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Paragraph 1: Introduction

Drug abuse is rife in many countries. Billions of dollars are spent

internationally preventing drug use, treating addicts, and fighting drugrelated crime. Although drugs threaten many societies, their effects can also
be combated successfully.This essay looks at some of the effects of drug use
on society, and suggests some solutions to the problem.
Paragraph 2: Problem
Drug abuse causes multiple problems for countries and communities.The
medical and psychological effects are very obvious.Addicts cannot function as
normal members of society. They neglect or abuse their families, and
eventually require expensive treatment or hospitalization.
The second effect is on crime.Huge police resources are needed to fight
smuggling and dealing. Criminal gangs and mafia underworlds develop with
the money from drugs.
Paragraph 3: Solution
However, the menace of drugs can be fought.Education is the first
battle.Children need to be told at home and in school about drugs. People
need to be aware of the effects so that they can avoid Show or Hide
this problem
A second approach is to increase police manpower and create effective laws
to stop dealers.However the main target should be the user: Families and
counselors need to talk to children and people at risk. Parents need to look at
their children and help them to become responsible. Worthwhile jobs and
housing are also needed to give people a role in society.
Paragraph 4: Conclusion
In conclusion, although the problem of drugs may seem impossible to
eliminate, there are concrete steps that can be taken to weaken the hold of
drugs on society.The danger from drugs is too great to ignore for us and our
The Effects of Drug Abuse

How many times has a person heard about the consequences of drug abuse?
Have people ever really taken those consequences into account? Drug abuse
is one of the major problems in our society. The causes of drug abuse are
really unknown, but the effects of this epidemic are very serious. Many
people get used to taking pills or like the way that illegal drugs make them

feel. They can easily get addicted and abuse those drugs; that is the problem.
The purpose of this essay is to discuss the physical, psychological, and
economic effects of drug abuse.

The first effect of drug abuse is physical. Physical effects are the most
important because these can cause death. For example, drug abuse damages
important organs such as the heart, lungs, and liver. Drug abuse can also
cause neurological damages, which cause alterations in body movements,
loss of appetite, depression, and mood swings. It is possible for a person to
overdose on drugs, unknowingly. There are many other effects that drugs
have the body. These physical consequences could cause death, or
permanent damage to a person's body if too much of a drug is consumed at
one time, or even in a long period of time.

The second effect caused by drug abuse is psychological. At the beginning,

drugs make people feel relaxed, but if someone consumes too much or, at
times not enough, it increases anxiety and can lead to depression. Drug
abuse also causes a lot of family and legal problems, violence, drastic
changes in behavior, suicide, and many other problems. Drugs are very
powerful and alter all of a persons normal behaviors.

The third effect of drug abuse is economics. People spend billions of dollars
on drugs. Drug abusers do not think about the money they are spending.
Abusers will spend every dollar that they can get on drugs; just to get the
"high" they think they need. Often, abusers will steal, trade, or sell everything
they can get, to get the money they need.

he drugs that are beneficial to humanity may also be the same drugs that are
detrimental to mankind. It is of no argument that drugs are created to cure
diseases and to alleviate human condition; however people may misuse overthe-counter drugs and this is called drug abuse. It has become a social
problem because it has afflicted the family, the economy and the community.
Drug abuse can be a source of problem to the family. First, the treatment for
drug abusers is expensive amounting to $ 4,700 annually and this can drain
the familys financial resources because treatment may last for more than
a year. In a study conducted by Barnard, she found out that parents of drug
abusers experience health deterioration due to stress and that family
relationship become strained. At risk also are the siblings who may follow the
same path due to exposure to mind-altering substances. They may also
manifest denial behaviors to cope with the problem. Clearly, the family

members struggle from their experiences in living with someone who misuse
Aside from the family, drug abuse also affects another segment of society
and that is the economy. Hyde and Setaro presented a startling figure of $110
billion a year for health and other disruptive social effects cost of drug abuse.
When this amount can be used for the establishment of businesses and
provide for more employment opportunities, it will boost the economy of a
country. In addition, drug abusers may turn in poor quality work due to
absences and inability to function normally, thus, affecting the overall output
of businesses.
The wider community is also gravely affected by drug abuse. There are a
number of HIV/AIDS cases due to injection drug use. In the United States
alone, it accounted for one-third of the cases. Moreover, drug abuse has been
associated with crime and violence. In Brazil, for example, drug abuse was
identified as one of the causes of almost 30,000 homicides.
While drugs are envisioned to advance the welfare of the people, it can be a
source of complicated social disarray if left uncontrolled. The government and
other social groups should, therefore, strengthen their programs to curb this
problem; otherwise, some drugs may become Pandoras Box.

Drug Addiction:

Introduction: The term drug has now been given a new connotation. It was
used originally to means medicine. But now-a-days it means not only
medicine, but also the fatal narcotics that include cocaine, heroin, brown
sugar, and many other specifications. All these drugs have their evil effects
on the mind and body cells of the addicts. The young generation are the
worst victims of evils of Drug Addiction.

Causes of Drug Addiction among Youth:

The reasons why a young person gets addicted to these harmful drugs are

Curiosities, spiritual search, desire for pleasure, social excommunication,

mental gap, lack of self-reliance are some of the reasons why these youth
becomes a drug-addict.

Lack of self-confidence, that is inferiority complex, has been marked as cause

of ones becoming a drug addict.

The problem of drug addiction is all the more serious because the addicts are
mostly young school or college going boys and girls, the future citizens of a
country, on whom will depend in future its welfare and the welfare of its
people. So it is imperative to see that such young boys and girls may be no
means fall victims to drug addiction.

Solution for Drug Addiction:

Rehabilitation of the young drug-addicts is a major social problem.

The need of raising the level of consciousness of self through proper

education has been suggested as a proper step.

Those who thus become able to overcome their addiction can tutor other
young addicts.

The need of forming a healthy environment where the needs of these youth
can be met is equally important.

The places that grow cocoa, opium etc. should be brought under vigilance.

International projects should be taken to prohibit manufacturing of such

harmful drugs

Treatment of Drug Addiction:

Treatment of the drug-addicts can be done through different medical

processes. When a patient is made to give up his addiction, he suffers from

several physical troubles. If he is treated through the method of detoxification
by a gradual process he regains his normalcy gradually. When detoxification
is completed, psychiatric treatment of the patient is to be started.

The members of his family should be advised how to behave with the patient.
In fact the help and co-operation of the same elements of the society is
essential for the rehabilitation of the drug addicts in society. They should take
the solemn vow of uniting for a drug-free world.

Drug addiction is a social evil. It has been prevalent in society from time
immemorial. There are a variety of drugs which are used in various forms. A
drug addict becomes a drug dependent. He cannot live without drugs. It is a
form of psychological conditioning that implies a set of mental and
behavioural responses to drugs and related stimuli that result from repeated
reinforcement produced by the use of drugs.

It implies physical, psychological and psychic dependence on the tolerance of

a drug with a tendency to take more and more drugs. The World Health
Organisation has defined drug abuse as a state of periodic, chronic
intoxication, detrimental to the individual and to the society, produced by
repeated consumption of drugs either natural or synthetic. In other words,
the growing urge results in increase of doses.

There are a number of causes which lead to drug addiction. These include
social, economic, religious, and physiological factors. There is a strong nexus
between drug and torn family life. It has been found that broken family
structure often forces one to resort to drug. This is because a person faced
with such situation chooses drug for its euphoric or mind-altering effect to
escape from the immediate situation.

This escapism in turn compels the user to go back to the drug to avoid the
trouble and it eventually leads to addiction. While it is necessary to face the
problem and tackle it, the users more often than not are under the effects of
drugs and neglect the situation. It, as a result, worsens giving way to further
use of drugs to escape the problem which is already mounted. Thus,
addiction and myths of stress relief associated with it makes a vicious cycle.

Sometimes, exposure to drugs in the family or the locality or the school

makes one a drug addicts. Usually, children of a drunkard also become a drug
addict. The early exposure to drugs immensely contributes to make them
drug addicts. Their innocent immature mind is unable to get its negative
impact on them. When they are mature, they can understand everything, but
are already caught in its vicious trap. The company also plays a prominent
role in making one drug addict. Doing drugs as a cultural fad amongst the
youth provokes them to experiment and lures them for addiction.

Peer pressure further accentuates the problem. In other words, personality

make-up is another factor for drug addiction. Gene structure of a particular
person makes him vulnerable for certain kind of addiction. The easy
availability of different drugs in the market due to illicit trafficking makes it
easier to procure it. This again aggravates the problem.

The phenomenon of drug addiction has its roots in an individuals

psychological, physical and social bases. Drugs are addictive as they are
taken either to escape from the existing situation or for pleasure-seeking. In a
way, drugs become the sole source of gratification for the person who has
chosen them as a support system. The person reaches such a physiological
state which necessitates the continued use of drug to prevent withdrawals.

There are varieties of drugs available today, which include narcotics,

depressants, stimulants, hallucinogens and cannabis, in other words, opium,
morphine, heroin, marijuana, bhang, hashish, LSD, mescaline, khat, codeine
are different forms of drugs. Alcohol, marijuana, and heroine are the most
commonly abused substances. Some drugs like bhang, hashish, tabocco and
liquor are cheaper which a man of low-income group can afford while drugs
like heroine, LSD, morphine, etc. are highly costly. Only affluent section of
society can have accessibility to them.

Every drug, including alcohol and tobacco, which is socially acceptable, is

harmful for the body as a whole. But the drugs which have a high physical
dependence are more dangerous for the health in comparison to others. As
the concentration of alcohol increases in the blood, vision, hearing, smell,
taste and muscle coordinations are affected, resulting in staggering in ones

The mental confusion enhances with even a small quantity of drug intake
which is manifested in behavioural changes. Drug dependence hampers
memory perception, problem- solving skill and concentration. Besides, a
number of symptoms such as increased pulse rate, blood pressure, loss of
appetite, insomnia, micro-vascular damage, severe weight loss, psychosis,
violent behaviour, poor comprehension and memory, narrow range of
attention, irritability, nausea, drowsiness, respiratory depression, impaired
health, poor perception of time and distance, decreased interest in
achievement-oriented action are associated with it. Long-term alcohol abuse
has varied affects on human body.

It affects the brain cells irrevocably and often leads to nerve damage. This, in
turn, leads to loss of sensation and mobility in limbs. Liver damage resulting
in cirrhosis is the most dangerous health hazard caused by drug addiction.
Significantly, women are more prone to liver related disease than men.
Besides, alcohol taken by pregnant women may cause health problem to

The most common effects of alcohol are misjudgment and disinhibition. It

releases the mental balance and puts the inner conscience to sleep so that
the individual loses the control over his thought and action. This carefree
feeling makes the drinker prone to violence, accidents and crimes. It is very
difficult to designate the vulnerability to addiction. Anybody can be addicted
to drug anytime in any phase of his life. Peer presence has commonly been

identified as a major cause for initial and experimental drug use. The use of
psychoactive drugs is widely acknowledged as a facet of peoples lifestyles. It
has been generally seen that youth is the most vulnerable lot of drug
dependence. When a person during his early adulthood and adolescence is in
the look for his self identity, he begins to take drugs under peer pressure.
Moreover, it is youths curiosity, adventurousness and risk taking mental
disposition which attracts him to do something different and experiment with
everything new in life.

Family problem has also been attributed to some extent to this problem,
particularly in case of tragedy or separation from one or both parents. Often
the strained or torn family relation leads one to drug addiction. A person
confronting the situation is caught in a feeling of footlessness. He feels free
from any kind of accountability. Thus, the fear of the individual against
socially unacceptable behaviour decreases in him and he becomes very much
vulnerable to drug sometimes, people due to failure and frustration resort to

drugs as a means to find solace.

When their capabilities and efficiencies are not well-rewarded and not wellrecognised, they opt out and seek alternative gratifications in drugs. When
the ordinary social fabric is disrupted by several socio-economic factors such
as poverty, unemployment, migration, etc. the problems of drug addiction get
chance to flourish. Undoubtedly, drug addiction is a great socio-economic and
health problem. It is kind of disease which is curable with the help of proper
treatment. But for the total recovery of the addict, psychological treatment
side by side medical treatment through individual counseling, group therapy,
re-education and yoga is of immense help. The planning of treatment must
focus on self- exposure and self-help.

Unless a person wishes to get rid of this evil, it is very difficult to give it up.
Hence, an awareness campaign can serve the purpose. The media, the NGOs,
self- help groups and other governmental and non-governmental agencies
can play influential role. Besides, our educational curriculum should be so
designed that value-based moral education is made a part of it. Since in very
early age, more values need to be inculcated in children, they should be
taught to develop good hobbies to spend time happily and meaningfully in
good company. They need to be taught to develop a useful and constructive
work-oriented daily routine in which they do manage some time for social
activities. They should be made aware of the vices of addiction.