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Job Number

Job Title
Client
Calcs by

E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg

KTP/20/13
ECHELON
M/s KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD
Checked by
HT
T&T

W05-L07-L12 STY

Job Title
Client
Date

MAY 2014

E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg

C13

182.000

16.000

43.000

16.000

182.000

16.000

43.000

16.000

182.000

16.000

10.000

43.000

205.000

16.000

10.000

182.000

5980.000

16.000

10.000

43.000

16.000

-10.000

182.000

-5980.000

16.000

43.000

43.000

16.000

182.000

16.000

43.000

16.000

182.000

16.000

43.000

16.000

182.000

16.000

43.000

16.000

182.000

16.000

43.000

16.000

182.000

16.000

43.000

16.000

182.000

16.000

43.000

16.000

182.000

16.000

43.000

16.000

182.000

16.000

43.000

16.000

Design code : CP65 - 1999

Input tables
General design parameters:

Job Number

General column design by PROKON.

Code

Sheet

X/Radius or
Bar dia. (mm)

10.000
-10.000

Y (mm)
Angle ()

-205.000
-10.000
+

43.000

16

182.000

16

182.000

16

43.000

16

43.000

16.000

182.000

16.000

43.000

16.000

182.000

16.000

43.000

16.000

182.000

16.000

43.000

16.000

182.000

16.000

43.000

16.000

182.000

16.000

43.000

16.000

182.000

16.000

43.000

16.000

CONSULTANTS LLP

43.000
5957.000
5957.000
216.941
216.941
390.882
390.882
564.824
564.824
738.765
738.765
912.706
912.706
1086.647
1086.647
1260.588

(GenCol Ver W2.4.01 - 01 Apr 2008)

CONSULTANTS LLP

Calcs by

1260.588
1434.529
1434.529
1608.471
1608.471
1782.412
1782.412
1956.353
1956.353
2130.294
2130.294
2304.235
2304.235
2478.176
2478.176
2652.118
2652.118
2826.059
2826.059
3000.000
3000.000
3173.941
3173.941
3347.882
3347.882
3521.824

KTP/20/13
ECHELON
M/s KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD
Checked by
HT
T&T

Sheet

Date

MAY 2014

Job Number
Job Title
Client
E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg

182.000

16.000

43.000

16.000

182.000

16.000

43.000

16.000

182.000

16.000

43.000

16.000

182.000

16.000

43.000

16.000

182.000

16.000

43.000

16.000

182.000

16.000

43.000

16.000

182.000

16.000

43.000

16.000

182.000

16.000

43.000

16.000

182.000

16.000

43.000

16.000

182.000

16.000

43.000

16.000

182.000

16.000

43.000

16.000

182.000

16.000

43.000

16.000

182.000

16.000

43.000

16.000

CONSULTANTS LLP

3521.824
3695.765
3695.765

Sheet

Job Number
Job Title
Client

Date

MAY 2014

E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg

182.000

16.000

112.500

16.000

112.500

16.000

Calcs by

Sheet

KTP/20/13
ECHELON
M/s KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD
Checked by
HT
T&T

Date

5783.059
43.000
5957.000

3869.706
3869.706
4043.647
4043.647
4217.588

Design loads:
Load
case

Designation

Ultimate limit state design loads


P (kN)

Mx top (kNm) My top (kNm) Mx bot (kNm) My bot (kNm)

Axial

16400

Axial+Mxx

16400

Axial+Myy

16400

Axial+Mxx+Myy

16400

1500

100

Axial+Mecc

16400

1640

1640

1500
100
CP65 - 1999

Y
7500

4217.588

General design parameters:


4391.529
4391.529
4565.471
4565.471
4739.412
4739.412
4913.353
4913.353
5087.294
5087.294
5261.235
5261.235
5435.176

Given:
Lo = 5.000 m
fcu = 50 MPa
fy = 460 MPa
Ac = 1342763 mm
Assumptions:
(1) The general conditions of clause 3.8.1 are applicable.
(2) The specified design axial loads include
the self-weight of the column.
(3) The design axial loads are taken constant
over the height of the column.

Design approach:
The column is designed using an iterative procedure:
(1) An area of reinforcement is chosen.
(2) The column design charts are constructed.
(3) The corresponding slenderness moments are calculated.
(4) The design axis and design ultimate moment are determined .
(5) The design axial force and moment capacity is checked on
the relevant design chart.
(6) The safety factor is calculated for this load case.
(7) The procedure is repeated for each load case.
(8) The critical load case is identified as the case yielding the lowest
safety factor about the design axis
Through inspection:
Load case 1 (Axial) is critical.

5435.176
5609.118
5609.118
5783.059

CONSULTANTS LLP

5000

XX
2500

Calcs by

KTP/20/13
ECHELON
M/s KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD
Checked by
HT
T&T

MAY 2014

Job Number
Job Title
Client
E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg

Calcs by

KTP/20/13
ECHELON
M/s KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD
Checked by
HT
T&T

Sheet

Job Number
Job Title
Client

Date

MAY 2014

E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg

Calcs by

Check column slenderness:

Design ultimate load and moment:

End fixity and bracing for bending about the Design axis:
At the top end: Condition 2 (partially fixed).
At the bottom end: Condition 2 (partially fixed).
The column is braced.
= 1.00

Design axial load:


Pu = 16400.0 kN
Table 3.21

Effective column height:


le = Lo = 5.000 m
Check if the column is slender:
le/h = 22.2 > 15
The column is slender.

3.8.1.3

Moments about X-X axis( kNm)

The initial end moments about the X-X axis:


M1 = Smaller initial end moment = 0.0 kNm
M2 = Larger initial end moment = 0.0 kNm

3.8.3.2

The initial end moments about the Y-Y axis:


M1 = Smaller initial end moment = 0.0 kNm
M2 = Larger initial end moment = 0.0 kNm

Deflection induced moments:

3.8.3.1

Design ultimate capacity of section under axial load only:


Nuz = 0.45 fcu Ac + 0.87 fy Asc = 36005.6 kN
Maximum allowable stress and strain:
Allowable compression stress in steel, fsc = 0.87 fy = 400.2 MPa
Allowable tensile stress in steel, fst = 0.87 fy = 400.2 MPa
Allowable tensile strain in steel, ey = fst/Es = 0.0020 m/m
Allowable compressive strain in concrete, ec = 0.0035 m/m

Mxadd/2=0.0 kNm

Initial

Additional

For bending about the weakest axis:


Weakest axis lies at an angle of -90.00 to the X-X axis
Overall dimension perpendicular to weakest axis h-dc = 182mm
Balanced neutral axis depth, xb = ec/(ec+es) (h-dc) =116.8 mm
Nbal = 0.44 b fcu xbal + (Ast fs + Asc fsd) = 14017.8 kN
K = (Nuz - N) / (Nuz - Nbal) = 0.891 < 1.0
a = (1/2000) (le/h) = 0.247
Madd = N a K h = 812.9 kNm
Maddx = Madd*cos(-90.00) = 0.0 kNm
Maddy = Madd*sin(-90.00) = 812.9 kNm

CONSULTANTS LLP

Design

Moments about Y-Y axis( kNm)


Mytop=0.0 kNm

Mybot=-0.0 kNm
Initial

CONSULTANTS LLP

My=812.9 kNm
Mymin=184.5 kNm

Myadd/2=406.4 kNm

Myadd/2=406.4 kNm
Additional

3.8.3.2

For bending about the Y-Y axis, the maximum design moment is the greatest of:
(a) M2 = 0.0 kNm
(b) M2 + Maddy/2 = 406.4 kNm
(c) Mi + Maddy = -812.9 kNm
(d) M1 + Maddy/2 = 406.4 kNm
(e) emin N = 184.5 kNm
My = 812.9 kNm

Myadd=-812.9 kNm

3.8.3.2

Mxbot=-0.0 kNm

MAY 2014

Mx=0.0 kNm
Mxmin=184.5 kNm

Mxadd/2=0.0 kNm
Mxadd=-0.0 kNm

Mxtop=0.0 kNm

The initial moment near mid-height of the column :


Mi = 0.4M1 + 0.6M2 0.4M2 = 0.0 kNm

Date

For bending about the X-X axis, the maximum design moment is the greatest of:
(a) M2 = 0.0 kNm
(b) M2 + Maddx/2 = 0.0 kNm
(c) Mi + Maddx = -0.0 kNm
(d) M1 + Maddx/2 = 0.0 kNm
(e) emin N = 184.5 kNm
Mx = 0.0 kNm

Initial moments:

The initial moment near mid-height of the column :


Mi = 0.4M1 + 0.6M2 0.4M2 = 0.0 kNm

Sheet

KTP/20/13
ECHELON
M/s KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD
Checked by
HT
T&T

Design

3.8.3.2

Job Number
Job Title
Client
E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg

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Sheet

KTP/20/13
ECHELON
M/s KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD
Checked by
HT
T&T

Job Number
Job Title
Client

Date

Check for miminum eccentricity:


Check that the eccentricity exceeds the minimum in the plane of bending:
Use emin = 20mm
Mmin = 184.5 kNm about the X-X axis.

MAY 2014
3.8.2.4

E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg

Calcs by

Sheet

KTP/20/13
ECHELON
M/s KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD
Checked by
HT
T&T

Date

MAY 2014

Stresses near mid-height of the column for the critical load case 1

CP65 - 1999

D
Y
7500

Design of column section for ULS:


The column is checked for applied moment about the design axis.
Through inspection: the critical section lies near mid-height of the column.
The design axis for the critical load case 1 lies at an angle of 270.00 to the X-axis
The safety factor for the critical load case 1 is 1.28

5000

For bending about the design axis:

270.0
XX

1200

1000

813 kNm 800

-2000
-4000

600

400

200

0.00

-200

-400

-600

-800

-1000

-1200

16400 kN

2500

Axial load (kN)

34E3
32E3
30E3
28E3
26E3
24E3
22E3
20E3
18E3
16E3
14E3
12E3
10E3
8000
6000
4000
2000

Moment max = 1155 kNm @ 11E3kN

Interaction Diagram

Summary of design calculations:

Bending moment (kNm)

Design table for critical load case:


Moments and Reinforcement for LC 1:Axial

Moment distribution along the height of the column for bending about the design axis:
At the top, Mx = 406.4 kNm
Near mid-height, Mx = 812.9 kNm
At the bottom, Mx = 406.4 kNm

Middle

Bottom

Madd-x

(kNm) 0.0

Top

-0.0

-0.0

Madd-y

(kNm) 406.4

-812.9

-406.4

Mx

(kNm) 0.0

-0.0

0.0

My

(kNm) 406.4

-812.9

406.4

M'

(kNm) 406.4

812.9

406.4

Design axis ()

90.00

270.00

270.00

Safety factor

1.69

1.28

1.69

14476

14476

1.07 %

1.07 %

5371

5371

Asc

(mm) 14476

Percentage
AsNom

1.07 %

(mm) 5371

Critical load case: LC 1

Design results for all load cases:

CONSULTANTS LLP

Load case

Axis

N (kN)

Load case 1
Axial

X-X
Y-Y

16400.0

CONSULTANTS LLP

M1 (kNm) M2 (kNm) Mi (kNm) Madd (kNm) Design


0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0

0.0
812.9

Middle

M (kNm) M' (kNm)


0.0
812.9

812.9

Safety
factor
1.279

Job Number
Job Title
Client
E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg

Calcs by

Load case

Axis

N (kN)

Load case 2
Axial+Mxx

X-X
Y-Y

16400.0

0.0
0.0

1500.0
0.0

900.0
0.0

315.1
1.9

Load case 3
Axial+Myy

X-X
Y-Y

16400.0

0.0
0.0

0.0
100.0

0.0
60.0

Load case 4
X-X
Axial+Mxx+Myy Y-Y

16400.0

0.0
0.0

1500.0
100.0

16400.0

0.0
0.0

1640.0
1640.0

Load case 5
Axial+Mecc

X-X
Y-Y

M1 (kNm) M2 (kNm) Mi (kNm) Madd (kNm) Design

Load case 1 (Axial) is critical.

CONSULTANTS LLP

Sheet

KTP/20/13
ECHELON
M/s KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD
Checked by
HT
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Date

M (kNm) M' (kNm)

MAY 2014
Safety
factor

Bottom

1500.0
813.3

406.6

1.686

0.0
822.8

Middle

0.0
753.3

753.3

1.331

900.0
60.0

0.0
0.0

Bottom

1500.0
753.3

406.6

1.686

984.0
984.0

0.0
190.5

Bottom

1640.0
2046.6

406.6

1.686