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Storm sewer design for Maple Ave from 8th St to 4th St (S.I.

units)
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col. 8

col. 9

Line

Length
m

area
increment
ha

cumul.
area
ha

tC
min

i
mm/hr

Qdes

inlet
time
min

8th - 7th
7th - 6th
6th - 5th
5th - 4th

105
143
146
171

1.82
1.50
2.05
2.09

1.82
3.32
5.37
7.46

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3

18
18
18
18

18
19.8
22.1
24.6

141.50
134.62
126.25
118.72

0.22
0.38
0.57
0.74

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col. 11

col. 12

col. 13

col. 14

col. 15

col. 16

col. 17

surface

Dpipe

Dstd*

pipe slope
(Vfull = 1)

Vfull

Qfull

mm

m/m

m/s

m /s

Length
m

tpipe

mm

slope
m/m

524.8
691.4
851.5
973.2

600
750
900
1050

0.002120
0.001575
0.001235
0.001006

0.00019
0.001189
0.001301
0.000234

1
1
1
1

0.28
0.44
0.64
0.87

105
143
146
171

1.8
2.4
2.4
2.9

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col. 19

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col. 21

col. 22

col. 23

m3/s

min

col. 24
pipe slope

Ground Elev, m

Invert Elev, m

Cover Depth, m

for design

upper

lower

upper

lower

upper

lower

m/m

20.5
20.48
20.31
20.12

20.48
20.31
20.12
20.08

18.400
18.027
17.652
17.322

18.177
17.802
17.472
17.150

1.50
1.70
1.76
1.75

1.70
1.76
1.75
1.88

0.002120
0.001575
0.001235
0.001006

derivation of IDF equation [i = a/(b + )] for T = 25 years, 10 min < < 30 min:
, min

1/i, hr/mm

i, mm/hr

10
15
30

0.00535
0.00654
0.00952

187
153
105

slope =

0.000207 = 1/a
a = 1/slope =

intercept =

0.0033

= b/a

b = a*intercept =
The IDF equation is thus: i = 4840/( + 16.2)

4840

16.2

0.74
0.61
0.83
0.85

*Standard pipe diameters in mm:


100, 150, 200, 250, 300, 350, 400, 450, 500, 600, 650, 700, 750, 800, 850, 900, 950, 1000, 1050,
1200, 1300, 1400, 1500, 1600, 1700, 1800, 1900, 2000

NOTES:

(Each line in the spreadsheet designs the pipe between two adjacent manholes assuming
that the pipe flows full at design flow rate.) See manhole map below.

Col. 1: Enter information from the manhole layout map.


Col. 2 & 3: Measure distance between manholes and area draining to the inlet .
Col. 4 calculates the cumulative area draining to the section of pipe being designed.
Col. 5: Enter the runoff coefficient value
Col. 6: Enter the inlet time for the drainage area to the section of pipe being designed.
Col. 7 calculates the time of concentration for the section of pipe being designed.
Col. 8: enter the design storm intensity for specified return period and storm duration
equal to the time of concentration.
Col. 9 calculates the design stormwater flow using Q = 0.0028CiA
Col. 10 calculates the pipe diameter to give V = V min with flow rate = Qdes, using
Qdes = (Vmin)A = (Vmin)(D2/4)

( Vmin - 1 m/s in the example )

Col. 11: Enter the next larger standard pipe diameter.


Col. 12 calculates the pipe slope for V full = Vmin with the pipe diameter set at Dstd
using the Manning equation: V = (1/n)(D/4)2/3(S1/2)

(n = 0.013 in the example)

Col. 13 calculates the ground surface slope using surface elevations from Col 18 & 19.
(If pipe slope > surface slope, use calculated pipe slope. If pipe slope < surface slope,
set the pipe slope equal to the surface slope if needed to maintain minimum cover.)
Col. 14 & 15 calculate Vfull and Qfull, using the Manning equation, with pipe diam. = D std and
pipe slope = selected slope (pipe slope or surface slope)
Col. 16 & 17 calculate the pipe flow time, using t pipe = length/Vfull.
Col. 18 & 19: Enter values from the manhole map.
Col. 20 & 21 calculates the invert elevation at each manhole using the ground surface elevation,
minimum cover, pipe slope, and pipe diameter. (min. cover = 1.5 m in the example)
Col. 22 & 23 calculate the cover depth as a check to be sure it is adequate.
Col. 24: Enter the selected design slope (typically pipe slope or surface slope)
This slope is used in Col 14, 15, & 21 calculations.
For derivation of the IDF equation, enter data for storm duration, , vs storm intensity, i, from an IDF
graph or table for the sewer location at the specified design return period.
The Excel formulas will calculate 1/i, and calculate the constants a and b for the equation,
i = a/( + b), based on linear regression of vs 1/i.
The derived equation can then be used to calculate design storm intensity, i, for Col. 8.