Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 17

SULIT

4541

Peraturan Permarkahan
CHEMISTRY 4541
Kertas 1,2 dan 3
Mei
2011

BAHAGIAN PENGURUSAN
SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH DAN SEKOLAH KECEMERLANGAN
KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA

PERATURAN PERMARKAHAN
PEPERIKSAAN PERTENGAHAN TAHUN 2011
TINGKATAN LIMA

CHEMISTRY
MID YEAR
2011
MARKING SCHEME

PAPER 1
PAPER 2
PAPER 3

4541

2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh

SULIT

SULIT

4541

SKEMA KERTAS 1
CHEMISTRY 4541/1

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25

4541

A
C
D
D
C
C
A
A
B
D
C
A
B
D
A
C
B
A
B
A
B
B
C
B
B

2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh

26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

B
C
C
C
B
B
D
B
A
B
C
A
D
D
D
B
A
C
B
A
B
B
A
B
B

SULIT

SULIT

4541

MARKING SCHEME FOR CHEMISTRY PAPER 2


Mark
1

1. (a)(i) Haber process


(ii) H2

(iii) Temperature : 450 0C


Pressure
: 200 atm
Catalyst
: Iron

1
1
1

(iv) Sulphuric acid

(b)(i)
Cl H
C=C
H

(ii) PVC does not rust

(iii) Produces acidic / toxic gas

1
9 marks

2 (a) (i) Diffusion

(ii) CuSO4

(iii) Ion

(iv) - Copper(II) sulphate is made up of tiny/discrete particles

- Particles are in motion // particles move randomly

- Particles move through the space in solid agar from high concentration to low
concentration

(b) (i) 1. Num. of mole =

120 // 0.005

24000
(ii) 1. Num. of oxygen molecules = 120

x 6.0 x 1023

24000
= 3.0 x 1021

4541

2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh

1
1
9 Marks

SULIT

SULIT

3 (a) (i) R / S

4541
1

(ii) 2.4 / 2,4

(b) (i) Q
(ii) The atom has 8 valence electron //
The atom achieve octet electron arrangement //
The atom has electron arrangement 2.8

(c) T-

(d) S and T have 3 shells filled with electrons

(e) (i) 2R + O2 2RO


(ii) 1. Num. of mole of R = 4.8 // 0.2
24
2. Mass of RO = 0.2 x [ 24 + 16 ] g // 8.0 g

1+1
1
1
10 marks

4 (a)(i) a chemical formula that shows the simplest ratio of atom


of element in a compound

(ii) to dry the hydrogen gas / to absorb water vapour

(iii) to avoid the oxidation of lead // to avoid the formation of lead oxide

(b) (i) Lead


Oxygen

: (112.18 62.50) g // 49.68 g

: (116.02 112.18) g // 3.84 g

(ii) 49.68 : 3.84 // 0.24 : 0.24 // 1 : 1


207
16
(iii) PbO

1
1

(c) PbO + H2 Pb + H2O

(d) (i) repeat the process of heating, cooling and weighing until the mass of lead
is constant

(d)(ii) Magnesium is more reactive than hydrogen //


Magnesium is placed above hydrogen in reactivity series

4541

2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh

1
10 marks

SULIT

SULIT

4541

5 (a)(i) Neutralisation

(ii) H2SO4 + 2KOH K2SO4 + 2H2O

1+1

(iii) Pink to colourless

(iv) Ma = 1 x 0.1 x 25
2
12.5
= 0.1 moldm-3

1
1

(b) 1. 25 cm3
2. Hydrochloric acid is a monoprotic acid // sulphuric acis is a diprotic acid
3. to produce the same concentration of H+ ion // concentration of H+ ion
in HCl is half.

1
1

(c) P : Hydrochloric acid

Q : Sulphuric acid

1
11 marks

No.

Sub
Mark

Answer

Total
Mark

6 (a)

(b)(i)
(ii)
(c) (i)
(ii)
(iii)
(d) (i)

OH

//

Propyl ethanoate
Sweet pleasant smell
Oxidation
Orange to green
Acidified potassium manganate(VII) solution
1. Functional apparatus
2. Label

1
1
1
1
1
1
1

Porselain chip
Glass wool
Soaked in
propanol
Heat

(ii)
(e)

1,2 dibromopropane
1. Correct formulae of reactants and products
2. Balance equation

water
r

1
1
1

2 C3H7OH + 9 O2 6 CO2 + 8 H2O


TOTAL

4541

2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh

SULIT

SULIT

No.

4541
Sub
Mark

Answer

Total
Mark

7 (a)
Experiment I
Observation
at anode
Observation
at cathode
Product at
anode
Half equation
at anode

(b)(i)

(ii)

(c)(i)
(ii)

Gas bubbles release


Brown solid deposited

Experiment II
Copper electrode
become thinner
Copper electrode
become thicker // Brown
solid deposited

Oxygen gas

Copper(II) ion

4 OH 2 H2O + O2 +
4e

Cu Cu2+ + 2e

1 +1
1+1

1+1

1. Positive terminal : Copper


Negative terminal : Zinc
2. Electron flow : Zinc to copper through connecting wire
1. Correct formulae of reactants and products
2. Balance equation
Positive terminal : Cu2+ Cu + 2e
Negative terminal : Zn Zn2+ + 2e
Z, Y, X, W
1. Potential difference : 0.6 V
2. Positive terminal : X
3. Reason : Z is more electropositive than X // Z is place higher than X
in electrochemical series.
TOTAL

8 (a)(i) Both axis are labeled and with unit

1+1+1+1

10

1
1

1+1
1+1
1
1
1
1

4
1

3
20

Mark
1

All points are transferred correctly

Uniform scale

Shape of the graph is correct

(ii) 5.0 cm3

(iii) The number of moles of barium ion = 5.0 x 1.0 // 0.005 mol
1000
The number of moles of sulphate ion = 5.0 x 1.0 // 0.005 mol
1000

mole of suphate ion

1
1

(iv) Ba2+ + SO42- BaSO4


Formula of reactants correct
Formula of product correct
4541

2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh

1
1
SULIT

SULIT

(b)(i)

(ii)

4541

P : Lead (II) carbonate / PbCO3


Q : Lead(II) oxide / PbO
R : Carbon dioxide / CO2

1
1
1

Lead(II)nitrate solution

Test for Pb2+


Pour the solution into a test tube
Add potassium iodide solution
Yellow precipitate

1
1
1

Test for NO3Add dilute sulphuric acid


followed by iron(II)sulphate solution
Drop/Add slowly concentrated sulphuric acid
Brown ring

1
1
1
20 marks

9(a)(i) R
Achieve octet electron arrangement // 8 valence electron

1
1

(ii) 2P + Q2 2PQ
Formula of reactants and product correct
Balance

1
1

(b) Electron arrangement for atom of element X : 2.8.1


Electron arrangement for atom of element Y : 2.6
Element X in Group 1
Because one valence electron
Period 3
Three shells occupied with electrons

1
1
1
1
1
1

(c)(i)In molten state , ions can move freely


In solid state , ions are not freely moving// Ions are in a fixed position

1
1

(ii) Sample answer :


Lead (II)bromide
Apparatus :
Crucible ,battery ,bulb ,connecting wires , tripod stand ,Bunsen burner ,
carbon electrodes , pipe-clay triangle.
Procedure
1. Fill a crucible with solid lead(II)bromide
2. Dip carbon electrodes into lead(II)bromide
3. Switch on / complete the circuit
4.Observe whether the bulb glows**
5. Heat the solid lead(II)bromide until it melts completely
6. Observe whether the bulb glows**
** point 4/6 (1 mark only)
4541

2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh

1
1
1
1
1

SULIT

SULIT

4541

Observation
State of
lead(II)bromide
Solid
Molten

Observation on the bulb


The bulb did not glow
The bulb glowed brightly.

1
20 marks
No.

Sub
Mark

Answer

10(a)(i)

Total
Mark

Experiment I
1

= 0.56 cm3s-1
Experiment II
= 1.14 cm3s-1
1. Correct formulae of reactants and products
2. Balance equation

(ii)

(b)(i)

(ii)

1
1

Zn + 2 HCl ZnCl2 + H2 // Zn + H2SO4 ZnSO4 + H2


1. Rate of reaction in experiment II is higher
2. Concentration of H+ ion in experiment II is higher // sulphuric acid is
diprotic acid and hydrochloric acid is monoprotic acid
3. Number of H+ ion perunit volume in experiment II is higher
4. Frequency of collision between zinc and H+ ion in experiment II is
higher
5. Frequency of effective collision in experiment II is higher
1. Label and correct unit of both axes
2. Correct curve and label

2
1
1
1
1
1

1
1

Volume of gas / cm3

Experiment II

Experiment I

Time / s
3. Curve in experiment II is steeper //Initial rate of reaction in
experiment II is higher
4. Concentration of H+ ion in experiment II is higher
5. Maximum volume of gas in both experiment are the same
6. Number of mole of H+ ion in both experiment are the same.

4541

2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh

1
1
1
1

6
SULIT

SULIT
(c)

9
1.
2.
3.
4.

4541

Arrow upward, energy label and two level


Correct position of reactant and product
Activation energy without catalyst, Ea
Activation energy with catalyst, Ea

1
1
1
1

Energy

Ea
Zn + 2HCl

Ea

ZnCl2 + H2

(d)

Increase temperature // Use smaller size of zinc


TOTAL

4541

2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh

20

SULIT

SULIT

10

4541

MARKING SCHEME
4541/3 CHEMISTRY
Paper 3
Question

Rubric
Able to write all the time taken accurately with one decimal places
with unit.

Score

Answer:
Temperature
35.0
45.0
55.0
65.0

1(a)

Time
28.5 s
20.0 s
15.0 s
12.0 s

Able to write any 3 readings accurately // All readings correctly but


without decimal places.
Able to write any 2 readings correctly.
No response given / wrong response
Question

Rubric
Able to construct a table to record the data that contain:
i.
Correct titles
ii.
Correct readings // ecf from 1(a)
iii.
Correct unit
Sample answer:

1(b )

Temperature
(C)
Time ( s )

28

35

45

55

65

43.0

28.5

20.0

15.0

12.0

1 / time
( s 1 )

0.023

0.035

0.050

0.067 0.083

2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh

1
0
Score

Able to construct a less accurate table that contains:


i.
Titles
ii.
Readings
iii.
Without unit
Able to construct a table with at least one title / reading
No response or wrong response

4541

2
1
0

SULIT

SULIT
Question

11
Rubric
Able to draw the graph correctly
1
/ s 1 and axis y : temperature/C
time
ii.
Consistent scale and the graph half of graph paper
iii.
All the points are transferred correctly
iv.
Straight line
Able to draw the graph incorrectly

i.

1(c)

Axis x :

4541
Score

2
1
and axis y : temperature// Inverse axes
time
ii.
Consistent scale
iii.
About 3 points are transferred correctly
iv.
Straight line
Able to state an idea to draw the graph

i.

Axis x :

1
i.
Draw the axis x and axis y
ii.
Straight line
No response or wrong response
Question

Rubric
Able to state the relationship between the temperature and the rate
of reaction correctly

0
Score

1(d)

Sample answer:
The higher of temperature, the higher of the rate of reaction
Able to state the relationship between the temperature and the rate
of reaction incorrectly
2
Sample answer:
The higher the temperature, the rate of reaction faster.
Able to state an idea of relationship between the temperature and
the rate of reaction
1
Sample answer:
Temperature affects the rate of reaction.
No response or wrong response

4541

2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh

SULIT

SULIT
Question

12
Rubric
Able to state all the three variables correctly
Sample answer:
Manipulated variable : Temperature of sodium thiosulphate
Responding variable : Rate of reaction
Constant variable
: Volume and concentration of hydrochloric
acid//volume and concentration of sodium
thiosulphate
Able to state any two variables correctly
Able to state any one variables correctly
No response or wrong response

1(e)

Question

1(f)

Question

Rubric
Able to give the meaning of the rate of reaction correctly.

4541
Score

2
1
0

Score

Sample answer:
1/time for X mark no longer visible // Quantity of sulphur/
precipitate formed compared the time
Able to give the meaning of the rate of reaction less accurately.

Sample answer:
Measure of how quickly a chemical reaction happens//The change/
increase/decrease in the amount of products/reactant per time
Able to give an idea of the rate of reaction.

Sample answer:
Rate of formation of sulphur//time taken to form the sulphur
precipitate
No response given / wrong response

Rubric
Able to state all observations correctly.

Score

Sample answer:

2(a)

Test tube
A
B
C

Observation
Brown solid formed// blue solution turns light blue
No change // remain unchanged
Brown solid formed// blue solution turns light blue

Able to state two observations correctly


Able to state one observation correctly
No response or wrong response

4541

2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh

2
1
0

SULIT

SULIT
Question

13
Rubric
Able to state the inference correctly based on observation.

4541
Score

Sample answer:
Observation
Brown solid formed
Or
Observation
Blue solution turns light
blue

Inference
Copper formed.

Inference
Concentration/ number of Cu2+
ion decreases //
Concentration of copper(II)
sulphate /CuSO4 decreases
Able to state the inference incorrectly
2(b)

Sample answer:
Observation
Brown solid formed
Or
Observation
Blue solution turns light
blue

Inference
Copper(II) ion/ Cu2+ discharged

Inference
Amount of copper(II) ion/ Cu2+
decreases //
Cu2+ ion /CuSO4 decreases
Able to state an idea of inference
Sample answer:
Copper (II) sulphate solution changed.
No response or wrong response
Question

2(c)

Rubric
Able to state arrange all metals correctly
Sample answer:
Magnesium/Mg, Metal X, Copper/Cu
Able to state arrange two metals correctly
Sample answer:
Magnesium/Mg, Metal X // Metal X, Copper/Cu
Able to state the idea of metal arrangement in ascending order.
Sample answer:
Copper/Cu, Metal X, Magnesium/Mg
No response given/ wrong response

4541

2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh

1
0
Score
3

1
0

SULIT

SULIT

Question

14

Rubric
Able to predict the observation correctly
Sample answer:
No change // Remain unchanged // blue colour does not change
Able to predict the observation incorrectly

2(d)

Sample answer:
No reaction // No displacement
Able to give an idea to predict the observation
Sample answer:
Silver does not change.
No response given/ wrong response

Question

Rubric
Able to classify all metals correctly

4541

Score
3

1
0

Score

Sample answer :
More electropositive
Aluminium /Al

2(e)

Less electropositive
Lead / Pb
Iron/ Fe
Tin/ Sn
Able to classify three metals correctly
Able to classify any two metals correctly or give opposite answers.
Sample answer:
More electropositive
Less electropositive
Lead / Pb
Aluminium /Al
Iron/ Fe
Tin/ Sn
No response or wrong response

4541

2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh

SULIT

SULIT

Question

15

Rubric
Able to give the problem statement of the experiment correctly
Sample answer :
Does an acid/glacial ethanoic acid need water to show its acidic
properties? //
Is water needed for an acid/ glacial ethanoic acid to show its acidic
properties?
Able to give the problem statement of the experiment incorrectly

4541

Score

3(a)
Sample answer :
To investigate/study the role of water in showing the properties of
an acid.
Able to state an idea of problem statement of the experiment
Sample answer :
Water is needed to show the properties of acid.
No response or wrong response
Question

3(b)

4541

Rubric
Able to state All variables correctly
Sample answer :
Manipulated variable : Presence of water
Responding variable : Acidic properties // Gas produced
Constant variable
: Acid // glacial ethanoic acid // magnesium
r : Volume of acid
Able to state any two variables correctly
Able to state any one variables correctly
No response or wrong response

2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh

1
0
Score

2
1
0

SULIT

SULIT
Question

16
Rubric
Able to give the hypothesis correctly
Sample answer :
Water is needed for an acid to show its acidic properties //
Presence of water is essential for an acid to show its acidic
properties.
Able to give the hypothesis almost correct

3(c)

Sample answer :
Ethanoic acid/An acid shows its acidic properties when water is
present //The presence of water influence the acidic properties
of acid
Able to state an idea of the hypothesis
Sample answer :
The water affect the properties of acid
No response or wrong response

Question

4541
Score

1
0

Rubric
Able to give the list of the apparatus and materials correctly
and completely

Score

Sample answer :
Apparatus : dry test tube
Material : Glacial ethanoic acid, water, magnesium ribbon,
wooden splinter
Able to give the list of the apparatus and materials correctly
but not completely

3(d)
Sample answer :
Dry test tube
Glacial ethanoic acid, water, magnesium ribbon
Able to give an idea about the list of the apparatus and
substances correctly

1
Sample answer :
Test tube and any one substance
No response or wrong response

4541

2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh

SULIT

SULIT
Question

3(e)

17
Rubric
Able to state all procedures correctly
Sample answer :
1. Glacial ethanoic acid is poured into two different dry test
tube labeled A and B.
2. Distilled water is added into glacial ethanoic acid in test
tube B.
3. A piece of magnesium ribbon is put into test tube A and B.
4. A lighted wooden splinter is placed at the mouth of both test
tubes.
5. The observation is recorded.
Able to list down steps 1, 2 and 3
Able to list down steps 1 and 3 or 2 and 3
No response or wrong response

Question

Rubric
Able to exhibit the tabulation of data that includes the following
two information correctly
1. Heading for the manipulated variable
2. Heading for the responding variable

4541
Score

2
1
0

Score

Sample answer :

3(f)

(Test tube) //
Observation
(Condition of acid)
Test tube A //Glacial
ethanoic acid
Test tube B
//Ethanoic acid
solution /in water
Able to exhibit the tabulation of data less accurately
Tabulation of data has the following elements :
1. Heading for the manipulated variable
2. Heading for the responding variable
3. One condition of acid listed

1
Sample answer :
Acid/test tube
Glacial ethanoic acid

Effect//Result

No response or wrong response

END OF MARKING SCHEME

4541

2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh

SULIT

Похожие интересы