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6/9/2014

English Specialist / topics

Topics and vocabulary

English.Specialist.hu

Conversational topics
(general guide to an oral exam at intermediate level)

The following list is to give you ideas and some vocabulary


which may be useful at an oral language exam.
Personal introduction
personal particulars, ID (identity card), passport, driving licence
how you prove your identity (when do you need to prove it?)
permanent address, temporary address, marital status
personal code number (cp. human rights in data procession)
what to do when losing your ID (authority, form, revenue stamp)
education, studies, degrees
The family
relatives, relations; getting along with the members of the family;
the ideal family image; describe somebody from your family
(look + character & behaviour)
Look, appearance, character
figure, face, hair, eyes, (eye)brows, (eye)lashes, complexion,
nose, mouth, etc.
behaviour, manner, temper
Picture description
in the middle/centre/foreground/background, on the left/right
(hand side), to the left/right of ... , at the top/bottom, in the
top/bottom left/right hand side corner, in front of, behind, beside,
between,;
Special family occasions
birthdays, name days, anniversaries, funerals (?), Christmas,
Easter
wedding, mother's day, family gathering, garden party, family
festival;
Friends
"friends should be few and good" - do you agree?
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"a friend in need is a friend indeed" - what's your opinion?


describe and characterize one of your friends
have you got your best friend? why is he/she different from
others?
your favourite kinds of pastime with friends
can a close relative or member of the family be your friend?
friends at school/work and out of school/work - what's the
difference?
friendship with your teacher(s)/boss(es)? - agree or disagree
friends in different periods of life
the question of loneliness
Daily routine (+housework)
day's programme, daily habits, evening occupations, regular
activities,
studying hours, housework, odd jobs around the hiouse
Description of your home
describe the house/flat where you live - do you like it?
(dis)advantages of living in a flat or in a house
describe the people living there
facilities, comfort
+kinds of flats/houses, housing shortage
Home life (+housework)
family life at home - different members of the family sharing
rooms or living separately/on their own - life in a students' hostel,
digs/lodgings, bedsitter;
house rule, common room, dormitory, landlady, landlord;
daily routine at home, housework, quarrels in a family
staying at home or going out?
The neighbourhood, your village or town
describe the area where you live - do you like it?
(dis)advantages of living in a village or in a large city
describe the people living there
facilities, comfort, entertainment, possibilities of going out, work,
school, making friends there - as opposed to other places
Traffic, public transport
giving directions, using a town map;
means of transport, kinds of tickets, fares; driving a car; the
Highway Code
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environmental pollution
Weather and seasons; climate
what's the weather like today? what's the forecast for tomorrow?
what's the outlook for the next few weeks?
compare weather in Britain and in your country; why the English
always speak about weather; give examples for different kinds
of weather/climate all around the Earth; the connection between
weather and agriculture
weather/seasons and sports;
what's your favourite season? why? what do you do then?
Clothing
connection between weather and clothing;
everyday clothing (school/work/home) vs clothes for special
occasions;
difference between men's and women's clothes;
describe a special set of clothes (worker/sportsman/infant/etc.);
what clothes do you like wearing? why?
Nature
what's the connection between man and nature?
the peace of nature vs life in a busy town;
quiet and pleasant places in nature;
the (wild) world of animals and plants;
describe your favourite plants and animals and their life;
different living creatures: mammals, birds, reptiles, insects;
beasts/birds of prey, apes, fish, trees, bushes, flowers;
describe an animal and a plant, tell about its environment;
Outings
do people need going out?
what do we look for in nature?
observing plants and animals (cp. 'Nature')
describe a place where you like to go
what do you take going on an excursion?
Environmental protection
the green movement, pollution, industry, chemicals, traffic,
smog;
the role of trees and other plants in nature, the disappearing rain
forest; why do people cut down trees?
how green are you? how do you protect nature?
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School life
the school you go to; why you chose this school; school
atmosphere, friends, teachers, headmaster (appearance,
character, their influence on you), the image of an ideal
techer/student; school programmes, excursion, camps, parties;
helping one another vs n
not caring for other people, indifference; school life vs holidays
Class, subjects
describe the classroom and the school building and its
environment; speak about your classmates and teachers
(characters and relations); subjects you study + what you learn,
like, dislike;
your way of learning as compared with others'
Studying, extra lessons
how much/when/where you study; your success in studying;
schoolwork, homework, extra work, evening classes, holiday
courses; studying methods and tricks; taking exams, writing
essays;
is studying fun for you?
Education, school types
crche, nursery school, kindergarten, elementary/primary
school, secondary school,
university faculties, departments, degree, postgraduation;
connection between education and finding a job
Career, working
your plans for the future, career ideas; can work be one's
hobby?
act out a job interview; write your CV (curriculum vitae);
describe a worker or employee and his/her work and life;
occupation, job, profession,
different kinds of jobs and places of work with their
advantages/disadvantages;
Food & Meals
different meals, different habits; laying the table; table manners;
special/occasional meals; your favourite food & how you make
it;
cuisine in different countries; give a recipe; kitchen devices;
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different ways of cooking; shopping for food


Sports
indoor/outdoor sports & games
water sports, track and field events, technical sports
what's your favourite sport/game? why?
what sports do they do at the Olympic Games?
describe the rules of a game;
do sports, play games, training, coach, stadium, Olympic
Games
indoor/outdoor sports, ball games, track and field events, water
sports, winter sports, technical sports
Illnesses, accidents
illnesses and their symptoms; hospital, doctor's surgery; dentist
act out a dialogue at the doctor's/chemist's;
National Health Service, social insurance, sick leave, first aid,
G.P. (general practitioner)
Healthy life
stress, tension, breathe fresh air, do exercises, sport, physical
education, drug addiction, alcoholism, smoking, AIDS, balance
of work and rest, healthy food;
natural therapeutics, preventive medicine
Hobbies
favourite pastime; connection between character and hobby;
men's/women's typical hobbies; do-it-yourself movement; clubs;
individual vs group activities; funny or strange hobbies;
are there people without hobbies?; do hobbies cause any
damage
Books, newspapers, magazines
your favourite writer and his works; different styles in literature;
going to libraries; subscription to papers;
the role of the press in people's lives;
fiction vs non-fiction:
newspaper headlines, popular daily papers and magazines in
Britain, quality papers
Films, videos, television, radio
going to the cinema; the usual cinema show in your
country/Britain;
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kinds of films; different TV and radio channels; cinema or TV??,


(dis)advantages;
the influence of radio and TV on people's lives; borrowing
videos;
buying or copying videos? - the question of copyright;
your favourite film star/actor/actress/director;
Music
is music art or just entertainment? what makes a piece of music
good?
the relation between dance and music; music as a background
activity;
different styles and branches; musicians, composers,
orchestras;
musical instruments and the way you play/tune them; reading
notes;
classical vs pop/rock music;
Theatre, concerts
theatre vs cinema, the atmosphere of the theatre, theatre/play
description, stage management,
different kinds of drama, playwrights, genres;
Shakespeare and the English theatre
Going out
staying at home or going out? - argue for and against;
where you or other people usually go in your/their free time;
different kinds of entertainment out of home;
museums, exhibitions, cinemas, theatres, concerts, ballet,
variety shows, clubs, zoo, leisure centre, amusement
parks/centres, sports events, puppet shows, children's
programmes, parties;
argument between children and parents about staying out late
Weekends
the difference between weekend and weekday activities;
having a rest or going out? - housework or family programmes?
relaxation vs useful kinds of pastime; extra work at weekends;
a typical weekend in England and in your country
Shops and things to buy
different kinds of shops; home delivery; off-season sales;
bargaining;
small shop or supermarket/department store? - argue for or
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against;
act out a situation in a shop
Eating out
argue for or against eating in a restaurant, pub, caf, snack
bar;
takeaway food: comfort at reasonable price; the (dis)advantage
of fast food places and self-service; describe your favourite
place to eat;
act out a situation in a restaurant; table manners; laying the
table;
Various services (bank, post office, repair shop, etc)
act out situations in a bank, post office, laundrette, etc.
make a telephone call, post a letter; different kinds of mail;
the English Post Office;
the importance of having a bank account (if any)
Holidays
summer/winter holidays; frequented holiday places and
activities;
preparation for a trip, cost estimate, decide on the route, decide
what to take, pack;
passport, visa, (foreign) currency, travel insurance;
your favourite places/preferences
Tourism
why do people visit places of interest? what are they interested
in?
describe a typical place for tourism and a typical tourist;
arrange a tour at a tourist office (cp. 'Holidays' & 'Travelling')
Travelling
means of transport and their (dis)advantages in travelling;
where and how you last travelled;
accommodation, hotel, camp site, guest house;
passport, visa, insurance; customs control/declaration;
tourist office, travel agency, book a trip, package tours;
route, places of interest, holiday areas;
situations at the airport/railway station/port; rent a car
(cp. 'Holidays' & 'Tourism')
Hotel
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arrange your accommodation in a hotel; the importance of


facilities and comfort;
hotel vs camp site or private accommodation; hotel categories,
famous hotel chains;
act out a situation with a hotel guest complaining to the manager
Visiting your country
geography and history;
guide a tourist in your country, speak about sights and places of
interest;
customs and traditions, folk art, music
Culture and civilization
culture: (1) refined understanding of art, literature, etc.; (2) state
of intellectual development of a society; (3) particular form of
intellectual expression e.g. in art or literature; (4) customs, arts,
social institutions, etc. of a particular group o
of people; civilization: (1) becoming or making sy civilized; (2)
(esp) advanced state of human development; culture and way of
life of a people, nation or period regarded as a stage in the
development of organized society
your idea of culture and civilisation; the way you understand art
and literature, your favourite style(s); your understanding of
history and society; being a member of society: role and
responsibility; social behaviour; human rights and possibilities;
cri
ime and punishment; stages in man's history and society; the
future of mankind
Travelling in Britain or any English speaking country
the United Kingdom/USA: different countries/states and capital
cities; parts of England/USA;
British customs, English vs Scottish/American manners;
places of interest in London/New York or any other city
The English language
the importance of learning languages;
why you like/dislike learning languages;
why you chose the English language; your results and
experiences so far;
how/when/where you study (speaking, reading, listening,
writing); your idea of the best way of studying a language and
practising communication; other languages that you have
learned;
British vs American English;
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differences between English and your language

Sample questions
Choose a question at random and talk about the topic:
1 About yourself
Who are you and where do you come from?
(your family connections and close relations)
2 Family life
Happy together...
(holidays and occasions with the family)
3 A day's programme
The best day in my life
(why was a certain day better than your ordinary days?)
4 The place where you live
My house is my castle
(describe your room and the house)
5 Fares, please!
How do you come to school?
(means of transport and how to use them; driving)
6 Nice day, sunshine
Which is your favourite season?
(weather forecast, British climate vs your climate)
7 Village or town?
Are you satisfied with your present environment?
(pollution against nature, the green movement)
8 Studies at school
Why I (don't) like maths...
(your favourite and disliked subjects)

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9 Jobs & professions


What occupation would you choose as a career?
(act out a job interview)
10 Different sports and games
Why I (don't) want to win the Olympics...
(give reasons why you like/dislike certain sports))
11 Food & meals
Cooking or eating out?
(your favourite/disliked food and meals; table manners)
12 At the doctor's
I wish I were never ill...
(talking to your doctor; hospital treatment)
13 Reading
What do you usually read and when?
(newspapers, literature, your favourite writer)
14 Cinema, theatre
Isn't a live performance better than watching TV?
(argue for or against television)
15 At a concert
The band was terrific...
(your favourite kind of music as opposed to other styles)
16 Shopping
Department store or fashion shop?
(argue for or against different kinds of shops)
17 Restaurant
The soup is too cold...
(act out a situation in a fine restaurant)
18 Telephone, post office
Are you on the phone?
(argue for or against phoning vs sending letters)
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19 Holiday making
It's not easy to make a good trip...
(packing, hotel reservation, camping, etc.)
20 Guiding a tourist
What should a foreigner know about your country?
(sights, places of interest, geography, history, etc.)
21 Travelling abroad
Do I need a visa?
(necessary documents and arrangements, customs, etc.)
22 Studying languages
Why do you study English?
(English vs other languages; English culture)

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Topics and vocabulary

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