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Chapter 1 Parameters................................................

6
Chapter 2 Pump Calculations......................................... 14
Friction........................................................ 14
Head Calculations............................................... 15
Horsepower...................................................... 20
Specific Speed.................................................. 21
Suction Specific Speed.......................................... 22
Affinity Formulas............................................... 22
Chapter 3 Required Data for Specifying Pumps........................ 24
Chapter 4 Pump Types................................................ 26
Centrifugal Pumps............................................... 26
Axial-Flow and Mixed-Flow Pumps................................. 27
Radial-Flow Pumps............................................... 27
Positive Displacement Pumps..................................... 35
Reciprocating Pumps............................................. 35
Rotary Pumps.................................................... 40
Special-Purpose Pumps........................................... 44
Chapter 5 Specifications............................................ 47
Data Sheets..................................................... 47
Specifications.................................................. 48
Chapter 6 Pump Curves............................................... 50
Centrifugal Pump Curves......................................... 50
Head Capacity Curves............................................ 50
System Curves................................................... 53
Pumps Operating in Parallel..................................... 53
Pumps Operating in Series....................................... 56
Positive Displacement Pump Curves............................... 59
Chapter 7 Effects of Viscosity on Pump Performance.................. 60
Dynamic (Absolute) Viscosity.................................... 60
Kinematic Viscosity............................................. 60
Viscosity Units................................................. 60
Industry Preferences............................................ 61
Chapter 8 Vibration................................................. 66
Terms and Definitions........................................... 66
Testing Procedures.............................................. 67
Vibration Limits................................................ 68
Induced Piping Vibrations....................................... 70
Chapter 9 Net Positive Suction Head (NPSH).......................... 71
Definition...................................................... 71
NPSH Calculations............................................... 71
Additional Requirements......................................... 76
Chapter 10 Pump Shaft Sealing....................................... 79
Packed Glands................................................... 79
Mechanical Face Seals........................................... 80
Cyclone Separator............................................... 87
Flush and Quench Fluids......................................... 87
Stuffing-Box Cooling............................................ 87
Buffer Fluid Schemes............................................ 87
Face Seal Life Expectancy....................................... 87
Chapter 11 Pump Bearings............................................ 88
Bearing Types................................................... 88
Bearing Lubrication............................................. 94
Beating Cooling................................................. 96
Bearing Seals................................................... 96
Chapter 12 Metallurgy............................................... 97
Corrosion....................................................... 97
Pump Materials.................................................. 98
Cast Iron....................................................... 98
Ferritic Steel.................................................. 98
Martensitic Stainless Steel.....................................102

Austenitic Stainless Steel......................................102


Duplex Stainless Steel..........................................103
Nonferrous Materials............................................103
Titanium........................................................104
Plastic.........................................................104
Chapter 13 Pump Drivers.............................................105
Electric Motors.................................................105
Internal Combustion Engines.....................................111
Steam Turbines..................................................114
Gas Turbines....................................................116
Hydraulic Drives................................................118
Solar Power.....................................................118
Chapter 14 Gears....................................................119
Parallel Shaft Gears............................................119
Right-Angle Gears...............................................123
Epicyclic Gears.................................................125
Chapter 15 Couplings................................................126
Types of Couplings..............................................126
Typical Service Factors.........................................132
Chapter 16 Pump Controls............................................133
Control Valve Types.............................................133
Capacity Control................................................134
Minimum Flow Bypass.............................................137
Liquid Level Control............................................137
On-Off Control..................................................138
Modulating Control..............................................138
Pressure Control................................................138
Surge Control...................................................139
Control Selection for Positive Displacement Pumps...............139
Pulsation Dampeners.............................................141
Chapter 17 Instrumentation..........................................142
Instruments.....................................................142
Annunciators, Alarms, and Shutdowns.............................142
Functions, 138. Electrical Area Classification..................144
Chapter 18 Documentation............................................145
Chapter 19 Inspection and Testing...................................147
General Inspection..............................................147
Hydrostatic Test................................................148
Performance Test................................................148
NPSH Test.......................................................150
Chapter 20 Installation and Operation...............................151
Installation....................................................151
Piping and Valves...............................................153
Pump Start-up...................................................154
Chapter 21 Troubleshooting......................................156
Centrifugal Pumps...............................................156
Reciprocating Pumps.............................................158
Appendixes..........................................................159
Appendix 1 Sample Pump Specification............................159
Appendix 2 Centrifugal Pump Data Sheet..........................165
Appendix 3 Internal Combustion Engine Data Sheet................166
Appendix 4 Electric Motor Data Sheet............................167
Appendix 5 Centrifugal Pump Package.............................168
Appendix 6 Maximum Viable Suction Lifts at Various Altitudes....169
Appendix 7 Suggested List of Vendors............................170
Appendix 8 API-610 Mechanical Seal Classification Code..........180
References..........................................................181
Index...............................................................182