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Common Medical
Abbreviations

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Common Medical
Abbreviations
Luis R. DeSousa, M.D ., Ph.D .
Joao S . DeSousa, B.Sc., M.Sc.
Simon P. DeSousa, B.Sc., M.Sc.
.P
M
.
Maria C. DeSousa, B.Sc ., M.T., .H

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Library of Congress Cataloging-in-PublicationData


Common medical abbreviationshis R. DeSousa.. .(et al.).
p. cm.
ISBN 0-8273-6643-4
1. Medicine -Abbreviations-Dictionaries.
2. Medicine - Acronyms-Dictionaries.
3. Medicine - Notation-Dictionaries.
I. DeSousa. Luis R.
W 13 C734 19941
[DNLM: 1. Medicine-abbreviations.
R123.C595 1994
610 . 1 4 8 4 ~ 2 0
DNLMDLC
94-2624 1
for Library of Congress
CIP

Contents

vii

Preface

ix

Acknowledgements

Common Medical Abbreviations

257

Appendix A (Common Medical Symbols)

262

Appendix B (Greek Alphabet)

263

Appendix C (Common Cardinal Numerals)

265

Appendix D (Metric Weights and Measures)

267

Appendix E (Common Decimal Factors)

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Preface

For those of us in the medical world, indiscriminate use of abbreviations in


our daily parlance and writings has become a necessity. Lacking a universal
forum to create these abbreviations has led to misinterpretation and frequent
frustration on the part of many reviewers of health records and parlance . This
book has been written with non-medical individuals in mind, and every effort
has been made to collect the most frequently used abbreviations .
To decipher individually created abbreviations seems a formidable task.
Similar abbreviations have different meanings and connotations in different
medical specialities and for different individuals in the same medical
specialty! They are more the result of habit and extensive use by different
individuals and do not follow any specific and established form or order.
Thus some may use a specific abbreviation all in capital letters with or
without periods, others may use all lowercase letters, and some even may
combine capital and lowercase letters . Variations in symbols, Greek, and
Latin letters may be used depending on the individual decision or medical
specialty.
This collection of abbreviations is arranged in alphabetical order, and the
original Latin words are italicized wherever needed . Different meanings of an
abbreviation are mentioned as well. Different combinations of capital and
lowercase letters are given as in most common use . Please note, in certain
instances hyphens are used to show how the abbreviations are derived .
This collection is in no way a complete list of all the abbreviations and
their meanings . Every attempt will be made to include newly formed
abbreviations in future editions .
Luis R. DeSousa, M.D., Ph.D.
Please send your comments or feedback to the following address :
P.O. Box 19435
Sacramento, California 95819-0435
U.S.A.

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Acknowledgements

My gratitude to my wife, Hind, for her support, and to my son, Philip, for
inspiring me to work on this book .
Luis R. DeSousa, M.D., Ph.D .

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This book is dedicated to our Loving Parents: Joaquim Victorino De Sousa


and Ludgera Felicidade Fernandes, who are always treasured in our memories

This Page Intentionally Left Blank

alpha-amino acid nitrogen


alpha -one -anti-trypsin
alpha-feto-protein
alpha-gamma-globulinemia
alpha-hydroxy-butyric dehydrogenase
alpha-hydrazine analog of histidine
alpha-2 macroglobulin
alpha-methyl-dopa
alpha-methyl-tyrosine
alpha-naphthy-flavone
alpha-naphthyl-iso-thiocyanate
alpha-naphthyl-thio-urea
Alpha Omega Alpha (an honorary society in U.S.A.)
anti-thymocyte gamma (globulin)
ante (before)
Angstrom
cumulated activity
annum (year); anode ; anterior; aorta ; aqua (water) ;
arabinose ; arteria (artery) ; axial
A
absorbance; accommodation ; acetum ; activity; adenine ;
adenosine ; adult ; Adriamycin; age ; air ; alanine ; allergy;
alveolar gas ; ampere; amphetamine; anesthetic; Angstrom;
aqueous ; Ara-C ; area; argon; Asian; asparaginase ;
atropine; audio ; auricle ; average ; azote (German word
meaning nitrogen) ; mass number ; vitamin A
aortic
Al
first heart sound
aortic
A2
second heart sound
A-1
African variant
AI
angiotensin I
All
angiotensin II
AIII
angiotensin III
so much of each ingredient in a prescription
a a
arteriae (arteries)
as
A&A
aid and attendance ; awake and aware
A.A.
Associate in Arts (degree)
aAAN
a1AT
ccFP
ay G
allBD
allH
a2M
aMD
ctMT
aNF
cNIT
aNTU
AQA
ATy
a
A
A
a

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

AA

acetic acid; achievement age ; adenylic acid; African


American ; Alcoholics Anonymous; alveolar-arterial;
amino-acetone ; amino-acid; amino-acyl ; amyloid A;
aortic aneurysm; arachiodonic acid; ascending aorta ;
Australian antigen ; automobile accident
abdominal aortic aneurysm; acute anxiety attack ;
amalgam ; American Association of Anatomists ;
aromatic amino acid; atypical adematous adenosis
American Academy of Anesthesiologists' Assistants
American Association for the Accreditation of Ambulatory Plastic Surgical Facilities
amino acid-activating enzymes
albumin auto-agglutinating factor
Accreditation Association for Ambulatory Health Care
amino acid adenylate
alpha-amino acid nitrogen
American Association for the Advancement of Science
Association for Anesthesiologists' Assistants Training
Program
American Association of Bioanalysts
American Association of Blood Banks
antibiotic-associated colitis ; antimicrobial agents and
chemotherapy
American Association of Certified Allied Health
Personnel in Ophthalmology
American Association for Clinical Chemistry
American Association of Childbirth Education
acute angle closure glaucoma
American Association for Clinical Immunology and
Allergy
American Association of Colleges of Nursing; American Association of Critical Care Nurses
American Association of Clinical Oncology
American Academy of Child Psychiatry
American Association for Cancer Research
American Academy of Dermatology
alveolar-arterial oxygen tension difference
American Academy of Denture Prosthetics
American Academy of Dental Radiology
American Association of Dental Schools
active assisted exercises; acute allergic encephalitis;
American Association of Endodontists
acetic-alcohol-formal in; 2-acetyl-amino-fluorene ;
ascorbic acid factor

AAA
AAAA
AAAAPSF
AAAE
AAAF
AAAHC
AA-AMP
aAAN
AAAS
AAATP
AAB
AABB
AAC
AACAHPO
AACC
RACE
AACG
AACIA
AACN
AACG
AACP
AACR
AAD
AaDO2
AADP
AADR
AADS
AAE
AAF

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS
AAFP
AAGP
AAH
AAHA
AAHC
AAHE
AAHP
AAI
AAID
AAL
AALAS
AAM
AAMA
AAMC
AAMD
AAME
AAMI
AAMRL
AAMT
AAN
AANA
AANN
AAO
AAOC
AAGP
AAOS
AAP

AAPA
AAPB
AAPC
AAPMR
AAPPO
AAR
AARC

American Academy of Family Practice ; American Association of Family Physicians


American Academy of General Practice
atypical adenomatous hyperplasia
American Academy of Health Administration
Association of Academic Health Centers
Association for the Advancement of Health Education
American Association of Hospital Planners
American Association of Immunologists; ankle-arm
index
American Academy of Implant Dentistry
anterior axillary line
American Association for Laboratory Animal Science
American Academy of Microbiology
American Association of Medical Assistants
American Association of Medical Colleges
American Association on Mental Deficiency
acetyl-arginine methyl ester
Association for Advancement of Medical Instrumentation
American Association of Medical Record Librarians
American Association for Medical Transcriptionists
American Academy of Neurology; American Academy
of Nursing; analgesic-associated nephropathy
American Association of Nurse Anesthetists
American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
American Academy of Ophthalmology ; American Academy of Orthodontists ; American Academy of Otolaryngology ; amino acid oxidase; awake, alert, oriented
ant-acid of choice
American Academy of Oral Pathology
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
air atmospheric pressure ; American Academy of
Pediatrics; American Academy of Pedodontics;
American Academy of Periodontology ; American
Association of Pathologists
American Association of Pathologist Assistants ;
American Academy of Physician Assistants
American Association of Pathologists and Bacteriologists
antibiotic-associated pseudomembranous colitis
American Academy of Physical Medicine and
Rehabilitation
American Association of Preferred Provider Organizations
antigen-antiglobulin reaction
American Association for Respiratory Care

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

AAROM
AARP
MART
AAS
AASH
a1AT
AAT
AATS
a.a.u.
AAV
a.b.
ab.
Ab
A.B.
A/B
A>B
AB
ABA
ABAI
ABC

ABCD
ABCM
ABCP
ABCRS
ABCW
abd.
ABD
ABDCT
ABDIC
abd pain
abd poll

active assisted range of motion


American Association of Retired Persons
American Association for Rehabilitation Therapy ;
American Association of Respiratory Therapy
anthrax anti-serum ; aortic arch syndrome; atomic
absorption spectrophotometry
adrenal androgen stimulating hormone
alpha-one-anti-trypsin
alanine amino-transferase; atrium atrium triggered
(pacemaker mode) ; Auditory Acuity Test; Auditory
Apperception Test
American Association for Thoracic Surgery
agita ante usum (shake before using)
adeno-associated virus ; AIDS-associated virus
agita bene (shake well); abortus (abortion)
abortio (abortion)
anti-body
Artium Baccalaureus (Bachelor of Arts)
acid / base (ratio)
air greater than bone
abnormal ; aids to the blind; alcian blue; anti-body;
antigen binding ; apex beat; asbestos body; asthmatic
bronchitis; axio-buccal
allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis; American
Board of Anesthesiology ; anti-bacterial activity
American Board of Allergy and Immunology
absolute basophil count; acid buffered citrate ;
Adriamycin, BCNU, Cyclophosphamide ; airway,
breathing, circulation ; American Blood Commission ;
aneurysmal bone cyst; antigen-binding capacity; apnea, bradycardia, cyanosis; aspiration biopsy cytology;
axio-bucco-cervical
Adriamycin, Bleomycin, CCNU, Dacarbazine
Adriamycin, Bleomycin, Cytoxan, Mitomycin C
American Board of Cardiovascular Perfusion
American Board of Colon and Rectal Surgery
atomic, biological, and chemical warfare
abdomen ; abdominal ; abduct; abduction ; abductor
Adriamycin, Bleomycin, DTIC; aged, blind, disabled
atrial bolus dynamic computer tomography
Adriamycin, Bleomycin, Dimethyl-Imidazole-Carboxamide
abdominal pain
abductor pollicis

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS
ABDV
ABE
ABEM
ABET
ab. feb .
ABFP
ABG
ABGs
ABI
ABIM
ABL
ABLB
ABLC
ABMA
ABMM
ABMS
abn .
ABNF(HE)
ABNM
abnorm .
ABNS
abo .
ABO
ABOG
abor.
ABOS
ABP
ABPA
ABPANC
ABPM
ABPMR
ABMT
ABPN
ABPS
abr.
ABR

Adriamycin, Bleomycin, DTIC, Vinblastine


acute bacterial endocarditis
American Board of Emergency Medicine
Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology
absente febre (while fever is absent)
American Board of Family Practice
arterial blood gas ; axio-bucco-gingival
arterial blood gases
ankle-brachial index; atherothrombotic brain infarction
American Board of Internal Medicine
abeta-lipoproteinemia ; axio-bucco-lingual
alternate binaural loudness balance
amphotericin B lipid complex
anti-basement membrane antibody
American Board of Medical Management
Advisory Board for Medical Specialties
abnormal; abnormality
Association of Black Nursing Faculty (in Higher
Education)
American Board of Nuclear Medicine
abnormal; abnormality
American Board of Neurological Surgery
abortio (abortion)
absent bed occupancy; American Board of
Otolaryngology ; three main blood types
American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology
abortio (abortion)
Adriamycin, Bleomycin, Oncovin, Streptozotocin;
American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery
Adriamycin, Bleomycin, Prednisone; American Board of
Pathology; American Board of Pediatrics ; androgen-binding
protein; antigen-binding protein; arterial blood pressure
allergic broncho-pulmonary aspergillosis
American Board of Post Anesthesia Nursing Certification
American Board of Preventive Medicine; ambulatory
blood pressure monitoring
American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
allogenic bone marrow transplantation
American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology
American Board of Plastic Surgery
abrasions
abortus-Bang ring (test); absolute bed rest; American
Board of Radiology ; auditory brain response

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

abs .
ABS
abs . fev.
ABSR
abst.
ABTS
ABU
ABV
ABVD
ABW
ABX
a/c
a.c.
Ac
AC

AC/A
ACA

ACAPI
ACAT
acb
ACB
AC/BC
ACBE
acc .
ACC
AcChS
ACCI
accom .
ACCP

abscess ; absent; absolute ; absorption


absent; absolute ; absorption ; acute brain syndrome ;
admitting blood sugar ; alkyl-benzene sulfonate
absente febre (while fever is absent)
auditory brain stem response
abstract
American Board of Thoracic Surgery
American Board of Urology
Actinomycin D, Bleomycin, Vincristine ; Adriamycin,
Bleomycin, Velban
Adriamycin, Bleomycin, Vinblastine, Dacarbazine
actual body weight
antibiotics
alternating (electrical) current
ante cibum (before meals) ; alternating (electrical) current
actinium; acetyl ; acute
abdominal circumference ; acromio-clavicular; adrenal
cortex; adreno-corticoid; Adriamycin, Cyclophosphamide; air-conditioner ; air conduction; all cultures;
alternating (electrical) current ; anodic closure ; anterior
chamber ; anti-cholinergic ; anti-coagulant; anticomplementary ; aortic closure; atrio-carotid; auriculocarotid ; axio-cervical
accommodative convergence / accommodation (ratio)
accessory conduction-ablation ; adeno-carcinoma ;
American College of Angiology ; American College of
Apothecaries ; anterior cerebral artery ; anti-centromere
antibody; Automatic Clinical Analyzer
anterior cerebral artery pulsatility index
Automatic Computerized Axial Tomography
before breakfast
antibody-coated bacteria
air conduction / bone conduction
air contrast barium enema
accident ; accommodation ; according ; accuratissime
(most accurately)
accumulator ; Acute Care Center ; adenoid cystic carcinoma; Ambulatory Care Center ; American College of
Cardiology; anodal closure contraction
acetyl-choline-sterase
anodal closure clonus
accommodation
American College of Chest Physicians

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

ACCR
ACCT
accur.
ACD
AC/DC
ACD sol .
ACE
ACEI
ACEP
acetyl-CoA
ACF
AcFuCy
AcG
ACG
ACGME
ACh
ACH
ACHA
AChE
AChR
AChRab
ac & hs
ACI
acid phos.
ACIOC
ACIP
ACK
ACL
aCLA
ACLA
ACLAM
ACLS
ACM
ACN
ACNHA

amylase creatinine clearance ratio


account ; acute cervical cord trauma
accuratissime (most accurately)
absolute cardiac dullness ; acid citrate dextrose ; allergic
contact dermatitis ; American College of Dentists ; annihilation coincidence detection ; anterior chest diameter
bisexual (slang)
acid citrate dextrose solution
acetaminophen ; acetone ; acetonitrile; acute cerebellar
encephalopathy ; adrenal cortical extract ; Adriamycin,
Cytoxan, Etoposide ; angiotensin converting enzyme
angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor
American College of Emergency Physicians
acetyl-coenzyme A
accessory clinical findings; acute care facility ; anterior
cervical fusion
Actinomycin D, Fluorouracil, Cytoxan
accelerator .globulin (coagulation Factor V)
American College of Gastroenterology; angio-cardiography ; angle closure glaucoma ; apex-cardio-gram
Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education
acetyl-choline
adrenal cortical hormone
American College of Hospital Administrators
acetyl-cholin-esterase
acetyl-choline receptor
acetyl-choline receptor anti-body
ante cibum et hora somni (before meals and at bed-time)
acoustic comfort index; adenylate cyclase inhibitor ;
adrenal cortical insufficiency; anti-clonus index
acid phosphatase
anterior chamber intra-ocular (lens)
Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices
acknowledge
anterior cruciate ligament ; aspiryl chloride
anti-cardio-lipin antibody
American Clinical Laboratory Association
American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine
advanced cardiac life support
Adriamycin, Cyclophosphamide, Methotrexate ;
albumin-calcium-magnesium
acute conditioned necrosis
American College of Nursing Home Administrators

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

ACNM
ACO
ACOG
ACOP
ACOPP
ACOS
ACOSPC
acous.
ACP

ACPE
ACPP
ACPS
ACR
acs
ACS

ACSM
ACSV
ACT

ACTA
Act-C
Act-D
ACTe
ACTG
ACTGS
ACTH
ACTH-RF
ACTP

American College of Nuclear Medicine ; American


College of Nurse Midwives
anodal closure odor
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
Adriamycin, Cyclophosphamide, Oncovin, Prednisone
Adriamycin, Cytoxan, Oncovin, Prednisone,
Procarbazine
American College of Osteopathic Surgeons
American College of Surgeons Pattern of Care
acoustic
acid phosphatase; acyl carrier protein; American
College of Pathologists ; American College of Physicians; Animal Care Panel; anodal closure picture;
Aspirin, Caffeine, Phenacetin
American College of Physician Executives
adreno-cortico-poly-peptide
acro-cephalo-poly-syndactyly
acriflavine ; adenomatosis of colon and rectum ; American College of Radiology; anti-constipation regimen
before supper
acute confusional state; Advanced Cardiovascular System; Advanced Catheter System ; American Cancer Society; American Chemical Society; American College
of Surgeons ; American Cytology Society; anodal closing sound; antireticular cytotoxic serum; Association
of Clinical Scientists
American College of Sports Medicine
aorto-coronary saphenous vein
Actinomycin; activated clotting time ; activated coagulation time ; active ; advanced coronary treatment;
anodal closure tetanus; anti-coagulant therapy; axial
computed tomography
American Cardiovascular Technologists Association;
American Corrective Therapy Association; Automated
Computerized Transverse Axial
Actinomycin C
Actinomycin D
anodal closure tetanus
AIDS Clinic Trial Group
AIDS Clinic Trial Group Study
adreno-cortico-tropic hormone
adreno-cortico-tropic hormone releasing factor
adreno-cortico-tropic polypeptide

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

ACUTNS
ACV
ACVD
ACVM
ACVP
Ad
a.d.
ad
A.D.
A/D
A&D
AD

ADA

ADAA
ADAM
ADAMHA
ADB
ADBC
ADC

ADCC
add.
ADD
ad def. an.
ad deliq.
addn
ADDR
ade.
ADE
ad effect .

acupuncture / transcutaneous nerve stimulation


acyclovir; atrial, carotid, ventricular
acute cardio-vascular disease
American College of Veterinary Microbiologists
American College of Veterinary Pathologists
anisotropic disk
auris dextra (right ear)
ad (indication of something to be added to a certain
amount)
anno Domini (in the year of the Lord)
analog-to-digital (converter)
admission and discharge; ascending and descending
accident dispensary ; active disease; admitting diagnosis; advertisement; alcohol dehydrogenase; Aleutian
disease; Alzheimer's disease; analgesic dose ; anodal
duration; antigenic determinant; aortic diameter ;
arthritic dose; autonomic dysreflexia; average deviation; axio-distal; axis deviation
adenosine-deaminase; American Dental Association;
American Diabetic Association; American Dietetic
Association; Americans with Disabilities Act; anterior
descending artery
American Dental Assistants Association
animated dissection of anatomy for medicine
Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration
Adriamycin, Dacarbazine, Bleomycin
Adriamycin ; DTIC, Bleomycin, CCNU
Aid to Dependent Children ; AIDS Dementia Complex;
albumin, dextrose, catalase ; analog-to-digital conversion; analog-to-digital converter; anodal duration
contraction; average daily census ; axio-disto-cervical
antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity
adde (let there be added; add) ; adding ; adduction;
adductor
adduction; attention deficit disorder ; average daily dose
ad defectionem animi (to the point of fainting)
ad deliquim (to fainting)
addition
address
adenine
acute disseminated encephalitis ; apparent digestive
energy
ad effectum (until effectual)

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

ADEM
ADG
ad grat. acid.
ADH

acute disseminating encephalo-myelitis


atrial diastolic gallop ; axio-disto-gingival
ad gratum aciditatem (to an agreeable sourness)
acute dehydration ; anti-diuretic hormone ; alcohol
de-hydrogenase
American Dental Hygienists Association
attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
adbibendus (to be administered)
acceptable daily intake ; allowable daily intake ;
axio-disto-incisal
Adriamycin, Dimethyl-Imidazole-Carboxamide
ad interim (meanwhile)
adjoining ; adjunct; adjustment (bookkeeping abbreviation)
activities of daily living
ad libitum (as desired)
administrative medicine; admission; admit; admitted
administer; administration
admove (add); admoveatur (let there be added)
admitted in wheel-chair
Associate Degree in Nursing
anti- deoxyribo-nuclease
ad neutro (neutralize)
axio-disto-occlusal
Adriamycin, Oncovin, Ara-C, Prednisone
Adriamycin, Oncovin, Prednisone
adenosine-di-phosphate ; area diastolic pressure ;
automatic data processing
ad parte dolente (to the painful part)
average daily patient load
ad pondus omnium (to the whole weight)
adverse drug reaction
Adriamycin
antibody deficiency syndrome; anti-diuretic substance
ad saturatum (to saturation)
adstante febre (while there is fever)
adenosine triphosphate ; admission, discharge, transfer; agar-gel diffusion test; alternate-day therapy ;
alternate-day treatment; anodal duration tetanus ;
atrial demand triggered (pacemaker)
ad usum (usage)
ad usum externum (for external use)
ad duas vices (to two doses ; for two doses)
adversum (against); advice; advise ; advisory

ADHA
ADHD
adhib.
ADI
A-DIC
ad int .
Adj
ADL
ad lib .
ADM
admin.
admov.
adm w/c
A.D.N.
ADN
ad neut.
ADO
AdOAP
AdOP
ADP
ad part. dol .
ADPL
ad pond. om.
ADR
Adria.
ADS
ad sat.
ads . feb.
ADT

ad us.
ad us. ext .
a.d.v.
adv.
10

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

ADV
advan.
ADX
A/E
AE
AEA
AE amp.
AEC
AECG
AED
AEF
aeg.
AEG
AEI
AEM
AEP
aeq.
AER
AES
aet.
AET
aetat.
AETB
AEV
AF

AFA
AFB
AFBG
AFC
AFCR
AFDC
AFG
aFGF
AFH
AFib
AFID
AFL

adeno-virus ; advance ; advantage ; Aleutian disease virus


advantage ; advantages
adrenalectomized
air entry
above elbow ; air entry; ary-epiglottic
alcohol, ether, acetone
above elbow amputation
at earliest convenience ; Atomic Energy Commission
ambulatory ECG
automatic external defibrillator
allogenic effect factor
aegra (patient)
air encephalo-gram
atrial escape interval
analytical electron microscope; analytical electron
microscopy
artificial endocrine pancreas; average evoked potential
aequales (equal)
aldosterone excretion rate; anabolic energy requirements;
auditory evoked response ; average evoked response
American Electroencephalographic Society
aetas (at the age of)
absorption equivalent thickness ; automatic ectopic
tachycardia
aetatis (of the age)
2-amin-ethyliso-thiuronium bromide
avian erythroblastosis virus
abnormal frequency ; aflatoxin ; air-force; albumin-free ;
amniotic fluid; angiogenesis factor ; antibody-forming;
aortic flow; atrial fibrillation ; atrial flutter ; audio
frequency
American Fertility Association
acid-fast bacillus ; acid-fast bacteria; aflatoxin B
aorto-femoral bypass graft
antibody-forming cells
American Federation for Clinical Research
Aid to Families with Dependent Children
aflatoxin G
acidic fibroblast growth factor
anterior facial height
atrial fibrillation
alkali flame ionization detector
aflatoxicol ; anti-fatty liver; atrial flutter

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

AFM
AFO
aFP
AFP
AFPP
AFQ
AFRD
AFS
AFSP
AFT
AFTC
AFTN
AFV
Ag
A/G
AG
AGA

aflatoxin M
ankle-foot orthosis
alpha-feto-protein
atrial filling pressure; anterior faucial pillar
acute fibrino-purulent pneumonia
aflatoxin Q
acute febrile respiratory disease
American Fertility Society
acute fibrino-serous pneumonia
aflatoxin; afternoon
apparently free testosterone concentration
autonomously functioning thyroid nodule
amniotic fluid volume
antigen ; argentum (silver)
albumin / globulin (ratio)
abdominal girth; anti-globulin ; atrial gallop; axio-gingival
American Gastroenterological Association ;
appropriate for gestational age
AGC
automatic gain control
AGE
acute gastroenteritis ; agarose gel electrophoresis
argentum-chloride (silver chloride)
AgCI
AGD
agar gel diffusion
AGEPC
acetyl glyceryl ether phosphoryl choline
feb
aggrediente
febre (while the fever is coming on)
ag.
.
aGG
alpha-gamma-globulinemia
agglutinate ; agglutination
aggl .
AGGS
anti-gas gangrene serum
AgI
argentum-iodide (silver iodide)
agita (shake; stir)
agit.
.
s.
agita ante sumedum (shake before taking)
agit a.
vas
.
agitato vase (shake the vial)
agit.
AGL
acute granulocytic leukemia
AGM
African green monkey
AGMK
African green monkey kidney (tissue culture)
acute gastric mucosal lesion
AGML
acute glomerulo-nephritis
AGN
argentum-nitrate
(silver nitrate)
AgNO3
silver-staining
nucleolar
organizer regions
AGNOR
argentum-oxide
(silver
oxide)
Ag20
AGP
acid glycoprotein; agar-gel precipitation
AGPT
agar-gel precipitation test
AgS
argentum-sulfadiazine (silver sulfadiazine)
adreno-genital syndrome
AGS
12

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

Ag2SO I
AGT
AGTT
AGV
a.h.
ah.
Ah
AH

AHA

AHBBP
allBD
AHC
AHCPR
AHD
AHEM
AHF
AHFS
AHG
AHGS
allH
AHH
AHI
ANIMA
AHJ
AHLE
AHLS
AHM
AHMA
AHP
AHPA
AHR
AHS
AHT
AHTG

argentum-sulfate (silver sulfate)


adreno-glomerulo-tropin ; anti-globulin test
abnormal glucose tolerance test
aniline gentian violet
alternis horis (every other hour)
hypermetropic astigmatism
ampere hour
abdominal hysterectomy; accidental hypothermia ;
aceto-hexamide ; amenorrhea and hirsutism ; aminohippurate ; anti-hyaluronidase; arterial hypertension ;
artificial heart; ascites hepatoma
aceto-hydroxamic acid; acquired hemolytic anemia ;
American Heart Association ; American Hospital
Association ; aspartyl-hydroxamine acid; autoimmune
hemolytic anemia
amino-hydroxy-butylidene bio-phosphate
alpha-hydroxy-butyric dehydrogenase
acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis ; acute hemorrhagic
cystitis
Agency for Health Care Policy and Research
arteriosclerotic heart disease; atherosclerotic heart disease
acute hemorrhagic encephalo-myelitis
acute heart failure; anti-hemophilic factor
American Hospital Formulary Service
aggregated human globulin; anti-hemolytic globulin
(factor) ; anti-hemophilic globulin; anti-human globulin
acute herpetic gingival stomatitis
alpha-hydrazine analog of histidine
aryl-hydrocarbon hydroxylase
active hostility index; apnea / hypopnea index
American Health Information Management Association
artificial hip joint
acute hemorrhagic leuko-encephalitis
anti-human lymphocytic serum
ambulatory Holter monitoring; anterior hyaloid
membrane
American Holistic Medical Association
Accountable Health Plan; acute hemorrhagic pancreatitis
American Health Planning Association
autonomic hyper-reflexia
American Humane Society
augmented histamine test; anti-hyaluronidase titer
anti-human thymocytic globulin
13

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS
AHuG
AI
AIA
AIBA
AIC
AICA
AICAH
AICD
AICF
AID

AIDS
AIE
AIEP
AIF
AIGO
AIH
AIHA
AIHD
AILD
AIM
AIMS
AIN
AINS
AIO
AIP
AIPL
AIR
AIS
AIT
14

aggregated human globulin


anaphylatoxin inhibitor ; anatomic index; aortic incompetency; aortic insufficiency; apical impulse ; artificial insemination ; artificial intelligence; axio-incisal
allyl-isopropyl-acetamide ; amylase inhibitor activity
amino-iso-butyric acid
amino-imidazole carboxamide ; anti-inflammatory
corticoid
anterior inferior communicating artery
auto-immune chronic active hepatitis (lispoid hepatitis)
automatic implantable cardiac defibrillator; automatic
implantable cardiovascular defibrillator
auto-immune complement fixation
acute infectious disease ; Agency for International
Development ; artificial insemination by donor (heterologous insemination) ; auto-immune deficiency; autoimmune disease ; automatic implantable defibrillator
acquired immuno-deficiency syndrome
acute infectious encephalitis; acute infective
endocarditis
amount of insulin extractable from the pancreas
aorto-ilio-femoral
amyloid of immuno-globulin origin
American Institute of Homeopathy; artificial insemination by husband (homologous insemination)
American Industrial Hygiene Association ;
auto-immune hemolytic anemia
acquired immune hemolytic disease ; auto-immune
hemolytic disease
angio-immunoblastic lymphadenopathy with
dysproteinemia
assess, improve, maintain
abnormal involuntary movement scale
acute interstitial nephritis
anti-inflammatory non-steroidal
amyloid of immunoglobulin origin
acute intermittent porphyria ; automated immunoprecipitation ; average intravascular pressure
angiocentric immuno-proliferative lesions
amino-imidazole ribonucleotide
anti-insulin serum; androgen insensitivity syndrome
alanine amino-transferase

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

auto-immune thrombocytopenic purpura


arginine insulin tolerance test
absolute iodine uptake
American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
accelerated idio-ventricular rhythm
ankle jerk
American Joint Committee on Cancer
above knee ; adenylate kinase ; atrial kick
above knee amputation ; alcoholic keto-acidosis ; also
known as
Al
aluminum (used in U.S.A); aluminium (used in U.K.)
AL
active lipid; acute leukemia ; adaptation level; albumin;
alcohol; auris laeva; axio-lingual
ALA
Active Labor Act; alanine; American Lung Association; amino-levulinic acid ; axio-labial
ALAD
abnormal left axis deviation; amino-levulinic acid
dehydratase
ALAG
axio-labio-gingival
ALAL
axio-labio-lingual
alanine transaminase
ALAT
albus (albumin)
alb.
ALB
alternate loudness balance
ALC
alcohol; alcoholic; axio-linguo-cervical ; approximate
lethal concentration; avian leukosis complex
ALD
adreno-leuko-dystrophy ; alcoholic liver disease;
aldolase ; angioimmunoblastic lympha-denopathy
ALG
anti-lymphocytic globulin ; axio-linguo-gingival
alk .
alkaline
alk. phos .
alkaline phosphatase
ALL
acute lymphatic leukemia ; acute lymphoblastic leukemia; acute lymphocytic leukemia ; allergies; allergy;
allose axio-labio-lingual
ALM
acral lentiginous melanoma ; alveolar lining material
ALME
acetyl-lysine methyl ester
ALMI
antero-lateral myocardial infarction
ALN
anterior lymph node
ALO
axio-linguo-occlusal
Al203
aluminum-oxide (aluminium-oxide)
aluminum-hydroxide
Al(OH)3
(aluminium-hydroxide)
ALOMAD
Adriamycin, Leukeran, Oncovin, Methotrexate,
Actinomycin D, Dacarbazine
ALOS
average length of stay
AITP
AITT
AIU
AIUM
AIVR
AJ
AJCC
AK
AKA

15

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

ALP
ALPS
ALRI
ALRR
ALS

alt .
ALT
ALTIAST
ALTB
alt . dieb
alt. hor .
alt. noc.
ALTRCC
ALU
ALU
alv. adst .
ALW
a.m .
a2 M
Am
AM

AMA
AMACT
AMA-ERF
AMA-Fab
AMAP
AMB
AMBL
AMC

alkaline phosphatase ; alkyl lyso-phospholipids;


anterior lobe of pituitary ; anti-lymphocyte plasma
Aphasia Languages Performance Scales
antero-lateral rotary instability
arthroscopic lateral retinacular release
acute lateral sclerosis; advanced life support ; alternating
chemotherapy with radiotherapy without delay of chemotherapy; amyotrophic lateral sclerosis ; angiotensinlike substance ; antero-lateral sclerosis ; anticipated life
span; anti-lymphatic serum; anti-lymphocyte serum
alter (the other) ; alternate ; altitude
alanine amino-transferase ; alanine transaminase
(formerly SGPT) ; argon laser trabeculoplasty
alanine amino -transfer ase l aspartate aminotransferase (ratio)
acute laryngo-tracheo-bronchitis
alternis diebus (every other day)
alternis boris (every other hour)
alternis nocte (every other night)
auto-lymphocyte-based treatment for renal cell carcinoma
arithmetic and logic unit (in a computing processor)
alveolar; avian leukosis virus
alvo adstricta (when the bowels are constipated)
arch-loop-whorl system
anno mundi (in the year of the world) ; ante meridiem
(being before noon); ante mortem (preceding death)
alpha-2 macroglobulin
Americium
actomyosin; aerospace medicine; alveolar macrophage ;
American; ametropia ; ampicillin ; amplitude modulation; anovular menstruation ; arousal mechanism;
Artium Magister (Master of Arts); aviation medicine ;
axiomesial; before noon; myopic astigmatism
against medical advice; American Medical Association; anti-mitochondrial antibody; as much as
anti-microbial agents and chemo-therapy
AMA - Education and Research Foundation
antimyosin monoclonal antibody with Fab fragment
as much as possible
ambiguous ; ambulance ; ambulate; ambulatory
acute mono-blastic leukemia
arm muscle circumference ; arthrogryposis multiplex
congenita ; axio-mesio-cervical

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

AMCL
aMD
AMD
AME
AMEA
Amerind.
AMF
AmFAR
AMG
AMH
AMI
AMKBL
AML

AMLP
AMLR
AMLS
AMM
AMMBL
AMMCL
AMN
AMO
A-mode
amp.
AMP
AMPAC
AMPase
amph.
AMP kinase
ampl.
AMPPE
AMPS
AMRA
AMRD
AMRI
AMRL

acute mono-cytic leukemia


alpha-methyl-dopa
arthroscopic micro -diskectomy ; axio-mesio-distal
amphotericin methyl ester
American Medical Electroencephalographic Association
American Indian
amniotic fluid; anti-muscle factor
American Foundation for AIDS Research
anti-macrophage globulin ; axio-mesio-gingival
mixed astigmatism with myopia predominating
acute myocardial infarction ; American Indian ;
amitriptyline; anterior myocardial infarction ; Association of Medical Illustrators ; axio-mesio-incisal
acute mega-karyo-blastic leukemia
acute monocytic leukemia ; acute myeloblastic leukemia; acute myelocytic leukemia ; acute myelogenous
leukemia ; acute myeloid leukemia ; anterior mitral
leaflet
anatomic medullary locking prosthesis
autologus mixed lymphocyte reaction
anti-mouse lymphocyte serum
agnogenic myeloid metaplasia ; ammonia
acute myelo-mono-blastic leukemia ; acute myelomono-blastic lymphoma
acute myelo-mono-cytic leukemia
alloxazine mono-nucleotide; American Medical News
axio-mesio-occlusal
amplitude mode
ampere ; amphetamine; ampicillin; ampule ; amputation
acid muco-polysaccharide; adenosine mono-phosphate;
amplifier; amplitude; average mean pressure; Rifampin
American Medical Political Action Committee
adenosine mono-phosphat-ase
amphetamine; amphoric
adenylate kinase
amplitude; amplus (large)
acute multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy
abnormal muco-poly-sacchariduria ; acid mucopoly-saccharides
American Medical Record Association
Anti-microbial Removal Device
ametro-medial rotatory instability
Aerospace Medical Research Laboratories
17

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

AMS
amsa.
AMSA
amt.
aMT
AMT
amu
AMV
AMWA
amy.
AMZ
an.
An
A/N
AN
ana
ANA
ANAC
anal.
ANAP
anat .
ANC
AnCC
ANDA
andro.
AnDTe
anes .
aNF
ANF
ang.
angio.
ANHB
anhyd.
ANISO
aNIT
ank.
18

acute mountain sickness; amylase; anti-macrophage serum; Army Medical Service; atypical measles syndrome ;
auditory memory span; automated multiphasic screening
amsacrine
acridinylaniside ; American Medical Students Association
amount
alpha-methyl-tyrosine
American Medical Technologists; amethopterin;
amphetamine; amount
atomic mass unit
assisted mechanical ventilation
American Medical Women's Association; American
Medical Writers Association
amylase
antero-medial displacement osteotomy
anode
Actinon; anisometropia ; anodal ; anode
as needed
aneurysm ; anorexia nervosa; ante-natal ; aseptic necrosis ;
avascular necrosis
so much of each
American Nurses Association; anti-nuclear antibody ;
aspartyl naphthyl-amide
Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
analgesia ; analgesic
agglutination negative, absorption positive
anatomic; anatomical ; anatomy
absolute neutrophil count
anodal closure contraction
abbreviated new drug application
androsterone
anodal duration tetanus
anesthesia ; anesthetic
alpha-naphthy-flavone
American Nurses Foundation ; anti-nuclear factor ;
atrial natriuretic factor
angiogram; angiograph; angle
angiocatheter; angiocatheterizaton ; angiography
Alaska Native Health Board
anhydrous
anisocytosis ; anisometropia
alpha-naphthyl-iso-thiocyanate
ankle

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

acute non-lymphoblastic leukemia ; acute non-lymphocytic leukemia


annl.
annual ; annulatomy ; annulorrhaphy
ANP
A-nor-progesterone; atrial natriuretic polypeptide
ANRC
American National Red Cross
ANS
answer; anterior nasal spine; anti-neutrophilic serum ;
arteriolo-nephro-sclerosis; autonomic nervous system
ANSA
amino-naphthol-sulfonic acid
American National Standards Institute
ANSI
ante (before)
ant.
acoustic noise test; anterior; anthropology
ANT
Antamycin A
Ant . A
antag.
antagonistic
ant ax line
anterior axillary line
anthrop .
anthropology
anti-AChR
anti-acetyl-choline receptor
anti-coag
anti-coagulant
anti-DNA
anti- deoxyribo-nucleic acid
anti-FY
Duffy antibody
anti-glomerular basement membrane
anti-GBM
anti-HAA
antibody to hepatitis-associated antigen
anti-HAV
anti-hepatitis A virus
anti-HB
anti-hepatitis B
anti-HBC
antibody to hepatitis B core antigen
anti-HBS
antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen
anti-HLTD III
antibody screen in testing for AIDS
anti-S
anti-sulfanilic acid
triiodothyronine
anti-T3
auto-antibodies
ant . part.
ante partum (before delivery)
ant. pit .
anterior pituitary
ant. pran.
ante prandium (before dinner)
ant . tib .
anterior tibial
aNTU
alpha-naphthyl-thio-urea
ANUG
acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis
a/o
angle of
A-O
acoustic-optic ; awake and oriented
A&O
awake and oriented
AO
acid output ; acridine orange ; anodal opening; anterior
oblique ; aortic opening ; atomic orbital ; atrioventricular opening (of the valves) ; axio-occlusal
AOA
Alpha Omega Alpha (an honorary society in U.S.A.); American Optometric Association ; American Orthopsychiatric
Association ; American Osteopathic Association
ANLL

19

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

AOAA
AOB
AOC

amino-oxy-acetic acid
accessory olfactory bulb ; alcohol on breath
abridged ocular chart; anodal opening clonus; anodal
opening contraction
arterial occlusive disease ; auriculo-osteo-dysplasia
adult onset diabetes mellitus
angiographically occult intracranial vascular malformation
acro-osteo-lysis
acute otitis media ; alternatives of management
American Occupational Medical Association
American Organization of Nurse Executives
anodal opening odor
left ventricle to aorta pressure gradient
anodal opening picture ; aortic pressure
American Orthotics and Prosthetics Association
Alvarado Orthopedic Research
Association of Operating Room Nurses
anodal opening sound
American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine
American Occupational Therapy Association
anodal opening tetanus
apparent oxygen utilization
analysis of variance
April
anterior and posterior ; auscultation and palpation ;
auscultation and percussion
acid phosphatase ; action potential ; acute proliferative ;
alkaline phosphatase; amino-peptidase; angina pectoris;
ante partum; anterior pituitary; antero-posterior; aortic
pressure; apical pulse ; apriori (prior to) ; arterial pressure; atrial pacing; atrium pacing; axio-pulpal
aldosterone-producing adenoma ; American Pharmaceutical Association ; American Physiotherapy Association ;
American Podiatric Association; American Psychiatric
Association ; American Psychological Association ;
amino-penicillanic acid; anti-pernicious anemia (factor)
acute physiology and chronic health evaluation
Acetaminophen (Acamol; Calpol ; Dirox; Dymadon ;
Tylenols) ; Association of Physician Assistants Programs
annular phased array system
abductor pollicis brevis ; atrial premature beat
adenoid-pharyngeal-con)unctival ; Amsacrine,
Prednisone, Chlorambucil ; anti-phlogistic corticoid ;

AOD
AODM
AOIVM
AOL
AOM
AOMA
AONE
AOO
AoP
AOP
AOPA
AOR
AORN
AOS
AOSSM
AOTA
AOTe
AOU
AOV
Ap.
A&P
AP

APA

APACHE
APAP
APAS
APB
APC
20

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

APC-C
APCD
APCF
APD
APE
APF
APG
APGAR
APH
APHA
APhAs
APHP
APKD
APL
AP-Lat
APM
APMD
APML
APN
a.p.o.
APO
apo C
apo D
apo E
app .
APP
AP:PA
APPG
applic.
approx.
appt.
Apr.
APR

antigen-presenting cell; Aspirin, Phenacetin, Caffeine ;


atrial premature complex ; atrial premature contraction
Aspirin, Phenacetin, Caffeine with Codeine
adult polycystic (kidney) disease
acute pharyngo-conjunctival fever
antero-posterior diameter ; atrial premature depolarization
acetone powder extract; acute psychotic episode ; acute
pulmonary edema ; Aminophylline, Phenobarbital,
Ephedrine ; anterior pituitary extract
anabolism-promoting factor ; animal protein factor
acid-precipitable globulin
adaptability, partnership, growth, affection, resolve
adenohypo-physeal hormone ; ante-partum hemorrhage ; anterior pituitary hormone
American Public Health Association
American Pharmaceutical Association
anti-Pseudomonas human plasma
adult polycystic kidney disease
abductor pollicis longus ; accelerated painless labor;
acute promyelocytic leukemia ; anterior pituitary-like
(hormone)
antero-posterior and lateral
anterior papillary muscle
automated percutaneous micro- diskectomy
acute pro-myelocytic leukemia
acute pyelo-nephritis ; average peak noise
ad pondus ommum (to the weight of the whole)
Adriamycin, Prednisone, Oncovin
apolipoprotein C
apolipoprotein D
apolipoprotein E
applantus (flat)
alum-precipitated protein ; alum-precipitated pyridine;
apparent ; appendix ; auscultation, percussion, palpation
antero-posterior : postero-anterior
aqueous procaine penicillin G
applicandus (to be administered)
approximate ; approximately ; approximation
appointment
April
abdominal-perineal resection ; amebic prevalence rate;
anatomic porous replacement ; anterior pituitary
reaction ; April
21

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

APRP
APRT
APS
APSAC
APT
APTA
APTT
APT test
APUD
APUD-C
APUD-T
aq.
AQ
aq. bul .
aq. calc.
aq. calid.
aq. cam.
aq. chlori
aq. dest.
aq. ferv.
aq. font .
aq. fortis
aq. frig.
aq. m. p.
aq. pura
aq. purif.
aq. tepid
Ar
A/R
A&R
AR

ARA
Ara-A
Ara-C
ARAD
ARAS
22

acute phase reactant protein


adenine phospho-ribosyl transferase
adenosine phospho-sulfate; American Physiological
Society
anisoylated plasminogen streptokinase activator complex
alum-precipitated toxoid ; artificial pneumo-thorax; atrial
paroxysmal tachycardia; automatic programmed tools
American Physical Therapy Association
activated partial thromboplastin time
aluminum (aluminium) precipitated toxoid test
amine precursor uptake and decarboxylation
amine precursor uptake and decarboxylation cells
amine precursor uptake and decarboxylation tumors
aqua (water); aqueus (water)
abstraction quotient ; accomplishment quotient ;
achievement quotient; any quantity
aqua bulliens (boiling water)
aqua calcariae (lime water)
aqua calida (warm water)
aqua camphorae (camphor water)
aqua chlori (chlorine water)
aqua destillata (distilled water)
aqua fervens (hot water)
aqua fontana (fountain water) ; aqua fontis (spring water)
aqua fortis (strong water; weak nitric water)
aqua frigida (cold water; frigid water)
aqua menthae piperitae (peppermint water)
aqua Aura (pure water)
aqua purificata (purified water)
aqua tepida (tepid water)
Argon
apical / radial
advised and released
achievement ratio; active resistance ; alarm reaction ;
allergic reaction ; allergic rhinitis; analytical reagent;
androgen receptor; aortic regurgitation ; Argyll
Robertson (pupil); artificial respiration; atrial rate;
auto-radiography
American Rheumatism Association
Arabinoside-Adenine
Arabinoside-Cytosine
abnormal right axis deviation
ascending reticular activation system

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

Ara-U
ARBOR
ARBP
ARC
ARCA
ARD

ARDS
ARF
arg .
Arg .
ARG
ARI
ARIA
ARL
ARLD
ARM
ARMD
ARMs
AROA
AROM
ARP
ARROM
ARRS
ARRT
ARS
ARSM
ART
ARV
ARVO
a.s.
A-s
As

Arabinosyl-Uracil
arthropod-borne (virus)
apo-retinal binding protein
abnormal retinal correspondence; accelerating rate
calorimeter; AIDS-Related Complex; American Red
Cross; anamalous retinal correspondence
acquired red cell aplasia ; American Rehabilitation
Counselling Association
acute respiratory disease ; acute respiratory distress ;
adult respiratory disease ; AIDS-Related Disease ;
Antimicrobial Removal Device; arthritis and rheumatic diseases
acute respiratory distress syndrome ; adult respiratory
distress syndrome
acute renal failure; acute respiratory failure; acute
rheumatic fever ; audio response frequency
argentum (silver)
arginine; arginyl
auto-radio-graphy
airway reactivity index
automated radio-immuno-assay
average remaining lifetime
alcohol-related liver disease
allergy relief medicine; artificial rupture of membrane
age-related macular degeneration
artificial rupture of membranes
autosomal recessive ocular albinism
active range of motion; artificial rupture of
membrane(s)
absolute refractory period; at-risk period
active resistive range of motion
American Roentgen Ray Society
American Registry of Radiologic Technologists
AIDS-Related Syndrome ; anti-rabies serum
acute respiratory system malfunction
absolute retention time; Accredited Record Technician; AIDS Resources Team; Automated Reagin Test;
artery ; arterial ; artificial; articulation
AIDS-Related Virus; anterior right ventricular
Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology
auris sinistra (left ear)
ampere second
Arsenic ; astigmatic; astigmatism ; standard atmosphere
23

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

AS

ASA

ASAHP
ASAI
ASAP
ASAS
ASAT
asb .
ASB
ASC
ASCAD
ASCH
ASCII
ASCLT
ASCO
ASCP
ASCVD
ASCVRD
ASD
ASDC
ASDH
ASE
ASEP
ASF
ASG
ASGE
ASH
ASHA
ASHD
24

Adam-Stokes (disease); alveolar sac ; androsterone sulfate; Anglo-Saxon; ankylosing spondylitis ; anti-streptolysin ; anxiety state; aortic sounds; aortic stenosis ;
aqueous solution ; arterio-sclerosis; artificial sweetener;
astigmatism ; athero-sclerosis ; audiogenic seizure
Acetyl Salicylic Acid (Aspirin) ; Adams-Stokes Attack ;
American Society of Anesthesiologists ; American Standards Association ; American Surgical Association ;
arginino-succinic acid; aryl-sulfatase A; as soon as
American Society of Allied Health Professionals
aortic stenosis and aortic insufficiency
as soon as possible
American Society of Abdominal Surgeons
aspartate amino-transferase (formerly SGOT) ;
aspartate transaminase
asbestiform; asbestos ; asbestosis
American Society of Bacteriologists
altered state of consciousness ; ambulatory surgical center
arterio-sclerotic coronary artery disease
American Society of Clinical Hypnosis
American Standard Code for Information Interchange
American Society of Clinical Laboratory Technicians
American Society of Clinical Oncology; American Society of Contemporary Ophthalmology
American Society of Clinical Pathologists
arterio-sclerotic cardio-vascular disease; arherio-sclerotic cardio-vascular disease
arterio-sclerotic cardio-vascular renal disease
aldosterone secretion defect ; atrial septal defect
American Society of Dentistry for Children
acute sub-dural hematoma
American Society of Echocardiography; axilla,
shoulder, elbow
American Society for Experimental Pathology
aniline, sulfur, formaldehyde
anti-serum globulin
American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
American Society for Hematology; anti-streptococcal
hyaluronidase ; asymmetrical septal hypertrophy
American School Health Association ; American
Speech and Hearing Association
arterio-sclerotic heart disease ; athero-sclerotic heart
disease

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

ASHP
ASIF
ASII
ASIM
ASIS
ASK
ASL
ASLC
ASLO
ASM
ASMI
ASMT
ASN
ASO
As203
ASP
ASPAN
ASPET
ASPS
ASPVD
ASR
ASRT
ASS
ASSN
ASST
AST

astigm .
ASTO
as tol.
ASTR
ASTZ
ASUTS
ASV
ASVD
ASVG
ASVIP

American Society of Hospital Pharmacists


American Society of Internal Fixation
American Science Information Institute
American Society of Internal Medicine
anterior superior iliac spines
anti-strepto-kinase
American Sign Language ; anti -strepto-lys in;
arginino-succinate-lyase
acute, self-limited colitis
anti-strepto-lysin O
American Society for Microbiology ; myopic astigmatism
antero-septal myocardial infarct
American Society for Medical Technology
alkali-soluble nitrogen
anti -streptolysin O; arteriosclerosis obliterans
arsenic trioxide
American Society of Parasitologists; asparagmase;
asparagine ; asparaginyl; aspartic acid; aspartyl
American Society of Post Anesthesia Nurses
American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental
Therapeutics
alveolar soft part sarcoma
arterio-sclerotic peripheral vascular disease
aldosterone secretion rate; aldosterone secretory rate
American Society of Radiologic Technologists
anterior superior spine; arginino-succinate synthetase
association
assistant
angiotensin sensitivity test; aspartate amino-transferase (formerly SGOT); aspartate transaminase ;
Association of Surgical Technologists; astigmatism ;
Atlantic Standard Time
astigmatism
anti-streptolysin O
as tolerated
American Society for Therapeutic Radiology
anti-strepto-zyme
American Society of Ultrasound Technical Specialists
anti-snake venom; arterio-superficial venous
arterio-sclerotic vascular disease; athero-sclerotic vascular disease
autologous saphenous vein graft
Atrial Synchronous Ventricular Inhibited Pacemaker
25

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

asym.
At
AT

ATIII
ATA
atax.
ATC
ATCC
ATD
ATE
ATF
ATG
ATGam
ATge
ATI
ATL
ATLA
ATLL
ATLS
ATLV
atm.
ATN
at. no.
ATNR
ATP
ATPase
ATPS
ATR
ATRT
ATS
ATT
26

asymmetrical; asymptomatic
Astatine
achievement test; Achilles tendon; adenine and thymine; adjunctive therapy; air temperature ; Alt Tuberculin (German : old Tuberculin) ; ami-triptyline ;
amino-transferase ; anaphyla-toxin ; anti-thrombin;
anti-trypsin ; applanation tonometry; arrival time; artificial teeth ; artificial tooth ; atomic ; atrial tachycardia
anti-thrombin III
alimentary toxic aleukia ; anti-thyroglobulin antibody;
anti-Toxoplasma antibodies; atmosphere absolute
ataxaphasia; ataxia ; ataxiagram ; ataxiagraph ;
ataxiameter ; ataxiophobia; ataxophemia ; ataxphemia
activated thymus cell; around the clock ;
atrial tachy-cardia
American Type Culture Collection
Alzheimer-Type Dementia; anti-thyroid drugs;
asphyxiating thoracic dystrophy
adipose tissue extract
Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (Bureau); BATF
Adenine, Thymine, Guanine ; anti-thymocyte globulin;
anti-thyro-globulin; antihuman thymocyte globulin
anti-thymocyte gamma (globulin)
gas exchange anaerobic threshold
abdominal trauma index
Achilles tendon lengthening ; adult T-cell leukemia ;
adult Tcell lymphoma ; atypical lymphocytes
adult T-cell leukemia antigen
adult T-cell leukemia-lymphoma
advanced trauma life support
adult T-cell leukemia virus
atmosphere; atmospheric
acute tubular necrosis
atomic number
asymmetric tonic neck reflex
adenosine tri-phosphate
adenosine tri-phosphat-ase
ambient temperature and pressure saturated
Achilles tendon reflex
Achilles Tendon Reflex Test
American Thoracic Society ; anti-tetanic serum;
anti-thymocyte serum ; anxiety tension state
arginine tolerance test

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

attention
ad tertium vicem (for three doses ; three times)
atomic weight
anal transition zone; atypical transformation zone
auris uterque (each ear)
aures unitas (both ears together)
aut (or)
aurum (gold)
Angstrom unit
Angstrom unit
antitoxin units; arbitrary units; aza-uridine
American Urological Association
Australian antigen
Autologous Bone Marrow Transplantation
area under the curve
auditiorius (auditory)
August
acute ulcerative gingivitis; August
Australian hepatitis-associated antigen
acute undifferentiated leukemia
amyloid of unknown origin
ad usum proprium (according to proper use)
auris (ear); aurum (gold)
auricular fibrillation
auscultation
Australian Serum Hepatitis
aut (or)
automobile
average ; avoirdupois
arterio-venous ; atrio-ventricular
Adriamycin, Vincristine ; alveolar duct; anterior
ventral ; ant-virin ; aortic valve; Arginine, Vasopressin;
arterio-venous; artificial ventilation ; atrio-ventricular;
auricular ventricular node; average
AVB
atrio-ventricular block; atrio-ventricular bundle
AV block
atrio-ventricular block
AVC
allantoin vaginal cream ; associative visual cortex;
atrio-ventricular canal ; atrio-ventricularis communis
AVCD
atrio-ventricular cushion defect
AVCS
atrio-ventricular conduction system
AVD
aortic valve disease ; arterio-venous difference
arterio-venous
AVDO2
oxygen difference
AVE
aortic valve electrocardiogram
ATTN
a.t.v.
at . wt.
ATZ
a.u.
a.u.
au.
Au
A.U
A.U
A.U.
AUA
AuAg
AuBMT
AUC
AUD
Aug.
AUG
AuHAA
AUL
AUO
a.u.p.
aur.
aur . fib .
ausc.
AuSH
aut
auto.
Av
AN
AV

27

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS
AVECG

AVF
AVH
AVHB
AVI
AVM

AVMA
AVN
AVO

AVp

AVP

AVR
AVRP
AVS
AVSD
AVT
AW
A/W
A&W
AW
awa
AWD

AWF
AWI
AWMI
AWP
AWRS

ax.
axo .

AYF

AYP
Az
Aza
AZBQ
Azg
AZT

aortic valve electro-cardio-gram


anti-viral factor; arterio-venous fistula
acute viral hepatitis
atrio-ventricular heart block
acute viral index
atrio-ventricular malformation; arterio-venous
malfunction
American Veterinary Medical Association
atrio-ventricular node; avascular necrosis
atrio-ventricular opening (of the valves)
Arginine, Vasopressin
Actinomycin D, Vincristine, Platinol ; anti-viral protein
aortic valve replacement
atrio-ventricular refractory period
arterio-venous shunt
atrio-ventricular septal defect
Allen Vision Test; Area Ventralis of Tsai; arginine
vaso-tocin
atrio-ventricular valves
in accordance with
alive and well
above waist; air-way ; air-ways; anterior wall; atomic
weight
as well as
alive with disease
adrenal weight factor
anterior wall infarction
anterior wall myocardial infarction
air-way pressure
anti-whole rabbit serum
axial; axilla ; axillary; axis
axometer; axonotmesis
anti-yeast factor
autolyzed yeast protein
Azote (nitrogen)
Azathioprine
Aziridinyl-benzo-quinone
Azaguanine
Aschheim-Zondek Test; azido-thymidine

(3GP
(3HBA
RHCG
RHS
(3LG
(32MG
ROBA
RPL
(3TMG
ByG

b.

BN/

Ba
B.A .
B>A
BA
Bab.
BAC
BACOD
BACON
BACOP

beta-glycero-phosphatase
beta-hydroxy-butyric acid
beta-human chorionic gonadotrophin (hormone) ;
pregnancy test (using blood sample)
beta-hemolytic streptococcus
beta -lactoglobulin
beta-two-micro-globulin
beta-oxy-butyric acid
beta -propio-lactone
beta-2-micro-globulin
bovine gamma globulin
both
balneum (bath) ; base; bis (twice)
billing information posted
baby ; bacillus ; bad; bag; balantidium; barometric ;
base ; bath ; behavior ; bell ; Bible; big; bicuspid ; black;
Bleomycin; blind; blond; blood; blue ; body ; born ;
boron; boy; brother; Brucella ; buccal ; magnetic
induction; vitamin B
Barium
Artium Baccalaureus (Bachelor of Arts)
bone greater than air
back-ache; bacterial agglutination; betamethasone acetate; blocking antibody; bone age ; bovine albumin;
brachial artery; bronchial asthma
Babinski
bacterin ; blood alcohol concentration;
bronchioloalveolar adeno-carcinoma ; bucco-axiocervical ; Bunsen absorption coefficient
Bleomycin, Adriamycin, CCNU, Oncovin,
Dexamethasone
Bleomycin, Adriamycin, CCNU, Oncovin, Nitrogenmustard
Bleomycin, Adriamycin, Cytoxan, Oncovin, Prednisone

29

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

BACT

bacteria ; Bacterium; BCNU, Ara-C, Cytoxan,


6-Thioguanine
BAD
biological aerosol detector (ecology); bipolar affective
disorder (psychiatric)
BaE
Barium enema
BAEE
benzoyl-arginine ethyl ester; benzyl-arginine ethyl ester
BAG
bucco-axio-gingival
bal.
balneum (bath) ; balance
BAL
balance; blood alcohol level; British anti-lewisite;
broncho-alveolar lavage ; dimercaprol
BALB
binaural alternate loudness balance (test)
BALF
broncho-alveolar lavage fluid
Bal. fwd.
balance forward (bookkeeping abbreviation)
B-ALL
B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia
bal. sin.
balneum sinapis (mustard bath)
BALT
bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue
BaM
Barium meal
BAME
benzoyl-arginine methyl ester
BAMON
Bleomycin, Adriamycin, Methotrexate, Oncovin,
Nitrogen-mustard
bands
banded neutrophils
BAO
basal acid output
BAO/PAO
basal acid output / peak acid output (ratio)
BAP
blood agar plate
BAPP
Bleomycin, Adriamycin, Platinol, Prednisone
BAPS
biomechanical ankle platform system
BART
blood-activated recalcification time
BAS
British Anatomical Society
BASDLB
block in the antero-superior division of the left branch
BASH
body acceleration given synchronously with the heartbeat
Bariumsulfate
BaSO 4
basos
basophils
BAT
brain adjacent to tumor ; brown adipose tissue
BATF
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms; ATF
Baudelocque's Method
Baudel. M
Bleomycin, Adriamycin, Velban, Imidazole,
BAVIP
Prednisone
balloon aortic valvulo-plasty
BAVP
BB
bed bath ; blanket bath; blood bank; blue bloaters ;
both bones; breast biopsy ; buffer base
BBA
born before arrival
blood-brain barrier; bundle branch block
BBB
bilateral bundle branch block
BBBB
30

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

BBD
BBL
BBR
BBSO
BBSS
BBT
B&C
BC
BCA
BCAA
BCAF
BCAP
BCAVe
BCB
BCBR
BCC
BCD
BCDF
BCE
B-cell
BCF
BCG
BCGF
BCHOP
BCL
B-CLL
BCLS
BUT
BCM
BCNS
BCNU
BCOP
BCP
BCS
BCVA
BCVP

benign breast disease


bird-breeder's lung
bundle branch reentry
black braided silk out
black braided silk suture
basal body temperature
bed and chair
bactericidal concentration; birth control; blood culture;
bone conduction ; Bowman's Capsule; bucco-cervical
balloon catheter angioplasty
branched-chain amino acid
basophil chemotaxis augmentation factor
balloon catheter angio-plasty
Bleomycin, CCNU, Adriamycin, Velban
brilliant cresyl blue
bilateral carotid body resection
basal cell carcinoma; birth control clinic
binary coded decimal; Bleomycin, Cytoxan,
Dactinomycin
B-cell differentiation factor
basal cell epithelioma
B lymphocyte
basophil chemotactic factor
bacillus Calmette-Guerin (vaccine); ballisto-cardiogram ; ballisto-cardio-graph ; bi-color guaiac (test) ;
brom-cresol green
B-cell growth factor
Bleomycin, Cytoxan, Hydroxydaunomycin, Oncovin,
Prednisone
basic cycle length
B-cell chronic lymphatic leukemia
Basic Cardiac Life Support
blood clot lysis time
birth control medication ; body cell mass
basal cell nevus syndrome (naevus = birthmark)
bacterially controlled nursing unit; bis-chloroethylnitroso-urea (carmustine)
BCNU, Cyclophosphamide, Oncovin, Prednisone
basic calcium phosphate; BCNU, Cytoxan,
Prednisone ; birth control pills
Battered Child Syndrome
best corrected visual acuity
BCNU, Cytoxan, Velban, Procarbazine
31

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

BCVPP
b.d .
BD
BDA
BDC
BDCL
BDG
BD-M
B-DOPA
b.d .s .
BDS
B.D .Sc.
BDU
Be
Be
BE
BEAM
BE amp.
BEC
BEE
bef.
beg.
BEI
bene
BEP
beri .
BES
bet.
BET
BeV
bf
B/F
BF
BFC
BFGF
BFP
BFR
BFT
32

BCNU, Cytoxan, Velban, Procarbazine, Prednisone


bis die (twice a day)
base deficit; bile duct ; brain death; bucco-distal ; Bucky
diaphragm
Boston Diagnostic Aphasia; British Dental Association
blue-dome cyst ; brain-damaged child; burn-dressing
change
basic drive-cycle length
buffered deoxycholate glucose
Byrd-Dew method
Bleomycin, DTIC, Oncovin, Prednisone, Adriamycin
bis die sumendum (to be taken twice a day)
blue-diaper syndrome ; British Dental Society
Bachelor of Dental Science
bromo-deoxy-uridine
Baume
Beryllium
bacillary emulsion ; bacterial endocarditis ; Barium enema; base excess ; below elbow; bovine enteritis
BCNU, Etoposide, Ara-C, Melphalan; brain electrical
activity map
below elbow amputation
bacterial endo-carditis; blood ethanol concentration
basal energy expenditure
before
begin; beginning
butanol-extractable iodine
bene (well)
Bleomycin, Etoposide, Platinol
beriberi
balanced electrolyte solution
between
benign epileptiform transients
billion electron volts
bouillon filtrate (tuberculin)
balance forward (bookkeeping abbreviation); boundfree ratio; breast-feeding ; brought forward
black female; blastogenic factor ; body fat; break-fast
benign febrile convulsion
basic fibroblast growth factor
biologic false-positive (reaction)
blood flow rate ; bone formation rate
bentonite flocculation test

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

BFU-E
BFVR
B-G
BG
BGG
BGL
BGH
B-glands
BGP
BGSA
BGTT
BHA
BHAPs
B-HBA
BHC
b-HCG
B-HCG
BHD
BHDV
BHI
BHK
B-HS
BHT
BH/VH
bi
Bi
BI
bib.
bicarb .
b.i .d .
BID
BIDS
BIH
BIHT
bil.
Bili
Bili-C
BIMA
b.i .n .

burst-forming units - erythroid


blood flow volume ratio
Bordet-Gengou (bacillus)
blood glucose; bone graft; bucco-gingival
bovine gamma globulin
Bernard's granular layer
bovine growth hormone
Bowman's glands
beta-glycero-phosphatase
blood granulocyte specific activity
borderline glucose tolerance test
butylated hydroxy-anisole
bis-hetero-aryl piperazines
beta -hydroxy-butyric acid
benzene hexa-chloride
beta-human chorionic gonadotrophin (hormone);
pregnancy test (using blood sample)
beta-human chorionic gonadotrophin (hormone);
pregnancy test (using blood sample)
BCNU, Hydroxyurea, DTIC
BCNU, Hydroxyurea, DTIC, Vincristine
brain-heart infusion
baby hamster kidney
beta-hemolytic streptococcus
butylated hydroxy-toluene
body hematocrit / venous hematocrit (ratio)
biopsy; bisexual
Bismuth
bacteriological index; base in ; bowel impaction; brain
injury ; burn index
bibe (drink)
bicarbonate
bis in die (twice a day)
brought in dead
brittle hair, impaired intelligence, decreased fertility,
short stature
benign intracranial hypertension
benign intracranial hyper-tension
bilateral
bilirubin
conjugated bilirubin
bilateral internal mammary arteries
bis in nocte (twice a night)
33

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

BIO
biol .
BiP
bis
bis in 7d .
BIVAD
B&J
BJ
BJA
BJM
BJME
BJP
bk.
Bk
BK
BKA
BK-amp
bkfst.
BKV
BKWP
BL
BLAD
BLB mask
BLB unit
bl . cult .
bld.
BLDG
BLE
Bleo .
Bleo-COMF
BLG
Blk
Blm.
BLN
BLOB
bl . pr.
BLS
BLT
BLU
BLV
b.m .
34

biological ; biology
biological ; biology
an immunoglobulin binding protein
bis (twice)
bis in septum diebus (twice a week)
centrifugal left and right ventricular assist device
bone and joint
Bence Jones; biceps jerks
Bence Jones albumose
bones, joints, muscles
bone, joint, muscle examination
Bence Jones protein
book
Berkelium; book
below knee ; book
below knee amputation
below knee amputation
breakfast
BK virus
below knee walking plaster
base-line; black; bleeding ; block; blood; blood loss ;
blue; bucco-labial ; bucco-lingual; Burkitt's lymphoma
border-line left axis deviation
Boothby-Lovelace-Bulbulian mask
Bessey-Lowry-Brock unit
blood culture
blood
building
both lower extremities
Bleomycin
Bleomycin, CCNU, Oncovin, Methotrexate,
Fluorouracil
beta-lacto-globulin
black ; block
Bleomycin
bronchial lymph nodes
bladder obstruction
blood pressure
basic life support
blood (clot) lysis time
Bessey-Lowry units
bovine leukemia virus
balneum maris (sea-water bath)

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS
BM
BMA
BMD
BME
BMG
B2MG
BMI
BMJ
BMK
BMOPP
BMP
BMR
BMRTC
BMS
BMT
BN
BNC
BNLI
BNMSE
BNO
BNPA
BNS
B&O
BO
BOA
BOAP
BOBA
BOC
BOEA
BOH
bol .
BOLD
BOM
BONP
BOOP
BOP
BOPP
b.p.
B.P.

basal metabolism; black male; body mass ; bone marrow; bone mass; bowel movement; bucco-mesial
British Medical Association
bone marrow depression
bio-medical engineering ; brief maximal effort
benign monoclonal gammopathy
beta-two-micro-globulin
body mass index
British Medical Journal
birth-mark
Bleomycin, Methyldiamine, Oncovin, Procarbazine,
Prednisone
Bleomycin, Methotrexate, Platinol ; bone marrow
pressure; bone morphogenic protein
basal metabolic rate
bone metastasizing renal tumor of childhood
Bachelor of Medical Science ; burning mouth syndrome
bone marrow transplantation
brachial neuritis
bladder neck contracture
British National Lymphoma Investigation
Brief Neuropsychological Mental Status Examination
bladder neck obstruction
bi-nasal pharyngeal airway
benign nephro-sclerosis
belladonna and opium
bladder obstruction ; body odor; bowel obstruction ;
bucco-occlusal
born on arrival; British Orthopaedic Association
Bleomycin, Oncovin, Adriamycin, Prednisone
beta-oxy-butyric acid
t-but-oxy-carbonyl
ethyl biscoumacetate (Pelentan ; Tromexan)
bundle of His
bolus (a large pill)
Bleomycin, Oncovin, Lomustine, Dacarbazine
bilateral otitis media
Bleomycin, Oncovin, Natulan, Prednisolone
bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia
BCNU, Oncovin, Prednisone
Bleomycin, Oncovin, Procarbazine, Prednisone
boiling point ; base pair
British Pharmacopeia (Pharmacopoeia)
35

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

BP
BPA
BPC
BPD
BPDLB
BPF
B.Ph .
BPH
BPHO
BPHP
BPHT
Bpi
BPIG
BPL
bpm
BPP
BPRS
bps
BPS
BPSA
BPV
Bq
Br.
Br
BR
brady.
brady/tachy
BRAT
BRBC
BRC
BrDU
Brev.
BRFS
brk.
BRM
Broncho .
BRP
BRTN-L
36

back-pressure ; bed-pan ; benzy-pyrene; birth-place ;


blood pressure ; broncho-pleural ; broncho-pulmonary ;
bucco-pulpal ; by-pass
breast, pubic, axillary hair; British Paediatric Association
British Pharmaceutical Codex
bi-parietal diameter ; broncho-pulmonary dysplasia
block in the posterioinferior division of the left branch
broncho-pulmonary fistula
British Pharmacopeia (Pharmacopoeia)
benign prostatic hyperplasia; benign prostatic hypertrophy
Business-Physician-Hospital Organization
benign prostatic hyper-plasia
benign prostatic hyper-trophy
bytes per inch
bacterial polysaccharide immune globulin
beta-propio-1actone
beats per minute
benzyl-penicillin potassium
brief psychiatric rating scale
beats per second
beats per second ; benzyl-penicillin sodium; bilateral
partial salpingectomy; breaths per second; bytes per
second
broncho-pulmonary segmental artery
bovine papilloma virus ; benign positional vertigo
Becquerel (cell)
Brucella
branch ; brass ; British ; bright; Bromine; brother ; brown
bath-room; bed-rest; bed-room ; bili-rubin; bladder reconstruction; body reaction; brain ; British; by report
bradycardia
bradycardia / tachycardia (ratio)
Baylor Rapid Autologous Transfusion
bovine red blood cells
bladder re-construction
bromo-deoxy-uridine
sodium brevital
behavior risk factor surveillance system
break
biological response modifier; biuret reactive material
bronchoscopy
bath-room privileges; bili-rubin production
Burton's line

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

B.S.
BS
BSA
BSAEP
BSAER
BSAP
BSB
B.Sc.
BSE
BSER
BSF
BSF-1
BSF-2
BSF-pl
B&S glands
BSI
BSL
BSN
BSO
BSOM
BSP
BS-par
BSR
BSS
BS-syn
BST
BSTFA
BSU
BSUG
BT
BTB
BTE
BTL
BTLS
BTMG
BTPS
BTS

Bachelor of Science; Bachelor of Surgery; Baccalaureus


Scientiae (Bachelor of Science)
before sleep; blood sugar; blood system ; body system;
bowel sounds ; brain syndrome ; breath sounds
bismuth-sulfite agar; bistrimethyl-silyl-acetamide ;
body surface area ; bovine serum albumin
brain stem auditory evoked potential
brain stem auditory evoked response
brief short action potential
body surface burned
Baccalaureus Scientiae (Bachelor of Science)
bilateral symmetrical and equal; breast self-examination
brain stem evoked response
B-lymphocyte stimulating factor
B-cell stimulatory factor 1
B-cell stimulatory factor 2
B-cell stimulatory factor pl
Bartholin and Skene's glands
bound serum iron
bio-safety level; blood sugar level
Bachelor Science in Nursing; bowel sounds normal
bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy; buthionine sulf-oximine
bilateral serious otitis media
brom-sul-phalein test ; brom-sulfon-phthalein test
Brown-Sequard's paralysis
basal skin resistance
balanced salt solution ; black silk suture ; buffered
saline solution
Brown-Sequard's syndrome
bismuth sodium triglycollamate; Bistrimate
bistrimethyl-silyl-tri-fluoro-acetamide
British Standard Units
Bartholin, Skene, urethral glands
balloon tamponade; bed-time; bladder tumor; bleeding time; brain tumor
break-through bleeding
behind the ear; behind the eye
bilateral tubal ligation
basic trauma life support
beta-2-micro-globulin
body temperature and pressure, saturated with water
vapor
Benedict's test for sugar
37

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

Btu
BTU
bu.
BU
bull.
BUN
BURD
BURK-L
but .
BUT
BV
BVA
BVAD
BVAP
BVAPP
BVDS
BVCPP
BVCPPB
BVH
BVI
B virus.
BVM
BVPP
BVR
BVV
BW
BWD
BWS
bx
Bx
bxs
bys .
bz
Bza
BzH
bzl
BzOH

British Thermal Unit


British Thermal Unit
butyl
Bodansky unit; burn unit
bulliat (let it boil)
blood urea nitrogen
5-bromodeoxy-uridine
Burkitt's lymphoma
butyrum (butter)
break-up time ; Butisol (butabarbital) ; Butyn (butacine)
balneum vaporis (vapor bath); biological value; biventricular blood vessel; blood volume
best (corrected) visual acuity
bi-ventricular assist device
BCNU, Vincristine, Adriamycin, Prednisone
BCNU, Velban, Cytoxan, Procarbazine, Prednisone
Bleomycin, Velban, Doxorubicin, Streptozocin;
Bleomycin, Vincristine, Doxorubicin, Streptozocin
BCNU, Velban, Cytoxan, Procarbazine, Prednisone
BCNU, Velban, Cytoxan, Procarbazine, Prednisone,
Bleomycin
bi-ventricular hypertrophy
blood vessel invasion
herpes-virus simiae
broncho-vesicular markings
BCNU, Oncovin, Procarbazine, Prednisone
Bureau of Vocational Rehabilitation
bovine vaginitis virus
body water; body weight ; boiling water; brainwashing; brain wave
bacillary white diarrhea (pullorum disease)
Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome
box
biopsy
boxes
bysma; byssinosis ; byssocausis ; byssus
benzoyl
benzimidazole; benzymidazolyl
benzaldehyde
benzyl
benzene-carboxylic acid

cum (with)
confidential ; copyright
calorie; centum (hundred) ; cibus (food) ; circum
(around); congius (gallon) ; speed of light
calm; cancel ; cancelled; candle ; capacitance; capacitor;
capacity ; carbon ; case; cathode; Caucasian; cell ;
Celsius; center ; centigrade; centimeter; certified; certify;
cervical ; chest; Chlorambucil ; Cisplatin; clear; clearance;
clock; clone; clonus ; Clostridium; closure; clubbing;
cocaine; color; complement ; complete ; compliance ;
compound ; contact; contraction; cough; coulomb;
count; Cryptococcus ; Curie; cyanosis ; cycle;
Cyclophosphamide ; cylinder ; cysteine; cytidine;
cytosine ; Cytoxan; kilo-calorie ; vitamin C
caesarean section (cesarean section)
second cranial nerve
radio-active carbon
albumin clearance
amylase clearance
creatinine clearance
insulin clearance
para-amino-hippurate clearance
correction factor for temperature
urea clearance
first cervical vertebrae
second cervical vertebrae
cash on account (bookkeeping abbreviation)
circa (about)
calcium; cancer; carcinoma
calcium ion
Clinitest and acetone
cancer ; carbonic anyhydrase; carcinoma; cardiac
apnea; cardiac arrest ; carotid artery; celiac artery ;
chronological age; cold agglutinin; common antigen;
coronary artery; corpora amylacea ; croup-associated ;
Cytoxan, Adriamycin
39

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

CAAT
CAB
CABBS
CABG
CABOP
CABPS
CABS
CAC
CACC
Ca l2
CACMS
CaCO 3
CaC204
CAD
CAE
CAEV
CAF
CaF2
CAFA
CAFP
CAFT
CAFVP
CAG
CAH
CAHEA
CAHD
CARP
(Ca)i
CAI
C-AJCC
cal.
Cal.
calc.
CALD

computer-assisted axial tomography


coronary artery bypass
California Bulletin Board System
coronary artery bypass graft
Cytoxan, Adriamycin, Bleomycin, Oncovin, Prednisone
coronary artery by-pass surgery
CCNU, Adriamycin, Bleomycin, Streptozotocin ;
coronary artery bypass surgery
cardio-acceleratory center
cathodal closure contraction
calcium-chloride
Committee on Accreditation of Canadian Medical
Schools
calcium-carbonate
calcium-oxalate
computer-aided design ; computer-assisted diagnosis;
coronary artery disease; Cytoxan, Adriamycin,
Dacarbazine
cellulose acetate electrophoresis
caprine arthritis encephalitis virus
Cyclophosphamide, Adriamycin, Fluorouracil
calcium-fluoride
carotid audio-frequency analysis
California Academy of Family Physicians; Cytoxan,
Adriamycin, Fluorouracil, Prednisone
Cisplatin, Adriamycin, Fluorouracil, Teniposide ;
Clinitron air-fluidized therapy
Cytoxan, Adriamycin, Fluorouracil, Vincristine,
Prednisone
chronic atrophic gastritis
chronic active hepatitis; congenital adrenal
hyperplasia
Committee on Allied Health Education and Accreditation
coronary atherosclerotic heart disease
congenital adrenal hyperplasia
calcium intercellular
computer-assisted instruction
Clinical-American Joint Committee on Cancer
calender ; caliber; calorie (small)
calender ; caliber ; calorie (large)
calculate; calculation
chronic active liver disease

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

calef.
CALGB
CALL
CALLA
CALPAC
CAM
CAMB
CAMEO
CAMF
CAML
CAMEO
camp .
CAMP
CAMP
CAMV
CaO
CAO
Ca(OH)2
cap.
CAP

CAPBOP
CAPD
CAPH
CAPR
CAR
Carb.
CARD
CARE
CAS

Galefac (make warm); cale factus (warmed)


cancer and acute leukemia group B
common acute lymphocytic leukemia
common acute lymphoblastic leukemia antigen;
common acute lymphocytic leukemia antigen
California Medical Political Action Committee
cell adhesion molecule ; chorio-allantoic membrane ;
computer-aided manufacturing; contralateral axillary
metastasis; Cytoxan, Adriamycin, Methotrexate
Cyclophosphamide, Adriamycin, Methotrexate,
Bleomycin
Cytoxan, Adriamycin, Methotrexate, Etoposide, Oncovin
Cytoxan, Adriamycin, Methotrexate, Folinic acid
Cytoxan, Adriamycin, Methotrexate, Leucovorin
Cytosine, Arabinoside, Methotrexate, Leucovorin,
Oncovin
campimeter; campimetry
cyclic 3'5'-adenosine mono-phosphate
Cytoxan, Adriamycin, Methotrexate, Procarbazine
congenital anomaly of mitral valve
calcium-oxide
chronic airway obstruction; Cytoxan, Adriamycin,
Oncovin
calcium-hydroxide
capacitor; capiat (let him take); capillus ; capsula (capsule)
Capastat; capital; capsule; captain; cardiac action
potential; catabolite (gene) activator protein; cellulose
acetate phthalate; cystine amino-peptidase; Cytoxan,
Adriamycin, Platinol ; Cytoxan, Adriamycin, Prednisone
Cytoxan, Adriamycin, Procarbazine, Bleomycin,
Oncovin, Prednisone
chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis ; continuous
ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
California Association of Public Hospitals
combined abdomino-perineal resection
Canadian Association of Radiologists
carbohydrate
cardiac automatic resuscitative device
Center for AIDS Research and Education; Cooperative
for American Relief to Everywhere
carotid artery stenosis; cartridge aspirating syringe;
Chemical Abstracts Service

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

CASH
CaSO 4
CAST
cat.
CAT

cath.
cathd.
CATH lab.
CAT scan
CATSD
CATT scan
CATV
Cauc.
CAUSE
CAV
CAVB
CAVe
CAVH
CAVHF
CAVP
CAVUF
CAWO
Cb
C.B.
CB
CB-3025
CBA
CBBB
CBC
CBCC
CBD
CBE
CBF
CBG
CBP
CBPP
42

cruciform anterior spinal plate


calcium-sulfate
Cardiac Arrhythmia Suppression Trial
catalog (catalogue) ; catalyst; cataplasma (a poultice)
California Association of Toxicologists; Children
Apperception Test; chloramphenicol acetyl transferase;
Chlormerodrin Accumulation Test; computer-assisted
tomography; computerized axial tomography
catharticus (cathartic) ; catheter; catheterization;
catheterize
catheterized
catheterization laboratory
computed axial tomography scan
cat scratch disease
computed axial transverse tomography scan
community antenna television
Caucasian
California Association of Uniform Safety Employees
congenital absence of vagina ; congenital adrenal virilism; Cyclophosphamide, Adriamycin, Vincristine
complete atrio-ventricular block
Cyclophosphamide, Adriamycin, Velban
continuous arterio-venous hemofiltration
continuous arterio-venous hemo-filtration
Cytoxan, Adriamycin, Vincristine, Prednisone
continuous arterio-venous ultra-filtration
closing abductory wedge osteotomy
Columbium (Niobium)
Chirurgiae Baccalaureus (Bachelor of Surgery)
cervico-buccal ; chocolate blood; chronic bronchitis
Melphalan
chronic bronchitis (with) asthma
complete bundle branch block
complete bloodcell count
complete blood-cell count
closed bladder drainage; common bile duct
Cytoxan, BCNU, Etoposide
cerebral blood flow; coronary blood flow
capillary blood gas; coronary bypass graft; corticosteroid-binding globulin ; cortisol-binding globulin
Campylo-bacter pylori ; chronic back pain
contagious bovine pleuro-pneumonia

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

chronic benign pain syndrome


complete bed rest
capillary blood sugar; chronic brain syndrome
CBS
CBV
CCNU, Bleomycin, Velban ; central blood volume ; cerebral blood volume ; circulating blood volume ; corrected blood volume
CBVD
CCNU, Bleomycin, Velban, Dexamethasone
CBVP
catheter balloon valvulo-plasty
CBW
chemical and biological warfare
cc
cubic centimeter (cubic centimetre)
CC
cardiac cycle; Caucasian child; cervical cyst; chief
complaint; circulatory collapse ; close call ; close-captioned; closed-chain ; closed-circuit; closing capacity;
colony count; common cold ; congenital cyst ; contaminated culture; coraco-clavicular ; cord compression;
corpus callosum ; costo-chondral; counter clockwise;
creatinine clearance; critical care; critical case ; critical
condition; critical count
CCA
chick cell agglutination ; chimpanzee coryza agent; circumflex coronary artery ; common carotid artery ; congenital contractual arachnodactyly
CCAT
conglutinating complement absorption test
CC&C
colony count and culture
CCC
cathodal closure clonus ; cathodal closure contraction;
chronic calculus cholecystitis
CCCI
cathodal closure clonus
CCCR
closed-chest cardiac resuscitation
CCDPHP
Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health
Promotion
CCE
clubbing, cyanosis, edema
CCF
cephalin cholesterol flocculation ; congestive cardiac
failure; crystal-induced chemotactic factor
CCG
Children's Cancer Group
CCHD
cyanotic congenital heart disease
CCHS
congenital central hypoventillation syndrome
CCHVS
congenital central hypo-ventillation syndrome
CCI
chronic coronary insufficiency
CCK
chole-cysto-kinin
CCI4
carbon
tetra-chloride
CCM
critical care medicine ; Cytoxan, CCNU, Methotrexate
CCMS
clean catch mid-stream
CCMSU
clean catch mid-stream urine
CBPS
CBR

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

CCNU
CCP
CCPR
CCRN
CCS
CCSG
CCT
CCTG
CCTV
CCU
CCUP
CCV
CCVPP
CCW
c.d.
Cd
C&D
CD

CD4
CDA
CDAP
C&DB
CDC
CDC-AIDS
CDDP
CDGP
CDH
CDHS
CDL
cDNA
CDP
CDR
44

cyclonexyl-chloroethyl-nitroso-urea (Lomustine)
cilio-cyto-phthoria
cerebral cortex perfusion rate
Critical Care Registered Nurse
California Children Services; Canadian Cardiovascular Society ; Cronkhite-Canada Syndrome
Children's Cancer Study Group
cathodal closure tetanus ; computed cranial tomography
computed cranial tomo-graphy
closed-circuit television
coronary care unit; critical care unit; cardiac care unit
coloo-cysto-urethro-pexy
CCNU, Cytoxan, Vincristine ; conductivity cell volume
CCNU, Cytoxan, Velban, Procarbazine, Prednisone
counter clock-wise
conjugata diagonalis (diagonal conjugate)
Cadmium
cystoscopy and dilatation
cadaver donor; caesarean delivered ; caesarean delivery;
carbonate dehydratase ; cardiac disease; cardiac dullness;
Christmas disease ; circular dischroism; cluster designation; color deficient ; common duct;
compact disc (disk) ; conduction defect;
convulsive disorder; curative dose; cystic duct
T-helper lymphocyte
cheno-deoxycholic acid; chloro-deoxy-adenosine; congenital dysery-thropietic anemia
continuous distending airway pressure
cough and deep breath
calculated date of confinement; California Department of
Corrections ; Center for Disease Control and Prevention
Center for Disease Control for AIDS diagnosis
cis-diamine-dichloro-platinum
constitutional delay of growth and puberty
congenital diaphragm of hernia; congenital dislocation
of hip ; congenital dysplasia of hip
California Department of Health Services
chloro-deoxy-lincomycin
complementary deoxyribo-nucleic acid; copy DNA
continuous distending (airway) pressure ; cytidine
di-phosphate
computed digital radiography; cup disk ratio

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

CD-ROM
c.d.s.
Ce
CE
CEA
CEB
CEEV
CEF
CEJA
CEM
CEN
CEO
CEP
ceph.
cer.
CER
CES
CESD
CETP
CEU
CEV
CEVD
cf .
Cf
CF

CFA
c.f.f.
CFIDS
cfm
CFM
CFMG
CFP
CFPT

compact disc (disk) read-only memory


cul-de-sac (French : a blind, pouch or sac, as the cecum)
Cerium
California encephalitis ; cardiac enlargement ; chick
embryo; Continuing Education
carcino-embryonic antigen ; carotid end-arterectomy ;
cin-embryonic antigen ; crystalline egg albumin
Carboplatin, Etoposide, Bleomycin
Central European Encephalitis Virus
chick embryo fibroblast
Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs
CCNU, Etoposide, Methotrexate
Certified Emergency Nurse
chief executive officer
CCNU, Etoposide, Prednimustine ; congenital
erythropoietic porphyria
cephalic
ceramide ; certified ; certify ; ceruloplasmin
conditioned emotional response ; conditioned escape
response
central excitatory state
cholesteryl ester storage disease
cholesteryl ester transfer protein
Continuing Education Unit
Cyclophosphamide, Etoposide, Vincristine
CCNU, Etoposide, Vindesine, Dexamethasone
confer (compare)
Californium
cancer-free ; carbol-fuchsin ; cardiac failure ; carried forward; centrifugal force; chest and face; ChiariFrommel ; Christmas factor ; citrovorum factor ;
complement fixation; complement fixing; contractile
force; count fingers; cystic fibrosis
complement-fixing antibody; complete Freund's adjuvant
critical fusion frequency
chronic fatigue and immune dysfunction syndrome
cubic feet per minute
cerebral function monitor
Commission on Foreign Medical Graduates
chronic false-positive; cystic fibrosis of the pancreas;
Cytoxan, Fluorouracil, Prednisone
Cytoxan, Fluorouracil, Prednisone, Tamoxifen

45

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

CFR
cfs
CFS
CFT
CFU
CFU-C
CFU-E
CFU-EOS
CFU-F
CFU-GEMM

Code of Federal Regulations


cubic feet per second
chronic fatigue syndrome
complement fixation test
colony-forming unit
colony-forming unit - culture
colony-forming unit - erythroid
colony-forming unit - eosinophil
colony-forming unit - fibroblast
colony-forming unit - granulocyte, erythrocyte,
monocyte, megakaryocyte; colony-forming unit granulocyte, erythrocyte, monocyte, megalokaryocyte
CFU-GM
colony-forming unit - granulocyte macrophage
CFU-L
colony-forming unit - lymphoid
CFU-M
colony-forming unit - megakarocyte
CFU-NM
colony-forming unit - neutrophil monocyte
CFU-S
colony-forming unit - spleen
CFWM
cancer-free white mouse
CG
Cardio-green (Indocyanine green = a diagnostic acid)
chorionic gonadotropin ; chronic glomerulonephritis ;
colloidal gold
CGb
chorionic gonadotropin - beta
CG-B
chorionic gonadotropin - beta
CGD
chronic granulomatous disease
correction (with) glasses
c.gl .
chronic granulocytic leukemia; correction (with) glasses
CGL
centi-gram
cgm
cyclic 3'5'-guanyl mono-phosphate
cGMP
chronic glomerulo-nephritis
CGN
Canadian Gerontological Nursing Association
CGNA
cerebral glucose / oxygen quotient (ratio)
CG/OQ
choline glycero-phosphatide ; circulating granulocyte
CGP
pool
cat-gut suture ; centimeter-gram-second
CGS
chorionic gonado-tropin
CGT
CGTT
cortisol glucose tolerance test
chain; chaplain; chapter; chief; child; children; church
ch.
Christ-church chromosome
Ch'
CH
chest; cholesterol; chloral hydrate; Christian; crownheel (length of fetus)
CH4
marsh gas; methane
acetylene
C 2H2
46

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS
C2H4
C6H6

CHA
CHAC
CHAD
CHAMOA
CHAMPUS
CHAP
chart.
Ch .B .
CHB
Ch .D .
CHD
CHDP
CHDTP
ChE
chem .
CHF
CHFP
CHH
CHI
ChINA
CHL
CHLOR-M
ChlVPP
Ch .M
CHMD
CHN
CHO
CHOB
chol .
CHOO
CHOP
CHOPB

ethylene
benzene
congenital hypoplastic anemia ; cyclo-hexyl-amine
Cytoxan, Hexamethylmelamine, Adriamycin,
Carboplatin
Cytoxan, Hexamethylmelamine, Adriamycin, DDP
Cytoxan, Hydroxyurea, Actinomycin D,
Methotrexate, Oncovin, Adriamycin
Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services
Cytoxan, Hexamethylmelamine, Adriamycin, Platinol
charta (paper)
Chirurgiae Baccalaureus (Bachelor of Surgery)
complete heart block
Chirurgiae Doctor (Doctor of Surgery)
child-hood disease; child; children ; chronic heart disease;
congenital heart disease; congenital hip dysplasia;
congestive heart disease; coronary heart disease
Child Health and Disability Prevention
Child Health and Disability Treatment Program
cholin-esterase
chemical; chemistry ; chemo-therapy
congestive heart failure
Cytoxan, Hexamethylmelamine, Fluorouracil, Platinol
cartilage-hair hypoplasia
closed-head injury
chronic infectious neuropathic agent; chronic infectious
neurotropic agent
Chlorambucil; Chloramphenicol ; crown-heel length
chlorpheniramine maleate (anti-histamine)
Chlorambucil, Vinblastine, Procarbazine, Prednisone
Chirurgiae Magister (Master of Surgery)
clinical hyaline membrane disease
central hemorrhagic disease
Chinese hamster ovary ; Cytoxan, Hydroxydaunomycin,
Oncovin
Cytoxan, Hydroxydaunomycin, Oncovin, Bleomycin
cholesterol
chronic hepatic outflow obstruction
Cytoxan, Hydroxydaunomycin, Oncovin, Prednisone
Cytoxan, Hydroxydaunomycin, Oncovin, Prednisone,
Bleomycin

47

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

CHO-XRT
CHP

CHPA

CHPAs
CHPX

Chr.

CHR
CHRF
CHS

Ci
CI

CIA
cib.

CIC
CICF

CICU
CID

CIDP
CIDS

CIEP
CIF

CIG
CIN
CIND

cir.
circ.
circurn.
CIS
c.i.s.a.

CISCA

cito disp .
CIVD

CIXU
CIXUG
48

Cytoxan, Hydroxydaunomycin, Oncovin - radiation


therapy
chloral hydrate poisoning; Community Health Plan
Community Health Purchasing Alliance
Community Health Purchasing Alliances
chicken-pox
Christian; chronic
Christian ; chronic hypercapnic respiratory (failure)
chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure
contact hyper-sensitivity; Chediak-Higashi syndrome
Curie
cardiac index; cardiac insufficiency; cephalic index;
cerebral infarction ; chemotherapeutic index ; colloidal
iron; color index; confidence interval ; coronary insuf
ficiency ; crystalline insulin
CCNU, Isophosphamide, Adriamycin
cibus (food)
cardio-inhibitory center ; carpal instability complex;
circulating immune complexes
crystal-induced chemotactic factor
cardiac intensive care unit ; coronary intensive care unit
carpal instability dissociative ; cytomegalic inclusion
disease
chronic inflammatory demyelinating
polyradiculoneuropathy
cellular immuno-deficiency syndrome
counter immuno-electro-phoresis
Claims Inquiry Form ; clone-inhibiting factor
cigarette; cigarettes; cytoplasmic immuno-globulin
cervical intraepithelial neoplasia; chronic interstitial
nephritis
carpal instability non-dissociative
circle ; circular ; circumcision
circle ; circular ; circumcision
circumcision ; circumference
Cancer Information Service; carcinoma in-situ; central
inhibitory state; Cisplatin (Platinol)
coque in su fficiente aqua (boil in sufficient water)
Cisplatin, Cyclophosphamide, Adriamycin
cito dispensetur (let it be dispensed quickly)
cold-induced vaso-dilation
constant infusion excretory urogram
constant infusion excretory uro-gram

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

Creutzfeld-Jakob disease
check; creatine kinase
centi-liter (centi-litre) clear; clearance; close ; cloudy ;
corpus luteum
Cl
cervico-lingual ; chloride ; chlorine ; class; Clostridium
chloride
Clion
CLss
total systematic clearance
CLAS
cholesterol-lowering atherosclerosis study; congenital
localized absence of skin
CLBBB
complete left bundle branch block
CL&CP
cleft lip and cleft palate
CLD
chronic liver disease; chronic lung disease; cleared
CLH
chronic lobular hepatitis
CLIA
Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments
CLILP
corticotropin-like intermediate lobe peptide
CLIP
corticotropin-like intermediate (lobe) peptide
chronic lymphatic leukemia ; chronic lymphoblastic
CLL
leukemia ; chronic lymphocytic leukemia
CLLE
columnar-lined lower esophagus
CLMA
Clinical Laboratory Management Association
CLO
cod liver oil
CLPN
Cancer Liaison Physician Network
CLS
chronic lymphadenopathy syndrome
CLSH
corpus luteum-stimulating hormone
CLSL
chronic lympho-sarcoma leukemia
CLT
Clinical Laboratory Technologist; clot-lysis time
cras mane (tomorrow morning)
C.M .
cm
centi-meter (centi-metre)
cm2
square centimeter (square centimetre)
cm3
cubic centimeter (cubic centimetre)
cm
centi-Morgan
Cm
Curium
CM
capreo-mycin; cardiac monitor; cow's milk;
chloroquine-mepacrine ; clinical management; clinical
modification ; cochlear micro-phonics; costal margin
CMA
California Medical Association; Canadian Medical
Association; Certified Medical Assistant
CJD

CK
cl

CMAJ

CMC

CMD

Canadian Medical Association Journal

carpo-meta-carpal; carboxy-methyl-cellulose ; critical


micelle concentration; Cytoxan, Methotrexate,
CCNU
cerebro-macular degeneration ; Current Medical
Dialog (Dialogue)
49

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

CME
CMF
CMFP
CMFT
CMFVP
CMG
CMGN
CMI
CMID
c/min
CMJ
CML
cmm
CMM
CMML
CMN
CMN-AA
CMO
CMoL
CMOPP
CMOS
CMP
CMR
CMRG
CMRNG

Continuing Medical Education; Council on Medical


Education; cystoid macular edema
chondro-myxoid fibroma; Cyclophosphamide,
Methotrexate, Fluorouracil
Cytoxan, Methotrexate, Fluorouracil, Prednisone
Cyclophosphamide, Methotrexate, Fluorouracil,
Tamoxifen
Cytoxan, Methotrexate, Fluorouracil, Vincristine,
Prednisone
cysto-metro-gram
chronic membranous glomerulo-nephritis
cell-mediated immunity; cyto-megalic inclusion
cyto-megalic inclusion disease
cycles per minute
carpo-metacarpal joint
cell-mediated lymphocytotoxicity ; cell-mediated
lympholysis; chronic myelocytic leukemia ; chronic
myelogenous leukemia
cubic milli-meter (cubic milli-metre)
cutaneous malignant melanoma
chronic myelo-monocytic leukemia
cystic medial necrosis
cystic medial necrosis of the ascending aorta
cardiac minute output
chronic monoblastic leukemia ; chronic monocytic
leukemia
Cytoxan, Methydiamine, Oncovin, Procarbazine,
Prednisone
complementary metal oxide semiconductor
capillary membrane pressure ; cardio-myo-pathy; CCNU,
Procarbazine, Methotrexate; cytidine mono-phosphate
cerebral metabolic rate ; crude mortality rate
cerebral metabolic rate of glucose
chromosomally mediated resistant Neisseria
gonorrhoeae

cerebral
CMRO2
metabolic rate of oxygen
CMRR
common mode rejection rate
C.M.S .
cras mane sumendus (to be taken tomorrow morning)
CMS
circulation muscle sensation
CMSP
County Medical Services Program
CMT
Certified Medical Transcriptionist; circus movement
tachycardia; combined modality therapy
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (peroneal muscular atrophy)
CMTdisease
50

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

committee
chlorophenyl-dimethyl-urea ; monuron
Cisplatin, Methotrexate, Vinblastine; continuous mandatory ventilation; cyto-megalo-virus
c.n.
cras nocte (tomorrow night)
CN
cranial nerve; cya-nide ; cya-nogen
CNA
California Nurses' Association
CNE
chronic nervous exhaustion
CNHD
congenital nonspherocytic hemolytic disease
CNL
cardiolipin natural lecithin
CNM
Certified Nurse Midwife
CNP
continuous negative pressure
c.n.s.
cras nocte sumendus (to be taken tomorrow night)
CNS
central nervous system; culture and sensitivity
CNV
conative negative variation; contingent negative variation
c/o
care of; check out
Co
Cobalt
CO
carbon monoxide ; cardiac output ; castor oil; centric
occlusion; Certified Orthotist; complaints of; corneal
opacity
CO2
carbon
dioxide
CoA
coenzyme A
COA
Canadian Orthopaedic Association
COAD
chronic obstructive airway disease
coag .
coagulate; coagulation
COAP
Cytoxan, Oncovin, Ara-C, Prednisone
COAPB
Cytoxan, Oncovin, Ara-C, Prednisone, Bleomycin
COATS
Comprehensive Occupational Assessment and
Training System
COBMAM
Cytoxan, Oncovin, Bleomycin, Methotrexate,
Adriamycin, McCCNU
COBRA
Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act
COBS
caesarean-obtained barrier-sustained
COBT
chronic obstruction of biliary tract
COC
calcifying odontogenic cyst ; cathodal opening clonus ;
cathodal opening contraction
cochl.
cochleare (a spoonful)
cochl. amp.
cochleare amplum (a heaping spoonful)
cochl. mag.
cochleare magnum (a tablespoonful)
cochl. med.
cochleare medium (a dessert spoonful)
cochl. par.
cochleare parvum (a teaspoonful)
COCI
cathodal opening clonus
coct.
coctio (boiling)
cmte .
CMU
CMV

51

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

cod .
COD
coef.
COEPS
COGME
COGTT
COH
CoHb
Col.

colat.
COLD
colet.
collut.
collyr.
color.
COLTA
com.
COM
COMAA
COMB
COMF
COMLA
COMLEC
comp.
COMP
COMS
COMT
conc.
concis .
CONF
config .
cong .
cons.
cons
cont.
contd.
contr.
cont. rem.
52

codeine
cause of death
coefficient
cortically originating extra pyramidal system
Council on Graduate Medical Education
cortisone-primed oral glucose tolerance test
carbohydrate
carboxy-hemoglobin
cola (strain); collect; collected; collection; college;
collegiate ; column
colatus (strained)
chronic obstructive lung disease
coletur (let it be strained)
collutorium (mouthwash)
collyrium (an eyewash)
coloretur (let it be colored)
Colwell-Tamplin
commisce (mix together)
Cytoxan, Oncovin, Methotrexate
Cytoxan, Oncovin, Methotrexate, Adriamycin, Ara-C
Cytoxan, Oncovin, Methotrexate, Bleomycin
Cytoxan, Oncovin, Methotrexate, Fluorouracil
Cytoxan, Oncovin, Methotrexate, Leucovorin, Ara-C
Cytoxan, Oncovin, Methotrexate, Leucovorin,
Etoposide, Cytarabine
complete ; complicating ; complication ; composite ;
composition; compositus (compound) ; comprehensive
Cyclophosphamide, Oncovin, Methotrexate,
Prednisone
Collaborative Ocular Melanoma Study
catechol-o-methyl transferase
concentrated; concentration; concise
concisus (cut)
conference ; confirmation
configuration; configure
congenital ; congestion ; congius (gallon); congress
conserva (keep) ; constant; consult; consultation
consult; consultation
continuetur (continue; let it be continued) ; contusus
(bruised)
continued
contraction; contrary
cintinuetur remedia (let the medicines be continued)

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

cop.
COP

COPA
COPAB
COPAL
COPB
COPBAM
COPC
COPD
COPE
COPP
coq.
COQ

coq. in s.a.
coq. s.a.
cor.
CORA
CORD
CORF
cort.
COs
cot.

COT
COTA
COTH
cp
cP
C&P
UP
CP

copper; copulatio (copulation; sexual intercourse) ; copy


colloidal oncotic pressure ; colloidal osmotic pressure ;
copodyskinesia ; copremesis; coprolagnia; coprolalia;
coprolith; coprology; coprophagy ; coprophilia ;
coproporphyrin ; coproza; copula; Cyclophosphamide,
Oncovin, Prednisone
Cytoxan, Oncovin, Prednisone, Adriamycin
Cytoxan, Oncovin, Prednisone, Adriamycin, Bleomycin
Cytoxan, Oncovin, Prednisone, Adriamycin, Lomustine
Cytoxan, Oncovin, Prednisone, Bleomycin
Cytoxan, Oncovin, Prednisone, Bleomycin,
Adriamycin, Matulane
cerebral and overall performance categories; community-oriented primary care
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
chronic obstructive pulmonary emphysema
CCNU, Oncovin, Procarbazine, Prednisone ; Cytoxan,
Oncovin, Procarbazine, Prednisone
coque (boil)
coenzyme Q
coque in sufficiente aqua (boil in sufficient water)
coque secundum artem (boil properly)
coordinate ; corner ; coroner; correct; corrected; correspond; correspondence; corresponding
conditioned orientation reflex audiometry
chronic obstructive respiratory disease
comprehensive outpatient rehabilitation facility
cortex (bark)
Canadian Ophthalmological Society; cosine
cotula (a measure)
cathodal opening tetanus
Certified Occupational Therapy Assistance
Council of Teaching Hospitals
centi-poise (CGS unit of viscosity) ; comparare (compare)
centi-poise (CGS unit of viscosity)
cystoscopy and pyelography
cholestrol / phospholipid (ratio)
candle power; capillary pressure ; carotid pressure ;
cerebral palsy; Certified Prosthetist ; chemically pure;
chest pain ; chloro-purine; chloroquine primaquine ;
chronic pyelonephritis ; cleft palate; closing pressure ;
copro-porphyrin ; cor pulmonale; creatine phosphokinase; Cyclophosphamide, Prednisone
53

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

CPA

CPAN
CPAP

CPAT
CPATS
CPB

CPBA

CPC

CPCR
CPCRA

cpd.

CPD
CPDA
CPDD

CPE
CPEO
CPG
CPH
CPI
CPIP
CPK
Cpl.

C.P .M .

CPM

CPN
CPNA

CPNP

CPOB

CPP
CPPB

CPPD

CPPV
CPR

C.P.S .

54

cardio-pulmonary arrest; carotid phon-angiography;


cerebellar pontine angle; cerebello-pontine angle;
chloro-phenyl-alanine ; costo-phrenic angle; cyclophosph-amide
Certified Post Anesthesia Nurse
continuous positive airway pressure
cerebello-pontine angle tumor
cerebello-pontine angle tumor syndrome
cardio-pulmonary bypass ; competitive protein
binding; Cytoxan, Platinol, BCNU
competitive protein-binding assay
central posterior curve ; cetyl-pyridinium chloride; chronic
passive congestion; clinico-pathological conference
cardio-pulmonary cerebral resuscitation
Community Programs for Clinical Research on AIDS
compound
cephalo-pelvic disproportion ; citrate-phosphatedextrose ; continuous peritoneal dialysis
citrate-phosphate-dextrose adenine
calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease ;
cis-platinum-diamine-dichloride
chronic pulmonary emphysema ; clubbing and pitting
edema ; cyto-pathic effect
chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia
capillary blood gas
chronic persistent hepatitis
coronary prognostic index
chronic pulmonary insufficiency of prematurity
creatine phospho-kinase
complete
cycles per minute; counts per minute
CCNU, Procarbazine, Methotrexate ; central pontine
myelinolysis ; continuous passive motion
chronic pyelo-nephritis
Certified Pediatric Nurses' Association
Certified Pediatric Nurse Practitioner
Cytoxan, Prednisone, Oncovin, Bleomycin
capillary perfusion pressure; cerebral perfusion pressure
continuous positive pressure breathing
calcium pyro-phosphate dihydrate (disease)
continuous positive pressure ventilation
cardio-pulmonary resuscitation; crystal production rate
cycles per second (Hertz)

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

carbamoyl phosphate synthetase; cardio-pulmonary


support; Center for Preventive Services; characters per
second
Comprehensive Perinatal Services Outreach Program
CPSOP
CPT
chest physio-therapy; current procedural terminology
central processing unit
CPU
CPX
complete physical examination
CPZ
chlor-proma-zine
CQ
chloroquine-quinine ; circadian quotient
c.r.
continuetur remedium (let the medicine be continued)
Cr
chrome ; Chromium ; cream; creatinine ; credit (bookkeeping abbreviation)
CR
cardio-respiratory ; cathode ray; class rate ; cold
recombinant; colon resection; complement receptor ;
complete remission; complete response; conditioned
reflex ; conditioned response ; creatinine ; critical reaction; crown-rump
first
CR1
cranial nerve
CRA
central retinal artery
cranio .
craniopharyngioma
CRAG
central retinal artery occlusion
crast.
crastinus (for tomorrow)
CRBBB
complete right bundle branch block
CRBP
cellular retinol binding protein
CRC
colo-rectal cancer
CrCl
creatinine clearance
CRCS
Canadian Red Cross Society
CRD
chronic renal disease; chronic respiratory disease
CRE
cumulative radiation effect
creat.
creatinine
CReG
cross-reactive group (of HLA antigens)
CREN
constant rate enteral nutrition
CREST
Calcinosis cutis, Raynaud's phenomenon, Esophageal
dysmotility, Scleroderma, Telangiectasia
CRF
chronic renal failure; chronic respiratory failure; closed
reduction fixation; corticotropin-releasing factor
CRG
chest roentgeno-gram
CRGHA
cross-reactive group of HLA antigens
CRH
corticotropin-releasing hormone
CRIS
controlled-release infusion system
crit.
critical ; hematocrit
CRITOE
Capitellum, Radial head, Internal condyle, Trochlea,
Olecranon, External condyle
CPS

55

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

CRL
CRM
cRNA
CRNA
CRO
CROG
CROP
CROS
CRP
CRS
CR/SR
CRST
CRT
CRTT
CRU
CRV
CRVO
CRVS
crypt .
crys.
cryst.
c/s
Cs
C&S
CS

c.s.a.

CSA

CSAA
CSB
C.S .C.

C-section
CSF
CSGBI
CSH
CSI
56

crown-rump length
Certified Reference Materials; cross-reacting material
chromosomal ribo-nucleic acid
Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist
cathode-ray oscillograph ; cathode-ray oscilloscope
cathode-ray oscillo-graph
Cytoxan, Rubidazone, Oncovin, Prednisone
cathode-ray oscillo-scope
C-reactive protein
Chinese Restaurant Syndrome ; colon-rectal surgery
coccyx resection / sacral resection
Calcinosis cutis, Raynaud's phenomenon,
Sclerodactyl, Telangiectasia
cathode-ray tube ; Certified Respiratory Therapist;
copper reduction test ; corrected ray tube ; court
Certified Respiratory Therapy Technician
Clinical Research Unit
central retinal vein
central retinal vein occlusion
California Relative Value Studies
cryptomenorrhea; cryptomenorrhoea ; cryptomnesia
crystal; crystalline, crystallization
crystal; crystalline, crystallization
caesarean section; cycles per second (Hertz)
Cesium
culture and sensitivity; conjuctiva and sclera
caesarean section; cardiovascular system ; cash on
account (bookkeeping abbreviation); chondroitin
sulfate; Clinical Specialist ; clinical stage; cockup
splint; cold sore; conditioned stimulus ; coronary sinus;
corpus striatum ; cyclo-serine
cogue secundum artem (boil properly)
canavanino-succinic acid; chondroitin sulfate A;
colon-stimulating activity ; compressed spectral assay
Child Study Association of America
conserved sequence block
coup sur coup (French: in small doses at short intervals)
caesarean section; cesarean section
cerebro-spinal fluid; colony-stimulating factor
Cardiac Society of Great Britain and Ireland
carotid sinus hypersensitivity ; chronic subdural
hematoma ; cortical stromal hyperplasia
Cesium iodide

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

CSM
CSMI
CSN
CSNRT
CSOM
CSP
C-spine
CSR
CSS
cST
CST
csTNM
CSU
CT

CTA
CTAB
CTAT
CTC
CTCA
CTCL
ctc02
CTD
CTEP
CTG
CTH
CTL

cerebral spinal meningitis; chorionic somatomammotropin


cardiogenic shock (following acute) myocardial
infarction
carotid sinus nerve
corrected sinus node recovery time
chronic suppurative otitis media
Christian Science Practitioner
cervical spine (films)
Cheyne-Stokes respiration; cortisol secretion rate ; corrected sedimentation rate
carotid sinus stimulation
centi-stoke
Central Standard Time; contraction stress test; convulsive shock therapy
clinical surgical tumor, node, metastasis (evaluation)
catheter specimen of urine
calci-tonin; cardio-thoracic; carotid tracing; carpal
tunnel ; cerebral thrombosis ; cervical traction ; chemotherapy; chlorothiazide ; circulation time; clotting time ;
coagulation time; collecting time; collecting tubule ;
collection time; computed tomography; computerized
tomography ; connective tissue; contraction time ;
Coomb's test; corneal transplant; coronary
thrombosis ; corrected transposition; corrective
therapy; counselling and testing; count; court; crest
time; critical time ; Cyto-Technologist
Canadian Tuberculosis Association; chromo-tropic
acid ; clear to auscultation
cetyl-trimethyl-ammonium bromide (cetrimonium
bromide)
computed trans-axial tomography ; computerized
transverse axial tomography
chlor-tetra-cycline (Biomycin)
California Tuberculosis Controllers Association
cutaneous T-cell lymphoma
concentration of total carbon dioxide
carpal tunnel decompression; chest tube drainage;
congenital thymic dysplasia
Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program
computed tomo-graphy; computerized tomo-graphy
ceramide tri-hexoside
cytotoxic Tlymphocyte
57

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

CTLP
CTM-EEG
CTP
CTR
CTRL
CTS
CTT
CTX
CTX-DOX
CTX-P
CTZ
Cu
CU
CUC
cuj.
cuj . lib.
culdos .
cum.
Cu0
CUSA
CUU
c .v.

CV
CVA
CVAT
CVB
CVC
CVD
CVF
CVH
CVHG
CVI
CVID
C-virus
CVM
58

cytotoxic T-lymphocyte precursor


computed tomographic mapping of electro-encephalogram
cytidine tri-phosphate
cardio-thoracic ratio; carpal tunnel release; center ;
counter
control
carpal tunnel syndrome; computed tomography scan
computed transaxial tomography
Cytoxan
Cytoxan, Doxorubicin
Cytoxan, Platinol
chemoreceptor trigger zone; Chloro-thia-zide
cubic; Cuprum (copper)
close-up
chronic ulcerative colitis
cujus (of which)
cujus libet (of any you wish)
culdoscope ; culdoscopy
cumulative
cupric-oxide
Cavitron Ultrasonic Surgical Aspirator
cross (end-to-end) uretero-ureterostomy
cras vespere (tomorrow evening) ; curriculum vitae
(course of life; resume)
cardio-vascular; cell volume; central venous; cerebrovascular ; closing volume ; color vision ; cresyl violet
cardio-vascular accident; cerebro-vascular accident ;
costo-vertebral angle; Cytoxan, Vincristine,
Adriamycin
costo-vertebral angle tenderness
CCNU, Vinblastine, Bleomycin; chorionic villus biopsy
central venous catheter
cardio-vascular disease; cerebro-vascular disease;
collagen vascular disease; color vision deviant
Cytoxan, Vincristine, Fluorouracil
combined ventricular hypertrophy
common variable hypogamma-globulinemia
common variable immunodeficiency
common variable immuno-deficiency
Coxsackie virus
Cytoxan, Vincristine, Methotrexate

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

c.v.o .

CVOD
CVP
CVPP
CVR
CVRD
CVRI
CVS
CVT
c/w
CW
C-wave
CWDBF
CWI
CWP
Cx
CXR
Cy
CY
CyAD
cyath.
cyath. vin.
Cyc
cyclic AMP
cyclic GMP
CYE
cyl.
cyl. lens
cys.
CYSTO
CyVADIC
CyVMAD
CZ
CZI

(obstetric conjugate diameter of pelvic inlet)


cerebro-vascular obstructive disease
central venous pressure ; Cytoxan, Vincristine,
Prednisone
CCNU, Velban, Procarbazine, Prednisone ;
Cyclophosphamide, Velban, Procarbazine, Prednisone
cardio-vascular renal; cerebro-vascular resistance
cardio-vascular renal disease
cardio-vascular resistance index
cardio-vascular surgery; cardio-vascular system ;
chorionic villus sampling ; clean voided specimen
costo-vertebral tenderness
compare with; consistent with
chemical warfare; chest wall; clean water; clock-wise ;
cold water
continuous wave
cell wall deficient bacterial forms
cardiac work index
coal-worker's pneumoconiosis
cervix; convex ; cylindrical lens axis
chest X-Ray
Cytoxan; cyanogen
calender year
Cytoxan, Adriamycin, Dacarbazine
cyathus (glassful)
cyathus vinosus (glassful of wine)
cycle; Cyclophosphamide
cyclic adenosine mono-phosphate
cyclic guanosine mono-phosphate
charcoal yeast extract
cylinder; clyndrical
cylindrical lens
cysteine ; cystine
cystoscopy ; cystogram
Cytoxan, Vincristine, Adriamycin, DimethylImidazole-Carboxamide
Cytoxan, Vincristine, Methotrexate, Dacarbazine
Central Zone
Crystalline Zinc Insulin
conjugata vera obstetrica

This Page Intentionally Left Blank

delta-amino-levulinic acid
per day
da (give) ; delta; detur (let it be given) ; dexter (right);
d.
diem (24 hours) ; dies (day); dosis (dose)
D
dark ; date ; daughter ; Daunorubicin ; day; dead ; death;
degree ; delete ; delta; density; derivative ; Deuterium;
Deuteron ; Dexamethasone; dextro ; dextrose ; diagnosis;
diameter ; died ; diet; dimension ; diopter; director ; distal ;
distance ; diurnal ; dog; dorsal ; dose; dosis (dose) ;
drowsy ; duration ; dwarf; vitamin D
dextrose
DS
5% in water
diffusing
DM
capacity of the alveolar-capillary membrane
(maximum dose)
dose
maximum
Dmax
2D
2-dimension
3-dimension
3D
D/A
date of accident ; date of action ; date of arrival; did
not apply; Digital-to-Analog conversion ; Digital-toAnalog converter; discharge with advice ; do not apply
DA
degenerative arthritis; delayed action; deoxy-adenosine ;
developmental age; Dietetic Assistant; Digital-to-Analog
(conversion) ; Digital-to-Analog (converter) ; direct
access ; direct agglutination ; dis-aggregated ; Dop-amine
(3,4-dihydroxyphenethylamine) ; ductus arteriosus
DAB
4-dimethyl-aminoazo-benzene
DAC
Digital-to-Analog conversion ; Digital-to-Analog
converter
DACT
Dactinomycin
DADDS
di-acetyl-diamino-diphenyl-sulfone
DADP
deoxy-adenosine-di-phosphate
DAEC
diffuse adhering Escherichia coli
DAF
decay-activating factor ; decay-accelerating factor
DAG
di-acyl-glycerol; disto-axio-gingival
DAGT
direct anti-globulin test
DAH
disordered action of heart
DAI
disto-axio-incisal
DALA
/d

61

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

D-ALA
DAM
DAMP
DAO
DAP
DAPT
d.a .s .f.
DAT

DATP
DAV
db .
DB
DBA
DBCL
DBCP
DBH
DBI
dbl.
DBP
DBS
D&C
D/C
D.C .
DC

DCA
DCC
DCCE
DCCT
DCDP
DCF
DCFM
DCG
D.C .H .
DCH
DCHFB
62

delta-amino-levulinic acid
di-acetyl-monoxime
deoxy-adenosine mono-phosphate
di-amine oxidase
Dapsone; dihydroxy-acetone phosphate
Daptazole; direct agglutination pregnancy test
donec alvus soluta fuerit (until bowels are opened)
Daunomycin, Ara-C, Thioguanine; diet as tolerated;
differential agglutination test ; Digital Audio Tape ;
diphtheria anti-toxin; direct agglutination test ; direct
anti-globulin test
deoxy-adenosine tri-phosphate
Dacarbazine, Doxorubicin, Vincristine
deci-bel
Dextran blue ; disto-buccal
di-benz-anthracene
dilute blood clot lysis (method)
di-bromo-chloro-propane
diameter at breast height
development-at-birth index
double
diastolic blood pressure ; disto-bucco-pulpal
Denis Browne Splint; despeciated bovine serum;
diminished breath sounds
dilatation and curettage
direct count; discharge; discontinue ; discontinued
direct (electrical) current; Doctor of Chiropractic
day care ; dendritic cells; Dental Corps; deoxy-cholate;
deoxy-cytidine ; dens caninus ; diarrhea, constipation ;
diphenylarsine cyanide; discharge; dis-continue ; discontinued; disto-cervical ; double concave
deoxycholate-citrate agar ; Department of Consumer
Affairs; desoxy-corticosterone acetate
Digital Compact Cassette
Department of Cancer Control and Epidemiology
Diabetic Control and Complications Trials
deoxy-cytidine di-phosphate
direct centrifugal flotation
Doppler Color Flow Mapping
disodium cromo-glycate
Diploma in Child Health
delayed cutaneous hypersensitivity
di-chloro-hexa-fluoro-butane

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

DCHS
DCI
DCIS
DCLS
DCM
DCMP
DLCO
DCOG
DLCO-SB
DCP
DCS
DCT
DCTMA
DCTP
DCTPA
DCV
DCx
d/d
d.d .
dd
DD
DDAVP
DDC
DDD
DDDE
DDH
DDI
d.d.i .d.
DDMP
DDP
D.D .S .
DDS
D.D .Sc.
DDT
DDTC
DDVP
DDx
De .

delayed cutaneous hyper-sensitivity


di-chloro-isoproterenol
ductal carcinoma in-situ
deoxycholate-citrate-lactose-saccharose
di-chloro-methotrexate ; dilated cardio-myopathy
Daunorubicin, Cyclocytidine, Mercaptopurine,
Prednisone ; deoxy-cytidine-mono-phosphate
Carbon monoxide diffusing capacity of the lung
Diploma of the College of Obstetricians and
Gynaecologists
Carbon monoxide diffusing capacity-single breath
dibasic-calcium-phosphate
dorsal column stimulator
deep chest therapy; direct Coombs' test
desoxy-corticosterone-tri-methyl-acetate
deoxy-cytidine-tri-phosphate
desoxy-corticosterone-tri-phenyl-acetate
Dacarbazine, CCNU, Vincristine
double convex
dated; delivered
detur ad (let it be given to)
dated; delivered
delivery date differential diagnosis; discharge diagnosis;
dry dressing ; due date
1-desamino-8-d-arginine vasopressin (Desmopressin)
di-deoxy-cytidine; diethyl- dithio-carbamate
degenerative disc disease; dense deposit disease;
dichloro-diphenyl-dichloroethane
dichloro-diphenyl-dichloro-ethylene
dissociated double hypertropia
di-deoxy-inosine
de die in diem (from day to day)
diamino-dichlorophenyl-methyl-pyrimidine
diamine-dichloro-platinum (Cisplatin ; Platinol)
Doctor of Dental Surgery
4,4-diamino-diphenyl-sulfone (Dapsone); dystrophydystocia syndrome
Doctor of Dental Science
dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane (Dicophane)
diethyl-di-thio-carbamate
dimethyl-dichloro-vinyl phosphate (Dichlorvos)
differential diagnosis
December
63

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

D&E

dilatation and evacuation ; dilation and extraction


(abortion)
di-ethyl-amino-ethanol
di-ethyl-barbituric acid
debita spissitudine (of proper consistency)
decanta (pour off) ; decrement
decant; deceased ; December ; decrease
deceased ; December ; dendritic epidermal cell
decompensation ; decompose; decomposition;
decompound ; decompress ; decompression
decrement; decrease
decubitus (lying down)
diabetic eye disease
depth electro-encephalo-gram
charge deferred (bookkeeping abbreviation)
defaecatio (defecation) ; defer; defile; defrost
decayed, extracted, filled; defaction; deficiency
defibrillate ; defibrillation
degeneration ; degree ; depth electro-graphy
deglutiatur (let it be swallowed)
delivery (obstetric)
Demerol
demonstration
depuratus (purified)
department; departure
dermis (skin) ; dermatology
duck embryo rabies vaccine
detur et signetur (let it be given and labelled)
di-ethyl -stilbestro1 ; diffuse esophageal spasm
destilla (distill); destillatus (distilled)
detect ; detection; detergent; determine; detour ;
detritus; detur (let it be given)
detoxicate ; detoxication ; detoxify
Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone
damage free ; dead fetus; deficiency factor ; dorsi-flexion
direct fluorescent antibody
di-fluoro-diphenyl-trichloroethane
distal femoral epiphysis
di-fluoro-methyl-ornithine
daily fetal movement recording
Deferoxamine

DEAE
DEBA
deb. spis .
dec.
Dec.
DEC
decomp .
decr.
decub .
DED
DEEG
def
def.
DEF
defib .
DEG
deglut .
del.
Dem.
DEMO
dep.
DEPT
derm .
DERV
d.e .s .
DES
destil .
det.
detox.
Dex.
DEXA
DF
DFA
DFDT
DFE
DFMO
DFMR
DFO

64

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

DFP
DFS
DFU
dg
DG
DGDP
DGI
DGMP
DGTP
DH
DHA
DHAD
DHAP
DHAS
DHBV
DHEA
DHEAS
DHF
DHFR
D.Hg.
DHL
DHMA
DHPMG
DHR
DHS
DHSR
DHST
DHT
D.Hy.
DI
dia.
diag .
diarn.
DIAR
DIC
d.i .d .
DID
DIDMOAD

diastolic filling pressure ; diisopropyl-fluoro-phosphate


disease-free survival
dead fetus in utero; dideoxy-fluoro-uridine
deci-gram
deoxy-glucose ; deoxy-guanosine ; diagnosis; diastolic
gallop di-glyceride ; disto-gingival
deoxy-guanosine di-phosphate
disseminated gonococcal infection
deoxy-guanosine mono-phosphate
deoxy-guanosine tri-phosphate
delayed hypersensitivity ; diaphragmatic hernia
di-hydro-alanine ; di-hydroxy-acetone
di-hydroxy-anthracene-dione
di-hydroxy-acetone phosphate
de-hydroepi-androsterone sulfate
duck hepatitis B virus
de-hydro-epi-androsterone
de-hydro-epi-androsterone sulfate
dengue hemorrhagic fever
di-hydro-folate reductase
Doctor of Hygiene
diffuse histiocytic lymphoma
di-hydroxy-mandelic acid
di-hydroxy-propoxy-methyl guanine
delayed hypersensitivity reaction
delayed hyper-sensitivity
delayed hyper-sensitivity reaction
delayed hypersensitivity to skin testing
di-hydro-tachysterol; di-hydro-testosterone
Doctor of Hygiene
diabetes insipidus; diagnostic imaging
diameter
diagnose ; diagnosis; diagnostic ; diagonal ; diagram
diameter
Dextran-induced anaphylactoid reaction
diffuse intravascular coagulation; Dimethyl-ImidazoleCarboxyamide (Dacarbazine); disseminated intravascular clotting ; disseminated intravascular coagulation
detur in duplo (let it be given twice)
drug-induced diarrhea
Diabetes Insipidus, Diabetes Mellitus, Optic Atrophy,
Deafness

65

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

dieb. alt .
dieb. tert.
DIEM
DIFF
dig .
digit.
dil .
DILD
DILE
diluc.
dilut.
dim .
DIM
DIP
d.i.p.a.
DIPJ
dir.
dir. prop.
disc.
disch.
DISH
DISI
disl.
disp.
dist.
DIT
div.
DJD
DK
DKA
DKB
dl
dL
DL
DLE
DU
DLO

66

diebus alternis (on alternate days)


diebus tertiis (every third day)
died in emergency room
difference ; different ; differential
digeratur (let it be digested) ; digitalis ; digitoxin ;
digoxin
digitus (digit ; finger)
dilate (expand ; stretch) ; dilue (dilute)
diffuse infiltrative lung disease
drug-induced lupus erythematosus
diluculo (at daybreak)
dilutus (diluted)
dimidius (one-half)
divalent ion metabolism
desquamative interstitial pneumonitis ; Dual In-line
Package; distal inter-phalangeal
divide in partes aequales (divide into equal parts)
distal inter-phalangeal joint
directione (directions)
directione propria (with proper direction)
discontinue ; discontinued
discharge ; discharged
diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis
dorsiflexed intercalated segment instability
dislocation
dispense; disperse ; dispireme
distilla (distill) ; distilled ; district
diet-induced thermogenesis ; di-iodo-tyrosine
divide (divide); division
degenerative joint disease
dark; diseased kidney
diabetic keto-acidosis
deep knee bends
deci-liter (deci-litre)
deci-liter (deci-litre)
day-light; difference lumen ; diffusing capacity of lung;
direct line; direct link; disto-lingual ; disto-labial;
Donath-Landsteiner (test); Doxorubicin, Lomustine
discoid lupus erythematosus ; disseminated lupus
erythematosus
disto-labio-incisal ; disto-linguo-incisal
disto-linguo-occlusal

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

DLP
DLR
dm
dM
DM
DMA
DMAC
DMARD
DMCT
D.M.D.
DMD
DME
DMERC
DMF
DMFS
DMHLL
DMI
DML
DMM
DMN
DMO
DMPA
DMPP
D.M.R.D.
D.M.R.T.
DMSA-RS
DMSO
DMT
DMTT
DN
DNA
DNAP
DNase
DNB
DNBP
DNC
DNCB
DND
DNFB

disto-linguo-pulpal
Detection Limit for Reporting Purposes
deci-meter (deci-metre)
deci-morgan
diabetes mellitus ; diastolic murmur; digital machine;
direct memory; distant metastasis; Dopamine; double
minute
di-methoxy-amphetamine ; Direct Memory Access
disseminated mycobacterium avium complex
disease modifying anti-rheumatic drug
de-methyl-chlor-tetracycline
Doctor of Dental Medicine
Duchenne's Muscular Dystrophy
durable medical equipment
durable medical equipment regional carrier
decayed, missing, filled; di-methyl-formamide
decayed, missing, filled surfaces
diffuse mixed histiocytic-lymphocytic lymphoma
diaphragmatic myocardial infarction
diffuse mixed lymphoma
des-methyl-misonidazole ; di-methyl-myleran
di-methyl-nitrosamine
Di-methadi-one
depo-medroxy-progesterone acetate
di-methyl-phenyl-piperazinium
Diploma in Medical Radio-Diagnosis (British)
Diploma in Medical Radio-Therapy (British)
di-mercapto-succinic acid renal scan
di-methyl sulf-oxide
di-methyl-tryptamine
di-methyl-thionotetrahydro-thiadiazine (Dazomet)
Deci-nem ; dextrose to nitrogen ratio; dibucaine number
deoxyribo-nucleic acid; did not answer ; did not apply;
do not apply
Dinosam
deoxyribo-nucle-ase
di-nitro-benzene
Dinoseb
di-nitro-carbanilide ; di-nitro-cresol
di-nitro-chloro-benzene
died - natural death
di-nitro-fluoro-benzene

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

DNJ
DNOC
DNOCHP
DNOSAP
DNOSBP
DNP
DNPH
DNPM
DNR
DINS
DNS
DNSAP
DNSBP
D.N .Sc.
DNT
DO
D.O .
DO
DOA
DOAP
DOB
DOC
DOCA
DOCs
DOD
DOE
DOMA
DON
DOOR
DOPA
DOPAC
DOS
DOT
Dox.
DOW
DOX-PT
D.P.

68

deoxy-no-jirimycin
di-nitro-o-cresol (Antinonin ; Dinitrol ; Ditrosol ; Sinox)
Dinex
Dinosam
Dinoseb
deoxyribo-nucleo-protein
di-nitro-phenyl-hydrazine
di-nitro-phenyl-morphine
Dau-no-rubicin ; did not receive; do not resuscitate
dextrose in normal saline
Dansyl ; did not show ; dysplastic nervus syndrome
Dinosam
Dinoseb
Doctor of Nursing Science
did not test; do not test ; do not touch; do not turn
oxygen delivery
Doctor of Osteopathy ; doctor's orders
diamine oxidase; disto-occlusal ; delivery of oxygen
date of adjustment ; date of admission; date of arrival;
dead on arrival
Daunorubicin, Oncovin, Ara-C, Prednisone
date of birth
date of conception; died of other causes ; de-oxycholate ; doctor
de-oxy-corticosterone acetate
de-oxy-corticoids
date of death; died of disease; drug over-dose;
dodecylguanidine (Dodine)
date of examination; dyspnea on exercise ; dyspnea on
exertion
dihydr-oxy-mandelic acid ; dimeth-oxy-methylamphetamine
determination of need ; diazo-oxo-norleucine
deafness, oncyhodystrophy, osteodystrophy, retardation
dihydr-oxy-phenyl-alanine
dihydr-oxy-phenyl-acetic acid
disk operating system
daily observed therapy
Doxorubicin
Doxorubicin
Doxorubicin, Platinol
Doctor of Pharmacy; Doctor of Podiatry

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

DP
DPA
DPC
DPD
DPDLL
DPG
.P
D
.
.H
DPL
DPL ab
DPL ."
D.P.M.
DPN
DPP
DPS
DPT
DPTI
DPTV
DPVNS
Dr
DR
DRAs
DRE
DREZ
DRF
DRG
Dr.PH .
drs.
DRS
drsg.
DRTA
d.s.
D/S
DS
DSA

data processing; data processor ; diastolic pressure ;


direct pressure ; direct puncture; distal phalanx;
disto-pulpal ; dorsalis pedis; dorsi-palmar
di-propyl-acetate
delayed primary closure ; distal palmar crease
diffuse pulmonary disease
diffuse poorly differentiated lymphocytic lymphoma
di-phospho-glycerate ; displacement placento-gram
Department of Public Health ; Doctor of Public Health
disto-pulpo-lingual; disto-pulpo-labial
disto-pulpo-labial
disto-pulpo-lingual
Doctor of Podiatric Medicine
diphospho-pyridine nucleotide
dimethoxy-phenyl penicillin
dimethyl-poly-siloxane ; Diversified Pharmaceutical
Services
Demerol, Phenergan, Thorazine ; Diphtheria, Pertussis,
and Tetanus ; di-propyl-tryptamine
diastolic pressure-time index
Diphtheria, Pertussis, and Tetanus Vaccine
diffuse pigmented villo-nodular synovitis
debit (bookkeeping abbreviation) ; doctor ; door; drive ;
driver
deep reflex; deep reflexes; degeneration reaction ;
delivery room; diabetic retinopathy ; diagnostic
radiology ; doctor ; door; drive ; driver
Dextra n-reactive antibodies
digital rectal examination
dorsal root entry zone
dose-reduction factor
diagnosis-related group
Doctor of Public Health
dressing
disease-free survival
dressing
distal renal tubular acidosis
debita spissitudine (of the proper consistency)
dextrose in saline
dehydro-epiandrosterone sulfate; dextrose-saline ;
double strength ; double-stranded ; Down's syndrome
digital subtraction angiography
69

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

DSAG
DSAP
DSAS
D.Sc .
D.S.C.
DSD
DSEC
DSECG
DSI
DSM
DSP
DSPN
DSR
DST
D-stix
DSVP
DT
DTAFFB
DTBC
DTC
d. t. d.
DTDP
2D-TEEC
DTF
DTH
DTHS
DTI
DTIC
DTM
DTN
DTNBA
DTP
DTPA
DTPV

70

digital subtraction angio-graphy


disseminated superficial actinic porokeratosis
discrete sub-aortic stenosis
Doctor of Science
Doctor or Surgical Chiropody
dry sterile dressing
digital subtraction echo-cardiogram
digital subtraction echo-cardio-gram
digital subtraction imaging
dextrose solution mixture ; Diagnostic and Statistical
Manual of Mental Disorders
Digital Signal Processing
digital symmetric peripheral neuropathy
dynamic (three-dimensional) spatial reconstructor
Dexamethasone suppression test; donor specific
transfusion
Dextro-stix
down-stream venous pressure
day-time; delay time; delirium tremens ; deoxythymidine ; digital time; diphtheria toxoid ; diphtheria,
tetanus ; double time ; duration tetany; dye test
descending thoracic aorto-femoral femoral-bypass
d-tubo-curarine (Curare ; tubo-curarine chloride)
d-tubo-curarine (Curare ; tubo-curarine chloride)
datur talis dosis (give a such a dose) ; dentur tales
doses (give a such a dose)
deoxy-thymidine di-phosphate
2-dimensional trans-esophageal echo-cardiography
detector transfer function
delayed-type hypersensitivity
delayed-type hyper-sensitivity
dipryridamole-thallium imaging
Dimethyl-Triazeno-Imidazole-Carboxyamide
(Dacarbazine)
deoxy-thymidine monophosphate; dermatophyte test
medium
diphtheria toxin normal
di-thiobis-nitro-benzoic acid
Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis; distal tingling on
percussion
diethylene-triamine penta-acetic acid (pentetic acid)
Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis Vaccine

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS
DTR
DTRs
DTs
DTS
DTT
DTZ
DU
DUB
DUF
DUI
DUII
DUIL
DUL
DUMP
DUNHL
duod .
DUP
DUR-1
DUR-2
dur. dol.
DUSN
DUTP
D&V
DV
DVA
DVD
DVI
DVIU
.V
D
.
.M
DVM
D.VM.S .
DVP-Asp
D.V
.S .
DVSA
DVSAG
DVT
DVTSP
D/W
DW
5DW

deep tendon reflex ; dietetic technician registered


deep tendon reflexes
delirium tremens
donor-specific transfusion
diphtheria-tetanus-toxoid; di-thio-threitol
Dia-tri-zoate
deoxy-uridine; duodenal ulcer
dysfunctional uterine bleeding
Doppler Ultrasonic Flowmeter
driving under influence
driving under influence of intoxicants
driving under influence of liquor
diffuse undifferentiated lymphoma
deoxy-uridine mono-phosphate
diffuse undifferentiated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
duodenum
decubitus ulcer potential; duplicate; duplication
distal ureter resection - unilateral
distal ureter resection - bilateral
durante dolore (while pain lasts)
diffuse unilateral subacute neuroretinitis
deoxy-uridine tri-phosphate
diarrhea and vomiting
double variations ; double vision ; dual valve
distance visual acuity
dissociated vertical deviation; dissociated vertical
divergence
digital vascular imaging
direct vision internal urethrotomy
Doctor of Veterinary Medicine
digital volt-meter
Doctor of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery
Daunorubicin, Vincristine, Prednisone, Asparaginase
Doctor of Veterinary Science; Doctor of Veterinary
Surgery
digital venous subtraction angiography
digital venous subtraction angio-graphy
deep vein thrombosis ; deep venous thrombosis
deep venous thrombus scinti-photography
dextrose in water; distilled water
dead-weight; dextrose in water; distilled water
5 % dextrose in water

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

D5W
DWD
DWDLL
DWI
DX
DXM
DXRT
dy.
Dy
DYSZ
DZ

5% dextrose in water
died without disease; diffuse well-differentiated
diffuse well-differentiated lymphocytic leukemia
driving while intoxicated
Dextran; diagnosis; distance
Dexamethasone
deep X-Ray therapy
delivery
Dysprosium
dyszooamylia ; dyszoospermia
dizygotic; dizzy; dizziness; dozen

ACA
e

epsilon-amino-caproic acid
electron ; natural logarithm base
(e = 2.718281828459 .. .)
e+
positron (positive charge)
e
electron (negative charge); the heavy chain of IgE
E
ear; east; edema; Einstein ; Einsteinium; electric charge ;
electric ; electron ; emergency; emmetropia ; empty; end;
energy ; Entamoeba ; enzyme ; epinephrine; error;
Escbericbia ; esophoria; Etoposide; Europe ; European ;
excellent; eye
estrone
El
estradiol
E2
estriol
E3
estetrol
E4
ea .
each
EA
early antigen; erythrocyte antibody ; ethacrynic acid
EAA
excitatory amino acid
EAb
elective abortion
EAB
elective abortion
EAC
Ehrlich ascites carcinoma; erythrocyte-antibody
complement; external auditory canal
E-ACA
epsilon-amino-caproic acid
ead.
eadem (same)
EAEM
experimental allergic encephalo-myelitis
EAHF
eczema, asthma, hay fever
EAHLG
equine anti-human lymphoblast globulin
EAHLS
equine anti-human lymphoblast serum
EAM
external auditory meatus
EAN
experimental allergic neuritis
EAP
Etoposide, Adriamycin, Platinol; epi-allo-pregnenolone
EA-ST
Emory Angioplasty versus Surgery Trial
EB
elementary body ; epidermolysis-bullosa; Epstein-Barr
EBDA
effective balloon-dilated area
EBF
erythro-blastosis fetalis

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

EBI
EBL
EBNA
EBT
EBV
EBVB
EC
ECA
E-CABG
E-CAT
ECBO
ECBV
ECC

ECCD
ECCE
ECD
ECDO virus
ECF
ECF-A
ECFV
ECG
ECHO
ECHO-C
ECI
ECIB
EC-IC
ECIL
ECLAM
ECLT
ECM
ECMO
ECMO virus
ECoG
ECOG
E. coli

emetine-bismuth-iodide
erythro-blastic leukemia ; estimated blood loss
Epstein-Barr nuclear antigen
external beam therapy
Epstein-Barr virus
Epstein-Barr virus-transformed B-cells
effective circulation; ejection click; enteric coated ;
error corrected (bookkeeping abbreviation);
Escherichia coli; extra-cellular
etha-crynic acid; external carotid artery
endarterectomy and coronary artery bypass graft
emission computer-assisted tomography
enteric cytopathogenic bovine orphan (virus)
effective circulating blood volume
edema, clubbing, cyanosis ; emergency cardiac care;
emergency cardiac compression; endo-cervical
curettage; external cardiac compression; extra-cellular
compartment; extra-corporeal circulation
endo-cardial cushion defect
extra-capsular cataract extract
endocardial cushion defect
enteric cytopathogenic dog orphan virus
effective capillary flow; eosinophil chemotactic factor ;
extended care facility ; extra-cellular fluid
eosinophil chemotactic factor of anaphylaxis
extra-cellular fluid volume
electro-cardio-gram ; electro-cardio-graphy ; electrocortico-gram
Enteric Cytopathogenic Human Orphan (virus)
echo-cardiogram; echo-cardiography
electro-cerebral inactivity
extra-corporeal irradiation of blood
extra-cranial - intra-cranial
extra-corporeal irradiation of lymph
endothelial cell leukocyte adhesion molecule
euglobulin clot lysis time
erythema chronicum migrans; extra-cellular material
extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation
enteric cytopathogenic monkey orphan virus
electro-cortico-gram ; electro-cortico-graphy
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
Escherichia coli

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

ECRB
ECRL
ECS
ECSO virus
ECSWL
ECT
ECU
ECV
ECW
ED

ED so
EDA
EDB
EDC
EDD
EDF
EDL
EDP
EDQ
EDR
EDRF
EDS
EDTA
EDV
EDVI
EDX
EE
EEA
EEDC synd.
EEE
EEEP
EEG
EENT

extensor carpi radialis brevis


extensor carpi radialis longus
electro-cerebral silence; electro-convulsive shock;
electronic claim submission; extra-cellular space
enteric cytopathogenic swine orphan virus
extra-corporeal shock-wave lithotripsy
electro-convulsive therapy; emission computed
tomography ; emission computerized tomography;
euglobulin clot test
extensor carpi ulnaris
extra-cellular volume
extra-cellular water
ear disease ; effective dose ; Ehlers-Danlos (syndrome) ;
Emergency Department ; end-diastolic ; epileptiform
discharge ; erythema dose; extensive disease ; eye
desease
effective dose - 50%
elbow dis-articulation ; ethyl ene-di-amine
ethylene di-bromide ; extensor digitorum brevis
estimated date of conception ; estimated date of
confinement; expected date of conception ; expected
date of confinement ; extensor digitorum communis
estimated date of delivery; expected date of delivery
eosinophil differentiation factor
end-diastolic length; extensor digitorum longus
end-diastolic pressure
extensor digiti quinti
effective direct radiation ; electro-dermal response
endothelium-derived relaxing factor
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome ; excessive daytime sleepiness
ethylene-diamine-tetraacetic acid
end-diastolic volume
end-diastolic volume index
electro-diagnosis
equine encephalitis; eye and ear
electro-encephalic audiometry; energy experience of
activity
ectrodactyl-ectodermal dysplasia-clefting syndrome
Eastern equine encephalomyelitis (virus)
end-expiratory esophageal pressure
electro-encephalo-gram ; electro-encephalo-graphy
eye, ear, nose, throat

75

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

EER
EERP
EES
EF
EFAs
EFC
EFE
Eff.
EFM
EFV
EFVC
EFW
e.g.
EG
EGA
EGB
EGC
EGD
EGF
EGFR
EGG
EGJ
EGL
EGOT
EGS
EGTA
EH
EHB
EHBD
EHBF
EHC
EHD
EHEC
EHF
EHL
EHO
EHT
E/I

76

electro-encephalic response
extended endocardial resection procedure
erythromycin ethyl-succinate
ectopic focus; ejection fraction; extended field
essential fatty acids
endogenous fecal calcium
endocardial fibro-elastosis
effective ; effervescent (tablet)
electronic fetal monitoring
extracellular fluid volume
expiratory flow-volume curve
estimated fetal weight
exempli gratia (for example)
esophago-gastrectomy; esophago-gastric
estimated gestational age
eosinophilic granuloma of bone
early gastric cancer
esophago-gastro-duodenoscopy
epidermal growth factor
epidermal growth factor receptor
electro-gastro-gram
esophago-gastric junction
eosinophilic granuloma of lung
erythrocyte glutamatic oxaloacetic transaminase
electro-galvanic stimulation
esophageal gastric tube airway
enlarged heart; essential hypertension
elevated head of bed
extra-hepatic biliary duct
estimated hepatic blood flow; exercise hyperemia
blood flow
entero-hepatic circulation ; essential hypercholesterolemia
epizootic hemorrhagic disease
entero-hemorrhagic Escherichia coli
epidemic hemorrhagic fever; exophthalamus
hyperthyroid factor
effective half-life ; endogenous hyper-lipidemia ;
extensor hallucis longus
extra-hepatic obstruction
essential hyper-tension
expiration / inspiration (ratio)

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

EI
EIA
EIAL
EIAV
EID
EIEC
EIN
EINI
EIP
EIPV
EIS
EIT
EJ
EJN
ejus.
EKC
EKG

EKyG
EL
ELAM
ELAS
elec.
elem.
elev.
ELIEDA
ELISA
ELIX
ELSS
ELT
EM
EMA
EMA-CF
E-mail
EMB
EMC
EMD

enzyme inhibitor ; eosinophilic index


electro-immuno-assay; enzyme immuno-assay
exercise-induced airflow limitation
equine infectious anemia virus
electro-immuno-diffusion; Emergency Infusion Device
entero-invasive Escherichia coli
endometrial intraepithelial neoplasia
elective inguinal node irradiation
extensor indicis proprius
Enhanced-potency Inactivated Poliovirus Vaccine
Epidemic Intelligence Service
erythrocyte iron turnover
elbow jerk
external jugular vein
ejusdem (of the same)
epidemic kerato-conjunctivitis
electro-cardio-gram ; electro-kardio-gram (German :
kardio = heart; gramma = mark); electro-cardio-graph ;
electro-kardio-graph (German : kardio = heart; grapein
= to write)
electro-kymo-gram
electro-leukemia
endothelial (cell) leukocyte adhesion molecule
extended lymph-adenopathy syndrome
election ; elective; electric ; electrical; electricity ; electron
element ; elementary
elevate ; elevated ; elevation
enzyme-linked immuno-electro-diffusion assay
enzyme-linked immuno-sorbent assay
elixir (from Arabic: al-iksir)
extravehicular life support system
euglobulin lysis time
ejection murmur; electro-magnetic; electron microscope ;
emergency medicine; emmetropia; erythema migrans
epithelial membrane antigen
Etoposide, Methotrexate, Adriamycin, Citrovorum
Factor
electronic mail
endo-myocardial biopsy; eosin methylene blue
encephalo-myo-carditis
electro-mechanical dissociation; electro-myocardial
dissociation

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

EMF

electro-magnetic flowmeter; electro-magnetic force;


electro-motive force; endo-myocardial fibrosis ;
eosinophil maturation factor ; erythrocyte maturation
factor
electro-myelo-gram ; electro-myo-gram ; electro-myography ; exophthalamus macroglossia gigantism
electro-magnetic interference
enzyme-multiplied immunoassay technique
eutectic mixture of local anesthetics
ex modo praescripto (as prescribed)
emplastrum (a plaster)
electro-magnetic radiation
Emergency Medical Service (British)
eosinophilia myalgia syndrome
early morning specimen of urine
Emergency Medical Technician
electro-magnetic units
emulate; emulation; emulsify ; emulsio (emulsion)
electro-magnetic wave; electro-magnetic waves
erythema nodosum; eye nerve
Emergency Nurses Association; extractable nuclear
antigen
ethyl-nor-epinephrine
electro-neurography ; electro-nystagmo-gram electronystagmo-graphy; English; engineer ; engineering
engineer; engineering
erythema nodosum leprosum
ear, nose, throat
ear operation ; ethylene oxide; even and odd; extra oil;
eye operation; eyes opened
esophageal obturator airway
errors and omissions expected
ethiodized oil emulsion
electro-oculo-gram ; electro-olfacto-gram
end of message; end of month; extra-ocular movement; extra-ocular muscles
explanation of Medicare benefits
extra-ocular movement intact; extra-ocular muscles
intact
external occipital protuberance
European Organization for Radiation Therapy in
Cancer

EMG
EMI
EMIT
EMLA
e.m.p.
emp.
EMR
E.M .S.
EMS
EMSU
EMT
e.m .u.
emul .
EMW
EN
ENA
ENE
ENG
ENGR
ENL
ENT
EO
EOA
E&OE
EOE
EOG
EOM
EOMB
EOMI
EOP
E.O.R.T.C.

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

eos.
eosin.
EOT
EP
EPA
EPAP
EPB
EPBF
EPC
EPDT
EPEC
EPF
epi.
EPIN
epis .
EPIS
epith.
EPL
EPM
EPMR
EPP
EPPL
EPPP
EPR
EPS
EPSDT
EPSP
EPTD
EPTFE
eq.
equiv.
Er
E/R

eosinophil; eosinophils
eosinophil; eosinophils
effective oxygen transport ; end of text; end of
transmission
ectopic pregnancy; electro-phoresis; endogenous
pyrogen; erythrocyte protoporphyrin ; erythro-poietin;
evoked potential
eicosa-pentaenoic acid; Environmental Protection
Agency
expiratory positive airway pressure
extensor pollicis brevis
effective pulmonary blood flow
epilepsia partialis continua
early pregnancy detection test
entero-pathogenic Escherichia coli
early pregnancy factor ; eosinophilic pustular
folliculitis ; exophthalmus producing factor
epinephrine; episiotomy ; epithelial
epinephrine
epistomium (a stopper)
episiotomy
ephithalaxia ; epithalamus; epithelial ; epithelium
extensor pollicis longus
electronic pace-maker
electron para-magnetic resonance
end-plate potential; erythropoietic proto-porphyria
epithelial, possibly precancerous lesion
erythro-poietic proto-porphyria
electro-phrenic respiration; electron paramagnetic
resonance; epitym-panic recess ; estradiol production
rate
electro-pyhsiologic study; exophthalamus producing
substance; express prostatic secretion; extra-pyramidal
signs; extra-pyramidal symptoms
early periodic screening diagnosis and treatment
excitatory post-synaptic potential
extra-polated total dose
expanded poly-tetra-fluoro-ethylene
equal; equation ; equivalent
equivalent
Erbium; error corrected (bookkeeping abbreviation)
external rotation
79

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

ER

early response ; ejection rate; electric response ; Emergency Room; endoplasmic reticulum ; error corrected
(bookkeeping abbreviation) ; estrogen receptor ; evoked
response ; expiratory reserve ; external resistance ; external rotation
electric response audiometry; estroadiol receptor assay ;
estrogen receptor assay; evoked response audiometry
endoscopic retrograde biliary drainage
effective renal blood flow
erythropoietic responsive cell
endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography
endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreato-graphy
external reduction and fixation
Education and Research Foundation; external reduction and fixation
electro-retino-gram
electro-radio-immuno-assay
enzyme-linked immuno-chemical assay ; estrogen
receptor immuno-cytochemical assay
Employee Retirement Income Security Act
effective refractory period; equine rhino-pneumonitis ;
estrogen receptor protein
effective renal plasma flow
endoscopic retrograde sphincterotomy
estrogen replacement therapy
endo-rectal ultra-sound
expiratory reserve volume
Einsteinium
ear surgery ; early sign; early signal; early sound ;
early stage ; ejection signal; ejection stage ; emergency
surgery ; eye surgery
electrical stimulation to brain
escape; Escherichia
European Society of Cardiology
early-stage diagnosis
extreme somatosensory evoked potential
erythropoietic-stimulating factor
end-systolic length
ejection-systolic murmur
esophagoscopy; esophagus
especially; espundia
end-systolic pressure ; eosinophil stimulation
promoter; extra-sensory perception

ERA
ERBD
ERBF
ERC
ERCP
ERCPG
ER&F
ERF
ERG
ERIA
ERICA
ERICA
ERP
ERPF
ERS
ERT
ERUS
ERV
Es
ES
ESB
Esc.
E.S.C.
ESD
ESEP
ESF
ESL
ESM
eso .
esp .
ESP

80

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

ESR
ESRD
ess .
ESS
ESSEP
est .
EST
e.s.u.
ESV
ESVI
ESWL
et
Et.
ET
ETA
ETAF
et al.
etc.
ETD
ETEC
ETF
ETH
ETH/C
ETKM
ETM
Et20
ETOE
EtOH
ETP
ETS
ETT
ETU
Eu
EU
EUA
eV
EV

electron spin resonance ; erythrocyte sedimentation


rate
end-stage renal disease
essential
erythrocyte sensitizing substance
extreme somato-sensory evoked potential
established (patient)
Eastern Standard Time; electro-shock therapy;
electro-shock treatment
electro-static unit
end-systolic volume
end-systolic volume index
extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy
et (and)
ethyl; etiology
effective temperature ; effective time; ejection time;
endotracheal tube; enterically transmitted ; eustachian
tube
estimated time of activity; estimated time of arrival;
2-ethyliso-thionicotin-amide (Amidazine; Ethionamide)
epithelial thymic activating factor
et alii (and others)
et cetera (and so on)
extrapolated total dose
entero-toxic Escherichia coli
eustachian tube function
elixir terpin hydrate
elixir terpin hydrate with Codeine
Every Test Known to Man
Erythromycin (Erycin ; Erythrocin ; Ilotycin; Retcin)
ether
efficiency of tissue oxygen extraction
ethanol ; ethyl alcohol
eustachian tube pressure
environmental tobacco smoke
esophageal transit time; exercise tolerance test ;
extra-thyroidal thyroxine
Emergency and Trauma Unit
Europe ; Europium
Ehrlich unit; endotoxin unit; enzyme unit ; Europe
examination under anesthesia
electron volt
epidermodysplasia verruciformis ; extra-vascular
81

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

EVA
evac.
eval .
evap .
EVAP
EVLW
EVR
EVS
EVST
EW
EWB
EWL
EX
exam
exc.
EXEC
ExHBF
exhib.
Ex MO
EXP
expec.
exper.
exp. lap.
expt .
exptl.
ext.
extn .
ext. rot.
ExUG

Etoposide, Vincristine, Adriamycin


evacuate; evacuated; evacuation
evaluate ; evaluated; evaluation
evaporation
Etoposide, Vinblastine, Ara-C, Platinol
extra-vascular lung water
endocardial viability ratio
elective variceal sclerosis; endoscopic variceal
sclerotherapy
endoscopic variceal sclero-therapy
elsewhere; emergency ward; eye-wash
estrogen withdrawal bleeding
egg-white lysozyme
examination; exception ; exercise
examination
excision ; exception; exclude; exclusion
executive
exercise hyperemia blood flow
exhibeatur (let it be given) ; exhibit; exhibition
express money order (bookkeeping abbreviation)
expand ; expect; expectorate; expel; experiment ;
expiration ; expired; exploration; explore; expose ;
exposition ; exposure
expectancy ; expectant; expectation; expectorant;
expectorate; expectoration
experiment
exploratory laparotomy
experiment
experimental
extend ; extende (extend; spread); extension; exterior ;
external ; extract; extraction ; extractum (extract)
extension
external rotation
excretory uro-gram

fiat (let it be done) ; focal length ; frequency


face ; factor; Fahrenheit; fair ; false; fan; fangus ; farad;
faraday; fast ; fat; fatal; father ; February; feces; feet ;
female ; fertility ; fetus; fever; field; Filaria; film ; finger;
fish ; flat ; flatus ; flea ; fluorine ; fly; foot ; force; formula;
French ; frequency; Friday; frog ; full; fusiformis
filial
- first generation
F1
filial
FZ
- second generation
F-12
Freon 12
FA
false aneurysm ; father ; fatty acid ; femoral artery; first
aid; fluorescent antibody ; folic acid ; fore-arm ; free acid
FAB
formalin ammonium bromide; fragment antigen binding
FABF
fore-arm blood flow
FAC
Federal Allowable Cost; Fluorouracil, Adriamycin,
Cyclophosphamide
FACA
Fellow of the American College of Anesthesiologists
FACD
Fellow of the American College of Dentists
FACOG
Fellow of the American College of Obstetricians and
Gynecologists
FACP
Fellow of the American College of Physicians
FACR
Fellow of the American College of Radiologists
FACS
Fellow of the American College of Surgeons ;
fluorescence activated cell sorter
FACSM
Fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine
FAC-XRT
Fluorouracil, Adriamycin, Cytoxan - Radiation
Therapy
FAD
flavin adenine dinucleotide
FADF
flourescent antibody dark field
Fahr.
Fahrenheit
FAI
functional aerobic impairment
F-AIDS
Feline - Auto Immune Deficiency Syndrome
Fam.
family
FAM
Fluorouracil, Adriamycin, Mitomycin C
FAMA
fluorescent antibody to membrane antigen
f.
F

83

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

FAMe
FAMS
FANA
FAO
FAP

fasc.

FAST
FAT
FATS
FAV
FAX
FB
FBD
FBE
FBF
FBI
FBOA
FBP
FBS
FC
FCA
FCAP
FCB
FCC
FCCP
FCIF
FCP
FCR
FCS
FCU

f.d.
FD

FD so
FDA

84

Fluorouracil, Adriamycin, McCCNU


Fluorouracil, Adriamycin, Mitomycin, Streptozotocin
fluorescent anti-nuclear antibody
Food and Agriculture Organization (of the United
Nations)
familial adenomatous polyposis; fibrillating action
potential; Fluorouracil, Adriamycin, Platinol
fasciculus (bundle)
fluoro-allergo-sorbent test
Fetal Activity Test; first-aid kit; fluorescent antibody
test ; 5-Fluorouracil, Adriamycin, Trazinate
familial atherosclerosis treatment study
feline ataxia virus
facsimile (transmission or reproduction via telephone
line)
finger breadth; fluid balance; food bank ; foreign body;
frog belly; frontal bone
functional bowel disorder
full blood examination
forearm blood flow
Federal Bureau of Investigation
Fellow of the British Optical Association
femoral blood pressure ; fibrinogen breakdown products
fasting blood sugar; fetal bovine serum
finger clubbing ; Foley catheter; food chain
ferritin conjugated antibody ; Freund's complete adjuvant
Fellow of the College of American Pathologists
folli-cultis barbae (tinea barbae)
Federal Communications Commission
Fellow of the American College of Chest Physicians
fixed cell immune fluorescence
Fellow of the College of Physicians ; Fluorouracil,
Cytoxan, Prednisone
flexor carpi radialis
Fellow of the Chemical Society
flexor carpi u1naris
febre durante (while the fever lasts) ; fracta dosi (in
divided doses)
Fabry's disease; fatal dose ; feline distemper; filing
date; Fire Department ; focal distance ; forceps delivery
fatal dose - 50%
fronto-dextra anterior (position of fetus) ; Food and
Drug Administration

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

first-degree burn; flexor digitorum brevis


follicular dendritic cell
flouro-deoxy-glucose
first-degree heart sound
flexor digitorum longus
familial dysplastic nevus syndrome
fibrin degradation products; flexor digitorum
profundus; fronto-dextra posterior (position of fetus)
flexor digiti quinti
FDQ
flexor digitorum sublimis ; flexor digitorum superficialis
FDS
fronto-dextra transversa (position of fetus)
FDT
fluoro-deoxy-uridine mono-phosphate
FDUMP
Fe
February ; female ; ferrum (iron)
FE
feline enteritis
Fe2+
ferrous
ferric
Fe 3+
Feb.
February
FEC
forced expiratory capacity
FECFV
functional extra-cellular fluid volume
fetal electro-cardio-gram ; fetal electro-cardio-graphy
FECG
ferrous-carbonate
FeCO 3
FECP
free erythrocyte copro-porphyria
fe. cult .
fecal culture
FECV
functional extra-cellular (fluid) volume
FEF
forced expiratory flow
forced
FEFmax
expiratory flow - maximum
FEKG
fetal electro-kardio-gram (fetal electro-cardio-gram)
FELH
familial erythrophagocytic lympho-histiocytosis
FeLV
feline leukemia virus
FEM
female ; femoral; femur
fem. int.
femoribus internus (at the inner side of the thighs)
FE.M.S.
Federation of European Microbiologists' Societies
FENa
fractional excretion of natrium (natrium = sodium)
Fe203
ferric-oxide
Fe(OH) 3
ferric-hydroxide
FEP
fluorinated ethylene propylene; free erythrocyte porphyrin
FEPP
free erythrocyte proto-porphyrin
ferv.
fervens (boiling)
FESg
forced expiratory spiro-gram
FeSO 4
ferrous-sulfate
FESS
functional endoscopic sinus surgery
FET
field-effective transistor; forced expiratory technique;
forced expiratory time
FDB
FDC
FDG
FDHS
FDL
FDNS
FDP

85

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

FEV
forced expiratory volume
FEV1
forced
expiratory volume in one second
ff.
following
FF
fat free; fecal frequency ; fertility factor ; filtration
fraction ; frog face
FFA
fluorescein fundoscopy and angiography ; free fatty
acid
FFC
fixed flexion contracture ; free from chlorine
FFD
fat-free diagnosis ; final filing date; focal film distance
FFDCA
Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act
FFM
fat-free mass
FFP
fresh frozen plasma
FFPS
Fellow of the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons
FFR
freedom from relapse
FF-RF
full-fledged risk factor
FFS
failure-free survival
FFT
finger-finger test; flicker fusion test; flicker fusion
threshold
FFW
fat-free weight
FGD
fatal granulomatous disease
FGF
fibroblast growth factor
f .h .
fiat basutus (let a draught be made)
FH
facies hepatica ; family history; fetal hand; fetal head;
fetal heart
FHC
facies hippo-cratica
FHF
fulminant hepatic failure
FHH
familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia
FHL
flexor hallucis longus
fetal heart rate
FHR
FHS
fetal heart sound
FHT
fetal heart tone
femoribus internus (at the inner side of the thighs)
f .i .
FI
feline influenza ; finger infection ; forced inspiration
fluoro-immuno-assay; Freund's incomplete adjuvant
FIA
Fial.
fialuridine
FICD
Fellow of the International College of Dentists
fraction
FICOZ
of inspired carbon dioxide
FICS
Fellow of the International College of Surgeons
FID
flame ionization detector
FIF
fetus in fetu; forced inspiratory flow
First In, First Out
FIFO
form-imino-glutamic acid
FIGA
86

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

FIGEP
FIH
filt.
FIO
F102
FIPV
FIVC
FJN
FJP
fl.
FL
f.l.a.
FLA
FLCs
fld.
flor.
fl. oz.
FLP
FLS
FLT
Flu
f.m.
Fm
FM
FMC
FMD
f.m.d.i.p.
FME
FMEF
FMF
FMG
FMN
FMP
FMS
FN
FNA
FNAB
FNAC
FNH
FNP
FNT

field inversion gel electro-phoresis


first intention healing
filtra (filter)
free in and out
forced inspiratory oxygen; fractional inspired oxygen
feline infectious peritonitis virus
forced inspiratory vital capacity
familial juvenile nephrophthisis
familial juvenile polyposis
fluidus (fluid)
facies leontina; filtration leukapheresis ; focal lesion
fiat lege artis (let it be done according to rule)
fronto-laeva anterior (fetus position)
Friend leukemia cells
fluidus (fluid)
flores (flowers)
fluidus unica (fluid ounce)
fronto-laeva posterior (fetus position)
follicular lympho-sarcoma
fronto-laeva transversa (fetus position)
influenza
fiat mistura (make a mixture)
Fermium
frequency modulation
Free Medical Clinic
fibro-muscular dysplasia ; foot and mouth disease
fiat massa dividenda in pilulae (let a mass be made
and divided into pills)
full mouth extraction
forced mid-expiratory flow
familial Mediterranean fever
Foreign Medical Graduate
flavin mono-nucleotide
first menstrual period
focal motor seizure
facial nerve ; false negative
fine needle aspiration
fine needle aspiration biopsy
fine needle aspiration cytology
focal nodular hyperplasia
Family Nurse Practitioner
finger-nose test

87

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

FNTC

fo.

FO
FOAM
FOAVF
FOB
FOBS
FOD
fol.
FOV
f.p .
FP
FPA
FPB
FPC
FPG
FPIA
f. pil.
FPL
fpm
fps
f. pul.
fr.

Fr
FR
FRAT
FRC
FRCP
FRCS
FRCVS
freq .
FRFPS
Fri.
FRJM
FROM
FRP
FRS
Fru.

88

fine needle transhepatic cholangiography

folio (sheet)

foramen opticum; foramen ovale


Fluorouracil, Oncovin, Adriamycin, Mitomycin C
failure of all vital forces
fecal occult blood; feet on bed; fiber-optic
bronchoscopy ; foot of bed
fiber-optic broncho-scopy
focus object distance ; free of disease
folia (leaves) ; folium (leaf of paper)
field of vision
fiat potio (let a potion be made) ; freezing point
false positive; family planning ; family practice; feline
pneumonitis; femoral popliteal; flavin phosphate;
frozen plasma
fluoro-phenyl-alanine
femoral popliteal bypass
familial polyposis coli ; fish protein concentrate
fasting plasma glucose
fluorescence polarization immuno-assay
fiant pilulae (let a pill be made)
flexor pollicis longus
feet per minute
feet per second
fiat pulvis (let a powder be made)
father (brother),
father ; Francium ; French ; Friday ; from
family report ; father ; first reaction ; fix rate ; flocculation
reaction ; French ; Friday ; from
free radical assay technique (for drugs)
frozen red cells; functional residual capacity
Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians
Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons
Fellow of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons
frequency; frequent
Fellow of the Royal Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons
Friday
full range of joint movement
full range of motion
functional refractory period
Fellow of the Royal Society
fructose

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS
frust.
FRV
FS
f.s.a.
FSC
FSD
FSF
FSGPA
FSGS
FSH
FSH/LH-RH
FSH-RF
FSH-RH
FS1
FSP
FSR
FSS
FST
ft.
FT
FT4
FTA
FTA-AT
FTBD
FTC
FTG
FT31
FT41
ft-lb
FTLB
FTND
FTR
FTSG
FTTS
F/U
FU
5-FU
FUB

frustillatim (in small pieces)


functional residual volume
fatigue sign; Fletcher-Suit ; flexible sigmoidoscope ;
flexible sigmoidoscopy ; focal spot; full scale
fiat secundum artem (let it be made skillfully)
Free Standing Clinic
focal skin distance
fibrin-stabilizing factor
fetal sulfo-glyco-protein antigen
focal and segmental glomerulo-sclerosis
follicle-stimulating hormone
follicle-stimulating hormone / luteinizing hormone releasing hormone
follicle-stimulating hormone - releasing factor
follicle-stimulating hormone - releasing hormone
foam stability index
fibrin split products; fibrinogen split products
fusiform skin revision
flexible sigmoido-scope ; flexible sigmoido-scopy
foam stability test
feet; fiant (let there be made) ; fiat (let it be made) ; foot
family therapy ; follow through ; full-term ; full-time
free thyroxine
fluorescent-absorbed treponemal antibody; fluorescent
titer antibody
fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption test
full-term born dead
Federal Trade Commission
full thickness graft
free triiodothyronine index
free thyroxine index
foot-pound
full-term living birth
full-term normal delivery
finger-thumb reflex
full thickness skin graft
failure-to-thrive syndrome
follow-up (examination)
Fluoro-uracil ; follow-up (examination) ; fragilitas
unguium ; fundus uteri
5-Fluoro-uracil
functional uterine bleeding

89

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

FUMP
FUO

FUT
FUTP
FU-VAC
f.v.
FV
FVC
f. ven.
FVL

FVR
FVRT
F waves
FWB
fwd
FWHM
FWR
Fx
Fy
FYI
FZ
FZS

fluoro-uridine mono-phosphate
fever of undetermined origin ; fever of unknown origin
fibrinogen uptake test
fluoro-uridine tri-phosphate
Fluorouracil, Vinblastine, Adriamycin, Cyclophosphamide
folio verso (on the back of the page)
facial vein ; femoral vein ; fever; fixed value ; fluid
volume ; Friend virus
forced vital capacity ; functional vital capacity
fiat venaesectio (let the patient be bled)
femoral vein ligation
feline viral rhinotracheitis
feline viral rhino-tracheitis
fibrillation wave ; flutter waves
free weight bearing
forward (bookkeeping abbreviation)
full-width half-maximum
Felix-Weil reaction
fracture
blood group
for your information
focal zone
Fellow of the Zoological Society

y
yA
yABA
yBF
yD
yE
yG
yGT
yGTp
yM
yR
GBPHS
g.
g
G
G1
G2
G3
G4
Gil
Ga
GA
G-ABA
GAD
GADH

Ig = immunoglobulin gamma
(abbreviated : immunoglobulin)
IgA = immunoglobulin gamma A
(abbr : immunoglobulin A)
gamma-amino-butyric-acid
IgBF = immunoglobulin gamma binding factor
IgD = immunoglobulin gamma D
(abbr: immunoglobulin D)
IgE = immunoglobulin gamma E
(abbr: immunoglobulin E)
IgG = immunoglobulin gamma G
(abbr : immunoglobulin G)
gamma-glutamyl-transferase
gamma-glutamyl-trans-peptidase
IgM = immunoglobulin gamma M
(abbr: immunoglobulin M)
gamma-ray
group B beta-hemolytic streptococcus
gravida (pregnant)
gram; gravitation constant; green; ventricular gradient
gain; gallop ; gamma ; gas ; gauss ; gay; gingival; girl;
glass; glossy ; glucose ; glue; glycerin (glycerine) ; glycine;
good; grade ; Greek; guanine ; Newtonian constant
histopathologic grade : well differentiated
histopathologic grade : moderately well differentiated
histopathologic grade : poorly differentiated
histopathologic grade: undifferentiated
hexachlophene
Gallium; gauge
gastric analysis; general anesthesia; general appearance ;
general assistance ; gestational age
gamma-amino-butyric acid
glutamic acid decarboxylase
glutamic acid de-hydrogenase

91

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

GAG
GAGE
gal.
GALSV
GALT
GALV
garg .
GAS
GASA
GB
GBA
GB-BHS
GBG
GBGase
GBIA
GBM
GBS
G-c
GC
GCA
g-cal
GCDP
G-cells
GUMS
GCSA
G-CSF
GCT
Gd
G&D
GD
GDA
Gd-DTPA
GDM
GDP
GDS
Ge
G/E
GE
gel. qu .
GEP
92

glycos-amino-glycnn
gauge
galactose; gallon
gibbon ape lympho-sarcoma virus
gut-associated lymphoid tissue
galvanic ; gibbon ape lymphosarcoma virus
gargarismus (a gargle)
general adaptation syndrome
growth-adjusted sonographic age
gallbladder ; Guillain-Barre (syndrome)
ganglionic blocking agent; gingivo-bucco-axial
group B beta-hemolytic streptococcus
glycine-rich B glycoprotein
glycine-rich B glycoprotein-ase
Guthrie bacterial inhibition assay
glio-blastoma multiforme; glomerular basement
membrane
gall-bladder series (X-rays) ; group B streptococcus;
Guillain-Barre syndrome
giga-cycle
ganglion cells; gas chromatography ; general closure;
gono-coccus; granular casts; guanine cytosine
giant cell arteritis
gram calorie
gross cystic disease protein
gastrin cells
gas chromatography / mass spectroscopy
gross cell surface antigen
granulocyte colony-stimulating factor
giant cell tumor
Gadolinium ; good
growth and development
general diagnostics ; given dose
gastro-duodenal artery ; germine di-acetate
Gadolinium - diethylene-triamine-penta-acetate
gestational diabetes mellitus
guanosine diphosphate
Geriatric Depression Scale
Germanium
granulocyte / erythroid (ratio)
gastro-enterostomy; gastro-esophageal
gelatina quavis (in any kind of jelly)
gastro-entero-pancreatic

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

GEPES
GER
GERD
GET
GET-A
GeV
GF
GFAP
GFCL
GFD
GFR
GG
GGA
GGE
g.g .g .
GGS
GGT
GGTp
GH
GHD
GH-IF
GH-IH
GHPP
GH-RF
GH-RH
GH-RIH
GHz
GI
GIFT
GIK
GIP
GIS
GIT
GITT
gl .
Gl
g/1
g/L
GL
GLA
GLC
GLC-ECD
GLNS

gastro-entero-pancreatic endocrine system


German ; Germany; gastro-esophageal reflux
gastro-esophageal reflux disease
gastric emptying time
general endo-tracheal anesthesia
giga electron volt (= 109 electron volts = BeV)
gastric fluid; germ-free; gluten-free ; growth factor
glial fibrillary acidic protein
giant follicular cell lymphoma
gluten-free diet
glomerular filtration rate
gamma globulin
general gonadotropic activity
generalized glandular enlargement
gummi guttae gambiae (gamboge)
glands, goiter, stiffness
gamma-glutamyl-transferase
gamma-glutamyl-trans-peptidase
growth hormone
growth hormone deficiency
growth hormone - inhibiting factor
growth hormone - inhibiting hormone
Genetically Handicapped Persons Program
growth hormone - releasing factor
growth hormone - releasing hormone
growth hormone - releasing inhibitory hormone
giga-Hertz
gastro-intestinal ; globulin insulin
gamete intra-fallopian transfer
glucose, insulin, potassium
gastric inhibitory polypeptide
gas in stomach; gastro-intestinal system
gastro-intestinal tract
glucose-insulin tolerance test
glandula (gland); glass
Glucinium
grams per liter (grams per litre)
grams per liter (grams per litre)
greatest length ; glass
gingivo-linguo-axial
gas-liquid chromatography
gas-liquid chromatography electron capture detector
gay lymph node syndrome
93

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS
GLR
glu.
gluc.
gm
GM
G.M.C.
GM-CSF
GMK
GMP
GM-SF
G.M.T.
GMW
GN
GNB
GNID
GO
GOAT
GOP
GOT
gov't
GP
G6P
GPAIS
GPB
GPC
GPD
G6PD
GPI
GPIMH
GPIPID
GPKA
GPL
GPM
GPP
GPS
GPT
GPTA
g.q.
gr.
GR
94

gravity lumbar reduction


glucose
glucose
gram (from French : gramme)
gastric mucosa ; Geiger-Mueller
General Medical Council (British)
granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor
green monkey kidney
guanosine mono-phosphate
granulocyte-macrophage stimulating factor
Greenwich Mean Time
gram-molecular weight
glucose to nitrogen ratio; glomerulo-nephritis ; gramnegative
gram-negative bacteria
gram-negative intracellular diplococci
general order
Galveston Orientation and Amnesia Test
gynecologic operative procedures
glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase
government
general paresis ; general practitioner ; gram-positive
glucose-6-phosphate
guinea pig anti-insulin serum
gram-positive bacteria
gastric parietal cell ; giant papillary conjunctivitis
gallons per day; glucose phosphate dehydrogenase
glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase
general paralysis of the insane ; glucose-phosphate
isomerase
guinea pig intestinal mucosal homogenate
guinea pig (intestinal) intra-peritoneal infectious dose
guinea pig kidney absorption (test)
generalized persistent lymphadenopathy
gallons per minute
guinea-pig paralysis
gallons per second ; guinea pig serum
glutamic-pyruvic transaminase
graft percutaneous transluminal angioplasty
guttis quibusdam (with a few drops)
grain ; gravity ; green ; gross
gastric resection ; glutathione reductase (screening)

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

grad.
GRAS
grav.
Grav. 1
Grav. 2
Grav. 3
GRF
GRH
GRID
GRP
G/S
GS
GSC
GSD
GSH
GSHV
GSN
GSR
GSW
gt.
GT
GTII
GTD
GTF
GTH
GTM
GTN
GTP
GTRH
GTS
gtt .
GTT
GU
GUD
GUS
gust.
GUSTP
gut .
GvH
GvHD
GvHR

gradatim (by degrees) ; gradually; graduate


generally recognized as safe
gravida (a pregnant woman; pregnancy)
first pregnancy
second pregnancy
third pregnancy
gonadotropin releasing factor
gonadotropin releasing hormone
gay-related immune disease (deficiency)
gastrin-releasing peptide
glucose and saline
general surgery
gas-solid chromatography
glycogen storage disease
Glutathione (Deltathione; Glutathin ; Glutinal; Triptide)
ground squirrel hepatitis virus
gray syndrome of the newborn
galvanic skin response
gun-shot wound
gutta (drop)
gait training ; generation time; glucose tolerance
galactosyl transferase - isoenzyme II
gestational trophoblastic disease
glucose tolerance factor
gonado-tropic hormone
grade, tumor (size and location), metastasis
gestational trophoblastic neoplasm ; glomerulo-tubulonephritis ; glyceryl tri-nitrate
guanosine tri-phosphate ; glutamyl trans-peptidase
gonadotropin releasing hormone
Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome
guttae (drops)
glucose tolerance test
genito-urinary ; gastric ulcer; gonococcal urethritis
genital ulcer disease
genito-urinary system
gustation ; gustatory
global utilization of streptokinase and tissue plasminogen
guttatim (drop by drop)
graft versus host
graft versus host disease
graft versus host reaction

95

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

GWI
GX
Gy
Gyn.
GYN
gyr.
GZT
GZTS

guinea-worm infection
glycine-xylidide
gray
gynecologic; gynecological; gynecology ; Gynergen (Ergotamine)
gynecology
gyral; gyrate ; gyration ; gyrectomy; gyrose ; gyrospasm;
gyrus
Guilford-Zimmerman Test (of personality)
Guilford-Zimmerman Temperament Survey

hyperimmune antivariola gamma globulin


hepatitis delta virus
human gamma-globulin
hypodermic
h.
hora (hour)
h
height ; Planck's constant (6 .626 X 10 -34 joule second)
enthalpy ; Haemophilus; halt ; hand ; head ; health ;
H
hearing; heat ; heavy; height ; hemoglobin; hernia ;
heroin ; hip; Hispanic ; histamine; history; hole ; home ;
horizontal ; hormone; horse; hot; Hounsfield unit ;
hospital ; house; human; husband; hydrate; hydrogen ;
hydroxyurea; hyper; hypermetropia; hyperopia ;
hypodermic ; hysterectomy; hystrix; physical state of
patient; performance state of patient
H-1
Parvovirus
H+
hydrogen ion
'H
hydrogen-1 (protium)
2H
hydrogen-2 (deuterium)
3H
hydrogen-3 (tritium)
histamine-2
H2
normal activity
HO
H1
symptomatic and ambulatory : cares for self
H2
ambulatory: occasionally needs assistance
H3
ambulatory : needs nursing care
H4
bedridden: may need hospitalization
Ha
Hahnium
HA
hallux abductus ; head-ache; hem-adsorbent; hemolytic
anemia ; hepatic artery ; hepatitis A; hospital admission ; hyaluranic acid; hyper-active
HAA
hepatitis-associated agent; hepatitis-associated antigen
HABF
hepatic artery blood flow
habit.
habitat (habit)
HAc
acetic acid
RACE
high-altitude cerebral edema
HACS
hyper-active child syndrome
HAyG
HOV
HyG

97

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

HAD
HAE
HAFOE
HAGG
HAHTG
HAI
HAM

Hexamethylmelamine, Adriamycin, DDP


hepatic artery embolization; hereditary angio-edema
high air flow with oxygen enrichment
hyperimmune antivariola gamma globulin
horse anti-human thymus globulin
hepatic artery infusion
Hexamethylol-melanine, Adriamycin, Methotrexate ;
human albumin microspheres; human Tlymphotropic
virus type one associated myelopathy
HAMA
human anti-mouse antibody
HAN
hyperplastic alveolar nodules
HANE
hereditary angio-neurotic edema
HAP
heredopathia atactica polyneuritiformis
hemagglutinating anti-penicillin antibody
NAPA
high-altitude pulmonary edema
RAPE
HAPSg
hepatic arterial perfusion scinti-graphy
hypertensive arterio-sclerosis; hypertensive
HAS
arterio-sclerotic
hypertensive arterio-sclerotic cardio-vascular disease
HASCVD
HASHD
hypertensive arterio-sclerotic heart disease
HAT
heat and acid test; hypoxanthine-aminopterin-thym1dine
haust.
haustus (a draft)
HAV
hepatitis A virus
Hb
hemoglobin (haemoglobin)
HB
heart block; hepatitis B
B core
hepatitis
HB
B surface
hepatitis
HBSc
cells
H-2b
mouse
HBA
Australian antigen positive hepatitis
HB Ab
hepatitis B core anti-body
hepatitis Be anti-body
HBeAb
c
HBSAb
hepatitis B surface anti-body
HBABA
hydroxy-benzene-azo-benzoic acid
HbA,C
hemoglobin A,C (glycohemoglobin)
HBAg
hepatitis B anti-gen
HBAg
hepatitis B core anti-gen
hepatitis Be anti-gen
HBAg
hepatitis B surface anti-gen
HBAg
high blood cholestrol
HBC
carboxy-hemoglobin
HbCO
Haemophilus influenzae type B conjugate vaccine
HbCV
hydroxy-butyric dehydrogenase
HBD
HbF
fetal hemoglobin
98

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

hepatic blood flow


HBF
hepatitis B immune globulin
HbIG
hepatitis B immune globulin
HBIG
HBLV
human B-lymphotropic virus
hyper-boric oxygenation
HBO
oxy-hemoglobin
HbO2
acid; boric acid; orthoboric acid; sassolite
boracic
H3BO3
H-bomb
hydrogen bomb
high blood pressure
HBP
hydro-bromic acid
HBr
hemoglobin - sickle cell
HbS
HBS
Hamilton Baldness Scale
Hb-SC
hemoglobin - sickle cell
HBSO
hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
hepatitis B virus
HBV
hematocrit
He
hair cell; handi-cap ; handi-capped ; head circumference;
HC
head compression ; heat capacity; hemi-cystectomy;
heparin cofactor; hepatic catalase; hepatitis C; hospital
call; hospital consultation ; hospital corps ; house call;
hunger contractions ; hunger cure; Hunter's canal ;
Huntington's chorea ; hyaline casts; hyaloid canal ;
hydro-cortisone
Hexamethylmelamine, Cytoxan, Adriamycin, Fluorouracil
H-CAF
H-CAP
Hexamethylmelamine, Cytoxan, Adriamycin, Platinol
hCC
hepato-cellular carcinoma
HCC
hepato-cellular carcinoma
HCD
heavy chain disease ; house call day
HCFA
Health Care Financing Administration
hCG
human chorionic gonadotropin
HCG
human chorionic gonadotropin
HCH
hexachloro-cyclo-hexane
HCHO
formaldehyde
HCl
hydro-chloric acid; hydro-chloride
HCL
hairy cell leukemia
HCM
Health Care Maintenance
HCMV
human cyto-megalo-virus
HCN
house call night; hydro-cya-nic acid; hydrogen cya.-nide
HCO 3
bicarbonate
HCP
hereditary copro-porphyria
HCS
hydroxy-cortico-steroids
HCSmt
human chorionic somato-mammo-tropin
HCSUS
HIV cost and services utilization study
99

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

Hct
HCT
HCTz
HCV
HCVD
HCW
h.d .
HD

HDC
HDCRV
HDCV
HDE
HDH
HDI
HDLP
HD-MTX
HDN
HDNB
HDP
HDRV
HDS
HDTV
HDV
HDVSD
He
HE
HEA
HEAL
HEAT
heb.
HEC
HEENT
HEK
HEL
HEOD
HEP
HEPA
herb .rec .
HES
100

hemato-crit
hemato-crit; homo-cyto-trophic ; human calci-tonin ;
human chorionic thyrotropin; hydro-chloro-thiazide
hydro-chloro-thia-zide
hepatitis C virus
hypertensive cardio-vascular disease
Health Care Worker
heloma durum (hard corn); hora decubitus (at bedtime)
hemmo-dialysis ; hard-drive (disk-drive) ; head ; high
dosage ; hearing deficiency; hearing device ; hearing
distance ; heart disease; hepatitis D; high density;
Hodgkin's Disease; hydatid disease
hanging drop culture
human diploid cell rabies vaccine
human diploid cell (rabies) vaccine
high-dose epinephrine
heart disease history
Healthcare Data Interchange
high-density lipo-protein
high-dose methotrexate
hemolytic disease of the newborn
hemolytic disease of the new-born
hydroxy-dimethyl-pyrimidine
human diploid (cell) rabies vaccine
herniated disk syndrome
High Definition Tele-Vision
hepatitis delta virus; hepatitis D virus
hydrogen detected ventricular septal defect
Helium
hemoglobin electrophoresis; hereditary elliptocytosis
hemorrhage, exudate, aneurysm
Health Education Assistance Loan
human erythrocyte agglutination test
hebdomada (week)
hereditary ellipto-cytosis
head, eyes, ears, nose, throat
human embryo kidney ; human embryonic kidney
human embryonic lung
Dieldrin
hemoglobin electro-phoresis
high efficiency particulate air (filter)
herbarium recentium (of fresh herbs)
hydroxy-ethyl starch

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

H&E stain
HETE
HETP
Hexa
Hf
HF
HFD
HFFTTA
HFI
HFJV
H-flu
HFO
HFP
HFPPV
HFS
HFSH
HFV
Hg
HGA
hgb .
hgb-A,C
hgb-F
HGF
HGG
hGH
HGH
HGHr
Hg(NO3 ) 2
HGPRT
hgt.
H&H
HH
HHA
HHB
HHD
HHM
HHNKC
HHS
HHT
HHV6

hematoxylin and eosin stain


5-hydroxy-eicosa-tetra-enoic (acid)
hexa-ethyl-tetra-phosphate
hexamethylmelamine
Hafnium
Hageman factor ; hair follicle; hay fever ; heart failure ;
heat flow; hemorrhagic fever; hepatic flexure ; high
flow; high frequency ; hydrocele feminae
high forceps delivery
hypermobile flat foot with tight tendo Achilles
hereditary fructose intolerance
high-frequency jet ventilation
Haemophilus influenzae
high-frequency oscillation
hexa-fluoro-propylene
high-frequency positive-pressure ventilation
hemi-facial spasm
human follicle-stimulating hormone
high-frequency ventilation
hemo-globin ; hydrar-gyrum (Mercury)
homo-gentistic acid
hemo-globin
hemo-globin A and C (glyco-hemoglobin)
hemo-globin - fetal
hybridoma growth factor ; hyperglycemic-glycogenolytic factor (glucagon)
human gamma-globulin
human growth hormone
human growth hormone
human growth hormone recombinant
mercuric-nitrate
hypoxanthine-guanine phospho-ribosyl-transfersase
height
hematocrit and hemoglobin
hiatal hernia; hydroxy-hexamide
hereditary hemolytic anemia
hemogenic-hemolytic balance
hypertensive heart disease
humoral hypercalcaemia of malignancy
hyperosmolar hyperglycemic non-ketotic coma
health and human services
hereditary hemorrhage telangiectasia
human herpes virus 6

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

h.i.
HI
HIA
5-HIAA
HIB
HIC
HID
HIHA
HILA
H103
HIOMT
HIP
HIPC
HIPP
HIS
hist.
HIT
HIV
HIVAg
HIVIG
HJ
HJR
HK
HKAFO
HKLM
H&L
HL
HLA
HLA-A
HLA-B
HLA-C
HLA-D
HLA-DR
HLA-DR1
HLA-DR5
HLA-L
hLH
HLH
102

horis intermediis (at the intermediate hours)


hemagglutination inhibition ; high intensity ; hydriodic
acid
hemagglutination inhibition antibody
5-hydroxyl-indole-acetic acid
Haemophilus influenzae type B
Health Insurance Claim
head, insomnia, depression
high-impulsiveness high-anxiety
high-impulsiveness low-anxiety
iodic acid
hydroxy-indole-o-methyl transferase (acid)
Health Insurance Plan
Health Insurance Plan of California; Health Insurance
Purchasing Cooperative
Health Insurance Premium Program
Hospital Information System
history ; histology ; histamine ; histidine
hemagglutination inhibition test; hypertrophic infiltrative tendinitis
human immunodeficiency virus
human immune deficiency virus - antigen
hyperimmune intra-venous immuno-globulin
hepato-jugular
hepato-jugular reflex
heat-killed ; hexo-kinase
hip, knee, ankle, and foot orthosis
heat-killed Listeria monocytogenes
head and leg; head and legs; heart and liver; heart and
lung; high and low
half-life ; hearing loss; heavy load; histiocytic
lymphoma
human leukocyte antigen ; human lymphocyte antigen
human leukocyte antigen - group A
human leukocyte antigen - group B
human leukocyte antigen - group C
human leukocyte antigen - group D
human leukocyte antigen - group DR
human leukocyte antigen - group DR1
human leukocyte antigen - group DR5
human leukocyte antigen - group L
human luteinizing hormone
human luteinizing hormone

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

HLHS
HLK
HLP
h1s.
UT
HLT
HLV
h.m.
Hm
HM
HMA-CMV
HMB
HMC
hmct.
HMCT
HMD
HMG
HML
HMM
HMO
HMP
HMR
HMSAS
HMSN
HMSS
HMSst
HMW
HMWNCF
HMX
h.n.
H&N
HN
HN2
HNKS
HNO2
HNO3
HNP
HNSHA
HNV
hny.

hypoplastic left heart syndrome


heart, liver, kidney
hairy leuco-plakia ; hairy leuko-plakia ; hyper-lipoproteinemia
hoc loco situs (laid in this place)
human lymphocyte transformation
human lymphocyte transformation
herpes-like virus; hypoplastic left ventricle
hecto-meter; heloma molle (soft corn)
hyperopia manifest (manifest hyperopia)
hand movement; head movement ; heart murmur; high
mode; hot milk; human milk; hydatidiform mole
human monoclonial antibody - cyto-megalic virus
homatropine methyl bromide
heroin, morphine, cocaine
hematocrit
hematocrit
hyaline membrane disease
human menopausal gonadotropin ; hydroxy-methylglutaryl
human milk lysozyme
-hexa-methyl-melamine
Health Maintenance Organization ; heart minute output
hexose mono-phosphate ; hot moist packs
histiocytic medullary reticulosis
hypertrophic muscular sub-aortic stenosis
hereditary motor and sensor neuropathy
hypertrophic muscular subaortic stenosis
hypertrophic muscular subaortic stenosis
high molecular weight
high molecular weight - neutrophil chemotactic factor
heat massage exercise
hoc nocte (tonight)
head and neck; head and nose
Head Nurse; hereditary nephritis
nitrogen mustard (chlormethine ; MBA; mechlorethamine)
hyperosmolar non-ketotic syndrome
nitrous-acid
nitric-acid
herniated nucleus pulposus
hereditary non-spherocytic hemolytic anaemia
has not vomited; has no value
honey
103

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

h/o
Ho
H/O
HO
H2O
H202
HOB
HOCM
HOH
HONK
HOOD
HOP
H2Oso4
hosp .
HOT
Hp
H+P
H&P
HP
HPA
HPAA
HpAN
HPC
HPETE
HPF
HPFH
HPFSH
hPG
HPG
hPL
HPL
HPLA
HPLC
HPLC-MS
HPO
HPO3
10 4

history of
Holmium
history of
high oxygen
water
hydrogen-peroxide
head of bed; heat of body
hypertrophic obstructive cardio-myopathy
hard of hearing
hyper-osmotic non-ketotic (coma)
hereditary osteo-onycho-dysplasia
high oxygen pressure ; Hydroxydaunomycin, Oncovin,
Prednisone
osmic-acid
hospital
human old tuberculin
heptoglobin
history and physical (medical examination)
history and physical (medical examination)
haemo-perfusion; heat pressure ; hemato-porphyrin ;
high power; high pressure ; high protein; horse-power;
hot pack ; hot packs; house physician; human pituitary
high-power amplifier; hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal
(axis)
hydroxy-phenyl-acetic acid
hyperplastic alveolar nodules
hemangio-peri-cytoma
5-hydroxy-peroxy-eicosa-tetra-enoic (acid)
high-power field
hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin
human pituitary follicle-stimulating hormone
human pituitary gonadotropin
human pituitary gonadotropin
human placental lactogen
human placental lactogen
hydroxy-phenyl-lactic acid
high-performance liquid chromatography ; high-pressure liquid chromatography
high-performance liquid chromatography mass
spectrometry
high-pressure oxygenation; hypertrophic pulmonary
osteoarthropathy
meta-phosphoric-acid

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

H3PO2
H2PO3
H3P04
H4 P206
H4P207
HPP
HPRT
HPS
HPV
HPVD
Hpx.
hr
H&R
HR

HRA
HRBC
HRBP
HRC
HRF
HRI
HRIG
hrs.
HRT
h.s.

H&S
HS

H2S
HSA
HSBI
HSCD
Hse.
HSE
HSG
H2Si0 3
H4 Si04

hypo-phosphorous-acid
phosphorous-acid
ortho-phosphoric-acid
hypo-phosphoric-acid
pyro-phosphoric-acid
hereditary pyro-poikilocytosis ; hydroxy-pyrazolopymidine
hypoxanthine phospho-ribosyl-transferase
hematoxylin-phyloxine saffron; hypertrophic pyloric
stenosis
Haemophilus Pertussis Vaccine; Human Papilloma Virus
hypertensive pulmonary vascular disease
hemopexin
hour
hysterectomy and radiation
Hartmann Resection; health risk ; heart rate ; heart
reflex ; heart replacement; heat rays; heat recovery;
hepatic replacement; high rate; high risk ; hormone
receptor ; hospital record ; hour
health risk appraisal; heart rate audiometry
horse red blood cells
holo-retinol binding protein
heart-ray cataract ; heart-regulating centers
histamine-releasing factor
heat rate indicator; height-range indicator
human rabies immuno-globulin
hours
heart; hormone replacement therapy
hora somini (at bedtime)
hysterectomy and sterilization
half-strength; head surgery; heart sound; heat sensitive;
herpes simplex ; high school ; high sensitivity; homosexual; horse serum; hospital surgery; house staff; house
surgeon; Hunter's syndrome; Hurler's syndrome
hydrogen-sulfide
human serum albumin ; hypersomnia sleep apnea
high serum-bound iron
Hand-Schiiller-Christi an disease
hemo-serine
herpes simplex encephalitis
herpes simplex genitalis; hystero-salpingo-gram
meta-silisic-acid
ortho-silisic-acid
105

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

HSL
HSM
HSMN
H2S03
H4S04
HSR
HSS
HSTS
HSV
HSV1
HSV2
HT
HTA
HTACS
HTC
H-TGL
HTHD
HTLA
HTLV
HTLVI
HTLVII
HTLVIII
htn.
HTP
HTR
hts .
HTS
HTSH
HTV
HU
HuIFN
h.u.s.
HUS
HuTAS
HUV
H&V
HV
HVA
HVD

herpes simplex labialis


hepato-splenomegaly
hereditary sensory motor neuropathy
sulfurous-acid
sulfuric-acid
homogeneously staining region
hypertrophic subaortic stenosis
human-specific thyroid stimulator
herpes simplex virus
herpes simplex virus 1
herpes simplex virus 2
heart; heart test; heat ; heater; heat tolerance; height;
hemagglutination titer; high tension; hot; hypertension; hypodermic tablet
hydroxy-trypt-amine
human thyroid adenylate cyclase stimulators
homozygous typing cells
hepatic tri-glyceride lipase
hyper-tensive heart disease
human thymus lymphocyte antigen
human T-cell leukemia virus
human Tcell leukemia virus 1
human Tcell leukemia virus 2
human T-cell lymphotropic virus 3
hyper-tension
hydroxy-trypto-phan
heater ; hemolytic transfusion reaction
heights
heat transfer salt
human thyroid-stimulating hormone
herpes-type virus
heat unit; hemagglutinating unit ; hydroxy-urea
human inter-feron
horae unius spatio (at the end of one hour)
hemolytic-uremic syndrome ; husband
human thymus anti-serum
human umbilical vein
hemigastrectomy and vagotomy
hallux valgus ; hallux varus; herpes virus (herpesvirus) ;
high velocity; high voltage; hospital visit
homo-vanillic-acid
hypertensive vascular disease

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

FIVE
HVH
HVL
HVS
hvy.
HW
HWB
HWD
Hx
HXIS
Hx/Px
hypo
hyst .
hyster .
hystero.

Hz
HZ
HZO
HZSIL-TF
HZV

high-voltage electrophoresis
herpes virus hominis (herpesvirus hominis)
half-value layer
herpes virus simiae (herpesvirus simiae)
heavy
hot water
hot water bottle
heart-water disease
hemopexin; hexyl; history
Hard X-ray Imaging Spectrometer
history and physical examination
hypodermic ; hypodermically; sodium-hyposulfite
(thiosulfate-sodium)
hysterectomy ; hysteria ; hysterics; hysterorrhexis
hysterical ; hysterodynia ; hysteroepilepsy; hysterogram;
hysterography; hysterolysis; hysterometer;
hysteropexy; hysteroscope ; hysteroscopy ; hysterotomy
hysterogram; hysterography; hysterometer ;
hysteroscope ; hysteroscopy ; hysterotrachelectomy;
hysterotracheloplasty; hysterotrachelorrhaphy ;
hysterotrachelotomy ; hysterotraumatism
Hertz (number of cycles per second)
herpes zoster (shingles) ; H zone (Hensen's disk)
herpes zoster ophthalmicus
herpes zoster specific immune lymphocytic transfer
factor
herpes zoster virus

This Page Intentionally Left Blank

IFNa-2a
IFNa-2b
IVIyG
I
1251
1311

IA
IAA
IAB
IABC
IABCP
IABP
IAC
IACH
IACPB
IADH
IADHS
IADS-AG
I.A.E.A.
IA-ECG
IAFI
IAGT
IAH
IAHA
IAHAA
IAHPS
IAM
IAP

interferon alfa - 2a
interferon alfa - 2b
intra-venous immune gamma-globulin
ampere (electrical current; electrical intensity) ; in ; incision; incisor; India; Indian ; injection; inner; inosine;
inside ; intensity; intercalary ; iodine ; ion; isotope
radioactive isotope of iodine of atomic weight 125
radioactive isotope of iodine of atomic weight 131
immune adherence; immune associated ; index
alveolar ; infarct anemic ; internal auditory ; intra-aortic ;
intra-arterial
indole-acetic acid
intra-aortic balloon
intra-aortic balloon catheter
intra-aortic balloon counter-pulsation
intra-aortic balloon pump ; intra-aortic balloon pumping
internal auditory canal
idiopathic adrenal cortical hyperplasia
intra-aortic counter-pulsation balloon
inappropriate anti-diuretic hormone
inappropriate anti-diuretic hormone syndrome
intra-arterial digital subtraction angio-graphy
International Atomic Energy Agency
intra-atrial electro-cardio-gram
infantile amaurotic familial idiocy
indirect anti-globulin test
idiopathic adrenal hyperplasia; implantable artificial
heart
immune adherence hem-agglutination
immune adherence hem-agglutination assay
infection-associated hemo-phagocytic syndrome
internal auditory meatus
immunization assistance project; intermittent acute
porphyria

109

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

IAS
IASD
IASF
IAT
IAVB

IAVD
ib.
IB
IBB

IBC
IBD
IBI
IBL
IBM
IBS
IBV

IBW

i.c.
IC

ICA
ICAO
ICC
ICCE
ICCMP
ICCU
ICD

ICD-9
ICF
ICFA
ICG

Industrial Applications Society; inter-atrial septum


inter-atrial septal defect
intra-amniotic saline infusion
invasive activity test; iodine-azide test
incomplete atrio-ventricular block
incomplete atrio-ventricular dissociation
ibidem (in the same place)
immune body; inclusion body
intestinal brush border
iron-binding capacity
inflammatory bowel disease
intermittent bladder irrigation
immuno-blastic lymphadenopathy
inclusion body myositis
inflammatory bowel syndrome; irritable bowel syndrome
infectious bronchitis virus
ideal body weight
inter cibos (between meals)
immune complex ; initial consultation; inspiratory
capacity ; integrated circuit; intensive care; inter-coolant ;
inter-costal ; intermediate care; intermittent claudication;
intermittent count ; internal clog; intra-cranial ; intracarotid ; intra-cavitary; intra-cellular ; intra-cerebral;
intra-coronary ; intra-cutaneous ; irritable colon;
ischemic colitis
ileo-colic artery; internal carotid artery ; intra-cranial
aneurysm
internal carotid artery occlusion
immune competent cells ; Indian childhood cirrhosis ;
intensive cardiac care ; intensive coronary care
intra-capsular cataract extraction
idiopathic congestive cardio-myo-pathy
intensive cardiac care unit; intensive coronary care unit
infantile celiac disease; International Classification of
Diseases; intra-canthal distance ; intrauterine
contraceptic device; ischemic cardiac disease; ischemic
coronary disease ; iso-citrate dehydrogenase ; iso-citric
dehydrogenase
International Classification of Diseases - 9th revision
intra-cellular fluid
in-complete Freund's adjuvant
indo-cyanine green

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

ICH
I.C.M.
ICM
I.C.N.
ICNB
ICP
ICS
ICSH
ICT

ICU
ICW
i.d.
id.
I&D
ID
ID so
IDA
id. ac
IDAD
IDAGT
IDAV
IDD
IDDM
IDLP
IDM
IDMS
ID/OD
IDP
IDR
IDS
IDSA
IDTCPP
IDU
IDV
i.e.
I:E
UE
IE

infantile cortical hyperostosis ; intea-cranial hemorrhage


International Commission for Migration
immune competence malnutrition ; intea-costal margin
International Council of Nurses
inter-costal nerve block
intea-cranial pressure
inter-costal space; International College of Surgeons
interstitial cell-stimulating hormone
indirect Coomb's test; inflammation of connective
tissue; insulin coma therapy; intermittent cervical
traction ; insulin clearance test ; isovolumic contraction
time
intensive care unit; intensive therapy unit
intea-cellular water
in dies (daily)
idem (the same)
incision and drainage
identification; infection droplet; infectious disease; infective dose; internal diameter; intea-dermal
infective dose by 50% ; inhibition dose by 50%
imino-diacetic acid; iron deficiency anemia
idem ac (the same as)
imino-diacetic acid derivatives
in-direct anti-globulin titer
immuno-deficiency associated virus
insulin-dependent diabetes
insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
intermediate density lipo-protein
infant of diabetic mother
isotope dilution mass spectrometry
inside diameter / outside diameter (ratio)
inosine di-phosphate
intea-dermal reaction
immunity deficiency state
intraoperative digital subtraction angiography
immuno-deficient thrombo-cyto-penic purpura
5-iodo-2'deoxy-uridine ; idox-uridine
intermittent demand ventilation
id est (that is); injiciatur enema (let an enema be injected)
inspiration time : expiration time (ratio)
inspiration time / expiration time (ratio)
immunizing unit (from German: immunitats Einheit)

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

IEEE
IEM
IEMG
IEOP
IEOPh
IEP
IEPh
IEPS
Uf
IF
IFA
IFCC
IFEP
IFM
Ifn.
IFN
IFNA-2a
IFNA-2b
IFOS-E
IFOS-VP
IFP
IFR
IFRA
IFT
IFV
Ig
IG
IgA
IgBF
IgD
IgE
IgG
Igm
IGT

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers


immune electron microscopy ; inborn error of metabolism
integrated electro-myo-gram
immune electro-osmo-phoresis
immune electro-osmo-phoresis
immuno-electro-phoresis
immuno-electro-phoresis
invaginate extra-prostatic space
in full (bookkeeping abbreviation)
immuno-fluorescence ; inter-feron ; intermittent frequency; internal fluid; intrinsic factor
immuno-fluorescent antibody; immuno-fluorescent
assay ; incomplete Freund's adjuvant; indirect fluorescent
antibody (test) ; intrinsic factor antibody
International Federation of Clinical Chemistry
immuno-fixation electro-phoresis
internal fetal monitor
interferon
interferon
interferon alfa 2a
interferon alfa 2b
Ifosfamide, Etoposide
Ifosfamide, VePesid
interstitial fluid pressure
inspiratory flow rate
indirect fluorescent rabies antibody (test)
immuno-fluorescence test
intracellular fluid volume
y = immunoglobulin gamma (abbreviated: immunoglobulin)
immune globulin; intea-gastric
yA = immunoglobulin gamma A
(abbr : immunoglobulin A)
yBF = immunoglobulin gamma binding factor
yD = immunoglobulin gamma D
(abbr : immunoglobulin D)
yE = immunoglobulin gamma E
(abbr : immunoglobulin E)
yG = immunoglobulin gamma G
(abbr: immunoglobulin G)
yM = immunoglobulin gamma M
(abbr : immunoglobulin M)
impaired glucose tolerance

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS
IGV
IH
IHA
IHB
IHBTD
IHCU
IHD
IHR
IHS
IHSA
IHSS
IH virus
IHW
IICP
IIF
IIFA
UP
IJ
IJC
IJP
IJV
ii
IL
I.L .A .
ILBBB
ILD
ILGF
ILGF-I
illus .
IM
IMA
IMAA
IMABP
IMAG
IMB
IMBC
IMC
IMCH
IMCI
IMF

intrathoracic gas volume


infectious hepatitis; inpatient hospital ; insufficiency,
hepatic
indirect hem-agglutination
incomplete heart block
incomplete hemolytic blood transfusion disease
idiopathic hyper-calci-urea
ischemic heart disease
index hemo-renal ; intrinsic heart rate
in-house service
iodinated human serum albumin
idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis
infectious hepatitis virus A
inner heel wedge
increased intea-cranial pressure
indirect immuno-fluorescence
indirect immuno-fluorescence antibody
increased intracranial pressure
internal jugular
internal jugular chain
internal jugular pressure
internal jugular vein
Illinium
inter-leukin ; internal leak ; internal lock
International Leprosy Association
incomplete left bundle branch block
interstitial lung disorder ; ischemic leg disease; ischemic
limb disease
insulin-like growth factor
insulin-like growth factor - I
illustrate ; illustrated; illustration
inter-muscular; internal medicine ; intea-muscular;
intea-muscularly
inferior mesenteric artery ; internal mammary artery
iodinated macro-aggregated albumin
internal mammary artery by-pass
internal mammary artery graft
inter-menstrual bleeding
indirect maximum breathing capacity
Industrial Medical Council
idiopathic myo-cardial hypertrophy
inferior myo-cardial infarction
inferior mesenteric artery; inter-maxillary fixation

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS
IMG
IMH
IMHT
IMI
IMLN
imm .
IMN
imp .
IMP
IMPA
impf.
IMR
IMV
in.
In
IN
INAD
INAH
inc.
incl.
incomp .
incr
IND
INEMP
inf.
INFH
inflam.
INFO
INH
inhal.
init.
inj .
inj . enem.
INOP
INPV
INR
ins
INS
Inst.

International Medical Graduate


idiopathic myocardial hypertrophy
indirect micro-hemagglutination test
infra-muscular injection
internal mammary lymph node
immediately; immersion; immune ; immunization;
immunize
infectious mono-nucleosis
imperfect; important ; impose ; impression; improve;
improved
inosine mono-phosphate
incisal mandibular plane angle
imperfect
infant mortality rate
intermittent mandatory ventilation
inch
Indium
India; Indian ; infra-nasal
infantile neuro-axonal dystrophy
iso-nicotinic acid hydrazide
incorporated ; increase; increment
including
incompatibility; incompatible ; incompetent
increase ; increment
independent ; India; Indian ; indirect; induced ; Investigational New Drug
infantile necrotizing encephalo-myelo-pathy
infant; infected ; infection ; inferior; infinitive; information ;
infra (below) ; infunde (pour in) ; infusum (infusion)
ischemic necrosis of femoral head
inflammation
information
iso-nicotinic (acid) hydrazide (Isoniazid; Isonicotinyl)
inhalation
initial
inject ; injected; injection ; injunction; injury
injiciatur enema (let an enema be injected)
inter-nuclear ophthalmo-plegia
intermittent negative pressure ventilation
International Normalized Ratio
insurance (bookkeeping abbreviation)
Immigration and Naturalization Services; insurance
install ; installation

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

instil.
int.
interm .
intermed.
interpret .
Intl.
intox.
intsv.
Io
I/O
I&O
IO
IODSAG

IOI

IOL

IOML
IONP
IOP
IOPD

IORT

IOTLAP

IP
IPA

IPD

IPF

IPG
IPGG

IPH
IPJ
IPK
IPL

IPM
IPN
IPOP
IPP
IPPA
IPPB
IPPI-O
IPPR
IPPV

instillation
intensive ; intercursus (intercourse) ; internal ; interval ;
intrinsicus (intrinsic)
intermediate; intermittent
intermediate
interpretation
international
intoxicated ; intoxication
intensive
lonium
input and output
input and output
inferior oblique ; intestinal obstruction ; infra-ocular
infra-operative digital subtraction angio-graphy
infra-osseous infusion
infra-ocular lens
infra orbito-meatal line
ischemic optic neuro-pathy
infra-ocular pressure
infectious oral papillomatosis of dogs
infra-operative radio-therapy
infra-operative trans-luminal angio-plasty
internal pressure ; infra-peritonea 1; infra-phalengeal
Independent Practice Association ; iso-propyl alcohol
inflammatory pelvic disease; inter-pedunculated distance; inter-pupillary distance ; intermittent
peritoneal dialysis
idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
impedance plethysmography gradient
impedance plethysmo-graphy gradient
idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis
inter-phalangeal joint
intractable planter keratosis
inter-pupillary line
inches per minute
infectious pancreatic necrosis
immediate post-operative prosthesis
inflatable penile prosthesis ; intermittent positive pressure
inspection, percussion, palpation, auscultation
intermittent positive pressure breathing
intermittent positive pressure inflation with oxygen
intermittent positive pressure respiration
intermittent positive pressure ventilation

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS
IPS
IPSID
IPSP
IPTG
IPTH
i.q.
IQ
Ir
IR
IRA
IRAHC
IRB
IRBBB
IRC
IRDS
IREM
IR&F
IRF
IRG
IRGH
IRHGH
IRI
IRIA
IRI/G
IRMA
IRMVA
IRV

is

ISC
I.S.C.L.T.
I.S.C.V
ISDN
ISF
ISFET
ISG
ISH
ISIS
ISK
I.S.L.
ISMA
ISO.

inferior petrosal sinus; infundibular pulmonic stenosis


immuno-proliferative small intestinal disease
inhibitory post-synaptic potential
iso-propyl-thio-galactoside
immuno-reactive para-thyroid hormone
idem quod (the same as)
intelligence quotient
Iridium
immune response ; inferior rectus ; inguinal region;
internal radius; internal resistance; internal response
ileo-rectal anastomosis ; immuno-radio-assay
immuno-radio-assayable human chorionic
Institutional Review Board
incomplete right bundle branch block
inspiratory reserve capacity
idiopathic respiratory distress syndrome
internal roentgen equivalent, man
internal reduction and fixation
internal reduction and fixation
immune response genes; immuno-reactive glucagon
immuno-reactive growth hormone
immuno-reactive human growth hormone
immuno-reactive insulin
indirect radio-immuno-assay
immuno-reactive insulin / glucose (ratio)
immuno-radio-metric assay
intea-retinal micro-vascular abnormalities
inspiratory reserve volume ; inverse ratio ventilation
immune serum; immune suppressor; incentive spirometer;
inner surface; intercostal space
irreversible sickle cell
International Society for Clinical Laboratory Technology
International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery
iso-sorbide di-nitrate
internal spermatic fascia; inter-stitial fluid
ion-sensitive field-effect transducer
immune serum globulin
icteric serum hepatitis
International Studies on Infarct Survival
inter-stitial keratitis
International Society of Lymphology
intrinsic sympatho-mimetic activity
isoproterenol

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

I.S.O.
ISS
IST
I.S.U.
ISW
IT
I.T.A .
ITA
ITGT

ITLC
ITLC-SG

ITP

ITT
IU
IUCD
IUD

IUFB
IUFM
IUGR

IUP
IUT
IUU-1
IUU-2
IV
Wag
IVAP

IVBAT

IVC

IVCC
IVCCP
IVCD
IVCG
IVCP

International Standards Organization


injury severity score; ion scattering spectroscopy
insulin sensitivity test ; insulin shock therapy
International Society of Urology
inter-stitial water
inhalation therapy; intensive therapy; intra-tracheal
International Tuberculosis Association
internal thoracic artery ; intraoperative transluminal
angioplasty
intra-thoracic glucose tolerance
instant thin-layer chromatography
instant thin-layer chromatography silica gel
idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura; inosine triphosphate; intra-thoracic pressure
insulin tolerance test ; internal tibial torsion
immunizing unit ; International Unit; intra-uterine
intra-uterine contraceptive device
intra-uterine death; intra-uterine device
intra-uterine foreign body
intra-uterine fetal malnourished
intra-uterine growth rate; intra-uterine growth
retardation
intra-uterine pregnancy
intra-uterine transfusion
ipsilateral (end-to-end) uretero-ureterostomy unilateral
ipsilateral (end-to-end) uretero-ureterostomy bilateral
inter-ventricular; inter-vertebral; intra-vascular ;
intra-venous (injection); intra-venously ; intra-vertebral
intra-vaginal
in vivo adhesive platelet
intra-vascular bronchio-alveolar tumor
inferior versa cava; inspiratory vital capacity ; intravascular coagulation
intra-vascular consumption coagulation; intravascular consumption coagulopathy
intra-vascular consumption coagulo-pathy
intra-ventricular conduction defect; intra-ventricular
conduction delay
inferior vena cava-graphy; intra-venous cholangiogram; intra-venous cholangio-graphy
inferior vena cava pressure

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS
IVD
IVDU

IVF
IVF-ET

IVGTT

IVH
IVHA

IVIGG

IVJC
IVP
IVPB

IVPG

IVR
IVs

IVSD

IVSP
IVT
IVU
IVUG
IW
IWMCI
IWMI
No.

inter-vertebral disk; intea-venous drug


intea-venous drug user
intea-vascular fluid; in vitro fertilization
in vitro fertilization embryo transplant
intea-venous glucose tolerance test
intea-ventricular hemorrhage
intea-venous hyper-alimentation
intea-venous immune gamma-globulin
inter-vertebral joint complex
inter-ventricular pressure; intea-venous pyelogram
intea-venous piggy-back
intea-venous pyelo-gram; intea-venous pyelo-graphy
idio-ventricular rhythm
inter-ventricular septum
inter-ventricular septa] defect
inter-ventricular septal perforation
intea-venous transfusion
intea-venous urogram ; intea-venous urography
intea-venous uro-gram; intea-venous uro-graphy
isotopic weight
inferior wall myo-cardial infarction
inferior wall myocardial infarction
Ixodes ; ixodiasis ; ixodic; Ixodidae; ixodin; ixomyelitis

J
Ja.
JAMA
Jan.
JBE
JBJS
JCA
JCAH
JCAHO
JCD
JC1
JCS
jct.
J.D.
jej.
JEM
JF
JG
JGC
JGCT
JGGI
ii
JKP
Jl.
Jn.
JN
JNB
JND
Jnr.
int.
JODM

jail; Japan; Japanese ; jaundice ; jaw; jerk ; jet; Jewish ;


job; jog; jogging; joint; joule; journal; juice; jump;
junior
January
Journal of the American Medical Association

January
Japanese B encephalitis

Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery

juvenile chronic arthritis


Joint Commission for Accreditation of Hospitals
Joint Commission on the Accreditation of Healthcare
Organizations
Jakob-Creutzfeldt disease
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Jakob-Creutzfeldt syndrome
junction
Juris Doctor (Doctor of Jurisprudence) ; Jurum Doctor
(Doctor of Laws)
jejunum
Journal of Experimental Medicine

joint fluid; joint force; jugular foramen; jugular fossa


jugular ganglion; juxta-glomerular
juxta-glomerular cell
juxta-glomerular cell tumor
juxta-glomerular granulation index
jaw jerk
jack-knife position (reclining position)
July
June
Jamaican neuropathy
jaundice of newborn (icterus neonatorum)
just noticeable difference
junior
joint
juvenile onset diabetes mellitus

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

JP
JPC
JPET
JPS
Jr.
JRA
J.R.C
JS
J .S.D.
jt.
JTC
jts.
JTT
JU
Jul.
Jun.
juscul .
Juv.
jux.
JV
JVD
JVP
JW
JXG
JYF

jugular process; jugular pulse; juxta-position ;


juxta-pyloric
junctional premature contraction
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental
Therapeutics
joint position sense
junior
juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
Junior Red Cross
juxta-spinal ; Jarvis' snare; Joffroy's sign
Juris Scientiae Doctor (Doctor of juristic Science)
joint
junctional tachy-cardia
joints
Jaeger's test types
Jacob's ulcer
July
June
jusculum (soup)
juvenile
juxta (near)
jugular vein; jugular venous
jugular vein distention
jugular venous pressure ; jugular venous pulse
javel water; Javelle water ; jaw winking
juvenile xantho-granuloma
jungle yellow fever

k
K
K+
Ka
Kb
Kd
Ke

Keq
Kh
K.
Km
KW
K35
Ka
KA
KAF
KAFO
KBD
KBGS
KBr
kc
Kcal
KCC
K-cell
KCG
kCi
KCI
KCIO3
KCN
K2CO 3
KCP

Boltzmann's constant; kilokalium (potassium) ; Kelvin ; kerasin; keratin;


keratome ; kerosene ; kidney ; killer ; kilometer; kinetic;
kinetics ; knife; thousand ; vitamin K
kalium ion (potassium ion)
acid dissociation constant
base dissociation constant
dissociation constant
total exchangeable potassium
equilibrium constant
hydrolysis constant
ionization constant
Michaelis constant
water specific constant
Kolman (a urology instrument)
cathode (from German : kathodos)
keto-acidosis
conglutinogen activating factor
knee-ankle-foot orthosis
Kashin-Beck disease
Kell blood group system
kalium-bromide (potassium-bromide)
kilo-cycle
kilo-calorie
kathodal closing contraction (cathodal closing
contraction)
killer cell
kineto-cardio-gram
kilo-Curie
kalium-chloride (potassium-chloride)
kalium-chlorate (potassium-chlorate)
kalium-cyanide (potassium-cyanide)
kalium-carbonate (potassium-carbonate)
knee-chest position

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

kcps
KCT
KD
KDA
KDT
keV
KF
KFAB
KFF
KFR
KFS
kg
KG
kg.-cal .
KGPS
KGS
KHCO3
KHD
KHF
KHLHC
kHz
KI
KISSC
KIU
kJ
KJ
KJR
KK
kl
kL
KLS
km
KM
KMI
KMnO
kms
KMV
KMW
kn.
KNO 2
KNO 3

122

kilo-cycles per second


kathodal closure tetanus (cathodal closure tetanus)
kathodal duration (cathodal duration) ; kissing disease
(infectious mononucleosis)
known drug allergies
kathodal duration tetanus (cathodal duration tetanus)
kilo-electron-volt
kidney function
kidney fixing anti-body
Kaiser Family Foundation
Kayser-Fleischer ring
Klippel-Feil syndrome
kilo-gram
kinder-garden (German: garden of children)
kilo-gram-calorie
kilo-grams per second
keto-genic steroid
kalium-bicarbonate (potassium-bicarbonate)
kinky hair disease ; kyphoscoliotic heart disease
killer helper factor
key-hole limpet hemo-cyanine
kilo-Hertz
kalium-iodide (potassium-iodide)
kidney internal split stent catheter
kallikrein inhibiting unit
kilo-joule
knee jerk
knee jerk reflex
knee kick; knock-knee
kilo-liter (kilo-litre)
kilo-liter (kilo-litre)
kidneys, liver, spleen
kilo-meter (kilo-metre)
Kanamycin ; kilo-meter (kilo-metre)
Kohler's method of illumination
kalium-permanganate (potassium-permanganate)
kilometers per second (kilometres per second)
killed measles virus
killed measles virus vaccine
knee; knot; know; knowledge ; known
kalium-nitrite (potassium-nitrite)
kalium-nitrate (potassium-nitrate)

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

KO
KOC

KOH
koros .
KP
kPa
KPA
KPTT
Kr
KS
K2 S
17-KS
KSC
K2S03
K2S04
KST
KT
KTM
KUB
K2U20 7
KUS
kV
KV
WA
KVE
KVO
kVp
kW
KW
kWhr
KWI

kymo.

knocked out ; knock-out


kathodal opening contraction (cathodal opening
contraction)
kalium-hydroxide (potassium-hydroxide)
koroscopy
keratitic precipitates ; keratitis punctata; kraurosis
penis
kilo-Pascal
kidney plasminogen activator
kaolin partial thromboplastin time
Krypton
Kallmann's syndrome; Kanner's syndrome; Kaposi's
sarcoma; Kaposi's syndrome; Karnofsky scale;
keto-steroid; kidney stone; Korsakoff's syndrome
kalium-sulfide (potassium-sulfide)
17-keto-steroid
kathodal closing contraction (cathodal closing
contraction)
kalium-sulfite (potassium-sulfite)
kalium-sulfate (potassium-sulfate)
kathodal closing tetanus (cathodal closing tetanus)
Kahn test; Kenny treatment; Krukenberg's tumor
kata-thermo-meter (cathathermometer)
kidneys, ureters, bladder (abdominal X-ray)
kalium-uranate (potassium-uranate)
kidneys, ureters, spleen
kilo-volt
killed vaccine ; killed virus; kraurosis vulvae (kraurosis
of the vulva)
kilo-volt-ampere
Kaposi's varicelliform eruption
keep vein open
kilo-volt peak
kilo-watt
kidney worm
kilo-watt per hour
kidney worm infection
kymogram ; kymography; kymoscope

This Page Intentionally Left Blank


1
L

left
liter (litre)
laboratory; language; late; latex; Latin ; lead; leak;
leakage ; left; leg ; lemon; length ; lesbian ; lethal ; leucine ;
light ; lightning ; lingual ; liter (litre) ; liver; long; lower;
lumbar; lung
L
limes death
limes
Lo
zero; lymphatic - no invasion
L1
first lumber vertebrae ; lymphatic - superficial invasion
L2
lymphatic - deep invasion ; second lumber vertebrae
L3
third lumber vertebrae
La.
lege artis (according to art)
La
Lanthanum
L&A
light and accommodation (reaction of pupil)
LA
labio-axial ; lactic acid; latex agglutination ; left anterior; left arm ; left atrial; left atrium ; left auricle;
linguo-axial; local anesthesia; long-acting; lymphocyte
activating
LAA
left atrial appendage; leukocyte ascorbic acid
LAAV
lymph-adenopathy associated virus
LAB
laboratory
LABVT
left atrial ball valve thrombus
lac.
lactose
LAC
left atrial contraction ; long-arm cast
LAD
lactic acid dehydrogenase ; left anterior descending ; left
axis deviation ; leukocyte adhesion deficiency
LAE
left atrial enlargement
laev.
laevus (left)
LAF
lymphocyte-activating factor
LAFB
left anterior fascicular block
lag .
lagena (flask)
LAG
labio-axio-gingival ; lymph-angio-gram
LAH
left atrial hypertrophy
LAHB
left anterior hemi-block
LAI
leukocyte adherence inhibition
125

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS
LAIA
LAIT
LAK
LAK cell
LAL
lam
lamin .
Ian .
LANC
LAO
lap .
LAP
LAPAV
LAPS
LAR
LAS
LASER
LASHB
lat .
lat . men.
LATS
LATSP
LAVH
lb.
LB
LBB
LBBB
LBCD
LBD
LBF
LBGS
LBL
LBM
LBO
LBP
LBPP
lbs.
LBS
LBT
LBWI

leukemia-associated inhibitory activity


latex agglutination inhibition test
augmented autologus lymphocytes
lymphokine-activated killer cell
limulus amebocyte lysate (for measuring endotoxin)
laminectomy ; laminotomy
laminectomy ; laminotomy
language
long-arm navicular cast
left anterior oblique
laparotomy
left atrial pressure ; leucine amino-peptidase; leukocyte
alkaline phosphatase ; lyophilized anterior pituitary
lymph-ade no-pathy associated virus
lymph-adeno-pathy syndrome
left arm recumbent; low anterior resection (of rectum)
left axis shift; lymph-adenopathy syndrome
Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
left anterior superior hemi-block
lateral
lateral meniscectomy
long-acting thyroid stimulator
long-acting thyroid stimulator protector
laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy
libra (pound)
large bowel; low back; live birth
left bundle branch
left bundle branch block
left border of cardiac dullness
left border dullness
Lactobacillus bulgaricus factor ; liver blood flow
Lewis blood group system
lympho-blastic lymphoma
lean-body mass
large bowel obstruction
low back pain ; low blood pressure
lower brachial plexus paralysis
pounds
leather bottle stomach (linitis plastica); limy bile
syndrome
louse-borne typhus ; lupus band test
low birth weight infant

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

I.C .

loco citado (in the place cited)

laparoscopic cholecystectomy; lethal concentration;


ligament of Cooper ; linguo-cervical ; liquid chromatography; low calorie; low concentration
LCA
left circumflex artery ; left colic artery ; left coronary
artery ; leukocyte common antigen
LCAT
lecithin cholesterol acyl-transferase
LCCS
low cervical cesarean section
LCD
Liquid Crystal Display ; liquor carbonis detergens;
lobster-claw deformity
LCFA
long-chain fatty acid
liquid chromato-graphy
LCG
LCIS
lobular carcinoma in-situ
LCL
large cell leukemia ; lympho-cytic leukemia
lympho-cytic lympho-sarcoma
LCLS
LCM
left costal margin; lymphatic chorio-meningitis
LCP
Legg-Calve-Perthes (disease)
LCS
lateral cerebral sulcus
LCTG
liquid crystal thermo-gram; long-chain tri-glyceride
LCWI
left cardiac work index
l.d.
loco dolenti (to the painful spot)
LD
large dose; learning defect; learning disorder ; learning
disturbance; Leber's disease; left deltoid; Legionnaires'
disease; lethal dose; lie detector ; light difference ;
limited dose ; liquid diet; Little's disease (cerebral
palsy) ; loco disease; low dose; Lyme disease
lethal
LD50
dose - 50% (median)
LD 100
lethal dose - 100% (invariable)
LDA
left descending artery ; left dorso-anterior
LDCC
lectin-dependent cellular cytoxicity
LDH
lactate de-hydrogenase; lactic de-hydrogenase
LDHG
lactate de-hydro-genase; lactic de-hydro-genase
LDHG virus
lactic de-hydro-genase virus
LDLP
low-density lipo-protein
LDLPC
low-density lipo-protein cholesterol
LDP
left dorso-posterior (fetus position)
LDR
labor, delivery, recovery
L.D.S.
Licentiate in Dental Surgery
LDUB
long double upright brace
LDV
lateral distant view
LE
left eye; lower extremity; lupus erythematosus
LEA
lower extremity amputation
LC

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

LE cell
LED
LE factor
LEOPARD

LEOS
LE prep.
LES
LESP
LE test
leu .
lev.
LF
LFA
LFAP
LFD
LFO
UP
LFPPV
LFT
LG
LGA
LGB
LGF
LGH
LGL
LGN
LGS
LGT
lgth.
LGV
LH
128

lupus erythematosus cell


light-emitting diode ; lupus erythematosus disease;
lupus erythematosus disseminatus
lupus erythematosus factor
Lentigines, Electrocardiographic abnormalities, Ocular hypertelorism, Pulmonary stenosis, Abnormalities
of genitalia, Retardation of growth, sensori-neural
Deafness
Lasers and Electro-Optics Society
lupus erythematosus (cell) preparation
local excitatory state; lower esophageal sphincter
lower esophageal sphincter pressure
lupus erythematosus (cell) test
leucine
levis (light)
Lassa fever ; lenticular fossa ; limit flocculation; lipotropic factors ; liver failure ; liver flap (asterixis) ; liver
function; lower left; low fat ; low forceps; low frequency
left femoral artery ; left fore-arm ; left fronto-anterior
(fetus position)
low friction arthro-plasty
lactose-free diet; least fatal dose; low-fat diet; low
forceps delivery
limbus fossa ovalis
left fronto-posterior (fetus position)
low-frequency positive-pressure ventilation
latex flocculation test; left fronto-transverse (fetus
position) ; liver function test
labial glands ; lacrimal gland ; large; left gluteal ;
linguo-gingival ; Littre's glands (urethral glands) ;
lympho-graphy
large for gestational age
low grade bleeding ; Landry-Guillain-Barre (syndrome)
low grade fever
lacto-genic hormone
Lown-Ganong-Levine (syndrome); large granular
lymphocyte
lateral geniculate nucleus ; lobular glomerulo-nephritis
Lennox-Gastut syndrome
low grade temperature
length
lympho-granuloma venereum
left hand; left heart; low heat; luteinizing hormone

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

LHF
LHFSH
LHL
LHRF
LHS
LHT
Li
LI
LIAFI
lib.
LIBC
LiBr
LIBS
LICM
Li2C03
LICS
LIF
LIFO
LIFT
fig .
LIH
LIHR
LIMA
Lin . ac.
LINAC
Li20
LiOH
liq .
LIR
LIS
LIVIM
LK
Lkc.
LKP
LKS
LL
LLB
LLC
LLCG
LLE
LLF
LLL

left heart failure


luteinizing hormone follicle-stimulating hormone
left hepatic lobe
luteinizing hormone-releasing factor
left hand side
left hyper-tropia ; light
Lithium
linguo-incisal ; labelling index (labeling index)
late infantile amaurotic familiar idiocy
liberal ; libidinous ; libido ; library
latent iron-binding capacity
lithium-bromide
Lendrum's inclusion-body stain
left inter-costal margin
lithium-carbonate
left inter-costal space
left iliac fossa; leukocyte inhibitory factor
Last In, First Out
lymphocyte immuno-fluorescent test
ligament; ligamenta ; ligementum
left inguinal hernia
laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair
left internal mammary artery
linear acceleration; linear accelerator
linear acceleration; linear accelerator
lithium-oxide
lithium-hydroxide
liquid ; liquor (a liquor; liquid)
left iliac region
left intercostal space ; lobular in-situ
lethal intestinal virus of infant mice
left kidney ; left knee
leukocyte
lamellar kerato-plasty
liver, kidneys, spleen
large lymphocyte; left leg; left lower; left lung; lower
lobe
long-leg brace
liquid-liquid chromatography ; long-leg cast
liquid-liquid chromato-graphy
left lower extremity
Laki-Lorand factor
left lower leg; left lower lobe; left lower lung
129

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

LLQ
LLR
LLRP
LLS
lm.
LM
LM427
LMA
LMCA
LMF
LML
LMM
LMN
LMND
LMP
LMT
LMWD
LMWH
LN
LNG
LNMP
LNPF
LO
LOA
LOB
LOC
LOCS
LOD
log .
LOL
LOM
LOP
LOPP
LOQ
LOR
LOS
lot.
LOT
LOW

left lower quadrant


left lumbar region
left lateral recumbent position
lazy leukocyte syndrome; long-leg splint
lumen
linguo-medial
Ansamycin
left mento-anterior (fetus position)
left main coronary artery ; left middle cerebral artery
leukocyte mitogenic factor
left medial lateral ; left middle lobe
lentigo maligna melanoma
lower motor neuron
lower motor neuron disease
last menstrual period; left mento-posterior (fetus
position)
left mento-transverse (fetus position)
low molecular weight dextran
low molecular weight heparin
lipoid nephrosis ; lupus nephritis ; lymph node
liquefied natural gas
last normal menstrual period
lymph node permeability factor
libidinal object (love object) ; linguo-occlusal
leave of absence ; left occipito-anterior (fetus position) ;
level of activities ; level of activity
loss of blood; loss of brain; loss of bone
laxative of choice; level of consciousness ; local; locate ;
location ; loss of consciousness
lens opacities classification system
lack of data
logarithm
left occipito-lateral (fetus position)
lack of medicine; left otitis media; loss of motion
left occipito-posterior (fetus position)
Leukeran, Oncovin, Procarbazine, Prednisone
lower outer quadrant
law of refreshment
length of stay; length of surgery
lotio (lotion)
left occipito-transverse (fetus position)
low on water

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

UP
LP
LPA
LPC
LPD
l.p .f.
LPF
LPFB
LPG
LPH
LPHB
LPL
I.P .M .
LPN
LPO
LPOCA
LPS
LPV
LQ
Lr
L-R
L&R
LR
LRA
L.R .C .P
L.R .C .S .
LRD
L.R .F.PS.
LRH
LRI
LRM
LRQ
LRS
LRT
US
US
L.S .

lactate / pyruvate (ratio)


latency period ; light perception ; lightning pain ;
lipo-protein ; low power; low pressure ; low protein;
lumbar puncture ; lymphoid plasma
latex partial agglutination ; left pulmonary artery
lead pipe contraction
low protein diet
low-power field (microscope)
leukocytosis-promoting factor ; low-pressure fluid ;
lymphocytosis-promoting factor
left posterior fascicular block
liquefied propane gas
lipotropic hormone; lipotropin
left posterior hemi-block
lipo-protein lipase
liters per minute (litres per minute)
Licensed Practical Nurse
left posterior oblique (fetus position)
Leucogen, Prednisone, Oncovin, Cytarabine, Adriamycin
lead-pencil stools ; lipo-poly-saccharide
left pulmonary vein
lower quadrant
Lawrencium
left to right; move from left to right
left and right
labor room ; lateral rectus ; laughter reflex ; light
reaction ; light reflex ; light-resistant; lower right
low rectal anastomosis
Licentiate of the Royal College of Physicians
Licentiate of the Royal College of Surgeons
local regional disease
Licentiate of the Royal Faculty of Physicians and
Surgeons
luteinizing-releasing hormone
lacted Ringer's injection; lower respiratory illness
left radical mastectomy
lower right quadrant
lactated Ringer's solution
lower respiratory tract
lecithin : sphingomyelin (ratio)
lecithin / sphingomyelin (ratio)
locus sigilli (place of the seal; place of the signature)

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

LS

left side; leg surgery; love-sick; lumbo-sacral ;


lympho-sacral
LSA
left sacro-anterior (fetus position)
left scapular border ; left sternal border
LSB
left scapulo-anterior (fetus position)
LScA
liquid-solid chromato-graphy
LSCG
left scapulo-posterior (fetus position)
LScP
LSCS
lower segment cesarean section
LSCV
left sub-clavian vein
LSD
least significant digit; lipid storage disease; low-salt
diet; lumpy skin disease (virus) ; lysergic acid
diethylamide
LSF
low saturated fat (diet)
LSH
lutein-stimulating hormone; lymphocyte-stimulating
hormone
LS1
large-scale integration
LSK
liver, spleen, kidneys
LSL
left sacro-lateral (fetus position)
LSM
late systolic murmur
LSO
lumbo-sacral orthosis
LSP
left sacro-posterior (fetus position)
LSS
life-saving service ; life-saving station ; life-support
system ; low-salt syndrome ; lumbo-sacral spine
LST
last simple trial; left sacro-transverse (fetus position);
light sense tester
LT
left thigh; left turn ; leuko-triene ; levo-thyroxine ;
ligament of Treitz; light; low tension; lung
transplantation ; lympho-toxin
lipo-teichoic acid
LTA
laryngo-tracheo-bronchitis
LTB
leuko-triene
4
B4
LTB
long-term
care
LTC
leuko-triene
C4
LTC4
long-term-care
facility
LTCF
ltd.
limited
LTD
limited; long-term diagnosis
LTF
lymphocyte-transforming factor
LTH
luteo-tropic hormone (prolactin)
LTM
laryngo-tracheo-malacia; long-term memory
UP
long-term prognosis
LTR
letter ; lighter; long terminal repeat
LTS
laryngo-tracheal stenosis; long-term survival
132

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

I TT
Lu
L&U
LU
LUE
Lues I
Lues II
Lues III
LUL
LUQ
LURF
IV
LVAD
LVB
LVD
LVDP
LVDV
LVE
LVEDP
LVEDV
LVEF
LVESV
LVET
LVF
LVH
LVHT
LVN
LVP
LVPP/LVET
LVR
LVS
LVSP
LVSV
LVSW
LVSWI
LVTP
LVW
L&W

lymphocyte transformation test


Lutetium
left and upper
large unit; left upper; ligature of ureter
left upper extremity
primary syphilis
secondary syphilis
tertiary syphilis
left upper limb; left upper lobe ; left upper lung
left upper quadrant
luteinized un-ruptured follicle
leave; left ventricle; leukemia virus ; leukopheresis
vulvae ; live virus ; live; low viscosity ; low voltage ; lues
venerea (syphilis) ; lumbar vertebra ; lupus vulgaris
left ventricular assist device
Lomustine, Vinblastine, Bleomycin
left ventricular dysfunction
left ventricular diastolic pressure
left ventricular diastolic volume
left upper extremity ; left ventricular ejection ; left
ventricular enlargement
left ventricular end-diastolic (transmural) pressure
left ventricular end-diastolic volume
left ventricular ejection fraction
left ventricular end-systolic volume
left ventricular ejection time
left ventricular failure ; low-voltage foci
left ventricular hypertrophy
left ventricular hyper-trophy
Licensed Visiting Nurse ; Licensed Vocational Nurse
left ventricular pressure ; lysine vaso-pressin
left ventricular preelection period / left ventricular
ejection time
Leucovorin (Citrovorum factor)
left ventricular strain
left ventricular systolic pressure
left ventricular stroke volume
left ventricular stroke work
left ventricular stroke work index
left ventricular transmular pressure
left ventricular wall; left ventricular width
living and well
13 3

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

LW
LWM
lx.
lymphs .
lys.
lyso.
lyx.
LZ

low water
Lee-White method
lux
lymphocytes
lysin; lysine ; lyssoid
lysolecithin
lyxose
ligament of Zinn

~,A
~Ic

[,C
~tCi
[tEq .
[,F
ltg
~,I
[,1
~tL
Rm
PM

Wg
JAnlnl
~tP
[,R
Rs
[,sec
~tu
IN
IuW
[WCi

leg
m [t
MSaFP
m.
M

letter m in Greek; mass absorption coefficient ; micro- ;


Micron; population mean ; the heavy chain of IgM
micro-ampere
micro-calorie; calorie
micro-Coulomb
micro-Curie
micro-equivalent
micro-Farad
micro-gram
micro-ampere
micro-liter (micro-litre)
micro-liter (micro-litre)
micro-meter (micro-metre)
micro-molar
micro-milli-gram
micro-milli-meter (micro-milli-metre)
micro-processor
micro-Roentgen
micro-second
micro-second
micro-unit
micro-volt
micro-watt
micro-micro-Curie (pico-Curie)
micro-micro-gram (pico-gram)
milli-micron
maternal serum alpha-feto-protein
murmur
mass ; median ; meter (metre); milli- ; misce (mix);
mistura (mixture); musculus (muscle)
macerate ; magnetic ; main ; major; male ; man; manual;
married; marrow ; mass ; maximum; maximal; meaning;
measurement ; medication ; medicine ; medium ; meeting; mega- ; Megestrol; men; mesial ; metastasis ; meter

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

(metre); Methionine; Mexican; Mexico; mice; middle ;


mile; milk; minimum; minimal ; minor; minute ; mistake; Mitomycin; mitotic ; mix; mixture; molar; mole;
Monday; monkey; month; morning; mother ; mouse;
mouth; mucoid ; multiply ; multiple ; murmur; muscle ;
music; mute ; myopia
m2
square
meter (square metre)
M1
closure - first sound
mitralvalve
M2
mitral
valve closure - second sound
MO
tumor with no distant metastasis
M1
tumor with distant metastasis
left
ML
electrode
right
MK
electrode
mA
milli-ampere
Ma
March; Masurium (Technetium)
M.A.
Magister Artium (Master of Arts)
MA
mandelic acid ; mean arterial ; Medic Alert; Mediterranean anemia (Thalassemia); menstrual age; mental age
MAA
macro-aggregated albumin; melanoma-associated
antigen
MABOP
Mechlorethamine, Adriamycin, Bleomycin, Oncovin,
Prednisone
MABP
mean arterial blood pressure
mac.
macerate (macerate)
MAC
maximum allowable concentration; membrane attack
complex; Methotrexate, Adriamycin, Cytoxan;
Mycobacterium avium complex
Methotrexate, Adriamycin, Cyclophosphamide, CCNU
MACC
membrane attack complex inhibitor
MACI
MACOP-B
Methotrexate, Adriamycin, Cytoxan, Oncovin,
Prednisone, Bleomycin
Master of the American College of Physicians
M.A.C.P
Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study
MACS
maximal acid output
MAD
MAE
move all extremities
MAF
macrophage activation factor; macrophage agglutination factor
mag.
magnification; magnify ; magnitude; magnus (large)
MAgF
macrophage agglutination factor
MAHA
micro-angiopathic hemolytic aneurysm
MAI
Mycobacterium avium intracellularis
maximum allowable ingredient concentration
MAIC
mid-axillary line
MAL
136

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

malig.
mam.
MAM
man.
manip.
MAO
MAGI
MAP
MAPF
Mar.
MAS
MASER
MASH
mass.
mast .
MAST
MAT
MATB
matut.
MAVIS
max.
m.b.
Mb
M.B.
MB
M.B.A.
MBA
M-BACOD
MBAP
MBC
MBD

malignant
mamma (breast) ; mammosus (mammose)
methyl-azo-methanol
manikin; manipulation ; manipulus (a handful) ;
manual ; manus
manipulation ; manipulus (handful)
maximum acid output ; mono-amine oxidase
mono-amine oxidase inhibitor
mean aortic pressure ; mean arterial pressure ;
megaloblastic anemia of pregnancy; methy-acetoxyprogestrone; muscle-action potential
micro-atomized protein food
March; margin ; marginal ; margination
meconium aspiration syndrome ; milk-alkali syndrome ;
movement alarm signal
Microwave Amplification by Stimulated Emission of
Radiation; Molecular Application by Stimulated
Emission of Radiation
Mobile Army Surgical Unit
massa (mass)
mastalgia; mastication; masturbation
medical anti-shock trousers ; Michigan Alcohol
Screening Test; military anti-shock treatment; military
anti-shock trousers
Miller-Abbott tube
Mycobacterium avium tuberculosis
matutinus (in the morning)
mobile artery and vein imaging system
maxillary; maximus (maximum)
misce bene (mix well)
myoglobin
Medicinae Baccalaureus (Bachelor of Medicine)
main block; mega-byte; mesio-buccal ; methylene blue
Master of Business Administration
Mechlorethamine (Nitrogen mustard; HN2) ;
methyl-bovine albumin
Methotrexate, Bleomycin, Adriamycin, Cytoxan,
Oncovin, Dexamethasone
megalo-blastic anemia of pregnancy
maximum breathing capacity ; Methotrexate,
Bleomycin, Cisplatin; minimal bactericidal concentration
Methotrexate, Bleomycin, DDP; methylene blue dye;
minimal brain damage; minimal brain dysfunction
13 7

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

MBDS
MBF
MBK
MBL
MBO
MBP
MBSA
me
mC
Mc
M+C
M&C
M.C.
MC

MCA
MCAB
MCAT
MCB
MCBF
MCBR
MCCF
MCCNU
MCCU
MCD
MCDF
MCF
MCF-A
mcg
MCGF
M.Ch.
MCH
MCHA
MCHC

minimal brain dysfunction syndrome


mean blood flow
methyl-butyl-ketone
menstrual blood loss; minimal bactericidal level
mesio-bucco-occlusal
mean blood pressure; melitensis, bovine, porcine;
mesio-bucco-pulpal; Methotrexate, Bleomycin,
Platinol; myelin basic protein
methylated bovine serum albumin
milli-Curie
milli-Coulomb
mega-cycle
morphine and cocaine
morphine and cocaine
Magister Chirurgiae (Master of Surgery) ; Medical Corps
major cut; mast cell ; mature cataract; maximum
concentration; medical case; mega-Curie; mero-cyanine ;
meta-carpal; mineralo-corticoid; minor cut;
myo-carditis ; Mitomycin C
Megestrol, Cytoxan, Adriamycin ; mid-colic artery ;
middle cerebral artery ; multiple congenital anomaly
mono-clonial anti-body
Medical College Admission Test
myo-cardial band
myo-cardial blood flow
minimum concentration of bili-rubin
myo-cardial contractile force
methy-CCNU (MeCCNU; Semustine)
mobile coronary care unit
mean cell diameter ; mean corpuscular diameter;
medullary cystic disease; myo-cardial disease
myo-cardial depressant factor
macrophage chemotactic factor; malignant catarrhal
fever; Mitoxantrone, Cytoxan, Fluorouracil ;
myo-cardial fibrosis
malignant catarrhal fever - African
micro-gram
most cell growth factor
Magister Chirurgiae (Master of Surgery)
mean corpuscular hemoglobin ; medical case history
muscle-contraction head-ache
mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

MCHg
MCHgC
MCi

MCi
MCI
mCid
mCih
MCL
MCLD
MCM
MCP
MCPB
MCPJ
Mc.p .s.
MCR
MCR-S
M-CSF
MCT
M-CT CG
MCTD
MCTG
MCTS
MCV
m.d.
Md
M.D.
MD

MDA
MDAC
MDC
MDF
MDHG
MDI

mean corpuscular hemo-globin


mean corpuscular hemo-globin concentration
milli-Curie
mega-Curie
mean cardiac index; myo-cardial infarction
milli-Curie-day
milli-Curie-hour
medial collateral ligament; mid-clavicular line ; midcostal line; most comfortable loudness
meta-chromatic leuko-dystrophy
major cross match
Melphalan, Cytoxan, Prednisone ; meta-carpophalangeal
membranous cyto-plasmic body
meta-carpo-phalangeal joint
mega-cycles per second
metabolic clearance rate
metabolic clearance rate of steroid
macrophage colony-stimulating factor
mean circulation time; mean corpuscular thickness;
medullary carcinoma of thyroid
metrizamide computed tomography cisterno-gram;
metrizamide computed tomography cisternography
mixed connective tissue disease
medium-chain tri-glyceride
Medi-Cal transaction software
mean corpuscular volume
more dicto (as directed)
Mendelevium
Medicinae Doctor (Doctor of Medicine)
maximum dose; McArdle's disease; medical doctor ;
Meniere's disease; mental deficiency ; mentally deficient;
mesio-distal; minimum dose ; muscular dystrophy; myo
cardial damage ; myocardial disease; mini-disc
mento-dextra anterior (fetus position) ; 3,4-methylenedioxy-amphetamine; minimum detectable activity
multiple dose-activated charcoal
minimum detectable concentration
multiple daily fractionation; myocardial depressant
factor
maleate de-hydro-genase
manic-depressive illness; multiple daily injection
13 9

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

MDM
mdnt.
MDP
MDR
MDRTB
M.D.S.
MDS
MDT
MDUO
MDY
Me
M:E
M/E
ME
2-ME
MEA
MEAP
MECC
McCCNU
med.
MED
MEDAC
MEDLARS
MEDLINE
MEF
MEFR
MEFV
MEG
megaMEGX
MEK
MEL
MELASE
MEM
MEMS
m.e.n.
MEN
MEN-1
140

mid-diastolic murmur
mid-night
major duodenal papilla; manic-depressive psychosis;
mento-dextra posterior (fetus position); muramyl-dipeptide
manic-depressive reaction ; minimum daily requirement;
multi-drug resistance
multi-drug resistant tuberculosis
Master of Dental Surgery
myelo-dyplastic syndrome
mento-dextra transverse (fetus position)
myocardial disease of unknown origin
month, date, year
methyl
myeloid cell : erythroid cell (ratio)
myeloid cell / erythroid cell (ratio)
macular edema; Medical Examiner; middle ear
2-mercapto-ethanol
mercapto-ethyl-amine ; multiple endocrine abnormalities
multiple endocrine adeno-pathy
multiplicative expanding cell compartment
methyl-CCNU (MCCNU; Semustine)
median; medical; medicamentum (medicine)
minimal effective dose; minimal erythema dose
Multiple Endocrine Deficiency Autoimmune
Candidiasis
Medical Literature and Retrieval System
MEDLARS' on-line segment
maximum expiratory flow
maximum expiratory flow rate
maximum expiratory flow volume
magneto-encephalo-gram ; magneto-encephalo-graphy
one million
mono-ethyl-glycine-xylidide
methyl-ethyl-ketone
mouse erythro-leukemia; murine erythro-leukemia
Mitochondrial Encephalopathy Lactic Acidosis and
Stroke-like Episode
macrophage electrophoretic mobility (test) ; memory
Medical Event Monitoring System
mane et nocte (morning and night)
multiple endocrine neoplasia
multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

MEN-2
MEN-3
MEP
MEPP
mEq
mEq/1
mEq/L
MER
m.e.s.
MET
META
mets .
meV
MeV
MEV
m.f.
mF
MF

MFAT
MFATc
MFCG
MFD
mfg.
MFGDA
MFH
MFHC
MFP
MFR
MF-SS
MFT
mg
mg%
Mg
MG
mg/cc
MgCl2
mg/dl
mg/dL

multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2


multiple endocrine neoplasia type 3
motor-evoked potential
miniature end-plate potential
milli-equivalent
milli-equivalent per liter (milli-equivalent per litre)
milli-equivalent per liter (milli-equivalent per litre)
mean ejection rate ; methanol extraction residue
misce et signa (mix and write)
metabolic equivalent of task
micro-encapusulated tumor assay
metastasis
milli-electron volt
mega-electron volt (million electron volts)
mega-electron volt (million electron volts)
mistura fiat (let a mixture be made)
milli-Farad
macula flava; Malta fever; Mediterranean fever
(brucellosis); medium frequency; micro-Farad;
microscopic factor ; Mitomycin, Fluorouracil ; mycosis
fungoides
multi-focal atrial tachycardia
multi-focal atrial tachy-cardia
Mycosis Fungoides Cooperative Group
mid-forceps delivery; minimum fatal dose
manufacturing
milk-fat globule-derived antigen
malignant fibrous histiocytoma
malignant fibrous histio-cytoma
mono-fluoro-phosphate
mucus flow rate
mycosis fungoides Sezary syndrome
muscle function test
milli-gram
milli-grams percentage
Magnesium
main gate; main group; Marcus Gunn (pupil);
Mecklel's ganglion; mesio-gingival ; methyl glucoside;
muscle group; myasthenia gravis
milli-grams per cubic centimeter
magnesium-chloride
milli-grams per deci-liter (milli-grams per deci-litre)
milli-grams per deci-liter (milli-grams per deci-litre)

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

mg/h
mgh
mg/kg
mg/1
mg/L
mgm
mgmt.
MGN
Mg0
mgr.
MGSA
MgS0 3
MgS04
mgt .
mgtis .
mgtt.
MGUS
mH
MH
MHA
MHAA-TP
MHC
MHCC
MHD
MHMA
MHN
MHPG
MHR
MHVD
MHW
MHz
mi .
MI
MIA
MIBG
MIBK
MIC

14 2

milli-grams per hour


milli-gram-hour
milli-grams per kilo-gram
milli-grams per liter (milli-grams per litre)
milli-grams per liter (milli-grams per litre)
milli-gram
management
membranous glomerulo-nephritis
magnesium-oxide
manager
melanoma growth stimulating activity
magnesium-sulfite
magnesium-sulfate
management
meningitis
micro-guttae (micro-drop) ; mini-guttae (mini-drop)
Monoclonal Gammopathy of Undetermined Significance;
Monoclonal Gammopathy of Unknown Significance
milli-Henry
menstrual history ; mental health
micro-hem-agglutination ; mixed hem-adsorption
micro-hem-agglutination assay for Treponema
pallidum
Mexican hat cell (target cell)
major histo-compatibility complex
mean hemolytic dose; minimum hemolytic dose
methoxy-hydroxy-mandelic acid
massive hepatic necrosis
methoxy-hydroxy-phenyl-glycol
maximal heart rate
Marek's herpes virus disease
medial heel wedge
mega-Hertz
mile
maturation index ; mental illness ; mercapto-imidazole ;
mesenteric ischemia; mitotic index ; mitral insufficiency
missing in action
meta-iodo-benzl-guanidine
methyl-iso-butyl-ketone
Maternal and Infant Care; microbe; microphone; microscope; minimal isorrheic concentration ; minimum
inhibitory concentration

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

MICU
MID
MIF
MIFR
mil.
min.
mins .
MIO
MIP
MIPS
MIRD
MIRI
MIS
misc.
mist .
mit.
MIT
Mito-C
mitt.
mit. x tal.
MIU
mixt .
Mi
Mi
MJS
mk
MK
MKC-CSA
mks
ml.
mL
M:L
M/L
ML
ML1
ML2
ML3
ML4
MLA

Medical Intensive Care Unit


mesio-inciso-distal ; middle ; minimum infective dose;
minimum inhibiting dose; multi-infarct dementia
micro-immuno-fluorescence; microphage inhibitory
factor ; migration inhibitory factor ; mixed-immunofluorescence ; Miillerian inhibitory factor
maximum inspiratory flow rate
milli-liter (milli-litre)
mineral ; minimum (minim) ; minor; minute
minutes
minimal identifiable odor
maximum inspiratory pressure
Myocardial Isotope Perfusion Scan
Medical Internal Radiation Dose
Myocardial Infarction Recovery Index
Miillerian inhibiting substance
miscarriage ; miscegenation ; miscellaneous
mistake ; mistura (mixture)
mitte (send)
mono-iodo-tyrosine
Mitomycin C
mitte (send)
mitte decam tales (send 10 like this)
milli-International Unit
mixture
milli-Joule
mari-juana
medial joint space
mark
monkey kidney ; Munro Kern (maneuver)
mega-karyo-cytic colony-stimulating activity
marks; meter-kilogram-second
milli-liter (milli-litre)
milli-liter (milli-litre)
monocyte : lymphocyte (ratio)
monocyte / lymphocyte (ratio)
mesio-lingual; mid-line ; middle lobe ; muco-lipidosis
muco-lipidosis type 1
muco-lipidosis type 2
muco-lipidosis type 3
muco-lipidosis type 4
mento-laeva anterior (fetus position); monocytic
14 3

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

MLB
MLC
MLD
MLHc
MLI
MLNS
MLO
MLP
MLR
MLT
MLTI
MLV
MLVP
mm .
mm
M&M
MM
MMAS
MMC
mmci
MMD
MMDA
MMEF
MMEF25-75%
MMEFR
MMEP
MMF
mmg
mmHg
MMIF
MMLV
MMMT
mmol
mmol/l
mmol/L
M.M .P .

144

leukemia acute
monaural loudness balance
minimum lethal concentration; mixed leukocyte culture;
mixed lymphocyte culture
manual lymph drainage; median lethal dose; minimum
lethal dose
malignant lymphoma histio-cytic
mesio-linguo-incisal
Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome
mesio-linguo-occlusal
mento-laeva posterior (fetus position); mesio-linguopulpal
mixed lymphocyte reaction
mento-laeva transverse (fetus position)
mixed lymphocytic-tumor interaction
Moloney's leukemogenic virus; mouse leukemia virus
mean left ventricular pressure
milli-meter (milli-metre)
milli-mole
milk and molasses ; morbidity and mortality
malignant melanoma ; medial malleolus; mucous
membrane ; multiple myeloma; muscularis mucosa
methionine mal-absorption syndrome
minimal medullary concentration; morbidity and
mortality conference
milli-micro-Curie
minimal morbidostatic dose
5-methoxy-3,4-methylene-dioxy-amphetamine
maximal mid-expiratory flow
mean flow rate during the middle half of the forced
expiratory vital capacity
maximal mid-expiratory flow rate
multi-modality evoked potential
mean maximum flow
milli-micro-gram (nanogram)
milli-meters of mercury (milli-metres of mercury)
marcophage migration inhibiting factor
Moloney murine leukemia virus
malignant mixed mesodermal tumor
milli-mole
milli-mole-liter (milli-mole-litre)
milli-mole-liter (milli-mole-litre)
mixture melting point

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

MMPI
MMPR
MMR
MMRG
MMRV
MMT
MMTV
MMV
MMWR
mN
Mn
M&N
MN
MNC
MNCF
MNCV
mngr.
MNM
MNS
MNU
Mo
MO
MOB
MOB-P
MOCA
mod.
MOD
MODEM
MODM
MODY
MOE
MOF
mol.
molal.
mol-c
moll.
mol. Wt

mom

MOMP

Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory


methyl-mercapto-purine roboside
maternal mortality rate; measles, mumps, rubella;
midline malignant reticulosis
mass miniature radio-graphy
measles, mumps, rubella, varicella
mouse mammary tumor
mouse mammary tumor virus
mandatory minute volume
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
milli-normal
Manganese
morning and night
Medical News; mid-night; motor neuron ; myo-neural
meatus nasi communis
mono-nuclear cell factor
motor nerve conduction velocity
manager
meatus nasi medius
meatus nasi superior
methyl-nitroso-urea
Molybdenum ; Monday; month; mouth
mail order; main office ; main operation; major
operation; Medical Officer; mesio-occlusal ; mineral
oil; money order (bookkeeping abbreviation)
Methyldiamine, Oncovin, Bleomycin
Mitomycin, Oncovin, Bleomycin, Platinol
Methotrexate, Oncovin, Cyclophosphamide,
Adriamycin
modicus (moderate) ; modification ; modify
Manager On Duty; mesio-occluso-distal
Modulator-Demodulator
mature onset diabetes mellitus
maturity-onset diabetes of youth
movement of extremities
McCCNU, Oncovin, Fluorouracil
mole ; molecule
molality
molar concentration
mollis (soft)
molecular weight
middle of month; milk of magnesia
Mechlorethamine, Oncovin, Methotrexate, Prednisone
145

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

Mon.
monos.
MOP
MOPP
MOPV
M.O.R.C.
morph.
mos .
mos
mosm
M.P.
MP

6-MP
.P
M
.
.A
MPA
MPAP
MPASI
MPAWP
MPBS
MPC
MPD
MPDE
MPDS
MPFT
MPGA
MPGN
M.P
.H.
MPH
MPHR
MPI
MPJ
MPL
MPLa
146

Monday
monocytes
mask of pregnancy; Mechlorethamine, Oncovin,
Procarbazine
Mechlorethamine, Oncovin, Procarbazine, Prednisone
Monovalent Oral Polio virus (Vaccine) ; Monovalent
Oral Polio-virus (Vaccine); Monovalent Oral
Poliovirus Vaccine
Medical Officers Reserve Corps
morphine
months
milli-osmol
milli-osmol
mane primo (early in the morning) ; massa pilularam
(pill mass); melting point; modo praescripto (in the
way prescribed)
maculo papules ; major part ; Melphalan, Prednisone ;
menstrual period ; Mercapto-Purine (Leukerin;
Purinethol); mesio-pulpal ; metatarso-phalangeal ;
methyl-prednosolone ; mono-phosphate ; multi-parous ;
multi-peace
6-Mercapto-Purine (Leukerin; Purinethol)
Master of Public Administration
main pulmonary artery ; methyl-prednisolone acetate
mean pulmonary artery pressure
mantle para-aortic splenic irradiation
mean pulmonary artery wedge pressure
male pattern baldness scale
maximum permissible concentration; Meperidine,
Promethazine, Chlorpromazine
maximum permissible dose
maximum permissible dose equivalent
myofacial pain-dysfunction syndrome
moving platform fistula test
mean projected gestational age
membrano-proliferative glomerulo-nephritis
Master of Public Health
meters per hour (metres per hour); miles per hour
maximum predicted heart rate
Myocardial Perfusion Imaging
metatarso-phalangeal joint
maximum permissible level; mesio-pulpo-lingual
mesio-pulpo-labial

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

MPM
MPMV
MPN
MPP
mps
MPS
M-PSEUDO
MPSS
MPU
MPV
MPX
MR
M&R
MR

MRx1
MRA
MRAP
MRC
MRCP
MRCS
MRCVS
MRD
MRF
MRFIT
MRI
MRL
MRM
MRMIB
MRN
mRNA
MRSA
MRSG
MRSS
MRT
MRVP
M.S.

meters per minute (metres per minute); miles per


minute
Mason-Pfizer monkey virus
most probable number
mercapto-pyrazido-pyrimidine
meters per second (metres per second); miles per second
muco-poly-saccharidosis ; multi-phasic screening
male pseudohermaphroditism (androgyny; hermaphroditism); pseudohermaphroditismus masculinus
methyl-prednisolone sodium succinate
micro-processor unit
metatarsus primus varus
multiplex
milli-Roentgen
measure and record
magnetic resonance; major risk ; medial rectus ; medical
record ; medical report ; mega-Roentgen; mental
retardation; metabolic rate; methyl red; mitral reflux ;
mitral regurgitation; mortality rate ; muscle relaxant
may repeat once
Magnetic Resonance Angiography; Medical Record
Administrator
mean right atrial pressure
Medical Research Council; Medical Reserve Corps
Member of the Royal College of Physicians
Member of the Royal College of Surgeons
Member of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons
minimum reacting dose
mitral regurgitant flow
Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial
magnetic resonance imaging
major retaining ligament
modified radical mastectomy
Major Risk Medical Insurance Board
malignant renal neoplasm
messenger ribo-nucleic acid
methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
magnetic resonance spectro-graphy
magnetic resonance spectro-scopy
maximum recovery time
mean right ventricular pressure
milli-second; more solito (as accustomed ; in the usual
way)
147

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

ms
M.S.
MS

MS-1
MS-2
MSA
MSAFP
MSB
MSBOS
M.Sc .
MSD
MSDP
msec.
MSER
msg.
MSG
MSH
MSHF
MSH-IF
MSH-RF
MSK
MSL
MSLA
MSLT
MSO
MSOF
MSP
MSR
mss.
MSSA
MSSU
MST
MsTh
MsTh-1
MsTh-2
MSU
MSUD
MSV
148

milli-second
Scientiae Magister (Master of Science); Master of Surgery
major surgery ; mass spectrometry ; Meniere's syndrome;
metric scale; metric system ; mitral sound; mitral
stenosis; morphine sulfate; multiple sclerosis ; muscle
strength ; musculo-skeletal
strain of hepatitis virus type 1
strain of hepatitis virus type 2
management service agreement; management services
agreement
maternal serum alpha-feto-protein
most significant bit
maximum surgical blood order schedule
Scientiae Magister (Master of Science)
menadiol sodium diphosphate ; most significant digit
menadiol sodium di-phosphate
milli-second
mean systolic ejection rate
massage; message
mono-sodium glutamate
melanocyte-stimulating hormone
melanocyte-stimulating hormone factor
melanocyte-stimulating hormone inhibiting factor
melanocyte-stimulating hormone releasing factor
mask; medullary sponge kidney
mid-sternal line; muscle
mouse specific lymphocyte antigen
multiple sleep latency test
management services organization
multiple system organ failure
median sagittal plane
muscle strength reflex; muscle stretch reflex
manuscripts
methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus
mid-stream specimen of urine
median survival time ; melanocyte-stimulating hormone; Mountain Standard Time
meso-thorium
mesothorium type 1
mesothorium type 2
mid-stream urine (specimen) ; mono-sodium-urate
maple syrup urine disease
Moloney's sarcoma virus ; murme sarcoma virus

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

MSVC
M&T
MT
MTA
MTB
MTBF
MTBT
MTC
m.t.d.
MTD
mtg.
MTHFA
MTI
MTIC
MTJ
MTP
MTR
MTS
MTT
MTU
MTV
MTX
MTX-BCD
MTX-CHOP
MTX-LVR
MTZ
M.U .

mU
MUC
much.
MuGA
MUGA
multip .
MUO
musc.
Must.
MUU
MUX

maximal sustained ventilatory capacity


muscles and tendons
empty; malignant teratoma ; Medical Technologist ;
Medical Transcriptionist ; meta-tarsal; mountain ;
music therapy
meta-tarsus adductus ; Microculture Tetrazolium Assay
Mycobacterium tuberculosis

mean time between failures


malignant tropho-blastic teratoma
medullary thyroid carcinoma; minimum toxic
concentration
mitte tales doses (send such doses)
maximally tolerated dose; mean tumor diameter
meeting
methyl-tetra-hydro-folic acid
malignant teratoma intermediate
methyl-triazino-imidazole carboxamide
mid-tarsal joint
median time to progression; meta-tarso-phalangeal
mean total reactivity; meter (metre)
male Turner's syndrome; Medi-Cal transaction software
malignant trophoblastic teratoma ; mean transit time
malignant teratoma undifferentiated ; methyl-thio-uracil
mammary tumor virus; meta-tarsus varus
Methotrexate (Amethopterin)
Methotrexate, Bleomycin, Cytoxan, Dactinomycin
Methotrexate, Cytoxan, Hydroxydaunomycin,
Oncovin, Prednisone
Methotrexate, Leucovorin
mono-tetra-zolium
mouse unit
milli-unit
maximum urinary concentration
mucilago (mucilage)
multiple-gated acquisition (scan of heart)
multiple-gated acquisition (scan of heart)
multipara ; multiparous; multiple ; multiplication ;
multiply
metastasis of unknown origin
muscle ; muscles; muscular ; masculine
Mustargen (Mechlorethamine)
mouse uterine unit
'.
multiplex; multiplexer; multiplex transmission
14 9

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

milli-volt
My
Mendelevium
M.V.
Medicus Veterinarius (Veterinary Physician)
MV
mechanical ventilation; mega-volt; mitral valve
MVA
mitral valve area
MVAC
Methotrexate, Vincristine, Adriamycin, Cisplatin
MVC
maximum vital capacity ; motor vehicle accident
MVHP
micro-vascular hydrostatic pressure
MVI
multi-vitamin infusion
myocardial
MV02
ventilation of oxygen (consumption) ;
myocardial ventilation of oxygen (rate)
MVP
Mitomycin C, Velban, Platinol ; mitral valve prolapse
Mechlorethamine, Velban, Procarbazine, Prednisone
MVPP
MVR
massive vitreous retraction ; maximum ventilation rate ;
minute volume of respiration; mitral valve replacement
MW
maximum ventilation volume; maximum voluntary
ventilation ; measles virus vaccine; Mechlorethamine,
Vincristine, Velban
milli-watt
mw
M.W.
molecular weight
MW
mega-watt; mirror writing
MWD
micro-wave diathermy
MWT
Mallory-Weiss tear
MX
mix; mixture; presence of metastasis cannot be assessed
mxd
mixed
my.
myopia
May
My.
mycology
myc.
mycology
mycol.
myopia
myop.
myxoma; Myxomycetes; myxorrhea; myxovirus
MYXO
mono-zygotic
MZ
MV

notified
nano-; nervus (nerve) ; neutron ; noris (nostril) ; normal
nasal; nation ; national ; nausea; needle ; negative ;
Neisseria; nerve; neutron; new; Newton; night; nitro
gen; no ; node ; noise; none ; noon; normal ; north; nose;
note ; number; neutron
Avogadro's
NA
number
refractive
ND
index
Na
Natrium (sodium)
Na+
Natrium ion (sodium ion)
Nomina Anatomica; numerical aperture
N.A.
N/A
not applicable
NA
Narcotics Anonymous; neutralizing antibody ; not
admitted ; not applicable ; not available; numerical
aperture
Nae
total exchangeable natrium (total exchangeable sodium)
NAA
no apparent abnormalities
NAACLS
National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory
Science
NAACP
National Association for the Advancement of Colored
People
Na2B407
natrium-borate (borax ; sodium-borate)
NaBr
natrium-bromide (sodium-bromide)
NABS
National AIDS Behavioral Surveys
NABx
needle aspiration biopsy
NACA
National Advisory Council on Aging
natrium-acetate
NaC2H302
(sodium-acetate)
NACHRI
National Association of Children's Hospitals and
Related Institutions
NaCI
natrium-chloride (sodium-chloride = halite)
NaCIO
natrium-hypochlorite (sodium-hypochlorite)
natrium-chlorate
NaCIO3
(sodium-chlorate)
natrium-carbonate
Na2CO3
(sodium-carbonate; washing soda)
Na2C203
natrium-oxalate (sodium-oxalate)
n.

N
NAD

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide ; no abnormality


detected ; no active disease; no acute distress ; no
apparent distress ; no appreciable disease
NADL
National Association of Dental Laboratories
NADP
nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate
NAEMT
National Association of Emergency Medical Technicians
NaF
natrium-fluoride (sodium-fluoride)
natrium-bicarbonate
NaHCO3
(baking soda; sodium-bicarbonate)
mononatrium
NaH2PO4
acid phosphate (monosodium acid
phosphate)
dinatrium
acid phosphate (disodium acid phosphate)
Na2HPO4
NaI
natrium-iodide (sodium-iodide)
NAI
non-accidental injury
NAME
Nevi, Atrial myxoma, Myxoid neurofibroma,
Ephilides
NAMH
National Association of Mental Health
NANB-H
non-A, non-B hepatitis
NANB-V
non-A, non-B virus
NANDA
North American Nursing Diagnosis Association
natrium-nitrite
NaNO2
(sodium-nitrite)
NANSAID
Non-Aspirin, Non-Steroidal, Anti-Inflammatory Drug
natrium-hydroxide (caustic soda; lye soda; sodiumNaOH
hydroxide)
NAON
National Association of Orthopaedic Nurses
NAOT
National Association of Orthopaedic Technicians
NAPA
N-acetyl-procain-amide
NAPH
National Association of Public Hospitals
NAPNAP
National Association of Pediatric Nurse Associates
and Practitioners
NAS
nasal ; National Academy of Sciences ; no added salt
natrium-sulfate
Na2S04
(Glauber's salt; sodium-sulfate )
Na2S203
natrium-thiosulfate (sodium-thiosulfate)
NASW
National Association of Social Workers
NAT
national ; natural ; no action taken
NAUC
normalized area under curve
n.b.
nota bene (note well)
Niobium
Nb
NB
new-born ; nota bene (note well)
NBI
no body injury ; no bone injury
non-Burkitt's lymphoma
NBL
NBM
normal bowel movement; nothing by mouth
NBS
National Bureau of Standards ; normal blood serum ;
normal bowel sounds ; normal breath sounds
152

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

NBT
NBTE
NBTEc
NBW
N:C
N/C
NC
NCA
NCADI
NCALL
NCC
NCCLS
NCDB
NCE
NCEP
NCF
NCF-A
NCHLS
NCHS
nCi
NCI
NCI-SPORE
NCMH
NCN
NCPCC
NCR
NCRE
NCRP
NCT
NCTC
NCV
Nd
ND
NDA
NDDG
NDGA
NDI

nitro-blue tetrazolium (test)


non-bacterial thrombotic endocarditis
non-bacterial thrombotic endocarditis
normal birth weight
nuclear : cytoplasmic (ratio)
no charge ; nuclear : cytoplasmic (ratio); numerical
control
no change ; no charge ; no complaints ; no cost ; not
cultured
neuro-circulatory asthenia
National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information
null cell acute lymphocytic leukemia
natural cytotoxic cell
National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards
National Cancer Data Base
non-cardiogenic edema
National Cholesterol Education Program
neutrophil chemotactic factor
neutrophil chemotactic factor of anaphylaxis
National Council of Health Laboratory Services
National Center Health Statistics
nano-Curie
National Cancer Institute; nuclear contour index
National Cancer Institute's Specialized Programs of
Research Excellence
National Committee on Mental Hygiene
National Council of Nurses
National Clearinghouse of Poison Control Centers
National Case Registry
National Council on Rehabilitation Education
National Committee on Radiation Protection and
Measurements
neural crest tumor
natural cytotoxic T-cell
nerve conduction velocity ; non-cholerea vibrosis
Neodymium
natural death; Newcastle Disease; no date ; no disease;
none detected ; normal delivery ; not detected ; not done
National Dental Association; new drug application ;
no data available; no demonstrable antibodies
National Diabetes Data Group
nordi-hydro-guaiaretic acid
nephrogenic diabetes insipidus
15 3

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

NDIRA
NDMA
NDP
NDR
NDV
Ne
NE

non-dispersive infra-red analysis


nitroso-di-methyl-aniline
net dietary protein
National Dialysis Registry ; no drug reaction
Newcastle Disease Virus
Neon
neurologic examination ; no effect; non-elastic ; not
enlarged ; not examined
neb.
nebula (a spray)
nec .
necessary
NEC
necrotizing entero-colitis; not elsewhere classifiable ;
not elsewhere classified
NED
no evidence detected ; no evidence of disease
NEEP
negative end-expiratory pressure
NEFA
non-esterified fatty acid
neg.
negative
NeGram
nalidixic acid (Dixiben ; Uralgin ; Urodixin)
NEHA
National Environmental Health Education
NEI
National Eye Institute
NENSG
non-erosive non-specific gastritis
NEO
necrotizing external otitis
NER
nerve; no evidence of recurrence
NERD
no evidence of recurrent disease
nerv.
nervosus (nervous) ; nervus (nerve)
NES
not elsewhere specified
NET
naso-endotrachial tube
neuro.
neurological
nF
nano-Farad
NF
National Formulary; non-fiction ; not felt ; not fixed ;
not found
NFID
National Foundation for Infectious Diseases
NFLPN
National Federation for Licensed Practical Nurses
NFP
natural family planning
NFTD
normal full-term delivery
ng
nano-gram (milli-micro-gram)
NG
naso-gastric ; Neisseria gonorrhea; Neisseria
gonorrboeae; nitro-glycerin; no gas ; not given ; no good
nerve growth factor
NGF
naso-gastric tube
NGT
NG tube
naso-gastric tube
NGU
non-gonococcal urethritis
NH
need help; normal heat; nursing home
ammonia
(am un, Egyptian deity)
NH3
154

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

NHANES
NH4Br
NHC
NH 4C1
NH 4CNO
(NH2)2CO
(NH4)2C03
NHCP
NHF
NH4HS
NHL
NHLBI
NHLI
NHMRC
NH4NO3
NHO
N.H.S.
NHS
NHSDA
(NH4)ZSOZ
Ni
NI
NIA
NIAAA
NIAID
NIAMD
NIAMDD
NIAMSD
NICHHD
NICU
NIDA
NIDD
NIDDKD
NIDDM
NIDR
NIEHS

National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys


ammonium-bromide
National Health Council ; non-histiocytic lymphoma
ammonium-chloride
ammonium-cyanate
urea (carbamide)
ammonium-carbonate
non-histone chromosomal protein
Nursing History Form
ammonium-hydrosulfide
nodular histiocytic lymphoma ; non-Hodgkin's
lymphoma
National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute
National Heart and Lung Institute
National Health and Medical Research Council
ammonium-nitrate
National Hospice Organization
National Health Service (British)
normal human serum ; normal horse serum
National Household Survey of Drug Abuse
ammonium-sulfate
Nickel
no information ; not informed ; not identified; not
investigated ; not isolated ; no isolation
National Institute on Aging; nephelometric inhibition
assay
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
National Institute of Arthritis and Metabolic Diseases
National Institute of Arthritis, Metabolic and Digestive
Diseases
National Institute of Arthritis, Musculoskeletal and
Skin Diseases
National Institute of Child Health and Human
Development
Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
National Institute on Drug Abuse
non-insulin dependent diabetes
National Institute for Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney
Diseases
non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
National Institute of Dental Research
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
15 5

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

NIERO
nig.
NIGMS
NIH
NIMH
NINCDS
NINDB
NINDS
NIOSH
nitro.
NJ
NK
NKA
NKAD
NKD
NKDA
NKH
n.l.
nl.
nL
NL
NLA
NLM
NLN
NLTT
rn.m.
nm
N-m
NM
NMA
NMAC
NMG
NMJ
NMLRC
NMN
nmol.
NMP
NMR
156

non-invasive evaluation of radiation output


niger (black)
National Institute of General Medical Sciences
National Institutes of Health
National Institute of Mental Health
National Institute of Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Stroke
National Institute of Neurological Diseases and
Blindness
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and
Stroke
National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health
nitrogen ; nitroglycerin
naso-jejunal
natural killer; Nomenklatur Kommission; not known
no known abnormalities ; no known allergies
no known allergies to drugs
no known diseases
no known drug allergies
non-ketotic hyperosmotic
non licet (it is not lawful) ; non liquet (it is not clear)
nano-liter (nano-litre)
nano-liter (nano-litre)
norma lateralis ; normal ; normal link; nasal line
neuro-lept-analgesia
National Library of Medicine
National League for Nursing
normal lymphocyte transfer test
nocte maneque (at night and morning)
nano-meter (nano-metre)
Newton-meter (Newton-metre)
neuro-muscular ; no meat; not measured; nuclear
medicine
National Medical Association ; neurogenic muscular
atrophy
National Minority Aids Council
N-methyl-gucamine
neuro-muscular junction
National Medical Liability Reform Coalition
nicotinamide mono-nucleotide
nano-mole
normal menstrual period
nuclear magnetic resonance

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

NMRI
NMS
nn .
NNAT
NNATP
NND
NNS
NNVD
no.
No
NO
N20
noc.
noc. man.
non. rep.
NOPHN
n.o.s.
nos.
NOS
NOSIE
Nov.
nox.
Np
NP

NPA
NPB
NPC
NPCDP
NPD
NPDB
NPDL
NPDR
NPDRP
NPHC

Naval Medical Research Institute; nuclear magnetic


resonance imaging
neuroleptic malignant syndrome
nervi (nerves)
neo-natal alloimmune thrombocytopenia
neo-natal alloimmune thrombocytopenia purpura
neo-natal death
National Natality Survey
no neck vein distention
numero (number)
Nobelium
needs oxygen ; nitric oxide; no operation; no output ;
no oxygen ; not obtained ; not occupied; not operated
nitrous-oxide (dinitrogen-monoxide)
nocte (night)
nocte maneque (at night and morning)
non repetatur (let it not be repeated)
National Organization for Public Health Nursing
not otherwise specified
numeros (numbers)
not otherwise specified
Nurse Observation Scale for Inpatient Evaluation
November
nocxte (night)
Neptunium
army medicines; Naptalam ; naso-pharyngeal; nasopharynx; needs priest ; nerve palsy; neuro-psychiatric ;
neuro-psychiatrist; neuro-psychiatry ; new patient;
nitrogen phosphorus; no pain ; no priest ; no protest;
no pulse; normal plasma ; not palpable; not performed;
nuceao-protein ; Nurse Practitioner ; nursing practice
Naptalam ; National Perinatal Association
nodal premature beat
naso-pharyngeal carcinoma; National Pharmaceutical
Council; nodal premature complex; nodal premature
contraction
National Prostatic Cancer Detection Project
nitrogen phosphorus detector ; no pathologic diagnosis
National Practitioner Data Bank
nodular poorly differentiated lymphocytes
non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy
non-proliferative diabetic retino-pathy
normal pressure hydro-cephalus
157

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

NPH ins.
NPN
NPNT
n.p .o.
NPO/HS
NPP
4-NPP
NPR
NPSG
NPT
NPU
n.r.
NR

NRBC
NRC
NRCA
NRCC
NRD
NREM
NREMS
NREMT
NRM
nRNA
NRS
ns
N/S
NS

NSA
NSABP
NSAIA
NSAID
NSB
NSC
158

Neutral Protamine Hagedorn insulin


non-protein nitrogen
non-palpable non-tender
nulla per os (nothing by mouth; nothing per os)
nulla per os / hora somni (nothing by mouth at bedtime)
nitro-phenyl -phosphate
4-nitro-phenyl-phosphate
net protein ration
nocturnal poly-somno-graphy
neo-precipitin test; nocturnal penile tumescene;
normal pressure and temperature
net protein utilization
non repetatur (do not repeat)
negative response; nerve root ; nodal rhythm ; nonreactive ; no radiation; no reaction ; no record ; no refill ;
no report ; no response; no resuscitation; normal
range; normal rhythm ; not ready; not recorded; not
remarkable ; not resolved
nucleated red blood cell
National Research Council; normal retinal correspondence ; not responded completely ; Nuclear Regulatory
Commission
National Rehabilitation Counseling Association
National Registry in Clinical Chemistry
non-renal death
non-rapid eye movement
non-rapid eye movement sleep
National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians
National Registry of Microbiologists
nuclear ribo-nucleic acid
non-reactive system; normal rabbit serum
nano-second
no standard; normal saline
nasal surgery; need surgery; negative state; nervous
system ; neuro-surgery ; non-specific; normal saline ; no
salt ; no sample ; no surgery; no syndrome ; not shown;
not significant; not specified; not sufficient; nylon suture
normal serum albumin
National Surgical Adjuvant Breast Project
non-steroidal anti-inflammatory analgesic
non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug
non-specific binding
no significant change

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

NSC-8806
NSCFPT
NSCLC
NSD

NSE
nsec.
NSEMD
NSF
NSFTD
NSG
NSGCT
NSHCA
NSHD
NSILA
NSNA
NSND
NSP1
NSP2
NSR
NSS
NST
NSU
NSV
NSVD
NSVTC
nt.
Nt
N&T
NT
NTA
NTAB
NTC
NTD
NTE
NTG
NTMI
NTN
NTP

Melphalan
no significant change from previous tracing
non-small cell lung cancer
nominal single dose ; nominal standard dose ; nonspecifc esterase ; normal spontaneous delivery; no
significant defect ; no significant deviation; no significant
difference ; no significant disease; no sufficient data
non-specific enolase
nano-second
non-specific esophageal motility disorder
National Science Foundation
normal spontaneous full-term delivery
nursing
non-seminomatosus germ cell tumor
non-specific hepato-cellular abnormality
nodular sclerosing Hodgkin's disease
non-suppressible insulin-like activity
National Student Nurse Association
non-symptomatic non-disabling
non-structural protein 1
non-structural protein 2
nasal septal reconstruction ; normal sinus rhythm
normal saline solution
non-shivering thermogenesis ; non-stress test ; nucleus
of solitary tract
non-specific urethritis
non-specific vaginitis
normal spontaneous vaginal delivery
non-sustained ventricular tachy-cardia
night
Niton
nose and throat
naso-trachial; neural tube; new test; new trainee; no
test; not tested
nitrilo-triacetic acid
nephro-toxic anti-body
nodal tachy-cardia
neural tube defect
not to exceed
nitro-glycerin ; non-toxic goiter
non-transmural myocardial infarction
nephro-toxic nephritis
normal temperature and pressure ; nucleoside
159

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

NTPP
NTS
NTSC
NTU
NTV
NTW
nt. wt.
nU
NU
NUG
num.
nun.
N&V
N/V
NV
NVA
NVD
NVDS
NVSD
NWDL
NWG
NWGHGT
nwk.
NX
NYD
nyx.
NZ
NZBM
NZWM

5'-tri-phosp hate
normal temperature, pressure, and pulse
not to scale
National Television Systems Committee
nephelometric turbidity units
nerve tissue vaccine
network
net weight
nano-unit
name unknown; new unit; Numorphan; Nupercaine
necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis
number; numeral; numerous; nummular
nunc (now)
nausea and vomiting
nausea and vomiting
negative value; negative variation; nevus vascularis ;
new value; new virus; norma verticalis
near visual acuity ; no value available
nausea, vomiting and diarrhea ; neck vein distention ;
new virus detected ; Newcastle Virus Disease
non-invasive vascular diagnostic studies
no vital signs detected
nodular well-differentiated lymphocytes
non-weight bearing
National Working Group on Human Gene Therapy
network
regional lymph nodes cannot be assessed
not yet diagnosed; not yet done
nyxis (paracentesis)
New Zealand
New Zealand black mouse
New Zealand white mouse

o.
O

octarius (pint) ; oculus (eye)


nil; no ; none ; object ; objection; obstruction; occiput;
occlusal ; occupation ; office ; oil; Oncovin; open ;
opened ; opening; operation; oral ; orally; organ;
organic; out; output ; oxygen
02
oxygen
02-ext
oxygen extraction rate
ozone
03
o/a
on or about
OA
occipital artery ; ocular albinism; osteo-arthritis; oxalic
acid
OA-1
ocular albinism type 1
OA-2
ocular albinism type 2
OAA
Opticians Association of America
OAAD
ovarian ascorbic acid depletion
OAD
obstructive airway disease
OAF
osteoclast activating factor
OAL
office administrative law
OAP
Oncovin, Ara-C, Prednisone ; osteo-arthro-pathy
OAT
ornithine amino-transferase
OAVD
occuo-auriculo-vertebral dysplasia
OAWO
opening abductory wedge osteotomy
o.b.
omni bibora (every 2 hours)
O&B
opium and belladonna
OB
obstetrics ; occult blood
Obc.
obcecation
Obd.
obdormition; obduction
OBG
obstetrics and gynecology
OB/GYN
obstetrics and gynecology
obj .
object ; objection
OBRA
Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act
OBS
observation; observe; observed; organic brain syndrome
obst .
obstetric; obstruction
OBT
occult blood test

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

O.C .

Oc.
OC

OCA
occ.
OCCG
OCG
OCP
OCR
Oct.
OCT
O.D .

OD

ODA
ODC
OD'd

ODDD
ODM
ODO
ODP
ODQ
ODT
o.e .
O&E
OE

OEF
OER
OES
OF
OFA
OFAGE
ofc.
OFC

OFD

OFT
OG

162

opus citatum (in the work cited)


occupation ; October; octyl
object choice ; occluso-cervical ; office call ; on call ;
Onchocerca caecutiens ; operative cholecystectomy ;
oral contraceptive; organic chemistry
oculo-cutaneous albinism
occasional ; occipital; occiput
oral chole-cysto-gram
oral cholecysto-gram
obsessive-compulsive personality ; oral contraceptive
pill
optical character recognition
October
ornithine carbamoyl-transferase ; oxytocin challenge
test
Doctor of Optometry; oculus dexter (right eye) ; omni
die (every day) ; outside diameter ; over-dose
occupational dermatosis ; occupational disease; over-dose
occipito-dextra anterior (fetus position)
oxygen dissociation curve
overdosed
oculo-dendo-digital dysplasia
ophthalmo-dynamo-metry
oculo-dento-osseous
occipito-dextra posterior (fetus position)
opponens digiti quinti
occipito-dextra transversa (fetus position)
omissions excepted
observation and examination
olfactory esthesioneuroma; ophthalmoplegia externa;
oral examination; otitis externa
occipital eye field
oxygen enhancement ratio
oral erotic stage
occipital frontal; Opisthorchis felineus
onco-fetal antigen
Orthogonal Field Agarose Gel Electrophoresis
office
occipito-frontal circumference
object film distance ; ora-facio-digital; oral facial digital
osmotic fragility test
obstetrics and gynecology

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS
oxygen gain factor
OGF
oral glucose tolerance test
OGTT
o.h.
omni hora (at every hour)
OH
hydroxyl
17-OHCS
17-hydroxy-cortico-steroid
OHD
organic heart disease
vitamin
25-OHD 3
D
OHL
oral hairy leucoplakia (leukoplakia)
OHP
oxygen at high pressure
17-OHP
17-hydroxy-progesterone
OHT
ocular hyper-tension
ophthalmoplegia interna; opportunistic infection; os
OI
'
ilium; osteogenesis imperfecta
osteogenesis imperfecta congenita
OIC
OID
object image distance
OIG
Office of Inspector General
OIH
ortho-iodo-hippurate
OIMD
optimal immuno-modulating dose
OJ
organ of Jacobson
OK
all right; approve; opto-kinetics; authorize
OK-432
Picibanil
OKN
opto-kinetic nystagmus
0.1 .
oculus laevus (left eye)
ol .
oleum (oil)
OLA
occipito-laeva anterior (fetus position)
OLC
obstructive lung chronic
OLD
obstructive lung disease
OLH
ovine lactogenic hormone
ol. oliv.
oleum olivae (olive oil)
OLP
occipito-laeva posterior (fetus position)
OLT
occipito-laeva transversa (fetus position)
O.M .
omni mane (on every morning)
OM
obtuse marginal (coronary artery); occipito-mental;
occupational medicine; onychia maligna; orbitomeatal ; osteo-myelitis ; otitis media
OMB1
obtuse marginal branch - first
OMB2
obtuse marginal branch - second
om . bid.
omnibus bidendis (every 2 days)
om . bih.
omni bihoris (every second hour)
OMCI
old myo-cardial infarction
OMD
ocular muscle dystrophy
OMDA
Oncovin, Methotrexate, Doxorubicin, Actinomycin D

16 3

MEDICAL
ABBREVIATIONS

OME
om. hor.
OMM

otitis media effusion


omni hora (every hour)
ophthalmo-mandibulo-melic
omni nocte (every night)
octa-methyl-pyrophosphor-amide; otitis media,
purulent, acute
Organic Mental Syndrome
omni mane vel nocte (every morning or night)
omni nocte (every night)
olfactory nerves; optic nerve; Orthopedic Nurse
Oncology Nurses Association
optic nerve disease
oleum olivae (olive oil)
out of bed
organ of Corti
ova and parasites
occiput posterior; onychia parasitica; opening pressure;
operation; operative procedure; osmotic pressure;
out-patient
out-patient clinic; overall performance category
out-patient department
otopalato-digital syndrome
omental pedicle flap; operative pedicle flap
ocular plethysmo-graphy; ocular pressure gradient;
oxy-poly-gelatin
ophthalmology
Oncovin, Prednisone, Leucogen
occult primary malignancy
opposed; opposite; opposition
Oncovin, Procarbazine, Prednisone
oculo-pneumo-pleth ysmo-graphy
oratate-phospho-ribosyl-transferase
out-patient surgery
optimus (best; optimum)
out-patient treatment
Optical Tactile Converter
oral poliomyelitis virus vaccine; oral poliovirus vaccine
omni quadrantae horae (every quarter of an hour);
omni quadrante hora (every quarter of an hour)
odd ratio; operating-room; oral; orange; over-reaction
orchidopexy; orchidotomy; orchiopexy
order; ordinal; ordinary

om. noc.
OMPA

OMS
0.m.v.n.
0.n.
ON
ONA
OND
0.0.

OOB

ooc
O&P
OP
OPC
OPD
OPDS
OPF
OPG
ophth.
OPL
OPM
OPP.
OPP
OPPG
OPRT
OPS
opt.
OPT
OPTACON
OPV
0.q.r.
OR
orchi.
ord.

164

,--

.=---

"
I

MEDICAL

ORD
ORF
org.

ORIF
orig.
ORL

Om.
Oro.
ORS
ORT
ortho.
0s
0s

O.S.

0s

ow2
OSA
OSAS
OSE
OSHA
osm.

OSMED
oss.
osteo.

OT

OTC
OTD
OTO
OTR
OT/RCF
O.U.
OURQ

ov

OVD
ONSI

ow

OWB
OWL

ABBREVIATIONS

optical rotatory dispersion


open reduction fixation
organic; organization; organize
open reduction and internal fixation
original
oto-rhino-lar yngology
orni thine
orotidine
Orthopaedic Research Society
operating room technician
orthopaedic (orthopedic)
0s (mouth)
Osmium
oculus sinister (left eye)
objective sign; office surgery; opening snap; operating
system; overall survival
Operating System / 2
obstructive sleep apnea
obstructive sleep apnea syndrome
ovarian surface epithelium
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
osmole
oto-spondylo-mega-epiphyseal dysplasia
osseous
osteopathy
Occupational Therapist; occupational therapy; old
term; old tuberculin; organoleptic test; original tuberculin; orto-tracheal; 0s trigonum (triangular bone);
over-time; oxygen tent
over-the-counter
organ tolerance dose
otology; otomycosis; otopolypus; otoscope; otoscopy
Ovarian Tumor Registry
oxygen transport / red cell flow (ratio)
oculus uterque (each eye); oculi unitas (both eyes)
outer upper right quadrant
office visit; ovary
occlusal vertical dimension
oil / water (ratio)
open wedge; over-weight
open wedge biopsy
out of wed-lock

16.5

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

OWR
OWS
OxPhos.
OXPHOS
Oxy.
oz.
oze.
ozo.

Oster-Weber-Rendu
over-wear syndrome
oxidative phosphorous
oxidative phosphorous
oxyopia; oxyphonia; Oxyuris
ounce (French : unce = a twelfth; Latin: uncia = a
twelfth)
ozaena ; ozena
ozone; ozonide; ozostomia

phosphorus 32
post (after)
p
P
page; parent; part; passive ; past; pathology ; patient ;
peak; periodic ; Persian ; pharmacopeia; phosphate ;
phosphorus; physician ; pink; plasma ; Plasmodium ;
Platinol ; pleura ; poise ; Portugal; Portuguese; position ;
post; power ; presbyopia ; prescription ; pressure; priest ;
print; probability ; protein ; Proteus ; pulmonary ; pulpal;
pulse; pupil ; purple
pulmonic
PI
first sound
second sound
pulmonic
Pz
barometric
pressure
PB
transpulmonary
pressure
PL
PNA
plasma sodium
PSS
plasma steady-state concentration
p.a.
pars affecta (the part affected) ; partes aequales (equal
parts) ; partibus aequalibus (in equal parts)
Pa
Pascal; Protactinium
percussion and auscultation
P&A
Physician's Assistant
PA.
PA
paralysis agitans ; pernicious anemia ; phenyl-alanine ;
posterior artery ; postero-anterior; pre-albumin ; preamplifier ; pregnancy associated; primary amenorrhea ;
primary anemia; pulmonary artery ; pulpo-axial
p.a.a.
parti affectae applicetur (let it be applied to the affected
part)
PAB
premature atrial beat
PABA
para-amino-benzoic acid
PABP
pulmonary artery balloon pump
PAC
Pacific ; pacifier; papular acrodermatitis of childhood ;
Platinol, Adriamycin, Cytoxan ; premature atrial
complex; premature atrial contraction ; premature
auricular contraction
PACE
Physician Access and Communication Exchange
32

167

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS
PaCO2
PACO2
PACU
PAD
PADP
PAE
PAEDP
PAF

arterial carbon dioxide tension


alveolar carbon dioxide tension
post-anesthesia care unit
pulsating assist device
pulmonary artery diastolic pressure
post-antibiotic effect
pulmonary artery end-diastolic pressure
paroxysmal atrial fibrillation; paroxysmal atrial flutter;
platelet activating factor
PAFD
percutaneous abscess and fluid drainage
PAG
peri-aqueductal gray; pregnancy-associated glycoprotein
PAGE
poly-acrylamide gel electrophoresis
PAGT
potential abnormality of glucose tolerance ; previous
abnormality of glucose tolerance
PAHA
para-amino-hippuric acid
PAHO
Pan American Health Organization
PART
pulmonary artery hyper-tension
P-AIDS
pediatric acquired immuno-deficiency syndrome
P-AJCC
Pathological - American Joint Committee on Cancer
PAL
posterior axillary line
palp.
palpable; palpation
peri-arterial lymphoid sheath
PALS
PAM
Melphalan ; phenyl-alanine mustard; pulmonary
alveolar microlithiasis ; Pulse Amplitude Modulation
Pralidoxime (Protopam)
2-PAM
peri-arteritis nodosa ; periodic alternating nystagmus ;
PAN
peroxy-acetyl-nitrate; poly-arteritis nodosa
PAO
peak acid output
alveolar
oxygen tension ; arterial oxygen tension
PaO2
peripheral arterial occlusive disease
PAOD
PADP
pulmonary artery occlusion pressure
pap .
pappa (infant's sound for food)
PAP
Papamcolaou (test) ; passive aggressive personality ;
peroxidase-anti-peroxidase ; positive airway pressure;
primary atypical pneumonia; prostatic acid phosphatase ;
pulmonary alveolar proteinosis ; pulmonary artery
pressure
PAPP
pregnancy-associated plasma proteins
PAPP-A
pregnancy-associated plasma protein A
PAPS
phospho-adenosyl-phospho-sulfate
Pap smear
Papanicolaou's smear
partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection
PAPVC
PAPVR
partial anomalous pulmonary venous return
16 8

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS
PAR
PARA
PARA 0
PARA 1
PARA 2
PARA 3
part. aeq .
part. vic.
parv.
PAS
PASA
PASG
PASR
PAT
PATC
PATCO
Path .
PAV
PA view
PAW
PAWP
Pb
PB
PBA
PBC
P&B exam
PBF
PBG
PBI
PBL
PBMC
PBMM
PBMNC
PBN
Pb(NO3)2
pbo.
PbO
PBO

pulmonary arteriolar resistance


number of viable births (from Latin : parere = to give
birth)
nulli-para (not delivered a living child)
uni-para (prima-para = for the first time pregnant)
bi-para (secundi-para = for the second time pregnant)
tri-para (for the third time pregnant)
partes aequales (equal parts)
partitus vicibus (individual doses)
parvus (small)
para-amino-salicylic acid; periodic acid-Schiff (reaction) ;
peripheral access system; peripheral anterior synechia;
post-anesthesia shivering ; pulmonary artery stenosis
para-amino-salicylic acid
pneumatic anti-shock garment
periodic acid-Schiff reaction
paroxysmal atrial tachycardia ; prism adaptation test
paroxysmal atrial tachy-cardia
Prednisone, Ara-C, Thioguanine, Cytoxan, Oncovin
pathergasia ; pathogenic; pathologic; pathology ;
pathosis
percutaneous aortic valvuloplasty
postero-anterior view (X-ray position)
pulmonary artery wedge
pulmonary artery wedge pressure
Plumbum (lead)
paraffin bath; peroneus brevis ; pheno-barbital ;
play-back ; protein-bound ; pulpo-buccal
prolactin-binding assay; pulpo-bucco-axial
primary biliary cirrhosis
pap and breast examination
pulmonary blood flow
pedo-baro-graph; porpho-bilino-gen
protein-bound iodine
peripheral blood lymphocyte
peripheral blood mononuclear cells
pedo-baro-macro-meter
peripheral blood mono-nuclear cells
paralytic brachial neuritis
plumbum-nitrate (lead-nitrate)
placebo (I shall please)
plumbum-monooxide (lead-monoxide)
penicillin in beeswax ointment
169

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

PBP
penicillin-binding protein
PBPI
penile brachial pressure index
PbS
plumbum-sulfide (lead-sulfide)
PBS
phosphate buffered saline
PbSO4
plumbum-sulfate (lead-sulfate)
PbTe
plumbum-telluride (lead-telluride)
protein-bound
PBT4
thyroxine
PBV
Platinol, Bleomycin, Velban ; predicted blood volume ;
pulmonary blood volume
PBVI
pulmonary blood volume index
PBVP
percutaneous balloon valvulo-plasty
PBW
posterior bite wing
PBX
punch biopsy
PBZ
phenyl-buta-zone
p.c.
post cibum (after meals)
PC
pico-Curie
PC.
Pondus Civile (avoirdupois weight)
PC
packed cells; palmitoyl carnitine; palpebral cartilages ;
paracentesis cordis ; parachordal cartilage; partus
caesareus (delivery by cesarean section); penis
captivus ; pentose cycle; personal computer; phosphate
cycle; phosphatidyl choline; phospho-creatine ; platelet
concentrate; Platinol, Cytoxan; present complaint;
printed circuit ; professional component; professional
computer ; pulmonary capillary; pulmonic closure;
pulse-count
PCA
passive cutaneous anaphylaxis; patient-controlled
analgesia; posterior cerebral artery ; posterior
communicating artery
premature coronary artery disease
PCAD
percutaneous carotid arterio-graphy
PCAD
Pharmacy College Admission Test
PCAT
PCB
para-cervical block
PCBP
poly-chlorinated bi-phenyl
PCC
poison control center ; primary care center
PCCM
primary care case managed
PCD
phosphate-citrate-dextrose ; poly-cystic disease;
posterior corneal deposits ; pulmonary clearance delay
patient care evaluation ; pulmo-cutaneous exchange ;
PCE
pyrometric cone equivalent
PCF
posterior cranial fossa
PCG
phono-cardio-gram
PCHU
paroxysmal cold hemoglobin-urea
170

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

pico-Curie
pCi
prophylactic cranial irradiation
PCI
PCM
Pulse-Code Modulation
protein calorie mal-nutrition
PCMN
penicillin
PCN
PCNA
proliferating cell nuclear antigen
quintozene
PCNB
poly-cystic ovary
PCO
pressure of carbon dioxide ; partial tension of
partial
PCO 2
carbon dioxide
poly-cystic ovarian syndrome
PCOS
penta-chloro-phenol ; phenyl-cyclohexyl-piperidine ;
PCP
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia ; pulmonary capillary
pressure
para-chloro-phenyl-alanine
PCPA
Fenson
PCPBS
polymerase chain reaction
PCR
pieces ; porta-caval shunt
PCs
percentage
pct .
porphyria cutanea tarda; porta-caval transposition;
PCT
prothrombin consumption time
PCTH
porphyria cutanea tarda hereditaria
porphyria cutanea tarda symptomatica
PCTS
Primary Care Unit
PCU
packed cell volume ; poly-chlorinated vinyl ; polyPCV
cythemia vera; Procarbazine, Cytoxan, Velban
PCVP
Procarbazine, Cytoxan, Vinblastine, Prednisone
PCW
pulmonary capillary wedge
PCWP
pulmonary capillary wedge pressure
PCx
periscopic convex
PCZ
Procarbazine
Pd
Palladium
Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharmacy Doctor)
PD .
PD
Parkinson's disease ; Pediatric Department ; Pediatric
Doctor; pediatric dosage; peritoneal dialysis; permanent
disability; plasma defect ; Police Department; postural
drainage ; potential difference ; Private Detective ;
professional discount ; pulpo-distal ; pupillary distance
PDA
pancreatic-duct-arcade; Parenteral Drug Association ;
patent ductus arteriosus ; posterior descending artery ;
predicted drift angle
PDAB
para-dimethyl-amino-benzaldehyde
PDAC
poorly differentiated adeno-carcinoma

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS
PDC
PDD
PDE
PDGF
PD1
PDL
PDLL
PDMN
PDP
PDQ
PDR
PDT
PE

PEA
PEAP
peds.
PEEP
PEF
PEFR
PEG
PEGT
PEL
PEMA
PEMF
PEMM
pen.
PEN
PENMT
PENS
PEO
PEP
PEPP
per
PER
perf.
PERLA
172

poorly differentiated carcinoma


percentage depth dose; pyridoxine deficient diet
paroxysmal dyspnea on exertion; phospho-di-esterase
platelet-derived growth factor
periodontal disease index
poorly differentiated lymphocytes
poorly differentiated lymphocytic lymphoma
poorly differentiated malignant neoplasm
postural drainage and percussion
Physician Data Query
Physicians' Desk Reference
photo-dynamic therapy
pelvic examination ; paper electrophoresis; potential
energy ; physical examination ; piecemeal excision (of
tumor); Platinol, Etoposide ; pleural effusion ;
pharyngo-esophageal ; phosphate excretion ; physical
education ; poly-ethylene; pulmonary edema ; pulmonary
embolism
phosphotidyl-ethanol-amine; pulseless electrical activity
positive end-airway pressure
pediatrics
positive end-expiratory pressure
peak expiratory flow
peak expiratory flow rate
percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy ; pneumoencephalography ; poly-ethylene glycol
percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube
permissible exposure limit
phenyl-ethyl-malon-amide
pulsating electro-magnetic field
polio-encephalo-meningo-myelitis
penicillin
pharmacy equivalent name
phospho-ethanolamine-N-methyl transferase
percutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
progressive external ophthalmoplegia
phospho-enol-pyruvate ; pre-ejection period; pre-ejection
phase
positive expiratory pressure plateau
per (by ; per; through)
pronation external rotation; protein efficiency ratio
perfication ; perforated ; perforation ; performed; perfusion
Pupils Equal, Reactive to Light and Accommodation

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

per os
PERRLA

(by mouth)
Pupils Equal, Round, Reactive to Light and Accommodation
PERT
Program Evaluation and Review Technique
per vag .
per vaginam (through the vagina)
pre-excitation syndrome
PES
petroleum ; piecemeal excision of tumor; poly-ethylene
PET
terephthalate ; positron emission tomography
pressure
of end-tidal carbon-dioxide
PETCO Z
penta-erythrityl-tetra-nitrate
PETN
positron emission tomography
PETG
PETT
positron emission transaxial tomography
PETTG
positron emission transaxial tomo-graphy
ventilating tube for eardrum
PE tube
pF
pico-Farad
PF
peritoneal fluid ; phase factor ; plain film; platelet factor; positive factor ; posterior fusion ; protection factor
PFC
persistent fetal circulation ; plaque forming cell
PFD
persistent fetal dispersion
PFFD
proximal focal femoral deficiency
PFIB
per-fluoro-iso-butylene
phospho-fructo-kinase
PFK
PFNAP
percutaneous fine-needle aspiration biopsy
PFP
platelet free plasma
PFR
peak flow rate
PFS
primary fibromyalgia syndrome
PFT
para-fascicular thalamotomy ; posterior fossa tumor ;
pulmonary function test
PFU
plaque forming unit
pg
page; pico-gram
PG
para-genital; para-glossia; pepsino-gen;
Pharmacopoeia Germanica ; phosphatidyl-glycerol ;
pituitary gonadotropin ; prosta-glandin
PG-1
pepsinogen I
PG-II
pepsinogen II
PGA
prosta-glandin A; pteroyl-glutamic acid (folic acid)
prosta-glandin
PGA 1
A1
prosta-glandin
PGA2
A2
prosta-glandin
PGA 3
A3
PGB
prosta-glandin B
prosta-glandin
PGB 1
B1
prosta-glandin
PGB 2
B2
PGC
prosta-glandin C
per os

173

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS
PGC 1
PGC 2
PGC 3
PGD
PGD1
PGD 2
PGDR
PGE
PGE 1
PGE 2
PGF
PGF 1
PGF2
PGF la
PGF 2a
PGF3
PGFM
PGG2
PGH
PGH2
PG1
PG1 2
PGK
PGLP
pgm
PGM
PGOS
PGR
pgs .
PGU
ph.
pH
PH
Ph'
PHA
PHAA
phar.
Phar.B.
Phar.C.

174

prosta-glandin C 1
prosta-glandin C2
prosta-glandin C3
phospho-gluconate dehydrogenase ; prosta-glandin D
prosta-glandin D 1
prosta-glandin D2
plasma-glucose disappearance rate
prosta-glandin E
prosta-glandin E1
prosta-glandin E2
prosta-glandin F
prosta-glandin F 1
prosta-glandin F2
prosta-glandin Flalpha
prosta-glandin F2alpha
prosta-glandin F3
prosta-glandin Fmetabolite
prosta-glandin G2
pituitary growth hormone; prosta-glandin H
prosta-glandin H2
prosta-glandin I; phospho-gluco-isomerase ; potassium,
glucose, insulin
prosta-glandin 12
phospho-glycerate kinase
persistent generalized lymphadenopathy
pico-gram
phospho-gluco-mutase
ponto-geniculo-occiput spike
psycho-glavanic response
pages
post-gonococcal urethritis
phalanx; pharmacopoeia (pharmacopeia) ; phenyl ;
physics
potential of hydrogen (hydrogen-ion concentration)
patient healh ; past history; prostatic hypertrophy ;
public health
Philadelphia chromosome
phyto-hem-agglutinin ; pulse height analyzer
phyto-hem-agglutinin antigen
pharmaceutical ; pharmacist; pharmacy
Pharmaciae Baccalaureus (Bachelor of Pharmacy)
Pharmaceutical Chemist

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

Phar.D.
Phar.M.
Ph.B.
PHBB
Ph.C.
PHCPP
Ph.D.
phenyl .
Ph ex
Ph.G.
Ph.I.
PHI
phial.
PHK
PHLLA
PHLPL
PHM
PHN
PHO
pH2 0
PHP
PHPC
PHPPV
PHS
PHT
phx .
PHx
phys .
PI

PIA
PIABCP
PIC
PICA
PICU
PID

Pharmaciae Doctor (Doctor of Pharmacy)


Pharmaciae Magister (Master of Pharmacy)
Philosophiae Baccalaureus (Bachelor of Philosophy) ;
British Pharmacopoeia (Pharmacopeia)
propyl-hydroxy-benzyl benzimidazole
Pharmaceutical Chemist
per-hydro-cyclo-pentano-phenanthrene
Philosophiae Doctor (Doctor of Philosophy)
phenylalanine
physical examination
Graduate in Pharmacy; Pharmacopoeia Germanica
International Pharmacopoeia (Pharmacopeia)
phospho-hexo-isomerase
phiala (bottle)
phospho-hexo-kinase
post-heparin lipo-lytic activity
post-heparin lipo-protein lipase
posterior hyaloid membrane
post-herpetic neuralgia
Physician-Hospital Organization
partial pressure of water vapor
prepaid health plan
pneumo-hemo-peri-cardium
persistent hyper-plastic primary vitreous
Public Health Service
pulmonary hypertension
pharynx
past history
physical ; physician ; physics ; physiological
para-influenza ; peak index; periodontal index; pili
incarnati; present illness; protamine insulin; pulmonary
incompetence; pulmonary infarction; pulmonary
insufficiency
plasma insulin activity
percutaneous intra-aortic balloon counter-pulsation
peripherally inserted catheter; picrol; picture;
polymorphism information content
posterior inferior cerebellar artery ; posterior inferior
communicating artery
Pediatric Intensive Care Unit; Pulmonary Intensive
Care Unit
pelvic-inflammatory disease ; poison ivy dermatitis

175

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

PIDT
PIE
PIF
PIFR
PIH
PIHT
pil .
PIM
PIN
PINS
PIOPED
PIP
PIPJ
PIT
PITC
PITR
PIV
PJC
pk.
PK
PKD
PKP
PKS
PKT
PKU
pKV
PKV
pl.
PL
PLA
PLAP
plats.
PLD
PLDR
PLED
176

plasma iron disappearance time


pulmonary infiltrate with eosinophilia ; pulmonary
interstitial edema; pulmonary interstitial emphysema
peak inspiratory flow; prolactin inhibiting factor;
proliferation inhibiting factor
peak inspiratory flow rate
pregnancy-induced hypertension
pregnancy-induced hyper-tension
pilula (pill) ; pilulae (pills)
Postgraduate Institute of Medicine
penile intraepithelial neoplasia ; prostatic
intraepithelial neoplasia
persons in need of supervision
prospective investigation of pulmonary embolism
diagnosis
peak inspiratory pressure ; proximal inter-phalangeal
proximal inter-phalangeal joint
patellar inhibition test; plasma iron transfer ; plasma
iron turnover ; prothrombin inhibition test
phenyl-iso-thio-cyanat
plasma iron transfer rate; plasma iron turnover rate
para-influenza virus
Price-Jones curve ; premature junctional contraction
peak
pain-killer ; psycho-kinesis ; pyruvate kinase
polycystic kidney disease
penetrating kerato-plasty
pyruvic kinase screening
packet ; pocket ; psycho-kinesis test
phenyl-keton-uria
peak kilo-voltage
killed poliomyelitis vaccine
place; plate ; platelet ; plural
partial light; partial loss; penis lunatus ; perception of
light ; phantom limb; place; placebo ; placental ;
placental lactogen; pulpo-lingual
pulpo-linguo-axial
peripheral laser angio-plasty; placental alkaline
phosphatase
platelets
potentially lethal damage
potentially lethal damage repair
periodic lateralized epileptiform discharge

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS
PLEVA
PLF
PLIF
PLL
PLM
PLMs
PLSS
PLT
PLTS
PLUVA
PLV
p.m.
pm
Pm
PM
PMA
PMB
PMBL
PMBV
PMBVP
PMC
PMD
PMDD
PMEL
PMF
PMFLEP
PMHx
PMI
PMJC
PML
PMLE
PMM

Pityriasis Lichenoides Et Varioliformis Acute


peri-lymphatic fistula
posterior lumbar interbody fusion
pro-lymphocytic leukemia
periodic limb movement
periodic limb movements
portable life support system
platelet; primed lymphocyte test; primed lymphocyte
typing ; psittacosis lymphogranuloma venereumtrachoma
platelets
psoraline and long-wave ultra-violet A
live poliomyelitis vaccine ; pan-leukopenia virus ; phenylalanine lysine vasopressin ; posterior left ventricle
petit mal ; post meridiem (afternoon) ; post mortem
(autopsy ; following death ; post-mortem)
pico-meter (pico-metre)
Promethium
pace-maker; petit mal; Phase Modulation ; polymyositis; post-mortem ; pulpo-mesial
para-methoxy-amphetamine ; Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association ; progressive muscular atrophy
post-menopausal bleeding
poly-morphonuclear basophil leukocyte
percutaneous mitral balloon valvotomy
percutaneous mitral balloon valvulo-plasty
pre-menstrual change; pseudo-membranous colitis
personal medical doctor ; primary muscular dystrophy;
primary myocardial disease; progressive muscular
dystrophy
pre-menstrual dysphoric disorder
poly-morphonuclear eosinophil leukocyte
Platinol, Mitomycin C, Fluorouracil ; progressive
massive fibrosis
progressive multi-focal leuko-encephalo-pathy
past medical history
patient medical instruction ; point of maximal impulse ;
point of maximal intensity; posterior myocardial
infarction
pre-mature junctional contraction
poly-morphous light; progressive multifocal
leukoencephalopathy
poly-morphous light eruption
penta-methyl-melamine
177

3AIau.Iado-asod
(ynoul Aq) so tad
xu.Iogaouanaud
3UIZ):)UA snaaoaouinaud
aiun ua2ojaiu uiaaojd
uiaasAs snOAJau juJagdijad
aloaas 2uissaj2ojd-uou juia.iud
aautjdsogd-jAuagd-o .Iaiu-ujud
2uigauajg ajnssaad aniau2au-anmsod
uisdip,ijod juuinaaou aiua2otjaIsd !Xgaudoinau juia
-gdi.Iad ! .IauoiaiaaUJd as.InN ai.Iauipad `jouagd-o.Iaiu-ujud
asu.IaJsuuaa IAYau.I-N-auiuzujouuyaogdsotjd
A2ojounuiuii-o.Inau-otpAsd
uun-uigoj2ouzaq juujnaaou jutusAxo .Iud
jotuna juuzjapoaaa-oznau jungdind
punod `di.Ip jusuu-asod
!a2uuiuap jusuu-asod tuaudsfp juuanaaou juuisAxoiud
uolaaujauoa
jupou a.jmutuajd !xajduioa jupou ajnauulajd `uijpaiuad
ua2ojaiu jo ainssaid jupiud
aaou ssai2oid
`jusuu-asod `aniau2au-aniaisod `suijnau-Xjod !uiuotunaud
:QAJau ju-iagdijad !usopou spinamuad `.aaou uoissna.Iad
Bojo.inau puu hauigaAsd
3AIUA jujaittl asdujoid
uoisuaa junjasuatu-ajd
uidoaaopuuo2 Limas ajuui auuu2ajd
au.io.jpuAs jun.Iasuaui-a.zd `tun.Ias s,ajutu auuu2ajd
`ssazas junjasuatu-asod taulo :ipu/s jusnudouaal-asod
aauj Aaijuaiouz aauuopjodojd `aau.z
faipig .Iolu aauuopiodoid Sisojnapa .i aigdioul-Ajod
`aauj Aaijuajoui juauui.zad `aau.I Aaipiyotu juauuind
uoiauaijiquga2j puu auiaipaW juaisAgd
auiumb-auituuyatu-i .ISd
poi.Iad juniasuaui snoIAaad
aiAaojnaj jitjdo.ianau .iuajanu-ogd:zow-Ajod
jigdojanau juajanu-ogdiou.I-Ajod
ajAamjnaj juajanu-ogdjou,I-Ajod
aiAaojnaj jigdouisoa .juajanu-ogdjow-Ajod
a3Aaolnaj pgdosuq .zuajanu-ogdjouz-Ajod
auajanu-ogd.ioal-/jod
uouuauatu2nu aaujA.zaugaatu-jAyaui-Ajod

El
o/d
O.d
XNd
XANd
11Nd
SNd
SdNd
ddNd
UdNd
dNd
,L,WNd
INd
flHNd
.Lamd
QNd
QNd
ZNd
Nd
NNd
AWd
.Lwd
DSwd
SWd
uwd
2INWd
Z)Wd
dwd
INNWd
NNWd
'NWd
'IRNWd
'IgNWd
NWd
vwwd

SNOIIVIAa'IggV IVDIQ3W

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

Po
PO
PO2
POA
POAG
POAH
POB
POC
POCC
pocil.
pocul.
POD
POEMS
POFA
POG
pOH
POHS
POI
pol.
POL
polio .
poly.
POM
POMC
POMP
POMR
pond.
POP
POP
POPRAS
POR
PORP
PORT
PORTO
POS
POSCH
post cib.
postop .

Polonium
post-operative ; pulse-output
partial pressure of oxygen; partial tension of oxygen
pancreatic oncofetal antigen; prolapse of anus
primary open-angle glaucoma
pre-optical anterior of hypothalamus
phen-oxy-benzamine ; place of birth
post-operative care
Procarbazine, Oncovin, Cytoxan, CCNU
pocillum (small cup)
poculum (cup)
post-operative day; pyloric obstruction and dilatation
Polyneuropathy, Organomegaly, Endocrinopathy,
Monoclonal gammopathy, Skin change
pancreatic onco-fetal antigen
Pediatric Oncology Group
potential of hydroxide ion (hydroxide ion concentration)
presumed ocular histoplasmosis syndrome
prolapse of iris
poliosis; pollen ; pollenosis ; pollicization; pollution
Physician Office Laboratory; Poland; Polish
poliomyelitis; poliosis
polymorphonuclear leukocyte
Prayer of Maimonides
pro-opio-melano cortin
Purinethol, Oncovin, Methotrexate, Prednisone
problem-oriented medical record
pondere (by weight); ponderosus (heavy)
post-operative
plasma oncotic pressure; plaster of Paris; post-operative
Problem-Oriented Perinatal Risk Assessment System
pelvic outlet reconstruction; Portugal; Portuguese ;
problem-oriented record ; prolapse of rectum
partial ossicular reconstructive prosthesis; partial
ossicular replacement prosthesis
portogram; portography; Portugal; Portuguese
portogram; portography; portovenogram
periosteal osteo-sarcoma; point of service; position ;
positive
program on the surgical control of hyperlipidemias
post cibum (after meals)
post-operation; post-operative
17 9

uuzsujd food
-jajalujd `uiaioid-Ajod zosnajad `apiidad-Ajod aiiua .jauud
uigolOouzag
3o uopumius %OS 2uianpoid .jo3 uoisual ua2Axo
12ojoauo 3o saaiiaujd
puu sajdiauijd `uoiiuziuu2ap .zap!AOJd paJJaJazd
dVao y,i,iouog VUasstdN 2uianpo .Td -uijjpiuad
uoiliilnu jujammud jungdiaad
Agdojju .Tujnasnuz spijaAui-oijod-asod
/doasoniuz pauzaopad-uupis/gd `.jajuuz-aoud iuauuwnd
uoijpui aad saaud
uzsiuu2jo xjij-uiuournaud-ojnajd
uotsuaj-jadAq Xjuuouiind A :iuuzud
uisipiojAgi-u .zud-odAti-opnasd-opnasd
asuuij-oxag-ogdsoLjd iajaiujd
uoisuaj.zadA4
/, .iuuouzjnd Aiuuziid `a~iuy .zouzag uzni .jud-isod
uzuA-oaid-oaid
uoii :)uj3 uiaio.zd uuzsujd `
.1043u3 aATIuana .zd uj2ujjad
plUPUMs - QAIIUAIJap uiajojd pai3i .znd
(isai xnoiurW ui pasn) an!Iuniaap uiajoid paijijnd
`pauodisod `.auiuiuip-auaj,(uaiyd-ujud `Xup iad slaud
paiudaid `.pauodasod
uopujnuoa-ujud auiuiuioid tajua auapud
anissaj2ojd `uopuaijduzoa /auuouzind anpundo-isod
ju2ns poojq juipuu.zd-isod
2uiyuajq a .inssajd anpisod `poojq .zood iajaiujd
ujognnau }o uoisuaindAq Xjaiju Aiuuouijnd iuaisisnd
paunoD / .zosTAPV suuiaisf qd 2uuudi3QJud
piau ainnjAd-j,iuagd `.auiuzu-jouudo-Td-j/,uagd
uouuijnasnu puu `uoissnand `uouudjud

(uajugs Is-Ti3 2uiaq apoq aqi) vjvpRv sm,cd vlvi yd


ajnssajd asjnd `xuujugd
juuiixo .Td `uigdjod-oio.zd `jujagnd-isod `juipuwd-isod
`uzni-iud-isod ~Ajuiinvd jouaisod `sja33nd quid
`.asjnd jwagduad !/woiaauoiiaad ainjad taAIJuana.zd
uj2ujjad `ajnssaid juiaiud `.appdadAjod aiiua.iauud
UIIJanuoaojd - uiquzo .Tgio id
sa2ud
(uopupouzuioaau 3o iuiod juau) ucnusixodd usnigund
`(sjuauz .jai}u) ucnipumd isod `(ypjiq iaiju) ucnljvd lsod
snjain }o asdujoid !sn .zain `X.zuno `muaaujd

ddd
z

05
Od d

Odd
oNdd
Ndd
vwwdd
Wdd
ui-d-d
O'Idd
..LHdd
IdHdd
XHdd
Hdd
2dd
add
S-Qdd
Qdd
p,dd
Ddd
SUM
add
NHHdd
DVdd
Vdd
VNdd
u . d-d

dd
d-d
dd
d-d
nod

sKOIIdinaxggV -rdDIQIW

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

PPPPPP
PPQ bar
PPRC
PPRF
PPS
ppt.
PPTL
PPV
PQ
p.r.
pr.
Pr
P&R
PR

p.r.a.
PRA

PRBC

PRC
PRCA
PRD

Pred.
preg.
PreMACE
pre-op .
prep.
prep'd
PRERLA
PRF
PRFM
PRH
PRIST

prl.

PRM

Pain, Pallor, Paresthesia, Pulselessness, Paralysis,


Prostration
pterygo-palato-quadrate bar
Physician Payment Review Commission
paramedian pontine reticular formation
pasteurized protein solution ; pentosan poly-sulfate ;
peripheral pulmonic stenosis ; post-partum sterilization ; post-perfusion syndrome ; Primary Physician Service
praecipitatus (precipitate)
post-partum tubal ligation
positive-pressure ventilation
permeability quotient ; plasto-quinone
per rectum (through the rectum) ; pro recto (rectal)
pair; presbyopia ; prism; production ; propyl
Praseodymium
pulse and respiration
pain reaction ; partial remission; partial response;
pathology report ; pelvic rock; peripheral resistance ;
per rectum ; picture-recording ; pre-record ; pre
recorded ; progesterone receptor ; protein; public
relation; pulse rate; punctum remotum
pro ratione aetatis (in proportion to age)
plasma renin activity ; progesterone receptor assay
packed red blood cells
packed red cells; plasma renin concentration
pure red cell aplasia
post-radiation dysplasia; product; production
Prednisone
pregnant
Prednisone, Methotrexate, Adriamycin, Cytoxan,
Etoposide
pre-operation; pre-operative
preparation; prepare
prepared
Pupils Round, Equal, Reactive to Light and
Accommodation
prolactin releasing factor
prolonged-rupture of a fetal membrane
prolactin-releasing hormone
paper radio-immuno-sorbent test
prolactin
phospho-ribo-mutase ; premature rupture of membranes

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

p.r.n.
PRNT
PRO
prob.
Proc.
Proc AACR
Proc ASCO
procto .
prof.
prog.
PROM
ProMACE
pro rect.
PROS
prot.
Pro . time
prov.
PRP
PRPC
PRPP

PRRE

PRT
PRTA
PRU

PRV
p.s.
ps
Ps
P&S
PS

PSA
PSCC
PSCT

182

pro re nata (as occasion arises; as needed)


plaque reduction neutralization test
Peer Review Organization; professional ; prothrombin
probability ; probable ; problem
Procarbazine ; procedure ; proceed ; proceedings ; process
Proceedings - American Association for Cancer
Research
Proceedings - American Society of Clinical Oncology
proctoscopy
profession; professor
prognosis ; program (programme) ; progress ; progressive
passive range of motion ; premature rupture of membrane; Programmable Read Only Memory ; prolonged
rupture of membrane
Procarbazine, Methotrexate, Adriamycin, Cytoxan,
Etoposide
pro recto (rectal)
professionals
protein ; protocol
prothrombin time
provision ; provisional
phosphosyl-ribitol-phosphate ; pityriasis rubra pilaris ;
platelet-rich plasma; progesterone receptor protein
pan-retinal photo-coagulation
phospho-ribosyl-pyro-phosphate
pupils round, regular, equal
phospho-ribosyl-transferase
proximal renal tubular acidosis
peripheral resistance unit
pseudo-rabies virus
per second ; pico-second ; post scriptum (post-script)
pico-second
Pseudomonas
permanent and stationary
pathological stage ; pathological staging ; phosphatidylserine; plastic surgery; population sample ; post-script ;
prescription; primary stage ; pulmonary stenosis ;
pyloric stenosis
platelet-specific antibody; polyethylene sulfonic acid;
prostate-specific antigen
posterior sub-capsular cataract
peripheral stem cell transplantation

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

PSD
psec
psf
PSG
PSGN
psi
PSIFT
PSIS
PSM
PSMF
PSNP
PSP
PSRO
PSS
PST
PSTPS
PSV
PSVTc
PSWD
pt.
Pt
PT

PTA
PTAHt
PTAP
PTB
PTC
PTCA
PTCAP
PTCG

pelvic sidewall dissection ; peptone, starch, dextrose


pico-second
pounds per square foot
peak systolic gallop ; poly-sono-gram ; pre-systolic gallop
post-streptococcal glomerulo-nephritis
para-psychological ; pounds per square inch;
psychological
platelet suspension immuno-fluorescence test
posterior superior iliac spine
pan-systolic murmur; pre-systolic murmur
protein-supplemented modified fast
progressive supra-nuclear palsy
periodic short pulse; phenol-sulfon-phthalein
Professional Standards Review Organization
progressive systemic sclerosis
Pacific Standard Time; Penicillin, Streptomycin,
Tetracycline
post-surgical treatment - pathological staging
pressure support ventilation
paroxysmal supra-ventricular tachy-cardia
pelvic side-wall dissection
part ; patient; perstetur (let it be continued) ; pint (from
French : pinte) ; point; port
Platinum
para-thormone; para-thyroid ; para-tuberculosis; paratyphoid; part-time; pathological treatment; patient;
photo-toxicity ; Physical Therapist; physical therapy;
Platinol; platinum; posterior tibial; proficiency testing;
prothrombin time
persistent truncus arteriosus ; phospho-tungstic acid;
plasma thromboplastin antecedent ; post-traumatic
amnesia; post-traumatic arthritis; prior to admission
phospho-tungstic acid hema-toxylin
percutaneous transluminal angio-plasty
patellar tendon bearing; prior to birth; pulmonary
tuberculosis
paroxysmal tachy-cardia ; percutaneous transhepatic
cholangiography; phenyl-thio-carbamide; plasma
thromboplastin component
percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
percutaneous transluminal coronary angio-plasty
percutaneous transhepatic cholangio-graphy
18 3

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS
PTD
PTE
PTED
PTFE
PTFU
PTH
PTHB
PTHBD
PTHS
PTHSE
PTHSI
PTI
PTLF
PTMA
PTMV
p.t.o.
PTP
PTPT
PTR
PTS
PTSA
PTT
PTT/PTPT
PTU
PTY
PTZ
Pu
PU
PUCBS
PUD
PUE
PUF
PUFA
pulm.
pule.
PUO
PUPPP
PUS
PUVA
P.V.

18 4

permanent and total disability


proximal tibial epiphysis ; pulmonary thromboembolism
pulmonary thrombo-embolic disease
poly-tetra-fluoro-ethylene (Fluon ; Fluoroflex; Teflon)
Platinol, Fluorouracil
para-thyroid hormone ; post-transfusional hepatitis
percutaneous trans-hepatic biopsy
percutaneous trans-hepatic biliary drainage
para-thyroid hormone secretion
percutaneous trans-hepatic stone extraction
percutaneous transhepatic stent insertion
persistent tolerant infection
passive transferable lethal factor
phenyl-tri-methyl-ammonium
percutaneous transvenous mitral valvotomy
please turn over
post-tetanic potentiation; post-transfusion purpura
partial thrombo-plastin time
patient to return ; phosphorous tubular reabsorption
post-transfusion syndrome; post-traumatic stress
para-toluene-sulfonic acid
pro-thrombin time
pro-thrombin time / partial thrombo-plastin time (ratio)
propyl-thio-uracil
para-thyroidectomy
pentylene-tetra-zol
Plutonium
peptic ulcer ; pregnancy urine
percutaneous umbilical cord blood sampling
peptic ulcer disease
pyrexia of unknown etiology
pure ultra-filtration
poly-unsaturated fatty acid
pulmentum (gruel) ; pulmonary
pulvieres (powders) ; pulvis (powder)
pyrexia of unknown origin
pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy
poison by unknown substance
psoralen and ultra-violet A
partitis vicibus (in divided dose) ; per vaginam
(through the vagina) ; polycythemia vera

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

P&V
P/V
PV
PVA
PVB
PVC
PVD
PVE
PVEC
PVHt
PVI
PVM

P-VM26

PVOD

PVOM

PVp
PVP

PVP-I
PVp-XRT
PVR
PVS
PVT
PVTC
PW
PWA
PWB
PWI
PWM
PWP
PWR
PWS

pyloroplasty and vagotomy


perfusion / ventilation
peak voltage ; peripheral vascular ; peripheral vein;
plasma volume; poly-vinyl; polycythemia vera; portal
vein; pressure velocity ; pulmonic valve
poly-vinyl acetate ; poly-vinyl alcohol
Platinol, Velban, Bleomycin ; premature ventricular beat
poly-vinyl-chloride ; premature ventricular complex ;
premature ventricular contraction ; pulmonary venous
congestion
peripheral vascular disease; pulmonary vascular disease
prosthetic valve endocarditis
prosthetic valve endo-carditis
pulmonary venous hyper-tension
peripheral vascular insufficiency
peak voltage measurement ; pneumonia virus of mice
Platinol, Teniposide
peripheral vascular occlusive disease ; pulmonary
venous obstructive disease
pyogenic vertebral osteo-myelitis
Platinol, Etoposide
penicillin V potassium ; peripheral vein plasma ; peripheral venous pressure ; poly-vinyl-pyrrolidone ; portal
venous pressure ; pulmonary venous pressure
poly-vinyl-pyrrolidone and iodine (povidone and iodine)
Platinol, Etoposide - Radiation Therapy
peripheral vascular resistance ; pulmonary vascular
resistance
premature ventricular systole
portal vein thrombosis ; pressure, volume, temperature ;
private
paroxysmal ventricular tachy-cardia
penetrating water; plain water; plantar wart; poisoned
water; posterior wall; pulse wave; pure water; purified
water
person with AIDS
partial weight bearing
posterior wall infarct
port-wine mark (nevus; port-wine stain)
pulmonary wedge pressure
power
port-wine stain (nevus; port-wine mark)

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

pwt
Px
PX
PXE
pxm .
Pyr.
PZ
PZA
PZCCK
PZCK
PZl
PZP

penny-weight
pneumothorax
physical examination ; please exchange; post exchange
pseudo-xanthoma elasticum
pyrido-xa-mine
pyridine
pancreo-zymin ; peripheral zone
pyra-zin-amide
pancreo-zymin-chole-cysto-kinin
pancreo-zymin-cholecysto-kinin
protamine zinc insulin
pregnancy zone protein

Q
Q. s .

distribution (perfusion); rate of blood flow


physiological shunt
intrapulmonary shunt fraction
Q
Qsi T
cardiac output
QT
venous admixture
Qvv QT
q.
electric charge quantity; quantum; quaque (each; every) ;
quart
q
long arm of chromosome ; electric charge quantity;
quantity of heat
Q
heat ; quaalude (Dormutil; Methaqualone ; Soverin) ;
quadrupedal; quality; quantity ; quarantine ; quartz ;
query; question; quittor (quitter); symbol for Cou
lomb; ubiquinones
temperature coefficient
Q10
Q-275
ubiquinones
QA
qualitative analysis; quality assurance
QAB
quaternary ammonium bases
QAC
quaternary ammonium compound
QALY
quality-adjusted life year
QALYs
quality-adjusted life years
q.a.m.
every morning
Q-band.
quinacrine-banding
QC
quality control
number
QCO 2
of microliters (microlitres) of carbon dioxide
QC-PCR
competitive polymerase=chain reaction
QCT
Quantitative Computed Tomography
q .d.
quaque die (every day)
q. day
every day
QDHC
quinine di-hydro-chloride
q.d.s.
quater die sumendum (to be taken four times a day)
q.e.
quod est (which is)
q.e.d.
quod erat demonstrandum (which was to be
demonstrated)
q.e.f.
quod erat faciendum (which was to be done)

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

q.e.i .
QER
QF

quod erat inveniendum

q. fever
q.h.
q.2h.
q.3h.
q.4h.
QHC
q.h.s.
QICA
q.i.d.
q.l.
q.m.
QM
QMB
q. month
QMS
q.m.t.
QMT
q.n.
q.n.s.
QO2
q.o.d.
q.o.l.
q.o.s.
q.p,
QP
q.p.m.
qq,
QqD
Qq-disease
q.q .h.

qq. hor.
qqv
q.r.
qr.
QRS
QRST
188

(which was to be found out)


quadrupedal extensor reflex
quadriceps femoris; quality factor; query fever (ninemile fever) ; quick-firing
quarten fever (quartan malaria) ; quotidian fever
quaque hora (every hour)
quaque secunda hora (every second hour)
quaque tertia hora (every third hour)
quaque quarta hora (every fourth hour)
quinacrine hydro-chloride
quaque hora somni (each bed-time)
Quantitative Inhalation Challenge Apparatus
quater in die (four times a day)
quantum libet (as much as is desired)
quaque mane (every morning) ; quaque matin (every
morning)
quartan malaria (quartan fever)
Qualified Medicare Beneficiary
every month
Qualified Medical Student
quantitative muscle testing
quantitative muscle testing
quaque nocte (every night) ; quaque nox (every night)
quantity not sufficient
number of microliters (microlitres) of oxygen
consumption
every other day

quality of life

quoties opus sit (as often as necessary)


quantum placet (as much as you please); quantum
placetat (as much as you please ; as you will)

quadriceps femoris
every afternoon; every evening
quaque (each; every) ; question
Quinquaud's Disease
Quinquaud's disease
quaque quarta hora (every fourth hour)
quaque hora (every hour)
quae vide (which see.. .used in plural form)
quantum rectum (the quantity is correct)
quarter
Q wave, R wave, S wave
Q wave, R wave, S wave, T wave

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

q.s.
QS
qt.
QT
qtr.
qts.
QTTfev
qtts.
qty.
qu.
quad.
quadrup.
quat.
ques .
QUH
quin.
quot.
q.v.
q. 2wk
q. 4wk

quantity sufficient; quantum sufficiat (as much as will


suffice; enough); quantum satis (sufficient quantity) ;
quantum sufficit (as much as necessary)
Queckenstedt's sign ; Quevenne scale; quinidine sulfate
quantity ; quartina (quart)
quinine tannate
quarter
quarters ; quarts
Queensland tick typhus fever
quantities
quantity
question
quadriceps ; quadriplegic ; quadruped; quadruplet
quadruplicato (four times as much)
quattour (four)
question
quinine and urea hydrochloride
quinque (five)
quatidie (daily ; every day)
quantum vis (as much as you wish ; which see) ; quantum
voleris (as much as you wish; which see)
every 2 weeks
every 4 weeks

This Page Intentionally Left Blank

correlation coefficient; radius distance ; remotum (far);


resistance of drug; rontgen (roentgen); Tuber (red)
race; radiation ; radio; radius ; Rankine; rate; ratio ;
R
reactance ; reaction ; reactive ; recovery ; rectal; red;
reference ; region ; register ; registered; regression;
relation ; relative; relaxed ; remark; renal ; repeat;
report ; resident; residual tumor; residual ; resistance;
resistance; respiration ; rest; reverse; rhythm ; right;
room; root; rotary ; rough; round; rub ; rupture ; Russia ;
Russian
RO
residual tumor - none
R1
residual tumor - microscopic
R2
residual tumor - macroscopic
resistance
airway
RA
Reynold's
Re
number
pulmonary
RP
resistance
RX
recipe (dispense : used at the beginning of a prescription)
Ra
Radium
RA
rectal alimentation; rectal anesthesia ; refractory anemia ;
renal artery ; repeat action ; rheumatoid arthritis ; right
anterior right arm ; right atrial; right atrium ; right auricle
RAAg
rheumatoid arthritis agglutination
RAANA
rheumatoid arthritis-associated nuclear antigen
RAAPI
resting ankle arm pressure index
RAC
Remak's axis cylinder; rheumatoid arthritis cell
RACAD
rapid acquisition computed axial tomography
Tad.
radial ; radian ; radiation; radium; radius ; radix (root)
RAD
radian ; right axis deviation ; radiation absorbed dose;
reactive airway disease ; right anterior descending
RADAR
radio detecting and ranging
RADIAC
radio-active detection, identification and countermeasures
RADTS
rabbit anti-dog thymus serum
RAE
right atrial enlargement
RAF
rheumatoid arthritis factor
r

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

RAG
RAH
RAI
RAIHSA
RAISA
RAID
RAM
RAM-1
RAM-2
R.A.M.C.
RAMF
RAMF-1
RAMF-2
RAMP
RAMT
RAO
RAP
RAPS
RARLS
ras.
RAS
RAST
RAT
RATG
RaTx
RAU
RAV
RAW
RAWEBIT
Rb
RB
RBA
RBB
RBBB
RBC
RBC/hpf
RBC-ITO
RBCM
RBCV

radio-autograph; reticular apparatus of Golgi


regressing atypical histiocytosis ; right atrial hypertrophy
radio-active iodine
radio-active iodinated human serum albumin
radio-active iodinated serum albumin
radio-active iodine uptake
Random Access Memory; random alternating
movements; rapid alternating movements
rectus abdominis muscle (flap) - unilateral
rectus abdominis muscle (flap) - bilateral
Royal Army Medical Corps
rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap
rectus abdominis muscle flap - unilateral
rectus abdominis muscle flap - bilateral
Rifampin-AMP (Rifampicin; Rifampin; Riforal)
rabbit anti-mouse thymocyte
right anterior oblique
rheumatoid arthritis precipitation; right atrial pressure
Rapid Acute Physiology Score
rabbit anti-rat lymphocyte serum
rasrae (fillings; scrapings)
renal artery stenosis; reticular-activating system
radio-allergo-sorbent test; rheumatoid arthritis slide test
radial aplasia thrombocytopenia
rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin
radiation therapy
radio-active uptake
Rous-associated virus
resistance of air-way
refractory anemia with excess blasts in transformation
Rubidium
rachitic beads; red blindness; respiratory bronchiole ;
Russell bodies ; Russian bath
regional block anesthesia ; right brachial artery; rose
bengal antigen
retro-bulbar block; right bundle branch
right bundle branch block
red blood cell ; red blood count
red blood cell per high power field
red blood cell iron turn-over
red blood cell mass
red blood cell volume

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS
RBD
RBE
RBER
RBF
RBL
RBM
RBP
RBS
RBV
R.C.
RC

RCA
RCBF
RCBV
RCC
RCCA
RCD
RCDW
RCF
RCFR
RCG
RCIA
RCIARF
RCITOR
RCM
RCN
RCO
RCOG
RCP
RCPP
RCPS
RCR
RCS
RCT
RCU
RCV
RCVS

rheumatic brain disease


relative biological effectiveness
relative biological effectiveness of radiation
renal blood flow
Reid's base line
rachial-bumini-meter ; rachial-bumini-metey
retinal-binding protein
random blood sugar
right brachial vein
Red Cross; Roman Catholic
radical cystectomy; reticuloendothelial cell ; retinal
correspondence ; retinitis circinata; retinitis
circumpapillaris; rhinitis caseosa; rib cage ; rima
cornealis; rough colony
right coronary artery
regional cerebral blood flow
regional cerebral blood volume
red cell count; renal cell carcinoma
right common carotid artery
relative cardiac dullness
red cell diameter width; red cell distribution width
red cell folate ; relative centrifugal force; root canal filling
red cell flow rate
retrograde cysto-gram
red cell immune adherence
radio contrast-induced acute renal failure
red cell iron turn-over rate
red cell mass ; right costal margin ; Royal College of
Midwives
Royal College of Nursing
aliphatic acyl radical
Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists
Royal College of Physician
regional cerebral perfusion pressure
Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons
respiratory control ratio
reticulum cell sarcoma; Royal College of Surgeons
recalcified clotting time; renal clearance test; root
canal treatment
red cell utilization
red cell volume
Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons

193

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

RCWI
R&D
RD

right cardiac work index


research and development
Ranikhet disease ; Raynaud's disease ; reaction of generation ; reading disorders ; Reclus' disease; reduction
diet; reduction division; reference delusion ; renal decortication ; resistance determinant ; retarded depression;
retinal detachment; right deltoid ; road; rod ; round
recommended daily allowance ; recommended dietary
allowance ; right dorso-anterior (fetus position)
Rheus diploid cell strain rabies vaccine
random digit dial
receptor-destroying enzyme
ratio of decayed and filled surface
Registered Dental Hygienist
relative dose intensity; respiratory disturbance index;
rupture delivery interval
ribosomal deoxy-ribo-nucleic acid
right dorso-posterior (fetus position)
relative dose response
respiratory distress syndrome
respiratory distress syndrome of the newborn
Rhenium
radiation emanation ; radium emanation ; random error;
rectal examination; regional enteritis ; reticuloendothelial; retinal equivalent; right ear ; right eye
radio-enzymatic assay ; radiological emergency assistance
receive ; recens (fresh) ; recipient ; record ; recreation;
rectum
receive ; receiver; recommend ; recommendation ; record
received
radio-electrocardiogram ; radio-electro-cardiography
re-check
recipient
rectificatus (rectified) ; rectum
Rees and Ecker's diluting fluid
resting energy expenditure
re-examination
referee; reference ; refuse ; refused ; renal erythropoietic
factor
region; register; registration ; regular
radio-encephalo-gram; radio-encephalo-graphy
rehabilitation

RDA
RDCSRV
RDD
RDE
RDFS
R.D.H.
RDI
rDNA
RDP
RDR
RDS
RDSN
Re
RE
REA
rec.
REC
rec'd
RECG
re-ch.
recip.
rect.
RE-DF
REE
re-exam .
REF
reg .
REG
rehab .

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS
REKG

REL
REM
REMP
REMS
ren L
ren. sem.
REO
REOV
rep.
REP
REPG
rept.
RER
res .
RES
resp.
ret.
RET
rev.
REV
RF
RFA
RFD
RFER
RFL
RFLA
RFLP
RFM
RFP
RFPS
RFS
RFT

radio-electro-kardio-gram (radio-electro-cardiogram) ;
radio -electro-kardio-graphy (radio-electro-cardiography)
radiation exposure limit; recommended exposure
limit; relative
rapid eye movement ; roentgen equivalent man
roentgen equivalent man period
rapid eye movement sleep (paradoxical sleep)
renal angle
renovetur semel (shall be renewed only once)
respiratory and enteric orphan
respiratory and enteric orphan virus
repair ; repetatur (let it be repeated); report ;
representative
rapid ejection period ; roentgen equivalent physical ;
representative
radio-electro-physiolo-graphy
repetatur (let it be repeated)
renal excretion rate ; respiratory exchange ratio; rough
endoplasmic reticulum
research; reserve; residence; resident; residue; resolution
reticulo-endothelial system ; resident
respectively; respiration; respiratory; response
retire ; retreat; retrieve ; return
roentgen equivalent therapy
reverse; review ; reviewed ; revised; revision
reticulo-endotheliosis virus
rabbit fever; radio frequency; regurgitation factor;
relative fluorescence ; releasing factor; renal failure;
respiratory failure; rheumatic fever; rheumatoid factor
rachitis fetalis annularis; right femoral artery ; right
fore-arm ; right fronto-anterior (fetus position)
residue free diet; Riga-Fede's disease
radio-frequency electrophrenic respiration
right fronto-lateral (fetus position)
rheumatoid factor-like activity
restriction fragment length polymorphism
rachitis fetalis micromelica
rachitic flat pelvis; right fronto-posterior (fetus position)
Royal Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons
relapse-free survival ; renal function study
Reed-Frost theory ; right fronto-transverse (fetus position)

19 5

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

RFW
RG

rapid filling wave


radio-gram; radio-grapher; radio-graphy; reflexography ; retro-graphy ; right gluteal
RGN
Registered General Nurse
rh
relative humidity ; rheumatic; rheumatoid
Rh
Rhesus ; Rhesus factor ; Rhodium
RH
reactive hyperemia; relative humidity ; releasing
hormone; right hand ; right hyperphoria
Rhesus
Rhnegative factor
Rh+
Rhesus positive factor
RhBF
Rhodium blood factor
RHBF
reactive hyperemia blood flow
RhBG
Rhodium blood group
RHD
relative hepatic dullness ; rheumatic heart disease
RHEP
recombinant human erythro-poietin
RHF
right heart failure
RHG-CSF
recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating
factor
right hepatic lobe
RHL
RHLN
right hilar lymph node
r.h.m.
roentgen-hour-meter (r6ntgen-hour-metre)
RHS
right hand side
RI
recession index; refractive index; regional ileitis;
regular insulin; respiratory illness
RIA
radio-immuno-assay
RIC
Royal Institute of Chemistry
RICM
right inter-costal margin
Respiratory Intensive Care Unit
RICU
RID
radial immuno-diffusion ; radio-immuno-detection ;
reciprocal inhibition and desensitization
radial-immuno-diffusion assay
RIDA
RIF
right iliac fossa
radio-iodinated fatty acid
RIFA
right inguinal hernia
RIH
RIMA
right internal mammary artery
RIND
resolving ischemic neurological deficit; reversible
ischemic neurological disability
r.i.p.
redigatur in pulverem (let it be reduced to powder) ;
reductus in pulverem (reduced to powder)
RIP
radio-immuno-precipitation ; requiescant in pace (may
they rest in peace) ; requiescat in pace (may he rest in
peace) ; rest in peace
196

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS
RIPA
RIPHH
RIPT
RIR
RISA
RIST
RITA
RIU
RK
RKY
R-L
R&L
RL
RLAR
RLBCD
RLC
RLE
RLFP
RLL
RLM
RLN
RLP
RLQ
RLR
RLS
RLU
rm.
RM
RMA
RMBF
RMCA
RMCBF
RMK
RML
RMM
RMP

radio-immuno-precipitation assay
Royal Institute of Public Health and Hygiene
radio-immuno-precipitin test
right iliac region
radio-active iodinated serum albumin
radio-immuno-sorbent test
radium intra-tumoral application
radioactive iodine uptake
rabbit kidney ; radial keratotomy; right kidney ; right
knee
roentgen-kymography
right to left
right and left
reflected light; reflex light; reticular layer; right leg;
right line ; right lower; right lung ; Ringer's lactate;
round ligament
repeat low anterior resection
right lower border of cardiac dullness
residual lung capacity
right lower extremity
retro-lental fibro-plasia
radio-lucent line; right lower limb ; right lower lobe ;
right lower lung
radiation leak measurement
recurrent laryngeal nerve
radiation leukemia protection
right lower quadrant
right lateral rectus
Ringer's lactate solution
radiation leukemia virus
roentgen-meter (rontgen-metre)
radical mastectomy ; reference man; reference material ;
rheumatoid myositis ; Roger murmur; room
right mento-anterior (fetus position)
regional myocardial blood flow
right middle cerebral artery
regional myo-cardial blood flow
Rhesus monkey kidney
right middle lobe; right middle lung
radiculo-meningo-myelitis
resting membrane potential; right mento-posterior
(fetus position)

19 7

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

RMQ
RMR
RMRV
rms
RMS
RMSF
RMT
RMV
Rn
R.N .
RNA
RNAG
RNase
RND
RNE
RNP
RNVG
R/O
RO
ROA
ROAD
ROB
ROD
ROE
ROHT
ROI
ROL
ROM
RON
ROP

ROS
ROSC
ROT
ROU
RP

19 8

right middle quadrant


right medial rectus
Rhesus monkey rota-virus
root-mean-square
resident medical staff
Rocky Mountain spotted fever
right mento-transverse (fetus position)
respiratory minute volume
Radon
Registered Nurse
ribo-nucleic acid
radio-nuclide angio-graphy
ribo-nucle-ase
radical neck dissection; regional neck dissection ;
regional node dissection ; round
relativity not established
ribo-nucleo-protein
radio-nucleotide veno-graphy
ruled out; rule out
red-out; relative odds ; routine order
range of accommodation ; received on account; right
occipito-anterior (fetus position)
reversible obstructive airways disease
riding of bones
reaction of degeneration ; renal osteo-dystrophy
refraction of eye
rat ovarian hyperemia test
reservoir of infection
right occipito-lateral (fetus position)
range of motion; Read-Only Memory ; right otitis
media; rupture of membrane
rule of nines
raphe of penis; retinopathy of prematurity; right
occipito-posterior (fetus position); rupture of
perineum
review of system
return of spontaneous circulation
raphe of tongue ; remedial occupational therapy; right
occipito-transverse (fetus position); rupture of tubes
retroversion of uterus ; rupture of uterus
reactive protein; radial pulse; rapid process ; referred
pain ; refractive power; resting period ; retrograde
pyelogram

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

RPA
RPB
RPC
RPCF
RPCFT
RPE
RPF
RPG
RPGN
R.Ph.
RPI
RPKT
RPL
r.p.m.
RPN
RPO
RPR
RPRCT
RPRT
r.p.s.
RPS
rpt.
.P
R
.
.T
RPV
RQ
R&R
RR
R.R.A.
RRA
RRE
R.R.L.
rRNA
RRR
RRT
r.s .

RS

retinitis punctata albescens; reverse passive


anaphylaxis; right pulmonary artery
retinal binding protein
red pulp cords
Reiter protein complement fixation
Reiter protein complement fixation test
retinal pigment epithelium
renal plasma flow
retrograde pyelo-gram
rapidly progressive glomerulo-nephritis
Registered Pharmacist
reticulocytic production index
reversed Prausnitz-Kiistner test
radiological path length ; retro-peritoneal
lymphadenectomy
revolutions per minute; rounds per minute
renal papillary necrosis ; resident's progress note
right posterior oblique
rapid plasma reagin
rapid plasma reagin card test
rapid plasma reagin test
rounds per second
renal pressor substance; resident physician section
repeat ; report
Registered Physical Therapist
right pulmonary vein
respiratory quotient
rate and rhythm ; recess and resect ; remove and replace ; rest and recuperation
reaction response; radiation response ; recovery room;
relative risk ; renin release; respiratory rate ; response
rate
Registered Record Administrator
radio-receptor assay
round, regular, equal
Registered Record Librarian
ribosomal ribo-nucleic acid
regular rhythm and rate ; renin release rate
relative retention time
renovetur semel (shall be renewed only once)
railway sickness; Reiter's syndrome ; respiratory
syncytium; right side ; Ringer's solution ; Romanovsky
stain; rose spots
19 9

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

RSA
RSC
RScA
RSCA
RS-cell
RScP
RSCV
RSD
RSDS
RSDV
RSE
RS1

RSM
RSNA
RSP
RSR

RST

RSTL
RSTMH

RSV
R.S.V.P
RSWC
R.T.
RT
RTA
RTAS
RTBC
RTC
RTD
RTF
RT+FU
RTH
RTOG
RTPA
200

reticulum cell sarcoma; right sacro-anterior (fetus


position)
rested state contraction
right scapulo-anterior (fetus position)
right sub-clavian artery
Reed-Sternberg cell
right scapulo-posterior (fetus position)
right sub-clavian vein
reflex sympathetic dystrophy; relative standard
deviation; residual standard deviation
reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome
respiratory sialo-dacryoadenitis virus
recurrent summer eruption (hydroa vacciniforme) ;
reference standard endotoxin
repetitive strain injury
Royal Society of Medicine
Radiological Society of North America
right sacro-posterior (fetus position)
regular sinus rhythm
radio-sensitivity test ; right sacro-transverse (fetus
position)
relaxed skin tension lines
Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
respiratory syncytial virus; Rous sarcoma virus
please reply (French: repondez s'il vous plait)
right side up with care
Registered Technologist
radiation therapy; radio-therapy; radium therapy;
reaction time; reading test ; respiratory therapy; right;
right thigh; room temperature
renal tubular acidosis
rat thymus anti-serum
Russian tick-borne complex (encephalitides)
return to clinic
returned; resubmission turnaround document ;
resubmission turnaround documents; routine test
dilution
resistance transfer factor ; respiratory tract fluid
radiation therapy and Fluorouracil
return to hospital
Radiation Therapy Oncology Group
recombinant tissue plasminogen activator

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

RTS
RT3U
RTx
ru
Ru
RU
RU486
rub.
RUE
RUG
RUL
RUOQ
rup'd
rupt.
RUQ
RUR
RURTI
RUS
RV
RVA
RVAD
RVB
RVD
RVDV
RVE
RVEDP
RVEDV
RVEF
RVEP
RVESP
RVESV
RVET
RVH
RVID
RVO
RVOA
RVOT
RVPP
RVR

request to send
resin triiodothyronine uptake
radiation therapy
radiation unit
Ruthenium
rat unit; residual urine; resistance unit; rodent ulcer;
roentgen unit (rontgen unit)
abortifacient pill
ruber (red)
right upper extremity
retrograde uretero-gram
right upper limb; right upper lobe; right upper lung
right upper outer quadrant
ruptured
rupture ; ruptured
right upper quadrant
resin uptake ratio
recurrent upper respiratory tract infection
Russia; Russian
rabies vaccine; rat virus ; recreational vehicle ; residual
volume; respiratory volume; return visit ; right ventricle ;
rima vocalis; rubella virus
right ventricular apex
right ventricular assist device
_
red venous blood
relative vertebral density ; right ventricular dimension
right ventricular diastolic volume
right ventricular enlargement
right ventricular end-diastolic pressure
right ventricular end-diastolic volume
right ventricular ejection fraction
right ventricular ejection period
right ventricular end-systolic pressure
right ventricular end-systolic volume
right ventricular ejection time
reno-vascular hypertension ; right ventricular hypertrophy
right ventricular internal dimension
relaxed vaginal outlet
right ventricular over-activity
right ventricular outflow tract
right ventricular pre-ejection period
renal vascular resistance

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS
RVRA
RVRC
RVS
RVSV
RVSWI
RVT
RV/TLC
RVU
RVVL
RW

RWC
RWO
RX

ryt.

renal vein renin activity ; renal venous renin assay


renal vein renin concentration
relative value studies
right ventricular stroke volume
right ventricular stroke work index
renal vein thrombosis
residual volume / total lung capacity (ratio)
relative value unit
rubella virus vaccine live
rag-weed ; reference woman; rose water
resting wandering cell
Risky work-out
recipe (take) ; therapy; treatment; medication ; drug
rytidosis

sine (without)
spatial vector in electro-cardiology
sans (without) ; semis (half) ; signa (mark; sign, write) ;
sinister (left)
entropy ; Salmonella ; salt; Schistosoma ; school ; second;
seconds ; section ; serum; shock; short ; sick; single ; sister ;
size; skin; small ; smooth ; soluble ; son ; sone; sound;
south ; sphere; Spirillum ; standard; Staphylococcus ;
stomach; Streptococcus ; Streptozocin ; substrate ; sulfur ;
surgery ; Svedberg
first heart sound; primary syphilis
second heart sound ; secondary syphilis
pulmonic valve closure
third heart sound ; tertiary syphilis; ventricular gallop
atrial gallop ; fourth heart sound
Svedberg flotation unit
Svedberg sedimentation unit
first sacral vertebra (first sacral nerve)
second sacral vertebra (second sacral nerve)
ribosomal protein
late latent syphilis
late syphilis
secundum artem (according to art; by skill)
Samarium ; Saturday
saccharum album; salicylic acid; Saturday; sclerotic
acid; secondary amenorrhea ; secondary anemia; serum
albumin; sino-atrial; sino-auricular; sinus arrest; sinus
arrhythmia ; sleep apnea; sleeping area; soda ash
(sodium-carbonate) ; spasmus agitans ; surface area;
sustained action
serum amyloid A; severe aplastic anemia; StokesAdams attack
significant asymptomatic bacteriuria; sino-atrial block;
spontaneous abortion ; sub-arachnoid block
short arm cast; spinal-accessory chain
203

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

SACE
SACH
SACT
SAD
SAE
SAECG
SAF
SAGES

serum angiotensin converting enzyme


single axis cushioned-heel; solid ankle cushioned-heel
sino-atrial conduction time
seasonal affective disorder ; Stokes-Adams disease
sea algae extraction
signal-averaged electro-cardio-gram
Saint Anthony's fire ; serum accelerator factor
Society of American Gastrointestinal Endoscopic
Surgeons
SAH
sub-arachnoid hemorrhage
SAIDS
simian-acquired immune deficiency syndrome
SAIMR
South African Institute for Medical Research
s.a.1.
secundum artis leges (according to the rules of art)
sal.
salicylate ; salimeter; saline ; saliva ; salivation
SAM
smoking-attributable mortality; surface active material ;
systolic anterior motion
SAMMEL
smoking-attributable mortality, morbidity, and
economic loss
sino-atrial node
SAN
SANC
short arm navicular cast
stimulated acid output
SAO
SAO2
arterial oxygen percent saturation
SAP
serum alkaline phosphatase; systemic arterial pressure
SAPS
Simplified Acute Physiology Score
SART
sino-atrial recovery time
short-arm splint ; sleep apnea syndrome ; Statistical
SAS
Analysis System ; Stokes-Adams syndrome
sub-acute sclerosing pan-encephalitis
SASPE
saturate ; saturation; saturatus (saturated)
sat.
Saturday
Sat.
Saturday; Scholastic Aptitude Test; Senior Apperception
SAT
Test
saturated solution
sat. sol.
survival and ventricular enlargement
SAVE
Stibium (antimony)
Sb
SB
sacral bone ; saddle block; serum bilirubin; single
breath ; sitz bath (hip bath); sleeping bag; small bowel;
snow blindness; sternal border ; still-birth
SbC1 3
antimony-trichloride
spontaneous breathing with continuous positive airSB-CPAP
way pressure
breath diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide
single
SBDco
SBE
sea-bather's eruption; subacute bacterial endocarditis
204

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

SBF
SBFT
SBI
SBN
SBO
Sb 203
Sb 205
SBOM
SBP
SBRN
Sb 2S3
SBT
SBTI
SB tube
SBV
SBW
sc
sI c
S.C.

Sc
S&C
SC

SCA
SCAB
SCAG
scat .
SCAT
scat . orig.
SCC
SCCB
SCCHN
SCCM
SCCV
Sc.D.
SCD
ScDA

splanchnic blood flow


small bowel follow-through (X-ray study)
serious bacterial infection
single breath nitrogen (test)
small bowel obstruction
antimony-trioxide
antimony-pentoxide
soy-bean oil meal
spontaneous bacterial peritonitis; systemic blood pressure; systolic blood pressure
sensory branch of radial nerve
antimony-trisulfide
serum bacterial titer
soy-bean trypsin inhibitor
Sengstaken-Blackmore tube
single binocular vision
spectral band-width
without correction (eye-glasses)
without correction (eye-glasses)
sub cutis (sub-cutaneously)
Scandium
sclerae and conjunctivae
saccharum canadense (maple sugar) ; saccharum
candidum (rock candy) ; sacral canal; sacro-coccygeal ;
salaam convulsion ; secretory component; self-care;
self-cueing; serum chemistry; sickle cell ; simian crease ;
sterno-clavicular; sub-clavian; subcutaneous
sickle cell anemia ; Staphylococcus cereus aureus
Streptozotocin, CCNU, Adriamycin, Bleomycin
selective coronary angiogram
scatula (box)
sheep cell agglutination test; sickle cell anemia test
scatula originalis (original package)
small cell carcinoma; squamous cell cancer ; squamous
cell carcinoma
small cell carcinoma of the bone
squamous cell carcinoma of head and neck
Society of Critical Care Medicine
squamous cell carcinoma of vulva
Doctor of Science
sick cell disease; subacute combined degeneration ;
sudden cardiac death; sudden coronary death
scapulo-dextra anterior (fetus position)
20S

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

SC disease
ScDP
SCDT
SCE
SCF
SCFE
SCG
SCI
SCID
SCIDD
SCIPP
SCJ
SCK
SCL
ScLA
SCLC
ScLP

SCM
SCN
Scop .
SCOP
SCP
SCPK
SCR
SCT
sctd .
SCU
SCUBA
SCUF
s. cut.
SCV
SCVCPR
S/D
SD

SDA
S-D curve
SDD
206

sickle cell disease; sickle cell-hemolglobin C disease


scapulo-dextra posterior (fetus position)
solid carbon dioxide therapy
secretory carcinoma of endometrium
Staphylococcus cereus flavus

slipped capital femoral epiphysis


serum chemistry graft; sodium-cromoglycate
science; scientific; spinal cord injury
severe combined immune deficiency
severe combined immune deficiency disorder
sacro-coccygeal to inferior pubic point
squamo-columnar junction
serum creatine kinase
soft contact lens
scapulo-laeva anterior (fetus position)
small cell lung cancer
scapulo-laeva posterior (fetus position)
Society of Computer Medicine ; sterno-cleido-mastoid
seventh cranial nerve; sixth cranial nerve; Thio-cya-nate
Scopolamine (Hyoscine)
specialized center of research
single cell protein
serum creatine phospho-kinase
silicon-controlled rectifier
sex chromatin test ; staphylococcal clumping test
scattered
special care unit
self-contained underwater breathing apparatus
slow continuous ultra-filtration
sub cutis (sub-cutaneously)
sub-clavian vein
simultaneous compression-ventilation cardiopulmonary resuscitation
systolic / diastolic (ratio)
salt diet; septal defect; serologically defined; serum defect; shoulder disarticulation ; Sippy diet ; skin dose;
soft diet; spontaneous delivery; stable disease ; standard deviation; state disability ; strepto-dornase ; sudden death
sacro-dextra anterior (fetus position) ; serologically
defined antigen; specific dynamic action
strength-duration curve
sterile dry dressing

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

SDE
SDH
SDI
SDM
SDP
SDR
SDS
SDS-PAGE
SDT
Se
SE

sec.
sec. a.
secs .
sed.
SED
sed. rate
SEER
seg.
SEG
segs.
sem.
SEM
SEMI
semih.
SEO
Sep.
SEP
sepn.
Sept .
seq.
ser.
SER
sere

specific dynamic effect ; standard dose epinephrine


serine de-hydrase ; sorbitol de-hydrogenase; sub-dural
hematoma; succinate de-hydrogenase
standard deviation index; standard deviation interval
standard deviation of the mean
sacro-dextra posterior (fetus position); sulfur-dioxide
poisoning
surgical dressing room
sodium-dodecyl-sulfate ; sudden death syndrome
sodium-dodecyl-sulfate poly-acrylamide gel
electrophoresis
sacro-dextra transversa (fetus position)
Selenium; September
saline enema; Salmonella enteritidis ; self-examination ;
side effect ; side effects ; special examination ;
sphenoethmoidal suture ; standard error ; status
epilepticus; systematic error
second; secondary; seconds
secundum artem (according to art; by skill)
seconds
sedimentation
skin erythema dose; spondylo-epiphyseal dysplasia
sedimentation rate (blood)
Surveillance, Epidemiology, End Result
segment; segmentation ; segmentectomy ; segregation
segmentectomy ; sono-encephalo-gram
segmental neutrophils
seminar
scanning electron microscope; seminar; standard error
of the mean ; systolic ejection murmur
semi (half) ; sub-endocardial myocardial infarction
semihora (half an hour)
severe external otitis
separate ; separated; September; septum
sensory evoked potential; September; systolic ejection
period
separation
septum (seven); September
sequela (that which follows) ; sequential; sequestrum
serial ; series; serine ; serious; service
sensory evoked response; supination external rotation ;
systolic ejection rate
serva (preserve) ; service
20 7

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

SES
sesq.
SET
Sf
SF
SFA
s.f.c.
SFC
SFD
SFE
SFEMG
SFM
SFP
SFW
s.g.
SG
SGA
s.gl.
SGOT
SGP
SGPT
SGS
SGV
s.h.

sh.
S&H
SH
ShA
SHb
SHBD
SHBG
SHEP
SHG
SHOA
SHP
SHT
Si
208

socio-economic status; suds enema soap


sesquibora (an hour and a half)
systolic ejection time
Svedberg flotation unit
scarlet fever; serum-fast ; spinal fluid; spotted fever;
synovial fluid
superficial femoral artery
sub finem coctionis (towards the end of boiling)
spinal fluid count
salt-free diet ; silver fork deformity; small-for-date
(infant)
sun-flower eyes
single fiber electro-myo-graphy
sustentacular fibers of Miiller
sodium-fluoride poisoning ; spinal fluid pressure
slow-filling wave
specific gravity
saccharo-galactorrhea ; security guard; serum globulin ;
skin graft; sun-glass; sun-glasses
small for gestational age
without correction; without glasses
serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (AST)
serine-glycero-phosphatide
serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (ALT)
silkworm gut suture
salivary gland virus
semihora (half an hour)
share ; shoulder
speech and hearing
serum hepatitis; sex hormone; sinus histiocytosis ; social
history ; somatotropin hormone; sulf-hydryl; surgical
history
shoulder amputation
sulf-hemoglobin
serum hydroxy-butyrate dehydrogenase
sex hormone-binding globulin
systolic hypertension in elderly program
synthetic human gastrin
secondary hypertrophic osteo-arthropathy
sodium hydroxide poisoning
steroid hormone therapy
Silicon

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

S&I
SI

SIADH

sib.
sic.
SIC

SICD

SICT
SICU

s.i .d .
SID
SIDS
SIDV

SIECUS
Sig.
SIg
SIJ

Sim.

SIMM
simul

SIMV
SIN
sing.
Si02
SIOP
SIP
SIRS
SIRT
SISI
SIU
SIV
SIW
SK

SK-SD
S.I.

suction and irrigation


International Systems (French : Systeme International) ;
sacral ilia; sacral index; saturation index; self-inflicted ;
seriously ill; serum iron; soluble insulin; stimulation
index; stroke index
syndrome of inappropriate anti-diuretic hormone
sibling
siccus (dried)
Setchenov's inhibitory centers
serum iso-citric dehydrogenase
selective intra-coronary thrombolysis
Surgical Intensive Care Unit
semel in die (once a day)
source image distance ; sudden infant death
sudden infant death syndrome
simian immune deficiency virus
Sex Information and Education Council of the United
States
sigmoid; sigmoidoscopy; signa (label ; write) ; signal ;
signature; signetur (let it be written)
surface immuno-globulin
sacro-iliac joint
simul (at once; at the same time)
Single In-Line Memory Module
simul (at once; at the same time)
synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation
squamous intraepithelial neoplasia
singulorum (of each)
silicon-dioxide
International Society of Pediatric Oncologists
sickness impact profile
soluble immune response suppressor
simultaneous iterative reconstruction technique
short increment sensitivity index
International Systems of (Metric) Units (French:
Systeme International d'Unites)
situs inversus viscerum
self-inflicted wound
sclerosing keratitis; seborrheic keratosis; skin; streptokinase ; syncytial knot ; syphilitic kidney
streptokinase - streptodornase
sequenti luce (the following day)
20 9

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

sl.
SL
SLA
SLAC
SLB
SLC
SLDH
SLDR
SLE
SLEV
SLH
SLI
SLKC
SLL
SLN
SL-0
SLP
SLR
SLRT
SLS
slt.
SLT
SLWC
sm.
Sm
S.M .

SM

SMA
SMA-6
SMA-12
SMA-20
SMA-60
SMAC
210

slight ; slightly ; slim; slope; slow


saccharum lactis (lactose ; sugar of milk); sensational
level; serious list ; straight line; strepto-lysin; sub-lingual
sacro-laeva anterior (fetus position) ; slide latex
agglutination; swine lymphocyte antigen
scaphoid lunate advanced-collapse
short leg brace
short leg cast
serum lactic de-hydrogenase
sub-lethal damage repair
Saint Louis encephalitis ; systemic lupus erythematosus
Saint Louis encephalitis virus
Starling's law of heart; stella lentis hyaloidea
splenic localization index; Starling's law of intestine;
stella lentis iridica
superior limbic kerato-conjunctivitis
stria longitudinalis lateralis

superior laryngeal nerve


strepto-lysin O
sacro-laeva posterior (fetus position); sex limited protein
straight leg raising; Streptococcus lactis R
straight leg raising test
short-leg splint ; superior longitudinal sinus
slight ; salt
sacro-laeva transverse (fetus position)
short leg walking cast
small
Samarium
Scientiae Magister (Master of Science)
Saccharomyces; slow motion; Strepto-mycin; sub-mucous; suction method ; systolic mean ; systolic murmur
sequential multiple analysis ; sequential multiple analyzer; smooth muscle antibody; superior mesenteric
artery; supplementary motor area
sequential multiple analysis - 6 different serum tests
sequential multiple analysis - 12 channel biochemical
profile
sequential multiple analysis - 20 chemical constituents tests
sequential multiple analysis - 60 chemical constituents tests
Sequential Multiple Analyzer Computer

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS
SMAF
SMAR
SMAS
SMAST
SMBV
SMC
SMD
SMF
SMI
SML
SMO
SMON
SMOTTA
SMP
smr.
SMR
SMRR
SMS
SMV
SMX
s.n .
Sri

S/N
SN

SNAP
SNB
SNHL
SNM
SNN
SNOP
s.n .p .

SNP
SNR
SNRT
SNS
s.n .v.

S.O.

specific macrophage arming-actor


Schafer's method of artificial respiration
superficial muscular aponeurotic system
Short Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test
suckling mouse brain vaccine
seleno-methylnor-cholesterol
Strumpell-Marie disease; senile macular degeneration
Streptozocin, Mitomycin, Fluorouracil
sodium-morrhuate injection
superior malleolar ligament
Senior Medical Officer
subacute myelo-optic neuropathy
synthetic medium old tuberculin trichloroacetic acid
simultaneous macular perception ; slow moving
protease ; Sunday morning paralysis
smear
somnolent metabolic rate ; standard morbidity ratio;
standard mortality ratio; sub-mucous resection
sub-mucous resection and rhinoplasty
soft medicinal soap; stiff man syndrome
sub-mento-vertex
sulfa-metho-xazole
secundum naturam (according to nature)
Stannum (tin)
serial number; signal / noise (ratio)
saddle nose; secretory nerve; senior ; sensory nerve;
serial number; sexual neurosis ; somatic nerve; spinal
nerve; spoon nail ; student nurse; superficial necrosis ;
super-natural; suprasternal notch ; surgical neck
sensory nerve action potential
scalene node biopsy
sensori-neural hearing loss
Society of Nuclear Medicine
stab-nuclear neutrophil
Systematized Nomenclature of Pathology
signa nomine proporio (label with the proper name)
Saturday night paralysis; sodium-nitro-prusside
signal-to-noise ratio
sinus node recovery time
sympathetic nervous system
si non valeat (if it is not enough)
scatula originalis (original package)

S
SO
SOZ
SOA
SOAE
SOAMCA
SOAP
SOB

SOBW

soc.
SOC

SOCA
SOD
SODAS
SOE
Sol.

SOL
soln.
solv.

SOLVD
SOM
SOMI

SOMIB

Sono.
SOP

S.O .S .

SOS
SOW
S .P .

sp.

S/P
SP

2SP
212

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

salpingo-oophorectomy; sense organ; sex organ;


stitches out ; subtotal operation; superior oblique;
superior olive; sutures out; sympathetic ophthalmia
sulfur-dioxide
spirit of ammonia; swelling of the ankles
spontaneous oto-acoustic emission
superficial occipital artery to middle cerebral artery
Subjective, Objective, Assessment, Plan
shortness of breath
shortness of breath with exertion
social ; society
sequential-type oral contraceptive; spirit of camphor;
stretching of contractures
study of ocular complications of AIDS
stabilization of disease; super-oxide- dismutase
Spheroidal Oral Drug Absorption System
salpingo-ovariectomy ; spasm of esophagus
solubilis (soluble) ; solutio (solution)
space-occupying lesion
solution
solve (dissolve)
studies of the left ventricular dysfunction
secretory otitis media; serous otitis media; spirit of
mustard
sternal-occipital-mandibular immobilization
sternal-occipital-mandibular immobilization brace
sonoencephalogram; sonogram ; sonography;
sonometer
Standard Operating Procedure
only one dose; si opus sit (if it is needed ; if necessary)
softening of stomach (gastromalacia)
staff of Wrisberg
sine prole (without issue) ; single pole
special; specialis (specialist) ; species; specific ; specimen ;
sperm; spermatid; spine; spiritus (spirit) ; spleen ; spoon
status post; status posted ; surgical procedure
saccharum purificatum (pure white sugar) ; sacrum to
pubis; shunt procedure; sinus pause; skin potential;
sleeping pill; sleeping pills; speaker; specialist ; status
post ; status posted; suicide precautions; steady potential ; summating potential; supra-pubic; symphysis
pubis; systolic pressure
transport medium (used for mycoplasma isolation)

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS
SPA
SPAI
spat .
SPBI
SPC
SPCA
SPCC
SPCT
SPE
spec .
spect .
SPECT
SPEM
SPEP
SPF
sp . fl .
sp . gr.
sph .
SPH
SPHM
sp . ht .
SPI
SPIA
spir.
spis .
SPISA
SPK
SPL
SPMG
S/P-O
SPOOL
SPORE
SPP
SPRINT
SPS

SPSB
spt.
SPTI

single photon absorptiometry; supra-pubic aspiration


steroid protein activity index
spatula (blade ; spatula)
serum protein-bound iodine
saturated phosphatidylcholine concentration
serum prothrombin conversion accelerator ; Society for
the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals
Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children
simultaneous prism and cover test
serum protein electrophoresis
special ; specialis (specialist) ; specific ; specification ;
specimen ; spectroscopy ; speculum
spectroscopy
single photon emission computed tomography ; single
positron emission computed tomography
smooth pursuit eye movements
serum protein electro-phoresis
specific pathogen free; sun protection factor
spinal fluid
specific gravity
spherical ; spherical lens ; sphingosine
secondary pulmonary hemosiderosis
spectro-pyr-helio-meter
specific heat
serum precipitable iodine
solid phase immuno-assay
spiritus (spirit)
spissus (dried)
solid phase immuno-sorbent assay
speaker ; superficial punctuate keratitis
sound pressure level ; spool
stereo-photo-micro-graph
status post-operative
simultaneous peripheral operation on line
Specialized Programs of Research Excellence
supra-pubic prostatectomy
Special Psychiatric Rapid Intervention Team

sodium-polyanethol-sulfonate ; standards of physiological


sleep; sulfite-polymyxin-sulfadiazine ; superior petrosal
sinus
seclusio pupillae siderosis bulbi
spiritus (spirit)
systolic pressure time index
21 3

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

SPV
sq .

SQ
sq. cm.
SQUID
sr.
Sr
S&R
SR

SRBC
SRC
SRF
SRFA
SRH
SRIF
SRM
S.R.N.
sRNA
SRNV
SROM
SRS
SRS-A
SRT
SRV1
SRV2
SRY
ss
s/s
ss .

S&S
SS

214

single patient visit


sequentia (following; sequential) ; square
square ; subcutaneous (injection)
square centimeter (square centimetre)
Superconducting Quantum Interference Device
steradian
senior ; sister; Strontium
smooth and rough
secretion rate ; sedimentation rate ; senior ; sensitivity
response; side rails; sigma reaction ; single room ; sinus
rhythm ; sister ; skin resistance ; stimulation ratio; superior
rectus; surgery room; sustained release; swallowing
reflex; system review ; systemic resistance
sheep red blood cell
sedimented red cell ; sheep red cell
skin reactive factor; somatotropin releasing factor;
split renal function ; sub-retinal fluid
slow-reacting factor of anaphylaxis
somatotropin-releasing hormone; stigmas of recent
hemorrhage
somatotropin-releasing inhibiting factor
Standard Reference Materials
State Registered Nurse (of Britain and Wales)
soluble ribo-nucleic acid
sub-retinal neo-vascularization
spontaneous rupture of membrane
slow-reacting substance
slow-reacting substance of anaphylaxis
sedimentation rate test; speech reception threshold
simian retro-virus type 1
simian retro-virus type 2
sex-determining region Y
semis (one-half)
signs and symptoms; swish and swallow
semis (one-half)
signs and symptoms ; swish and swallow
saber shin ; saline solution; saliva sample ; Salmonella
Schottmulleri; Salmonella-Shigella ; salpingo-;
salpingostomy; salpingoscope; saturated solution ;
Sezary syndrome; single side ; single-sided ; single
source ; single-stranded; sleeping sickness; soap-suds;
somato-statin; straight sinus; super-saturated;
synchronized sleep; systemic sclerosis

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

SSA
SSAT
SSAV
SSc
SSC
SSCER
SSD
ssDNA
SSE
SSEP
SSER

SSI
SSKI
SSL
SSM
SSN

SSNHL

SSPE

ssRNA
S.S .S .

SSS

SSSS
SSTZ
SSU
s.s.v.
SSV
s .t .
St .

ST

S.T.37

salicyl-salicylic acid; skin sensitizing antibody ; Social


Security Administration
salicyl-sulfonic acid test
simian sarcoma-associated virus
systemic sclerosis
similia similibus curantur
somato-sensory cortically evoked response
source to skin distance
single-stranded deoxyribo-nucleic acid
soap-suds enema
somato-sensory evoked potential
somato-sensory evoked response; smooth-surfaced
endoplasmic reticulum
Social Security Income
saturated solution of kalium-iodide (saturated solution
of potassium-iodide)
second stage of labor
sulfapyridine- sodium-monohydrate ; superficial
spreading melanoma
Social Security Number
sudden sensori-neural hearing loss
subacute sclerosing pan-encephalitis
single-stranded ribo-nucleic acid
stratum super stratum (layer upon layer)
scalded skin syndrome; sick sinus syndrome ; specific
soluble substance; sterile saline soak; subclavian steal
syndrome ; super-saturated solution
staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome
succinyl-sulfa-thia-zole
sterile supply unit
sub signo veneni (under a poison label)
simian sarcoma virus; strabismus sursum vergens
sumat talem (take one such)
stand; station; stet (let it stand) ; stetem (let them
stand) ; stitch ; stomach; stone; straight ; street
Salmonella typbimurium; Salmonella typbosa; sedimentation time; serving time ; sick-time; skin test;
slight trace; smokeless tobacco; sore throat ; spinal tap;
stable toxin; standard time; standardized test; station;
sterno-thyroid; stress test; stroke ; sub-talar; sub-total;
surface tension; survival time
hexylresorcinol (proprietary germicide and
disinfectant)
21 5

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

STA
stab.
STA-MCA
Staph.
stat.
STATS
STc
STC
STCLV
STD
STEAM
STEL
stg.
STGC
STH
STI
STJ
STLI
STM
STND
STOC
STOP
STP
STPD
STR
Strep.
STRs
STS
STSG
STT
STTI
STU
STV
STVA
STZ
SU
SUA
sub.
subcu.
216

serum thrombotic accelerator; standard tube agglutination ; station; superficial temporal artery
stabbed; stabilization; stabilizer
superficial temporal artery - middle cerebral artery
Staphylococcus
statim (immediately)

statistics
sinus tachy-cardia
soft tissue calcification
simian T-cell leukemia virus
sexually transmitted disease; skin test dose; skin-tumor
distance ; standard test dose; standard
Streptonigrin, Thioguanine, Endoxan, Actinomycin D,
Mitomycin C
short-term exposure limit
storage
syncytial trophoblastic giant cell
somato-tropic hormone
systolic time interval
sub-talar joint
sub-total lymphoid irradiation
Streptomycin ; short-term memory
standard
sequential-type oral contraceptive
Swedish treatment of older people
standard temperature and pressure
standard temperature and pressure - dry
simple tumor removal; soft tissue rheumatism
Streptococcus

superficial tendon reflexes


serological test for syphilis
split-thickness skin graft
scapho-trapezio-trapezoid ; serial thrombin time
systemic tension-time index
skin test unit
simian Tvirus
sub-total villose atrophy
Strep-to-zocin
saccharum ustum (burnt sugar; caramel); Sunday
serum uric acid
subinde (frequently) ; substitute; subtract ; subtraction
subcutaneous

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

SUBG
subin.
subj.
sub q
suc.
SUD
SUDS
SUID
SUIDS
sum.
sum. tal
Sun .
SUN
sup.
supp .
Sur.
surg .
SUS
susp.
SUUD
S.V.

SV

SV40
SVA
SVAS
SVB
SVBG
SVC
SVC-CPR
SVCG
SVC-RPA
SVGS
SVD
SVF
SVG
SVI
SVM

Skene's urethral and Bartholin's glands


subinde (frequently)
subject
subcutaneous
succus (juice)
sudden unexpected death; sudden unexplained death
sudden unexplained death syndrome
sudden unexplained infant death
sudden unexplained infant death syndrome
sumat (let him/her take); sume (take) ; sumendum (to
be taken)
sumat talem (take one such)
Sunday
serum urea nitrogen ; Sunday
superior ; supervisos (supervisor; having looked over)
suppositoria (suppository)
surgery; surgical
surgery; surgical
stained urinary sediment
suspensio (a hanging; suspension)
sudden unexpected unexplained death
spiritus vini (alcoholic spirit)
Salk vaccine ; simian virus; snake venon; stroke volume; subclavian vein ; supra-vital
simian virus 40 (simian vacuolating virus 40)
supra-ventricular activity
supra-valvular aortic stenosis
supra-ventricular beats
saphenous vein bypass graft
service; simultaneous ventilation compression; slow vital capacity; superior vena cava
simultaneous ventilation compression - cardiopulmonary resuscitation
spatial vector-cardio-gram
superior vena cava - right pulmonary artery
superior vena cava syndrome
Saint Vitus' dance; spontaneous vaginal delivery;
spontaneous vertex delivery
Staphylococcus viridis flavescens
saphenous vein graft
stroke volume index
syncytial vascular membrane
21 7

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

SV02
mixed
venous oxygen saturation
S.V.P .
si vires permittant (if the strength will permit)
SVPB
supra-ventricular premature beat
SVPTC
supra-ventricular paroxysmal tachy-cardia
S.v.r.
spiritus vini rectificatus (alcohol; rectified spirit of wine)
SVR
stroke volume ratio; supra-ventricular rhythm ;
systemic vascular resistance
SVRI
systemic vascular resistance index
S.v.t .
spiritus vini tenuis (proof spirit)
SVTa
supra-ventricular tachy-arrhythmia
SVTC
supra-ventricular tachy-cardia
Sv. unit
Sievert unit (a unit of gamma-ray dose)
S.V.V.
spiritus vini vitis (brandy)
SW
salt water; sea-water; short-wave ; silk-worm; sleep
walking; slow wave; spiral wound; stab wound; stroke
work; switch
SWD
short-wave diathermy
SWGS
silk-worm gut suture
SWI
stroke work index
SWS
slow-wave sleep
Sx
sign; signs ; symptom; symptoms
Sy.
syphilis ; syrup
SYI
seven-year itch (scabies)
Sym.
symbol ; symmetrical; symmetry ; symptom; symptoms
sync .
synchronization ; synchronize
Syr.
syrupus (sirup ; syrup)
Sys.
syssarcosis; systasis ; system ; systematic; systemoid;
systole
syst.
systasis ; system ; systematic; systemoid; systole
Syzy.
syzygiology; syzygium; syzygy
Sz.
seizure; Strepto-zocin

TCR

throat culture - beta strep


tablespoon ; teaspoon ; temporal ; tertiary ; tight; time;
ton ; true
T
absolute temperature ; kinetic energy ; tablespoon ;
Taenia ; tail; tall; tape; taste; tea; tear; tears; teaspoon;
teeth; telephone ; temperature; temporal ; tense ; tera(= 10' 2 ); terminal; tesla ; testis ; thorax; Threonine ;
throat ; Thymidine; Thymine ; tight; time; tissue ; tocopherol; tolerance ; ton ; tongue ; tooth ; torque; transform ;
transmittance ; transverse; treatment ; Treponema ;
Trichophyton; true; Trypanosoma ; tumor
T
temperature
T+
increased intraocular tension
decreased
Tintraocular tension
half-life ; half-time
t1/2
tricuspid
TI
valve closure
T3
tri-iodothyronine
T4
thyroxine
T1
first thoracic vertebra; longitudinal relaxation time;
tumor 1
T2
second thoracic vertebra ; transverse relaxation time;
tumor 2
T3
tumor 3
T4
tumor 4
T 13-15
trisomy 13-15 - chromosomal abnormality
T 17-18
trisomy 17-18 - severe deformity and mental retardation
T 21
Down's syndrome (mongolism)
T-1824
Evans blue
Th
temperature of hypothalamus
tm
temperature - midpoint
temperature
Tm
- melting
time
maximum
concentration
Tmax
Tmg
maximal tubular reabsorption of glucose
T
temperature - set-point
Ta
Tantalum
t

219

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

T&A
TA

TAA
TAAb
TA-AIDS
TAANA
tab.
TAb
TAB
tabs.
TAB-vac.
TAC
tach .
tachy.
TAD
TADAC
TAF
TAH
TAH-BSO
tal.
TAL
TAM
TAMI
TANI
TAO
Tap.
TAPVC
TAPVD
TAPVR
TAR
220

tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy


alkaline tuberculin; axillary temperature; tarsal amputation ; tarsal arches ; Teaching Assistant; thenal aspect;
therapeutic abortion; titratable acid; toxin-antitoxin;
tropical abscess; tumor antigen
thoracic aortic aneurysm; thyroid auto-antibody ;
transfusion-associated AIDS; tumor-associated
antibody; tumor-associated antigen
teichoic acid anti-body
transfusion-associated acquired immuno-deficiency
syndrome
The American Association of Nurse Attorneys
tabella (tablet)
therapeutic abortion
therapeutic abortion
tablets
typhoid-paratyphoid A and B vaccine
Tetracaine, Adrenalin, Cocaine; total abdominal
colectomy
tachometer ; tachycardia
tachycardia
Thioguanine, Ara-C, Daunorubicin ; thoracic
asphyxiant dystrophy ; transient acantholytic
dermatosis
Therapeutic Abortion, Dilation, Aspiration, Curettage
tissue angiogenic factor ; toxoid-antitoxoid flocculus;
trypsin aldehyde fuchsin; tumor angiogenic factor
total abdominal hysterectomy
total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingooophorectomy
tales (such a one) ; talia (such a one) ; talis (such a one)
thymic alympho-plasia
Tamoxifen; toxoid antitoxoid mixture
thrombolysis and angioplasty in myocardial infarction
total axial node irradiation
thrombo-angiitis obliterans ; tri-acetyl-oleandomycin
(Troleandomycin)
Tapazole
total anomalous pulmonary venous connection
total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage
total anomalous pulmonary venous return
thrombocytopenia absent radius ; tissue-air ratio;
treatment authorization request

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

TARA
TARS
TASA
TAT
tb.
t.b.
Tb
TB
TBA
TBD
TBE
TBF
TB fever
TBG
TBGP
TBH
TBI
TBII

T. bili .
TBK
TBL
TBLC

TBM
TBP
TBPA
TbRD
tbs.
TBS
TBSA
tbsp .
TBT
TBUA
TBV
TBW
TBx
Tc

total articular resurfacing arthroplasty ; tumor-associated


rejection antigen
thrombocytopenia absent radius syndrome
tumor-associated surface antigen
tetanus anti-toxin ; Thematic Apperception Test;
thromboplastin activation test ; toxin-anti-toxin ; turnaround time; tyrosine amino-transferase
table
tere bene (rub well) ; tubercle bacillus ; tuberculosis
Terbium; tubercle bacillus ; tuberculin; tuberculosis
temporal bone ; terminal bronchiole ; total base ; total
body ; tracheo-bronchitis ; tubercle bacillus ; tuberculin;
tuberculosis
tertiary butyl-acetate; testosterone-binding affinity ;
thio-barbituric acid; to be announced
total body density
tick-borne encephalitis ; tuberculin bacillary emulsion
total body fat
tick-borne fever
thyroxine-binding globulin
total blood granulocyte pool
total body hematocrit
thyroxine-binding index; total body irradiation
TSH-BII (thyroid-stimulating hormone binding inhibitory
immunoglobulin)
total bilirubin
total body kalium (total body potassium)
table
term-birth living child
tuberculosis meningitis
Bithionol; thyroxine-binding protein; tick-bite paralysis
thyroxine-binding pre-albumin
tuberculosis respiratory disease
tablespoon ; tablespoonful
total body solute ; tri-bromo-salicylanilide
total body surface area
tablespoon ; tablespoonful
tracheo-bronchial toilet
thio-barbit-uric acid
total blood volume
total body water; total body weight
whole body irradiation
one billion cycles; Technetium ; tetanic contraction
22 1

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

T&C
TC

TCA
TCAD
TC-ALL
TCAP
WAR
TCB
TCBS
TCC
TCD
TCDso
TCDD
TCE
T cell
T-cell
TCF
TCG
TCGF
TCH
TCi
TO
TCID
TCIDso
TCIE
TCL
TCM
TCMA
TCMI
TCMIF
TCN
TCNB
TCNS
TCO

turn and cough; type and crossmatch


tauro-cholate; technical component; temperature
compensation; temporary carrier; tetra-cycline; thenar
cleft; thermal capacity ; thermal conductivity ; throat
culture; tissue culture; total cholesterol; total culture;
total cystectomy ; totally cured; trans-cobalamin;
tuberculin contagious ; tubo-curarine; tympanic cavity
transluminal coronary angioplasty; tri-carboxylic acid ;
trichlor-acetic acid
tri-cylic anti-depressent
thymus cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia
Triazinate, Cytoxan, Adriamycin, Platinol
thymus cell antigen receptor
throat culture - beta strep; total cardiopulmonary
bypass ; total color blindness
thiosulfate citrate bile salts
transitional cell carcinoma ; tri-chloro-carbanilide
thermal conductivity detector; tissue culture dose
tissue culture dose - 50%
tetra-chloro-dibenzo-dioxin
tri-chloro-ethylene
thymus-derived cell
thymus-derived cell
total coronary flow
tele-cardio-gram ; tele-cardio-graphy ; time compensation
gain; time-controlled gain
thymus cell growth factor
total circulating hormone
tetra-Curie
transient cerebral ischemia
tissue culture infective dose
tissue culture infective dose - 50%
transient cerebral ischemic episode
tendo calcaneus lengthening
tissue culture media; Traditional Chinese Medicine
trans-cortical motor aphasia
thymus cell-mediated immunity
tumor cell migration inhibition factor
tetra-cycline
Tecnazene
trans-cutaneous nerve stimulator
total contact orthosis

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

TCP
TCPB
TOW2
TOO2
tcRNA
TCSA
TCT
t.d.
TD

TDso
TD/5/5
TD/50/5
T-DA
TDD
TDE
TDEE
TDF
TDG
TDI
TDL
TDM
TDN
tDNA
TDP
TDPA
t.d.s.
TDT
Te
TE

tele-cardio-phone ; tri-calcium phosphate; tri-cresyl


phosphate; tumor control probability
total cardio-pulmonary bypass
trans-cutaneous carbon dioxide pressure ; transcutaneous carbon dioxide tension
trans-cutaneous oxygen pressure ; trans-cutaneous
oxygen tension
translation control ribo-nucleic acid
tetra-chloro-salicyl-anilide
thrombin clotting time ; theca cell tumor (thecoma)
tempori dextro (to the right temple)
differentiated teratoma ; temporary disability ; tetanusdiphtheria; thoracic duct ; through drainage; thymusdependent; tolerance dose; tone deafness ; torsion
dystonia ; toxic delirium; transverse diameter; treatment
discontinued
toxic dose - median
tolerance dose - minimum
tolerance dose - maximum
TSH-DA (thyroid-stimulating hormone displacing
antibody)
Telecommunication Device for the Deaf; thoracic duct
drainage
tetrachloro-diphenyl-ethane
total daily energy expenditure
thoracic duct fistula; thoracic duct flow ; time dose
factor ; tumor dose fractionation
toko-dynamo-graph
toluene di-isocyanate ; total dose infusion
thoracic duct lymph
therapeutic drug monitoring ; toko-dynamo-meter;
tour de maitre (method)
total digestible nutrients
transfer deoxyribo-nucleic acid
thermal death point; thoracic duct pressure
tera-decanoyl-phorbol acetate
ter die sumendum (to be taken 3 times a day)
thermal death time ; tone decay test; tumor doubling
time
Tellurium; tetanus
threshold energy; tissue-equivalent; total estrogen ;
toxic encephalitis ; tracheo-esophageal
22 3

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS
TEA
TEAC
TEAE-C
TEBG
T&EC
TECG
tech.
TED
TEDD
TEE
TEECG
TEF
Teff 1/2
TEG
TEIBQ
TEL
tele .
TEM
TEMP
TEMW
TEN
TENS
TEP
TEPA
TEPP
ter.
tert .
TES
TESD
TET
TETD
TEV
TEW
TF
TFA
TFCC
TFE
Tfr.
TFS
22 4

tetra-ethyl acid ; tetra-ethyl-ammonium


tetra-ethyl-ammonium chloride
tri-ethyl-amino-ethyl cellulose
testosterone estradiol-binding globulin
trauma and emergency center
transesophageal echo-cardio-graphy
technical; technician ; technology
Tasks of Emotional Development; threshold erythema
dose ; thrombo-embolic disease
total end-diastolic diameter
total energy expenditure ; tyrosine-ethyl-ester
traps-esophageal echo-cardio-graphy
thermic effect of food ; tracheo-esophageal fistula
tumor effective half-life
telero-entgeno-graphy; thrombo-elasto-gram
tri-ethylene-imino-benzo-quinone
telephone
telemetry; telepathy; telephone
transmission electron microscope ; tri-ethylene-melamine
temperature; temporary
thermic effect of muscular work
toxic epidermal necrolysis
transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
thrombo-endo-phlebectomy ; tracheal esophageal
puncture
tri-ethylene-phosphor-amide
tetra-ethyl-pyro-phosphate
tere (rub)
tertiarius (tertiary)
transcutaneous electrical stimulation
total end-systolic diameter
treadmill exercise test
tetra-ethyl-thiuram-disulfide
talipes equino-varus
thermic effect of work
tactile fremitus ; thymol flocculation; toxic fume ;
transfer factor; transfer function ; tuberculin filtrate;
tubular fluid
total fatty acids
triangular fibro-cartilage complex
tetra-fluoro-ethylene
transfer
testicular feminization syndrome

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

TFT
TF test
Tg
TG
TGA
TGAR
TGES
TGF
TGFa
TGFA
TGFb
TGT
TGV
Th
TH
ThA
THA
TRAM
THBR
THC
THCG
THDC
TH disease
Theo.
THF
THFA
THP
THR
thru
THUM
Thur.
Thurs.
THz
Ti
TI

thyroid function tests; tight finger-tip; tri-fluorothyronidine (Trifluridine)


tuning-fork test
Thioguanine
tendon graft; hhyro-globulin ; toxic goiter ; tri-glycerides
hhyro-globulin antibodies; transient global amnesia;
transposition of great arteries
total graft area rejected
transmissible gastro-enteritis of swine
therapeutic gain factor; transforming growth factor
transforming growth factor a
tri-glyceride fatty acid
transforming growth factor b
thromboplastin generation test; thromboplastin
generation time
thoracic gas volume ; transposition of great vessels
thigh; thoracic ; Thorium; Thursday
thigh; thoracic ; Thursday; thyroid hormone
thigh amputation
total hip arthroplasty ; total hydroxy-apatite ; transient
hemisphere attack
tris-hydroxymethyl-amino-methane (Tromethamine)
thyroid hormone-binding ratio
tetra-hydro-ca nnabinol (hashish ; marijuana) ; tetrahydro-cortisone ; trans-hepatic cholangiogram
trans-hepatic cholangio-gram
tetra-hydro-deoxy-corticosterone
thyroid heart disease
Theocin; Theolix; Theophylline
tetra-hydro-folate ; tetra-hydro-furan
tetra-hydro-folic acid
total hydroxy-proline
threonine; Thursday; total hip replacement;
through
Tamm-Horsfall urinary mucoprotein
Thursday
Thursday
tera-Hertz
Titanium
thoracic index; through illumination ; time in ; time
interval ; tincture of iodine ; total input ; total ion;
transverse inlet; tricuspid incompetence ; tricuspid
insufficiency
22 5

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

TIA
TIBC
TIBD
TIC
TI cell

transient ischemic attack


total iron-binding capacity
tetrahydro-imidazo-benzo-d1azepinone
trypsin inhibitory capacity
Turk's irritation cell
ter in die (three times a day)
titrated initial dose
transient ischemic episode
tumor inhibitory factor
tetanus immune globulin
trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine
tumor infiltrating lymphocytes; Turk's irritation
leukocyte
thrombolysis in myocardial infarction
ter in nocte (3 times a night)
tubular interstitial nephropathy
tinctura (tincture)
tincture of iodine poisoning
tumor in situ
Therapeutic Intervention Scoring System
Treponema immobilization test; tri-iodo-thyronine
thoracic inferior vena cava
tendon jerk ; toxic jaundice ; triceps jerk ; trochoid joint
total joint replacement
thymidine kinase ; traumatic keratitis; true knot
traps-ketolase activity
to-ko-dynamo-graph
to-ko-dynamo-meter
to keep open
total knee replacement
Thallium
temporal lobe; thermo-luminescence ; total lipids ; total
loss; toxic lesion ; trial of labor; triangular lamella;
tubal ligation ; tuperculoid leprosy
thymus leukemia antigen
traps-lumbar aorto-gram
traps-luminal angio-plasty
tender loving care; thin-layer chromatography ; total
lung capacity ; total lung compliance; total lymphocyte
count
thin-layer chromatography screen
thermal luminescent dosimeter; tumor lethal dose
Toulouse-Lautrec disease

t.i .d .

TID
TIE
TIF
TIG
TIIV
TIL
TIMI
t.i.n.
TIN
tinc.
TIP
TIS
TISS
TIT
TIVC
TJ
TJR
TK
TKA
TKDG
TKDM
TKO
TKR
TI
TL
TLA
TLAG
TLAP
TLC
TLCS
TLD
TL Disease
22 6

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS
TLE
TLG
TLH
TLI
TLP
TLSO
TLV
Tm
TM
TMA
TMAb
TMB
TMD
TMF
TMI
TMJ
TMJD
TMJI
TMJS
TML
TMM
TMN
TMP
TMP-SMX
TMR
TMST
TMT
TMTD
TMV
Tn
TN
TNF
tng.
TNG
TNI
TNM
TNMR
TNP

thin-layer electrophoresis
tarsal lacrimal glands ; tele-radio-graphy
total laparoscopic hysterectomy
thymidine labelling index ; total lymphoid irradiation
tubo-ligamentary pregnancy
thoracic lumbo-sacral orthosis
threshold limit value; total lung volume
Thulium
technical manual ; tectorial membrane ; temporal
mandibular ; trademark; transcendental meditation ;
tremolo massage; tropical medicine ; tympanic membrane
Tooth's muscular atrophy; tri-methoxy-amphetamine
thyroid microsomal anti-body
transient monocular blindness
temporal mandibular disorder
thymocyte mitogenic factor
trans-mandibular implant
temporo-mandibular joint
temporo-mandibular joint dysfunction
temporo-mandibular joint inflammation
temporo-mandibular joint syndrome
tetra-methyl lead
Thayer-Martin medium
tumor-node metastasis
trans-membrane pressure ; trimethoxyphenyl-methylpyrimidinediamine (Trimethoprim)
Trimethoprim - Sulfamethoxazole
tissue maximum ratio
tread-mill stress test
tarso-meta-tarsal ; Thiram
tetra-methyl-thiuram-disulfide (Thiram)
tobacco mosaic virus
normal intraocular tension; Thoron
tension; total needs; totally neutral; transfusion
nephritis; trifacial neuralgia ; trigeminal neuralgia;
tubal nephritis
tumor necrosis factor
training
tri-nitro-glycerin
total nodal irradiation
tumor, nodes, metastasis
tritium nuclear magnetic resonance
tri-nitro-phenyl
227

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

TNS
TNT
TNTC
TNZ
t.o.
TO
TOA
TOC
TOCP
TOC syn.
TOD
TOEI
TOG
TOL
TOMHS
tomo .
tomos
top.
TOP
TOPS
TOPV
TORCH
TORP
TOS
TOU
TOX
TP

t-PA
TPA
TPBF
TPC
TPCCF
TPCF

TPD
TPE
22 8

transcutaneous nerve stimulator


tri-vitro-toluene
too numerous to count
thermo-neutral zone
turn over
telephone order; time out; tincture of opium; total output; total oxygen; tuberculin (original) ; tubo-ovarian
tubo-ovarian abscess
test of cure
tri-ortho-cresyl-phosphate
thoracic outlet compression syndrome
target-object distance
tissue oxygen extraction index
tension of gases
trial of labor
treatment of mild hypertension study
tomogram ; tomography
tomograms
topically
termination of pregnancy; tincture of opium; toxemia
of pregnancy; tubo-ovarian pregnancy
Take Off Pounds Sensibly (name of an organization)
trivalent oral poliovirus vaccine
Toxoplasmosis, Other infections, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus infection, Herpes simplex
total ossicular reconstructive prosthesis
thoracic outlet syndrome
tumor of uterus
toxicity ; toxicoderma; toxicology ; toxicomania;
toxicophobia
testosterone propionate (male hormone); threshold
potential; total protein; Trendelenburg position ; Treponema pallidum ; tri-phosphate ; Tryptophan ; tubal
pregnancy; tube precipitin ; tuberculin precipitation
tissue plasminogen
tissue plasminogen activator; total parenteral
alimentation; Treponema pallidum agglutination
total pulmonary blood flow
total procto-colectomy
Treponema pallidum cryolysis complement fixation
Treponema pallidum complement fixation
two-point discrimination
total protected environment

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS
TPH
TPHA
TPI
TPIA
TPIT
TPM
TPN
TPP
TPPN
TPR
TPRI
TPS
TPSS
TPT
TPTI
TPTZ
TPVR
TQ
tr.
TR
trach.
TR-AIDS
TRAMF
trans.
TRAP
TRBF
TRBHC
TRC
TRDNB
THE
TRF
TRFC
TRG

thymus persistens hyperplastica; transplacental


hemorrhage
Treponema pallidum hemagglutination assay
Treponema pallidum immobilization ; Treponema
pallidum isomerase; triose phosphate isomerase
Treponema pallidum immobilization adherence;
Treponema pallidum immune adherence
Treponema pallidum immobilization test
temporary pace-maker; tri-phenyl-methane
total parenteral nutrition; triorthocresyl phosphate
neuropathy ; triphospho-pyridine-nucleotide
thiamine pyro-phosphate ; trans-pulmonary pressure
total peripheral parenteral nutrition; tri-phospho-pyridine nucleotide
temperature, pulse, respiration ; testosterone production rate ; total peripheral resistance ; total pulmonary
resistance
total pulmonary resistance index
two-point sensibility ; Trypsin (Parenzymoil)
tumor poly-saccharide substance
Treponema pallidum test ; typhoid para-typhoid (vaccine)
thyro-para-thyro-idectomy
tri-pyridyl-tria-zine
total peripheral vascular resistance
tocopherol-quinone ; triple quartan
tinctura (tincture) ; treatment
tetrazolium reduction; total reaction ; total resistance ;
total response ; trace; transfer rate ; tricuspid regurgitation; Trypsin; tuberculin residue; tubular reabsorption
tracheal ; tracheography; tracheoscopy ; tracheostomy
transfusion related acquired immuno-deficiency syndrome
transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap
transaldolase; transfer ; transformer; transistor ; translate ; translation ; transport
tartarate-resistant acid phosphatase
total renal blood flow
trans-rectal biopsy of hypercholeic cancer
tanned red cells; total ridge count
transient respiratory distress of the newborn
true radiation emission
thymus-replacing factor ; thyrotropin-releasing factor
total rosette-forming cell
tele-roentgeno-graphy; tele-rontgeno-graphy
22 9

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

TRH
TRI
TRIA
T2-RIA
T3-RIA
T4 RIA
trid.
trig .
TRIS
trit.
tRNA
TRNG
Trp
TRP
TRS
trt.
TRU
T3RU
TRUS
TRUSG
Try
t.s.
TS

TSA
TSB
TSC
TSc-1
TSc-2
TSD
TSE
TSF
TSH
TSH-BII
TSH-DA
TSH-RF
TSI
TSLS
230

thyrotropin-releasing hormone
tetrazolium reduction inhibition
thyroid radio-isotope assay
di-iodothyronine radio-immuno-assay
tri-iodothyronine radio-immuno-assay
thyroxine radio-immuno-assay
triduum (3 days)
triglycerides; trigonometry ; trigger
Trisamine (Tromethamine) ; tris buffer
tritura (grind ; triturate)
transfer ribo-nucleic acid
tetracycline resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae; training
Tryptophan
tubular reabsorption of phosphate
triaxial reference system; tumor reduction surgery;
tumor reductive surgery
treatment
turbidity reducing unit
tri-iodothyronine resin uptake
trans-rectal ultra-sound
trans-rectal ultra-sono-graphy
Tryptophan
tempori sinistro (to the left temple)
temperature sensitive; test solution ; thoracic surgery;
threshold stimulus ; tinea sycosis; tongue-swallowing;
trans-sexual ; transient sound; tricuspid stenosis;
tropical sprue
total shoulder arthroplasty ; trypticase soy agar ;
tuberculin skin anergy ; tumor-specific antigen
trypticase soy broth
technetium sulfur colloid; thio-semi-carbizide
tuberous sclerosis type 1
tuberous sclerosis type 2
target-skin distance ; Tay-Sachs disease
testicular self-examination ; tri-sodium-edetate
thyroid-stimulating factor ; triceps skin-fold
thyroid-stimulating hormone
thyroid-stimulating hormone binding inhibitory
immuno-globulin
thyroid-stimulating hormone displacing antibody
thyroid-stimulating hormone releasing factor
thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulin ; triple-sugar iron
toxic shock-like syndrome

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

therapia sterilisans magna


teaspoon ; teaspoonful
total serum protein ; tri-sodium-phosphate ; tropical
spastic paraparesis
TSPAP
total serum prostatic acid phosphatase
T-spine
thoracic spine
TSR
thyroid to serum ratio
TSS
toxic shock syndrome
TSS-T1
toxic shock syndrome - toxin 1
TST
tumor skin test; two-step test
TSTA
tumor-specific transplantation antigens
TS test
two-step test
TSY
trypticase soy yeast
T&T
tone and turgor
TT
tablet triturates; teratoid tumor ; test tube; tetanus
toxoid; Tetrazol; thrombin time; thymol turbidity ; tilt
table; toilet training ; tongue-tie; toxic tetanus ; transthoracic; traumatic tetanus ; tuberculin tested
total
TT4
thyroxine
TTA
tuberculin-type allergy
TTAD
tetra-cyclic anti-depressant
TTAP
threaded titanium acetabular prosthesis
TTC
telec-tro-cardiogram; triphenyl-tetrazolium-chloride
TTCG
telec-tro-cardio-gram
TTD
tissue tolerance dose
TTECG
trans-thoracic echo-cardio-graphy
TTEM
topo-therm-esthesio-meter
TTI
tension-time index
TTL
transistor-transistor logic
TTNB
transient tachypnea of the new-born
TTP
thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura
TTPA
triethylene-thio-phosphor-amide (Tespamin ; Tifosyl)
TTR
thermal tolerance ratio
TTS
temporary threshold shift; tuberculin-type allergy
TTT
tensor tympanic tendon; tolbutamide tolerance test
TTY
tele-typewriter
t.u.
toxic unit; tuberculin unit
Tu.
Tuesday
TU
Thio-uracil ; toxic unit; tuberculin unit; tumor of
uterus ;
T3U
tri-iodothyronine uptake
Tue .
Tuesday
Tues.
Tuesday
TSM
tsp.
TSP

23 1

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

TUG
TUL
TUP

TUR
TURB
TURBT
TURP

tus .
TV

TVAT
TVC
TVD
TVDALV

TVF
TVH
TVP
TVPM
TVR

TVT
TVU
TW

TWD

TWE
TWL
TWX
Tx
TX
ty.
typh.
tyr.
tyro.

Ty. sol.
TZ
TzT

total urinary gonadotropin


total uterine length
tubo-uterine pregnancy
trans-urethral resection
trans-urethral resection of bladder
trans-urethral resection of bladder tumor
trans-urethral resection of prostate
tussis (a cough)
tele-vision ; tidal volume; trial visit; Trichomonous
vaginitis; triple vaccine; tuberculin volutin; tubovaginal ; tubular vision ; tunnel vision ; typhoid vaccine
true visual acuity test
timed vital capacity ; total volume capacity ; trans-vaginal cone ; triple voiding capacity
triple vessel disease
triple vessel disease with abnormal left ventricle
tactile vocal fremitus
total vaginal hysterectomy
tricuspid valve prolapse
trans-venous pace-maker
tonic vibration index; total vascular vibration; tricuspid valve replacement
tunica vaginalis testis
total volume urine
tap water; total water; total weight ; tunnel wound
total white and differential count
tap water enema
transepidermal water loss
teletype-writer exchange service
therapy; transplant; treatment;
primary tumor cannot be accessed; thrombo-xane ;
traction
typhoid; typhus
typhoid; typhus
tyrosine
tyrosinaemia; tyrosine ; tyrosinemia; tyrosinosis ;
tyrosinuria
Tyrode solution
tuberculin zymoplastiche ; transition zone
Tzank test

u
U
U/A
UA
UAC
UAO
UAP
UBB
UBBC
UBF
UBG
U&C
UC

UCAMP
UCC
UCD
UCG
UCHD
UC/I
UCL
UC/O
UCP
UCP/21
UCPA
UCR
UCS
UCTS
u.d.

unified atomic mass unit; ulna-incomplete


international unit of enzyme activity; ulna-complete ;
unit; university ; unknown ; upper; uracil; Uranium ;
urgent; uridine ; urina (urine); uterine
urinalysis (urine + analysis)
umbilical artery ; un-aggregated; uric acid; urinalysis
(urine + analysis) ; uterine aspiration
umbilical artery catheter
upper airway obstruction
utero-abdominal pregnancy
ultimo-branchial body
unsaturated B12 binding capacity
uterine blood flow
uro-bilino-gen
usual and customary
ulcerative colitis ; ulcus cancrosum ; ulcus cruris;
un-changed; unilocular cyst; upper case; urea clearance ;
uremic convulsion; urethral catheterization ; uterine
cast; uterine contractions ; uterine cough
urinary cycle adenosine mono-phosphate
ulnar carpal complex ; United Cancer Council
usual childhood disease
ultrasonic cardio-gram ; urinary chorionic gonadotropin
usual child-hood disease
urethral catheter in; urinary catheter in
ulnar collateral ligament
urethral catheter out; urinary catheter out
urinary copro-porphyrin
hexahydro-2, 7-dithio-1, 3, 6-thiadiazepine (etem)
United Cerebral Palsy Association
un-conditioned reflex; un-conditioned response; usual,
customary, and reasonable
un-conditioned stimulus; un-conscious ; ureter-cysto-scope
undifferentiated connective tissue syndrome
ut dictum (as directed)
23 3

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

UD
UDM
UDP
UDPG
UDPGA
UDPGal
UDPGIc
UDPGT
UDPT
UE
UES
OF
UFA
UG

urethral discharge
unit dose medication
uridine diphosphate
uridine di-phosphate glucose
uridine di-phospho-glucuronic acid
uridine di-phospho-galactose
uridine di-phospho-glucose
uridine di-phospho-glycyronyl transferase
uridine di-phosphoglycyronyl transferase
uncinate epilepsy ; upper extremity; uricolytic enzyme
upper esophageal sphincter
ultra-filtrate ; ultra-filtration ; ultra-fine
unsterified fatty acids
under-graduate ; urethral glands; uro-genital ;
utero-gestation ;utero-graphy
uro-genital diaphragm
ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy
upper gastro-intestinal (series)
upper gastro-intestinal series
upper gastro-intestinal tract
uro-genital sinus
urgent
upper high
Universal Health Care Action Network
ultra-high frequency
ultra-high molecular weight poly-ethylene
universal infantilism; urinous infiltration ;
uroporphyrin isomerase
unsaturated iron-binding capacity
urine immuno-electrophoresis
urine immuno-electro-phoresis
undegraded insulin factor
usual interstitial pneumonia ; usual interstitial
pneumonitis
upper inner quadrant
United Kingdom (England) ; un-known ; uro-kinase
upper and lower
ultra-low ; undifferentiated lymphoma; un-listed ;
upper link; upper lobe
ultra-low profile
upper left quadrant
ultimate ; ultime (lastly)
unmarried; unstriated muscle; uracil mustard

UGD
UGFNAB
UGI
UGIS
UGIT
UGS
ugt .
UH
UHCAN
UHF
UHMWPE
UI
UIBC
UIE
UIEP
UIF
UIP
UIQ
UK
U&L
UL
ULP
ULQ
ult .
UM
234

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

umb .

UME
UMLS
UMN
UMP

UN

unc.

UNESCO

ung .
UNICEF
univ.

UNK
UNRRA

U/O
UO

UOP
UOQ
UOV
U.P.
U/P
UP
UPA

UPE

UPEP
UPF
UPG
UPI
UPIN

UPJ
UPP
UPPP
UQ
ur.
U/R
UR
ura .

umbilicus (navel)
uveo-meningo-encephalitis
unified medical language system
upper motor neuron
uridine mono-phosphate
ulnar nerve ; umbilical notch; United Nations ; urea
nitrogen
unctus (smeared)
United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural
Organization
unguentum (ointment)
United Nations International Children's Emergency
Fund
universal ; university
unknown
United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Organization
urinary output
unknown origin ; un-official; urethral orifice ; urinary
output
utero-ovarian pregnancy
upper outer quadrant
utero-ovarian varicocele
ultimum praescriptus (the last ordered ; the last
prescribed)
urine / plasma (ratio)
unknown pressure ; un-pack ; uretero-pelvic ; uroporphyrin; urticaria papulosa ; uterus parvicollis
utero-placental apoplexy
urine protein electrophoresis
urine protein electro-phoresis
uveo-parotid fever
uro-porphyrino-gen
uretero-placental insufficiency
unique physician identification number
uretero-pelvic joint; uretero-pelvic junction
urethral pressure profile
uvulo-palato-pharyngo-plasty
upper quadrant
uracil; urina (urine); urinalysis
unconditioned response ; urgent reply
unconditioned response ; upper respiratory; urgent reply;
urine; utilization review
uracil
23 5

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

URAC
urd.
URD
urg.
URI
URO
urol .
URQ
URT
URTI
U/S

Utilization Review Accreditation Commission


uridine
upper respiratory disease
urgent
upper respiratory infection
urology
urology
upper right quadrant
upper respiratory tract
upper respiratory tract infection
ultra-sound
ultra-sound; un-sweet ; urinary sediments; urinary
stammering ; urinary stuttering ; urinary system ;
urogenital sinus
ultra-sonic atomizer
United States Atomic Energy Commission
United States Adopted Names
upper sternal border
United States Catheter Instruments
United States Dispensary
United States Department of Agriculture
utero-salpingo-graphy
urinary stress incontinence
ultra-sonic nebulizer
United States Pharmacopeia
United States Public Health Services
unheated serum reagin
unheated serum reagin test
ustus (burnt)
usual
uterus (uterus)
unbound thyroxine-binding globulin
ut dictum (as directed)
up-to-date
utendus (to be used)
utero-tubal gestation
urinary tract infection
uridine tri-phosphate
Ullrich-Turner syndrome (male Turner's syndrome)
urine urobilinogen ; utricle of the urethra
urine urea nitrogen
ultra-violet ; umbilical vein; urinary volume
ulcus vulvae acutum ; ultra-violet A

us

USA
USAEC
USAN
USB
USCI
USD
USDA
USG
USI
USN
USP
USPHS
USR
USRT
ust.
usu.
ut.
UTBG
utd.
UTD
utend.
UTG
UTI
UTP
UTS
UU
UUN
UV
UVA
23 6

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

ultra-violet B (sunlight)
ultra-violet blood irradiation
ultra-violet C; umbilical venous catheter
unifocal ventricular ectopic beat
oveoparotid fever
ultra-violet germicidal irradiation
uretero-vesical junction
ultra-violet light
ultra-violet radiation
ultra-violet radiation therapy
uvulotomy; uvulotume; uvulotome (uvulatome)

This Page Intentionally Left Blank

mixed venous
gas flow
V
v.
vel (or) ; vena (vein); vice (in the place) ; vide (see)
V
vacuum ; vagina ; valine ; valve; Vanadium ; vector;
vegetable ; vein; velocity ; venous; ventilation ; ventricle;
vibration ; Vibrio; video ; vision ; voice ; void; volt;
voltage; volume ; vomiting
V,
chest lead 1 : 4th intercostal space at the right sternal
border
lead 2: 4th intercostal space at the left sternal
chest
V2
border
chest
V3
lead 3 : equidistant between V2 and V4
chest
V4
lead 4: 5th intercostal space at left of
midclavicular line
chest
VS
lead 5: anterior axillary line
chest
V6
lead 6: mid-axillary line
chest
V7
lead 7: posterior axillary line
lead 8 : posterior scapular line
chest
Vg
lead 9: left border of the spine
chest
V9
Va
alveolar ventilation
alveolar
VA
volume
blood
VC
volume of the capillary bed
anatomical
VD
dead space
V
relaxation volume
tidal
VT
volume
VA
vacuum aspiration; ventricular arrest ; ventriculo-atrial ;
vertebral artery; Veterans' Administration; Vincent's angina; vision acuity ; visual acuity ; visual aid ; volt-ampere
VABCD
Vinblastine, Adriamycin, Bleomycin, CCNU,
Dacarbazine
vac.
vacuum
VAC
vacuum ; Vincristine, Actinomycin D, Cyclophosphamide
VACTERL
Vertebral, Anal, Cardiac, Tracheal, Esophageal, Renal,
Limb

239

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

VAD
VAdC
VAFAC
vag.
VAIPP
val.
VALE
VAMP
VA-ODLP
VA-OSLP
VAP
VAPA
var.
VARE
vasc .
VASC
VAT
VATD
VATERR
vasc.
VAV
Vb
VB
VBA
VBACS
VBAP
VBC
VBD
VBG
Vbl.
VBM
VBMCP
VBP
VBS
VBS:FBS
VBS/FBS

24 0

vascular access device ; venous access device; ventricular


assist device ; Vincristine, Adriamycin, Dexamethasone
Vincristine, Adriamycin, Cytoxan
Vincristine, Amethopterin, FU, Adriamycin, Cytoxan
vagina (vagina) ; vaginal
vaso-active intestinal poly-peptide
valance; validate ; valine ; value
visual acuity left eye
Vincristine, Actinomycin D, Methotrexate, Prednisone
visual acuity oculus dexter light perception
visual acuity oculus sinister laeva perception (with
projection)
Velban, Actinomycin D, Platinol
Vincristine, Adriamycin, Purinethol, Ara-C
variable ; variant; variety; various
visual acuity right eye
vascular
Verbal Auditory Screen for Children
ventricular atrial (synchronous); ventricular activation
time ; Veterinary Aptitude / Admission Test
Vincristine, Ara-C, Thioguanine, Daunomycin
Vertebral defects, Anal atresia, Tracheoesophageal fistula, Esophageal atresia, Radial and Renal anomalies
vascular
VePesid, Adriamycin, Vincristine
Vinblastine (Velban)
varolian bend; Velban, Bleomycin; ventricular
bradycardia
Velban, BCNU, Adriamycin
vaginal birth after caesarean (cesarean) section
Vincristine, BCNU, Adriamycin, Prednisone
ventricular brady-cardia ; vitiamin B complex
van Buren's disease; Velban, Bleomycin, DDP
venous blood gas; venous bypass graft
Vinblastine
Vinblastine, Bleomycin, Methotrexate
Vincristine, BCNU, Melphalan, Cytoxan, Prednisone
Vinblastine, Bleomycin, Platinol
Veronal (barbital) buffered saline
Veronal (barbital) buffered saline : fetal bovine serum
(ratio)
Veronal (barbital) buffered saline / fetal bovine serum
(ratio)

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS
V/C
VC
VCA
VCAP
VCAP-III
VCB
VCC
VCD
VCF
VCFS
VCG
VCMP
VCP
Vcr
VCR
VCS
VCT
VCUG
VD
VDA
VDAG
VDBR
VDDR
VDEL
VDF
VDG
VDH
VDL
VDP
VDRL
Vds.
VDS
VDU
VE
VEA
VEBs
VECP
VEDP
VEE
VEEV

voltage / circulation (ratio)


vas capillare; vena cava ; ventilatory capacity; vital
capacity ; vocal cord; venereal collar
viral capsid antigen
Vincristine, Cytoxan, Adriamycin, Prednisone
VePesid, Cytoxan, Adriamycin, Platinol
ventricular capture beat
vaso-constrictor center
vocal cord dysfunction
Vincristine, Cytoxan, Fluorouracil
velocity of circumferential fiber shortening
vector-cardio-gram ; vector-cardio-graphy
Vincristine, Cytoxan, Melphalan, Prednisone
Vincristine, Cytoxan, Prednisone
Vincristine
video cassette recorder
vena cava superior
venous clotting time
voiding cysto-urethro-gram
vagrant's disease; vas deferens; venereal disease; void ;
voided ; volume of distribution
venous digital angiogram; visual discriminatory acuity
venous digital angio-gram
volume of distribution of bili-rubin
vitamin D-dependent rickets
Venereal Disease Experimental Laboratory
ventricular diastolic fragmentation
venereal disease gonorrhea
valvular disease of heart; vascular disease of heart
visual detection level
Vincristine, Daunomycin, Prednisone
Venereal Disease Research Laboratory
Vindesine
venereal disease syphilis
video dsplay unit
vaginal examination; ventricular ectopic; visual efficiency ; volumic ejection
ventricular ectopic activity
ventricular ectopic beats
visual evoked cortical potential
ventricular end-diastolic pressure
Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis
Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis virus
24 1

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS
VEF
VEGF

VENP
VEP
VEPA
ver.
VER
VERP

vert.

VES
VESI

vesic.
vesp.

VESV
VET
VF
VFP

VG
VGD

VGH
VH

VHD

VHDD
VHDLP
VHF
VHS

v.i.
VI
VIA
vib .
vic.
VIEN
VIF
VIG

vin.
VIP

VIPST
vir.
242

ventricular ejection fraction


vascular endothelial growth factor
Vincristine, Endoxan, Natulan, Prednisone
visual evoked potential
Vincristine, Endoxan, Prednisone, Adriamycin
verification ; verify; version
visual evoked response
ventricular effective refractory period
vertical
Vespresin injection (Etoposide)
vesiculogram; vesiculography
vesicatorium (a blister); vesicula (vesicule)
vesper (evening)
vesicular exanthema of swine virus
veteran
ventricular fibrillation ; ventricular fluid; ventricular
flutter ; visual field; vocal fremitus
ventricular filling pressure; ventricular fluid pressure
vaginal hernia; ventricular gallop
Von Gierke's disease
very good health
vaginal hysterectomy ; venous hepatitis; viral hepatitis
valvular heart disease
viral haematic (hematic) depressive disease
very high density lipo-protein
very high frequency
viral hemorrhagic septicaemia (septicemia)
vide infra (see below)
valgus index ; viscosity index ; volume indicator
virus inactivating agent
vibration
vicinity
vaginal infra-epithelial neoplasia ; vulval infra-epithelial neoplasia
virion infectivity factor
vaccinia immune globulin
vinum (wine)
vasoactive intestinal polypeptide ; Velban, Isofamide,
Platinol; very important person; voluntary interruption
of pregnancy
vasoactive intestinal polypeptide secreting tumor
viride (green) ; viridis (green)

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS
vaginal irrigation smear
as compared with ; face to face (opposite) ; in relation to
volar intercalated segmental instability
vital; vitalist; vitamer; vitamin; vitellus (yolk of an egg)
videlicet (namely)
very large; very late ; very little ; very low
very late antigen
very low birth weight
very low-calorie diet
very low-density lipo-protein
Visible Light Emitting Diode
very low fat; very low frequency
virus-like infectious agent
visceral larva migrans
very low nucleus of hypothalamus
Vincristine, Leucogen, Prednisone
Very Large Scale Integration
ventricular muscle ; volt-meter
Teniposide
vanillyl-mandelic acid
Vincristine, Methotrexate, Adriamycin, Dactinomycin
Vincristine, Melphalan, BCNU, Cytoxan
vaso-motor center
Vincristine, Melphalan, Cyclophosphamide, Prednisone
Veterinariae Medicinae Doctor (Doctor of Veterinary
Medicine)
V16-MF
VePesid, Methotrexate, Fluorouracil
VMH
ventro-medial hypothalamus
.M .N .
V
vis medica'trix naturae (the healing power of nature)
VM-26-PP
Teniposide, Procarbazine, Prednisone
VMR
vaso-motor rhinitis
VN
visiting nurse
VNA
Visiting Nurse Association
VNR
vitro-nectin receptor
volume of oxygen consumption
*02
maximum volume of oxygen consumption
V02max
V0 2
volumeof
oxygen uptake
V02max
maximum volume of oxygen consumption
VOR
vestibular ocular reflex
v.o .s .
visio oculus sinister (vision of left eye) ; vitello ovi
solutus (dissolved in yolk)
V.O .U .
visio oculus uterque (each eye vision)
VIS
vis-a-vis
VISI
vit.
viz.
VL
VLA
VLBW
VLCD
VLDLP
VLED
VLF
VLIA
VLM
VLNH
VLP
VLSI
VM
VM-26
VMA
VMAD
VMBC
VMC
VMCP
.M
V
.
.D

24 3

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

V&P
VP
VP-16
VPB

VPC
VPCG
VPD
VPF
VPI
VPL
VPP
VP-16-P
VPRC

VPS
VR

VRBC
VRI

VRNA
VQ scan
V.S .
VS .

VS.
VS
VSD
VSFP
VSGP
VSL
VSN
VSPFT
VSS
VSV
VSW
V&T
VT
244

vagotomy and pyloroplasty ; ventilation and perfusion


variegate porphyria; veni-puncture venous pressure ;
ventricular pause; ventricular peritoneal ; vice-president; Vincristine, Prednisone; Vindesine, Platinol
VePesid (Etoposide)
Velban, Platinol, Bleomycin; ventricular premature
beat
vapor-phase chromatography ; ventricular premature
complex; ventricular premature contraction; volume
of packed cells
vapor-phase chromato-graphy
ventricular premature depolarization
vascular permeability factor
vapor phase inhibitor
ventro-posterior lateral (fetus position) ; Vincristine,
Prednisone, Leucogen
virus pneumonia of pigs
VePesid, Platinol
volume of packed red cells
valvular pulmonic stenosis; ventilation perfusion scan
vagina resection; valve replacement; variable region ;
vascular resistance ; venous return ; ventilation ratio;
vocal resonance; vocational rehabilitation
volume of red blood cell
viral respiratory infection
viral ribo-nucleic acid
ventilation quantitation imaging technique
vibration-seconds; vide supra (see above)
versus (in contrast with; versus)
Veterinary Surgeon
ventricular septum ; vital signs ; volumetric solution
ventricular septal defect
venous stop flow pressure
variable surface glycoprotein
very serious list
vital signs normal
Vitalor screening pulmonary function test
vital signs stable
vesicular stomatitis virus
ventricular stroke work
volume and tension
vacuum tube ; vacuum tuberculin; variable time;
venous thrombosis ; voice tube

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

ventricular tachycardia
venous thrombo-embolism
video tape recorder
volume unit
vesico-ureteral reflux
venae (veins)
.
vice versa
V.V
v/v
volume of solute per volume of solvent
V&V
vulva and vagina
W
varicose veins ; viper venom ; vulva and vagina
dead
VD / VT
space / tidal volume (ratio)
VVI
ventricular demand inhibited
VVT
ventricular demand triggered
VW
vessel wall
VZ
varicella-zoster
VZIG
varicella-zoster immune globulin
VZV
varicella-zoster virus
VTc
WE
VTR
VU
VUR
vv

This Page Intentionally Left Blank

w/
w
W
W+
WA
WACH
WAIS

WAPM

WAR

WART

WAS
WASO
WASP

Wb
WB

WBAT
WBC
WBCD
WBC/hpf
WBF
WBGT
WBGTI
WBH
WBHc
WBHp
WBHt
WBR
WBS
WBV

with
with
wait ; wash; water; watt; weak; Wednesday; week;
weight ; west; white; wide ; widow; wife ; window;
Wolfram (tungsten) ; woman; work
weakly positive
well-arrange ; when awake
wedge, adjustable, cushioned-heel (shoe)
Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale
wandering atrial pace-maker
whole abdominal therapy
whole abdominal radio-therapy
Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome
wake after sleep onset
World Association of Societies of Pathology
Weber
waste-basket ; water brush; water-bed; weight bearing;
Western blot ; wet brain; whole blood; whole body
weight bearing as tolerated
well-baby care ; white blood cell ; white blood count;
whole body counter
white blood count and differential
white blood cell per high-power field
whole blood folate
Wet Bulb Globe Temperature
Wet Bulb Globe Temperature Index
whole blood hematorit; whole body hyperpyrexia ;
whole body hyperthermia
whole blood hemato-crit
whole body hyper-pyrexia
whole body hyperthermia
whole body radiation
whole body scan
Willow-brook virus
247

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

W/C
W.C.
WC

WCC
WCD
WCG
WCHP
WD

W4D

WDHA

WDLL
WDWN

We

WE

wed.

WEE
WEEV
WEN
WEST
WF
WFE
WFI
WFR

WGA
wgt.
wh.
WH
WHA
WHO
WHR
WHS
WHT
WHVP
WI
WIA
248

wheel-chair; white count


toilet ; water-closet (called rest-room in U.S.A.)
walking cast; water-cure (hydrotherapy); waxy cast ;
wet cup; wheel-chair; white cell ; white count; whooping
cough; workman's compensation; wrist bones; writer's
cramp
white cell casts; white cell count
Weber-Christian disease
Wrisberg's cardiac ganglion
wood-chuck hepatitis virus
well-developed ; well-done; well-differentiated ; wet
dressing ; wrist drop
Worth-four-dot (test)
watery diarrhea with hypokalemic alkalosis
well-differentiated lymphocytic lymphoma
well-developed, well-nourished
Wednesday
western encephalitis ; western encephalomyelitis ; wide
excision
Wednesday
western equine encephalitis ; western equine
encephalomyelitis
western equine encephalitis virus; western equine
encephalomyelitis virus
Westphal-Edinger nucleus
work evaluation systems technology
white female
Williams flexion exercises
water for injection (pyrogen-free water)
Weil-Felix reaction
wheat germ agglutination
weight
white
watt-hour; writing hand
World Health Assembly
World Health Organization
waist-hip (circumference) ratio
Werdnig-Hoffmann syndrome
white
wedged hepatic venous pressure
water intoxication ; water itch
wounded in action

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

WIC
WISC
wk.
wks.
WL

WLE
WLF

WLT

WM
WMA

WMD

WMR
WMT
WMX

WN
WNF
WNL
WNV
w/o
WO
WOB
WOE

WP

WPB

WPM

WPPSI
WPW
WPWA
WPWS
wr.
WR

Wra

WRAT
WRC
WRE
W.S .

wt.
WT

women, infants, children


Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children
weak ; week; work
weeks
waiting list ; water low; wave-length; white leg; white
line
wide local excision
whole lymphocytic fraction
water-load test
white male ; white mouse
World Medical Association
white-muscle disease
work metabolic rate
Weir Mitchell's treatment
whirlpool, massage, exercise
well-nourished ; wet-nurse
West Nile fever
within normal limits
West Nile virus
water in oil; without
written order
water on brain (hydrocephalus)
white of egg; white of eye (conjunctiva)
weakly positive; wedge pressure ; wet pack ; whirl-pool ;
white phosphorus ; white precipitate
whirl-pool bath
words per minute
Wechsler Preschool Primary Scale of Intelligence
Wolf-Parkinson-White
wedge pressure of pulmonary artery
Wolf-Parkinson-White syndrome
wrist
Wassermann reaction (a syphilis test); weakly reactive
Wright antigen
Wide Range Achievement Test
washed red cells
whole ragweed extract
water soluble; watt-seconds
weight (wiht in Old English)
waiting time; waking time; walking time ; walking
typhoid; water temperature; wild type; wisdom teeth;
writing table
24 9

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

WTFSBS
w/v
WV
w/w

Wright's technique for staining blood smears


weight in volume ; weight of solute per volume of solvent
whispered voice; whole volume
weight in weight ; weight of solute per weight of total
solution

x
X

X
Xan.
Xao.
XAT
XB
XC
XCG
XD
X-disease
XDP
Xe
XECTG
XESM
XIP
XL
XLDA
XM
XMP
XMTR
Xn
XOAN
XOD
XOP
XP
XR
XRF

except ; mean
abscissa ; mole fraction
cross; cross out; crossed out; decimal scale of potency;
decimal scale of dilution ; extra; times; magnification;
multiply ; reactance; respirations (anesthesia chart) ;
unknown; xanthine ; xanthosine
medical decision level
xanthine
xanthosine
Xylose Absorption Test
xanthine bases
xanthic calculus
excretory cysto-gram
xanthoma diabeticorum ; X-ray dermatitis
bovine hyperkeratosis
zero-derma pigmentosum
Xenon
Xenon-enhanced computed tomography
X-ray energy spectro-meter
X-ray in plaster
extra large; extra long
xylose lysine deoxycholate agar
crossmatch ; xanthoma multiplex
xanthosine-mono-phosphate
transmitter
Christian
X-linked ocular albinism Nettleship
xanthine-oxi-dase
X-ray out of plaster
xanthoma palpebrarum; xeroderma pigmentosum;
xylene poisoning
xero-radiographic ; xero-radiography ; X-ray (x-ray);
roentgen rays (rontgen rays)
X-ray fluorescence
25 1

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

XRFS
XRG
XRT
XS
XSA
X(T)
XT
XTAL
Xu
XUG
XX
XX/XY
XY
Xyl
Xyr.
xys.

X-ray fluorescence spectrometry


xero-radiographic; xero-radiography
external radiation therapy; X-ray radiation treatment
excess ; excessive; xiphi-sternum ; X-ray strain
cross-sectional area
exotropia - intermittent
exotropia; xanthoma tuberosum
crystal
X-unit (x-unit)
excretory urogram
normal female chromosome type
sex karyotypes
normal male chromosome type
xylene ; xylose
xyrospasm
xysma; xyster

y
Y
YAC
YAG
Yb
YB
Ychr.
Ycrt.
yd.
yds .
YE
YF
YFV
YHT
Y-fig.
y/o
YO
YOA
YOB
YOM
YOPLL
YOS
YPLL
yr.
YR
yrbk
yrs .
YS
YSC
YT
YV

ordinate (in x-y axis); yard; year; yellow


yard; year; yeast ; yellow ; yogurt (yoghurt) ; yolk; Yttrium
yeast artificial chromosome
yttrium aluminum (aluminium) garnet
Ytterbium
year-book ; yellow body (corpus luteum)
Y chromosome
Y cartilage
yard; yield
yards
yellow ; yellow enzyme
yellow fat; yellow fever ; Y-factor (Pyridoxine)
yellow fever vaccine
Young-Helmholtz theory
Y ligament (ilio-femoral ligament)
year old
year of; years old
year of accident
year of birth
year of marriage
year of potential life lost
year of surgery
years of potential life lost
year; younger
Young's rule (rule for calculating the dose of medicine)
yearbook
years
yellow spot (macula flava; macula lutea) ; Yersin's serum ;
yolk sac; yolk stalk
yolk sac carcinoma
youth
yellow vision
yellow wax

This Page Intentionally Left Blank

z
Z'
Z"
Z
ZA
ZAT
ZB
ZC
Z/D
ZD
ZDV
Z-E
ZEEP
ZES
ZFY
ZG
ZIG
ZIGV
ZIP
Z-lig .
ZMAC
Zn
ZNM
ZnSO 4
ZO
ZOE
ZOL
zool .
Z-P
ZPG
Z-plasty
ZPP

zero; zone
increasing degree of contraction 1
increasing degree of contraction 2
atomic number ; carbobenzoxy ; impedance; increasing
degree of contraction; ionic charge number; zuckung
(German word meaning contraction)
zinc acetate; zoster auricularis; zygomatic arch
Zondek-Aschheim test
zygomatic bone
zinc-chloride
zero defect
Z disk ; zero defect
zi-do-vudine
Zollinger-Ellison
zero end-expiratory pressure
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome
zinc finger Y
zoo-graft; zoo-grafting
zoster immune globulin
zoster immune globulin vaccine
zoster immune plasma
Zinn's ligament
zygo-matico-auri-cularis
Zinc
Ziehl-Neelsen method
zinc-sulfate
zinc ointment ; zinc oxide ; zoster ophthalmicus
zinc-oxide eugenol
zonule of Zinn
zoologist; zoology
z-plasty
zero population growth
Z-Plastic relaxing operation
zinc proto-porphyrin

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

Zr
ZR
ZS
ZSP
ZSR
zyg.
ZYM
zz .

ZZ

Zirconium
zygomatic reflex
zinc salts; zinc-stearate; zinc-sulfate
zinc salts poisoning
zeta sedimentation rate ; zeta stimulation rate
zygapophysis ; zygion ; zygoma
zymometer; zymoscope; zymosimeter
zingiber (ginger)
zonule of Zinn

APPENDIX A

Common Medical Symbols

(-)
()
x
x1
x2
x3
x4
1x
2x
3x
4x

II

00

L
1

acid reaction ; and; increase ; increased ; plus; positive ;


present; slight trace
moderate ; trace
increased; moderately active ; moderately severe
large amount; pronounced reaction ; severe
absent ; charge already made (bookkeeping abbreviation); decrease ; decreased; minus; negative
significant
insignificant
plus or minus; positive or negative
possibly significant
cross out; times (used with a number)
once
twice
thrice
four times
once
twice
thrice
four times
number
is to; ratio symbol
divided by; division; of; per; ratio symbol
divided by; division
equal
not equal
parallel
infinity
summation
approximately
percent; percentage
angle
perpendicular
therefore
doubtful; questionable
257

APPENDIX A

>

<
z
s
T
J,
EA
V

$O
a
(3
0
At
AEF
y
yA
yBF
yD
yE
yG
yM
E

T1

x
A

[,A
[,C
RCi
[,Eq .
25 8

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

greater than
less than
greater than or equal to
less than or equal to
increased; up
decreased; down
move to right ; results in; yields
move to left
two-way operation
diastolic blood pressure
systolic blood pressure
check; checked; observe for
birth
dead ; death; died
empty; no change
no balance due (bookkeeping abbreviation)
start of operation
end of operation
alpha particle
beta chain of hemoglobin; beta ray
change ; prism diopter
time interval
ejection fraction response
conductivity; gamma; Ig; photon; surface tension
IgA
IgBF
IgD
IgE
IgG
IgM
pseudouridine; psychiatrist; psychologist
electric field intensity; electromotive force; permittivity
efficiency ; viscosity
kaon
wavelength
lambda particle
magnetic momentum; mass absorption coefficient; micro; micron ; modulus; muon ; permeability; population mean ; the heavy chain of IgM; viscosity
micro-ampere
micro-Coulomb
micro-Curie
micro-equivalent

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

lag
[,l
[.L
[.m

[um

[umg
[umm
[,P
[,R
[usec
RU

RV
1uW
~p,Ci
RP9

p
a
T

S2
@
$0 .00
&

as

AQA
A>B
BN/

B>A

APPENDIX A

micro-gram
micro-liter (micro-litre)
micro-liter (micro-litre)
micro-meter (micro-metre)
micro-molar
micro-milli-gram
micro-milli-meter (micro-milli-metre)
micro-processor
micro-roentgen (micro-rdntgen)
micro-second
micro-unit
micro-volt
micro-watt
micro-micro- (pico-)
micro-micro-Curie (pico-Curie)
micro-micro-gram (pico-gram)
degrees of freedom; frequency; kinetic viscosity; neutrino; reluctivity
3 .14159265 . . . . . . ; osmotic pressure ; pion; the ratio of
diameter and circumference of a circle
xi particle
correlation coefficient; density; electric charge density;
mass density; resistivity; rho particle
1/1000 of a second ; conductivity ; cross-section ;
standard deviation; surface tension
sigma particle ; sigmoid; sigmoidoscopy
mean life; torque ; transmittance
electric potential; file; luminous flux; magnetic flux
ohm; omega particle
paragraph
numbered clause ; section
at
credit (bookkeeping abbreviation)
and
before
Angstrom
cumulated activity
of each
Alpha Omega Alpha (an honorary society in U.S.A.)
air greater than bone
both
billing information posted
bone greater than air
25 9

APPENDIX A

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

BTE
B-1, E

both upper extemities


both lower extemities
breath sounds diminished
with
with
with correction (eye-glasses)
with correction (eye-glasses)
confidential (patient may be unaware); copyright
caesarean section (cesarean section)
temperature degrees in Celsius
per day
temperature degrees in Fahrenheit
elevate foot of bed
hypodermic
increased intra-cranial pressure
left
left to right
milli-micron
milli-micro-Curie
mill i-micro-gram
murmur
morphine and cocaine
notified
after
registered ; right
recipe (dispense - used at the beginning of a
prescription)
recipe (dispense - used at the beginning of a
prescription)
receipt done
right upper extremity
right lower extremity
renal angle
right to left
without
without
without correction (eye-glasses)
without correction (eye-glasses)
one half
spatial vector in electrocardiology
shear time
temperature

BS J,

cc

c/ c

CS
C
/d
F
T FOB
T 1CP

L-R
m~t
m[,CI
g
M+C
p

13

R-%/
RTE
R J, E
rent
R-L

/ ii
SC

s/c
ss

g
ty
T

26 0

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

increased intraocular tension


decreased intraocular tension
except
male
female
gay
lesbian

APPENDIX A

APPENDIX B

Greek Alphabet
Capital
letter
A

B
I'

E
Z
H
O
I
K
A
M
N

Small
letter
a

(3
Y
S
s

TI
6
L

x
k
It
v

O
II

o
it

T
Y

6
t
v

52

cu

Pronunciation

English equivalent

alpha
beta
gamma
delta
epsilon
zeta
eta
theta
iota
kappa
lamda
mu
nu
xi
omicron
pi
rho
sigma
tau
upsilon
phi
chi
psi
omega

a
b
g, n
d
e
z
e (e as in easy)
th
i
k
1
m
n
x
o
p
r, rh
s
t
y, u
ph
ch
ps
o (o as in flow)

APPENDIX C

Common Cardinal Numerals

Name
zero (cipher; naught)
one
two
three
four
five
six
seven
eight
nine
ten
eleven
twelve
thirteen
fourteen
fifteen
sixteen
seventeen
eighteen
nineteen
twenty
thirty
forty
fifty
sixty
seventy
eighty
ninety
one hundred
two hundred
three hundred
four hundred
five hundred

Arabic
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
200
300
400
500

Roman
...
I
II
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII
IX
X
XI
XII
XIII
XIV
XV
XVI
XVII
Will
XIX
XX
XXX
XL
L
LX
LXX
LXXX
XC
C
CC
CCC
CD
D

APPENDIX C

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

Name
six hundred
seven hundred
eight hundred
nine hundred
one thousand
two thousand
five thousand
ten thousand
one hundred thousand
one million

Arabic
600
700
800
900
1000
2000
5000
10000
100000
1000000

Roman
DC
DCC
DCCC

CM

M
MM

V
C

APPENDIX D

Metric Weights and Measures


LENGTH

unit

abbreviation

unit

abbreviation

centimeter (centimetre)
decameter (decametre)
decimeter (decimetre)
dekameter (dekametre)
hectometer (hectometre)
kilometer (kilometre)
meter (metre)
millimeter (millimetre)

hectameter
(hectametre ; hectare)
square centimeter
(square centimetre)
square decimeter
(square decimetre)
square dekameter
(square dekametre)
square kilometer
(square kilometre)
square meter
(square metre)
square millimeter
(square millimetre)
unit

cm
dam
dm
dam
hm
km
m
mm

equivalent

0.393 inch
32.81 feet = 393 .7 inches
3.937 inches
32.81 feet = 393 .7 inches
109 .36 yards = 328 .08 feet
0.621 miles
39.37 inches = 3.28 feet
0.039 inch

AREA

ha

equivalent

2.471 acres

cm2; sq. cm

0.15499 square inch

dm2; sq. dm

15.499 square inches

dame; sq. dek .

393 .7 square inches

km2; sq. km

0.386 square mile = 247 .1 acres

m2; sq. m

1549.9 square inches = 1 .196 yards

mm2; sq. mm

0.00155 square inch

are
centiare
hectare (hectameter ; hectametre)
square kilometer (square kilometre)

LAND

abbreviation

equivalent

119 .6 square yards


cent.
1549.9 square inches
sq. hec.
2.471 acres
km2; sq. km
0.386 square mile =
247 .1 acres

APPENDIX D

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS

unit
cubic centimeter (cubic centimetre)
cubic decimeter (cubic decimetre)

VOLUME
abbreviation
c.c .; cm ,
c.d .

cubic meter (cubic metre)

c.m .; m3

stere

St .

unit
centiliter (centilitre)
deciliter (decilitre)

abbreviation
cl; cL
dl ; dL

dekaliter (dekalitre)
dal; daL
hectoliter (hectolitre) hl ; hL
kiloliter (kilolitre)

kl ; kL

liter (litre)

1; L

milliliter (millilitre)

ml; mL

equivalent
0.06102 inch cubic
61 .023 cubic inches =
0.0353 cubic foot
35 .314 cubic feet =
1 .308 cubic yards
35 .314 cubic feet =
1 .308 cubic yards

CAPACITY

equivalent
0.6 cubic inch = 0.338 fluid ounce
61 .02 cubic inches = 0.21 pint =
3.38 fluid ounces = 0.1057 liquid quart
0.35 cubic foot = 2.64 gallons = 0.284 bushels
3 .53 cubic feet = 1.14 pecks = 26 .418 gallons =
2.838 bushels
1 .307 cubic yards = 264.18 gallons =
35 .315 cubic feet
61 .02 cubic inches = 1 .057 liquid quarts =
0.908 dry quart
0.06 cubic inch = 0.27 fluid dram

MASS & WEIGHT


abbreviation
equivalent
unit
cg
0.1543 grain = 0.000353 ounce (avoirdupois)
centigram
decigram
dg
1.543 grains
decagram (dekagram)
dag
0.3527 ounce = 154.323 grains
gram
g; gm
0 .0352 ounce (avoirdupois) = 15 .432 grains
hectogram
hg
3.574 ounces
2.2046 pounds
kilogram
kg
1 .1 tons = 2204 .6 pounds
metric ton
Mt, t
0.01543 grain
milligram
mg
22 .046 pounds
myriagram
myg
220.46 pounds
quintal
q
Unit Scale
1 Kilogram
1 Hectogram
1 Decagram
1 Gram
1 Decigram
1 Centigram
1 Milligram
266

COMMON WEIGHTS
Grains
Grams
15432.35
1000
15432.23
100
154.3235
10
1
15 .43235
0 .1
1 .543235
0 .1543235
0 .01
.001
0 .01543235
0

APPENDIX E

Common Decimal Factors


SI PREFIXES

(Measurement)
The following prefixes are used to indicate decimal multiples and submultiples of SI units.
Prefix

tera
giga
mega
kilo
hecto
deka
deci
centi
milli
micro
nano
Pico
femto
atto

Symbol

T
G
M
k
h
da
d
c
m
I.
n
p
f
a

Factor

10 12
10 9
10 6
10 ,
10 2
10 1
10-1
10 -2
10-3
10-6
10-9
10-12
10-15
10-18