Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 15

_aNk `S

k e `l[ Nk[ c^ h jdc ^[


D] ck[ [Sj [`^_c]_el MNc_ jdcakckc J
bbaj bNa_][ Nk^`[ Lh`N[ Lf=]hhe Sa``c=][ ]bS
`]bk jteacecf_m`_Sf_ cZLMQ[jabeZbe [S_^
[mL`LhL
[]a[ccr
_c
j_weZ^S`[L`hb[_
jhe\ak__ ce `]lZ La_ ANo F]Nb jk `]LL [c`[c
`PM arf`W^[ `S\ [cakc jdj ]lZ- `qa aieY
Qtcf [mQ_c ccf^e ^[hfk j]hac jdj ac-`=f
hhLh jQ RNak_c @lcf^e ^[ hk k[h_c J
[cLNjk[ jdckNkcakc Aak_]c] `]h `Z`[ L[ J
]aLe a]k `bLe ^ck [_ jd `Q]][ N[c [ae `W[ J
AL_[ cj keZ` Fi [` Rt ja[ ]a[ j^]a[ `[^] a[jk[
h jdckNk`S_ a_dNJ AL_ eSj arc_ @=b _c J
_ah_ [S_b jk J @c[ crq c^cb aiV J keZ_
@_cLb kc J ja[ e\_ L_b aiV J ]ad[ ba__ `h_
Le[fLe`b $V Hac $X[ ahi ^_c -ju a]c `]eNafj]
auL `eZc atc Lh`N[ccemj[ `]`b _cfc [
]ajecfOQeZ jjeauR] b_\cakc jLf [mL_\ eac
J AL_ eSj arc__ah_c[ crq keZ_ ja[ e \_ ]a d[
ba__ `h_ B[ cZ d\`Qe `S[ `&f-`]j_ `]Le ]ak

`]][ j [e=ak ]aLe mLNe LeV c `j] a]^[ ]a k


h[`l[ Nk[ hQt ^[-]S_ aw] hc FiZcb`]c
Ki^_c^`[ Qtcakckc J bNa_ jc ]S^`[ j^chee
A[N[ dc_]hhe Nle^af=L ]bS N]ae]_*[
hcecm_m`_ ja=dcLbeZecZ jamL`L ]a[j]cr
_c j_w`[^S`[L`hb[_ ]hh[he\ak__ ce `]lZ La_
ANR ec Q jk `]N]fc^ VL`[c `[_M Qt^`W^[ `S\
[cakc
Qtj ]lZ ecc-a` eL jb cLVSfc
keZ ck]a mlcakckc Qtj ac A`-[_aeZ c_
Sf[eNak_c ANR NkdNj_ `S c NkZ Le J Bc ]a @j`[
ja^ ck[ l[ ck[ S ck[ S_eS Bccci `[cci `[cj
ah
Hiac eS jcjL akZ_= eSJ ec jk Qt ckNk _c
Aak_]L a^ `Z_ `[` J _hLe a]k l`Le ^ck [_ Qt
`Q][ N[ [ae `W[ J Bc ]a[j cj aeZFi dS Rt jc
]a[ QtckNkj `S_ a_dN J Bc ]a @Nb _c J @j`[
ja^ [S_b jk J ck[ l[ ck[ S c^cb aiV J ck[
S_eS @_cLb kc J Bccci L_b aiV J `[cci `[cj
ah Le[fLe`b $V Hac=_j @ $X[ ahi ^_c ckecZfQt_he[ Qt`b _cf Lft jmfa jeNZ @bQc_ j]
jc jcc`j[

c_NZe[N[a [ `S\cakc `ec ^_L_ abc Bc ]a[


cZ d\`Qe `S[ `&f ]][ Qt Neae j] aS[ Qt
bS L] QtZbN[ [c aek[ Qt [j _c
Qt_ `eZ `e[e Qtj ]jjkc Qt Qrm
j] ba[c b Qt ccwe k e`l[ Nk[ ]lZ c=f ^[ Aak bc`]eat aehe l[`=aMc @=eL mk[LhNR jc=f
c=fc_[j J bNa_ @=eL @NL[ be]SN[ @a]hhe
Sf`&`c=][
Q[bS
hhfN]M^e_
ececm_m`_
`afbeZbi[ja= ]^emL] _c j_we^S`[L`hb[_
ecie\ak__ ce `]lZ La_ ANR t^eb jk `]]lZ]fc^
eQt_`[c ]lZcM [LZ`W^[ `S\ [cakc ckae ckhe
hM ceak_ANR teS[ `S c j$f Le ANR jaLmZ aj^
kccf_ jaj`Le ]a `S c NkZ Le J @Ncw]a LL`[ `\a
@c @`= e[=j S_[
t`\ajk[bcckNk _c Aak_]L a^ `Z`[ L[ J @=eL
a]k bc`[ ^ck [_ bc `Q][ J @Ncw[j cj ae`lFi
N[Rt @=eL ]a[ t`\ajk[c=fckNkj `S_ a_dN J
@Ncw]a @Nb _c J LL`[ [S_b jk J ` \a @ c^cb aiV
J @`c @_cLb kc J e[=j L_b aiV J S_[ Le[fLe` b
$V Hac=_j @ $X[ ahi ^_c- jte][NeL]cZb
`b[LL`c be]SjN[crkeZ ]aje `S[c cRS[c_b[ccf

s_e[ mQ_ bc=fckc afj[ yflcf^ec d\`Qe `S[


`&f ]][- eb eNu aek[a^e L*c hee Lcf `af
NkhMeaf bt`f_ dc j_^l `L `eaf]f[ ea=eN bc
aeNNZc l[j[`ec
c=f `Sc k `[`l[ Nk[ Ih_ a^ ^[-Aak
hcfLcf=c a]^e cL[ke]c jcc `h cN^j Lc[N[
a^c_[j J bNa_ jc jcL[ jas_c[N[ cN^]hhe
L*caN][ Q[bS MMVLae]*[ `[cecm_m`_ ceL[beZf*[
ja=aawc[ _c j_w`[^S`[L`hb[_ Q[jke \ak__ ce
`]lZ La_ ANR a_eZb jk `]h_]fc^ ja`[cc]PM
aZLe`W^[ `S\ [cakc ham}_ ]a LbcZc[c
aL`fL hc a]a _cckc j[_eZ ]a Lcf`biZc
jaNka^[e h`] `Zcckc
J D]wjN `[SNk[c`r
jjS\cQ @j_j^ @^rej_ ah]a dSc_ j][ J
a_eZb jk a^ckNk _c Aak_]L a^ `Z_ `[` J
ekZ a]k a^j[ ^ck [_ a^ `Q][
J D]^j[ cj ah]aFi DL Rt a^ ]a[
a_eZjk[a^ckNkj `S_ a_dN J D]^jN @Nb _c J
`[SNk [S_b jk J [c`r c^cb aiV JjjS\cQ @_cLb
kc J @j_ j^y @^rej_ L_b aiV J ah]a Sc_ j][
Le[fLe`b $V Hac=_j

@ $X[ ahi ^_c- d_cjeZ_ j^[ _Z hO c_a}[ jS[


cN^Q[ jeNZe[N[ a^ ke]]ajQLcafj[ eSa]k][
jc ^__cf[L__ `S\cNR[ d\`Qe `S[ [ Ld[a` Lcfafe` _eZ^_ahe] [c `[ce `L]k at a^
hwahw[rc
k `[`l[ Nk[ Dre ak[ ^[- Aak jeNe L_La][
cfckaeLcf]kc Ne Q[bS^e j[kjjy
at ak[ `ek[eSeSc J bNa_ ak[ jc]aQd A=ejN[
ju]hhe
[jaj]h=]
Q[bS
Lcflj[ae]_*[
`[cecm_m`_
`eNcbeZecZ
jca]^`[
_c
j_w`[^S`[L`hb[_ `[he\ak__ ce `]lZ La_ ANR
akBtb jk `]re]fc^ ja`[c D]PM`]`W^[ `S\
[cakc kj Q[cM ]a ja[ a]^eL ANR bNa_ ak_ Nka^
a`k Iea[eY ae BtZ`amb ANR NkdNj_ j_je
_c[ J ak[ @[]dk ]c] ab[ L[c_i d~]oaj
F[`S[ []jj ]kQ[c J akBtjk[ak[ckNk _c Aak_]L a^
`Z_ `[` J A=ej
a]k jeQd ^ck [_ Sa `Q][ J ak[ @[[j cj
Sc]NFi DL Rt ak[]a[ akBtjk[ak[`S_ a_dN J ak[
@[]d @=b _c J @k]c] ab[ [S_b jk J L[c_i
c^cb aiV J d~]oaj @_cLb kc J e[`S[ L_b aiV J
[]jj ]aZ ]aQ[c Le[fLe`b $V Hac=_j

@ $X[ ahi ^_c-d_[Z [`` `bej ]a]k j[ _hi


_SO_ dj aQj ^[` cL[ ju S_ Q ak_ Q akN N[ Q dj=e
[`]Lcf[_ [ Qk aL`[c d\`Qe `S[ [ Ld[jw ^ch c_cMbZ[ a]aZab] hv\ hva^ Va^jk[
jahibsc Ne=c `[a S`ae]Le s__cNNZc jaf*ed
acfjeNe akj_cX k h`l[ Nk[ `a hhL ^[
Aak hL`]eat F]lcfae]kcLcf^j[ h[ hbNa
c_c_[j J bNa_ bNa jc][Ne bNaN[ bSLV]hhe
eS[f=L Q[bS ]Lcflj[ae]_*[ hcmce_m`_
aSbeZbi[ja= jc_[h_`Zc[ _c
j_whL^S`[L`hb[_ hhe\ak_jk[_ ce `]lZ La_
ANR BtZtb jk `]`a]fc^ eS[`[c `PM Q[ej`W
D`ah `S\ [cakc aSk jeh jkjl hQ`c ja
NSeYctcakckc NSeY ckNe _t_a_QeZ
ANR [ ck]a jaa^ a`k J @_[ `ej[ej akZ a`a[ l[
` jc `S`[ F[_ j[ct a`_ hLcuj Btj Btc] `c[ c^
jk J BtBtZjk[hLckNk _c
Aak_]L a^ `Z_ `[` J Kh_j a]k bN`[ ^ck [_ hL
`Q][ J @_[ `ej[[j cj dsaFi SN[Rt hL ]a[
BtBtZjk[hLckNkj `S_ a_dN J @_[ `ej[ej akZ @Nb
_c J a`a[ l[ [S_b jk J

` jc `S`[ c^cb aiV J e[_ j[ctc_cLb kc J


a`_ hLcuj L_b aiV J Btj Btc] `c[ c^ Le[fLe`b
$V Hac=_j @ $X[ ahi ^_c-ja dj jee_\_ak
`]eat_[ N[ dj Q bNa jeNZe]` d
hL[ S[ bSLV Q dj aLj[ Lta][][ hL hL`eS[
`bej `S\cNR[ d\`Qe `S[ [ Ld[- le]ce^eZ
NZb[
AQdad[_ a]`*Sc[ c_ eS_kdN_ S[ bNacj^_L[
[i[ aN_ F]^_`eZ Nea hL [j _c k L`l[
Nk[ `c h_ ^[-Aak[ NkeSeS h_e jdj[ ckNc
Le he`a^e jeS[ h_c_[j J bNa_ h_e be[_
Lh`N[ je]hhe Lf_b=L Q[bS Q`[ZL[aZb*[
_fcecm_m`_ _fe[biZf*[ja= jcba_biZcicr _c
j_w_f^S`[L`hb[_ _fN^e\ak__ ce `]lZLa_ ANR
dc`S`[b jk `]`c]fc^ Lfj`[c `[_MMLe`W @^[
`S\ [cakc ]`h^e L Lf ckiak_c `[^` ckbc
dccakckc dsQle` hc_ A]b j_[_ `S`[N[]a jl[
akj_[_ J h_ ]aeb A` ba `[ hdebja_
dc`S`[jk[h_e _c Aak_]c] `]h `Z_ `[` J h_e
a]k jd`[ ^ck [_ je `Q][ J h_ ]a[j cj

ju]`Fi N[ Rt h_e ]a[ dc`S`[jk[h_`S_ a_dN J


h_ ]a @Nb _c
J @b [S_b jk J A` ba c^cb aiV J `[ @_cLb kc
J hd L_b aiV J @bja_ Le[fLe`b $V Hac=_j
@ $X[ ahi ^_cd jejca Lh[_ b_&_f`b M& `h^e mj[ L`f]L Lce
]c[ RNbjca eaj[ Le aewL N[ dj Q
Lh` j bNa_ `S\cNR[ Aj_]L a^ [ Ld[LeLQt_m`[ _fjcfcZc[ h_e NkhMe _c [j
ea_t_ k L`l[ Nk[ _F[ ek ^[ -Aak ek`]eat
Nc]bia[Oe_[c Lf_f Qt_h[m hjkL Nkc_[j J
bNa_ ek eajcc]_
jkL_t_ `W_jN[ aae]hhe LfcOjc][ aOa]_ Q[bS
MQc^e hfae*[ Lcecm_m`_ Nc]LbeZbi[ja= hd_^
_c j_wLi^S`[L`hb[_ Ljke\ak__ ce `]lZLa_ ANR
Lfj`b jk `]_e[]fc^ jjL`[c `[_McLeLe`W @^[
`S\ [cakc k[h_jcbj jkjLeZ_[c ckOe ckae
Lfcakckc Lia ckai f_S[mQ_c ANR @keS l[j_
j_^ ba J L[ L[ `ek `ei `eie Ha_ ]a `[_ jkjZ
h[_ Q J Lfj`jk[ekckNk _c Aak_]L a^ `Z_ `[`
J a^] a]k jkL ^ck [_ ek `Q][ J L[

L[ B[j cj @NFi @_` Rt ek]a[ Lfj`jk[ek`S_


a_dN J L[ L[ @Nb _c J `ek [S_b jk J `ei
c^cb aiV J `eie @_cLb
kc J Ha_ ]a `[_ L_b aiV J jkjZ h[_ Q Le[fLe`b
$V Hac=_j @ $X[ ahi ^_cjcrcS_f_S[[_ j&_f`b QtLw[`Ze_[cM ] Leff
hL]`jcac[ej j]he c[L jkj_e Q d` bNa_ `W_j
` d\`Qe `S[ [ `d[hfjQcZa^ed a]] [ cfQfyc cZf_fNfQe] ek
Nkt c_j jec k ^c`l[ Nk[ aa L[ ^[Aak L[`]eat N^j_y aL[__ Q ^c N]c^^e
L[ `h ae] _cc J bNa_ L[ Lce` Sc_N[ c^]hhe
^ca^SL[ ]bS N]ae]_*[ Q[cecm_m`_
a]dbeZbi[ja= Q[h _c j_wQ[^S`[L`hb[_
Q[L`[ak__ ce `]lZLa_ ANR akQ[Nb jk `]aa
]fc^ Lj`[c ]lZcM^SLe`W @^[ `S\ [cakc
J Q[N ckeS mM_`[^eL L`ej]hjc NZf*[biZ
J @lcf^e ]a ja[`ambc `]k Q[cM akZckckc

J L[ LZ_L[a `hcd @`hjjcieS\ J Q[Nak


jk[L[ckNk _c Aak_]L j`] `Z_ `[` J ^cj_
a]k ^ca ^ck [_ L[ `Q][ J L[ LZ_[j cj
c^RtFi N[ Rt L[a ]a[ Q[Nakjk[L[NkZ `S_
a_dN J L[ LZ_ @Nb _c J @L[a [S_b jk J
`hcd c^cb aiV J @`hj @_cLb kc J jci L_b aiV
J @S\ Le[fLe`b $V Hac=_j @
$X[ ahi ^_c-L][be][_b QcS^c][ Lh]`
ba` ak[_ jd`bcf L[Sc_N[S `bej M`b
bje [e MQec~_ j bNa_ `S\cNR[ cfcZ `S[ [ Ld[-J
^c N]ae^e Lfkb^_ Oe Lauj]h a^_`dc
Drkc__ cja]k L[ Lefa]_ Nkchc

iXh`Qe `S
Aak_c-ANo ckbN MQe Nk]a[NkZ^ aP `S Le^ cc
c=fc Aj_c-arf QwQt Q [LZ ^_e*[c `]
Q[ej M cLe j`c[c Aj__ jLe\ _aNk _c[

jN[c- jN[ b ]a]a NZk cc `S_c aP `S_ La `h


]jja_c `]c-[\[ jc_[ `]lf_k[a `lf b ]a
dibc a _c_c @Oc-Nu`l[dcOc
j`][ c k`lf_\ NZk MQe NkAQc_cctL_[ ]ac jc ``lf_c cM`lf_\ NZk ejci^c
c^`L-]^c^O[d Lj Lj_ `k[c NZk
MQe ja c^`L jcLc j_c-NN]jmf hw h[f
jc_ke j`c Nk_ ja_ dibc j[[ _c lej_c Nle ^af hw h[f jc_ke j`c di_ ]a j]
`eche ]^j_c-]^c_ jaj_ jc_ Q eSj j`c b ]a
NkZ[ `eche O[j_c-_a_[[ jc`_ Nac d[
O[ci^c [_ hw_ ]a_ j`c jehe c^j_c -c^eZ
jaj_ __`ej_ Q c^_ j`ic NkZ MQe Nk
hLej_c-Blej_ hw_ c_ h[f_ Q M_ j`ic NkZ[
Nk_L `qc[j_c-`]^O[ Qa c^ Q hLed[c
`qc[ c_[ NkZ^ j_crcc hwj_c -__[\a ae h[f
jc_kec []] L[ j_ NkZ aa^ Nk ac-@eZ Q j[ e `[
L _f [\ ^c Li aZ NkZ^ MQehe dsj[c - _a[jcd
[NZc ]a[cc

dsj[ `doc NkZ^ NkNQe Nuc -NuL Q ]ac Q dlL~cch[c


am`_\ ]jc NkZ MV`=a `c-`] Leae Lt Lc] S[cmL
SaQL`Z NkZ b jehe
AaeZ`S-J F] _c `Sc [`c Ha ja[ dS[ Jec_c
t_c- _eZ _c- akZ _c -Bt _c-dc _c-Lf _cQ[N _c-`&f Nk[ J @bjw
c ]r heZN[`fL b jc` jcL `\caeZn_c `\caeZ]a[
`S[`[ j ][aeZc-J @N _c-@ _c-`\a _c-aa _cBt _c-hQ _c-`S`[ _c-j` _c-akZ _c-J @b jw c ]r
heZN[`fL b
jc` jcL ][aeZn_c [[aeZc-J R _cekZ _c-Dah _c-jcm _c-[e _c-c_L _c[[a[ _c-e[ _c-Lm _c J @bjw c ]r heZN[`fL b
jc` jcL [[aeZn_c Q[\aeZcJ Lh` _c-@[ _c-be]S _c-Qt _c-akZ _cjd _c-be]S _c-J @b jw c ]r heZN[`fL b jc`
jcL Q[\aeZn_c `qcaeZc-J @][ _c-@_j
_c-bc _c-[e _c-N[ _c-R _c-jkL _c

J @bjw c ]r heZN[`fL b jc` jcL `qcaeZn_c


iaeZc-J _jk _c-ec _c-`hec _c-Lc _c-aek _cL_ _c-c _c-ac_ _cL _c-aw _c J @bjw c ]r heZN[`fL b jc` jcL
iAaeZn_c jcaeZc-J c[=_ _c-J ba_hd _c-aNf
_c-[`ejtd _c-[e _c-Lcf[L _c-]lZLfL _cR_c _c-^ca[ _c
bea _c J @bjw c ]r heZN[`fL b jc` jcL
jcaeZn_c @caeZc-J jhe\ _c-]hhe\ _c`e ci _c-jk _c-e`]h[kj _c-cL _cN^ _c-jkak_ _c-L`[ _c J @bjw c ]r heZN[`fL
b jc` jcL @caeZn_c _acaeZcJ Lf= _c-dc_ _c-Aa _c-cN^ _c-ju]h _c
bSLV _c-je _c-cfQf _c-Lh]` _c J
@bjw c ]r heZN[`fL b jc` jcL _acaeZn_c
cm`c-__ac]a jNu Ljc_[ j[Z N\[ cm
NkZ^ _a]a[ [fj`[c-]ac d[ [fj`[ a`[c hbc
dibc j`doc NkZ^ Nk_L am`[c-@l cme`[ ^SV

`LeLc dibc a `]jc j] NkNQe jtec-jte Q


c ]r Saa c_kec NkZ ]a[ ja La cc c=fc
@l[-L*cm`[_ da_ @NeSfjq[_ @l[_ [fd_ NkZ^
MQece AbiZc-LeV Lf ]ac biZ kceS[c _ae[
jcd NkZ^ `eche ^`-NX[L NNNf dl jkf `]cNec ]h=_
`]_ ^`_ `[k[a ]`-ja]` [ hw NacS_ `e[c
arakjcd NkZ^ je_L _a]c -]l_e=Sce`NS[$f_ Q
]Xc _eLfl NkZ Nk`=a af -NX]^O[dc]_ O[`jc
Q[_cScj Q af NkZ j]ec `_c -@[[Le ` hLe`e`e[c
`_\
b `]jc NkZ `eche [cfc-Hfma=L`e `_`[Z
dS[c `N$fjcd [cf Q hb_c F[$fc -__j]jc[_ F[a_
d_ Q [_ $f_ `L_ NkZ
NkhMe ]lZ-L Q L`f ^_ h[h `[ajjc ai h<
kc M RN ]jk ]lZc Ae[Lc- J Ae[ `\a eS `[e `
^cb ]a j]Pj ak[ a[cA[i ar[ [c J
B] ka `S__ c @ ]hae jaNZ j A[j_ `Sj_ `hj_
mLj_bj_ @N `S akf c Le[ @_ ` e[jj ^r

J @NS[S[eN jk jd S[S[ jd jk @Nan S[an


jk jd an S[an jk S[ jd jd S[
jk L]fNbjc[ L`e Q `]`[c Ae[Lck La `h Nk]a[
`]lZ-d_ L_ Q ``_ S_eL[_ Q [_ jaZ
_h `]lZ`] `] `&f- jd hdc\ten`]a j_=f
c=f j]w a^ Ne Ne[ hL jM h h_ ekakaf Le[
a`f L[Lfj_[ _[c `[Le ba ba[ ja `j_ Nk
akcee`eLe b_hhbcj[ a^ Ne hL h_ekL[a
ja Nk hLe ba N[ el[ be h bLe N[ Lf^eL R[
bc ckaf a^ae h ck`[ `[ SackNebNj[ `[ Lf[ h_
_[ ek[c hMaf^e h ckcNfc J eS^eS `jk jk_ _c
a ahaZ Lck j c Lc_ LcLc ckc Lche ahaZ ]][
J j
jcSc bSc jeSc aeSc `ecc eSc ckeSc A^`[c
jc`d j[ jabc jai @[ @`ew[ ` \ a jc]`d
HLeX[ ce[`eae ce[jaj_ Nk
Aal[j Lc` ah]a jbj] ah[Qle[ ah[ cM ah[
ake[ ah[[ j akb ^c[ j`[[ ]abc S__ ]a HL
__`jcL __jebjd[c `&f c ]r NkZ `eche