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Test: Final Exam - Database Design

Review your answers, feedback, and question scores below. An asterisk (*) indicates
a correct answer.
Section 12 Lesson 1
(Answer all questions in this section)
1. A foreign key can not refer to a primary key in the same table. True or False?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)

Correct

2. The text below is an example of what constraint type: The value in the
manager_id column of the EMPLOYEES table must match a value in the
employee_id column in the EMPLOYEES table. Mark for Review
(1) Points
Entity integrity
User-defined integrity
Column integrity
Referential integrity (*)

Correct

3. Entity integrity refers to Mark for Review

(1) Points
Entities always containing text data
Entities always containing numeric data
Columns having Primary Keys, Foreign Keys, Unique Keys and Check constraints
defined in the database.
Entities having Primary Keys, Foreign Keys, Unique Keys and Check constraints
defined in the database. (*)

Incorrect. Refer to Section 12

4. If a primary key is a set of columns then one column must be null. True or False?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)

Correct

Section 12 Lesson 2
(Answer all questions in this section)
5. In a physical data model, an attribute becomes a _____________. Mark for
Review
(1) Points
Table
Foreign Key

Constraint
Column (*)

Correct

6. The transformation from an ER diagram to a physical design involves changing


terminology. Secondary Unique Identifiers becomes Mark for Review
(1) Points
Columns
Tables
Unique Constraints (*)
Primary Key Constraints

Correct

7. In an Oracle database, why would TABLE not work as a table name? Mark for
Review
(1) Points
The database does not understand all capital letters
There is no problem here. You can create a table called TABLE.
TABLE is a reserved word (*)
None of the above

Correct

Section 12 Lesson 3
(Answer all questions in this section)
8. The Oracle Database can implement a many to many relationship. You simple
create two foreign keys between the two tables. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)

Correct

9. What do you create when you transform a one to one relationship from your ER
diagram into a physical design? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Unique key constraints
Intersection entity
Intersection table (*)
Two tables with a Foreign key constraints between them

Incorrect. Refer to Section 12

Section 12 Lesson 4
(Answer all questions in this section)
10. When mapping supertypes, relationships at the supertype level transform as

usual. Relationships at subtype level are implemented as foreign keys, but the
foreign key columns all become mandatory. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)

Correct

Page 1 of 5

Test: Final Exam - Database Design

Review your answers, feedback, and question scores below. An asterisk (*) indicates
a correct answer.
Section 12 Lesson 4
(Answer all questions in this section)
11. Which of the following are reasons why you should consider using a Subtype
Implementation? Mark for Review
(1) Points
The resulting table will reside in a single database and be used by just ONE user.
When the common access paths for the supertypes are different.
Business functionality and business rules, access paths and frequency of access
are all very different between subtypes. (*)

Most of the relationships are at the supertype level

Correct

Section 13 Lesson 1
(Answer all questions in this section)
12. What command will return data from the database to you? Mark for Review
(1) Points
FETCH
GET
SELECT (*)
RETURN

Correct.

13. What command can used to create a new row in a table in the database? Mark
for Review
(1) Points
CREATE
NEW
ADD
INSERT (*)

Correct.

Section 16 Lesson 1
(Answer all questions in this section)
14. Which statement best describes how arithmetic expressions are handled?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Addition operations are handled before any other operations.
Multiplication and substraction operations are handled before any other
operations.
Multiplication and addition operations are handled before subtraction and division
operations.
Division and multiplication operations are handled before subtraction and addition
operations. (*)

Correct.

15. The SELECT statement retrieves information from the database. In a SELECT
statement, you can do all of the following EXCEPT: Mark for Review
(1) Points
Projection
Manipulation (*)
Joining
Selection

Correct.

16. Evaluate this SELECT statement:


SELECT (salary * raise_percent) raise
FROM employees;
If the RAISE_PERCENT column only contains null values, what will the statement
return?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Only zeroes
Only null values (*)
A null value or a zero depending on the value of the SALARY column
A null value or a numeric value depending on the value of the SALARY column

Incorrect. See Section 16

17. Which SQL keyword specifies that an alias will be substituted for a column
name in the output of a SQL query? Mark for Review
(1) Points
AS (*)
OR
AND
SUBSTITUTE

Correct.

18. You query the database with this SQL statement:

SELECT * FROM students;


Why would you use this statement?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
To insert data
To view data (*)
To display the table structure
To delete data

Correct.

19. Which keyword can be used to specify a column alias? Mark for Review
(1) Points
AS (*)
DESCRIBE
FROM
WHERE

Correct.

20. In the default order of precedence, which operator would be evaluated first?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Subtractions
Multiplications (*)

Additions
Divisions

Correct.

Page 2 of 5

Test: Final Exam - Database Design

Review your answers, feedback, and question scores below. An asterisk (*) indicates
a correct answer.
Section 16 Lesson 3
(Answer all questions in this section)
21. There is only one kind of software used by all computers. True or Fale? Mark
for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)

Correct.

22. In a SELECT statement ADDITIONS are evaluated before Multiplications. True


or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points

True
False (*)

Correct

Section 17 Lesson 1
(Answer all questions in this section)
23. Which operator is used to combine columns of character strings to other
columns? Mark for Review
(1) Points
*
/
+
|| (*)

Correct. See Section 17

24. Where in a SQL statement can you not use arithmetic operators? Mark for
Review
(1) Points
SELECT
FROM (*)
WHERE

NONE

Correct. See Section 17

25. When using the LIKE condition to search for _ symbols, which character can
you use as the ESCAPE option? Mark for Review
(1) Points
%
^
&
\ (*)

Incorrect. See Section 17

26. What does the DISTINCT keyword do when it is used in a SELECT clause?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Hides NULL values
Eliminates all unique values and compares values
Eliminates duplicate rows in the result (*)
Eliminates only unique rows in the result

Correct. See Section 17

27. Which statement best describes how column headings are displayed by default
in Oracle Application Express: Mark for Review

(1) Points
Column headings are displayed left-justified and in lowercase.
Column headings are displayed left-justified and in uppercase.
Column headings are displayed centered and in uppercase. (*)
Column headings are displayed centered and in mixed case.

Correct. See Section 17

28. Which of the following elements cannot be included in a WHERE clause? Mark
for Review
(1) Points
A column alias (*)
A column name
A comparison condition
A constant

Correct. See Section 17

Section 17 Lesson 2
(Answer all questions in this section)
29. You need to display all the values in the EMAIL column that contains the
underscore (_) character. The WHERE clause in your SELECT statement contains
the LIKE operator. What must you include in the LIKE operator? Mark for Review
(1) Points

The ESCAPE option (\) and one or more percent signs (%)
The (+) operator
A percent sign (%)
The ESCAPE option (\) (*)

Incorrect. See Section 17.

30. The PLAYERS table contains these columns:


PLAYER_ID NUMBER (9) Primary Key
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
TEAM_ID NUMBER (4)
MANAGER_ID NUMBER (9)
POSITION_ID NUMBER (4)
Which SELECT statement should you use if you want to display unique combinations
of the TEAM_ID and MANAGER_ID columns?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT * FROM players;
SELECT team_id, manager_id FROM players;
SELECT DISTINCT team_id, manager_id FROM players; (*)
SELECT team_id, DISTINCT manager_id FROM players;
SELECT team_id, manager_id DISTINCT FROM players;

Correct.

Page 3 of 5

Test: Final Exam - Database Design

Review your answers, feedback, and question scores below. An asterisk (*) indicates
a correct answer.
Section 17 Lesson 2
(Answer all questions in this section)
31. You need write a SELECT statement that should only return rows that contain
34, 46, or 48 for the DEPARTMENT_ID column. Which operator should you use in
the WHERE clause to compare the DEPARTMENT_ID column to this specific list of
values? Mark for Review
(1) Points
=
!=
IN (*)
BETWEEN..AND..

Correct.

32. What will the result of the following SELECT statement be:
SELECT last_name, salary, salary + 300
FROM employees;
Mark for Review
(1) Points

Display the last name, salary and the results of adding 300 to each salary for all
the employees (*)
Modify the salary column by adding 300 and displaying the last name, salary and
the new salary.
Modify the salary column by adding 300 and only display the last name and the
new salary.
Display the last name, salary and the results of adding 300 to the salary of the first
employee row

Correct.

33. Which SELECT statement will display both unique and non-unique
combinations of the MANAGER_ID and DEPT_ID values from the EMPLOYEES
table? Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT manager_id, department_id DISTINCT FROM employees;
SELECT manager_id, department_id FROM employees; (*)
SELECT DISTINCT manager_id, department_id FROM employees;
SELECT manager_id, DISTINCT department_id FROM employees;

Correct.

Section 17 Lesson 3
(Answer all questions in this section)
34. The STUDENT table contains these columns:

STUDENT_ID NUMBER(10) Primary Key


LAST_NAME VARCHAR2(25)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2(25)
MAJOR_ID NUMBER(3)
ADVISOR_ID NUMBER(5)
Evaluate this statement:
SELECT DISTINCT advisor_id, major_id
FROM student;
Which statement is true?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Each ADVISOR_ID can be displayed only once.
Each MAJOR_ID can be displayed more than once per ADVISOR_ID. (*)
Each combination of ADVISOR_ID and MAJOR_ID can be displayed more than
once.
Each MAJOR_ID can be displayed only once.

Correct.

35. You want to create a report that displays all employees who were hired before
January 1, 2000 and whose annual salaries are greater than 50000.
The EMPLOYEES table contains these columns:
EMPLOYEE_ID VARCHAR2(5) PRIMARY KEY
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2(35)
HIREDATE DATE
DEPARTMENT_ID NUMBER(4)
The SALARY table contains these columns:
SALARYID VARCHAR2(5) PRIMARY KEY
SALARY NUMBER(5, 2)

EMPLOYEE_ID VARCHAR2(5) FOREIGN KEY


Which query should you issue?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT last_name, hiredate, salary
FROM employees NATURAL JOIN salary USING employee_id
WHERE hiredate < 01-jan-00 AND salary > 50000;

SELECT last_name, hiredate, salary


FROM employees JOIN salary
ON employee_id = employee_id
WHERE hiredate < '01-jan-00' AND salary > 50000;

SELECT last_name, hiredate, salary


FROM employees NATURAL JOIN salary
WHERE hiredate < '01-jan-00' AND salary > 50000;
(*)

SELECT last_name, hiredate, salary


FROM employees (+) salary
WHERE hiredate < '01-jan-00' AND salary > 50000;

Correct.

36. The EMPLOYEES table includes these columns:


EMPLOYEE_ID NUMBER(4) NOT NULL
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2(15) NOT NULL
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2(10) NOT NULL
HIRE_DATE DATE NOT NULL
You want to produce a report that provides the first names, last names and hire dates
of those employees who were hired between March 1, 2000, and August 30, 2000.

Which statements can you issue to accomplish this task?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT last_name, first_name
FROM employees
WHERE hire_date BETWEEN '01-MAR-00' AND '30-AUG-00';

SELECT last_name, first_name, hire_date


FROM employees
WHERE hire_date BETWEEN '30-AUG-00' AND '01-MAR-00';

SELECT last_name, first_name, hire_date


FROM employees
GROUP BY hire_date >= '01-MAR-00' and hire_date <= '30- AUG-00';

SELECT last_name, first_name, hire_date


FROM employees
WHERE hire_date >= '01-MAR-00' and hire_date <= '30-AUG- 00';
(*)

Correct.

Section 18 Lesson 1
(Answer all questions in this section)
37. Which logical operator returns TRUE if either condition is true? Mark for
Review
(1) Points
OR (*)

AND
NOT
BOTH

Correct.

38. From left to right, what is the correct order of Precedence? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Arithmetic, Concatenation, Comparison, OR (*)
NOT, AND, OR, Arithmetic
Arithmetic, NOT, Logical, Comparison
Arithmetic, NOT, Concatenation, Logical

Correct.

39. Which of the following best describes the meaning of the LIKE operator? Mark
for Review
(1) Points
Display rows based on a range of values.
To test for values in a list.
Match a character pattern. (*)
To find Null values.

Correct.

40. Which statement about the default sort order is true? Mark for Review
(1) Points
The lowest numeric values are displayed last.
The earliest date values are displayed first. (*)
Null values are displayed first.
Character values are displayed in reverse alphabetical order.

Incorrect. See Section 18

Page 4 of 5

Test: Final Exam - Database Design

Review your answers, feedback, and question scores below. An asterisk (*) indicates
a correct answer.
Section 18 Lesson 1
(Answer all questions in this section)
41. Which comparison condition means "Less Than or Equal To?" Mark for
Review
(1) Points
"=)"
"+<"

">="
"<=" (*)

Correct.

42. Which statement about the logical operators is true? Mark for Review
(1) Points
The order of operator precedence is AND, OR, and NOT.
The order of operator precedence is AND, NOT, and OR.
The order of operator precedence is NOT, OR, and AND.
The order of operator precedence is NOT, AND, and OR. (*)

Correct.

Section 18 Lesson 2
(Answer all questions in this section)
43. Evaluate this SQL statement:
SELECT product_id, product_name, price
FROM products
ORDER BY product_name, price;
What occurs when the statement is executed?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
The results are sorted numerically only.

The results are sorted alphabetically only.


The results are sorted numerically and then alphabetically.
The results are sorted alphabetically and then numerically. (*)

Correct.

44. What value will the following SQL statement return?


SELECT employee_id
FROM employees
WHERE employee_id BETWEEN 100 AND 150
OR (employee_id IN(119, 175, 205)
AND (employee_id BETWEEN 150 AND 200);
Mark for Review
(1) Points
19
No rows will be returned.
100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 107, 124, 141, 142, 143, 144, 149 (*)
200, 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206

Incorrect! See Section 18.

45. You need to create a report to display all employees that were hired on or
before January 1, 1996. The data should display in this format:
Employee Start Date and Salary
14837 - Smith 10-MAY-92 / 5000

Which SELECT statement could you use?


Mark for Review
(1) Points

SELECT employee_id || - || last_name "Employee",


hire_date || / || salary "Start Date and Salary"
FROM employees
WHERE hire_date <= '01-JAN-96';

SELECT employee_id ||' '|| last_name "Employee",


hire_date ||' '|| salary "Start Date and Salary"
FROM employees
WHERE hire_date <= '01-JAN-96';

SELECT employee_id ||'"- "|| last_name "Employee",


hire_date ||" / "|| salary "Start Date and Salary"
FROM employees
WHERE hire_date <= '01-JAN-96';

SELECT employee_id ||' - '|| last_name 'Employee',


hire_date ||' / '|| salary 'Start Date and Salary'
FROM employees
WHERE hire_date <= '01-JAN-96';

SELECT employee_id ||' - '|| last_name "Employee",


hire_date ||' / '|| salary "Start Date and Salary"
FROM employees
WHERE hire_date <= '01-JAN-96';
(*)

Correct.

46. Evaluate this SELECT statement:


SELECT last_name, first_name, email
FROM employees
ORDER BY email;

If the EMAIL column contains null values, which statement is true?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
Null email values will be displayed first in the result.
Null email values will be displayed last in the result. (*)
Null email values will not be displayed in the result.
The result will not be sorted.

Correct.

47. Which SELECT statement should you use to limit the display of product
information to those products with a price of less than 50? Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT product_id, product_name FROM products WHERE price < 50; (*)
SELECT product_id, product_name FROM products HAVING price < 50;
SELECT product_id, product_name FROM products WHERE price <= 50;
SELECT product_id, product_name FROM products GROUP BY price < 50;
SELECT product_id, product_name FROM products WHERE price < 50.00
GROUP BY price;

Correct.

48. Evaluate this SELECT statement:


SELECT last_name, first_name, department_id, manager_id
FROM employees;

You need to sort data by manager id values and then alphabetically by employee last
name and first name values. Which ORDER BY clause could you use?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
ORDER BY department_id, last_name
ORDER BY manager_id, last_name, first_name (*)
ORDER BY last_name, first_name, manager_id
ORDER BY manager_id, first_name, last_name

Correct.

Section 18 Lesson 3
(Answer all questions in this section)
49. The PLAYERS table contains these columns:
PLAYERS TABLE:
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
SALARY NUMBER(8,2)
TEAM_ID NUMBER(4)
MANAGER_ID NUMBER(9)
POSITION_ID NUMBER(4)
You want to display all players' names with position 6900 or greater. You want the
players names to be displayed alphabetically by last name and then by first name.
Which statement should you use to achieve the required results?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT last_name, first_name
FROM players
WHERE position_id >= 6900

ORDER BY last_name, first_name;


(*)

SELECT last_name, first_name


FROM players
WHERE position_id > 6900
ORDER BY last_name, first_name;

SELECT last_name, first_name


FROM players
WHERE position_id <= 6900
ORDER BY last_name, first_name;

SELECT last_name, first_name


FROM players
WHERE position_id >= 6900
ORDER BY last_name DESC, first_name;

Correct.

50. The EMPLOYEES table contains these columns:


EMPLOYEE_ID NUMBER(9) PK
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2(25)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2(25)
DEPARTMENT_ID NUMBER(9)
Compare these two SQL statements:
1.
SELECT DISTINCT department_id DEPT, last_name, first_name
FROM employees
ORDER BY department_id;
2.
SELECT department_id DEPT, last_name, first_name

FROM employees
ORDER BY DEPT;
How will the results differ?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
One of the statements will return a syntax error.
One of the statements will eliminate all duplicate DEPARTMENT_ID values.
There is no difference in the result between the two statements. (*)
The statements will sort on different column values.

Correct.

Page 5 of 5

Test: Final Exam - Database Design

Review your answers, feedback, and question scores below. An asterisk (*) indicates
a correct answer.
Section 12 Lesson 1
(Answer all questions in this section)
1. Foreign keys cannot be null. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

2. The text below is an example of what constraint type: The value in the
manager_id column of the EMPLOYEES table must match a value in the
employee_id column in the EMPLOYEES table. Mark for Review
(1) Points
Entity integrity
User-defined integrity
Column integrity
Referential integrity (*)

Correct

3. A foreign key can not refer to a primary key in the same table. True or False?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)

Correct

4. If a primary key is a set of columns then one column must be null. True or False?
Mark for Review
(1) Points

True
False (*)

Correct

Section 12 Lesson 2
(Answer all questions in this section)
5. Why would this table name NOT work in an Oracle database?
This_year_end+next_year Mark for Review
(1) Points
Table names must begin with an alphabetic character
Too long
The Plus sign + is not allowed in object names (*)
None of the above

Correct

6. In a physical data model, an attribute becomes a _____________. Mark for


Review
(1) Points
Table
Foreign Key
Constraint
Column (*)

Correct

7. In a physical data model, a relationship is represented as a combination of:


Mark for Review
(1) Points
(Choose all correct answers)
Column
Primary Key or Unique Key (*)
Check Constraint or Unique Key
Foreign Key (*)

Incorrect. Refer to Section 12

Section 12 Lesson 3
(Answer all questions in this section)
8. Many to many relationships are implemented via a structure called a:
________________ Mark for Review
(1) Points
Supertype
Intersection Table (*)
Intersection Entity
Subtype

Correct

9. One-to-One relationships are transformed into Check Constraints in the tables


created at either end of that relationship. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)

Correct

Section 12 Lesson 4
(Answer all questions in this section)
10. When translating an arc relationship to a physical design, you must turn the arc
relationships into foreign keys. Assuming you are implementing an Exclusive Design,
you must also create two Unique Key Constraints to ensure the Arc is implemented
correctly. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)

Correct

Page 1 of 5

Test: Final Exam - Database Design

Review your answers, feedback, and question scores below. An asterisk (*) indicates
a correct answer.
Section 12 Lesson 4
(Answer all questions in this section)
11. Which of the following are reasons why you should consider using a Subtype
Implementation? Mark for Review
(1) Points
The resulting table will reside in a single database and be used by just ONE user.
When the common access paths for the supertypes are different.
Business functionality and business rules, access paths and frequency of access
are all very different between subtypes. (*)
Most of the relationships are at the supertype level

Correct

Section 13 Lesson 1
(Answer all questions in this section)
12. The DESCRIBE command returns all rows from a table. True or False? Mark
for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

13. The _______ clause can be added to a select statement to return a subset of
the data. Mark for Review
(1) Points
ANYWHERE
WHICH
WHERE (*)
EVERY

Correct.

Section 16 Lesson 1
(Answer all questions in this section)
14. When listing columns in the SELECT list, what should you use to separate the
columns? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Commas (*)
Semicolons
Dashes
Underscores

Correct.

15. Which SQL keyword specifies that an alias will be substituted for a column
name in the output of a SQL query? Mark for Review
(1) Points
AS (*)
OR
AND
SUBSTITUTE

Correct.

16. In the default order of precedence, which operator would be evaluated first?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Subtractions
Multiplications (*)
Additions
Divisions

Correct.

17. Which statement best describes how arithmetic expressions are handled?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Addition operations are handled before any other operations.

Multiplication and substraction operations are handled before any other


operations.
Multiplication and addition operations are handled before subtraction and division
operations.
Division and multiplication operations are handled before subtraction and addition
operations. (*)

Correct.

18. Which SQL statement will return an error? Mark for Review
(1) Points
SEL * FR sky; (*)
select star from sky;
SELECT star FROM sky;
SELECT * FROM sky;

Correct.

19. When you use the SELECT clause to list one or two columns only from a table
and no WHERE clause, which SQL capability is used? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Joining only
Selection only
Projection only (*)
Projection and Selection

Correct.

20. Which keyword can be used to specify a column alias? Mark for Review
(1) Points
AS (*)
DESCRIBE
FROM
WHERE

Correct.

Page 2 of 5

Test: Final Exam - Database Design

Review your answers, feedback, and question scores below. An asterisk (*) indicates
a correct answer.
Section 16 Lesson 3
(Answer all questions in this section)
21. All computers in the world speaks the same languages, so you only need to
learn one programming language - Oracle SQL. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points

True
False (*)

Correct.

22. There is only one kind of software used by all computers. True or Fale? Mark
for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)

Correct.

Section 17 Lesson 1
(Answer all questions in this section)
23. You need to display only unique combinations of the LAST_NAME and
MANAGER_ID columns in the EMPLOYEES table. Which keyword should you
include in the SELECT clause? Mark for Review
(1) Points
ONLY
UNIQUE
DISTINCT (*)
DISTINCTROW

Correct. See Section 17

24. Which of the following elements cannot be included in a WHERE clause? Mark
for Review
(1) Points
A column alias (*)
A column name
A comparison condition
A constant

Correct. See Section 17

25. When using the LIKE condition to search for _ symbols, which character can
you use as the ESCAPE option? Mark for Review
(1) Points
%
^
&
\ (*)

Correct. See Section 17

26. The Concatenation Operator does which of the following? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Links rows of data together inside the database.

Links two or more columns or literals to form a single output column (*)
Is represented by the asterisk (*) symbol
Separates columns.

Correct. See Section 17

27. Which clause would you include in a SELECT statement to restrict the data
returned to only the employees in department 10? Mark for Review
(1) Points
WHERE (*)
FROM
SELECT
IS

Correct. See Section 17

28. When using the LIKE condition, which symbol represents any sequence of
none, one or more characters? Mark for Review
(1) Points
_
% (*)
#
&

Correct. See Section 17

Section 17 Lesson 2
(Answer all questions in this section)
29. You want to retrieve a list of customers whose last names begin with the letters
Fr . Which keyword should you include in the WHERE clause of your SELECT
statement to achieve the desired result? Mark for Review
(1) Points
AND
IN
BETWEEN
LIKE (*)

Correct.

30. You want to determine the orders that have been placed by customers who
reside in Chicago . You write this partial SELECT statement:
SELECT orderid, orderdate, total
FROM orders;
What should you include in your SELECT statement to achieve the desired results?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
AND city = Chicago;
AND city = 'Chicago';
WHERE city = 'Chicago'; (*)
WHERE city = Chicago;

Correct.

Page 3 of 5

Test: Final Exam - Database Design

Review your answers, feedback, and question scores below. An asterisk (*) indicates
a correct answer.
Section 17 Lesson 2
(Answer all questions in this section)
31. You need to display all the values in the EMAIL column that contains the
underscore (_) character. The WHERE clause in your SELECT statement contains
the LIKE operator. What must you include in the LIKE operator? Mark for Review
(1) Points
The ESCAPE option (\) and one or more percent signs (%)
The (+) operator
A percent sign (%)
The ESCAPE option (\) (*)

Correct.

32. Evaluate this SQL statement:

SELECT last_name, first_name, salary


FROM employee;
How will the heading for the SALARY column appear in the display by default in
Oracle Application Express?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
The heading will display with the first character capitalized and centered.
The heading will display with the first character capitalized and left justified.
The heading will display as uppercase and centered. (*)
The heading will display as uppercase and left justified.

Correct.

33. You need to display all the employees whose last name starts with the letters
Sm . Which WHERE clause should you use? Mark for Review
(1) Points
WHERE last_name LIKE 'Sm%' (*)
WHERE last_name LIKE '%Sm'
WHERE last_name LIKE '_Sm'
WHERE last_name LIKE 'Sm_'

Correct.

Section 17 Lesson 3
(Answer all questions in this section)

34. The EMPLOYEES table contains these columns:


LAST_NAME VARCHAR2(25)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2(25)
EMAIL VARCHAR2(50)
You are writing a SELECT statement to retrieve the names of employees that have
an email address.
SELECT last_name||', '||first_name "Employee Name"
FROM employees;
Which WHERE clause should you use to complete this statement?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
WHERE email = NULL;
WHERE email != NULL;
WHERE email IS NULL;
WHERE email IS NOT NULL; (*)

Correct.

35. The STUDENT table contains these columns:


STUDENT_ID NUMBER(10) Primary Key
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2(25)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2(25)
MAJOR_ID NUMBER(3)
ADVISOR_ID NUMBER(5)
Evaluate this statement:
SELECT DISTINCT advisor_id, major_id
FROM student;
Which statement is true?

Mark for Review


(1) Points
Each ADVISOR_ID can be displayed only once.
Each MAJOR_ID can be displayed more than once per ADVISOR_ID. (*)
Each combination of ADVISOR_ID and MAJOR_ID can be displayed more than
once.
Each MAJOR_ID can be displayed only once.

Correct.

36. If you write queries using the BETWEEN operator it does not matter in what
order you enter the values, i.e. BETWEEN low value AND high value will give the
same result as BETWEEN high value and low value. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)

Correct.

Section 18 Lesson 1
(Answer all questions in this section)
37. You need to replace null values in the DEPARTMENT_ID column with a zero
(0). Which function should you use? Mark for Review
(1) Points
NVL (*)

NULL
NULLIF
REPLACE

Correct.

38. Which statement about the logical operators is true? Mark for Review
(1) Points
The order of operator precedence is AND, OR, and NOT.
The order of operator precedence is AND, NOT, and OR.
The order of operator precedence is NOT, OR, and AND.
The order of operator precedence is NOT, AND, and OR. (*)

Correct.

39. Which comparison condition means "Less Than or Equal To?" Mark for
Review
(1) Points
"=)"
"+<"
">="
"<=" (*)

Correct.

40. Which statement about the default sort order is true? Mark for Review
(1) Points
The lowest numeric values are displayed last.
The earliest date values are displayed first. (*)
Null values are displayed first.
Character values are displayed in reverse alphabetical order.

Correct.

Page 4 of 5

Test: Final Exam - Database Design

Review your answers, feedback, and question scores below. An asterisk (*) indicates
a correct answer.
Section 18 Lesson 1
(Answer all questions in this section)
41. From left to right, what is the correct order of Precedence? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Arithmetic, Concatenation, Comparison, OR (*)
NOT, AND, OR, Arithmetic

Arithmetic, NOT, Logical, Comparison


Arithmetic, NOT, Concatenation, Logical

Correct.

42. The ORDER BY clause always comes last. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)
False

Correct.

Section 18 Lesson 2
(Answer all questions in this section)
43. You query the database with this SQL statement:
SELECT price
FROM products
WHERE price IN(1, 25, 50, 250)
AND (price BETWEEN 25 AND 40 OR price > 50);
Which two values could the statement return? (Choose two.)
Mark for Review
(1) Points
(Choose all correct answers)
1
50

25 (*)
10
250 (*)
100

Correct.

44. Which SELECT statement should you use to limit the display of product
information to those products with a price of less than 50? Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT product_id, product_name FROM products WHERE price < 50; (*)
SELECT product_id, product_name FROM products HAVING price < 50;
SELECT product_id, product_name FROM products WHERE price <= 50;
SELECT product_id, product_name FROM products GROUP BY price < 50;
SELECT product_id, product_name FROM products WHERE price < 50.00
GROUP BY price;

Correct.

45. Evaluate this SELECT statement:


SELECT first_name, last_name, email
FROM employees
ORDER BY last_name;
Which statement is true?
Mark for Review
(1) Points

The rows will not be sorted.


The rows will be sorted alphabetically by the LAST_NAME values. (*)
The rows will be sorted in reverse alphabetical order by the LAST_NAME values.
The rows will be sorted alphabetically by the FIRST_NAME and then the
LAST_NAME values

Correct.

46. Evaluate this SQL statement:


SELECT product_id, product_name, price
FROM products
ORDER BY product_name, price;
What occurs when the statement is executed?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
The results are sorted numerically only.
The results are sorted alphabetically only.
The results are sorted numerically and then alphabetically.
The results are sorted alphabetically and then numerically. (*)

Correct.

47. Evaluate this SELECT statement:


SELECT last_name, first_name, department_id, manager_id
FROM employees;
You need to sort data by manager id values and then alphabetically by employee last
name and first name values. Which ORDER BY clause could you use?

Mark for Review


(1) Points
ORDER BY department_id, last_name
ORDER BY manager_id, last_name, first_name (*)
ORDER BY last_name, first_name, manager_id
ORDER BY manager_id, first_name, last_name

Correct.

48. Evaluate this SELECT statement:


SELECT last_name, first_name, salary
FROM employees;
How will the results of this query be sorted?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
The database will display the rows in whatever order it finds it in the database, so
no particular order. (*)
The results will be sorted ascending by the LAST_NAME column only.
The results will be sorted ascending by LAST_NAME and FIRST_NAME only.
The results will be sorted ascending by LAST_NAME, FIRST_NAME, and
SALARY.

Correct.

Section 18 Lesson 3

(Answer all questions in this section)


49. The PLAYERS table contains these columns:
PLAYERS TABLE:
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2(20)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2(20)
SALARY NUMBER(8,2)
TEAM_ID NUMBER(4)
MANAGER_ID NUMBER(9)
POSITION_ID NUMBER(4)
You must display the player name, team id, and salary for players whose salary is in
the range from 25000 through 100000 and whose team id is in the range of 1200
through 1500. The results must be sorted by team id from lowest to highest and then
further sorted by salary from highest to lowest. Which statement should you use to
display the desired result?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary
FROM players
WHERE (salary > 25000 OR salary < 100000)
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id, salary;

SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary


FROM players
WHERE salary BETWEEN 25000 AND 100000
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id, salary DESC;
(*)

SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary


FROM players
WHERE salary > 24999.99 AND salary < 100000
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id ASC, salary DESC;

SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary


FROM players
WHERE salary BETWEEN 24999.99 AND 100000.01
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id DESC, salary DESC;

Correct.

50. Evaluate this SQL statement:


SELECT e.employee_id, e.last_name, e.first_name, m.manager_id
FROM employees e, employees m
ORDER BY e.last_name, e.first_name
WHERE e.employee_id = m.manager_id;
This statement fails when executed. Which change will correct the problem?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Reorder the clauses in the query. (*)
Remove the tables aliases in the WHERE clause.
Remove the table aliases in the ORDER BY clause.
Include a HAVING clause.

Correct.

Page 5 of 5

Section 12 Lesson 1
1. A table must have at least one candidate key, as well as its primary key. True or False?
True
False (*)
Section 12 Lesson 1
2. The explanation below is a column integrity constraint: A column must contain only values
consistent with the defined data format of the column. True or False?
True (*)
False
Section 12 Lesson 1
3. The explanation below is a userdefined integrity rule: A primary key must be unique, and
no part of the primary key can be null. True or False?
True
False (*)
Section 12 Lesson 1
4. A table must have a primary key. True or False?
True
False (*)
Section 12 Lesson 2
5. In a physical data model, a relationship is represented as a combination of:
(Choose all correct answers)
Column
Primary Key or Unique Key (*)
Check Constraint or Unique Key
Foreign Key (*)
Section 12 Lesson 2
6. The transformation from an ER diagram to a physical design involves changing
terminology. Secondary Unique Identifiers becomes
Columns
Tables
Unique Constraints (*)
Primary Key Constraints
Section 12 Lesson 2
7. In a physical data model, an attribute becomes a _____________.
Table
Foreign Key
Constraint
Column (*)

Section 12 Lesson 3
8. Many to many relationships are implemented via a structure called a: ________________
Supertype
Intersection Table (*)
Intersection Entity
Subtype
Section 12 Lesson 3
9. What do you create when you transform a one to one relationship from your ER diagram
into a physical design?
Unique key constraints
Intersection entity
Intersection table (*)
Two tables with a Foreign key constraints between them
Section 12 Lesson 4
10. When mapping supertypes, relationships at the supertype level transform as usual.
Relationships at subtype level are implemented as foreign keys, but the foreign key columns all
become mandatory. True or False?
True
False (*)
Section 12 Lesson 4
11. Which of the following are reasons why you should consider using a Subtype
Implementation?
The resulting table will reside in a single database and be used by just ONE user.
When the common access paths for the supertypes are different.
Business functionality and business rules, access paths and frequency of access are all very
different between subtypes. (*)
Most of the relationships are at the supertype level
Section 13 Lesson 1
12. What command will return data from the database to you?
FETCH
GET
SELECT (*)
RETURN
Section 13 Lesson 1
13. The DESCRIBE command returns all rows from a table. True or False?
True
False (*)
Section 16 Lesson 1
14. Evaluate this SELECT statement:

SELECT (salary * raise_percent) raise


FROM employees;
If the RAISE_PERCENT column only contains null values, what will the statement return?
Only zeroes
Only null values (*)
A null value or a zero depending on the value of the SALARY column
A null value or a numeric value depending on the value of the SALARY column
Section 16 Lesson 1
15. When you use the SELECT clause to list one or two columns only from a table and no
WHERE clause, which SQL capability is used?
Joining only
Selection only
Projection only (*)
Projection and Selection
Section 16 Lesson 1
16. Which statement best describes how arithmetic expressions are handled?
Addition operations are handled before any other operations.
Multiplication and substraction operations are handled before any other operations.
Multiplication and addition operations are handled before subtraction and division
operations.
Division and multiplication operations are handled before subtraction and addition
operations. (*)
Section 16 Lesson 1
17. The SELECT statement retrieves information from the database. In a SELECT statement,
you can do all of the following EXCEPT:
Projection
Manipulation (*)
Joining
Selection
Section 16 Lesson 1
18. You query the database with this SQL statement:
SELECT * FROM students;
Why would you use this statement?
To
To
To
To

insert data
view data (*)
display the table structure
delete data

Section 16 Lesson 1
19. Which SQL statement will return an error?
SEL * FR sky; (*)
select star from sky;
SELECT star FROM sky;

SELECT * FROM sky;


Section 16 Lesson 1
20. In a SELECT clause, what is the result of 2 + 3 * 2?
6
8 (*)
10
13
Section 16 Lesson 3
21. All computers in the world speaks the same languages, so you only need to learn one
programming language - Oracle SQL. True or False?
True
False (*)
Section 16 Lesson 3
22. In a SELECT statement ADDITIONS are evaluated before Multiplications. True or False?
True
False (*)
Section 17 Lesson 1
23. You need to display employees whose salary is in the range of 10000 through 25000 for
employees in department 50 . What does the WHERE clause look like?
WHERE department_id < 50
AND salary BETWEEN 10000 AND 25000
WHERE department_id > 50
AND salary BETWEEN 10000 AND 25000
WHERE department_id = 50
AND salary BETWEEN 25001 AND 10001
WHERE department_id = 50
AND salary BETWEEN 25000 AND 10000

(*)

Section 17 Lesson 1
24. When using the LIKE condition, which symbol represents any sequence of none, one or
more characters?
_
% (*)
#
&
Section 17 Lesson 1
25. Which operator is used to combine columns of character strings to other columns?
*

/
+
|| (*)
Section 17 Lesson 1
26. The Concatenation Operator does which of the following?
Links rows of data together inside the database.
Links two or more columns or literals to form a single output column (*)
Is represented by the asterisk (*) symbol
Separates columns.
Section 17 Lesson 1
27. When using the LIKE condition to search for _ symbols, which character can you use as
the ESCAPE option?
%
^
&
\ (*)
Section 17 Lesson 1
28. You need to display employees whose salary is in the range of 30000 and 50000. Which
comparison operator should you use?
IN
LIKE
BETWEEN...AND... (*)
IS NULL
Section 17 Lesson 2
29. What will the result of the following SELECT statement be:
SELECT last_name, salary, salary + 300
FROM employees;
Display the last name, salary and the results of adding 300 to each salary for all the
employees (*)
Modify the salary column by adding 300 and displaying the last name, salary and the new
salary.
Modify the salary column by adding 300 and only display the last name and the new salary.
Display the last name, salary and the results of adding 300 to the salary of the first
employee row
Section 17 Lesson 2
30. The PLAYERS table contains these columns:
PLAYER_ID NUMBER (9) Primary Key
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
TEAM_ID NUMBER (4)
MANAGER_ID NUMBER (9)
POSITION_ID NUMBER (4)
Which SELECT statement should you use if you want to display unique combinations of the
TEAM_ID and MANAGER_ID columns?

SELECT
SELECT
SELECT
SELECT
SELECT

* FROM players;
team_id, manager_id FROM players;
DISTINCT team_id, manager_id FROM players; (*)
team_id, DISTINCT manager_id FROM players;
team_id, manager_id DISTINCT FROM players;

Section 17 Lesson 2
31. Which of the following commands will display the last name concatenated with the job ID
from the employees table, separated by a comma and space, and label the resulting column
"Employee and Title"?
SELECT
SELECT
SELECT
SELECT

" last name" ||', '|| "job_id" + "Employee and Title" FROM employees;
last_name||', '|| job_id "Employee and Title" FROM employees; (*)
" last name" ||', '|| "job_id" + "Employee and Title" FROM emp;
last_name||","|| job_id "Employee and Title" FROM employees;

Section 17 Lesson 2
32. You need write a SELECT statement that should only return rows that contain 34, 46, or
48 for the DEPARTMENT_ID column. Which operator should you use in the WHERE clause to
compare the DEPARTMENT_ID column to this specific list of values?
=
!=
IN (*)
BETWEEN..AND..
Section 17 Lesson 2
33. You need to display all the values in the EMAIL column that contains the underscore (_)
character. The WHERE clause in your SELECT statement contains the LIKE operator. What must
you include in the LIKE operator?
The ESCAPE option (\) and one or more percent signs (%)
The (+) operator
A percent sign (%)
The ESCAPE option (\) (*)
Section 17 Lesson 3
34. The STUDENT table contains these columns:
STUDENT_ID NUMBER(10) Primary Key
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2(25)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2(25)
MAJOR_ID NUMBER(3)
ADVISOR_ID NUMBER(5)
Evaluate this statement:
SELECT DISTINCT advisor_id, major_id
FROM student;
Which statement is true?
Each
Each
Each
Each

ADVISOR_ID can be displayed only once.


MAJOR_ID can be displayed more than once per ADVISOR_ID. (*)
combination of ADVISOR_ID and MAJOR_ID can be displayed more than once.
MAJOR_ID can be displayed only once.

Section 17 Lesson 3
35. The The PRODUCT table contains these columns:
PRODUCT_ID NUMBER(9)
DESCRIPTION VARCHAR2(20)
COST NUMBER(5,2)
LOCATION_ID VARCHAR2(10)
You want to display product costs with these desired results:
1. The cost displayed for each product is increased by 10 percent.
2. The product location id must be 4859, 9789, or 9898.
3. Ten percent of the original cost is less than $10.
Which statement should you issue?
SELECT product_id, cost * 1.10
FROM product
WHERE cost * .10 < 10.00
AND location_id IN (4859, 9789, 9898);

(*)

SELECT product_id, cost * .10


FROM product
WHERE cost * 1.10 > 10.00
AND location_id IN (4859, 9789, 9898);
SELECT product_id, cost * 1.10
FROM product
WHERE cost * 1.10 < 10.00
AND location_id = (4859, 9789, 9898);
SELECT product_id, cost * 1.10
FROM product
WHERE cost * .10 > 10.00
AND location_id = (4859, 9789, 9898);
Section 17 Lesson 3
36. The EMPLOYEES table contains these columns:
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2(25)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2(25)
EMAIL VARCHAR2(50)
You are writing a SELECT statement to retrieve the names of employees that have an email
address.
SELECT last_name||', '||first_name "Employee Name"
FROM employees;
Which WHERE clause should you use to complete this statement?
WHERE
WHERE
WHERE
WHERE

email
email
email
email

= NULL;
!= NULL;
IS NULL;
IS NOT NULL; (*)

Section 18 Lesson 1
37. The ORDER BY clause always comes last. True or False?

True (*)
False
Section 18 Lesson 1
38. Which statement about the default sort order is true?
The lowest numeric values are displayed last.
The earliest date values are displayed first. (*)
Null values are displayed first.
Character values are displayed in reverse alphabetical order.
Section 18 Lesson 1
39. You need to override the default sort order of the ORDER BY clause so that the data is
displayed in reverse alphabetical order. Which keyword should you include in the ORDER BY
clause?
DESC (*)
ASC
SORT
CHANGE
Section 18 Lesson 1
40. Which of the following are TRUE regarding the logical AND operator?
TRUE AND TRUE return FALSE
TRUE AND FALSE return TRUE
FALSE AND TRUE return NULL
TRUE AND FALSE return FALSE (*)
Section 18 Lesson 1
41. From left to right, what is the correct order of Precedence?
Arithmetic, Concatenation, Comparison, OR (*)
NOT, AND, OR, Arithmetic
Arithmetic, NOT, Logical, Comparison
Arithmetic, NOT, Concatenation, Logical
Section 18 Lesson 1
42. Which of the following best describes the meaning of the LIKE operator?
Display rows based on a range of values.
To test for values in a list.
Match a character pattern. (*)
To find Null values.
Section 18 Lesson 2
43. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT emp_id, last_name, first_name, salary 'Yearly Salary'
FROM employees
WHERE salary IS NOT NULL
ORDER BY last_name, 3;

Which clause contains an error?


SELECT emp_id, last_name, first_name, salary 'Yearly Salary' (*)
FROM employees
WHERE salary IS NOT NULL
ORDER BY last_name, 3;
Section 18 Lesson 2
44. What value will the following SQL statement return?
SELECT employee_id
FROM employees
WHERE employee_id BETWEEN 100 AND 150
OR (employee_id IN(119, 175, 205)
AND (employee_id BETWEEN 150 AND 200);
19
No rows will be returned.
100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 107, 124, 141, 142, 143, 144, 149 (*)
200, 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206
Section 18 Lesson 2
45. Which SELECT statement should you use to limit the display of product information to
those products with a price of less than 50?
SELECT
SELECT
SELECT
SELECT
SELECT

product_id,
product_id,
product_id,
product_id,
product_id,

product_name
product_name
product_name
product_name
product_name

FROM
FROM
FROM
FROM
FROM

products
products
products
products
products

WHERE price < 50; (*)


HAVING price < 50;
WHERE price <= 50;
GROUP BY price < 50;
WHERE price < 50.00 GROUP BY price;

Section 18 Lesson 2
46. You attempt to query the database with this SQL statement:
SELECT product_id "Product Number", category_id "Category", price "Price"
FROM products
WHERE "Category" = 5570 ORDER BY "Product Number";
This statement fails when executed. Which clause contains a syntax error?
SELECT product_id "Product Number", category_id "Category", price "price"
ORDER BY "Product Number";
FROM products
WHERE "Category" = 5570 (*)
Section 18 Lesson 2
47. You need to create a report to display all employees that were hired on or after January 1,
1996. The data should display in this format:
Employee Start Date and Salary
14837 - Smith 10-MAY-92 / 5000
Which SELECT statement could you use?
SELECT employee_id || - || last_name "Employee",
hire_date || / || salary "Start Date and Salary"
FROM employees
WHERE hire_date <= '01-JAN-96';

SELECT employee_id ||' '|| last_name "Employee",


hire_date ||' '|| salary "Start Date and Salary"
FROM employees
WHERE hire_date <= '01-JAN-96';
SELECT employee_id ||'"- "|| last_name "Employee",
hire_date ||" / "|| salary "Start Date and Salary"
FROM employees
WHERE hire_date <= '01-JAN-96';
SELECT employee_id ||' - '|| last_name 'Employee',
hire_date ||' / '|| salary 'Start Date and Salary'
FROM employees
WHERE hire_date <= '01-JAN-96';
SELECT employee_id ||' - '|| last_name "Employee",
hire_date ||' / '|| salary "Start Date and Salary"
FROM employees
WHERE hire_date <= '01-JAN-96';

(*)

Section 18 Lesson 2
48. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT last_name, first_name, salary
FROM employees;
How will the results of this query be sorted?
The database will display the rows in whatever order it finds it in the database, so no
particular order. (*)
The results will be sorted ascending by the LAST_NAME column only.
The results will be sorted ascending by LAST_NAME and FIRST_NAME only.
The results will be sorted ascending by LAST_NAME, FIRST_NAME, and SALARY.
Section 18 Lesson 3
49. The PLAYERS table contains these columns:
PLAYERS TABLE:
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2(20)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2(20)
SALARY NUMBER(8,2)
TEAM_ID NUMBER(4)
MANAGER_ID NUMBER(9)
POSITION_ID NUMBER(4)
You must display the player name, team id, and salary for players whose salary is in the range
from 25000 through 100000 and whose team id is in the range of 1200 through 1500. The
results must be sorted by team id from lowest to highest and then further sorted by salary
from highest to lowest. Which statement should you use to display the desired result?
SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary
FROM players
WHERE (salary > 25000 OR salary < 100000)
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id, salary;
SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary

FROM players
WHERE salary BETWEEN 25000 AND 100000
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id, salary DESC;

(*)

SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary


FROM players
WHERE salary > 24999.99 AND salary < 100000
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id ASC, salary DESC;
SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary
FROM players
WHERE salary BETWEEN 24999.99 AND 100000.01
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id DESC, salary DESC;
Section 18 Lesson 3
50. Evaluate this SQL statement:
SELECT e.employee_id, e.last_name, e.first_name, m.manager_id
FROM employees e, employees m
ORDER BY e.last_name, e.first_name
WHERE e.employee_id = m.manager_id;
This statement fails when executed. Which change will correct the problem?
Reorder the clauses in the query. (*)
Remove the tables aliases in the WHERE clause.
Remove the table aliases in the ORDER BY clause.
Include a HAVING clause.
1. When mapping supertypes, relationships at the supertype level transform as usual.
Relationships at subtype level are implemented as foreign keys, but the foreign key columns all
become mandatory. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
2. An "Arc Implementation" can be done just like any other Relationship - you simply add the
required Foreign Keys. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
3. Many to many relationships are implemented via a structure called a: ________________

Mark for Review


(1) Points
Supertype
Intersection Table (*)
Intersection Entity
Subtype
Correct
4. It is possible to implement non-transferability via a simple Foreign Key Relationship. True
or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
5. A table must have a primary key. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
6. The explanation below is a column integrity constraint:
A column must contain only values consistent with the defined data format of the column. True
or False?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)
False
Correct
7. The text below is an example of what constraint type:
If the number of BOOKS lent to a BORROWER in the LIBRARY exceeds 5, then we must send
him/her a letter requesting the return of the BOOKS, which will require extra programming to
enforce.
Mark for Review
(1) Points

Entity integrity
User-defined integrity (*)
Column integrity
Referential integrity
Correct
8. The explanation below is a User Defined integrity rule and must therefore be manually
coded, the Database cannot enforce this rule automatically:
A primary key must be unique, and no part of the primary key can be null. True or False?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
9. In a physical data model, a relationship is represented as a combination of: (Choose Two)
Mark for Review
(1) Points
(Choose all correct answers)
Column
Primary Key or Unique Key (*)
Check Constraint or Unique Key
Foreign Key (*)
Correct
10. Attributes become tables in a database. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct

Page 1 of 5
11. Why would this table name NOT work in an Oracle database? this_year_end+next_year

Mark for Review


(1) Points
Table names must begin with an alphabetic character
Too long
The Plus sign + is not allowed in object names (*)
None of the above
Correct

Section 13
12. What command can be used to create a new row in a table in the database? Mark for
Review
(1) Points
CREATE
NEW
ADD
INSERT (*)
Correct.
13. The DESCRIBE command returns all rows from a table. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct.

Section 16
14. In the default order of precedence, which operator would be evaluated first? Mark for
Review
(1) Points
Subtractions
Multiplications (*)
Additions

Divisions
Correct.
15. You want to create a list of all albums that have been produced by the company. The list
should include the title of the album, the artist's name, and the date the album was released.
The ALBUMS table includes the following columns:
ALB_TITLE VARCHAR2(150) NOT NULL
ALB_ARTIST VARCHAR2(150) NOT NULL
ALB_DATE DATE NOT NULL
Which statement can you use to retrieve the necessary information?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT *
FROM albums;
(*)
SELECT alb_title, alb_artist, alb_dates
FROM album;
SELECT alb_title, alb_artist, alb_dates
FROM albums;
SELECT alb_title; alb_artist; alb_date
FROM albums;

Correct.
16. In which clause of a SELECT statement would you specify the name of the table or tables
being queried? Mark for Review
(1) Points
The FROM clause (*)
The SELECT clause
The WHERE clause
Any of the above options, you can list tables wherever you want to in a SELECT statement.
Correct.
17. Which SQL keyword specifies that an alias will be substituted for a column name in the
output of a SQL query? Mark for Review
(1) Points

AS (*)
OR
AND
SUBSTITUTE
Correct.
18. In a SELECT clause, what is the result of 2 + 3 * 2? Mark for Review
(1) Points
6
8 (*)
10
13
Correct.
19. The EMPLOYEES table contains these columns:
SALARY NUMBER(7,2)
BONUS NUMBER(7,2)
COMMISSION_PCT NUMBER(2,2)
All three columns contain values greater than zero. There is one row of data in the table and
the values are as follows:
Salary = 500, Bonus = 50, Commission_pct = .5
Evaluate these two SQL statements:
1.
SELECT salary + bonus + commission_pct * salary - bonus AS income
FROM employees;
2.
SELECT (salary + bonus ) + commission_pct * (salary - bonus) income
FROM employees;
What will be the result?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Statement 1 will return a higher value than statement 2.
Statement 2 will return a higher value than statement 1. (*)
Statement 1 will display a different column heading.
One of the statements will NOT execute.

Incorrect. See Section 16


20. Which SQL statement will return an error? Mark for Review
(1) Points
SEL * FR sky; (*)
select star from sky;
SELECT star FROM sky;
SELECT * FROM sky;
Correct.

Page 2 of 5
21. When is an entity in 2nd Normal Form? Mark for Review
(1) Points
When all non-UID attributes are dependent upon the entire UID. (*)
When no attritibutes are mutually independant and fully independent on the primary key.
When no attritibutes are mutually independent and all are fully dependent on the primary
key.
None of the Above.
Correct
22. Any Non-UID must be dependant on the entire UID. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)
False
Correct

Section 17
23. The PRODUCT table contains these columns:
PRODUCT_ID NUMBER(9)
DESCRIPTION VARCHAR2(20)
COST NUMBER(5,2)

LOCATION_ID VARCHAR2(10)
You want to display product costs with these desired results: 1. The cost displayed for each
product is increased by 10 percent. 2. The product location id must be 4859, 9789, or 9898. 3.
Ten percent of the original cost is less than $10. Which statement should you issue?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT product_id, cost * 1.10
FROM product
WHERE cost * .10 < 10.00
AND location_id IN (4859, 9789, 9898);
(*)
SELECT product_id, cost * .10
FROM product
WHERE cost * 1.10 > 10.00
AND location_id IN (4859, 9789, 9898);
SELECT product_id, cost * 1.10
FROM product
WHERE cost * 1.10 < 10.00
AND location_id = (4859, 9789, 9898);
SELECT product_id, cost * 1.10
FROM product
WHERE cost * .10 > 10.00
AND location_id = (4859, 9789, 9898);

Correct. See Section 17


24. The EMPLOYEES table contains these columns:
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2(25)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2(25)
EMAIL VARCHAR2(50)
You are writing a SELECT statement to retrieve the names of employees that have an email
address.
SELECT last_name||', '||first_name "Employee Name"
FROM employees;
Which WHERE clause should you use to complete this statement?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
WHERE email = NULL;
WHERE email != NULL;
WHERE email IS NULL;
WHERE email IS NOT NULL; (*)

Correct.
25. The STUDENT table contains these columns:
STUDENT_ID NUMBER(10) Primary Key
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2(25)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2(25)
MAIN_SUBJECT_ID NUMBER(3)
ADVISOR_ID NUMBER(5)
Evaluate this statement:
SELECT DISTINCT advisor_id, main_subject_id
FROM student;
Which statement is true?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Each ADVISOR_ID can be displayed only once.
Each MAIN_SUBJECT_ID can be displayed more than once per ADVISOR_ID. (*)
Each combination of ADVISOR_ID and MAIN_SUBJECT_ID can be displayed more than once.
Each MAIN_SUBJECT_ID can be displayed only once per query.
Correct. See Section 17
26. Which comparison operator searches for a specified character pattern? Mark for Review
(1) Points
IN
LIKE (*)
BETWEEN...AND...
IS NULL
Correct.
27. You need to display only unique combinations of the LAST_NAME and MANAGER_ID
columns in the EMPLOYEES table. Which keyword should you include in the SELECT clause?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
ONLY
UNIQUE
DISTINCT (*)
DISTINCTROW

Correct. See Section 17


28. You need to combine the FIRST_NAME and LAST_NAME columns in the EMPLOYEES table
and display the columns as a combined character string. Which operator should you use? Mark
for Review
(1) Points
+
|
|| (*)
AND
Correct. See Section 17
29. Where in a SQL statement can you not use arithmetic operators? Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT
FROM (*)
WHERE
NONE
Correct.
30. When using the LIKE condition to search for _ symbols, which character can you use as
the default ESCAPE option? Mark for Review
(1) Points
%
^
&
\ (*)
Correct.

Page 3 of 5
31. Which of the following elements cannot be included in a WHERE clause? Mark for Review
(1) Points

A column alias (*)


A column name
A comparison condition
A constant
Correct.
32. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT *
FROM employees
WHERE department_id IN(10, 20, 30)
AND salary > 20000;
Which values would cause the logical condition to return TRUE?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
DEPARTMENT_ID = 10 and SALARY = 20000
DEPARTMENT_ID = 20 and SALARY = 20000
DEPARTMENT_ID = null and SALARY = 20001
DEPARTMENT_ID = 10 and SALARY = 20001 (*)
Correct. See Section 17
33. You want to retrieve a list of customers whose last names begin with the letters Fr .
Which keyword should you include in the WHERE clause of your SELECT statement to achieve
the desired result? Mark for Review
(1) Points
AND
IN
BETWEEN
LIKE (*)
Correct. See Section 17
34. You want to determine the orders that have been placed by customers who reside in
Chicago. You write this partial SELECT statement:
SELECT orderid, orderdate, total
FROM orders;
What should you include in your SELECT statement to achieve the desired results?
Mark for Review
(1) Points

AND city = Chicago;


AND city = 'Chicago';
WHERE city = 'Chicago'; (*)
WHERE city = Chicago;
Correct.
35. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT last_name, first_name, salary
FROM employees;
How will the heading for the SALARY column appear in the display by default in Oracle
Application Express?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
The heading will display with the first character capitalized and centered.
The heading will display with the first character capitalized and left justified.
The heading will display as uppercase and centered. (*)
The heading will display as uppercase and left justified.
Correct.
36. You need to display all the values in the EMAIL column that contains the underscore (_)
character as part of that email address. The WHERE clause in your SELECT statement contains
the LIKE operator. What must you include in the LIKE operator? Mark for Review
(1) Points
The ESCAPE option (\) and one or more percent signs (%)
The (+) operator
A percent sign (%)
The ESCAPE option (\) (*)
Correct. See Section 17

Section 18
37. Which of the following is TRUE regarding the logical AND operator? Mark for Review
(1) Points
TRUE AND TRUE return FALSE

TRUE AND FALSE return TRUE


FALSE AND TRUE return NULL
TRUE AND FALSE return FALSE (*)
Correct.
38. You need to change the default sort order of the ORDER BY clause so that the data is
displayed in reverse alphabetical order. Which keyword should you include in the ORDER BY
clause? Mark for Review
(1) Points
DESC (*)
ASC
SORT
CHANGE
Correct.
39. Which statement about the logical operators is true? Mark for Review
(1) Points
The order of operator precedence is AND, OR, and NOT.
The order of operator precedence is AND, NOT, and OR.
The order of operator precedence is NOT, OR, and AND.
The order of operator precedence is NOT, AND, and OR. (*)
Correct.
40. Which comparison condition means "Less Than or Equal To?" Mark for Review
(1) Points
"=)"
"+<"
">="
"<=" (*)
Correct.

Page 4 of 5
41. Which statement about the ORDER BY clause is true? Mark for Review
(1) Points
You can use a column alias in the ORDER BY clause. (*)
The default sort order of the ORDER BY clause is descending.
The ORDER BY clause can only contain columns that are included in the SELECT list.
The ORDER BY clause should immediately precede the FROM clause in a SELECT statement
Correct.
42. Which statement about the default sort order is true? Mark for Review
(1) Points
The lowest numeric values are displayed last.
The earliest date values are displayed first. (*)
Null values are displayed first.
Character values are displayed in reverse alphabetical order.
Correct.
43. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT last_name, first_name, salary
FROM employees;
How will the results of this query be sorted?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
The database will display the rows in whatever order it finds it in the database, so no
particular order. (*)
The results will be sorted ascending by the LAST_NAME column only.
The results will be sorted ascending by LAST_NAME and FIRST_NAME only.
The results will be sorted ascending by LAST_NAME, FIRST_NAME, and SALARY.
Correct.
44. You query the database with this SQL statement:
SELECT price
FROM products
WHERE price IN(1, 25, 50, 250)
AND (price BETWEEN 25 AND 40 OR price > 50);

Which two values could the statement return? (Choose two.)


Mark for Review
(1) Points
(Choose all correct answers)
1
50
25 (*)
10
250 (*)
100
Correct.
45. You need to create a report to display all employees that were hired on or after January 1,
1996. The data should display in this format:
Employee Start Date and Salary
14837 - Smith 10-MAY-92 / 5000
Which SELECT statement could you use?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT employee_id || - || last_name "Employee",
hire_date || / || salary "Start Date and Salary"
FROM employees
WHERE hire_date <= '01-JAN-96';
SELECT employee_id ||' '|| last_name "Employee",
hire_date ||' '|| salary "Start Date and Salary"
FROM employees
WHERE hire_date <= '01-JAN-96';
SELECT employee_id ||'"- "|| last_name "Employee",
hire_date ||" / "|| salary "Start Date and Salary"
FROM employees
WHERE hire_date <= '01-JAN-96';
SELECT employee_id ||' - '|| last_name 'Employee',
hire_date ||' / '|| salary 'Start Date and Salary'
FROM employees
WHERE hire_date <= '01-JAN-96';
SELECT employee_id ||' - '|| last_name "Employee",
hire_date ||' / '|| salary "Start Date and Salary"
FROM employees

WHERE hire_date <= '01-JAN-96';


(*)

Incorrect! See Section 18.


46. You attempt to query the database with this SQL statement:
SELECT product_id "Product Number", category_id "Category", price "Price"
FROM products
WHERE "Category" = 5570
ORDER BY "Product Number";
This statement fails when executed. Which clause contains a syntax error?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT product_id "Product Number", category_id "Category", price "price"
ORDER BY "Product Number";
FROM products
WHERE "Category" = 5570 (*)
Correct.
47. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT last_name, first_name, department_id, manager_id
FROM employees;
You need to sort data by manager id values and then alphabetically by employee last name
and first name values. Which ORDER BY clause could you use?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
ORDER BY department_id, last_name
ORDER BY manager_id, last_name, first_name (*)
ORDER BY last_name, first_name, manager_id
ORDER BY manager_id, first_name, last_name
Correct.
48. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT last_name, first_name, email
FROM employees
ORDER BY email;
If the EMAIL column contains null values, which statement is true?
Mark for Review
(1) Points

Null email values will be displayed first in the result.


Null email values will be displayed last in the result. (*)
Null email values will not be displayed in the result.
The result will not be sorted.
Correct.
49. The PLAYERS table contains these columns:
PLAYERS TABLE:
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
SALARY NUMBER(8,2)
TEAM_ID NUMBER(4)
MANAGER_ID NUMBER(9)
POSITION_ID NUMBER(4)
You want to display all players' names with position 6900 or greater. You want the players
names to be displayed alphabetically by last name and then by first name. Which statement
should you use to achieve the required results?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT last_name, first_name
FROM players
WHERE position_id >= 6900
ORDER BY last_name, first_name;
(*)
SELECT last_name, first_name
FROM players
WHERE position_id > 6900
ORDER BY last_name, first_name;
SELECT last_name, first_name
FROM players
WHERE position_id <= 6900
ORDER BY last_name, first_name;
SELECT last_name, first_name
FROM players
WHERE position_id >= 6900
ORDER BY last_name DESC, first_name;

Correct.
50. The PLAYERS table contains these columns:
PLAYERS TABLE:
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)

FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)


SALARY NUMBER(8,2)
TEAM_ID NUMBER(4)
MANAGER_ID NUMBER(9)
POSITION_ID NUMBER(4)
You must display the player name, team id, and salary for players whose salary is in the range
from 25000 through 100000 and whose team id is in the range of 1200 through 1500. The
results must be sorted by team id from lowest to highest and then further sorted by salary
from highest to lowest. Which statement should you use to display the desired result?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary
FROM players
WHERE (salary > 25000 OR salary < 100000)
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id, salary;
SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary
FROM players
WHERE salary BETWEEN 25000 AND 100000
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id, salary DESC;
(*)
SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary
FROM players
WHERE salary > 24999.99 AND salary < 100000
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id ASC, salary DESC;
SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary
FROM players
WHERE salary BETWEEN 24999.99 AND 100000.01
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id DESC, salary DESC;

Correct.

Page 5 of 5
Test: Final Exam Semester 1

Review your answers, feedback, and question scores below. An asterisk (*) indicates a correct
answer.
Semester 1 Final Term Exam covers Sections 11-18 of Database Design.
Section 12

1. The text below is an example of what constraint type:


The value in the manager_id column of the EMPLOYEES table must match a value in the
employee_id column in the EMPLOYEES table.
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Entity integrity
User-defined integrity
Column integrity
Referential integrity (*)
Correct
2. The explanation below is a column integrity constraint:
A column must contain only values consistent with the defined data format of the column. True
or False?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)
False
Correct
3. Entity integrity refers to Mark for Review
(1) Points
Tables always containing text data
Tables always containing numeric data
Columns having Primary Keys, Foreign Keys, Unique Keys and Check constraints defined in
the database.
Tables having Primary Keys, Foreign Keys, Unique Keys and Check constraints defined in the
database. (*)
Correct
4. The explanation below is a User Defined integrity rule and must therefore be manually
coded, the Database cannot enforce this rule automatically:
A primary key must be unique, and no part of the primary key can be null. True or False?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)

Correct
5. The transformation from an ER diagram to a physical design involves changing
terminology. Secondary Unique Identifiers become Mark for Review
(1) Points
Columns
Tables
Unique Constraints (*)
Primary Key Constraints
Correct
6. Why would this table name NOT work in an Oracle database? this_year_end+next_year
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Table names must begin with an alphabetic character
Too long
The Plus sign + is not allowed in object names (*)
None of the above
Correct
7. In a physical data model, an attribute becomes a _____________. Mark for Review
(1) Points
Table
Foreign Key
Constraint
Column (*)
Correct
8. The Oracle Database can implement a many to many relationship. You simply create two
foreign keys between the two tables. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)

Correct
9. What do you create when you transform a many to many relationship from your ER
diagram into a physical design? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Unique key constraints
Intersection entity
Intersection table (*)
Two tables with Foreign key constraints between them
Correct
10. An "Arc Implementation" can be done just like any other Relationship - you simply add
the required Foreign Keys. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
Test: Final Exam Semester 1

Review your answers, feedback, and question scores below. An asterisk (*) indicates a correct
answer.
Semester 1 Final Term Exam covers Sections 11-18 of Database Design.
Section 12
11. When mapping supertypes, relationships at the supertype level transform as usual.
Relationships at subtype level are implemented as foreign keys, but the foreign key columns all
become mandatory. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct

Section 13
12. The _______ clause can be added to a SELECT statement to return a subset of the data.
Mark for Review
(1) Points
ANYWHERE
WHICH
WHERE (*)
EVERY
Correct.
13. What command will return data from the database to you? Mark for Review
(1) Points
FETCH
GET
SELECT (*)
RETURN
Correct.

Section 16
14. In the default order of precedence, which operator would be evaluated first? Mark for
Review
(1) Points
Subtractions
Multiplications (*)
Additions
Divisions
Correct.
15. You want to create a list of all albums that have been produced by the company. The list
should include the title of the album, the artist's name, and the date the album was released.
The ALBUMS table includes the following columns:
ALB_TITLE VARCHAR2(150) NOT NULL
ALB_ARTIST VARCHAR2(150) NOT NULL

ALB_DATE DATE NOT NULL


Which statement can you use to retrieve the necessary information?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT *
FROM albums;
(*)
SELECT alb_title, alb_artist, alb_dates
FROM album;
SELECT alb_title, alb_artist, alb_dates
FROM albums;
SELECT alb_title; alb_artist; alb_date
FROM albums;

Correct.
16. What would you use in the SELECT clause to return all the columns in the table? Mark for
Review
(1) Points
An asterisk (*) (*)
A minus sign (-)
A plus sign (+)
The ALL keyword
Correct.
17. The SELECT statement retrieves information from the database. In a SELECT statement,
you can do all of the following EXCEPT: Mark for Review
(1) Points
Projection
Manipulation (*)
Joining
Selection
Correct.

18. In a SELECT clause, what is the result of 2 + 3 * 2? Mark for Review


(1) Points
6
8 (*)
10
13
Correct.
19. The EMPLOYEES table contains these columns:
SALARY NUMBER(7,2)
BONUS NUMBER(7,2)
COMMISSION_PCT NUMBER(2,2)
All three columns contain values greater than zero. There is one row of data in the table and
the values are as follows:
Salary = 500, Bonus = 50, Commission_pct = .5
Evaluate these two SQL statements:
1.
SELECT salary + bonus + commission_pct * salary - bonus AS income
FROM employees;
2.
SELECT (salary + bonus ) + commission_pct * (salary - bonus) income
FROM employees;
What will be the result?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Statement 1 will return a higher value than statement 2.
Statement 2 will return a higher value than statement 1. (*)
Statement 1 will display a different column heading.
One of the statements will NOT execute.
Incorrect. See Section 16
20. If a SQL statement returns data from two or more tables, which SQL capability is being
used? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Selection
Projection

Joining (*)
Insertion
Correct.
Test: Final Exam Semester 1

Review your answers, feedback, and question scores below. An asterisk (*) indicates a correct
answer.
Semester 1 Final Term Exam covers Sections 11-18 of Database Design.
Section 16
21. Would it be a good idea to model age as an attribute of STUDENT? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Yes
Maybe it could stop us having to calculate someone's age every time we need it
Sometimes
No - it breaks the Normalization rules (*)
Correct
22. Any Non-UID must be dependant on the entire UID. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)
False
Correct

Section 17
23. The EMPLOYEES table includes these columns:
EMPLOYEE_ID NUMBER(4) NOT NULL
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2(15) NOT NULL
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2(10) NOT NULL
HIRE_DATE DATE NOT NULL
You want to produce a report that provides the first names, last names and hire dates of those
employees who were hired between March 1, 2000, and August 30, 2000. Which statements
can you issue to accomplish this task?

Mark for Review


(1) Points
SELECT last_name, first_name, hire_date
FROM employees
WHERE hire_date BETWEEN '01-MAR-00' AND '30-AUG-00';
(*)
SELECT last_name, first_name, hire_date
FROM employees
WHERE hire_date BETWEEN '30-AUG-00' AND '01-MAR-00';
SELECT last_name, first_name, hire_date
FROM employees
GROUP BY hire_date >= '01-MAR-00' and hire_date <= '30- AUG-00';
SELECT last_name, first_name, hire_date
FROM employees
AND hire_date >= '01-MAR-00' and hire_date <= '30-AUG- 00';

Incorrect. See Section 17.


24. The EMPLOYEES table contains these columns:
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2(25)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2(25)
EMAIL VARCHAR2(50)
You are writing a SELECT statement to retrieve the names of employees that have an email
address.
SELECT last_name||', '||first_name "Employee Name"
FROM employees;
Which WHERE clause should you use to complete this statement?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
WHERE email = NULL;
WHERE email != NULL;
WHERE email IS NULL;
WHERE email IS NOT NULL; (*)
Correct.
25. The EMPLOYEES table contains these columns:
EMPLOYEE_ID NUMBER(9) PrimaryKey
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)

DEPARTMENT_ID NUMBER(5) NOT NULL


MANAGER_ID NUMBER(9) NOT NULL
Evaluate these two SELECT statements:
1. SELECT DISTINCT employee_id, department_id, manager_id FROM employees;
2. SELECT employee_id, department_id, manager_id FROM employees;
Which of the following statements is true?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
The two statements will display the same data. (*)
The first statement will display a particular DEPARTMENT_ID only once.
The first statement will NOT display values from all of the rows in the EMPLOYEES table
The second statement could display a unique combination of the EMPLOYEE_ID,
MANAGER_ID, and DEPARTMENT_ID values more than once.
Incorrect. See Section 17
26. You need write a SELECT statement that should only return rows that contain 34, 46, or
48 for the DEPARTMENT_ID column. Which operator should you use in the WHERE clause to
compare the DEPARTMENT_ID column to this specific list of values? Mark for Review
(1) Points
=
!=
IN (*)
BETWEEN..AND..
Correct.
27. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT *
FROM employees
WHERE department_id IN(10, 20, 30)
AND salary > 20000;
Which values would cause the logical condition to return TRUE?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
DEPARTMENT_ID = 10 and SALARY = 20000
DEPARTMENT_ID = 20 and SALARY = 20000
DEPARTMENT_ID = null and SALARY = 20001
DEPARTMENT_ID = 10 and SALARY = 20001 (*)

Correct. See Section 17


28. You want to determine the orders that have been placed by customers who reside in
Chicago. You write this partial SELECT statement:
SELECT orderid, orderdate, total
FROM orders;
What should you include in your SELECT statement to achieve the desired results?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
AND city = Chicago;
AND city = 'Chicago';
WHERE city = 'Chicago'; (*)
WHERE city = Chicago;
Correct.
29. If the EMPLOYEES table has the following columns, and you want to write a SELECT
statement to return the employee last name and department number for employee number
176, which of the following SQL statements should you use?
Name Type Length
EMPLOYEE_ID NUMBER 22
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2 20
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2 25
EMAIL VARCHAR2 25
PHONE_NUMBER VARCHAR2 20
SALARY NUMBER 22
COMMISSION_PCT NUMBER 22
MANAGER_ID NUMBER 22
DEPARTMENT_ID NUMBER 22
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT last_name, department_id
FROM employees
WHERE employee_id = 176;
(*)
SELECT last_name, department_id
FROM employees
WHERE employee_id equals 176;
SELECT first_name, employee_id
FROM employees
WHERE employee_id = 176;

SELECT last_name, employee_id


FROM employees
WHERE employee_id equals 176;

Correct.
30. You need to display all the employees whose last name starts with the letters Sm . Which
WHERE clause should you use? Mark for Review
(1) Points
WHERE last_name LIKE 'Sm%' (*)
WHERE last_name LIKE '%Sm'
WHERE last_name LIKE '_Sm'
WHERE last_name LIKE 'Sm_'
Correct. See Section 17
Test: Final Exam Semester 1

Review your answers, feedback, and question scores below. An asterisk (*) indicates a correct
answer.
Semester 1 Final Term Exam covers Sections 11-18 of Database Design.
Section 17
31. Which statement best describes how column headings are displayed by default in Oracle
Application Express: Mark for Review
(1) Points
Column headings are displayed left-justified and in lowercase.
Column headings are displayed left-justified and in uppercase.
Column headings are displayed centered and in uppercase. (*)
Column headings are displayed centered and in mixed case.
Correct. See Section 17
32. You need to display employees with salaries that are at least 30000 or higher. Which
comparison operator should you use? Mark for Review
(1) Points
>
"=>"

>= (*)
!=
Correct.
33. You need to display employees whose salary is in the range of 10000 through 25000 for
employees in department 50 . What does the WHERE clause look like? Mark for Review
(1) Points
WHERE department_id < 50
AND salary BETWEEN 10000 AND 25000
WHERE department_id > 50
AND salary BETWEEN 10000 AND 25000
WHERE department_id = 50
AND salary BETWEEN 25001 AND 10001
WHERE department_id = 50
AND salary BETWEEN 25000 AND 10000
(*)

Correct.
34. When using the LIKE condition to search for _ symbols, which character can you use as
the default ESCAPE option? Mark for Review
(1) Points
%
^
&
\ (*)
Correct.
35. What does the DISTINCT keyword do when it is used in a SELECT clause? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Hides NULL values
Eliminates all unique values and compares values
Eliminates duplicate rows in the result (*)

Eliminates only unique rows in the result


Correct. See Section 17
36. You need to display employees whose salary is in the range of 30000 and 50000. Which
comparison operator should you use? Mark for Review
(1) Points
IN
LIKE
BETWEEN...AND... (*)
IS NULL
Correct.

Section 18
37. Which comparison condition means "Less Than or Equal To?" Mark for Review
(1) Points
"=)"
"+<"
">="
"<=" (*)
Correct.
38. Which statement about the ORDER BY clause is true? Mark for Review
(1) Points
You can use a column alias in the ORDER BY clause. (*)
The default sort order of the ORDER BY clause is descending.
The ORDER BY clause can only contain columns that are included in the SELECT list.
The ORDER BY clause should immediately precede the FROM clause in a SELECT statement
Incorrect. See Section 18
39. The ORDER BY clause always comes last. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points

True (*)
False
Correct.
40. Which of the following best describes the meaning of the LIKE operator? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Display rows based on a range of values.
To test for values in a list.
Match a character pattern. (*)
To find Null values.
Correct.
Test: Final Exam Semester 1

Review your answers, feedback, and question scores below. An asterisk (*) indicates a correct
answer.
Semester 1 Final Term Exam covers Sections 11-18 of Database Design.
Section 18
41. Which of the following is TRUE regarding the logical AND operator? Mark for Review
(1) Points
TRUE AND TRUE return FALSE
TRUE AND FALSE return TRUE
FALSE AND TRUE return NULL
TRUE AND FALSE return FALSE (*)
Correct.
42. From left to right, what is the correct order of Precedence? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Arithmetic, Concatenation, Comparison, OR (*)
NOT, AND, OR, Arithmetic
Arithmetic, NOT, Logical, Comparison
Arithmetic, NOT, Concatenation, Logical

Correct.
43. The PLAYERS table contains these columns:
PLAYERS TABLE:
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
SALARY NUMBER(8,2)
TEAM_ID NUMBER(4)
MANAGER_ID NUMBER(9)
POSITION_ID NUMBER(4)
You want to display all players' names with position 6900 or greater. You want the players
names to be displayed alphabetically by last name and then by first name. Which statement
should you use to achieve the required results?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT last_name, first_name
FROM players
WHERE position_id >= 6900
ORDER BY last_name, first_name;
(*)
SELECT last_name, first_name
FROM players
WHERE position_id > 6900
ORDER BY last_name, first_name;
SELECT last_name, first_name
FROM players
WHERE position_id <= 6900
ORDER BY last_name, first_name;
SELECT last_name, first_name
FROM players
WHERE position_id >= 6900
ORDER BY last_name DESC, first_name;

Correct.
44. The PLAYERS table contains these columns:
PLAYERS TABLE:
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
SALARY NUMBER(8,2)
TEAM_ID NUMBER(4)
MANAGER_ID NUMBER(9)
POSITION_ID NUMBER(4)
You must display the player name, team id, and salary for players whose salary is in the range
from 25000 through 100000 and whose team id is in the range of 1200 through 1500. The
results must be sorted by team id from lowest to highest and then further sorted by salary
from highest to lowest. Which statement should you use to display the desired result?

Mark for Review


(1) Points
SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary
FROM players
WHERE (salary > 25000 OR salary < 100000)
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id, salary;
SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary
FROM players
WHERE salary BETWEEN 25000 AND 100000
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id, salary DESC;
(*)
SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary
FROM players
WHERE salary > 24999.99 AND salary < 100000
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id ASC, salary DESC;
SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary
FROM players
WHERE salary BETWEEN 24999.99 AND 100000.01
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id DESC, salary DESC;

Correct.
45. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT first_name, last_name, email
FROM employees
ORDER BY last_name;
Which statement is true?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
The rows will not be sorted.
The rows will be sorted alphabetically by the LAST_NAME values. (*)
The rows will be sorted in reverse alphabetical order by the LAST_NAME values.
The rows will be sorted alphabetically by the FIRST_NAME and then the LAST_NAME values
Correct.
46. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT last_name, first_name, department_id, manager_id

FROM employees;
You need to sort data by manager id values and then alphabetically by employee last name
and first name values. Which ORDER BY clause could you use?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
ORDER BY department_id, last_name
ORDER BY manager_id, last_name, first_name (*)
ORDER BY last_name, first_name, manager_id
ORDER BY manager_id, first_name, last_name
Correct.
47. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT *
FROM employees
WHERE department_id = 34
OR department_id = 45
OR department_id = 67;
Which operator is the equivalent of the OR conditions used in this SELECT statement?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
IN (*)
AND
LIKE
BETWEEN ... AND ...
Correct.
48. You query the database with this SQL statement:
SELECT price
FROM products
WHERE price IN(1, 25, 50, 250)
AND (price BETWEEN 25 AND 40 OR price > 50);
Which two values could the statement return? (Choose two.)
Mark for Review
(1) Points
(Choose all correct answers)
1
50
25 (*)

10
250 (*)
100
Correct.
49. You attempt to query the database with this SQL statement:
SELECT product_id "Product Number", category_id "Category", price "Price"
FROM products
WHERE "Category" = 5570
ORDER BY "Product Number";
This statement fails when executed. Which clause contains a syntax error?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT product_id "Product Number", category_id "Category", price "price"
ORDER BY "Product Number";
FROM products
WHERE "Category" = 5570 (*)
Correct.
50. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT last_name, first_name, salary
FROM employees;
How will the results of this query be sorted?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
The database will display the rows in whatever order it finds it in the database, so no
particular order. (*)
The results will be sorted ascending by the LAST_NAME column only.
The results will be sorted ascending by LAST_NAME and FIRST_NAME only.
The results will be sorted ascending by LAST_NAME, FIRST_NAME, and SALARY.
Correct.

1. What do you create when you transform a many to many relationship from your ER diagram
into a physical design? Mark for Review
(1) Points

Unique key constraints


Intersection entity
Intersection table (*)
Two tables with Foreign key constraints between them
Correct
2. The Oracle Database can implement a many to many relationship. You simply create two
foreign keys between the two tables. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
3. The transformation from an ER diagram to a physical design involves changing
terminology. Primary Unique Identifiers in the ER diagram become __________ and relationships
become ____________. Mark for Review
(1) Points
Foreign keys, Primary keys
Primary keys, Foreign keys (*)
Foreign keys, mandatory business rules
Unique Keys, Primary keys
Correct
4. In a physical data model, an attribute becomes a _____________. Mark for Review
(1) Points
Table
Foreign Key
Constraint
Column (*)
Correct
5. Attributes become tables in a database. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points

True
False (*)
Correct
6. When mapping supertypes, relationships at the supertype level transform as usual.
Relationships at subtype level are implemented as foreign keys, but the foreign key columns all
become mandatory. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
7. When translating an arc relationship to a physical design, you must turn the arc
relationships into foreign keys. Assuming you are implementing an Exclusive Design, you must
also create two Unique Key Constraints to ensure the Arc is implemented correctly. True or
False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
8. The explanation below is a User Defined integrity rule and must therefore be manually
coded, the Database cannot enforce this rule automatically:
A primary key must be unique, and no part of the primary key can be null. True or False?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
9. A table must have at least one candidate key, as well as its primary key. True or False?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct

10. If a primary key is a set of columns then one column must be null. True or False? Mark for
Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
11. A foreign key cannot refer to a primary key in the same table. True or False? Mark for
Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct

Section 13
12. What command can be used to create a new row in a table in the database? Mark for
Review
(1) Points
CREATE
NEW
ADD
INSERT (*)
Correct.
13. The _______ clause can be added to a SELECT statement to return a subset of the data.
Mark for Review
(1) Points
ANYWHERE
WHICH
WHERE (*)
EVERY
Correct.

Section 16
14. Which SQL statement will return an error? Mark for Review
(1) Points
SEL * FR sky; (*)
select star from sky;
SELECT star FROM sky;
SELECT * FROM sky;
Correct.
15. You query the database with this SQL statement:
SELECT *
FROM transaction
WHERE product_id = 4569;
Which SQL SELECT statement capabilities are achieved when this statement is executed?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Selection only (*)
Projection only
Selection and projection only
Projection, selection and joining
Incorrect. See Section 16
16. The EMPLOYEES table contains these columns:
SALARY NUMBER(7,2)
BONUS NUMBER(7,2)
COMMISSION_PCT NUMBER(2,2)
All three columns contain values greater than zero. There is one row of data in the table and
the values are as follows:
Salary = 500, Bonus = 50, Commission_pct = .5
Evaluate these two SQL statements:
1.
SELECT salary + bonus + commission_pct * salary - bonus AS income
FROM employees;
2.

SELECT (salary + bonus ) + commission_pct * (salary - bonus) income


FROM employees;
What will be the result?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Statement 1 will return a higher value than statement 2.
Statement 2 will return a higher value than statement 1. (*)
Statement 1 will display a different column heading.
One of the statements will NOT execute.
Incorrect. See Section 16
17. You query the database with this SQL statement:
SELECT * FROM students;
Why would you use this statement?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
To insert data
To view data (*)
To display the table structure
To delete data
Correct.
18. Which statement best describes how arithmetic expressions are handled? Mark for
Review
(1) Points
Addition operations are handled before any other operations.
Multiplication and subtraction operations are handled before any other operations.
Multiplication and addition operations are handled before subtraction and division
operations.
Division and multiplication operations are handled before subtraction and addition
operations. (*)
Correct.
19. In a SQL statement, which clause specifies one or more columns to be returned by the
query? Mark for Review
(1) Points

SELECT (*)
FROM
WHERE
Any of the above options, you can list columns wherever you want to in a SELECT statement.
Correct.
20. Which SQL keyword specifies that an alias will be substituted for a column name in the
output of a SQL query? Mark for Review
(1) Points
AS (*)
OR
AND
SUBSTITUTE
Correct.
21. Would it be a good idea to model age as an attribute of STUDENT? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Yes
Maybe it could stop us having to calculate someone's age every time we need it
Sometimes
No - it breaks the Normalization rules (*)
Correct
22. When is an entity in 2nd Normal Form? Mark for Review
(1) Points
When all non-UID attributes are dependent upon the entire UID. (*)
When no attritibutes are mutually independant and fully independent on the primary key.
When no attritibutes are mutually independent and all are fully dependent on the primary
key.
None of the Above.
Correct

Section 17
23. The STUDENT table contains these columns:
STUDENT_ID NUMBER(10) Primary Key
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2(25)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2(25)
MAIN_SUBJECT_ID NUMBER(3)
ADVISOR_ID NUMBER(5)
Evaluate this statement:
SELECT DISTINCT advisor_id, main_subject_id
FROM student;
Which statement is true?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Each ADVISOR_ID can be displayed only once.
Each MAIN_SUBJECT_ID can be displayed more than once per ADVISOR_ID. (*)
Each combination of ADVISOR_ID and MAIN_SUBJECT_ID can be displayed more than once.
Each MAIN_SUBJECT_ID can be displayed only once per query.
Correct. See Section 17
24. The EMPLOYEES table includes these columns:
EMPLOYEE_ID NUMBER(4) NOT NULL
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2(15) NOT NULL
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2(10) NOT NULL
HIRE_DATE DATE NOT NULL
You want to produce a report that provides the first names, last names and hire dates of those
employees who were hired between March 1, 2000, and August 30, 2000. Which statements
can you issue to accomplish this task?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT last_name, first_name, hire_date
FROM employees
WHERE hire_date BETWEEN '01-MAR-00' AND '30-AUG-00';
(*)
SELECT last_name, first_name, hire_date
FROM employees
WHERE hire_date BETWEEN '30-AUG-00' AND '01-MAR-00';
SELECT last_name, first_name, hire_date
FROM employees
GROUP BY hire_date >= '01-MAR-00' and hire_date <= '30- AUG-00';

SELECT last_name, first_name, hire_date


FROM employees
AND hire_date >= '01-MAR-00' and hire_date <= '30-AUG- 00';

Incorrect. See Section 17.


25. The EMPLOYEES table contains these columns:
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2(25)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2(25)
EMAIL VARCHAR2(50)
You are writing a SELECT statement to retrieve the names of employees that have an email
address.
SELECT last_name||', '||first_name "Employee Name"
FROM employees;
Which WHERE clause should you use to complete this statement?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
WHERE email = NULL;
WHERE email != NULL;
WHERE email IS NULL;
WHERE email IS NOT NULL; (*)
Correct.
26. Which of the following commands will display the last name concatenated with the job ID
from the employees table, separated by a comma and space, and label the resulting column
"Employee and Title"? Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT " last name" ||', '|| "job_id" + "Employee and Title" FROM employees;
SELECT last_name||', '|| job_id "Employee and Title" FROM employees; (*)
SELECT " last name" ||', '|| "job_id" + "Employee and Title" FROM emp;
SELECT last_name||","|| job_id "Employee and Title" FROM employees;
Correct. See Section 17
27. Which SELECT statement will display both unique and non-unique combinations of the
MANAGER_ID and DEPARTMENT_ID values from the EMPLOYEES table? Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT manager_id, department_id DISTINCT FROM employees;

SELECT manager_id, department_id FROM employees; (*)


SELECT DISTINCT manager_id, department_id FROM employees;
SELECT manager_id, DISTINCT department_id FROM employees;
Incorrect. See Section 17.
28. You need write a SELECT statement that should only return rows that contain 34, 46, or
48 for the DEPARTMENT_ID column. Which operator should you use in the WHERE clause to
compare the DEPARTMENT_ID column to this specific list of values? Mark for Review
(1) Points
=
!=
IN (*)
BETWEEN..AND..
Correct.
29. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT last_name, first_name, salary
FROM employees;
How will the heading for the SALARY column appear in the display by default in Oracle
Application Express?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
The heading will display with the first character capitalized and centered.
The heading will display with the first character capitalized and left justified.
The heading will display as uppercase and centered. (*)
The heading will display as uppercase and left justified.
Correct.
30. You need to display all the employees whose last name starts with the letters Sm . Which
WHERE clause should you use? Mark for Review
(1) Points
WHERE last_name LIKE 'Sm%' (*)
WHERE last_name LIKE '%Sm'
WHERE last_name LIKE '_Sm'
WHERE last_name LIKE 'Sm_'

Correct. See Section 17


31. Which comparison condition would you use to select rows that match a character pattern?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
IN
LIKE (*)
ALMOST
SIMILAR
Correct.
32. Which clause would you include in a SELECT statement to restrict the data returned to
only the employees in department 10? Mark for Review
(1) Points
WHERE (*)
FROM
SELECT
IS
Correct.
33. Where in a SQL statement can you not use arithmetic operators? Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT
FROM (*)
WHERE
NONE
Correct.
34. Which comparison operator searches for a specified character pattern? Mark for Review
(1) Points
IN
LIKE (*)
BETWEEN...AND...

IS NULL
Correct.
35. When using the LIKE condition, which symbol represents any sequence of none, one or
more characters? Mark for Review
(1) Points
_
% (*)
#
&
Correct.
36. Which symbol represents the not equal to condition? Mark for Review
(1) Points
#
'+'
!= (*)
~
Correct.

Section 18
37. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT employee_id, last_name, first_name, salary 'Yearly Salary'
FROM employees
WHERE salary IS NOT NULL
ORDER BY last_name, 3;
Which clause contains an error?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT employee_id, last_name, first_name, salary 'Yearly Salary' (*)
FROM employees
WHERE salary IS NOT NULL
ORDER BY last_name, 3;

Correct.
38. Evaluate this SQL statement:
SELECT product_id, product_name, price
FROM products
ORDER BY product_name, price;
What occurs when the statement is executed?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
The results are sorted numerically only.
The results are sorted alphabetically only.
The results are sorted numerically and then alphabetically.
The results are sorted alphabetically and then numerically. (*)
Correct.
39. You need to create a report to display all employees that were hired on or after January 1,
1996. The data should display in this format:
Employee Start Date and Salary
14837 - Smith 10-MAY-92 / 5000
Which SELECT statement could you use?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT employee_id || - || last_name "Employee",
hire_date || / || salary "Start Date and Salary"
FROM employees
WHERE hire_date <= '01-JAN-96';
SELECT employee_id ||' '|| last_name "Employee",
hire_date ||' '|| salary "Start Date and Salary"
FROM employees
WHERE hire_date <= '01-JAN-96';
SELECT employee_id ||'"- "|| last_name "Employee",
hire_date ||" / "|| salary "Start Date and Salary"
FROM employees
WHERE hire_date <= '01-JAN-96';
SELECT employee_id ||' - '|| last_name 'Employee',
hire_date ||' / '|| salary 'Start Date and Salary'
FROM employees
WHERE hire_date <= '01-JAN-96';

SELECT employee_id ||' - '|| last_name "Employee",


hire_date ||' / '|| salary "Start Date and Salary"
FROM employees
WHERE hire_date <= '01-JAN-96';
(*)

Incorrect! See Section 18.


40. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT last_name, first_name, department_id, manager_id
FROM employees;
You need to sort data by manager id values and then alphabetically by employee last name
and first name values. Which ORDER BY clause could you use?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
ORDER BY department_id, last_name
ORDER BY manager_id, last_name, first_name (*)
ORDER BY last_name, first_name, manager_id
ORDER BY manager_id, first_name, last_name
Correct.
41. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT *
FROM employees
WHERE department_id = 34
OR department_id = 45
OR department_id = 67;
Which operator is the equivalent of the OR conditions used in this SELECT statement?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
IN (*)
AND
LIKE
BETWEEN ... AND ...
Correct.
42. You query the database with this SQL statement:
SELECT price
FROM products
WHERE price IN(1, 25, 50, 250)

AND (price BETWEEN 25 AND 40 OR price > 50);


Which two values could the statement return? (Choose two.)
Mark for Review
(1) Points
(Choose all correct answers)
1
50
25 (*)
10
250 (*)
100
Correct.
43. The PLAYERS table contains these columns:
PLAYERS TABLE:
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
SALARY NUMBER(8,2)
TEAM_ID NUMBER(4)
MANAGER_ID NUMBER(9)
POSITION_ID NUMBER(4)
You must display the player name, team id, and salary for players whose salary is in the range
from 25000 through 100000 and whose team id is in the range of 1200 through 1500. The
results must be sorted by team id from lowest to highest and then further sorted by salary
from highest to lowest. Which statement should you use to display the desired result?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary
FROM players
WHERE (salary > 25000 OR salary < 100000)
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id, salary;
SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary
FROM players
WHERE salary BETWEEN 25000 AND 100000
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id, salary DESC;
(*)
SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary
FROM players
WHERE salary > 24999.99 AND salary < 100000
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id ASC, salary DESC;

SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary


FROM players
WHERE salary BETWEEN 24999.99 AND 100000.01
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id DESC, salary DESC;

Correct.
44. The PLAYERS table contains these columns:
PLAYERS TABLE:
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
SALARY NUMBER(8,2)
TEAM_ID NUMBER(4)
MANAGER_ID NUMBER(9)
POSITION_ID NUMBER(4)
You want to display all players' names with position 6900 or greater. You want the players
names to be displayed alphabetically by last name and then by first name. Which statement
should you use to achieve the required results?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT last_name, first_name
FROM players
WHERE position_id >= 6900
ORDER BY last_name, first_name;
(*)
SELECT last_name, first_name
FROM players
WHERE position_id > 6900
ORDER BY last_name, first_name;
SELECT last_name, first_name
FROM players
WHERE position_id <= 6900
ORDER BY last_name, first_name;
SELECT last_name, first_name
FROM players
WHERE position_id >= 6900
ORDER BY last_name DESC, first_name;

Correct.
45. You need to change the default sort order of the ORDER BY clause so that the data is
displayed in reverse alphabetical order. Which keyword should you include in the ORDER BY
clause? Mark for Review

(1) Points
DESC (*)
ASC
SORT
CHANGE
Correct.
46. Which statement about the logical operators is true? Mark for Review
(1) Points
The order of operator precedence is AND, OR, and NOT.
The order of operator precedence is AND, NOT, and OR.
The order of operator precedence is NOT, OR, and AND.
The order of operator precedence is NOT, AND, and OR. (*)
Correct.
47. The ORDER BY clause always comes last. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)
False
Correct.
48. Which of the following best describes the meaning of the LIKE operator? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Display rows based on a range of values.
To test for values in a list.
Match a character pattern. (*)
To find Null values.
Correct.
49. From left to right, what is the correct order of Precedence? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Arithmetic, Concatenation, Comparison, OR (*)

NOT, AND, OR, Arithmetic


Arithmetic, NOT, Logical, Comparison
Arithmetic, NOT, Concatenation, Logical
Correct.
50. Which statement about the ORDER BY clause is true? Mark for Review
(1) Points
You can use a column alias in the ORDER BY clause. (*)
The default sort order of the ORDER BY clause is descending.
The ORDER BY clause can only contain columns that are included in the SELECT list.
The ORDER BY clause should immediately precede the FROM clause in a SELECT statement
Incorrect. See Section 18

Test: Final Exam Semester 1

Review your answers, feedback, and question scores below. An asterisk (*) indicates a correct
answer.
Semester 1 Final Term Exam covers Sections 11-18 of Database Design.
Section 12
1. Why would this table name NOT work in an Oracle database? this_year_end+next_year
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Table names must begin with an alphabetic character
Too long
The Plus sign + is not allowed in object names (*)
None of the above
Correct
2. In an Oracle database, why would 1_TABLE not work as a table name? Mark for Review
(1) Points
The database does not understand all capital letters

There is no problem here. You can create a table called 1_TABLE.


Object names must not start with a number. They must begin with a letter (*)
TABLE is a reserved word
Incorrect. Refer to Section 12
3. Attributes become tables in a database. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
4. The explanation below is a User Defined integrity rule and must therefore be manually
coded, the Database cannot enforce this rule automatically:
A primary key must be unique, and no part of the primary key can be null. True or False?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
5. A table must have a primary key. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
6. The text below is an example of what constraint type:
The value in the manager_id column of the EMPLOYEES table must match a value in the
employee_id column in the EMPLOYEES table.
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Entity integrity
User-defined integrity
Column integrity

Referential integrity (*)


Correct
7. Foreign keys must be null. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
8. When translating an arc relationship to a physical design, you must turn the arc
relationships into foreign keys. Assuming you are implementing an Exclusive Design, you must
also create two Unique Key Constraints to ensure the Arc is implemented correctly. True or
False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
9. When mapping supertypes, relationships at the supertype level transform as usual.
Relationships at subtype level are implemented as foreign keys, but the foreign key columns all
become mandatory. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
10. The Oracle Database can implement a many to many relationship. You simply create two
foreign keys between the two tables. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct

Page 1 of 5

Test: Final Exam Semester 1

Review your answers, feedback, and question scores below. An asterisk (*) indicates a correct
answer.
Semester 1 Final Term Exam covers Sections 11-18 of Database Design.
Section 12
11. Many to many relationships are implemented via a structure called a: ________________
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Supertype
Intersection Table (*)
Intersection Entity
Subtype
Correct

Section 13
12. What command can be used to create a new row in a table in the database? Mark for
Review
(1) Points
CREATE
NEW
ADD
INSERT (*)
Correct.
13. The DESCRIBE command returns all rows from a table. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)
Correct.

Section 16
14. Would it be a good idea to model age as an attribute of STUDENT? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Yes
Maybe it could stop us having to calculate someone's age every time we need it
Sometimes
No - it breaks the Normalization rules (*)
Correct
15. When is an entity in 2nd Normal Form? Mark for Review
(1) Points
When all non-UID attributes are dependent upon the entire UID. (*)
When no attritibutes are mutually independant and fully independent on the primary key.
When no attritibutes are mutually independent and all are fully dependent on the primary
key.
None of the Above.
Correct
16. The SELECT statement retrieves information from the database. In a SELECT statement,
you can do all of the following EXCEPT: Mark for Review
(1) Points
Projection
Manipulation (*)
Joining
Selection
Correct.
17. What would you use in the SELECT clause to return all the columns in the table? Mark for
Review

(1) Points
An asterisk (*) (*)
A minus sign (-)
A plus sign (+)
The ALL keyword
Correct.
18. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT (salary * raise_percent) raise
FROM employees;
If the RAISE_PERCENT column only contains null values, what will the statement return?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Only zeroes
Only null values (*)
A null value or a zero depending on the value of the SALARY column
A null value or a numeric value depending on the value of the SALARY column
Correct.
19. In the default order of precedence, which operator would be evaluated first? Mark for
Review
(1) Points
Subtractions
Multiplications (*)
Additions
Divisions
Correct.
20. In which clause of a SELECT statement would you specify the name of the table or tables
being queried? Mark for Review
(1) Points
The FROM clause (*)
The SELECT clause
The WHERE clause

Any of the above options, you can list tables wherever you want to in a SELECT statement.
Correct.

Page 2 of 5

Test: Final Exam Semester 1

Review your answers, feedback, and question scores below. An asterisk (*) indicates a correct
answer.
Semester 1 Final Term Exam covers Sections 11-18 of Database Design.
Section 16
21. Which SQL keyword specifies that an alias will be substituted for a column name in the
output of a SQL query? Mark for Review
(1) Points
AS (*)
OR
AND
SUBSTITUTE
Correct.
22. You query the database with this SQL statement:
SELECT *
FROM transaction
WHERE product_id = 4569;
Which SQL SELECT statement capabilities are achieved when this statement is executed?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Selection only (*)
Projection only
Selection and projection only
Projection, selection and joining

Correct.

Section 17
23. Which comparison operator searches for a specified character pattern? Mark for Review
(1) Points
IN
LIKE (*)
BETWEEN...AND...
IS NULL
Correct.
24. You need to display employees whose salary is in the range of 30000 and 50000. Which
comparison operator should you use? Mark for Review
(1) Points
IN
LIKE
BETWEEN...AND... (*)
IS NULL
Correct.
25. Which comparison condition would you use to select rows that match a character
pattern? Mark for Review
(1) Points
IN
LIKE (*)
ALMOST
SIMILAR
Correct.
26. The Concatenation Operator does which of the following? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Links rows of data together inside the database.

Links two or more columns or literals to form a single output column (*)
Is represented by the asterisk (*) symbol
Separates columns.
Correct. See Section 17
27. You need to combine the FIRST_NAME and LAST_NAME columns in the EMPLOYEES table
and display the columns as a combined character string. Which operator should you use? Mark
for Review
(1) Points
+
|
|| (*)
AND
Correct. See Section 17
28. Where in a SQL statement can you not use arithmetic operators? Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT
FROM (*)
WHERE
NONE
Correct.
29. The STUDENT table contains these columns:
STUDENT_ID NUMBER(10) Primary Key
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2(25)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2(25)
MAIN_SUBJECT_ID NUMBER(3)
ADVISOR_ID NUMBER(5)
Evaluate this statement:
SELECT DISTINCT advisor_id, main_subject_id
FROM student;
Which statement is true?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Each ADVISOR_ID can be displayed only once.

Each MAIN_SUBJECT_ID can be displayed more than once per ADVISOR_ID. (*)
Each combination of ADVISOR_ID and MAIN_SUBJECT_ID can be displayed more than once.
Each MAIN_SUBJECT_ID can be displayed only once per query.
Correct. See Section 17
30. The EMPLOYEES table includes these columns:
EMPLOYEE_ID NUMBER(4) NOT NULL
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2(15) NOT NULL
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2(10) NOT NULL
HIRE_DATE DATE NOT NULL
You want to produce a report that provides the first names, last names and hire dates of those
employees who were hired between March 1, 2000, and August 30, 2000. Which statements
can you issue to accomplish this task?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT last_name, first_name, hire_date
FROM employees
WHERE hire_date BETWEEN '01-MAR-00' AND '30-AUG-00';
(*)
SELECT last_name, first_name, hire_date
FROM employees
WHERE hire_date BETWEEN '30-AUG-00' AND '01-MAR-00';
SELECT last_name, first_name, hire_date
FROM employees
GROUP BY hire_date >= '01-MAR-00' and hire_date <= '30- AUG-00';
SELECT last_name, first_name, hire_date
FROM employees
AND hire_date >= '01-MAR-00' and hire_date <= '30-AUG- 00';

Correct.

Page 3 of 5

Test: Final Exam Semester 1

Review your answers, feedback, and question scores below. An asterisk (*) indicates a correct
answer.
Semester 1 Final Term Exam covers Sections 11-18 of Database Design.
Section 17
31. The PRODUCT table contains these columns:
PRODUCT_ID NUMBER(9)
DESCRIPTION VARCHAR2(20)
COST NUMBER(5,2)
LOCATION_ID VARCHAR2(10)
You want to display product costs with these desired results: 1. The cost displayed for each
product is increased by 10 percent. 2. The product location id must be 4859, 9789, or 9898. 3.
Ten percent of the original cost is less than $10. Which statement should you issue?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT product_id, cost * 1.10
FROM product
WHERE cost * .10 < 10.00
AND location_id IN (4859, 9789, 9898);
(*)
SELECT product_id, cost * .10
FROM product
WHERE cost * 1.10 > 10.00
AND location_id IN (4859, 9789, 9898);
SELECT product_id, cost * 1.10
FROM product
WHERE cost * 1.10 < 10.00
AND location_id = (4859, 9789, 9898);
SELECT product_id, cost * 1.10
FROM product
WHERE cost * .10 > 10.00
AND location_id = (4859, 9789, 9898);

Correct. See Section 17


32. You want to determine the orders that have been placed by customers who reside in
Chicago. You write this partial SELECT statement:
SELECT orderid, orderdate, total
FROM orders;
What should you include in your SELECT statement to achieve the desired results?
Mark for Review
(1) Points

AND city = Chicago;


AND city = 'Chicago';
WHERE city = 'Chicago'; (*)
WHERE city = Chicago;
Correct.
33. You need to display all the employees whose last name starts with the letters Sm . Which
WHERE clause should you use? Mark for Review
(1) Points
WHERE last_name LIKE 'Sm%' (*)
WHERE last_name LIKE '%Sm'
WHERE last_name LIKE '_Sm'
WHERE last_name LIKE 'Sm_'
Correct. See Section 17
34. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT *
FROM employees
WHERE department_id IN(10, 20, 30)
AND salary > 20000;
Which values would cause the logical condition to return TRUE?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
DEPARTMENT_ID = 10 and SALARY = 20000
DEPARTMENT_ID = 20 and SALARY = 20000
DEPARTMENT_ID = null and SALARY = 20001
DEPARTMENT_ID = 10 and SALARY = 20001 (*)
Correct. See Section 17
35. You need to display all the values in the EMAIL column that contains the underscore (_)
character as part of that email address. The WHERE clause in your SELECT statement contains
the LIKE operator. What must you include in the LIKE operator? Mark for Review
(1) Points
The ESCAPE option (\) and one or more percent signs (%)
The (+) operator

A percent sign (%)


The ESCAPE option (\) (*)
Correct. See Section 17
36. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT last_name, first_name, salary
FROM employees;
How will the heading for the SALARY column appear in the display by default in Oracle
Application Express?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
The heading will display with the first character capitalized and centered.
The heading will display with the first character capitalized and left justified.
The heading will display as uppercase and centered. (*)
The heading will display as uppercase and left justified.
Correct.

Section 18
37. Which statement about the ORDER BY clause is true? Mark for Review
(1) Points
You can use a column alias in the ORDER BY clause. (*)
The default sort order of the ORDER BY clause is descending.
The ORDER BY clause can only contain columns that are included in the SELECT list.
The ORDER BY clause should immediately precede the FROM clause in a SELECT statement
Correct.
38. Which logical operator returns TRUE if either condition is true? Mark for Review
(1) Points
OR (*)
AND
NOT
BOTH

Correct.
39. Which clause would you include in a SELECT statement to sort the rows returned by the
LAST_NAME column? Mark for Review
(1) Points
ORDER BY (*)
WHERE
FROM
HAVING
Correct.
40. Which comparison condition means "Less Than or Equal To?" Mark for Review
(1) Points
"=)"
"+<"
">="
"<=" (*)
Correct.

Page 4 of 5

Test: Final Exam Semester 1

Review your answers, feedback, and question scores below. An asterisk (*) indicates a correct
answer.
Semester 1 Final Term Exam covers Sections 11-18 of Database Design.
Section 18
41. Which of the following best describes the meaning of the LIKE operator? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Display rows based on a range of values.

To test for values in a list.


Match a character pattern. (*)
To find Null values.
Correct.
42. From left to right, what is the correct order of Precedence? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Arithmetic, Concatenation, Comparison, OR (*)
NOT, AND, OR, Arithmetic
Arithmetic, NOT, Logical, Comparison
Arithmetic, NOT, Concatenation, Logical
Correct.
43. The PLAYERS table contains these columns:
PLAYERS TABLE:
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
SALARY NUMBER(8,2)
TEAM_ID NUMBER(4)
MANAGER_ID NUMBER(9)
POSITION_ID NUMBER(4)
You must display the player name, team id, and salary for players whose salary is in the range
from 25000 through 100000 and whose team id is in the range of 1200 through 1500. The
results must be sorted by team id from lowest to highest and then further sorted by salary
from highest to lowest. Which statement should you use to display the desired result?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary
FROM players
WHERE (salary > 25000 OR salary < 100000)
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id, salary;
SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary
FROM players
WHERE salary BETWEEN 25000 AND 100000
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id, salary DESC;
(*)
SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary
FROM players
WHERE salary > 24999.99 AND salary < 100000
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500

ORDER BY team_id ASC, salary DESC;


SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary
FROM players
WHERE salary BETWEEN 24999.99 AND 100000.01
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id DESC, salary DESC;

Correct.
44. Evaluate this SQL statement:
SELECT e.employee_id, e.last_name, e.first_name, m.manager_id
FROM employees e, employees m
ORDER BY e.last_name, e.first_name
WHERE e.employee_id = m.manager_id;
This statement fails when executed. Which change will correct the problem?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Reorder the clauses in the query. (*)
Remove the table aliases in the WHERE clause.
Remove the table aliases in the ORDER BY clause.
Include a HAVING clause.
Correct.
45. What value will the following SQL statement return?
SELECT employee_id
FROM employees
WHERE employee_id BETWEEN 100 AND 150
OR employee_id IN(119, 175, 205)
AND (employee_id BETWEEN 150 AND 200);
Mark for Review
(1) Points
19
No rows will be returned
100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 107, 124, 141, 142, 143, 144, 149 (*)
200, 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206
Correct.
46. Evaluate this SELECT statement:

SELECT last_name, first_name, email


FROM employees
ORDER BY email;
If the EMAIL column contains null values, which statement is true?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Null email values will be displayed first in the result.
Null email values will be displayed last in the result. (*)
Null email values will not be displayed in the result.
The result will not be sorted.
Correct.
47. Evaluate this SQL statement:
SELECT product_id, product_name, price
FROM products
ORDER BY product_name, price;
What occurs when the statement is executed?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
The results are sorted numerically only.
The results are sorted alphabetically only.
The results are sorted numerically and then alphabetically.
The results are sorted alphabetically and then numerically. (*)
Correct.
48. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT last_name, first_name, department_id, manager_id
FROM employees;
You need to sort data by manager id values and then alphabetically by employee last name
and first name values. Which ORDER BY clause could you use?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
ORDER BY department_id, last_name
ORDER BY manager_id, last_name, first_name (*)
ORDER BY last_name, first_name, manager_id
ORDER BY manager_id, first_name, last_name

Correct.
49. You query the database with this SQL statement:
SELECT price
FROM products
WHERE price IN(1, 25, 50, 250)
AND (price BETWEEN 25 AND 40 OR price > 50);
Which two values could the statement return? (Choose two.)
Mark for Review
(1) Points
(Choose all correct answers)
1
50
25 (*)
10
250 (*)
100
Correct.
50. Which SELECT statement should you use to limit the display of product information to
those products with a price of less than 50? Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT product_id, product_name
FROM products
WHERE price < 50;
(*)
SELECT product_id, product_name
FROM products
HAVING price < 50;
SELECT product_id, product_name
FROM products
WHERE price <= 50;
SELECT product_id, product_name
FROM products
GROUP BY price < 50;
SELECT product_id, product_name
FROM products
WHERE price < 50.00

GROUP BY price;

Correct.

Page 5 of 5

Test: Final Exam Semester 1

Review your answers, feedback, and question scores below. An asterisk (*) indicates a correct
answer.
Semester 1 Final Term Exam covers Sections 11-18 of Database Design.
Section 12
1. What do you create when you transform a many to many relationship from your ER
diagram into a physical design? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Unique key constraints
Intersection entity
Intersection table (*)
Two tables with Foreign key constraints between them
Correct
2. Many to many relationships are implemented via a structure called a: ________________
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Supertype
Intersection Table (*)
Intersection Entity
Subtype
Correct

3. An "Arc Implementation" can be done just like any other Relationship - you simply add the
required Foreign Keys. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
4. When translating an arc relationship to a physical design, you must turn the arc
relationships into foreign keys. Assuming you are implementing an Exclusive Design, you must
also create two Unique Key Constraints to ensure the Arc is implemented correctly. True or
False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
5. A foreign key cannot refer to a primary key in the same table. True or False? Mark for
Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
6. A table must have a primary key. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Incorrect. Refer to Section 12
7. Identify all of the incorrect statements that complete this sentence: A primary key is:
(Choose three) Mark for Review
(1) Points
(Choose all correct answers)
A single column that uniquely identifies each column in a table (*)

One or more columns in a table that uniquely identifies each row in that table
A set of columns in one table that uniquely identifies each row in another table (*)
Only one column that must be null (*)
Correct
8. The explanation below is a User Defined integrity rule and must therefore be manually
coded, the Database cannot enforce this rule automatically:
A primary key must be unique, and no part of the primary key can be null. True or False?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Incorrect. Refer to Section 12
9. The transformation from an ER diagram to a physical design involves changing
terminology. Primary Unique Identifiers in the ER diagram become __________ and relationships
become ____________. Mark for Review
(1) Points
Foreign keys, Primary keys
Primary keys, Foreign keys (*)
Foreign keys, mandatory business rules
Unique Keys, Primary keys
Correct
10. Why would this table name NOT work in an Oracle database? this_year_end+next_year
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Table names must begin with an alphabetic character
Too long
The Plus sign + is not allowed in object names (*)
None of the above
Correct

Page 1 of 5

Test: Final Exam Semester 1

Review your answers, feedback, and question scores below. An asterisk (*) indicates a correct
answer.
Semester 1 Final Term Exam covers Sections 11-18 of Database Design.
Section 12
11. In an Oracle database, why would 1_TABLE not work as a table name? Mark for Review
(1) Points
The database does not understand all capital letters
There is no problem here. You can create a table called 1_TABLE.
Object names must not start with a number. They must begin with a letter (*)
TABLE is a reserved word
Incorrect. Refer to Section 12

Section 13
12. What command will return data from the database to you? Mark for Review
(1) Points
FETCH
GET
SELECT (*)
RETURN
Correct.
13. The _______ clause can be added to a SELECT statement to return a subset of the data.
Mark for Review
(1) Points
ANYWHERE
WHICH
WHERE (*)

EVERY
Correct.

Section 16
14. In which clause of a SELECT statement would you specify the name of the table or tables
being queried? Mark for Review
(1) Points
The FROM clause (*)
The SELECT clause
The WHERE clause
Any of the above options, you can list tables wherever you want to in a SELECT statement.
Correct.
15. In a SELECT clause, what is the result of 2 + 3 * 2? Mark for Review
(1) Points
6
8 (*)
10
13
Correct.
16. What would you use in the SELECT clause to return all the columns in the table? Mark for
Review
(1) Points
An asterisk (*) (*)
A minus sign (-)
A plus sign (+)
The ALL keyword
Correct.
17. In the default order of precedence, which operator would be evaluated first? Mark for
Review

(1) Points
Subtractions
Multiplications (*)
Additions
Divisions
Correct.
18. You query the database with this SQL statement:
SELECT * FROM students;
Why would you use this statement?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
To insert data
To view data (*)
To display the table structure
To delete data
Correct.
19. When you use the SELECT clause to list one or two columns only from a table and no
WHERE clause, which SQL capability is used? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Joining only
Selection only
Projection only (*)
Projection and Selection
Correct.
20. If a SQL statement returns data from two or more tables, which SQL capability is being
used? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Selection
Projection
Joining (*)

Insertion
Correct.

Page 2 of 5

Test: Final Exam Semester 1

Review your answers, feedback, and question scores below. An asterisk (*) indicates a correct
answer.
Semester 1 Final Term Exam covers Sections 11-18 of Database Design.
Section 16
21. Any Non-UID must be dependant on the entire UID. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)
False
Incorrect. Refer to Section 6
22. When is an entity in 2nd Normal Form? Mark for Review
(1) Points
When all non-UID attributes are dependent upon the entire UID. (*)
When no attritibutes are mutually independant and fully independent on the primary key.
When no attritibutes are mutually independent and all are fully dependent on the primary
key.
None of the Above.
Correct

Section 17
23. You want to retrieve a list of customers whose last names begin with the letters Fr .
Which keyword should you include in the WHERE clause of your SELECT statement to achieve
the desired result? Mark for Review
(1) Points

AND
IN
BETWEEN
LIKE (*)
Correct. See Section 17
24. You want to retrieve a list of customers whose last names begin with the letters Fr .
Which symbol should you include in the WHERE clause of your SELECT statement to achieve
the desired result? Mark for Review
(1) Points
% (*)
~
#
*
Correct. See Section 17
25. If the EMPLOYEES table has the following columns, and you want to write a SELECT
statement to return the employee last name and department number for employee number
176, which of the following SQL statements should you use?
Name Type Length
EMPLOYEE_ID NUMBER 22
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2 20
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2 25
EMAIL VARCHAR2 25
PHONE_NUMBER VARCHAR2 20
SALARY NUMBER 22
COMMISSION_PCT NUMBER 22
MANAGER_ID NUMBER 22
DEPARTMENT_ID NUMBER 22
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT last_name, department_id
FROM employees
WHERE employee_id = 176;
(*)
SELECT last_name, department_id
FROM employees
WHERE employee_id equals 176;
SELECT first_name, employee_id

FROM employees
WHERE employee_id = 176;
SELECT last_name, employee_id
FROM employees
WHERE employee_id equals 176;

Correct.
26. You need to display all the employees whose last name starts with the letters Sm . Which
WHERE clause should you use? Mark for Review
(1) Points
WHERE last_name LIKE 'Sm%' (*)
WHERE last_name LIKE '%Sm'
WHERE last_name LIKE '_Sm'
WHERE last_name LIKE 'Sm_'
Correct. See Section 17
27. You want to determine the orders that have been placed by customers who reside in
Chicago. You write this partial SELECT statement:
SELECT orderid, orderdate, total
FROM orders;
What should you include in your SELECT statement to achieve the desired results?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
AND city = Chicago;
AND city = 'Chicago';
WHERE city = 'Chicago'; (*)
WHERE city = Chicago;
Correct.
28. The STUDENT table contains these columns:
STUDENT_ID NUMBER(10) Primary Key
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2(25)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2(25)
MAIN_SUBJECT_ID NUMBER(3)
ADVISOR_ID NUMBER(5)
Evaluate this statement:
SELECT DISTINCT advisor_id, main_subject_id

FROM student;
Which statement is true?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Each ADVISOR_ID can be displayed only once.
Each MAIN_SUBJECT_ID can be displayed more than once per ADVISOR_ID. (*)
Each combination of ADVISOR_ID and MAIN_SUBJECT_ID can be displayed more than once.
Each MAIN_SUBJECT_ID can be displayed only once per query.
Correct. See Section 17
29. You want to create a report that displays all employees who were hired before January 1,
2000 and whose annual salaries are greater than 50000.
The EMPLOYEES table contains these columns:
EMPLOYEE_ID VARCHAR2(5) PRIMARY KEY
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2(35)
HIREDATE DATE
DEPARTMENT_ID NUMBER(4)
The SALARY table contains these columns:
SALARYID VARCHAR2(5) PRIMARY KEY
SALARY NUMBER(5, 2)
EMPLOYEE_ID VARCHAR2(5) FOREIGN KEY
Which query should you issue?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT last_name, hiredate, salary
FROM employees NATURAL JOIN salary USING employee_id
WHERE hiredate < 01-jan-00 AND salary > 50000;
SELECT last_name, hiredate, salary
FROM employees JOIN salary
ON employee_id = employee_id
WHERE hiredate < '01-jan-00' AND salary > 50000;
SELECT last_name, hiredate, salary
FROM employees NATURAL JOIN salary
WHERE hiredate < '01-jan-00' AND salary > 50000;
(*)
SELECT last_name, hiredate, salary
FROM employees (+) salary
WHERE hiredate < '01-jan-00' AND salary > 50000;

Incorrect
30. The EMPLOYEES table includes these columns:
EMPLOYEE_ID NUMBER(4) NOT NULL
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2(15) NOT NULL
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2(10) NOT NULL
HIRE_DATE DATE NOT NULL
You want to produce a report that provides the first names, last names and hire dates of those
employees who were hired between March 1, 2000, and August 30, 2000. Which statements
can you issue to accomplish this task?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT last_name, first_name, hire_date
FROM employees
WHERE hire_date BETWEEN '01-MAR-00' AND '30-AUG-00';
(*)
SELECT last_name, first_name, hire_date
FROM employees
WHERE hire_date BETWEEN '30-AUG-00' AND '01-MAR-00';
SELECT last_name, first_name, hire_date
FROM employees
GROUP BY hire_date >= '01-MAR-00' and hire_date <= '30- AUG-00';
SELECT last_name, first_name, hire_date
FROM employees
AND hire_date >= '01-MAR-00' and hire_date <= '30-AUG- 00';

Correct.

Page 3 of 5
Test: Final Exam Semester 1

Review your answers, feedback, and question scores below. An asterisk (*) indicates a correct
answer.
Semester 1 Final Term Exam covers Sections 11-18 of Database Design.
Section 17
31. Which of the following elements cannot be included in a WHERE clause? Mark for Review
(1) Points

A column alias (*)


A column name
A comparison condition
A constant
Correct.
32. Which comparison operator searches for a specified character pattern? Mark for Review
(1) Points
IN
LIKE (*)
BETWEEN...AND...
IS NULL
Correct.
33. The Concatenation Operator does which of the following? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Links rows of data together inside the database.
Links two or more columns or literals to form a single output column (*)
Is represented by the asterisk (*) symbol
Separates columns.
Correct. See Section 17
34. You need to display employees whose salary is in the range of 10000 through 25000 for
employees in department 50 . What does the WHERE clause look like? Mark for Review
(1) Points
WHERE department_id < 50
AND salary BETWEEN 10000 AND 25000
WHERE department_id > 50
AND salary BETWEEN 10000 AND 25000
WHERE department_id = 50
AND salary BETWEEN 25001 AND 10001

WHERE department_id = 50
AND salary BETWEEN 25000 AND 10000
(*)

Correct.
35. Which operator is used to combine columns of character strings to other columns? Mark
for Review
(1) Points
*
/
+
|| (*)
Correct. See Section 17
36. Where in a SQL statement can you not use arithmetic operators? Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT
FROM (*)
WHERE
NONE
Correct.

Section 18
37. Which statement about the default sort order is true? Mark for Review
(1) Points
The lowest numeric values are displayed last.
The earliest date values are displayed first. (*)
Null values are displayed first.
Character values are displayed in reverse alphabetical order.
Correct.

38. Which clause would you include in a SELECT statement to sort the rows returned by the
LAST_NAME column? Mark for Review
(1) Points
ORDER BY (*)
WHERE
FROM
HAVING
Correct.
39. From left to right, what is the correct order of Precedence? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Arithmetic, Concatenation, Comparison, OR (*)
NOT, AND, OR, Arithmetic
Arithmetic, NOT, Logical, Comparison
Arithmetic, NOT, Concatenation, Logical
Correct.
40. Which comparison condition means "Less Than or Equal To?" Mark for Review
(1) Points
"=)"
"+<"
">="
"<=" (*)
Correct.

Page 4 of 5
Test: Final Exam Semester 1

Review your answers, feedback, and question scores below. An asterisk (*) indicates a correct
answer.
Semester 1 Final Term Exam covers Sections 11-18 of Database Design.

Section 18
41. The ORDER BY clause always comes last. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)
False
Correct.
42. Which statement about the logical operators is true? Mark for Review
(1) Points
The order of operator precedence is AND, OR, and NOT.
The order of operator precedence is AND, NOT, and OR.
The order of operator precedence is NOT, OR, and AND.
The order of operator precedence is NOT, AND, and OR. (*)
Correct.
43. What value will the following SQL statement return?
SELECT employee_id
FROM employees
WHERE employee_id BETWEEN 100 AND 150
OR employee_id IN(119, 175, 205)
AND (employee_id BETWEEN 150 AND 200);
Mark for Review
(1) Points
19
No rows will be returned
100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 107, 124, 141, 142, 143, 144, 149 (*)
200, 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206
Correct.
44. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT first_name, last_name, email
FROM employees
ORDER BY last_name;
Which statement is true?
Mark for Review
(1) Points

The rows will not be sorted.


The rows will be sorted alphabetically by the LAST_NAME values. (*)
The rows will be sorted in reverse alphabetical order by the LAST_NAME values.
The rows will be sorted alphabetically by the FIRST_NAME and then the LAST_NAME values
Correct.
45. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT last_name, first_name, salary
FROM employees;
How will the results of this query be sorted?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
The database will display the rows in whatever order it finds it in the database, so no
particular order. (*)
The results will be sorted ascending by the LAST_NAME column only.
The results will be sorted ascending by LAST_NAME and FIRST_NAME only.
The results will be sorted ascending by LAST_NAME, FIRST_NAME, and SALARY.
Correct.
46. Evaluate this SQL statement:
SELECT product_id, product_name, price
FROM products
ORDER BY product_name, price;
What occurs when the statement is executed?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
The results are sorted numerically only.
The results are sorted alphabetically only.
The results are sorted numerically and then alphabetically.
The results are sorted alphabetically and then numerically. (*)
Correct.
47. Which SELECT statement should you use to limit the display of product information to
those products with a price of less than 50? Mark for Review
(1) Points

SELECT product_id, product_name


FROM products
WHERE price < 50;
(*)
SELECT product_id, product_name
FROM products
HAVING price < 50;
SELECT product_id, product_name
FROM products
WHERE price <= 50;
SELECT product_id, product_name
FROM products
GROUP BY price < 50;
SELECT product_id, product_name
FROM products
WHERE price < 50.00
GROUP BY price;

Correct.
48. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT employee_id, last_name, first_name, salary 'Yearly Salary'
FROM employees
WHERE salary IS NOT NULL
ORDER BY last_name, 3;
Which clause contains an error?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT employee_id, last_name, first_name, salary 'Yearly Salary' (*)
FROM employees
WHERE salary IS NOT NULL
ORDER BY last_name, 3;
Incorrect! See Section 18.
49. Evaluate this SQL statement:
SELECT e.employee_id, e.last_name, e.first_name, m.manager_id
FROM employees e, employees m
ORDER BY e.last_name, e.first_name
WHERE e.employee_id = m.manager_id;

This statement fails when executed. Which change will correct the problem?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Reorder the clauses in the query. (*)
Remove the table aliases in the WHERE clause.
Remove the table aliases in the ORDER BY clause.
Include a HAVING clause.
Correct.
50. The PLAYERS table contains these columns:
PLAYERS TABLE:
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
SALARY NUMBER(8,2)
TEAM_ID NUMBER(4)
MANAGER_ID NUMBER(9)
POSITION_ID NUMBER(4)
You want to display all players' names with position 6900 or greater. You want the players
names to be displayed alphabetically by last name and then by first name. Which statement
should you use to achieve the required results?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT last_name, first_name
FROM players
WHERE position_id >= 6900
ORDER BY last_name, first_name;
(*)
SELECT last_name, first_name
FROM players
WHERE position_id > 6900
ORDER BY last_name, first_name;
SELECT last_name, first_name
FROM players
WHERE position_id <= 6900
ORDER BY last_name, first_name;
SELECT last_name, first_name
FROM players
WHERE position_id >= 6900
ORDER BY last_name DESC, first_name;

Correct.

Page 5 of 5

Section 12
1. When mapping supertypes, relationships at the supertype level transform as usual.
Relationships at subtype level are implemented as foreign keys, but the foreign key columns all
become mandatory. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
2. An "Arc Implementation" can be done just like any other Relationship - you simply add the
required Foreign Keys. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
3. The explanation below is a column integrity constraint:
A column must contain only values consistent with the defined data format of the column. True
or False?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)
False
Correct
4. The text below is an example of what constraint type:
If the number of BOOKS lent to a BORROWER in the LIBRARY exceeds 5, then we must send
him/her a letter requesting the return of the BOOKS, which will require extra programming to
enforce.
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Entity integrity
User-defined integrity (*)

Column integrity
Referential integrity
Correct
5. The text below is an example of what constraint type:
The value in the manager_id column of the EMPLOYEES table must match a value in the
employee_id column in the EMPLOYEES table.
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Entity integrity
User-defined integrity
Column integrity
Referential integrity (*)
Correct
6. A table must have at least one candidate key, as well as its primary key. True or False?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
7. Many to many relationships are implemented via a structure called a: ________________
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Supertype
Intersection Table (*)
Intersection Entity
Subtype
Correct
8. It is possible to implement non-transferability via a simple Foreign Key Relationship. True
or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)
Correct
9. In a physical data model, a relationship is represented as a combination of: (Choose Two)
Mark for Review
(1) Points
(Choose all correct answers)
Column
Primary Key or Unique Key (*)
Check Constraint or Unique Key
Foreign Key (*)
Correct
10. The transformation from an ER diagram to a physical design involves changing
terminology. Primary Unique Identifiers in the ER diagram become __________ and relationships
become ____________. Mark for Review
(1) Points
Foreign keys, Primary keys
Primary keys, Foreign keys (*)
Foreign keys, mandatory business rules
Unique Keys, Primary keys
Correct
Section 12
11. In an Oracle database, why would 1_TABLE not work as a table name? Mark for Review
(1) Points
The database does not understand all capital letters
There is no problem here. You can create a table called 1_TABLE.
Object names must not start with a number. They must begin with a letter (*)
TABLE is a reserved word
Incorrect. Refer to Section 12

Section 13
12. The _______ clause can be added to a SELECT statement to return a subset of the data.
Mark for Review
(1) Points
ANYWHERE
WHICH
WHERE (*)
EVERY
Correct.
13. The DESCRIBE command returns all rows from a table. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct.

Section 16
14. Any Non-UID must be dependant on the entire UID. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)
False
Correct
15. When is an entity in 2nd Normal Form? Mark for Review
(1) Points
When all non-UID attributes are dependent upon the entire UID. (*)
When no attritibutes are mutually independant and fully independent on the primary key.
When no attritibutes are mutually independent and all are fully dependent on the primary
key.
None of the Above.

Correct
16. In a SELECT clause, what is the result of 2 + 3 * 2? Mark for Review
(1) Points
6
8 (*)
10
13
Correct.
17. You query the database with this SQL statement:
SELECT *
FROM transaction
WHERE product_id = 4569;
Which SQL SELECT statement capabilities are achieved when this statement is executed?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Selection only (*)
Projection only
Selection and projection only
Projection, selection and joining
Incorrect. See Section 16
18. The SELECT statement retrieves information from the database. In a SELECT statement,
you can do all of the following EXCEPT: Mark for Review
(1) Points
Projection
Manipulation (*)
Joining
Selection
Correct.
19. When listing columns in the SELECT list, what should you use to separate the columns?
Mark for Review
(1) Points

Commas (*)
Semicolons
Dashes
Underscores
Correct.
20. When you use the SELECT clause to list one or two columns only from a table and no
WHERE clause, which SQL capability is used? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Joining only
Selection only
Projection only (*)
Projection and Selection
Correct.
21. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT (salary * raise_percent) raise
FROM employees;
If the RAISE_PERCENT column only contains null values, what will the statement return?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Only zeroes
Only null values (*)
A null value or a zero depending on the value of the SALARY column
A null value or a numeric value depending on the value of the SALARY column
Correct.
22. If a SQL statement returns data from two or more tables, which SQL capability is being
used? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Selection
Projection
Joining (*)
Insertion

Correct.

Section 17
23. The EMPLOYEES table contains these columns:
EMPLOYEE_ID NUMBER(9) PrimaryKey
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
DEPARTMENT_ID NUMBER(5) NOT NULL
MANAGER_ID NUMBER(9) NOT NULL
Evaluate these two SELECT statements:
1. SELECT DISTINCT employee_id, department_id, manager_id FROM employees;
2. SELECT employee_id, department_id, manager_id FROM employees;
Which of the following statements is true?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
The two statements will display the same data. (*)
The first statement will display a particular DEPARTMENT_ID only once.
The first statement will NOT display values from all of the rows in the EMPLOYEES table
The second statement could display a unique combination of the EMPLOYEE_ID,
MANAGER_ID, and DEPARTMENT_ID values more than once.
Incorrect. See Section 17
24. The STUDENT table contains these columns:
STUDENT_ID NUMBER(10) Primary Key
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2(25)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2(25)
MAIN_SUBJECT_ID NUMBER(3)
ADVISOR_ID NUMBER(5)
Evaluate this statement:
SELECT DISTINCT advisor_id, main_subject_id
FROM student;
Which statement is true?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Each ADVISOR_ID can be displayed only once.
Each MAIN_SUBJECT_ID can be displayed more than once per ADVISOR_ID. (*)
Each combination of ADVISOR_ID and MAIN_SUBJECT_ID can be displayed more than once.
Each MAIN_SUBJECT_ID can be displayed only once per query.

Correct. See Section 17


25. If you write queries using the BETWEEN operator it does not matter in what order you
enter the values, i.e. BETWEEN low value AND high value will give the same result as BETWEEN
high value and low value. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct.
26. The PLAYERS table contains these columns:
PLAYER_ID NUMBER(9)
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2(20)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
TEAM_ID NUMBER (4)
MANAGER_ID NUMBER (9)
POSITION_ID NUMBER (4)
Which SELECT statement should you use if you want to display unique combinations of the
TEAM_ID and MANAGER_ID columns?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT * FROM players;
SELECT team_id, manager_id FROM players;
SELECT DISTINCT team_id, manager_id FROM players; (*)
SELECT team_id, DISTINCT manager_id FROM players;
SELECT team_id, manager_id DISTINCT FROM players;
Correct.
27. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT *
FROM employees
WHERE department_id IN(10, 20, 30)
AND salary > 20000;
Which values would cause the logical condition to return TRUE?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
DEPARTMENT_ID = 10 and SALARY = 20000
DEPARTMENT_ID = 20 and SALARY = 20000
DEPARTMENT_ID = null and SALARY = 20001

DEPARTMENT_ID = 10 and SALARY = 20001 (*)


Correct. See Section 17
28. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT last_name, first_name, salary
FROM employees;
How will the heading for the SALARY column appear in the display by default in Oracle
Application Express?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
The heading will display with the first character capitalized and centered.
The heading will display with the first character capitalized and left justified.
The heading will display as uppercase and centered. (*)
The heading will display as uppercase and left justified.
Correct.
29. You want to retrieve a list of customers whose last names begin with the letters Fr .
Which symbol should you include in the WHERE clause of your SELECT statement to achieve
the desired result? Mark for Review
(1) Points
% (*)
~
#
*
Correct. See Section 17
30. You need write a SELECT statement that should only return rows that contain 34, 46, or
48 for the DEPARTMENT_ID column. Which operator should you use in the WHERE clause to
compare the DEPARTMENT_ID column to this specific list of values? Mark for Review
(1) Points
=
!=
IN (*)
BETWEEN..AND..

Correct.
Section 17
31. When using the LIKE condition to search for _ symbols, which character can you use as
the default ESCAPE option? Mark for Review
(1) Points
%
^
&
\ (*)
Correct.
32. You need to display only unique combinations of the LAST_NAME and MANAGER_ID
columns in the EMPLOYEES table. Which keyword should you include in the SELECT clause?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
ONLY
UNIQUE
DISTINCT (*)
DISTINCTROW
Correct. See Section 17
33. Which comparison condition would you use to select rows that match a character
pattern? Mark for Review
(1) Points
IN
LIKE (*)
ALMOST
SIMILAR
Correct.
34. You need to combine the FIRST_NAME and LAST_NAME columns in the EMPLOYEES table
and display the columns as a combined character string. Which operator should you use? Mark
for Review
(1) Points
+

|
|| (*)
AND
Correct. See Section 17
35. Where in a SQL statement can you not use arithmetic operators? Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT
FROM (*)
WHERE
NONE
Correct.
36. You need to display employees with salaries that are at least 30000 or higher. Which
comparison operator should you use? Mark for Review
(1) Points
>
"=>"
>= (*)
!=
Correct.

Section 18
37. You query the database with this SQL statement:
SELECT price
FROM products
WHERE price IN(1, 25, 50, 250)
AND (price BETWEEN 25 AND 40 OR price > 50);
Which two values could the statement return? (Choose two.)
Mark for Review
(1) Points
(Choose all correct answers)
1

50
25 (*)
10
250 (*)
100
Correct.
38. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT *
FROM employees
WHERE salary > 30000
AND department_id = 10
OR email IS NOT NULL;
Which statement is true?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
The OR condition will be evaluated before the AND condition.
The AND condition will be evaluated before the OR condition. (*)
The OR and AND conditions have the same precedence and will be evaluated from left to
right
The OR and AND conditions have the same precedence and will be evaluated from right to
left
Correct.
39. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT *
FROM employees
WHERE department_id = 34
OR department_id = 45
OR department_id = 67;
Which operator is the equivalent of the OR conditions used in this SELECT statement?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
IN (*)
AND
LIKE
BETWEEN ... AND ...

Correct.
40. What value will the following SQL statement return?
SELECT employee_id
FROM employees
WHERE employee_id BETWEEN 100 AND 150
OR employee_id IN(119, 175, 205)
AND (employee_id BETWEEN 150 AND 200);
Mark for Review
(1) Points
19
No rows will be returned
100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 107, 124, 141, 142, 143, 144, 149 (*)
200, 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206
Correct.
41. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT employee_id, last_name, first_name, salary 'Yearly Salary'
FROM employees
WHERE salary IS NOT NULL
ORDER BY last_name, 3;
Which clause contains an error?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT employee_id, last_name, first_name, salary 'Yearly Salary' (*)
FROM employees
WHERE salary IS NOT NULL
ORDER BY last_name, 3;
Correct.
42. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT first_name, last_name, email
FROM employees
ORDER BY last_name;
Which statement is true?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
The rows will not be sorted.
The rows will be sorted alphabetically by the LAST_NAME values. (*)

The rows will be sorted in reverse alphabetical order by the LAST_NAME values.
The rows will be sorted alphabetically by the FIRST_NAME and then the LAST_NAME values
Correct.
43. Which statement about the ORDER BY clause is true? Mark for Review
(1) Points
You can use a column alias in the ORDER BY clause. (*)
The default sort order of the ORDER BY clause is descending.
The ORDER BY clause can only contain columns that are included in the SELECT list.
The ORDER BY clause should immediately precede the FROM clause in a SELECT statement
Incorrect. See Section 18
44. Which clause would you include in a SELECT statement to sort the rows returned by the
LAST_NAME column? Mark for Review
(1) Points
ORDER BY (*)
WHERE
FROM
HAVING
Correct.
45. Which statement about the logical operators is true? Mark for Review
(1) Points
The order of operator precedence is AND, OR, and NOT.
The order of operator precedence is AND, NOT, and OR.
The order of operator precedence is NOT, OR, and AND.
The order of operator precedence is NOT, AND, and OR. (*)
Correct.
46. Which statement about the default sort order is true? Mark for Review
(1) Points
The lowest numeric values are displayed last.

The earliest date values are displayed first. (*)


Null values are displayed first.
Character values are displayed in reverse alphabetical order.
Correct.
47. You need to change the default sort order of the ORDER BY clause so that the data is
displayed in reverse alphabetical order. Which keyword should you include in the ORDER BY
clause? Mark for Review
(1) Points
DESC (*)
ASC
SORT
CHANGE
Correct.
48. Which logical operator returns TRUE if either condition is true? Mark for Review
(1) Points
OR (*)
AND
NOT
BOTH
Correct.
49. The EMPLOYEES table contains these columns:
EMPLOYEE_ID NUMBER(9) PK
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2(25)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2(25)
DEPARTMENT_ID NUMBER(9)
Compare these two SQL statements:
1.
SELECT DISTINCT department_id DEPT, last_name, first_name
FROM employees
ORDER BY department_id;
2.
SELECT department_id DEPT, last_name, first_name
FROM employees
ORDER BY DEPT;

How will the results differ?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
One of the statements will return a syntax error.
One of the statements will eliminate all duplicate DEPARTMENT_ID values.
There is no difference in the result between the two statements. (*)
The statements will sort on different column values.
Correct.
50. Evaluate this SQL statement:
SELECT e.employee_id, e.last_name, e.first_name, m.manager_id
FROM employees e, employees m
ORDER BY e.last_name, e.first_name
WHERE e.employee_id = m.manager_id;
This statement fails when executed. Which change will correct the problem?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Reorder the clauses in the query. (*)
Remove the table aliases in the WHERE clause.
Remove the table aliases in the ORDER BY clause.
Include a HAVING clause.
Correct.
Section 12
1. It is possible to implement non-transferability via a simple Foreign Key Relationship. True
or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
2. What do you create when you transform a many to many relationship from your ER
diagram into a physical design? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Unique key constraints

Intersection entity
Intersection table (*)
Two tables with Foreign key constraints between them
Correct
3. When translating an arc relationship to a physical design, you must turn the arc
relationships into foreign keys. Assuming you are implementing an Exclusive Design, you must
also create two Unique Key Constraints to ensure the Arc is implemented correctly. True or
False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
4. When mapping supertypes, relationships at the supertype level transform as usual.
Relationships at subtype level are implemented as foreign keys, but the foreign key columns all
become mandatory. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
5. The transformation from an ER diagram to a physical design involves changing
terminology. Primary Unique Identifiers in the ER diagram become __________ and relationships
become ____________. Mark for Review
(1) Points
Foreign keys, Primary keys
Primary keys, Foreign keys (*)
Foreign keys, mandatory business rules
Unique Keys, Primary keys
Correct
6. Attributes become tables in a database. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)
Correct
7. Why would this table name NOT work in an Oracle database? this_year_end+next_year
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Table names must begin with an alphabetic character
Too long
The Plus sign + is not allowed in object names (*)
None of the above
Correct
8. Identify all of the incorrect statements that complete this sentence: A primary key is:
(Choose three) Mark for Review
(1) Points
(Choose all correct answers)
A single column that uniquely identifies each column in a table (*)
One or more columns in a table that uniquely identifies each row in that table
A set of columns in one table that uniquely identifies each row in another table (*)
Only one column that must be null (*)
Incorrect. Refer to Section 12
9. The explanation below is a column integrity constraint:
A column must contain only values consistent with the defined data format of the column. True
or False?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)
False
Correct
10. Foreign keys must be null. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)
Correct
Section 12
11. A table must have a primary key. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct

Section 13
12. The _______ clause can be added to a SELECT statement to return a subset of the data.
Mark for Review
(1) Points
ANYWHERE
WHICH
WHERE (*)
EVERY
Correct.
13. What command will return data from the database to you? Mark for Review
(1) Points
FETCH
GET
SELECT (*)
RETURN
Correct.

Section 16
14. In the default order of precedence, which operator would be evaluated first? Mark for

Review
(1) Points
Subtractions
Multiplications (*)
Additions
Divisions
Correct.
15. When you use the SELECT clause to list one or two columns only from a table and no
WHERE clause, which SQL capability is used? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Joining only
Selection only
Projection only (*)
Projection and Selection
Correct.
16. The SELECT statement retrieves information from the database. In a SELECT statement,
you can do all of the following EXCEPT: Mark for Review
(1) Points
Projection
Manipulation (*)
Joining
Selection
Correct.
17. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT (salary * raise_percent) raise
FROM employees;
If the RAISE_PERCENT column only contains null values, what will the statement return?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Only zeroes
Only null values (*)

A null value or a zero depending on the value of the SALARY column


A null value or a numeric value depending on the value of the SALARY column
Correct.
18. Which SQL statement will return an error? Mark for Review
(1) Points
SEL * FR sky; (*)
select star from sky;
SELECT star FROM sky;
SELECT * FROM sky;
Correct.
19. You query the database with this SQL statement:
SELECT *
FROM transaction
WHERE product_id = 4569;
Which SQL SELECT statement capabilities are achieved when this statement is executed?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Selection only (*)
Projection only
Selection and projection only
Projection, selection and joining
Correct.
20. If a SQL statement returns data from two or more tables, which SQL capability is being
used? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Selection
Projection
Joining (*)
Insertion
Correct.

Section 16
21. When is an entity in 2nd Normal Form? Mark for Review
(1) Points
When all non-UID attributes are dependent upon the entire UID. (*)
When no attritibutes are mutually independant and fully independent on the primary key.
When no attritibutes are mutually independent and all are fully dependent on the primary
key.
None of the Above.
Correct
22. Would it be a good idea to model age as an attribute of STUDENT? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Yes
Maybe it could stop us having to calculate someone's age every time we need it
Sometimes
No - it breaks the Normalization rules (*)
Correct

Section 17
23. Which operator is used to combine columns of character strings to other columns? Mark
for Review
(1) Points
*
/
+
|| (*)
Correct. See Section 17
24. Which symbol represents the not equal to condition? Mark for Review
(1) Points
#
'+'

!= (*)
~
Correct.
25. You need to display only unique combinations of the LAST_NAME and MANAGER_ID
columns in the EMPLOYEES table. Which keyword should you include in the SELECT clause?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
ONLY
UNIQUE
DISTINCT (*)
DISTINCTROW
Correct. See Section 17
26. You need to display employees whose salary is in the range of 30000 and 50000. Which
comparison operator should you use? Mark for Review
(1) Points
IN
LIKE
BETWEEN...AND... (*)
IS NULL
Correct.
27. The Concatenation Operator does which of the following? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Links rows of data together inside the database.
Links two or more columns or literals to form a single output column (*)
Is represented by the asterisk (*) symbol
Separates columns.
Correct. See Section 17
28. What does the DISTINCT keyword do when it is used in a SELECT clause? Mark for Review
(1) Points

Hides NULL values


Eliminates all unique values and compares values
Eliminates duplicate rows in the result (*)
Eliminates only unique rows in the result
Correct. See Section 17
29. Which of the following commands will display the last name concatenated with the job ID
from the employees table, separated by a comma and space, and label the resulting column
"Employee and Title"? Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT " last name" ||', '|| "job_id" + "Employee and Title" FROM employees;
SELECT last_name||', '|| job_id "Employee and Title" FROM employees; (*)
SELECT " last name" ||', '|| "job_id" + "Employee and Title" FROM emp;
SELECT last_name||","|| job_id "Employee and Title" FROM employees;
Correct. See Section 17
30. You need write a SELECT statement that should only return rows that contain 34, 46, or
48 for the DEPARTMENT_ID column. Which operator should you use in the WHERE clause to
compare the DEPARTMENT_ID column to this specific list of values? Mark for Review
(1) Points
=
!=
IN (*)
BETWEEN..AND..
Correct.
Section 17
31. Which SELECT statement will display both unique and non-unique combinations of the
MANAGER_ID and DEPARTMENT_ID values from the EMPLOYEES table? Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT manager_id, department_id DISTINCT FROM employees;
SELECT manager_id, department_id FROM employees; (*)
SELECT DISTINCT manager_id, department_id FROM employees;
SELECT manager_id, DISTINCT department_id FROM employees;

Correct.
32. You want to retrieve a list of customers whose last names begin with the letters Fr .
Which symbol should you include in the WHERE clause of your SELECT statement to achieve
the desired result? Mark for Review
(1) Points
% (*)
~
#
*
Correct. See Section 17
33. You need to display all the employees whose last name starts with the letters Sm . Which
WHERE clause should you use? Mark for Review
(1) Points
WHERE last_name LIKE 'Sm%' (*)
WHERE last_name LIKE '%Sm'
WHERE last_name LIKE '_Sm'
WHERE last_name LIKE 'Sm_'
Correct. See Section 17
34. The PRODUCT table contains these columns:
PRODUCT_ID NUMBER(9)
DESCRIPTION VARCHAR2(20)
COST NUMBER(5,2)
LOCATION_ID VARCHAR2(10)
You want to display product costs with these desired results: 1. The cost displayed for each
product is increased by 10 percent. 2. The product location id must be 4859, 9789, or 9898. 3.
Ten percent of the original cost is less than $10. Which statement should you issue?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT product_id, cost * 1.10
FROM product
WHERE cost * .10 < 10.00
AND location_id IN (4859, 9789, 9898);
(*)
SELECT product_id, cost * .10
FROM product

WHERE cost * 1.10 > 10.00


AND location_id IN (4859, 9789, 9898);
SELECT product_id, cost * 1.10
FROM product
WHERE cost * 1.10 < 10.00
AND location_id = (4859, 9789, 9898);
SELECT product_id, cost * 1.10
FROM product
WHERE cost * .10 > 10.00
AND location_id = (4859, 9789, 9898);

Correct. See Section 17


35. The EMPLOYEES table contains these columns:
EMPLOYEE_ID NUMBER(9) PrimaryKey
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
DEPARTMENT_ID NUMBER(5) NOT NULL
MANAGER_ID NUMBER(9) NOT NULL
Evaluate these two SELECT statements:
1. SELECT DISTINCT employee_id, department_id, manager_id FROM employees;
2. SELECT employee_id, department_id, manager_id FROM employees;
Which of the following statements is true?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
The two statements will display the same data. (*)
The first statement will display a particular DEPARTMENT_ID only once.
The first statement will NOT display values from all of the rows in the EMPLOYEES table
The second statement could display a unique combination of the EMPLOYEE_ID,
MANAGER_ID, and DEPARTMENT_ID values more than once.
Incorrect. See Section 17
36. You want to create a report that displays all employees who were hired before January 1,
2000 and whose annual salaries are greater than 50000.
The EMPLOYEES table contains these columns:
EMPLOYEE_ID VARCHAR2(5) PRIMARY KEY
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2(35)
HIREDATE DATE
DEPARTMENT_ID NUMBER(4)
The SALARY table contains these columns:

SALARYID VARCHAR2(5) PRIMARY KEY


SALARY NUMBER(5, 2)
EMPLOYEE_ID VARCHAR2(5) FOREIGN KEY
Which query should you issue?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT last_name, hiredate, salary
FROM employees NATURAL JOIN salary USING employee_id
WHERE hiredate < 01-jan-00 AND salary > 50000;
SELECT last_name, hiredate, salary
FROM employees JOIN salary
ON employee_id = employee_id
WHERE hiredate < '01-jan-00' AND salary > 50000;
SELECT last_name, hiredate, salary
FROM employees NATURAL JOIN salary
WHERE hiredate < '01-jan-00' AND salary > 50000;
(*)
SELECT last_name, hiredate, salary
FROM employees (+) salary
WHERE hiredate < '01-jan-00' AND salary > 50000;

Correct

Section 18
37. Which statement about the default sort order is true? Mark for Review
(1) Points
The lowest numeric values are displayed last.
The earliest date values are displayed first. (*)
Null values are displayed first.
Character values are displayed in reverse alphabetical order.
Correct.
38. You need to change the default sort order of the ORDER BY clause so that the data is
displayed in reverse alphabetical order. Which keyword should you include in the ORDER BY
clause? Mark for Review
(1) Points
DESC (*)

ASC
SORT
CHANGE
Correct.
39. Which clause would you include in a SELECT statement to sort the rows returned by the
LAST_NAME column? Mark for Review
(1) Points
ORDER BY (*)
WHERE
FROM
HAVING
Correct.
40. Which of the following is TRUE regarding the logical AND operator? Mark for Review
(1) Points
TRUE AND TRUE return FALSE
TRUE AND FALSE return TRUE
FALSE AND TRUE return NULL
TRUE AND FALSE return FALSE (*)
Correct.
Section 18
41. The ORDER BY clause always comes last. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)
False
Correct.
42. Which of the following best describes the meaning of the LIKE operator? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Display rows based on a range of values.

To test for values in a list.


Match a character pattern. (*)
To find Null values.
Correct.
43. You attempt to query the database with this SQL statement:
SELECT product_id "Product Number", category_id "Category", price "Price"
FROM products
WHERE "Category" = 5570
ORDER BY "Product Number";
This statement fails when executed. Which clause contains a syntax error?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT product_id "Product Number", category_id "Category", price "price"
ORDER BY "Product Number";
FROM products
WHERE "Category" = 5570 (*)
Correct.
44. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT last_name, first_name, email
FROM employees
ORDER BY email;
If the EMAIL column contains null values, which statement is true?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Null email values will be displayed first in the result.
Null email values will be displayed last in the result. (*)
Null email values will not be displayed in the result.
The result will not be sorted.
Correct.
45. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT first_name, last_name, email
FROM employees
ORDER BY last_name;
Which statement is true?

Mark for Review


(1) Points
The rows will not be sorted.
The rows will be sorted alphabetically by the LAST_NAME values. (*)
The rows will be sorted in reverse alphabetical order by the LAST_NAME values.
The rows will be sorted alphabetically by the FIRST_NAME and then the LAST_NAME values
Correct.
46. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT last_name, first_name, salary
FROM employees;
How will the results of this query be sorted?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
The database will display the rows in whatever order it finds it in the database, so no
particular order. (*)
The results will be sorted ascending by the LAST_NAME column only.
The results will be sorted ascending by LAST_NAME and FIRST_NAME only.
The results will be sorted ascending by LAST_NAME, FIRST_NAME, and SALARY.
Correct.
47. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT *
FROM employees
WHERE salary > 30000
AND department_id = 10
OR email IS NOT NULL;
Which statement is true?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
The OR condition will be evaluated before the AND condition.
The AND condition will be evaluated before the OR condition. (*)
The OR and AND conditions have the same precedence and will be evaluated from left to
right
The OR and AND conditions have the same precedence and will be evaluated from right to
left
Correct.

48. Evaluate this SELECT statement:


SELECT last_name, first_name, department_id, manager_id
FROM employees;
You need to sort data by manager id values and then alphabetically by employee last name
and first name values. Which ORDER BY clause could you use?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
ORDER BY department_id, last_name
ORDER BY manager_id, last_name, first_name (*)
ORDER BY last_name, first_name, manager_id
ORDER BY manager_id, first_name, last_name
Correct.
49. The PLAYERS table contains these columns:
PLAYERS TABLE:
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
SALARY NUMBER(8,2)
TEAM_ID NUMBER(4)
MANAGER_ID NUMBER(9)
POSITION_ID NUMBER(4)
You must display the player name, team id, and salary for players whose salary is in the range
from 25000 through 100000 and whose team id is in the range of 1200 through 1500. The
results must be sorted by team id from lowest to highest and then further sorted by salary
from highest to lowest. Which statement should you use to display the desired result?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary
FROM players
WHERE (salary > 25000 OR salary < 100000)
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id, salary;
SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary
FROM players
WHERE salary BETWEEN 25000 AND 100000
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id, salary DESC;
(*)
SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary
FROM players
WHERE salary > 24999.99 AND salary < 100000
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id ASC, salary DESC;

SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary


FROM players
WHERE salary BETWEEN 24999.99 AND 100000.01
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id DESC, salary DESC;

Correct.
50. Evaluate this SQL statement:
SELECT e.employee_id, e.last_name, e.first_name, m.manager_id
FROM employees e, employees m
ORDER BY e.last_name, e.first_name
WHERE e.employee_id = m.manager_id;
This statement fails when executed. Which change will correct the problem?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Reorder the clauses in the query. (*)
Remove the table aliases in the WHERE clause.
Remove the table aliases in the ORDER BY clause.
Include a HAVING clause.
Correct.
Section 11
1. Entity integrity refers to Mark for Review
(1) Points
Tables always containing text data
Tables always containing numeric data
Columns having Primary Keys, Foreign Keys, Unique Keys and Check constraints defined in
the database.
Tables having Primary Keys, Foreign Keys, Unique Keys and Check constraints defined in the
database. (*)
Incorrect. Refer to Section 11 Lesson 1.
2. The explanation below is a column integrity constraint:
A column must contain only values consistent with the defined data format of the column. True
or False?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False
Correct
3. Foreign keys must be null. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
4. Identify all of the incorrect statements that complete this sentence: A primary key is:
(Choose three) Mark for Review
(1) Points
(Choose all correct answers)
A single column that uniquely identifies each column in a table (*)
One or more columns in a table that uniquely identifies each row in that table
A set of columns in one table that uniquely identifies each row in another table (*)
Only one column that must be null (*)
Incorrect. Refer to Section 11 Lesson 1.
5. If a primary key is a set of columns then one column must be null. True or False? Mark for
Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
6. In an Oracle database, why would 1_TABLE not work as a table name? Mark for Review
(1) Points
The database does not understand all capital letters
There is no problem here. You can create a table called 1_TABLE.
Object names must not start with a number. They must begin with a letter (*)
TABLE is a reserved word

Correct
7. Attributes become tables in a database. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
8. In a physical data model, an attribute becomes a _____________. Mark for Review
(1) Points
Table
Foreign Key
Constraint
Column (*)
Correct
9. One-to-One relationships are transformed into Check Constraints in the tables created at
either end of that relationship. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
10. What do you create when you transform a many to many relationship from your ER
diagram into a physical design? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Unique key constraints
Intersection entity
Intersection table (*)
Two tables with Foreign key constraints between them
Correct
Section 11
11. Which of the following are reasons why you should consider using a Subtype

Implementation? Mark for Review


(1) Points
The resulting table will reside in a single database and be used by just ONE user.
When the common access paths for the supertypes are different.
Business functionality and business rules, access paths and frequency of access are all very
different between subtypes. (*)
Most of the relationships are at the supertype level
Correct

Section 12
12. What command will return data from the database to you? Mark for Review
(1) Points
FETCH
GET
SELECT (*)
RETURN
Correct.
13. The DESCRIBE command returns all rows from a table. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct.
14. What command can be used to create a new row in a table in the database? Mark for
Review
(1) Points
CREATE
NEW
ADD
INSERT (*)

Correct.
15. The f_customers table contains the following data:
ID Name Address City State Zip
1 Cole Bee 123 Main Street Orlando FL 32838
2 Zoe Twee 1009 Oliver Avenue Boston MA 02116
3 Sandra Lee 22 Main Street Tampa FL 32444
If you run the following statement:
DELETE FROM F_CUSTOMERS WHERE ID <= 2;
How many rows will be left in the table?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
0
3
1 (*)
2
Correct.
16. Once you have created a table, it is not possible to alter the definition of it. If you need to
add a new column you must delete the table definition and create a new, correct table. True or
False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct.

Section 13
17. System Documentation is developed right at the end once the system has gone live and
users have been using it for a little while. You are more likely to get it correct that way. True or
False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Incorrect. Refer to Section 13 Lesson 1.

18. Systems are always just rolled out as soon as the programming phase is finished. No
further work is required once the development is finished. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct.

Section 15
19. You query the database with this SQL statement:
SELECT *
FROM transaction
WHERE product_id = 4569;
Which SQL SELECT statement capabilities are achieved when this statement is executed?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Selection only (*)
Projection only
Selection and projection only
Projection, selection and joining
Incorrect. See Section 15 Lesson 1.
20. You query the database with this SQL statement:
SELECT * FROM students;
Why would you use this statement?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
To insert data
To view data (*)
To display the table structure
To delete data
Correct.
Section 15
21. The EMPLOYEES table contains these columns:
SALARY NUMBER(7,2)
BONUS NUMBER(7,2)

COMMISSION_PCT NUMBER(2,2)
All three columns contain values greater than zero. There is one row of data in the table and
the values are as follows:
Salary = 500, Bonus = 50, Commission_pct = .5
Evaluate these two SQL statements:
1.
SELECT salary + bonus + commission_pct * salary - bonus AS income
FROM employees;
2.
SELECT (salary + bonus ) + commission_pct * (salary - bonus) income
FROM employees;
What will be the result?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Statement 1 will return a higher value than statement 2.
Statement 2 will return a higher value than statement 1. (*)
Statement 1 will display a different column heading.
One of the statements will NOT execute.
Correct.
22. In which clause of a SELECT statement would you specify the name of the table or tables
being queried? Mark for Review
(1) Points
The FROM clause (*)
The SELECT clause
The WHERE clause
Any of the above options, you can list tables wherever you want to in a SELECT statement.
Correct.
23. You want to create a list of all albums that have been produced by the company. The list
should include the title of the album, the artist's name, and the date the album was released.
The ALBUMS table includes the following columns:
ALB_TITLE VARCHAR2(150) NOT NULL
ALB_ARTIST VARCHAR2(150) NOT NULL
ALB_DATE DATE NOT NULL
Which statement can you use to retrieve the necessary information?
Mark for Review
(1) Points

SELECT *
FROM albums;
(*)
SELECT alb_title, alb_artist, alb_dates
FROM album;
SELECT alb_title, alb_artist, alb_dates
FROM albums;
SELECT alb_title; alb_artist; alb_date
FROM albums;

Correct.
24. When listing columns in the SELECT list, what should you use to separate the columns?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Commas (*)
Semicolons
Dashes
Underscores
Correct.

Section 16
25. You need to display employees whose salary is in the range of 10000 through 25000 for
employees in department 50 . What does the WHERE clause look like? Mark for Review
(1) Points
WHERE department_id < 50
AND salary BETWEEN 10000 AND 25000
WHERE department_id > 50
AND salary BETWEEN 10000 AND 25000
WHERE department_id = 50
AND salary BETWEEN 25001 AND 10001
WHERE department_id = 50

AND salary BETWEEN 25000 AND 10000


(*)
Correct.
26. You need to display employees with salaries that are at least 30000 or higher. Which
comparison operator should you use? Mark for Review
(1) Points
>
"=>"
>= (*)
!=
Correct.
27. When using the LIKE condition, which symbol represents any sequence of none, one or
more characters? Mark for Review
(1) Points
_
% (*)
#
&
Correct.
28. Which comparison operator searches for a specified character pattern? Mark for Review
(1) Points
IN
LIKE (*)
BETWEEN...AND...
IS NULL
Correct.
29. Which statement best describes how column headings are displayed by default in Oracle
Application Express: Mark for Review
(1) Points
Column headings are displayed left-justified and in lowercase.

Column headings are displayed left-justified and in uppercase.


Column headings are displayed centered and in uppercase. (*)
Column headings are displayed centered and in mixed case.
Correct.
30. You need to combine the FIRST_NAME and LAST_NAME columns in the EMPLOYEES table
and display the columns as a combined character string. Which operator should you use? Mark
for Review
(1) Points
+
|
|| (*)
AND
Correct.
Section 16
31. Which SELECT statement will display both unique and non-unique combinations of the
MANAGER_ID and DEPARTMENT_ID values from the EMPLOYEES table? Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT manager_id, department_id DISTINCT FROM employees;
SELECT manager_id, department_id FROM employees; (*)
SELECT DISTINCT manager_id, department_id FROM employees;
SELECT manager_id, DISTINCT department_id FROM employees;
Correct.
32. You need write a SELECT statement that should only return rows that contain 34, 46, or
48 for the DEPARTMENT_ID column. Which operator should you use in the WHERE clause to
compare the DEPARTMENT_ID column to this specific list of values? Mark for Review
(1) Points
=
!=
IN (*)
BETWEEN..AND..

Correct.
33. You need to display all the employees whose last name starts with the letters Sm . Which
WHERE clause should you use? Mark for Review
(1) Points
WHERE last_name LIKE 'Sm%' (*)
WHERE last_name LIKE '%Sm'
WHERE last_name LIKE '_Sm'
WHERE last_name LIKE 'Sm_'
Correct.
34. Which of the following commands will display the last name concatenated with the job ID
from the employees table, separated by a comma and space, and label the resulting column
"Employee and Title"? Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT " last name" ||', '|| "job_id" + "Employee and Title" FROM employees;
SELECT last_name||', '|| job_id "Employee and Title" FROM employees; (*)
SELECT " last name" ||', '|| "job_id" + "Employee and Title" FROM emp;
SELECT last_name||","|| job_id "Employee and Title" FROM employees;
Correct.
35. Any Non-UID must be dependant on the entire UID. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)
False
Correct
36. When is an entity in 2nd Normal Form? Mark for Review
(1) Points
When all non-UID attributes are dependent upon the entire UID. (*)
When no attritibutes are mutually independant and fully independent on the primary key.
When no attritibutes are mutually independent and all are fully dependent on the primary
key.
None of the Above.

Correct

Section 17
37. Which of the following best describes the meaning of the LIKE operator? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Display rows based on a range of values.
To test for values in a list.
Match a character pattern. (*)
To find Null values.
Correct.
38. Which statement about the ORDER BY clause is true? Mark for Review
(1) Points
You can use a column alias in the ORDER BY clause. (*)
The default sort order of the ORDER BY clause is descending.
The ORDER BY clause can only contain columns that are included in the SELECT list.
The ORDER BY clause should immediately precede the FROM clause in a SELECT statement
Correct.
39. Which statement about the default sort order is true? Mark for Review
(1) Points
The lowest numeric values are displayed last.
The earliest date values are displayed first. (*)
Null values are displayed first.
Character values are displayed in reverse alphabetical order.
Correct.
40. Which comparison condition means "Less Than or Equal To"? Mark for Review
(1) Points
"=)"
"+<"

">="
"<=" (*)
Section 17
41. Which of the following are TRUE regarding the logical AND operator? Mark for Review
(1) Points
TRUE AND TRUE return FALSE
TRUE AND FALSE return TRUE
FALSE AND TRUE return NULL
TRUE AND FALSE return FALSE (*)
Correct.
42. From left to right, what is the correct order of Precedence? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Arithmetic, Concatenation, Comparison, OR (*)
NOT, AND, OR, Arithmetic
Arithmetic, NOT, Logical, Comparison
Arithmetic, NOT, Concatenation, Logical
Correct.
43. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT last_name, first_name, department_id, manager_id
FROM employees;
You need to sort data by manager id values and then alphabetically by employee last name
and first name values. Which ORDER BY clause could you use?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
ORDER BY department_id, last_name
ORDER BY manager_id, last_name, first_name (*)
ORDER BY last_name, first_name, manager_id
ORDER BY manager_id, first_name, last_name
Correct.

44. Evaluate this SELECT statement:


SELECT employee_id, last_name, first_name, salary 'Yearly Salary'
FROM employees
WHERE salary IS NOT NULL
ORDER BY last_name, 3;
Which clause contains an error?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT employee_id, last_name, first_name, salary 'Yearly Salary' (*)
FROM employees
WHERE salary IS NOT NULL
ORDER BY last_name, 3;
Incorrect! See Section 17 Lesson 2.
45. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT *
FROM employees
WHERE department_id = 34
OR department_id = 45
OR department_id = 67;
Which operator is the equivalent of the OR conditions used in this SELECT statement?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
IN (*)
AND
LIKE
BETWEEN ... AND ...
Correct.
46. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT first_name, last_name, email
FROM employees
ORDER BY last_name;
Which statement is true?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
The rows will not be sorted.
The rows will be sorted alphabetically by the LAST_NAME values. (*)
The rows will be sorted in reverse alphabetical order by the LAST_NAME values.

The rows will be sorted alphabetically by the FIRST_NAME and then the LAST_NAME values
Correct.
47. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT last_name, first_name, salary
FROM employees;
How will the results of this query be sorted?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
The database will display the rows in whatever order it finds it in the database, so no
particular order. (*)
The results will be sorted ascending by the LAST_NAME column only.
The results will be sorted ascending by LAST_NAME and FIRST_NAME only.
The results will be sorted ascending by LAST_NAME, FIRST_NAME, and SALARY.
Correct.
48. The PLAYERS table contains these columns:
PLAYERS TABLE:
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
SALARY NUMBER(8,2)
TEAM_ID NUMBER(4)
MANAGER_ID NUMBER(9)
POSITION_ID NUMBER(4)
You must display the player name, team id, and salary for players whose salary is in the range
from 25000 through 100000 and whose team id is in the range of 1200 through 1500. The
results must be sorted by team id from lowest to highest and then further sorted by salary
from highest to lowest. Which statement should you use to display the desired result?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary
FROM players
WHERE (salary > 25000 OR salary < 100000)
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id, salary;
SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary
FROM players
WHERE salary BETWEEN 25000 AND 100000
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id, salary DESC;
(*)

SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary


FROM players
WHERE salary > 24999.99 AND salary < 100000
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id ASC, salary DESC;
SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary
FROM players
WHERE salary BETWEEN 24999.99 AND 100000.01
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id DESC, salary DESC;

Correct.
49. The EMPLOYEES table contains these columns:
EMPLOYEE_ID NUMBER(9) PK
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2(25)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2(25)
DEPARTMENT_ID NUMBER(9)
Compare these two SQL statements:
1.
SELECT DISTINCT department_id DEPT, last_name, first_name
FROM employees
ORDER BY department_id;
2.
SELECT department_id DEPT, last_name, first_name
FROM employees
ORDER BY DEPT;
How will the results differ?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
One of the statements will return a syntax error.
One of the statements will eliminate all duplicate DEPARTMENT_ID values.
There is no difference in the result between the two statements. (*)
The statements will sort on different column values.
Correct.
50. The PLAYERS table contains these columns:
PLAYERS TABLE:
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
SALARY NUMBER(8,2)
TEAM_ID NUMBER(4)
MANAGER_ID NUMBER(9)
POSITION_ID NUMBER(4)

You want to display all players' names with position 6900 or greater. You want the players
names to be displayed alphabetically by last name and then by first name. Which statement
should you use to achieve the required results?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT last_name, first_name
FROM players
WHERE position_id >= 6900
ORDER BY last_name, first_name;
(*)
SELECT last_name, first_name
FROM players
WHERE position_id > 6900
ORDER BY last_name, first_name;
SELECT last_name, first_name
FROM players
WHERE position_id <= 6900
ORDER BY last_name, first_name;
SELECT last_name, first_name
FROM players
WHERE position_id >= 6900
ORDER BY last_name DESC, first_name;

1. The explanation below is a User Defined integrity rule and must therefore be manually
coded, the Database cannot enforce this rule automatically:
A primary key must be unique, and no part of the primary key can be null. True or False?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
2. Foreign keys must be null. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
3. Identify all of the incorrect statements that complete this sentence: A primary key is:

(Choose three) Mark for Review


(1) Points
(Choose all correct answers)
A single column that uniquely identifies each column in a table (*)
One or more columns in a table that uniquely identifies each row in that table
A set of columns in one table that uniquely identifies each row in another table (*)
Only one column that must be null (*)
Incorrect. Refer to Section 11 Lesson 1.
4. The text below is an example of what constraint type:
The value in the manager_id column of the EMPLOYEES table must match a value in the
employee_id column in the EMPLOYEES table.
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Entity integrity
User-defined integrity
Column integrity
Referential integrity (*)
Correct
5. A table must have a primary key. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
6. In an Oracle database, why would 1_TABLE not work as a table name? Mark for Review
(1) Points
The database does not understand all capital letters
There is no problem here. You can create a table called 1_TABLE.
Object names must not start with a number. They must begin with a letter (*)
TABLE is a reserved word
Correct

7. In a physical data model, a relationship is represented as a combination of: (Choose Two)


Mark for Review
(1) Points
(Choose all correct answers)
Column
Primary Key or Unique Key (*)
Check Constraint or Unique Key
Foreign Key (*)
Correct
8. In a physical data model, an attribute becomes a _____________. Mark for Review
(1) Points
Table
Foreign Key
Constraint
Column (*)
Correct
9. It is possible to implement non-transferability via a simple Foreign Key Relationship. True
or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
10. The Oracle Database can implement a many to many relationship. You simply create two
foreign keys between the two tables. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
Section 11

11. Which of the following are reasons why you should consider using a Subtype
Implementation? Mark for Review
(1) Points
The resulting table will reside in a single database and be used by just ONE user.
When the common access paths for the supertypes are different.
Business functionality and business rules, access paths and frequency of access are all very
different between subtypes. (*)
Most of the relationships are at the supertype level
Correct

Section 12
12. The DESCRIBE command returns all rows from a table. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct.
13. What command can be used to create a new row in a table in the database? Mark for
Review
(1) Points
CREATE
NEW
ADD
INSERT (*)
Correct.
14. The _______ clause can be added to a SELECT statement to return a subset of the data.
Mark for Review
(1) Points
ANYWHERE
WHICH
WHERE (*)

EVERY
Correct.
15. The f_customers table contains the following data:
ID Name Address City State Zip
1 Cole Bee 123 Main Street Orlando FL 32838
2 Zoe Twee 1009 Oliver Avenue Boston MA 02116
3 Sandra Lee 22 Main Street Tampa FL 32444
If you run the following statement:
DELETE FROM F_CUSTOMERS WHERE ID <= 2;
How many rows will be left in the table?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
0
3
1 (*)
2
Correct.
16. Once you have created a table, it is not possible to alter the definition of it. If you need to
add a new column you must delete the table definition and create a new, correct table. True or
False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct.

Section 13
17. Systems are always just rolled out as soon as the programming phase is finished. No
further work is required once the development is finished. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct.

18. System Documentation is developed right at the end once the system has gone live and
users have been using it for a little while. You are more likely to get it correct that way. True or
False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Incorrect. Refer to Section 13 Lesson 1.

Section 15
19. In the default order of precedence, which operator would be evaluated first? Mark for
Review
(1) Points
Subtractions and Addition are at the same level and would be evaluated first based on left to
right order
Multiplications and Division are at the same level and would be evaluated first based on left
to right order (*)
Additions and Multiplications are at the same level and would be evaluated first based on
left to right order
Divisions and Subtractions are at the same level and would be evaluated first based on left
to right order
Incorrect. See Section 15 Lesson 1.
20. When listing columns in the SELECT list, what should you use to separate the columns?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Commas (*)
Semicolons
Dashes
Underscores

21. The EMPLOYEES table contains these columns:


SALARY NUMBER(7,2)
BONUS NUMBER(7,2)

COMMISSION_PCT NUMBER(2,2)
All three columns contain values greater than zero. There is one row of data in the table and
the values are as follows:
Salary = 500, Bonus = 50, Commission_pct = .5
Evaluate these two SQL statements:
1.
SELECT salary + bonus + commission_pct * salary - bonus AS income
FROM employees;
2.
SELECT (salary + bonus ) + commission_pct * (salary - bonus) income
FROM employees;
What will be the result?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Statement 1 will return a higher value than statement 2.
Statement 2 will return a higher value than statement 1. (*)
Statement 1 will display a different column heading.
One of the statements will NOT execute.
Correct.
22. In which clause of a SELECT statement would you specify the name of the table or tables
being queried? Mark for Review
(1) Points
The FROM clause (*)
The SELECT clause
The WHERE clause
Any of the above options, you can list tables wherever you want to in a SELECT statement.
Correct.
23. You query the database with this SQL statement:
SELECT * FROM students;
Why would you use this statement?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
To insert data
To view data (*)

To display the table structure


To delete data
Correct.
24. The SELECT statement retrieves information from the database. In a SELECT statement,
you can do all of the following EXCEPT: Mark for Review
(1) Points
Projection
Manipulation (*)
Joining
Selection
Correct.

Section 16
25. You need to display employees whose salary is in the range of 30000 and 50000. Which
comparison operator should you use? Mark for Review
(1) Points
IN
LIKE
BETWEEN...AND... (*)
IS NULL
Correct.
26. Which comparison operator searches for a specified character pattern? Mark for Review
(1) Points
IN
LIKE (*)
BETWEEN...AND...
IS NULL
Correct.

27. You need to display employees with salaries that are at least 30000 or higher. Which
comparison operator should you use? Mark for Review
(1) Points
>
"=>"
>= (*)
!=
Correct.
28. The Concatenation Operator does which of the following? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Links rows of data together inside the database.
Links two or more columns or literals to form a single output column (*)
Is represented by the asterisk (*) symbol
Separates columns.
Correct.
29. Which symbol represents the not equal to condition? Mark for Review
(1) Points
#
+'
!= (*)
~
Correct.
30. Where in a SQL statement can you not use arithmetic operators? Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT
FROM (*)
WHERE
NONE
Correct.

Test: Final Exam Semester 1

Review your answers, feedback, and question scores below. An asterisk (*) indicates a correct
answer.
Semester 1 Final Exam covers Sections 11-17 of Database Design.
Section 16
31. You need to display all the values in the EMAIL column that contains the underscore (_)
character as part of that email address. The WHERE clause in your SELECT statement contains
the LIKE operator. What must you include in the LIKE operator? Mark for Review
(1) Points
The ESCAPE option (\) and one or more percent signs (%)
The (+) operator
A percent sign (%)
The ESCAPE option (\) (*)
Correct.
32. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT *
FROM employees
WHERE department_id IN(10, 20, 30)
AND salary > 20000;
Which values would cause the logical condition to return TRUE?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
DEPARTMENT_ID = 10 and SALARY = 20000
DEPARTMENT_ID = 20 and SALARY = 20000
DEPARTMENT_ID = null and SALARY = 20001
DEPARTMENT_ID = 10 and SALARY = 20001 (*)
Correct.
33. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT last_name, first_name, salary
FROM employees;
How will the heading for the SALARY column appear in the display by default in Oracle
Application Express?
Mark for Review
(1) Points

The heading will display with the first character capitalized and centered.
The heading will display with the first character capitalized and left justified.
The heading will display as uppercase and centered. (*)
The heading will display as uppercase and left justified.
Correct.
34. You want to retrieve a list of customers whose last names begin with the letters Fr .
Which keyword should you include in the WHERE clause of your SELECT statement to achieve
the desired result? Mark for Review
(1) Points
AND
IN
BETWEEN
LIKE (*)
Correct.
35. Would it be a good idea to model age as an attribute of STUDENT? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Yes
Maybe it could stop us having to calculate someone's age every time we need it
Sometimes
No - it breaks the Normalization rules (*)
Correct
36. When is an entity in 2nd Normal Form? Mark for Review
(1) Points
When all non-UID attributes are dependent upon the entire UID. (*)
When no attritibutes are mutually independant and fully independent on the primary key.
When no attritibutes are mutually independent and all are fully dependent on the primary
key.
None of the Above.
Correct

Section 17
37. Which comparison condition means "Less Than or Equal To"? Mark for Review
(1) Points
"=)"
"+<"
">="
"<=" (*)
Correct.
38. Which logical operator returns TRUE if either condition is true? Mark for Review
(1) Points
OR (*)
AND
NOT
BOTH
Incorrect. See Section 17 Lesson 1.
39. Which clause would you include in a SELECT statement to sort the rows returned by the
LAST_NAME column? Mark for Review
(1) Points
ORDER BY (*)
WHERE
FROM
HAVING
Correct.
40. Which statement about the logical operators is true? Mark for Review
(1) Points
The order of operator precedence is AND, OR, and NOT.
The order of operator precedence is AND, NOT, and OR.

The order of operator precedence is NOT, OR, and AND.


The order of operator precedence is NOT, AND, and OR. (*)
Correct.

Page 4 of 5

Test: Final Exam Semester 1

Review your answers, feedback, and question scores below. An asterisk (*) indicates a correct
answer.
Semester 1 Final Exam covers Sections 11-17 of Database Design.
Section 17
41. From left to right, what is the correct order of Precedence? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Arithmetic, Concatenation, Comparison, OR (*)
NOT, AND, OR, Arithmetic
Arithmetic, NOT, Logical, Comparison
Arithmetic, NOT, Concatenation, Logical
Correct.
42. Which of the following best describes the meaning of the LIKE operator? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Display rows based on a range of values.
To test for values in a list.
Match a character pattern. (*)
To find Null values.
Correct.
43. You attempt to query the database with this SQL statement:
SELECT product_id "Product Number", category_id "Category", price "Price"

FROM products
WHERE "Category" = 5570
ORDER BY "Product Number";
This statement fails when executed. Which clause contains a syntax error?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT product_id "Product Number", category_id "Category", price "price"
ORDER BY "Product Number";
FROM products
WHERE "Category" = 5570 (*)
Correct.
44. Evaluate this SQL statement:
SELECT product_id, product_name, price
FROM products
ORDER BY product_name, price;
What occurs when the statement is executed?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
The results are sorted numerically only.
The results are sorted alphabetically only.
The results are sorted numerically and then alphabetically.
The results are sorted alphabetically and then numerically. (*)
Correct.
45. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT last_name, first_name, email
FROM employees
ORDER BY email;
If the EMAIL column contains null values, which statement is true?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Null email values will be displayed first in the result.
Null email values will be displayed last in the result. (*)
Null email values will not be displayed in the result.
The result will not be sorted.

Correct.
46. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT last_name, first_name, department_id, manager_id
FROM employees;
You need to sort data by manager id values and then alphabetically by employee last name
and first name values. Which ORDER BY clause could you use?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
ORDER BY department_id, last_name
ORDER BY manager_id, last_name, first_name (*)
ORDER BY last_name, first_name, manager_id
ORDER BY manager_id, first_name, last_name
Correct.
47. You query the database with this SQL statement:
SELECT price
FROM products
WHERE price IN(1, 25, 50, 250)
AND (price BETWEEN 25 AND 40 OR price > 50);
Which two values could the statement return? (Choose two.)
Mark for Review
(1) Points
(Choose all correct answers)
1
50
25 (*)
10
250 (*)
Correct.
48. The PLAYERS table contains these columns:
PLAYERS TABLE:
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
SALARY NUMBER(8,2)
TEAM_ID NUMBER(4)
MANAGER_ID NUMBER(9)
POSITION_ID NUMBER(4)

You want to display all players' names with position 6900 or greater. You want the players
names to be displayed alphabetically by last name and then by first name. Which statement
should you use to achieve the required results?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT last_name, first_name
FROM players
WHERE position_id >= 6900
ORDER BY last_name, first_name;
(*)
SELECT last_name, first_name
FROM players
WHERE position_id > 6900
ORDER BY last_name, first_name;
SELECT last_name, first_name
FROM players
WHERE position_id <= 6900
ORDER BY last_name, first_name;
SELECT last_name, first_name
FROM players
WHERE position_id >= 6900
ORDER BY last_name DESC, first_name;

Correct.
49. The PLAYERS table contains these columns:
PLAYERS TABLE:
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
SALARY NUMBER(8,2)
TEAM_ID NUMBER(4)
MANAGER_ID NUMBER(9)
POSITION_ID NUMBER(4)
You must display the player name, team id, and salary for players whose salary is in the range
from 25000 through 100000 and whose team id is in the range of 1200 through 1500. The
results must be sorted by team id from lowest to highest and then further sorted by salary
from highest to lowest. Which statement should you use to display the desired result?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary
FROM players
WHERE (salary > 25000 OR salary < 100000)
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id, salary;
SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary

FROM players
WHERE salary BETWEEN 25000 AND 100000
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id, salary DESC;
(*)
SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary
FROM players
WHERE salary > 24999.99 AND salary < 100000
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id ASC, salary DESC;
SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary
FROM players
WHERE salary BETWEEN 24999.99 AND 100000.01
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id DESC, salary DESC;

Correct.
50. Evaluate this SQL statement:
SELECT e.employee_id, e.last_name, e.first_name, m.manager_id
FROM employees e, employees m
ORDER BY e.last_name, e.first_name
WHERE e.employee_id = m.manager_id;
This statement fails when executed. Which change will correct the problem?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Reorder the clauses in the query. (*)
Remove the table aliases in the WHERE clause.
Remove the table aliases in the ORDER BY clause.
Include a HAVING clause.
Correct.

Page 5 of 5

Test: Final Exam Semester 1

Review your answers, feedback, and question scores below. An asterisk (*) indicates a correct
answer.
Semester 1 Final Exam covers Sections 11-17 of Database Design.
Section 11
1. If a primary key is a set of columns then one column must be null. True or False? Mark for
Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
2. A foreign key cannot refer to a primary key in the same table. True or False? Mark for
Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
3. The explanation below is a User Defined integrity rule and must therefore be manually
coded, the Database cannot enforce this rule automatically:
A primary key must be unique, and no part of the primary key can be null. True or False?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
4. Entity integrity refers to Mark for Review
(1) Points
Tables always containing text data
Tables always containing numeric data
Columns having Primary Keys, Foreign Keys, Unique Keys and Check constraints defined in
the database.

Tables having Primary Keys, Foreign Keys, Unique Keys and Check constraints defined in the
database. (*)
Correct
5. The explanation below is a column integrity constraint:
A column must contain only values consistent with the defined data format of the column. True
or False?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)
False
Correct
6. Attributes become tables in a database. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
7. The transformation from an ER diagram to a physical design involves changing
terminology. Secondary Unique Identifiers become Mark for Review
(1) Points
Columns
Tables
Unique Constraints (*)
Primary Key Constraints
Correct
8. The transformation from an ER diagram to a physical design involves changing
terminology. Primary Unique Identifiers in the ER diagram become __________ and relationships
become ____________. Mark for Review
(1) Points
Foreign keys, Primary keys
Primary keys, Foreign keys (*)
Foreign keys, mandatory business rules

Unique Keys, Primary keys


Correct
9. Many to many relationships are implemented via a structure called a: ________________
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Supertype
Intersection Table (*)
Intersection Entity
Subtype
Correct
10. It is possible to implement non-transferability via a simple Foreign Key Relationship. True
or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct
Section 11
11. Which of the following are reasons why you should consider using a Subtype
Implementation? Mark for Review
(1) Points
The resulting table will reside in a single database and be used by just ONE user.
When the common access paths for the supertypes are different.
Business functionality and business rules, access paths and frequency of access are all very
different between subtypes. (*)
Most of the relationships are at the supertype level
Correct

Section 12
12. The _______ clause can be added to a SELECT statement to return a subset of the data.
Mark for Review

(1) Points
ANYWHERE
WHICH
WHERE (*)
EVERY
Correct.
13. What command can be used to create a new row in a table in the database? Mark for
Review
(1) Points
CREATE
NEW
ADD
INSERT (*)
Correct.
14. What command will return data from the database to you? Mark for Review
(1) Points
FETCH
GET
SELECT (*)
RETURN
Correct.
15. The SQL statement ALTER TABLE EMPLOYEES DELETE COLUMN SALARY is a valid
statement. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct.
16. The f_customers table contains the following data:
ID Name Address City State Zip

1 Cole Bee 123 Main Street Orlando FL 32838


2 Zoe Twee 1009 Oliver Avenue Boston MA 02116
3 Sandra Lee 22 Main Street Tampa FL 32444
If you run the following statement:
DELETE FROM F_CUSTOMERS WHERE ID <= 2;
How many rows will be left in the table?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
0
3
1 (*)
2
Correct.

Section 13
17. System Documentation is developed right at the end once the system has gone live and
users have been using it for a little while. You are more likely to get it correct that way. True or
False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct.
18. Systems are always just rolled out as soon as the programming phase is finished. No
further work is required once the development is finished. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)
Correct.

Section 15
19. In a SELECT clause, what is the result of 2 + 3 * 2? Mark for Review
(1) Points

6
8 (*)
10
13
Correct.
20. When you use the SELECT clause to list one or two columns only from a table and no
WHERE clause, which SQL capability is used? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Joining only
Selection only
Projection only (*)
Projection and Selection
Correct.

Section 15
21. In a SQL statement, which clause specifies one or more columns to be returned by the
query? Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT (*)
FROM
WHERE
Any of the above options, you can list columns wherever you want to in a SELECT statement.
Correct.
22. You query the database with this SQL statement:
SELECT *
FROM transaction
WHERE product_id = 4569;
Which SQL SELECT statement capabilities are achieved when this statement is executed?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Selection only (*)

Projection only
Selection and projection only
Projection, selection and joining
Correct.
23. In the default order of precedence, which operator would be evaluated first? Mark for
Review
(1) Points
Subtractions and Addition are at the same level and would be evaluated first based on left to
right order
Multiplications and Division are at the same level and would be evaluated first based on left
to right order (*)
Additions and Multiplications are at the same level and would be evaluated first based on
left to right order
Divisions and Subtractions are at the same level and would be evaluated first based on left
to right order
Correct.
24. The EMPLOYEES table contains these columns:
SALARY NUMBER(7,2)
BONUS NUMBER(7,2)
COMMISSION_PCT NUMBER(2,2)
All three columns contain values greater than zero. There is one row of data in the table and
the values are as follows:
Salary = 500, Bonus = 50, Commission_pct = .5
Evaluate these two SQL statements:
1.
SELECT salary + bonus + commission_pct * salary - bonus AS income
FROM employees;
2.
SELECT (salary + bonus ) + commission_pct * (salary - bonus) income
FROM employees;
What will be the result?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Statement 1 will return a higher value than statement 2.
Statement 2 will return a higher value than statement 1. (*)
Statement 1 will display a different column heading.

One of the statements will NOT execute.


Incorrect. See Section 15 Lesson 1.

Section 16
25. Where in a SQL statement can you not use arithmetic operators? Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT
FROM (*)
WHERE
NONE
Correct.
26. You need to display only unique combinations of the LAST_NAME and MANAGER_ID
columns in the EMPLOYEES table. Which keyword should you include in the SELECT clause?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
ONLY
UNIQUEONE
DISTINCT (*)
DISTINCTROW
Correct.
27. You need to display employees whose salary is in the range of 30000 and 50000. Which
comparison operator should you use? Mark for Review
(1) Points
IN
LIKE
BETWEEN...AND... (*)
IS NULL
Correct.

28. Which symbol represents the not equal to condition? Mark for Review
(1) Points
#
+'
!= (*)
~
Correct.
29. Which comparison operator searches for a specified character pattern? Mark for Review
(1) Points
IN
LIKE (*)
BETWEEN...AND...
IS NULL
Correct.
30. When using the LIKE condition, which symbol represents any sequence of none, one or
more characters? Mark for Review
(1) Points
_
% (*)
#
&
Correct.

Section 16
31. You want to retrieve a list of customers whose last names begin with the letters Fr .
Which keyword should you include in the WHERE clause of your SELECT statement to achieve
the desired result? Mark for Review
(1) Points
AND
IN
BETWEEN

LIKE (*)
Correct.
32. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT last_name, first_name, salary
FROM employees;
How will the heading for the SALARY column appear in the display by default in Oracle
Application Express?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
The heading will display with the first character capitalized and centered.
The heading will display with the first character capitalized and left justified.
The heading will display as uppercase and centered. (*)
The heading will display as uppercase and left justified.
Correct.
33. You want to determine the orders that have been placed by customers who reside in
Chicago. You write this partial SELECT statement:
SELECT orderid, orderdate, total
FROM orders;
What should you include in your SELECT statement to achieve the desired results?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
AND city = Chicago;
AND city = 'Chicago';
WHERE city = 'Chicago'; (*)
WHERE city = Chicago;
Correct.
34. Which of the following commands will display the last name concatenated with the job ID
from the employees table, separated by a comma and space, and label the resulting column
"Employee and Title"? Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT " last name" ||', '|| "job_id" + "Employee and Title" FROM employees;
SELECT last_name||', '|| job_id "Employee and Title" FROM employees; (*)
SELECT " last name" ||', '|| "job_id" + "Employee and Title" FROM emp;

SELECT last_name||","|| job_id "Employee and Title" FROM employees;


Correct.
35. When is an entity in 2nd Normal Form? Mark for Review
(1) Points
When all non-UID attributes are dependent upon the entire UID. (*)
When no attritibutes are mutually independant and fully independent on the primary key.
When no attritibutes are mutually independent and all are fully dependent on the primary
key.
None of the Above.
Incorrect. Refer to Section 6 Lesson 3.
36. Any Non-UID must be dependant on the entire UID. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)
False
Correct

Section 17
37. Which statement about the logical operators is true? Mark for Review
(1) Points
The order of operator precedence is AND, OR, and NOT.
The order of operator precedence is AND, NOT, and OR.
The order of operator precedence is NOT, OR, and AND.
The order of operator precedence is NOT, AND, and OR. (*)
Correct.
38. Which of the following best describes the meaning of the LIKE operator? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Display rows based on a range of values.
To test for values in a list.

Match a character pattern. (*)


To find Null values.
Correct.
39. Which of the following are TRUE regarding the logical AND operator? Mark for Review
(1) Points
TRUE AND TRUE return FALSE
TRUE AND FALSE return TRUE
FALSE AND TRUE return NULL
TRUE AND FALSE return FALSE (*)
Correct.
40. From left to right, what is the correct order of Precedence? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Arithmetic, Concatenation, Comparison, OR (*)
NOT, AND, OR, Arithmetic
Arithmetic, NOT, Logical, Comparison
Arithmetic, NOT, Concatenation, Logical
Correct.

Section 17
41. Which statement about the ORDER BY clause is true? Mark for Review
(1) Points
You can use a column alias in the ORDER BY clause. (*)
The default sort order of the ORDER BY clause is descending.
The ORDER BY clause can only contain columns that are included in the SELECT list.
The ORDER BY clause should immediately precede the FROM clause in a SELECT statement
Correct.
42. Which statement about the default sort order is true? Mark for Review
(1) Points

The lowest numeric values are displayed last.


The earliest date values are displayed first. (*)
Null values are displayed first.
Character values are displayed in reverse alphabetical order.
Correct.
43. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT first_name, last_name, email
FROM employees
ORDER BY last_name;
Which statement is true?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
The rows will not be sorted.
The rows will be sorted alphabetically by the LAST_NAME values. (*)
The rows will be sorted in reverse alphabetical order by the LAST_NAME values.
The rows will be sorted alphabetically by the FIRST_NAME and then the LAST_NAME values
Correct.
44. You query the database with this SQL statement:
SELECT price
FROM products
WHERE price IN(1, 25, 50, 250)
AND (price BETWEEN 25 AND 40 OR price > 50);
Which two values could the statement return? (Choose two.)
Mark for Review
(1) Points
(Choose all correct answers)
1
50
25 (*)
10
250 (*)
Correct.

45. Evaluate this SELECT statement:


SELECT employee_id, last_name, first_name, salary 'Yearly Salary'
FROM employees
WHERE salary IS NOT NULL
ORDER BY last_name, 3;
Which clause contains an error?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT employee_id, last_name, first_name, salary 'Yearly Salary' (*)
FROM employees
WHERE salary IS NOT NULL
ORDER BY last_name, 3;
Correct.
46. You need to create a report to display all employees that were hired on or after January 1,
1996. The data should display in this format:
Employee Start Date and Salary
14837 - Smith 10-MAY-92 / 5000
Which SELECT statement could you use?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT employee_id || - || last_name "Employee",
hire_date || / || salary "Start Date and Salary
FROM employees
WHERE hire_date <= '01-JAN-96';
SELECT employee_id ||' '|| last_name "Employee",
hire_date ||' '|| salary "Start Date and Salary"
FROM employees
WHERE hire_date <= 01-JAN-96';
SELECT employee_id ||'"- "|| last_name "Employee",
hire_date ||" / "|| salary Start Date and Salary"
FROM employees
WHERE hire_date <= '01-JAN-96';
SELECT employee_id ||' - '|| last_name 'Employee',
hire_date ||' / '|| salary 'Start Date and Salary"
FROM employees
WHERE hire_date <= '01-JAN-96';
SELECT employee_id ||' - '|| last_name "Employee",
hire_date ||' / '|| salary "Start Date and Salary"

FROM employees
WHERE hire_date <= '01-JAN-96';
(*)

Correct.
47. Evaluate this SELECT statement:
SELECT last_name, first_name, salary
FROM employees;
How will the results of this query be sorted?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
The database will display the rows in whatever order it finds it in the database, so no
particular order. (*)
The results will be sorted ascending by the LAST_NAME column only.
The results will be sorted ascending by LAST_NAME and FIRST_NAME only.
The results will be sorted ascending by LAST_NAME, FIRST_NAME, and SALARY.
Correct.
48. Evaluate this SQL statement:
SELECT e.employee_id, e.last_name, e.first_name, m.manager_id
FROM employees e, employees m
ORDER BY e.last_name, e.first_name
WHERE e.employee_id = m.manager_id;
This statement fails when executed. Which change will correct the problem?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Reorder the clauses in the query. (*)
Remove the table aliases in the WHERE clause.
Remove the table aliases in the ORDER BY clause.
Include a HAVING clause.
Correct.
49. The EMPLOYEES table contains these columns:
EMPLOYEE_ID NUMBER(9) PK
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2(25)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2(25)
DEPARTMENT_ID NUMBER(9)
Compare these two SQL statements:

1.
SELECT DISTINCT department_id DEPT, last_name, first_name
FROM employees
ORDER BY department_id;
2.
SELECT department_id DEPT, last_name, first_name
FROM employees
ORDER BY DEPT;
How will the results differ?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
One of the statements will return a syntax error.
One of the statements will eliminate all duplicate DEPARTMENT_ID values.
There is no difference in the result between the two statements. (*)
The statements will sort on different column values.
Correct.
50. The PLAYERS table contains these columns:
PLAYERS TABLE:
LAST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
FIRST_NAME VARCHAR2 (20)
SALARY NUMBER(8,2)
TEAM_ID NUMBER(4)
MANAGER_ID NUMBER(9)
POSITION_ID NUMBER(4)
You must display the player name, team id, and salary for players whose salary is in the range
from 25000 through 100000 and whose team id is in the range of 1200 through 1500. The
results must be sorted by team id from lowest to highest and then further sorted by salary
from highest to lowest. Which statement should you use to display the desired result?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary
FROM players
WHERE (salary > 25000 OR salary < 100000)
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id, salary;
SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary
FROM players
WHERE salary BETWEEN 25000 AND 100000
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id, salary DESC;
(*)
SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary
FROM players

WHERE salary > 24999.99 AND salary < 100000


AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id ASC, salary DESC;
SELECT last_name, first_name, team_id, salary
FROM players
WHERE salary BETWEEN 24999.99 AND 100000.01
AND team_id BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500
ORDER BY team_id DESC, salary DESC;

Correct.