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ATMAKUR ENGINEERING COLLEGE

NELLOREPALEM, ATMAKUR, NELLORE (DT), AP-524322 INDIA.

II-I B.TECH I MID EXAMINATIONS


Duration: 20 Min
Date : //2014(F.N)

Branch: ECE

H.T.NO:

Signature of the Invigilator:

OBJECTIVE

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1.

The ability to draw new conclusions on the basis of already known facts is

A)
2.

6.

B)

the acceptance
of expert opinion
when results are
inconclusive.

C)

results that lead


to cause-andeffect
conclusions.

D)

any researcher can


replicate the study.

B)

the methods
used can be
understood only
by experts

C)

conclusions are
tentative and
subject to
change.

D)

response variable.

outcome variable

month of birth

Can I keep the names of


the participants
confidential?

data should be collected


from anonymous
participants.

B)

B)

response
variable

C)

effected
variable

D)

experimental
variable

B)

highest
educational
degree earned.

C)

time taken to
complete a
spatial
reasoning task.

D)

telephone area
code.

B)

Are participants
protected from
harm?

C)

Will other
scientists be
able to replicate
my study?

D)

Is deception
absolutely
necessary?

B)

When the
participants
agree to
participate in
exchange for
substantial
remuneration.

C)

When the
potential value
of the study for
humans is very
high.

D)

The scientific
community never
permits research
that may cause
harm.

The ethical principle that data collected from subjects should be kept confidential means that

A)

findings
frequently
contradict
personal
experience.

When does the scientific community permit research that may cause participants harm?
When the participants are
under the care of a legal
guardian who signs a
consent form.

[
that stated
hypotheses are
proven true.

Which of the following is the foremost ethical question a researcher must address?

A)

10.

that the research


procedures and outcomes
are public.

scientific method.

An example of a quantitative variable is the

A)

9.

D)

Which of the following would not be an appropriate synonym for the dependent variable?

A)

8.

logic.

C) dependent
D) extraneous
independent
variable
variable
variable.
A researcher conducted an experiment to see if increasing water consumption lessens the visible effects
of rosacea, a common skin condition. The dependent variable in this experiment was
the amount of
the visible
A)
B) increased water
C)
D)
rosacea.
water
condition of the
consumption.
consumed.
skin.

A)
7.

C)

The variable manipulated by the researcher in an experiment is called the

A)

5.

expert opinion

A characteristic of the scientific method is that

A)

4.

B)

A defining characteristic of studies that use the scientific method is

A)

3.

sensory experience

B)

researchers
should never
reveal the
names of
participants
when they report
results.

C)

names can be
released with
the data only to
other research
professionals.

D)

participants
should not be
told how they
scored on the
study's
measuring
instruments.

11.

Who is protected by the law of privileged communications?

A)

12.

researchers,
attorneys, and
members of the
clergy

D)

general reference

B)

primary source

C)

secondary
source.

D)

an article in a professional
journal

B)

a dissertation

C)

a textbook

D)

peer editing and peer


groups and writing
instruction

B)

peer editing or
peer groups or
writing
instruction

C)

(peer editing or
peer groups)
and writing
instruction

D)

scholarly books and journal


articles.

B)

journal articles
and research
reports.

C)

research reports
and the World
Wide Web.

D)

attorneys,
physicians, and
members of the
clergy

professional
journal.

a paper
presented at a
professional
conference

(peer editing and


peer groups) or
writing
instruction

The most directly pertinent information to read in a literature review will usually come from

A)
16.

C)

Which of the following descriptor combinations will produce the most references?

A)

15.

researchers,
attorneys, and
physicians

Which of the following is least likely to be a primary source?

A)

14.

B)

The Education Index is one example of a

A)

13.

researchers, physicians,
and members of the clergy

the World Wide


Web and
scholarly books

The primary advantage that the World Wide Web has brought to literature reviews is
a strong
increased
immediate access
classification
that
D) to a wide variety
A)
B) system that is
C) certainty
information is
of current
globally
reliable and
materials.
accepted.
credible.
Which of the following best describes how research should usually be presented in the body of a literature
review report?
Most of the
Only the
details of how
The abstract of
reference to the
major findings of the
study was
D)
A) The
B) the
C) the research
study should be briefly
conducted
study should be
should be
reported.
should be
provided.
paraphrased.
carefully
described.
more time efficiency when
conducting a literature
search.

17.

18.

A meta-analysis is a method researchers use to

A)
19.

B)

determine the
credibility of
another
researcher's
conclusions.

C)

combine the
results of
selected studies
of one topic.

D)

verify the
accuracy of their
research results.

Researchers need to be familiar with these three basic types of sources:

A)

20

obtain a complete set of


references about a
specified topic.

general references,
historical resources, and
secondary resources.

B)

general
references,
primary
resources, and
secondary
resources.

C)

tertiary
references,
primary
resources, and
secondary
resources

Which of the following is not one of the steps involved in a literature review?

D)

general
references,
primary
resources, and
statistical
resources.

define the
research
problem as
precisely as
possible

ignore secondary sourcesry


sources

21.

D)

every member of the


population has an equal
chance of being selected for
the sample.

B)

the sample
proportionately
represents
individuals from
different
categories of the
population.

C)

the participants
chosen for the
study are the
ones most likely
to react to the
treatment.

D)

convenience sampling

B)

stratified random
sampling

C)

simple random

D)

purposive sampling

B)

two-stage
random sampling

C)

systematic
sampling

D)

systematic sampling

B)

stratified random
sampling

simple random
sampling

D)

the division of the sample


into two groups of 25.

B)

the use of only


50 students in
the sample.

C)

the use of
students from
only one
district.

D)

simple random sampling.

B)

stratified random
sampling.

C)

cluster
sampling.

D)

a systematic sample.

B)

convenient.

C)

representative
of the
population.

D)

systematic sampling

B)

convenience
sampling

C)

purposive
sampling

D)

cluster random

convenience
sampling

cluster random

the use of only


two different
study techniques.

convenience
sampling.

purposefully
selected.

Which of the following is an example of a random sampling method?

A)

the sample is
more
representative of
the target
population than
the accessible
population.

The best sample is one that is

A)
30.

C)

the degree to
which results of a
study can be
extended to
other settings or
conditions.

The method of sampling used in the study is

A)

29.

B)

the degree to
which a sample
represents the
population of
interest.

The greatest threat to external validity in this study is

A)

28.

conclusions researchers
make about a random
sample.

conclusions
researchers
make about
information
uncovered in
research study.

ecological
generalizability.

Which of the following is not an example of a ra ndom sampling method?

A)
27.

D)

Which of the following is an example of a random sampling method?

A)
26.

C)

Which of the following is an example of a nonrandom sampling method?

A)
25.

B)

conclusions
researchers
make about
information
uncovered in
research study.

The purpose of stratified random sampling is to make certain that

A)

24.

population generalizability

conclusions
researchers
make about a
random sample.

Population generalizability refers to

A)

23.

obtain and read


relevant primary
sources

The degree to which results of a study can be extended to other settings or conditions describes

A)

22.

select and
peruse one or
two appropriate
general
reference works

cluster random