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Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

Progress in Aerospace Sciences

journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/paerosci Reduced order unsteady aerodynamic modeling for stability

Reduced order unsteady aerodynamic modeling for stability and control analysis using computational uid dynamics

Mehdi Ghoreyshi n , Adam Jirásek, Russell M. Cummings

High Performance Computing Research Center, U.S. Air Force Academy, USAF Academy, CO 80840-6400, USA

U.S. Air Force Academy, USAF Academy, CO 80840-6400, USA article info Article history: Received 12 August

article info

Article history:

Received 12 August 2014 Accepted 2 September 2014 Available online 3 October 2014

Keywords:

Unsteady aerodynamics Computational uid dynamics Reduced order model Indicial functions Radial basis functions Volterra functions

abstract

Recent advances and challenges in the generation of reduced order aerodynamic models using computational uid dynamics are presented. The models reviewed are those that can be used for aircraft stability and control analysis and include linear and nonlinear indicial response methods, Volterra theory, radial basis functions, and a surrogate-based recurrence framework. The challenges associated with identi cation of unknowns for each of the reduced order methods are addressed. A range of test cases, from airfoils to full aircraft, have been used to evaluate and validate the reduced order methods. The motions have different amplitudes and reduced frequencies and could start from different ight conditions including those in the transonic speed range. Overall, these reduced order models help to produce accurate predictions for a wide range of motions, but with the advantage that model predictions require orders of magnitude less time to evaluate once the model is created. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Contents

1. Introduction

 

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168

1.1.

Overview

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168

1.2. The need for reduced order unsteady aerodynamics modeling

 

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1.3. Current aerodynamic modeling

 

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168

2. Review of unsteady aerodynamic prediction methods

 

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170

2.1.

Classical

theories

 

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170

2.2.

Volterra theory

 

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171

2.3. Indicial

theory

 

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172

2.4. Surrogate-based

recurrence-framework

 

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173

2.5. Radial basis functions

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173

3. Review of system

identi cation

 

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174

3.1. System

identi cation

of CFD

simulations

 

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174

3.2. Volterra kernels

 

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174

3.3. Indicial

functions

 

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174

3.4. Training maneuvers

 

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176

4. Flow

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177

5. Validation test cases

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177

5.1. NACA 0012 Airfoil

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178

5.2. SDM

 

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179

5.3. SACCON UCAV

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182

5.4. X-31

 

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183

6. Analysis

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