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ak ae SR RL eth set) SONG WW. USL. | 3 2 \ | PRACTICE PAPERS | PER eg mae) : PRACTICE PAPERS ss 12 Preteton " Pre for VEU] r - ” ; per" > UE Te) Brain Map De anaes as = Ss Vol. XXI No.5) May 2014 Corporate Office: Plot 99, Sector 4 Institutional area, Gurgaon -122 003 (HR), Tel :0124-4951200 Regd. Office 406, Ta Aparment, Near Safdarjung Hospital, Ring Road, New Delhi- 110028, e-mail :info@igin website: wermntg in Managing Editor: Mahabir Singh Editor ‘Anil Ahlawat (BE, MBA) Physics Musing (Problem Set-10) 4 JE Final Touch 8 Last 3 years Chapterwise Questions = alms 7 Practice Paper 2014 NCERT Xtract 37 © Brain Map 46 = aitsat 48 Practice Paper 2014 BH Target PMTs 59 Practice Questions 2014 JEE Main 70 Solved Paper 2014 Thought Provoking Problems B Physics Musing (Solutions Set) 82 Problem Solving Tactics 83 >You Asked We Answered 86 edit Q rial Expanding Borders of Education he standard of education in India is as good as in developed nations in the west. The proofis that admissions in American colleges are based on the marks obtained in the dasses from 7° to 12 exams in Indian schools. (ur students are doing well in United States, France and Canada, to name conly a few countries Taking data from Deli NCR, whichis ready avaiable, we are also alittle worried Quo Vacis india? In the four page supplement devoted to the colleges their addresses and the courses available, we can say that we have made formidable advances inthe spread of higher education, However, the numberof colleges offering courses in 8 Sc. and postgraduate studies is very small when compared to courses related to animation, management (MBA and PGDM). Our quality students are not meant for export only. Apart from the popular courses like fashion technology, hotel management and animation, the regular science courses are offered in very few colleges. Taking any popular picture, animation plays a very large part. Fying heroes who always win and so on which the youngsters know best, every battle scene with the vilans is possible only withthe computer apolications of animation. Well, can we not apply them to create virtual laboratories where students can study theory and also observe the experiments? In a good laboratory, students can feel the objects, leam how to handle the apparatus, take observations without anybody imposing their conclusions. Perform experiments in the laboratory after switching off automatic calculation and studying the intensities of spectral lines on your own. The conclusions to be drawn from your experiments should be left to you. Automatic methods are good for factories but not for research workers. You have to be the master and instrument the slave Walk and Chalk as a professor wrote. Let the imagination of the students grow. Animation is for cinemas, not for creating scientist, Anil Ahlawat Editor Subscrive onine t wwwrantg.in Individual Subscription Rates. ‘Combined Subscription Rates Ty Byte, 3yrs. tyr 2yrs. Syn. Mathematics Todky 300500 675.| PCM @00 12001700 Chemisty Today 300500. 675.| PCB 800 12001700 PryssForYou 300500. 675.| PCM 90015002100 Biology Toda 30000, Send D.DIM.O in favour of MTG Learning Media ) Lid. Payments should be made directly to: MIG Learning Media (P) Lt Plt No, $9, Sector 44 Institutional Area, Gurgaon - 122003 (Haryana) i have rt spponte ay subscroton ager. PHYSICS FOR YOU | Misi id 3. MUSING \hysics Musing was started in August 2013 issue of Physics For You with the suggestion of Shri Mahabir Singh. The aim of Physics Musing is to augment the chances of bright students preparing for JEE (Main and Advanced) / AIMS / Other PMTs with addtional study metertal, In every issue of Physics For You, 10 challenging problems are proposed in various topics of JEE (Main and Advanced) / various PMTs. The detailed solutions of these problems will be published in next issue of Physios For You The readers who have solved five or more problems may send their solutions. The names of those who send atleast five corect solutions will be published in the next issue. We hope that our readers wil enrich ther problem solving skis through “Physics Musing” and stand in better stead while facing the competitive exams. hil Tewarh PROBLEM) Dea esa 1. Standing waves are produced on a stretched string of length L with fixed ends, When there is a node at a distance é from one end, then (a) minimum and next higher number of nodes, excluding the ends are 2, 5 respectively () minimum and next higher number of nodes, ‘excluding the ends are 2, 4 respectively (©) frequency produced may be 3L (d) frequency produced may be 2. [o= Velocity of waves in the string] 2. In displacement method, the distance between object and screen is 96 cm. The ratio of length of two images formed by a convex lens placed between them is 4.84. (a) Ratio of the length of object to the length of shorter image is 11/5. (b) Distance between the two positions of the lens is 36 em. (©) Focal length of the lens is 22.5 em. (d) Distance of the lens from the shorter image is 30cm. 3. When monochromatic light is incident normally on a wedge-shaped thin air film, refer figure, an interference pattern may be seen by reflection, Which of the following is/are correct ? == 4 PHYSICS FoR You | May "14 (a) Parallel fringes are observed. (©) Ifwateris introduced into the region between the plates, the fringe width decreases (©) If the angle of the wedge is increased, the fringe width decreases. (a) When white light is used there will not be a completely dark fringe. A uniform bar of length 6a and mass 81 lies on a smooth horizontal table. Two point masses m and 2m moving in the same horizontal plane with speeds 20 and v respectively, strike the bar (as shown in the figure) and stick to the bar after collision, Denoting angular velocity, total energy and velocity of centre of mass by @, E and v; respectively, we have after collision 2m a The spring is compressed by a distance ‘a’ and released. The block again comes to rest when the spting is elongated by a distance “’. During this process, How to select the correct answer faster? e450 532 pages BUNUN e ee lc Ladle veaeaes Vidit Panchal says This isan excellent book actually the reason for my success in NEET and other PMTs like MGiNS Wardha and JPMER, 2013. tis the only book currently available in the ‘market which is exactly based on NCERT. AWESOME CREATION! 222" Ashok Bhandari says “The only Objective Biology Book you ever need! Excellent MCQ (95% of them strictly ‘according to NCERT) itis about 15-20% at higher level than the actual NEET paper. But if you can do 90% of a chapters MCQs ofthis book within an hour, NEET wil look like @ cakewalk! MTG has proved that they are stil the best in publishing market even after 30 years 222" Swadeep Biswas says “This book has helped me a lotto secure a sank in NEETI! I recommend this book to all ‘medical aspirants! Thanks alot! S22" Visit Pre ty Carers WEG | pvctsbieat atleading book shops throughout the country. Leh For mote information ot for help in placing your order: rd Call 0124-4951200 or email info@mtg.in online! “Application to read QR codes required (a) work done by the spring on the block whut) (b) work done by the spring on the block = fx? 0) ka-b) (9 eveffcient of friction = Kat) (2) co-efficient offriction= “35 TSK 6 A particle of mass nt is projected with velocity at an angle « with the horizontal. The co-efficient of restitution for any of its impact with the smooth, ground ise (a) Total time taken by the particle before it stops, using g(l-e) (b) Total horizontal distance moved in. the time before it stops moving vertically is 1? sin 201 2g0-9) (©) Average force on the particle over the time interval in which it makes first ‘n’ impacts moving vertically is with ground equals mae) directed upwards (d) Average force on the particle over the time interval in which it makes first ‘n’ impact equals Xe") directed downwards. Aray of light travelling ina medium of refractive index Wis incident at an angle # on a composite transparent plate consisting of 50 plates of RL LOI, 1.021, LO3H, ... , 150s. The ray emerges from the composite plate into a medium of refractive index 1.641 at angle “x’. Then puysies FoR ou | "8 0 13 ins = sin o* ( a) ‘The molar heat capacity C for an ideal gas going a through a given process is given by C= 4, where T G ‘a’ isa constant. If Y= = _ the work done by one v mole of gas during heating from Ty to nT through the given process will be (@) 4 1 1 © atnn-(21 Jen, (© alnn-(-DRT, Bears 9, The figure showsa conducting sphere‘A’ of radius ‘a which is surrounded by a neutral conducting, spherical shell B of radius ‘b’ @ a). Initially switches $1, Sp and $3 are open and sphere ‘A’ carries a charge Q. First the switch ‘Sy’ is closed. to connect the shell B with the ground and then’ ‘opened. Now the switch ‘Sy’ is closed so that the sphere ‘A’ is grounded and then $2 is opened. Finally, the switch ‘Sy is closed to connect the spheres together. Find the heat (in Joule) which produced after closing the switch 55. [Consider 4cm,a=2em and Q=8 uC] (d) none of these 10. In the given figure, a yp, @ string of linear mass density 3 « 10? kg m7 and length L = I m, is stretched by a force Ki) N, where‘ is a constant and ‘is time in sec, At the time 1 = 0, a pulse is generated at the end P of the string. Find the value of k (in Ns") if the value of force becomes zero as the pulse reaches point Q. Lancy PGB eS) STUDENTS [he most Up: uthentic Stud eee FOR } | SE — MADE EASY__ _ MADE EASY Now on Eee Buy online at | jeading bookshops er ey www.mtg.in Eanes 1, Two non-conducting solid spheres of radii Rand 2R, having uniform volume charge densities and pp respectively, touch each other. The net electric field at a distance 2 from the centre of the smaller sphere, along the line joining the centres of the spheres, is zero. The ratio — can be 2 @ 4 & - = 2 oO; @4 (2013) 2. Acubical region of side a has its centre at the origin. It encloses three fixed point charges, -q =a at (0 0}+3 (0 7 0} +34 at (0, 0, 0) and - at a (0. + to} Choose the correct option(s) @) Thenetelectricfluxcrossing theplane x= +5 is equal to the net electric flux crossing the lane y=—4 plane x= ; (©) Thenetelectricfluxcrossingtheplane y= +5 is more than the net electric flux crossing the plane y= (©) The net electric flux crossing the entire region is 4. Fo a (A) Thenetelectricflux crossing the plane 2= +5 is equal to the net electric flux crossing the a plane x= +5. (2012) 8 PHYSICS FoR YOU | May "14 a Last 3 Years Chapterwise Questions CLASS 12 An infinitely long solid cylinder of radius R has a uniform volume charge density p. It has a spherical cavity of radius £ with its centre on the axis of the cylinder, as shown in the figure. The magnitude of the electric field at the point P, which is at a distance 2R from the axis of the 23pR cylinder, is given by the expression The value of kis Toke & [ER i P toy Crteger Answer Type, 2012) Consider an electric field E=£,%, where Ey is a constant. The flux through the shaded area (as shown in the figure) due to this field is (a) 2Foa® (©) V2E a? fo) Eye? Eye? @ = E on) A spherical metal shell A of radius Ry and a solid metal sphere B of radius Rg (< Ra) are kept far apart and each is given charge +0. Now they are connected by a thin metal wire. Then (a) Eipside <9 (b) Qn? Qu Sake © fog (2) opeoice < ponsmtce (2011) Itistime to give you a clear perspective of the relationship between preparing for the exam and succeeding at it ording to the findings of our panel of experts, apart from starting as early as 2 yea hours everyday, successful students dk ing familiar with the problems secret of their success advance and putting in 3 to vote 2 years before the exams ge hich have appeared in the ast JEEs. This is the Itisin the last area, that we can really help you We have categorized chapterwise problems and solutions from 36 years papers of JEE engaging some of the finest minds in the country. The result of this laborious exercise has emerged as the MTG 36 years Chapterwise Solutions. 36 carrer SOUTONS Be) RN esau Mute: Re cee eae ua: areas TOC et cE q ol designed to fine tune fo all the efforts that you have put in until nc demonstrated solutions will clarify your doubt beyond doubt POET Date t cease Tee the MTG 36 years Chapterwise Solutions eecsr Buy Avalableat online at leading bookshops www.mtg.in throughout India. Fer more information o to place your ordet (Call at 0124 4951200 @ Mail at: info@mtg.in © Logon to: wwwmtg.in 6. Four point charges, each of #9, ate rigidly fixed at the four comers of a square planar soap film of side @. The surface tension of the soap film is y. The system of charges and planar film are in aN (#] , where k is a 7 (Integer Answer Type, 2011) 7. Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct? (a) Ifthe eleciric field due to a point charge varies as 17° instead of 72, then the Gauss law will still be valid. (b) The Gauss law can be used to calculate the field distribution around an electric dipole. (©) Ifthe electric field between two point charges is zero somewhere, then the sign of the two charges is the same. The work done by the external force in moving a unit positive charge from point A at potential Yj to point B at potential Vj is (Ve —Va). (2011) Ea 8, In the circuit shown in the figure, there are two parallel plate capacitors each of capacitance C. ‘The switch 5; is pressed first to fully charge the capacitor C; and then released. The switch 52 is then pressed to charge the capacitor C2, After some time, Sy is released and then $5 is pressed. After some time, Sy Se Ss EE, Lt (a) the charge on the upper plate of Cy is 2C¥ (b) the charge on the upper plate of Cy is CM, (©) the charge on the upper plate of Cis 0. (a) the charge on the upper plate of C; is CV (2013) equilibrium, and constant, Then N is « Wo 9, Two non-conducting, spheres of radii Ry and Ry and carrying uniform volume charge densities 4p and -p, respectively, are placed such that they partially overlap, as shown in the figure. At all points in the overlapping region, 10 PHYSICS FoR You | May "14 10. 1. 2. 1B. (a) the electrostatic field is zero. (b) the electrostatic potential is constant. (©) the electrostatic field is constant in magnitude. the electrostatic field has same direction. (2013) Two large vertical and parallel metal plates having a separation of 1 em are connected to a DC voltage source of potential difference X. A proton is released at rest midway between the two plates. It is found to move at 45° to the vertical just after release, Then X is nearly (@ 1x08 Vv (b) 1=107V (© 1x108V {@) 110 (dy (2012) Consider a thin spherical shell of radius R with its centre at the origin, carrying uniform positive surface charge density. The variation of the magnitude of the electric field |£(r)|_ and the electric potential V(r) with the distance r from the centre, is best represented by which graph? 7 a, Fo Yo AB ve In the given circuit, a charge of +80 uC is given to the upper plate of the 4 UF capacitor. Then in the steady state, the charge on the upper plate of the 3 uF capacitor is (a) +82 nC (&) +40 uC (©) +48 wc (A) +80 nC 2ue anF (2012) Six point charges are kept at the vertices of a regular hexagon of side [. and centre O, as shown in the figure. Given that K=—_L, which of trey 2 the following statement(s) is(are) correct? (a) The electric field at O is 6K along OD. (b) The potential at O is zero. (©) The potential at all points on the line PR is U 2 (@) 10.20hm {b) 10.60hm (© 108 ohm (@) M1ohm 011) 17. Two batteries of different emfs and. different internal resistances are connected as shown. The voltage across AB in volts is same. sv 19 (a) The potential at all points on the line ST is 1 same, (2012) 4 B 14. A2 UF capacitor is 1 chargedasshown 1 s in figure. The * vas percentage of its (nteger Ansiver Type, 2011) sored mersy dissipated after the switch S$ is tumed to position 2 is (a) 0% {b) 20% © 75% (© 80% (2011) (nae eens 15. For the resistance network shown in the figure, choose the correct option(s). pip gals Vv (a) The current through PQ is zero, () 11=3A. (©) The potential at $ is less than that at Q. (d) h=2A. (2012) 16. A meter bridge is set-up as shown, to determine an unknown resistance X usinga standard 10 ohm resistor. The galvanometer shows null point when tapping-key is at 52.em mark, The end-corrections, are 1 em and 2 cm respectively for the ends A and. B, The determined value of X is 18. Aparticle of mass M and positive charge Q, moving with a constant velocity i, =47 ms", enters a region of uniform static magnetic field normal to the x-y plane. The region of the magnetic field extends from x = 00 x= L for all values of y. After passing through this region, the particle ‘emerges on the other side after 10 milliseconds with a velocity i, =2(V3i+}) ms“, The correct, statement(s) is (are) (a) The direction of the magnetic field is direction, (©) The direction of the magnetic field is +2 direction, (©) ‘The magnitude of the magnetic field 2° units 32 (d) The magnitude of the magnetic field is 1002M units (2013) 30) 19, A steady current J flows along an infinitely long hollow cylindrical conductor of radius R. This cylinder is placed coaxially inside an infinite solenoid of radius 2R. The solenoid has m turns, per unit length and carries a steady current 1. Consider a point P at a distance r from the common axis. The correct statement(s) is (are) (a) In the region 0 << R, the magnetic field is non-zero. (©) In the region R 2R, the magnetic field is (2013) to the circle of radius r, centered on non-zero. Paragraph for Questions 20 and 21 Apoint charge Q is moving ina circular orbit of radius R in the ry plane with an angular velocity w. This canbe considered as equivalent to a loop carrying, a steady current 22 on A uniform magnetic field along the positive z-axis is now switched on, which increases at a constant rate from 0 to B in one second, Assume that the radius of the orbit remains constant. The application of the magnetic field induces an emf in the orbit, ‘The induced emf is defined as the work done by an induced electric field in moving a unit positive charge around a closed loop. It is known that, for an orbiting charge, the magnetic dipole moment is proportional to the angular momentum with a proportionality constant y. 20. The change in the magnetic dipole moment associated with the orbit, at the end of the time interval of the magnetic field change, is : BQR (2) BOR & RE BOR? @ (a) yBOR? 21. The magnitude of the induced electric field in the orbit at any instant of time during the time interval of the magnetic field change is BR BR @) “F &) © BR (a) 2BR (2013) 22. Consider the motion of a positive point charge in a region where there are simultaneous uniform electric and magnetic fields £ =) jand B=, }. At time # = 0, this charge has velocity & in the xy plane, making an angle 0 with the x-axis Which of the following option(s) is (are) correct for time ¢ > 0? (a) If@=0°, the charge moves the x-z plane. (b) If =0°, the charge undergoes helical motion with constant pitch along the y-axis. (©) If6=10°, the charge undergoes helical motion with its pitch increasing with time, along the axis. If © = 90°, the charge undergoes linear but accelerated motion along the y-axis circular path in «@ (2012) 12. PHYSICS FOR YoU | Nav'12 23. 24, 25. cylindrical cavity of diameter a exists inside a cylinder of diameter 2a as “fg shown in the figure, Both the cylinder and the cavity are infinitely long. a ‘A uniform current density J flows along the length. If the magnitude of the magnetic field at the point Pis given by pgaj, then the value of Nis i (nteger Answer Type, 2012) A loop carrying, current / ies in the x+y plane as shown in the figure. The unit vector k is coming, out of the plane of the paper, The magnetic moment of the current loop is @ Ph ® Ark w (Fae © -(Ferje a y (a) Onsale (2012) An infinitely long hollow conducting. cylinder with inner radius R/2 and outer radius R carries a uniform current density along its length. ‘The magnitude of the magnetic field, |B! as a function of the radial distance r from the axis is best represented by @ BLA 8 RR ” R2 R * © 1) TN. @ isl N eR RR (2012) An electron and a proton are moving on straight parallel paths with same velocity. They enter a semi-infinite region of uniform magnetic field perpendicular to the velocity. Which of the following statement(s) is/are true? (a) They will never come out of the magnetic field region. (b) They will come out travelling along parallel paths, (©) They will come out at the same time. (a) They will come out at different times. (201) 27. Along insulated copper wire is closely wound as a spiral of N turns. The spiral has inner radius « and outer radius b. The spiral lies in the X-Y plane and a steady current I flows through the wire, The Z-component of the magnetic field at the centre of the spiral is HNL ‘) © sal; (b) = at=a"(54) , 0 HoNI (bea co BM) eins DEO 28. Which of the field patterns given below is valid for electric field as well as for magnetic field? » Ne 7S wo NZ ZN (d) (2011) EUs 29. A circular wire loop of radius R is placed in the xy plane centered at the origin O. A square loop of side « (co < RB) having two turns is placed with its center at 2=\5R along the x axis of the circular wire loop, as shown in figure. The plane of the square loop makes an angle of 45° with respect to the zaxis. If the mutual inductance between the loops is given by ae then the value of p is R (Integer Answer Type, 2012) 30. A current carrying infinitely long wire is kept along the diameter of a circular wire loop, without touching it. The correct statement(s) is(are) (a) the emf induced in the loop is zero if the current is constant (b) the emf induced in the loop is finite if the current is constant (©) the emf induced in the loop is zero if the current decreases at a steady state (d) the emf induced in the loop is finite if the current decreases at a steady state. (2012) 31, Along circular tube of length 10m and radius 0.3 m carries a current 1. <> along its curved surface as shown. A wire loop of resistance 0,005 ohm and of radius 0.1 m is placed inside the tube with its axis coinciding | with the axis of the tube. - ‘The current varies as 1 = [gc0s(3004) where Ip is constant, If the magnetic moment of the loop is Nitolosin(3008), then Nis (nteger Answer Type, 2011) Paragraph for Questions 32 and 33 A thermal power plant produces electric power of {600 KW at 4000 V, which is to be transported to a place 20kmauway from the power plant for consumers’ usage. Ttcanbe transported either directly witha cable of large current carrying capacity or by using. a combination of step-up and step-down transformers at the two ends. ‘The drawback of the direct transmission is the large energy dissipation. In the method using transformers the dissipation is much smaller. In this method, a step-up transformer is used at the plant side so that the currentis reduced toa smaller value. Atthe consumers’ end, a step-down transformer is used to supply power to the consumers at the specified lower voltage. It is reasonable to assume that the power cable is purely resistive and the transformers are ideal with a power factor unity. All the currents and voltages mentioned are rms values, 32, Inthe method using the transformers, assume that the ratio of the number of turns in the primary to that in the secondary in the step-up transformer is 1: 10. If the power to the consumers has to be supplied at 200 V, the ratio of the number of turns in the primary to that in the secondary in the step-down transformer is (@) 200:1 (b) 150:1 (©) 100:1 (@) 50:1 PHYSICS FOR YOU | (214 13 33. If the direct transmission method with a cable of resistance 0.4 @ km lisused, the power dissipation (in %) during transmission is (@) 20) 30 40 (A) 50 (2013) 34, In the given circuit, the AC source has = 100 rad/s. Considering the inductor and 14 capacitor to. be ideal, the correct choice(s) is/are (a) the current through the circuit, is 0.3 A. (b) the current through the circuit, lis 0.3V2 A. (c)_ the voltage across 100 @ resistor = 10V2 V. (d), the voltage across 50 © resistor = 10 V. 00WF tao os 509 (2012) 35. A series R-C circuit is connected to AC voltage source, Consider two cases; (A) when Cis without a dielectric medium and (B) when Cis filled with dielectric of constant 4. The current Ig through the resistor and voltage Ve across the capacitor are compared in the two cases, Which of the following, is/are true? (a) Ig> Hf b) IRR (© va>vi (a) vac ve eon) 36. A series R-C combination is connected to an AC voltage of angular frequency « = 500 radian/s. If the impedance of the R-C circuit is RV1.25, the time constant (in millisecond) of the circuit is (Integer Answer Type, 2011) RAY OPTICS AND OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS 37. Aray of light travelling in the direction ie Bi is incident on a plane mirror. After reflection, it travels along the direction AB: 5). The angle of incidence is, () 30° () 4 (© 60" @ 38. The image of an object, formed by a plano-convex lensat a distance of m behind the lens, is real and is one-third the size of the object. The wavelength oflightinside the lens is 2 tines the wavelength 2013) in free space. The radius af the curved surface of the lens is (a) Tm (b) 2m (9 3m (@) 6m (2013) 14 PHYsics FoR You | May "14 39, A right angled prism of refractive index 1; is placed in a rectangular block of refractive index Hz which is surrounded by a medium of refractive index fiz, as shown in the figure. A ray of light ‘e” enters the rectangular block at normal incidence, Depending upon the relationships between Hy Hz and py it takes one of the four possible paths ‘ef’, eg’, ‘eh! or ‘e?. im Match the paths in List I with conditions of refractive indices in List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists List 11 Poeof Ly sven, Q jeg |2 b> py and 2 > ps R eoh 3 wate Set 4 py Hs Codes P QRS @2 3 1 4 12 4 3 ©4123 @2 3 41 (2013) 40. Abi-convex lens is formed swith two thin plano-convex Jenses as shown in the figure. Refractive index m of the first lens is 15 and that of the second lens is 1.2. Both the curved surfaces are of the HesA.c same radius of curvature R= 14 cm. For this bi-convex lens, for an object distance of n-15 2 40 om, the image distance will be (a) ~280.0 em (b) 40.0cm (9) 215m (€@) 133cm (2012) Paragraph for Questions 41 and 42 Most materials have the refractive index,>1.S0, when alightray fromairenters anaturally occurring material, sind) sind,” then by Snell’ law; is understood that the refracted ray bends towards the normal. But it never emerges on the same side of the normal as the incident ray. According to electromagnetism, the refractive index of the medium is given by the + Je, where c is the speed of electromagnetic waves in vacuum, 2 its speed in the medium, €, and 1, are the relative permittivity and permeability of the medium respectively. In normal materials, both ¢, andy, are positive, implying positive 1 for the medium, When both ¢, and H, are negative, one must choose the negative root of 1. Such negative refractive index materials can now be artificially prepared and are called meta-materials. They exhibit significantly different optical behaviour, without violating any physical Jaws. Since n is negative, it results in a change in the direction of propagation of the refracted light, However similar to normal materials, the frequency of light remains unchanged upon refraction even in meta-materials, 41. For light incident from air on a meta-material, the appropriate ray diagram is relation, n=(£)- (a) b) i} 42, Choose the correct statement. (a) The speed of light in the meta-material is peclnl. (b) The speed of light in the meta-material is c inl (©) The speed of light in meta-material is v=. (d) The wavelength of the light in the meta material (i) is given by Ay, = Aaiclis|, where ‘air is the wavelength of the light in air. (2012) 43. A light ray travelling in glass medium is incident on glass-air interface at an angle of incidence 6, ‘The reflected (R) and transmitted (7) intensities, both as function of @, are plotted. The correct sketch is 100% @ ¢€ “ a 000 100%! 00rd: ee T $ © @ EL g Ro oa (2011) 44, Water (with refractive index= 4) in a tank is 18 cm deep. Oil of refractive index z lieson water making a convex surface of radius of curvature R = 6 cmas shown. Consider oil to act as a thin Tens, An object S is placed 24 cm above water surface. The location of its image is at x cm above the bottom of the tank. Then x is, § w=10 (nteger Ansioer Type, 2011) Cas 45, In the Young's double slit experiment using a monochromatic light of wavelength 2, the path difference (in terms of an integer ») corresponding, to any point having half the peak intensity is a) ens1e () A © aren’ © @rey% a a © Qn+ye @) Qn+ DG (2013) 46. Young's double slit experiment is carried out by using green, red and blue light, one color at a time. The fringe widths recorded are ig, By and Br, respectively. Then, (@) Be > Bu> Br (©) Be> Ba> Bo (b) Ba? Bo> Br (@) Be>Bo>By (2012) puvsics FoR vou |vay's 15 POOL) iW 47. ‘The work functions of Silver and Sodium are 4.6 and 2.3 eV, respectively. The ratio of the slope of the stopping potential versus frequency plot for Silver to that of Sodium is (Integer Answer Type, 2013) 48. A proton is fired from very far away towards a nucleus with charge Q = 120e, where ¢ is the electronic charge. It makes a closest approach of 0 fm to the nucleus. The de Broglie wavelength, (in units of fm) of the proton at its start is BV ay (Take the proton mass, 1, -(3)« 10” kg; 10° m/F; 1 fm =10" m) (nteger Answer Type, 2012) 49. Asilver sphere of radius 1 em and work function 4.7 eV is suspended from an insulating thread in free-space. It is under continuous illumination of 200 nm wavelength light. As photoelectrons are emitted, the sphere gets charged and acquires a potential. The maximumnumberof photoelectrons emitted from the sphere is A x 107 (where 1 M ‘The masses of some neutral atoms are given in the table below IH | 1.007825u | FH 2.014102 3H 3.016050 He 4.002608 u Si 6015123u Li 7.016004 zn 69.925325 u Syse 81.916709 u 1Z3Gd | 151.919803 u 26Pb —205.974455 u 7EBi | 208.980388u | 79Po-—209.982876 u (1u= 932 Mevie%) 53. The kinetic energy (in keV) of the alpha particle, when the nucleus 7!9Po af rest undergoes alpha decay, is (a) 5319 (by 5422 54, ‘The correct statement is (a) The nucleus $Li can emit an alpha particle (©) The nucleus *1°Po can emit a proton. (©) Deuteron and alpha particle can undergo complete fusion. (d) The nuclei Zn and $Se can undergo complete fusion. (2013) 55. Match List I of the nuclear processes with List II containing parent nucleus and one of the end products of each process and then select the correct answer using the codes given below the (@ 8707 (a) 5818 lists List I List II P| Alphadecay 1. ROG ENF... Q. | pi decay 2. SU Th R. | Fission 3. | 1SSBi— Spb +. S. | Proton emission | 4. | %Pu— La +. Codes: P @4 (b) 1 © 2 (dy 4 1 (2013) Paragraph for Questions 56 and 57 The fr-decay process, discovered around 1900, is basically the decay of a neutron (n). In the laboratory, a proton (p) and an electron (&°) are observed as the decay products of the neutron. Therefore, considering the decay of a neutron as a two-body decay process, it was predicted theoretically that the kinetic energy of the electron should be constant. But experimentally, it was observed that the electron kinetic energy has a continuous spectrum, Considering a three-body decay process, ie,, 1 > p +e +¥,, around 1930, Pauli explained the observed electron energy spectrum, Assuming the anti-neutrino (%,) to be massless and possessing negligible energy, and the neutron to be at rest, momentum and energy conservation principles are applied. From this calculation, the maximum kinetic energy of the electron is (18 x 108 eV. The kinetic energy carried by the proton is only the recoil energy. eaend enon 56. If the anti-neutrino had a mass of 3 eV/c (where cis the speed of light) instead of zero mass, what should be the range of the kinetic energy, K, of the electron? (a) 05 K<0.8« 10° eV (b) 30eV and x the net electric flux crossing the plane x=—5. Similarly, the net electric flux crossing the plane a 2 the plane y y=+) is equal to the net electric flux crossing, a 2 According to Gauss’s law, The net electric flax crossing the entire region is 4 3q-9~ = finsite - -9-9_ & &% ey a Charges are symmetrically placed about == + 5 and x=+ 7 planes. So net electric flux crossing the plane z= +5 is equal to the net electric flux crossing the plane y= 44 wg the plane r= 45 8, (6): Blectrie field at point P due to long uniformly charged solid cylinder is pR?__ pk. 1 e9(QR) deg Electric field at point P due to spherical cavity is (3) 1 P3"\2) _ or 4ney (2K) 96E 18 PHYSICS FoR You | May "14 ‘The electric field at the point P = E, - Ey = OR pk 0k |, } 4) 96e deh 24 23pR __23pR _ 23pR © 96) (16)6e) L6ke, kn6 © i 0.08 @ 0,0) Here, E= Ey In this problem, %, and 2 are the unit vectors along x, y and 2 axes respectively Shaded area, A=PQx PS A= (0% +aj +02)x(at+ 0 +02) = (0? % ~a?2) = BA= (Eph) (0? 3-0? 2)= Eye? Gaba: Alter connected by a wire Electric field is zero inside a conductor. Bigie 29) Hence, (a) is correct As equal charge is given to both the spheres the potential v(-2) of smaller sphere will be higher and hence charge will flow from smaller sphere to large sphere when they are connected bya thin wire. After connection, Va= Ve 1&1 Qe ane) Ry Ane, Ry Qa Ra Q5 Ry i) © RyQn Hence, (b) is correct. 6. Charge density, — 2 ank? Sy _ RE Fe Opa (# Rg Hence, (c) is correct. O ii) Electric field on the surface, E= © f onsurace _ 8. on surface gneuroce SA ang pghourtece — Sp. & & snsurface ER Sa Ra ES Gy Ry (Using (ii) egw = epee © Ry 2 — et dneg( aN Ane? = Totalforce on AB= 25, + 7 8 9%. 10. 1. on =i[4] Y «ad (b, a); When the switch 51 is pressed and released the charge on the upper plate of C; is 2CV. When. the switch Sp is pressed and released the charge on the upper plate of C; is CVp and charge on the upper plate of C. is CV. When the switch $ is pressed the charge on the upper plate of Cy is CV and charge on the upper plate of C2 is —CV). a: Electrostatic field at P is, (+) Lops Lh 3e, 1 * ey ae EP) = AGEPC, Here, m= 1.67 « 1077 kg g=l0ms?,d=Lem=1*10%m gr 16%10-%C Substituting the given values, we get 67 x10” x 10x 1x10? v 1.67 X= 2x10? V=1x10° V 16 (d): Electric field due to a uniformly charged thin, spherical shell Inside the shell Einside =O [For rR] ‘The variation of FE with distance r from the centre as shown in the adjacent figure Electric potential due to a uniformly charged thin spherical shell Inside the shell 1Q Vaan = ar (On the surface of the shell -1@ Voutace~ Fey R Outside the shell v, 1Q outside Fag, 7 ‘The variation of V with distance r from the centre is as shown in the adjacent figure. 12. (o): In figure 2 uF and 3 uF are in parallel Equivalent capacitance is Coq=2+3=5 HF ‘The charge on the upperplateof 3UF capacitor is Suk SHE 80 Cog 3 = 5x Wa 3x 16=48UC 2uFS 13. (abo) = ‘The electtic field along OE and OC are 20. PHYSICS FoR You | May "14 14, 15, 149 nd Ey = ane, 14 Ey =6% 6K (along OD) ane trey 2 * Potential at centre O is zero. Potential at line PR is zero because this line is ‘equatorial axis for three dipole, (a: 12 Initially the charge on 2 F capacitor is Q=2v Initially, the energy stored in 2 UF capacitor is 1 aay? txaxviev? i U,= px 2xV “a After shifting the switch $ to position 2, the charge flows and both capacitors acquire a common potential. Let Viomnon be a common potential. Total charge __2V__V Total capacity 248° 5 Finally, the energy stored in both the capacitors v. - ii) % Loss of energy’ vie =—2 x10 v (Using (i) and(ii)) (a,b, ¢ d) : P and Q are at the same potential. Hence no current flows in arm PQ, so resistance of arm PQ becomes ineffective Also, $ and T are at the same potential. Hence, no current flows in arm ST, so resistance of arm ST becomes ineffective. ‘The equivalent circuit is as shown in the figure. nv ‘The resistance of the upper arm Ry=29+20+20-60 The resistance of the lower arm Q+40+40-120 be Ro ds RV Equivalent resistance of the circuit, __RiRa__(6QY122) “A RFR, 604120 RY 42 2 b(e25}- ph2o op 40 18. A, h=h-h=1A Ry Potential difference across 4 and P, Vq~Vp= hx 2.Q=(.A)2) 12V-Vp=4V ot Vp=8V Potential difference across A and Q, 5x 42=(1 ANA Q) 12V— Yg=4V or y= 12 V-4V= Potential difference across P and S, Vp-Vs 8V-Vs=4Vor Ve From () and (ii), weget Vy < Vy 16. (b): Applying the condition Wheatstone bridge, we get X__@2+Dem _53 OQ (48+2)em 50 X=100x"3-1060 50 Ai) il) of balanced 17. ©): 6V 19 4 B D Gy 2a Te Applying Kirchhoff’s second law for closed loop. CDEFC we get =3-21-1+6=0 122-14 For the lower path Y-3-2*1=¥5 Va-Va=5V We can also find the Vag by considering the upper path For the upper path, Va-6+1K1= Vy Va-Vp=5V (, ©) : The situation is as shown in the figure. ims Here, ti a, = 2V3!+)) ms" When the charged particle enters in a uniform, magnetic field, it travels a circular path Component of final velocity of particle is in positive y direction. Centre of circle is present on positive y-axis. So, magnetic field is present in negative zdirection, Angle of deviation ty 2d e Me to8e Mel. @ (QB/M) QB ( p-MO___Mn_¢.-t-10ms= 1038) OF 6Qx10x107 _100Mx _ 50nM eo PHYSICS FOR YOU | ‘(214 21 19. a) 20. (b) 21. (: According to Faraday ne ( aB_B-0 did _BR =i] 22. (c,d): q Here, B=) j,8= 8) If 0 = 0%, then due to magnetic force path is circular but due to electric force gE (7) q will have accelerated motion along y-axis, So combined path of q will be a helical path with variable pitch. So (a) and (b) are wrong, If 8 = 10° then due to vcos®, path is circular and due to qq and vsin®, q has accelerated motion along y-axis so combined path is a helical path with variable pitch. So (c) is correct. If © = 90° then Fg = 0 and due to q£y motion is accelerated along y-axis, So (d) is correct. 23. (5): Magnetic field at point P due to cylinder Hole 2na 2 Magnetic field at point P due to cavity (=) ° field at point P is 2 Mo fra" p, =H Hola __Hala 2 Ja 1 N Halt[ 2 )_ Sg Nugel «wos 24, (b): Area of the loop & 2 AN 3 iF Therefore, the magnetic moment of the current loop is As|a 44x 22 PHYSICS FoR YoU | May "14 “. . morcanifeete li [rekfiet F 3 25. (d) 26. (b, dd 27. (a) y ‘Take an element of thickness dr at a distance r from the centre of spiral coil. Number of turns in spiral =’ Number of turns per unit thickness “ba Numberofturnsin element dris, an = Ne Magnetic field at the centre of the spiral due to current in element dris My 2mdNT _ tol Nar anor Or col, Ndr 2 G-a* r ‘Total magnetic field at the centre of the spiral due to current through the wire is HIN w() Ab=a) "Na " HglNdr dr a fue Ie=ay ple 28, (c): Induced electric field and magnetic field form closed loops. 4B 29, (7): Let a current I flows through the circular Joop. ‘The magnetic field at the centre of the square loop due to circular loop ___HolR? Hl? _ biol 2¢R? + (VaR)? 2(4R?)9? 16K Magnetic flu linked with the square loop ‘= NBAcosi5? Hol 2 1 _ gla” 22x Hol xa xP = Hale 16R V2 av2R So, mutual inductance between the loops is © Hola® Hoa? Hye 1 PR] 30. 31. 32. (a0: Total flux associated 7 with the loop is zero. en Induced emf in any case is zero. (6): According to Ampére'’s circuital law the magnetic field inside the tube is palo! i) where Lis the length ofthe fube. Flux linked the wire loop is = Bar? where ris the radius of the loop a Hol ay? oe Sar tgR7/y€0s 300 (Using L Induced emf in the loop is Ory coss00t} _ Hot? 300sin 300 L Induced current in the loop is j £300 gR?fp sin 3008 where R is the resistance of the loop Magnetic moment of the loop M = inr? th gly sin 300 TR Substituting the given values, we get _ 30010 x (0.1)! “F00:005 = 64uolosin300! According to question, ofosin300t (a): Fora transformer, Holy sin300r (Take x* = 10) N=6 » Ny Fora step-up transformer, Noo 1) = 40,000 V Fora step-down transformer, Here, <2 =7?, V,= 40,000 V, V,=200V 20 1 33. 34. 35. (b): P= VI 1a 2 S00 KW _ 600%10°W - 159 a Vv a000V ~~ 4000V Resistance of the cable, R=04.2 km" «20k: Line power loss = [PR = (150 A(8 2) = 180 x 103 W = 180 kW 180 kW 05 Here, «= 100 rad/s, L=0.5 H, C= 100 nF, V=20V X, = l= 100% 0. 1 1 Xeak= © @C © 100 x 10010 02 = 1000 Impedance across capacitor arm, Z,=\R ax? = (100)? + (100)? 2, =100)2 0 a * 002 av Voltage across 100 0 100 =102 V sv2 Impedance across inductance arm, Za = YR? +(X))? = (60)? +150)" 2, =50V22 20 2 soy2 Sy2 Now voltage across 50.2 Xe=100uF R, = 1000 V=I,x100 50=10J2 V ie a Aat 45° leading Ip =%2 at 45° lagging Current through circuit alse} H(2) <0: PHYSICS FOR YOU | (213 23 Impedance of the circuit is zane «(Ly ox ale v Ve- b= — ii) (Roc? +1 In case B, ‘The capacitive reactance is a © 040) 40 Impedance of the circuit is v VAR@c? +1 From (i) and (ii), we conclude that eR vé= From (ii) and (iv), we conclude that véové (4): Here, «= 500 radian/s cg ‘The capacitive reactance is 1 Xeek Saal OS ‘The impedance of the circuit is 36. 4 «10 5 =4 millisecond 1e constant of RC circuit, t= RC =4 ms sa: Seah, 0-5) 24. PHYSICS FOR YOU maya Let 0 be angle between the given rays. ule Angle of incidence, 180°-0 _ 180°- 120° = 30" 2 2 38. (c): Image is formed behind the lens. po+8m As the image is real 1 mn - Ow 3 u=~30=-3(8 m)=~ 24m According to lens formula aa i) Refractive index of the material of the lens is _ Wavelength of the light in free space ~ Wavelength of light inside the lens iy 3 =p il) a, 3t0 According to lens maker's formula 1 14 -yft-2 ea) For plano-convex lens, Ry = R and R2= 22 1_ (=) 2 R= fl 1 ll Foe oF RAD) co) Substituting the value of jtand f from Eqs. i) and Gi) in Gii), we get R=(6m)(15-1)=3m 39, (@: L! — 7 i . mf 40. 41. Tore>f 2. a> Hy, as ray bends towards the normal a> Hs, as ray bends away from the normal. P32 Fore fy =H as there is no deviation. Qo>3 Fore+h aa ha Hy, as ray bends away from the normal. Also, u, sinC But sinc = Lu. ste os uy v2 ty sol (b): According to lens maker's formula 1 nel yy ng 12 RB For the first lens n=15,Ry=+16om, Ry=% 1 1_1)_05 4eas-1(4-+)-2 = 14am pees) a For the second lens, n= 12, Ry =o, Ry=~ 14cm J iga-n(t-)-02 h ea) 14 ‘The focal length of the bi-convex lens is 1 1 1 a 1_1 1050207 _ 1 f fh Wi m0 According to thin lens formula (c): For meta-material, the refractive index is negative. Let n1 is refractive index of air and 1 is refractive index of meta-material From Snell's law sind _ 1 sind, 1% Since nz is negative, therefore 6, is also negative. Hence, appropriate diagram (c) is correct. (b): Refractive index for a medium For meta material, t= || Fini (os When @ < 0, (critical angle) there will be partial transmission and reflection will takes place, When 0 > 0, there will be 100% reflection takes place so transmitted intensity =0. (2): Incase of refraction from a curved surface, My My t= Hy > OR Refraction at air-oil interface Here, u=-24 cm, v= 01, th wh This image will act as object for the oil-water interface. Refraction at oil-water interface Here u=+21em,0=0y th Aa) 9 30, 2 30, #= 16cm Hence, x= (18-16) cm =2.cm (©): AST Inox oe(2) Here, 1=/m8 2 Jae (2) Legos? 2 0 (§ 723 x 3n Sn =0 = 5 3 Om, = coso=-0 > 9-538, or o=Qntyt where n=O, 1,2... Since phase difference = = x Path difference Path differenes ~ = Phase difference 2n = xensn® = neve 2 2 4 PHYSICS FOR YOU | (214 25 46. (d): Fringe width, p= fina ‘ > he > hn Br Be > Br According to Einstein Kinax where the symbols have their usual meaning. But Kyaax." e% where Vis the stopping potential ho photoelectric equation, v ee ‘Thus, the graph between ¥- visa straight line. Compare the above relation with y= mx +C Slope of ¥— v graph = Itis same for both the metals. Ratio of the slopes = 1. 48. (7): As 1 (120e)(6)_ “ where p is the momentum of the proton and m, is the mass of the proton de Broglie wavelength of proton, ot oe pat p Substituting this value of pin equation (), we get 1 120e* 1 Ane, 10x10 207m, ya $Rep0% 10°1 I? 2m, x 1200 Substituting the given numerical values, we get 1x10x 10° x 4.2% 10° x 42x 10° 93107 x2x 2107” x 120 4.2% 4.2 10 x 1074 36x10 2=7* 1075 m=7 fm 49, (7): Here, radius of sphere Work function, W= 4.7 eV Energy of incident radiation =1om=1*10m (Take fic = 1240 eV nm) =6.20V According to Einstein’s photoelectric equation h Beweey > K 620V=47 eV 40K, \W=15V 26 PHYSICS FoR YOU | May "14 The sphere will stop emitting photoelectrons, when the potential on its surface becomes equal tol V, 1Q where N= Number of photoelectrons emitted e= charge of each electron 15xR 15x 1x10? Toy. 9x10 x 16x10 ne N 15 1 108 = 2 x 108 n=2xixi8=2 x1 TE 9 510 = yy 0 5107-10410? = Z=7 8 (a, ¢) : According to Bohr’s quantisation condition nh 2x Given: 1-24. Shh eg 2n On 2n Radius of nt orbit for hydrogenlike atom is 2 w 1, = "7% where ay is the Bohr radius Here, r, = 4.5ap $5a9= aay = -3r ‘The possible transitions are as shown in the figure. n=3 nel According to Rydberg formula 22 r2(4 a mon The corresponding emitted wavelengths are Fort=3n Forn=2-1 1 _RQy don - Contd. on page no, 88 PRACTICE PAPER 2 CQ) 14 PULL) CT Ua eS tty 1. From the top of a tower, a particle is thrown vertically downwards with a velocity of 10 m 5”. ‘The ratio of the distances covered by it in the 3° and 2”! seconds of its motion is (Take = 10 m s) (a) 7:5 (b) 3:4 (©) 4:3 Ad) 6:5 2, ‘The area enclosed by a circle of diameter 1.06 m to correct number of significant figures (a) 0.88 m* (b) 0.088 m* (©) 0.882 (@) 0530 m? 3. AO kg slab rests on a frictionless floor. A 10 kg block rests on top of the slab. The static coefficient of friction between the block and the slab is 0.60 while the kinetic coefficient of friction is 0.40. The 10 kg block is acted upon by a horizontal force of 100N. If g=9.8 ms%, the resulting acceleration of the slab will be 100 N «fi g] No fiction Jag (@) a7 ms (b) 1.69 ms? (©) 98ms? (d) 0.98 ms? 4, An infinite non-conducting sheet has a surface charge density 6=0.1 4C mon one side. How far apart are equipotential surfaces whose potentials differ by 50 V? (a) 886mm (b) 88 um (©) 88em (@) 88pm 5, Two wires of same metal have the same length but their cross sections are in the ratio 3 : 1. They are joined in series. The resistance of the thicker wire is 10 The total resistance of the combination is @ 2 © 2 2 (©) 402 (d) 100 6. The torque required to hold a small circular coil of 10 tums, 2 * 10 m? area and carrying 0.3 A current in the middle of a long solenoid of 10° turns per m carrying 3 A current, with its axis perpendicular to the axis of the solenoid, is 10. nL. (a) 128 107Nm (© 42x107Nm (b) 6m (4) 2nx i ‘The length of a second pendulum is 1 m on the Earth. If the mass and diameter of a planet is double than that of the Earth, then the length of second pendulum on the planet becomes (@) 1m (by 2m (©) 05m (d) 4m Nm Work done in increasing the size of a soap bubble from a radius of 3 cm to 5 cm is nearly (surface tension of soap solution is 0.03 Nm!) (a) 04x mj (b) 4mm (©) 02m) (a) 2nmy An ideal gas undergoes cyclic process ABCDA as shown in given P-V diagram. i amt ‘The amount of work done by the gas is (a) 6PoVo, (b) -2P.Vo (co) 2PaVo, (d) 4P,Vo A stretched string of length 1m and mass 5 = 10+ kg, fixed at both ends, is under a tension of 20N. If itis plucked at points situated at 25 em from one end, it would vibrate with a frequency (a) 400 Hz (b) 200 Hz (©) 100 Hz (d) 256 Hz Abody of mass5 kg is moving with a momentum of 10 kg ms“. A force of 0.2 N acts on it in the direction of motion of body for 10 s. The increase in its kinetic energy is, @ 28) (©) 38] (by 32 (d) 44] Puysics FoR YOU | nay'is 27 2 13. 4. 15. 16. 17. (One quarter sector is cut from a uniform circular disc of mass M and radius R, as shown in figure. It is made to rotate about a line perpendicular to its plane and passing through the center of the original disc. Its moment of inertia about the axis of rotation is Lie? Dyan? (@ SMR &) fae 1 (gM? (@) V2mR? Aball is projected upwards from the top of tower with a velocity 50 m s+ making an angle 30° with the horizontal. The height of tower is 70 m. After how many seconds the ball reach the ground? () 5s (b) 12s © 7s @ bs The bob of a simple pendulum is of mass 10 g It is suspended with a thread of 1 m. If we hold the bob 50 as to stretch the string horizontally and. release it, what will be the tension at the lowest position ? (Take, ¢=10 ms) (a) zero (b) 01N (©) 03N {d) 10N Atay of light moves from denser to rarer medium, Which of the following is correct? (a) Energy increases (b) Frequency increases (©) Phase change by 90° (a) Velocity increases ‘A beam of light of wavelength 600 nm from a distant source falls on a single slit | mm wide and the resulting diffraction pattern is observed on a screen 2 m away. The distance between the first dark fringes on either side of the central bright fringe is (a) 120m (b) 12mm (©) 240m (4) 24mm In a plane electromagnetic wave electric field varies with time having an amplitude 1 V nv" ‘The frequency of wave is 0.5 10" Hz. The wave propagation is along x-axis. What is the average energy density of magnetic field? prysies FoR YoU | 4 18, 19. a. 22. (@ 11x10" Jm* (©) 33%10"Jm> (b) 2210] m (d) 44102 m Ifa star convert all the He nuclei complete! oxygen nuclei, the energy released per oxygen. nucleus is [Mass of He muclens is 4.0026 and mass of Oxygen nucleus is 15,9994 amu] (a) 7.6MeV (b) 56.12 MeV (c) 10.24 MeV (d) 23.9 MeV If a Zener diode (V; = 5 V and I, = 10 mA) is connected in series with a resistance and 20 V is applied across the combination, then the maximum resistance one can use without spoiling Zener action is (a) 20KQ (b) 15kQ () 10kQ (d) 15k2 If the rms current in a 50 Hz ac circuit is 5 A, the value of the current (1/300) seconds after its value becomes zero is (a) 5V2A (b) 53/24 (©) SI6A (a) 5/24 A 150 ohm resistor and an inductance L are connected in series to a 200 V, 50 Hz source of negligible impedance. The current comes to 1.0 A. When the source is changed to 400 V, 100 Hz, the current will be (@) less than 1.0.4 (&) 109A (©) between 1 Aand 24 (d) between 4A and 2.4 A bar magnet of length 3 cm has points A and B along its axis at distances of 24 om and 48 cm on the opposite sides as shown in figure. A __.3 24 cm—oe—— 48 cm Ratio of magnetic fields a these points will be @8 IR O35 @e4 In the part of a circuit shown in figure, the potential difference between points G and iH will be 2A, 1A 4a) . 29 iN BV 3A (@) ov () 12 © 7v (a) 3V 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. Light of frequency » falls on material of threshold frequency vy. Maximum kinetic energy of emitted electron is proportional to (@) v=v wv (9 ov (d) v A 12 Q resistor and a 0.21 H inductor are connected in series to an ac source operating at 20V, 50 cycle. The phase angle between the current and the source voltage is (a) 30°) 40° (@) 80° (a) 90" If the frequency of the source is doubled in ‘Young's double slit experiment, then initial fringe width (B) will become (a) unchanged &) B (© 2B (a) 3B A block of mass 2 kg is placed on the floor. The coefficient of static friction is 0.4. Ifa force of 2.8 N is applied on the block parallel to floor, the force of friction between the block and floor is (Take, ¢= 10m s%) is (a) 28N (b) 8N © 2N (@) zero A player caught a cricket ball of mass 150 g movingata rate of 20 ms" If the catching process in completed in0.1 5, the force of the blow exerted by the ball on the hand of the player is equal to (@) 150N (&) 3N (© 30N (@) 300N ‘Two discs of the same material and thickness have radii 0.2 m and 0.6 m. Their moments of inertia about the axes will be in the ratio (a) 1:81 (b) 1:27 (1:9 () 1:3, A stone is dropped into a lake from a tower 500 m high. The sound of the splash will be heard at the lop of the tower approximately after a time of (take velocity of sound in air = 330 ms) (@ 5s (b) 15s (© 10s @ 14s An electron is moving with an initial velocity 8=0yi and is in a magnetic field B= Byj. Then its de Broglie wavelength (a) remains constant (©) increases with time (©) decreases with time (d) increases and decreases periodically ‘The hali-life of a radioactive substance is 40 years. How long will it take to reduce to one-fourth of 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. its original amount and what is the value of decay constant respectively? (a) 90 years, 0.917 per year (©) 40 years, 0.9173 per year (©) 80 years, 0.0173 per year (A) none of these Application of a forward bias to a p-n junction (a) increases the number of donors on the n-side (b) increases the electric field in the depletion zone increases the potential difference across the depletion zone widens the depletion zone, 0 @ A prism i filled witha liquid of refractive index of 2. Iéangle of prism is 60°, the angle of minimum deviation i (@) 75° (b) 60" (©) 45° (a) 30° In the relation, y = rsin(wt + Ax), the dimensional formula for kx or wt is same as (@) ro (b) rly (©) oly (A) yrfot ‘The velocity of a particle at an instant is 10 m 57 After 3 5 ils velocity will become 16 m 5, The velocity at 2s, before the given instant will be (@) 6mst b) dmst () 2mst @) IMs A circular disc of mass M and radius R is rotating with an angular velocity @ about an axis passing, through its centre and perpendicular to the plane of the disc. A small point like part of mass st detaches from the rim of the disc and continues to move with same angular speed. The angular velocity of remaining disc just after detaching will become oy (He2nlo—o (e2 w (tetme w (23 The point charges Q and -2Q are placed some distance apart. If the electric field at the location of Qis E, then the electrical field at the location of -2Q will be (@ -£/2 (by -3E2 (9) -E (d) 2E A cell of emf 1.5 V and internal resistance 2 Q is connected to two resistors of 5 Q and 8.2 in series. The potential difference across the 5 Q resistor will be (@) 33V (©) 05V (b) 1V (d) 033 An electron is projected with uniform velocity along the axis of a current carrying long solenoid. Paysics FoR YOU | ay'is 29 Which of the following statement about this is true? (a) The electron will be accelerated along the axis. (b) The electron’s path will be circular about the (©) The electron will experience a force at 45° to the axis and hence execute a helical path. (d) The electron will continue to move with uniform velocity along the axis of the solenoid. Directions : In the following questions (41-60), a statement of assertion (A) is followed by a statement of reason (R), Mark the correct choice as. (a) If both assertion and reasor are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion. (H) If both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion. (0) If assertion és true but reason is false. (2) If both assertion and reason are false, 41. Assertion : Temperature of real gases often changes when undergoing a free expansion under adiabatic condition whereas that of an ideal gas does not. Reason : First law of thermodynamics holds for ideal gas only. 42. Assertion : Frictional forces are conservative forces. Reason : Potential energy can be associated with frictional forces, 43. Assertion : The combination of y = sinwt + cos2unt is not a simple harmonic function even thought it periodic. Reason : All periodic functions satisfy the relation ky. ae 44. Assertion : A cloth coversa table. Some dishes are kept on it. The cloth can be pulled out without dislodging the dishes from the table. Reason : For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. 45. Assertion : An electron moves from a region of lower potential to a region of higher potential. Reason : An electron has a negative charge. Assertion : A 60 W - 220 V bulb glows more than a 100 W - 220 V bulb when they are connected in series across a potential difference. Reason : When they are connected in series, resistance of 100 W bulb will be more. Assertion : An emf e is induced in a closed loop 46. a7. 30 Pasi FoR YoU | v4 48. 49, 50. 51. 52. 53. 5a. 55. where magnetic flux is varied. The induced electric field E is not a conservative field. Reason : The line integral of E-d! around the closed loop is non-zero. Assertion : If an electron and proton possessing, same kinetic energy enter an electric field in a perpendicular direction, the path of the electron is more curved than that of the proton. Reason : Eleciron forms a larger curve due to its small mass. Assertion : The centre of mass of an electron and proton, when released moves faster towards proton. Reason : This is because proton is heavier. Assertion : Generally the path of a projectile from the Earth is parabolic but it is elliptical for projectile going to a very great height. Reason: Upto ordinary height the projectile moves under a uniform gravitational force, but for great heights, projectile moves under a variable force. Assertion : Improper banking of roads causes wear and tear of tyres. Reason : The necessary centripetal force in that event is provided by the force of friction between the tyres and the road. Assertion : The relative velocity between any two bodies may be equal to sum of the velocities of two bodies. Reason : Sometimes, relative velocity between two bodies may be equal to difference in velocities of the two. Assertion : A double convex lens (Wt = 1.5) has focal length 10 cm. When the lens is immersed in, water (jt ™ 4/3), its focal length becomes 40 cm. 1 ( He He f ce | f wy RL Re Assertion : Work function of aluminium is 4.2 eV. Emission of electrons will not be possible if two. photons, each of energy 2.5 eV, strike an electron. of aluminium. Reason : For photoelectric emission, the energy of each photon should be greater than the work function of aluminium, Reason Assertion : Sr from radioactive fallout from) a nuclear bomb ends up in the bones of human beings through the milk consumed by them. It causes impairment of the production of red blood cells. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. Reason : The energetic f-particles emitted in the decay of Sr damage the bone marrow. Assertion : In a common-base configuration, the current gain of transistor is less than unity. Reason : The collector terminal is reverse biased for amplification. Assertion : When two soap bubble’s of different radii are brought into contact, the common interface of contact bulges into the bubble of larger radii. Reason : Pressure inside a soap bubble of lesser radius is more than pressure inside a soap bubble of larger radius. Assertion : For a system of particles under central force field, the total angular momentum is conserved. Reason : The torque acting on such a system is zero Assertion : If a charged particle is released from, rest in a region of uniform electric and magnetic fields parallel to each other, it will move in a straight line. Reason : The electric field exerts no force on the particle but the magnetic field does. Assertion : A rocket moves forward by pushing, the surrounding air backwards. Reason : It derives the necessary thrust to move forward according to Newton’s third law of motion. EON (a): The distance covered by the particle in the 35, 5210+ Baxa-1)=35m Distance covered in 2s, 5-102 Bexa-1=25m Sy 33m_7 3, 25m 5 (Here, r= 298 -0.590 m Area enclosed = zr’ = 0.882026 m* = 0.882 m? (rounded to three significant figures) 14 = (0.53)? (d): Force of static friction, f= mg=0.60 * 10*9.8=588N Since the applied force is greater than f, therefore the block will be in motion. 4. 5 Force of kinetic friction, fi= 040% 10 «9.8=49.8N. ‘This would cause acceleration of 40 kg block 4x9.8N 0.98 ms? Acceleration = “To 5 (a); Here, 6 = 0.1 uC me? = 0.1 « 10°C mr aV=50V ge Rey dr 2egdV _ 2x8,86x107? x50 9 01x10 = 8.86 « 10° m= 8.86 mm (6); For the same length and same material, RA! op, RA, I ‘The resistance of thick wire, Ry ‘The resistance of thin wire = 3, ‘Total resistance = 10 +30= 40 2 BR; 2 310-300 (a): Magnetic dipole moment of current loop is M=NIA= 10x05 2*104=103 Am? Magnetic field inside the solenoid carrying. current, B= pul = 4m = 107 «10° «3 = 12m «104 T ‘Torque, t= MBsind 10° 12m « 10 « sin90° 2x 107 Nm (c): Acceleration due to gravity on the planet, COM) 1 8 (orge@ on ery { } 2 ( mee rms) 2 opt geet (@): Work done in increasing the size of the soap bubble = surface tension * inerease in area of both the free surface of the bubble ie. W=Tx2(4nR3 —4nR?) = 8x7[R3 - R?] = 8x « 0.03 N me « [(5 « 10 m)?~ 3 10? my] = 384m 104 J =4n» 104J = 0.4m (b); Work done = change in pressure « change in volume = (2Po~ Po}(BVo~ Vo) = 2PoVo Physics For You | niay'i¢ 31 10. n. 2. 23. 14, 32 Since, the cyclic process is anticlockwise, work done by the gas is negative ie, -2?V (b): Mass per unit length of the string, a0 S10 AB 510-4 kg me im When the wire is plucked at 25 cm length, it vibrates in 2 loops. ‘Thus, t-2 Hz =200 Hz Bo 2x1 \5x107 ve 2L (a): Here, m= 5 kg, pi = 10 kgm s4, 02N,t=105 2 ph _10x10 tial kinetic energy = 2 =10 Initial kinetic energy = PL = 21? a0 Impulse=p,=p,= Ft 12 10 Rigms! Final kinetic energy = P= 4Ay Increase in kinetic energy = 14.4~10=4.4] (0: As mi of quarter disc is 4, therefore, its moment of inertia about the given axis is 28) Daa? 4 8 (b): The time taken to come back to the same height usin _250xsin30” _ 5. v 10 Taking vertical downward motion of projectile from point of projection to ground, we have or 5®-25t~70= or -5t-14=0 (On solving, we get #=7s Hence, t=1,+h=5+7= 12s (€) : Mass of the bob = 10 g = 0.01 kg When the bob falls through a vertical height of ‘Lm, the velocity acquired at the lowest point, v= \2gh = J2x10%1 = V20 mst 1x20 a Centrifugal force = = 02N brysies FoR YoU | 4 15. 16. 7. 18, 19, 20. Net tension = weight + centrifugal force = (0.01 x 10+0.20) =0.3N (d): When a ray of light moves from one medium, to other, its velocity changes. This change depends on refractive index of the medium. Here, light travels from denser to rarer medium, ie, from medium of higher refractive index to lower refractive index. So, in rarer medium its velocity increases. (a): Here, 2 = 600 nm = 6000 x 10° m, D=2ma=1mm=10%m Distance between first dark fringe on either side of central bright fringe = width of central maximum, _ 2AD _2x(600x10-*) x2 @ = 2410 m=2/ (b): In an electromagnetic wave, the average energy density of magnetic field u, = average 1 eg 205 energy density of electric field 1, =f x@s5x10 Dee =22«107Jm? (c); When four helium nuclei are fused together, one oxygen nucleus is formed. The reaction is 4x,He? —> ,0 +Q Mass defect, Am =4* ryje— Moy = 4 4.0026 ~ 15,9994 = Energy produced, E=0.011 «931 = 1024 MeV (a: R O11 amu 10mA 20V 5V Voltage available across load resistance R =20-5=15V Resistance of load, =15x10° Q=15 kQ (B): AS Teas = Ly 1 V2 Ig = Img V2, and Ta V2 sin( 2moxL 300 = ling V28in(e/3) =5x 2(V3/2)=5y3/2 A I= [sino Lor yR? +X? =200 21. (2 As +X} or +X} =40000 X} = 40000 —(150)? or X? =17500 Since v= 100 Hz and v = 50 Hz, «. v’=20 As X,=2mol, Xk =24 2 of Xj =2%, X, 2mub or Xj? =4x? =4%17500=70000 Z=\R+X;? = (150) +70000 Q= v'_ 400 Z 3040 ive, between 1 A and 2A 22. (a): When length (22) of the magnet is much shorter than the distance (7) of the point on the axial line where its magnetic field is to be found, By _(48em)° By (24am 23. (): The current distribution in a circuit is as shown in the figure IG 2A 1A 49: 20 4a A WW 2A 19 Let Vc and Vs be the potentials at points G and H respectively. Vo -(@AYd 243 V-2AN2O) +(2 Al Q)= Vy Vo -8V+3V-4V42V5 Vy Ve -Vy =7V 24. (a): According to Einstein's, ‘equation WO=(KBmnax 0. But 0) =/WpiXp being threshold frequency. (KE) max = 10 ~ Ito ot (KE)inax © Y—Y0 photoelectric X,_ ob _ 2mvb 25. (2): As tang = Ab = 2b - 2m ° oR ROR Here, » = 50 Hz, L=0.21H, R=129 2x3.14%50%0.21 tano= 12 tan 26, (b): As p-2 and c=vn If frequency is doubled, wavelength becomes half. 27, (a): Here, m=2 kg, u=04, ¢= 10 ms? Minimum force required to move the block = UR = ping = 0.4 «2% 10=8N Since the force applied is only 2.8 N, the block fails to move and static friction ~ applied force = 2.8 N 28, (c): By impulse-momentum theorem | Fx A¢| = [change in momentum| Here, m= 150 ¢=0.15 kg, 7= 20 ms"; t= 0.15 ‘ By @ p= mo,=0.15x20=3 ‘As the ball will stop after catching m= 0 Hence, F<0.1=3 (using ()) F=30N 29. (a): The moment of inertia of a disc about the axis tod mk? 1 2 1 MR ree?td xR Hence, + oa “Ty Vag? mR3td x RE SMR] MRE XR: 7 (1 M=nRjtd and M, = My) 4k ALR “ hort ont -( (0.6) 30. (a): Time taken by stone to drop into lake is obtained from lie sigPat s=38 Here, s= 500m, ¢=10ms?, v=330ms7 Puysics FoR YOU |nay'is 33 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. Time taken by the sound produced, to travel to the top of the tower. a5 250 L155 330 Total time= t+’ =10+1.5=115s (a): Force acting on the electron moving in a magnetic field (B) with velocity (8), E,, = e(@ xB) =elapix Bol = evgByk Since F,, (along 4) is perpendicular to 6 (along i), it (8) remains constant. Thus, de Broglie wavelength, (©): Here, T, = 40 years, As Ba 22 or a= 2'T2 of 2? = 22 N or £=2T,q=2%40=80 years 0.693 _ 0.693 Tego 700173 per year (a):1F the p-n junction is forward biased, the width of depletion zone decreases. Due to which there will be diffusion across p- junction due to majority carriers electrons from 1 side to p-side as if there is increases in number donors on the reside. At3y, int 2 nA 2 “(P25 1 iorsin Otel 8 sin30° (d): As 2 in 68 y) 1 2 WB 60 +8, in 45° (b): ct and kx both are dimensionless. Out of the given options, only r/y is dimensionless (a): Here, w=10 ms", 16-10 =35,0-16ms" oe ms? t 3 Velocity at 2s before the given instant, W=u+2*2 ( u=10-4=6ms* ural) prvsies FoR ou | 4 37. (¢): By conservation of angular momentum, 1 (M ~ m)R?0! + Ro or (M-m)ay =(M -2mjo w! (Moto Mm 38, (a): Ifris the distance between Qand -2Q electric field due to-2Q at the location of Q, pa4. 22) 2 Electric field due to Q at the location of -2Q Q = 24,2 oD @ ‘Thus from (i) and (ii), £”=-E/2 (0): Here, €= 1.5 V,r=29, Ry-5248Q, R= ‘The potential difference across 5Q resistance, 39. 15V vgs) [eaeaza Jpe-osv 40. (d): Magnetic field (B) due to the current-carrying solenoid is along its axis, ée,, in the direction of uniform velocity (®) of the electron. As F,, = e(8x B)= 6 (since #!! B), theelectroncon- tinues to move with uniform velocity 3 along the axis of the solenoid. 41. (©): In free expansion, pressure outside is zero. So no work is done by ideal gas but in real gas work may be done against internal forces existing, between molecules. 42, (d): Frictional work isnot completely recoverable. When the force of friction is present the total mechanical energy is not conserved. The friction force is therefore called a nonconservative ot a dissipative force. The assertion is not true. Frictional force are not conservative. ‘The reason is not true. It is a false correlation 43, (¢); Fora periodic function to be simple harmonic ay FY oy ae But given function y = sinat + cos2o¢ will not satisfy the same. So, it is periodic but not simple harmonic. (b): Cloth can be pulled out without dislodging the dishes from the table because of inertia. Reason is Newton's third law and hence true. But is not a correct explanation of assertion. 44, ics The most Reliable and Featured 20 Years’ AIIMS EXPLORER and AIIMS CHAPTERWISE SOLUTIONS in the market MTS EXPLORER 20 yrs. Chapterwise Index © 20 years’ ( 1994-2013) Solved © 20 years’ ( 1994-2013) Papers with Detailed Solutions Chapterwise Solutions © 10 Model Test Papers Subjectwise distributi © 600+ General Knowledge Questions a ft a mat matinee © 1500+ Assertion and Reason Questions Buy. VEC Wt Cn en ong en OMTACHI4 ULSI 333) Renee ey www.mtg.in | throughout india. lo PHYSICS FOR YOU |nay'is 35, 45, (a): Electric field is set up from higher potential to lower potential. An electron is negatively charged and moves opposite to the direction of electric field, ie, from lower potential to higher potential 46. (0: As Red, resistance of 100 W bulb is less than that of 60 W bulb. Since resistance of 60 W is more, its filament produces more heat and glows: more due to higher temperature. Resistance R is inversely proportional to wattage W, ie, Re WW. (a): As e=GE-dthere, Eis a non-conservative and a time’ varying field that is generated by a charging magnetic field. This field is quite different from an electrostatic field produced by stationary charges. Here, ¢ stands for emf and E for electric field. 47. 48, (d): As qE mo? _ 2K ge ge 1 ie, ret Since electron and proton have equal charge, 60 is the same for both of them. 49. (d): The position of centre of mass of electron and proton remains at rest, and their motion is due to (internal) forces of electrostatic attraction, which are conservative. No extemal force, what so ever is acting on the two particles. 50. (a): Upto ordinary heights the change in the distance of a projectile from the centre of the earth is negligible compared to the radius of the earth. Hence, projectile moves under a nearly uniform gravitation force and its path is parabolic. But for projectile going to great height, the gravitational force decreases in inverse proportion to the square of the distance of the projectile from the centre of the earth, Under such a variable force the path of projectile is elliptical. (a): When roads are not properly banked force of friction between tyres and road provides partially the necessary centripetal force. This causes wear and tear, 51. 52. (b): When the bodies are moving in same direction, relative velocity between them is equal tothe differences in velocities of two bodies. When two bodies are moving in opposite directions, 36 pasics FoR YOU | v4 53. 54. 55. 56. 87. 58. 59. relative velocity between them is equal to the sum of the velocities of two bodies. 1_{Be (2 1) (a): As 4 =| "8 _4][ 2 - f (* Cs Re 2a tt w (2 NR, R 1o4qya o(t-2)21 RR )S If f, is the focal length of the lens when immersed in water, ree GG Henee, f= 40cm (a): Photoelectric effect is a one-to-one process, ie, only one photon interacts with one electron. (a): 335 decays to 53 through B-emission (Qsr—> By + fe) Bone marrow is damaged by these high energy (-particles. (©): The collector in common base configuration biased for voltage amplification. Simply stating amplification may inchide current amplification (which is not so in this case). (a): Since pressure inside bubble of smaller radius is more the common interface should bulge inside bubble of larger radii. Hence reason is correct explanation of assertion. (a); When external torque acting on the system is zero then only the total angular momentum of ystem is considered to be conserved. Joy = constant (©): Due to electric field, the force is F=qE in the direction of E. Since E is parallel to B, the particle velocity @ (acquired due to force F) is parallel to B. Hence, B will not exert any force and thus the motion of the particle is not affected by B. (a); A rocket moves forward taking the help of reaction force. For that it has to exert a force on the surrounding air so that it receives reaction force as per Newton's third law. since 5x B kkk NCERT Xtract Questions for Medical/ Engineering Entrance Exams Electromagnetic Induction ‘Two coils A and B are separated by a certain distance. If a current of 4 A flows through A, @ magnetic flux of 10-3 Wb passes through B (no current through 8). If no current passes through A and a current of 2 A passes through B, then the flux through A is (a) 5103 Wo (b) 410-4 Wo (© 5* 104 Wb (d) 2» 103 Wo Acoil of area 0.4 m? has 100 turns. A magnetic field of 0.04 Wb m° is acting normal to the coil surface. If this magnetic field is reduced to zero in 0.01 s, then the induced emf in the coil is (2) 160 V (b) 250 (9 270v (@) 320V The magnetic flux linked with a coil of N turns of area of cross section A held with its plane parallel to the field B is @ (&) NAB Me (@) zero A jet plane is travelling west at the speed of 1600 km h”', The voltage difference developed between the ends of the wing having a span of 20 my if the earth’s magnetic field at the location, has a magnitude of 5 « 10 T and the dip angle is 30° is (@) 44V (9 32V (b) 22V (@) 38V wy Along solenoid with 10 tums per em has a small loop of area 3 em? placed inside, normal to the axis of the solenoid. If the current carried by the solenoid changes steadily from 2.A to 4 A in 0.2 s, what is the induced voltage in the loop, while the current is changing? (@) 42 108V (b) 28* 10% V (©) 73«10¢V {d) 38*10°V A square loop of side 12 em and resistance 0.60 9 is placed vertically in the east-west plane, Auniform magnetic field of 0.10 Tis set up across the plane in north-east direction, The magnetic field is decreased to zero in 0.6 s at a steady rate. The magnitude of current during this time interval is (a) 142 103A (©) 341% 103A (b) 267 «103A {d) 421« 103A ‘A magnetic flux through a stationary loop with a resistance R varies during the time interval t as 6 = ai(c —). What is the amount of heat generated in the loop during that time ? @ eC &) ee aR 23 23 ae « ee @ oe oo @ Two coils, A and B are as 4 B shown in the figure. A P current starts flowing in B asshown, when Aismoved toward B and stops when A stops moving, pursies For vou] nis 37 10. 11. 2 123. 4. 38 The current in A is counterclockwise. B is kept stationary when A moves. We can infer that (a) there is a constant current in the clockwise direction of A. (b) there isa no current in A. (©) there is a varying current in A. (d) there is a constant current in the counterclockwise direction in A. Two solenoids of equal number of turns have their lengths and the radii in the same ratio 1: 2, The ratio of their self inductances will be (a) 1:2 (by 2:1 (11 @ id If the number of turns per unit length of a coil of solenoid is doubled, the self-inductance of the solenoid will (a) remain unchanged (b) be halved (©) be doubled (d) become four times circular coil of radius 6 em and 20 turns rotates about its vertical diameter with an angular speed of 40 rad 5"! in a uniform horizontal magnetic field of magnitude 2 x 10°? T. If the coil form a closed loop of resistance 8 @, then the average power loss due to joule heating, is (a) 2.07% 103W (by 1.23 « 10? W (© 344103 Wd) 1.80 «10° W A pair of adjacent coils has a mutual inductance of 25 H. If the current in one coil changes from 0 to.40 A in 0.8 5, then the change in flux linked with the other coil is, (a) 100 We (b) 120 we (©) 200 We (d) 250 Wb Awheel with 20 metallic spokes each of length 0.8 m long is rotated with a speed of 120 revolution per minute in a plane normal to the horizontal component of earth magnetic field H at a place. If H=0.4 x 10-* T at the place, then induced emf between the axle and the rim of the wheel is (a) 2.3*104V (b) 31 104V (9) 29% 104V (@) 161 x 104'V A metal conductor of length 1 m rotates vertically about one of its ends with an angular velocity 5 rad 5“, If the horizontal component of earth’s magnetic field is 0.2 x 10“, then the emf developed between the ends of the conductor is (a) 5 (©) 50 nV (b) 5mV (d) 50 mv PHYSICS FoR You | "16 15. 16. W. 18. 19. 20. Two conducting circular loops of radii R, and Ry are placed in the same plane with their centres coinciding. If R, > Ry the mutual inductance M between them will be directly proportional to R R, OR oe 2 © & @ 2 Ry Ry A rectangular loop of sides 6 em and 2 cm with a small cut is moving out of a region of uniform magnetic field of magnitude 0.4 T directed normal to the loop. The voltage developed across the cut if velocity of loop is 2 em s"' in a direction normal to the longer side is (@) 38*104V (b) 48~104V (©) 22*107V {d) 32*102V A small flat search coils of area 4 em? with 20 closely wound turns is positioned normal to the field direction and then quickly snatched out of the field region. The total charge flowing in the coil (measured by a ballistic galvanometer connected to the coil) is 7.5 mC. The resistance of the coil and galvanometer is 0.8 @. The field strength of the magnet is (@) 1257 (b) 050 (©) 0757 (4) 210 A conducting ring of radius ris placed in a varying, magnetic field perpendicular to the plane of the ring. If the rate at which the magnetic field varies is x, the electric field intensity at any point of the ring is, (a) rx by ®) os (© 2x @* ¥ An air cored solenoid with length 20 cm, area of cross section 20 em? and number of turns 400 carries a current 2 A. The current is suddenly, switched off within 10° s, The average back emt induced across the ends of the open switch in the Circuit is (ignore the variation in magnetic field near the ends of the solenoid) @ 2Vv (by av © 3Vv (d) 5V ‘A rod of length | rotates with a uniform angular velocity @ about an axis passing through its middle point but normal to its length in a uniform magnetic field of induction B with its direction parallel to the axis of rotation. The induced emf between the two ends of the rod is 21. 22. 23. 24, 25. 2, (a) BEo (b) zero 2 (ar re (2) (d) 28Fo 8 The magnetic flux through a coil perpendicular to its plane and directed into paper is varying according to the relation = QE + 41 + 6) mWb. The emf induced in the loop at f= (@) 0.12V (©) 0.02 V (b) 24V (d) 12V A2 mong solenoid with diameter 2 cm and 2000 turns has a secondary coil of 1000 tums wound, closely near its midpoint. The mutual inductance between the two coils is (a) 24*104H (b) 3.9" 104 (9 128% 103H — (d) 3.14 «10H A10 V batiery connected to 5 2 resistance coil having inductance 10 H through a switch drives a constant current in the circuit. The switch is suddenly opened and the time taken to open it is 2 ms, The average emf induced across the coil (a) 4x10tV () 2x18 (b) 2x 108 V (d) 1x 10¢V There is a uniform magnetic field directed perpendicular and into the plane of the paper. An irregular shaped conducting loop is slowly changing into a circular loop in the plane of the paper. Then (a) current is induced in the loop in the anti- clockwise direction (b)_currentis induced in the loop in the clockwise direction. (0) ac is induced in the loop. (a) no current in induced in ye x the loop, etic Thefigureshowsa wirestiding x xj xx on two parallel conducting, . [?", rails placed at a separation I. A magnetic field B exists ina direction perpendicular to the plane of the rails. The force required to keep the wire moving at a constant velocity v will be (a) evB b) MoBe ©) w He (c) Blo (a) zero 26. A long solenoid $ has n turns per metre, with diameter a. At the centre of this coil, we place a smaller coil of N turns and diameter b (b a) and mass 2 Ties in the x-y plane with its centre at the origin. The ring is free to rotate and is at rest, The magnetic field is brought to zero in time Ai. The angular velocity © of the ring, after the field vanishes, 27. Ba amb? qBa® 2m)? Ina uniform magnetic field Ba wire in the form of a semicircle of radius r rotates about the diameter of the circle with angular frequency «. The axis of rotation is perpendicular to the field. If the total resistance of the circuit is R, the mean power generated per period of rotation is Baro (Bar?) 2R 8K (Bxrw)? (Barw?)? 2k 8k @ (b) (oF (d) @) (b) © @) 29. The self inductance of a coil having 400 turns is 10 mH. The magnetic flux through the cross section of the coil corresponding to current mA is (a) 4105 Wb (©) 3% 10-5 Wb (b) 2* 103 We (d) 8103 We pursies For vou] na'14 39 30. Acopper rod of length! rotates about its end with angular velocity @ in a uniform magnetic field B. The emf developed between the ends of the rod if the field is normal to the plane of rotation is, (a) Bol? & BoP (©) 2 BoP (d) Joo? 31. A current of 1 A through a coil of inductance of 200 mH is increasing at a rate of 0.5 As. The energy stored in the inductor per second is (a) 05 Js? (b) 5.0) st (9) O1sst (d) 20] st 32, An electromagnet has stored 648 J of magnetic energy when a current of 9 A exists in its coils What average emf is induced if the current is reduced to zero in 0.45 5? (a) 320V (b) 620V (9 260 (d) 230V 33. A circular disc of radius 0.2 m is placed in a uniform magnetic field of induction (+ |wb mr? in such a way that its axis makes an angle of 60° with B. The magnetic flux linked with the dise is (a) 0.02 Wo (b) 0.06 Wb (©) 0.08 Wb (@) 0.01 Wb 34. A solenoid of length 30 cm with 10 turns per centimetre and area of cross-section 40 cm? completely surrounds another co-axial solenoid of same length, area of cross-section 20 cm? with 40 turns per centimetre. The mutual inductance of the system is (@) 10H (©) 3mH (b) 8H (d) 30 mH 35. By a change of current from 5 to 10 amperes in 0.1 second, the self induced emf is 10 V. The change in the energy of the magnetic field of a coil will be (@) 5) (b) 6) (©) 7.5) @ ay 1. (0): Magnetic flux linked with coil O5= Mls 3 Matta! pony 4 Magnetic flux linked with coil A 40 PHYsics For You | May "14 -3 225x107 Wo 64=MIp (a): Here, A= 04 mv, N= 100, dB = 0.04 Wh m-, di = 0.015 doy, 4B =na®B aN Ge As (=BA) = oS = 10004 x7 = 160 V (di +: Magnetic flux linked with a coil © = NBAcos® Since the magnetic field B is parallel to the area A, die, O= 90° o=0 (b): Here, = 1600 kam he! = 1600% mm = 44 ms 1=20 m, B=5 104 T and 5 =30° As e=Blo= Vio (where Vis the vertical component of earth’s field) =(B sind) Iv (." V= Bsind) =5* 10 sin 30° « 20 « 444 -22V A=3em?=3* 104m dl 4-2 an 02 TAS 4 yea t(y ®. Also © Faye a tlio) Ndi ~an (Tf = 3 x 10 x a x 10-7 « 1000 « 10 =38*104V (b): Here, Area A~ P= (12 em)? = 1.4 x 102 m? .60 , By = 0.10 T, 0 = 45° 0, dt=0.6s Initial flux, 6 = B,A cost = 0.10 x 14 « 107? « cos 45° = 9.910 Wb Final flux, 2 = Induced emf, _ 1982104) 06s = 165x107 V © 1.6510 Current, f= £ = POX R 06 =25«109A 10. i (b): The flex through the stationary loop is os anc ~ 1) Induced emf, ao a d =~ Fp letee—D] = lar 2at] = Rata) ‘The amount of heat generated in the loop during a small time interval dt is 2 2 2, (2at~ any Qa p= aed 0 R R Hence, the total amount of heat generated is 1 ege2e? 4 ate? — 402 =f Rn +a2e? —4e?uydt 1 p. aet? I 25a ate Sater ali? 3 (d): Coil A must be carrying a constant current in counter clockwise direction. Because of that, when A moves towards B, current induced in B is counterclockwise direction as per Lenz's law. The current in B would stop when A stops moving, at (2at-, a (a): Self inductance of a solenoid, L HyN2A _ wyN?ar? 7 7 where 1 is the length of the solenoid, N is the total number of turns of the solenoid and A is the area of cross-section of the solenoid. mele M FNy Pas, 425 ih ie & 4 AiG} 1 i, Wa) a)-2 (d): Self inductance of a solenoid = pig AL where n is the number of turns per length. Selfinductance is directly proportional tor. Self inductance becomes 4 times when nm is doubled. (a): Here, r= 6 em = 6 « 107 m, N = 20, = 40 rad 5 Be2x102T, R=8O Maximum emf induced, ¢ = NABO. = N(ar?)Bo = 20 xm * (6« 10%) «2 «107 « 40 =018 V Average value of emf induced over a full cycle a0 12. 13. uw. 15. Maximum value of current in the coil, £2018 oma Average power dissipated, el _0.18%0.023, 2 2 07 «103 W (a): Given, M=2.5H, a2 ull Also, soe Hat or dp = Mal = 2.5 (40 - 0) = 100 Wb (d): Here, H= B= 0.4 x 104T, [= 08 m v= 120 rpm = 2 rps Emf induced across the ends of each spoke S bar 2 = Laem)? Bok © = 04 x 104 x nx 2 (0.8) 161 =< 104V Note : Number of spokes is not relevant because the emfs across the spoke area is parallel (©) : ‘The emf developed between the ends of the conductor is eetan Desxoneio tsa? =5% 105V=50x 10° V=50uV (d): Let a current [, flows through the outer ircular coil of radius Ry, ‘The magnetic field at the centre of the coil is Moh 2Ry As the inner coil of radius Rz placed co-axially has small radius (R: < R,), therefore B, may be taken constant over its cross-sectional area. Hence, flux associated with the inner coil is 2 Hols B, y= Bink = SRE As Ma 92 = HoRRE TR, 2 2 Mx RR pursies FoR ou] ya's 41 16. (b): Here, 1= 6 cm = 6 «10? m 2om eh x x] x gre x B=04T, v=2ems"=2* 10? ms" Voltage developed is c= Blo= 04x 6x 102% 2% 107 =48«104V 17. (0): Here, A= 4 em? = 4 10 m2, N= 20 Final flux, ¢,= 0 (when the coil is removed from the field) g=75mC=75%103C, R=082 -N(do/ dt) Now, initial flux per tum when coil is normal to the field, = BA NBA R qR 75x17 x08 9. po AS 075 NA 20x4 «10% (b): Let E be the electric field intensity at a point on the circumference of the ring. Then, the emf induced €= fE-dl where df isa length or 18. element of the ring. Since |E1 is constant and E\tdi, © = Err) “i Also, the induced emf is do _ 2B oe ae sali) Equating, (i) and (ii), we get i E= 2 42 PHYSICS FOR YOU | 216 20. 21. lat jm x 107 x (400)? x 2 x 20 x 107 20x10? «10% (b): Length of the rod between the axis of rotation and one end of the rod = 2 Area swept out in one rotation ie) la) Va Angular velocity = w rad st o Fi f revoluti rrequency of revolution = =~ Area swept out per second -#(2) Fo an) 8 Magnetic induction = B Rate of change of magnetic flux (se) Bre Magnitude of induced emé = 5° Magnitude of induced emf between the axis and the : other nds also (222) 8 ‘These two emt's are in opposite directions. Hence, the potential difference between the two ends of the rod is zero : Given, @= (2 + 41+ 6) mWb dy dt (2 +4¢+6)x10 Wb st = (dt +4) x 103V 4s (4x 444) 103 = 20 « 10? V =0.02 V How to select the correct answer faster? ——— 510 pages BIL aes atlas ambas seen that in NEET, APMTT, AIMS and become a pro at handling MCQs, Practice to in sther PMs, Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) are your accuracy and improve timing with a bank ee eee Cr cert cc eter Sete Ce ae Vidit Panchal says “Thisis an excellent book. actualy the reason for my success in NEET and other PMTs ‘ike MGIMS Wardha and JIPMER, 2013. Its the only book currently available in the ‘market which isexactly based on NCERT. AWESOME CREATION! SOG" Ashok Bhandari says “The only Objective Biology Book you ever need Excellent MCQs (95% of them strictly ‘according to NCERT) [tis about 15-20% at higher level than the actual NEET paper. But ‘fyoucan do 90% of a chapters MCQs of this book within an hour, NEET wil ook like a ‘cakewalk! MTG has proved that they are still the best in publishing market even after 30, years 280" Swadeep Biswas says “This book has helped mea lotto secure a rank in NEET!!| recommend this ook to all ‘medical aspirants! Thanks alot! OS" RRL) Lod stead Avaliable atall leading book shops throughout the county. aeeanty Errhcol ry For more information ofr help in placing your order Call 0124-4951200 or email info@mtg.in CTS “Application to read QR codes requited PHYSICS FOR YOU| yav"14 43 22. (b): Here, != 2m, diameter = 2 cm radius, r=5=1em=1x107 m 2 Nj = 2000, N = 1000 Area = m7? = nx (1 x 102)? = 3.14 x 104 m2 Mutual inductance, M =H0: Bet = 22 AO ANND SHO 99.194 v_1 |. (d): Here, current [==> =2A 28. (d): Here, current I= R= "5 Final current, when the switch is opened is =~ 101 = 10) =108'V 24, (a): Due to change in the shape of the loop, the magnetic flux linked with the loop increases. Hence, current is induced in the loop in such a direction that it opposes the increases in flux. Therefore, induced current flows in the anticlockwise direction, 25. (d): No change in flux, hence no force required. 26. (c) : Asper the data givenin the question, magnetic field due to current in solenoid 5, B = gr Magnetic flux linked with the smaller coil due to this field is 0 = NBA, where A = area of smaller coil = ‘emf induced in the smaller coil, do nb? aa a Nat lly) a Nate il Sg a HON) = Bo ay ‘As current I varies as a function of (a! + C) (nt? +C) Nat amt i) 44° PHYSICS FOR You | \a"1¢ From (i), lel « # So correct option is (c) 27. (d); Let E is the electric field generated around the charged ring of radius b, then (i) 2(aF) Torque acting on the ring t= x force = byE _ Ba? * 2[a0) [Using ()] If AL is change in angular momentum of the charged ring, then path by MA L, = (at) _qBar At zat 2 As initial angular momentum, L, 2 _ ge BG gba mb? 2 mr B™coswt 2 L, = mi? Brrtwsinat 2 BPA? sin?ant 4aR Poy? ce

= Garo ( = BR 2 29, (a): Here, N= 400, L = 10 mH = 10 « 103 H J=2mA=2% 103A, ‘Total magnetic flux linked with the coil, = NLI = 400 x (10 « 10°) x 2x 10°3= 8 «103 Wh Magnetic flux through the cross-section of the coil = Magnetic flux linked with each turn © _ 8x10 = PPX wg 105 We N” 200 ) 30. «by 31. (o); The energy stored in the inductor is 1p u=tur 2 The energy stored in the inductor per second is Eis a = (20010 FH)(1 A\(05 As 32. (a): Magnetic energy, tp =1))2 2 2U _ 2x648 2U _ 2x648 16 oe Induced emf, call 5110-94) 59 y a@ 0458 33. (a): Here, r=0.2m, B=+Wom, rn 6 = 60? Magnetic flux, 0 = BA cos 0 = Bir) cos 6 - 4n(02)? cos60° = 0.02 Wb 34, (@): Mutual inductance of the system, M = pytytyAyy where Aj is the area of inner solenoid. ny = 10 em“ = 1000 m=" 10 em" = 4000 m" 30 em = 30 10? m 10 em? = 20 x 10-4 m? M4 10°? 1000 «4000 « 20 « 10-4 30 102 = 301.44 « 105 H = 3 mH NG 35. (0): lel= Le Jelat 10x01 99 oy Al (10-5) The magnetic field energies for currents f; and hpare lp lip Uy = 5 UR and U, = 515 Change in energy = Us —U; 02 2 ug-fu=“(a-# 75) 1. whocanparticipate If you have taken any of the exams given below and possess plenty of grey cells, photographic ‘memory then youaretthe right candidate for this contest. All you have to do is write down as many questions (with all choices) you can remember, neatly on a paper with name of the exam, your name, address, age, your photograph and mailthemtous. 2. theexams PMT : AIIMS, JIPMER, AMU, UP-CPMT, CMC- Vellore, Odisha, Maharashtra CET,....etc. Engineering : UPSEE, J & K CET, AMU, WB JEE, Binar CECE, Odisha JEE, Maharashtra CET. 3. thebenefits Plenty! Each complete question with answer will make you richer by Rs. 15*/-. More the questions, the merrier it will be. We will make you famous by publishing your name (photo if possible). Also you can derive psychological satisfaction from the fact that your questions willbenefitthousands ofreaders 4, andlastly the pit falls Don't send incomplete question. Our panel of experts will cross-check your questions, You have to send it within a month of giving the particularexam. Mailto: TheEditor, MTGLearning MediaPvt.Ltd Plot 99,Sector44 Institutional rea, Gurgaon-122003(HR) Tel:0124-4951200 + cata «© Payment be made ferthe MCQs er pubshed. © Khtlynotthateachquestenshoudbecompeta 5 Paymentilbemode ofr complete questions. ‘9 Praference wil! be given to the reader senaing the maximum complete and covet aueston. Ctterconctonsepo. The decsanctihe Edt MTG shale fnelandbindng pursies FoR vou] ya's 45 ca Uy WC eT ee eT ee) + Energy ofa photon, he Eee + Number of photonsemitted per see ? wee ‘Momentum of photon, Distance of Closest Approach and Impact Parameter ‘* Kinetcenergy of particle, mod = 122 2 Fae 4 Distanceofclosest approach, 1 wet az er ret 2 ox! 4 impactparameter, b= = 2 Coa im © Nuclearradius, R= Ry, Here, Ry=12*107%m [Nuclear mass __, . Tas a Racer vue 5 a 1 Average alomiiemassofanelement =Welghted average of massofallits topes Mas daect,m=[Zm, (AZM) ‘+ Totalbindingenergy=(a 1+ Work function, y= iN + KE ofemitied photoelectron fie Kolo? =e¥y hv by 3 % # If Vo is the stopping potential the ‘maximum kinetic energy ofthe cjcted -% Photodeetron, Kp =n =o 2 ving = ay [>] = Intensity ofraiation Energy __ Power eax Time” Area Incident povier Incidentintensity “Area + Wavelengthshiftin Comptonscattering a. (e080) ae rs eee + do-Brogliewavelength, + Kinoticenergy, Momentum, ?= VK + eBegic wavelogth of um clacton tearm aovelerated trough potenti] sllferenceot V volts, his wae occu Whe 22 pgm E -1087 207 Here, k= 1 ney Preeti 4 No two electrons can occupy the some quantim-mechanicalstate 4 Angular momentum (2), Banten( LY © Component oF angular clei © Lasor is a source of highly: ditetionl, sanecheomaticand coherent light, ‘© "Theacton ofa laserisbased onthe principle ofstimulatedemssionoflight, IF the emitted radiation falls ia. the microwave region the device i termed a8 9 Nose © Number of atoms in excited state x, Nengetoreoen where Eis energy of atom in ground state Tie Boltemann enisant, le Fe Cutoff wavelengthistoally + Cut off wawolength Gy) OF com Neray spectrums iveny aan independentot thetargetmatcral + Moseley aw Weaz We =CZ-C ¢ AverageBE/mucleon= nf + Packing action Deere resnres ees * Disintegration laws for radioactive transtormations areasfollows (a) odecay: 3X —— Gye} He. () Brlecay: $x —> Ay See (Prdecay) £x—+ Axeeov (deny) (Gxctntann) Cound) (6) rdecay: 2X— 2X47 + Radioactive decoy ww (aay 0) Wane™ where, i= decay constant or dsintegraton constant + Hateite, Tya + Menalite, or Typ=ileose ferries + Decay ateoracivity ofasubstance la fal ne + Time requited to eedce the radioactive substances, A= ANE 30 Ni pea penal 8K 2:303,,,.No + Decay constant, 1. = 228 jo aan’ > Nuclene fasion is spliting of heavy nucle: (> 230) when excited by thermal neutrons, Into intermediate masses eg: Usha 9 BU 3 xe 2 Use 20 + Nuclear fusion is combining of fo light nucle f form single Large ucieus wit ‘nergy liberation cg. HtefHt-y ive! evvoae Mey 1, Consider an expression F = Axsin"'(B/) where F represents force, x represents distance and + represents time. Dimensionally the quantity AB represents, (a) energy (©) intensity of light 2, A juggler Uurows balls into air. He throws one whenever the previous one is at its highest point. If he throws 1 balls each second, the height to which each ball will rise is, (b) surface tension (d) pressure s 2g @ & wo © # os 3. Standing waves are produced by of two waves thesuperposition 05sin(3ntt + 2x) where x and y are in metres and t is in second. What is the amplitude of the particle at 2x=0.5 m? (Given cos 57.3° = 0.54). (a) 27em (b) Sem (©) 81m (@) 10.8 em 4. A vessel has 6 g of hydrogen at pressure P and temperature 500 K. A small hole is made in it so that hydrogen leaks out. How much hydrogen leaks out ifthe final pressure is. and temperature falls to 300 K? 7 (@) 28 b) 3g (© 4g (d@) 1g 5. A particle of mass 0.1 kg is held between two rigid supports by two springs of force constant 8 N m and 2 N m. If the particle is displaced along the direction of length of the springs, its frequency of vibration is 5 8 (@) 2H &) She 2 1 ( He @ giz 48. pass Fon YoU | v4 PRACTICE PAPER 2(C) 14 BITSAT Exam from 14th May to 1 June A stone is thrown horizontally with velocity 1. The velocity of the stone 0.5 s later is 3u/2. The value of u is (@) 22ms! (b) 33ms" (©) 44ms? (@) Lims* A liquid is kept in a cylindrical vessel which is rotated along its axis. The liquid rises at the sides (see figure). If the radius of the vessel is 0.05 m and the speed of rotation is 2 revolution per second, find the difference in the height of the liquid at the centre of the vessel and its sides. (@) 20m (©) 2em (b) dem {d) 02cm Four cells of identical emf E and internal resistance rare connected in series to a variable resistor. The following graph shows the variation of terminal voltage of the combination with current. The emf of each cell used is, 4 Vovott) 54 t 42] 284 14 oos 115 2 —Fllamp) (@ 14V (b) 56V (©) 2V (a) 1V If , is coefficient of static friction, the maximum speed Uma with which a vehicle can negotiate an unbanked curved track having radius R and inclined at an angle © with respect to horizontal plane is 10. n. 2. 1B. 1. @ », rman =VRgtan®—(b) Cpa ti © VRE © fe w Rg Awooden block is dropped from the top of a cliff 100 m high and simultaneously a bullet of mass 10 g is fired from the foot of the cliff upwards with, a velocity of 100 m s". The bullet and wooden block will meet each other after a time (a) 10s (b) 05s © 1s (d) 7s ‘One mole of an ideal gas is taken through a cyclic process as shown in the V-T diagram. Which of the following statements are true? re T+ (a) The magnitude of work done by the gas is RTIn2. (b) Work done by gas is Yih. (©) Net work done by the gas is zero, (4) Work done by the gas is 2RTjin2, A telescope has an objective lens of focal length 200 cm and an eye piece with focal length 2 em. If this telescope is used to see a 50 meter tall building at a distance of 2 km, what is the height of the image of the building formed by the objective lens? (a) 5cm () Tem (b) 10cm (a) 2em The electric potential between a proton and an electron is given by V= “a where 1, is a " constant, Assuming Bohr’s model to be applicable, write variation of r,, with n, n being the principal quantum number @) hen ) nat n 1 @) no A magnetic needle lying parallel to a magnetic field requires W units of work to turn it through 60°, What is the torque needed to maintain the needle in this position? © nen 15, 6. 7. 18, 19. 20. @) aw (b) W © Bw (@) Ww In the given circuit, the voltmeter records 5 V. The resistance of the voltmeter in ohm is (a) 200 (b) 100 © 10 (d) 50 A ball of mass 0.2 kg is thrown vertically upwards by applying a force by hand. If the hand moves, 0.2 m while applying the force and the ball goes up to 2 m height further, find the magnitude of the force. (Take g = 10m s#) () 16N (b) 20N () 2N (d) 4N ABCD isa rectangle whose side AB = 10 em and side BC = 24 cm. A charge of 0.104 tC is lying at the center O of rectangle. If the mid-point of side BC is E, then the work done in carrying, 100 UC charge from B to E will be (a) 1.152) (b) 2.3047 (©) 4.082) (@) 234) Name the gate represented by the following, circuit A Bo D4 DX (@) OR gate (b) XOR gate (©) AND gate (d) NAND gate ‘Two cylinders of equal size are filled with equal amount of ideal diatomic gas at room temperature. Both the cylinders are fitted with pistons. In cylinder A the piston is free to move, while in cylinder B the piston is fixed. When same amount of heat is supplied to both the cylinders, the temperature of the gas in cylinder A raises by 30 K. What will be the rise in temperature of the gas in cylinder B? (@) 2k (b) 30K (©) 20K (a) 56K ‘A body of mass M at rest explodes into three pieces, two of them of mass “* each, are thrown Puysics FOR YOU |ay'is 49 21. 2. 23. 24. 25. 26. off in perpendicular directions with velocities of 3m" and 4 ms" respectively. The third piece will be thrown off with a velocity of (a) 15ms? (b) 2mst (©) 25mst (d) 3ms4 A variable force, given by the 2-dimensional vector F=(3x7?+4j), acts on a particle. The force is in newton and x is in metre. What is the change in the Kinetic energy of the particle as it moves from the point with coordinates (2, 3) to GQ) (The coordinates are in metres) @) 7) (b) zero © +7) (@) +19) A slab of material of dielectric constant K has the same area as the plates of a parallel plate capacitor but has a thickness (3)« where d is the separation of the plates. The ratio of the capacitance C (in the presence of the dielectric) to the capacitance Co (in the absence of the dielectric) 3K 3 © Kea 4 4K 4 © @ 4 © m3 a A pure inductor of 25 mH is connected to a source of 220 V. Given the frequency of the source as 50 Hz, the rms current in the circuit is (a) 7A (b) A (9 2BA (d) 42a Light of two different frequencies, whose photons have energies 1 eV and 2.5 eV are respectively, successively illuminate a surface of work function, 05 eV. The ratio of the maximum speeds of the electrons that are emitted are (a 2:1 (b) 1:2 © 1:3 @ 1:4 Two concentric circular coils of ten turns each are situated in the same plane. Their radii are 20cm and 40 em and they carry currents 0.2 A and 0.3 A respectively in opposite directions. The magnetic field in tesla at the centre is 30, @ “ho & 2 oo © 80 @ 4 In a two-slit experiment, with monochromatic light, fringes are obtained on a screen placed at some distance from the slits. If the screen is physics FoR YoU | 4 2. 28. 29, 30. 31. moved by 5 « 10? m towards the slits, the change in fringe width is 10° m. Then the wavelength of light used is (given that distance between the slits is 0.03 mm) (a) 4000 A (by 4500 A (© 6000 A (a) 5500 A ‘A mass of 2.0 kg is put on flat pan attached to a vertical spring fixed on the ground as shown in below figure. The mass of the spring and pan is negligible. When pressed slightly and released, the mass executes a simple harmonic motion. The spring constant is 200 N m= What should be the minimum amplitude of the motion so that the mass gets detached from the pan? (Take g= 10 ms) (@) 10.0cm (b) 40cm a (©) 800m (A) any value less than 12.0 em Allong wire carries a steady current. Itis bent into a circle of one turn and the magnetic field at the centre of the coil is B. Itis then bent into a cricular loop of » turns, The magnetic field at the centre of the coil will be (@) 0B (©) 2B ‘Tube A has both ends open while tube B has one end closed, otherwise they are identical. The r of fundamental frequency of tubes A and B is (@) 1:2 (b) 1:4 © 2:1 (@) 4:1 A thin lens of focal length f has a aperture of diameter d. It forms an image of intensity I. Now, the central part of the aperture upto diameter d/2, is blocked by opaque paper. The focal length and the image intensity will change to fa I ® 25 & fg ) Sf 4 At © “Py @ fy A solid cylinder of mass M and radius R rolls without slipping down an inclined plane of length, Land height ft. What is the speed of its centre of mass when the cylinder reaches its bottom? 3 (@) Pgh ©) gst ao © {38 32, Two simple harmonic motions are represented by (2+ xy; = S[sin2nt + 3 cos2nt]and y, The ratio of their amplitudes is @ ta () 21 1:3 @ Ba ‘Three similar cells, each of emf 2 V and internal resistance 7 Q send the same current through an external resistance of 2 Q, when connected in series or in parallel. The strength of the current flowing through the external resistance is (a) 1A (b) 15A () 24 (d) 0.754 In the Bohr’s model of hydrogen atom, the ratio of the kinetic energy to the total energy of the electron in 1 quantum state is @ = oa 2 @2 A circular disk of moment of inertia J is rotating, in a horizontal plane, about its symmetry axis, with a constant angular speed «, Another disk of moment of inertia [, is dropped coaxially onto the rotating disk. Initially the second disk has zero angular speed. Eventually both the disks rotate with a constant angular speed 0, The energy lost by the initially rotating disc to friction is 1 Re 1 Rs 9 tem” © 2G+H”™ hh y2 @ tbh (hy +1s) 2) +1) ‘Acylindeical metallic rod in thermal contact with two reservoirs of heat at its two ends conducts an amount of heat Qin time , The metallic rod is melted and the material is formed into a rod of half the radius of the original rod. What is the amount of heat conducted by the new rod, when placed in thermal contact with the two reservoirs in time f? Q Q (a) 7 16 () 2Q 33. 34, 35. © 36 b) @) vio 37. A 220 V input is supplied to a transformer. The output circuit draws a current of 2.0 A at 440 V. If the efficiency of the transformer is 80%, the current drawn by the primary windings of the transformer is () 364 (b) 28A () 254 (@) 504 38. A thin semi-circular ring of radius r has a positive charge q distributed uniformly over it. The net | 39 40. field at the centre Ois v Vv a © ee! qs gs © ~parai @ spe! A point P moves in counterclockwise direction on a circular path as shown in the figure, The movement of P is such that it sweeps out a length 5=£45, where s is in metres and ¢ is in seconds. ‘The radius of the path is 20 m, The acceleration of Pwhent=2sisnearly 4, (@) ims? (b) 13ms? () ms? (d) 72ms? Lew) d a Half-life of a radioactive substance is 20 minute. The time between 20% and 80% decay will be (a) 20min (b) 30-min (©) 40min {d) 25 min BON 1 (©): Dimensional analysis suggests thatthe quantity Ax on RHS must have the dimensions: of force whereas B must have the dimensions of reciprocal of time, Then, the product AB will have the dimensions of energy per unit area per unit time, the same as those of intensity of light. (a): Time taken by each ball to reach highest point, tels ‘As the juggler throws the second ball, when the first ball is at its highest point, so 0=0 Using, o=u + at, we get rena wo (i) Also v= 1? +2aS 2 =| (a o-(£] +2(-8)h (Using (i) & n= 8, a? Physics FoR YOu | niay'i¢ SY 3 lere, y, = 0.05sin(3nt - 20) y.=0.05sin(3nt + 2x) According to superposition principle, the resultant displacement Y=¥.* yo= 0.05 [sin(@nt ~2x) + sin(Brt + 20)] y= 0.05 * 2sin3tteos2x y= (O.leos2x)sin3nt = Rsinrt where R = 0.1c052x = amplitude of the resultant standing wave. Atx=0.5m R= D.Loos2x=0.1oos(2 « 0.5) = 0.108 (1 radian) = 0. =0.100857.3° R= 0:1 «0.54 m= 0.054 m= 54cm 4 Vawter f M ; =Srx Initially, PV = 8. x 500 Ai) Finally, (if «3 gas leaks out) [Using (i)] 5. ky be Here m=0.1kg, ky) =8N ov, k=2N ov" The springs are connected in parallel, the ‘equivalent spring constant is kyoky tk) =8Nmt+2N mt =10N mt The frequency of oscillation is 1 fk 1 [ao Nm) 2n\m ~ 2n\ (0.1 kg) 0 4-3 = yp Mend He 6 (0): Att=055, the vertical component of velocity st=g(05) Hence at f 5 749m 05s, we have Bu fev or (40)? +07 = or Suh =4 = (4.9) or w= (0.8)(4.9)? or w=(49)V08=44 mst 52 pasics FoR YoU | vs 10. (6): According to Bernoulli theorem P+ foo? = aconstant. Near the ends, the velocity of liquid is higher so the pressure is lower as a result the liquid rises at the sides to compensate for this drop of pressure, alogta ly? gh= pe 3pre? v=re) 1 2e® _Pemy? _ ant 2g 2g 8 2 2 yo? 22x? x (0057? x2” _ 409 m= 20m 98 (a): Emf of each cell = E Internal resistance of each cell =r Number of cells (n)=4 Total emf = nE=4E Total internal resistance = nr= 4r Terminal voltage, = # V=4E-I(4r) 2° From the graph 2 When I=0,V=56V le From (i) mI 56=4E-0 i i 56 oos 115 2 Ee ey —+ amp) (b): When a vehicle moves over an unbanked circular track, force of friction provides the necessary centripetal force. (+ N=mg) (©): Let the bullet and wooden block will meet at time f and at a height x above the foot of the cliff Using, at Ze For the block lop Ge itm i" (100-2) = Fat (=) For the bullet 1 ‘i = 100: Lee i) x= 1001~ Ff Adding equations (i) and (i), we get 100 100f or f= 1s AL. (a): In the process AB and CD, volume is constant, Therefore, no work is done. Vp Wpa = RTyIn| 2 ne = Woa=RTyIn2 My Wee Ren )e( 3 } —2RT,In2 Total work done by the gas W=Woa + Woe RT n2 ~ 2RTp In2 RT In2 IWI=RT, In2 12, (a); For objective lens, f 210° cm or Consider magnification due to objective lens Size of image 2x10, 1 _ 5000 999 “2x10° 99 13. (d): According to Bohr’s model, ! me [er where mt = orbit number, ‘y= Bohr radius For og, Z= 100 +. m=5 - oF Im = F997 According to given problem = (60%100)x: 14, (a): In case of a dipole in a magnetic field, Workdone, W = MB(cos6, ~ cos8) Torque, t= MBsin® Here, 6, = 0 and 0; = = 60° 2 te Becta 20tn° 8 oo ‘t= MBsin8 = 2MBsin-5 cos 5 t 0 ets) or t= Weot30° =(V3)W 15, (b): 102 «500 th 1 {| 10V Let R be the resistance of voltmeter. Then effective resistance of circuit is, _Rx100 | 55 _ 150R + 5000 FR¥ 100 R100 Current in the circuit, 7=—____10_ '5OR + 5000)/(R + 100) _ 1O(R + 100) © 150R +5000 Voltage drop across A and Bis V’ =5=1 x resistance across A and B 10(R +100) | Rx 100 1000R, 150R + 5000 (R+100) 150K + 5000 (On solving, we get R= 100.2 16. (b): Let @ be the velocity given by hand and # be the height to which the ball goes. Jon? = mgh i) or 5 If Fis the force applied by the hand as it moves through 0.2m, then mo? + F<02 = mgt +2) li) Using (i); mgh + F x0.2=mgh-+mg*2 p= 8X2 ~ 10mg = 100.2% 10=20N. 17. (ad: By £ ic Fe _ [bem ° A D Puysics FOR YOU |nay'is 53. 2 yf 14 = 100%0,104«1 10°| S-— raion xvas =104x2 =1152) 6 Dutput of OR gate is A+B. Output of NAND gateis AB Now, Y=(A+8)AB=(A4B)(A+B) If A=Land B=1, then A+B=1and A+B=0 So, ¥=0 If A=Oand B=0, then Y=0 If A=Land B=0,then A=Oand B=1, then Y=1 So, the given combination is XOR gate. 19, (a): System A is in isobaric process AQu= nCAT, System B is in isochoric process AQr= nCyATs AQ; = ADs ¢ nCpAT;=nC\AT, = AT, ; coy For diatomic gas —* =7 and AT, -30K G5 at, =2x30=42K 5 mmm 20. (c) : Mass of third part = mt — a © pat =m— 7a Let us consider that third part of mass will move with velocity v as shown in figure. Apply linear momentum conservation law along, axis x34 M (-ve0s0) Ai) Similarly along y-axis M Mx0= x42 Cosine) 4 54 pass Fon vou | vs => vsind=2=2, From (i) and (ii) we get il) 2. (: F=3x27 +47 gl 2 oe Work done, W =[F +a OD ee = J Gr isa)-Gri sayy as 60 oo = f Bxtdveddy = f da? +4y) 2,3) 3 F + dls) <3 +4 x0- (8 +4%3) =27+0-(8 + 12)=27-20=+7] According to work energy theorem, Change in the kinetic energy = Work done, W 7J 22, (c): The capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor in the absence of the dielectric is 0A a oli) where A is the area of each plate and d is the distance between them. ‘The capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor in the presence of dielectric slab of thickness f and. dielectric constant K, is =i) aK +3) Divide (ii) by (i), we get Cake Co MK +3) eA K+ 5 mH = 25 «10H 1 =50 Hz, Ying= 220V ‘The inductive reactance 23. (e): Here, X_ = 2nvb= 272 x50% 25x10" @ ‘The rms current in the circu 220 20a __ 71000 “2x5 A=2BA 24. 25. 26. 27. (b): According to Einstein's __ photoelectric equation, the maximum kinetic energy of the emitted electron is Kmnax = 0 = 0 where, Iny= photon energy ‘0)~ work function where 1 is the mass of an electron In the first case Fro, =1eV-05=05eV “ In the second case “i (d):Asthe two coils are concentricand in the same plane, carrying currents in opposite directions, the total magnetic field at the centre of the concentric coils is My 2RN5 I, % * = tyes 10x03) Sity 2b02 04 | 4 aD Db (: 22D ana pie (©): From B=“ ana p'=*P . pop 8-7: 09 = AASxI07 a 0.03% 107 a «107m = 6000 A. 5x10 (a): Let xp be the compression of the spring when mass m is placed on flat pan. Then or =0.10 m=10 em “oe 200 If the mass is pressed through a small distance and let it go, it will execute S.H.M. of amplitude 1. The mass will get detached from the pan ifthe restoring force m au? > mg, then mass will move up with same acceleration, detached from the pan, i, a> or a>—h_ © kim) 10 or a> 5797 010m 29, 30. 31. The amplitude > 10 om, ie, the minimum amplitude is just greater than 10 em for the given condition, Therefore, the minimum amplitude of oscillation = 10m (b): The magnetic field at the centre of circular coilis 5 = Hol 2r i where r=radius of circle = (I= 2nr) . I 2m _ Holt ; a pall 2. Hale ~ When wire of length /bents into a circular loop of nturns, then nx 2ar rt nde Thus, new magnetic field Hom! wor OR _ Mala yay a a) (Using ()) (c): Let the tubes A and B have equal length 1. Since, tube A is opened at both the ends, therefore, its fundamental frequency v q @ Since, tube B is closed at one end, therefore, its fundamental frequency vas W Ati) From eqs. (i) and (ii), we get Pa v/2l_4 iy) vg 0/4) 2 (a): The focal length of a lens does not change if a part of its blocked. If the central part of the aperture upto d/2 is blocked, the exposed area of the aperture reduces by one-fourth the earlier because 2 () os nd? 4 Hence the intensity of the image reduces by a factor of 4. ‘Thus the intensity becomes | - 1_3t a4 (c): Potential energy of the solid cylinderat height Mgh. K.E. of centre of mass when reached at bottom = 1 Mo? + dtm? ave ty Fora solid cylinder, Ro? Puysics FOR YOU |nay'is 55, 2 ore ii ant, cos” sin 2nt + sin” cos2nt 3 3 0 ofan) > 1" 5 £ 33. Er Er Er {|r +k Y Ar 20 the effective emf of cells = 3, effective internal resistance = 3r where F is the emf and ris the internal resistance of each cell Ey br Ey & i 29 In parallel, the effective emf of cells = effective internal resistance = r/3 As per question, = =F _ 2+3 94F 3 or 6+r=2+3r or r=20 3x2 2+3x2 8 (a): In Bohr’s model of hydrogen atom, The kinetic energy of the electron in 1 state is given by 075A 3 “136 Bee nt me where Zi =13.60V 56. Pasi FoR YoU | v4 35. 36. The potential energy of electron in n'* state is given by u= ame ae Total energy of electron in n!" state is given by peksu ete 2 e Belen Belen Koa E (4); As no external torque is applied to the system, the angular momentum of the system remains conserved. Lj=Ly According to given problem, 10,= (e+ Lo, (+h) Initial energy, F, or y= 1 hoy, Final energy, E, 2a +10} Substituting the value of @, from equation (i) in ‘equation (ii), we get Final energy, F, tiv) +h) 1 ee ~2(,4h) | (b): The amount of heat flows in time f through a cylindrical metallic rod of length L and uniform area of cross-section A(= mR?) with its ends maintained at temperatures T, and 7; (I, > T,) is given by = KAG ht Ai) where Kis the thermal conductivity of the material of the rod. Area of cross-section of new rod 4’ = af 8) Crack BITSAT with ease The BITSAT isn’t a tough exam. It is only different from the others you will appear for. The book explores everything you need to crack BITSAT like a genius! FREE CD INSIDE with 5 Model Test Papers Complete Theory for Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry Logical Reasoning & English Chapterwise MCQs for practice 1000* MCQs in each section 5 Model Test Papers Available at all | [IEAEY For more information ortoplace your, eee ete eRe Pee an eet ety Cerra tee Se RL Paysics FOR YOU |nay'is 57 As the volume of the rod remains unchanged AL=AL’ Where I’ isthe length of the new rod or Lata (ii) (Using (i Now, the amount of heat flows in same time ¢ in the new rod with its ends maintained at the same temperatures T, and 7) is given by gk . =hy (wy Substituting the values of A’ and L’ from equations (i) and (ii) in the above equation, we get K(A/4)(T,~T.)t _ 1 KAT, ~T)t aL we OL (Using() 37. (d): Here, Input voltage, V, = 220 V (Output voltage, V,= 440 V Input current, I, (Output current, = 2A Efficiency of the transformer, [ficiency of the transformer, = OPS Power y Input power yet Vil — Vile __(440,V) (2A) o = 3h (=) ” 00. (220 V) {40 V)(2A) O00) _, 4 (60) (220 ) 38. (d): Linear charge density, = Consider a small element AB of length di subtending an angle d0 at the centre O as shown in the igure, Charge on the element, dq = ial =o o ao 4) ‘The electric field at the centre O due to the charge element is. 1 dg_ Arto a= 9-8 Treg 7? ntgr 58 pasics FoR YoU | is Resolve dF into two rectangular components By symmetry, [uEcoso=0 The net electric field at O is zh, 4 _F arde » E=|dEsin@-}) = (=; I = | EA sino) 0 ‘qrsin dd + “er | ia 39, (a): Here s= +3 fe 49-3" ‘Tangential acceleration, a = Att=2s, 9=3Q = 12 ms?, q=6(2)= 12m 5? Centripetal acceleration, 2)? _ 14a 2 (ys ms eR 20” 20 Net acceleration, a=\a,F + (a)? = (7.27 + (127 = 14 ms? 40. (©): According to radioactive decay, N= Nye™* where, Ny = Number of radioactive nuclei present in the sample at §= 0 N= Number of radioactive nuclei left undecayed after time f 2.» decay constant For 20% decay BON «yg A) 00-7 Noe Ai) For 80% decay 20Ny 100 Dividing equation (i) by (ii), we get azo? = decltny Taking natural logarithms of both sides of above = Ne? (ii) In 4=A(t—f) In2 21n2=——(h -h) Ta?" fe hh=2* Typ=2%20 min =40 min - ae SS ©Piits Useful for All National and State Level PMTs A projectile has initially the same horizontal velocity as it would acquire if it had moved from rest with uniform acceleration of 3 ms” for 0.5 minutes. If the maximum height reached by it is 80 m, then the angle of projection is (lake g= 10m s*) (a) tar?) ) ww() af4 sin 4 (9 tan (3) @ (3) A horizontal force, just sufficient to move a body of mass 4 kg lying on a rough horizontal surface, is applied on it. The coefficients of static and kinetic friction between the body and the surface are 0.8 and 0.6 respectively. If the force continues to act even after the block has started moving, the acceleration of the block in m s* is (Take g’= 10 m 5") (a) V4 (b) 1/2 @2 (4 A particle of mass 100 g is thrown vertically upwards with a speed of 5 ms", The work done by the force of gravity during the time the particle goes up is (®) 05) (b) -05) () -1.25) (d) 1.25) ‘The moment of inertia of a solid flywheel of radius 0.1 m about its axis is 0.1 kg m*. A tangential force of 2 kg wt is applied round the circumference of flywheel with the help of string and mass M. The acceleration of the mass is (a) 186rad s* (b) 196 rads? (© 146 rads? (@) 167 rad s? A conducting sphere of radius 10 cm is charged with 10 iC. Another uncharged sphere of radius, 20 cm is allowed to touch it. After that if the spheres are separated, the surface density of charges on the spheres will be in the ratio of 10. (a) 1:4 (1:3 (by 1:2 (@) 2:1 A 100 V voltmeter having an intemal resistance of 20 k®, when connected in series with a large resistance R across a 110 V line reads 5 V. The magnitude of resistance R is (a) 210kQ (b) 310 kQ (©) 420k (d) 440k ‘A moving coil galvanometer of resistance 100 & is used as an ammeter using resistance ().1 Q. The maximum deflection current in the galvanometer is 100 WA. The minimum current in the circuit so that the ammeter shows maximum deflection is (a) 100.1 mA (b) 1000.1 mA (©) 1001 mA (4) LOLA The radius of curvature of a thin plano-convex Jens is 10 cm (of curved surface) and the refractive index is 1.5. If the plane surface is silvered, then the focal length will be (a) 15m (Q) 5em (b) 20cm (a) 10cm A holes drilled ina copper sheet. The diameter of the hole is 4.24 em at 27°C. What is the change in the diameter of the hole when the sheet is heated, to 227°C? (Take coefficient of linear expansion of copper = 1.70 x 103°C) (@) 144«10%em ——(b) 144 10% em () 144« 107 cm (d) 14cm A glass tube of length 1.0 m is completely filled with water. A vibrating tuning fork of frequency 500 Hz is kept over the mouth of the tube and the water is drained out slowly at the bottom of the tube. If velocity of sound in air is 330 m s'\, then the total number of resonances that occur will be @ 2 b) 3 «) 1 @) 5 PHysics FOR YOU |nay'is 59 IL, The efficiency of Camot engine is 50% and temperature of sink is 500 K. If temperature of source is kept constant and its efficiency raised to 60%, then the required temperature of sink will be (a) 100 K (b) 600 K (©) 400K (d) 500K 12. At what distance in metre from the centre of the moon, the intensity of gravitational field will be zero? (Take mass of earth and moon as 5.98 x 10" kg and 7.35 * 10? kg respectively and the distance between moon and earth as 3.85 x 108m.) (a) zero (b) 38x10" (9 8x10 (@) 37x10" 13. A cylindrical vessel is filled with equal amounts by weights of mercury and water. The total height of the two layers is 39.2 em, The pressure of the liquid at the bottom of the vessel is (Take specific gravity of mercury =13.6) @ 8cmofHg (b) 6cmof Hg (© demof Hg (@) 2emof Hg 14, The dimensional formula for acceleration, velocity and length are a8", @" and ory. What is the dimensional formula for the coefficient of friction? (a) oy (b) op? (ce) oB-¥ (a) opty 45. An ideal choke takes a current of 10 A when connected to an AC supply of 125 V and 50 Hz. A pure resistor under the same conditions takes a current of 12.5 A. If the two are connected to an AC supply of 1900/2 V and 40 Hz, then the current in series combination of above resistor and inductor is (a) 0A (b) 125A (© 2A @ 2A 16. Maximum velocity of the photo electrons emitted by a metal surface is 1.2 * 10° m 57 Assuming the specific charge of the electron to be 18 * 10" C kg", the value of the stopping, potential in V will be (a) 2 o4 ) 3 (d) 6 17. 10% kg of radioactive isotope of atomic mass 226 emits 3.27 x 10!” a-particles in a second. If 4.2.x 10? J of energy is released in 1 hour in this process, the average energy of the o-particle is (a) 142 Mev (b) 1.96 Mev (© 9.02 Mev (d) 19.6 Mev 60. PHYSICS FOR YoU | way 14 18, 19. 20. 21. 10 mA current can pass through a galvanometer of resistance 25 ©. What resistance in series should be connected through it, so that it is converted into a voltmeter of 100 V? (a) 0975.9 (b) 99.732 (9 9752 (d) 99752 ‘A 24 kg block resting on a floor has a rope tied to its top. The maximum tension, the rope can withstand without breaking is 310 N. The minimum time in which the block can be lifted a vertical distance of 4.6 m by pulling up the rope is (@ 12s (b) 13s © 7s {d) 235 A bullet of mass 50 g is fired from a gun of mass 2 kg. If the total kinetic energy produced is 2050 J, the kinetic energy of the bullet and the gun respectively are (a) 200),5) (b) 2000, 50) (©) 5J, 200) {d) 50J, 2000) ‘Two uniform thin rods each of mass M and length are placed along X and Y axis with one end of ‘each at the origin, Moment of inertia of the system, about Z-axis is 2 (b) SMP 3 re (a) MI () 2MF {d) none of these Amass of 2kg is put on a flat pan attached toa vertical spring fixed on the ground as shown in the figure. The mass of the spring and the pan is negligible. When pressed slightly and released the mass executes a simple harmonic motion. ‘The spring constant is 200 Nm, What should be the minimum amplitude of the motion, so that the mass gets detached from the pan? (Take g = 10 ms) (a) 8em (©) 10cm (©) dem (A) Any value less than 12. em A solid conducting sphere of radius 10 om is enclosed by a thin metallic shell of radius 20 em, A charge q = 20 UC is given to the inner sphere. Find the heat generated in the process when. the inner sphere is connected to the shell by a conducting, wire (@) 24) (©) zero (b) 9) (@) 2y 24. A conducting circular loop is placed in a uniform magnetic field 0.04 T with its plane perpendicular to the magnetic field. The radius of the loop starts sinking at2 mm s". The induced em. in the loop when the radius is 2.em is (a) L6omyVv (b) 320pV (© 48nnV (a) 0.8npV ‘The image of an electric bulb fixed in a wall is to be obtained on the wall opposite to it ata distance of 3m, The maximum possible focal length of the convex lens is 25. (a) 325m (b) 155m (©) 075m. (€) 0.28 m 26. The output ¥ of the logic circuit shown in figure is best represented as A pbs co (a) A+B (b) A+B-C () AtBC (d) AtBC 27. Aball falls under gravity from a height 10 m with an initial velocity 2}, Ithits the ground, loses 50% of its energy in collision and it rises to the same height, what is the value of 1? (a) mst (b) 7mst (© 28ms" @ 98m 28. A copper block of mass 25 kg is heated in a furnace to a temperature of 500°C and then placed on a large ice block. What is the maximum. amount of ice that can melt? (Take specific heat of copper = 0.39 J g? K", heat of fusion of water = 335] g") (b) 25 kg (d) 45kg A string of mass 2.5 kg is under a tension of 200 N. The length of the stretched string is 20 m. If the transverse jerk is struck at one end of the string, how long does the disturbance take to reach the other end? (© 35kg 29. (a) 1s (b) 05s) ( 15s (d) 258 30. When an ac source of iu voltage V=Vysini001 f is connected across a circuit, the phase difference between "Off the voltage V and current I in the circuit is observed to be 7/4, as shown in figure. 31. 32. 33. 34, 35. If the circuit consists possibly only of RC or RL or LC in series, find possible values of two elements. (@) R=1k2,C=10pF () R=1kQ,C~1nF ( R=1kQ,L=10mH (@) R= 10K, L=10 mH A bullet of mass 0.01 kg and travelling at a speed, of 500 m s" strikes a block of mass 2 kg, which is is suspended by a string of length 5 m. The centre of gravity of the block is found to rise a vertical distance of 0.1 m. What is the speed of the bullet after it emerges from the block? (@) 580m" (b) 220ms* (© 14m (4) 78m ‘Two simple pendulums of length 0.5 m and 20 m respectively are given small linear displacement in one direction at the same time. They will again be in the phase when the pendulum of shorter length has completed (@) 5 oscillations (©) oscillations (b) 1 oscillation (d) 3 oscillations ‘The frequency of a tuning fork A is 2% more than the frequency of a standard tuning fork. The frequency of another tuning fork B is 3% less than the same standard tuning, fork. If 6 beats sare heard when the two tuning forks Aand B are excited, the frequency of A is (@) 120Hz (b) 1224 Hz (© 1164 Hz (@) 130 Hz ‘Two wires of the same material (Young’s modulus ¥) and same length L but radii R and 2R respectively are joined end to end. A weight w is suspended from the combination as shown inthe figure. [i ‘The elastic potential energy in the system is Bw. (a) 2 1, 28 © Bay 22g of carbon dioxide at 27°C is mixed in a closed container with 16 g of oxygen at 37°C. If both gases are considered as ideal gases, then the temperature of the mixture is (a) 24.2 (b) 28.5°C (©) 315°C (a) 335°C Physics FoR You | navi 61 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. The electrical conductivity of a semiconductor increases when electromagnetic radiation of ‘wavelength shorter than 2480 nm is incident on it. ‘The band gap for the semiconductor is (a) 05eV (b) L7ev (©) Liev (d) 25ev If the series limit wavelength of the Lyman series for hydrogen atom is 912 A, then the series limit wavelengtia of the Balmer series for the hydrogen atom is (a) 912A (b) 912x2A : 912 (©) 912x4A w BA A thin equiconvex lens has focal length 10 em. and refractive index 1.5, One of its faces is now silvered and for an object placed at a distance 1 in front of the lens, the image coincides with the object. The value of w is (a) 10cm (©) 15cm (b) 5am (@) 20cm ‘The electric current in a circular coil of two turns produced a magnetic induction of 0.2 T at its centre. The coil is unwound and is rewound into a circular coil of four turns. The magnet at the centre of the coil now is, in tesla (if same current flows in the coil) (a) 02 (b) 04 () 06 (d) 08 In a series LCR circuit the voltage across the resistance, capacitance and inductance is 10 V. each. If the capacitance is short circuited, the voltage across the inductance will be (@ lov () 10V2 v © ao/v2yv () 20V A man in a balloon rising vertically with an acceleration of 4.9 m s® releases a ball 2 s after the balloon is let go from the ground. The greatest height above the ground reached by the ball is (Take g=9.8ms*) (a) 47m {b) 196m (©) 98m (d) 245m Assand bag, of mass M is suspended by rope. A bullet of mass m is fired at it with speed v and gets ‘embeded in it. The loss of kineti induction onergy is Mino? » Mv? © 30mm ©) danem no? 1 2 © sre © Femme? brysies FoR YoU | 4 43. 44, 45. 46. 48. 49. ‘A mass of 2.9 kg is suspended from a string of length 50 cm, and is at rest. Another body of mass 100 g, which is moving horizontally with a velocity of 150 m s* strikes and sticks to it. When the string makes an angle of 60° with the vertical, the tension in the string would be (a) 270N (b) 215N(c) 135N (a) 95N ‘Two blocks of masses 10 kg and 4 kg are connected by a spring of negligible mass and placed on a frictionless horizontal surface. An impulse gives a velocity of 14 m s* to the heavier block in the direction of the lighter block. The velocity of the centre of mass is, (@) 30ms4 (b) 20ms! (©) mst (d) 5ms? Force on a 1 kg mass on earth of radius R is 10 N. ‘Then the force on a satellite revolving around the earth in the mean orbital radius 3R/2 will be (Take mass of satellite = 100 kg) (a) 44410°N (b) 3.33% 10°N (©) 500N (6) 6.66% 108N A5 kg brick of dimensions 20 cm * 10 em x 8 cm is lying on the largest base. It is now made to stand with length vertical. If g = 10 m s~, then the amount of work done is @3) 5) O}7) W%* A plane electromagnetic wave of frequency 25 MHz. travels in free space along the x-direction, At a particularpointinspaceandtime, E=6.3) Vm“ ‘Atthis point B is equal to (@) 833x108*T — (by 189x108 ET () 21x108kT (a) 21x1045T For a common emitter amplifier, the audi frequency voltage across the collector resistance 2. kQ is 2 V. If the current amplification factor of, the transistor is 200, and the base resistance is 1.5 KQ, the input signal voltage and base current are (a) 0.1 Vand1 pA (b) 0.15 Vand 10 pA (c) 0.015 Vand 1A (d) 0.0075 V and 5 uA ‘Two masses of 40 kg and 30 kg are connected by a weightless string passing over a frictionless pulley as shown in the figure. The tension in the string will be oy (a) 168N (6) 188.N (c) 268N () 368N 50. Aconductor AB of length L carrying a current Ip is placed perpendicular to a long straight conductor XY carrying current I, as shown in figure, The force on AB in magnitude is oy Hob ina on (a) Holla 3m EO maximum height H = wsin?@ 2x10 or wsin’@= 1600 or usin®=40ms* Horizontal velocity = u cos0 =a =3x30=90mst 80 usin _ 40 ucos0 90 Now, or tnd ord 2. (0): The minimum force required to just move a body = WN The limiting friction, f, = wmg The force which is responsible for the increase in velocity of the block, FH (uu —ndng = (0.8-0.6)x4x10=8N F_8 2 = m m4 3. (©): For the particle thrown vertically upwards m=100 g,«=Sms",v=0,a=g=-10ms* Let ibe the height attained by the particle 5. Pa uP=2gh or 0-G)i=2(-10)xh = he 25/20 Work done by the force of gravity during the time, particle goes up of motion of mass M is Mg-T=Ma 4) 5 where @ is the linear acceleration. If @ be the angular acceleration of the flywheel, then t=lu=TR i) and a= Ret (ii) Putting the value of equations (ii) and (iii) in (i, we have a= VBR 1+MR? (a); Common potential =167 rads? " 10 © 4ne,(0.140.2) 4re9(0.3) Charges after contact ‘eevee 1010 a= GV = Ane (OIG oo, R 4 1 L_siove Current in cireuit is 10 Vv . “ae wll) Also 5 =1 20 kQ =I x 20 x 10% 5 10° or 5 ti) 20x 10° 4 From (j) and (i), wehave 1? _ 110 4 2 kQ+R ‘On solving, R=420 ka (@): Here, G= 100 ©, §=0.19, 1, = 100 10-*A, 5 Ait d-iph rato BT PHYSics FOR YOU |av"is 63 As, 1,G=(I-1,)$=15-1,$ -Js(G +9) _ (10010) x 100 +0.1) s = 100.1 x 10 8 (d): As a ao41)yla -as-a(2 4) a f=20em When plane surface is silvered, f =10em. 22 9, (@):In this problem superficial expansion of copper sheet will be involved on heating, Here, area of hole at 27°C, 5, Ea.) ea? If D, emis the diameter of the hole at 227°C, then area of the hole at 227°C, 5-22 om? Coefficient of superficial expansion of copper is B=20 F (a.2ay [1 +84 10° x (227 -27)] 4.24)? 1.0068 D,=4,2544 om Change in diamete —D,= 4.2544 424 0144 em = 1.44 « 107 em 33 10. (b): As 2 = 0.66 m = 66m, ‘This tube is closed at one end. The length of the tube resonating are A SA Sh 7h errs and soon 7 -115.5.m, But the 7 harmonic needs a length greater than the tube length, ‘There will be three resonances, as the length of the tube is only one meter. 11. (0): Efficiency (1) of a Carnot engine is given by % 1 } source and T, is the temperature of the sink. where T, is the temperature of the 64 pass Fon YoU | vs Here, T; = 500K, n = 50% Now, temperature) = Ty =400K 12. (b): Let x be the distance of point from the centre of earth where gravitational intensity is zero. Therefore, GM, GM, x (385x108 — x)? ——— 3.85x10°—x \M,, or 59x10" _ 7.35% 10 or tee 385x10" y= 93.85% 108 10 Distance from moor or =347x10" m 85 x 1083.47 x 108 8x 107 m 15, (0); Let hy, fy be the height of mercury and water layersin the vessel. Let A be the area of cross-section of the vessel. Since their weights are equal so (Axh) x 13.6% g= (AX In) x1 xg or hy= 13.6) Given, hy +h, =29.2 y+ 13.6 = 29.2 or hy=2em Iig= 13.6% 2=27.2.cm Total pressure exerted by mercury and water on the bottom of vessel =hy x 13.6% y+ hy x Ixy = (2x 13.6 x 980 + 27.2 1 x 980) dyne 272 22407 =242=4emof Hg 14. (@): Here, [a] = LT2= a? iT ient of friction, = BER M°L'T® i, dimensionless Now, aff! = Lory! =1, which is dimensionless. 15, (a): R= Yt = BS 02 ¥, X, sob = 2mvi= i= 13 - 1, 10 dmv = 12.50 or 25 9251 X} = 2m x v' = 0.25 x 40=10 0 Impedance of the circuit, z= (20K) =Vi0'=108 = 12.0 vt _100v2 Z 1ov2 (c): Specific charge of electron, Current = 10A 16. ~218x10"C kg? nm 8 Maximum kinetic energy of photoelectrons mmo _ (210°? 20 2x1.8x10" 17. (a): Number of particles emitted per second, aN aan at Number of particles emitted in 1 hour aN = an x3600= A x 3600 aN 3600= =3.72.x 10" x 3600 Energy of all particles = 4.2 x 102 J Energy of one particle 42x10" 1 =x ev 3.7236 x10" 1.610" = 19.6 MeV 18. (d): A galvanometer can be converted into a voltmeter of given range by connecting a suitable resistance R in series of galvanometer, which is given by Rav I; Here, V=100V) J,=10 mA= 10 109A G=259, = 1005 10107 = 10,000 - 25 = 9975.2 19. (o): Effective upward force, F=310- mg =310-24 x9.8=74.8N 21. 22, 24. Upward acceleration 48 m4 312ms? 1 Ar-310N AS s=ut+sal? 2 46=0+4%3.12%0 2 46 36 B95 =175 (b): Since there is no external force acting on gun bullet system, hence 7, py 2 + K-2or ket 2m im ", M28 ox. m, 50g. 1 Now total energy, or 2.95 4 mg or t= and K, = 2050 ~ 2000 = 50 J. (b): According to theorem of parallel axes, moment of inertia of a rod about one of its ends _MP MP _ Mi BR 4 3 Moment of inertia of two rods about Z-axis = Moment of inertia of 2 rods placed along X and _2MP Yeaxis (b): Let the minimum amplitude of SHM is a. Restoring force on spring, F= ka Restoring force is balanced by weight mg of block. For mass to execute simple harmonic motion of amplitude a, ka= mg ms k Here, m=2kg, k= 200 N m4, g=10m 2x10_ 10 10 0 Tq = 799 = 1eM=1.Em Hence, minimum amplitude of the motion should bbe 10 cm, so that the mass gets detached from the pan. ro) (b): 0 = BA cos# = Bir?) cos 0° ap = anon” Sh = aman le PHysics FOR YOU |av"is 65 104 x (2 2x 10%) x2 x 10% 2nx10°V=3.20nV 25. (c): For a real age (on wall), the minimum distance between the object and image formed by the convex lens should be four times the focal lens, Maximum focal lengtn of the convex lens is Aye =3.M y oti At logic gate I, the Boolean expression is, BC At logic gate IL, the Boolean expression is A+(B-C) At ogic gate MM, the Boolean expression is Y=A+(B-C) 27. (a): Let wbe the velocity when it hits the ground. Then from v= 1+ 2as, e+ 2g x10 = y+ 29.8 x10 ie, B= 02+ 196 Let 0” be the velocity after impact and it reaches: the same height 10 m, v= 0=2%98% 10-196 = v'=14ms", Ratio of kinetic energy before impact and after impact Vine? > 2m 2 mt» Tyo? vt 196 v2 =2x196-196=196 = v=14ms7 (a): Here, mass of copper block, mt =2.5 kg = 2500 g, Fall in temperature, AT™= 500-0 = 500°C Specific heat of copper, s = 0.39 J g! K* Latent heat of fusion of ice, L= 335] g* Let the mass of ice melted be n According to principle of calorimetry, Heat gained by ice ~ Heat lost by copper iL = msAT nv =1SAT _ 2500%0.39 x 500 L 335 =1455g = 15 kg 29. (b) 30. (a): Given figure shows that current I leads the voltage V by a phase angle 2/4. Therefore, the circuit can be RC circuit alone. 66 pass FoR YoU | v4 31. 32, 33. Ai) (Using When R=1kQ= 10° 1 10° (b): The speed acquired by block, on account of collision of bullet with it, be oy ms. Since the block rises by 0.1 m, hence C=—2=10° F = 10 pF 28 = =2xgx01ory=v2ms™ Now as per conservation of momentum law for collision between bullet and block, mu = mo + Mbiy o4 M = ven“ mm = (500 ~200V2) m (): Let T,, Ts be the time period of shorter length and longer length pendulums respectively. AS per question, n= (a-1Pr so, n2n, fe 8 oF a(n = (n= 6 Hence, 51 =6 Hence, after 5 oscillations they will be in same phase. (b): Let the frequency of standard fork =x 102 97 Vy = Fog a= Tap * “100 100 Number of beats s7 m2, 97 100" 100 12m | 6 or The most comprehensive question bank books that you cannot afford to ignore Pere 26 200 250 pages 26 Years’ Physics, Chemistry & Biology contain not only chapter-wise questions that have appeared over the last 26 years in CBSE’s PMT, but also full solutions, that too by experts, Needless to say, these question banks are essential for any student to compete successfully in AIPMT. More so since almost 50% of questions in AIPMT are from previous years. HIGHLIGHTS: Chapter-wise questions of last 25 years’ (2012-1988) of CBSE-PMIT Chapter-wise segregation of questions to help you assess the level of effort required to succeed + Fully solved questions of NEET 2013 included Scan now ith your ‘An unmatched question bank series with close to 1,000 pageshaving _—_smaniphane ortabit? detailed solutions by experts RE gener Eh toy iru Available at all leading book shaps throughout the country. For more information or for help in placing your order: Call 0124-4951200 or email info@mtg.in “Application to read QR codes required PHYSICS FOR YOU |nay'\s 67. ae 36. 37. 38. 39, x 120=122.4 Hz 0 (0: For carbondioxide, number of moles, aot wD molar specific heat of CO, at constant volume, Cy =3R. cy i For oxygen, number of moles y= 20 =>, Molar BR 2 32° 2 specific heat of O, at constant volume C,, Let TK be the temperature of mixture. Heat lost by Oz= Heat gained by CO, mC, AT:= CAT, 1(2a}on0-n-!xo44r-ap 1830 ~ST'= 67-1800 T= 304.54 K=31.5°C (a): Band gap = Energy of photon of wavelength 2480 nm 66x10 310° “2 2480% 107 x 1.610 3) (b): The radius of curvature of silvered face is given by Pea] 1 or eas-0(2) or R=10em eV 05eV ‘The rays refracted at the unsilvered face will be incident along the radius of the silvered face. So, the virtual image formed by the lens is at the centre of curvature of the silvered face. As R = 10 cm. 80, Solving, we get, «= 2 =5em (q); When there are two turns in the coil, length of wire I= 2x 2nr, L an HoNy _ 2ngl _ 24h 1 an ART When there are four turns in the coil, prysies FoR YoU | 4 41. a2. 1=4x2mr, HyNol 2 Abo! * 18x z= (©: Here, R = X, = X- ( voltage across them is same) Total voltage in the circuit, Va TR + (X, When capacitor is st jon ene Z (W+x})? VaR Potential ropa across inductance = IX, =IR= By (a): For the balloon, a= 4.9 ms, 25,u=0, Now, s=ut+dar? 2 s-04 2 x4a@y=98m This is the height from where stone is dropped. Upward velocity of stone, p=utat=0+49%2=98mst The stone will move up till its velocity = 0. From, = 12 = 2as 0- (0.8 =2(-9.8) ss =4.9m Maximum height above the ground asts'=98+49=147m (a): According to law of conservation of linear momentum, mo = (M + mV mo or Orem K.E. of the system after collision = Ho +myv> leat mf _im_) =} (ow? ae mae) (M+) Biya? boro? Loss of KE, = 5-3 Oy mo? | Mt m=m]__ mM" “2 Mem | M+m (0): Here, M=2.9 kg, [= 50 em =0.5 m m= 100g =0.1 kg, w= 150 ms", @ = 60° If v is combined velocity at A, then from the principle of conservation of linear momentum, (M+ mye = me = = 1 sms M+m 29401 Height gained in going from A to B, Ih=1(1 = cos6) = 0.5(1 = c0s60") = 0.25 m Now, KE. at B=K.E. at A-(M+ m)gh ™ date moi = jot + mo —(M+ mg 0h = 0} -2gh =? ~2x 9.80.25 = 20.1 mi (M+ my Tension at B= 2+ (M+m)gcos@ 3x20 0. +3x98%5 =1953N 44. (@): Here, m, = 10kg, m= 4 kg a-Mms", 10% 144420 _ : ber lms (a): On the surface of earth, the force on a mass of Lkgis GM | GMI «49 y R When the radius of the satellite, r=3 R/2, the force ‘on the satellite is pe GM _ GM x 100 2 Re PF G/2PR : deeds =444x10? N (a): Initial height of CG. Final height of C.. Increase in height Work done 45. r= 46. 100.06) =3) 47. (os Here, F=63) Vm! ‘The magnitude of Bis ml 630m) ott T Bis along y-direction and the wave propagates along x-axis. Therefore 8 should be in a direction perpendicular to both x and y-axes. Using vector algebra Ex B should be along x-direction. Since (+9) (+k) =7,B is along z-direction, Thus 1x10 kT 48. (d): Here, V,=2V, R,= 2k, R= 15kQ, B=200 v, _ oR, Ay = B= Bee V,R;_2Vx15kQ 0075 V 50. Let T be the tension in the string and a is acceleration of the system of two masses. Their equations of motion are mya = mgsin30° — T wo ma = T= mgsin30” Ai) ‘Adding (i) and (i), we get (+ maa (m, ~ mg NU (40+ 30)a=(40-30)9.8%4 49 2 2 -07ms From (ii), T= mga + maging? 49 =3007 +30«98% 4 =214147=168N Consider an element of length dr on AB at a distance x from XY. Force on the element is ap =o 21, sey = Halt Total force on ABis 1) Ho te _ Holila Fo Shh J = Hot ng in - PHYSICS FOR YOU |av'is 69 1. When a rubber-band is stretched by a distance 2, it exerts a restoring force of magnitude F = ax-+ bx where @ and & are constants. The work done in stretching the unstretched rubber-band by L is afal? | BL Deo Ajal mr [2+ bL @ x ats, OF 142 3) al? bie © Slee +01) oe 2. The coercivity of a small magnet where the ferromagnet gets demagnetized is 3 x 10° A m7. The current required to be passed in a solen of length 10 em and number of turns 100, so that the magnet gets demagnetized when inside the solenoid, is (@) 6A (b) 30mA (©) 60mA (Ad) 3A 3. Ina large building, there are 15 bulbs of 40 W, 5 bulbs of 100 W, 5 fans of 80 W and 1 heater of RW. The voltage of the electric mains is 220 V. The minimum capacity of the main fuse of the building will be @) WA &) 8A (© 1A @ 2A 4, An open glass tube is immersed in mercury in such a way thata length of 8 cm extends above the mercury level. The open end of the tube is then. closed and sealed and the tube is raised vertically up by additional 46 cm, What will be length of the air column above mercury in the tube now? (Atmospheric pressure = 76 em of Hg) (a) 6cm (b) 16cm () 2am (@) 38cm 5. Abob of mass m attached to an inextensible string of length I is suspended from a vertical support. The bob rotates in a horizontal circle with an angular speed w rad s about the vertical. About the point of suspension (a) angularmomentum changes both in direction and magnitude. 70. PHYSICS FOR YOU | Ya" "i4 Solved Paper 2014 JEE MAIN (©) angular momentum is conserved. (©) angular momentum changes in magnitude but not in direction, (4) angular momentum changes in direction but not in magnitude. The current voltage relation of diode is given by 1 = ('™ ¥4) mA, where the applied voltage V is in volts and the temperature T is in degree Kelvin. If a student makes an error measuring + 0.01 V while measuring the current of 5 mA at 300 K, what will be the error in the value of current in mA? (@) 0.05 ma. (©) 0.02ma From a tower of height #1, a particle is thrown vertically upwards with a speed i. The time taken by the particle, to hit the ground, is r times that taken by it to reach the highest point of its path. The relation between H, 1 and n is fa) gl (b) 23H © gH=(n-2)? ~— (d) 2gH=mrn-2) A thin convex lens made from crown glass (b) 0.2mA (d) 05mA ic 3)as focal length f. When it is measured in two different liquids having refractive indices Gand 3, it has the focal lengths f, and fy, respectively. The correct relation between the focal lengths is, (a) frand f; both become negative ) iris (©) f> and fbecomes negative (a) > Fand f becomes negative A parallel plate capacitor is made of two circular plates separated by a distance of 5 mm and with a dielectric of dielectric constant 2.2 between them, When the electric field in the dielectric is 10. 1. 2 13. 3 x 10* V/m, the charge density of the positive plate will be close to (a) 6x 10° C/m? (b) 6x 10°? C/m? (co) 3% 107 C/m? (a) 3x10 C/m? In the circuit shown here, the point’‘C’is kept connected to point “A” till the current flowing, through the — circuit becomes constant. Afterward, suddenly, point’C’isdisconnected from. point’A’andconnectedto point’B’attimet=0.Ratio of the voltage across resistance and the inductor at # = L/R will be equal to Ie @ ol (@) 41 ‘Two beams, A and B, of plane polarized light with mutually perpendicular planes of polarization are seen through a polaroid. From the position when the beam 4 has maximum intensity (and beam B has zero intensity), a rotation of polaroid through 30° makes the two beams appear equally bright. If the initial intensities of the two beams are I, and ) FT Jy respectively, then & equals ls &) 3 @1 @) © NieolHs There is a circular tube in a vertical plane. Two liquids which do not mix and of is densities dy and dy are filled in the tube, Each liquid subtends 90° angle at centre, Radius joining their interface makes an angle with vertical, Ratio “Lis 5 I+sina L+sina © qRcosa ©) qo eina 1+cos I+tano © Rees © ance ‘The pressure that has to be applied to the ends of a steel wire of length 10 em to keep its length constant when its temperature is raised by 100°C is (For steel Young's modulus is 2x 10"! N m? and coefficient of thermal expansion is 1.1 x 10°K™") (a) 2.2 10°Pa (b) 22% 10°Pa (co) 2.2x10°Pa (d) 22x 107 Pa 14. A block of mass m is placed on a surface with 3 a vertical cross section given by y=*—. If the coefficient of friction is 0.5, the maximin height above the ground at which the block can be placed without slipping is 1 1 2 @5™ bw e™ © 5 15. Three rods of Copper, Brass and Steel are welded together to form a Y-shaped structure. Area of cross-section of each rod = 4 cm?, End of copper rod is maintained at 100° C where as ends of brass and steel are kept at 0°C. Lengths of the copper, brass and steel rods are 46, 13 and 12 cms: respectively. The rods are thermally insulated from surroundings except at ends, Thermal conductivities of copper, brass and steel are 0.92, 0.26 and 0.12 CGS units respectively. Rate of heat flow through copper rod is (a) 60cal’s (b) 12 cal’s (©) 24 calls (d) 48 cal/s 1 @ 3m 16. A mass ‘mn’ is supported by a massless string wound around a uniform hollow cylinder of mass mi m and radius R. If the siting does not slip on the cylinder, with what Ly acceleration will the mass ao fall on release? (a 2g £ bg os wo oF wf 17, Match List-I (Electromagnetic wave type) with List-II (ts association/application) and select the correct option from the choices given below the lists (List Lista P Infrared waves | (i) To treat muscular strain Q Radio waves | (ii) | For broadcasting Ro X-rays (iii) To detect fracture | of bones S | Ultraviolet rays | (iv) | Absorbed by the ozone layer of the atmosphere Pp s f@) «) (iv) (©) Gv) @ © @ (ii) @) Gi) Gy pursies FoR ou| vais 74 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. n ‘The radiation corresponding to3 +2 transition of hydrogen atom falls on a metal surface to produce photoelectrons. These electrons are made to enter a magnetic field of 3 x 10+ T. If the radius of the largest circular path followed by these electrons, is 10.0 mm, the work function of the metal is close to (a) L60V (b) 18eV (© Lev (@) 08ev During the propagation of electromagnetic waves, inamedium (a) Both eleciric and magnetic energy densities are zero. (b) Electric energy density is double of the magnetic energy density. (©) Electric energy density is half of the magnetic energy density. (d) Electric energy density is equal to the magnetic energy density. A green light is incident from the water to the air~ water interface at the critical angle (@). Select the correct statement. (a) The entire spectrum of visible light will come out of the water at various angles to the normal. (b) The entire spectrum of visible light will come out of the water at an angle of 90° to the normal. (©). The spectrum of visible ight whose frequency is less than that of green light will come out to the air medium. (a) The spectrum of visible light whose frequency is more than that of green light will come out to the air medium, Four particles, each of mass M and equidistant from each other, move along, a circle of radius R under the action of their mutual gravitational attraction. The speed of each particle is = 1 (GM, IGM. @ > cite) b) VR GM © ae ‘A particle moves with simple harmonic motion in a straight line. In first t5, after starting from rest it travels a distance a, and in next ts it travels 2a, in same direction, then (a) time period of oscillations is 6 (b) amplitude of motion is 32 (0) time period of oscillations is 8 (d) amplitude of motion is 4a SM a+ ava) puvsies FoR ou | 8 23, Aconductor lies along the z-axis at -1.52< 1.5m and carriesa fixed currentof 10.0 Ain ~azdirection (sce figure). For a field B=3.0x104¢e%* ay T, find the power required to move the conductor at constant speed tox = 2.0 m, y= 0m in 5x 10" s, ‘Assume parallel motion along the x-axis, (@) 22W (b) 1s7W (© 297W (@) 485 ‘The forward biased diode connection is 2, 42V @ StH #2, —2V ©) St 3; av © Di @ 2 av Hydrogen ()H'), Deuterium (;H?), singly ionised Helium (He')" and doubly ionised lithium GLI‘) all have one electron around the nucleus. Consider an electron transition from n = 2 to n= 1. If the wave lengths of emitted radiation are dh ha hy and Ay respectively then approximately which one of the following is correct? (2) Ay=2g=325=4hy (b) hy = Zao (©) Ai=2a=2is=hy (A) Ia 26. On heating water, bubbles being formed at the bottom of the vessel detatch and rise. Take the bubbles to be spheres of radius R and making a circular contact of radius r with the bottom of p the vessel. If r<< R, and the coo surface tension of water is T, a value of rust before bubbles detatch is (density of water is py.) Bp, 24. Dg =dy da Mes = hg @ R t (b) Rr? w weyeus @ Re 27. A pipe of length 85 cm is closed from one end. Find the number of possible natural oscillations of air column in the pipe whose frequencies lie below 1250 Hz. The velocity of sound in air is 40m st @4 wR 8 We 28. Assume that an electric field E = 30x77 exists in space. Then the potential difference Vy — Vo where Vo is the potential at the origin and V the potential at x=2 mis (@) 80} (b) 120J (©) -120J (a) -80J 29. Astudent measured the length of a rod and wrote it as 3.50 cm. Which instrument did he use to measure it? (a) A screw gauge having 50 divisions in the circular scale and pitch as 1 mm. (b) Ameter scale. (©) A vernier calliper where the 10 divisions in vernier scale matches with 9 division in main scale and main scale has 10 divisions in 1 em. (a) A screw gauge having 100 divisions in the circular scale and pitch as 1 mm, 30. One mole of diatomic ideal as "undergoes "a" cyclic TB process “ABC as shown in os figure. The process BC is P| adiabatic. The temperatures oy at A, B and C are | 4 400 K, 800 K and 600 K [40K respectively. Choose the correct statement (a) The change in internal energy in the process BC is ~ 500 R. (b) The change in internal energy in whole eyclic process is 250 R. (9) The change in internal energy in the process, CAis 700K (d) The change in internal energy in the process, AB is ~350 R EO 1. (d): Restoring force, F=ax + bx? Work done in stretching the rubber-band by a small amount dv is given by dW = Fax Net work done in stretching the rubber-band by. Lis we faw = ft ° \ = Weforsneas 0 2 ps = we we 2°33 2 (a): Here, 2 =3x10°A mt Ho L=10cm=0.1 m, N=100,!=? As, B=wynt=ny Nr (a): Power of 15 bulbs of 40 W = 15 x 40= 600 W Power of 5 bulbs of 100 W = 5x 100= 500 W Power of 5 fan of 80 W = 5 x 80~ 400 W Power of | heater of 1 kW = 1000 W Total power, P= 600 + 500 + 400 + 1000 500 W When these combination of bulbs, fans and heater are connected to 220 V mains, current in the main fuse of building is given by P2500, Vv 220 $11.36 A=12A (by = When glass tube is open, pressure inside it= Py When the open end of glass tube is closed then pressure inside it =P’ P’= Py pax @ Work done in case I= Work done in case II Now, PoA(8) = P’A(SA—3) = Pol8)= (Po pgx)(S4-x) =2 pgt76\(8) = pgt76~x)(64~2) = 76(8)=(76-x)(54—2) On solving x = 38 em Therefore, air column = 54-38 = 16 cm [using ()) (a): tng) = mg x Isin0 Direction of torque by weight is parallel to the plane of rotation of the particle. F Asis perpendicular to the angular momentum of the bob so the magnitude of angular momentum remains same but "8 direction changes. (b): As, f= (e871) ma mAat T=300K ov wo i Here, a pusies For vou] ya's 73 Sa (eltOvit _1y 5 fawn. 6 maa. Differentiating eqn. (i), we get a= (me Vigy 1000 = 8 (60.01) =0.2mA 399 (00.00) m 7. (d); Time taken by the particle to reach, the top most point is, tot ell) 8 Time taken by the paticle to reach t H the ground = nt ap + at 2 Using, He senyLeto 2 > -H wl 2} 49(4) [using (i)] 8 > -2gH 2m? nu? => 2gH= mn ~2) 8 (:Given p= Z(crown glass) and focal length = Focal length = f, when lens is placed in liquid of refractive index jy = 4 Focal length = f, when lens is placed in liquid of refractive index jt =5 Using Lens maker's formula : Here, K= 2.2. B=3x 10*V mt Electric field between the parallel plate capacitor with dielectric, o om ‘74. PHYSICS FOR YoU | May "14 10. nL. 2B. 3 o= Keo = 2.28.85 x 10773 x 104 6x10 Cm a): Initially current in the circuit = Ip 4 After time f current falls 3 tonew value. ee) Voltage drop across the resistance, Vg= IR = Vee oi) Voltage across the inductor, at, flo ers y, =u 1-4, ne [ 7 Vin afyRe t= vee From eqn (i) and eqn (i) YR v, (ii) (a): When a polaroid rotated through 30° with respect to beam A, then beam B is at 60° with it So, 14 08730” = Ig cos760° 3)_,(1)\4 > ulg}u(G-4 sina. Pressure exerted due to liquid of density dy at the point A P) = Py+dyg(DE) "+ dig(OE - OD) = Py+digR(coscr— sina) Pressure exerted due to liquid of density da at the point A Pz = Pq + d:g(AC) = Po dag(BC + OF) 0+ dag [since + cose), As system is in equilibrium, P, => Pp+dygR(coso.—sino) = dy(coso.— ») + dag(sincs + cose.) net) = ea{sinee+ cost) 5 sina teosa _ 1+ tana d, cosa-sina I-tana (b): Given, AT= 100°C, Y=2x 10! Nm? a=11x105K" Thermal strain in the wire = «AT [As T=h(1+aA7)] Thermal stress in rod is the pressure due to the Required pressure = YoAT 2x10! x11 x10 x 100 =2.2« 108 Pa. EXPLORER 13 years Solved Papers J with detailed Sa Solutions | EXPLORER A Paros caewstey wariewancs. ag Send DD/MO in favour of MTG Books. Available at all leading bookshops throughout the country. ey EYEE orl Contry lubed si www.mtg.in. throughout India PHYSICS FOR YOU| avs 75 14. (b): lock is under limiting friction, so w= tand wi) Y Equation of the surface, ge% » dy (ii) Slope, ~ y 2 OPS he as From eqns (i) and (ii), we get : Here, heat flow per second 100°C through the copper rod_ is cu divided into two parts at the © junction and that flow in two aes different rods made upofbrass_ a and steel as shown in figure. ad Q-Q1+Q oe oe 100-T _T-0,T-0 Re 8 where R = ao0-7) & lo Ue ‘) 0.92 0.26, 0.12 = 100-9 rf + } 13 12 = 16. (0): Here, string is ing over pulley. a= Ro, Applying Newton's second T law on hanging block mg -T= ma (i) r Torque on cylinder due to J: tension in string about the fixed point = mR? for hollow cylinder) oii) [Using eqn. ()] From eqns (ii) and (iii) mg=2ma > a= 2 17. (a): Infrared waves are used to treat muscular strain. Radio waves are used for broadcasting. 76 PHYSICS FOR YOU | May "14 18. 19. 20. 21. X-rays are used to defect fracture of bones. Ultraviolet rays are obserbed by the ozone layer of the atmosphere. (@: Radius of a charged particle moving in a constant magnetic field is given by =0.80eV Energy of photon corresponding transition from. orbit 3 2 in hydrogen atom. is 11), cane -4)=1 890V Using Einstein photoelectric equation. Emax +8 > 189-0849 = O-109~11eV (@): In an em wave, energy is equally divided between the electric and the magnetic fields. (0: As, sind=4 iH Also refractive index (jt) of air the medium depends on the oe wavelength of the light. u is less for the greater wavelength (ie. lesser frequency). So, @ will be more for lesser frequency of light. Hence, the spectrum of visible light whose frequency is less than that of green light will come out to the air medium. (a); As shown in figure, each mass experiences three forces namely F, Fand F” Here, F = force between two masses at R separation. F’= force between two masses y at 2R separation. As the alll particle move in the circular path of radius R due to their mutual gravitational attraction, Then net force on mass mm = mass x centripetal acceleration. F a F = tet am (from figure) v2 V2 R 2, V2GmnP Gm? _rmo® ait om 9 RRP aR = Gm a 1 [may ny inf 144) Sey td \s the particle starts from rest so we choose = Acasa 321 wa A-3a When f= 2, x 2 (Axa)=Acoswt . (i) and (A ~3a) = Acos2ure= A(2cos"wt — 1) : - Aza) _ = aay eal =) | 4 Now, A-a= Acoset 23. (©): Force on conductor, P= 17% B) S F=10(-38)xB0x104e Ay) =F =90x 104 ("™) along x-axis Work done on the conductor in moving along 12 axis, W= f Bed 0 2 =90x104 J e*dx = 90107 0 ot = wevonae] ot), 02 Average Power, p, = Mork time p, -20x10-e™ -1) 5x10 x (0.2) 24. (b): a ae In forward bias, p-side of diode is at higher potential with respect to the potential of n-side. = => Py 2.97 W. 25. (dd: Here, m and 1 are same in each case and R is constant 14 5 , ra age oh Ls = 9h 26. (2): Force due to surface tension = fratsine =(Psinoyft =1(5}eann 27. 29. 30. This force will balance the force of buoyancy. 4 So, Team| £]=py(4nk*}s 1222 Pu8 3 T * None of given option is correct. (d): Here, [= 85 cm = 0.85 m v=340ms" Pipe is closed from one end so it behaves as a closed organ pipe. Frequencies in the closed organ pipe is given by, (Qn-1)0 4l According to question, »<1250 Hz (25!)e =f>0 forevery x. rae : Forx=0, f=s2 Hence for x = 0, system will behave like a glass plate 2 @: Impulse change in momentum, P= 50 s Velocity along vertical direction Psin60° _50sin60° ans 53 mst 82 PHYSICS FOR YOU | May "14 Velocity along horizontal direction, = Pcos6? _S0cos60” ma 1 ey 5 Time of flight, P= Pxr _ 50x0.2%5 (d); Frictional force between ground and sphere, FE fe 5 As, . eymy > Pe Zt The maximum value of F= Z ung (©); Angular acceleration, a= % Time taken to stop rotation, ¢, = 2 Linear acceleration, a= ~ 11g Time taken to stop translation, # fst Hence disc will return to initial point. (b): The magnetic field due to two wires at P Contd. on page no, 87 Dealing problems in optics, when optical image is formed by the systems/system of optical elements, ‘on the object itself. These situations can be result of generally retracing of the path of the light and other due to non bending of the light while travelling through the optical media. How these problems are to be tackled with, here are some of the optical concepts to deal with such type of problems. 1. _ Inthe case of refraction through the single curved surface, the situation can be little interesting. If the light is refracting through the single refracting, surface from the denser to the rarer medium, the optical formula is, Hr Wh-H2) Jeads to Ha 4H = =H) sue OR =e) GER) Solution for this is when 1: = R. Thus the object and the image coincide when the object in this case is kept at the centre of curvature. > My Fora transparent lens, which is not polished from any of the side, such attempt to make the image on itself isnot possible as 11.1 it give hae aay a, which is not possible as an optical lens do have some power of convergence or divergene. 2. In the case of concave mirror, as the light here can retrace the path itselfand 2+ 1 will give vw 8 1 f 14 =u 1 BIT Which leads tou R mt SOLVING T. OPTICAL IMAGE FORMATION AT OBJECT ITSELF CTICS “By : Sameer Gupta ‘Thus, it is clear from both the points I and 2 that for the single refracting surfaces and for the concave mirrors, the object and the image will coincide with each other if w= R. But here along with it, itis interesting to note that, in the case of diverging mirror the situation might seems to be same, but how can one place a real object on the centre of curvature of such mirror? ‘Thus the situation is much valid for the virtual objects. Or the convex mirror may work with) other optical element to make the light get back through the same path. Retracing from the other optical elements cax also be done, with the help of mirror used at the end of the various transparent optical elements train. Here different types of mirrors can play a different role for the image formation on object itself. 1. A plane mirror only retraces the light when the light is incident normally on the plane mirror, Hence it is clear that in these type of optical situations the light coming out from the last transparent optical element should come out in such a way that it simply strikes normally the plane mirror surface << |) 2. In the optical situation where, the last optical element is a convex mirror, the light from the “Rigved Study Circle, Dhaki Road, Pathankot- 145001 (Punjab) PHYSICS FOR YOU | \(2Y'14 83 various transparent elements, when oozes out from the system, should be targeted convergence along the centre of curvature R of the convex mirror. If the distance of the last transparent element from this mirror is x, hence the last transparent element should be beamed at x + R <= ()) | Oe 3, For the light to be retraced from the surface of the concave mirror, at the last of the optical elements, the beam is first made to converge at the centre of curvature, before to strike at the surface of concave mirror. If the distance of the last transparent element from this mirror is x, hence the last transparent element should be beamed at xR C AYfe] RUT 5 BIOLOGY ‘tedlay ‘MATHEMATICS aay val ; v 4 So EYEE A) Volumes of the following years are available: Physics For You 2013, 2012, 2011, 2040, 2008, 2006 Chemistry Today 2013, 2011, 2010,2009, 2008, 2006 : a Mathematics Today y v 2013, 2042, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008 Biology Today 2013, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007, 2006, 2005 of your favourite magazines Price : %300 for each volume POSTAGE FREE! How to order : Send money by demand draftimoney ‘order. Demand Draft should be drawn in favour of MTG Learning Media (P) Ltd Mention the volume you require longywith yourname and adress. ‘Mail your order to : Cireulation Manage MTG Leeming Media (?) Ltd. Prot 99, Secor 44 Institutional Aree, Gurgaon, (HR) Te: (0124) 4951200 Ermal:info@rntgin Web : worwntgin PHYSICS FOR YOU | \(2Y "14 85 YQU ASKED WE ANSWERED Do you have a question that you just can’t get answered? Use the vast expertise of our mtg team to get to the bottom ‘of the question. From the serious tothe sill, the controversial to the trivial, the team will tackle the questions, easy and tough. ‘The best questions and their solutions will be printed in this column each month, Q1. What causes thunder, and why can the sounds of thunder be anything from a nerve-racking clap to a drawn-out roll? ~ Anjali Singh (New Det) ‘The primary source of sound in thunder is the shock wave produced by the lightning, which is an electric discharge. The lightning’s huge current runs between cloud and ground (or between cloud and cloud) in a narrow channel with a radius of only a few centimetres. Within the channel, electrons are removed from air molecules by the huge electric field set up by charges on the ground and in the cloud. The freed electronsare then accelerated by theelectric field and collide with air molecules, transferring their acquired energy to molecules. Because the gas of these molecules is then quite hot (the temperature may be 30,000 K), the gas expands. This process occurs so quickly that the channel of hot gas initially expands much faster than speed of sound, which sends a shock wave of abrupt pressure variations into the surrounding air, producing the sound of thunder. If you are standing close to the lighting, you hear a terrifyingly loud crack as the shock wave sweeps past your ears. If you are farther away, you first hear sound from the nearest part of the Strike and then you hear sound from portions of the sirike that are higher or father from you. However, because the sound waves have spread out, this delayed sound may not be loud enough to terrify you. You probably will also hear reflections of the sound off hills, buildings, ground, and even clouds. These effects draw out the thunder into a roll. You might hear a musical note if you are near lighting that consists of several rapid discharges, If the sound pulses from the discharges are closely spaced, you don't perceive them individually but instead perceive them as being part of a note. For example, if the time Ans. 86 pass FoR YoU | v4 @. Ans. between successive pulses is 0.001 second, then you perceive sound with a frequency of 10.001 = 1000 hertz, If the lighting is more than about 20 kilometres from you, may not hear any thunder. As the sound travels through the air, it is refracted (its pathisbent) by changesin airtemperature (hotter airis less dense than cooler air, and such density changes can bend the path taken by the sound), Because the air is typically cooler at cloud level thanatground level, thesound traveling towards you from distant lightning is bent up and away from you. However, in some thunderstorms, the air near the ground happens to be cooler than the higher air, a situation called a temperature inversion. During an inversion, sound from a lightning strike that is initially headed upward can be bent down, Worse, sometimes the sound emitted from various parts of a lightning strike can be focused (concentrated) in your direction Why are ice cubes cloudy, and is there any way to make clear (transparent) ice cubes? = Neha Gupta (UP) Iceiscloudy becauselightscatters fromstructures and materials inside the ice. Some of the material can be impurities that are concentrated by the freezing process. For example, as it advances into the water, the freezing process drives impurities info the liquid next to the interface of the liquid and the ice and forces dissolved air to form bubbles there. As the freezing advances and drives more air into these bubbles, the bubbles become longer and surrounded by ice. ‘Thus, long wormholes (hollows) extend toward the centre of the cube. The liquid-ice interface can advance only by conducting thermal energy from the interface to the surface of the cube, where it can be removed by cold air, The distance required of this conduction grows longer as the interface advances and so the advance slows. Thus, wormboles are typically wider near the centre of a cube (where the advance is slow) than near the surface (where the advance is faster). Some wormholes vary in radius because the freezer cycles between being on and off. Ice made from a brine (salty) solution can show more complex air bubbles that made form tap water. Under ideal conditions, they can form tiny spirals or zigzag patterns. To make clear ice, distilled water can be used to avoid impurities and the water can be boiled for about 15 minutes to eliminate most of the dissolved air. ~ Poonam Sha OP) 03. When the smoke rising from a campfire is viewed against a dark background such as surrounding trees, it is tinted blue, but when it is seen against a bright background such as the sky, it is tinted yellow, red, or orange.Why do the colours differ in the two viewing situations? —_ syeejx (Kerala) . The smoke particles from the campfire are small enough that they scatter the blue end of the spectrum more strongly than the red end. So, the light continuing in the original direction weakens in blue and becomes yellow, red, or orange, If you view the smoke against a dark background, the light source must be behind you (it might be the Sun or a bright portion of the sky). Blue light scatters in your direction. If you view the smoke against a bright sky, that portion of the sky is the light source. You then intercept light that has become depleted in blue after passing through the smoke, thus the light is dominated by the red end of the spectrum. PA VETEMUSING conta. fom page no. 82 7. (0): By law of conservation of linear momentum mu = nro-+ MV eli) where t= mass of bullet M=mass of block 1 velocity of bullet before collision w= velocity of bullet after collision V = velocity of block after collision By law of conservation of energy gi paw? = Vay 2gi=V2x98xO1 V-14mst Puting in equation (i), we get 500 x 0,01 = 0.010 + 2(1.4) 8. (@: Loss in kinetic energy during head on 1f_mM_).2 2\m+M 1 mM, collision qt ena 2\ Mem 2(M + m)AE Mn = A+ Bx’. dx(A+ Bx?) 9, (b): Mass per unit length of the rod So the mass of length dx is dM Q4. When an automobile driver steps on the accelerator, the nose of the car moves upward. When the driver brakes, the nose moves downward. Why do these effects occur? = Rajener (Pune) ‘Ans, When the driver steps on the accelerator, there is an increased force on the tires from the roadway. This force is parallel to the roadway and directed toward the front of the automobile. This force provides a torque that tends to cause the car to rotate in the clockwise direction around the centre of mass of the car. ‘The result of this rotation is a “nosing up” the ‘When the driver steps on the brake, there is an increased force on the tires from the roadw directed toward the rear of the automobile. This force results in a torque that causes a counterclockwise rotation and the subsequent “nosing down” of the atomobile, aE mL -f Gn{ 4-0 ae ~Gn| 4 se sat a ke a a+L 410, (©) : Total energy =kinetic energy + potential energy 2_GMm 1 or Ey =m? i pe gre o 2 Further, M2 = Mm 1,9 6Mm or bm’ (i) 2 2r Substituting the value of fot in equation (i) from equation (ii), we get GM _GMm __GMm F, vo oF 2r ‘Therefore, potential energy = -2M™ — 2 . puavsics Fon You | ss"i¢ 87 51. (a) : The wavelengths of the spectral lines in the Balmer series is given by _refl_1) ,- = RZ 3-4] 11=3,4,5,6 wn For hydrogen atom, Z= 1, 1 = 3 for first spectral line Ai) For He* ion, Z =2, n=4 for second spectral line 1 1 14 =R2"|—-—5| [2] «i Divide (i) by (ii), we get Byer 5 My 27 5 ges Pan Xp = (6561 AYE = 1215. A In2_ 0.693 52. (0): Decay constant, k= = = =5x104s7 (8): Decay constant k= TT According to radioactive decay, N = Noe Sees op Nac Fraction of nuclei decayed = “= .04= 4% 53. (a): The alpha decay of "\!Po is given by 210 p95 pb + 4 1p > Pb + AHe ‘The energy released during this process is Q=(Mpo— Mp - Mri (209.982876 ~ 205.974455 — 4.002603) u » 2 puysies FoR ou | © 55. 57. = (0.005818 u)c* = (0.008818 u) x 932 MeV = 5.422 MeV = 5422 keV Kinetic energy of a particle, K, = 4 =e 210= 4) «5499 keV = 298 x 5422 keV 210 210 5319 keV (0: (a) i 3H+ tte GH) + m({He) = 2.014102 w +4,002603 u 6.016705 u = 6.015123 u my +n > M So reaction is not possible. Hence, (a) is an incorrect statement. 219P0 9 Bi + TH mC2Bi) + m(2H) = 208. 980388 u + 1.007825 u = 209.988213 u ii4{Po) = 209.982876 u So teaction is not possible. Hence, (b) is an incorrect statement. FH + He > SLi mH) + m(He) ny + nr >M 014102 u + 4.002603 u 016705 uw n(SLi) = 6.015123 u my +m4> Ml Deuteron and alpha particle can go complete fusion. Hence, (¢) is a correct statement. 7p +250 "ca m(@OZn) + m(S3Se) = 69.925325 u + 81.916709 u = 151.842034 u (Gd) = 151.919803 u m3 + my 2 In Bt decay, atomic number decreases by 1 and. mass number remains unchanged. Q > 1 In fission, heavy nucleus breaks into two light nuclei. R > 4 In proton emission, both atomic number and mass number decreases by 1. § 3 3 @ (Oi K, + Kz +Kg =08 x10° eV When electron has zero kinetic energy, energy is shared by antineutrino and proton. Al=Ad=0.005 mm Then, K,, + Ky =0.8% 10° eV ya AMlg As antineutrino is very light mass in comparison ald? to proton so it will have almost contribution in| The maximum probable error in Y is total energy. AY _ Al 2at Its energy is almost 0.8 « 10° eV Yor d 1 Error due to ! measurement, 58. (1): Activity, A=ANor A=+N [As A= ‘A (uo ie ime” AL OO0S mm ~ 0.02 where tis the mean life time 1 025mm N= ars 0! decays)" 9) Error due to d measurement, =10” atoms 2 m Mass of the sample, in = N x (mass of 1 atom) a zegoe mn 102 =10!9 «105 kg = 1 mg, mm . So error in ¥ due to measurement of lis same that 59, (b): 1 MSD =5.15 em —5.10 em= 0.05 em of due to measurement of d. 50 VSD = 2.45 em 45 |. (e): Least coun Ww tvsp= 245 am =0.049 am 61, (©: Least count of screw gauge 50 . Pitch Least count of vernier, LC = 1 MSD ~ 1 VSD. ~ No. of divisions on the circular scale 0.05 em ~ 0.048 em 0.5mm ooee 7 0.01 mm Diameter of the cylinder Diameter of ball, D = MSR + CSR « LC = Main scale reading . 2.5 mm + (20)(0.01 mm) + Vernier scale reading * least count =27mm = 5.10 + (24)(0.001) = 5.124 cm M 60. (a): Least count of screw gauge D “ Pick s() ~ Total no. of circular divisions on circular scale ‘The relative error in the density is mm 4p _ AM | 34D = 23M 6,095 mm > MD iLeatt count df ailecenster The relative percentage in the density is _ Pitch 28 100= [st Total no. of circular divisions on circular scale P M = 05mm 6.005 mm 22% 200" 00 100 = 2% + 1LA%= ‘The errors in both ! and d are least count errors. ELL NEON ter Seen ee Ue teu heey Se COME ac om Cae ad Tee ee een ne ecu PSU ET FLT Study tips, quizzes, flowcharts, learning strategies, news eee UU eee 5) Like us on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/pembtoday PHYSICS FOR YOU | yty'14 89 + Practice steadily, paced month by mont, with very-similar & model test papers + Sel-assessment tests for you to evaluate your readiness and ‘confidence for the big exams + Content put together by a team Please accept my subscription to: (antmyour cheb crate poepitboes) cus combo Lhtyeroon [Jays ysto sonet 0 ‘ses 1360 Pet combo Lityerenn — (ayse y200 tenet 20) iret reBcombo Ctyerso0 Claysie 1.200 it 380 jt 0 Individual magazines Cian va Ctyer 300 Clays t 500 Geta iret PHYSICS FOR YOU mayne ine ae M i Se day Conger Trust of over 1 Crore readers. 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