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MAGNETISM

Weightage
Total number of concepts

: EAMCET 4 or 5 Marks
: 8
5
Try to Review : Magnetic axis, Effective length, ( times of geometric length) pole strength (A-m),
6
magnetic flux ( = BA , weber), Magnetic induction ( B =

weber / m2 ). Magnetic moment [m(2l)


A
, Amp m 2 ], Intensity of magnetic field (A/m), magnetic susceptibility (No units) , Magnetic
permeability (Henry/m) , Relative permeability (No units)

Tangent law . The deflection of a magnet in two crossed magnetic


Fields is given by. Tangent law : B = BH Tan
Magnetic intensity due to magnetic dipole or bar magnetic : Ba =
for a short magnet

0 2 M
4 d 3

On the equatorial line (Broad side on) Be =


for a short magnet Be =

0
M
4 d 2 + l 2

3/2

0 M
4 d 3

For a point lying any where B =

0 M
1 + 3cos 2
4 d 3

Deflection magnetometer equal distance method


Null method

0 2Md
4 d 2 l 2

M 1 Tan1
=
M 2 Tan 2

M 1 d13
=
M 2 d 23

Bar magnet in a uniform magnetic field : = M B . If the bar magnet is perpendicular to


the field is maxim and it is minimum when it is parallel to the field
Potential energy of a bar magnet is a magnetic field U = M .B .
when = 0 U = MB , when = 90 U = 0 , when = 180 + MB
I
MH
I = moment of inertia of the magnet
M = Magnetic moment, H = earths magnetic field
H
T2
I
(a) If I and M of the magnet are constant T 2
1 = 22
H
H 2 T1
(b) If I and H are constant (Both the magnets have same size and mass)
m T2
M1 T22
1
M 2
= 2 or 1 = 22 ( since both the magnets have same length)
m2 T1
T
M 2 T1
(c) If two magnets of equal sizes and mass if they are kept with the

Vibration magnetometer T = 2

I1 + I 2
( M1 + M 2 ) H

same poles touching, T1 = 2

with opposite poles T2 = 2

I1 + I 2
( M1 M 2 ) H

or

T1
=
T2

M1 M 2
M1 + M 2

M 1 T22 + T12
=
M 2 T22 T12

QUESTIONS
1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

A short bar magnet placed at a certain distance from D.M.M in tan A position produces a
deflection of 600 . The magnet is now cut into 3 equal pieces. If one piece is kept at same
distance in tan A from D.M.M, then the deflection produced is
1) 100
2) 200
3) 300
4) 400
With a standard rectangular bar magnet, the time period in a vibration magneto meter is 4
sec. The bar magnet is cut parallel to its length into 4 equal pieces. The time period in
vibration magnetometer when the piece is used ( in sec) (bar magnet breadth is small)
1) 16
2) 8
3) 4
4) 2
Two bar magnets are placed in a V.M.M and allowed to vibrate. They make 20 oscillations/
minute when their similar poles are on the same side and they make 15 oscillations per
minute with their opposite poles lie on the same side. The ratio of their moments
1) 9:5
2) 25:7
3) 16:9
4) 5:4
A bar magnet suspended freely in a uniform magnetic field is vibrating with a time period of
3 seconds. If the field strength is increased to 4 times of the earliest field strength, the time
period will be ( in seconds)
1) 12
2) 6
3) 1.5
4) 0.75
With a standard rectangular bar magnet of length (l ), breadth (b;b <<1) and magnetic
moment M, the time period of the magnet in a vibration magnetometer is 4s. If the magnet is
cut normal to its length into four equal pieces, the time period (in second) with one of the
pieces is
1) 16
2) 2
3) 1
4) 1/4
A bar magnet of magnetic moment M 1 is axially cut into two equal parts. If these two
pieces are arranged perpendicular to each other, the resultant magnetic moment is M 2 , then
M
the value of 1 is
M2
1
1
1)
2) 1
3)
4) 2
2 2
2
A magnetized wire of magnet moment M and length L is bent in the form of semi circle r.
Then its magnetic moment is
2M
M
1)
2) 2M
3)
4) zero

8.

A bar magnet of moment of inertia 4.9 10 kgm 2 vibrates in a magnetic field of induction
0.5 104 T . The time period of vibration is 8.8 sec. The magnetic moment of the bar magnet
is
1) 350 Am 2
2) 490 Am 2
3) 3300 Am 2
4) 500 Am 2

KEY
1) 3

2) 3

3) 3

4) 3

5) 3

6) 4

7) 1

8) 4