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lingVa LATINA vii

Lectio iV

NOMEN ET COGNOMEN: ______________________________________


MAGISTRA: ________________________________
HORA: _________

Lesson 4 2010-2011

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Quiz template: Lesson_____ Page _____ Nomen et Cognomen_________________________________


Fill in the chart with the vocab from this lesson

Word in Latin

Lesson 4 2010-2011

Part of Genitive
Speech Or
Principal Parts

Gender English meaning(s)

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Fill in the chart with the vocab from this lesson

Word in Latin

Lesson 4 2010-2011

Part of Genitive
Speech Or
Principal Parts

Gender English meaning(s)

Page 3

Latin 7 L 4 Grammar Basics

Nomen et Cognomen_________________________________

Before doing this worksheet, study page 35 in your TEXTBOOK.


1. Nouns of the first declension are usually of what gender?__________
2. Nouns of the second declension are usually of what gender?__________
3. Although their NOMINATIVE endings may differ, nouns of the second declension all have the same ending
for the genitive case. What is it?__________________
4. Give two examples of words which express natural gender (in ENGLISH).
______________________________________________________________________________
5. Give an example of grammatical gender in Latin:_____________________________
6. Does grammatical gender follow any specific rule?____________________________
7. Do you have to memorize the gender of any given noun when you learn the noun?__________________
8. What do you do if, for example, you have a noun that is masculine in the first declension (like AGRICOLA),
and you need to modify it with an adjective?
___________________________________________________________________________
9. Adjectives agree in ________________, ___________________ and _____________
with the nouns they modify.
10. It is best to place Latin adjectives (before / after) their nouns.
11. Agricola is a first declension noun which is ________________.
12. Since adjectives agree in GENDER, NUMBER AND CASE with the nouns they modify, it is possible that an
adjective which modifies a noun has a __________________ ending than the noun it modifies.
Decline the following:

Latin noun: agricola bonus English translation:


Singular

Plural

N
G
D
AC
AB

Lesson 4 2010-2011

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Latin noun: agricola novus


Singular

English translation:
Plural

N
G
D
AC
AB

Latin noun: agricola magnus


Singular

English translation:
Plural

N
G
D
AC
AB

Latin: agricola malus


English :
Singular

Plural

N
G
D
AC
AB

Lesson 4 2010-2011

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Latin: equus bonus


Singular

English translation:
Plural

N
G
D
AC
AB
Latin: puella parva
Singular

English translation:
Plural

N
G
D
AC
AB
Latin: via nova

English translation:
Singular

Plural

N
G
D
AC
AB

Latin: carrus magnus


Singular

English translation:
Plural

N
G
D
AC
AB

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Latin: silva magna


Singular

English translation:
Plural

N
G
D
AC
AB
Latin: servus bonus
Singular

English translation:
Plural

N
G
D
AC
AB

Now conjugate the verb to praise, first filling in the four principal parts.

Singular

Plural

1st
2nd
3rd
translate this form at least two ways (three ways for present tense)

Lesson 4 2010-2011

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Lesson 4 E to L translations

Nomen:__________________________________Hora ____

Read each sentence three times!!! Identify the parts of the sentence and their functions(subj, predicate, verb,
complement, conj, etc.) before translating.
1. Luck in Sicily is bad because the earth there is hard and bad.
________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________
2. Now I am working and looking at the large forest.
________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________
3. You (pl) are getting the large carts, the small carts and the good horses ready because
we are now praising the good girls.
________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________
4. The good farmers carry much good water in Italy.
________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________
5. In Sicily, a large island in Europe, the great farmers love good soil.
________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________
Lesson 4 L E translations #1

1. Agricolae boni parvas puellas portant.


___________________________________________________________________________________________
2. Ubi est Via Appia?
___________________________________________________________________________________________
3. Via Appia erat et est magna via Romana.
___________________________________________________________________________________________
4. Nunc servos bonos laudo; servos malos non laudo.
___________________________________________________________________________________________
5. Agricola magnus magnam insulam bonam spectat quod boni equi ibi1 sunt.

there

___________________________________________________________________________________________

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6. Carri parvi non sunt boni; sunt mali.


___________________________________________________________________________________________
7. Ubi familiae magnae et bonae laborant?
___________________________________________________________________________________________
8. In Sicilia sunt vita dura et mala terra.
___________________________________________________________________________________________
9. Parvi agricolae in Sicilia laborant ubi terra est dura.
___________________________________________________________________________________________
10. In Italia erant puellae bonae et servi boni et mali.
___________________________________________________________________________________________
11. Minime! Parvum agricolam non specto!
___________________________________________________________________________________________
12. Sic, aquam bonam et carrum novum paramus.
___________________________________________________________________________________________
13. Nunc equos magnos et bonos paratis?
___________________________________________________________________________________________
14. Ubi paras carros novos?
___________________________________________________________________________________________
15. Agricolae boni agricolas malos amant.
___________________________________________________________________________________________

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Lesson 4 Textbook exercises pg. 37

Nomen:_____________________________________Hora ______

Copy the Latin on the first line, completing as directed; translate into English on the second.
A.

1. ___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2. ___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
3. ___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
4. ___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
5. ___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
6. ___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
7. ___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
8. ___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
9. ___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
10. __________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________

B.

1. ___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2. ___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
3. ___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
4. ___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
5. ___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________

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6. ___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
7. ___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
8. ___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________

C.

1. ___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2. ___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
3. ___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
4. ___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
5. ___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
6. ___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
7. ___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
8. ___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
9. ___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
10. __________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________

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Latin 7 Passage Lesson 4, Page 33: translate into English in the space provided.

Multae viae in Italia erant et sunt.


__________________________________________________________________________________________
Multae viae Romanae erant bonae.
__________________________________________________________________________________________
Via Appia in Italia erat et est.
__________________________________________________________________________________________
Olim1 Via Appia erat via Romana.
__________________________________________________________________________________________
Non nova est sed fama eius2 est magna, quod longa et bona via est.
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
Multae viae Americanae olim erant malae, sed nunc bonae sunt.
__________________________________________________________________________________________
In Italia et in America bonas vias laudamus.
__________________________________________________________________________________________
Vias malas non amamus.
__________________________________________________________________________________________
Vias duras amatis?
__________________________________________________________________________________________
Multi carri et equi erant in viis Romanis.
__________________________________________________________________________________________
Agricolae in Via Appia erant.
__________________________________________________________________________________________
Servi magni et parvi in viis3 erant.
__________________________________________________________________________________________
Ubi nunc equi sunt? Ubi carri sunt? Nunc servi non sunt.
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
Agricola carrum bonum parat.
__________________________________________________________________________________________
Agricola carrum laudat, quod novus et magnus est.
__________________________________________________________________________________________

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Puellae carros non amant, quod duri sunt.


__________________________________________________________________________________________
Puellae equos amant, quod boni sunt.
__________________________________________________________________________________________
Agricola equos amat, quod in terra laborant.
__________________________________________________________________________________________
Servum malum non laudat, quod non laborat.
__________________________________________________________________________________________
1. once
2. its
3. in the roads

Grammar Quiz #2 PRACTICE

Translate into Latin. Read three times first.

1. hard lands (acc.)____________________________________________________


2. good girl (nom.)___________________________________________________
3. strange forests (nom.)________________________________________________
4. new islands (gen.)__________________________________________________
5. strange farmers (dat.)________________________________________________
6. small cart (dat.)____________________________________________________
7. long life (nom.)___________________________________________________
8. bad horses (gen.)____________________________________________________
9. good slave (acc.)____________________________________________________
10. great fame (gen.)____________________________________________________
11. many forests (abl.)__________________________________________________
12. many farmers (abl.)__________________________________________________
13. much good water (nom.)______________________________________________
14. long streets (acc.)___________________________________________________
15. new farmers (gen.)__________________________________________________

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Lesson 4 Practice Test #1


Pars 1: General Questions
1. To which declension does puella belong? ___________________
2. To which declension does servus belong? ___________________
3. What do the endings a and -us have in common?________________________________________
4. What do the endings -as and -os have in common? ______________________________________
5. In the sentence Puella bona est, what three things does the a in bona tell us about the noun?
__________________________ _____________________________ ________________________
6. To say The cart is good you can not use the same form of the adjective (bona) Why?
________________________________________________________
7. What ending would the adjective in sentence #6 have? __________________________________
Pars 2: Translate
1. he works _________________________

11. he carries __________________________________

2. we are preparing ____________________

12. you (sg) work ______________________________

3. she is watching _____________________

13. laborare ____________________________________

4. portant _________________________

14. they are ____________________________________

5. erant _________________________

15. she is ____________________________________

6. yall do love _________________________

16. laudamus ______________________________

7. amatis _________________________

17. it works ____________________________________

8. we are carrying _________________________

18. to praise _________________________________

9. spectatis _________________________

19. spectas ____________________________________

10. to prepare _______________________

20. to carry ____________________________________

Pars 3: Translate.
1. The large families do not praise the small wagons.
____________________________________________________________________________________________
2. Puellae et agricolae multos equos spectant.
____________________________________________________________________________________________
3. Aquam bonam paramus quod mali agricolae non laborant.
____________________________________________________________________________________________
4. Puellas parvas et equos bonos amatis?
____________________________________________________________________________________________

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5. Puellae bonae equos bonos amant.


____________________________________________________________________________________________
6. Servus malus agricolas bonos non laudat quod servus malus laborare non amat.
____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
7. Multi carri parvi et multi equi magni in viis Romanis erant.
____________________________________________________________________________________________
8. The new farmers do not like to watch the strange horses.
____________________________________________________________________________________________
9. Because there was a slave in Sicily, the farmers love the strange lands now.
____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
10. The great girls and the good farmer do not praise the new forest because there was hard land.
____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
Adjective Phrases : Translate only the underlined adjective into Latin. Remember that it must match the noun in
GNC as it would be in the sentence.
1. The good farmer loves his land. ______________________________
2. I saw the good slave from afar. ______________________________
3. Did you ride the good horse? ______________________________
4. A good wagon was worth its weight in gold. ______________________________
5. Good forests are important to the environment. ______________________________
6. Not all good girls are intelligent. ______________________________
7. Behold the good waters of the lovely Genesee River. ______________________________

Lesson 4 2010-2011

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Lesson 4 Practice Test#2

Nomen:__________________________________Hora ____

READ THE SENTENCE THREE TIMES BEFORE ANSWERING THESE QUESTION!


Agricolae Romani1 carros novos et equos bonos parant quod laborant nunc.

Roman

1. How many clauses are there in the sentence? __________________________


2. What is the conjunction that joins the two clauses? __________________________
3. In the 1st clause, what is the subject? __________________________
4. In the 1st clause, what is the verb? __________________________
5. Translate the 1st clause: ______________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________
6. The adjective Romani modifies agricolae. Why do they have different endings?
___________________________________________________________________________________________
7. What is the complement of the 1st clause? __________________________
8. What kind of complement is it? __________________________
9. How can you tell? __________________________________________________________________________
10. Translate the 2nd clause: ____________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________
11. What is the subject of the 2nd clause? __________________________
12. What is the verb of the 2nd clause? __________________________
13. What is its person? ___________________ its number? __________________________
14. What part of speech is nunc? __________________________

Translate:
1. I am watching _________________________

11. They were __________________________________

2. You (pl) carry _________________________

12. We love ____________________________________

3. parare _________________________

13. to look at ____________________________________

4. He is praising _________________________

14. It was ____________________________________

5. It is _________________________

15. There are ____________________________________

6. Sunt _________________________

16. She does work __________________________________

7. Portas _________________________

17. Portamus ____________________________________

8. Amant _________________________

18. Amatis ____________________________________

9. Est _________________________

19. to get ____________________________________

10. Are they carrying _______________________ 20. Laborat ____________________________________

Lesson 4 2010-2011

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1st declension
CASE

JOB

singular

2nd declension
plural

singular

plural

nominative _______________

_________

_________

_________

_________

genitive

_________

_________

_________

_________

_________

_________

_________

_________

accusative _______________

_________

_________

_________

_________

ablative

_________

_________

_________

_________

dative

_______________
_______________

______________

1st conjugation

PRESENT
singular

plural

1st

___________

___________

2nd

___________

___________

3rd

___________

___________

Translate into Latin. Read three times first.


1. great land (acc.)____________________________________________________
2. good girls (nom.)___________________________________________________
3. strange roads (acc.)_________________________________________________
4. new roads (gen.)____________________________________________________
5. small farmers (dat.)__________________________________________________
6. small carts (acc.)____________________________________________________
7. long island (nom.)___________________________________________________
8. bad slaves (gen.)____________________________________________________
9. good horse (acc.)____________________________________________________
10. big slaves (acc.)____________________________________________________

Lesson 4 2010-2011

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