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ELECTRONICS

1.

A diac has _____ semiconductor layers.

a.

c.

b.

d.

2.
a.

Which of the following is false?

A carbon-zinc cell has unlimited shelf life.


b.

c.
d.

3.

A storage cell has a reversible chemical reaction.

The speed of a dc shunt motor can be slowed down under one of the conditions below.
a.

decreased field voltage

b.

c.

increased field voltage

4.

5.

d.

increased armature voltage


increased armature resistance

At series resonance, the circuit impedance is equal to _____.


a.

c.

XC

b.

d.

XL

The source terminal of a FET corresponds to the _____ of a vacuum tube.


a.

grid c.
b.

6.

7.

A lead-acid cell can be recharged.

A primary cell has an irreversible chemical reaction.

cathode

base d.

plate

A ROM has 6 inputs and 8 outputs. How many bits does the ROM store?
a.

512 c.

4096

b.

2048 d.

6400

When current in a conductor increases, Lenz law says that the self-induced voltage will _____.
a.
b.
c.
d.
8.

aid the applied voltage

tend to increase the amount of current

produce current opposite to the increasing current

In transistor amplifiers, we use _____ transformer for impedance matching.


a.
b.

step up

c.

step down

9.
a.

aid the increasing current

d.

Which of the following is an n-type semiconductor?

doped by acceptor atom

b.

same turn ratio


none of the above

c.

majority carriers are holes

crystal with pentavalent impurities

d.

minority carriers are free electrons

10. What is the output power of an amplifier having an output of 12 dBm?


a.

0.38 mW
b.

c.

24 mW

15.85 mW
d.

251 W

11. A relay is superior to a mechanical switch because it _____.


a.

is relatively inexpensive
b.

c.

combines control with power amplification

is operated mechanically

d.

does not require moving contacts

12. Assuming a barrier potential of 0.7 V at an ambient temperature of 25 C, what is the barrier potential of a silicon diode when the junction
o

temperature is 75 C?
a.

0.5 c.

0.7

b.

0.6 d.

0.8

13. Two diodes are in series. The first diode has a voltage of 0.75 V and the second has a voltage of 0.8 V. If the current through the first diode is 500
mA, what is the current through the second diode?
a.

242 mA

c.

500 mA

b.

258 mA

d.

533 mA

14. What is the application of laser diode?


a.
b.

line-spike protectors

high frequency rectifiers

c.
d.

high-frequency oscillators

CD players, broadband communications

15. When a transistor is conducting as much as it possibly can, it is said to be in _____.


a.

cut-off

b.

c.

saturation

avalanche

d.

forward-biased

16. Which of the following statements is true?


a.

Alnico is commonly used for electromagnets.

b.
c.
d.

Iron is generally used for permanent magnets.


Ferrites have lower permeability than air or vacuum

Paper cannot affect magnetic flux because it is not a magnetic material.

17. Find the frequency in kilocycles per second in the armature of a 10-pole 1,200 rpm generator.
a.

0.1 c.

100

b.

10

1000

d.

18. The _____ are two of the most common mechanical configurations of industrial robots.
a.

articulated arm and cylindrical

c.

jointed-arm and electric

b.

spherical and pneumatic

d.

spherical and hydraulic

19. A half-wave signal with a peak of 30 V is the input of a choke-input filter. If XL = 5 k and XC = 25 , what is the approximate peak-to-peak ripple
across the capacitor?
a.

0.15 V

c.

200 V

b.

5 mV

d.

6 KV

20. Calculate the time delay for a phase angle of 55 at the frequency of 2 MHz.
0.0625 s

a.

0.0764 s

b.

0.152 s

c.

0.5 s

d.

21. One dB corresponds to _____ change in voltage or current level.


a.

20 %

b.

c.

40 %

63.6 %

d.

80 %

22. Inductive reactance applies only to sine waves because it _____.


a.

depends on the factor 2

c.

increases with lower frequencies

b.

decreases with higher frequencies

d.

increases with lower inductance

23. A memory circuit that has 9 address inputs has how many storage locations?
a.
b.

256 c.

512 d.

1024
not determined by sets of input

24. For frequencies below resonant frequency, a series LC circuit behaves as a _____ load.
a.
b.

resistive

c.

inductive

d.

capacitive

none of the above

25. Silicon diodes are used in a two-diode full-wave rectifier circuit to supply a load of 12 Vdc. Assuming ideal diodes and the load resistance is 12 ,
compute the efficiency of the rectifier in percentage.
a.

5.8 c.

81.2

b.

75

95.7

d.

26. It is used in TV and receiver tuners.


a.
b.

varactor

back diode

c.
d.

optocoupler

step-recovery diode

27. A transistor has a current gain of 175. If the base current is 0.15 mA, what is the collector current?
a.

0.132 mA

c.

3.062 A

b.

26.25 mA

d.

17.5 mA

28. What is the control element in an SCR?


a.

anode

c.

base

b.

cathode

d.

gate

29. Find the power across the resistor of 5 delivered from a battery of an internal resistance of 3 and a constant emf of 4 volts.
a.

1.25 W

c.

100 W

b.

60 W

d.

120 W

30. The gain of an amplifier without feedback is 100 dB. If a negative feedback of 3 dB is applied, the gain of the amplifier will become _____.
a.

97 dB

c.

103 dB

b.

101.5 dB

d.

300 dB

31. A heat sink is generally used with a transistor to _____.


a.

increase forward current


b.

c.

decrease the forward current

prevent excessive temperature rise


d.

compensate for excessive doping

32. Emitter follower is a _____ circuit.


a.

power feedback

c.

current feedback

b.

voltage feedback

d.

none of the above

33. Addition of trivalent impurity to a pure semi-conductor creates many _____.


a.

holes

b.

c.

free electrons

bound electrons

d.

valence electrons

34. Which of the following cells has a reversible chemical reaction?


a.

silver oxide

b.

c.

lead-acid

carbon-zinc

d.

mercury oxide

35. In a sine wave ac circuit with R = 40 in series with XL = 30 , the total impedance is equal to _____.
a.

30 c.

50

b.

40 d.

70

36. If an ohmmeter check on a 50 H choke reads 3 , the coil is probably _____.


a.
b.

open c.

defective

normal

d.

partially open

37. How much is the self-induced voltage across a 200-mH inductance produced by a current change of 0 to 10 mA in 2s.
a.
b.

10 V c.

1,000 V

100 V

d.

10,000 V

38. Parallel to serial data conversion can be performed by a _____.


a.
b.

BCD counter

c.

shift counter

binary counter

d.

shift register

39. The torque developed by a three-phase induction motor depends on the following three factors:
a.
b.

voltage, current and stator impedance

rotor emf, rotor current and stator impedance

c.
d.

speed, frequency and number of poles


number of poles, rotor speed and frequency

40. Which of the following circuits generally has the greatest gain?
a.

d.

common source

b.

common gate

c.

common drain

it depends on bias, not on which electrode is grounded

41. What happened to the output of an SCR if the firing angle is increased?
a.

increased
b.

c.

decreased

remains the same


d.

become zero

42. The basic purpose of applying negative feedback to an amplifier is to _____.


a.
b.

increase gain
reduce distortion

c.
d.

to have a negative coefficient


keep the temperature within limits

43. The purpose of capacitors in a transistor amplifier is to _____.


a.
b.

protect the transistor

cool the transistor

c.
d.

provide biasing

couple or bypass ac component

44. A two-pole three-phase motor has _____ field poles.


a.

c.

b.

d.

45. A new concept in commercial aircraft where computers monitor aircraft systems reporting to their status only if requested by pilot or if something is
wrong and displayed on the screen when necessary.
a.

cockpit

c.

glass cockpit

b.

real cockpit

d.

virtual cockpit

46. The output stage in an amplifier is also called _____.


a.

mixer stage

b.

c.

detector stage

RF stage

d.

power stage

47. The reverse resistance and forward resistance of crystal diode have a ratio of about _____.
a.
b.

1:1 c.

100:1

2:1 d.

1000:1

48. The relation between the three dynamic parameters of a vacuum tube triode is given by the formula _____.
a.

Amplification factor = Plate resistance Transconductance

b.

Amplification factor x Plate resistance x Transconductance = 1

c.

Transconductance = Plate resistance x Amplification factor

d.

Plate resistance = Amplification x Transconductance

49. What is the purpose of a level shifter in op-amps?


a.
b.
c.

to shift the input offset current to zero

to set and/or adjust the input offset voltage to zero

to set and/or to adjust the output voltage to zero when the input signal is zero
d.

all of the above

50. The term semiconductor arises from _____.


a.
b.
c.

resistor-like properties of metal oxide


insulating properties of silicon and GaAs

variable conductive properties of metal oxides


the fact that theres nothing better to call silicon

d.

51. The maximum plate efficiency for class B operation is _____.


a.
b.

35 %

c.

40 %

d.

50 %
78.5 %

52. A MOSFET is sometimes called _____ FET.


a.
b.

open gate

c.

many gate

shorted gate

d.

insulated gate

53. A current of 2.2 A flows in a coil with inductance of 0.8 H. How much energy is stored in the magnetic field?
a.

1.936 J

c.

0.288 J

b.

0.88 J

d.

1.548 J

54. SCARA robots has four axis of motion and is used in ______.
a.
b.

welding

c.

machining

d.

assembling

handling heavy loads

55. A secondary battery Zinc-nickel oxide has a voltage of _____.


a.

1.1 c.

1.9

b.

1.6 d.

2.8

56. A vacuum diode can act as _____.


a.
b.

a rectifier
an amplifier

c.
d.

an oscillator
a multivibrator

57. Two series coils, 250 H each have a total inductance of 550 H connected series-aiding and 450 H series-opposing. How much is the mutual
inductance between the coil?
a.

25 H

c.

200 H

b.

100 H

d.

300 H

58. A transistor has high output impedance because _____.


a.
b.

emitter is heavily doped

c.

emitter has forward bias

d.

collector has reverse bias

collector is wider than emitter or base

59. A 0.05 F capacitor is charged to 264 V. It charges through a 50 k resistor. How much time is required for Vc to discharge down to 132 V?
a.

1.4 ms

c.

1.6 ms

b.

1.5 ms

d.

1.7 ms

60. The main element of a microprogrammed controller is _____.


a.

ROM

b.

c.

PLA d.

binary counter

address register

61. A parallel LC circuit has a capacitor of 100 pF in one branch and an inductance of 100 H plus a resistance of 10 in the ot her branch. What is the
circuit impedance at resonance?
a.

25 k

b.

50 k

a.

shunt

100 k

c.

223.61 k

d.

62. Which regulator is the most inefficient?

b.

c.

series

switching

d.

modulating

63. Find the filter capacitor that will provide 2.5 % ripple filtered voltage having a load of 120 mA, full-wave rectified voltage of 36 Vdc and 60 Hz
supply.
a.

311.7 microfarad

c.

3117 microfarad

b.

320.7 microfarad

d.

3207 microfarad

64. A constant-voltage generator has _____.


a.

minimum efficiency

c.

low internal resistance

b.

minimum current capacity

d.

high internal resistance

65. When an alternating voltage reverses in polarity, the current it produces _____.
a.
b.

has a phase angle of 180


c.

d.

has a steady dc value


o

reverses in direction

alternates 1.4 times the frequency of the applied voltage

66. Diodes are said to be forward bias when the _____.


a.
b.

cathode is positive with respect to anode


cathode is negative with respect to anode

c.
d.

anode is negative with respect to cathode

applied potential between anode and cathode are equal

67. Floodlighting is not used for _____ applications.


a.

reading

b.

c.

aesthetics

industrial

d.

advertising

68. Actuators used in industrial robots.


a.
b.

fluid motors

c.

fluid cylinders

d.

electric motors
all of the above

69. The Q of a tuned circuit refers to the property of _____.


a.
b.

fidelity

selectivity

c.
d.

sensitivity

none of the above

70. Find the mutual inductance of two 200 mH coils that has a coefficient of coupling k equal to 0.2.
a.

40 mH

c.

80 mH

b.

60 mH

d.

100 mH

71. How can electrical current be induced with a coil and a magnet?
a.
b.
c.

moving either the magnet or the coil


placing the coil parallel to the magnet field

holding the coil and the magnet perfectly stationary

d.

placing the coil at right angles with the magnetic field

72. Proportional mode of control wherein the controller is not only considering the magnitude of the error signal but as well as its rate of change.
a.
b.

proportional

c.

proportional plus integral

d.

proportional plus derivative

proportional plus integral plus derivative

73. A triode is considered to be a _____ amplifier.


a.

current

b.

c.

voltage

power

d.

resistance

74. Determine how long a battery will last whose rating is 100 Ah, 24 volts and will run 300 W electronic equipment and a 50 W light.
a.

6.85 hours

c.

26.65 hours

b.

12 hours

d.

50.05 hours

75. Which of the following is not a ferromagnetic material?


a.
b.

nickel

c.

cobalt

d.

iron

aluminum

76. The resistance of a semiconductor is known as _____.


a.

extrinsic resistance

b.

c.

intrinsic resistance

dynamic resistance

d.

bulk resistance

77. An amplifier with an input resistance of 600 ohms has an input current of 500 microamperes. It delivers 100 mA to a 1000 load. Calculate the dB
gain of the amplifier.
a.

43.8 dB

c.

-48.2 dB

b.

48.2 dB

d.

-43.8 dB

78. Which BCD code is used for data communications?


a.
b.

Gray c.

8421 BCD

ASCII

d.

pure binary

79. Determine the percentage error of reading of an ammeter due to ammeter insertion. Ammeter parameters include 70 internal resistance and a
load resistor of 1.4 k .
a.

4.76 c.

95

b.

96

d.

80. The operating mode of an op-amp, when both inputs are tied together or when the input signal is common to both inputs.
a.
b.

common mode

c.

rejection mode

d.

differential mode
double-ended mode

81. Given two voltages: S(t) = 10 cos (t + 30) volts and Q(t) = 15 cos (t + 45) volts. Find V(t) = S(t) + Q(t).
a.

V(t) = 24.8 cos (t + 39) volts

c.

V(t) = 5.9 cos (t + 71) volts

b.

V(t) = 25 cos (t + 75) volts

d.

V(t) = 13.6 cos (t + 75) volts

82. In a sine-wave ac circuit with inductive reactance, the _____.


a.

phase angle of the circuit is always 45

b.

voltage across the inductance must be 90 out of phase with the applied voltage
c.

current through the inductance lags its induced voltage by 90

d.

current through the inductance and voltage across it are 180 out of phase

83. Hysteresis losses ______.


a.
b.
c.
d.

generally increase with direct current in a coil

cannot be produced in an iron core because it is a conductor

are caused by high-frequency alternating current in a coil with an iron core


are especially important with permanent magnets that have a steady magnetic field

84. A ferromagnetic material _____.


a.
b.
c.
d.

causes an increase in the current in a wire


concentrates magnetic flux lines within itself
increases the number of ampere turns in wire

increases the total magnetomotive force around a current-carrying wire

85. The dc resistance of a coil made with 100 ft of No. 30 gage copper wire is approximately _____.
a.

less than 1

c.

10.5

b.

more than 1 M

d.

104

86. A transformer with a 1:6 turns ratio has 720 V across 7200 in the secondary. Find the secondary current.
a.

0.0167 A

c.

0.1 A

b.

0.05 A

d.

0.6 A

87. The current flowing between electrodes inside a lead-acid battery is _____.
a.

proton current

c.

ionization current

b.

electron current

d.

polarization current

88. The number of axis a robot is free to move is called _____.


a.

freedom axis

b.

c.

mechanical axis

degrees of freedom

d.

movement degrees

89. The term _____ reflects the fact that holes and electrons participate in the injection process into the oppositely polarized material.
a.

unipolar

c.

tetrode

b.

bipolar

d.

pentode

90. For an oscilloscope with triggered sweep, the horizontal time base is set for 5 ms/cm. The entire width of 10 cm then represents the time of ____.
a.
b.

0.5 msec

c.

1 msec

5 msec

d.

50 msec

91. A magnetic material has a total flux of 60 Wb with an mmf of 180 At. Calculate the reluctance in ampere-turns per weber.
6

c.

4 x 10 At/Wb

d.

5 x 10 At/Wb

2 x 10 At/Wb

a.

3 x 10 At/Wb

b.

6
6

92. A laminated iron core has reduced eddy-current losses because _____.
a.
c.

the magnetic flux is concentrated in the air gap of the core


b.

d.

the laminations are insulated

the laminations are stacked vertically

more wire can be used with less dc resistance in the coil

93. At what frequency will a 100 F capacitor have Xc equal to 100 ?


a.

1.59 Hz

c.

159 Hz

b.

15.9 Hz

d.

1592 Hz

94. Inductive reactance is measured in ohms because it _____.


a.

reduces the amplitude of alternating current

b.

has a back emf opposing a steady direct current


c.

d.

increases the amplitude of direct current


increases the amplitude of alternating current

95. With double the number of turns but the same length and area, the inductance is _____.
a.
b.

the same

c.

one-quarter

d.

double
quadruple

96. Alternating current can induce voltage because alternating current has a _____.
a.
b.

high peak value

c.

varying magnetic field

d.

constant magnetic field

stronger magnetic field than direct current

97. An open coil has _____.


a.
b.

zero resistance and inductance


zero resistance and high inductance

c.

infinite resistance and normal inductance

d.

infinite resistance and zero inductance

98. The first of a long lineage of microcomputer based group communications software.
a.

E-mail

c.

NOVELL

b.

CBBS

d.

EMISARI

99. Which of the following are the advantages of hydraulic actuators?


a.
b.
c.

Great holding strength when stopped.

Accurate positioning and good velocity control.

Intrinsically safe in flammable environment such as painting.


d.

All of the above

100. What value of C resonates with a 239 H at 1,000 Hz?


a.

105 F

c.

107 F

b.

106 F

d.

108 F