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HYDROTHERMAL ALTERATION

the hydrotermal fluids are mostly of magmatic origin furthermore these contains
metals. These metals are deposit a diferent conditions phisical and chemical ,when the
magma has high pressure and temperature, its has hight solubility on the contrary ,if
it has low pressure and temperature, it will has low solubility.
the first boiling occurs When the magma lose solubility and the wather is part , la
second boiling occurs when the magma crystallizes so that this results from the
exsolution of water.
The Hydrothermal phase comprises a vapor phase and a saline hidrosalmuera ,the
hidrosalmuera is containing Na and Cl. the metals for example the Cu , Zn, Pb , Au, Ag
between other have been incorporating the phase crystalline in rock-forming minerals
The hydrothermal alteration is the product of a process of exchange chemical between
the host rock and hydrothermal fluids because they interact so that this interaction is
going to change the properties chemical and mineralogical in the rock as well as in the
fluids hydrothermal
in the nature

are recognize several types of

characterize for the association of

hydrothermal alteration .it

can

ore specific nevertheless the hydrothermal

alteration is dependent of the various factors so we have : hydrothermal fluids


composition, host rocks composition , temperature, ph(Hydrogen potential), eh , the
relation between the water and the rock and interactions time.
some changes are summarized have been summarizing in diagrams such AKFC (rose
and burt, 1979) as well as cobert and leach (1998) and Meyer and Hemley
the process can be Depositacin directa, hydrolysis,
The stability of feldspars, micas and clays of hydrothermal alteration processes is
controlled by hydrolysis, in which K +, Na +, Ca2 +, and other cations ore transferred
to the solution and the H + has been incorporating into the solid phases remaining.
This has been denominating hydrogen metasomatismo (Hemley and Jones, 1964).
Nevertheless Hydrolysis reactions are very important in the processes of change
hydrothermal
So we have : potasic alteration, propylitic alteration ,albitacion, quartz sericite
alteration,moderate and advanced argillic alteration ,carbonate alteration, alteration
calcosilicatada between other

alteraciones hidrotermales

la alteracin hidrotermal es el producto de un proceso de intercambio qumico entre la


roca husped y el fluido hidrotermal debido a que interactan de modo que esta
interaccin se va a cambiar las propiedades qumicas y mineralgicas en la roca, as
como en los fluidos hidrotermales

en la naturaleza se reconocen varios tipos de la alteracin hidrotermal se


puede caracterizar por la asociacin de minerales especficos, sin embargo la
alteracin hidrotermal depende de los diversos factores por lo que tenemos:.
composicin del fluido hidrotermal, la composicin de la roca husped, la
temperatura, el pH (potencial de hidrgeno) , eh, la relacin entre el agua y la
roca y el tiempo de interaccin.