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TECHNICAL CALCULATION

INTERACTION DIAGRAM OF PC SPUN PILES


Diameter 450 Class A1 ( 10@PC Bar 7.1mm)
Mcrack 7.5t.m - fc'52Mpa, eff. Pts = 3.9 MPa

Hak Cipta PT Wijaya Karya Beton


STANDAR - Diagram Interaksi Spun Pile dia 450 Kelas A1 R00 - f'c 52MPa - 2014

Hal. : 1

WIKA PC SPUN PILE DIAGRAM INTERACTION


DIAMETER 450 Class A1 ( 10@PC Bar 7.1mm ) Mcrack 7.5t.m - fc'52Mpa, eff. Pts = 3.9 MPa
I. Pile Dimension
Diameter
Wall
Concrete area
Concrete cover
cover to cgc

=
=
=
=
=

450
80
92991.143
32.45
40

mm
mm
mm2
mm
mm

II. Material Properties


a. Concrete properties
c =

weight of concrete
at initial condition
concrete strength at initial
Elasticity Modulus of Conc.

2500 kg/cm

fci =
26 Mpa
1.5
Eci = (3300 fc' + 6900 ).(c/2300)
Eci = 26887.89334 Mpa

at service condition
concrete strength at service
Elasticity Modulus of Conc.

fc'=
52 Mpa
1.5
Ec= (3300 fc' + 6900 ).(c/2300)
Ec= 34786.36725 Mpa

cu=
Concrete strain (c)
0.0030
1 = ratio of depth of rectangular compresion block to depth to the neutral axis
for fc' <30 Mpa :
1 =
0.85
for fc' >30 Mpa :
1 = 0.85-0.008(fc'-30 Mpa)
min 1 =
0.65
1 = 0.674

b. Steel properties
7.1 mm
Diameter PC Bar
d=
2
40.00 mm
Cross section area
As =
1420 Mpa
Tensile strength
fpu =
190000 Mpa
Elasticity Modulus
Es =
pp=
0.0075
Limit strain
The stress-strain curve of the prestressing steel is assumed linear up to the proportional limit
after which it can be represented by the following relationship :

fps = Es.eps[0.01174+0.98826/ [1+(140 eps)7.344]1/7.344]


Number PC Bar
Angle between steel

10 pcs
n=
( ) = 360 / n pc wire
36 o
()=

III. Losses of Prestress


Total area PC Bar

Aps =

400 mm

1600.00
1400.00
1200.00
1000.00
800.00
600.00
400.00
200.00
0.00

PC bar stress - strain diagram

0.0000

0.0200

0.0400

0.0600

Jacking force
Concrete Area

JF =
75% fpu
2
Ag = 92991.143 mm

Initial Prestress

Pi = JF x Aps x fpu
Pi =
426000 N

Estimating Prestress Loss


Nett compressive Stress in concrete at center of gravity of prestressing force immedietly after the prestress has been applied to concrete
fcir =
fcir =

Kcir (Pi/Ag + Pi . e2 / Ig) - (Mg . e /Ig)


4.12 Mpa

where :
Concrete section Inertia (Ig)

Kcir

=
=

0.9
1665703841 mm4

Moment due to dead weight

0 N.m (at time of prestressing)

eccentricity PC Bar to cgc (e)

0 mm

Stress in concrete at center of gravity of prestressing force due to all superimpossed permanent dead load that applied to member
fcds =
Msd.e/Ig
fcds =

0 Mpa

where :
Moment superimpossed load

0 N.m

Hak Cipta PT Wijaya Karya Beton


STANDAR - Diagram Interaksi Spun Pile dia 450 Kelas A1 R00 - f'c 52MPa - 2014

Hal. : 2

Estimating Loss of Prestress


1. Elastic shortening

2. Creep

3. Shrinkage

4. Relaxation of Bar

ES = Kes x Eps x fcir / Eci


ES = 29.134485 Mpa
where :
Kes = 1
CR = Kcr x Es / Ec x (fcir - fcds)
CR = 45.038617 Mpa
where :
Kcr = 2
for normal weight concrete
SH = 8.2E-6 x Kes x Es x (1-0.06 V/S ) x (100 - RH)
SH =
42.3 Mpa
where :
Kcr = 2
for normal weight concrete
V/S (mm) = 40
Conc. Vol / Surface area
V/S (inch) = 1.57480315
R/H = 70
RE = [Kre - J (SH+CR+ES)] x C
RE = 43.2
Mpa
where :
Kre (psi) =
Kre (MPa) =
J=
C=

Total Losses
Total Losses
Final Prestress Force

=
=
=

Relative Humidity
4.06% Mpa (max 4%)

5000
34.48
0.04
1+9(JF-0.7)

for 270 grade low-relaxation strand

for JF betwen 70% to 75%

C = 1.45
ES + CR + SH + RE
159.7 Mpa, loss by precentage
362109 N

15.00%

III. Diagram Interaction Calculation


Losses of prestress
prestress force

Concrete stress

15.00%
905.3 Mpa
fpe / Es
0.004765

Losses =
fpe =

pe =
pe =

fcp = fpe.Aps/(Ac-Aps)
fcp =
3.91 Mpa (effective prestress)

ce = fcp / Ec
ce = 0.000112424

1. Point of Pure Compression


225
150

75

-75
-150
-225
-0.0040

Concrete section

-0.0020

0.0000

0.0000000.000500
0.001000

0.001500

0.002000

Steel strain

Concrete strain

assuming c = unlimited, failure occurs when the strain reaches ecu


ps
= ce - cu
ps
=
-0.0029
ps = pe + ps
ps =
pp = 0.007473684
0.00188 less than
since eps less than the proportional limit strain, than :
ps =
0.00188

Nominal Resistance in pure compression :


C - Tp
Pn,o =
Pn,o =

Steel stress

Steel compression

Conc. Compression

fps = Eps . ps
fps =
356.63 Mpa

Design diagram in pure compression :


Reduction factor :
Pn,o =
2962.41 KN

Tp = fps . Aps
Tp =
142.65 kN

0.75

Maximum acceptable cutoff compressve force :


=
0.75 for spiral tied
Pm = Pn,o =
2221.81 KN

C = 0.85 fc' (Ac - Ap)


C=
4092.53 KN

225
150
75
0

Hak Cipta PT Wijaya Karya Beton


-75
STANDAR - Diagram Interaksi Spun Pile dia 450 Kelas A1 R00 - f'c 52MPa - 2014
-150
-225
-0.0030

3949.88 KN

-0.0010

185.00
57.17
-149.67

Hal. : 3
0.0000 0.0010

0.0020 0.0030
0.0040 0.0050

2. Point of Zero Tension in the Concrete


225

185.00

150
75

57.17

-149.67

-75
-150

0.0000 0.0010

-225
-0.0030

Concrete section
neutral axis
depth of comp.
Position

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

Section
+ Ac
- Ac

c=
a = 1.c =

Number of

Area

PC Bar

PC Bar

-0.0010

Concrete strain
450 mm
382.5 mm

Steel strain

d
mm

mm

185.00
149.67
57.17
-57.17
-149.67
-185.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

40.00
75.33
167.83
282.17
374.67
410.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

d'

(pcs)

mm2

1
2
2
2
2
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
10

40.00
80.00
80.00
80.00
80.00
40.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
400.00

0.00
36.00
72.00
108.00
144.00
180.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Diameter

Radius (R)

y1

Centroid

(mm)
450
290

(mm)
225
145

(mm)
382.5
302.5

(mm)
-157.5
-157.5

(mm)
19.2
0.0
Total

Steel compression

Steel

Steel

Force

Moment

Mpa

kN

kN.m

407.29
452.03
569.09
713.19
828.20
871.34
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

16.29
36.16
45.53
57.06
66.26
34.85
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
256.15

-3.01
-5.41
-2.60
3.26
9.92
6.45
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
8.60

cu (d'-c)/c

ps
i

psi

fps i

-0.0027
-0.0025
-0.0019
-0.0011
-0.0005
-0.0003
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

-0.00262
-0.00239
-0.00177
-0.00101
-0.00039
-0.00015
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000

0.0021
0.0024
0.0030
0.0038
0.0044
0.0046
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

Tp = fps . Aps
Tp =
256.15 kN

Inertia

Area

(mm4)
(mm2)
1496853594 144083.5
-347185749
-66052.0
1149667845 78031.51376

Concrete
Force
Moment
kN
kN.m
6368.49
122.25
-2919.50
0.00
3448.99
122.25

Nominal Resistance in concrete zero tension condition :


C - Tp
Pn,ot =
Mn,ot = Mn Conc + Mn Steel
Pn,ot =

Conc. Compression

0.0020 0.0030
0.0040 0.0050

C = 0.85 fc' Ag
C=
3448.99 KN

Mn,ot =

3192.85 KN

corresponding eccentricity is given by = Mn,ot / Pn,ot =

40.980 mm

design diagram in concrete zero tension condition :


Reduction factor = 0.75
Pn,ot =
Mn,ot =
2394.63 KN

225
150

185.00

75

57.17

0
-75

Hak Cipta PT Wijaya Karya Beton


-150
STANDAR - Diagram Interaksi Spun Pile dia 450 Kelas A1
R00 - f'c 52MPa - 2014
-225

-0.0050

0.0050

130.84 kN.m

98.13 kN.m

-149.67
0.0000

Hal. : 4
0.0050

0.0100

0.0150

3. Balanced Point
225
150

185.00

75

57.17

-149.67

-75
-150

0.0000

-225
-0.0050

Concrete strain

Concrete section

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

Section
+ Ac
- Ac

Number of

Area

PC Bar

PC Bar

0.0100

kN.m

-3.76
-7.67
-4.47
5.78
16.02
9.98
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
15.88

-0.00209
-0.0014
0.0004
0.0027
0.0046
0.0053
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0053

0.0027
0.0034
0.0052
0.0075
0.0093
0.0100
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

Diameter

Radius (R)

y1

Centroid

Inertia

Area

(mm)
450
290

(mm)
225
145

(mm)
128.35
48.35

(mm)
96.65
96.65

(mm)
149.5
116.3
Total

(mm4)
878783501.8
-99083968.85
779699532.9

(mm2)
37406.3
-7239.7
30166.6

Tp = fps . Aps
Tp =
411.84 kN

kN

20.30
51.25
78.22
101.07
107.04
53.96
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
411.8

-0.0022
-0.0015
0.0003
0.0026
0.0044
0.0051
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

0.00
36.00
72.00
108.00
144.00
180.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

mm

Mpa

fps i

mm

40.00
75.33
167.83
282.17
374.67
410.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

507.58
640.65
977.70
1263.36
1338.03
1349.07
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

psi

40.00
80.00
80.00
80.00
80.00
40.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
400.00

mm

Steel
Moment

ps
i

1
2
2
2
2
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
10

185.00
149.67
57.17
-57.17
-149.67
-185.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Steel
Force

cu (d'-c)/c

(pcs)

Steel compression

0.0150

d'

0.0100

Steel strain

the strain in the extreme tensile layer of steel is assumend equal to the yield strain py = 0.010
yield stress
fpy =
1349.07 Mpa at py = 0.010
trial until =
epp 0.0071004
neutral axis
c=
151.0 mm
depth of comp.
a = 1.c =
128.35 mm
Position

0.0050

0.0050

Nominal Resistance in balanced condition :


C - Tp
Pnb =

Concrete
Force
Moment
kN
kN.m
1653.36
247.17
-319.99
-37.21
1333.36
209.96

Mnb = Mn Conc + Mn Steel

Pnb =

Conc. Compression

C = 0.85 fc' Ag
C=
1333.36 KN

Mnb =
921.52 KN
corresponding eccentricity is given by = Mn,ot / Pn,ot =
design diagram in balanced condition :
Reduction factor = 0.75
Pnb =
Mnb =
691.14 KN

225
150
75
0
-75

Hak Cipta PT Wijaya Karya Beton


-150
STANDAR - Diagram Interaksi Spun Pile dia 450 Kelas
A1 R00 - f'c 52MPa - 2014
-225

-0.0100 0.0000 0.0100 0.0200

225.84 kN.m
245.075 mm

169.38 kN.m

185.00
57.17
-149.67
0.00000.0050

Hal. : 5
0.0100 0.0150
0.0200 0.0250

4. Point of Pure Bending


225

185.00

150
75

57.17

-149.67

-75
-150

0.00000.0050

-225
-0.0100 0.0000 0.0100 0.0200

Concrete strain

Concrete section

0.0100 0.0150
0.0200 0.0250

Steel strain

Pure bending occurs when the sum of forces acting on the section leads to Pn=0. The location of neutral axis for this case is unknown.
neutral axis
c=
64.8 mm
depth of comp.
a = 1.c = 55.10582 mm
Position

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

Section
+ Ac
- Ac

Number of

Area

PC Bar

PC Bar

d'

(pcs)

mm

1
2
2
2
2
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
10

40.00
80.00
80.00
80.00
80.00
40.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
400.00

0.00
36.00
72.00
108.00
144.00
180.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Diameter

Radius (R)

y1

Centroid

(mm)
450
0

(mm)
225
0

(mm)
55.10582
0

(mm)
169.8941802
0

(mm)
192.2
0.0
Total

Steel compression

mm

mm

185.00
149.67
57.17
-57.17
-149.67
-185.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

40.00
75.33
167.83
282.17
374.67
410.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Conc. Compression

C = 0.85 fc' Ag
C=
492.18 KN

Mpa

kN

kN.m

707.52
1003.32
1343.74
1373.71
1383.94
1387.65
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

28.30
80.27
107.50
109.90
110.72
55.51
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
492.18

-5.24
-12.01
-6.15
6.28
16.57
10.27
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
9.73

psi

fps i

-0.0011
0.0005
0.0048
0.0101
0.0143
0.0160
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

-0.0010
0.0006
0.0049
0.0102
0.0145
0.0161
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0161

0.0037
0.0054
0.0096
0.0149
0.0192
0.0208
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

Inertia

Area

(mm4)
413620068.1
0
413620068.1

(mm2)
11135.4
0.0
11135.4

Nominal Resistance in pure bending condition :


C - Tp
Pn,f =
Pn,f =

Steel
Moment

ps
i

Tp = fps . Aps
Tp =
492.18 kN

Steel
Force

cu (d'-c)/c

0.00 KN

Concrete
Force
Moment
kN
kN.m
492.18
94.59
0.00
0.00
492.18
94.59

Mn,f = Mn Conc + Mn Steel


Mn,f =
104.32 kN.m
Mn,f =

10.64 ton.m

design diagram in pure bending condition :


Reduction factor = 0.9
Pn,f =
0.00 KN
Mn,f =
93.89 kN.m

Hak Cipta PT Wijaya Karya Beton


STANDAR - Diagram Interaksi Spun Pile dia 450 Kelas A1 R00 - f'c 52MPa - 2014

Hal. : 6

RESUME OF POINT IN DIAGRAM INTERACTION


Point of :
Pn
Mn
Pure Compression
3950
0
3193
131
Zero Tension
0
0
922
226
Balance condition
0
0
0
104
Pure Bending
0
104

0.75
0.75
0.75

0.90

Eccentricity
cutt off comp.
limit diagram

Pn
2962
2395
0
691
0

Mn
0
98
0
169
0

0
0
1271
2222
2222
484
484
484

94
0
195
124
0
148
0
260

The lower limit of diagram is extended by a transition segment from the point where the compresive force equal 0.1 fc' Ag
0.1 fc' Ag =
484
Kn
5. Service diagram
To determine points on interaction curve, select axial load to calculate service moment load capacity
Equate the extreme fibre stresses to the allowable values an solve for the smaller value of M :
Position

Number of

Area

PC Bar

PC Bar

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

(pcs)
1
2
2
2
2
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

mm
40.00
80.00
80.00
80.00
80.00
40.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

10

400.00

mm
185.00
149.67
57.17
-57.17
-149.67
-185.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Transformed
Steel Inertia
mm4
7477355
9787984
1428048
1428048
9787984
7477355
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

37386773

0.00
36.00
72.00
108.00
144.00
180.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Allowable Moment Service for PC Pile walls (sheet pile)


Axial
Allow
Eff.
Section
Condition
(kN)
Tension
prestress
Modulus
Temporary
0
-3.6 MPa
3.8 MPa
7569292
Permanent
0
0
3.8 MPa
7569292

Transformed properties :
Ic = Concrete inertia
4
4
Ic = (D - d )/64
Ic = 1665703841 mm4

1388086.534

Str = Transformed Section modulus


Str = (Concrete Inertia + Steel Inertia ) / 1/2 height
Str = 7569291.615 mm3
Atr = Transformed Steel
Atr = Acp + Ep.Ap/Ec
Atr = 95175.90646 mm2
Service Diagram calc. example :
F= Prestress force at zero concrete strain
F= p . Epe . Aps
F=
362.11 kN
P = Axial Load
P=
0.00 KN
Allowable concrete compression =
Allowable concrete compression =
P/Atr + F/Atr +
M/Str =
0.00 + 3.80 + M/7.6E+06 =
Service Moment =

0.45 fc'
23.4 MPa
23.4 MPa
23.4 MPa
148.3 kN.m

Allowable concrete tension =


Allowable concrete tension =
P/Atr + F/Atr M/Str =
0.00 + 3.80 M/7.6E+06=
Service Moment =

= -0.5 sqrt (fc') (ref. ACI 318)


-3.6 MPa
-3.6 MPa
-3.6 MPa
56.1kN.m

(ref. ACI 318)

Compression
Allow Axial Compression = (0.33fc-0.27fpe)x (Ac - Aps)
ref. Prestress Concrete Institute
Allow Axial Compression
1491.09
kN, Mom.= 0 kN.m
Tension
Tension load lead to decompression = - Atr x fpe / An
Tension load lead to decompression = -372.22
kN
Nominal resistance of member, N n = - Aps . fpu
Nominal resistance of member, N n = -568.00

kN

Moment
Allowable
56.1kN.m
28.8kN.m

Hak Cipta PT Wijaya Karya Beton


STANDAR - Diagram Interaksi Spun Pile dia 450 Kelas A1 R00 - f'c 52MPa - 2014

Hal. : 7

6. Cracking condition
Pure bending
at production/initial :
Initial losses =
Initial losses =
Prestress force F =
fc'=
fr =
fr =
fr =

Pure tension
SH + ES losses
71.5 Mpa, loss by precentage
6.71%
397.42 kN
2
c= 1
254.956
kg/cm
Based on JSCE
0,9 x f'c(2/3) / c
Modulus of rupture for concrete
2
kg/cm
36.19

fr = 3.69

stress of prestressing steel just before first cracking


fps cr* = fpe + [(Eps/Ec) x Ncr / Atr]
fps cr* =

Mpa

Mcrack = ( F/Ac + fr ) Str


Mcrack =
60.28 kN.m

when Axial = 0

Mcrack =
6.1 ton.m
at installation :
assume concrete strength already reached =
F=
362.11 kN
2
fc'= 407.9296
kg/cm
2
fr = 49.50
kg/cm
fr = 5.05
Mpa
Mcrack = ( F/Ac + fr ) Str
Mcrack =
67.69 kN.m
Mcrack =
6.9 ton.m
at service :
F=
362.11 kN
fc'=
fr =
fr =
Mcrack =
Mcrack =
Mcrack =

fcr = Direct tensile strength for concrete


fr = - 0.33 sqrt (fc')
fr =
-2.38 Mpa
Ncrack = Atr ( fcr - Pe / An )
Ncrack =
-597.10 kN

Mpa

stress of prestressing steel after cracking


fps cr = Ncr / Aps
fps cr =
1492.76

Mpa

< fpu

80%
c= 1

when Axial = 0

509.912
kg/cm
2
57.44
kg/cm
5.86
Mpa
( F/Ac + fr ) Str
73.82 kN.m
7.5 ton.m

939.54

c= 1

when Axial = 0
(Standard Mcrack Wika Pile =

7.5 ton.m )

IV. Shear Capacity


Shear Capacity at production/initial :
Shear Strength of Concrete
fc'=
26 Mpa
bw =
160.0 mm
d=
321.9 mm
=
0.75
Vc = (1/6) sqrt (fc') bw.d
Vc =
43770.0 N
Vc =
32.83 kN

Shear Strength of Reinforcement


Dia. Stirup =
4 mm
spacing s =
100 mm
2
Avs =
12.6 mm
fys =
440 Mpa
Vs = min (Avs .fys .d/s , (2/3) sqrt (fc') bw.d )
Vs =
17.80 kN
Vs =
13.35 kN

Shear Strength :
Shear Capacity ( Vn) = Vc + Vs
Shear Capacity ( Vn) =
46.18 kN
Shear Capacity ( fVn) =
4.71 ton

Shear Capacity at installation :


Shear Strength of Concrete
fc'=
41.6 Mpa
bw =
160.0 mm

Shear Strength of Reinforcement


Dia. Stirup =
4 mm
spacing s =
100 mm

Shear Strength :
Shear Capacity ( Vn) = Vc + Vs
Shear Capacity ( Vn) =
54.87 kN
Shear Capacity ( fVn) =
5.60 ton

d=
321.9 mm
=
0.75
Vc = (1/6) sqrt (fc') bw.d
Vc =
55365.1 N
Vc =
41.52 kN

Avs =
12.6 mm
fys =
440 Mpa
Vs = min (Avs .fys .d/s , (2/3) sqrt (fc') bw.d )
Vs =
17.80 kN
Vs =
13.35 kN

Shear Capacity at service :


Shear Strength of Concrete
fc'=
52 Mpa
bw =
160.0 mm
d=
321.9 mm
=
0.75
Vc = (1/6) sqrt (fc') bw.d
Vc =
61900.1 N
Vc =
46.43 kN

Shear Strength of Reinforcement


Dia. Stirup =
4 mm
spacing s =
100 mm
2
Avs =
12.6 mm
fys =
440 Mpa
Vs = min (Avs .fys .d/s , (2/3) sqrt (fc') bw.d )
Vs =
17.80 kN
Vs =
13.35 kN

Shear Strength :
Shear Capacity ( Vn) = Vc + Vs
Shear Capacity ( Vn) =
59.77 kN
Shear Capacity ( fVn) =
6.10 ton

Shear Capacity at service : Based on BS Standard formula


2
2
Qcr = t.l/Str (g+2t) -g
Qcr =
Qcr =
Where :
fc' =
fcu =
t=
Ae =
I=
So =

237653 N
24 ton
52
62.7
80
92991
1.67.E+09
7403128

Mpa
Mpa
mm
mm2
mm4
mm3

conc. comp. strength cylinder


concrete comp. strength cube
thickness of pile
Area of pile
Moment of inertia of pile
Pile Section Modulus

a
Hak Cipta PT Wijaya Karya Beton
STANDAR - Diagram Interaksi Spun Pile dia 450 Kelas
A1 R00 - f'c 52MPa - 2014
b

N=
t =
e =
=
g =

1747785
3.56
3.89
0.5
22.69

N
Mpa
N/mm2
N/mm2

Axial Load
Conc. Tensile strength
effective prestress
factor for shear force
N/Ae + e

Hal. : 8

V. Handling Control
a. on production process

Concrete weight :
Impact Load :
Section modulus :
Modulus of Elasticity

0.2 L
handling at production control :
Pile
Flexural Moment (DL+I)
Length
at : a
at : b
(m)
(kN.m)
(kN.m)
6
-2.13
2.67
7
-2.90
3.63
8
-3.79
4.74
9
-4.80
6.00
10
-5.93
7.41
11
-7.17
8.96
12
-8.54
10.67
13
-10.02
12.52
14
-11.62
14.52
15
-13.34
16.67
16
-15.17
18.97
17
-17.13
21.41
18
-19.20
24.01
19
-21.40
26.75
20
-23.71
29.64
21
-26.14
32.67
22
-28.69
35.86
23
-31.35
39.19
24
-34.14
42.68
25
-37.04
46.31
26
-40.07
50.08
27
-43.21
54.01
28
-46.47
58.09
29
-49.85
62.31
30
-53.34
66.68

b
0.60

at production/initial :
Mcrack =
Vn =
load factor DL =

0.2 L

Vu max Deflection
1.0(DL+I)
due DL at b
(kN)
(mm)
5.33
0.05
6.22
0.10
7.11
0.16
8.00
0.26
8.89
0.40
9.78
0.59
10.67
0.83
11.56
1.14
12.45
1.54
13.34
2.03
14.23
2.63
15.11
3.35
16.00
4.21
16.89
5.22
17.78
6.41
18.67
7.80
19.56
9.39
20.45
11.22
21.34
13.30
22.23
15.66
23.12
18.32
24.01
21.30
24.89
24.64
25.78
28.35
26.67
32.47

MDL+I/Mcrk
Ratio

Vn / Vu
Ratio

Resume

22.6
16.6
12.7
10.0
8.1
6.7
5.7
4.8
4.2
3.6
3.2
2.8
2.5
2.3
2.0
1.8
1.7
1.5
1.4
1.3
1.2
1.1
1.0
1.0
0.9

8.7
7.4
6.5
5.8
5.2
4.7
4.3
4.0
3.7
3.5
3.2
3.1
2.9
2.7
2.6
2.5
2.4
2.3
2.2
2.1
2.0
1.9
1.9
1.8
1.7

OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
NOK
NOK

2.28 kN/m
30%
3
7569291.615 mm
26887.89334 N/mm2

60.28 kN.m
46.18 kN
1.00

b. on pile erection during pilling process (assume at 80%fc')


Concrete weight :
Impact Load :
Section modulus :
Modulus of Elasticity
at installation :
Mcrack =
Vn =
load factor DL =

1L
handling at pile erection control :
Pile
Flexural Moment (DL+I)
Length
at : a
at : b
(m)
(kN.m)
(kN.m)
6
-1.48
8.54
7
-1.48
12.61
8
-1.48
17.42
9
-1.48
22.97
10
-1.48
29.27
11
-1.48
36.31
12
-1.48
44.09
13
-1.48
52.61
14
-1.48
61.87
15
-1.48
71.87
16
-1.48
82.61
17
-1.48
94.10
18
-1.48
106.32
19
-1.48
119.29
20
-1.48
132.99
21
-1.48
147.44
22
-1.48
162.63
23
-1.48
178.56
24
-1.48
195.23
25
-1.48
212.64
26
-1.48
230.79
27
-1.48
249.68
28
-1.48
269.32
29
-1.48
289.69
30
-1.48
310.81

L-1

Vu max Deflection
1.0(DL+I)
due DL at b
(kN)
(mm)
7.71
0.37
9.14
0.83
10.58
1.61
12.04
2.83
13.50
4.64
14.97
7.20
16.43
10.70
17.90
15.32
19.38
21.31
20.85
28.88
22.33
38.32
23.80
49.89
25.28
63.89
26.75
80.66
28.23
100.52
29.71
123.83
31.19
150.98
32.67
182.36
34.15
218.39
35.62
259.51
37.10
306.17
38.58
358.85
40.06
418.05
41.54
484.29
43.02
558.10

MDL+I/Mcrk
Ratio

Vn / Vu
Ratio

Resume

7.9
5.4
3.9
2.9
2.3
1.9
1.5
1.3
1.1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.6
0.5
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2

7.1
6.0
5.2
4.6
4.1
3.7
3.3
3.1
2.8
2.6
2.5
2.3
2.2
2.1
1.9
1.8
1.8
1.7
1.6
1.5
1.5
1.4
1.4
1.3
1.3

OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
NOK
NOK
NOK
NOK
NOK
NOK
NOK
NOK
NOK
NOK
NOK
NOK
NOK
NOK
NOK
NOK

Hak Cipta PT Wijaya Karya Beton


STANDAR - Diagram Interaksi Spun Pile dia 450 Kelas A1 R00 - f'c 52MPa - 2014

2.28 kN/m
30%
3
7569291.615 mm
34786.36725 N/mm2
67.69 kN.m
54.87 kN
1.00

Hal. : 9

VI. JOINT OF PILES

Troath deep 12mm

throath deep > 12mm

Joint Plate Material


Joint Plate :
Tensile strength =
yield stress fy =
allow stress =
allow tensile t =

BJ 37
3700
2466.7

kg/cm
2
kg/cm

1644.4
1151.1

kg/cm
2
kg/cm

Joint Plate Dimension for PC Pile


a=
0.6 cm
b=
1.2 cm
Outer Dia. =
Inner Dia. =
ya = yb =

Welding Material
shield metal arc welding
Type Welding : RB 26
yield stress fy = 450

Tensile strength = 510

Mpa
Mpa

450 mm
Welding properties
Welding Area =

45 cm
42.6 cm
22.5 cm

Welding Inertia =
Welding Section =

165.1221099 cm

2
4

39626.82954 cm
3
1761.192424 cm

Flexural Moment
M cracking =
7.53 ton.m
M cracking = 752759.726 kg.cm
= M / W = 427.41481 kg/cm2
SF to allow stress =
3.85
M breaking =
10.64 ton.m
Resistant factor =
0.90
M design = 1182021.09 kg.cm
flexural = M / W = 671.148178 kg/cm2
yield / flexural =
3.68

< allow stress

< yield stress

Tension Force
allow. Tension Force =
37958 kg
tensile = P / A 229.878959 kg/cm2
SF to allow tensile =
5.01
Ult. Tension Force = 57923.7202 kg
Resistant factor =
1.00
Tensile design = 57923.7202 kg
tensile = Ptensile / Aw 350.793242 kg/cm2
yield / tensile =
4.22

< allow tension stress

< 0.6 fy =

1480

kg/cm2

< 0.6 fy =

1480

kg/cm2

Shear Force
Shear Force = 6095.65131 kg
Resistant factor =
1.00
shear design = 6095.65131 kg
h = P / Aw 36.9160212 kg/cm2
SF to 0.6 yield =
40.09

Hak Cipta PT Wijaya Karya Beton


STANDAR - Diagram Interaksi Spun Pile dia 450 Kelas A1 R00 - f'c 52MPa - 2014

Hal. : 10

VII. Pile Interaction Diagram

PILE DIAGRAM INTERACTION

DIAMETER 450 Class A1 ( 10@PC Bar 7.1mm ) Mcrack 7.5t.m - fc'52Mpa, eff. Pts = 3.9 MPa

4000
0, Pn,o
0, 3950

3500
3000

0, Pn,o
0, 2962
n,ot ; Pn,ot
98; 2395

2500

AXIAL (kN)

0, (
Pn,o)
0; 2222

2000

124; 2222

30; 1491

1491
1500

1000

eot

n; Pn
195, 1271

Service - Permanent
101; 600

500
0
0

50

Nominal

Factored

94

eb

104

100

n,b; Pn,b
169; 691
0.1 fc' Ag = 2573

150

200

250

300

-500

------ END OF CALCULATION ------

Hak Cipta PT Wijaya Karya Beton


STANDAR - Diagram Interaksi Spun Pile dia 450 Kelas A1 R00 - f'c 52MPa - 2014

Hal. : 11