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Beam Design

Beam Data
width 200 mm
depth 600 mm d' 31 mm .= cc+ sdia + mdia/2
clear cover to main 15 mm eff depth 569 mm .= d - d'
reinf.
Material Grades
Concrete 20 MPa
Steel 415 MPa

Moment 153 KN-m Mu/bd2 2.36


xumax 273 .= (700/(1100 * (0.87 * fy)) * d
Mulim 179 .= 0.36*fck*b*xumax*(d-(0.42*xumax))
Mulim/bd2 2.76

Beam is designed as Singly Reinforced Beam

Area of Steel Tension (Ast) Compr (Asc)


Percentage 0.782 % ------- Refer Table 2 SP 16 pg 48
Area of Steel 890 sqmm

Tension Reinforcement
Type Bar dia Nos Area of Steel
Layer 1 16 mm 2 402 sqmm
Layer 2 20 mm 2 628 sqmm
Layer 3 20 mm 2 628 sqmm
Total Steel Provided 1659 sqmm 1.458 %
Provided Steel OK

Compression Reinforcement
Type Bar dia Nos Area of Steel
Layer 1 16 mm 2
Layer 2 12 mm 2
Layer 3
Total Steel Provided 0.000 %

Shear Force (Vu) 300 KN


ζv 2.636 .=Vu / (b * d)
ζc 0.817 Refer Table 61 SP 16 pg 179 or =(0.85*√(0.8*fck)*√(1+5β)-1)) / (6β)
ζcmax 2.8 Refer Table J SP 16 pg 175

Type Bar Dia Nos Area of Steel


Layer 1 25 mm 2 982 sqmm
Layer 2 25 mm 2 982 sqmm
Layer 3 20 mm 2 628 sqmm
Total Steel Provided 2592 sqmm 2.278 %

Sectional Dimensions OK
Shear Reinforcements required

Type of stirrup 2 legged


Stirrup diameter 8 mm
Spacing 100 c/c
Steel Calculation

Grade Check
7.1

SRB DRB
a 0.75 .=(0.87435/100) * (fy/fck)2 a 0.75 .=(0.87435/100) * (fy/fck)2
b -3.611 .=(0.87/100) * (fy) b -3.611 .=(0.87/100) * (fy)
c 2.363 .=Mu/bd2 c 2.762 .=Mulim/bd2
-p 0.782 .=-(b±√(b2-4ac))/2a -p 0.955 .=-(b±√(b2-4ac))/2a
Ast 890 .=(p*b*d)/100 Astlim 1087 .=(p*b*d)/100

Mu2 -26 .=Mu - Mulim


Ast2 -133 .=Mu2/((0.87*fy)*(d-d'))
Ast 954 .=Astlim+Ast2

0.0545 d'/d 0.10


0.1 fsc 353 Refer Table F SP 16 pg 13
fcc 8.92 .=0.466*fck
Asc -140 .=Mu2/((fsc-fcc)*(d-d'))

Min steel % 0.205 .=0.85% / fy


Ast 890
Asc -140

Min Steel 233 .=(0.85*b*d) / fy


Max Steel 4552 .=0.04*b*d)

Ast 890
Asc

Shear Calculations

Pt provided 2.278 .=(Ast*100)/(b*d)


Pc provided .=(Asc*100)/(b*d)
β 1.020 .=(0.8*fck)/(6.89*Pt)

Shear Capacity of Concrete (Vs) 93 .=ζc*b*d


Shear Stg to be caried by Stirrup (Vus) 207 .=Vu-Vs

Spacing
least of the 4
provide the

actual req 100 .=(Asv*0.87fy*d)/Vus


min 454 .=(Asv*0.87fy)/(b*0.4)
max 427 .=0.75d
max 300 .=300mm
FALSE
Slab Design

Slab thickness t 125 mm Sunken Depth


Concrete fck 20 MPa
Steel fy 415 MPa

Loading
Slab Load Sunken Slab Load
Dead Load DL 3.125 KN/m Dead Load DL
Live Load LL 3.000 KN/m Filler Load FL
Finishes Load WL 1.000 KN/m Live Load LL
Total Load Ws 7.125 KN/m Finishes Load WL
Factored Load Wsu 11 KN/m Total Load Wsk
Factored Load Wsku

Slab Data
Slab Type Regular
Load 11 KN/m
Longer Span (ly) 8.20 m ly/lx ratio 2.05
Shorter Span (lx) 4.00 m Slab type -

Loading on edges one way two way


W longer 21 KN/m .=w*lx/2 .=(w*lx/2) + (1-(1/3)*(lx/ly)2)
W shorter .=w*lx/3

Moments one way two way


Mx 21 KN-m .=w*lx2/ 8 .=αx * w*lx2
.=αy * w*lx2

Thickness Check OK .=Mulim > Mux or Muy


Deflection 10 mm .= 5*W*l4/(384EI)

Astx Refer Chart 4 SP 16 pg 21 or


Area of Steel
647 sqmm Refer Table 5-44 SP 16 pg 51-80

Spacing required in mm
8# 10# 12# 16#
x y x y x y x
78 c/c 121 c/c 175 c/c 311 c/c
.=ast of bar*1000/ast req

Final Ast x y
provided
325 mm

Design Calculations

3.125 KN/m ONE WAY TWO WAY


5 KN/m a 0.75 .=(0.87435/100) * (fy/fck) 2 a 0.75
3.0 KN/m b -3.611 .=(0.87/100) * (fy) b -3.611
1.0 KN/m cx 1.939 .=Mu/bd2 cy 0.000
11.74 KN/m -px 0.616 .=-(b±√(b2-4ac))/2a -py 0.000
18 KN/m Ast 647 .=(p*b*d)/100 Ast 0

Min Ast % mm2


0.12 150

Interpolation
ly/lx αx αy
lower upper exact lower upper interptn.
value value value value value value
0.00 0.00 2.05 #N/A #N/A #N/A 0.06

xumax 50 .= (700/(1100 * (0.87 * fy)) * d


Mulim 30 KN-m .= 0.36*fck*b*xumax*(d-(0.42*xumax))
Mulim/bd2 2.76
Mux/bd2 1.94
Muy/bd 2
0.00

E ###
I 1.63E-04 .= bd3/12
Defln 9.79 .= 5*W*l4/(384EI)

16#
x
.=(0.87435/100) * (fy/fck) 2
.=(0.87/100) * (fy)
.=Mu/bd2
.=-(b±√(b2-4ac))/2a
.=(p*b*d)/100

1 0.06
Table 26 IS 456 pg

1.1 0.06

1.2 0.07
91

1.3 0.08
1.4 0.09
1.5 0.09
2 0.11
Column Design

Design Loads
Load Pu 2000 KN
Moment Mu 20 KN-m

Column Data
width b 200 mm
depth d 200 mm
length l 3.00 meters

Grade
Concrete fck 20 MPa
Steel fy 415 MPa

Pu/(fckbd) 2.50 Minimum eccentricity


Mu/(fckbd2) 0.01 ex 1.27 mm OK
d'/d 0.05 ey 1.27 mm OK

Refer Chart 31 of SP 16, Page no: 116

pt/fck 0.18

pt 3.60%
Ast 1440 sqmm

Number of bars
dia nos ast
25 mm 4 1963 sqmm ● ● ● ● ● ● 4- 25#

20 mm 4 1257 sqmm 4- 20#


20 mm 4 1257 sqmm ● ● ● ● ● ● 4- 20#
Total 12 4477 sqmm

Steel provided OK

fy d'/d Chart No. Page No


0.05 Chart 27 112
0.1 Chart 28 113
250
0.15 Chart 29 114
0.2 Chart 30 115
0.05 Chart 31 116
0.1 Chart 32 117
415
0.15 Chart 33 118
0.2 Chart 34 119
0.05 Chart 35 120
0.1 Chart 36 121
500
0.15 Chart 37 122
0.2 Chart 38 123

250 Chart 27
415 Chart 31
500 Chart 35

Chart No. Page No


Chart 31 116
ACE GROUP ARCHITECTS (P) Ltd.
Architects & Consulting Engineers

Project : GAT M2
Title : 7.2m lvl
Designer : Fahim H. Bepari
Date : 18-Sep-2009

Slab thickness t 150 mm


Concrete fck 20 MPa
Steel fy 415 MPa

Loading
Slab Load
Dead Load DL 3.75 KN/m
Live Load LL 2.00 KN/m
Garden Load GL 7.20 KN/m
Water Proofing Load WL 1.00 KN/m
Total Load Ws 13.95 KN/m
Factored Load Wsu 21 KN/m

Design & Reinforcement Details of Slabs

Slab Data Spacing required in mm

Slab Name
Slab type

Slab type
Spacing provided in
Longer Shorter Loading on edges Moments Thickness Area of Steel
Load ly/lx 8# 10# 12# mm c/c
Sl.No Sl. Id Thickness Span Span Check
Wsu / Wsku ly lx W longer W shorter Mx My Astx Asty x y x y x y x y

1 Sunk 150 mm 21 KN 5.20 m 5.00 m 1.04 + 36 KN/m 35 KN/m 31 KN-m 29 KN-m OK 753 sqmm 706 sqmm 67 c/c 71 c/c 104 c/c 111 c/c 150 c/c 160 c/c +
2 Regular 150 mm 21 KN 5.20 m 2.50 m 2.08 - 26 KN/m 16 KN-m OK 372 sqmm 135 c/c 211 c/c 304 c/c -
3 Regular 150 mm 21 KN 6.50 m 5.80 m 1.12 + 45 KN/m 41 KN/m 46 KN-m 40 KN-m OK 1231 sqmm 1005 sqmm 41 c/c 50 c/c 64 c/c 78 c/c 92 c/c 113 c/c +
3A Regular 150 mm 21 KN 2.00 m 1.10 m 1.82 + 10 KN/m 8 KN/m 3 KN-m 1 KN-m OK 180 sqmm 180 sqmm 279 c/c 279 c/c 436 c/c 436 c/c 628 c/c 628 c/c +
3B Regular 150 mm 21 KN 5.30 m 4.30 m 1.23 + 35 KN/m 30 KN/m 29 KN-m 22 KN-m OK 691 sqmm 504 sqmm 73 c/c 100 c/c 114 c/c 156 c/c 164 c/c 224 c/c +
4 Regular 150 mm 21 KN 35.00 m 2.60 m 13.46 - 27 KN/m 18 KN-m OK 404 sqmm 124 c/c 194 c/c 280 c/c -
5 Regular 150 mm 21 KN 9.20 m 4.10 m 2.24 - 43 KN/m 44 KN-m OK 1154 sqmm 44 c/c 68 c/c 98 c/c -
6 Regular 150 mm 21 KN 9.20 m 4.00 m 2.30 - 42 KN/m 42 KN-m OK 1083 sqmm 46 c/c 73 c/c 104 c/c -
7 Regular 150 mm 21 KN 8.00 m 3.20 m 2.50 - 34 KN/m 27 KN-m OK 638 sqmm 79 c/c 123 c/c 177 c/c -
Table 26 IS 456 pg 91
1 0.06

1.1 0.06
1.2 0.07
1.3 0.08
1.4 0.09
1.5 0.09
1.75 0.1
2 0.11
ONE WAY TWO WAY Interpolation
Min Ast Mulim
a b ly/lx αx αy Mulim/bd2xumax/d xumax Mux/bd2 Muy/bd2 E I
cx -px Ast cy -py Ast
% mm 2
lower valueupper valueexact valuelower valueupper valueintpt. value KN/m

0.75 -3.611 1.839 0.579 753 1.740 0.543 706 0.12 180 1.00 1.10 1.04 0.06 0.06 0.059 0.06 47 KN-m 2.76 0.48 62 1.84 1.74 ### 2.81E-04

0.75 -3.611 0.971 0.286 372 0.000 0.000 0 0.12 180 0.00 0.00 2.08 #N/A #N/A #N/A 0.06 47 KN-m 2.76 0.48 62 0.97 0.00 ### 2.81E-04

0.75 -3.611 2.744 0.947 1231 2.341 0.773 1005 0.12 180 1.10 1.20 1.12 0.06 0.07 0.066 0.06 47 KN-m 2.76 0.48 62 2.74 2.34 ### 2.81E-04

0.75 -3.611 0.153 0.043 56 0.084 0.023 30 0.12 180 1.75 2.00 1.82 0.1 0.11 0.102 0.06 47 KN-m 2.76 0.48 62 0.15 0.08 ### 2.81E-04

0.75 -3.611 1.707 0.532 691 1.287 0.388 504 0.12 180 1.20 1.30 1.23 0.07 0.08 0.074 0.06 47 KN-m 2.76 0.48 62 1.71 1.29 ### 2.81E-04

0.75 -3.611 1.050 0.311 404 0.000 0.000 0 0.12 180 0.00 0.00 13.46 #N/A #N/A #N/A 0.06 47 KN-m 2.76 0.48 62 1.05 0.00 ### 2.81E-04

0.75 -3.611 2.611 0.887 1154 0.000 0.000 0 0.12 180 0.00 0.00 2.24 #N/A #N/A #N/A 0.06 47 KN-m 2.76 0.48 62 2.61 0.00 ### 2.81E-04

0.75 -3.611 2.485 0.833 1083 0.000 0.000 0 0.12 180 0.00 0.00 2.30 #N/A #N/A #N/A 0.06 47 KN-m 2.76 0.48 62 2.49 0.00 ### 2.81E-04

0.75 -3.611 1.591 0.491 638 0.000 0.000 0 0.12 180 0.00 0.00 2.50 #N/A #N/A #N/A 0.06 47 KN-m 2.76 0.48 62 1.59 0.00 ### 2.81E-04
Defl

31.79

1.70

77.61

0.70

34.31

1.99

12.29

11.13

4.56
Project NCC
Date 18-Sep-09

Grid Floor Analysis & Design

Data x direction y direction


bf
Length of beams Lx = 14.00 meters Ly = 14.00 meters
Df
Number of beams Nx = 6 nos Ny = 6 nos
Spacing of ribs a1 = 2.00 meters b1 = 2.00 meters
Depth of beam D = 900 mm D
Width of beam bw = 200 mm
Width of flange bf = 2000 mm
Thickness of flange Df = 150 mm
Grade of Concrete fck = 20 MPa
bw
Grade of Steel fy = 415 MPa
a1
Modulas of Elasticity E = 2.2E+07 KN/sqm

Loads
Live Load 3.00 KN
Floor Finish 1.00 KN
Other 0.00 KN

Loading Calculation Ly
Total weight of slab ws = 735.00 KN
b1
Total weight of beams in x direction wbx = 378.00 KN
Total weight of beams in y direction wby = 345.60 KN
Total weight of Live load wll = 588.00 KN
Total weight of Floor Finish wff = 196.00 KN
Other load wol =
Total Load ws+wbx+wby+wll+wff+wol = 2242.60 KN Lx
Total Load/sqm q = 11.44 KN/sqm
Total Factored Load/sqm Q = 17.16 KN/sqm

Design Parameters
Ratios
Df/D = 0.167
bf/bw = 10.000

Moment of Inertia
I = (kx*bw*D3)/12
kx = 2.3 refer Chart 88 of SP 16 pg 215
I = 2.79E-02

Flexural Rigidity of ribs


Dx=EI/a1 Dy=EI/b1
Dx = 3.12E+05 Dy = 3.12E+05

Modulus of Shear
G=E / (2(1+μ)
G = 9.72E+6 KN/sqm

Torsional Constants (Polar Sectional Modulus)


C1=(1-(0.63*(bw/D))*(bw3*D/3) C2=(1-(0.63*(bw/D))*(D3*bw/3)
C1 = 2.06E-3 cum C2 = 4.18E-2 cum

Torsional Rigidity
Cx=GC1/b1 Cy=GC2/a1
Cx = 1.00E+4 Cy = 2.03E+5

2H=Cx+Cy
2H = 2.13E+5

Dx / Lx = 8.13
4

Dy / Ly4 = 8.13
2H / (Lx2*Ly2) = 5.55

Deflection Check
Central Deflection
ω=(16*Q/π)/((Dx/Lx4)+(2H/(Lx2*Ly2))+(Dy/Ly4))
ω = 13.09 mm

Long Term Deflection


Ltdefl. = 3*ω
Ltdefl. = 39.28 mm

span/deflection
(Clause 23.2 IS 456)
s/d = 56.00 mm

Maximum deflection including long term effects is within permissible limits i.e. Ltdefl < s/d ratio

Maximum Moment & Shear Values

Max Bending Moments


Mx=Dx*(π/Lx)2*ω My=Dy*(π/Ly)2*ω
Mx = 206 KN-m My = 206 KN-m

Max Torsional Moments


Mxy=(Cx*π2*ω1)/(Lx*Ly)
Mxy = 7 KN-m

Shear Force
Qx=[(Dx*(π/Lx)3)+(Cy*(π3/(a*b2)))]*ω Qy=[(Dy*(π/Ly)3)+(Cx*(π3/(b*a2)))]*ω
Qx = 48 KN Qy = 48 KN

Values of Moments and Shear force at different locations


Location (meters) Moments (KNm) Shear (KN)
Mark

x y Mx My Mxy Qx Qy sin(πx/Lx) cos(πx/Lx) sin(πy/Ly) cos(πy/Ly)


0 0 0 0 7 0 0 0.00 1.00 0.00 1.00
1.2 0 0 0 6 0 13 0.27 0.96 0.00 1.00
3.2 0 0 0 5 0 31 0.66 0.75 0.00 1.00
5.2 0 0 0 3 0 44 0.92 0.39 0.00 1.00
7.2 0 0 0 0 0 48 1.00 -0.04 0.00 1.00
9.2 0 0 0 -3 0 42 0.88 -0.47 0.00 1.00
11.2 0 0 0 -5 0 28 0.59 -0.81 0.00 1.00
12.4 0 0 0 -6 0 17 0.35 -0.94 0.00 1.00
0 1.2 0 0 6 13 0 0.00 1.00 0.27 0.96
1.2 1.2 15 15 6 12 12 0.27 0.96 0.27 0.96
3.2 1.2 36 36 5 10 30 0.66 0.75 0.27 0.96
5.2 1.2 50 50 3 5 42 0.92 0.39 0.27 0.96
7.2 1.2 55 55 0 -1 46 1.00 -0.04 0.27 0.96
9.2 1.2 48 48 -3 -6 40 0.88 -0.47 0.27 0.96
11.2 1.2 32 32 -5 -10 27 0.59 -0.81 0.27 0.96
12.4 1.2 19 19 -6 -12 16 0.35 -0.94 0.27 0.96
0 3.4 0 0 5 33 0 0.00 1.00 0.69 0.72
1.2 3.4 38 38 5 32 9 0.27 0.96 0.69 0.72
3.2 3.4 94 94 4 25 23 0.66 0.75 0.69 0.72
5.2 3.4 131 2 13 32 0.92 0.39 0.69 0.72
7.2 3.4 142 142 0 -1 34 1.00 -0.04 0.69 0.72
9.2 3.4 125 125 -2 -16 30 0.88 -0.47 0.69 0.72
11.2 3.4 84 84 -4 -27 20 0.59 -0.81 0.69 0.72
12.4 3.4 50 50 -4 -31 12 0.35 -0.94 0.69 0.72
0 5.6 0 0 2 45 0 0.00 1.00 0.95 0.31
1.2 5.6 52 52 2 44 4 0.27 0.96 0.95 0.31
3.2 5.6 129 129 2 34 10 0.66 0.75 0.95 0.31
5.2 5.6 180 180 1 18 14 0.92 0.39 0.95 0.31
7.2 5.6 196 196 0 -2 15 1.00 -0.04 0.95 0.31
9.2 5.6 173 173 -1 -22 13 0.88 -0.47 0.95 0.31
11.2 5.6 115 115 -2 -37 9 0.59 -0.81 0.95 0.31
12.4 5.6 69 69 -2 -42 5 0.35 -0.94 0.95 0.31
Project
DPS Indoor Sports
Footing
F7No.
Date 18-Sep-09
Footing
F2No.

Staircase Design

Data
Effective Span (l) 5.00 mm
Riser (R) 150 mm
Thread (T) 300 mm
Waist Slab thickness (t) 150 mm
Clear Cover 15 mm
Effective Depth of Waist Slab (d) 135 mm

Grade of Concrete (fck) 20 MPa


Grade of Steel (fy) 415 MPa

Loading
Loads on going Loads on waist slab
Self weight of waist slab 4.19 KN/m Self weight of landing slab 3.75 KN/m
Self weight of steps 1.88 KN/m Live Load 2.00 KN/m
Live Load 3.00 KN/m Floor Finish Load 1.00 KN/m
Floor Finish Load 1.00 KN/m Total Load 6.75 KN/m
Total Load 10.07 KN/m Factored Load 10.13 KN/m
Factored Load 15.10 KN/m

Bending Moment
✘ Calculate Bending Moment using the equation (W*L*L )/8
Bending Moment = 47 KN-m

Reaction
to be used as UDL = 38 KN
60 KN-m

Area of Main Steel


Ast 1184 sqmm

Spacing
Diameter of bar 12ø 16ø
Spacing across x 96 c/c 170 c/c
Provded Main Steel:

Area of Distribution Steel


Ast 180 sqmm

Spacing
Diameter of bar 8ø 10ø
Spacing across y 279 c/c 436 c/c

Provided Distridution Steel:


Seismic Zone II Table 2 IS 1893 2002 pg 16
Seismic Intensity z 0.1

Importance factor I 1.5 Table 6 IS 1893 2002 pg 18

Response Reduction Factor R 3 Table 7 IS 1893 2002 pg 23

Lateral Dimension of Building d 65.6 meters


Height of the of Building h 50.4 meters

with brick infill


Fundamental Natural Period Ta 0.560

Type of Soil Medium Soil

Spectral Acceleration Coefficient Sa/g 0.000

Design Horizontal Seismic Coefficient Ah 0

Seismic Weight of Building W 680034 KN

Design Seismic Base Shear VB 0 KN


Project DPS Indoor Sports
Footing No. F7
Date 18-Sep-09
Footing No. F2

1 Footing Size Design

Load 1 Pu1 2000 KN


Load 2 Pu2 1850 KN
Combine load Pcu 3850 KN
Design Load Pc 2823 KN

Moment in x dir Mux 40 KN-m


Moment in y dir Muy 40 KN-m

c/c dist b/w col in x dir 2.725 meters


c/c dist b/w col in y dir 0.000 meters

Col Dim x dir 0.20 meters


y dir 0.20 meters

SBC q 150 KNm2

Footing Size required A req 18.82 sqmm

L 6.00 meters
Footing Size Provided
B 3.20 meters
Area Provided A prvd 19.20 meters

x bar 1.309
y bar 0.000

Zx 10.24
Zx 19.20

Nup 151 KNm2

Increase the Footing Size


2 Beam Design

Total Load W 151 KNm2


Factored Load Wu 725 KNm2

1.691 meters 2.725 meters 1.584 meters

3.20 meters

6.00 meters

725 KNm2

1.69 meters 2.73 meters 1.58 meters

Beam Size width 600 mm


depth 900 mm

Moment Mb 898 KN-m

Design the beam from the BEAM DESIGN SHEET

Bottom Reinforcement
Type Bar dia Nos Area of Steel
Layer 1 25 mm 6 2945 sqmm
Layer 2 25 mm 6 2945 sqmm
Layer 3 -
Total Steel Provided 5890 sqmm
Percentage of Steel 1.148 %

Top Reinforcement
Type Bar dia Nos Area of Steel
Layer 1 25 mm 6 2945 sqmm
Layer 2 20 mm 6 1885 sqmm
Layer 3 -
Total Steel Provided 4830 sqmm
3 Slab Design

Net upward pressure Nup 151 KNm2


l 1.30 meters /=width of footing from col face

Bending Moment Ms 128 KN-m M=Nup*l2/2


Factored Moment Mus 191 KN-m 1.5*Ms

Concrete fck 20 MPa


Steel fy 415 MPa

Minimum Depth Required dmin 264 d=sqrt(Ms/Rumax*1000*b)

Depth Provided D 600 mm


Clear Cover c 50 mm
Effective Cover d' 56 mm
Effective Depth d' 544 mm

Area of Steel across x dir Spacing c/c in mm


12# 16# 20#
1014 sqmm 112 c/c 198 c/c 310 c/c

Ast across x direction 12 mm dia @ 100 mm c/c 1131 sqmm


Dist Ast across y direction 8 mm dia @ 175 mm c/c 287 sqmm

4 Shear Check for Slab

Vu1 171 KN
ζv 0.315 MPa

ζc 0.316 MPa

Shear Check OK
5
6.00 meters

3.20 meters 600 mm

1.7 meters 2.73 meters 1.6 meters

600 mm

6 - 25 mm dia
6 - 20 mm dia 6 - 25 mm dia
900 mm

6 - 25 mm dia

600 mm
250 mm

8 mm dia @ 175 mm c/c 12 mm dia @ 100 mm c/c

6 - 25 mm dia
6 - 20 mm dia

6 - 25 mm dia
6 - 25 mm dia
width 1000 mm
Mulim/bd2 Mulim
2.76 817 KN-m

xumax/d xumax Rumax Section Check


0.48 261 0.138 7.1

SRB
a 0.7529
b -3.6105
c 0.6469
-p 0.1864
Ast 1014

Min steel % 0.205


Ast 1014

Min Steel 653


Max Steel 21760

Ast 1014

Pt provided 0.1864
β 12.457

ks trial 1.5
ks 1
Design Of Isolated Footing 30 of 69

Project DPS Indoor Sports


Footing No. F7
Date 18-Sep-09
Footing No. F2

1 Footing Size Design

Load Pu 1500 KN
Design Load P 1100 KN

Moment in x dir Mux 30 KN-m


Moment in y dir Muy 30 KN-m

Column size cx 450 mm


cy 450 mm

SBC q 150 KN/sqm

Footing Size required A req 7.33 sqmm

L 3.30 meters
Footing Size Provided
B 2.40 meters
Area Provided A prvd 7.92 meters

Zx 3.17
Zx 4.36

Net upward pressure Nup 150 KNm2

Footing Size OK

2 Slab Design
lx 1.425
ly 0.975

Bending Moment in x dir Mx 228 KN-m


Bending Moment in y dir My 107 KN-m

Concrete fck 20 MPa


Steel fy 415 MPa

Minimum Depth Required dmin 288

Depth Provided D 650 mm


Clear Cover c 50 mm
Effective Cover d' 58 mm
Effective Depth d' 592 mm

Spacing c/c in mm
Area of Steel
12# 16# 20#
1111 sqmm 102 c/c 181 c/c 283 c/c
710 sqmm 159 c/c 283 c/c 442 c/c

Minimum Ast required across y direcion


Design Of Isolated Footing 31 of 69
Ast across x direction 16 mm dia @ 125 mm c/c 1608 sqmm
Ast across y direction 16 mm dia @ 125 mm c/c 1608 sqmm
Design Of Isolated Footing 32 of 69

3 One Way Shear along x direction

Vu1 449 KN
ζv 0.316 MPa

ζc 0.317 MPa
Vc1 451 KN

One Way Shear Check OK

4 One Way Shear along y direction

Vu1 284 KN
ζv 0.145 MPa

ζc 0.260 MPa
Vc1 508 KN

One Way Shear Check OK

5 Two Way Shear


Vu2 1536 KN
ζv 0.622 MPa

ks*ζc 1.118 MPa


Vc1 2759 KN

Two Way Shear Check OK


Design Of Isolated Footing 33 of 69

L= 3.30 meters

450

450
B= 2.40 meters

650 mm
250 mm

16 mm dia @ 125 mm c/c 16 mm dia @ 125 mm c/c


Design Of Isolated Footing 34 of 69

width 1000 mm width 1000 mm


Mulim/bd2 Mulim Mulim/bd2 Mulim
2.76 967 KN-m 2.76 967 KN-m

xumax/d xumax Rumax Section Check xumax/d xumax Rumax Section Check
0.48 284 0.138 7.1 0.48 284 0.138 7.1

SRB SRB
a 0.7529 a 0.7529
b -3.6105 b -3.6105
c 0.6509 c 0.3047
-p 0.1876 -p 0.0859
Ast 1111 Ast 509

Min steel % 0.205 Min steel % 0.205


Ast 1111 Ast 509

Min Steel 710 Min Steel 710


Max Steel 23680 Max Steel 23680
Ast 1111 Design Of Isolated Footing
Ast 710 35 of 69

Pt provided 0.1876 Pt provided 0.1200


β 12.376 β 19.352
Design Of Isolated Footing 36 of 69

ks trial 1.5 ks trial 1.5


ks 1 ks 1
Design Of Isolated Footing 37 of 69
Dimensions of Dome
Diameter d= 12600 mm
Height h= 3000 mm
Thickness t= 150 mm

Radius of Sphere r = 8115 mm

h = 3.00 m
Φ= 50.93
Ѳ= 0 to 50.93

Loading d = 12.60 m
Dead Load DL = 3.75 KN/m
Live Load LL = 0.10 KN/m 50.93 r = 8.12 m
Wind Load WL = 0.10 KN/m
0m
Total Load W= 3.95 KN/m 115.0
Factored Load Wu = 5.93 KN/m r =8

Meridional Stress Hoop Stress


Ѳ Mt Ѳ Mt
50.93 0.197 MPa 50.93 0.003 MPa
45.00 0.188 MPa 45.00 0.025 MPa
40.00 0.182 MPa 40.00 0.041 MPa
35.00 0.176 MPa 35.00 0.055 MPa
30.00 0.172 MPa 30.00 0.067 MPa
25.00 0.168 MPa 25.00 0.077 MPa
20.00 0.165 MPa 20.00 0.086 MPa
15.00 0.163 MPa 15.00 0.093 MPa
5.00 0.161 MPa 5.00 0.100 MPa
0.00 0.160 MPa 0.00 0.101 MPa

Maximum Meridional Stress 0.197 MPa Maximum Hoop Stress 0.101 MPa

fck 20 MPa
Fy 415 MPa
бst 230.00

Area of steel 128 sqmm Area of steel 66 sqmm

Bar Dia 10 mm Bar Dia 10 mm


Spacing 613 c/c Spacing 1187 c/c

Meridional Thrust @ Base 29 KN/m


Horizontal Component on Ring Beam 19 KN/m
Hoop Tension on Ring Beam 117 KN

Area of steel 509 sqmm

Bar Dia 16 mm
No of Bars 3 nos
0.2 0
0.19 0.02
0.18 0.04
0.18 0.05
0.17 0.07
0.17 0.08
0.17 0.09
0.16 0.09
0.16 0.1
0.16 0.1

Permissible stressesPermissible
in comp stresses in tension

bending direct Plain Bars


fy бst бcbc бcc ζbd
250 140 M10 3 2.5 -
415 230 M15 5 4 0.6
500 275 M20 7 5 0.8
M25 8.5 6 0.9
M30 10 8 1
M35 11.5 9 1.1
M40 13 10 1.2
M45 14.5 11 1.3

M50 16 12 1.4
ACE GROUP ARCHITECTS (P) Ltd.
Architects & Consulting Engineers
Project : MVJ
Block : L-Block
Date : 18-Sep-2009
Designer : Fahim H. Bepari

Design & Reinforcement Details of Columns

Design Constants Design Paramenters Final Ast Area of Steel


Sl Grid Col Col Required
Col Nos. Load Moment Column Data Grade Ast Req Remark Check Fig
No. No type Shape Pu/(fckbdl) Mu/(fckbd ) d'/d
2
Type 1 Type 2 Total Reinf Provided
l

Ast less than min Ast req. Steel provided NOT OK


1 - - C1 R 1500 KN 30 KN-m 30 KN-m 200 mm 750 mm 750 mm 50 mm 3.60 m 20 MPa 415 MPa 0.50 0.01 0.1 0.02 0.40% 600 sqmm 1200 sqmm 4 12 mm 452 sqmm 2 12 mm 226 sqmm 6 679 sqmm

09/18/2009 Page 42 of 69
19.7 KNm2

Dimensions of Dome
Diameter d= 12600 mm
Height h= 5000 mm

Radius of Sphere r= 6469 mm


Φ= 76.87
Ѳ= 0 to 76.87

Loading
Dead Load DL = 3.00 KN/m
Live Load LL = 0.10 KN/m
Other Load OL = 10.00 KN/m
Total Load W= 13 KN/m
Factored Load Wu = 20 KN/m

Vertical Reaction VA = VB = 123.8 KN


Horizontal Reaction HA = HB = 234.0 KN

Ѳ x y Moment
76.87 0.00 0.00 0
75.00 0.05 0.21 -42
60.00 0.70 1.77 -331
50.00 1.34 2.69 -481
40.00 2.14 3.49 -596
30.00 3.07 4.13 -680
20.00 4.09 4.61 -737
10.00 5.18 4.90 -769
5.00 5.74 4.98 -777
0.00 6.30 5.00 -780

Max Values 780 KN-m


h = 5.00 m

d = 12.60 m

76.87 r = 6.47 m
m
9.00
646
r=

Radial Shear Normal Thrust 0 67 174


67 174 42 59 180
59 180 331 10 224
-10 224 481 56 245
-56 245 596 100 259
-100 259 680 141 265
-141 265 737 178 262
-178 262 769 209 252
-209 252 777 222 244
-222 244 780 234 234
-234 234

234 KN 265 KN
ACE GROUP ARCHITECTS (P) Ltd.
Architects & Consulting Engineers

Project : Jnana Vikas


Title : Terrace Floor
Designer : Fahim H. Bepari
Date : 18-Sep-2009

Beam : CB11

Dimensions of Ring Beam


Radius r= 6.30 mts
No of supports n= 8 nos

Constants Ѳ= 23 deg 0.3927 radians


Φm = 9 1/2 0.1658 radians

C1 = 0.07
C2 = 0.03
C3 = 0.01

Loading
Wu = 10 KN/m

FΦ MΦ Mmt
Φ Shear Force
Bending Moment
Torsional Moment

deg KN KN-m KN-m


0 24.74 -20.62 0.00
9 1/2 14.29 -0.05 1.57
22 1/2 0.00 10.39 0.00

Beam Data
width 300 mm
depth 600 mm

Equivalent Shear
Ve = V+1.6(T/b) = 33 KN T=MΦ

Equivalent Moment
Mt = T((1+D/b)/1.7) = 1 KN-m Mt = BM due to torsion
Me1 = M+Mt = 22 KN-m Me1 = Equivalent BM on tension side
Me2 = M-Mt = 20 KN-m Me2 = Equivalent BM on compression side
No of supports 2Ѳ Co-efficients
degrees C1 C2 C3 Φm
4 90 0.14 0.07 0.02 19 1/4
5 72 0.11 0.05 0.01 15 1/4
6 60 0.09 0.05 0.01 12 3/4
7 51 3/7 0.08 0.04 0.01 10 3/4
8 45 0.07 0.03 0.01 9 1/2
9 40 0.06 0.03 0.04 8 1/2
10 36 0.05 0.02 0 7 1/4
12 30 0.05 0.02 0 6 1/4
A Load 2700
Moment x-dir y-dir
Bottom 0 29
Top 6 137

Col Type Rectangular Column (reinf. on 2 sides)

x-dir y-dir
Unsupported Length 8250 8250
Col Size 200 900
d'/D 0.05 0.20
d' 40

Concrete 20
Steel 415

Effective Length Ratio


0.80 from IS Code
0.90 manual Calculation
Effective Length to be considered from Manual Calculation
Effective Length (le) lex Ley
7425 7425
E Slenderness Ratio
le/D 8 Short Column
le/b 37 Slender Column
Moment due to Slen Muax 0
Muay 372

Min Ecc ex 46.5


ey 23.2
Moment due to ecc Mux 125.55
Muy 62.55

G Reduction of Moments
Percentage assumed 2.18
Asc 3924

Puz 2841

k1 K2 Pb k1 d'/D
x-x 0.22 0.1 367 0.05
y-y 0.18 -0.02 291 Rectangular Column (reinf. on 2 sides) 0.22
Rectangular Column (reinf. on 4 sides) 0.22
Kx 0.06 Cir 0.17
Ky 0.06
K2 d'/D
Additional Moments due to ecc Max 0 0.05
May 21 Rectangular Column (reinf. on 2 sides) 0.10
Rectangular Column (reinf. on 4 sides) 0.42
Cir 0.41
Modified Initial Moments Mux 3.6
Muy 70.6

Summary of Moments
A Moment due to eccentricity + Modified additional moments
Mux 126
Muy 83

B Modified initial moments + Modified additional moments


Mux 4
Muy 91

C 0.4Muz + Modified additional moments


Mux 0
Muy 32

Final Design Loads


Pu 2700
Mux 126
Muy 91

Bi Axial Check for section


Pu/fck*b*D 0.75

pt/fck 0.11

Mux1/fck*b*D2 0.21
Muy1/fck*b*D2 0.15
Mux1 680
Muy1 108

Mux/Mux1 0.18
Muy/Muy1 0.84

Pu/Puz 0.95

αn 2.00

(Mux/Mux1)αn + (Muy/Muy1)αn 0.75

Provided Steel is OK

1
% of longitudinal Reinforcement 1.00 Steel provided is OK
d'/D
0.1 0.15 0.2
0.21 0.2 0.18
0.21 0.2 0.18
0.16 0.15 0.14

d'/D
0.10 0.15 0.20
0.08 0.05 -0.02
0.33 0.20 0.03
0.32 0.20 0.04
0.1 0.15 0.2
0.32 0.2 0.04

0.1 0.15 0.2


0.44 0.29 0.06
Project : Delhi Public School
Block : Indoor Sports Block
Date : 18-Sep-2009
Designer : Fahim H. Bepari
Column : C6a

Design Loads
Pu = 2400 KN
Mux = 192 KN-m
Muy = 517 KN-m

Col Data
b = 600 mm
D = 750 mm
d' = 40.0 mm
d'/D = 0.10
d'/b = 0.10

Material Grades
fck = 20 MPa
fy = 415 MPa

Design Constants
Steel % pt = 1.2 Ast = 5400 sqmm
pt/fck = 0.06 Min Ast = 3600 sqmm
Pu/fck*b*D = 0.27
Mux/fck*b*D2 = 0.11
Muy/fck*b*D2 = 0.11

Puz = 5682
Mux1 = 743
Muy1 = 594

Pu/Puz = 0.42
Mux/Mux1 = 0.26
Muy/Muy1 = 0.87
αn = 1.37

(Mux/Mux1)αn + (Muy/Muy1)αn 0.98

Steel Percentage OK

Steel Details
nos dia ast
Type 1 4 20 mm 1257 sqmm
Type 2 8 16 mm 1608 sqmm
Total Steel 12 - 2865 sqmm
Percentage 0.64%
Simply supported beam Simply supported beam
with UDL with Point Load
Load W 30 KN/m 10 KN/m
Length l 5.60 m 5.00 m
Elasticity of Concrete
Ec 22000000 MPa 22000000 MPa
= 5000(√fck)
Width b 0.20 m 0.20 m
Depth d 0.45 m 0.60 m
Moment M 126.42 m 40.63 m
Reaction R 90.30 m 32.50 m
Moment of Inertia =
Ixx 0.0015 mm4 0.0036 mm4
bd3/12
Deflection 11.5 mm 0.3 mm
dy
Formula 5Wl 4/384EI Wl 3/48EI
Cantilever beam Cantilever beam
with UDL with Point Load
1400 KN/m 10 KN/m
3.80 m 5.00 m
22000000 MPa 22000000 MPa
1.50 m 0.20 m
1.10 m 0.60 m
2601.46 m 40.63 m
2738.38 m 32.50 m
0.1664 mm4 0.0036 mm4
10.0 mm 5.3 mm
Wl 4/8EI Wl 3/3EI
125 mm 150 mm 175 mm 200 mm
Span
Moment Ast Moment Ast Moment Ast Moment Ast
Mu/bd2 Spacing Mu/bd2 Spacing Mu/bd2 Spacing Mu/bd2 Spacing
(KNm) (mm2) (KNm) (mm2) (KNm) (mm2) (KNm) (mm2)

12# @ 243 c/c 12# @ 293 c/c 12# @ 336 c/c 12# @ 306 c/c
3 16 1.45 465 17 1.01 386 18 0.75 337 19 0.59 369
16# @ 432 c/c 16# @ 521 c/c 16# @ 597 c/c 16# @ 546 c/c

12# @ 169 c/c 12# @ 211 c/c 12# @ 253 c/c 12# @ 269 c/c
3.5 22 2 669 23 1.36 536 25 1.04 447 26 0.8 421
16# @ 301 c/c 16# @ 375 c/c 16# @ 450 c/c 16# @ 479 c/c

12# @ 126 c/c 12# @ 156 c/c 12# @ 181 c/c 12# @ 202 c/c
4 28 2.54 899 30 1.78 723 32 1.33 624 34 1.05 559
16# @ 224 c/c 16# @ 278 c/c 16# @ 322 c/c 16# @ 360 c/c

12# @ 118 c/c 12# @ 137 c/c 12# @ 153 c/c


4.5 38 2.25 956 41 1.71 824 44 1.36 741
16# @ 210 c/c 16# @ 244 c/c 16# @ 271 c/c

12# @ 109 c/c 12# @ 121 c/c


5 50 2.08 1039 54 1.67 931
16# @ 194 c/c 16# @ 216 c/c

12# @ 85 c/c 12# @ 98 c/c


5.5 61 2.54 1327 65 2.01 1155
16# @ 152 c/c 16# @ 174 c/c

12# @ 80 c/c
6 77 2.38 1418
16# @ 142 c/c
Span 150 mm 175 mm 200 mm

12# @ 293 c/c 12# @ 336 c/c 12# @ 306 c/c


3
16# @ 521 c/c 16# @ 597 c/c 16# @ 546 c/c

12# @ 211 c/c 12# @ 253 c/c 12# @ 269 c/c


3.5
16# @ 375 c/c 16# @ 450 c/c 16# @ 479 c/c

12# @ 156 c/c 12# @ 181 c/c 12# @ 202 c/c


4
16# @ 278 c/c 16# @ 322 c/c 16# @ 360 c/c

12# @ 118 c/c 12# @ 137 c/c 12# @ 153 c/c


4.5
16# @ 210 c/c 16# @ 244 c/c 16# @ 271 c/c

12# @ 109 c/c 12# @ 121 c/c


5
16# @ 194 c/c 16# @ 216 c/c

12# @ 85 c/c 12# @ 98 c/c


5.5
16# @ 152 c/c 16# @ 174 c/c

12# @ 80 c/c
6
16# @ 142 c/c
DESIGN OF RETAINING WALL

1 Preliminary Data
i) Height of RW h 3.00 meters
ii) Soil Density γs 18 KN/cum
iii) SBC qo 250 KN/sqm
30 degrees
iv) Angle of repose Ø
0.524 radians
0 degrees
v) Surcharge Angle Ө
0.000 radians
vi) Coefficient of friction µ 0.5
vii) Surcharge Load Ws 4 KN/sqm

2 Pressure Coefficients
Active Pressure Coefficients
i) =(cosӨ-√(cos2Ө-cos2Ø)*cosӨ) / (cosӨ+√(cos2Ө- Ca 0.333
cos2Ø))
Passive Pressure Coefficients
ii) Cp 3.00
= (1+SinØ) / (1+SinØ)

3 Preliminary Dimensions
Proposed Adopted
i) Thickness of Stem ts - 0.20 meters
ii) Thickness of footing base slab tb = 0.08 * (h + hs) 0.24 meters 0.30 meters
Length of base slab L = 1.5 * √(Ca/3) * (h + hs) 1.61 meters
iii) 2.00 meters
or L = 0.6h to 0.65h 2.09 meters

iv) Extra Height of Retaining Wall due to Surcharge hs = W s/γs 0.22 meters
v) Total Height of Retaining Wall due to Surcharge Hs = h+hs 3.22 meters

vi) Extra Height of RW due to inclined back fill hi = (L-ts)* tanӨ 0.00 meters
vii) Total Height of RW due to inclined back fill Hi = h+hi 3.00 meters

viii) Design Height of RW considered H = Max of H1 & H2 3.22 meters

4 Stability against Overturning


i) Active pressure due Surcharge Load Pa1 = Ca*W s*h 4 KN
ii) Active pressure due Backfill Load Pa2 = Ca*γs*h2 / 2 27 KN
iii) Total Load on stem Pa = Pa1 + Pa2 31 KN

iv) Overturning Moment Mo= (Pa1 * h/2) +(( Pa2*CosӨ)* h/3) 33 KNm

v) Load Lever arm from end of stem Moment


W 1 Backfill Load = (L-ts)*(h-tb)*γs 87 KN (L-ts) / 2 0.90 meters 79 KNm
W 2 Surcharge Load = Ca*Ws*h 4 KN (L-ts) / 2 0.90 meters 4 KNm
W 3 Inclined Backfill Load = ((L-ts)*hi)/2*γs 0 KN (L-ts) / 3 0.60 meters 0 KNm
W 4 Stem self weight = ts*(h-tb)*γconc 14 KN (L- (ts/2))/2 0.95 meters 13 KNm
W 5 Base self weight = L*tb*γconc 15 KN L/2 1.00 meters 15 KNm
W 6 Downward component = Pa*sinӨ 0 KN 0 KNm
W 6 Other Load 0 KNm
∑W 120 KN ∑Mw 110 KNm

vi) Distance of Resultant Vertical Force from end of heel xw=∑Mw/∑W 0.92 meters

vii) Stabilizing Moment Mr =∑W * (L - xw) 130 KNm

viii) Factor of Safety against OVERTURNING


(FS)OT = 0.9 * (Mr/Mo) 3.54 > 1.4 Safe against Overturning

5 Stability against Sliding


i) Sliding Force Pa*CosӨ 31 KN
ii) Resisting Force F = µ*∑W 60 KN

iii) Factor of Safety against SLIDING


(FS)SL=0.9*(F/(Pa*CosӨ)) 1.74 > 1.4 Safe against Sliding

Shear Key not required

iv) Shear key Design


x 0.00 meters
a) Shear Key Size
y 0.00 meters
b) Distance from stem z 0.00 meters
c) Heigth of exacavation h1 0.00 meters
d) Heigth of exacavation h2 = h1 + y + (z * tanØ) 0.00 meters
e) Passive Pressure Pp = Cp*γs*(h12-h22) / 2 0 KN

v) Revised Factor of Safety against SLIDING


(FS)sliding = 0.9 * ((F+Pp)/(Pa*CosӨ)) 1.74 > 1.4
Safe against Sliding

6 Soil Pressures at footing base


i) Resultant Vertical Reaction ∑W = R 120 KN
ii) Distance of R from heel Lr = (Mw+Mo)/R 1.19 meters
iii) Eccentricity e = Lr- L/2 0.19 meters
Eccentricity lies within middle third of the base hence OK

iv) Pressure Distridution on soil qmax = R/L * (1+(6*e/L)) 95 KN/sqm


qmin = R/L * (1-(6*e/L)) 25 KN/sqm
Max Pressure qmax<SBC hence pressure on base is OK

Pressure at junction of stem and q =q -((q -q )/L)*t )


v) 88 KN/sqm
heel sh max max min s
7 Working Stress Method

Design Constants
i) Grade of concrete 20 MPa
ii) Grade of steel 415 MPa

iii) Compr stress in concrete c 7.0


iv) Tensile stress in steel t 230
v) Modular ratio m = 280/3c 13.33
vi) Neutral axis depth factor k=mc/(mc+t) 0.289
vii) Lever arm j = 1 - k/3 0.904
viii) Factor R= cjk / 2 0.913

Design
i) Stem

a) Force Lever arm from bottom of stem Moment

i) Force due to surcharge = (Ca*Ws*(h-tb) 4 KN/m (h-tb) / 2 1.35 meters 5 KNm


ii) Dorce due to backfill = (Ca*γs*(h-tb)^2/2 22 KN/m (h-tb) / 3 0.90 meters 20 KNm
∑Ws 25 KN/m ∑Ms 25 KNm

iii) Thickness required dreq=√(Ms/(R*b) 0.01 meters


iv) Thickness provided ts 0.20 meters
Thickness of Stem is OK

v) Ast required Ast = M/(t*j*tse) 843 sqmm


vi) Ast provided 12 mm dia @ 125 mm c/c 905 sqmm
vii) Percentage of Steel pt = Ast/(b*d) 0.60 %
Steel OK

Shear Force due to surcharge = (Ca*W s*(h-ts-60)) 3 KN


ix)
Shear Force due to backfill = (Ca*γs*(h-ts-60)2/2) 20 KN
x) Shear Stress ζv = SF/ (b*d) 0.16 N/sqmm
xi) Shear Stress Allowable Refer IS-456 2000 Table 23 pg 84 0.32 N/sqmm

i) Base Slab
a) Force
i) Force due to backfill+surcharge = γs*(H2-tb) 52.60
ii) Force due to inclined backfill = γs * hi/2 0.00
iii) Self Weight of base slab = tb *25 7.50
∑Ws 60.10
vi) -27.70
Net upward soil pressure
v) 34.88
Shear Force 7.17
Bending Moment 28.03
vi) Shear Stress = ζv = SF/ (b*d) 0.03 N/sqmm
vii) Shear Stress Allowable 0.18 N/sqmm Refer IS-456 2000 Table 23 pg 84

viii) Thickness required dreq=√(Ms/(R*b) 0.18 meters Thickness of Stem


ix) Thickness provided ts 0.65 meters is OK

x) Ast required Ast = M/(t*j*tse) 562 sqmm


xi) Ast provided 12 mm dia @ 150 mm c/c 754 sqmm
xii) Percentage of Steel pt = Ast/(b*d) 0.10 %
Steel OK
DESIGN OF L Shaped Cantilever RETAINING WALL

1 Preliminary Data
i) Height of Retaining Wall h 3.00 meters
ii) Soil Density γs 18 KN/cum
iii) SBC qo 250 KN/sqm
iv) Angle of repose Ø 30 degrees
0.524 radians
v) Surcharge Angle Ө 0 degrees
0.000 radians
vi) Coefficient of friction µ 0.5
vii) Surcharge Load Ws 4 KN/sqm

2 Pressure Coefficients
i) Active Pressure Coefficients Ca 0.333
=(cosӨ-√(cos2Ө-cos2Ø)*cosӨ) /
(cosӨ+√(cos2Ө-cos2Ø))
ii) Passive Pressure Coefficients Cp 3.00
= (1+SinØ) / (1+SinØ)

3 Preliminary Dimensions
Proposed Adopted
i) Thickness of Stem ts min 200mm 0.20 meters
ii) Thickness of footing base slab tb = 0.08 * (h + hs) 0.24 meters 0.30 meters
iii) Length of base slab L = 1.5 * √(Ca/3) * (h + hs) 1.61 meters 2.20 meters
L = 0.6h to 0.65h 2.09 meters

iv) Extra Height of Retaining Wall due to Surcharge hs = W s/γs 0.22 meters
v) Total Height of Retaining Wall due to Surcharge Hs = h+hs 3.22 meters

vi) Extra Height of RW due to inclined back fill hi = (L-ts)* tanӨ 0.00 meters
vii) Total Height of RW due to inclined back fill Hi = h+hi 3.00 meters

viii) Design Height of RW considered H = Max of H1 & H2 3.22 meters

4 Stability against Overturning


i) Active pressure due Surcharge Load PHS = Ca*W s*h 4 KN
ii) Active pressure due Backfill Load PH = Ca*γs*h2 / 2 31 KN
iii) Total Load on stem (Force) Pa = PHS + PH 35 KN
iv) Overturning Moment due to Imposed load MOIL = PHS*h/2 7 KN
v) Overturning Moment due to Backfill load MODL = PH*h/3 33 KN
vi) Overturning Moment Mo = (1.2*MDIL) + (1.4*MOIL) 50 KN

v) Load Lever arm at end of stem Moment


W 1 Backfill Load = (L-ts)*(h-tb)*γs 105 KN ((L-ts) / 2) + ts 1.20 meters 126 KNm
W 2 Inclined Backfill Load = ((L-ts)*hi)/2*γs 0 KN ((L-ts) / 3) + ts 0.87 meters 0 KNm
W 3 Stem self weight = ts*(h-tb)*γconc 15 KN ts / 2 0.10 meters 1 KNm
W 4 Base self weight = L*tb*γconc 17 KN L/2 1.10 meters 18 KNm
∑W 136 KN ∑Mw 146 KNm

viii) Mw not less than (1.2*MODL) +(1.4*MOIL) Safe against Overturning


-clause 20.1 page 33 of IS 456 2000

5 Stability against Sliding


i) Sliding Force Pa = PHS + PH 35 KN
ii) Resisting Force F = µ*∑W 68 KN

iii) (FS)SL= (0.9*F)/(Pa) 1.73 > 1.4 Safe against Sliding


-clause 20.2 page 33 of IS 456 2000

6 Soil Pressures at footing base


i) Net Moment at toe Mn = Mw - Mo 105 KN
ii) Point of application of Resultant R x = Mn/W 0.77 meters
iii) Eccentricity e = (L/2) - x 0.33 meters L/6= 0.37
e<L6 Eccentricity lies within middle third of the base hence OK

iv) Pressure Distridution on soil qmax = W/L * (1+(6*e/L)) 117 KN/sqm


qmin = W/L * (1-(6*e/L)) 7 KN/sqm
Max Pressure qmax<SBC hence pressure on base is OK

Pressure at junction of stem and qsh=qmax-((qmax-qmin)/L)*ts)


v) 107 KN/sqm
heel
7 Constants for Working Stress Method

Design Constants
i) Grade of concrete 20 MPa
ii) Grade of steel 415 MPa

iii) Compr stress in concrete c 7.0 table 21 page 81 IS 456


iv) Tensile stress in steel t 230
v) Modular ratio m = 280/3c 13.33
vi) Neutral axis depth factor k=mc/(mc+t) 0.289
vii) Lever arm j = 1 - k/3 0.904
viii) Factor R= cjk / 2 0.913

8 Design

A) Stem
i) Beanding Moment at base of stem M = MODL + MOIL 40 KN/m

ii) Thickness required dreq=√(Ms/(R*b) 0.01 meters


iii) Thickness provided ts 0.20 meters
Thickness of Stem is OK

iv) Ast required Ast = M/(t*j*tse) 1387 sqmm


v) Ast provided 16 mm dia @ 125 mm c/c 1608 sqmm
vi) Percentage of Steel pt = Ast/(b*d) 0.99 %
Steel OK

B) Base Slab
Force Lever arm from end of stem Moment
i) Force due to backfill+surcharge = (H2-tb)*(L-ts)*γs 105 (L-ts) / 2 1.00 meters 105 KNm
ii) Force due to inclined backfill = hi/2*(L-ts)*γs 0 (L-ts) / 3 0.67 meters 0 KNm
iii) Self Weight of base slab =L *tb*γconc 17 L/2 1.10 meters 18 KNm
∑Ws 122 Md 123 KNm
vi) Upward soil pressure Nup = ((qsh+qmin)/2)*(L-ts) 114 ((qsh+(2*qmin))/(qsh+qmin)) / 1.59 meters 181 KNm
Downward Pressure is greater ((L-ts)/3) Mu 181 KNm

v) Bending Moment Msh = Mu-Md 58

vi) Thickness required dreq=√(Ms/(R*b) 0.25 meters Thickness of Stem is OK


vii) Thickness provided ts 0.30 meters

viii) Ast required Ast = M/(t*j*tse) 1157 sqmm


ix) Ast provided 16 mm dia @ 150 mm c/c 1340 sqmm
x) Percentage of Steel pt = Ast/(b*d) 0.48 %
Steel OK

C) Reinforcement Details

FILL
DESIGN OF Reverse L Shaped Cantilever RETAINING WALL

1 Preliminary Data
i) Height of Retaining Wall h 3.00 meters
ii) Height of Plinth Fill hp 0.50 meters
iii) Soil Density γs 18 KN/cum
iv) SBC qo 250 KN/sqm
Angle of repose Ø 30 degrees
v)
0.524 radians
Surcharge Angle Ө 0 degrees
vi)
0.000 radians
vii) Coefficient of friction µ 0.5
vii) Surcharge Load Ws 4 KN/sqm

2 Pressure Coefficients
i) Active Pressure Coefficients Ca 0.333
=(cosӨ-√(cos2Ө-cos2Ø)*cosӨ) /
(cosӨ+√(cos2Ө-cos2Ø))
ii) Passive Pressure Coefficients Cp 3.000
= (1+SinØ) / (1+SinØ)

3 Preliminary Dimensions
Proposed Adopted
i) Thickness of Stem ts min 200mm 0.20 meters
ii) Thickness of footing base slab tb = 0.08 * (h + hs) 0.24 meters 0.45 meters
iii) Length of base slab α = 1 - (q0/2.7*γs*H) -0.60 meters
if sloped backfill
L = H*sqrt((Ca*cosβ)/((1-α)*(1+3α)) 0.00 meters
α = 1 - (q0/2.2*γs*H) -0.96 meters 2.45 meters
if horizontal backfill
L = 0.95*H*sqrt((Ca)/((1-α)*(1+3α)) 0.00 meters
L = 0.6h to 0.65h 2.09 meters

iv) Extra Height of Retaining Wall due to Surcharge hs = W s/γs 0.22 meters
v) Total Height of Retaining Wall due to Surcharge Hs = h+hs 3.22 meters

vi) Extra Height of RW due to inclined back fill hi = (L-ts)* tanӨ 0.00 meters
vii) Total Height of RW due to inclined back fill Hi = h+hi 3.00 meters

viii) Design Height of RW considered H = Max of H1 & H2 3.22 meters

4 Stability against Overturning


i) Active pressure due Surcharge Load PHS = Ca*W s*h 4 KN
ii) Active pressure due Backfill Load PH = Ca*γs*h2 / 2 31 KN
iii) Total Load on stem (Force) Pa = PHS + PH 35 KN
iv) Overturning Moment due to Imposed load MOIL = PHS*h/2 7 KN
v) Overturning Moment due to Backfill load MODL = PH*h/3 33 KN
vi) Overturning Moment Mo = (1.2*MDIL) + (1.4*MOIL) 50 KN

v) Load Lever arm at start of heel


W 1 Front fill Load = (L-ts)*(hp-tb)*γs 2 KN ((L-ts) / 2) 1.13 meters
W 3 Stem self weight = ts*(h-tb)*γconc 14 KN (ts/2) + (L-ts) 2.35 meters
W 4 Base self weight = L*tb*γconc 28 KN L/2 1.23 meters
W 5 Other Load PT Beam Load 0 KN
∑W 43 KN ∑Mw

viii) Mw not less than (1.2*MODL) +(1.4*MOIL) Safe against Overturning


-clause 20.1 page 33 of IS 456 2000

5 Stability against Sliding


i) Sliding Force Pa = PHS + PH 35 KN
ii) Resisting Force F = µ*∑W 22 KN

iii) (FS)SL= (0.9*F)/(Pa) 0.55 < 1.4 Unsafe against Sliding


-clause 20.2 page 33 of IS 456 2000

5a Shear key Design


x 0.30 meters
a) Shear Key Size
y 0.30 meters
b) Distance from stem z 0.30 meters
c) Heigth of exacavation h1 0.60 meters
d) Heigth of earth mobilization h2 = h1 + y + (z * tanØ) 1.07 meters
e) Passive Pressure Pp = Cp*γs*(h12-h22) / 2 21 KN

v) Revised Factor of Safety against SLIDING


(FS)sliding = 0.9 * ((F+Pp)/(Pa*CosӨ)) 1.09 > 1.4
Unsafe against Sliding. Shear Key Required
6 Soil Pressures at footing base
i) Net Moment at toe Mn = Mw - (MOIL+MODL) 28 KN
ii) Point of application of Resultant R x = Mn/W 0.65 meters
iii) Eccentricity e = (L/2) - x 0.58 meters L/6= 0.41
e>L6 Eccentricity lies outside the middle third of the base. Revise the base dimensions

iv) Pressure Distridution on soil qmax = W/L * (1+(6*e/L)) 43 KN/sqm


qmin = W/L * (1-(6*e/L)) -7 KN/sqm
Max Pressure qmax<SBC hence pressure on base is OK

Pressure at junction of stem and qsh=qmax-((qmax-qmin)/L)*ts)


v) 39 KN/sqm
heel
7 Constants for Working Stress Method

Design Constants
i) Grade of concrete 20 MPa
ii) Grade of steel 415 MPa

iii) Compr stress in concrete c 7.0 table 21 page 81 IS 456


iv) Tensile stress in steel t 230
v) Modular ratio m = 280/3c 13.33
vi) Neutral axis depth factor k=mc/(mc+t) 0.289
vii) Lever arm j = 1 - k/3 0.904
viii) Factor R= cjk / 2 0.913

8 Design

A) Stem
i) Beanding Moment at base of stem M = MODL + MOIL 40 KN/m

ii) Thickness required dreq=√(Ms/(R*b) 0.01 meters


iii) Thickness provided ts 0.20 meters
Thickness of Stem is OK

iv) Ast required Ast = M/(t*j*tse) 1387 sqmm


v) Ast provided 16 mm dia @ 120 mm c/c 1676 sqmm
vi) Percentage of Steel pt = Ast/(b*d) 0.99 %
Steel OK

B) Base Slab
Force Lever arm from end of stem
i) Force due to Frontfill = (L-ts)*(hp-tb)*γs 2 (L-ts) / 2 1.13 meters
iii) Self Weight of base slab = L* tb * γconc 28 L/2 1.23 meters
∑Ws 30 Md
vi) Upward soil pressure Nup = ((qsh+qmin)/2)*(L-ts) 35 ((qsh+(2*qmin))/(qsh+qmin)) / 1.03 meters
Upward Pressure is greater ((L-ts)/3) Mu

v) Bending Moment Msh = Mu-Md 0

vi) Thickness required dreq=√(Ms/(R*b) 0.01 meters Thickness of Stem is OK


vii) Thickness provided ts 0.45 meters

viii) Ast required Ast = M/(t*j*tse) 2 sqmm


ix) Ast provided 12 mm dia @ 150 mm c/c 754 sqmm
x) Percentage of Steel pt = Ast/(b*d) 0.00 %
Steel OK

C) Reinforcement Details

FILL
-0.09
-3.68

Moment
2 KNm
33 KNm
34 KNm

69 KNm
Moment
2 KNm
34 KNm
36 KNm
36 KNm
36 KNm