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# Subject

Unit of Competency
Module 1

## : Terrestrial and Coastal Navigation

: Determine the basic Terms and definition use in
: Determining the basic Terms and definition use

Introduction:
This module covers the basic knowledge, skills and attitude in determining the
ships position. In this module you will be able to learned to define Great Circle,
Small Circle, Latitude, Longitude, Parallels of Latitude, Meridians of Longitude,
Prime Meridian, the earth pole, compression of earth surface and its value,
International Nautical mile, cables and knots, further more you will also able to
learned how to describe the earth as an ellipsoid.
Learning Outcomes
Upon completion of this module you must be able to
1. Define the following;
1.1 'great circle', 'small circle', spherical angle, 'spherical triangle',
'poles of a great circle';
1.2 'earth's poles', 'equator' and 'meridians';
1.3 'latitude' and 'parallels of latitude', 'prime meridian' and 'longitude';
1.4 'difference of latitude' and 'difference of longitude';
1.5 'compression', and states its value;
1.6 'international nautical mile', 'cable' and 'knot'
2. Describe the earth as an ellipsoid
LEARNING OUTCOME NO. 1

## Terms and Definitions

Assessment Criteria:
1. Correctly defined Item 1.1 to 1.6 of LO no. 1.
2. Describe the earth as an ellipsoid by identifying the Major Axis and Minot
Axis and their length.
3. Passed the Oral Interview of the Instructor

CONDITIONS
The student must
2. Digital Lens Projector (DLP)
3. Bring the following:
3.1 Competence Based Laboratory Manual;
3.2 Required Textbook or Manuals
3.3 Pencil and Eraser
3.4 Pair of medium size triangle (45 X 90 and 30 X 60)
3.5 Compass Divider
3.6 At 10 pcs. White Short size bond paper (8.5 X 11 inches)
ASSESSMENT METHOD
1. Practical and MCQ Assessment
2. Oral Interview
3. Demonstration

Subject
Unit of Competency
Module 2

## : Terrestrial and Coastal Navigation

: Chart Projection
: Projecting a Spherical earth to a flat surface

Introduction:
This module covers the basic knowledge, skills and attitude on basic knowledge
in chart projection requirements of chart appropriate for marine navigation, the
Mercator chart construction principles, properties of the chart and the de
degree to which it meets navigational requirements and limitation, the use of
chart catalogue and correcting charts base on the Notices to Mariners.
Learning Outcomes
Upon completion of this module you must be able to
1.
2.
3.
4.

## Demonstrate basic knowledge of chart projections

Define' natural scale' of a chart
Describe the requirements of a chart appropriate for marine navigation;
Describe the properties of the chart and the degree to which it meets
navigational requirements and also its limitations;
5. Identify the Mercator chart as a mathematical projection and understand
the principles of its construction;
LEARNING OUTCOME NO. 1

## Demonstrate basic knowledge of

chart projections

Assessment Criteria:

CONTENTS
1. Types of Chart Projections
CONDITIONS
The student must
2. Notices to Mariners
3. Digital Lens Projector (DLP)

## 4. Type of Projection Images

5. Bring the following:
1.1 Competence Based Laboratory Manual;
1.2 Required Textbook or Manuals
1.3 Pencil and Eraser
1.4 Pair of medium size triangle (45 X 90 and 30 X 60)
1.5 Compass Divider
1.6 Plotting Sheets
ASSESSMENT METHOD
1. Practical and MCQ Assessment
2. Oral Interview
3. Demonstration

Subject
Unit of Competency
Module 3

## : Terrestrial and Coastal Navigation

: Understand the components of an Electronic
charts.
: Understanding the characteristics of an
Electronic charts.

Introduction:
This module covers the basic knowledge, skills and attitude needed to
effectively use electronic charts, the differences between Vector and Raster
charts, Major characteristics of ECDIS and ENC data terms and definition;
data contents; data structure; attribute; data quality and its accuracy.
Definitions used in the context of ECDIS and ECS including display and the
scope of selection of chart data display categories.
Learning Outcomes
Upon completion of this module you must be able to
1. Describe the differences between Vector and Raster electronic charts;
2. Explain the major characteristics of ECDIS and ECS data such as data
term and definition; data contents; data structure; attribute; data quality
and it accuracy;
3. Describe the terms and definitions used in the context of ECDIS and
ECS;
4. Describe ECDIS and ECS display characteristics;
5. Explain the scope and selection of chart data display categories
LEARNING OUTCOME NO. 1

## Describe the differences between

Vector and Raster electronic charts

Assessment Criteria:

CONTENTS
2. Characteristics of Raster and Vector Charts

CONDITIONS
The student must
7. Notices to Mariners
8. Digital Lens Projector (DLP)
9. Type of Projection Images
10. Bring the following:
1.7 Competence Based Laboratory Manual;
1.8 Required Textbook or Manuals
1.9 Pencil and Eraser
1.10 Pair of medium size triangle (45 X 90 and 30 X 60)
1.11 Compass Divider
1.12 Plotting Sheets
ASSESSMENT METHOD
4. Practical and MCQ Assessment
5. Oral Interview
6. Demonstration

Chapter 4 Datums
Explains the rotation of the earth about its axis
Defines describes the directions on the earth's surface
Describes the direction of the ship's head on a gyro-compass (gyro course)
Describes the direction of the ship's head on a magnetic compass (compass
course)
Chapter 5 Distances
Describes the approximate polar and equatorial circumferences of the earth
Demonstrates how to measure the distance between two positions on a
Mercator chart based on the latitude of the two positions
Chapter 6 Position Lines and Positions
Defines a position
Gives the radar distance off a charted object and plots its position circle on a
chart
Plots a position on the chart from simultaneous cross bearings and from
bearing and distance off
Explains the methods used to obtain simultaneous cross bearings with least
error
Defines 'dead reckoning position (DR)', 'estimated position (EP)' and 'fixed
position'
Plots a dead reckoning position on the chart and marks accordingly
Plots an estimated position on the chart and marks accordingly
Plots position lines - straight line, circle, hyperbola
Finds a position line by bearing, horizontal angle, vertical sextant angle, and
Determines a position by a combination of bearing, distance and the methods
in the above objective
Finds a position by simultaneous bearings of two objects
Finds the distance that the ship will pass off a given point when abeam
Constructs a position line to clear a navigational danger by a given distance

## Chapter 7 Chart work Exercises

Defines 'course' and 'distance'
Lays off true course between two positions and marked with appropriate
symbol
Finds the distance between two positions
Chapter 8 Information from Charts, Lists of Lights and Other Publications
Recognizes and demonstrates the use of the symbols and abbreviations on a
chart, especially lighthouses, buoys, beacons, radio beacons and other
Identifies the characteristics and range of lights
Calculates the distances of sighting lights and dipping distances
Identifies the symbols for chart depths and nature of the bottom and explains
the use of soundings
Recognises coastlines, coast and radar-responsive targets
Interprets coastline contours, bottom topography, depths and nature of bottom
Uses the tidal information given on a chart
Recognises traffic lanes and separation zones
Explains the danger of placing implicit reliance upon floating navigational aids
Explains the danger of approaching navigational aids too closely
Obtains and appraises information from navigational publications including
routeing information
Demonstrates simple passage planning and execution including use of sailing