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Highlights for the

Week of Dec 29-Jan 4, 2014

Joshua 12-15

PLEASE NOTE - The references below are taken from

the 86-13 Index. Many verses have additional references
that have not been included due to time & space. We are
encouraged to do additional personal research.
Josh 13:1 - *** w04 12/1 p. 11 par. 9 Highlights From the

Book of Joshua ***

(Joshua 13:1) 13 Now Joshua had grown old and was
advanced in years. So Jehovah said to him: You have
grown old and are advanced in years; but much of the land
remains to be taken in possession.
13:1Does this not contradict what is stated at
Joshua 11:23? No, for the conquest of the Promised Land
consisted of two aspects: the national warfare that
defeated 31 kings of the land of Canaan, which broke the
power of the Canaanites, and the taking of full possession
of the land by tribal and individual actions. (Joshua 17:1418; 18:3) Though the sons of Israel failed to drive the
Canaanites away from among them completely, the
survivors were no real threat to Israels security. (Joshua
16:10; 17:12) Joshua 21:44 states: Jehovah gave them
rest all around.

Josh 13:5 - *** it-1 pp. 902-903 Gebal ***

(Joshua 13:5) 5 the land of the Gebalites and all of

Lebanon toward the east, from Baal-gad at the base of
Mount Hermon to Lebo-hamath;
Jehovah included the land of the Gebalites among
those regions yet to be taken by Israel in Joshuas day.
(Jos 13:1-5) Critics have picked on this as an
inconsistency, since the city of Gebal was far N of Israel (c.
100 km [60 mi] N of Dan) and apparently never came
under Israelite domination. Certain scholars have
suggested that the Hebrew text may be damaged at this
verse and consider that the account anciently read the
land adjoining Lebanon, or as far as the border of the
Gebalites. However, it should also be observed that
Jehovahs promises in Joshua 13:2-7 were conditional.
Thus Israel may never have gained Gebal because of its
own disobedience.Compare Jos 23:12, 13.

Josh 13:12 - *** it-2 p. 778 Rephaim ***

(Joshua 13:12) 12 all the royal realm of Og in Bashan, who

reigned in Ashtaroth and in Edrei. (He was one of the
last of the Rephaim.) Moses defeated them and drove
them out.
More than 400 years later, just before Israel entered
Canaan, the land of the Rephaim was still identified with
Bashan. There the Israelites defeated Og the king of
Bashan (De 3:3, 11, 13; Jos 12:4; 13:12), who alone
remained of what was left of the Rephaim. It is uncertain
whether this means that he was the last king of the
Rephaim or that he was the last of the Rephaim in that
section, for Rephaim were shortly found W of the Jordan.

Josh 13:25 - *** it-1 p. 93 Ammonites ***

(Joshua 13:25) 25 and their territory included Jazer and all

the cities of Gilead and half of the land of the Ammonites
as far as Aroer, which faces Rabbah;
Under divine orders, the Israelites were careful not to
trespass on the landholdings of the Ammonites when
conquering the neighboring Amorites. (De 2:37; Jos 13:810) Thus, whereas Joshua 13:25 states that the tribe of
Gad received half of the land of the sons of Ammon as
part of their tribal inheritance, the reference is evidently to
that portion of land previously taken from the Ammonites
by the Amorites, territory apparently situated between the
Jordan River and the upper Jabbok.

Josh 14:10-13 - *** w04 12/1 p. 12 par. 2 Highlights From

the Book of Joshua ***

(Joshua 14:10-13) 10 Now just as he promised, Jehovah
has preserved me alive these 45 years since Jehovah
made this promise to Moses when Israel walked in the
wilderness; I am still here today, 85 years old. 11 And today
I am as strong as on the day Moses sent me out. My
strength is now as it was then, for war and for other
activities. 12 Therefore, give me this mountainous region
that Jehovah promised on that day. Though you heard on
that day that there were Anakim there with great fortified
cities, surely Jehovah will be with me, and I will drive them
out, just as Jehovah promised. 13 So Joshua blessed him
and gave Hebron to Caleb the son of Jephunneh as an
14:10-13. Though 85 years of age, Caleb asks for the
difficult assignment of clearing out the region of Hebron.
The area is occupied by the Anakimmen of unusual size.
With Jehovahs help, this seasoned warrior succeeds, and
Hebron becomes a city of refuge. (Joshua 15:13-19; 21:1113) Calebs example encourages us not to shy away from
difficult theocratic assignments.

Josh 15:63 - *** gm chap. 7 pp. 95-96 pars. 19-21 Does

the Bible Contradict Itself? ***

(Joshua 15:63) 63 As for the Jebusites who were dwelling
in Jerusalem, the men of Judah were not able to drive
them away, so the Jebusites continue dwelling with the
people of Judah in Jerusalem to this day.

Sometimes, all that is needed to resolve apparent

contradictions is to read the account carefully and reason
on the information provided. This is the case when we
consider the conquest of Jerusalem by the Israelites.
Jerusalem was listed as part of the inheritance of
Benjamin, but we read that Benjamins tribe was unable to
conquer it. (Joshua 18:28; Judges 1:21) We also read that
Judah was unable to conquer Jerusalemas if it were part
of that tribes inheritance. Eventually, Judah defeated
Jerusalem, burning it with fire. (Joshua 15:63; Judges 1:8)

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Highlights for the

Week of Dec 29-Jan 4, 2014

Joshua 12-15

Hundreds of years later, however, David is also recorded

as conquering Jerusalem.2 Samuel 5:5-9.
At first glance, all of this might appear confusing, but
there are in reality no contradictions. In fact, the boundary
between Benjamins inheritance and Judahs ran along the
Valley of Hinnom, right through the ancient city of
Jerusalem. What later came to be called the City of David
actually lay in the territory of Benjamin, just as Joshua
18:28 says. But it is likely that the Jebusite city of
Jerusalem spilled across the Valley of Hinnom and thus
overlapped into Judahs territory, so that Judah, too, had to
war against its Canaanite inhabitants.

Benjamin was unable to conquer the city. On one

occasion, Judah did conquer Jerusalem and burn it.
(Judges 1:8, 9) But Judahs forces evidently moved on,
and some of the original inhabitants regained possession
of the city. Later, they formed a pocket of resistance that
neither Judah nor Benjamin could remove. Thus, the
Jebusites continued in Jerusalem until David conquered
the city hundreds of years later.

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