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A Detailed Lesson Plan in Mathematics


For Grade-6
Teacher: Mr. Rodolfo M. Retes
I.

Objectives:
At the end of the lesson, the pupils are expected to:
a.
State the rules in addition of integers.
b.
Demonstrate skill in addition of integers.
c.
Value the importance of adding integers correctly.

II.

Subject Matter:
Lesson: Addition of Integers
Readings/Reference: Our World of Math-6 (Based on K to 12 Basic Education
Curriculum), by: Alicia L. Padua et al., pp. 319-322, K to 12
Curriculum Guide in Mathematics- 6
Resources:
Cartolina, manila paper, pentel pen, dart board
Values integration: Thriftiness.
Lateral integration: Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Spending
your money wisely.
Duration: 1 hour

III.

Methodology (5 As)
A.

Awareness
1.
Prayer
2.
Greetings
3.
Checking of Attendance
4.
Classroom Rules
1) Observe safety at all times.
2) Always show respect to the teachers and school authorities.
3) Maintain cleanliness and orderliness inside the classroom.
4) Raise your hand if you want to ask or say something during the
discussion.
5) Ask permission in going out of the room.
5.

Review

Teachers Activity
Learners Activity
Yesterday, we have discussed An integer is any number that belongs to
about the set of Integers. Basing the set of positive and negative whole
upon the number line below, can numbers, and zero.
you recall what an integer is?
Left
Right
-10 -9 -8

-7

-6 -5 -4

-3 -2

-1

9 10

Can you give examples of integer? -1, -2, -30, 1, 2, 3...


Very good. Now you are ready for
the next lesson.
6.

Motivation
Teachers Activity

Learners Activity

Okay, how much is your daily My parents give me P10.00 allowance


allowance in coming to school? each day.

2
Lets ask Johnny.
Now, suppose Johnny will go to
Marias Store and buy snacks
worth P17.00, how much is left
from his allowance?
Is it good to have plenty of debts?
What are you going to do to avoid
this kind of situation?
How do you write the equation to
arrive at your answer?
Now, do you have any idea about
our lesson for today?
7.

Nothing is left from his allowance.


Instead he has a debt of P7.00

No.
Be thrifty and spend our money wisely.
P10.00 + (-P17.00) = - P7.00
Our lesson for today is about addition of
signed numbers or Addition of Integers.

Presentation

Our lesson for today is about


Addition of Integers.
To illustrate the addition of
integers, let us consider a number
line. What have you observed
from the following illustration?

Integers can be represented by arrows


whose length is the numerical value,
extending to the right if positive and left
if negative.

Example 1: Addition of +3 and +2 =


+2
+3

-10 -9 -8

-7

-6 -5 -4

-3 -2

Commonly written as:

-1

9 10

9 10

9 10

(+3) + (+2) = + 5
3 + 2 = 5

Example 2: Addition of -3 and -2 =


-2
-3

-10 -9 -8

-7

-6 -5 -4

-3 -2

-1

(-3) + (-2) = - 5
Example 3: Addition of +7 and -4 =
-4
+7
-10 -9 -8

-7

-6 -5 -4

-3 -2

-1

(+7) + (-4) = 3

Example 4: Addition of +5 and -10 =


-10
+5
-10 -9 -8

-7

-6 -5 -4

-3 -2

-1

9 10

(+5) + (-10) = -5
Example 5:
Imagine that our temperature in the morning is -2 C and then over the course
of the day, the temperature goes up 7 degrees Celsius. What is the new
temperature?
Thermometer
-2 C + 7 C = 5 C
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
-1
-2
-3
-4
-5
-6

B.

Activity
Teachers Activity

Learners Activity

Now, I am going to divide you


into 2 groups. Each group must The pupils shall go into their
have a reporter (reports the group corresponding groups and cooperate in
output in front of the class), a answering the given activity:
timekeeper (keeps track of the
time allotted) and a secretary
(records the data for reporting).
Instructions:
1. Study the examples given to
you and find out what general
rule can you state in addition of
integers.
2. Answer the given Exercise 1
and 2.

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3. Write your answer on the Group 1
Manila paper provided and after 5 Examples:
minutes, report your output in
1. (+3) + (+2) = 5
front of the class.
2. (-3) + (-2) = -5

This is the criteria for grading


your group activity:
Cooperation
Content
Reporting
Total

= 40%
=30%
=30%
100%

Exercise:
1. (+4) + (+8) =
2. (-5) + (-4) =
Group 2
Examples:
1. (+7) + (-4) = 3
2. (+5) + (-10) = -5
Exercise:
1. (+8) + (-2) =
2. (+6) + (-9) =

C.

Analysis
Teachers Activity

Learners Activity

Since 5 minutes had already Expected answers for the rules in


passed, post your group output on addition of integers and the exercises.
the board.
Group 1
Reporters, be ready for your report To add integers with like signs, find the
and be creative in presenting it.
sum and copy the common sign.
Exercise:
1. (+4) + (+8) = 12
2. (-5) + (-4) = -9
Group 2
To add two integers with unlike signs,
find the difference and copy the sign of
Very good! Basing upon the given the greater number.
criteria, these are your grades:
Exercise:
Group 1 got ________%
1. (+8) + (-2) = 6
Group 2 got ________%
2. (+6) + (-9) = -3

D.

Abstraction
Teachers Activity

Learners Activity

From the given report, are there


any questions?
None Sir.
Did you understand our lesson for
today?
Yes Sir.
What is the rules in addition of Rules in addition of integers:
1. To add integers with like signs, find
integers?
the sum and copy the common sign.

5
2. To add two integers with unlike
signs, find the difference and copy the
sign of the greater number.

What is the importance of adding Adding integers or signed numbers


correctly is very important because it is
integers correctly?
very useful in our real life situation.
Moreover, the knowledge of adding
integers correctly is fundamental and
useful as we move on to the next
lessons in the future.
This time, we will sing the rules
in addition of integers. With the
tone of Row, Row, Row Your
Boat song.
Same signs add and keep,
different signs subtract,
Take the sign of the larger
number, then youll be
exact(3x)

E.

Application (Dart Board Game)


Teachers Activity

Learners Activity

Now you are going to demonstrate


your skill in adding integers. We
will use the Dart board game to
construct our equations.
Are you ready to learn more and at
Yes Sir.
the same time have some fun?
At this time, the pupils who belong to group 1 will be called The Sniper
Kids while the pupils who belong to group 2 will be called The
Sharpshooter Kids. The mechanics of the game are as follows:
1. Each group must have 5 players, taken by drawing lots.
2. Write the names of each player in their respective score board.
3. Decide who will play first by tossing a coin.
4. Have the first player (followed by the second player, and so on) throw
2 darts at a time at the dart board. If the dart hits the white portion, the
corresponding number is positive. If the dart hits the black portion, the
corresponding number is negative. When two darts are already thrown,
the members of each group shall demonstrate their skill by adding the
integers and put their answers on score board.
5. If the dart falls on the floor, the player is only given one chance to throw
the dart.
6. Add the scores of each team. The group having the highest positive score
wins and will receive a special prize.

6
Teachers Activity

Learners Activity

Ok remember our number 1 (Each group representative takes turn in


classroom policy: Observe safety throwing the darts while the members
at all times. The game starts now. demonstrate their skill by adding the
integers and put their answers on the
score board.)
Now let us see who got the highest
positive score. May I now check
your answers? Ok, the special
price goes to group _______.

IV.

Evaluation
Directions: In (half) sheet of paper, answer the following numbers:
I. Demonstrate your skill in adding integers:
1. 18 + 7 =
6. 11 + 19 =
2. (-7) + 15 =
7. (-19) + 7 =
3. (-22) + 13 =
8. (-9) + 14 =
4. (-16) + (-18) =
9. (-6) + (-15) =
5. 13 + (-26) =
10. 17 + (-14) =
II. State the rules in addition of integers
1.
2.
III. Give two reasons why adding integers correctly is important.
1.
2.

V.

Assignment
I.

Solve the following.


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

II.

10 + 12 =
(-6) + 14 =
(-32) + 17 =
(-10) + (-8) + 9 =
18 + (-27) + 4 =

Problem Solving.
1. In New York, the temperature was -14F in the morning. If the
temperature dropped 7F, what is the temperature now?
2. Louis was doing a science experiment about temperature. He
first measured the temperature of some water and found it
was17C. Then he put the water in the freezer and recorded the
temperature two hours later. It had fallen to -11C. What was the
change in temperature in two hours?
3. Your mother has a bank balance of P120 at the start of the
month. After the end of the month, she deposits P70. How much is her
new balance?

( Thank you very much! May God bless the teaching-learning force more and more. )