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American University of Sharjah School of Engineering Department of Electrical Engineering

ELE 341 - Electronics II

Class Project

 TITLE: Applications of Operational Amplifiers GRADE: 10% DUE DATE: Dec. 16, Full Report INSTRUCTOR: Dr. Anas Al Tarabsheh

LAB INSTRUCTOR: Mr. Narayanan

OBJECTIVES:

This project is about the use of the operational amplifiers, covered in the class, in performing mathematical operations such as integration, summation, and differentiation. You are going to analyze and design an op-amp circuit to solve a given differential equation. The analysis is based on the "ideal" op-amp assumptions and performed in the time domain and the frequency domain.

Your task is to design, simulate and build an op-amp circuit to solve a given system. Your final report should include the followings:

A) Your hand analysis (apply concepts covered in the class)

B) MATLAB simulation

C) PSPICE simulation

This project is split into two parts:

Part I

1)

2)

Calculate

the

gain

(transfer

function)

v out

v in

of

the

circuit,

shown

in

Figure

1,

R R R 2 R R 10 k

1

2

3

4

5

using the analysis techniques covered in the class.

for

Plot

the

0 R

3

maximum

gain

of

the

100 k , while R R

1

2

circuit

2 R

4

the gain becomes 50% of its maximum.

(using

MATLAB)

as

a

function

R 10 k

5

. Find the value of

R

3

of

R

3

at which

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3)

Circuit simulation using PSPICE :

a.

b.

For R R

1

2

ratio between it with 1) )

For R R

1

2

R 2 R

3

v

out p

4

R 10 k

5

,

t

t

plot v

in

v

in p

then record the

(peak input-voltage). (Compare

and v

out

(peak output-voltage) and

2 R

4

R 10 k

5

,

vary

R

3

until the ratio

v

out p

v

in p

falls down to

50% of your result of a) ( Compare your results with 2)).

Figure 1: Multiple feedback op-amp

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Part II

The resistors R 2 and R 5 are replaced now by C 2 and C 5 , respectively, as shown in Figure 2.

Figure 2: Multiple feedback op-amp filter

4)

5)

Simulate,

in

PSPICE,

the

circuit

shown

in

Figure

2

for

R R 2 R 10 k

1

3

4

,

C

2

C

5

1 F

, and record and store v

out

t

.

Calculate and plot (using MATLAB) the gain (transfer function)

v

out

s

v in

s

of the circuit

shown in

function in the following form:

Figure 2

for R R

1

3

2 R

4

10 k

and C

2

C

5

1 F

. Write the transfer

b S

2

2

b S b v

1

0

out

s

a v

0 in

s

(1)

Where the variables b 2 , b 1 , b 0 , and a 0 are constant numbers and depend on the impedance values of the elements. The last equation represents a second-order differential equation as follows:

b

2

2

d v

out

t

dt

2

b

1

dv

out

t

dt

b v

0

out

t

a v

0

in

t

t

6) Design an op-amp circuit that produces the output voltage v

circuit may consist of inverting, non-inverting, summing, integrator, …, amplifiers. 7) Simulate your design circuit by PSPICE and compare the simulated output voltage v with the simulated output voltage in step 4). 8) Implement your design circuit in the lab and compare the measured output voltage v with the simulated output voltage in step 7).

of equation (2).

out

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(2)

The

out

out

t t

Project Description and Outcomes:

Multiple feedback op-amp filters can be used to solve second order differential equations. With Multiple feedback op-amp filters, we do not need to have many resistors, inverting, summing, integrator, and non-inverting amplifiers. This is important from integrated circuit manufacturing point.

At the end of this project, you will be able to:

1. Design solutions for electrical engineering problems

2. Utilize PSPICE and MATLAB to analyze and design electronic circuits

3. Apply teaming skills

4. Use written communications to document work and present design results.

Project Notes:

 1 Marks will be given to professional presentation of final report 2 Pictures (or plots) of the final circuit and of the output oscilloscope plots are required 3 All lab work MUST be signed off and approved by the Lab instructor 4 Penalties will be imposed for late submissions

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