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First Assignments for 57138 Computers &

Applications in Chemical Engineering


Distribution date: 27 March 2014
Submission date: 27 April 2014

(1) Given a flash separator for separating ammonia-water mixture as shown


below:
(NH3, H2O)

(NH3, H2O)
(NH3, H2O)

a. Develop a steady state model. (Note: The model include all the
equations that will be needed to determine the flowrates, compositions
and temperatures of the streams)
b. Analyse the number of degree of freedom (DOF).
c. Determine which sets of variables to assign to make the simulation
work and explain your decision.
(2) Refer to the Second Lab Demonstration Document Case 2.1 Propane
Refrigeration System. Answer the following questions:
a. What are the pressure, temperature and phase for each stream?
b. Based on the simulation in HYSYS, analyse how the system works
physically.
c. How does the simulation work numerically?
(3) Refer to the Second Lab Demonstration Document Case 2.2 Separation of
Ammonia and Water. Answer the following questions:
a. What are the compositions for each stream?
b. What is the purpose of such a process? Which factors will influence
the function of this process? Explain these in basic theory.

c. Use Databook in HYSYS to do case studies to validate your analysis


above. Only one factor should be used as independent variable in
each case study.
(4) Refer to the Second Lab Demonstration Document Case 2.3 Natural Gas
Liquids (NGL) Fractionation Train. Answer the following questions:
a. Analyse how DC1 column works and how to improve the purity of the
top product. Use HYSYS case study to validate your analysis.
b. In DC2 column, check the reflux flowrate to the first stage (or tray) and
explain why the reflux flowrate is this value.
c. Analyse the impact of the reflux ratio in DC2 column and use case
study to validate your analysis.

(5)

200 kg/hr liquid ethyl mercaptan (C2H6S) at 25OC and 1bar is pumped

to a pressure of 130bar and mixes with 8 kg/hr of hydrogen gas feed at same
temperature and pressure before entering a conversion reactor. The
components react as follows:

C2H6S + H2

C2H6 + H2S

Conversion of the base reactant is 99.99%. The reactor product is cooled to


35OC. The pressure drop of the cooler is 500 kPa. The pressure is dropped
further across a valve before entering a flash separator (S1). The bottom
product of the S1 is further separated in a distillation (DC1) (distillation
column sub-flowsheet). The default entry stage of the feed stream must be
retained and the total number of stage must be selected in such a way to
achieve 100% H2S mass composition in the bottom stream. The condenser
and reboiler pressure will be respectively 300 kPa and 500 kPa and also the
distillate must be refluxed 100%. Overhead product of DC1 and vapour
product of S1is mixed and then the stream split into two streams according
to their composition. One of the streams must be 100% ethane. The other
stream with other components is further separated in a flash separator (S2).
The inlet pressure to S2 must be 50kPa. Decide what you unit that is needed
to achieve this and explain your decision.

The bottom product of S2 is mixed with bottom product of DC2. Part of the
top product of S2 is purged and the other recycled and combined with the H2
feed stream. Ensure that the pressure of the recycle stream is the same as
that of the hydrogen stream before combining the two streams.
Based on this information, attempt the following questions:
(i)

State with reason the appropriate base component (limiting


reactant) in the equation above.

(ii)

What unit operation do you need to reduce or increase the pressure


of the stream before mixing the stream with the H2 feed stream.
Explain

(iii)

Prepare a complete flowsheet for the process described using


ASPEN HYSYS. Explain your selection the various unit operations
used in your flowsheet.

(iv) Determine the amount of the top product of S2 to be purged to


ensure that the H2S mass fraction in reactor inlet stream lies within
<0.2. What is the impact of increasing or decreasing the purge
flowrate on material accumulation within the system? Comment.
(v)

What is the impact of increasing or lowering inlet pressure on mass


fraction of ethane in top product of DC2?