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Diabetes Treatment - Hypoglycemia

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Diabetes treatment - hypoglycemia


Hypoglycemia is sometimes called insulin reaction. It is when your blood glucose
is too low. Even though you may do all you can to manage your diabetes,
hypoglycemia can happen, and it can and must be treated before it gets worse.
If you remember to check your blood glucose when your doctor tells you to, your
chances of experiencing hypoglycemia are much lower. Also, a low blood glucose
result will tell you that you need to treat it.

Diabetes (diabetes
mellitus) is classed
as a metabolism
disorder.
Metabolism refers
to the way our
bodies use
digested food for energy and growth. Most of
what we eat is broken down into glucose.
Glucose is a form of sugar in the blood... Read
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If you feel the symptoms of hypoglycemia you should check your blood glucose. If
the reading tells you that your blood glucose is low, you should treat it immediately.
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) says that if you feel a hypoglycemic
reaction but cannot check your blood glucose it is better to treat the reaction than
to wait till you can check.

Take 3 glucose tablets (easily bought)


1/2 a cup of fruit juice
5 to 6 pieces of hard candy (UK 'sweets')
You should ask your dietitian or health care professional for more advice on what
you could eat to treat hypoglycemia.
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Diabetes Treatment - Hypoglycemia

Make sure you always carry at least one type of sugar with you so that you are
prepared.
Check blood glucose, treat It and wait 20 minutes
After you have checked your blood glucose and treated the hypoglycemia wait
between 15 to 20 minutes and check your blood glucose again. If your blood
glucose is still low repeat the whole process - eat some glucose, wait about 15-20
minutes and check your blood glucose again.
Remember to stick to your eating times - your regular meals and snacks are vital
for keeping your blood glucose levels as stable as possible. Hypoglycemia can
affect all the organs in your body, especially your brain.
Take hypoglycemia seriously
Hypoglycemia, if not treated quickly gets worse rapidly and the patient will soon
pass out.
A patient who passes out because of hypoglycemia will need immediate treatment
- probably a glucagon injection, or an emergency visit to a hospital.

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What does glucagon do?


Glucagon is injected, just like insulin is. However, glucagon raises blood glucose.
You should ask your doctor to make sure you have some.
Hypoglycemia unawareness
It is possible, and not very unusual, for a person to pass out and never have
noticed they had been suffering from hypoglycemia. This is known as
hypoglycemia unawareness. The patient's blood glucose drops and he/she is not
aware of it.
Hypoglycemia unawareness is more common among patients who have lived with
diabetes for a long time, those with nerve damage (neuropathy), patients on
medication for hypertension (high blood pressure) and those on tight glucose
control.
Hypoglycemia symptoms
Tingling sensation around the mouth
Lightheadedness, dizziness
Sweats
Trembling, shakiness
Headache
Pallid skin (you go pale)
Irritability, moodiness, you might become tearful
Seizure (you have a fit, spasm)
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Diabetes Treatment - Hypoglycemia

Absent mindedness
Confusion
Clumsiness
Strong desire to eat

TCOYD: Hypoglycemia

Author: uctelevision - University of California Television (UCTV)


Source: www.youtube.com/watch?v=lITXyp2udv0

Next Page: Diabetes treatment - hyperglycemia >

201

This diabetes information section was written by Christian Nordqvist in April


2010, updated on 30 April 2013 and may not be re-produced without the
permission of Medical News Today.

Sources of information:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Wikipedia, NHS Direct, University of
California (San Diego).
Disclaimer: This guide is provided for general information purposes only. The
materials contained within this guide do not constitute medical or pharmaceutical
advice, which should be sought from qualified medical and pharmaceutical
advisers. Full disclaimer.
MediLexicon International Ltd

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Diabetes Treatment - Hypoglycemia

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