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74,500 DWT BULK CARRIER


CONTENTS
6. MACHINERY MAIN COMPONENTS AND SYSTEM
6.1

General

6.2

Diesel engine for Propulsion

6.2.1

Main Engine

6.3

Transmission

6.3.1

Propeller and shafting

6.4

Composite boiler

10

6.4.1

Particulars

12

6.4.2

Construction and materials

12

6.4.3

Accessories and fittings

13

6.4.4

Installation

13

6.4.5

Shop tests and inspection

12

6.5

Electric power Generator Plant

12

6.5.1

Diesel Generator engines

12

6.5.2

Emergency Generator Engine

14

6.6

System for Machinery and Main Components

14

6.6.1

General

14

6.6.2

Piping

15

6.6.3

Insulation and Lagging

24

6.6.4

Pumps

27

6.6.5

Heat Exchangers

30

6.6.6

Tanks

32

6.6.7

Painting Co lour

33

6.7

Fuel Oil System

33

6.7.1

Fuel Oil Filling. Transfer and Drain System

38

6.7.2

Fuel Oil Purifying System

39

2
6.7.3

Fuel Oil Service System

40

6.8

Lub. Oil System

41

6.8.1

Lub. Oil filling, Transfer and Drain system

44

6.8.2

Lub. Oil Purifying system

44

6.8.3

Lub. Oil Service System

45

6.9

Cooling Water System

46

6.9.1

Sea Water Cooling Water

48

6.9.2

Fresh Water Cooling Water

49

6.10

Compressed Air System

50

6.10.1

Starting Air System

51

6.10.2

Service Air System

52

6.10.3

Control and Instrument Air System

52

6.11

Exhaust Gas System

52

6.11.1

Exhaust Gas System for Main Engine

53

6.11.2

Exhaust Gas System for Diesel generator engine

53

6.11.3

Exhaust Gas System for Boiler and incinerator

54

6.12

Steam, Condensate and Feed Water System

54

6.12.1

Saturated Steam System

55

6.12.2

Condensate and Steam Drain System

55

6.12.3

Feed Water System

56

6.13

Distilled and Make-Up Water System

56

6.14

Repair. Maintenance and Cleaning Equipment

57

6.14.1

Workshop machinery

57

6.14.2

Lifting Gears for Machinery

59

6.14.3

Incinerator

61

6.14.4

Bilge Water Separator

61

6.14.5

Floor, Gratings and Ladders in Engine Room

62

6.14.6

Ventilation for Engine Room

64

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6.
6.1

MACHINERY MAIN COMPONENTS AND SYSTEM

General
The capacity of machinery and equipment in engine room shall be designed
based on the following tropical conditions unless otherwise specifically
described in the Specifications:
- Total barometric pressure
- Ambient air temperature
- Relative humidity of air
- Sea water temperature

:
:
:
:

1,000 mbar
45deg C
60%
32deg C

Ambient air temperature for electric equipment in EJR shall be as follows:


- Electrical rotating machinery
- Other machinery and equipment

50 degC
45 degC

The power and fuel consumption of engine shall be determined in accordance


with following standard reference conditions specified ISO 3046/1-1995(E)
- Total barometric pressure
- Ambient air temperature
- Relative humidity of air
- Charge air coolant temperature

1,000 in bar
25 deg C
30%
25degC

The machinery and equipment in engine room shall be designed, constructed,


installed or supplied according to the manufacturers and/or the Builders
standards in compliance with the requirements of the Classification Society and
the Regulatory Bodies as far as they are concerned.
The Vessels propulsion power shall be provided by one (1) set of marine diesel
engine directly coupled to a fixed pitch propeller through one (1) line of shaft.
Shafting, propeller and other auxiliary machinery for propulsion system
including the accessories for main engine shall be designed on the basis of
maximum continuous rating (MCR) of the main engine as specified on page
6-2.
Steam generating plant shall consist of one (1) boiler with separate oil fired
arrangement and exhaust gas economizer.
The exhaust gas side of boiler shall utilize the waste heat from the main engine
exhaust gas.

4
Electric power generating plant shall consist of three (3) diesel generators and
one (1) emergency generator.
Exhaust gas emission from the main engine and diesel generator engines shall
comply with the IMO Nox limit, and the Nox emission from the main engine for
the first vessel of the series shall be measured at the manufacturers shop
On board verification of Nox emissions from the main engine and diesel
generator engines shall be carried out by means of engine parameter check
method, if modification of the engine is made on board.
The Provision (blind flange) for future measuring of the Nox emissions shall be
fitted at each exhaust gas pipe, and the measuring equipment shall be provided
by the Owner, if required.
6.2

Diesel engine for Propulsion

6.2.1

Main Engine

6.2.1.1 Particulars
Type
Model
Number
MCR
NCR (90% MCR)
Optimized rating
Cylinder bore
Piston stroke
Direction of rotation
Guaranteed specific
fuel oil consumption
Fuel oil

2-stroke, single acting, direct reversible, crosshead type


B&W 5S6OMC-C Mark 7
One (1) set
11.300
kW at 105 RPM
10,170 kW at 101.4 RPM
11,300 kW at 105 RPM
600 mm
2,400 mm
Clockwise looking from aft
1 70.0 gm/kW.h +5% at MCR based on the marine
diesel oil with lower calorific value of 42,700kJ/Kg
(10,200KcalIKg) and ISO conditions (measured at shop
test bed)
HFO up to 600 cSt at 50deg C and MDO

6.2.1.2 Construction and materials


The engine shall be built by a manufacturer under the license agreement with
MANB&W Diesel AJS Copenhagen.
The main parts including parts subject to normal wear and tear shall be
according to MAN-B&W drawing and interchangeable with those of MAN-B&W
Diesel AR.

5
The construction and materials of the main engine shall be according to the
engine manufactures standards in compliance with the requirements of the
Classification Society.
Pipes, valves, gauges, etc., fitted on the engine by the engine manufacturer
shall be in accordance with engine manufactures standards.
6.2.1.3 Accessories and fittings
-

Exhaust gas turbocharger:


Type
: ABB-TPL with high efficiency type or MAN B & W TCA
66 as concurred by the OEM
Number
: One (1) set
Lubrication : forced lubrication by main L.O pump
Cleaning : Soft blast dry cleaning and water washing at turbine side,
and water washing at blower side

Air cooler:
Number
:
Type
:
Cleaning :

One (1) set


Single stage
Chemical water cleaning in port

Maker of the air cooler shall be main engine manufacturers standard.


-

Two (2) auxiliary blowers with electric motor and starter.


One (1) turning gear driven by a single speed reversible electric motor with
starter
- Thrust bearing.
- Flywheel (upper part to be covered by steel plate and lower part to be
protected with expanded metal).
- Alpha cylinder oil Lubricator
- Electronic governor with electric actuator
- Interlocking apparatus for turning gear.
- Automatic VIT device.
- Emergency local control stand.
- Axial vibration damper.
- Indicator valve and gear
- Crankcase oil mist detector
- Temperature monitoring for main bearings
- Manual lifting arrangement of fuel pump roller guide
- Fire extinguishing steam pipe for scavenge air space.
- Fuel oil high pressure leakage alarm
- Aluminum planking and access ladders for crankcase
- Tool panel
- Special tools as per the manufacturers standards
Others according to the engine manufacturers standards.

6
6.2.1.4 Installation
The bedplate of the main engine shall be fastened by hydraulic holding down
bolts at the engine foundation on the tank top, and resin chocks shall be fitted
for leveling the main engine foundation.
The main engine shall be installed according to the engine manufacturers
recommendations in compliance with the requirements of the Classification
Society.
6.2.1.5 Shop tests and inspection
The main engine shall be tested at the engine manufacturers shop by using
the diesel oil or marine diesel oil, in the presence of the surveyor of the
Classification Society, the Buyers Representative(s) and the Builder, as follows
(1) Starting and maneuvering test at no load
(2) Astern test at no load
(3) Load test
Load (% MCR)
Duration
25%
One hour
Half (50)
One hour
Three quarters (75)
One hour
Service (90)
One hour
Full (100)
One (1) hour
Overload (110)
30 mins subject to OEM concurrence
(4) Governor test
(5) Fuel oil consumption measurement at MCR and NCR
(6) Safety device confirmation test
(7) Minimum revolution test (approx. 5 mm.)
(8) Over speed test
After the shop tests of main engine, overhaul inspection shall be carried out in
accordance with the engine manufacturers standards. At least one cylinder will
be stripped including a Main and a Cross head bearing.
6.2.1.6 Overhaul inspection after the trials
After the sea trials, the main engine shall be overhauled and appearance
inspection shall be carried out subject to the mutual agreement between the
Owners Representative, the surveyor of the Classification Society arid the
Builder as described herein.
Overhaul inspection shall be limited to one (1) particular cylinder, and the
cylinder to be overhauled and/or inspected shall be selected by the request of

7
the Owners Representative and/or the surveyor of the Classification Society.
The overhaul inspection shall be carried out in accordance with the Builders
standards and the engine manufactures standards.
If any parts are found defective during the overhaul inspection, those parts shall
be remedied, and necessary adjustment shall be made according to the engine
manufactures recommendations.
Items of overhaul inspection shall be as follows:
- Crankshaft without lifting up from bedplate
(1 set of main and crankpin bearings to be dismantled from the engine)
- Main bearing (upper and lower shells to be dismantled from the engine)
- Crankpin bearing
- Crosshead bearing
- Cylinder liner (inner surface, without dismantling from the engine)
- Cylinder cover (combustion surface, dismantled from the engine, but valves
to remain on the cylinder cover)
- Piston complete (dismantled from the engine)
- Camshaft driving chain and chain wheel (without dismantling from the
engine)
- Crosshead pin and guide shoe (Bearing surface, without dismantling from
the engine)
- One(1) fuel oil pump
- Scavenge air port (Just scavenge air receiver only)
6.3

Transmission

6.3.1

Propeller and shafting

6.3.1.1 General
Propeller and shafting shall be designed and manufactured in accordance with
the requirements of the ICE-IC Notation of the Classification Society and the
Regulatory Bodies as far as they are concerned. Spare Tail Shaft to be fitted on
one for every three vessels.
The thrust shaft and thrust bearing shall be incorporated in the main engine.
The barred speed shall not occur in the normal operating range from 50 to
100% MCR load of main engine, and the quick by-pass arrangement shall be
provided at the barred speed range.
The tensional vibration calculation shall be submitted to the Classification
Society and the Owner for approval.

8
6.3.1.2 Propeller
The propeller shall be of keyless, right-hand rotating, fixed pitch type. The
material of propeller shall be nickel-aluminum-bronze.
Propeller shall be designed to absorb 10,170kW (NCR) with 3% of revolution
margin, based on the vessel with clean hull in calm water at scantling draft.
The optimum number of blades and diameter shall be decided in view of
propulsion, cavitation and vibration.
The manufacturing tolerances shall be in accordance with Class I of ISO 484/I.
Ship screw propellers-Manufacturing tolerances.
The propeller shall be statically balanced.
The propeller shall be fitted to the cone part of the propeller shaft with wet type
keyless fitting method, and secured by a hydraulic nut.
The propeller fitting/removal tool of hand operated oil injector shall be supplied.
The propeller withdrawal shall be possible without disturbing the rudder.
The propeller cap of manganese bronze or Ni-Al-bronze shall be fitted to the
hub over the propeller nut, and its interior shall be filled with rust preventive
grease.
One( I) spare propeller shall be installed on-board for each Vessel.
6.3.1.3 Shaft
One (1) intermediate shaft and one (1) propeller shall of solid type shall be
provided, and the material of shafts shall be forged steel.
The intermediate shaft shall be provided with integral coupling flanges at both
ends. The propeller shaft shall be provided with integral coupling flange at fore
end.
The cone part of propeller shall be machined to have a taper of 1 to 20 for
keyless fitting of propeller, and the aft end shall be threaded in left hand.
The shaft diameter shall comply with the requirements of the Classification
Society, and shall be finally determined in consideration of the torsional
vibration. The final dimension worked out is to be increased by 10 mm as
desired by the buyer.
The diameter of intermediate shaft in way of the intermediate shaft bearing
shall be increased by 5 mm over the diameter of intermediate shaft.

9
The shaft coupling flanges shall befitted with reamer bolts of parallel body.
The diameter of coupling bolt, and the thickness and fillet radius of coupling
flange shall comply with the requirements of the Classification Society.
A shaft earthing device of silver alloy band type shall be provided for reduction
of the voltage difference between shaft and hull.
The propeller shaft shall be withdrawn inboard by removing the intermediate
shaft.
One (I) lifting I-beam and trolleys shall be provided over the intermediate shaft
for inboard removal of the propeller shaft.
One spare propeller shaft shall be provided for every three vessels.
6.3.1.4 Stern Tube and Bearing
The stem tube shall be of welded construction of steel plate, and welded to the
stern frame boss and constructed as a part of hull structure.
The stern tube bearing shall be of cast iron lined with lead base white metal,
and oil-lubricated.
The length of aft stem tube bearing shall comply with the requirements of the
Classification Society.
The stem tube bearing shall be installed by means of push up force with
appropriate interference.
For temperature sensor at aft stern tube bearing, Section 8.4.7.4 shall be
referred to. Additional spare holder for sensor to be installed.
6.3.1.5 Stern Tube seal
The stem tube seals of lip type (oil pollution free) shall be provided at fore and
aft ends of the stern tube to prevent ingress of sea water and loss of lub. oil.
Further, Kobelco with Net cutter is also to be installed.
The aft seal shall have four(4) seal rings, and the forward seal have two(2) seal
rings. The material of forward seal and all seal shall be as follows:
Seal ring
Casing
Liner

Forward seal
Viton
Cast iron
Chrome steel

Aft seal
Viton
Brass or bronze
Chrome steel

10
The aft seal shall have be designed to allow the replacement of the seal rings
without removing the shafting or propeller.
A wear-down measuring gauge shall be supplied to check the clearance
between the aft stern tube bush bearing and the propeller shaft.
Provisions shall be provided for measuring aft stern tube bearing and rudder
pintles wear down in water.
A rope guard of steel plate shall be provided between the stem frame boss and
the propeller hub.
The rope guard shall be welded to the stem frame boss, and shall have the
hole for the wear-down measuring gauge.
6.3.1.6 Intermediate Shaft Bearing
One (1) intermediate shaft bearing of self lubricating type shall be provided to
support the intermediate shaft.
The bearing shall be of single oil disc type consisting of two (2) sections, upper
and lower sections, and the lower section shall be lined with lead base white
metal.
An opening with a hinged cover shall be provided on the upper section for
inspection and oil filling.
The lower section shall be provided with an oil reservoir, oil drain plug, cooling
water connections and an oil level checking device. Additional one
thermometer to be installed.
6.4

Boiler

6.4.1 Particulars
- Type
-Number
- Capacity
- Steam condition
- Feed water temperature
- Fuel oil

Automatic, forced draft, Heavy fuel


Oil burning, Vertical type
One(1) set
Abt. 1,500 kg/h oil fired section
Abt. 1,000 kg/h exhaust gas section
6kg/cm2.g saturated (working pressure)
60 degC (design condition)
HFO up to 600 cSt at 50 deg C and MDO

11
Design base of exhaust gas section is on the basis of M/E NCR under ISO
reference condition, standard exhaust gas condition.
The water level of composite boiler shall be automatically controlled by feed
water pump on/off.
The steam pressure shall be automatically regulated within the predetermined
range by the control of burner.
6.4.2 Construction and materials
The construction and materials of the composite boiler shall be according to the
boiler manufactures standards in compliance with the requirements of the
Classification Society.
Pipes, valves, gauges etc., fitted on the composite boiler shall be in accordance
with the boiler manufacturer standards and the requirements of the
Classification Society.
6.4.3

Accessories and fittings


-

Burner of pressure jet type


Forced draft fan
Control panel
Flame scanner for burner
Emergency fuel cut-off device
Remote level indicator in ECR
Remote steam pressure indictor in ECR
Two (2) water level gauges
Two (2) safety valves
One (1) boiler water sample cooler
One (1) feed water chemical dosing unit
One (1) portable water washing device

Others according to the boiler manufacturers standards.


6.4.4

Installation
The aux. boiler shall be installed in engine room, and the anti-rolling stays shall
be fitted according to the boiler manufacturers recommendations.
The forced draft fan shall take suction of combustion air from the engine room.

12
6.4.5

Shop tests and inspection


The hydraulic pressure test at the assembled condition shall be carried out at
the manufacturers shop.

6.5

Electric power Generator Plant

6.5.1

Diesel Generator engines: Vessels with cranes are to be provided with


larger sets as decided by the builder to ensure smooth operation of all cranes
simultaneously. An electric Analysis must be provided for approval.

6.5.1.1 Particulars
- Type

: 4-stroke, trunk piston in-line type (Six cylinder engine


with 750 KW at 720 RPM)

- Number
- Rated output
- Alternator output
- Starting

:
:
:
:

- Lubrication

Three (3) sets


Approx. 790 kW at 720 RPM
Approx. 750 Kw
By compressed air or air motor according to the engine
manufacturers standards
: Self-contained lubrication with oil sump of wet type

The diesel generator engines shall be operated on heavy fuel oil with viscosity
of 600 cSt at 50degC.
However, marine diesel oil shall be used in the emergency situations or longterm low load operation according to the engine manufacturers
recommendation.
Fuel oil changeover between heavy fuel oil and marine diesel oil shall be
carried out manually at local.
The governor shall control the engine speed variation to be within the
requirements of the Classification Society.
For alternators, Section 8.5.2 shall be referred to.
6.5.1.2 Construction and materials
The construction and materials of the diesel generator engine shall be
according to the engine manufacturers standards in compliance with the
requirements of the Classification Society.

13
Turbocharger lubrication system shall be provided according to the engine
manufacturers standard.
Pipes, valves, gauges etc., fitted on the engine by the engine manufacturer
shall be in accordance with the engine manufactures standards.
6.5.1.3 Accessories and fittings (per each engine)
1 - Turbocharger
1 - Air cooler
1 - Jacket cooling fresh water pump, engine driven
1 - L.O. pump, engine driven
1 - L.O priming pump, el . Motor driven
1 - L.O. cooler with a thermostat valve
1 - Governor
1 - Tachometer
1 - L.O. filter, manual duplex type
Others according to the engine manufacturer are standard.
6.5.1.4 Installation
The diesel generator engine shall be directly coupled with the alternator.
The diesel generator engine and alternator shall be mounted on a common bed
plate and shall be installed on board by means of resilient supports.
6.5.1.5 Shop tests and inspection
The diesel generator engine shall be tested at the engine manufacturers shop
by using the diesel oil or marine diesel oil as follows
(a) Starting test at no load:
(b) Load tests
25% load for 30min.
50% load for 30 min
75%load for one hour.
100% load for 60 mm.
10% load for 1 hour (Subject to OEM concurrence)
(c) Engine protecting device test (automatic shut-down)
(d) Governor test
(e) Parallel running test, if allowed in view of the testing facilities
(1) Load characteristic test
(g) Over speed test

14
The parallel running test shall also be carried out during on-board test.
After the shop tests, overhaul inspection shall be carried out in accordance with
the engine manufactures standards, and the scope of overhaul inspection shall
be one (1) cylinder unit for each engine.
6.5.2 Emergency Generator Engine
The main particulars of emergency generator engine shall be as follows:
- Type
4-stroke, trunk piston, in-line type
- Number
: One(1) set
- Rated output
As applicable to generator capacity at 1,800 RPM
- Alternator output
: Abt. 120kw
- Cooling system
F.W cooling with radiator
- Fuel oil
Marine Diesel Oil
- Lubrication
Self-contained lubrication
- Starting
Automatic battery(DC24V) starting and secondary
Manual starting device acc. to the engine
manufacturer s standard
Construction, materials, accessories and fittings shall be provided according to
the engine manufacturers standard in compliance with the requirements of the
Classification Society.
The emergency generator engine shall be coupled with the alternator and
mounted on a common bed plate.
The emergency generator set shall be installed in the emergency generator
room outside engine room by means of resilient supports.
For alternator, Section 8.5.2 shall be referred to.
6.6

System for Machinery and Main Components

6.6.1

General
Machinery systems and components shall be designed, constructed, installed
and supplied according to the manufacturers and or the Builders standards in
compliance with the requirements of the Classification Society and Regulatory
Bodies as far as they are concerned.
The construction, material, design, spare parts and tools for the pumps, heat
exchangers, fans, electric components, piping, valves, fittings and accessories

15
built-in or supplied together with main engine and other machinery or
equipment shall be in accordance with the relevant manufactures standards.
The stowage provisions for heavy tools and spare parts shall be provided in the
engine room.
In general, spare parts shall be packed in boxes except for bulky or heavy parts
or tools such as cylinder cover, cylinder liner, piston, exhaust valves for main
engine, etc. which shall be mounted on suitable brackets and fastened to the
ships structure.
Machinery and equipment such as pumps, heat exchangers, etc., shall be
provided with Isolating valves to facilitate repairs.
The specific gravity, specific heat and viscosity of operating liquid shall be
defined for the calculation and design of equipment and systems as follows
unless otherwise specified
Operating
liquid
Heavy fuel oil
Diesel oil
Lub. oil
Seawater
Fresh water
6.6.2

Specific
gravity
0.98
0.90
0.90
1.025
1.00

Specific heat
(Kcal/kgdeg C)
Viscosity
0.45
600 cSt at 50deg C
0.45
13 cSt at4odeg C
0.45
70 cSt at 50 deg C
0.94
1.00
-

Piping

6.6.2.1 General
Piping shall be designed to absorb the stress due to thermal expansion and
deflection of hull structure. Expansion shall be compensated by using adequate
bends unless otherwise specified. All piping up to 200 mm bore only will be of
seamless construction and all other pipes of bore larger than 200 mm will be
fabricated type.
Care shall be taken to avoid pockets in pipe lines as far as practicable. Where
pockets are unavoidable, they shall be fitted with bosses having screwed plugs
or valves, or other means for draining.
Air venting pipes shall be fitted to all tanks, cofferdams, tunnels and other
compartments which are not fitted with alternative ventilation arrangement in
accordance with the Rule requirement.

16
The pipes shall be so arranged that equipment such as pumps, heat
exchangers, etc. can be overhauled with the minimum removal of the
connected pipes.
Bending of steel pipes shall be made by means of cold bending machine and
bending radius shall be approx. three (3) times of the nominal diameter. But in
case that bending radius makes piping arrangement difficult or impossible due
to restricted space, and or cold bending cannot be applied due to the capacity
limit of the Builders facilities, the commercial bends shall be used as per the
Builders practice.
The miter joint bends (segment built-up bends) shall be avoided as far as
practicable except for exhaust gas piping.
Flexible hoses shall be of Classification societys approved type for the
intended service.
The sight glass for oil line shall be of fire/heat resistant material.
The pipes shall be suitably supported so as not to be damaged by excessive
vibration.
The fluid velocity of pipe shall be designed in accordance with JIS/KS standard.
Other systems not specified in MS/KS shall be in accordance with the Builders
practice.
Where pipes pass through watertight deck or bulkhead, watertight penetration
pieces shall be used in accordance with the Builders practice and the
requirement of the Classification society. Penetration pieces with three flange
arrangements the middle flange to be welded onto the bulkhead.
Connection through insulated bulkhead shall be of sufficient length to permit
access to the flanged connection without disturbing the insulation.
Pipes shall be hydrostatically tested in accordance with the requirement of the
Classification society.
The pipes which are specified as galvanized shall be hot dip galvanized after
fabrication. The damaged parts by welding during installation shall be touched
up with zinc rich paint.
Union joints, screw joints or bite joint may be used for connecting the pipes and
valves below 32mm.

17
The material of orifice shall be SUS 316 for seawater and mild steel for other
system.
In general, no piping shall be arranged over electrical equipment, however,
welded joint shall be used instead of flange joint, where piping carrying fluid is
arranged over electric equipment.
6.6.2.2 Material and dimensions of pipes
Dimension of pipes shall be in accordance with Table 6-1.
Material of each piping system shall be applied as specified hereinafter on
Table6-2, but those not specified in the Specifications shall be in accordance
with the Builders practice.
Pipes and fittings mounted on the machinery I equipment shall be in
accordance with manufactures standard.
Abbreviation shall be as follows.
Materials
KS
JIS
STPG 38
(STPG 370)
STS 38
(STS 370)
STPT 38
(STPT 370)
STPY 41
(STPY 400)
ERW S 38
(ERW S 370)
SPP
SUS TP

Korean Industrial Standard


Japanese Industrial Standard
Carbon steel pipes for pressure service
Mm. tensile strength 38 kg/mm2
(370 N/mm2) (JIS G3454)
Carbon steel pipes for high pressure service,
seamless
Mm. tensile strength 38 kg/mm2
(370 N/mm2) (JIS G3455)
Carbon steel pipes for high temperature service,
Mm. tensile strength 38 kg/mm2
(370 N/mm2) (JIS G3456)
Arc welded carbon steel pipes,
Mm. tensile strength 41 kg/mm2
(400 N/mm2) (JIS G3457)
Electric resistance welded special carbon steel pipes
equivalent to STPG 38 (STPG 370) material,
Min tensile strength 38 kg/mm2 (370 N/mm2)
Carbon steel pipes for ordinary service SPP
(Comparable to JIS SGP) series in KS pipe thickness
standard (KS D3507)
Stainless steel pipe (JIS G3459)

18
SUS TPY
SUS ERW
SMA
Sch. 40
Sch. 80
Galv.
Alum.
ERW
SAW
SMLS
PVC

Arc welded large diameter stainless steel (JIS


G3468)
Electric arc welded special stainless steel equivalent
to SUS TP material
Hot rolled atmospheric corrosion resistant steel (JIS
G31 14)
Schedule No.40 series in KSJJIS pipe thickness
standard.
Schedule No.80 series in KSJJIS pipe thickness
standard
Galvanized
Aluminized
Electric Resistance Welded
Submerged Arc Welded
Seamless
Polyvinyl chloride

Connections
The flange rating of piping shall be as follows:
a) JIS 5K - Steam (below 220t). oil, air and gas with working pressure up to 6
kg/cm2 or water (below 120t) with working pressure up to 7 kg/cm 2
b) JIS 10K - Steam (below 220t), oil, air and gas with working pressure up
to12 kg/cm2 or water (below 120t) with working pressure up to 14
kg/cm2.
c)JIS 16K - Steam (below 220t). oil, air and gas with working pressure up to
25kg/cm2 or water (below 120t) with working pressure up to
27kg/cm2.
d)JIS 30K - Steam (below 220t1 y oiL air and gas with working pressure up
to 45 kg/cm2 or water (below 120t) with working pressure up to
50 kg/cm2.

19
Table 6-1 A Dimension of steel pipe
Unit : mm
ND
(A)
10
15
(20)
25
(32)
40
50
65
80
100
125
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
750
800
850
900
M
A
T
E
R
I
A
L

Out.
Dia.
(mm)
17.3
21.7
27.2
34.0
42.7
48.6
60.5
76.3
89.1
114.3
139.8
165.2
216.3
267.4
318.5
355.6
406.4
457.2
508.0
558.8
609.6
660.4
711.2
762.0
812.8
863.6
914.4
1016.0
SPP
STPG
38
ERWS
38
STPT 38
/STS 38
STPY 4I

SPP 7.9 Sch.


mm 40
2.35
2.3
2.65
2.8
2.65
3.25
3.25
3.25
3.65
4.00
4.05
4.50
4.85
4.85
5.85
6.40
7.00
7.60
7.90
7.90
7.90
7.90
7.90

2.9
3.4
3.6
3.7
3.9
5.2
5.5
6.0
6.6
7.1
8.2
9.3

Pipe wail thickness(mm)


9.5 mm Sch.
12.7mm
80
For
3.2
For
Sch.40
Sch.80
3.7
Piping
Piping
3.9
System
System
4.5
4.0
5.1
5.5
7.0
7.6
8.6
9.5
11.0
12.7
9.5
9.5
9.5
9.5
9.5
9.5
9.5

7.9
7.9
7.9
7.9
7.9
7.9
7.9

Sch.
160
4.7
5.5
6.4

16.0 mm
For
Sch.160
Piping
System

6.4
7.1
8.7
9.5
11.1
13.5
15.9
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7

9.5
9.5
9.5
9.5
9.5
9.5
9.5

16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7

16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0

0
0

0
0

0
0

20
Table 6- lB
Nom. dia.
(A)

Out. dia.
Pipe wall thickness (mm)
(mm)
10kg/Cm 2 .g 4Okg/cm2.g 7Okglcm2.g
6
1.2
1.4
1.6
8
1.2
1.4
1.8
10
1.2
1.6
2.0
12
1.2
1.8
2.3
15
1.4
1.8
2.5
20
1.6
2.2
3.0
25
1.6
2.5
3.5
30
1.6
3.0
4.0
35
1.6
3.0
5.0
45
2.0
3.5
6.0
55
2.0
4.5
7.0
70
2.0
5.0
8.0
85
2.5
6.0
10.0
110
3.0
8.0
12.0
140
3.0
9.0
15.0
160
3.5
11.0
17.0

4
5
6
8
10
15
20
25
32
40
50
65
80
100
125
150
Material

Dimension of copper pipe

JIS 113300 C1220T-0 for ND 10mm and below


JIS 113300 C1220T-1/211 for ND 15mm and above

14Okg/cm2.g
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
5.0
6.0
7.0
8.0
10.0
11.0
14.0
17.0
21.0
26.0
30.0

21
Table 6-2
System

Material specification of piping system in engine room


Nominal Dia.
50mm and above

Pipe material
and thickness
ERW-SPP

Valve
Body
Cast steel

Steam 6 kglcm2g
40mm and below
Heating coil in FIR 50mm
tanks
32mm and above
Feed water pump
25mm and below
discharge
Condensate &
feed water punip
suction
Boiler blow off
Distilled water &
EW. service
Sewage & grey
water discharge
Hot water
EW. cooling
Sea water crossover, sea water
cooling & service

Fire, bilge and


ballast in ER.
Lubricating oil

50mm and above


40mm and below
32mm and above
25mm and below
50mm and above
40mm and below
50mm and above
40mm and below
15mm and above
10mm and below
50mm and above
40mm and below
550mm and above

SMLS-Sch.40
Bare tube
SMLS-Sch.40
ERW-SPP

Bronze
Cast steel
Forged
steel
east iron
bronze

bronze

ERW-SPP
Galv.
ERW-Sch4O
Galv.
Copper

bronze

bronze

cast iron
bronze

bronze

SMLS-Sch.40

ERW-SPP
ERW-SPP
10.0mm
cast iron
P.E coat, inside
125mm to 500mm ERW-SPP
P.E. coat, inside
50mm to 100mm
40mm and below
ERW-Sch.80 Galv. bronze
250mm and above ER W-Sch .40
10.0mm, Galv.
cast iron
50 to 200mm
ERW-Sch.40 Galv.
40mm and below
bronze
50mm and above
ERW-SPP
cast iron
40mm and below
bronze
50mm and above
SMLS-Sch.40
cast steel
40mm and below
50mm and above
40mm and below
32mm and above

stainless
steel

cast steel
forged
steel
cast iron
bronze
east iron
bronze

Fuel oil circulating


Other fuel oil
except above
Compressed air

Disc
Stainless
steel
bronze
-

ERW-SPP
SMLS-Sch.40

bronze
cast iron
bronze
east steel

stainless
steel
bronze
bronze

bronze

bronze
bronze
Stainless
steel
bronze
Bronze
stainless

22
for starting

25mm and below

Compressed air
for control &
general service

50mm and above

ERW-Sch.40

15 to 40mm

Exhaust gas

550mm and above steel plate welded


(6t)
500mm and below ERW-SPP

Shipside valve

50mm and above


40mm and below

forged
steel
cast iron

steel bronze
bronze

bronze

nodular
stainless
cast iron or steel
cast steel
bronze
Bronze

Note
The thickness of air vent, sounding and overflow pipe shall be applied in
accordance with the Rule requirement.
Butterfly valves of wafer type shall be arranged on the lines having 50mm
nominal diameter and above for cooling fresh water and sea water lines, bilge
and ballast lines, lub. oil lines and fuel oil transfer lines shall be in accordance
with the Builders standard practice. However lug type butterfly valve shall be
used in frequent maintenance required area.
The material of the butterfly valves shall be as follows.
body cast iron
disc al-bronze
seat NBR
stem stainless steel
Flanged or full lug type butterfly valve sized 50mm and above, shall be arranged
for the ship side valve as far as practicable in accordance with the requirement of
the Classification society. Material shall be as follows.
-

body cast steel or nodular cast iron


disc stainless steel
seat NBR
stem stainless steel

The pipes having outer diameter 12mm and below and up to 30 kg/cin 2g
pressure line shall be of seamless copper.
Material of fitting of outer diameter 12mm and below shall be of copper alloy.
The joint of outer diameter 12mm and below shall be of screw or bite connection

23
of brass material.
Flangeless sleeve joint shall be used as far as practicable on the lines of steam,
exhaust steam, steam drain, fuel & lub. oil drain, open ended lines such as air
vent, overflow, drainage and exhaust gas etc.
Cooling fresh water pipes for the main engine and gen. engines shall have
phosphate treatment for anti-corrosion, considering use of corrosion inhibitor by
the Buyer after the delivery of the Vessel in accordance with the recommendation
of the engine manufacturer.
6.6.2.3 Valves and fittings
In general, the valves, cocks and strainers, etc. shall be in accordance with
JIS/KS. But those not specified in JIS/KS, and having special construction shall
be in accordance with manufacturers standard.
The type of valves and fittings shall be selected by the Builder considering the
intended use, unless otherwise specified.
Steam and air pressure reducing valve shall be of direct acting type as far as
practicable.
All valve which are provided with remote control shall be arranged for local
manual operation, independent of the remote operating mechanism.
Extended spindle or valves shall be provided for operation of valves, where
valves are located 300mm below or 1,800mm above the grating.
Pneumatic quick closing system which can be operated from the outside of
engine room shall be provided for the outlet valve of fuel oil and lub. oil tanks in
engine room in accordance with the Rule requirement.
The material of automatic control valves shall be in accordance with the relevant
manufacturers standard in compliance with the Rule requirement.
Valves shall be fitted with brass name plate or other suitable means of
identification written in English.
6.6.2.4 Flushing of pipes
The following piping system shall be flushed with the under mentioned medium
after being fitted on board.
- Lub. oil service line for ME.
System oil

24
- Fuel oil service line for ME. and G.E.
- Compressed air system
- Steam supply
- Hydraulic oil piping for deck machinery
- Hydraulic oil piping for remote control valve

Diesel oil
Compressed air blow off
Steam blow off
System oil
N2 gas blow off

ME. and G.E. lub. oil system shall be flushed with system oil.
The detail flushing procedure shall be submitted to the Buyer for approval.
6.6.2.5 Sea Chest and Sea Overboard Connections
Sea chest shall be fitted with stainless steel (SUS 316) grid, and the grid shall be
of hinged design with a clear area of twice the sea inlet pipe.
Each sea chest shall be fitted with a steam connection for weed blow-off. Flexible
hose shall be used for steam connection.
High and low sea chest shall have air vent hole at upper area and drain hole at
lower area.
The number of sea overboard connections shall be kept to a minimum as far as
practicable.
Ship side valves shall be provided at inlet and overboard discharge lines.
Bilge and sewage overboard connections shall be arranged well aft of the sea
chests in engine room.
Ship side valve where remote operation is required by the Classification Society
shall be fitted with manual hydraulic operating device.
6.6.3

Insulation and Lagging

6.6.3.1 General
The surfaces of the machinery, equipment, tanks and piping with temperature of
60 deg C and above, where it is required to maintain the internal fluid
temperature and to protect the personnel from burning, shall be insulated as
described herein unless otherwise specified.
The details of insulation work shall be according to the Builders standards.
Insulating materials shall be fire-resistant.

25
Valve and flanges, etc. shall be insulated with glass cloth mattress.
Insulation in way of machinery and equipment shall be applied so that it may not
interfere with operation of machinery.
Insulation shall be provided so that disturbance can be minimum during
maintenance, overhaul or removal of the equipment.
6.6.3.2

Insulation on the surface of machinery, equipment and tank


Machinery and equipment
Main engine, auxiliary engines, emergency generator engine shall be insulated
according to the relevant manufacturers standards.
Aux. boiler and exhaust gas economizer shall be insulated according to the
relevant manufacturers recommendations.
The material and thickness of insulation for the surfaces of equipment such as
heaters, etc. shall be as follows
Temp. range of internal fluid(t)
60 to 155
156 to 260

Material
Glass wool
(density of 24kg/m3)

Thickness (mm)
25
50

Tanks
The external surfaces of heavy fuel oil service tank and heavy fuel oil settling
tank facing the engine room space shall be insulated with glass wool (density of
24 Kg/m3) of 25 mm thickness.
Insulation surface shall be covered with galvanized steel sheet at lower part up to
2,400 mm in height, and glass cloth with aluminum foil at upper part.
The bottom end of insulation shall be fitted with steel barrier at 400 mm above
the deck level in order to prevent oil soaking and also to reduce the
interference with valves.
Feed water cascade tank with condensate observation tank shall be insulated
with glass wool (density of 24 Kg/m 3) of 25mm thickness, and covered with
galvanized steel sheet.

26
Waste oil tank for incinerator shall be insulated according to the manufacturers
standard, and covered with galvanized steel sheet.
Other tanks shall not be insulated.
6.6.3.3 Insulation for piping
The material and thickness of insulation for piping except for exhaust gas system
shall be as follows:
Pipe (ND)
100 and below
125 and above

Material
Thickness (mm)
Glass wool
25
3
(Density of 60 kg/m )
40

The external surface of insulation shall be covered with glass cloth or canvas.
Steam tracing
The following pipes in engine room shall be provided with steam tracing, and
shall be Insulated:
-

H.F.O. transfer system


H.F.O. purifying system
H.F.O. service system for main engine, diesel generator engine and aux. boiler
Waste oil service system for incinerator
Sludge transfer system
M/E cylinder oil service system from service tank to main engine

Bite type union shall be provided for the steam tracing line at each connection of
equipment, where necessary.
System piping
The following pipes part exposed to the crew shall be insulated with glass cloth
regardless of pipe diameter and Internal fluid temperature:
- Auxiliary boiler blow-down pipe
- Exhaust steam pipe after the relief or safety valves
- Steam drain pipe after the drain valves and drain traps
- Boiler feed water pipe from cascade tank to aux. boiler
- Steam dump system
Pipes for cooling water system and lub. oil system shall not be insulated.

27
Exhaust gas piping
The exhaust gas pipes after the turbocharger of main engine and diesel
generator engines, uptake of auxiliary boiler and incinerator shall be insulated
with rock wool, fastened by galvanized steel wire and finished with galvanized
steel sheet.
The exhaust gas pipes shall be insulated up to the height of 2 m above the
engine casing top.
The material and thickness of insulation for the exhaust gas pipes shall be as
follows:
Application

Material

Main engine
Rock wool
Diesel generator engine (density of 100 kg/rn 3)
Auxiliary engine
Incinerator
Emergency generator engine

Thickness (mm)
75
50
50
50
50

The silencer of diesel generator engines shall be insulated with the same method
as the exhaust gas pipes.
The thickness of galvanized steel sheet shall be 0.5 mm for exhaust gas pipes,
and 0.7 mm for bulkhead, tanks and equipment.
6.6.4

Pumps

6.6.4.1 General
The pumps in engine room shall be driven by electric motor, unless otherwise
specified.
Where duplicated pumps are specified for propulsive use, one (1) pump shall
have the sufficient capacity to serve the system at MCR of main engine while the
other shall be reserved as stand-by unless otherwise specified.
Horizontal type pump shall have the common bedplate with electric motor. Rigid
coupling shall be applied for the vertical type centrifugal pumps.
Mechanical seals will be used for all pumps and accessories etc. except for
monotype pump and will be in accordance with the manufacturers standards
unless otherwise specified.

28
Pump shall be fitted with suction and discharge pressure gauges with a root
cock.
Correct rotation indications for all pumps shall be marked on the pump casing or
flow direction shall be marked on respective pipe line.
The construction, material, sealing, accessories, spare parts and tools, etc. for
the pumps attached to equipment or supplied by the equipment manufacturer
such as for aux. boiler, aux. engine, F.W. generator (distillate pump and ejector
pump), air compressors, bilge water separator, etc. shall be in accordance with
the relevant manufacturers standards.
6.6.4.2 Centrifugal pump
The centrifugal pump shall have the constantly rising head versus capacity
characteristics from the rated capacity to zero capacity and non-overloading
power characteristics as far as practicable.
The speed of centrifugal pump shall be in accordance with the pump
manufacturers standards unless otherwise specified.
The self-priming type pump shall be provided with the self-priming device which
has the adequate capacity for the system.
The centrifugal pump shall be fitted with mechanical seal except for deep well
pumps (main L.O pumps) which are fitted with sealing in accordance with the
relevant pump manufacturers standards.
The centrifugal pump shall be fitted with the casing ring in general.
The vertical type centrifugal pumps except deep well type pump and fresh water
hydrophore pumps shall be fitted with the spacer or vertically split casing.
The materials of centrifugal pump shall be as follows:
Sea water pump
Casing
Impeller
Impeller shaft

: Bronze
: Phosphor bronze
: Stainless steel

Stainless steel impeller and synthetic resin mouth ring shall be applied for the
continuous cooling S.W pumps (main cooling SW. pumps and ejector pump for
F.W generator)
The sacrificial anode shall be provided for all S.W pumps.

29
Fresh water pump & Aux. boiler feed water pump
Casing
: Cast iron
Impeller
: Phosphor bronze
Impeller shall
: Stainless steel
Main L.O. pump (deep well type)
Casing
: Cast iron
Impeller
: Phosphor bronze
Impeller shaft
: Carbon steel
The fittings and accessories shall be as follows:
1 - Shaft coupling
1 - Coupling cover for horizontal type pump
1 - Water seal connection, if necessary
1 - Air cock
1 - Suction compound gauge
1 - Discharge pressure gauge
- Root cock for each pressure gauge
6.6.4.3 Gear pump and screw pump
The bearing for gear pumps shall be internally placed in the pump casing and
shall be lubricated by the handling fluid.
The pumps shall be provided with built-in safety valve or by-pass valve to protect
the pump and electric motor against the excessive pressure.
The gear pumps and screw pumps except for mono pump (I-rotor type) shall be
fitted with mechanical seal according to the pump manufacturers standards.
The speed of gear pump screw pump shall be in accordance with the relevant
pump manufacturers standards unless otherwise specified.
The pumps and electric motors shall be designed based on following viscosity
conditions (cSt):
Application
H.F.O. transfer
DO. transfer
H.F.O. service
DO. service
L.O. handle

Viscosity for pump capacity


25.8
25.8
25.8
25.8
25.8

Viscosity for el. motor rating


1,000
1,000
260
260
260

The materials of gear and screw pumps shall be as follows:

30
Gear pump
Casing
Gear and shaft
Screw pump
Casing
Power rotor
Idle rotor

:
:

:
:
:

Cast iron
Carbon steel

Cast iron
Carbon steel
Carbon steel or cast iron

Screw pump (double assembly)


Casing
:
Cast iron
Power rotor
:
Carbon steel
Idle rotor
:
Carbon steel or cast iron
Strainer (element) :
Mild steel
Mono pump (1-rotor type)
Casing
:
Rotor
:
Stator
:
Sealing
:

Cast iron
Stainless steel or hard chrome steel
Synthetic rubber
Gland packing

Piston pump
Piston cylinder
:
Piston cylinder liner:
Piston rod
:

Cast iron
Bronze or stainless
Stainless steel

Ductile cast iron shall be applied to the casing material of H.F.O supply and circ.
pumps, and H.F.O purifier feed pumps.
The fittings and accessories shall be as follows:
1 - Shaft coupling
- Coupling cover for horizontal type pump (gear pump only)
1 - Suction compound gauge
1 - Discharge pressure gauge
1 - Root cock for each pressure gauge
1 - Relief valve
The screw pumps of double assembly type shall be fitted with build-in strainer
and inlet stop valve, outlet check valve and outlet stop valve.
6.6.5

Heat Exchangers

31
6.6.5.1 General
The heat exchangers shall be designed with the fouling margin of 15% for tubular
type and 10% for plate type unless otherwise specified. Plate heat exchangers
will be of M/s Alfa Laval make.
The construction, material, fouling margin, accessories, spare parts and tools,
etc. for the heat exchangers attached to equipment or supplied by the
equipment manufacturer such as for main engine, aux. boiler, diesel generator
engines, F.W. generator, refrigerant condensing unit, etc. shall be in accordance
with the relevant manufacturers standards.
The heat exchangers shall be designed and manufactured according to the
manufacturers standards and technical data such as overall heat transfer
coefficient, specific heat value, fluid velocity, etc.
Shut-off valves suitable for system fluid shall be provided at both inlet and outlet
of the heat exchangers for boat fluid.
Safety valves shall be provided for all heat exchangers in accordance with the
requirements of the Classification Society.
Pipes shall be arranged that the heat exchangers can be overhauled with the
minimum removal of connection pipes.
6.6.5.2 Cooler and heater
Tubular type coolers shall be designed to relieve thermal expansion by the
expansion joint on the shell side.
The tubes of tubular type coolers shall be fitted into tube plate by expanding at
both ends, and covers shall be easily removable with minimum dismantling the
connected pipes for inspection and maintenance of tube sheets.
The heat-exchanging surface of plate type heat exchangers shall consist of a
number of corrugated plates clamped together in a frame, and shall be sealed at
edges by rubber gaskets.
The materials of heat exchangers shall be as follows:

Tubular type cooler and condenser

32
Shell
Tube
Tube sheet
End cover

:
:
:
:

Steel plate or steel pipe


Aluminum brass ( thickness : mm. 1.5mm)
Naval brass
Steel plate or cast iron with tar epoxy coating

1 - Thermometers each at inlet and outlet for both fluids


1 - Air vent valve for both fluids
1 - Drain valve for both fluids
1 - Protection zinc for sea water side
1 - Chemical cleaning connection at sea water side
1 - Steam boiling connection for shell side
Tubular type heater
Shell
:
Tube
:
Tube sheet :
End cover
:

Steel pipe
Steel (thickness: mm. 1.5mm)
Mild steel
Steel plate

1 - Thermometers at inlet and outlet for both fluid


1 - Air vent valve for both fluids
1 - Drain valve for both fluids
1 - Relief valve on the heated fluid side
Plate type cooler (M/s Alfa Laval make)
Frame
Plate
Gasket

:
:
:

Mild steel
Titanium for SW, cooled, and stainless steel for LW. cooled
Nitrile rubber

1 - Pressure gauge at inlet and outlet for both fluids


1 - Thermometers at inlet and outlet for both fluids
1- Air vent valve for both fluids
1 - Drain valve for both fluids
6.6.6

Tanks
The tank of large capacity shall be integrated into the hull construction, while the
tanks of small capacity are independent from the hull structure, in accordance
with the Builders standards.
Tanks in engine room shall be of welded construction of steel plate, and shall be
strengthened with stiffeners, if necessary.
The independent tank shall be fitted with external stiffeners for easy cleaning.
The capacity of tanks shall mean their internal gross volume. Duplicate system is

33
to be provided for High and Low Sulphur Fuel Oil and also for different type of
Cylinder oils.
Each tank shall be provided with fittings depending on the intended purpose,
service or location, and based on this specification.
Flexible hose shall be used for the steaming connection.
Two(2) sets of flexible hoses(length l0 m, dia. 15mm) shall be provided for
steaming out and general use.
The size of air vent and overflow pipe shall comply with the requirements of the
Classification Society.
6.6.7

Painting Colour
Finish painting colour of the machinery and equipment in engine room shall be as
follows:
Item
Main engine, diesel generator engines, pumps,
air compressors, coolers, purifiers, etc.
Turbochargers for MIE & G/E
Incinerator

Finish painting color


Blue green
(Munsell notation 7.5 BC 7/2)
Heat resistance paint
Silver

Air reservoirs, tanks (not insulated)

White
Heat resistance paint
(galvanized steel sheet
outside)

Aux. boiler, heaters

Piping system in engine room shall be distinguished by colored vinyl tape or paint
at inlet and outlet sides of valve and equipment in accordance with the Builders
standards.
6.7

Fuel Oil System


(1) General
Fuel oil system shall be provided for main engine, diesel generator engines,
boiler, incinerator, purifier and emergency generator engine according to the
relevant manufacturers standards and also this specification.
Fuel oil system shall comprise filling, transfer, purifying, and service and drain
system.

34
Fuel oil system for main engine, diesel generator engines and auxiliary boiler
shall be designed to be capable of burning the heavy fuel oil with viscosity of 600
cSt at 50 deg C
Marine diesel oil of 13 cSt at 40degC shall be used for main engine, diesel
generator engines, auxiliary boiler and incinerator at cold starting and Gas oil will
be used for emergency generator.
(2) Machinery and Equipment
Item

No

Pump
H.F.O. transfer pump2

Type
Horiz. gear
or screw
Horiz. gear

D.O. transfer Pump 1

Each capacity
m 3/hxkg/cm2

Remark
-

23x3.0
10x3.0

H.F.O. purifier feed


pump

or screw
Gear or

2.3x3.0

Screw
Gear or
Screw

MIE EO. supply pump2


MIE EO. circ. Pump 2

Gear or
Screw

Acc. to MIE
manufacturers
standards
Acc. To MIE
manufacturers standards

(3) Machinery and Equipment (contd)


Item

No

Type

Each capacity

Remark

G/E F.O. supply


Pump
G/E F.O. circ. Pump

G/E emcy DO. pump

Acc. to (G/E
manufacturers standards
Acc. to G/E
manufacturers standards
Acc. to GIE
manufacturers standards

Gear or
Screw
Screw

Boiler F.O. supply


pump
Sludge pump

Mono

Acc. to boiler
manufacturers standards
5.0x3.5

Purifier
(a)H.F.O. purifier

Self-clean. 2.300 L/H based on 600

Air motor
driven
System.
-

35
Automatic
partial
discharge

cSt at 50deg C (max.


specific gravity of 1.01)
No gravity disc type,
Make Alpha Laval
-

(b) Diesel Purifier

H.F.O. purifier heater

ME EO heater

G/E F.O heater

Boiler F.O heater

Self clean. 2.300 L/H based on 600


Automatic
cSt at 50degC (max.
partial
specific gravity of 1.01)
discharge
No gravity disc type,
Make Alpha Laval
Horiz.
2.3 m3/hxSS/98t
tubular
Horiz.
100/150degC (each
tubular
100%)
Horiz
Acc. to G/E
tubular
manufacturers standard
(each_100%)
Acc. to boiler
manufacturers standard

Steam
heated
Steam
heated
Steam
heated
Elec.
heated

(4)Machinery and Equipment (contd)


Item
MIE EO. filter

G/E F.O. filter

No

Type

Each capacity

Remark

Automatic oil
back-flushing
section and
manual simplex
by-pass filter
section

Fineness absolute
50 micron

With alarm
for high
differential
pressure

Fineness absolute
50 micron

Automatic oil
back-flushing
section and
Manual simplex
by-pass filter
section

Item
Miscellaneous

No

Type

Each capacity

Remark

36
MIE viscosity
controller ft

Automatic
pneumatic

G/E viscosity
controller ~

Positive
displacement

ME F.O. flow meter #

Positive
displacement

GE F.O. flow meter #

Positive
displacement

Acc. to G/E
manufacturers
standards
Acc. to MIE
manufacturers
standards
Ace, to (GlE
manufacturers
standards
Ace, to (GlE
manufacturers
standards

Boiler F.O. 1 Positive displacement As per manufacturers supply Standard


# Viscosity controllers and flow meters shall be provided with by-pass lines.
(5) Strainers
Element
Item

Type

H.F.O. transfer pump


suction

Simplex
manual

D.O transfer pump


suction
ME F.Q supply pump
suction
G/E F.O supply pump
suction

Simplex
manual
Simplex
manual
Simplex
manual

G/E emcy D.O pump


suction
G/E D.O pump suction
Boiler F.O supply pump
suction
H.F.O. purifier feed
pump suction
Sludge pump suction

Type

Duplex
manual

Material

Wire gauze
32
Mild steel
Wire gauze
32
Mild steel
Double assembly pump
manufacturers standards
Double assembly pump
manufacturers standards
G/E manufacturers standards
G/E manufacturers standards

Simplex
manual

Mesh

A/E manufacturers standards


Aux. boiler manufacturers
recommendation or standards
Wire gauze

Mild steel
Simplex
manual

Wire gauze

24
Stainless steel
(SUS304)

(6) Tanks for Fuel Oil


Item

No.

Capacity (rn)

Heating
ratio

Level
gauge

Remark

37
H.F.O. bunker tank

Low sulphur H.F.O


bunker tank
DO. storage tank

H.F.O. settling tank

Abt. 1,950
in total
Abt. 610

m2/m3
0.04

SP

TCV (W)

0.04

SP

TCV (W)

SP

SP
FGG
SP
FCC
SP
FCC
SP
FCC
sP
FGG
FLG
sP
FLG
SP
SP
SP

TCV (W)

Abt. 170
in total
Abt. 45

0.1

H.F.O. service tank

Abt. 45

0.05

Low Sulphur H.F.O


settling tank
Low Sulphur H.F.O
service tank
DO. service tank

Abt. 35

0.1

Abt. 35

0.05

Abt. 23

DO. tank for Incinerator


F.O. overflow tank

1
1

0.4
Abt. 19

0.04

Sludge tank
Bilge holding tank
Oily bilge tank
Waste oil tank for
incinerator
DO. tank for
emergency generator
engine

1
1
1
2

Abt. 7.5
Abt. 35
Abt. 15

0.1
0.1
0.05

Acc. to manufacturers standards


Abt. 0.8

FGG

TCV (W)
TCV(W)
TCV (W)

Steaming
Steaming
TCV(W)
TCV(W)
TCV(W)
In
emergency
generator
room

1. The design base of H.F.O bunker tank heating coil shall be as follows:
- Ambient air temp.
:
20 C
- S.W temp.
:
50 C
- Keeping temp. for H.F.O bunker tank :
4O0 C
2. DO. tank for emergency generator engine shall be fitted with a wire operated
quick closing valve at outlet of supply line to engine.
3. As to the remote sounding system, Section 7.3.3 shall be referred to.
Abbreviations
SP
:
FGG
:
FLG
:

Sounding pipe
Flat glass level gauge
Float level gauge

38
CLG
TCV(W)
6.7.1

:
:

Glass level gauge


Temperature control valve of wax type

Fuel Oil Filling, Transfer and Drain System


H.F.O. transfer pump shall take suction from H.F.O. bunker tanks (P&S), F.O.
overflow tank, and discharge to H.F.O. settling tank, and deck manifold.
DO. transfer pump shall take suction from DO. storage tank, and discharge to
DO. service tank, D.O tank for incinerator and deck manifold.
DO. transfer pump shall be arranged as stand-by for H.F.O. transfer pump. and
vice versa.
The stand-by connection at suction and discharge sides of transfer pump shall be
normally closed by a spectacle flange.
For fuel oil filling system, section 7.1.10 shall be referred to.
Overflow pipe of H.F.O/H.F.O L.S settling tank and D.O service tank shall be led
to F.O. overflow tank and D.O storage tank respectively.
H.F.O/H.F.O L.S settling tank, H.F.O. service tank, DO. service tank shall be
fitted with a drain valve of self-closing type.
Below the valve on the tanks, oil coaming shall be arranged.
Drain from oil coaming shall be led to waste oil tank or F.O. overflow tank.
Fuel oil drain from base plates for fuel oil transfer pumps and F.O. heaters shall
be led to waste oil tank or F.O. overflow tank.
Clean leakage oil from main engine and diesel generator engines shall be led to
F.O. overflow tank.
Sludge pump shall take suction from sludge tank or oily bilge tank, and discharge
to the incinerator waste oil tank and shore connections on the upper deck.
DO. tank for emergency generator engine shall be provided with an independent
filling connection above emergency generator room.

6.7.2

Fuel Oil Purifing System


H.F.O. purifiers and heaters shall be installed in purifier room fitted with a

39
lifting I-beam, one (1) entrance door of gas-tight type and an exhaust fan. The
purifier will be of make Alfa Laval and no gravity disc type purifiers. A shooting
panel and stopping switch for fan and damper is to be installed outside the
purifier room.
A steel workbench with integrated wash basin and locker (see Section 6.14.1)
shall be provided.
The workbench shall be installed directly under the lilting 1-beam that services
the purifiers.
Fuel oil in H.F.O/H.F.O L.S settling tank shall be led to H.F.O. purifier through the
heater, and H.F.O. purifier shall discharge clean oil to H.F.O. service tank.
H.F.O purifier shall be running continuously with overflow to the setting tank.
Each heater shall be equipped with an automatic temperature control valve of
pneumatic or electric operation type.
For flow rate control at inlet to H.F.O. purifiers, a manual by-pass line with
recirculation to H.F.O. settling tank shall be provided.
One(1) of H.F.O. purifiers shall be arranged also for DO. purification. Water
separated from fuel oil shall be led to sludge tank.
Operating water drain from purifiers shall be led to the sludge tank.
6.7.3

Fuel Oil Service System

6.7.3.1 Main engine fuel oil system


Pressurized fuel oil system shall be provided for main engine.
ME F.O. supply pump shall take suction from heavy fuel oil service tank, and
discharge to the suction side of M/E F.O. circ. pumps.
By-pass line with a pressure control valve shall be provided for M/E F.O. supply
pumps with recirculation from pump discharge side to pump suction side.
Heavy fuel oil from F.O. return pipe shall be supplied to main engine by ME F.O.
circulation pump through MIE F.O. heater, MIE F.O. filter and MJE viscosity
controller.
The heaters shall be fitted with an automatic steam regulating valve of pneumatic

40
or electric operation type governed by viscosity controller.
The viscosity controller for MIE shall be controlled from local in the purifier room
and ECR.
Re circulating oil from main engine shall be led to F.O. return pipe.
F.O. return pipe shall be fitted with an automatic de-aerating valve.
Air vent pipe from F.O. return pipe shall be led to H.F.O. service tank.
6.7.3.2 Diesel generator engine fuel oil system
Pressurized fuel oil system shall be provided for diesel generator engines.
The viscosity controller for EYE shall be controlled from the local in the purifier
room.
Fuel oil system shall be provided according to the diesel generator engine
manufacturers standards.
6.7.3.3 Boiler fuel oil system
Heavy fuel oil for boiler shall be supplied from H.F.O. service & settling tank.
Diesel oil for composite boiler shall be supplied from D.O service tank and D.O
tai* for incinerator.
Fuel oil system shall be arranged according to the boiler manufactures
standards.
6.7.3.4 Incinerator fuel oil system
Diesel oil for DO. pilot burner shall be supplied from DO. service tank for
incinerator.
One(1) separate DO, feed pump instead of the built-in type pump or one(1)
separated D.O tank for incinerator shall be provided, if necessary according to
the machinery arrangement in engine room.
Waste oil burning system shall be arranged according to the incinerator
manufactures standards.
6.7.3.5 Emergency generator engine fuel oil system
Fuel oil system for emergency generator engine shall be designed to burn diesel

41
oil according to the engine manufacturers standards.
6.8

Lub. Oil System


(1) General
Lub. oil system shall be provided for main engine, diesel generator engines, stem
tube and other machinery or equipment according to the relevant manufactures
standards and also this specification.
Lub. oil system shall comprise filling, transfer, purifying, service and drain
system.
(2) Machinery and Equipment
Item

No.

Type

Remark

m 3/hxkg/cm2g

Pump
LO. transfer pump

Main L.O. pump

Stern tube L.O


transfer pump
G/E LO. priming
pump

G/E L.O. pump

M/E purifier feed


pump
M/E Cylinder oil
booster unit

Horiz. gear or
screw
Vet. Cent.
(deepwell)
Screw
-

Screw

(3) Machinery and Equipment (cont)


Purifier

Each capacity
5x3.0
Acc. to M/E makers
standards
1x3.0
Acc. to G/E
manufacturers
standards
Acc, to G/E makers
standards
1.4x3
Acc, to M/E makers
standards

Double
assembly
Engine
mounted
Engine
driven
Double
assembly

42
Item
M/E L.O. purifier

No.

Type

Each capacity

Self-clean.
Auto., total
discharge

1,400 L/hr based on


detergent oil for
crosshead engine. M/s
Alpha Laval make

Remark
-

Heater/cooler
M/E L.O. purifier
heater
Main L.O. cooler

2
1

Horiz.
tubular
Plate
Stainless steel

Horiz.
tubular

G/E LO. cooler


S/T LO. cooler

Filter
M/E L.O by-pass 1
filter
Manual filter

Auto. Back
flushing
simplex

l.4m3/hx45/90degC
Acc. to MIE
manufacturers
standard
Acc. to A/E
manufacturers
standard
Acc. to manufacturers
standard
Fineness absolute
50 micron
Fineness 50 micron

Steam
heated
F.W. cooled
Engine
mounted
F.W cooled
F.W cooled

With alarm
for high
differential
pressure
-

(4) Strainers and filters

Item

No

LO. transfer pump1


suction
M/E L.O purifier
feed pump suction2
Stern tube L.O 2
pump suction

Type
Simplex
manual
Simplex
manual

Type
Wire gauze

Element
Mesh
Material
32
Mild steel #1

Pump manufacturers standards


Pump manufacturers standards

43

Note #1 The manual L.O strainer shall have magnetic bar.


(5)

Tanks for Lub. Oil


Item

No Each capacity
(m3)

M/E L.O storage tank


M/E L.O settling tank
M/E L.O sump tank
M/E scav.Air box drain
tank
ME cylinder oil storage
tank
M/E cylinder oil storage
tank for low sulfur oil
M/E cylinder oil service
tank
G/E LO. storage tank 1
L.O daily tank
S/T L.O. sump tank

2
1

S/T LO. gravity tank 2


FWD S/T seal tank

Heating
ratio
(m3/ m3)
0.05
-

Level
gauge

Remark

FGG
SP&FLG

1
1
1
1

Abt. 20
Abt. 15
Abt. 20
0.4

Abt. 28

SP

Approx. 07

FGG

0.8

FGG

Steaming

2.0

0.1 each
1.0

FGG
& SC
SP
GLG SP
FGG

One(1)
high and
one(1) low

Acc. To
manufacturers
standards

Abbreviations
SP
:
Sounding pipe
FGG :
Flat glass level gauge
FLG :
Float level gauge
GLC :
Glass level gauge
DLC :
Dial level gauge (local pressure sensor type)
Sc
:
Sounding cap only
6.8.1

Lub. Oil filling, Transfer and Drain system

44
Following independent lub. oil filling line with isolating valve shall be provided at
both sides in front of accommodation:
-

One (1) system oil for ME and C/E


One (1) cylinder oil for ME

Filling cap shall be provided for each general service tank in engine room
(separate filling pipe shall not be provided).
The oil shall be led to respective service tank or sump tank from storage tank.
L.O. transfer pump shall take suction from the following tanks:
-

M/E L.O storage tank


M/E L.O sump tank
M/E L.O settling tank
G/E L.O. storage tank
G/E LU. sump tanks
Stem tube lub. oil sump tank

And discharge to the following tanks:


-

M/E L.O settling tank

Lub. oil drain from the base for equipment and tanks shall be led to waste oil
tank.
6.8.2 Lub. Oil Purifying system
Lub. Oil shall be led to LU. purifiers through the heater by the separate feed
pump.
LO. purifiers and heaters shall be installed in purifier room.
Heater shall be equipped with an automatic temperature control valve.
For flow rate control at inlet to LU. purifiers, a manual by-pass line with
recirculation to discharge side of purifiers shall be provided.
The MIE L.O purifier feed pump shall take suction from the following tanks:
-

M/E L.O sump tank


MJE L.O settling tank
S/T LU. sump tank

45
And discharge clean oil to the following tanks:
MJE L.O sump tank
M/E L.O settling tank
Lub. oil in the stern tube L.O sump tank shall be transferred to the MIE L.U
settling tank by the L.O transfer pump, and purifier by the L.O purifier.
Water and sludge separated from lub. oil shall be led to sludge tank. Operating
water drain from purifiers shall be led to the sludge tank.
No M/E stuffing box drain oil cleaning system shall be provided, and the dirty oil
from M/E stuffing box shall be led to the oily bilge tank.
6.8.3
6.8.3.1

Lub. Oil Service System


Main engine lub. oil system
Main L.O. pump shall take suction from ME L.U sump tank, and discharge
through the lub. oil cooler and lub. oil filter to main engine.
Main LU. cooler shall have an automatic temperature control valve of pneumatic
or electric operation type for regulation of the oil temperature.
Dirty lub. oil from the main LU. filter of back-flushing type shall be drained to LU.
sump tank through a manual filter of simplex type.
The main LU. filter shall be provided with a manual by-pass filter.
Cylinder oil shall be transferred from cylinder oil storage tank to cylinder oil
service tank by one(1) electric motor driven transfer pump with a hand pump
through the filter, if gravity transferring is not available.
Cylinder oil from service tank shall be supplied to main engine by gravity, and the
pipe line shall be provided with steam tracing.
Cylinder oil service tank shall be located according to the main engine
manufacturers recommendations.

6.8.3.2 Diesel generator engine lub. oil system


Each diesel generator engine shall have its own lub. oil system consisting of
engine driven lub. oil pump, built-in lub. oil cooler and an electric driven priming
pump according to the diesel generator engine manufactures standards.
6.8.3.3 Stern tube lub. oil system
Stem tube lub. oil system shall be provided for stem tube according to the

46
manufacturers standards.
Stem tube lub. oil sump tank shall be filled by gravity from MIE system oil storage
tank, and gravity tank shall be filled up with stern tube L.U transfer pump
6.9

Cooling Water System


(1) General
Central fresh water cooling water system with separate circuits for low
temperature and high temperature shall be arranged for main engine, diesel
generator engines and other machinery in engine room as described herein.
The cooling fresh water outlet temperature of central EW. coolers (low temp.
F.W. coolers) shall be 36t with cooling SW. inlet temperature of 32 degC.
Sea water cooling system shall be installed for:
-

Central F.W. coolers (low temperature F.W. coolers)


Dumping cooler/drain cooler

Low temperature fresh water cooling system shall be installed for:


Main engine cylinder jacket
Main engine scav. air cooler
Main lub. oil cooler
Diesel generator engine air coolers
Diesel generator engine lub. oil coolers
Diesel generator engine cylinder jackets
Air compressors
- Provision refrigerating plant
Air condition plant for accommodation
Air condition units for ECR and engineers workshop
Boiler water sample cooler
Intermediate shaft bearing
S/T L.O cooler
(2) Machinery and Equipment
Item

No.

Type

Remark

m3thxtotal head (rn)

Pump
Main cooling SW.3

Each capacity

Vert, cent,

Abt. 290x23m

Subject to cooling

47
pump

(each 50%)

Ejector pump for1


F.W. generator

Centrifugal

M/E jacket cool. 2


F.W. pump

Vert. cent.

Low temp. cool. 3


F.W. pump
M/E air cooler 1
cleaning water
circ. Pump
Cooler/heater
Central F/W.
2
cooler
M/E jacket cool.
F.W. pre heater
G/E jacket cool.
F.W. preheating
unit

Vert, cent.
Horiz. cent.
Titanium
plate
Horiz.
tubular
Pump and
heater

Abt. 62 x 42m acc.


to manufacturers
standard

water heat balance


, No.1 Self-priming
-

Abt. 95 x 30m acc,


to M/E
manufacturers
standard
Abt. 260x25m
Subject to cooling
(each 50%)
water heat balance
1 x30

Abt. 4,200,000
SW. cooled 60%
kcal/hr
capacity Each
Abt. 110,000 kcal/hr Steam heated
Acc. to
manufacturers
standard

(3) Machinery and Equipment (cont)


Item
Miscellaneous
Marine growth
Prevention system

No.

Type

Each capacity

Ionizing
anode

Abt 890 m3/h

Remark

Anodes fitted on
each S.W strainer
(life time two
years)

#1: Flow rate shall be based on the total S.W of


Two (2) main cooling SW pump
One (1) F.W generator ejector pump
One (1) Bilge, Fire & GJS pump
(4) Strainers
Service

No.

Type

Type

Element
Mesh
Material

48
Outlet of suction sea 1
chest (high & low) each

Simplex
manual

Bucket

5mm
dia.

Stainless steel
(SUS316)

The body of the S.W strainer shall be of steel plate and the inside shall be lined
with rubber.
(5) Tanks for Cooling Water
Item

No.

Each
capacity
(in3)

Heating
ratio
(inJm)

Level
Gauge

1.5

GLG

0.4

0.04

SP

F.W. expansion tank1


M/E air cooler
chemical clean. 1
water tank
Stern tube cooling 1
F.W tank

Remark

Abbreviations
SP
GLG

:
:

Sounding pipe
Glass level gauge

6.9.1 Sea Water Cooling Water


Two (2) sea chests, one at each side of engine room, shall be provided in engine
room, one (I) in high position and one (1) in low position.
Inlets shall be cross connected by a main suction line.
All sea water pumps shall take suction from main cross connection line between
the sea chests.
Two (2) sea water strainers of simplex type shall be provided in engine room.
One (1) marine growth prevention system (MGPS) of ionizing anode type shall
be provided at each main sea water strainer.
The main cooling sea water pumps shall operate to supply the cooling sea water
to two(2) central fresh water cooler at normal sea going.
All overboard connections shall be arranged below the light ballast water line.
6.9.2 Fresh Water Cooling Water

49
Central coolers system consists of three (3) low temperature cooling fresh water
pumps and two(2) central fresh water coolers.
Central coolers system shall be provided with an automatic temperature control
valve of pneumatic or electric operation type for regulation of cooling fresh water
temperature.
Main engine and Diesel generator engine jacket cooling circuit shall be
incorporated to the low temp. cooling fresh water system through the
temperature control valve of direct acting type according to the engine
manufacturers standards.
One pre heater with steam and electric heating shall be provided for main engine
jacket cooling water. One( 1) preheating unit of a electric heater and a pump
shall be provided for preheating diesel generator engine jacket in stand-still, if it
is recommended by the diesel generator engine manufacturer.
The air from air vent pipe for main engine, diesel generator engine and low temp.
fresh water cooling system shall be led to the fresh water expansion tank.
Fresh water expansion tank shall be provided with filling connection from the
fresh water hydrophore system.
A drain cock shall be fitted for draining of fresh water cooling system to bilge.
Cooling water from the jacket of main engine shall be led to fresh water
generator for heating.
One (1) cleaning water circ. pump and chemical cleaning water tank shall be
provided for cleaning of main engine air cooler.
Stern tube cooling fresh water tank shall be fitted with a manhole, a filling pipe
from the fresh water hydrophore system and two(2) drain valves of self-closing
type for leveling.
6.10

Compressed Air System


(1) General
The total capacity of main air reservoirs charged by main air compressors within
one(1) hour shall be capable of providing 12 consecutive starts of main engine
without replenishment.
The construction, materials and accessories of air compressors, and diesel
generator engine starting air reservoir shall be in accordance with the relevant

50
manufactures standards or as detailed in this specifications.
Air compressors shall be driven by electric motors, and the speed of electric
motor for reciprocating type air compressors shall be maximum 1,800 rpm.
Each air compressor and driving motor shall be mounted on a common bed.
The construction material and accessories for air compressor shall be in
accordance with the compressor manufacturers standards.
Air reservoirs shall be of welded construction of steel plate in compliance with the
requirements of the Classification Society.
The inner surface of air reservoir shall be coated with tar epoxy (2x 125 micron).
For starting of main engine and diesel generator engines, compressed air of 30
kg/cm2g shall be used.
For air horn, deck service, main engine maneuvering, miscellaneous service and
control air system, compressed air of 7 kg/cin2g shall be used.
(2) Machinery and Equipment
Item

No

Type

Service air
compressor
Emergency air
Compressor
Air reservoir

2-stage, water
.cooled piston type
1 or 2-stage, air
cooled screwed
2-stage, air cooled
piston type

150x30
200x7
10x30

Rigid
mounting

m3/hxkg/cm2g

Main air reservoir


Service air reservoir
Diesel generator
engine starting air
reservoir
Miscellaneous

2
1
1

Control air dryer


with oil retention

1 Refrigerating

6.10.1 Starting Air System

Remark

m3/hxkg/cm2g

Air compressor
Main air compressor

Each capacity

Cylindrical
Vertical cylindrical
Vertical cylindrical

5.0x30
2.0x7
Acc. to (YE
manufacturer
standards
60 m3/h

Dew point
+2 degC at
7kg/cm2g

51
Two (2) main air compressors, and one( I) emergency air compressor shall be
installed in engine room for starting air system.
Air compressors shall be furnished with automatic starting and stopping
arrangement in order to maintain the sufficient and safe pressure in main air
reservoirs.
Automatic drain of high pressure upon stopping, and automatic unloading at
starting of main air compressors shall be implemented.
Compressed air from the main air compressors shall be led to the main air
reservoirs through an oil-water separator.
Compressed air of 7 kg/cm2g shall be supplied from the main reservoirs through
two(2) pressure reducing valve( I working and 1 standby) for general service,
control and instrument.
Compressed air from emergency air compressors shall be led to diesel generator
engine starting air reservoir.
Starting air to main engine and diesel generator engines shall be supplied from
the respective air reservoirs.
One (I) drain connection with valve shall be provided at the lowest point of
starting air supply line for main engine.
One (1) line shall be provided from main air reservoirs to diesel generator engine
starting air system.
Each main air reservoir shall be provided with:
1 - Inlet valve
I - Outlet valve for MIE starting
1 - Outlet valve for diesel generator engine starting and other services
1 - Safety valve
2 - Drain valves in series
1 - Root valve for pressure gauge
1 - Manhole
The escape piping of safety valves from the air reservoirs shall be opened to the
safety area.
6.10.2 Service Air System
Compressed air from the service air compressor shall be led to the service air

52
reservoir through an oily water separator.
Service air of 7 kg/cm 2g shall be supplied from service air reservoir or the main
air reservoirs through a pressure-reducing valve.
A shut-off valve shall be provided at each air distribution group in engine room.
Hose connection valves shall be fitted for general service in engine room.
Two(2) sets of rubber hose with nozzle(length lOm, dia. 15mm) shall be provided
for general service.
6.10.3 Control and Instrument Air System
Control and instrument air shall be supplied from the main air reservoirs via a
pressure reducing valve and a control air dryer.
One( 1) control air dryer shall be provided for removing the moisture in the
control air system.
6.11

Exhaust Gas System


Funnel shall accommodate all main and auxiliary engine exhaust gas pipes,
diesel generator engine silencers, incinerator uptake and aux. boiler uptake, and
shall also provide exhaust ventilation for engine room.
Near the top of the funnel, there shall be provided rain protection plate and
necessary openings for passage of pipes, and a small weather tight hinged hatch
cover. The drain piping from the top plate shall be led inside of the funnel and
introduce to upper deck level scupper.
Piping through the funnel top plate shall be provided with suitable provision for
expansion, and top plate penetrations shall be of rain-proof type.
Exhaust gas pipes shall be made of fabricated steel or welded steel pipe, and
fitted with bellows type expansion joint of stainless steel.
The exhaust gas pipes shall be sized and arranged to meet the recommended
back pressure in accordance with the manufacturers recommendation.
Drain lines from main engine exhaust gas pipe shall be of Sch.80 and arranged
with sufficient slop as far as practicable in order to avoid blockage.
Oil mist chamber shall be provided at the funnel, and the following vent pipes
shall be led to the oil mist chamber;
-

Main engine crankcase


Diesel generator engines LU. Vapor

53
-

Main engine scavenge box drain tank

Air vent pipe from main engine crankcase and main engine scavenge box drain
tank shall be separated from the other lines.
Drain piping from the oil mist chamber shall be led to the oil bilge tank.
Escape piping of safety valves from steam piping shall be opened to the
atmosphere above the funnel top.
Vertical ladders and platforms shall be provided inside the funnel for access. One
(1) access door shall be provided for funnel at engine casing top.
6.11.1 Exhaust Gas System for Main Engine
Exhaust gas pipe from the main engine shall be led to the atmosphere through
the exhaust gas boiler.
The turbocharger outlet(s) shall be provided with an expansion joint. Other
expansion joints shall be provided as necessary in the system.
No separate silencer shall be provided.
The exhaust gas pipe shall be routed to allow adequate clearance for dismantling
the main engine components.
Total back pressure in the exhaust gas system after M/E turbocharger shall be
aimed at about 300mm WC, and must not exceed 350mm WC at MCR.
6.11.2 Exhaust Gas System for Diesel generator engine
Separate exhaust gas pipe from each diesel generator engine shall be
individually led to the atmosphere through the silencer without spark arresting
type.
The total back pressure in the exhaust gas system for diesel generator engine
shall not exceed 250mm WC at MCR.
Exhaust gas pipe from emergency generator engine shall be led to the open air
through the silencer. (not through the funnel)
6.11.3 Exhaust Gas System for Boiler and incinerator
Exhaust gas pipe from the oil fired boiler and incinerator shall be led to the top of
the funnel.

54
6.12

Steam, Condensate and Feed Water System


(1) General
Steam system shall comprise steam service, condensate, drain and feed water
system.
Feed water shall be supplied from the feed water cascade tank.
The feed water cascade tank shall be fitted with a filter section, and steam drain
from the oil tanks and oil heaters shall be led to the filter section via the
condensate observation tank.
The condensate observation tank shall be built-in together with feed water
cascade tank.
(2) Machinery and Equipment
Item

No.

Type

Each capacity
m3/hx total head (m)

Horiz. cent.

Abt.15m3/hrx35m
acc, to maker
standard

Pump
Feed water pump for 2
boiler

Remark

Condenser
Dumping condenser / 1
Drain cooler

(3)

Horiz. tubular Sufficient for


SW. cooled
design capacity of .
Gas section of
exhaust gas
economiser

Tank

Item
No.
Feed water cascade 1
tank with condensate
observation tank

Capacity
1.5 m3

Level gauge
GLG, SG

Remark
With a filtering
element of steam
blowing

1. The condensate observation tank shall be fitted with an inspection port and
light, surface drain, test connection, vent line and thermometer.
2. A temperature control valve with a steam blowing nozzle to be fitted for
keeping the temperature of feed water at approx. 80 degC, and sized for steam
consumption at normal sea going condition.
Abbreviations

55
SP
GLG
DLG
SG

:
:
:
:

Sounding pipe
Glass level gauge
Dial level gauge (local pressure sensor type)
Sight glass

6.12.1 Saturated Steam System


6 kg/cm2 saturated steam shall be supplied for respective service as below
-

M/E F.O. heaters


A/E F.O. heaters
H.F.O. purifier heaters
L.O. purifier heaters
MIE jacket cooling water pre heater
Incinerator burner for atomizing (if required)
MIE scav. air box for fire extinguishing
MIE air cooler chemical cleaning water tank
Calorifier
H.F.O. bunker tanks
H.F.O. settling tank
H.F.O. service tank
MIE system oil settling tank
Oily bilge tank
Sludge tank
Waste oil tank for incinerator
F.O. overflow tank
Sea chests
Air condition unit for accommodation
Steam tracing loop
Steaming out connection

Boiler F.O. heater(s) heated by electric

6.12.2 Condensate and Steam Drain System


All steam drain shall be led to the dumping condenser/drain cooler.
The surplus steam generated by exhaust gas section of composite boiler shall
also be automatically dumped to the dumping condenser/drain cooler through a
dump valve of pneumatic or electric operation type.
One(1) additional pipe line shall be provided and connected to the air vent pipe
for feed water cascade tank.
Condensate from the dumping condenser/drain cooler shall be led to feed water

56
cascade tank through the condensate observation tank.
A steam trap with a test cock and a stop check valve shall be provided in steam
drain system.
6.12.3 Feed Water System
When the composite boiler is operating, feed water shall be led to the boiler by
feed water pump for boiler under automatic regulation of feed water by feed
water pump start/stop.
Make-up feed water shall be supplied to feed water cascade tank from fresh
water hydrophore system.
One (1) boiler water sample cooler and chemical dosing unit for feed water
treatment shall be provided, and boiler water test kit and chemical compounds for
feed water treatment shall be supplied by the Owner.
Boiler water sample cooler shall be cooled by low temperature fresh water
cooling system.
6.13 Distilled and Make-Up Water System
Fresh water generator
Type
Number
Capacity
Sea water temperature
Heating water temperature
Salinity

:
:
:
:
:
:

Single stage
One (1) set
30 ton/day at M/E NCR load
32 degC
80 degC
Max. 10 PPM

The waste heat from main engine jacket cooling fresh water shall be used for
heating, and distilled water shall be cooled by sea water.
The materials and construction of fresh water generator shall be in accordance
with the manufacturers standards.
The fresh water generator shall consist of an evaporating heat exchanger and a
condenser, and following fittings shall be mounted on the common bed
-

Air/brine ejector(s)
A fresh water distillate pump
A salinity indicator
A flow meter
Pressure gauges and thermometers

57
-

Other fittings acc. to the F.W generator makers standards

S.W ejector pump for fresh water generator shall be separately installed due to
suction lift.
No steam injector shall be provided for use at harbour condition.
Feed water treatment of chemical injection shall be provided in order to prevent
scale formation.
The capacity and installation of the chemical injection tank shall be according to
the manufactures standards.
A salinity alarm shall be provided on the fresh water generator, and the distilled
water of high salinity shall be automatically re circulated to the fresh water
generator to prevent contamination of potable water system.
The distilled water from the fresh water generator shall be led to the fresh water
tanks and Aft peak tank by the distillate pump.
6.14

Repair, Maintenance and Cleaning Equipment

6.14.1 Workshop machinery


6.14.1.1 General
One (1) engineers workshop, one (1) electric work shop arid one(1) store shall
be arranged in engine room.
Each workshop and store shall be provided with an entrance door and lock.
Oxygen and acetylene bottles shall be arranged in the gas bottle storage room
on the upper deck, with necessary safety devices in storage room and in engine
room and Back Flash arrestors.
Workshop machinery shall be supplied with accessories in accordance with the
relevant manufactures standards.
6.14.1.2 Machinery and Equipment
Item
Lathe

No.
1

Grinding machine1

Capacity
Center distance:
1,500mm Swing over
bed : 450 mm
Wheel dia. :255 mm

Type
Heavy duty

Remark
-

Heavy duty

58
Vertical drilling
machine

Max. 30 mm (Cast iron)

Item
No.
M/E fuel valve
test equipment

Capacity
Acc, to M/E
manufacturers
standards
Acc, to G/E
manufacturers
standards
3-oxygen bottles
2-acetyl. Bottles
(each cap. 40L)
300Amp.
LXBXH(mm):
Abt. 600x400x850

G/E nozzle tester


Gas welding
equipment

Electric welder
Welding table

1
1
1

LXBXH (mm):
Abt. I ,400x650x850

LXBXH (mm):
Abt.I,300x 650x 850
LXBXH (mm):
Abt.920x480x 1,930

Work bench
Lockable cabinet2

Vert. pillar
with table
vice (belt
driven)
Type

Remark

Pneumatic

Steel

Steel, wooden Engineers


top with one
workshop
drawer, one
parallel vice
(150 mm)
Steel
Purifier room
Steel

Engineers workshop
Workshop machinery shall be arranged in the engineers workshop, unless
otherwise specified.
An welding area with fire-proof curtain shall be provided in the engineers
workshop, and the following equipment shall be fitted
-

Electric welder
Welding table
Welding gas exhaust fan
Electric welding cables (50 m) with a cable drum
Gas welding outlet station with 50 m hose
Accessories for welding equipment as per the makers standards.

Fuel valve testing equipment such as MIE fuel valve tester, AlE nozzle tester and
seat for fuel valve shall be installed in the engineers workshop.
Engine room store

59
Engine room store shall be fitted with shelves for the stowage of spare parts and
tools.
Shelves shall be made of fabricated steel and painted, and framed in the
fabricated angles.
Gas bottle store
The following equipment shall be fitted in the gas bottle stowage rooms:
-

Oxygen bottles
Acetylene bottles
Necessary piping and fittings and flame back arrestors

Gas line of seamless steel pipe with welded sleeve joint shall be led from gas
bottles to the welding outlet station in the engineers workshop.
6.14.2 Lifting Gears for Machinery
6.14.2.1 Engine room crane
- Number
- Capacity
- Type
- Traveling & Traversing
- Hoisting

:
:
:
:
:

One(1) set
SWL 4.0 ton
Overhead traveling
Elec. Motor driven (single speed)
Elec. Motor driven (Two speed)

One (1) engine room overhead crane shall be provided for overhauling of main
engine.
The crane shall be arranged to plumb the storage area of the heavy spare parts
which are frequently used as well as to serve the main engine.
The crane hook shall be able to reach the floor plates via a clear route, and the
hoisting gear shall be designed for inching.
Following accessories and fittings shall be provided for the engine room crane:
-

Magnetic safety brake device for hoisting


Limit switch for hoisting, traveling and traversing
Clamp
Electric wiring
Remote push button (controller)

Traveling and traversing shall be by rack and pinion drive.

60
The crane shall be provided with arrangement, which prevents the crane from
running off the rails.
The controls and operation of the crane shall be carried out from the upper
platform level of the main engine.
The remote control cable shall be able to reach the floor level.
6.14.2.2 Overhauling of aux. machinery
Lifting I-beam with trolley shall be provided for overhauling aux. machinery and
transferring its parts as follows
- Propulsion shafting (subject to calculation, geared trolley)
- Diesel generator engine (1 ton, plain trolley over each diesel generator
engine)
- Engineers workshop (I ton, plain trolley)
- Purifier room (1 ton, plain trolley)
- Ballast and SW pumps (1 ton, plain trolley)
The engine room overhead crane shall not cover for overhauling of main engine
turbochargers, and a lifting I-beam with a trolley(2 ton, plain trolley) shall be
provided for overhauling of main engine turbocharger.
Removal of the intermediate shaft and propeller shall from the Vessel shall be
carried out via a temporary opening cut on the shell plating.
Following chain blocks shall be furnished and stored in the engineers workshop:
- 1 ton x 6 Sets
- 2 tons x 2 Sets
- 5 tons x 2 Sets
Eye pads or lifting I-beams shall be arranged over the machinery with handling
heavy parts of minimum dismantling weight of 60 kg for maintenance. In
particular, eye plates able to support the lifting of Alternator and the whole top
part of Auxiliary engine will be provided under the deck above the generator flat.
These eye plates must be marked for safe lifting load.
6.14.3 Incinerator
Incinerator
Number
Type
Capacity

:
:
:

One (1) set


Sludge/waste oil and solid waste burning
Approx. 1000,000 kcal/H

61
The incinerator shall be installed in engine room.
The incinerator shall be designed to be capable of charging solid waste without
risk of fire hazard, and shall be in compliance with IMO resolution MEPC 76(40).
Accessories and fittings for the incinerator shall be provided according to the
manufactures standards.
The waste oil tanks for incinerator shall be provided with heating coils with a
temp. control valve, drain valve, level gauge, agitator/mixing pump and
necessary fittings according to the incinerator manufacturers standards.
6.14.4 Bilge Water Separator
Bilge water separator
Number
:
One (1) set
Capacity
:
5 m3/h (15 PPM)
Type
:
Automatic oil discharge type with high oil content alarm
Bilge water separator pump
Number
:
One (1) set
Capacity
:
5 m3/hr x 3 kg/mm2
Type
:
According to the manufactures standard.
E/R Bilge water transfer pump
Number
:
One (1) set
Capacity
:
5 m3/hr x 3 kg/mm2
Type
:
Mono
Strainer
Service

No.

Type
Type

Bilge water separator


pump suction

Simplex
manual

Wire gauze

Element
Mesh
24

Material

Stainless steel
(SUS316)

The bilge water separator shall be designed for max. 15 PPM oil content of
separated water, and shall be in compliance with IMO resolution MEPC 60(33).
The inside of the bilge water separator shall be coated with tar epoxy or
equivalent.
The materials, construction, accessories and fittings shall be according to the

62
manufacturers standards.
The heating device(steam or electric type) shall be fitted on the bilge water
separator.
Bilge water separator pump shall take suction from bilge water holding tank, and
discharge to bilge water separator.
When the oil content exceeds 15 PPM, alarm shall be given, and discharge water
shall be automatically re circulated to the bilge water holding tank.
Separated oil from bilge water separator shall be led to the waste oil tank.
E/R bilge water transfer pump shall take suction from bilge main or bilge wells
and bilge water holding tank, and discharge to shore connection of sludge pump
or bilge water holding tank.
A small bilge hat shall be provided on the top of M/E L.O sump tank.
One(1) float switch for bilge alarm shall be provided at 2m in height above inner
bottom in engine room.
6.14.5

Floor, Gratings and Ladders in Engine Room

6. 14.5. 1 General
Platforms, gratings and ladders shall be provided for operation and access to the
type according to the manufacturers standards.
The construction and material of platforms, gratings and handrails fitted on the
machinery shall be according to the manufacturers standards.
6.14.5.2 Engine room floor, platforms and gratings
The engine room floor shall be laid around the main engine and on the walkway
for access to other machinery and equipment.
The engine room floor, gratings and operating platforms shall be of checkered
steel plate, and supported by the steel angle frames of which vertical intervals
shall be about 1,200mm to 1,800mm.
The thickness of checkered steel plate shall be 4.5 mm at engine room floor, and
3.2 mm for other areas.
Floor plate where necessary to remove for overhauling machinery shall be of
removable type fixing with tapping screws of flat head type.

63
The engine room floor shall be fitted with portable section or small hole with a
cover for access to valves, strainers and manholes.
Checkered plate shall be used in the engine casing and the funnel area, subject
to sufficient opening area for ventilation.
6.14.5.3 Ladders
Two (2) main access ladders, one at each side of engine room, shall be provided
at each platform deck in engine room, and shall be arranged in fore and aft
direction as far as practicable.
The slope shall not exceed 60deg , and the width shall be 600 mm.
Main access ladder shall be of steel construction with non-slip steps and a
handrail supported by stanchions, and shall be fitted with back plate (dust pan)
where required for protection of equipment or personnel from dirts.
Vertical ladder shall have steps of 22x22 mm square bars placed edgewise, and
width of 350 mm.
A portable ladder of aluminum alloy(folding type) to be provided for maintenance
work in engine room.
6.14.5.4

Handrails
Handrails shall be provided for the platforms, gratings and around the machinery
where they are indispensable for the safety. Full welding will be done for rails and
stanchions.
Handrails shall be of the following construction;
Stanchion
:
Flat bar (65x9t)
Midrail
:
Round steel bar (16 mm dia.)
Toprail
:
Steel pipe (ND 20)
Handrails shall be fitted with portable sections where required for overhauling the
machinery or transporting the heavy spare parts.

6.14.5.5

Emergency escape route


One (1) emergency escape route with vertical ladder in the trunk shall be
arranged, and an entrance door shall be provided at floor level, 2nd platform and
l~ platform.

64
The emergency escape trunk shall be insulate(A-60 class), and all doors shall be
A-60 type as per the Class requirements.
All doors shall be of self-closing type, and properly sealed to prevent smoke from
flooding the escape trunk.
The emergency escape trunk shall be fitted with emergency lighting.
6.14.6 Ventilation for Engine Room
Engine room supply fan
Number
Capacity, each
Type

:
:
:

Four (4) sets


Acc. to calculation
Axial flow fan, vertical mounting

Purifier room exhaust fan


Number
Capacity

:
:

Type

One(1) set
Acc. to calculation
(Capacity to be based on minimum 45 air changes
per hour)
Axial flow fan, vertical mounting

Welding gas exhaust fan


Number
Capacity
Type

:
:
:

One (1) set


10m3/minx20mmAq
Axial flow fan

The total capacity of engine room supply fans shall be calculated according to
ISO 8861 Shipbuilding Engine room ventilation in diesel engine ships
Design requirement and basis of calculation (1998(E)).
The temperature rise of 12.5degC on ISO 8861 shall be applied for the
calculation of E/R supply fan capacity.
Two (2) fans shall be of reversible type, and both the reversible fans shall be fed
from the emergency switchboard.
Air from the atmosphere shall be supplied to the engine room by two(2) fans of
non-reversible type and by one( 1) fan of reversible type through the mushroom
head and fire damper installed at casing top.

65
Exhaust air from engine room shall be led to the atmosphere through the
openings at the aft wall of funnel.
Ventilation duct from the purifier room exhaust fan shall be led to funnel.
Exhaust air opening shall be fitted with emergency shut-off device of remote
closing type which is operated at the fire control station.
Welding gas from the welding area in the engineers workshop shall be extracted
to the outside of the engineers workshop by the welding gas exhaust fan.
The fan impeller and driving motor shall be incorporated in the fan casing
Materials of fan shall be as follows:
Casing
Impeller

:
:

Steel
Aluminum alloy

Ventilation ducts
Ventilation duct shall be of welded construction of steel plate in rectangular cross
section, and shall be painted.
For painting, Section 2.1 & 2.2 shall be referred to.
Ventilation ducts shall be fitted with drains at lower points.
Connection of the ventilation ducts shall be of flange or sleeve welding in
accordance with the Builders standards.
The thickness of steel plate for ventilation duct shall be as follows
2.3 mm, L < 1,000mm
3.2 mm, L > 1,000mm
(L =Length of longer side of duct cross-section)
Spiral duct of galvanized steel sheet may be used for the branch duct as follows.
550mm diameter and above
500mm diameter and below

:
:

1.2mm thickness
1.0mm thickness

A separate Hold Washing FW system with an independent pump taking suction


from the AP and discharging on to a separate line on deck with Fire Hydrant type
outlets for every Cargo hold (at least two per Hold).