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DALIC, B.P.

90139, 35501 VITRE CEDEX, FRANCE

service@dalicworld.com
07.04.2009
SILVER S, codes: 13009, DPM 9070, FDS13009

1/6

SAFETY DATA SHEET


1 - IDENTIFICATION OF THE PREPARATION AND OF THE COMPANY
IDENTIFICATION OF THE PREPARATION

ARGENTURE S or SILVER S

(codes 13009, DPM 9070)

USE OF THE PREPARATION


This solution is used at room temperature for applying silver-plating on most materials, using the selective brush plating
process (on an undercoat of gold or palladium for adhesion). Silver is designed to protect metals against atmospheric
corrosion, fretting corrosion, for its excellent friction properties, its good electrical conductivity as well as for the repair of
damages. Thick coatings of around one millimetre are allowed.
As the brush process is applied locally without immersion of the part, just where it is necessary, only small quantities of
solution are stored or used.
COMPANY IDENTIFICATION
DALIC - ZI de Plagu - 41, rue des Eaux - B.P. 90139 - 35501 VITRE CEDEX, FRANCE
Manufacturer and Seller, tel.: (33) 2.99.75.36.99, fax: (33) 2.99.74.49.31.
For information: sclaverie@dalicworld.com, tel.: (33) 2.99.75.53.88.
RELEVANT OFFICIAL ADVISORY BODY (France): INRS / Orfila, tel. (33) 1.45.42.59.59.
________________________________________________________________________________________________
2 HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
CHEMICAL NATURE
Alkaline aqueous preparation containing in particular a cyanide silver salt and ethylenediamine.
PRODUCT CLASSIFICATION ACCORDING TO 1999/45/EC and 67/548/EC
T+ and N symbols, risks phrases: R 26/27/28-32-36/38-42/43-51/53.
MAIN HAZARDS
Adverse physicochemical effects
- Fire or explosion: this product is not classified as flammable or explosive.
Adverse effects on health
According to the above directives, this preparation must be considered as IRRITATING, SENSITIZING by inhalation and
contact with skin and VERY TOXIC. Contact with acids liberates a very toxic gas.
Effects on the environment
This preparation is classified as TOXIC to the aquatic environment.
Refer also to the paragraphs 11, 12, 13 and 15.
________________________________________________________________________________________________
3 - COMPOSITION / INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
COMPONENTS OR IMPURITIES CONTRIBUTING TO THE HAZARDS (according to 1999/45/EC and 67/548/EC)
Substances present in concentrations higher than the minimal level of danger: YES
Hydrogen cyanide (Salts of silver)
Regulated substances

Classification of the
pure substances
Symbols
S phrases
Classification of the
substances according
to their concentration
In the preparation, in
weight:

with the exception of complex cyanides


such as ferrocyanides, ferricyanides and
th
mercuric oxycyanide, (25 adapt.)
EC index N: 006-007-00-5

T+ R26/27/28
R32
N R50/53
T+, N
(1/2)-7-28-29-45-60-61
7%
T+ R26/27/28
T R23/24/25
1-7%
Xn R20/21/22
0.1-1%
N R50/53
25%
N R51/53
2.5-25%
R52/53
0.25-2.5%
-

EDA (22sd adapt.)


Ethylenediamine
EC index N: 612-006-00-6
CAS N: 107-15-3
EC N: 203-468-6

R10 - C R34
Xn R21/22 - R42/43
C
(1/2)-23-26-36/37/39-45
25%
10-25%
2-10%
1-2%
-

13.6% in Ag(CN)2 or 4.4% in CN

C
C
Xn
Xn

R21/22-34-42/43
R34-42/43
R36/38-42/43
R42/43
2-10%

Substances with the R33 phrase (if 1%) or with the R64 phrase (if 1%) or other classified sensitising substances (if
0.1%): NO.
OTHER SUBSTANCES WITH WORKPLACE EXPOSURE LIMITS: NO.
OTHER INFORMATION: Silver content = 100 g/L.
________________________________________________________________________________________________

DALIC, B.P. 90139, 35501 VITRE CEDEX, FRANCE

service@dalicworld.com

07.04.2009

SILVER S, codes: 13009, DPM 9070, Safety Data Sheet, document code: FDS13009

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4 - FIRST AID MEASURES


There is no particular hazard under normal conditions of use.
But if the solution comes into accidental contact with an acid (another treatment solution or rinsing water), it may liberate
hydrocyanic acid which is very dangerous. Anxiety or agitation are more likely to reflect fear than poisoning but,
nevertheless, should not be ignored. Confusion and breathing difficulties are serious signs for which the emergency
intervention plan should be applied to hospitalise the person.
Measures to be taken in the event of malaise suggestive of possible poisoning:
Dial 15 and 18 (for FRANCE), specifying that possible hydrocyanic poisoning has occurred and that the presence of a
resuscitating doctor is required.
Turn the ventilation in the premises up to maximum.
Apply the instructions of the emergency intervention plan as displayed. In particular, the following points should be
included:
o Alert the company doctor, the safety managers and first-aid workers, the site managers.
o Evacuate people working nearby.
o Put on a complete, airtight protective breathing mask and a bottle of compressed air containing enough air
to remove the poisoned person from the contaminated atmosphere.
o Start first aid.
o At the same time, determine whether it is useful to act on the source of the toxic emission.
o Make the emergency kit available to the intervening doctors.
First aid until the arrival of the medical services:
CONTACT WITH SKIN
Wear gloves. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash the casualty or yourself immediately and thoroughly with
water for several minutes (shower if necessary).
CONTACT WITH EYES
Rinse immediately with plenty of water for approximately 15 minutes. Call an ophthalmologist.
INHALATION
Place the person in a not contaminated and well-ventilated area. If possible, start ventilation by applying to his face a
mask connected to an oxygen bottle (maximum flow rate: 15 L/min) until the emergency services arrive.
Do not conduct mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.
IF SWALLOWED
Rinse the mouth with water and if the subject is perfectly conscious, attempt to evacuate the poison by inducing vomiting.
PROTECTION OF THE FIRST-AIDERS
According to the situation, wear gloves, glasses, a mask, a self-contained breathing equipment, protective clothes and
shoes.
________________________________________________________________________________________________
5 - FIRE-FIGHTING MEASURES
SUITABLE EXTINGUISHING MEDIA
Use foam or dry powders.
EXTINGUISHING MEDIA WHICH SHALL NOT BE USED
Do not use water or carbon dioxide.
SPECIFIC HAZARDS
Avoid contact with powerful oxidising or acidic agents.
Dangerous thermal decomposition products: Silver cyanide decomposes above 320C, giving gases of cyanide and of
oxides (of nitrogen and carbon).
Prevent any material from entering drains or waterways or earth. The contaminated extinguishing agents must be treated
and eliminated in accordance with regulations.
PROTECTION OF THE FIRE-FIGHTERS
Because of the substances produced during thermal decomposition, use approved self-contained breathing equipment
and protective clothing in the event of intervention.
________________________________________________________________________________________________
6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
PERSONAL PRECAUTIONS
Avoid contact with the skin, the clothes and eyes: wear at least gloves, glasses and if needed a mask.
Dispose of all contaminated clothing or shoes. In case of contact with the skin, wash thoroughly with water for 10 to 15
minutes and then use soap if the skin has blackened. Refer also to paragraphs 4 and 8.
ENVIRONMENTAL PRECAUTIONS
Do not allow the product to be thrown away. Recover as much as possible for processing within the firm or by an approved
centre.
METHODS FOR CLEANING UP
Add water and then bleach to destroy all non-recoverable product. Check that the pH is between 10 and 11. Leave in
contact for several minutes before rinsing with water. Collect the recoverable rinsing water for processing within the firm or
by an approved centre.
________________________________________________________________________________________________

DALIC, B.P. 90139, 35501 VITRE CEDEX, FRANCE

07.04.2009

service@dalicworld.com

SILVER S, codes: 13009, DPM 9070, Safety Data Sheet, document code: FDS13009

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7 - HANDLING AND STORAGE


HANDLING
Use as supplied. Close the black container (in PE) tightly after use with the original cap. Do not re-use the container with
another product.
Separate from work areas that could involve treatment with acid solutions.
Work in a retaining vat to prevent cyanide escaping into the waste treatment station if this is not designed to treat
cyanides.
Isolate rinsing water containing cyanide if the water treatment station is not designed to treat cyanides.
STORAGE
Keep the solution in a locked room or cabinet.
Prohibit access to anyone without a special authorization.
Reproduce the labelling if the packages are split up.
Store on a spill-retaining vat, away from oxidising or acidic agents. Keep in the original black containers only, between
5 and 30C. The maximum recommended shelf life is three years from the date of manufacture under normal conditions of
storage.
________________________________________________________________________________________________
8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS / PERSONAL PROTECTION
EXPOSURE CONTROLS - TECHNICAL MEASURES
No drinking, eating or smoking on the workplace.
Maintain the premises and the work stations in perfect state of cleanliness and clean them frequently.
Observe a very strict cutaneous hygiene and change clothes after work. Dispose of all contaminated clothing or shoes.
During brush electrolysis, even if the product is used at room temperature during a short time, it is important to protect the
respiratory system and to avoid contact with skin.
Check that the limit values below are not reached. They depend on the treatment time, the surface area treated and on the
quality of the workshop air extraction.
EXPOSURE LIMIT
VALUES IN AIR

Metallic Silver

Directive 2006/15/EC

Silver (solubles
compounds, in Ag)
Average value
3
(8h) = 0.01 mg/m

Cyanides
(in CN) *

Hydrogen cyanide
(HCN) *

Ethylenediamine

Average value
3
(8h) = 0.1 mg/m

Average value
(8h) = 0.01 mg/m3

According to ND 2098 Average value


3
INRS file (France)
(8h) = 0.1 mg/m

Average value
(8h) = 0.01 mg/m3

Average value
(8h) = 5 mg/m3

Directive 2000/39/EC
Directive 91/322/EC
Decisions of 26
October 2007, of 30
June 2004 (France)

Average value
3
(8h) = 0.1 mg/m
-

Average value (8h) = Average value (8h) =


3
3
2 mg/m (2 ppm)
25 mg/m (10 ppm)
Limit value (15 min) Limit value (15 min) =
3
3
= 10 mg/m (10 ppm) 35 mg/m (15 ppm)

*: the olfactory perception threshold for cyanide is lower than 1 ppm on attentive and non accustomed people, but this
threshold can be modified on very long-term exposed people.
PERSONAL PROTECTION
Provide a shower, a powerful tap and sink unit, an eye basin near the workplace and a protective breathing mask for
emergency interventions.
Respiratory protection: during brush plating, provide an effective inhaling of the sprays / vapours where they are
created and extraction out of the premises, and if insufficient, wear a filtering A2B2 cartridge (EN 405:2002 standard).
Hand protection: wear imperatively gloves (in latex or nitrile for example).
Eye protection: wear glasses with lateral protections or a facial screen. Do not wear contact lenses.
Skin protection: wear overalls and safety shoes.
For long-term and continuous uses, or according to the involved quantities of product or to the circumstances of work, it
can be appropriate to add:
a cyanide detection control system (permanent display or instant readings),
for emergency interventions: one or several protective breathing apparatus (complete airtight mask and compressed
air bottle), an oxygen bottle with mask, an emergency kit, the contents and use of which will be specified by the
company doctor. The hydroxocobalamine (B12 vitamin) is often recommended as antidote in case of cyanide
poisoning but presents an allergic shock risk. It must be administered by a resuscitating doctor in the minutes following
the accident. This product is available in pharmacies (Cyanokit 2.5 g for example).
Provide each operator with 2 separate clothing lockers or 1 locker with 2 compartments to allow him to separate non-work
clothes and work clothes.
Draw up a specific intervention plan in the event of an accident (with the company doctor, company safety managers, firstaid workers, external emergency services: ambulance, fire service, hospital, working together). Display the intervention
plan in the work unit.

DALIC, B.P. 90139, 35501 VITRE CEDEX, FRANCE

service@dalicworld.com

07.04.2009

SILVER S, codes: 13009, DPM 9070, Safety Data Sheet, document code: FDS13009

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Inform and train personnel relative to the risks, precautions to be taken and measures to be applied in the event of an
incident.
Hold intervention training sessions.
________________________________________________________________________________________________
9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
Appearance: clear yellow liquid.
Odour: slight odour of cyanide.
pH: 10.2.
Relative density: 1.09.
Solubility: miscible in water.
Boiling point: approximately 100C.
Crystallisation / melting point: - 6C.
Flammability: nil, but emission of hydrocyanic acid (flammable gas) in contact with an acid.
Oxidising properties: nil.
Risk of explosion: nil.
________________________________________________________________________________________________
10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
STABILITY
Good at normal temperature with water evaporation for only risk.
Good in humidity. Sensitivity to light with yellowing or blackening.
CONDITIONS TO AVOID
High temperatures.
MATERIALS TO AVOID
Acids and powerful oxidising agents, i.e. nitric acid, nitrates, nitrites and chlorates for example.
HAZARDOUS THERMAL DECOMPOSITION PRODUCTS
Gaseous emissions of cyanide, nitrogen oxides and carbon oxides.
________________________________________________________________________________________________
11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
No data are available regarding the preparation. The evaluation of health hazards has been realised thanks to
directives 67/548/EC, 1999/45/EC and bibliographical data.
SKIN
Very toxic because of the presence of cyanide. Irritant. Repeated exposure may cause allergies on people sensitive to
ethylenediamine.
The long-term absorption of silver salts can lead to the development of a permanent blue-grey colour of the skin and of the
mucous membranes (argyria). This has no disadvantages apart from the aesthetic aspect and can be avoided by washing
the skin after every contact.
EYE MUCOSA
Irritant in case of contact. May cause conjunctivitis.
RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
Very toxic. The cyanide ion is a cellular poison. The most sensitive and rapidly affected tissues are the brain and the
retina.
If HCN is accidentally liberated (contact of the solution with an acid), slight poisoning leads to a feeling of dizziness, or
even to slight breathing problems;
Acute poisoning leads to sudden loss of consciousness, immediately or after a brief latency period, rapidly evolving
towards a deep coma and then possibly to cardiorespiratory arrest.
It is estimated that levels of 50 ppm breathed in for more than half an hour present a significant risk and that levels of 200
to 400 ppm breathed in for a few minutes can be instantly fatal.
Can cause asthma on sensitive people due to the presence of ethylenediamine.
In the event of prolonged inhalation of silver salts, risk of argyria.
IN CASE OF INGESTION
Very toxic. Rapid formation of hydrocyanic acid in contact with gastric acidity.
Nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps or more severe forms that may result in death.
Silver is reduced and settles on the tissues. These deposits can be avoided by administering a treatment as soon as
possible.
OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES: tables 49, 49a (aliphatic amines, in FRANCE).
________________________________________________________________________________________________
12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
There are no ecological data on this preparation.
Prevent any material from entering drains or waterways or earth.
Danger to drinking water.

DALIC, B.P. 90139, 35501 VITRE CEDEX, FRANCE

service@dalicworld.com

07.04.2009

SILVER S, codes: 13009, DPM 9070, Safety Data Sheet, document code: FDS13009

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Bibliographic data concerning ethylenediamine:


ECOTOXICITY
FISHES - LC50 (96 h) = 116 mg/L, DAPHNIAS - EC50 (24 h) = 19 mg/L, MICRO-ORGANISMS: Pseudomonas putida,
EC50 (17 h): 29 mg/L. Rated concentration /CE 20(60 min):1.600 mg/L.
PERSISTENCE AND DEGRADABILITY
Data on elimination
Method: OCDE 301C; ISO 9408; 92/69/EC, C.4-F, activated mud
Destruction level: 93 - 95 % (28 days), easily biodegradable.
Bibliographic data on cyanide:

very soluble in water,

volatilization from water considered as very slow,

low accumulation potential in the sediments,

slow elimination in the aqueous phase by biodegradation,

No bioaccumulation.
The cyanide ion is very toxic to the aquatic organisms.

FISHES Trout: LC50 (96 h) = 0,05-0,075 mg / L Perch: LC50 (96 h) = 0,09 mg / L

INVERTEBRATES Daphnias: EC50 (24 h) = 0,53 mg / L Gammares EC 50 (96 h) = 0,084 mg / L

ALGAES - Algae green NOEC = (8 j) 0,03 mg / L

All aquatic organisms are very sensitive to cyanide.

The concentration without accute effects would be arround 0,5 to 5 g /L.


Long-term tests achieved in laboratory:

FISHES - Lepomis macrochirus NOEC (57 days): < 0,005 mg/L - Salvelinus fontinalis NOEC (234 days): < 0,006 mg/L.

INVERTEBRATES - Gammares NOEC (83 days): < 0,01 mg / L - Asellus communis NOEC (112 j): < 0,01 mg / L
So the concentration without accute effects would be from 0,05 to 0,5 g /L.
Concentration without foreseeable effect for the environment: PNECfresh water = 0,114 g /L.
According to the directive 1999/45/EC, this solution must be classified with the N symbol: DANGEROUS FOR THE
ENVIRONMENT and with the R51-53 phrase because of its content in cyanide.
________________________________________________________________________________________________
13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
This product and water used for rinsing must not be thrown away notably because of their pH, silver and cyanide contents.
They must be processed within the firm or destroyed by an approved organization without mixing with acids.
Contaminated packaging if not re-used with the same product is also a special waste to be sent to an approved
organization for recycling or disposal.
Classification according to the commission directive 2000/532/EC of 3 May 2000 and its modifications (in particular
2001/118/EC, OJ L47). Use the mandatory documents to follow-up the waste products.
06 03 11*
15 01 10*
15 02 02*

Solid salts and solutions containing cyanides


Packaging containing residues of or contaminated by dangerous substances
Absorbents, filter materials (including oil filters not otherwise specified), wiping
cloths, protective clothing contaminated by dangerous substances
As the volume of rinsing water is small, it can be added to the waste solutions.
NOTE: in addition to the community provisions, it can be specific legislative and administrative, national or local provisions
on this topic.
________________________________________________________________________________________________
14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
A.D.R. (road transport)
Cyanide solution, n.o.s., class 6.1, classification code T4, packaging group II, hazard label model 6.1, restricted
quantities LQ17, hazard code n60, material code n1935.
I.M.D.G. (sea transport)
Cyanide solution, n.o.s., UN N 1935, class 6.1, packaging group II, subsidiary risk: MARINE POLLUTANT P, restricted
quantities : 100 mL, stowing and separation: category A, far from houses, away from acids, safety sheets F-A, S-A.
I.A.T.A. (air transport)
Cyanide solution, n.o.s., UN N 1935, class 6.1, subsidiary risk: not applicable, risk label: TOXIC, packaging group II,
Passenger and Cargo aircraft: packaging instructions 617, maximum quantity per package: 5 L, Cargo aircraft only:
packaging instructions 612, maximum quantity per package: 60 L, instruction IDC 6L.
________________________________________________________________________________________________
15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
This safety data sheet has been established in accordance with the Corrigendum to Regulation (EC) n 1907/2006 of the
European Parliament and of the Council of December 18, 2006, OJ L136, 29.05.2007.
th
The preparation labelling has been established in compliance with the directive 67/548/EC (until the 29 adaptation:
directive 2004/73/EC of April 29, 2004) and the directive 1999/45/EC reviewed in last in January 23, 2006 by the directive
2006/8/EC.

DALIC, B.P. 90139, 35501 VITRE CEDEX, FRANCE

service@dalicworld.com

07.04.2009

SILVER S, codes: 13009, DPM 9070, Safety Data Sheet, document code: FDS13009

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EC LABELLING: VERY TOXIC, DANGEROUS FOR THE ENVIRONMENT


Alkaline aqueous preparation containing in particular a cyanide silver salt and ethylenediamine
R26/27/28: very toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
R32: contact with acids liberates very toxic gas.
R36/38: irritating to eyes and skin.
R42/43: may cause sensitization by inhalation and skin contact.
R51/53: toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
S7: keep container tightly closed.
S23: do not breathe fumes/vapour.
S26: in case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S28: after contact with skin, wash immediately with plenty of water.
S36/37/39: wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye / face protection.
S45: in case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show the label where possible).
S60: this material and its container must be disposed of as hazardous waste.
HEALTH SURVEILLANCE
Council Directive 98/24/EC of 7 April 1998 on the protection of the health and safety of workers from the risks related to
chemical agents at work
An appropriate health surveillance of workers must be carried out according to the risk.
For each worker who undergoes this health surveillance, individual health and exposure records are to be made and kept
up-to-date.
Other paragraphs in the French version of this safety data sheet summarize French rules regarding:

occupational diseases,

health surveillance,

not allowed workers,

work in another company,

administrative declarations and rules according t the involved quantity,

environment laws regarding rinsing water treatment.


See please specific legislative and administrative, national or local provisions on these topics.
Additional information is provided in paragraphs 8, 11, 12, 13 and 14.
________________________________________________________________________________________________
16 - OTHER INFORMATION
RESTRICTION OF USE
For industrial use only.
Trained people must use this product. We remain available to bring you the training or advice you may need.
R PHRASES OF THE PURE COMPONENTS LISTED IN SECTION 3
R10: flammable.
R21/22: harmful in contact with skin and if swallowed.
R26/27/28: very toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
R32: contact with acids liberates very toxic gas.
R34: causes burns.
R42/43: may cause sensitization by inhalation and skin contact.
R50/53: very toxic to aquatic organisms may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
R PHRASES OF THE PREPARATION ACCORDING TO THE SECTIONS 2 AND 15
R26/27/28: very toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
R32: contact with acids liberates very toxic gas.
R36/38: irritating to eyes and skin.
R42/43: may cause sensitization by inhalation and skin contact.
R51/53: toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES
European directives, INRS files, safety data sheets of the components established by their manufacturers or distributors,
information of European Office of the chemical substances (ECB).
MODIFICATIONS
Minor.
OTHER INFORMATION
This sheet is provided to complement, not replace, the user instructions.
Information contained herein is bona fide and based on current knowledge relating to the product on the date of
publication. Furthermore, the attention of the user is drawn to the risks which may be incurred when the product is used for
purposes other than those for which it is designed.
Information provided herein relates to this product only; it cannot take account of every situation which may arise at every
work place. This safety data sheet therefore represents only a part of the information required for establishing a safety
programme.
Under no circumstances does this sheet dispense the user from the need to know and to apply all of the regulations
governing its activity, which are not all necessarily quoted herein in an exhaustive manner.
________________________________________________________________________________________________

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