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Breathing and respiration

Where does the nasal passage lead to?


Nasopharynx
What are the three most deadly chemicals found in the tobacco in cigarettes?
Tar, Nicotine, and Carbon Monoxide
What is the function of the respiratory system?
The respiratory system takes oxygen into the body for use by cells and removes the gaseous
waste,carbon dioxide, from the body.

MCQS
The amount of oxygen in a human being's blood decreases. How will the body MOST LIKELY respond to
the change?

a.
b.
c.
d.

Increasing body metabolism


Decreasing movement
Decreasing blood pressure
Increasing breathing rate

The process that takes place inside cells and gives the body energy is called:

a.
b.
c.
d.

Respiration
Electrolysis
Breathing
Exhalation

"Exhalation" is another term for the action of:

a.
b.
c.
d.

Breathing Out
Breathing In
Cellular Respiration
Digestion

Which of these describe alveoli?

a.
b.
c.
d.

glands that produce bile


tiny sacs inside the lungs helpful in breathing
bacteria helpful in digestion
bones located in the foot

Which of these best describes the purpose of the respiratory system?

a.
b.
c.
d.

to break down food for energy and nutrients


to facilitate the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide
to provide response to stimuli in the world around us
to provide structure and support for the body

When you inhale, oxygen enters your body through

a.
b.
c.
d.

the esophagus
the nose
the diaphragm
the heart

What word best describes the function of the trachea?

a.
b.
c.
d.

passageway
entry point
muscle
pumping station

What term best describes carbon dioxide in the body?

a.
b.
c.
d.

harmless
toxic
necessary
beneficial

Air passes from the nose to the trachea through the:

a.
b.
c.
d.

Bronchi
Lungs
Pharynx
Larynx

The "Voice Box" is another name for:

a.
b.
c.
d.

Bronchi
Pharynx
Larynx
Tongue

What part of your body keeps your food from going into your lungs when you swallow?

a.
b.
c.
d.

Stomach lining
Esophagus
Chyme
Epiglottis

The epiglottis is a flap that

a.
b.
c.
d.

prevents your lungs from taking in too much air


prevents water from flying out your nose while drinking
prevents food and drink from going down your trachea
connects the small to large intestines

Where does gas exchange take place?

a.
b.
c.
d.

Trachea
Bronchi
Pharynx
Alveoli

"Passive Smoking" can also be called:

a.
b.
c.
d.

Heavy Smoking
Secondary Exhalation
Addiction
Secondhand Smoking

Which system provides the body with oxygen?

a.
b.
c.
d.

Respiratory
Integumentary
Nervous
Endocrine

What can you infer about the function of the ribcage?

a.
b.
c.
d.

it helps the lungs pump oxygen


it connects the trachea to the lungs
it protects the lungs
it delivers oxygen from the lungs to the blood vessels

Where does the transfer of oxygen into the bloodstream take place?

a.
b.
c.
d.

in the nasal passage


in the trachea
in the alveoli sacs connected to capillaries
in the bronchioles

The large muscle below the lungs that expands and contracts from each breath is the:

a.
b.
c.
d.

Cilia
Diaphragm
Larynx
Epiglottis

Which of these functions do the digestive, respiratory, and circulatory systems carry out by working
together?

a.
b.
c.
d.

Providing the body with energy


Supplying cells with oxygen
Supporting the body structure
Protecting the inner organs

What is the membrane surrounding the lungs?

a.
b.
c.
d.

pleural membrane
carcinogenic membrane
celluloid membrane
respiratory membrane

The first stop in the path of air is:

a.
b.
c.
d.

Nose/Mouth
Pharynx
Lungs
Trachea

Air moves into the lungs when alveolar pressure is less than atmospheric pressure, and out of the lungs
when alveolar pressure is

a.
b.
c.
d.

less than atmospheric pressure


greater than atmospheric pressure
decreased
the same

What is the name of the dome-shaped muscle that contracts when you inhale?

a.
b.
c.
d.

diaphragm
lungs
stomach
biceps

What happens when your diaphragm relaxes and moves upward?

a.
b.
c.
d.

your lungs deflate and you breathe out


your lungs inflate and you breathe in
your alveoli transfers oxygen into your bloodstream
your bronchioles enlarges

Which system provides the body with oxygen?

a.
b.
c.
d.

Respiratory
Integumentary
Nervous
Endocrine

oral and nasal cavities -> pharynx -> larynx -> trachea -> primary branchi -> secondary bronchi -> tertiary
bronchi -> bronchioles -> terminal bronchioles -> respiratory bronchioles -> alveoli
a.
b.
c.
d.

breathing is:
respiratory system
passages
functions

Small tube formed from the division of the bronchi.


a.
b.
c.
d.

Bronchi
Breathing
Bronchioles
Trachea

The cavity at the back of the nose, connecting the mouth and nose to the oesophagus.
a.
b.
c.
d.

Trachea
Bronchi
Alveoli
Pharynx

The system of organs and tissues that takes air into the body.
a.
b.
c.
d.

Pharynx
Respiratory system
Breathing
Respiration

Secreted by cells in the airways, it helps to trap dirt and bacteria that are then swept to the throat
where they can be swallowed. The bacteria are killed by the low pH in the stomach.

a.
b.
c.
d.

Mucus
Gills
Glucose
Lung

Increased by exercise to increase the availability of oxygen and the excretion of carbon dioxide.

a.
b.
c.
d.

Breathing rate
Diaphragm
Heart disease
Exhale

The air sacs at the end of bronchioles where gas exchange takes place in the lung.

a.
b.
c.
d.

Alcohol
Alveoli
Aerobic
Glucose

A protein that is present in large amounts in red blood cells where it is used to carry oxygen around the
body.

a.
b.
c.
d.

Aerobic
Epiglottis
Alcohol
Haemoglobin

The normal volume of air that is exchanged in a single breath.

a.
b.
c.
d.

Tidal volume
Cartilage
Glucose
Alveoli

dead space

a.
b.
c.
d.

failure of blood to become oxygenated


thick walled respiratory passages (oxygen can't diffuse)
2 accessory organs of digestion
organic, provide energy (fats and oils)

cyanosis

a.
b.
c.
d.

5-6 foot section of digestive tract


2 accessory organs of digestion
skin, mucous membranes and nail beds turn bluish
another name for digestive tract

cellular

a.
b.
c.
d.

organic, act as catalysts, necessary for normal growth


structures where gas exchange occurs in lungs
inflammation of bronchial tubes from colds or smoking
Chemical reaction resulting in the release of energy from organic nutrients

is bronchus.two short branches located at the lower end of the trachea that carry air into the lungs. left
is shorter

a.
b.
c.
d.

lungs
trachia
avioli
bronchi

2-throat

a.
b.
c.
d.

lungs
avioli
pharnyx
trachea

1- smoke damages the tiny hair-like particles called the cilia, paralysing them from doing their job
of producing mucus and sweeping dirt out of the lungs. this causes smokers cough
a. What is a motor neurone?
b. What does smoke do to the health?
c. What does carbon monoxide do to the health?
d. What does nicotine do to the health?
2- it rises
a. What happens to the volume of the thorax when we breathe in?
b. What happens to the air in the lungs when we breathe in?
c. What happens to the air inside the lungs when we breathe out?
d. What happens to the pressure inside the thorax when we breathe out?
3- blood that contains no oxygen and is blue
a. Respiration
b. Oxygen
c. Deoxygenated Blood
d. Synapse
4- Nose, Olfactory Cells, Chemicals
a. What is the sense organ, receptor cells and stimulus for Taste?
b. What is the sense organ, receptor cells and stimulus for Sight?
c. What is the sense organ, receptor cells and stimulus for Touch?
d. What is the sense organ, receptor cells and stimulus for Smell?
5- Where 2 neurones meet, there is a tiny gap called a synapse. Signals cross this gap using
chemicals. 1 neurone releases the chemical into the gap and it is diffused across the gap and
makes the next neurone transmit an electrical signal.
a. Thorax
b. Trachea

c. Ribs
d. Synapse

2 thin moist membranes g makes a continuous envelope around lungs forming an airtight seal
a.
b.
c.
d.

pleural membranes
gaseous exchange
trachea
bronchioles

the pressure in your lungs increases and your ribcage contracts causing the diaphragm to return to
dome shape
a.
b.
c.
d.

gaseous exchange
What happens when you exhale?
What happens when you breathe in?
What does oxygen do in the blood?

trachea splits to form these 2 tubes


a.
b.
c.
d.

trachea
alveoli
Bronchi
bronchioles

oxygen diffuses in the blood resulting in a lower percentage in the exhaled air; CO2 and nitrogen
percentage increases since the body gets rid of it through the blood. Exchange with oxygen through
alveoli.
a.
b.
c.
d.

oxygen debt
What happens when you exhale?
What does oxygen do in the blood?
What happens when you breathe in?

inhaled= 78% exhaled 79% (anomaly)


a.
b.
c.
d.

what percentage of other gases are inhaled and exhaled?


what percentage of oxygen is inhaled and exhaled?
what percentage of CO2 is inhaled and exhaled?
what percentage of nitrogen is inhaled and exhaled?

The windpipe.
a.
b.
c.
d.

Bronchus
Trachea
Inhale
diaphragm

What is created when CO and water combine.


a.
b.
c.
d.

Carbon dioxide
capillary
Bronchus
Carbonic acid

Tiny sacks of tissue at the end of the bronchi specialized for the movement of gasses between air and
blood.
a.
b.
c.
d.

Artery
Vein
Alveoli
Inhale

When there is a little amount of things in a big space.


a.
b.
c.
d.

Respiration
High concentraion
Low concentraion
Pandiculation

Hemoglobin and oxygen combined.


a.
b.
c.
d.

hemoglobin
Alveoli
Oxygen
Oxy-hemoglobin

Tiny sacs of lung tissue specialized for the movement of gases between air and blood.

a.
b.
c.
d.

Vein
Exhale
Aveoli
Inhale

Breath out 11% of oxygen

a. Inhale

b. Oxygen
c. Exhale
d. Alveoli
Breath in 16% oxygen

a.
b.
c.
d.

Cilia
Tar
Inhale
Exhale

Iron and oxygen

a.
b.
c.
d.

Alveoli
Vein
Oxygen
Hemoglobin

The process in which oxygen and glucose a complex series of chemical reactions inside cells.

a.
b.
c.
d.

Hemoglobin
pandiculation
Respiration
Diaphragm

Large, flat muscle at the bottom of the chest cavity that helps with breathing

a.
b.
c.
d.

diaphragm
tar
inhale
trachea

to breathe in

a.
b.
c.
d.

nicotine
exhale
inhale
tar

windpipe

a. bronchi
b. bronchus

c. asthma
d. trachea
very small branches of bronchi that extend into the lungs

a.
b.
c.
d.

bronchiole
bronchi
inhale
bronchus

plural of bronchus

a.
b.
c.
d.

bronchiole
bronchi
bronchus
trachea

level of carbon dioxide


a.
b.
c.
d.

-pnea
-capnia
-oxia
-phonia

pleura
a.
b.
c.
d.

pleuro
pulmo
pneumo
spiro

nose
a.
b.
c.
d.

rhino
spiro
pulmo
phreno

breathing
a.
b.
c.
d.

-emia
-phonia
-pnea
-oxia

level of oxygen
a.
b.
c.
d.

-pnea
-oxia
-emia
-phonia

FILL IN THE BLANKS


1-The lungs take in
2-When a disease is

and release

, it means that it will keep coming back every so often.

3-Bronchitis is a health problem where the


4-The one main function for the
body.
5-The

fill with mucus and fluids.


is the exchange of gases in the air to bring oxygen into the

is also known as the vocal chords.

6-A buildup of cancerous cells that swell and form a bump or mass is called a
7-The respiratory system

throughout the body. The main organs are the

8-The one main function for the


body.
9- The respiratory system
10-The lungs take in

.
.

is the exchange of gases in the air to bring oxygen into the


throughout the body. The main organs are the

and release

lungs

1- oxygen, carbon dioxide 2- chronic 3- Bronchi 4- lungs 5- larynx 6- tumor 7- exchanges air 8- lungs
[lungs] 9- exchanges air 10- [oxygen] [carbon dioxide]

TRUE & FALSE


The alveoli are grape-like air sacs found in the lungs.
True

False

The respiratory system and the circulatory system have nothing to do with each other.
True False

Emphysema is a health problem caused by smoking that makes it difficult to breathe in and out.
True False
Humans inhale oxygen and exhale carbon dioxide.
True

False

5 True/False Questions
1. exhalation: chest cavity________ in size pushed
a. True
False- exhalation: chest cavity________ in size decreases.
2. Gases are exchanged between air in the lungs and blood external
a. True
False
3. 10-12 inch muscular tube monosaccharide
a. True
False-10-12 inch muscular tube esophagus
4. double sugars disaccharide
a. True
False
5. air that can be inhaled beyond normal breathing supplemental
a. True
False- air that can be inhaled beyond normal breathing complemental.
6. trachia windpipe
a. True
False
7. cilia What are the 1 cell thick sacs that allow oxygen and carbon dioxide to diffused quickly
through the body?
a. True
False
8. Bronchi Air moves through the pharynx and into the trachea or windpipe. It is the tube that
you feel when you rube your fingers on your neck.
a. True

False Bronchi Air moves from the trachea to the bronchi to the

passages that direct air into the lungs..

9. Diaphragm A large dome-shaped muscle that plays an important role in breathing.


a. True
False
10. Pharynx A dark, thick, flammable liquid
a. True

False Pharynx Is the only part of the respiratory system that is shared

with another system,the digestive system

11. Low Concentration Molecules take up more space


a. True
False Low Concentration Molecules take up less space
12. pandiculation The process in which oxygen and glucose a complex series of chemical
reactions inside cells.
a. True

False pandiculation Yawning and Stretching at the same time.

13. What happens to the diaphragm muscles when we breathe in? they contract

a. True
False
14. What is the sense organ, receptor cells and stimulus for Touch? Skin, Touch and Pressure
Receptors, Pressure
a. True
False
15. Nitrogen the unreactive gas that makes up most of the air around us
a. True
False
16. Diaphragm a flexible tube kept open by rings of cartilage, also known as the wind pipe
a. True
False Diaphragm a sheet of muscle that forms the base of the thorax.
17. What happens to the diaphragm when we breathe in? it moves up and out
a. True

False What happens to the diaphragm when we breathe in? it becomes

flatter and m

18. Gills Small projections from the surface of cell lining the airways that sweep the mucus up
from the lungs to the back of the throat.
19. True
False
20. Glucose A simple sugar that is the most important source of energy in the body.
21. True
False
22. Lime water A disease in which lung tissue grows uncontrollably due to mutations in the cells.
Usually caused by chemicals in cigarette smoke.
23. True
False
24. Lung The organ of gas exchange for air breathing animals.
25. True
False
26. Energy This is released by respiration. It can be converted from one kind to another but is
never destroyed.
27. True
False
28. Bronchus The passages that direct air into the lungs
a. True
False
29. Regular diffusion The process in which oxygen(O) and Glucose(CHO) undergo a complex
series of chemical reactions inside the cellcreating energy.
a. True

False Regular diffusion When fluid moves from a high concentration to

a low concentration..

30. High concentraion Many things in a small space.


a. True
False
31. Inhale When your diaphragm contracts and pushes out air.
a. True

False Inhale When the diaphragm relaxes and air comes into the

trachea..

32. Pandiculation The process in which oxygen(O) and Glucose(CHO) undergo a complex
series of chemical reactions inside the cell creating energy.
a. True
False- Pandiculation When you yawn and stretch at the same time..
33. what is the adaptation of a capillary wall? one cell thick ; O2 and CO2 doesn't have to diffuse
very far

34.
35.
36.

37.

a. True
False
Where can ciliated epithelial cells and goblet cells be found? in the trachea and bronchi
a. True
False
diaphragm moves up and down to change pressure in the thorax so air can flow in or out
a. True
False
What happens when air enters through mouth and nose? it travels through oesophagus and
down the trachea entering the lungs
a. True
False
what percentage of other gases are inhaled and exhaled? inhaled=21% exhaled= 16%
a. True

False what percentage of other gases are inhaled and exhaled? inhaled

+ exhaled= 1%.

38. functions (6) oral and nasal cavities -> pharynx -> larynx -> trachea -> primary branchi ->
secondary bronchi -> tertiary bronchi -> bronchioles -> terminal bronchioles -> respiratory
bronchioles -> alveoli
a. True

False functions (6) -gas exchange between air and blood

-moves air to and from exchange surfaces


-protect respiratory surfaces
-defense against invading organisms
-produce sounds
-regulate pH of blood.

39. breathing movements are performed during: respiration


a. True
False
40. Bronchi Small tube formed from the division of the bronchi.
a. True
False Bronchi Tubes formed by the division of the trachea..
41. Alveoli A cluster of sacs at the end of the bronchioles where gas exchange takes place.
(Singular : Alveolus).
a. True
False
42. pneumo pleura
a. True
False -pneumo air, gas, respiration lung.
43. naso nose
a. True
False
44. pulmo air, gas, respiration lung
a. True
False -pulmo lungs.
45. pneumono lungs
a. True
False
46. pulmono lungs
a. True
False pulmono air, gas, respiration lung.
47. lung cancer a lung disease in which cells in the lungs grow out of control
a. True
False

48. capillary smallest blood vessel; brings nutrients and oxygen to the tissues and absorbs carbon
dioxide and waste products
49. True
False
50. exhale to breathe out
51. True
False
52. tar to breathe out
53. True
False tar a thick, sticky, dark fluid produced when tobacco burns
54. alveoli plural of alveolus
55. True
False

5 Matching Questions
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Thin
Bronchitis
Bronchus
Excretion
Respiration
a- The walls of the alveoli and capillaries are this to help increase the rate of diffusion
across them and hence the rate of gas exchange.
b-Infection of the lungs. Often resulting from smoking.
C-The elimination of a waste substance from the body.
d- One of the two main divisions of the trachea as it branches into the right and left
lungs.
e- The oxidation of glucose to form carbon dioxide and water with the release of a large
amount of energy.

Answers- 1- a, 2- b, 3- d, 4- c, 5-e
5 Matching Questions

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

air sac walls become stretched and thin, very poorgas exchange in lungs
starches
exhalation forces air_____ of the lungs
air that cannot be exhaled
two branches of trachea
a-polysaccharide
b-residual air
c-bronchi
d-out

e-emphysema
Answers-----1-e, 2- a, 3-d, 4- b, 5- c
5 Matching Questions

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Cilia
Tar
Carbon Monoxide
Mitochondria
Red Blood Cells
a-Tiny hair like extensions that move together in sweeping motion. It sweeps mucus into
the throat.
b-Blood cells another term is also erythocyte
c-a colorless, odorless toxic flammable gas formed by incomplete combustion of carbon.
d-An organelle found in large numbers in most cells
e-A dark, thick, flammable liquid

Answers----------------1-a, 2-e, 3-c, 4- d, 5-b


5 Matching Questions
Ribs
1.
2.
3.
4.

What happens to the diaphragm when we breathe out?


What happens to the intercostal muscles when we breathe in?
What is a sensory neurone?
What is a motor neurone?
a-protects the organs inside the thorax
b-They carry signals from receptors to the spinal cord and brain.
c-Carry signals from the central nervous system to effectors.
d-it moves up and become domed shaped
e-they contract

answers-----------------1-c, 2-e, 3-a, 4-d, 5-b,


5 Matching Questions
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Why is each alveolus very small?


what happens to the pressure in the thorax during inhalation and exhalation?
What is the function of goblet cells.
gaseous exchange
what happens to internal intercostal muscles during inhalation and exhalation?

a-produce the mucus


b-the exchange of gases by diffusion across the wall of the alveoli between the air spaces
and blood
c-Larger surface area
d-inhalation=slight drop in pressure exhalation=raised slightly above atmospheric pressure
e-inhalation=relaxes exhalation= contracts
ANSWERS------------1-c, 2-d, 3-a, 4-b, 5-e
5 Matching Questions
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Vein
hemoglobin
lungs
Red blood cell
Carbon dioxide
a-The main organs of the. respiratory system
b-(CO) A green house gas we produce when we exhale.
C-A blood passage that brings oxygen and carbon dioxide back to the lungs.
d-The cells that transport oxygen to certain parts of the body. (Hint. Only cell in the body
without a nucleus.
e-The protein that oxygen connects itself to when it travels to the body cells.

Answers----------------1-c, 2-e, 3- a, 4- d, 5-b


5 Matching Questions
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

spiro
-emia
pulmono
bronchiol
phreno
a-breathing
b-levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide
c-lungs
d-diaphragm
e-bronchiole

ANSWERS--------1-a, 2-b, 3-c, 4-e, 5-d

-pnea
breathing

-oxia
level of oxygen
-emia
levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide
-capnia
level of carbon dioxide
-phonia
voice
naso
nose
rhino
nose
pharyngo
pharynx
laryngo
larynx
tracheo
trachea
broncho
bronchi, bronchus
bronchiol
bronchiole
phreno
diaphragm
phrenico

phrenic nerve
pleuro
pleura
pulmo
lungs
pulmono
lungs
pneumono
lungs
pneumo
air, gas, respiration lung
pulmono
air, gas, respiration lung
spiro
breathing

Written Questions
The series the chemical reaction that takes place in cells to release energy---------------------The tube that carries air from the nose and mouth to the chest cavity---------------------The process by which the body takes in and lets out air---------------------ANSWERS------------1- ANSWER: Respiration
ANSWER: Breathing

, 2- ANSWER: Trachea , 3-

Written Questions
muscles, bones, and joints---------------------group of passages that filter incoming air; transports air to lung; has many microscopic air sacs for gas
exchange---------------------level of organs and level of movement ---------------------ANASWERS-------1- ANSWER: breathing involves:
3- ANSWER: breathing acts an interface between:

2- ANSWER: respiratory system,

Written Questions
Inhalation and exhalation of air.---------------------pair of spongy organs of respiration in which blood is aerated ---------------------What are the 1 cell thick sacs that allow oxygen and carbon dioxide to diffused quickly through the
body? ---------------------1- ANSWER: respiration 2- ANSWER: lungs

3- ANSWER: alvioli

Written Questions
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

carbon dioxide and water vapor----------------------decreases----------------------pulmonary edema ----------------------anoxia ----------------------emulsifies fats -----------------------

1- ANSWER: exhalation allows waste gases like__________ and __________ to be removed


from the lungs

2- POSSIBLE ANSWERS: inhalation: internal air pressure___________ or exhalation: chest


cavity________ in size
3- ANSWER: tissue fluid builds up in air sacs due to inefficient heart action
4- ANSWER: failure of blood to become oxygenated
5- ANSWER: function of bile
5 Written Questions
1. The most abundant blood cell type specialised for the carriage of oxygen and gas exchange.------

2. A group of diseases that affects the function of the blood vessels, often caused or made worse
by smoking, that can lead to heart attacks. ----------------3. A flap of skin that can closes off the trachea when you swallow so that you don't choke on your
food. ----------------4. To breath out. ----------------5. Can be caused by particles from tobacco smoke or dust from industrial processes. Can lead to
further problems due to white blood cells destroying tissue and leading to emphysema. ----------1- ANSWER: Red blood cell
2- ANSWER: Heart disease
3- ANSWER: Epiglottis
4- ANSWER: Exhale
5- ANSWER: Lung damage
6 Written Questions
1. passageway leading from the trachea to a lung.----------------------2. stimulant drug in tobacco that increases heart rate and blood pressure ----------------------3. lung disorder in which the bronchial tubes contract quickly and cause shortness of breath,
wheezing, or coughing; may occur as an allergic reaction ----------------------4. a tiny sac for holding air in the lungs----------------------5. disease in which the tissues of the lungs lose elasticity, making breathing very difficult---------------------6. colorless, odorless, and poisonous gas produced by cigarettes----------------------1- ANSWER: bronchus 2- ANSWER: nicotine

3- ANSWER: asthma

4- ANSWER: alveolus

5- ANSWER: emphysema 6- ANSWER: carbon monoxide


Written Questions
1. a colorless orderless gas that living things on earth need to sirvive---------------------2. A colorless gas--------------------3. Air moves through the pharynx and into the trachea or windpipe. It is the tube that you feel
when you rube your fingers on your neck--------------------4. Molecules take up more space--------------------5. Are the main organs of the respiratory system---------------------1- ANSWER: Oxygen

2- ANSWER: Carbon dioxide 3- ANSWER: Trachea

4- ANSWER: High concentration 5- ANSWER: Lungs


Written Questions

1. A large dome shaped muscle responsible for controlling breathing. -----------------2. What we use to make energy for our cells. Plants produce this. -----------------3. The process in which oxygen(O) and Glucose(CHO) undergo a complex series of chemical
reactions inside the cell creating energy. -------------4. The throat -----------------5. Tiny hairlike extensions that line the nose and trachea that act as tiny brooms ------------------

Answers----------------1- ANSWER: diaphragm

2- ANSWER: Oxygen

3-

ANSWER: Respiration

4- ANSWER: Pharnyx

5- ANSWER: Cilia

5 Written Questions
1. to trap dust and microbes and brush mucus into goblet cells. Dust trapped in mucus is then
coughed out.--------------------2. protects lungs --------------------3. windpipe--------------------4. inhalation=increases exhalation=decreases--------------------5. joins one rib to the next. two types internal and external --------------------answers-------------1- ANSWER: what is the function of ciliated epithelial cells? 2ANSWER: ribs

3- ANSWER: trachea

4- ANSWER: what happens to the thorax during inhalation and

exhalation ?

5- ANSWER: intercostal muscles

small intestine

a.
b.
c.
d.

2-3 foot section of digestive tract


5-6 foot section of digestive tract
another name for digestive tract
function of bile

vitamins

a.
b.
c.
d.

air that can be inhaled beyond normal breathing


air that can be exhaled beyond normal breathing
organic, provide energy (fats and oils)
organic, act as catalysts, necessary for normal growth