing:
(i)Totalharmonicdistortion(ii)Totaldemanddistortion(16)
9.(a)WritethevariousIEEEandIECpowerqualitystandards.(8)
(b)Explainthefollowingeventbaseddisturbances:
(i)Dip
(ii)Swell

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(iii)Transients(8)
10.DiscussaboutthecomputerBusinessEquipmentManufacturesAssociations(CBEMA).
Explainabouttheeventsdescribedinthecurve.(16)
11.Withawaveformsketch,explaintheterms

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(iv)Sagwithharmonics.(16)
12.Explainthefollowingsteadystatedisturbances.
(i)Magnitude(ii)Unbalance(iii)Harmonics(iv)Flicker.(16)

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UNITII
VOLTAGESAGSANDINTERRUPTIONS
PARTA
1.WhatisVoltageSag?
2.Whatarethecausesofsag?
3.Whatarethreelevelsofpossiblesolutionstovoltagesagandmomentaryinterruptionproblems?
4.ListsomeIEEEStandardsAssociatedwithVoltageSags.
5.WhatarethesourcesofsagsandInterruption?
6.Namethedifferentmotorstartingmethods.
7.Nameanyfourtypesofsagmitigationdevices.

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8.Defineactiveseriescompensationdevices.
9.WhatisthemainfunctionofDSTATCOM?

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PARTB
1.(a)Discussthesourcesofsagsandinterruption(8)
(b)Discussindetailaboutthesagperformanceevaluationindices.(8)
2.Whatistheneedofestimatingsagperformance?Explainthedifferentmethodsofestimating
voltagesagperformance.(16)
3.(a)Explainthesagperformanceevaluationmethods.(8)
(b)Explainthevariouscausesandeffectsofvoltagesags.(8)
4.Explainthefollowingcausesofsags.
(i)Voltagesagduetomotorsag
(ii)Voltagesagduetosinglelinetogroundfault.
(iii)Voltagesagsduetotransformerenergizing.(16)
5.Whatarethedifferentvoltagesagmitigationtechniques?Explainindetails.(16)
6.(a)ExplaintheprincipleofDVRoperationusedforsagmitigation.(8)
(b)Discussindetailabouttheactiveseriescompensator.(8)
7.(a)Explaintheoperationofdistributedstaticcompensator(DSTATCOM)usedforsag
mitigation.(8)
(b)Explainthesolidstatetransferswitchwiththetransferoperation.(8)
8.(a)Explaintheprocedureforestimatingthesagseverityindices.(8)
(b)Mentionthestandardsassociatedwiththevoltagesag.(8)
9.Explainthesystemadaptedtoestimatetheseverityofthesagoccurredduetovarioussources.(16)
10.Explainthefollowingsagmitigationtechniques.
(i)StaticUPSwithminimalenergystorage
(ii)Backupstorageenergysupply
(iii)FlywheelwithUPSsystem.(16)
11.Discussaboutestimatingthecostofvoltagesagevents.(16)

UNITIII
OVERVOLTAGES
PARTA
1.Definetransientovervoltages.
2.Definevoltagemagnificationphenomena?

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3.Givethevariousaspectsofequipmentspecificdesignandprotectionissuesforthecapacitor
switchingtransients.
4.WhatarethevariousCausesofovervoltages?
5.Whatistheneedofsurgearrestors?
6.Whatismetaloxidesurgearrester?
7.Whatistheroleofsurgearrestoronshieldedandunshieldedtransmissionline?
8.Definelightningphenomena.
9.WhatisFerroresonance?
10.Givethecablelifeequationasafunctionofimpulses.
11.WhatistheneedofComputeranalysistoolsfortransientstudies?
12.GiveanytwoanalysisexamplesavailableinPSCAD/EMTDC?
PARTB
1.Whataretransientovervoltages?Explainthedifferenttypesoftransientovervoltages.(16)
2.(a)DrawtheCBEMAcurvefortransientovervoltagesandexplain.(8)
(b)ExplaintheproblemsassociatedwithFerroresonance.(8)
3.(a)Whatarethedifferentsourcesoftransientovervoltages?Discussthecapacitorswitching
transient.(8)
(b)Whataretheimportantconcernsforcapacitorbankswitching?(8)
4.Definelightning?Discussindetailabouttheovervoltagesduetolightningandtheproblems
associatedwithit.(16)
5.(a)Explainindetailthemechanismoflightning.(8)
(b)ExplainthephenomenaofFerroresonance.(8)
6.Drawthestandardizedwaveformofthelightninginducedvoltage.Discussaboutthewave
shapeofthelightningcurrent.(16)
7.(a)Whatistheneedforprotectionagainstovervoltages?Whatarethebasicprinciplesofover
voltagesprotectionofloadequipments?(8)
(b)Explainindetailaboutvariousmethodstomitigatevoltageswells.(8)
8.(a)Explainindetailaboutthesurgearrestorsandsurgesuppressors.(8)
(b)Whataretheadvantagesofsurgearrestors?Discussabouttheapplicationmodule.(8)
9.Explainthefollowing:
(i)Lowpassfilters.
(ii)Powerconditioners.
(iii)Surgefilters.(16)
10.(a)Explainabouttheundergroundcablesystemprotection.(8)
(b)Explainindetailabouttheprotectionoftransformers.(8)
11(a)whatarethevariouslightningprotectionofovervoltagelines?Explainthem.(8)
(b)ExplaintheuseofPSCADinanalyzingthePowerquality.(8)
12.(a)Whataretheadvantagesofcomputeranalysistools?DiscussaboutPSCADandEMTPFortransient
studies.(8)
(b)DiscussaboutthemodelsandexamplesavailableinPSCAD/EMTDC.(8)
UNITIV
HARMONICS
PARTA
1.DefineHarmonics.
2.Definetruepowerfactor.
3.Differentiatebetweenlinearloadsandnonlinearloads.Linearloads:

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4.Whatisvoltageandcurrentdistortion?

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5.Whatistotalharmonicdistortion?
6.Whatistotaldemanddistortion?
7.Mentiontheharmoniceffectsondevicesandloads.
8.Mentiontheharmonicsourcesfromindustrialloads.
9.Statethedifferenttypesofinverters.
10.WhatisVariableVoltageInverter?
11.WhataretheobjectivesofIEEEstandard?
12.Whataretheapplicationsofactivefilters?
13.GiveatleasttwoIECstandardsforEMC.
14.Whatistheneedoffilteringinharmonicstudies?
PARTB
1.Explainbrieflyaboutfundamentalsofharmonicsgenerationandwaveformdistortion.(16)
2.(a)Explainindetailaboutclassificationoflinearloadsandnonlinearloadsusedin
harmonicstudies.(8)
(b)Explaintheconceptofharmonicphenomenaunderthepresenceofharmonic
producingloads.(8)
3.Explainthefollowingterms.
(i)Harmonicdistortion
(ii)Currentdistortion
(iii)Voltagedistortion(16)
4.(i)WhatarethetwoindicesusedinPowersystem?Explainaboutitbriefly.(8)
(ii)Givethepowerdefinitionsundernonsinusoidalconditions.Explainbriefly.(8)
5.(a).Explainbrieflyaboutvariousharmoniccharacterizationonpowersystems.(8)
(b).Explainbrieflyaboutthephenomenaofhowcurrentdistortionaffectsthevoltagedistortionunder
thepresenceofharmonics.(8)
6.(a)Whatarethegeneralcausesofharmonicsinpowersystems.(8)
(b)Whatarethevariouscausesofharmonicsindistributionpowersystem.(8)
7.(a)Listthevariouseffectsofequipmentsduetoharmonics.Explainbriefly.(8)
(b)Explaintheharmoniceffectsonpowersystemequipmentsbriefly.(8)
8.(a)Whatarethevariousclassificationsofharmonicsourcesandexplainbrieflyaboutit.(8)
(b)ExplainHarmonicsourceIdentificationProcedurefortwosourcesystems.(8)
9.Explainforthefollowing:
(i)Harmonicsourcesfromcommercialloads.
(ii)Harmonicsourcesfromindustrialloads.
(iii)Harmonicsourcesfromresidentialloads.(16)
10.(a)Whatistheneedoflocatingharmonicsources?(8)
(b)Howwillyoufindtheharmonicsourcesfrompointofcommoncoupling?Givetheidentification
procedureonthebasisofvoltageindices.(8)
11.(a).Explainthepowersystemresponsecharacteristicsunderthepresenceofharmonics.(8)
(b).WhatistheneedofIEEEstandardsusedinharmonicstudies.?Givetheirphilosophy
andobjectiveofthesestandards.(8)
12.DefineforthefollowingtermsrelatedwithIEEEstandards.
(i)SCR(ii)Loadcurrent(iii)Shortcircuitcurrent(iv)Totalharmonicdistortion
(v)Totaldemanddistortion(v)PCC(16)
UNITV
POWERQUALITYMONITORING
PARTA
1.Whataretheimportancesofpowerqualitymonitoring?
2.Whatarethemonitoringobjectives?
3.Whataretherequirementsofmonitoringforavoltageregulationandunbalance?
4.Whataretherequirementsofmonitoringforaharmonicdistortion?
5.WhataretheCharacteristicsofpowerlinemonitors?
6.Whatistheuseofoscilloscope?
7.WhatisSpectrumanalyzer?
8.WhatisFFT(or)digitaltechniqueusedforharmonicanalysis?
9.Whatistrackinggenerator?
10.WhatisthepurposeofSVC?
11.Mentionthethreeelementsofpowerqualitymeasurement.

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12.Whatkindofpowerqualityparameterdowewanttomeasure?
13.Listtheadvantagesofautomaticpowerqualitymonitoringsystem.
14.Classifythepowerqualitymonitoring.
15.Whatarethebasiccategoriesofpowerqualityinstruments?
16.Whatisflickermeter?
17.Whatismeantbypowerqualitymonitoring?
18.Whatarethespecificationsofpowerqualitymeasuringequipments?
19.Whatarethenecessarymeasurementstobemadetoknowaboutthepowerqualityofaproduct?
20.Whatismeantbyonlinepowerqualitymonitoring?
21.WhatistheneedforFFTSpectrumanalyzerinpowerqualityanalyzers?
PARTB
1.(a)ExplainProactivemonitoring.(8)
(b)Discussindetailabouttheselectionofpowerqualitymonitoringsites.(8)
2.BringoutthesignificanceofPowerqualitymonitoring.Whatistheimportantpowerquality
monitoringobjectives.?(16)
3.(a)Bringouttheimportantcharacteristicsofpowerqualityvariations.(8)
(b)Explainthestepsinvolvedinpowerqualitymonitoring.Whataretheinformationfrom
monitoringsitesurveys.(8)
4.Writeshortnotesonpowerqualitymeasurementsystem.
Whatarethecharacteristicsofpowerqualitymeasurementequipments?(16)
5.Explaintheharmonicanalyzeranddisturbanceanalyzer.(16)
6.(a)ExplainindetailaboutFlickermeter.(8)
(b)Applicationofexpertsystemforpowerqualitymonitoring.(8)
7.Whatarethevariousinstrumentsusedforpowerqualitymeasurements?
Whatarethefactorstobeconsideredwhenselectingtheinstruments?(16)
8.Discussindetailabouttheinstrumentsusedforanalyzingnonsinusoidalvoltageandcurrents.(16)
9.(a)Explainthemodernpowerqualitymonitors.(8)
(b)Drawandexplainthefunctionalstructureofexpertsystems.(8)
10.Drawtheblockdiagramofadvancedpowerqualitymonitoringsystems.Explainit.(16)

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