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Engineering

Standards
Name

MAGNETISM,RESIDUAL

Identifier

INSPECTION SPECIFICATION
(CHARACTERISTIC)

Engineering Standard Number

16114

1. Scope
This specification applies to the limits of acceptance for residual magnetism found in ferrous
engine parts and shall apply to all ferrous parts listed below or whenever this inspection
specification is referenced within a Magnetic Particle Inspection Standard.
This specification shall not be used for new product fuel system components, use CES 16602.

2. Applicable Documents
Applicable documents listed below may be obtained from the respective organizations listed in
CES 10054, Standards Organizations Addresses.
a. 10054, Standards Organizations Addresses
b. 10056, Glossary

3. Definitions
There are no unique definitions in this standard. Terms used in this standard that have a general
definition for usage in Cummins Engineering Standards are defined in CES 10056, Glossary.

4. Specifications
4.1. Equipment
4.1.1. Master
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

Bell Gaussmeter, Model 610 using internal standards.


Bell Gaussmeter, Model 110A and reference (calibration)
Magnets (supplied with equipment)
Denshujiki Co. Ltd. Gaussmeter, Model GM-340
Other Equipment that has the equivalent or better capability to make the measurements,
(See Section 4.2. Measurements on page 2).

Current Release Number

122022-087

Std. Revision Level

051

Page 1 of 6

CUMMINS CONFIDENTIAL
This document (and the information shown thereon) is CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY and shall not be disclosed to others in hard copy
or electronic form, reproduced by any means, or used for any purpose without written consent of Cummins Inc.

Engineering
Standards
Name

MAGNETISM,RESIDUAL

Identifier

INSPECTION SPECIFICATION
(CHARACTERISTIC)

Engineering Standard Number

16114

4.1.2. Gage
4.1.2.1. Electromatic (Product Co.) Model (EMU Series residumeter and series UC
residumeter comparator for calibration) or gage that has equivalent or better capability to make the
measurements below:
4.1.2.1.1. The gage or master mentioned above is to be used for all inspections with frequent
reference made to the appropriate master, noted above, for assurance of accurate measurements.
4.1.2.1.2. The gage or master reference (shall) be done through the use of reference magnets
or internal calibration (in the case of a gaussmeter) and via the comparator for residumeters.
4.2. Measurements
4.2.1. The instruments mentioned in Section 4.1.2. Gage on page 2 measure magnetic field
surrounding the part. This magnetic field will vary considerably according to the position of the
magnetic field in the part. The limits of acceptance therefore refer to the maximum reading
obtainable while scanning the entire part with the gage point in contact with the part.
4.2.2. The Bell Gaussmeter (or other gage) readings are to be taken with the short transverse
probe with the small protective shield retracted. The probe is to be in contact with the part and
wafer element parallel to the surface of the part. Axial probe may be used where they prove to be
easier to use and better correlate to the EMU series meters.
4.2.2.1. Move in cautiously on the object being tested, be sure the pointer remains on scale.
Instruments should be kept a reasonable distance from heavily magnetized parts and
demagnetizing equipment. The movement could be rendered ineffective if the pointer is allowed
to go beyond full scale.
4.2.3. The Electromatic gage readings are to be taken with the case in contact with the surface
of the part. The gage contact area of the case is marked and is found below the hinge point of the
indicator needle.
4.2.4. When the meter is not in close proximity to the part, and oriented as it will be when in
contact with the part, note the position of the needle on the scale. This position should be
considered zero for purpose of reading the needle deflection to determine residual magnetism.

Current Release Number

122022-087

Std. Revision Level

051

Page 2 of 6

CUMMINS CONFIDENTIAL
This document (and the information shown thereon) is CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY and shall not be disclosed to others in hard copy
or electronic form, reproduced by any means, or used for any purpose without written consent of Cummins Inc.

Engineering
Standards
Name

MAGNETISM,RESIDUAL

Identifier

INSPECTION SPECIFICATION
(CHARACTERISTIC)

Engineering Standard Number

16114

4.3. Limits Of Acceptance


4.3.1. Group A: (See Appendix A: Tables on page 4).
The maximum acceptable level of magnetism in Group A ferrous engine parts is 15 Gauss. This
corresponds to a gage reading of 15, or three divisions, on the Electromatic Gage, Model EMU-10,
for example.
4.3.2. Group B: (See Appendix A: Tables on page 4).
The maximum acceptable level of magnetism in Group B ferrous engine parts is 5 Gauss. This
corresponds to a gage reading of 5, or one division, on the Electromatic Gage, Model EMU-10 for
example.
4.4. Rework
All parts exceeding these values are to be demagnetized until they are within the acceptable limits.

Current Release Number

122022-087

Std. Revision Level

051

Page 3 of 6

CUMMINS CONFIDENTIAL
This document (and the information shown thereon) is CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY and shall not be disclosed to others in hard copy
or electronic form, reproduced by any means, or used for any purpose without written consent of Cummins Inc.

Engineering
Standards
Name

MAGNETISM,RESIDUAL

Identifier

INSPECTION SPECIFICATION
(CHARACTERISTIC)

Engineering Standard Number

16114

Appendix A: Tables
Group A
A
Accessory Drive Gears
Adjuster, Hydraulic Lash
Adjusting Screw(Rocker Lever)
All Internal Drive Train
Armature & Valve
Armature & Plunger
B
Barrel,Air Fuel Control
Bearing Caps
Bearing Shells
Block, Cylinder
Body, Solenoid Valve
Bushings (All Steel or Steeplejack)
C
Cam Follower Shafts
Cam Follower Studs
Cam Followers
Cam Rollers
Camshaft
Camshaft Gears
Camshaft Idler Gears
Capscrew, 12 Point, Grade 8
Chain
Chain Sprocket
Clamp, Injector Hold Down
Connecting Rod Bolts
Connecting Rod Caps
Connecting Rods
Crankcase, Air Compressor
Crankshaft, Air Compressor
Crankshaft Engine (Crankpin &
Main Bearing Journals only)
Crankshaft Gears

Current Release Number

122022-087

C (Continued)
Crosshead, Valve
Cylinder Head Bolts
Cylinder Heads
Crown, Articulated Piston
D
Dip Sticks
Disk, Valve
F
Fan
Fan Hub Shafts
Fuel Pump Plugs
Fuel Pump Gears Covers
Fuel Pump Gears
Fuel Pump Drive & Idler Shafts
Fuel Pump Regulator Plungers
Fuel Pump Springs
G
Gear
Gear Covers
Generator Drive Gears, etc.
Governor Weights
H
Housing, Armature
Hubs, Vibration Damper
I
Idler Gears
Idler Pulleys
Injector Adapters
Injector Barrels
Injector Body
Injector Control Valve Assembly

I (Continued)
Injector Coupling Retainer Cage
(N14)
Injector Coupling Retainer Capscrew
Injector Coupling Retainer
Fork(L10)
Injector Cup Retainers
Injector Nozzle Retainer
Injector Oil Feed Lock Nut
Injector Plungers
Injector Return Spring Retainer
Injector Return Springs
Injector Tappet Body
Injector Top Stop Lock Nut
Injector Top Stop Screw
Injector Top Stop Shims
Injector Top/Upper Link
Injector Total Travel Cap
Injector Wear Washer
Insert, Valve
L
Lever, Cam Follower
Lube Pump Drive Gears
Lube Pump Housing
M
Main Bearing Studs & Capscrews
N
Nut(Lock Nut for Rocker Levers)
O
Oil Seal Wear Sleeves

Std. Revision Level

051

Page 4 of 6

CUMMINS CONFIDENTIAL
This document (and the information shown thereon) is CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY and shall not be disclosed to others in hard copy
or electronic form, reproduced by any means, or used for any purpose without written consent of Cummins Inc.

Engineering
Standards
Name

MAGNETISM,RESIDUAL

Identifier

INSPECTION SPECIFICATION
(CHARACTERISTIC)

Engineering Standard Number

16114

Appendix A: Tables (Continued)


Group A (Continued)
P

T (Continued)
Turbocharger Shaft Blanks

Piston Pins, Engine


Piston Pins, Air Compressor
Piston Rings
Plunger, Air Fuel Control
Plunger,Prs. Regulator

V
Valve
Valve Rollers
Valve Springs

Retaining Ring
Ring, Camshaft Gear Ret.
Ring, Retaining
Rocker Lever Shafts
Rocker Levers

Water Pump Pulleys

S
Seal, Valve Stem
Seat, Solenoid Valve
Shield,Shutoff Valve
Shim
Spacer, Thrust Ring
Spacer, Valve Disk
Spring, Compression
Stamped Top Stop Spring Retainers
Stator, Solenoid
Steel
Steel Tubing
Steel Washers
Supercharger Drive Gears
T
Tappet Bodies
Tensioner, Chain
Terminal, Electrical
Throttle Shafts, P.T.F.P.
Top, Piston

Current Release Number

122022-087

Std. Revision Level

051

Page 5 of 6

CUMMINS CONFIDENTIAL
This document (and the information shown thereon) is CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY and shall not be disclosed to others in hard copy
or electronic form, reproduced by any means, or used for any purpose without written consent of Cummins Inc.

Engineering
Standards
Name

MAGNETISM,RESIDUAL

Identifier

INSPECTION SPECIFICATION
(CHARACTERISTIC)

Engineering Standard Number

16114

Appendix A: Tables (Continued)


Group B
I
Injector Barrel
Injector Bias Spring
Injector Bias Spring Guide
Injector Bottom Stop Shim
Injector Check Balls
Injector Check Valve Body
Injector Check Valve Plunger
Injector Check Valve Spring
Injector Clamp
Injector Coupling
Injector Cup
Injector Link
Injector Lower Plunger Spring
Injector Nozzle
Injector Nozzle Button
Injector Nozzle Needle
Injector Nozzle Retainer
Injector Nozzle Spring
Injector Orifice Plug
Injector Plungers
Injector Relief Valve Spring
Injector Relief Valve Spring Guide
Injector Retainer
Injector Return Spring
Injector Ring Valve
Injector Roll/Dowel Pin
Injector Screen
Injector Screen Clip
Injector Spacer
Injector Spacer Threaded Plug
Injector Spill Sleeve
Injector Spring Housing
Injector Spring Retainer
Injector Tappet Ball Guide
Injector Tappet Lower Socket

Current Release Number

122022-087

Injector Tappet Plunger


Injector Tappet Snap Ring
Injector Tappet Spring Guide
Injector Tappet Springs

Std. Revision Level

051

Page 6 of 6

CUMMINS CONFIDENTIAL
This document (and the information shown thereon) is CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY and shall not be disclosed to others in hard copy
or electronic form, reproduced by any means, or used for any purpose without written consent of Cummins Inc.