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# For liquid-full systems, expansion rates for the sizing of relief devices that protect against thermal expansion

## of the trapped liquids

can be approximated using Equation (1), in SI units, or Equation (2) in USC units:
q=
(1)
1 0 00d - c
where

q is the volume flow rate at the flowing temperature, expressed in cubic metres per second;
a y is the cubic expansion coefficient for the liquid at the expected temperature, expressed in 1/C;
NOTE This information is best obtained from the process-design data; however, Table 3 shows typical values for hydrocarbon liquids and
water at 15,6 C.

## <j> is the total heat transfer rate, expressed in watts;

NOTE For heat exchangers, this can be taken as the maximum exchanger duty during operation. d is the relative density referred to

## water (d = 1,00 at 15,6 C), dimensionless;

NOTE Compressibility of the liquid is usually ignored. c is the specific heat capacity of the trapped fluid, expressed in J/kg-K.

q=

av

'*

(2)

500d-c
where

q is the volume flow rate at the flowing temperature, expressed in U.S. gallons per minute;
a y is the cubic expansion coefficient for the liquid at the expected temperature, expressed in 1/F;
NOTE This information is best obtained from the process design data; however, Table 3 shows typical values for hydrocarbon liquids and
water at 60 F.

## ^ is the total heat transfer rate, expressed in Btu/h;

NOTE For heat exchangers, this can be taken as the maximum exchanger duty during operation.

## d is the relative density referred to water (d= 1,00 at 60 F), dimensionless;

NOTE Compressibility of the liquid is usually ignored.

## c is the specific heat capacity of the trapped fluid, expressed in Btu/lb F.

This calculation method provides only short-term protection in some cases. If the blocked-in liquid has a vapour pressure higher
than the relief-design pressure, then the pressure-relief device should be capable of handling the vapour-generation rate. If
discovery and correction before liquid boiling is expected, then it is not necessary to account for vaporization in sizing the
pressure-relief device.

Para los sistemas de lquidos completo, las tasas de expansin para el dimensionamiento de los dispositivos de alivio que protege
contra la expansin trmica de los lquidos atrapados se puede aproximar mediante la ecuacin (1), en unidades del SI, o la
ecuacin (2) en las unidades de la USC:

donde
q es el caudal volumtrico a la temperatura de flujo, expresado en metros cbicos por segundo;
Ay es el coeficiente de expansin cbica para el lquido a la temperatura esperada, expresada en 1 / C;
NOTA Esta informacin se obtiene mejor de los datos de proceso de diseo; Sin embargo, la Tabla 3 muestra los valores tpicos
para hidrocarburos lquidos y agua a 15,6 C.
<j> es la tasa total de transferencia de calor, expresada en vatios;
NOTA Para intercambiadores de calor, esto puede ser tomado como el deber mximo intercambiador durante el funcionamiento.
d es la densidad relativa se refiere al agua (d = 1,00 a 15,6 C), adimensional;
en J / kg-K.
q = av '* (2)
500d-c
donde
q es el caudal volumtrico a la temperatura de flujo, expresado en galones por minuto;
Ay es el coeficiente de expansin cbica para el lquido a la temperatura esperada, expresada en 1 / F;
NOTA Esta informacin se obtiene mejor de los datos de diseo de procesos; Sin embargo, la Tabla 3 muestra los valores tpicos
para hidrocarburos lquidos y agua a 60 F.
^ Es la tasa total de transferencia de calor, expresado en Btu / h;
NOTA Para intercambiadores de calor, esto puede ser tomado como el deber mximo intercambiador durante el funcionamiento.
d es la densidad relativa se refiere al agua (d = 1,00 a 60 F), adimensional;