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SKEMA FIZIK BAHAN KECEMERLANGAN 9 (PERCUBAAN SPM 2014)

KERTAS 1, 2 DAN 3

2

SKEMA JAWAPAN PERCUBAAN 2014 BK9

SKEMA KERTAS 1 FIZIK BK9 2014

1 C

26

C

2 B

27

C

3 B

28

A

4 C

29

D

5 B

30

B

6 D

31

A

7 C

32

D

8 C

33

D

9 B

34

C

10 B

35

C

11 B

36

D

12 D

37

D

13 C

38

B

14 C

39

A

15 A

40

A

16 D

41

D

17 A

42

D

18 C

43

B

19 B

44

D

20 C

45

B

21 B

46

D

22 B

47

D

23 D

48

C

24 C

49

C

25 B

50

A

KERTAS 2

 

Question 1

Section

 

Answer

Note

(a)

1

 

Current

 

(b)

1

1

A // 1

 

(c)

1

 

Series

 

(d)

1

3

A

Reject : 2.5 A

Total

4

   

Question 2

 

3

Section

 

Answer

Note

(a)

1

1 kg ms -2

   

(b)

1

F

= 320 8 // 312

 

e.c.f for F

1

W = 312 x 40

 

1

 

= 12480 J

 

(c)

1

The resultant downward force increase // the lawnmower not lift up // stable

 

Total

5

   

Question 3

 

Section

 

Answer

Note

(a)

1

Resistance is the opposition that a substance offers to the

 

flow of electric current //

voltage // formula

current

(b)(i)

1

P

and Q

 

(b)(ii)

1

Voltage across P and Q is high// Current flows through P and Q is high // Total resistance P and Q is low

 

(b)(iii)

   

1 2

1

ecf for R

1

1

R

1

2

I

3

 

2

 

2

// 5 Ω

 

5

1

0.6 // 0.6 A

 

Total

6

   

Question 4

 

4

Section

 

Answer

 

Note

(a)

1

Thermistor // resistor sensitive to temperature

 

(b)(i)

1

1

1.2

  4.8

875 Ω

x3500

 

(b)(ii)

1

1

4.8

1.2

70 o C

x1250

// 5000

 

(c)

 
(c)   1 s t : The correct

1

st : The correct

position between

1

resistor R and microphone

1

2

nd : Capacitor and

microphone in base circuit and loudspeaker in collector circuit

Total

7

   

Question 5

Section

Answer

Note

(a)

1

Archimedes' principle

 

(b)(i)

1

Sinking level Diagram 5.2 > Diagram 5.1

 

(b)(ii)

1

Weight of the boat in Diagram 5.2 > Diagram 5.1

 

(b)(iii)

1

Buoyant force in Diagram 5.2 > Diagram 5.1

 

(b)(iv)

1

When the weight of the boat increases, the sinking level increases // directly proportional

 

(b)(v)

1

When the weight increases, buoyant force increases

 

(c)

1

Sinking level increased

 

1

Density is lower

Total :

8

   

5

Question 6

 

Section

Mark

Answer

Note

(a)

1

The angle of incidence when the angle of refraction is

 

90°.

(b)

1

Ray of light parallel to normal // angle of incidence =0 o // angle of refraction =0 o

 

(c)(i)

1

Same // 45 o

 

(c)(ii)

1

P>Q // P > 45 o and Q<45 o

 

(d)(i)

1

Angle of incidence < critical angle refraction away from normal

 

(d)(ii)

1

Angle of incidence >critical angle total internal reflection

 

(e)(i)

1

By reflecting light from headlamp to the driver’s eye

 

(e)(ii)

1

(e)(ii) 1 Total internal reflection two times

Total internal reflection two times

Total

8

   

Question 7

 

6

Section

 

Answer

Note

(a)

1

Gravitational force

 

(b)

1

(i)

(b) 1 (i) Label mesti pada kain rentang

Label mesti pada kain rentang

(c)(i)

1

(i)
(i)

(i) bentuk dan arah betul 1 mrk Mana-mana sudut betul 1 mrk

1

(c)(ii)

1

 

or

 

1

= 522 // 522 N

(d)

1

Increase angle

 

1

Reduce tension on string

1

Low density material

1

Reduce mass / light

Total

10

   

Question 8

Part

Mrk

 

Answer

 

Note

(a)

1

Unstable isotope tend to decay.

   

(b)(i)

1

Longer half-life.

   

2

No need to change/replace frequently.

 

(b)(ii)

1

Gamma radiation.

   

2

High penetration power.

 

(b)(iii)

1

Solid state.

   

2

Easily to handle.

 

(c)

1

Cobalt60

// Co

 

(d)(i)

1

Decreases

   

(d)(ii)

1

Adjust the roller until the reading of counter increase and uniform.

(d)

1

100%

(d) 1 100% 50% 25% 12.5% 6.25%  

50%

(d) 1 100% 50% 25% 12.5% 6.25%  

25%

(d) 1 100% 50% 25% 12.5% 6.25%  

12.5%

(d) 1 100% 50% 25% 12.5% 6.25%  

6.25%

 

2

Time taken, t = 4

// 4(5.27 years) // 21.08 years.

Tot/Jum : 12

   

Question 9

7

(a) (b) (c) (c) Total : Q 9 / S 9 1 1 2 3

(a)

(b)

(c)

(c)

Total

:

Q 9 / S 9

(a) (b) (c) (c) Total : Q 9 / S 9 1 1 2 3 4

1

1

2

3

4

5

1

2

3

4

1, 2

3, 4

5, 6

7, 8

9, 10

20

Answer

Force per area

Surface area of piston R < piston S

Pushing force < weight of load

Pressure is equal

Surface area decreased, force decreased // directly proportional

Pascal

The force applied to the small piston produce pressure

Pressure transmitted equally throughout the liquid / P 1 = P 2

Force is produced when pressure acts on piston S / F = PA

Force is higher // Surface area of piston S > R / Ratio S : R is greater than 1

Suggestion /Design/Way

Explanation / Reason

Oil

Incompressible

High melting point

Difficult to evaporate

Small size of master piston

High pressure

High melting point of brake shoe

Difficult to melt

High spring constant

Withstand force / return quickly

High melting point of brake shoe Difficult to melt High spring constant Withstand force / return

Note

High melting point of brake shoe Difficult to melt High spring constant Withstand force / return
High melting point of brake shoe Difficult to melt High spring constant Withstand force / return
High melting point of brake shoe Difficult to melt High spring constant Withstand force / return
High melting point of brake shoe Difficult to melt High spring constant Withstand force / return
High melting point of brake shoe Difficult to melt High spring constant Withstand force / return

Question 10

8

(a)(i) (a)(ii) (b) (c) Q 10 / S 10 1 1 2 3 4 5

(a)(i)

(a)(ii)

(b)

(c)

Q 10 / S 10

(a)(i) (a)(ii) (b) (c) Q 10 / S 10 1 1 2 3 4 5 1

1

1

2

3

4

5

1

2

3

4

1, 2

3, 4

5, 6

7, 8

9, 10

5 1 2 3 4 1, 2 3, 4 5, 6 7, 8 9, 10 Tot/Jum
5 1 2 3 4 1, 2 3, 4 5, 6 7, 8 9, 10 Tot/Jum

Tot/Jum : 20

3 4 1, 2 3, 4 5, 6 7, 8 9, 10 Tot/Jum : 20 Distance

Distance between two consecutive points inphase / crests / troughs // Diagram.

The wavelength of red is longer / vice versa

The distance is equally spaced / uniform

The distance between the two consecutive fringes of red is longer than green.

The fringes separation increases with the wavelength.

Interference

At night ground cools quickly / ground has low specific heat capacity /air layer near the ground colder / low temperature.

Cold air denser than warm air // Diagram.

Sound faster in warm air // sound slower in cold air

Sound bends towards observer / ground // Refraction occurs.

Modification/ Suggestion /Design/Way

Explanation / Reason

Parabolic / concave

Heat converged // Heat collected at focus

Shining // Smooth

Reflection effective // Reflect more // Good reflector

Larger diameter

More heat collected // More heat trap

At focal point

Heat converge to kettle // Heat reflect to kettle // More light converged to kettle

Facing the sun

Collect more energy // Reflect more energy //

to kettle // More light converged to kettle Facing the sun Collect more energy // Reflect

Note

to kettle // More light converged to kettle Facing the sun Collect more energy // Reflect
to kettle // More light converged to kettle Facing the sun Collect more energy // Reflect
to kettle // More light converged to kettle Facing the sun Collect more energy // Reflect
to kettle // More light converged to kettle Facing the sun Collect more energy // Reflect
to kettle // More light converged to kettle Facing the sun Collect more energy // Reflect

Question 11

9

Q 11 (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (c) 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Q 11

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

(c)

Q 11 (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (c) 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1, 2

3, 4

5, 6

7, 8

9, 10

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1, 2 3, 4 5, 6 7, 8
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1, 2 3, 4 5, 6 7, 8

Total : 20

Answer

Degree of hotness

Thermometer is place under the tounge // inside the mouth

Heat from body flows to the thermometer // net heat flow is

to the thermometer.

Thermal equilibrium achieved

Temperature of the body = temperature of the thermometer

= 35 // 35

273 + 35

//

308 // 308 K

X = 11 // 11 cm

 

Characteristics

Explanation / Reason

High melting point

Can withstand high temperature

High specific heat

Temperature does not

capacity

change easily // hot longer

Polystyrene foil in between wall

Good heat insulator

Low density

Low mass / light

L

because (state all four

L because (state all four reasons)

characteristics)

L

because (combination of characteristics and reasons)

L because (combination of characteristics and reasons) Note - subtitution - answer ecf from (c) -

Note

because (combination of characteristics and reasons) Note - subtitution - answer ecf from (c) - subtitution
because (combination of characteristics and reasons) Note - subtitution - answer ecf from (c) - subtitution

- subtitution

- answer

ecf from (c)

- subtitution

- answer

because (combination of characteristics and reasons) Note - subtitution - answer ecf from (c) - subtitution
because (combination of characteristics and reasons) Note - subtitution - answer ecf from (c) - subtitution

Question 12

10

Section

Mark

 

Answer

Note

(a)(i)

1

Energy //

time

Work // rate of energy // rate of work

time

 

(a)(ii)

1

When water fall flow gravitational energy convert to kinetic energy

 

1

The kinetic energy converted to mechanical energy when fall to turbine // dynamo

1

Electromagnetic induction produce current

1

Mechanical energy convert to electrical energy

(b)(i)

 

Transformer P:

 

1

N

N

P

Q

12

24

,

1

N P = 500 ,N S = 1000

Transformer Q:

1

N

P

24

N

Q

8

,

1

N

P = 1200 ,N S = 400

Transformer R:

1

N

P

8

1

N

Q

6

,

N

P = 160 ,N S = 120

(b)(ii)

1

Laminated soft iron core

 

1

Easily magnitised / demagnitised // Reduced hystherisis

loss

(b)(iii)

1

Copper // aluminium

 

1

Small resistance // less loss of power in cable

(c)(i)

1

30

Current = 24

 

1

 

= 0.8 A

(c)(ii)

1

P

= I 2 R

First mark : correct formula

1

= (0.8) 2 (30)

1

= 19.2 W

 

Total

20

   

11

SKEMA JAWAPAN BK9 2014 KERTAS 3

Question 1

 

mark

   

MARK

NO

MARKING CRITERIA

 

TOTAL

1(a)

(i)

 

Able to state the manipulated variable

     
 

1

temperature//T

   

1

 

(ii)

 

Able to state the responding variable

     
 

1

volume //V// length//l

   

1

 

(iii)

 

Able to state a constant variable

     
 

1

mass of air trapped /pressure

   

1

(b)

(i)

 

Able to read the value of l

     
 

2

All 5 readings of lcorrect: 27mm(2.7cm), 30(3.0), 35(3.5), 40(4.0), 45(4.5)

   
 

1

3

or 4 correct

   
 

1

Consistency to 1 decimal places for cm unit and no decimal place for mm unit

 

3

 

(ii)

 

Able to calculate the value of T

     
 

1

all 5 reading correct: 273, 300, 350, 400, 450

     
 

1

3

or 4 correct

 

2

(c)

2

Able to tabulate , T and l

     

Tick () based on the following aspects:

 
 

A Quantities , T and lshown in heading

 

B Units 0 C, K and mm//cm shown in heading

 

2

/ 0 C

T / K

l/ mm//cm

 

0

273

27//2.7

27

300

30//3.0

77

350

35//3.5

127

400

40//4.0

177

450

45//4.5

12

(d) 5 Able to draw a complete graph of l against T. Tick ✓ based
(d)
5
Able to draw a complete graph of l against T.
Tick ✓ based on the following aspects:
A Show l on Y-axis and T on the X-axis
B State the units (l/mm//cm ) and (T/K)
of the variables
correctly
C Both axes are marked with uniform
scale
D All five points are plotted correctly
[Note : 3 to 4 points plotted correctly :
✓]
5
E Best straight line is drawn
F Show the minimum size of graph at
least 5 x 4
( 2 cm x 2 cm) square
(counted from the origin until
furthest point)
Score :
Number of ✓ Score
7
5
5-6 ✓
4
3-4 ✓
3
2 ✓
2
1 ✓
1
(e)
Able to state the correct relationship between l against T.
1
lis directly proportional to T
1
16

Question 2

No. 2

Mark

Marking scheme

2(a) (i)

1

V increase

 

(ii)

1

Draw a straight line from I = 0.6 A

 

1

V = 0.78

(b)

1

Draw a sufficient large triangle (7 cm vertical)

1

* Correct substitution(follow candidate’s triangle) - 0.33

1

1.44

* State the value /answer -0.2292 V/A(with unit)

13

(c)

1

Correct substitution r = - ( - 0.2292) corecct answer (with unit)

1

0.2292 Ω

(d)

1

Extrapolated the line Answer with unit

1

1.3 V

(e)

1

- eye position must be perpendicular to scale/repeat the experiment and find the average .

1

The all connection of the circuit must be tied

total

12

 

Question 3

No.

Mark

 

Answer

3

(a)

 

Inference

 

1

The density of liquid affects the apparent depth // The apparent depth depends on density of liquid

 

(b)

1

Hypothesis

 

The apparent depth increases as the density real depth decreases.

 

(c)(i)

1

Aim:

 

To investigate the relationship density of liquid and apparent depth

 

(ii)

 

Variables :

 

1

Manipulated

: density : apparent depth

Responding

 

1

Constant Variable :

real depth

 

(iii)

1

List of apparatus :

 

Pin,ruler,water,retort stand ,tall beaker

   

Arrangement of apparatus:

 

(iv)

1

 
  (iv) 1  

14

(v)

(vi)

(vii)

1

1

1

1

1

12

Control of manipulated variable:

The beaker is filled with different liquid / density

Measurement of responding variable:

By using a ruler ,the real depth of the pin is measured = H The pin O is seen vertically above the surface of the water. The position of pin I is adjusted until parallax error between the pin O and the pin I is non- existent. By using the ruler again ,the position of pin I is measured as the apparent depth =

h

Repeat the experiment 4 times with the different density of liquid

.

Tabulation of data

/ kgm -3

h /mm// cm

1.0

 

1.5

 

2.0

 

2.5

 

Analysis of data. Plot the graph of apparent depth, h against density,

  1.5   2.0   2.5   Analysis of data. Plot the graph of apparent depth,

Question 4

 

No.

Mark

 

Answer

4

(a)

1

Inference : The brightness of the bulb depend on the speed of blade rotation// The brightness of the bulb depend on the speed of magnet

 

(b)

1

Hypothesis : If the

speed increases ( magnet) , the current increase.//if

 

the height of magnet increase, the current increase.

 
 

(c)(i)

 

Aim: To investigate the relationship between height

and

current

 

(ii)

 

Variables:

 

1

Manipulated : height Responding : current

 

(kedua-dua

betul)

 
 

1

Constant Variable :

number of turn/strength of magnet/

 

(iii)

1

List of apparatus : ammeter, , meter ruler, connection wire ( bar maget), and (coils/solenoid)

15

(iv) (v) (vi) (vii) 1 1 1 1 1 12 Arrangement of apparatus: Control of
(iv) (v) (vi) (vii) 1 1 1 1 1 12 Arrangement of apparatus: Control of
(iv) (v) (vi) (vii) 1 1 1 1 1 12 Arrangement of apparatus: Control of
(iv) (v) (vi) (vii) 1 1 1 1 1 12 Arrangement of apparatus: Control of

(iv)

(v)

(iv) (v) (vi) (vii) 1 1 1 1 1 12 Arrangement of apparatus: Control of manipulated
(iv) (v) (vi) (vii) 1 1 1 1 1 12 Arrangement of apparatus: Control of manipulated

(vi)

(vii)

(iv) (v) (vi) (vii) 1 1 1 1 1 12 Arrangement of apparatus: Control of manipulated

1

1

1

1

(iv) (v) (vi) (vii) 1 1 1 1 1 12 Arrangement of apparatus: Control of manipulated

1

12

Arrangement of apparatus:

Arrangement of apparatus:

Control of manipulated variable:

Set up the apparatus as shown in the diagram Measure the height of magnet, example x 1 cm .

Measurement of responding variable:

Released the bar magnet into solenoid . Record the reading of galvanometer

Repeat the experiment 4 times with the difference heigth of magnet.

Tabulation of data (Terima jika tak tulis unit)

Current / mA

X1

X2

X3

X4

X5

Analysis of data. Plot the graph of current against heigh

Analysis of data. Plot the graph of current against heigh
jika tak tulis unit ) Current / mA X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 Analysis of data.

16