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A NEIGHBORHOOD STUDY

METHODOLOGY
Site/Neighborhood Introduction
Location: Context at macro level
History and Evolution(macro level)
Site Delineation:
Edges
Landmarks

History and Evolution(micro level)


Connectivity(micro level)
Hierarchy of roads
Morphology:
Land use:
1995
Existing
2015 (Proposed)

Gandhi bazaar

Figure Ground
Open space network
Activity patterns
Vehicular and Pedestrian
Imageability
Edges, Nodes
Streetscapes
Building Form
Building use
Building height
Infrastructure
Physical- electrical, sewage ,water
Social infrastructure
Development control (Statutory norms)
SWOT analysis

Human settlement planning


Semester 7 (batch of 16)

OBJECTIVE :Understanding of the precinct


In depth documentation of site in terms of land use ,
activity, typology etc
Develop base map, land use maps , building use maps, age
of structures, figure ground maps
Street sections and sketches at various junctions and levels
Prepare questionnaire and interview people

Bangalore ,also called bengaluru is the capital of Karnataka. The city is also
known as the garden city which is situated in the
southeast part of the state.
It is the third most populated city in India and has a population of
8,425,970 and an area of 741 sqkm.

GOALS : to analyze and understand


Understanding beneficiary preferences
Identify core issues and problems in the precinct and
provide appropriate solutions and guidelines

AREA :
Area of the site 43 acres
Distance between north and south : 1.0km
Distance between east and west : 0.5km
Population of study area : 2,000(approx)

Gandhi bazaar

SURROUNDING NEIGHBOURHOOD:
North - Chamrajpet : High density residential area
S-west - Basavanagudi : temple area ,well planned ,
economically good
S-east - N.R colony
: vegetable market.
South - Ashok Nagar : residential , schools.
S-west - Banshankari
West - Srinagar
: bus depot Hanumanthnagar

INTRODUCTION

Bangalore was founded by Kempe Gowda I in the year 1537 AD.


The Bijapur Sultans who defeated the Gowdas gifted Bangalore to Shaji Bhosle a
Maratha who ruled from 1638 to 1687 AD and was defeated by the British.
The British in turn sold it to the Mysore Wodeyars (1690 1799 AD)
The Wodeyars gifted Bangalore to Hyder Ali as his personal Jagir.
The British defeated Tipu and shifted the capital to Bangalore from Mysore.
Post independence Bangalore continues to be the capital of Karnataka State and
a major IT player globally.

th
9

-1500

1500-1799

The city transitioning from a small town to a metropolis, has


witnessed a developmentlist phase, giving Bangalore a new
international identity. The new economies contend not only
with fragments of the traditions and formative cultures of the
past, but with new definitions and styles of democracy that do
not comprise a consensus on the image of the city.
Basavangudi, one of the earliest planned neighborhoods of
Bangalore, was inserted into landscape following the outbreak
of the plague disease and as a response to the growing
demography. This new redrawn map of the city, though
promoted as a model hygienic suburb, paid scrupulous
attention to the social hierarchies within it and a distinct logic
of geometric physical space.
The area under study provides an opportunity to look at the
mosaic of distinct cultural and religious landscapes, varying
logic of geometric/physical space, complex economies and
political and legal aspects.

1799-1947

1947-2014

HISTORY AND EVOLUTION

116 years ago, Sheshadri Iyer had a design for a brand mew
locality called basavangudi as an extension to citys old Pete area.
The layout had a right balance of residential and open spaces.
There were well area for cultural activities , religious structure,
schools and even clubs, it had all amenities
That would make a neighborhood vibrant. The plan was such
that everything one would want in daily life was available in 10
minutes walk .
But it also had a clear demarcation for different castes and
communities divisions that might sound politically incorrect
today, yet the design was so planned to let the residents engage
symbiotically with each other.
it was conceived as a place for everyone where everything is in
its place.

DISTINCT FEATURES OF THE LAYOUT


Shopping areas were demarcated as Bazaars.
The layout had clearly defined sections for different castes
and communities.
So were the spaces for the temples.
The public square was designed as an open space, a meeting
point

HISTORY OF BASAVANAGUDI

Site through time


Gandhi bazaar, a part of Basavangudi had a distinct logic
of geometric physical space with a gridiron pattern of
street network, central open spaces, conservancy lanes,
diagonal bazaar street and marked social hierarchy.

STUDY AREA

Structuring elements
it is structured by a strict gridiron pattern of street
network with a diagonal
Bazaar street. The tree lined wide streets run in the
cardinal directions with defined boundaries with nearby
neighborhoods. The caste- based zoning lends the fabric
a distinct social hierarchy.

Footpath

Road way

Transway

Road way

Footpath

The two circles -- the 2 main anchor points around which the
neighborhood study has been done
Ramakrishna circle
Tagore circle

This neighborhood has public spaces like


Ramakrishna ashram on the north western
side and bull temple on the southern side.
These spaces have been an integral part of
the old settlement

The extent of the study area is


1.0 km.-North-south.
0.5 km. East -west

North road metro station

VV PURAM

CHAMARAJAPET

Lal bagh
Ramakrishna ashram

HANUMANTHANAGAR

Ashram circle

JAYANAGAR

MN Krishnarao Park

GANDHI BAZAAR
BASAVANAGUDI

Study area with surrounding

Bull temple

DELINEATION OF SITE BOUNDARY

Surveyor street and govinappa road


In contrast to the other roads with their
bustling street character these roads are
compact and characterised by private
residences and apartments.
Age and condition of buildings vary greatly,
ranging from old bunglows to upcoming
apartments.
Compactness of the street imparts an intimate
and private quality to the street.
Mature trees with large canopies and
streetlights and electric poles form part of the
streetscapes.
Acomodates only private vehicles and no
public vehicular movement observed.

DVG road Relatively smaller in comparison to the Gandhi bazaar


main road
and supports lesser volume of traffic in comparison.
It is characterised by mixed use, with a larger proportion of
commercial activities, and some amount of residential activity
confined to upper levels.
Similar to the main road , the stores spread over to the side walks,.
There is a lack of trees within the streetscape.
The streetscape is dominated by streetlights and electric poles.

DVG road

Two wheeler parking along shankar mutt road

Shankar mutt road


Charcterised by mixed use. With commercial activity at ground level ( small shops or clinics
)and private residences at upper storeys.
The street has a private character relative to the Gandhi bazaar main road and DVG road.
Characterised by heavy vehicular movement during peak hours This adds a little public
character to the street .
A few trees , streetlights and electric poles form part of the streetscapes
School and clinic adds a little public character.

STREETSCAPES

From an urban design perspective, the gandhi


bazaar precinct offers a wide variety of
streetscapes.
The Gandhi bazaar main road, runs diagonally ,
bisecting the precinct into two halves.
It supports larger volume of vehicular movement
relative to the other streets and hence acts as main
spine to the precinct.
It is a bustling street characterised by commercial
spaces along the street.
Vitality of street maintained by public activity at all
times of the day.
The sidewalks allow stores to set up outside causing
an intermix of commercial space onto the public
realm and adding to the character of the street.
Non uniform architectural style and stores.
Lack of seating spaces along the sidewalks
Marked by large trees.
Tree canopies cover a majority of the road and
sidewalks providing shade and filtering light.

North road street facade

Gandhi bazaar street facade

North road It marks the northern edge of the


precinct.
Characterised by two way vehicular movement.
little public seating, Planters and lighting features
along the sidewalk near ashram circle
Form a part of the streetscape.
Charcterised by Large bunglows and some private
residences- No interaction with the public realm.
Little commercial activity near ashram circle along
north road due to restaurants and eateries
owing to some amount of pedestrian activity.

Active pedestrian pause pointsEateries

ROAD NETWORK

ROAD DISTANCE
MAJESTIC B.S 5.9KM
SATELLITE B.S. 3.1KM
SHANTHINAGAR B.S 5.7KM
CENTRAL RAILWAY ST. 5.7KM
YESHWANTHPUR R.S
3.1 KM
KR PURAM R.S 16.2 KM
AIRPORT
39KM
ITPL 23.5KM
MG ROAD 8.7 KM
MYSORE ROAD 2.3 KM

DVG road

Bull temple road

Chamrajpet, majestic

North road

Bangalores road network consists of ring roads, sub


arterial roads and residential streets. The city road
network is mainly radial, converging in the centre. The
main road of Bangalore coming into the city include
Bellary road in the north, tumkur road and Mysore
road is the west, Kanakpura road, Bannerghatta road
and hosur road in the south and airport road and old
madras road in the east.

METRO NETWORK
Nearest metro station for
study area will be lalbagh
metro station
(0.7km)which falls in
north-south corridor of
metro network

NETWORK (MACRO LEVEL)

HIERARCHY OF ROADS

DVG road

Towards Lalbagh

North road 16m

Towards hanumanthanagar

Bull temple road

Towards chamarajapet

Chamrajpet, majestic

North road

Key plan

Bull temple road16m

Hp samja road8M

DVG road10m

Site connectivity from macro to micro

All feeder roads cut


across in a grid pattern,
leading to collector
road.
Narrow roads leads to
congestion, with onstreet parking.
Poor maintained
pathways.
Set backs have not
been followed

Visual showing perspective of road which


fall under the study area

DVG ROAD

LEGEND
ARTIRIAL ROAD
SUB ARTIRIAL ROAD
FEEDER ROAD
CONSERVANCY LANE

GANDHI BAZAAR
NORTH ROAD

NETWORK (MICRO LEVEL)

TYPE

VISUALS

CHARACTERISTICS

SECTIONS

ISSUES

Major arterial
roads:
-Vanivillas road
-Bull temple road

-16m WIDE
-This is the major bus route to the
neighbourhood
-Two way traffic
-Commercial activities along the
stretch and residential at the rear.

-2 wheeler and 4 wheeler parking on


both the sides
-Slow moving traffic at peek hours
-Walkway along the road has many
obstructions and the street furniture
are worn out.

Sub arterial roads:


-Gandhi bazaar
road
-Dv gundappa road

-10 TO 14 m WIDE
- 2 way traffic.
-Intersection of these roads form
a major node
-Mixed use development
prominent along the Gandhi
bazaar road.
-Heavy traffic all through the day

-The walkways along the road are too


narrow.
-At some points the walkways are
occupied by hawkers.
-4 wheeler parking on one side and 2
wheeler parking on the other.
-Heavy traffic .

Collector roads:

-10 m WIDE
-Connects the Gandhi bazaar road
to vanivillas road.
-2 way traffic
-It connects to the govt. High
school
-Low vehicular flow

- Walkways provided along the road


has many obstructions forcing the
pedestrians to walk on the road
-The road sides are used for parking
-School zone

Feeder roads:
-Govindappa road
-Hp samaia road

-8 m WIDE
-These connect the collector road
to the residential layout
-Good pedestrian movement
- 4 m WIDE
-Low vehicular flow.
-Runs within the residential area
- Very low vehicular and
pedestrian movement

-No walkways provided along the

Conservancy roads

road.
-Road sides used for parking by the
residents.

FEEDER ROADS

CONSERVANCY
ROAD

-No walkways along the road.


-Roadsides used for parking by the
residents.
-Garbage disposed along the sides
-Very low pedestrian movement
,making the road unsafe.
(No natural surveillance)

STREET CHARACTERS

Traffic intensity

Active nodes and stretches

This shows the various intensities traffic


congestion lanes during the peak hours of the
day.
High intensity traffic can be seen on Gandhi
bazaar road, bull temple road and north road.
Some roads get affected only during the
festivities.

Intensity I
Intensity II
Intensity III
Intensity IV
Intensity V

Active nodes
Active stretches
Active zone during festivities

Bus routes
The entire study area is well accessed with public
transport system as bus.
With a proximity distance of 200m radius from all
bus stops around which are easily accessible

Bus stops
Bus rotes
2oom walkability distance

NETWORK (MICRO LEVEL)

Land use analysis represents planned zones of residential, commercial and


institution uses with little room for appropriations by inhabitants.
In spite of geometric regularity and rigid zoning condition, appropriation of a very
local scale could be observed near temples and market place.
The geometry seems to be subdued by mental appropriations built around the
major nodes and landmarks.
The individual residential villa are getting converted to apartments and the
philanthropic institutions to community halls thus lending itself to the cultural
landscape of the precincts.
The educational institutional institutions with its less its less porous nature tend to
disintegrate the urban fabric.

public
15%
road
15%
open
5%

commerci
al
25%

residential
40%

CONCLUSION
With the development of area, this has strong land use
change
That developed from 1995 to existing cdp, few
commercial establishments have
Developed into residential and vice versa. Most of the
open spaces have been converted
Into public institutions.

EXISTING LANDUSE

LAND USE

road
25%
open
3%

public
15%

public
5%

road
15%

residential
36%
commerci
al
31%

CDP 1995
-Gandhi bazaar was developed as a diagonal
bazaar, hence was dominated by commercial
activities
-Situated in the heart of the city, hence housed
traditional residential buildings
-Wider road networks, hence more open spaces

open
5%

road
15%
residential
40%

public
10%

open
5%

residential
65%

commerci
al
25%

EXISTING LANDUSE
-Increase in residential seen, along with mixed
use development
-Increase in public spaces
Commercial activities shifted to periphery

commercia
l
5%

CDP 2015

-Projected to become completely residential


apart from the diagonal stretch

COMPARISION OF CDPs

Permissible Land Use in Residential main


Transportation Zone (T1)
Bus bays, Auto stand ,Bus shelters, Information kiosk
Metro stations, parking areas
Multi level car parking
Filing Station, Service stations
C1 (Commercial uses)
Petty shops, stationery and milkbooth, vulcanizing shops
tutorial centers not exceeding 50 sqm ,
Hair dressing and beauty parlours
Offices / clinics not exceeding 50sq m
Tailoring , dry cleaners, Bakery and sweetmeat shops
Pathological labs, Recreational Clubs
C2
Eateries such as darshinies tea stalls and takeaways
Gyms, orphanages, old age home clinics
Retail shops and hardware shops
Banks ATMs Insurance and consulting and business offices
Photo studio
Job typing/computer training institutes, cyber caf
Small repair centres electronic mechanical, automobile, etc
Nursing homes/polyclinics/labs subject to min 300 sq m
Plot size and NOC from PVB and with adequate parking
Fuel stations and pumps, LPG storage
Kalyana mantapa
All the uses of C1 are permitted
I-1 House hold industries
Tiny and House hold industries

I-2 Service industries


R &D labs, Test centres,IT,BT, BPO activities
All uses included in the I-1 category
U1 Urban amenities
Sub office of utilities up to 50 sq m
Police stations, Post offices
Primary schools subject to space standards, Nursery Creches
Parks play grounds and maidans
Telecommunication/microwave under special case
Spastic Rhabilitation centres Orphanages, dispensaries
Public distribution system Shops
Fire stations, Bill collection centres
Traffic and transport related facilities
Places of worship, Dharmashala hostels, Dhobi ghat
Broadcasting and tranmission stations, Public library
U2 Urban amenities
All uses of U1 are permissible
Burial grounds, crematorium under special circumstances
Nursery school subject to a plot size of min 300 sq m

PERMISSIBLE LAND USE

THE BUIDLINGS ARE DENSELY


DEVELOPED OVER THE YEARS
DUE TO THE PROXIMITY TO
THE MAIN ROAD AND
INCREASE IN LAND VALUE.
LANDUSE MAP

built

unbulit

35%
65%

THE LAND USE MAP SHOWS THAT THE MAJOR


PORTION IN THIS ZONE IS RESIDENTIAL AREA
AND IT ALSO SHOWS THE GREEN SPACES
WHICH ARE NOTHING BUT THE VOIDS IN FIGURE
GROUND.

FIGURE GROUND HERE CLEARLY


SHOWS
TWO
DISTINCT
TYPOLOGIES OF URBAN VOID.
STREETS AS LINEAR GRIDS AND
LARGE OPEN SPACE AS THE
TEMPLE
PREMISES,
PLAY
GROUNDS AND PARKS.

THIS SECTION SHOWS THE WIDE ROAD AND


PEDESTRIAN PATHWAY
NARROW ROADS,
VIOLATION OF
BUILDING BYE
LAWS CAN BE
SEEN. AS THERE IS
NO SET BACK .

RESIDENCES HERE
WIDE ROADS ADDS TO THE PERCENT OF
SHARE A COMMON
VOIDS AND A SMALL GROUND TOO ADDS
WALL. DUE TO THE
TO IT.
SMALLER PLOT SIZE
WHICH ADDS FURTHER
TO THE FINE GRAIN OF
THE AREA.

FINE GRAIN DUE TO SMALLER PLOTS AND NARROW


ROADS.
VIOLATION OF BYE LAWS .
THE PRIME LOCATION OF THE LAND HAS LED TO
MIXED USED DEVELOPMENT TRANSFORMING THE
URBAN GRAIN FROM COARSE TO FINE.
THOUGH THE PERCENTAGE OF OPEN SPACE IS
MORE THE COMPACTNESS OF THE BUILT UP AREA
MAKES THIS MORE DENSE.
THE WELL PLANNED LAYOUT CAN BE SEEN.
LARGE PLOT SIZES SUCH AS 60X40.
AMALGAMATION OF PLOTS CAN BE SEEN IN THIS
ZONE.
SUFFICIENT AMOUNT OF SUN AND SHADE IS
ACHIEVED.
THE VOID ARE THE ROADS AND PUBLIC
INSTITTIONAL GROUND.

FIGURE GROUND

Urban voids. The figure ground diagram


clearly represents distinct typologies of urban
voids. The y include the streets as al linear
grid system and the large patches of
institutional area and open pockets.
Voids include linear grid of street network, the
large patches of institutional area and then
unclassified voids and conservancy lanes.

Urban solids. The figure ground diagram represent


only two urban solid typologies such as the larger
footprints of institutions and the fine grain of the
residential fabric.
Certain areas are seen as more accessible, while in
certain others, there are very accessible solids. The
diagonal spine seems to be more public then other
areas.

Most accessed
Conditional access
least accessed

FIGURE GROUND

APPLICABLE REGULATIONS
Site
Dimension
20X 30
30 X 40
40X 60

Set Backs

Area

1m
1m front Back

Left side
1m right side abut

1.5m
front
2.2 m
front

1200
1m right side 1m Left side sft
2400
1m right side 1m Left side sft

1m
Back
1m
Back

Ht. of
FAR Building Car Park

600 sft 1.75 11.5 m

1 car park

1.75 11.5 m

1 car park

1.75 11.5 m

2 car park

SETBACK TO BE 5M FOR BUILDING ABOVE 11.5M


FAR VIOLATIONS EXIST FOR BUILDINGS ABOVE 3
FLOORS

NO LAND USE VIOLATIONS SEEN THE STUDY AREA

REPRESENTATION FOR THE VIOLATED EXTENT

BYE LAWS

The study area is basically a


residential layout. There is mixed use
development like- residence+ retail
shops, residence+small scale
industries
The area connects surrounding area
to the city centre .That being the
reason for the development of DVG
road and Gandhi bazaar, and
conversion of building activity from
residential to commercial
The buildings have seen the
morphological change from
residential use to converted
commercial activity in the ground
floor. Above floors occupies
residences.

Residential

COMMERCIAL SHOP
SMALL SCALE
INDUSTRIES
RESIDENCIAL
EDUCATIONAL
TEMPLE
ENTERTAINMENT

Commercial

INFERENCE:
1.THERE IS A GROWING DEMAND FOR THE
COMMERCIAL ACTIVITY ON THE GANDHI
BAZAAR ROAD AND DVG ROAD.
2.THE SOCIO ECONOMIC SURVEY ALSO
CONVEY THAT THE LOCALITES PREFER
SHOPPING LOCALLY.

BUILDING USE AT GROUND FLOOR LEVEL

Institutional-school

Public- religious building

Parks and open spaces

BUILDING USE

Residence- apartments

Commercial shop

Commercial shop- IT

Residence- bungalow

Observation:
Commercial buildings located along street edges
Residential in the interiors
Public buildings provide gathering space and open
space to the site
Spacious villas have been converted into apartments
3% 3% 1%
8%

10%

10%

30%

25%

10%

Inference
Main Roads attract commercial activity due to
pedestrian movement and interaction

BUILDING TYPOLOGIES

BUILDING HEIGHTS

The urban fabric


represents a medium
density low rise
development with trends
of increasing building
heights and hence built
density

INFERENCE:
1.

The study area is moderately


dense zone

MORE THAN 50% OF THE AREA IS


DOMINANTLY G+1 STRUCTURES.

2.

G+3 & 4 WERE CONSTRUCTED AFTER


2000 AD

3.

INCREASING LAND VALUE HAS GIVEN


RISE TO ADDITIONAL
FLOORS.

BUILDING HEIGHTS

The colors of Gandhi


bazaar
Gandhi Bazaar has lively shopping interactions and is a place to be a
part of. On any given day of the year, the Bazaar opens at six in the
morning and closes at nine in the evening.
The paths that take one towards the bazaar are territorialized by the
informal sector, the paths within the market itself are patterns of human
interaction
The vendor displays are simple creations that are changing and
transforming themselves to attract and to sell better.

ACTIVITIES ON GANDHI BAZAAR ROAD

The user groups in a street bazaar may consist of the 'shoppers' who come for a specific purpose; the
'strollers' who come to be in the lively space; the 'shop-owners', who depend on the activity for their
economic sustenance and the 'hawkers' who are the informal counterparts.

Looking through the labyrinth of Flowersellers in the Gandhi Bazaar.

Gandhi Bazaar and its pattern of boundaries decided


by pedestrians and street vendors. When this
territory is threatened by cars and two-wheelers, it is
informally defended

A Granthige store (selling puja items) in


Gandhi bazaar extends into the sidewalk,
expanding its display and building a
relationship with the pedestrian.

Livelihoods of street vendors depend on their


ability to adapt to the place, the season and the
buying capacity of the customer.

It is a bazaar for flowers and a bazaar for puja items. These are two
important elements of a Temple bazaar anywhere in India. The
Gandhi Bazaar is perhaps different from the Temple bazaar in other
parts of the where the bazaars are streets that lead right up to the
temple or the However, from what it sells and from its geography, one
could assume that it is a Temple Bazaar that is gradually being
penetrated with modern-day consumerism

ACTIVITIES ON GANDHI BAZAAR ROAD

Daily activities
Office related activities takes
precedence over shopping
Shopping restricted to daily
needs
Traffic a major problem during
peak hours, hence Gandhi
Bazaar road clogged

Weekly activities

Sunday Market
Thursdays religious activities
takes precedence in Gandhi
bazaar
( because of the matt)
Saturdays, increase in
shopping activity
( by virtue of a weekend)

Kadlekai Parishay
Gandhi Bazaar known for
pooja items, hence during
religious festivals, main roads
are lit with festive lights, and
the streets reflect the festive
spirit

Yearly activities

INFERENCE: DUE TO MORE PUBLIC GATHERING DURING FESTIVALS LEADS TO TRAFFIC CONGESTION, INSUFFICIENT
PARKING PLACE AND HAWKERS OCCUPYING THE STREET.

ACTIVITIES ON GANDHI BAZAAR ROAD

OBSERVATIONS
Pedestrians in a particular zone has
increased to a great extent and when the
footpath, if it exists is either too narrow or has
been occupied for another use.
Once the street vendors create an informal
street bazaar, pedestrians gradually start to
use the adjoining road to walk and the
footpath to shop. This leads to traffic
congestion. More often than not, this
arrangement continues and both vendors and
buyers adjust to the new routine. In this
process, there are several stages spread over
a period of time that have resulted in a chaotic
bazaar street.

ACTIVITIES ON GANDHI BAZAAR ROAD

Male
Female

ACTIVITY MAPPING

Passer-by
Local
Tourists

ACTIVITY MAPPING

0-18
18-50
above 50

ACTIVITY MAPPING

shankar matt signal


MAJOR TRAFFIC
MOVEMENT
LEAST TRAFFIC
MOVEMENT
MODERATE
TRAFFIC
MOVEMENT
MAJOR CLOGGING
ZONES
Parking on shankar matt road
ramakrishna Ashram

TRAFFIC SIGNALS

Gandhi bazaar circle

Shankara matt

Parking along the major roads


at present is creating traffic
congestion during peak hours.
Due to less parking, public is
forced to park along the feeder
road causing disturbance to the
residence.

TRAFFIC GENERATORS

MAJOR PEDESTRIAN
THREATS
MAJOR PEDESTRIAN
MOVEMENT
MAJOR PEDESTRIAN
MOVEMENT
INTITUTIONAL ACTIVITY
WHICH GENERATES
PEDESTRIANS
RELIGIOUS ACTIVITY
PEDESTRIAN
GENERATORS
RECREATION AND
EATERIES ACTIVITY
GENERATORS

STREET HAWKERS
WHICH
GENERATE
PEDESTRIAN
MOVEMENT
Some of the prominent roads public take to
walk is that of Gandhi bazaar main road and
DVG Road for commercial activity, and
vegetable market.
And other linear roads to access public
spaces and residential properties. Some of
the major pedestrian generators areRamakrishna ashram, circle, vegetable
market, eateries like vidhyarthi bhavan

PEDESTRIAN GENERATORS

REGIONAL MARKERS

CITY LEVEL LANDMARKS

CITY LEVEL JUNCTIONS

REGIONAL NODES

LOCAL NODES
INACTIVE NODE
NEGATIVE EDGES INDUCING
FEAR
MAJOR BOULEVARDS AND
ACTIVE STREETS
BUS STOPS
AUTO RICKSHAW
STANDS

INFERENCE:
The majority of neighborhood
area is legible as there are clear
continuous connected roads.
The similarity in texture and
grain in majority of
neighborhood area makes the
Area more legible.

IMAGEABILITY OF LOCAL RESIDENTS

REGIONAL MARKERS

CITY LEVEL LANDMARKS

CITY LEVEL JUNCTIONS

REGIONAL NODES

LOCAL NODES
INACTIVE NODE
NEGATIVE EDGES INDUCING
FEAR
MAJOR BOULEVARDS AND
ACTIVE STREETS
BUS STOPS

AUTO RICKSHAW
STANDS

Passerby uses minor landmarks to orient


himself in the area
Major paths and nodes to direct himself to
the area.
Inference:1.The passerby can navigate
himself through the study area
comfortably due to various minor
landmarks in the area.
2. The well connected road within the area
and to the neighboring areas makes
passerby comfortable to move.

IMAGEABILITY OF PASSERBY

REGIONAL MARKERS

CITY LEVEL LANDMARKS

CITY LEVEL JUNCTIONS

REGIONAL NODES

LOCAL NODES

INACTIVE NODE
NEGATIVE EDGES INDUCING FEAR
MAJOR BOULEVARDS AND ACTIVE
STREETS
BUS STOPS
AUTO RICKSHAW STANDS

Tourist is able to find way due to


clear nodes near Ramakrishna
ashram and Gandhi bazaar circle.
Tourist identify the eateries such as
vidyarthi bhavan as nodes

IMAGEABILITY OF TOURISTS

Radius 1.5 km

Study area

Cultural spaces

Petrol bunks
Bus stops
Nursing home/ clinics
College/school
banks
Police station
Post office

SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE

PARAMETERS
1. LOCATION

2. ROAD NETWORKS

3. TRANSIT FACILITIES

4. SOCIAL
INFRASTRUCTURE

STRENGTH
Site is located in a predominantly
residential neighborhood well
connected to the main CBD.
One of the oldest and earliest
neighborhood in the city.
The site area is abutting four major
roads connecting to the city:
Bull Temple Road
Gandhi Bazaar Main Road ,D V G Road
North Road.
Many wide roads interlink the area.
Public transit facilities and Para transit
modes are easily available. Nearest
bus stops are on all major roads.
Nearest metro is proposed on the
fringe of basavangudi connecting KR
Market and Jayanagar.
Several significant institutions are
located in the vicinity. (Ramakrishna
Ashram and govt. girls school).

5. VEHICULAR TRAFFIC

Two way roads.


Flyover on north road considerably
regulates traffic.
Public transit facilities on these roads
considerably reduces overall
congestion.

6. EDGES AND NODES

The school edge creates a notional


boundary bifurcating the area into
two.

WEAKNESS

OPPORTUNITY

THREAT

Conservancy lanes create negative


spaces and are inaccessible.
Major junctions like Ramakrishna
ashram circle and Gandhi bazaar
circle create confusion.

Conservancy lanes need to be


active and must be integrated into
the network of roads.

The conservancy lanes pose a threat


for the safety of the residents if not
integrated efficiently. They could turn
into an anti-social space.

Bus stops are not maintained. The


transit stop at north road and
Ramakrishna ashram do not have a
proper bust shelter and signage are
not there to help guide people.

Opportunity to encourage people


to use these common public
transport facilities and reduce
traffic.

Bus shelters and other public transit


facilities need to be more legible and
visible to the public in order to use
them.

Lack of accessible public spaces and Opportunity to provide recreational


amenities such as drinking water,
and entertainment facilities.
public toilets, street furniture,
waste bins etc.
Lack of recreation and
entertainments facilities.
Dense vehicular movement
throughout the day as there are
four important roads abutting the
site which have dense commercial
activity.
Traffic at junctions is maximum and
leads to lot of confusion.
The govt girls high school creates a
bad, negative edge to the
neighborhood and draws a lot of
anti-social activity.

Vehicular traffic needs to be


managed efficiently during festive
seasons like ganesh puja and kadlekai
parishe when the character of the
streets completely change and light
up.

The edges need to be more porous


and interactive in order to be less
anti-social.
They should be integrated into the
network of

SWOT ANALYSIS

PARAMATERS
7. PEDESTRIAN
MOVEMENT

STRENGTH
Wide sidewalks have been provided on the
main roads. Sidewalks on north road have
rest stops and benches for pedestrians to sit
and relax.

8. PARKING

9.CULTURAL AND
RELIGIOUS HUB

WEAKNESS
Side-walks are not barrier-free.
They are encroached by hawkers
and street vendors with very little
space left for pedestrians to walk
freely.

OPPORTUNITY

THREAT

Opportunity to pedestrianize the


Gandhi bazaar main road which is
mainly a hub for street market and
street vendors.
Create spaces for hawkers and
pedestrians to interact and at the
same time allow for free
movement of the people.

Inadequate parking. Predominantly To create sufficient parking spaces.


parallel and 45deg. Parking. Takes Encourage people to adopt public
up a lot of space on the main roads means of transport.
and increases traffic congestion.

Vehicular parking can turn out to


be a serious issue if not addressed
immediately and can lead to more
congestion

The neighborhood marks the religious and


The predominantly conservative
traditional landscape of the city. Residents attitude of the residents may
associate with and take pride in these
create boundaries.
religious landmarks which define the
precinct.
Several old temples and religious institutions
are present in the precinct.

Opportunity to create interactive


spaces for the conservative
residents and open minded,
modern outlook individuals to
encourage the growth and uphold
the significance of culture that is so
dear to the people of the precinct.
The rich cultural and religious
background of the area can be
reflected by developing the
significant religious institutions of
the precinct.

Influence of western culture may


threaten the diminishing
significance of culture and tradition
as the neighborhood strives to
adapt to the modern ways of living.

11. HISTORICITY

Basavanagudi is the earliest and oldest


planned neighborhood in the city.
Many religious landmarks are present here.
Several structures of monumental value are
present here.

Opportunity to encourage tourism Increasing modernization and need


by making these institutions
for newer buildings and growing
accessible and visible.
population put these buildings in a
threat for demolition.

12. BUILT VS OPEN

The presence of many parks and community Lack of connectivity between open Integrate these open spaces and
spaces (especially around religious
and built environment.
improve accessibility and visibility
institutions) have led to a positive interface
of open spaces.
of built with open.

10. URBAN SPACES


Access to these religious
institutions are not good.

Many vast spaces remain


underutilized due to limited
accessibility and poor visibility.

SWOT ANALYSIS

PARAMETERS

STRENGTH

WEAKNESS

OPPORTUNITY

THREAT

13. LAND USE

The land use along main roads are mostly


commercial catering to the residents. and the
inner core of the neighborhood is predominantly
residential.
There are several religious institutions as well.

14. AGE OF STRUCTURES

Several old buildings can be seen in the vicinity.


Several are independent bungalows with large
backyards and verandahs; and several old
temples which form important landmarks of the
neighborhood as well as the city.
These buildings are a major factor in creating the
image of the neighborhood.

Several of these bungalows are built on


large pieces of land and are being torn
down owing to the vulnerability of the
structure, growing land value and
demand, increasing population etc.
They are being replaced by newer
buildings with modern technology.

These buildings form an intrinsic part of If not restored, these buildings face a
our heritage and have a great
major threat of demolition.
opportunity to be preserved and
restored.

15. OPEN SPACES

Several open spaces are available in the form of


community parks enhancing the quality of living
in the neighborhood.
They are well connected and easily accessible.

There are no open spaces on the main


roads.

Several open spaces and green pockets The open spaces face a threat due to
are alive due to institutions. They can be increasing demand for land to build.
made more visible and porous .

16. VEGETATION

Gandhi bazaar and basavanagudi are known for


their tree lined streets and eye catching
boulevards.
Presence of Several institutions and parks in the
precinct have kept green pockets alive

Several trees create obstructions on the


road or sidewalks.
Due to their large spread of roots, roads
are easily damaged and need repair
every 6 months or one year.

17.POLLUTION

Huge traffic creates a lot of noise and air Plant more trees to reduce pollution
pollution for the residents.

18.WASTE MANAGEMENT

Poor waste management. Many garbage


dumps can be seen lined along gandhi
bazaar main road and north road
Conservancy lanes are also a dumping
ground due to their inactive nature.
The negative edge of the institution also
becomes difficult to walk along because
of the stench.
Waste bins are not provided anywhere
in the vicinity.
Most residents also dump their waste
on the roads near big trees.

Deforestation on the grounds of road


widening poses a great threat to the
vegetation

Waste management poses a major


threat to the health and hygiene of the
residents if not addressed immediately.

SWOT ANALYSIS

CONCLUSION:
The area of Gandhi Bazaar which was the centre of socio-cultural landscape in the
past has now lost its significance as a temple bazaar, but not in entirity..
The study of neighbourhood of Gandhi Bazaar helped us to understand the not just
the evolution of the neighbourhood but in doing so we discovered its link to the
evolution of Bangalore as city of strategic of thr area.
Through our study of the history, evolution, morphology, network and activity
patterns, building forms, we realized although most things have changed over the
centuries the patterns largely remain the same.
The neighbourhood with three temples and surrounding settlements is an interesting
study of landmarks, nodes, edges and paths.
Perceptions of safety and accessibility vary with the users.The challenge is to better
integrate the fragmented parts of the neighborhood suchs public squares, parks,
pedestrian pathways into a more interactive whole.

CONCLUSION

Thank you

Presented by
Shweta Gaadey
Karunya Subramanian
Krithika Samavedula
Namita Paul
Nithesh M
Ram Sundar
Smruthi Mohan
Shamna Yaseen
Shikha Choudhary
Shruthi Krishnamurthi