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An individual subjective view

Constitutes the greatest revolution in the visual art in the era of Modernism.

Impressionism

The name scathingly given to the movement in 1874 by Louis Leroy (an art critic) on viewing a painting of Monet called

Impression Sunrise.

The exhibition caused a great stir among the viewers and the participants of this group were Degas, Pissaro, Cezanne, Renoir, Monet, Sisley and Morisot

Aimed not at painting the idealized version of the external world, but an attempt to establish an immediate impression

Monet, Impression Sunrise

Monet, Impression Sunrise

Precursors

The

phenomenon.

Impressionists

did

not

suddenly

appear

as

an

isolated

19 th C. Precursors: Romantics and Realists

Both these groups tried to break away from the static art of the academy and sought for a personal form of expression.

What influenced impressionists?

The subjects of the Romantics and Realists

The ideas of Barbizone School and landscape themes

The abstract studies of movement in Turner land and seascapes.

Romantics

Imagination and strong emotion an important element in art

Realists

Sought inspiration in coeval reality.

Subject of Impressionist paintings

Lives of working class Depiction of common man in act Studies of nature in varied light conditions

Essential factor in growth of Impressionism

The invention of photography in 1839 that developed extensively within a decade as a popular art form.

In 1850 the painter Paul Daroche (Academic Painter of the salon) somberly declared - “Now the art of painting is dead”

Was it True?

Numerous mediocre painters of salon; Portrait and landscape painters

Photography meant that the painting was liberated from the constraints of imitating reality as closely as possible.

The camera recorded this reality with a fidelity, to truth and detail which no painter could equal.

Advantage

This meant that the artist was freed from the task of imitating objective reality and was free to give his own interpretation of reality.

Impressionist’s fascination with this new discovery

Magical immediacy of the subjects Momentary gestures Photographic framework Reference, to help the paintings

Colours a crucial Impressionist tool

Photography lacked colour

The discovery of colour theory that the whole spectrum of colour is based on a few pure colours was extensively explored through impressionistic technique

Phenomenon of colour along with light was seriously studied by the impressionist painters

Use of Colours

Applied next to each other with small separated brushstrokes and this juxtaposition of colours seemed to merge together when seen from a distance.

Unless seen from a distance, no interrelationship between these blobs of paint could be established.

The Impressionist artists were a diverse group with individualistic approach.

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Sisley painted virtually only landscapes.

Degas effortlessly endeavored to capture the transient moments or tried to grasp the moving world in still images, capturing the moments of modern life through depictions of ballet dancers, to his fascination with scenes of bars and cafes.

Monet developed a variety of themes which clearly demonstrate that he was a legendary master of light and is widely admired for the use of subtle colors and innovative painterly technique.

Impressionists focused on capturing the fleeting and ephemeral effects of light on objects.

Pissarro known for the lyrical representations of the landscapes and as a master of portraying the elusive play of light and shadow.

Manet and Renoir painted a large variety of subjects which included both figurative as well as landscapes.

Japonism a popular trend among impressionists

Mary Cassatt for instance combined Japanese lines and composition with colours applied in an impressionistic manner. She painted intimate, beautiful images that reveal the world of women (especially mothers) and children.

Sisley, Bridge at Villeneuve-la-Garenne

Sisley, Bridge at Villeneuve-la-Garenne

Sisley, Provencher's Mill at Moret

Sisley, Provencher's Mill at Moret

Sisley, Garden Path in Louveciennes Sisley, Snow at Louveciennes

Sisley, Garden Path in Louveciennes

Sisley, Garden Path in Louveciennes Sisley, Snow at Louveciennes

Sisley, Snow at Louveciennes

Sisley, The Canal of Loing at Moret

Sisley, The Canal of Loing at Moret

Sisley, Station at Sevres

Sisley, Station at Sevres

Degas, Place de la Concorde

Degas, Place de la Concorde

Degas, Pole

Degas, Pole

Degas, The dance class

Degas, The dance class

Degas, The Rehearsal

Degas, The Rehearsal

Degas, The dance Class

Degas, The dance Class

Degas, The dancers at the bar

Degas, The dancers at the bar

Degas, The dance Class

Degas, The dance Class

Monet, Water lilies

Monet, Water lilies

Monet, Water lilies

Monet, Water lilies

Monet, Water lilies

Monet, Water lilies

Monet, Boulevard des Capucines

Monet, Boulevard des Capucines

Monet, Rouen Cathedral, Bright Sun light Monet, Rouen Cathedral, Dull Weather

Monet, Rouen Cathedral, Bright Sun light

Monet, Rouen Cathedral, Bright Sun light Monet, Rouen Cathedral, Dull Weather

Monet, Rouen Cathedral, Dull Weather

Monet, The Japanese bridge

Monet, The Japanese bridge

Pissaro, Les chataigniers a Osny (The Chestnut Trees at Osny)

Pissaro, Les chataigniers a Osny (The Chestnut Trees at Osny)

Pissaro, Gelee balance (Hoarfrost)

Pissaro, Gelee balance (Hoarfrost)

Pissarro, The orchard

Pissarro, The orchard

Pissarro, The autumn path

Pissarro, The autumn path

Manet, The Balcony

Manet, The Balcony

Manet, Le Chemin de fer (The Railroad)

Manet, Le Chemin de fer (The Railroad)

Manet, Painting in His Floating Studio

Manet, Painting in His Floating Studio

Manet, Le Bar aux Folies-Bergère

Manet, Le Bar aux Folies-Bergère

Manet, Detail, Le Bar aux Folies-Bergère

Manet, Detail, Le Bar aux Folies-Bergère

Manet, The Execution of emperor Maximilan

Manet, The Execution of emperor Maximilan

Renoir, The Luncheon of the Boating Party

Renoir, The Luncheon of the Boating Party

Detail, The Luncheon of the Boating Party

Detail, The Luncheon of the Boating Party

Renoir, The oarsman

Renoir, The oarsman

Renoir, The Canoeists' Luncheon

Renoir, The Canoeists' Luncheon

Renoir, The theater box

Renoir, The theater box

Renoir, The walk

Renoir, The walk

Renoir, On the terrace

Renoir, On the terrace

Mary Cassatt, Mother and child

Mary Cassatt, Mother and child

Mary Cassatt, Mother and child

Mary Cassatt, Mother and child

Mary Cassatt, Lady at the Tea Table

Mary Cassatt, Lady at the Tea Table

Mary Cassatt, Young girl at window

Mary Cassatt, Young girl at window

Mary Cassatt, Summertime

Mary Cassatt, Summertime

Mary Cassatt, La Toilette

Mary Cassatt, La Toilette

Mary Cassatt, The bath

Mary Cassatt, The bath

Mary Cassatt, The lamp

Mary Cassatt, The lamp

Mary Cassatt, The letter

Mary Cassatt, The letter

Mary Cassatt, Young women trying on a dress

Mary Cassatt, Young women trying on a dress