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LESSON PLAN (50 min)

Subject: Science (Physics)

Unit: Thermal Physics
Topic: Kinetic Model of Matter
Prior Knowledge
Students should already know:
1. The three states of matter- solid, liquid and gas
Specific Instructional Objectives
By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:
1. State the properties of solids, liquids and gases
2. Describe qualitatively the molecular structure of solid, liquid and gas, relating their properties to the
forces and distances between molecules and to the motion of the molecules
3. State the relationship between temperature and average kinetic energy of the particles

Lesson Development




Teacher to briefly introduce himself to the class and his

expectations of the class. In addition, the agenda of the
day and the rationale of learning Kinetic Model of
Matter are stated.

Lesson Development

States of Matter (Recap)

Teacher explains what matter is.

Teacher asks students: What are the three states of
Students are expected to reply with solids, liquids and


To engage their prior

knowledge and
refresh their memory
on the topic. If they
show understanding
of the topic, the pace
can be quickened.

Teacher to ask students about the properties of the

different states of matter, namely solid, liquid and gas.
The shape, volume, density and compressibility
properties are being taken into account.
Teacher to highlight that though solids are usually
denser than liquids, water is an exception. That is, solid
ice is less dense than liquid water.

To address students
misconception that
solids are always
denser than ice.

slides and

Students are given notes. Teacher uses power-point

slides to go through the properties of the different states
of matter. Teacher to ask students to fill in the blanks
based on their common sense or prior knowledge
before showing the answers on the slides. Students will
fill in the blanks on their notes as well.

Kinetic Model of Matter

Teacher introduces the definition of kinetic model of

matter and goes through the molecular structure of
different states of matter. Students will be shown an
applet to illustrate the structures and movements of the
molecules. In addition, teacher to tell students that
Brownian motion experiment for smoke particles is
evidence for molecular motion. Also, the effect of
temperature on motion of molecules is studied.

To allow students to
visualize the motion
of molecules through
the use of Applet and
the real-life change of
the motion of
molecules when
temperature is
increased enhances

Slides and
PhET applet

To access students

Written quiz

Lesson Closure
Teacher to summarize the key concepts in the chapter :
- Properties of states of matter
- Using Kinetic Model of Matter to explain the
- Effect of temperature on molecules motion
Consolidation OR Post-Activity


Teacher to conduct a short quiz to assess the students

understanding of the topic. Students are to put away
their notes and textbooks. Students are to submit the
quiz for marking when the time is up.