1 Голоса «за»0 Голоса «против»

Просмотров: 46155 стр.sandeepani ic design

Jan 02, 2015

© © All Rights Reserved

PDF, TXT или читайте онлайн в Scribd

sandeepani ic design

© All Rights Reserved

Просмотров: 46

sandeepani ic design

© All Rights Reserved

- System Verilog Interview Questions and Answers
- Veda Itt Qs for Vlsi
- Maven Entrance Test
- Maven Silicon VLSI RN
- Constraining Designs for Synthesis and Timing Analysis
- Digital Systems Design and Prototyping
- Router_reg.v - Free Open Source Codes - CodeForge
- CTS FlowGuide
- Frequently Asked Questions VLSI
- EC1401 VLSI - Question Bank (N.shanmuga Sundaram)
- Verilog
- system_verilog
- Fifo_rtl.v - Free Open Source Codes - CodeForge
- Fsm_router.v - Free Open Source Codes - CodeForge
- Ff_sync.v - Free Open Source Codes - CodeForge
- Perl 5 Tutorial
- Router Basics
- IMP Digital Slides
- Verilog Faq
- vhdl file

Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 155

PART ONE

System:

Digital System!

System Design:

Large design broken down into sub design with specified characteristics

Eg :Digital computer

Logic Design:

Involves determining how to interconnect basic logic building blocks to

perform a specific function Eg :Binary Addition(Interconnection Logic and Flip Flop)

Circuit Design:

Interconnection such as resistors, Diodes, transistors

Switching Networks

Combinational

Sequential

VLSI:

but why?

lower parasitics = higher speed;

lower power;

physically smaller.

Integration reduces manufacturing cost-(almost) no

manual assembly.

10

11

Microprocessors:

personal computers;

microcontrollers.

DRAM/SRAM/flash.

Audio/video and other consumer

systems.

Telecommunications.

Sandeepani School of VLSI Design

12

Moores Law

Predicted that number of transistors per

chip would grow exponentially (double

every 18 months).

Exponential improvement in technology

is a natural trend: steam engines,

dynamos, automobiles. Moores Law

Sandeepani School of VLSI Design

13

Provide multi-level logic.

LE

LE

LE

LE

Interconnect

network

LE

LE

Sandeepani School of VLSI Design

14

Dont worry (much) about physical design.

Time to market is less, but FPGAs are slower,

larger, more power-hungry.

Custom silicon:

Generally lower power consumption.

Time to market is more

Sandeepani School of VLSI Design

15

16

System Level Tools

Behavioral HDL

Behavioral Synthesis

Simulation (Behavioral/RTL)

Logic/Test synthesis)

Power Estimation

(RTL, Gate and Transistor Level)

Layout- Verification

Even-Driven Cycle Based Sim:

no

Meets Timing

pre

Formal verification

Yes

Routing

Parasitic Extraction

post

Formal verification

Meets Timing

no

In-Place optimization

Yes

LVS/DRC Sandeepani School of VLSI Design

17

18

19

20

Examples

1.

2.

3.

(500.21)10 = ( ? )2

(436.71)8 = ( ? )16

Convert (231.3)Base 4 to Base 7

Convert Base 4 to Base 10

Convert Base 10 to Base 7

Ans : (63.515) Base 7

4. 3168 4518 = ?

5. CB2H 972H = ?

6. 0011.10012 0001.11102 = ?

7. 79 - 26 in BCD representation?

8. 5 - 8 in XS-3?

9. Divide (10)10 by (4)10 in binary representation.

10. Convert (847)10 to gray code representation.

11. Perform direct subtraction: (9)10 (10)10 ?

21

Binary Arithmetic

Binary

Binary

Binary

Binary

Addition

Subtraction

multiplication

Division

22

Boolean Algebra

THEOREMS:

AXIOMS :

DEFINITIONS:

23

Problems

Perform the following number system

conversions:

a) (728)8 = ?16

b) 10111100.001010012 = ?8

c) 2AA216 = ?2

d) 201.128 = ?2 = ?16

24

Problems

Prove

1.

2.

3.

4.

A + AB = A+B

Sum of products of three variables is equal to 1.

Product of sums of three variables is equal to 0.

ABC+ABC+ABC+ABC+ABC = AB+C

25

26

x1

x2

x3

F= (x1 + x2) . x3

x1

x2

F= (x1 + x2)

27

x1

x2

28

Basic Gates

29

Representation Of Numbers

Signed magnitude

1s Complement

2s Complement

30

magnitude to indicate the sign.

front of our numbers. By convention:

Examples:

11012 = 1310

0 1101 = +1310

1 1101 = -1310

01002 = 410

0 0100 = +410

1 0100 = -410

(a positive number in 5-bit signed magnitude)

(a negative number in 5-bit signed magnitude)

(a positive number in 5-bit signed magnitude)

(a negative number in 5-bit signed magnitude)

Sandeepani School of VLSI Design

31

Signed magnitude

operations

bit from 0 to 1, or vice versa.

Adding numbers is difficult, though. Signed magnitude is basically

what people use, so think about the grade-school approach to

addition. Its based on comparing the signs of the augend and

addend:

If they have the same sign, add the magnitudes and keep that

sign.

magnitude from the larger one. The sign of the number with the

larger magnitude is the sign of the result.

This method of subtraction would lead to a rather complex circuit

5 13 17

6 4 7

+3 7 9

because

3 7 9

+ -6 4 7

2 6 8

-2 6 8

Sandeepani School of VLSI Design

32

Ones complement

representation

complementing each bit of the number.

We keep the sign bits: 0 for positive numbers, and 1 for

negative. The sign bit is complemented along with the rest of

the bits.

Examples:

0 1101 = +1310 (a positive number in 5-bit ones complement)

1 0010 = -1310 (a negative number in 5-bit ones complement)

01002 = 410

0 0100 = +410

1 1011 = -410

(a positive number in 5-bit ones complement)

(a negative number in 5-bit ones complement)

Sandeepani School of VLSI Design

33

complement?

1.

0 = 1, and 1 - 0 = 1

1 = 0, and 1 - 1 = 0

equivalent to subtracting that number from 2n-1.

For example, we can negate the 5-bit number 01101.

1 1 1 1 1

- 01 1 01

1 00 1 0

34

Ones complement

addition

sign bits.

Two examples:

1010

(-5)

0101

(+5)

+

0010 + (+2)

+

0010 + (+2)

1100

(-3)

0111

(+7)

0101

(-5)

0101

(+5)

+ 1101

(-2)

+ 1101

(-2)

1 0111

(-7)

1 0010

(+3)

1

1

1000

0011

addition.

Sandeepani School of VLSI Design

35

Twos

complement

Our final idea is twos complement. To negate a number, complement

each bit (just as for ones complement) and then add 1.

Examples:

11012 = 1310 (a 4-bit unsigned number)

0 1101 = +1310 (a positive number in 5-bit twos complement)

1 0010 = -1310 (a negative number in 5-bit ones complement)

1 0011 = -1310 (a negative number in 5-bit twos complement)

01002

0 0100

1 1011

1 1100

= 410

= +410

= -410

= -410

(a positive number in 5-bit twos complement)

(a negative number in 5-bit ones complement)

(a negative number in 5-bit twos complement)

36

0101

0010

0111

(+5)

+ (+2)

(+7)

0101

+ 1110

1 0011

(+5)

(-2)

(+3)

1010

0010

1101

(-5)

+ (+2)

(-3)

0101

+ 1110

1 1001

(-5)

(-2)

(-7)

37

Comparison

Sign and magnitude

1s complement

0111

+7

+7

+7

0110

+6

+6

+6

0101

+5

+5

+5

0100

+4

+4

+4

0011

+3

+3

+3

0010

+2

+2

+2

0001

+1

+1

+1

0000

+0

+0

+0

1000

-0

-7

-8

1001

-1

-6

-7

1010

-2

-5

-6

1011

-3

-4

-5

1100

-4

-3

-4

1101

-5

-2

-3

1110

-6

-1

-2

1111

-7

-0

-1

b3b2b1b0

2s complement

38

Problems

Perform

1. (6)10 (4)10 and

2. (4)10 (6)10 using 1`s complement

Perform

1. (6)10 (4)10 and

2. (4)10 (6)10 using 2`s complement

39

Gates:

40

Logical Expressions

41

K-Maps

42

Arithmetic Circuits

Adders:

Half adder

Full adder

Serial adder

Ripple carry adder

Carry look ahead adder

43

44

45

46

47

Serial Adder

Xi

Si

Yi

Full Adder

Ci

Ci + 1

Delay

48

49

50

BCD Adder

51

52

Magnitude Comparator

Q.

words A and B and gives three outputs :

G(>),

E(=) and

L(<).

53

Magnitude Comparator

Q.

words A and B and gives three outputs :

G(>),

E(=) and

L(<).

54

Answer:

let x1 = (A1 ex-nor B1)

x0 = (A0 ex-nor B0)

A=B

= x1. x0

A>B

= A1B1 + x1. A0 B0

A<B

= A1B1 + x1. A0 B0

Sandeepani School of VLSI Design

55

Answer:

Z

A=B

= x3. x2 . x1. x0

A>B

A<B

56

57

Let x1, x2, x3 be the input variables that denote the state

of each switch . Assume light is off if all the switches are

open. Closing any one switch will turn the light on .Then

turning on the second switch will turn off the light.thus the

light will be on if exactly one switch is closed and it will be

off if two or no switches are closed.If the light is off when two

Switches are closed then it must be possible to turn the light

On by closing the third switch.

58

Problems

Q.1. Design a circuit which will accept 4-bit binary and

will provide 5-bit BCD code?

Q.2. Design a 3-bit squarer?

Q.3. A circuit accepts a 4-bit I/p data & generates an o/p

Z=1whenever I/p is a prime number. Design the

circuit?

59

Problems

Q.4. The conditions under which an insurance company

will issue a policy are :

A married female 25 years old or older, or

A female under 25 years or

A married male under 25 years with no accident record, or

A married male with accident record, or

A married male under 25 years or older with no accident

record.

Obtain a simplified logic expression starting to whom a

policy can be issued.

60

61

Which of these are Universal logic

elements?

1. 2:1 MUX

2. Ex-or2

3. {f(x,y)=xy}

4. {f(x,y,z)=(x+y)z}

5. Nand2

62

combinational system can be implemented using

gates just from that set.

. So any set of gates that can implement either

{AND,NOT} or {OR,NOT} is universal.

63

Lets start with NAND gate.

NOT gate can be implemented by a NAND gate

how to implement NOT gate by a NAND gate

AND(x,y)=(NAND(x,y))=NAND(NAND(x,y), NAND(x,y))

Since we can implement AND and NOT by only NAND gates,

{NAND, NOR} is a universal set,even without NOR gate.

Sandeepani School of VLSI Design

64

Y = ( A B )

NOT

AND

A

B

A

Y

B AND 2

OR

A

B

A

B

INV

OR 2

A

B

A

B

A

B

A

Y

=

B

A

B

A

B

NAND 2

NAND 2

NAND 2

NAND 2

Y

Y

Y

A

B

A

B

NAND 2

NAND 2

65

Y = ( A + B )

NOT

AND

OR

A

B

A

Y

B AND 2

A

B

INV

=

=

A

A

B

A

B

OR 2

A

B

A

B

A

B

A

B

A

B

NOR 2

NOR 2

NOR 2

NOR 2

Y

Y

Y

Y

A

B

NOR 2

A

B

NOR 2

66

Multiplexor Function

Multiplexor

Y = A S + B S

OR

NOT

A

AND

A

B

VCC

VCC

Y

D0 S1 S0

GND

D1

Y

D2 MX4

D3

A

B

D0

D1

S1 S0

D2 MX4

D3

GND

GND

VCC

D0

D1

S1 S0

D2 MX4

D3

Y

GND

67

68

Decoder (3:8)

69

70

Q. Implement 4:16 Decoder using two 3:8 Decoders

Q. Realize a full adder using one 3:8 decoder &

residual gates

71

72

73

Q. Design BCD to decimal

74

Encoder

Decimal-to-BCD Encoder

Octal-to-Binary Encoder

Limitations

75

Multiplexer

76

77

Problems

Q. Realize the following using only one 2:1 Mux

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

NOT

And2

OR2

Ex-or2

Ex-nor2

Latch

78

Problems

Q. Show how two 2-to-1 multiplexers (with no added

gates) could be connected to form a 3-to-1 MUX.

Input selection should be as follows:

If AB = 00, select Io

If AB = 01, select I1

If AB = 1 (B is don`t care), select I2.

79

Problems

Q. 1. Realize the function F(A,B,C,D)=m(1,2,3,6,8,9,11,14)

using an 8-to-1 MUX with control inputs A,B, and C.

2. Repeat Q.1 with control inputs A,C, and D.

3. Repeat Q.1 using a 4-to-1 MUX and added gates.

80

Problems

Q1. Design a sequence generator that generates

the sequence 11100011.

Q2. Design 1:8 demultiplexer using two 1:4

demultiplexers.

Q3. Implement the following boolean function

using 8:1 MUX,

F(A,B,C,D) = (0,1,3,4,8,9,15)

81

Buffer

A Buffer is a logic circuit which has one I/p line &

one output line.

It is a current amplifier & also called as driver.

82

Tri-State Buffer

83

Answer

Or

84

Sequential circuits

Combinational.

Sequential.

present state of the circuit, where the present

state of the circuit is the current value of the

devices memory.

85

Bistable Elements

It consist of a pair of inverters connected as

shown below. Notice the feedback loop.

86

Digital Analysis

If Q is HIGH then the lower inverter has a HIGH at its

input and a LOW at its output. This in turn forces the

upper inverters input to be LOW and its output to be

HIGH.

If Q is LOW then the lower inverter has a LOW at its

input and a HIGH at its output. This in turn forces

the upper inverters input to be HIGH and its output

to be LOW.

87

information.

Generates one of two possible stable states.

Two outputs labeled Q and Q.

One or more inputs.

These sequential devices differ in the way

their outputs are changed:

The output of a latch changes independent

of a clocking signal.

The output of a flipflop changes at specific

times determined by a clocking signal.

88

89

D Latch

occurs in the SR latch when R=S=0.

C is an enable input:

When C=1 then the output follows the

input D and the latch is said to be open.

Due to this fact this latch is also called

transparent latch.

When C=0 then the output retains its

last value and the latch is said to be

closed.

90

the master, and the second the slave.

When CLK_L = 1 the master is open and the slave is closed.

Qm and Ds follow Dm .

91

Qm is transferred to Qs . Note that Qs does not change if Dm

changes because the master latch is closed leaving Qm fixed.

92

Q* = D

93

JK Flip Flop

94

95

96

FF FF conversions

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

D-T

T-D

D-JK

D-SR

T-SR

JK-SR

SR-JK

D=TQ

T=DQ

D=QJ+QK

97

98

99

Problems

Q. Design a circuit that generates two waveforms of 90 phase shift.

Q. Design a 50% duty cycle frequency doubler for an input

clk pulse of 50% duty cycle.

More Problems, Many more Problems. Let us continue!

100

Timing Issues

101

Timing Issues

Timing parameters

Timing diagram

Set up time

Hold time

Clock Skew

Slack

Critical path

Maximum Frequency of Operation

102

Timing parameters

103

Timing parameterscontd

104

Timing parameterscontd

105

Timing diagram

106

Setup and hold time define a window of time which the D input must

valid and stable in order to assure valid data on the Q output.

be

Setup Time (Tsu) Setup time is the time that the D input must be valid before the

Flip-Flop samples.

Hold Time (Th) Hold time is the time that D input must be maintained valid after the

Flip-Flop samples.

Propagation Delay (Tpd) Propagation delay is the time that takes to the sampled D

input to propagate to the Q output.

Sandeepani School of VLSI Design

107

Clock Skew

properly only if all flip-flops see the triggering edge at the

same time.

The difference between arrival times of the clock at different

devices is called clock skew.

Q2

Q1

IN

FF1

FF2

CLOCKD

CLK

108

Slack

AT

modeling signal transitions

RT

Q

QB

SLEW

Required Time (RT) - when the signal is needed

Slew (SLEW) - time for signal transition from logic levels

Sandeepani School of VLSI Design

109

Slack

Q. Am I meeting timing at this node?

AT

+SLACK

RT

SLEW

SLACK = RT - AT

110

111

Recap

Shift registers: SISO, PISO, PIPO, SIPO

Shift register counters- ring counters and twisted ring counters

Asynchronous/ synchronous counters

112

Solve these:

Q1: Design a JK counter that goes through the states

1,2,3,6,7,8,11,13,1, Implement the circuit and avoid locout condition

Q2. Design a MOD 5 counter (divide by 5) counter using JK

flip-flop. Also construct the timing diagram. Also draw the

timing diagram of MOD 10 counter.

113

Q3. Design a asynchronous MOD 10 (decade) counter.

Q4. Design a non-sequential ripple counter, which will go

through the states 3,5,7,8,9,10,3,..

Q5. Determine fmax for the 4-bit synchronous counter if tpd for

each flip-flop is 50 ns and tpd for each AND gate is 20 ns.

Compare this with fmax for a MOD-16 ripple counter.

114

Interesting Problems:

Q1. Design a divide-by-3 counter with 50% duty cycle?

115

Q2. Design a divide-by 1.5 counter?

Q3. Design a black box whose input clock and

output relationship as shown in diagram

below.

116

117

Topics

FSM Basics

Types of Machines

Example Designs

118

logic that implements them can be in only a fixed number

of possible states.

FSM is a systematic way of specifying any

sequential logic.

Ideally suited for complex sequential logic.

119

What is an FSM?

Design Specification Point of View

sequential circuits which are generally

complex in their transition sequence

and depend on several control inputs.

120

What is an FSM?

Digital Circuit Point of View

group-state transition pattern from one set of

values to another and depends on several control

inputs

121

FSM Structure

CURRENT

STATE

CONTROL

INPUTS

COMB.

LOGIC

for

NEXT

STATE

NEXT

STATE

MEALY

CURRENT

STATE

OUTPUTS

STATE

REGISTER

FLIP-FLOPS

COMBO. FOR

OUTPUT

CLOCK

ASYNC

CONTROL

PORTS

122

Mealy Machine

the present value of the inputs.

Mealy outputs are asynchronous and can

change in response to any changes in the

inputs, independent of the clock.

Glitches-How to avoid?

Require less no. of states compared to

Moore Machine.

Sandeepani School of VLSI Design

123

Moore Machine

state.

The outputs are computed by a

combinational logic block whose only

inputs are the flip-flops' state outputs

The outputs change synchronously with the

state transition and the clock edge.

Sandeepani School of VLSI Design

124

FSM Structure:. State register

- Stores current state

. Next state decoder logic (A)

- Decides next state based on

current state and inputs

. Output logic (B)

-Decodes state (or states and

inputs) to produce outputs

A

c1k

c1k

.Outputs from the FSM can be a

function of:

- Current state only (moore)

- Current state and the current

inputs (Mealy)

Sandeepani School of VLSI Design

B

Moore FSM

Mealy FSM

125

Q1. Design a circuit that asserts its single output

whenever its input string has two 1's in

sequence.

Cases:

(i) Non-overlapping

(ii) Overlapping of sequence

126

Q2. Assume a stream of 50k bits are given to the

circuit whose output Z=1 when no. of 1`s in

50k bits are odd else Z = 0. Design the

circuit. (using Mealy machine)

127

Q3. Design a circuit to detect a sequence 010 and

1001

(i) non-overlapping

(ii) overlapping

using Mealy machine or Moore.

128

Q4. A sequential circuit accepts two i/p`s X & Y

and generates an o/p Z = 1 whenever the i/p`s

are equal for consecutive 4 clock cycle.

Design a Mealy machine.(check overlapping

)

Note: If any state machine has n inputs, no.

of arrows leaving the state will be 2n .

Sandeepani School of VLSI Design

129

Q6. A sequential circuit has one I/p and one o/p. when

I/p sequence 110 occurs the o/p becomes 1 and

remains 1 until the sequence 110 occurs in

which case the o/p returns to zero. The output

remains zero until 110 occurs the third time.

Draw the state diagram and state table.

130

Q. Design a pulse train generator circuit

using shift register for the following pulse

train:

1 0 0 0 1 1 0

Next Question: Now can you design a circuit to

generate a specified waveform.

131

Introduction Memories

132

Classification

MEMORY

RAM

HYBRID

ROM

SRAM

FLASH

PROM

DRAM

EEPROM

EPROM

MASKED

133

134

135

136

RAM

Primary difference: lifetime of the data they

store.

Which to choose & on what basis?

Speed, Area & Cost.

137

ROM

data to them (usually called programming) and

the number of times they can be rewritten.

138

ROM

139

PLD s

140

ROM

141

ROM

142

ROM

143

HYBRID

in the device forever--or at least until it is

electrically erased.

can only be erased one sector at a time, not byteby-byte as in EEPROM.

Sandeepani School of VLSI Design

144

145

Comparison: memories

Type Volatile Writeable Erase Size Cost(per Byte) Speed

SRAM

Yes

DRAM

Yes

Yes

Yes

Byte

Expensive

Fast

Byte

Moderate

Moderate

Masked

RAM

No

PROM

No

EPROM

No

Yes

EEPROM No

Yes

FLASH

Yes

No

No

Only once

N/A

Inexpensive

Fast

N/A

Moderate

Fast

Moderate

Fast

Byte

Expensive

Fast

Sector

Moderate

Fast

Entire Chip

146

147

148

149

150

151

152

153

154

155

- System Verilog Interview Questions and AnswersЗагружено:rajendravlsi
- Veda Itt Qs for VlsiЗагружено:prasad.nallani6990
- Maven Entrance TestЗагружено:cdiyyala
- Maven Silicon VLSI RNЗагружено:Peter Gata Ayuba
- Constraining Designs for Synthesis and Timing AnalysisЗагружено:Srivatsava Guduri
- Digital Systems Design and PrototypingЗагружено:Ashish Shrivastava
- Router_reg.v - Free Open Source Codes - CodeForgeЗагружено:adi_risingsun
- CTS FlowGuideЗагружено:Srikiran Devarabhotla
- Frequently Asked Questions VLSIЗагружено:kandimalla_rajaneesh
- EC1401 VLSI - Question Bank (N.shanmuga Sundaram)Загружено:Dr. N.Shanmugasundaram
- VerilogЗагружено:trinaths
- system_verilogЗагружено:Praveen Kethipalli
- Fifo_rtl.v - Free Open Source Codes - CodeForgeЗагружено:adi_risingsun
- Ff_sync.v - Free Open Source Codes - CodeForgeЗагружено:adi_risingsun
- Perl 5 TutorialЗагружено:bradhak
- IMP Digital SlidesЗагружено:Anshul Singh
- Fsm_router.v - Free Open Source Codes - CodeForgeЗагружено:adi_risingsun
- Router BasicsЗагружено:adi_risingsun
- Verilog FaqЗагружено:balashyamu
- vhdl fileЗагружено:Abhishek Bansal
- Sandeepani verilogЗагружено:Pavithra Patil
- 46389452 Static Timing AnalysisЗагружено:deepak
- Verilog Quick Start - Practical Guide to Simulation & Synthesis in Verilog (3rd Ed.)Загружено:Amfilohiy Barmaleev
- VLSI_Cadence_Synopsis.pdfЗагружено:Malti Rohra
- cs1104-14Загружено:elle868
- Chapter 2 SlidesЗагружено:NiXiaohan
- Bridge Axi Ahb (1)Загружено:krishnaav
- Lab_4.pdfЗагружено:Mohd HelmiHazim
- 7series_scmЗагружено:yogeee2

- gate papersЗагружено:Kumaran Karmegavannan
- Basic IC Fabrication 2Загружено:Shuvra Saha
- Basic IC Fabrication 1Загружено:Shuvra Saha
- ASIC Physical Design Engineer,Sta Synthesis and VerificationЗагружено:Shuvra Saha
- Pipelined ProcessorЗагружено:Shuvra Saha
- FPGA Object TrackingЗагружено:Điều Trị Viêm Gan
- Multipliers Using VhdlЗагружено:milind1707
- Ln 11 System Design MethodologyЗагружено:prajap102
- A Verilog Implementation of Uart Design With Bist CapabilityЗагружено:Shuvra Saha
- analog mixed signal designЗагружено:Shuvra Saha
- Deschamps_Sutter_Canto Guide to FPGA Implementation of AlgorithmsЗагружено:Shuvra Saha
- Alu DesignЗагружено:Shuvra Saha
- ass1Загружено:Shuvra Saha
- Flash OverviewЗагружено:Shuvra Saha
- Simulation of Booth Multiplier with Verilog-XLЗагружено:machnik1486624
- BOOTH MULTIPLIER VLSI CODE _ ElecDude_Projects-Jobs-Study Materials-CircuitLab-VLSI-DSP DIP-Elec SoftwaresЗагружено:Shuvra Saha
- 1210404-05-8383-IJECS-IJENSЗагружено:Shuvra Saha
- ProjectsЗагружено:Shuvra Saha
- 1a_DesignOverviewЗагружено:rohitm
- Asic Design Hnp3Загружено:K Praveen Kumar
- 2014 OS Assignment 1Загружено:Shuvra Saha
- inspreЗагружено:Shuvra Saha
- C Concepts.Загружено:Shuvra Saha
- 0769500234-Digital Systems DesignЗагружено:G Abhishek Rao
- Delhi FoodЗагружено:Shuvra Saha
- i2cReportЗагружено:Shuvra Saha
- Flash Memory CellЗагружено:Shuvra Saha
- fft_fpgaЗагружено:tennis5luv

- EC-225LP-HLO-1-EASA-PMV-SRD.pdfЗагружено:Axel
- Sea SpriteЗагружено:Plusaero
- Sample ITIL ResumedocЗагружено:jhakanchanjsr
- Growing Up Pt 4Загружено:fezbo42
- Lecture Notes - Microwaves.pdfЗагружено:Satish Kumar
- LIC LMЗагружено:SureshKumar
- Kalundborg Symbiosis 40th Anniversary PublicationЗагружено:nerofte
- Piano Buyers GuideЗагружено:Winnifred Antoinette Mok
- LayersЗагружено:Laxmi Narayan Baranwal
- PraPractice Questions Given in the Worksheet on AdditionЗагружено:Puspesh Singh
- Agricultural Cooperatives and Risk ManagementЗагружено:VIKAS DOGRA
- Aerospace-Defense Electronics - Global Trends, Estimates and Forecasts, 2011-2018Загружено:Axis Research Mind
- 642-437Загружено:jeromeh25
- Managing Across CultureЗагружено:Andreea Nelson Twakor
- 7706_Mural Painting RubricЗагружено:Virgilio R. Biagtan
- How Brands GrowЗагружено:Crazy Trump
- AuditingЗагружено:Anup Rawat
- Sundry Class Options (10050331)Загружено:Bryan Donoghue
- 5 2 calorimetry practiseЗагружено:api-210028385
- Pierre Levy_ New Media Literacies (12 of Them) – Public Intelligence BlogЗагружено:Ana Ferreira de Azevedo
- Digital-HID-DHID-Industry’s-Most-Green-Lighting-Upgrade-SolutionЗагружено:Toeknee Be
- European Union - Short EssayЗагружено:zelenimarsovac
- Current Affairs note by Sir Ahtisham jan Butt.pdfЗагружено:shahrukhachakzai100
- AL-CHEM Chemistry of Carbon Compounds(97-02)Загружено:AmyLin
- Jeffrey Anthony Synaptic Allentown PAЗагружено:Synaptic News
- 25 Service Manual - Packard Bell -Easynote Butterfly XsЗагружено:Soporte Tecnico Buenos Aires
- 2006 File 16Загружено:eurospeed2
- CHEMISTRY.docxЗагружено:Rathnakraja
- Bioflavonoids Therapeutic PotentialЗагружено:Căplescu Lucian
- ReadyMix_concЗагружено:binod2500

## Гораздо больше, чем просто документы.

Откройте для себя все, что может предложить Scribd, включая книги и аудиокниги от крупных издательств.

Отменить можно в любой момент.