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"WELDGRP" --- WELD GROUP ANALYSIS PROGRAM

Program Description:
"WELDGRP" is a spreadsheet program written in MS-Excel for the purpose of analysis of weld groups using
either the ultimate strength method (also known as "instantaneous center of rotation" method) or the "elastic"
(vector) method ("Alternate Method 1" in AISC Manual). A separate worksheet contains data tables for welds.
This program is a workbook consisting of eleven (11) worksheets, described as follows:

Worksheet Name

Description

Doc
Table XIX
Table XX
Table XXI
Table XXII
Table XXIII
Table XXIV
Table XXV
Table XXVI
Weld Group (elastic)
Weld Data

This documentation sheet


Weld group instantaneous center analysis for vertical parallel welds
Weld group instantaneous center analysis for horizontal parallel welds
Weld group instantaneous center analysis for vertical rectangular welds
Weld group instantaneous center analysis for horizontal rectangular welds
Weld group instantaneous center analysis for C-shaped welds (case 1)
Weld group instantaneous center analysis for C-shaped welds (case 2)
Weld group instantaneous center analysis for L-shaped welds (case1)
Weld group instantaneous center analysis for L-shaped welds (case 2)
Weld group elastic analysis for up to 24 total weld lines and 4 load points
Fillet Weld Data Tables

Program Assumptions and Limitations:


1. The AISC eccentric loads on weld groups worksheets (Tables XX through XXVI, pages 4-75 through 4-82) are
applicable for only in-plane shear loads and torques (moments) on the weld group. With the one exception
being the "Special Case" of out-of-plane loading for vertical parallel welds, AISC Table XIX.
2. The "Weld Group (elastic)" worksheet can be used for all cases of in-plane and out-of-plane loads on the weld
group, or where geometry limitations of the AISC Tables XIX through XXVI are ecceeded. The "elastic" method
(AISC "Alternate" Method 1) will always give conservative results when compared to using the AISC Tables.
3. The "Weld Group (elastic)" worksheet assumes a minimum of 1 weld and a maximum of 24 welds in a group.
4. In the "Weld Group (elastic)" worksheet, the welds are treated as "lines" possessing a length, but no actual
theoretical thickness. All welds are assumed to contribute to the moment of inertia of the group, and the
applied loads are linearly distributed among the welds based on the location of the welds from the centroidal
axes.
5. In the "Weld Group (elastic)" worksheet, the weld group must be composed of straight lines/segments, but
they all need not be connected. Circular or portions of a circular pattern weld may be adequately modeled by
using a series of segments.
(Note: see below for an example of modeling a circular weld pattern.)
6. In the "Weld Group (elastic)" worksheet, each weld line/segment is defined by its own start (X1,Y1) and end
(X2,Y2) sets of coordinates. Coordinates defining weld lines/segments can be input irrespective of direction.
That is, a weld line/segment may be defined from left-to-right and top-to-bottom or vice-versa.
7. The "Weld Group (elastic)" worksheet assumes an orthogonal X-Y-Z coordinate system. All welds and loads
points MUST BE located in the "positive" (1st) quadrant. "Negative" weld or load point location
coordinates are NOT permitted. "Right-Hand-Rule" sign convention is used for all applied forces and moments
at load point locations.
8. In the "Weld Group (elastic)" worksheet, the welds and load points can be numbered in any desired order.
However, the user should make sure to either clear the contents of all spreadsheet cells that are not used for
input or those cell values should be input = 0. All welds and load points MUST BE input in proper numerical

sequence with no "breaks" in the numerical order of input data.


9. The "Weld Group (elastic)" worksheet calculates the required weld size in terms of both fillet leg and effective
throat dimensions, based on the assumption of using E70XX welding electrodes. The user should check AISC
specification for limitations on minimum and maximum weld sizes.
10. This program contains numerous comment boxes which contain a wide variety of information including
explanations of input or output items, equations used, data tables, etc. (Note: presence of a comment box
is denoted by a red triangle in the upper right-hand corner of a cell. Merely move the mouse pointer to the
desired cell to view the contents of that particular "comment box".)
11. Weld Data worksheet shows data tables for minimum size of fillet welds, allowable force on fillet welds, and
intermittent fillet weld lengths and spacings.

Circular Weld Example (using elastic method):


A circular weld of diameter, 'D', with its center located at 0.50*D from both the origin X and Y axes, may be
modeled as 24-sided shape inscribed within the circle. The coordinates of the 24 connected segments can
be described as follows:
Weld Coordinates:
Start
Weld #1
Weld #2
Weld #3
Weld #4
Weld #5
Weld #6
Weld #7
Weld #8
Weld #9
Weld #10
Weld #11
Weld #12
Weld #13
Weld #14
Weld #15
Weld #16
Weld #17
Weld #18
Weld #19
Weld #20
Weld #21
Weld #22
Weld #23
Weld #24

X1
0
0.0170*D
0.0670*D
0.1464*D
0.2500*D
0.3706*D
0.50*D
0.6294*D
0.7500*D
0.8536*D
0.9330*D
0.9830*D
1.0*D
0.9830*D
0.9330*D
0.8536*D
0.7500*D
0.6294*D
0.50*D
0.3706*D
0.2500*D
0.1464*D
0.0670*D
0.0170*D

Y1
0.50*D
0.3706*D
0.2500*D
0.1464*D
0.0670*D
0.0170*D
0
0.0170*D
0.0670*D
0.1464*D
0.2500*D
0.3706*D
0.50*D
0.6294*D
0.7500*D
0.8536*D
0.9330*D
0.9830*D
1.0*D
0.9830*D
0.9330*D
0.8536*D
0.7500*D
0.6294*D

End
X2
Y2
0.0170*D 0.3706*D
0.0670*D 0.2500*D
0.1464*D 0.1464*D
0.2500*D 0.0670*D
0.3706*D 0.0170*D
0.50*D
0
0.6294*D 0.0170*D
0.7500*D 0.0670*D
0.8536*D 0.1464*D
0.9330*D 0.2500*D
0.9830*D 0.3706*D
1.0*D
0.50*D
0.9830*D 0.6294*D
0.9330*D 0.7500*D
0.8536*D 0.8536*D
0.7500*D 0.9330*D
0.6294*D 0.9830*D
0.50*D
1.0*D
0.3706*D 0.9830*D
0.2500*D 0.9330*D
0.1464*D 0.8536*D
0.0670*D 0.7500*D
0.0170*D 0.6294*D
0
0.50*D

"WELDGRP.xls" Program
Version 2.2

ECCENTRIC LOADS ON VERTICAL PARALLEL WELD GROUPS


Based on the Instantaneous Center of Rotation Method and Alternate Method 2
Using Table XIX from AISC 9th Ed. Manual (ASD) - page 4-75
Job Name:
Subject:
Job Number:
Originator:
Checker:
Pv=22 k

Input Data:

q =0

aL=6

Vertical Weld Length =


Spacing of Welds =
Weld Size, w =
Vertical Load, Pv =
Horizontal Load, Ph =
Dist. from Pv to C.G. =
Use Special Case?

8.000
4.000
1/4
22.00
0.00
6.000
No

P=Pv

in.
in.
in. = 4 (1/16's)
kips

L=
8.000

C.G.

Ph=0

kips
in.

(kL)/2
kL= 4

(kL)/2

Nomenclature:
Pv

P = Pv = C*C1*D*L (for vertical load only)


P = allowable load on eccentric weld group (kips)
C = coefficient interpolated from Table XIX
C1 = coefficient for electrode, use 1.0 for E70XX
D = number of 1/16's of an inch (weld size)
L = vertical weld length

aL
P
L
Ph
eq. spaces

Special Case (out of plane) (Use C values for k=0)

Results:
L=
kL =
aL =
a=
k=
C1 =
C=
P=
Angle q =
Co =
C(max) =
A=
Ca/Co =
Ca =
D(req'd) =
L(req'd) =

8.000
4.000
6.000
0.750
0.500
1.0
0.712
22.00
0.000
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
3.862
7.725

in.
in.
in.

kips
deg.

1/16's
in.

(Note: AISC Alternate Method 2 is not used for P=Pv)


L = vertical weld length
kL = spacing of vertical welds
aL = dist. from Pv to C.G.
a = (aL)/L
k = (kL)/L
C1 = 1.0 for E70XX electrode
(interpolated from Table XIX, page 4-75)
P = SQRT(Pv^2+Ph^2)
q = 90-(ATAN(Pv/Ph))
Co = C (from AISC Table XIX, page 4-75)
C(max) = 0.928*(2)
A = C(max)/Co >= 1.0
Ca/Co = A/(SINq+A*COSq) >= 1.0
Ca = (Ca/Co)*Co
D(req'd) = P/(C*C1*L)
L(req'd) = P/(C*C1*D)
Weld is adequate!
D(req'd) = 3.862 <= 4 (1/16's)
L(req'd) = 7.725 <= 8 in.

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'"WELDGRP.xls" Program
Version 2.2

ECCENTRIC LOADS ON HORIZONTAL PARALLEL WELD GROUPS


Based on the Instantaneous Center of Rotation Method and Alternate Method 2
Using Table XX from AISC 9th Ed. Manual (ASD) - page 4-76
Job Name:
Subject:
Job Number:
Originator:
Checker:
Input Data:
Horiz. Weld Length =
Spacing of Welds =
Weld Size, w =
Vertical Load, Pv =
Horizontal Load, Ph =
Dist. from Pv to C.G. =

10.000
5.000
3/8
27.40
0.00
10.000

Pv=27.4 k

in.

q= 0

aL=10

in.
in. = 6 (1/16's)

P=Pv

kips
kips
in.

kL =
5.000

C.G.

Ph=0

Nomenclature:

L = 10

P = Pv = C*C1*D*L (for vertical load only)


P = allowable load on eccentric weld group (kips)
C = coefficient interpolated from Table XX
C1 = coef. for electrode, use 1.0 for E70XX
D = number of 1/16's of an inch (weld size)
L = horizontal weld length

Results:
L=
kL =
aL =
a=
k=
C1 =
C=
P=
Angle q =
Co =
C(max) =
A=
Ca/Co =
Ca =
D(req'd) =
L(req'd) =

10.000
5.000
10.000
1.000
0.500
1.0
0.553
27.40
0.000
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
4.955
8.258

in.
in.
in.

kips
deg.

1/16's
in.

(Note: AISC Alternate Method 2 is not used for P=Pv)


L = horizontal weld length
kL = spacing of horiz. welds
aL = dist. from Pv to C.G.
a = (aL)/L
k = (kL)/L
C1 = 1.0 for E70XX electrode
(interpolated from Table XX, page 4-76)
P = SQRT(Pv^2+Ph^2)
q = 90-(ATAN(Pv/Ph))
Co = C (from AISC Table XX, page 4-76)
C(max) = 0.928*(2)
A = C(max)/Co >= 1.0
Ca/Co = A/(SINq+A*COSq) >= 1.0
Ca = (Ca/Co)*Co
D(req'd) = P/(C*C1*L)
L(req'd) = P/(C*C1*D)
Weld is adequate!
D(req'd) = 4.955 <= 6 (1/16's)
L(req'd) = 8.258 <= 10 in.

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"WELDGRP.xls" Program
Version 2.2

ECCENTRIC LOADS ON RECTANGULAR WELD GROUPS


Based on the Instantaneous Center of Rotation Method and Alternate Method 2
Using Table XXI from AISC 9th Ed. Manual (ASD) - page 4-77
Job Name:
Subject:
Job Number:
Originator:
Checker:
Input Data:
aL=10

Vertical Weld Length =


Horiz. Weld Length =
Weld Size, w =
Vertical Load, Pv =
Horizontal Load, Ph =
Dist. from Pv to C.G. =

10.000
5.000
1/2
76.00
0.00
10.000

Pv=76 k

in.

q= 0

in.
in. = 8 (1/16's)

P=Pv

kips
kips
in.

L=
10.000

C.G.

Ph=0

Nomenclature:
P = Pv = C*C1*D*L (for vertical load only)
P = allowable load on eccentric weld group (kips)
C = coefficient interpolated from Table XXI
C1 = coef. for electrode, use 1.0 for E70XX
D = number of 1/16's of an inch (weld size)
L = vertical weld length

kL= 5

Results:
L=
kL =
aL =
a=
k=
C1 =
C=
P=
Angle q =
Co =
C(max) =
A=
Ca/Co =
Ca =
D(req'd) =
L(req'd) =

10.000
5.000
10.000
1.000
0.500
1.0
0.951
76.00
0.000
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
7.992
9.989

in.
in.
in.

kips
deg.

1/16's
in.

(Note: AISC Alternate Method 2 is not used for P=Pv)


L = vertical weld length
kL = horizontal weld length
aL = dist. from Pv to C.G.
a = (aL)/L
k = (kL)/L
C1 = 1.0 for E70XX electrode
(interpolated from Table XXI)
P = SQRT(Pv^2+Ph^2)
q = 90-(ATAN(Pv/Ph))
Co = C (from AISC Table XXI)
C(max) = 0.928*(2+2*k)
A = C(max)/Co >= 1.0
Ca/Co = A/(SINq+A*COSq) >= 1.0
Ca = (Ca/Co)*Co
D(req'd) = P/(C*C1*L)
L(req'd) = P/(C*C1*D)
Weld is adequate!
D(req'd) = 7.992 <= 8 (1/16's)
L(req'd) = 9.989 <= 10 in.

5 of 16

1/5/2015 10:25 PM

"WELDGRP.xls" Program
Version 2.2

ECCENTRIC LOADS ON RECTANGULAR WELD GROUPS


Based on the Instantaneous Center of Rotation Method and Alternate Method 2
Using Table XXII from AISC 9th Ed. Manual (ASD) - page 4-78
Job Name:
Subject:
Job Number:
Originator:
Checker:
Input Data:
Horiz. Weld Length =
Vertical Weld Length =
Weld Size, w =
Vertical Load, Pv =
Horizontal Load, Ph =
Dist. from Pv to C.G. =

10.000
5.000
1/2
68.00
0.00
11.000

Pv=68 k
q =0

in.
in.

aL=11

in. = 8 (1/16's)

P=Pv

kips

kL =
5.000

kips
in.

C.G.

Ph=0

Nomenclature:

L = 10

P = Pv = C*C1*D*L (for vertical load only)


P = allowable load on eccentric weld group (kips)
C = coefficient interpolated from Table XXII
C1 = coef. for electrode, use 1.0 for E70XX
D = number of 1/16's of an inch (weld size)
L = horizontal weld length

Results:
L=
kL =
aL =
a=
k=
C1 =
C=
P=
Angle q =
Co =
C(max) =
A=
Ca/Co =
Ca =
D(req'd) =
L(req'd) =

10.000
5.000
11.000
1.100
0.500
1.0
0.802
68.00
0.000
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
8.479
10.599

in.
in.
in.

kips
deg.

1/16's
in.

(Note: AISC Alternate Method 2 is not used for P=Pv)


L = horizontal weld length
kL = vertical weld length
aL = dist. from Pv to C.G.
a = (aL)/L
k = (kL)/L
C1 = 1.0 for E70XX electrode
(interpolated from Table XXII)
P = SQRT(Pv^2+Ph^2)
q = 90-(ATAN(Pv/Ph))
Co = C (from AISC Table XXII)
C(max) = 0.928*(2+2*k)
A = C(max)/Co >= 1.0
Ca/Co = A/(SINq+A*COSq) >= 1.0
Ca = (Ca/Co)*Co
D(req'd) = P/(C*C1*L)
L(req'd) = P/(C*C1*D)
Weld is overstressed!
D(req'd) = 8.479 > 8 (1/16's)
L(req'd) = 10.599 > 10 in.

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"WELDGRP.xls" Program
Version 2.2

ECCENTRIC LOADS ON C-SHAPED WELD GROUPS


Based on the Instantaneous Center of Rotation Method and Alternate Method 2
Using Table XXIII from AISC 9th Ed. Manual (ASD) - page 4-79
Job Name:
Subject:
Job Number:
Originator:
Checker:
Input Data:
Vertical Weld Length =
Horiz. Weld Length =
Weld Size, w =
Vertical Load, Pv =
Horizontal Load, Ph =
Dist. from Pv to Weld =

10.000
5.000
1/2
23.29
86.93
10.000

10.000
aL=8.75

in.
in.
in. = 8 (1/16's)

Pv=23.29 k

kips

q = 75

kips
in.

P=90 k

Nomenclature:
P = Ca*C1*D*L (for inclined load)
P = allowable load on eccentric weld group (kips)
Ca = coefficient for inclined load, Alt. Method 2
C1 = coef. for electrode, use 1.0 for E70XX
D = number of 1/16's of an inch (weld size)
L = vertical weld length

L=
10.000

C.G.

xL=1.25

Ph=86.93 k (@ C.G.)

3.75
kL=5

Results:
L=
kL =
xL =
aL =
a=
k=
C1 =
C=
P=
Angle q =
Co =
C(max) =
A=
Ca/Co =
Ca =
D(req'd) =
L(req'd) =

10.000
5.000
1.250
8.750
0.875
0.500
1.0
0.704
90.000
75.002
0.704
1.856
2.636
1.600
1.126
7.993
9.991

in.
in.
in.
in.

kips
deg.

1/16's
in.

(Note: AISC Alternate Method 2 is used for inclined load)


L = vertical weld length
kL = horizontal weld length
xL = ((kL)^2/(2*kL+L))
aL = (Dist. to Pv)-(xL)
a = (aL)/L
k = (kL)/L
C1 = 1.0 for E70XX electrode
(interpolated from AISC Table XXIII, page 4-79)
P = SQRT(Pv^2+Ph^2)
q = 90-(ATAN(Pv/Ph))
Co = C (from AISC Table XXIII, page 4-79)
C(max) = 0.928*(1+2*k)
A = C(max)/Co >= 1.0
Ca/Co = A/(SINq+A*COSq) >= 1.0
Ca = (Ca/Co)*Co
D(req'd) = P/(Ca*C1*L)
L(req'd) = P/(Ca*C1*D)
Weld is adequate!
D(req'd) = 7.993 <= 8 (1/16's)
L(req'd) = 9.991 <= 10 in.

7 of 16

1/5/2015 10:25 PM

"WELDGRP.xls" Program
Version 2.2

ECCENTRIC LOADS ON C-SHAPED WELD GROUPS


Based on the Instantaneous Center of Rotation Method and Alternate Method 2
Using Table XXIV from AISC 9th Ed. Manual (ASD) - page 4-80
Job Name:
Subject:
Job Number:
Originator:
Checker:
Input Data:
Vertical Weld Length =
Horiz. Weld Length =
Weld Size, w =
Vertical Load, Pv =
Horizontal Load, Ph =
Dist. from Pv to Weld =

10.000
5.000
1/2
23.29
86.93
7.500

in.
in.
in. = 8 (1/16's)
kips

aL=8.75
7.500
Pv=23.29 k
q = 75

kips

P=90 k

in.

Pv=23.29 k

Nomenclature:

L=10
Ph=86.93 k
(@ C.G.)

P = Ca*C1*D*L (for inclined load)


P = allowable load on eccentric weld group (kips)
Ca = coefficient for inclined load, Alt. Method 2
C1 = coef. for electrode, use 1.0 for E70XX
D = number of 1/16's of an inch (weld size)
L = vertical weld length

xL=1.25

3.75
kL=5

Results:
L=
kL =
xL =
aL =
a=
k=
C1 =
C=
P=
Angle q =
Co =
C(max) =
A=
Ca/Co =
Ca =
D(req'd) =
L(req'd) =

10.000
5.000
1.250
8.750
0.875
0.500
1.0
0.722
90.000
75.002
0.722
1.856
2.571
1.576
1.138
7.909
9.886

in.
in.
in.
in.

kips
deg.

1/16's
in.

(Note: AISC Alternate Method 2 is used for inclined load)


L = vertical weld length
kL = horizontal weld length
xL = ((kL)^2/(2*kL+L))
aL = (Dist. to Pv)+(xL)
a = (aL)/L
k = (kL)/L
C1 = 1.0 for E70XX electrode
(interpolated from AISC Table XXIV, page 4-80)
P = SQRT(Pv^2+Ph^2)
q = 90-(ATAN(Pv/Ph))
Co = C (from AISC Table XXIV, page 4-80)
C(max) = 0.928*(1+2*k)
A = C(max)/Co >= 1.0
Ca/Co = A/(SINq+A*COSq) >= 1.0
Ca = (Ca/Co)*Co
D(req'd) = P/(Ca*C1*L)
L(req'd) = P/(Ca*C1*D)
Weld is adequate!
D(req'd) = 7.909 <= 8 (1/16's)
L(req'd) = 9.886 <= 10 in.

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1/5/2015 10:25 PM

"WELDGRP.xls" Program
Version 2.2

ECCENTRIC LOADS ON L-SHAPED WELD GROUPS


Based on the Instantaneous Center of Rotation Method and Alternate Method 2
Using Table XXV from AISC 9th Ed. Manual (ASD) - page 4-81
Job Name:
Subject:
Job Number:
Originator:
Checker:
Input Data:
Pv=25 k

Vertical Weld Length =


Horiz. Weld Length =
Weld Size, w =
Vertical Load, Pv =
Horizontal Load, Ph =
Dist. from Pv to Weld =

11.500
3.000
3/16
25.00
0.00
4.000

4.000
aL=3.69

in.
in.

q= 0

in. = 3 (1/16's)

P=Pv

kips
kips

C.G.

in.

Nomenclature:
P = Pv = C*C1*D*L (for vertical load only)
P = allowable load on eccentric weld group (kips)
C = coefficient interpolated from Table XXV
C1 = coef. for electrode, use 1.0 for E70XX
D = number of 1/16's of an inch (weld size)
L = vertical weld length

L=
11.500

yL=4.56

xL=0.31

2.69

kL=

Ph=0

Results:
L=
kL =
xL =
yL =
aL =
a=
k=
C1 =
C=
P=
Angle q =
Co =
C(max) =
A=
Ca/Co =
Ca =
D(req'd) =
L(req'd) =

11.500
3.000
0.310
4.560
3.690
0.321
0.261
1.0
0.742
25.00
0.000
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
2.930
11.231

in.
in.
in.
in.
in.

kips
deg.

1/16's
in.

(Note: AISC Alternate Method 2 is not used for P=Pv)


L = vertical weld length
kL = horizontal weld length
xL = (kL)^2/(2*(kL+L))
yL = L^2/(2*(kL+L))
aL = (Dist. to Pv)-(xL)
a = (aL)/L
k = (kL)/L
C1 = 1.0 for E70XX electrode
(interpolated from Table XXV)
P = SQRT(Pv^2+Ph^2)
q = 90-(ATAN(Pv/Ph))
Co = C (from AISC Table XXV)
C(max) = 0.928*(1+k)
A = C(max)/Co >= 1.0
Ca/Co = A/(SINq+A*COSq) >= 1.0
Ca = (Ca/Co)*Co
D(req'd) = P/(C*C1*L)
L(req'd) = P/(C*C1*D)
Weld is adequate!
D(req'd) = 2.93 <= 3 (1/16's)
L(req'd) = 11.231 <= 11.5 in.

9 of 16

1/5/2015 10:25 PM

"WELDGRP.xls" Program
Version 2.2

ECCENTRIC LOADS ON L-SHAPED WELD GROUPS


Based on the Instantaneous Center of Rotation Method and Alternate Method 2
Using Table XXV1 from AISC 9th Ed. Manual (ASD) - page 4-82
Job Name:
Subject:
Job Number:
Originator:
Checker:
Input Data:
Pv=26 k

Vertical Weld Length =


Horiz. Weld Length =
Weld Size, w =
Vertical Load, Pv =
Horizontal Load, Ph =
Dist. from Pv to Weld =

11.500
3.000
3/16
26.00
0.00
3.150

aL=3.46
3.150

in.
in.
in. = 3 (1/16's)

q
P=Pv

kips
kips

yL=4.56

C.G.

in.

Ph=0

L=
11.500

Nomenclature:
P = Pv = C*C1*D*L (for vertical load only)
P = allowable load on eccentric weld group (kips)
C = coefficient interpolated from Table XXVI
C1 = coef. for electrode, use 1.0 for E70XX
D = number of 1/16's of an inch (weld size)
L = vertical weld length

xL=0.31
kL=

2.69
3

Results:
L=
kL =
xL =
yL =
aL =
a=
k=
C1 =
C=
P=
Angle q =
Co =
C(max) =
A=
Ca/Co =
Ca =
D(req'd) =
L(req'd) =

11.500
3.000
0.310
4.560
3.460
0.301
0.261
1.0
0.768
26.00
0.000
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
2.944
11.285

in.
in.
in.
in.
in.

kips
deg.

1/16's
in.

(Note: AISC Alternate Method 2 is not used for P=Pv)


L = vertical weld length
kL = horizontal weld length
xL = (kL)^2/(2*(kL+L))
yL = L^2/(2*(kL+L))
aL = (Dist. to Pv)-(xL)
a = (aL)/L
k = (kL)/L
C1 = 1.0 for E70XX electrode
(interpolated from Table XXVI)
P = SQRT(Pv^2+Ph^2)
q = 90-(ATAN(Pv/Ph))
Co = C (from AISC Table XXVI)
C(max) = 0.928*(1+k)
A = C(max)/Co >= 1.0
Ca/Co = A/(SINq+A*COSq) >= 1.0
Ca = (Ca/Co)*Co
D(req'd) = P/(C*C1*L)
L(req'd) = P/(C*C1*D)
Weld is adequate!
D(req'd) = 2.944 <= 3 (1/16's)
L(req'd) = 11.285 <= 11.5 in.

10 of 16

1/5/2015 10:25 PM

"WELDGRP.xls" Program
Version 2.2

WELD GROUP ANALYSIS


Using the Elastic Method for up to 24 Total Welds
Job Name:
Job Number:

Subject:
Originator:

Checker:

Input Data:

Weld #1
Weld #2
Weld #3

3
Weld Coordinates:
Start
End
X1 (in.)
Y1 (in.)
X2 (in.)
Y2 (in.)
0.000
0.000
5.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
10.000
0.000
10.000
5.000
10.000

14.0

12.0

10.0

Y - AXIS (in.)

Number of Welds, Nw =

8.0

6.0

4.0

2.0

0.0
0.0

2.0

4.0

6.0

8.0

10.0

12.0

X - AXIS (in.)

WELD GROUP PLOT

+Y

1=Start
2=End
1

No. of Load Points =

X-Coordinate (in.) =
Y-Coordinate (in.) =
Z-Coordinate (in.) =
Axial Load, Pz (k) =
Shear Load, Px (k) =
Shear Load, Py (k) =
Moment, Mx (in-k) =
Moment, My (in-k) =
Moment, Mz (in-k) =

Point #1
3.000
5.000
0.000
0.00
86.93
-23.29
0.00
0.00
0.00

Weld #3
Weld #2
Weld #1

Load Point Data:

1
1

+X

Origin

+Z
NOMENCLATURE

(continued)

11 of 16

1/5/2015 10:25 PM

"WELDGRP.xls" Program
Version 2.2

Results:
Weld Group Properties:
Lw =
20.000
in.
Xc =
1.250
in.
Yc =
5.000
in.
Ix =
333.33
in^3
Iy =
52.08
in^3
J=
385.42
in^3

Weld #1
Weld #2
Weld #3

S Loads @ C.G. of Weld Group:


S Pz =
0.00
kips
S Px =
86.93
kips
S Py = -23.29 kips
S Mx =
0.00
in-k
S My =
0.00
in-k
S Mz = -40.76 in-k

Weld Forces (k/in.)


Fw(1)
Fw(2)
3.955
4.125
3.955
4.983
4.983
5.119

Required E70XX Weld Size:


Fw(max) =
5.119
kips/in.
Fillet (leg) =
0.345
in.
Throat (eff) =
0.244
in.

12 of 16

1/5/2015 10:25 PM

FILLET WELD DATA TABLES


AISC Table J2.3 - Minimum Effective Throat Thickness of
Partial-Penetration Groove Welds
Material Thickness of
Minimum Effective Throat
Thicker Part Joined (in.)
Thickness (in.)
To 1/4 Inclusive
1/8
Over 1/4 to 1/2
3/16
Over 1/2 to 3/4
1/4
Over 3/4 to 1-1/2
5/16
Over 1-1/2 to 2-1/4
3/8
Over 2-1/4 to 6
1/2
Over 6
5/8
AISC Table J2.4 - Minimum Size of Fillet Welds
Material Thickness of
Minimum Size of
Thicker Part Joined (in.)
Fillet Weld (in.)
To 1/4 Inclusive
1/8
Over 1/4 to 1/2
3/16
Over 1/2 to 3/4
1/4
Over 3/4
5/16
Notes: 1. Sizes of fillets welds shown are "leg" dimensions.
2. Single-pass welds must be used.
Allowable Force on Fillet Welds (k/in.)
Weld Size (in.)
Weld Force (for E70XX)
1/8
1.856
3/16
2.785
1/4
3.713
5/16
4.641
3/8
5.569
7/16
6.497
1/2
7.426
Note: Weld force is calculated by 0.928*D, where 'D' is the
number of 1/16's of an inch for the weld size.
Intermittent Fillet Welds
% of Continuous Weld
Weld Length and Spacing (in.)
75
--3-4
--66
----4-6
60
--3-5
--50
2-4
3-6
4-8
44
----4-9
40
2-5
--4 - 10
37
--3-8
--33
2-6
3-9
4 - 12
30
--3 -10
--25
2-8
3 -12
--20
2 - 10
----16
2 - 12
-----