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This post is about solution or answer for CCNAS Chapter 1.

In this post, i will share the question and answer for CCNA
Security Chapter 1 Test. I took this CCNAS Chapter 1 test
on April 2012. CCNAS v1.1 include several new questions. So,
this post hopefully will be your reference to solve all the

1. What are the basic phases of attack that can be used by a

virus or worm in sequential order?
paralyze, probe, penetrate, persist, and propagate
probe, penetrate, persist, propagate, and paralyze
penetrate, persist, propagate, paralyze, and probe
persist, propagate, paralyze, probe, and penetrate

2. Which two are characteristics of DoS attacks? (Choose

They always precede access attacks.
They attempt to compromise the availability of a network,
host, or application.

They are difficult to conduct and are initiated only by very

skilled attackers.
They are commonly launched with a tool called L0phtCrack.








3. Users report to the helpdesk that icons usually seen on

the menu bar are randomly appearing on their computer
screens. What could be a reason that computers are
displaying these random graphics?
An access attack has occurred.
A virus has infected the computers.
A DoS attack has been launched against the network.
The computers are subject to a reconnaissance attack.

4. What are three types of access attacks? (Choose three.)

buffer overflow

ping sweep
port redirection
trust exploitation
port scan
Internet information query

5. What occurs during a spoofing attack?

One device falsifies data to gain access to privileged
Large amounts of network traffic are sent to a target device
to make resources unavailable to intended users.
Improperly formatted packets are forwarded to a target
device to cause the target system to crash.
A program writes data beyond the allocated memory to
enable the execution of malicious code.

6. What is a characteristic of a Trojan Horse?

A Trojan Horse can be carried in a virus or worm.

A proxy Trojan Horse opens port 21 on the target system.
An FTP Trojan Horse stops anti-virus programs or firewalls
from functioning.
A Trojan Horse can be hard to detect because it closes when
the application that launched it closes.

compartmentalization and segmentation of the network to
slow down or stop the worm and prevent currently infected
hosts from targeting and infecting other systems?
containment phase
inoculation phase
quarantine phase
treatment phase

8. Which two statements are characteristics of a virus?

(Choose two.)

A virus typically requires end-user activation.

A virus has an enabling
mechanism, and a payload.


A virus replicates itself

vulnerabilities in networks.





A virus provides the attacker with sensitive data, such as

A virus can be dormant and then activate at a specific
time or date.

9. What is a ping sweep?

A ping sweep is a network scanning technique that
indicates the live hosts in a range of IP addresses.
A ping sweep is a software application that enables the
capture of all network packets sent across a LAN.
A ping sweep is a scanning technique that examines a range
of TCP or UDP port numbers on a host to detect listening
A ping sweep is a query and response protocol that identifies

information about a domain, including the addresses assigned

to that domain.

10. Which type of security threat can be described as

software that attaches to another program to execute a
specific unwanted function?
proxy Trojan horse
Denial of Service Trojan horse

11. A disgruntled employee is using Wireshark to discover

administrative Telnet usernames and passwords. What type
of network attack does this describe?
Denial of Service
port redirection

trust exploitation

12. What occurs during the persist phase of a worm attack?

identification of vulnerable targets
modification of system files and registry settings to
ensure that the attack code is running
transfer of exploit code through an attack vector
extension of the attack to vulnerable neighboring targets

13. What are the three major components of a worm attack?

(Choose three.)
enabling vulnerability
infecting vulnerability
penetration mechanism
probing mechanism

propagation mechanism

14. A network administrator detects unknown sessions

involving port 21 on the network. What could be causing this
security breach?
An FTP Trojan Horse is executing.
A reconnaissance attack is occurring.
A denial of service attack is occurring.
Cisco Security Agent is testing the network.

15. What are three goals of a port scan attack? (Choose

disable used ports and services
determine potential vulnerabilities
identify active services
identify peripheral configurations

identify operating systems

discover system passwords

16. How is a Smurf attack conducted?

by sending a large number of packets, overflowing the
allocated buffer memory of the target device
by sending an echo request in an IP packet larger than the
maximum packet size of 65,535 bytes
by sending a large number of ICMP requests to directed
broadcast addresses from a spoofed source address on
the same network
by sending a large number of TCP SYN packets to a target
device from a spoofed source address

17. Which access attack method involves a software program

attempting to discover a system password by using an
electronic dictionary?
buffer overflow attack

port redirection attack

Denial of Service attack
brute-force attack
IP spoofing attack
packet sniffer attack

18 Which two network security solutions can be used to

mitigate DoS attacks? (Choose two.)
virus scanning
data encryption
anti-spoofing technologies
intrusion protection systems
applying user authentication

19. Which phase of worm mitigation involves terminating the

worm process, removing modified files or system settings

that the worm introduced, and patching the vulnerability that

the worm used to exploit the system?

20. Which characteristic best describes the network

security Compliance domain as specified by the ISO/IEC?
the integration of security into applications
an inventory and classification scheme for information assets
the restriction of access rights to networks, systems,
applications, functions, and data
the process of ensuring conformance with
information policies, standards, and regulations

21. Which statement describes phone freaking?


A hacker uses password-cracking programs to gain access to

a computer via a dialup account.
A hacker gains unauthorized access to networks via wireless
access points.
A hacker mimics a tone using a whistle to make free longdistance calls on an analog telephone network.
A hacker uses a program that automatically scans telephone
numbers within a local area, dialing each one in search of
computers, bulletin board systems, and fax machines.

22. Which two statements describe access attacks? (Choose

Port redirection attacks use a network adapter card in
promiscuous mode to capture all network packets that are
sent across a LAN.
Password attacks can be implemented using brute-force
attack methods, Trojan Horses, or packet sniffers.
Buffer overflow attacks write data beyond the allocated
buffer memory to overwrite valid data or exploit systems
to execute malicious code.

Port scanning attacks scan a range of TCP or UDP port

numbers on a host to detect listening services.
Trust exploitation attacks can use a laptop acting as a rogue
access point to capture and copy all network traffic in a
public location on a wireless hotspot.

Which statement accurately characterizes the evolution of
network security?
Internal threats can cause even greater damage than
external threats.Internet architects planned for network
security from the beginning.Early Internet users often
engaged in activities that would harm other users.Threats
have become less sophisticated while the technical knowledge
needed by an attacker has grown.

Which three options describe

mitigation? (Choose three.)





The containment phase requires the use of incoming and

outgoing ACLs on routers and firewalls.The containment
phase tracks down and identifies the infected machines

within the contained areas.The inoculation phase

disconnects, blocks, or removes infected machines.The
inoculation phase patches uninfected systems with the
appropriate vendor patch for the vulnerability.The
quarantine phase terminates the worm process, removes
modified files or system settings, and patches the
vulnerability the worm used to exploit the system.The
treatment phase disinfects actively infected systems.
[Corrected by: Huy Nguyen]

An attacker is using a laptop as a rogue access point to

capture all network traffic from a targeted user. Which type
of attack is this?
trust exploitationbuffer overflowman in the middleport

What is considered a valid method of securing the control

plane in the Cisco NFP framework?
authorization of actionsDHCP snoopingdynamic ARP
inspectionlogin and password policyrouting protocol
authenticationrole-based access control

[Updated by Xase]
A port scan is classified as what type of attack?
access attack
Denial of Service attack
reconnaissance attack
spoofing attack

Which type of software typically uses a network adapter

card in promiscuous mode to capture all network packets that
are sent across a LAN?
port scanner
ping sweeper
packet sniffer
Internet information query

What are two reasons for securing the data plane in the
Cisco NFP framework? (Choose two.)
to protect against DoS attacks
to provide bandwidth control
to force technicians to use SSH and HTTPS when managing
to provide a record of who accessed the device, what
occurred, and when it occurred
to allow users to control the flow of traffic that is managed
by the route processor of their network devices

Please take note this answer is not 100% correct. I only got
95.7% for this CCNAS Chapter 1 Test. There might be
mistake on the new questions. If you think that you have
better answer, please share with us.
Thank You