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E4- E5 Architecture

Rev Date: 14-08-12

CHAPTER-2

GREEN BUILDING CONCEPT


&
NORMS

Rajendra Mathur Dy. Dir(B S-C) 09412739 232(M)


e-mailmathur_ra jendra@ rediffmail.com

E4- E5 Architecture

Rev Date: 14-08-12

GREEN BUILDING CONCEPT & NORMS


The Green building movement has gained tremendous momentum during the past 3-4
years. The concept of green buildings is not as nascent as we think it is. For example,
our own ancestors worshipped the five elements of nature - Earth as Prithvi, Water as
Jal, Agni as Energy, Air as Vayu, and Sky as Akash. Green buildings basically
seek to harness all these natural elements in its design & construction to an optimum
level so as to have an eco-friendly, low energy & low water consumption building and
at the same time providing fresh & healthy environment to its occupants. Threats of
global warming & shrinking natural resources along with rise in power consumption
has led to acceptance of need to construct all
buildings as green buildings.
A green building is one which encompasses the
following important features
(i)
Site selection with full respect to ecology of the area & existing
environment & use of local materials etc.
(ii)
Minimum consumption of energy by the building
(iii)
Minimum use of fresh water from external sources
(iv)
Maximum use of non toxic, recycled & renewable material
(v)
Highest indoor air quality without affecting the energy consumption
(vi)
Integrated Building Management System for control & monitoring,
measurement & verification
(vii) Innovation in design & construction technique.
Green buildings are given ratings by rating agencies based on their performance on
laid down standard criteria. Some of the popular rating systems are LEED, GRIHA
etc. Incorporating green design requires an integrated effort on the part of all the team
members the architect, builder, civil & horticulture engineers, consultants and the
vendors. Achieving the targeted final rating becomes easier when every member is
committed to the green design principles. As regards the cost impact in the design of a
green building, the cost could be slightly higher than a conventional building.
However green buildings, on account of their design features, consume less energy
and less water vis--vis a conventional building. Thus this extra cost gets paid back in
3-5 years time.
India, being a fast developing country, is witnessing tremendous growth in
construction thus putting pressure on both energy & water resources. Therefore it is
imperative to adopt green construction to minimize impact on the environment and
natural resources. Today a variety of green building projects are coming up in the
country residential complexes, hospitals, educational institutions, IT parks, airports,
government buildings and offices etc.

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The benefits
On a broader scale, design & construction of green buildings will benefit the
community at large with the improvement in environment by reducing GHG
(greenhouse gas) emissions, improving energy security, and reducing the stress on
natural resources.
Green concepts and techniques in the residential sector can help address national
issues like handling of consumer waste, water efficiency, reduction in fossil fuel use
in commuting, energy efficiency and conserving natural resources. Most importantly,
these concepts can enhance occupant health, happiness and wellbeing.
Some of the benefits of a green design to a building owner, user, and the society as a
whole are as follows :
Reduced energy consumption without sacrificing the comfort levels
Reduced destruction of natural areas, habitats, and biodiversity, and reduced
soil loss from erosion, etc.
Reduced air and water pollution (with direct health benefits)
Reduced water consumption
Limited waste generation due to recycling and reuse
Reduced pollution loads
Increased user productivity
Enhanced image and marketability
Works Manual Provisions
CPWD has also decided that henceforth all CPWD constructions shall be Green. A
Chapter titled Green Building Norms has been introduced giving the approved
guidelines regarding Green Buildings in CPWD Works Manual.
Obtaining certificate from rating agencies for the building being certified as Green
involves third party inspections / reviews / registration etc. and will involve both cost
and time. The preliminary estimate should include extra provisions, if any to cover the
probable cost on certification both internal and by third party if it is decided to obtain
the green rating certificate.
For internal certification, CPWD has adopted GRIHA rating system of TERI. The
responsibility of internal certification indicating whether the specific criterion that
falls under their respective domain has been achieved or not lie with Senior Architect
for Architecture related criterion; Superintending Engineer (C) for Civil Engineering
related criterion; Superintending Engineer (E) for Electrical Engineering related
criterion and Director (Horticulture) / Superintending Engineer (C) for Horticulture

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related criterion. The overall internal green certification for the project shall be done
by the authority who finalizes and submits the preliminary estimate of the project.
The authority who finalised the preliminary estimate of the project shall develop
appropriate methodology of construction as well as planning of the project and shall
be responsible to include them in contract documents under a new chapter which may
be named as "Particular Specifications/Methodologies for Green Building".
The internal green building certification shall be expressed in following manner on
following documents for the purpose of maintaining the same on permanent basis
S.No. Satisfied by
certified
1
Senior Architect

Standard Document where satisfaction is to be

Completion Certificate if the same falls under his own


competency. If the Completion Certificate falls under
the competency of the authority other than Director (H)/
SE (C/E), the said authority should obtain it from
Director (H) / SE (C/E) before recording the
Completion Certificate and mention the same in the
Completion Certificate.
A Green Parameter Table shall be provided in the
Completion Certificate where all criteria pertaining to
Civil / Electrical / Horticulture should be listed and
satisfaction should be indicated. Reasons for
dissatisfaction should be explicitly mentioned wherever
a criterion is not satisfied.

Director (H) /
SE (C/E)
as the case may be

Preliminary Drawings / Working Drawings issued for


the project. A Green Parameter Table shall be provided
over the Title Block where all criteria pertaining to
Architecture should be listed and satisfaction should be
indicated. Reasons for dissatisfaction should be
explicitly mentioned wherever the criteria are not
satisfied.

A copy of the Green Parameter Table of the respective components of the project
shall be sent to the preliminary estimate framing authority within fifteen days of its
incorporation in standard works document i.e. preliminary / working drawings in
respect of Architectural criterion and Completion Certificate in respect of Civil /
Electrical / Horticultural criterion for compilation of all components and to issue a
final certification to the client for his record. Whenever a project is executed in

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packages, the internal rating shall be for (1) each package separately, and (2) project
as a whole.
EE (C/E) shall facilitate the rating agencies both internal and external (where it is
decided to have Green Rating and certification from third party agencies) by
providing documentary evidences as may be required in support thereof. No
document shall be shared with the external rating agencies directly. Communication
from the external rating agencies in respect of satisfaction / dissatisfaction of the
criterion assessed by them should be indicated in Green Parameter Table in the
Column Remarks indicating reasons for dissatisfaction if points earned are lesser
than maximum points of the Table as per form attached.
GRIHA Rating System
GRIHA (an acronym for Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment) Rating
System, a tool developed by TERI (The Energy and Resources Institute) evaluates the
environmental performance of a building holistically over its entire life cycle, thereby
providing a definitive standard for what constitutes a green building. The rating
system is based on accepted energy and environmental principles, and seek to strike a
balance between the established practices and emerging concepts, both national and
international
The basic features
GRIHA rating system has been developed to help design and evaluate new buildings
(buildings that are still at the inception stages). A building is assessed based on its
predicted performance over its entire life cycle inception through operation. The
stages of the life cycle that have been identified for evaluation are the preconstruction,
building design and construction, and building operation and maintenance stages. The
issues that get addressed in these stages are as follows

Pre-construction stage (intra- and inter-site issues)


Building planning and construction stages (issues of resource conservation and
reduction in resource demand, resource utilization efficiency, resource
recovery and reuse, and provisions for occupant health and well being). The
prime resources that are considered in this section are land, water, energy, air,
and green cover.
Building operation and maintenance stage (issues of operation and
maintenance of building systems and processes, monitoring and recording of
consumption, and occupant health and well being, and also issues that affect
the global and local environment).

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Scoring points for GRIHA


GRIHA is a guiding and performance-oriented system where points are earned for
meeting the design and performance intent of the criteria. Each criterion has a number
of points assigned to it. It means that a project intending to meet the criterion would
qualify for the points. Compliances, as specified in the relevant criterion, have to be
submitted in the prescribed format. The points related to these criteria (specified
under the relevant sections) are awarded provisionally while certifying and are
converted to firm points through monitoring, validation, and documents/photographs
to support the award of point.
GRIHA has a 100 point system consisting of some core points, which are mandatory
to be met while the rest are optional points, which can be earned by complying with
the commitment of the criterion for which the point is allocated. The innovation
points are available over and above the 100 point system. This means that a project
can hypothetically apply for a maximum of 104 points. But the final scoring shall be
done out of 100 points. Different levels of certification (one star to five star) are
awarded based on the number of points earned. The minimum points required for
certification is 50. Buildings scoring 50 to 60 points, 61 to 70 points, 71 to 80 points,
and 81 to 90 points shall get one star, two stars, three stars and four stars
respectively. A building scoring 91 to 100 points will get the maximum rating viz.
five stars.
Points scored
5060
6170
7180
8190
91100

Rating
One star
Two stars
Three stars
Four stars
Five stars

The details of the points as given in TERI GRIHA Rating system and Proforma
Green Parameter Table is given in Annexure-I.
A typical road map to achieve GRIHA 3-Star or 4 Star rating for new buildings is
given in Annexure-II. Also typical energy saving approaches that can be adopted in
buildings is given in Annexure-III. Some of the green features that have been
incorporated in a Platinum rated (LEED rating) residential & commercial project in
India are listed in Annexure-IV.

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ANNEXURE -I
TERI GRIHA Green Building Rating System
Synopsis of the criteria for rating The criteria have been categorized as follows.
1 Site Selection and Site planning
1.1 Conservation and efficient utilization of resource
Objective To maximize the conservation and utilization of resources (land, water,
natural habitat, avi fauna, and energy) conservation and enhance efficiency of the
systems and operations.
Criterion 1 Site Selection
Criterion 2 Preserve and protect the landscape during construction/compensatory
depository forestation.
Commitment- Proper timing of construction, preserve top soil and existing vegetation,
staging and spill prevention and erosion and sedimentation control. Replant, on-site,
trees in the ratio 1:3 to those removed during construction.
Criterion 3 Soil conservation (till post-construction).
Commitment- Proper top soil laying and stabilization of the soil and maintenance of
adequate fertility of the soil to support vegetative growth.
Criterion 4 Design to include existing site features.
Commitment- Minimize the disruption of natural ecosystem and design to harness
maximum benefits of the prevailing micro-climate.
Criterion 5 Reduce hard paving on-site and /or provide shaded hard - paved surfaces.
Commitment- Minimize storm water run-off from site by reducing hard paving onsite.
Criterion 6 Enhance outdoor lighting system efficiency.
Commitment- Meet minimum allowable luminous efficacy (as per lamp type) and
make progressive use of a renewable energy- based lighting system.
Criterion 7 Plan utilities efficiently and optimize on-site circulation efficiency
Commitment- Minimize road and pedestrian walkway length by appropriate planning
and provide aggregate corridors for utility lines.

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1.2 Health and well being


Objective To protect the health of construction workers and prevent pollution.
Criterion 8 Provide at least, the minimum level of sanitation/safety facilities for
construction workers.
Commitment- Ensure cleanliness of workplace with regard to the disposal of waste
and effluent, provide clean drinking water and latrines and urinals as per applicable
standard.
Criterion 9 Reduce air pollution during construction.
Commitment- Ensure proper screening, covering stockpiles, covering bricks and loads
of dusty materials, wheel-washing facility, and water spraying.
2 Building planning and construction stage
Conservation and efficient utilization of resources
Objective To maximize resource (water, energy, and materials) conservation and
enhance efficiency of the system and operations.
2.1 Water
Criterion 10 Reduce landscape water requirement.
Commitment- Landscape using native species and reduce lawn areas while enhancing
the irrigation efficiency, reduction in water requirement for landscaping purposes.
Criterion 11 Reduce building water use.
Commitment- Reduce building water use by applying low-flow fixtures, etc.
Criterion 12 Efficient water use during construction.
Commitment- Use materials such as pre-mixed concrete for preventing loss during
mixing. Use recycled treated water and control the waste of curing water.

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2.2 Energy: end use


Criterion 13 Optimize building design to reduce the conventional energy demand.
Commitment- Plan appropriately to reflect climate responsiveness, adopt an adequate
comfort range, less air-conditioned areas, daylighting, avoid over-design of the
lighting and air-conditioning systems.
Criterion 14 Optimize the energy performance of the building within specified
comfort limits.
Commitment- Ensure that energy consumption in building under a specified category
is 10%40% less than that benchmarked through a simulation exercise.
2.3 Energy: embodied and construction
Criterion 15 Utilization of fly ash in the building structure.
Commitment- Use of fly ash for RCC (reinforced cement concrete) structures with
infill walls and load bearing structures, mortar, and binders.
Criterion 16 Reduce volume, weight, and time of construction by adopting an
efficient technology (e.g. pre-cast systems, ready-mix concrete, etc.).
Commitment- Replace a part of the energy-intensive materials with less energy
intensive materials and/or utilize regionally available materials, which use low
energy/ energy-efficient technologies.
Criterion 17 Use low-energy material in the interiors.
Commitment- Minimum 70% in each of the three categories of interiors (internal
partitions, panelling/false ceiling/interior wood finishes/ in-built furniture
door/window frames, flooring) from low-energy materials/finishes to minimize the
usage of wood.

2.4 Energy: renewable


Criterion 18 Renewable energy utilization.
Commitment- Meet energy requirements for a minimum of 10% of the internal
lighting load (for general lighting) or its equivalent from renewable energy sources

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(solar, wind, biomass, fuel cells, etc). Energy requirements will be calculated based
on realistic assumptions which will be subject to verification during appraisal.
Criterion 19 Renewable energy - based hot- water system.
Commitment- Meet 70% or more of the annual energy required for heating water
through renewable energy based water-heating systems.
2.5 Recycle, recharge, and reuse of water
Objective To promote the recycle and reuse of water.
Criterion 20 Wastewater treatment
Commitment- Provide necessary treatment of water for achieving the desired
concentration of effluents.
Criterion 21 Water recycle and reuse (including rainwater).
Commitment- Provide wastewater treatment on-site for achieving prescribed
concentration, rainwater harvesting, reuse of treated waste water and rainwater for
meeting the buildings water and irrigation demand.

2.6 Waste management


Objective To minimize waste generation, streamline waste segregation, storage, and
disposal, and promote resource recovery from waste.
Criterion 22 Reduction in waste during construction.
Commitment- Ensure maximum resource recovery and safe disposal of wastes
generated during construction and reduce the burden on landfill.

Criterion 23 Efficient waste segregation.


Commitment- Use different coloured bins for collecting different categories of waste
from the building.
Criterion 24 Storage and disposal of waste.
Commitment- Allocate separate space for the collected waste before transferring it to
the recycling/disposal stations.

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Criterion 25 Resource recovery from waste.


Commitment- Employ resource recovery systems for biodegradable waste as per the
Solid Waste Management and handling Rules, 2000 of the MoEF. Make arrangements
for recycling of waste through local dealers.
2.7 Health and well-being
Objective To ensure healthy indoor air quality, water quality, and noise levels, and
reduce the global warming potential.
Criterion 26 Use of low-VOC (volatile organic compounds) paints/ adhesives /
sealants.
Commitment- Use only low VOC paints in the interior of the building. Use water
based rather than solvent based sealants and adhesives.
Criterion 27 Minimize ozone depleting substances
Commitment- Employ 100% zero ODP (ozone depletion potential) insulation; HCFC
(hydro-chlorofluorocarbon)/ and CFC (chlorofluorocarbon) free HVAC and
refrigeration equipments and/Halon-free fire suppression and fire extinguishing
systems.
Criterion 28 Ensure water quality.
Commitment- Ensure groundwater and municipal water meet the water quality norms
as prescribed in the Indian Standards for various applications (Indian Standards for
drinking [IS 10500-1991], irrigation applications [IS 11624-1986]. In case the water
quality cannot be ensured, provide necessary treatment of raw water for achieving the
desired concentration for various applications.
Criterion 29 Acceptable outdoor and indoor noise levels.
Commitment- Ensure outdoor noise level conforms to the Central Pollution Control
BoardEnvironmental StandardsNoise (ambient standards) and indoor noise level
conforms to the National Building Code of India, 2005, Bureau of Indian Standards,
Part 8Building Services; Section 4Acoustics, sound insulation, and noise control.
Criterion 30 Tobacco and smoke control.
Commitment- Zero exposure to tobacco smoke for non-smokers and exclusive
ventilation for smoking rooms.

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Criterion 31 Provide the minimum level of accessibility for persons with disabilities.
Commitment- To ensure accessibility and usability of the building and its facilities by
employees, visitors, and clients with disabilities.
3 Building operation and maintenance
Objective Validate and maintain green performance levels/adopt and propagate
green practices and concepts.
Criterion 32 Energy audit and validation.
Commitment- Energy audit report to be prepared by approved auditors of the Bureau
of Energy Efficiency, Government of India.
Criterion33 Building operation and maintenance.
Commitment- Validate and maintain 'green' performance levels/adopt and propogate
green practices and concepts. Ensure the inclusion of a specific clause in the contract
document for the commissioning of all electrical and mechanical systems to be
maintained by the owner, supplier, or operator. Provide a core facility/service
management group, if applicable, which will be responsible for the operation and
maintenance of the building and the electrical and mechanical systems after the
commissioning. Owner/builder/occupants/service or facility management group to
prepare a fully documented operations and maintenance manual, CD, multimedia or
an information brochure listing the best practices/dos and donts/maintenance
requirements for the building and the electrical and mechanical systems along with
the names and addresses of the manufacturers/suppliers of the respective system.
Criterion 34 Innovation points.
Commitment- Four innovation points are available under the rating system for
adopting criteria which enhance the green intent of a project, and the applicant can
apply for the bonus points. Some of the probable points, not restricted to the ones
enumerated below, could be
1. Alternative transportation
2. Environmental education
3. Company policy on green supply chain
4. Lifecycle cost analysis
5. Enhanced accessibility for physically/mentally challenged.
6. Any other criteria proposed by the client.

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Evaluation procedure
List of criteria

Points

Remarks

Unit of
responsible for
the criterion
Architecture

Criteria 1: Site Selection

Partly mandatory

Criteria 2: Preserve and protect


landscape
during
construction/compensatory depository
forestation
Criteria 3: Soil conservation (post
construction)
Criteria 4: Design to include existing site
features
Criteria 5: Reduce hard paving on site
Criteria 6: Enhance outdoor lighting
system efficiency
Criteria 7: Plan utilities efficiently and
optimize on site circulation
efficiency

Partly mandatory

Criteria 8: Provide, at least, minimum


level of sanitation/safety facilities for
construction workers

Mandatory

Civil

Criteria 9: Reduce air pollution during


construction
Criteria 10: Reduce landscape water
requirement
Criteria 11: Reduce building water use
Criteria 12: Efficient water use during
construction
Criteria 13: Optimize building design to
reduce conventional energy
demand

Mandatory

Civil

Criteria 14: Optimize energy


performance of building within
specified comfort

12

3 by Architecture,
2 by Horticulture

Civil

4
2

Mandatory

Architecture

2
3

Partly mandatory

Architecture
Electrical
Architecture

Horticulture

2
1

Civil
Civil

Mandatory

Architecture

Electrical

Criteria 15: Utilization of flyash in 6


building structure
Criteria 16: Reduce volume, weight and 4
time of construction by adopting
efficient technology (e.g. pre-cast
systems, ready-mix concrete, etc.)
Criteria 17: Use low-energy material in
4
interiors

Civil

Criteria
18:
utilization

Electrical

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Civil

Architecture

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Criteria 19: Renewable energy based 3


hot-water system

Electrical

Criteria 20: Waste water treatment


2
Criteria 21: Water recycle and reuse 5
(including rainwater)

Civil
Civil

Criteria 22: Reduction in waste during 2


construction

Civil

Criteria 23: Efficient waste segregation

Civil

Criteria 24: Storage and disposal of 2


waste

Civil

Criteria 25: Resource recovery from 2


waste

Civil

Criteria 26: Use of low - VOC paints/


adhesives/ sealants.
Criteria 27: Minimize ozone depleting
substances
Criteria 28: Ensure water quality
Criteria 29: Acceptable outdoor and
indoor noise levels
Criteria 30: Tobacco and smoke control
Criteria 31: Universal Accessibility
Criteria 32: Energy audit and validation

Civil

Criteria 33: Operations and maintenance


protocol for electrical and mechanical
equipment

Total Score

100

Architecture,
Civil, Electrical,
Horticulture

Criteria 34: Innovation (Beyond 100)

Architecture,
Civil, Electrical,
Horticulture

Mandatory

Electrical

2
2

Mandatory

Civil
Architecture

Mandatory

Architecture
Architecture
Electrical

Mandatory

Electrical

1
1

Total score 104

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GREEN PARAMETER TABLE


PACKAGE
PROJECT
Nomenclature of
criteria

Criteria 1
Criteria 2

.
Criteria 34
Total score

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Maximum
Points

Points
earned

Remarks indicating reasons for


dissatisfaction if points earned are
lesser than maximum points

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ANNEXURE-II
Road Map to achieve GRIHA 3-Star or 4 Star rating for new buildings
A list of various actions is suggested below as a possible strategy to achieve a
minimum of 3 star rating. Suggestions in brackets followed by a * shall enhance the
score further and enable a 4 star rating. The set of actions suggested are however only
a pointer in the direction of achieving a high star rating but not as a comprehensive
and exhaustive checklist for achieving a high rating.
Site Planning
Select appropriate site as per GRIHA guidelines
Ensure sedimentation /erosion control/save trees (If they exist) / plant more
trees by appropriate planning of the construction work.
Design the building as per site conditions
Control Air pollution at all stages of construction
Ensure safety and health of construction workers
Control hard paving/run off/manage utilities efficiently
Use energy efficient outdoor lighting (use Renewable Energy e.g. Solar based
lighting)*
Use native trees and shrubs for landscaping to reduce landscape water demand
over GRIHA benchmark by 40% (reduce by 50%)*
Energy/ Water/ Waste
Reduce 25% water demand over GRIHA benchmarks (developed based on
National Building Code) (by 50%)*
Save water in construction
Comply with the mandatory requirements within the ECBC (Energy
Conservation Building Code)
Meet prescriptive shading norms of ECBC, provide daylight, avoid over
design of artificial lighting
Reduce energy performance index over GRIHA benchmark by 10% (by
30%)*
Provide 1% equivalent connected load of lighting and HVAC through
Renewable Energy power (meet 10% lighting consumption through
Renewable Energy e.g. Solar based power)*
Use fly ash based products in minimum two of the following three areas:
(structure/ walling / finishing)
Recycle wastewater and reuse 25% of treated wastewater (IF wastewater
quantity is higher than 10kLday)
Segregate and store waste appropriately

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Indoor environmental quality


Minimize the usage of Ozone depleting products in the building structure and
systems.
Use low VOC (Volatile Organic Compound) paints
Ensure compliance of water quality with relevant BIS standards
Restrict Smoking in the building
Provide Universal accessibility

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ANNEXURE-III
Typical Energy Saving Approach in Buildings:
 Orientation:
This is the first step to achieve energy efficiency, following measures can be adopted:
Minimize exposure on the south and west
Use simulation tools and techniques which can help in designing the
orientation to minimize heat ingress and enhance energy efficiency
 Building Envelope
Select high performance glazing with low U-value, low Shading Coefficient
and high VLT (Visual Light Transmittance).
Insulate the wall. The options for insulation materials can be Extruded
polystyrene, Expanded polystyrene (thermocol), Glass wool etc.,
Brick wall with air cavity can also significantly reduce the heat ingress.
Hollow blocks, Fly ash bricks and Autoclaved Aerated Concrete (AAC)
Blocks are also good insulators.
The heat ingress through the roof can be as high as 12-15%. Insulating the
roof can substantially reduce the heat ingress.
Consider shading devices for window openings.
 Equipment & systems
Select chillers with high Coefficient of Performance (CoP).
Install Variable Frequency Drives (VFD) for supply & return air fans and
pumps.
Select high efficiency cooling towers.
Use high efficiency motors, transformers and pumps.
Install Heat recovery wheels and economizers
Consider night purging with ambient air to flush out the heat trapped within
the building during the day
Adopt Controls & Building Management Systems for effective control
Engage a Commissioning Authority to ensure that savings are realized once
the building becomes operational


Lighting:
Design in such a way that the building gets maximum day lighting.
Overall lighting power density can be designed as less as 1.0 W/sq.ft.
Use daylight-cum-dimmer controls
Install occupancy sensors
Select energy efficient luminaires like CFL, T-5, LED, etc.,

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ANNEXURE-IV
Some of the Green features incorporated in a Platinum rated (LEED rating)
residential project are
Energy Saving Features:
The building envelope is insulated with the use of fly ash blocks for walls,
under deck roof insulation and double glazed low-E glass with low U and
SHGC values for all air conditioned areas
High efficiency HVAC equipment with heat recovery wheel has been
provided
Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) Star rated lamps and motion sensors for
lighting have also been provided
3.84 kWp Hybrid Solar PV system which generates 10 kWh / day and Solar
Water Heater of 300 LPD (Litres Per Day) capacity has been installed
Day Lighting:
Sufficient windows and skylight areas have been provided to achieve the
daylight factor of 2% for 80% of the regularly occupied spaces
Light pipes have been used to achieve daylight in the basement areas
Water Saving Features:
A sewage treatment plant of 5,000 liters/day capacity to treat all grey water
generated within the site has been provided. The treated grey water is reused
for flushing and landscaping
Low flow water fixtures (showers, faucets and flush systems) have been
provided
Materials:
Bamboo, which is a rapidly renewable material has been extensively used in
the flooring
Wood salvaged from old buildings has been used for doors and windows

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Salient Green features incorporated in one Platinum rated (LEED rating)


commercial building project in India Office space with a built-up area of
37,362 sq.ft (3,470 sq.mtrs) are

The whole building is 100% solar air-conditioned through the Vapour


Absorption System
In-situ wind turbine of 5 kW capacity
Rs 40 lakhs worth of old furniture was re-processed & re-used in the building
70% of energy savings over ASHRAE 90.1-2004 standard
Zero water discharge site
More than 75% of the spaces with good daylight.

END

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