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Developmental

Training Methodology

Big Rocks

Put in the Important Ones First

Hierarchy
of
Success

Hierarchy of Success
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Attitude
Approach
Strategy
Tactics
Execution

Attitude

Attitude Trumps Almost


Everything Else

Athlete centered
Beliefs not tools
Convictions
Positive

Approach

Can We Change Technique?


Should We?

Many coaches don't believe in "technical"


training for movement.
1. Just get strong and explosive because
technique training is a waste of time
2. Just do the drills fast and athletes figure it
out

Technique
MOVEMENT STRATEGY
Motor control
Kinematics
Kinetics
Kinetics
Kinematics
(dynamics)
Forces that cause motion
Force
Impulse

Observable descriptors of motion


Position
Velocity
Acceleration

DYNAMIC

Motor Control
More than one motor strategy may work
depending on the constraints
Teach them important pieces

Let them apply and find the strategy

GUIDED SELF DISCOVERY

Approach
Coach Movement
Train & Teach

Guided Discovery
Help the athlete discover the answer

Build the Machine


Use Big Rocks to develop strength and
power

Coaching Heirarchy
Coaching Approach
Part to Whole
Simple to Complex

Progress and Regress


Using this approach movement coaching
can be individualized

Teaching Progressions
Traditional Model
Skill

Drill

Progressive Model
Teach

Train

Apply

Training Methods

Application

Strategy

Movement Strategy
What movements do we teach?
Analyze GROUND BASED sports
This does not apply to;
Acrobatic
Riding
Aquatic
Combat Sports

Framework
Base

Transit

Link

Cut

Modifier

Square

Lateral Shuffle

Drop Step

Acute

Accelerate

Staggered

Lateral Crossover
run

Crossover

Obtuse

Decelerate

Linear Backpedal

Base
Rotation

Linear Acceleration

Jab Step

Linear - Max
Velocity

Ballistic

Tactics

Biomechanical Keys
Body position
Big 4
Big Force
Small Time
Proper Direction
Optimal Range of Motion

Biomechanical Keys
Big Force
Concentric: propulsion
Eccentric: deceleration and SSC

Small Time
Movement contact times ranging from 100 450 msec.
Rate of Force Development & Reactive
strength for good SSC

Biomechanical Keys
Proper Direction
Force vectors for concentric and eccentric
actions
Core and lower limb stability is critical for
apply forces in proper direction

Optimal Range of Motion


Not maximal. In some cases a shorter range
is often better so the athlete can react and
apply forces quickly

Exercise Types
Technical exercises emphasizing
development of discrete motor skills
Part and Whole

Training exercises focusing on development


of specific activation, neuromuscular and
strength qualities

Applied an open or closed application of skill


that is often sport specific

Execution

Execution
Do it right
Coach it
Correct errors appropriately

Make every moment count


Mindful training improves performance
Engage the athlete

The Challenge

The Challenge

Train a group of diverse athletes


simultaneously

Different sports and seasons


Male and female
Experienced training and in-experienced
Individual strength, weaknesses, Injury histories

Provide instruction to meet individual needs


Provide a safe and effective training stimulus
Make them feel like they got personal attention
When you can do this, you are a COACH

Coaching
You need to know the
SCIENCE

You must deliver with ART

Art or Science?
Confusion
Athletes, parents,
coaches
Profession

Recognition
Of the other aspect
Need to develop both

Coaching Innovation
Charles von Commenee, head coach of
British Athletics
"I see coaching as the greatest innovation. Today is different
than yesterday. The athletes that you work with are different
than yesterday so I have to make unique decisions every
day; I have to improvise, adjust and be creative. That is the
biggest innovation it's not a new spike, or tighter pants, or
attaching the bib number to the body with less aerodynamic
resistance. That's why in the future the coach will never be
replaced by a robot."

10 for 10

10 for 10
Most coaches gives examples of their
successes. 2 - 3 athletes that it fit
Athletes 4 - 5 require different training
based on injury Hx or training Hx
Athletes 7 and 8 need to buy in to you and
your plan
Athlete 9 buys it, but it just isn't working
Athlete 10 needs to look inside and decide

Training Sessions

Program Structure
Calendar
Its a Guide
Builds some consistency over time

The Movement
Adapt where needed
Change the focus as needed

The Methodology
Philosophy
Stay with-in philosophy

Improving Program
Experiment intelligently

Rationale
Try it yourself
Small sample
Get Feedback

Coaching the Session


Planning
Great Coaches plan their sessions and review
them after

Coaching is more than the plan


You can't coach by blindly following a sheet
Recognize when you need to change the plan