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Class

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COPYRIGHT DEPOSIT
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Copyrighted, 1891,

Clinton W. Sweet.

Published by the

Record and Guide,


Nos. 14 & 16 Vesey St.
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COLUMBUS

Historical Guide

Map of New York City,

From Official Records and the Latest Government


Surveys.

'IN HOIJTHO, < Compiler.

PRICJB, '-' < i NTS.

192
*

Real Estate Record and Builders Guide,


$ How to Use the Guide,
The leading purpose of this work is supply the vast masses of the
to
constantly moving multitudes visiting or inhabiting the Empire City
with information arranged in a simple and com pact form and showing
the
most direct and convenient routes of transit between all the central points.
A little study of the map, in connection with the tables, will enable
one to select the route most eligible between any two points located on
or near the various railroads traversing and intersecting the different
streets. The map is drawn on a scale sufficiently large to give a clear
conception of the topography of the City its length, if joined together,
;

would equal nearly three feet. The many advantages secured by reason
of its division into sections are obvious.
There are forty-niue squares on Section 4 of the map, drawn to a scale
of one mile each. The squares on the remaining three sections are
one-half mile each in each direction. They may be considered as
grouped in series, those described by the horizontal red lines being
numbered from 1 to 6, beginning at the top and continuing to the
bottom of each section, while those embraced within the series of
vertical lines are indicated by
beginning with A, and continuing
letters,
uniformly to Y, through the four sections. Every square in the four
sections of the map is thus indexed with a letter and figure, giving to
each of the 157 squares, comprising this portion of the work, its index
character, thus — —
A 1, A 2 B 1, B 2 etc. These characters are always
:

used when referring to the location of Streets, Piers, Ferries, Hotels, etc.
The streets of the City below 133d Street are tabled in alphabetical
order on the back of the sections. The " Map Square," showing where
each street begins and ends, follows its title, making a complete index to
every street corresponding to its location on the map. For example, to
find in its alphabetical order Hudson Street, it will be seen that it begins
at square "C 3," and ends at square "F 2." By reference to these
index characters its exact location is determined at once.
The "Street Car Routes" arj systematically classed, each one of the
twenty-five Lines being indexed with the letters A to Y, inclusive (see
pages 52 to 55). The order in which each line traverses the various
streets is there accurately shown in a clear and comprehensive manner.
The " Elevated R.R. Stations " below 155th Street (see page 48) are
numbered from 1 to 67, inclusive. In the tables of Ferries, R.R. Depots,
Steamship Lines, Piers, Places of Amusement, Hotels, etc., the map
square, showing their location on the map, the numbers indicating the
nearest Elevated R.R. Station and the letters designating the nearest
Car Route, are placed opposite to each. For example, under heading
"Theatres and Places of Amusement," if it is desired to find the Fifth
Avenue Theatre, the index character "G3," in map square column,
shows its location on the map the letters " B-H-N," under column
;

headed Street Car Routes, refer to the Broadway (" B "), the Grand and
Forty-Second Street (" H "), and the Sixth Avenue (" N ") Street Car
Lines respectively, as immediately passing or near the Theatre, while
the figures " 2o-6th," in column of Elevated R.R. Stations, shows the
number and line of the nearest Elevated Station to such Theatre.
The street numbers at any point, on all the leading streets below
155th Street, running the length of the Island, in a northerly or southerly
direction, may be closely located by reference to the large table on
pages

49 to 51. The general system adopted of numbering the numerical


cross streets is explained at introduction to Street Directory, page 8.
I N l i l ! \ .

I Building

r<i in the annex


found with the ai<l ot the in

I . . the inter- -

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THE COLUMDUS HISTORICAL GUIDE.

Cemeteries, B'klyn, How to reach, page. 64 District Messenger Offices, see page.. .
.57
Central Bridge S 2 Dock Department A3
Central Park J to O 2, 3 Downings Brook u 4 etc.
Central Park Flats J 2 Driving Club of New York S 3
Central R.R. of N. J., Passenger Depot A 1 Dry Dock q g
Central R.R. of N. J., Piers 12, 13 & 14. . B 3 Earle's Hotel q ,

Central Turn Verein K 4 East Chester \y s


Cent. Vermont R.R. & Steamship Line.C 5 East River Park M -
Centre Market D 4 Eden Musee Q -,

Century Club I 3 Eighth Regiment Armory N 3


Chambers Street Hospital C 3 Eldorado Ferry j z
Charities and Correction, Dep'tof... .F4 Elevated R.R. Stations, page
48
Charity Hospital J 5 Elev.R.R. Stations are indicated thus A
Chatham Square C4 Ellis Island (see Immigrant Landing Sta.i.
Chester W6 Emigrant Hospital O 5
Chickering Hall F 3 Episcopal Cathedral, proposed site of . . . P 1

Children's Aid Society E 3 Equitable Life Building B^


Churches, pages 70-73 Erie R.R. Freight Piers A 4
Circle, The J 2 Erie Railroad Passenger Depot C 1
Citiesand Towns, via Railroads, page. 63 Essex Market ]j 5
City Boundary Line, Northern .... Y 1 to 4 Evening Post (see 8) B3
City Hall B3 Everett House p.
City Hall Park B, C 3, 4 Excise Department E4
City Island X7 Expresses, page
Qg
City Park W 3 Eye and Ear Infirmary F 4
Claremont Park T3 Fairmount u 3
Claremont Park Station T3 Fail River Line Strs.(01d Col. S.S. Co.). B 2
Clarendon Hotel F4 Ferry Point T 7
Clauson's Point T7 Fever Hospital | ;

Clinton Market D2 Fifth Ave. Hotel ( ;


^

Clubs, List of, pages 74~75 Fifth Ave. Theatre G 3


Clydes' Line, foot Wall St A4 Fire Department Headquarters K 4
Clydes' Line, foot Dover St B 5
First Battery Armory I 2
Clydes' Phila. &
N.Y. S.S. Line, Pier 34. B 5
Five Points House of Industry. C4
Coach, Hack and Cab Fares, page 67 Five Points Mission C 4
Coal and Iron Exchange Building B3 Fleetwood Driving Park S3
Coffee Exchange B4 Fordham Station V 3
Coleman House G 3
Fordham Heights Station U 2

College Point Ferry N 5 Fort Lee S, etc.


College of the City of N. Y G 4 Fort Lee Ferry, foot 130th St (J 1
Columbia College I 3 Fort Lee Ferry Co., foot Can ll St ..... D 2
Columbia Theatre Q 4 Fort Schuyler Road U 7, etc.

Commercial Advertiser (see 9) B 3 Fort Washington T 1

Communipaw Fy.,N. J.C.R.R.,Pier 15. B 3 Fort Washington Bridge Road S 1, etc.

Conservatory L 3 Fort Washington Point S 1

Consolidated Petroleum Exchange.. A 3


& Fourteenth St. Theatre F 3
Continental Hotel F 3 Free Library E 4
Convent of the Sacred Heart R2 French Line Steamers D 2
Cooper Institute E 4 Fulton Market B 4
Cooper Park E4 Fulton Ferry B 4
Corlear's Hook and Park D 6 General Grant's Tomb Qi
Cosmopolitan Hotel C 3 GilseyHouse G3
Cosmopolitan Park S 2 Givens Homestead X5
Cotton Exchange A 4 Glenham Hotel F 3
Country Club V 7 Goose Island X 6

County (Ludlow St.) Jail D 5 Gouverneur Hospital C 6

Court House C 4 Governors Island Ferry A 4

Criminal Court Building C 4 Grace Church E 4


Cromwell's Steamship Line A3 Gramercy Park F 4
Crotona Park T 3, 4 Gramercy Park Hotel F 4
Cunard Steamship Co D 2 Grand Central Hotel E 3

Dakota Flats L2 Grand Central Station I 3


Daly's Theatre G3 Grand Hotel G3
D., L. &W.
R.R. Passenger Depot ...D . 1 Grand Opera House G2 j

D..L.& W.R.R., Piers ig and 24 freight.B 3 Grand St. \ errs' to Brooklyn D6


Deaf and Dumb Institution S 1 Grand Union Hotel I 4
Delmonico's G 3 Great Southern Freight Line D 2

Depots, Railroad, page 62 Greenpoint G 6, etc.

Diet Kitchen C 4 Greenpoint Ferry, foot 23d St G 5

Dispensaries, page 69 Greenpoint Ferry, foot 10th St E 6


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Harlem.
Harlem > I rmrj I' « -1

Harlem R i . r

Harlem K K . i

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58 59 Manhattan Athlct: I

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THE COLUMBUS HISTORICAL GUIDE.

Morningside Park P 2 New York Tribune B4


Morrell Park V 5 New York University £3
Mi rrisania Ferry B4 New York World p, 4
Morrisania Station S3 Netherlands, Ocean S.S. Linejersey C.A 1
Morris Canal Basin A 1 Niblo's Theatre jj ,

Morris Dock T 2 Normal College K4


Morris Park Race Course V 5 North Brother Island R .-

Morse Building (see 13) B 4 Norwalk Line Strs., foot Rutgers Slip C
5
Mosholu Station X 1, etc. Norwalk Line Strs., foot Beekman St. B
4 .

Mosholu Parkway W 2 Norwich Line for Boston C2


Morton House F 3 Ocean Steamship Co. of Savannah D2
Mott Haven R. R. Station, 138th St R 3 <)1 Colony Line, freight
1
C5
Mount Hope T 2 Old Dominion Steamship Line C2
Mount Morris Park Q 3 Olinville \y
Mount St. Vincent X 1 Oloff Park w 2
Murray Hill Hotel H 3 Ophthalmic Hospital G 4
Museum of Natural History L 2 Pacific Mail Steamship Co D 2
Museum and Menagerie K 3 Palmer's Theatre G 3
Music Garden (formerly Castle Garden) A 3 Paradise Park C 4
Music Hall J 2 Park Avenue Hotel H3
Mutual Life Building B 4 Parkway to Pelham Park V4
National Steamship Company D 2 Pavonia Ferry C 1

New Haven Line Steamers B 4 Pelham Bay W 7


New Haven R. R. Depot R 4 Pelham Bay Park X 6, etc.
New Netherlands Hotel J 3 Pelham Yacht Club X6
New Park Theatre H3 Penitentiary Jo
Newtown Creek H6 Pennsylvania R.R. Annex to Brooklyn. A 2
New York and Albany Boats C 2 Pennsylvania R.R. Co., freight C 2
New York Athletic Club J 3 Penn. R.R. Co., Piers 1, 4 and 5, freight. A 3
New York & Baltimore Transp. Line.. A 3 Pennsylvania R.R. Pass. Depot, J. C. .B . 1

New York & Bangor Steamers A 4 People's Theatre D 4


New York A; Brooklyn Bridge. . . B 5, etc. Philadelphia & Reading Railroad .... B 3
New York& Cuba Mail Steamship Line.A 4 Piers, page 47
N. Y. &New England R.R. Co C 5 Police Headquarters E 4
N. Y. & Tex. S.S. Co., Piers 20 & 21 .B 4 . Poio Grounds S 2
N. Y. C. & H. R. R.R. Freight Depot.. H 1 Port Morris Station R 4

N.Y. C. & H.R. R.R. Dpt.. Local Pass.G 2 Ports and Places, via Steamers, page. ..61
N. Y. C. & H. R. R.R. Freight Depot. C 3 Post Office B 3
N.Y.C.& H.R.R.R.Freight Piers 4 & 5. A 4 Post Offices, Branch, see page 57
N.Y C.&H.R.R.R.Co.Frt.Piers 2 4 & 26.. B 2 Pot Cove N 6
N.Y.C.& H.R.R.R.Co.Grain Elevators.K 1 Potter Building see 14) B 4
New York & Northern R.R. Co C 5 Poughkeepsie Line C 2

New York City Chronological Presbyterian Hospital K3


History, 1524 to 1801.. Pages 30-45 Proctor's Theatre . G3
New York City in 1891 Pages 30 45 Produce Exchange A3
Assessed valuations, etc Page 38 Progress Club K3
Banks " 42 Protestant Episcopal Theol. Seminary. F 2

Charities and Correction " 41 Providence Line Steamers B 2

Commerce " 41 Public Drive . . .S, T, etc.

Corporate Limits ' 38 Quebec Steamship Co E 1

FireDepartment " 43 R'road Dpts.,Bklyn,How to reach, page 65


Gas and Electric Lighting " 41 Railroad Depots and Stations, page 62
General Statistics Pages 39-40 Randall's Island P 5, etc.

Health Department Page 43 Randall's Island Ferry H 5 and P 5

Parks " 42 Ravenswood K 6

Police '''
43 Reservoir, " High Service " T 2

Population " 38 Reservoir (old) H 3

Po^t Office " 42 Richmond Park X 3, etc.

R'roads, Bklyn Bdge, Ferries.etc " 43 Rifle Range W2


Schools " 41 Riverdale Xi
Water ... " 40 Riverside Hospital F 6

New York Club H3 Riverside Park L 1

New York Foundling Asylum K 4


Rondout and Kingston Steamboats . ..C 2

New York Herald B 3


Roman Catholic Cemeteries. ...F 5 and V 5

New York Hospital F 3 Roman Catholic Orphan Asylum J 3

New York Hotel E 4 Roosevelt Ferry to B'way, Brooklyn... B 5

N. Y., L. E. &\V. R.R C 2 Roosevelt Hospital J 2


N.Y.,N.H.& H.R.R.Co., Piers 5 o & 51 . .C 6 Rossmore Hotel I 2

New York Sun B4 St. Cloud Hotel I 3

New York Times B4 St. Denis Hotel F 3


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STREET AND AVENUE DIRECTORY

NEW YORK CITY.

ABBREVIATIONS.
Alley ct. Court la. Lane P k. Park si. Slip
Avenue fr. From m'k't Market Rear. sq. Square
Between E.R. East River N. North Place. ter. Terrace
Corner gr. Green N.R. North River South. W. "West

For convenience of reference the Streets and Avenues of the City are
arranged in condensed tabular form as shown on opposite page. Atten-
tion is called to the reference squares, A 1, B 2, etc., on the map, which,
with the exception of the fourth section, describe actual distances of
one-half mile each in either direction. The squares on section four
measure one mile across.
Fifth Avenue from Waverly Place to the Harlem River, a distance ol
about 6£ miles, is taken as a central line, dividing the city into East and
West. The house numbers on the numerical cross streets from 13th
Street to 133d Street begin at Fifth Avenue and run East and West,
beginning a new hundred at each avenue whether the prior hundred has
been filled out or not. The odd numbers are on the northerly or upper
sides of these streets, and the even numbers on the lower sides.
All of the avenues run north and south, the majority of them the whole
length of the island. They are designated as First, Second, and up to
Twelfth avenues, with an additional series known as Avenues A, B, C
and D. They are nearly uniformly one-eighth mile apart with the
exception of Lexington and Madison Avenues, which are situated between
Third and Fourth and Fourth and Fifth Avenues respectively. The
numbering of the avenues begins south and increases as they run north,!
East Houston Street forming the most southerly boundry line of thejj
majority of them. The table on pages 49 to 51 will enable one to closely
locate the house number on any avenue desired.
Distances between any two points in the city on the first three sections
of the map can be readily determined by using the " distance and tim
scale," one of which accompanies each copy of this work. Should it b
desired, for example, to go from Union Square to the Battery, the seal
would indicate i\ miles. The official schedule time in going this distanc
on the street cars is also shown thereon to average 28 minutes.
The scale will show at a glance the distance between any two parts of
the city and the corresponding average amount of time consumed in

traveling such distances on the lines of the elevated railroads, street


cars, etc.
The average gait of a person walking is about three miles per hour.
Ten minutes would therefore be required to walk across any of the half
mile distances described by the squares, into which the first three sections
of the map are divided.
The streets and avenues north of 133d Street and in the annexed dis-

trict will be found tabulated on pages 21 to 29.


. * .

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Distances SoutJi of City .Ball.
y_ Mile
. . .

12 THE COLUMBUS HISTORICAL GUIDE.

Where Street
Direction or Avenue begins, Where Street or
List of Streets and
Avenues, and Direction,
in which with Map Avenue ends, with
" Map Square " Map
Street
" Map Square "
nearly, in which they run.
Sq. Sq.
Runs. showing Place of showing Place of
Beginning. Ending.

Doyer'g " S. 13 Chatham Sq . . 17 Pell 4


Dry Dock and S. 423 E. 10th 728 E. 12th 5
Duane " W. 40 Rose 189 West, N. R.. —3
Dutch " s. 49 John no Fulton 4
East Street " s. 750 Water 43 Rivington 6
East
"
Broadway " w. 19 Chatham Sq. 311 < Irand 5
Houston... 608 B'way East River 6
" 4tli 694 B'way 6
" 9lli 21 Fifth Av 6
" 10th 33 " -6
" 11th -6
" 12th -6
" 13th 6
" 14th 67 " .. . -6
" 15th 71
'
-6
" 16th 81 -6
" 17th 93 "5
" 18th 107 .... "5
" 19lh 117 5
" 20th 133 5
" 21st 147 "5
" 22d 165 " ... "5
" 23d 185 " .... "5
" 24th 11 Madison Av. -5
"
" 25th 21 "5
" 26th 215 Fifth Av . -5
" 27th 231 " 461 First Av. "4
" 28th 249 " East River.. -5
" 29th 263 " "5
" 30th 281 "
"
'
....
" 31st 299
" 32d 3i5
" 33d 33 1
" 34th 353
" 35th 37 1 "
" 36th 387 '

" 37th 405 "


" 38th 421 "
" 39th 439
" 40th 457
" 41st 477
" 42d 499
" 43d 5"
" 44th 529 '

" 45th 545


" 46th 56i "
" 47th 575
" 48th 593
" 49th 609 "
" 50th 623 "
" 51st 637 "
" 52d 653 "
" 53d 671 "
" 54th 685 "
" 5 5th 7°3
" 56th 719
" 5 7th 737
" 5 8 th 753
" 59th 781 "
" 60th 787 "
" 61st 799
" 62d 809 "
" 63d 8-7 "
" 64th 829 "
"
" 65th 839
" 66th 849 "
" 67th 856 "
" 68th 86g "
" 69th 879 "
" 70th 884 "
" 71st 889 "
" 72d 009 "
" 73d 919 "
" 74th 927 "
" 75th 939
" 76th 949
" 77tli 959 "
" 78th 9 69
" 79th 979 "
" 80th 989
" 81st 999
" 82d 1009
" 83d 1019 "
" 84th 1029
" 85th i°39 " Avenue B.
'
86th i°49 East River.
r.i'iDE. 13

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22

16 THE COLUMBUS HISTORICAL GUIDE.

Where S treet
or Avenue begin?, Where Street or
List of Streets and
Avenues, and Direction, with Map Avenue
"Map
ends, with
Map
" Map Square"
Sq.
Square "
nearly, in which they run. Sq.
showing Place of showing Place of
Beginning. Ending.

14 Oliver 4 527 Grand D.-6


Hester 216 Division 51182 Centre C.-4
Horatio 129 Greenwich Av 2!i3th Av., N. R.. E.-i
Howard 201 Centre 4 14 Mercer i>--3
Hubert W 149 Hudson 3 246 West, N. R... C—
Hudson S 139 Chambers.. . .
3 32 Ninth Av F.—
Irving PI S 117 E. 14th 4 124 E. 20th F.-4
Jackson s 338 Henry 6 386 South, E. R... C. 6
Jacob s 19 Ferry 63 Frankfort B.
James s 215 Park Row.. .
77 Cherry C.
4
4
James SI s 77 Cherry 187 South, E. R. B.
Jane
Jay
w 113 Greenwich Av 13th Av., N. .. R . E.-i
5

vv 61 Hudson 197 West, N. R. .. C--3


Jeflerson s 179 Division 270 South, E. R, C.-s
Jersey
Job n
w 127 Crosby 271 Mulberry
.

D.-4
w 1S4 B'way 235 Pearl B.-4
Jones w 174 W. 4th 277 Bleecker E.—
Jones La s 101 Front East River A.-4
King w 41 Macdougal 3 331 West, N. R. . D.-2
Lafayette PI s 8 Great Jones 4 142 Eighth E.-4
Laight w. 398 Canal. 3 255 West, N.
R. C.-2
Lenox At
. .

s. 100 W. noth 3 Harlem River ....


Leonard w, 92 Hudson 3 46 Baxter C.-4
Leroy w, 248 Bleecker 3 361 West, N. R... D.-2
Lewis s. 556 Grand 6 408 Eighth E.-6
Lexington A v s. 121 E. 21st Harlem River. . . Q.-4
Liberty w. 76 Maiden La 102West, N. R.. B.-3
Lispcnard w. 151 W. B'way .... 413 B'way C-3
Little \V. 12th... w. 39 Gansevoort . . . 13th Av., N. R ... F.-i
Livingston 1*1 s. 325 E. 15th 330 E. 17th
*
Ludlow s. 144 Division E.-S C 203 E. Houston . .

Macdougal s 219 Spring D 96 Clinton Pi


Madison . w. 426 Pearl E--3
D.-6 C 567 Grand
4
Madison A v s 29 E. 23d G Harlem River R--3
Maiden La w. 172 B'way B. —3 75 South, E. R.... B.-4
Mail w. 242 B'way B 34 Park Row
Mangin s. 590 Grand D. 509 E. Houston.
S--3 . E—
Manhattan s. 272 St. Nicholas Av Q. Twelfth Av.,N.R. Q.-i
Ma nbatta u A v.. s. 38 W. 100th N. 272 St. Nicholas Av Q.-2
Marion s. 404 Broome D. 60 Prince D-4
Market
Marketfield
s. 61 Division C. 221 South, E. R. .. C—
A-3
\v. 72 Broad A. 85 New
'Mechanic Al s. 72 Monroe C. Cherry C—
Mercer s. 311 Canal c. 10 Clinton PI E.-3
Minetta s. 209 Bleecker E. 5 Minetta La E.-3
La
Miiietta w. 113 Macdougal.. . E. 2 Sixth Av E.-3
Monroe w. 59 Catherine C. 599 Grand D. -e
Montgomery s. 247 Division D. 362 South, E. R... C.-6
Moore s. 30 Pearl A. 7 South, E. R. A.-4 .

Moriiingsidc A v. s. W. noth O. 417 W. I22d Q.-i


Morris w. 27 B'way A. 23 West, N. R.... A.-3
Morion w. 270 Bleecker E. 370 West, N. R... D.-2
Molt s. 200 Park Row C. 30 Bleecker E.-4
Ml. Morris Av ... s. 43 W. 120th P.— 2 W. 124th Q.-3
M ill berry s.
"
Park Row C. 42 Bleecker E. -4
Murray w. 247 B'way B. 167 West, N. R... B.-3
I\ assail s. 20 Wall B. Park Av B.-4
New s. 7 Wall B. o Beaver A.-3
New Bowery. ... s. 396 Pearl B. 231 Park Row .... C.-4
New Chambers.. w. 107 Park Row .... C. 101 James C.-4
Ninth Av s. 57 Gansevoort . . F. 359 W. 59th J -—2
Norfolk s. 180 Division C. 243 E. Houston . . . E.-5
North Moore w. 122 W. B'way .... C 225 West, N. R. . C—
No rlli William. s. 16 Frankfort B. S9 Park Row C.-4
Oak w. 392 Pearl B. 68 Catheiine C.-4
Old SI s. 106 Pearl A. 39 South, E. R . .. A.-4
Oliver s. 63 New
Bowery . . C. 194 South, E. R. . . B.-5
Orcbard s. 124 Division C. 185 E. Houston. . . E.-S
Park w. 36 Centre C. 21 Mott C.-4
Park A v s. 72 E. 34th II. Harlem River R -3
Park PI w 237 B'way B. 158 West, N. R.. B.-3
Park Row w. 1 Ann B. 68 New Bowery. . . C. 4
Pearl w. 14 State A. 318 B'way C-3
PeckSl w. 12 Pearl B. 118 South, F. R... B.-4
Felham s. 96 Monroe C. 228 Cherry C-5
Pell w. 18 Bowery C. 38 Mott C-4
Perry w. 55 Greenwich Av. E. 2 415 West, N. R E.-2
Pike s. 107 Division C. 240 South, E. R. C.-S
Pine \v. 106 B'way B. 3 68 South, E. R... P. -4
Pitt s. 276 Division D. 5 357 E. Houston. E.-S
Piatt \v. 221 Pearl B. 4 92 William P.-4
Pleasant A v s. 400 E. 101st O. Harlem River Q-5
I*rince w. 230 Bowery . D. 34 Macdougal . . D.-3
Reade \v. 22 >uane1 C. 186 West, N. R.. C-3
Rector w. 73 B'way A —3 56 West, N. R... A. -3
*Not on map.
17

It. Mill' It
111 mill
iiiumm LEXINGTON

THIRD SI tiuiiiiiiiiii
II IT LI 111 | 'IB' | | I |
f'l /o\ ...

k \m
f
«
j
. .
.

20 THE COLUMBUS HISTORICAL GUIDE.

Where Street
List of Streets and Direction or Avenue begins, Where Street or
Avenues, and Direction, in which with Map Avenue ends, with
Map
nearly, in which they run. Street " Map Square" Sq.
" Map Square "
showing Place of showing Place of Sq.
Runs.
Beginning. Ending.

West 33d.. E. and W. 330 Fifth Av. II


34tl». 3SO " . H
" 3 a tli. 37° " . II
36tli. H
37th. 4°4 H
38th. 420
"
11
39th. 438 " . H
40th. 452 _
"
H
41st.. 717 Sixth Av. H
42d... 500 Fifth Av. I
43d.. 514
"
I
44th. 528 I.
45th. 544 I
46th 560
"
I
47th 576 " . I
48th. 592
"
I
49th. 608 "
I
50th. 624
"
I.
51st.. 638 "
I.
52d... 654 1.
53d... 672 " ,,
J.
54th.. 684 J.
55th.. 7°4
"
J.
56th.. 718 " .. J-
5 7th .
74°
"
J-
58th.. 756
"
" J.
59th.. 768
60th.. J."
Central Park, West
" 61st.. J-
J-
62d... K.
63d... K.
64th .
K.
65th.. K.
66th .
K.
67th.. K.-
68th K.
69th. R.
70th.. K.-
71st... K.
72d... L.-
73d... L.-
74th L.-
75th.. L.-
76th .
L.
77th.. I,.
78th Columbus Av. L.~
79th.. L.-
80th L-
81st... Central Park, West L.-
82d.... M.-
83d.... M.-
84th.. M.-
85th.. M.-
86th.. M.-
87th M.-
88th... M.-
89th.. M.-
90th .
M.-
91st... M.^
92d... N.-
93d... N.—
94th... N.-
95th... N.-
96th... N.—
97th... N.-
98th... N.—
99th... N.—
100th... N.—
101st.... N.—
L02d O.-
103d O.-
104th... o.
L05th... o.—
1 06th o.-
107th... O.—
108th... .
o.—
L09th... o
10th... 1286 Fifth Av. o
11th .. 1298 " o.-
12th... 1350 P
13th... 402 p
14th. . T 454 p.—
15th... 1506 " p.
1 6th .
1558 1'.
17th... 1610 " p.
18th... 1662 " p.—
. 1

21

\t . »t i I0lh
I .'Hill
I .' I«l
I I .'.I to Mi. M
I | ..I
I J III.
I | .11.
I .' . . I I .

i .• : 1 1

i tdfb
i
i
I tOlll
131*1
i : J .1
i ; : .1

\\ h Hi w
\\ hit. i. ..ii
\\ ill.it .

\\ mi.. ...
Woiidr i

\\ ... i I. irk K..w

THE STREETS AND AVENUES OF THE ANNEXED


DISTRICT.
Thr lion "f tin- i itv north ol
l will l>c found below. Owing i" ihc frequent \ >! i hanges in thi-.

furnish complete and reliable infor-


e a pei manenl value. The li-t
upon the late: offii .1 data obtainable.
. t i

which wereadopted l>y the Common Council


.

II explain th<- plan of numbering tl a the am


Thai the
I,
'• ~t be given t<> all 1

"in i irth Wards lying west of the avenue


.-. i whil li run- fr-un a point in the vicinity i >t K
m<l that I •
en t" ali < i

• ami the II..- that Willis Avenu


and that said numbering
that
• I and I wenty-fourth Wards ii

uherly .lire mae number


their southern terminus as that on W

! then nun
'.;

thai all i


i the
Willis, M

P Ml" ..f the Map, thi

Includes that portion



bounded t>\ thr Harlem and
renry tlur.l

\ . ii <i . ... \

\ . i, . i ... 1 1. '•

\ <i in 1 1 ii i

\ i. in. I

\ i. \ ii in i . . .. \

\ 111- I . I ll.l III M t

indcrtuu »y 'I U.
Distances Xorth of
1

7 . Stiles SEC1
v

24 THE COLUMBUS HISTORICAL GUIDE.

NAME OF STREET OR AVENUE, WHERE SAME BEGINS. WHERE SAME ENDS.


Andrews av Aqueduct av Fordham Ldg rd
A lia pi
11 i 354 Webster av Brook av. '

Anthony av i 575 Webster av Van Cortlandt av.


Aqueduct av 830 Sedgwick av 3206 Croton ter.
A roller 394 E. 177th Jerome av.
A < iilarius ill 1204 Gerard av Sheridan av.
Arnold L. I. Sound Wetmore av.
Arthur av 1875 Fulton av Pelham av.
Ash 1954 Morris av Anthony av.
Audubon av W. 158th Ft.George av
Austin pi 1085 E. 144th Bungay.
I* St Dyckman Runs southerly.
Bacon 520 Wetmore av Worden.
Bailey av 2461 Sedgwick av Middlebrook pkway.
Bai n bridge av 2324 Tiebout av Ochiltree av.
Barlow 100 Farragut Bronx River.
Barnard 1545 Dickey Dongan.
Barney Fieldston rd. junct Waldo.
Barret to L. I. Sound Fox.
Barry L. I. Sound Tiffany.
Bassett 712 Varian Ochiltree av.
Ba*»lbrd av 763 E. i82d K ingsb ridge rd.
Ba III irate av 765 E. i72d E. 187th.
Reach a \ 1303 S. Boulevard Westchester av.
Beaumont av , 985 Kingsbridge rd Pelham av.
Beck ..622 Robbins av Intervale av.
Belmont 1517 Mott av Highwood av.
Bender Highwood av Jerome av.
Bergen av 486 Willis av Brook av.
Berry 1984 Morris av Anthony av.
Birch 1236 Aqueduct av Jerome av.
Bolton rd Kingsbridge rd Spuyten Duyvil Creek.
Boone 137 1Aldus Westchester av.
Boscobcl av 1394 Sedgwick av 1894 Sedgwick av.
Boston av 105 Kingsbridge rd Bailey av.
Boston rd 3260 Third av Bronx River.
Boulevard West 134th W. 170th.
Brad hurst av West i42d W. 155th.
Bremer av 847 Jerome av Feather Bed la.
Briggs av 609 Brookline Middlebrook.
Briston 1319 Stebbins av Boston rd.
Broadway Amsterdam av City Line.
Bronx 1343 Tremont av Pouns.
Bronx River rd 1073 Eastchester City Line.
Brook av Bronx Kills E. 170th.
Brookline 527 Kingsbridge rd Webster av.
Brown pi Bronx Kills E. 138th.
Bryant L. I. Sound Wetmore av.
Buekhout 457 Tremont av Valentine av.
Buffo II 3728 Broadway Douglas av.
Bungay L. I. Sound E. 149th.
Burnet pi 600 Wetmore av Tiffany.
Burnside av 1986 Sedgwick av Tiebout av.
Bush 2012 Morris av Anthony av.
Bussing' 788 Middlebrook pkway Webster av.
C st Dyckman Runs southerly.
Cabot L. I. Sound Leggett av.
Cambreling av 931 Kingsbridge rd Pelham av.
Cameron pi 2168 Jerome av Morris av.
Carl in pi 4010 S. Boulevard Summit.
Carman pi W. ipd W. 153d.
Carr 708 German pi St. Ann's av.
Carter av I 59° Anthony av E. 176th.
Casanova L. I. Sound Wenman av.
Caswell 144 Hunt's Point rd L. I. Sound.
Cauld well av 849 Westchester av Boston rd.
Caxton T 3 2 9 Dongan Westchester av.
Cedar J96 Eagle av L'nion av.
Charlotte ^go Wilkins pi S. Boulevard.
Cheever pi 334 River av Mott av.
Chishollll 1283 Stebbins av .Jennings.
Church 2866 Riverdale av Broadway.
Clark pi 1324 Jerome av Sheridan av.
Clay av 629 E. 164th Elliott.
Cliff" pi 1295 Aqueduct av Sedgwick av.
Clifford pi 1718 Jerome av Sherman av.
4 in ton a v
I 907 E. 169th E. 187th,
Clover 2938 Edgewater rd Bronx River.
lolc 2626 Marion av Webster av.
College av 489 E. 141st. ; E. 148th.
Columbine 2300 Kingsbridge rd Boston rd.
Commerce av 773 Jerome av Depot pi.
Concord av 1107 E. 138th K. 154th.
Conover av 225 Edgewater rd Hunt's Piint rd.
Convent av 2357 Ninth av W. 145th.
Cooke 2500 S. Boulevard. ... Vyse.
Cooper Academy [sham.
Cooper av 3214 Broadway 3960 Broadway.
Coster a L. I . Sound Farragut.
Con rt la ud av I 2769 Third av E. 163d.
Crane 444 Robbins av Timpson pi.
Crane pi 575 E. 174th E. 176th.
C raven L. I. Sound Lane ay.
Crawford 825 Williamsbridge rd Gun Hill rd.
2f>
TIIK

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1494
1434
I I 1 1 h I
' "

I I . i li
it. id
1

26 THE COLUMBUS HISTORICAL GUIDE.

NAME OF STREET OR AVENUE. WHERE SAME BEGINS. WHERE SAMli CNDS.


Eclipse 3316 Woodlawn rd Parkside pi.
Eden av 1567 Mott av E. 174th.
Edgecombe av St. Nicholas av W. 155th.
Edgecombe rd W. 155th Tenth av.
Edge water rd 392 Bungay Boston rd.
Egbert av 901 Oliver Prospect av.
Elder pi 875 Vancortlandt av Ochiltree av.
Eleventh av W. 133d Naegle av.
Elliott 1410 Jerome av Crestline av.
Ellis pi 898 Walton av Sheridan av.
Elton av 2945 Third av Brook av.
El wood Hillside av Sherman av.
Ely L.I.Sound S. Boulevard.
Emerson W. 207th Prescott av.
Emmerich pi Kingsbridge rd Heath av.
Emmet av 3608 Broadway City Line.
Emescliff pi 618 Vancortlandt av Middlebrook pkway.
Ewe ll av Spuyten Duyvil Creek Spuyten Duyvil pkway
Ex moor pi Arcularius pi Highwood av.
Faile L. I. Sound Wetmore av.
Fa irmoil III pi., E 1906 Prospect av Mohegan av.
Fail-mount
Fa eon pi I
pi-, W 1910 Fulton av
Faraday av ... .
St.John's av.
Ticonderoga pi.
Falconer 1895 Preble Bronx River.
Faraday av 177 Linnaeus City Line.
Farragut L. I. Sound Bronx River.
Feather Bed la 1630 Aqueduct av Highwood av.
FieldstOll rd 3156 Riverdale av Runs north.
Filldlay av 545 E. 165th Fleetwood av.
Fir 2601 Prospect av Tillotson av.
Fleetwood av 583 E. i62d Welch.
Folin , 2104 Valentine ay Webster av.
Foote av L. I. Sound Farragut.
Fordham Landing' rd Harlem River Jerome av.
Forest av E. 154th Boston rd.
Fort 901 Williamsbridge rd N. Ridge.
Fort George av W. 190th Eleventh av.
Fort Washington av W. 159th Kingsbridge rd.
Fox 578 Robbins av Intervale ay.
Franklin av 3346 Third av Pelham av.
Freeman 1260 Union av Hoe.
Fulton av 809 Spring pi Pelham av.
Gallatin av Sedgwick av City Line.
Gambril 3070 Marion av Webster av.
Gentian pi 3960 Broadway Douglas av.
George 1096 Boston rd Union av.
Gerard av 586 River av Jerome av.
German pi 785 Westchester av Brook av.
Gilbert pi 770 Hunt's Point rd Bronx River.
Glencoe Bronx River IN. Ridge.
Goelet av 259 Linnaeus City Line.
Grant av 718 Railroad av Highwood av.
I.i i nil. II 1. 454 Tiffany Hunt's Point rd.
Grote 2200 Fulton av Kingsbridge rd.
Grove 2970 Third av Brook av.
Grove Hill pi E. 161st Forest av.
Gun Hill rd 501 Middlebrook pkway Williamsbridge rd.
Gutteilberg 1416 Westchester av Boone.
Hall pi 1051 E. 165th E. 167th.
II Heck
11 753 Edgewater rd Bronx River.
Hamilton pi . . . .W. 137th Amsterdam av.
II argons Crescent 2712 Anthony av Valentine av.
In wk stone 1451 Mott av Townsend av.
Hawthorne W. 204th Seaman av.
Heath av Sedgwick av Bailey av.
Hewitt pi Robbins av Westchester av.
High 934 Aqueduct av Anderson av.
High Bridge rd 449 Welch Kingsbridge rd.
Highwood av 1295 Crestaline av Aqueduct av.
Hillside av Naegle av Eleventh av.
Hoe 874 Hunt's Point rd Cooke.
II oil ma 11 945 Kingsbridge rd Pelham av.
Hogarth 3567 Tier av Croton ter.
Holly pi 4306 Mt. Vernon av Quail av.
Home 1156 Boston rd Prospect av.
Honeywell av 1161 Tremont av Pelham av.
II or to 11 1468 Franklin av Prospect av.
Hull av 3902 S. Boulevard Middlebrook.
Hunt's Point rd L. I. Sound S. Boulevaul.
Hunter 1351 Dongan Westchester av.
Hyatt pi 4350 Mt. Vernon av Quail av.
Indian pi 3712 Mt. Vernon av Jerome av.
Intervale av 1743 S. Boulevard Boston rd.
roquois av 523 Willard City Line.
Isaac 2760 Decatur av Webster av.
Isham...'..... *. W. 209th Spuyten Duyvil Creek.
Jackson av 925 Westchester av E. 165th.
Jefferson 1382 Franklin av Boston rd.
Jefferson av Tremont av Kingsbridge nl.
/ Jennings 1352 Boston rd Stebbins av.
Jerome av Harlem River City Line.
John 814 Brook av Eagle av.
Sheridan av.
Juliet E. 161st
Kane Farragut Bronx River.
I »

27

K .1 I ii ' •
K. lit
k. mil |il
K< ini'i-
Iv • 1 1 1 1 1 • i .11 I

K ngt b rl d I • i I

K abrldgi ii i
'

K|.
Iv II I. |>l
Iv II I. - I ll • II »

Knli I. i I"' krr pi


Ku"\
I \ iii i .1

I .i I n ii I nl in- a I
l.i | i ;i 1 1 u < •!
I . n . it \

I • ll I UK II
I I I I \

i lllan pi
I i ii i I- 1 ii .i \

i i ii ii ii \

l . I ii n .i ii »
i ... ii »i .i\
l.ii ll-d I |i>\\
I. ..i lllnril pi
l.< i \\ in ill i
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n lulu i .1 |il
'lili lull .i\
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ii . L I. \

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(Mil Po»| I ll

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Hiiwr'-v. ril
28 the columbus historical chide.

NAME OF STREET OR AVENUE. WHERE SAME BEGINS. WHERE SAME ENDS.


Rae 654 German pi St. Ann's av.
Railroad av 401 E. 135th Vanderbilt avs.,E.and W,
Randall av Wetmore av Leggett a v.
Raven av 927 Eastchestcr City Line.
Reynolds pi Amsterdam av Kingsbridge rd.
Rider av 453 E. 135th E. 144th.
Ritter pi 1280 Union av Prospect av.
River av 165 Railroad av Jerome av.
Ri verdale av 2879 Bailey av City Line.
Robbing av E. 138th Westchester av.
Rockfield 3130 Marion av Middlebrook.
Rockwood 1415 Mott av Townsend av.
Rodman pi 1914 Lilian pi West Farms rd.
Rogers pi Dawson E. 165th.
Rosa |>1 2766 Bainbridge av Marion av.
Rose 2 )22Third av Bergen av.
Ryer av 531 Burnside av Welch.
Sacrahong 500 Faile Farragut.
St.Ann's av 841 E. i32d Third av.
St.George C'resec nt Ernescliff pi Vancortlandt av.
St.James 2460 Sedgwick av High Bridge rd.
St.John's av 1525 Boston rd Prospect av.
St.Nicholas av W. noth W. 161st.
Samuel 2090 Tiebout av Bronx River.
Sehermerliorn av Old Post rd Riverdale av.
Scribner 3418 Webster av Bronx River.
Seabury av 1489 Intervale av E. 175th.
Seaman av Bolton rd W. 222d.
Sedgwick av E. i52d City Line.
SesgO pi 3498 Glencoe Katonah.
Sheridan av 409 E. 153d Highwnod av.
Sherman av Kingsbridge rd W. 211th.
Sherman av 421 E. 152c! Poole.
Sherwood 2752 Valentine av Marion av.
Simpson 1243 Dongan Freeman.
Southern Boulevard 2410 Third av Jerome av.
Sparrow av Q59 Monument. . City Line.
Spencer pi 412 E. 144th E. 150th.
Spoiiord 1.. I.Sound Hunt'-. Point rd.
Spring pj 3406 Third av Boston rd.
Spuv It'll Duyvil pStway . . . .Spuyten Duyvil Creek . . . .Riverdale av.
Stark 4026 Faraday av Vantassell.
Station pi 1177 Scribner Olin av.
Stebbins av 1191 Westchester av Boston rd.
StebbillS pi 1386 Jerome av Highwood av.
Strain pi 388 Farragut Bronx River.
Summit 3100 Marion av Briggs av.
Sutton pi 1054 Boston rd Forest av.
Sylvan ter .St. Nicholas av W. 161st.
Tappon 26SS Marion av Webster av.
Teasdale pi 960 Boston rd Trinity av.
Third av 2410 S. Boulevard Kingsbridge rd.
Thrush av 991 Monument City Line.
Ticonderoga pi 224 Stark City Line.
Tiebout av 1907 Webster av . Kingsbridge rd.
Tier av 3467 Mt. Vernon av Disbrow.
Tiflany L.I.Sound E. 169th.
Til oil SO 11 av
I 847 Oliver Bronx River.
Timpsoil pi 1075 E 144th
- Bungay.
Ti 11 oil av
1 747 Westchester av E. 169th.
Topping 541 Walnut E. 176th.
Townsend av 1566 Highwood av Poole.
Travel's 2S78 Jerome av Webster av.
Tremont av 1930 Highwood av Bronx River.
Trinity av Bronx Kills E. 165th.
Truxton L. I. Sound Wetmore av.
Union 1164 Lind av Anderson av.
Union av 1349 S. Boulevard Boston rd.
Vale 934 Jerome av Gerard av.
Valentine av 607 Tremont av Anthony av.
Valley pi 145 Orchard Running north.
Vancortlandt av 3432 Broadway Webster av.
Vancortlandt pk way 319 Linnaeus City Line.
Vanderbilt a v., £ E. 165th Kingsbridge rd.
Vanderbilt av., AV E. 173d Webster av.
Vantassell 4072 Croton ter Willard.
Variail 3352 Jerome av Woodlawn rd.
Vermilye Dyckman W. 211th.
Verio av 1019 Eastchester City Line.
Von Humboldt av 485 Middlebrook pkway City Line.
Vy se 1295 West Farms rd Samuel.
Wadsworth av W. 173d Eleventh av.
VValdo 3004 Riverdale av Old Post id.
Wales E. 141st Westchester av.
Walnut 1648 Eden av Topping.
Walnut av 1115 E. i32d E. 141st.
Walton av 381 E. 138th Arcularius pi.
Wari'CIl av Spuyten Duyvil pkway Easterly.
Washington av 735 E. 159th Pelham av.
Wayne , Croton ter Edgehill pk.
Webb 776 Barnard Bronx River.
Webster av 651 E. 166th Eastchester.
Weeks 1675 Morris av E. 176th.
Welch 2460 Jerome av Vanderbilt av.
1 .

lilt 29

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366 YEARS
OF HISTORY IN
!5 MINUTES.

CHRONOLOGICAL HISTORY
OF

NEW YORK CITY


From the Discovery of Manhattan Island in 1524 to 1891.

The following compilation of the principal events connected with


the history of the City of New York is taken from the most reliable
sources obtainable. It is based wholly upon official figures and historical
records of unquestioned authenticity. The information given, while
necessarily condensed and abridged, will be found to cover every impor-
tant event and prominent incident which marks the City's great strides,
from its primitive condition as a beautiful island, occupied solely by
Indians, to its present position as one of the leading commercial and
financial centers of the world.
1524 The " Island of Manhattan " discovered by John D. Verrazzani,
a Florentine.
1598 A few Hollanders, in the employ of a Greenland Company, were
in the habit of resorting to New York, then called " New N'ether-
landr," — the so-named Dutch possessions in North America — to se-
cure shelter during the Winter months.
1609 The " Half Moon," bearing Captain Hendrick Hudson and
seamen, landed in New York harbor.
fifteen
1613 Captain Adrien Block built four ^mall houses and established a
fur agency at what is now No. 41 Broadway.
1614 A Dutch colony founded the settlement of New Amsterdam on
Bowling Green.
1625 The settlement now numbered 200 persons, including a colony of
thirty families, French protestants, settled in 1623, all of whom were
sent from Holland by the Dutch West India Company.
1626 Peter Minuet purchased the Island of Manhattan, estimated to
contain 22,000 acres, from the Indians for 60 guilders $24. —
Thirty
rude log houses extending along the East River a block house ; ;

a horse mill, and the Dutch Company's stone building, constituted the
city. First law court established. Export of furs for the year
amounted m value to $19,000.
1631 The New Netherlatid, a ship of 800 tons and one of the largest
merchantmen 111 the world, built at Manhattan, was sent to Holland.
Yearly imports from old Amsterdam about $23,000. Exports from
Manhattan about $27,000.
1633 First building erected exclusively for a place of worship. The
first clergyman and schoolmaster arrived from Holland.

1638 First ferry to Long Island, a skiff being used. Sometimes pas-
sengers had to wait a whole day before being taken over. Tobacco
was raised to a considerable extent on Manhattan Island.
'

31

L'p to tl

h West Ii.

1648 lust wl

1650
bed.
166 3 1

i- the

1655 irhom wen lents.

1656
rthcrn boundary was when '•

trgely negi
1657 I

L668 with v.'«"ti< t in th<- middle


i>( t' not known. The N> u ••! and
a public auction al | uinum.
market h< Organization of the
men, u^ - •

and ladders, imported from Holland for the


pur;
1659 to merchants ; this had prr\ :

Dutch West India Compan) . Citj


taini
1661 sterdam invad< tured by th<- English and
Population I he whole island

1665 emment of Mayor, Alder-



iff. Thou .'. '

1670 by the English from tli<- Indians on April


I jth, nominal \
blished.
167 1

time there
Dul rench, t
few, and i Spaniard.
1676 \ numl

1677 Si* pul>li< \

1678
1679 \ pari

1683
1686 I!

qucr
.'mi; that N
then
1 1.

1692 ind nrijjhl


-

1693
32 THE COLUMBUS HISTORICAL CUIDE.

1694 City contained 983 buildings. Annual imports and exports,


,£6,000. Ships employed in shipping numbered 60.
1695 Streets cleaned by contract for £30 per annum.
1696 Nassau street first opened.
1697 Streets first lighted by lanterns hung out on a pole from every
seventh house. Population, 4,300.
1702 First free grammar school established.
1709 Slave market started at foot of Wall street.
1710 Total annual income of the city, .£294 total expenses, .£277. ;

1712 Population about 6,000; nearly one-half were colored. Broad-


way graded from Maiden lane to Park place, which was then up
town. The Beekman homestead, including a fine old orchard, oc
cupied the rolling ground facing the East river, near the present
corner of Pearl and Beekman streets.
1718 Ropewalk built along Broadway, between Barclay street and
Park place. On a plot 88 x 124 feet on north side of Wall street,
near Sub-Treasury, which was purchased for .£350, the first Presby-
terian Church was erected. This organization now worships in the
church on Fifth avenue, between nth and 12th streets.
1720 Average price of city lots, £30.
1725 Population, S, 000. New York Gazette (first newspaper) founded;
4 pages, size, foolscap sheet.
1726 The Middle Dutch Church paid for its building lot, corner of
Liberty and Cedar streets, £575. This identical lot would sell for
over $1,000,000 to-day.
1729 Land in Broadway, near the Battery, sold at 3 pence per foot.
City library founded.
1730 Line of stages opened to Philadelphia, performing the journey
once a fortnight. A market stand, 42 feet long and 25 feet broad,
erected in the middle of Broadway, opposite Liberty street, was the
most notable market in the city. The old market, near Whitehall
street, was divided up, and the lots sold at auction, bringing an
average of ,£260 each.
1731 Population, 8,628 ; i,20ohouses. Two fire engines were imported
from England.
1732 " Montgomerie Charter" granted by George II. This Charter,
with the " Dongan Charter" forms the basis of all subse-
of 16S6,
quent enactments, and upon their provisions the municipal rights
and privileges of the vast public and private interests of the city are
established.
Pearl street, which took the line of the old cow path leading to the
common pasture, was extended north of Wall street. First stage
route to Boston established, time 14 days.
1734 Poorhouse and calaboose for unruly slaves erected on the
"Common," now City Hall Park.
1737 Water street rescued from the river and extended from Fulton
toBeekman streets. Volunteer fire department organized with 25
members enrolled ; organization existed for 127 years.
1741 Population, 10,000, one-fifth negro slaves.
1744 A tract of land, making 50 lots, an comprising the "Swamp,"
1

in Ferry street and neighborhood, sold for ^"200 several tanneries ;

were established thereon.


1747 Population, 12,000. Broadway, above Canal street, was a cow-
path. Pearl street was dug down near Peck slip and graded from
Franklin square to Chatham street. Beekman, John and Dey
streets paved. Madison square was a pond of water forming a por-
rHJ IDE.

ehill Farm nded i«j t:

the southern boundary b


1748 s \ Iota "ii Fulton iti

1756 nil. lint;-..

bartered in
'

laid on block bounded bj ;

i and Bat
.: the Ilu'
I7fl and the B
1761 Public lampa and Uun|
from windows, Fulton street opened and pai
Pi n\ l,y

law ny per I!

halfpenny ; I •
milk, I

(i lb., It Ol., 1".H i, .} < ..j ;

1 76 i S :

illuminati
1766 rhe " Flying Machii
Philadelphia in tu

1767 I : V
I77n Cba '
I 1 he shi|

! 'luring I: nd 4J J

177 i Populal
and Duane street, laid. Lota adjoin ng site of the Sub-
ur\ told for /'-; < a. h,

177-1 n -v Water Works were established with .i

r from up from
.i I H

1776 P ; illation, qi ng jn the

troying one-eighth of the


1780 \ trnamental and fruit
which werecul down ami used for fuel.

1783
\\ ashington entered the
1784 nking institution, " Bank

1786 it of the United


ment. A four bora*
mile.
1786 I

1788 I h<

1789 lent of the Unit)

Vashingl '
nnetta

1790
Murra

1793 Street numbei


34 HIE I'ol.rMlU'h HISTORICAL GUIDE.

1794 Population, 44,000. Reade and Duane streets opened. Wash-


ington square established as Potter's Field. It is estimated that
over 100,000 were buried there.
1796 The Collect Pond, a beautiful pond of fresh water, 60 feet in
depth and nearly two miles in circumference, filled with edible fish
and nestling within a circle of forest hills, was located where the
Criminal Courts building is now being erected and the Tombs
stands; 5,000 piles were driven here for the foundation of the first
mentioned structure, which will cost when completed nearly $2,000,-
000. The elevations running back through Leonard, Grand and ad-
jacent streets, beyond Broadway, were 100 feet high. The first trial
of a steamboat, with a screw propeller, took place on this pond.
A canal 40 feet wide was built along the line of Canal street.
1797 The hillson Broadway, between Murray and Canal streets, were
graded. There were 23 churches in the city.
1799 The Manhattan Company was chartered to supply the city with
water from a reservoir onChambers street, conveyed through
wooden pipes.
1800 Washington, Union, Madison and Tompkins squares laid out.

1801 Population, 63,000. City contained three banks, 7 daily news


papers, 3 insurance companies, 3 stages, 1 theatre, and 4 mar-
fire

kets. Coal almost unknown hickory wood principal fuel. Dutch


;

principal language. Up to this year the only entrance to the city


was by way of the Bowery through groves of cedar to Bulls Head,
now the Bowery Theatre. Lower Pearl street was the fashionable
part of the city. Water from the "Tea Water Pump" retailed from
carts at a penny a gallon. Sailors' Snug Harbor, for old and dis-
abled seamen, founded by Captain Randall. The property left as an
endowment for this institution, the " Minto Farm," located between
8th and 10th streets and Broadway, comprising about io 1 ^ blocks,
has grown to be very valuable, estimated at nearly $18,000,000 and —
yielding a yearly income of $250,000 as a support to the trust. The
buildings, which are located on a tract of 160 acres of land at New
Brighton, Staten Island, are numerous and can easily accommodate
1,000 persons.
1803 Corner stone City Hall laid.

1804 Hackney coaches first licensed. Historical Society founded. A


terrible fire destroyed 40 buildings and $2,000,000 worth of prop-
erty.

1805 Assessed value of property, ^25,645,867. New York Public


School Society founded.
1806 School No. 1 opened in Madison St. near Pearl, with 40 scholars.
1807 City surveyed and laid out. Fulton's steamboat, the "Clermont,"
made its first trip to Albany, time 32 hours.
1809 The Canal street commenced, leaving a canal in the
filling in of

centre, bordered with shade trees, on each side of which was a broad
drive lined with dwellings.
1811 The city again devastated by a terrible fire, destroying nearl}' 100
houses. First steam ferry to Hoboken.
1812 City Hall finished at a cost of $500,000. It was the handsomest
structure in the United States. First steam ferry to Jersey City.
1814 Population, 102,000. First steam ferry to Brooklyn.
1816 Collect Pond finally filled up. First line of packet-ships to Liver-
pool, the "Black Ball Line," established.
35

1819 !:•:. . bounded by Fourth, Bleecker, Perrj and «


h

1825 in honor <<i this event


thai had
America 1' arith magnificent illui

i bell I

from fish oil,

land whalemen, first introduced i>y the New York


mpany. Works ha
l be pi
-
.1 tal
.

1831 Populati the only meat


publ
1835 '
;m< three days, laid in
with
Ioj

1836 Fulton tti

1837 It: mic, utterly paralyzing the buaii land


..incuts.

1838 I b. impleted.
1840 Twelfth street was tin- northern boundary <>( the city. An
tloi on both sides <>( Fifth avenue, extending fr"tn
-
II, brought from - . u b.

•raters of the Croton river, 40 miles away, irst flowed intu


the r through the Croton Aqueduct Board of Education or

18-1-1 Great influx of immigrants '

18-15 luildings, wort!


*/>, •• usiy crippli lire insurance com pa
graph lin<- bet* York and Philadelphia

1846 :menl laid.

1848 |ol istorleft$4 found the Astor Library, •

the publii
1852
1853 Ir

1856 tl Park, eint>r.i< \n% about


-

1857 \ nvohring n<

•1 -if thr n

1858 Completi n of the first ttlaa ititule buill

the public.
1865 for thr volunti artment
1866
1873
arrrs and t.

men) McrtinR ibl

thr
18 75 1

tr.il R
36 THE COLUMBUS HISTORICAL GUIDE.

1876 The Hell Gate Channel opened at a cost to the United States
Government of nearly $2,000,000. Over 52,000 lbs. of dynamite
were used at the final explosion of this great work.
1877 Elevated railroad system completed and first put in operation.
1883 May 24th. East River Bridge opened to the public total cost ;

nearly $15,000,000, two-thirds of which were borne by the city of


Brooklyn.
Nov. Grand Centennial Celebration in honor of the Evacu-
25th.
ation of the city by the British.The President and nine Governors,
with 40,000 soldiers, marines, firemen, veterans, policemen, Grand
Army Posts, sailors, societies and municipal representatives, were in
line, notwithstanding the fact that a cold, drizzling rain prevailed.
The march were lined with spectators for
streets along the line of
miles. It was estimated
between 600,000 and 700,000 visitors
that
came to the city for the occasion. A magnificent water parade on
both rivers preceded the land display. The exercises of the day
ended with banquets, entertainments, etc., in different parts of the
city, by the various leading representative societies.
1889 Centennial Celebration of the Inauguration of George Washing-
ton as first President of the United States. The city gave itselfup
completely for three days, April 29th, 30th, and May 1st, in honor
of the event. It is estimated that 3,000,000 strangers visited the city
during the celebration.
April 29th. The day opened gloriously with the reception of the
President and his Cabinet. In the Naval Parade, which followed,
the harbor was filled with over a thousand vessels all gorgeously
festooned, beautifully decorated and crowded with people, the shores
and piers, radiant in red, white and blue, being alive with the multi-
tudes. The Centennial Ball in the evening eclipsed any similar affair

ever held in this country and was equal in grandeur, brilliancy, and ihe
splendor of its appointments, to the most famous of European court

balls. The Metropolitan Opera House was transformed into a veri-


table bovver of roses, azaleas, lilies and ferns the ballroom was a
;

marvel of light and color with its thousands of incandescent electric


lamps in red, white and blue, and innumerable gas jets adding to
the effectiveness of the scene. The expense of this ball was about
$100,000. Ten thousand persons were present. From the magnifi-
cence of the ladies' costumes, the marvelous blaze of diamonds,
together with the rare congregation, representative of the wealth,
beauty and intellect of the nation, it certainly merited the criticism
itreceived when it was described as the " Greatest Ball of the Cen-
tury."
April 30th. The Military Parade was one of the grandest affairs
of its kind ever witnessed ; eleven miles of richly uniformed soldiers,
with delegations from 700 Grand Army Posts, representing nearly
every State in the Union, headed by their respective Governors and
Staffs, were in the line, forming a procession of impressive pomp

and glittering pageantry never before equalled. A conservative


estimate of the number immediately on the line of
of sightseers
march placed it at fully 1,000,000 persons. For the " window
privileges " of one building on the route $5,000, was refused, while
$500 was frequently paid for the use of one window for the two days.
The streets at four different points along the line were spanned with
magnificent triumphal arches. The concert in the Madison Square
Garden by the combined voices of forty-six of the leading singing
societies of the city, accompanied by a grand orchestra and terminat-
ing with the singing of America by 100,000 or more of the assembled
;

rilE ttll.UMHl'S MIS1 IIH 17

popul xliihili^ii of

fireworks a
this i ouni Heigfau
n patriotii
u.is illuminated, lei private hi c him*;
with Chine the publii bui I trium-
phal '

: t; h t
- At the grand bai
the Metrop . irhich was all ablaze again,

tin- leading men ol the '

ir tn ih- nation, including the mors ,,( ihe


bankers, men hanta
down to a sumptuous feast, tl on which
brought them together.
i-t. Tin- < 'i\ i' Parade, in whi> h
I

thown, in i cupying nearly the wl


day in ;

:its (Itiritli tin-

with historical tableaux and allegoi


K' e, the whole t'orinintj a
•it and elaboral
a magnificence of its kitnl without a parallel.
1890 The high i redii attained by th< City had .1 remarkable illustration
this year in tl n>K .» premium "f one and one-eighth
a market
! bearing but 7 never bei ed in tin-

history of muni< i|>.

It is offii iliat the Tax Rate for the current


be fixed at I - of valuation. As the assessable
lual
mat taxed il :hat
no other important City of th<- world favored in this

NEW YORK CITY
IN

[89I.

The information -given below is derived entirely from official sources,


brought down to the year 1S91. It is only intended to present a few
prominent facts in the most condensed form possible, illustrating the
City's remarkable development. History records nothing to com-
pare with the magnificent exhibits of industrial progress here presented.

CORPORATE The corporate limits of the City embrace an area of nearly


LIMITS. 40 X 3 square miles, Manhattan Island containing 13,463
acres and the annexed district, 23d and 24th Wards, 12,317 acre°. New
York Harbor, which is conceded to be the finest in the world, contains

an area of 102 square miles of safe anchorage 88 miles in the lower
bay and 14 miles in the upper bay. The available water frontage meas-
ures 24^4 miles 13 miles on the Hudson River 9J4 miles on the East
:
;

River, and 2 1 2 miles on the Harlem River.

POPULATION. The present population of the City, based upon the enum-
eration made by the police in the month of September, 1890, under a unani-
mous resolution of the Common Council, was found to be 1,710,715. The U.
S. Federal Census, taken in the month of June, returned only 1,513,101
inhabitants. About one-half of the residents of the City live below 14th
Street. In the Tenth Ward, within an area of a square mile, 290,000
persons are housed. The City's population is increasing at the rate of
60,000 annually. an enumeration were taken of the persons residing
If

within a circle described by a radius extending from the City Hall to the
northern boundary line of the corporate limits of the City, the population
of the " Metropolis" would largely exceed 3,000,000 persons.

ASSESSED In the magnitude and influence of her many commer-


VALUATION, Ac. cial and industrial enterprises reaching out to the
most remote sections of the country, stimulating and giving vitality to
the commerce of the whole world ;
in the vast aggregation of her corpor-
ate wealth ; in the concentration and availability of her moneyed re-
sources, over $1,000,000,000 being deposited in her different financial in-
stitutions, and in the notable accumulations of individual wealth, New
York stands without a peer. There are between 50,000 and 60,000 ac-
tive business firms in the City. Four thousand of her business houses are
rated at $75,000 each, and upwards, classified as follows 350 at $1,000,-
:


000 and over, 400 at from $500,000 to $1,000,000, 3,000 at from $100,-—
000 to $500,000, and the remainder, nearly 250, at $75,000 each and over.
Between one and two hundred of her citizens have annual incomes ex-
ceeding $250,000 each. Within the area bounded by Reade.West Broadway,
Spring and Crosby Streets, comprising about 130 acres, the wholesale
dry goods houses are mainly located. In no city in the world can be found,
within an equal space, a greater quantity of valuable merchandise, which
has an estimated value of over $500,000,000. The average sales of some
of her leading dry goods, grocery and hardware houses is nearly $1,000,-
000 per week. The assessed valuation of her real estate is $1,466,849,-
000, and of personal property about $300,000,000. This total sum of real
estate and personal property exceeds, by over one hundred million dol-
lars, the combined assessed valuation of the five States and three Terri-

tories comprising the Pacific Coast Region. The estimated actual market

mi

i ,1 market within the


last men*
I l>ui!.| tei twth
would pi
-Wuh ill

el, the
•1 \>r

solidly built upon both tides which would span the from
the Continent t" th<

—an

vni-«l by Ui than $500,


-

imlclit"

GENERAL The . .iluali ti of the new liuildir.

STATISTICS. ISl twenty In

thai ; the city north <>f 5<)th and south of 135th streets there
-•I m the past ten years over i2.;'*> buildings costing

annum. The value building sites is fabu


ttilding lot! which i>- -

- nol an unc<>nnn«>n
of the city. I he rent r

il of the prominent office buildil - r»um


.rrie<l on th

lingle building ii meel the annual


•nment. $35,'/x).ooo is required, which is nearly $100,00
Included in this, is the sum of about -
. being the 'if.

the State I unt requii


1 he manufacturing industi
tal being invested among
net manufartu- 1 m ploying nearly ;

.
-

annually Ii

are : -miM-mi nt , 45 of which may !"' rated firsl

rtment hou

of n- three-fiftl

irbich

annually, i

! tn the ei

inten
atiot
There at
40 THE COLUMBUS HISTORICAL GUIDE.

and free storage warehouses, 45 furniture and baggage storage warehouses,


19 grain elevators, 7,784 liquor saloons, no pawnshops, over 600 Chinese
laundries, and 70,000 horses contained in 7,000 stables ; 34 colleges,
75 trade associations, 17 markets, 35 station houses, n district courts,
besides Superior, Supreme, U. S., criminal courts, etc. 63,634 miles of
streets are cleaned each year. The number of cartloads of ashes, etc.,
collected yearly by the Street Cleaning Department is 1,928,000, the
annual cost for which is $1,279,000. The city receives $1,600,000 annu-
ally through the Dock Department for leased wharves, land under water,
etc. Nearly 30,000 licenses are issued yearly by the Licensed Bureau for
expresses, coaches, peddlers, etc., yielding a yearly revenue of $112,000.
There are 770 streets, 168 avenues, 138 places, with numerous alleys,
courts, lanes, squares, etc. The city contains 365 miles of paved and 40
miles of unpaved streets, and 438 miles of sewers. There are 337,316
tenement houses in the city. The foreign countries of the world are rep-
resented by 43 consuls. There are 150 fire insurance companies, includ-
ing the agencies of foreign and domestic companies, whose capital is rep-
resented here ; the available funds thus pledged against fire losses is

enormous. The marine, life, accident and mutual benefit insurance com-
panies of the city (with the agencies represented here) number fully loo
more. The assets of three of the principal life insurance companies of
the city aggregate the enormous sum of $382,346,000 they have risks ;

outstanding of $1,928,228,000, insuring, approximately, 484,000 lives at


an average of nearly $4,000 each.

WATER. The new Croton Aqueduct, just completed, is the most co-
lossal engineering structure of its kind in the world. This stupendous
work commences at Croton Lake, forming a part of the Croton Water
Shed, which has an area of 339 square miles of never failing lakes,
streams and springs of the purest water. A magnificent Gate House is
constructed at the southern extremity of the Lake, from which point the
Aqueduct leads to the Gate House in 135th street, a distance of 30! miles.
The Aqueduct is 14 feet in diameter and built mostly in tunnel. The
water coming through this equivalent to a stream having a width of 50
is

feet and a depth of 10 feet, flowing 59 feet per minute, with a maximum

capacity of 318,000,000 gallons of water every 24 hours. As many as


10,000 men have been employed upon work at one time. The
this

amount of material excavated and the masonry used in its construction


would build a wall 100 feet high and over 5 feet thick around Manhattan
Island, a distance of nearly 30 miles. From 135th street, the water is

conveyed in four rows of 48 inch mains to the Lake in Central Park.


The average depth of the tunnel is 170 feet. At 180th street, where it is
carried under the Harlem River it was found necessary to sink the same
419 feet below the surface, through solid rock in places. The distribution
system includes 693 miles of water mains 8,500 fire hydrants, and ;

nearly 20,000 water meters. The total cost ot the old and new Aqueduct
and Works, comprising the Croton Water service, up to January 1st,
1891, exceeded $72,000,000, of which $24,767,000 has been expended
upon the new Aqueduct begun in January, 1885, and into which water was
admitted in July, 1890. To this there will soon be added a sum exceeding
$5,000,000, being the cost of new dams in the Croton Water Shed, the
construction of which are now in progress. The income from Croton
Water last year was about $3,000,000 the present daily consumption is
;

nearly 150,000,000 gallons. The total sum received by the city from
Croton Water rents, etc., since the Aqueduct was built in 1842, to January
1st, 1891, aggregated $59,873,540. The annual expense for maintenance
of the Croton Water service is about $1,500,000. The City of New York
!

THE 41

has i, lealthful bu| iter than t:

t<\ m\ Oil

in ihe
I ' '
York
than in anj

COMMERCE. I

than by •>


( ill-- lol tin- I nit I ||.

[luring ihl .•.


hich

niinv luring the yeai were -.117.


:-. while :

nutn!
the various lines ol ii

isivc of ihe 1'" al lim


the I

'

crcc of th
1 Ju- numbei
men handise annually ::

"iint, than i- .
the
:. In wh .

her.
ui in cither the

ihe >•

f the
to the whole country • '

inded.
through the port of \ n- Vork dur-
ing the paSl tc::

cas and ghting ll: unt


ELECTRi: LICHTINC. K> fl

fereni

SCHOOLS.
three hut.

CHARITIES the
AND CORRECTION.

ment
42 J I i I-: rnUiMi:ls HISTORICAL GI'IDE.

and the various city prisons about 25,000 to the workhouse and the re-
;

maining, say 45,000, are distributed among the twenty-two hospitals,


asylums and reformatories belonging to the City. In addition to the
foregoing, the City contributes, under authority of various legal enact-
ments, $1,246,000, towards the support of about 8,000 inmates, in twenty-
five miscellaneous asylums and charitable institutions. The Blackwell's
Island bakery uses from 18,000 to 20,000 bbls. of flour per year in making
nearly 5,000,000 lbs. of bread consumed there.

PARKS. The annual appropriation for maintenance of the Parks ex-


ceeds $1,000,000. The City contains 39 public parks, exclusive of trian-
gles and small open places, with a combined area of 4,841 acres, of which
3,600 acres, recently acquired at a cost exceeding $9,700,000, are located
north of the Harlem River in the newly annexed district of the 23d and 24th
Wards. Pelham Bay Park, containing 1,700 acres and located on the
Sound, has a water front of 9 miles along the Sound. This is the largest
of the seven parks belonging to the city and is one of the most beautiful
natural parks in the world. Nearly one-fourth, or about 1,180 acres of
the public parks, are south of the Harlem River. In Central Park, which
has cost the City over $20,000,000, over 500,000 trees, shrubs, etc., have
been planted here is located the Metropolitan Museum of Art one of
; —
the finest institutions of its kind in the world. The appraised value of
Central Park exceeds $100,000,000; its area is, approximately, 862 acres, of
whicli43 1 4 acres are in Lakes. The Park contains 40 miles of roads, walks
and bridle paths. The distance around the outside wall exceeds 6 miles.
The Museum and Menagerie, located near 5th Ave. and 64th St.,

which is visited by 3,000,000 persons annually, is the finest


in the country. The Museum of Natural History, an adjunct
to the Park, on the block boundedand 8th Aves.by Columbus
and 77th to 81st Sts., contains a magnificent collection of rare and
interesting objects. There are dg 1 acres of parks lighted with -^

electricity and 66 acres with gas. Upon Ward's, Hart's, North


Brothers, Randall's and Blackwell's Islands, in the East River,
comprising altogether an area about 575 acres, are located the Peniten-
tiary, Insane Asylum and principal hospitals of the city. Governor's,
Ellis' and Bedloe's Islands, nearly 80 acres altogether, are located in the

Bay, and owned by the United States Government.

BANKS. The average amount on deposit in the sixty-four Associated


Banks, comprising the New York Clearing House, is now about $470,-
000,000. The average daily clearings exceed $145,700,000, being nearly
65^ of the total exchanges of the whole country. The Association was
incorporated in 1853 its clearings for the thirty-seven years of its or-
;

ganization have avenged over $80,000,000 per day, which exceeds 80


percent, of the total exchanges of the whole country. Thsre are thirty-
six additionalBanks not belonging to the Clearing House, besides 176
Private Banks and Bankers. There are over 772,000 depositors in the
twenty-seven Savings Banks in the City, having on deposit an average
of about $400 each, aggregating over $319,000,000. There are sixteen
Trust Companies with deposits exceeding $160,000,000 also twenty-one ;

Safe Deposit Companies, and seventeen Investment, Mortgage and


Guarantee Companies.

POST OFFICE. The yearly receipts of the Post Office aggregate $6,254,-
460; expenses about $2,500,000, leaving net annual profit to
total
U. S. Government $3,754,460. An average of 2,702,396 pieces of mail
matter, using 14,080 sacks and pouches, and weighing 600,000 lbs., pass
through the office every day. There are 1,000 lamp-post boxes, from
which collections are made seven times daily. The employes number
llll 1 i

FIRE.
numb

Laddi
-now n to I

if the public I with


. the total losses by in<- in <h<- ;

I .11. illy

I the in-

D ti tmenl is

iiccnt mai

police. naintaining thi eparunent <>f the


r iu i
- ! he t"t.il number employed on the fori <, wtiic h
annum, i- now m 333
being
MICH.

health. %A tnnually t.> maintain th tit of


.ith- last year and - 1 tli>. being
luring the
tbout 4" pei I •
-i ambulan rising
ittacbed i<> the various hospitals, made 1

the mainti ublk


I

ar.

RAILROADS, BROOKLYN ' One


bridce. ferries, etc. tystem controlled by the Manhattan
J length <>f all the 1

ding.

his sum
build Ighly ci|Ui; :n here t

'
tlr.s I r ..

the

'
$'3
- .

the termin
44 THE COLUMBUS HISTORICAL GUIDE

cross the bridge, which is about 110,000 per day. With the completion
of the improvements in the terminals, now under way, the bridge cars
alone will be able to carry 50,000 persons each way hourly. The daily
receipts from tolls alone exceed $2,800, or over $1,000,000 per annum.
The aggregate number of persons crossing the bridge up to January
1st, 1891, was 180,700,000. The President of the Board of Trustees es-
timates that within ten years the annual travel over the bridge will ex-
ceed 96,000,000 persons, yielding a yearly net profit of $1,770,000. The
total receipts from all sources from the date of opening to January 1,
its

1 891, amounted to $6, 800,000; $367, 200 of this sum was derived, principally

from rentals of warehouses located under the approaches of the super-


structure. The yearly travel on the lines of the sixteen different ferry
companies, which keep constantly running over 100 boats on the different
routes in the two rivers between New York and the cities opposite, will
exceed 150,000,000 persons. The lines operated by the Union Ferry
Company alone carry nearly 36,000,000 passengers, while the boats of
the Pennsylvania Railroad Company to Jersey City carry about 25,000,-
000 persons annually. The various other lines carry in nearly the same
proportion. The boats on the two rivers cross to and fro over 4,000
times daily. Between 40,000 and 50,000 persons arrive and depart from
the Grand Central Railroad Depot in 42d street every day, or say 16,500,-
000 per annum. When the improvements now under way are finished
the capacity of the depot will be increased sufficiently to handle 75,000
passengers daily, or 27,000,000 a year. The grain elevator of this com-
pany, at the foot of West Sixtieth Street, is worthy of note, being one of

largest and best equipped in the world. Seventy men can load or unload
three hundred cars of grain here in a single day.
Among the terminals of the various railroads leading to the city, those
of the Erie Company atWeehawken, now approaching completion, are
among the most notable. The company's piers will have an area of
545,000 square feet. There will be 822,000 cubic feet of storage room
under cover, and two miles of vessels can load and unload at the piers
at one time. The yards containing the railroad tracks connected with
the piers will have a capacity for holding 2,200 cars.
The Pennsylvania Railroad Company has also under construction and
nearly completed, at Jersey City, the largest passenger station and one of
the finest R. R. terminals in the world. About $3,500,000 of the com-
pany's earnings are being invested here in various improvements. The
passenger station proper will consist of a single arched iron roof, 90 feet
in height, 652*0 ^ eet ^ on S an ^ 2 5^ feet in width along the river front;
this is exclusive of thewaiting room and ferry accommodations, which
are of immense proportions and built in the most substantial manner.
The Central Railroad Company of New Jersey has recently spent
large sums, both in this City and Jersey City, in the improvement of its

terminal facilities, etc. Its new train shed at the latter place, recently
completed, is an immense structure, being 512 feet long, 215 feet wide
and 70 feet in height.
The Long Island R. R. Co. has also been forced to accommodate it-

self to the increasing tide ofpatronage and has just completed at


its

Long Island City (Hunters Point) a magnificent depot which has but
few equals. Its exterior dimensions are 105x215 feet and its cost over
$100,000.
There are seventeen lines of railroads running from the City through the
suburban districts, the travel upon which is enormous. It is estimated that
54,000 commuters, living within a distance of 20 miles from the City,
regularly travel on these lines. This amount of travel requires the
constant service of 800 cars and 160 locomotives. The average
•15

BROOKLYN, JERSEY CITY, HOBOKEN AND


LONG ISLAND CITY
itclv interwoven into
t.. them

Brooklyn. >"v irhiti nf{ in


lilt- t"t.i! i tl "ii "f the
."Hi this .


.1 .miui.il

• inn-
town of B :u-«l thirt)

In only m
h >>f April.
ition amounting to about 5,000. In
ly, by whii li tin n bad incre

With the consolidation ol burgh and Bushwi


-
1 inhabita
ji.ih Wat
In 1 by bora
Mew York Cil i :.

! running in ij was tirsi lighted wil


in 1-4- In 1
73 buildings In the city. Th<
::n^ t<> the enumeration
under municipal authority. ["he toth U. S. ' .• the
.

:hr numb

:n length, with

With •

;uarc mill

I
46 THE COLUMBUS HISTORICAL GUIDE.

house connections. The city contains 345 churches, which are valued at
about $18,000,000. Nearly 80,000 children regularly attend the 86 public
schools, requiring the services of 2,000 teachers, at an annual cost exceeding
$2,200,000. The post office yields a yearly net profit of $209,000 to the
United States Government. There are eight gas companies, having a
combined capital of $13,000,000, which supply 10,500 public lamps and
480 miles of gas mains. There are, also, 1,146 electric lamps furnished
by electric lighting companies. The police force numbers 1,000. There
were 19,800 deaths and 16,400 births in 1890. The city contains 3,720
licensed liquor saloons ;34,630 persons were arrested in 1890. In
the fire department there are 29 r.ompanies employing 556 men. The
service is equipped with the most approved fire engines, hooks, ladders,
etc. The losses by fire since 1872 have aggregated $17,500,000. The
city contains 37 banks and trust companies. The 257,000 depositors in
the fourteen savings banks had on deposit January 1st, 1891, $97,000,-
000. There are about 24 miles of elevated railroads completed and in
operation, which carried last year over 40,000,000 passengers. The
street car lines of the city use 2,400 cars and 9,300 horses in transporting
the 160,000,000 persons annually carried thereon. Brooklyn is one of
the principal manufacturing centres of the union, containing between
5,000 and 6,000 factories.

JERSEY CITY. Jersey City was chartered in 1804, when but thirteen
persons resided in the place. It has an area of 8,000 acres and a popu-
lation of 163,987 (10th U. S. Census). The assessed valuation of its real
and personal property aggregates $72,500,000. There are over sixty
churches in the city, and it is the centre of many important manufactur-
ing industries.

HOBOKEN. Hoboken was founded in 1784. It has an area of about


720 acres and a population of 47,953. The aggregate assessed valuation
of its real and personal property is nearly $18,000,000.

LONC ISLAND CITY, formerly Hunter's Point, has a population of


30,396. The assessed valuation of its real estate is $9,341,000.
: : . . . 1

Till COl UM1 RK M GUIDE. •17

PIERS.
I he I ' > I lepartmeni U making many important i hangn and impi

nil of the North,

in thii direi lion, n I

lend l lie v\^t [tic l'icr I. ii.

Inr investments in this dii roished, will


return .1 very li.nu! int.

1 1» »-» ihi " .ill run fi

thus be convenienil) reached from any part of the iit\

page 48

EAST RIVER. NORTH ItlVEIt.

Number

1 . 9 Whitehall . . .
\ , \
I I I Battery pi j
.">
nties -1. A 4 I Battery pi . 9th
9 1 , , H \ ,
.' : 9th
!». I « » • 1 I qtli
1 1, 12 Old si \ ,
">, <• 7
I .1 la.lA 4 B \ 9th
A ; !». HI ... bet.Ret tor« Carli 9th
I ...
-
16 \ . I I rlisle II 3 4
I ... (t. Pine \ I 19 e. It. Albany. 9th
I ^ ft. Mai I: , 1 :i ! I

5
ft. Flei 1 I B 5 9th
JO.-J I ft. Burling si !• , 1 ! B 1
5
99 B 1 i; fcCldt. B 3 5
'

l.

j « Pic. si, H rtlandt & I


<

16 B Oth
9 1 it. |. .. B •

oth
It B 4 oth
99 . ft. Roosevelt . ..-. ft. ] >u. inc. . 9th
99 . h. ft. M.irki : I I .-. .
9th
90 . bet. I
,th
91 . ft. J:imc> -1 I
oth
:iZ •1 B n. ft. Franklin
99 . n. ft. Pike
:i:t It. Oliver •1. I .th
• I I, '.l 5 rine 1
96
liei. Catharine A Mkt 1
96 a ft. Bent h . . .

96 II •
I'.irk pi . 9th
«. ft. Jeli'i J .... .;. ft Hul 9th
:>: Ul '
18
99 ->s . . . 11. ft I. .light

I •
20 I

10, I 1 ."• try


19 I
: '

19, 14 ft. 1 • I
".
l 3 I

16 I

»: 16
i>> : . Charlton . It
19 bet Clint :-
50 mcry 19 I ' 1 ,

E 1 •
-'
ivetneur . ... 10
99 In
.-.
I I I

.
I I

56 . 1
19 I

58 B 1 I 1
1 .

...I it. Ki\ tngi 11 1 : 1

til I
1 1

99 Mil l . I
] I

t, : ft lliir! 1 a tuth 1

• . I ft. Fifth • 1 1

I . 1

96 '• . -t 3,th.
91 •'1 ,«.
...
h
<.<• '

3 1 1 • -l, I

: I '»
th 1 •

7:t . . H t

«. 1

99
t
3

48 THE COLUMBUS HISTORICAL GUIDE.

THE ELEVATED RAILROADS OF NEW YORK CITY.


The following table gives the name of every Station on the four Lines comprising
Manhattan Elevated Railway System. The time consumed in transit between each
Station, with the aggregate time required to such Station from the South
Ferry, going both North and South, is also given.

Tkains going Nokth. Trains going South.


tKead down.i (Read up.)
-
Signal Code.— The t*
destination of each
train is designated
by Signs or Discs
= carried on the En-
•/.

Min. Min. |
Min. so gine. Night trains
will carry Signal
1 I L
h a INs Lamps correspond-
§ ~
ing in color to the
5 f Discs and indicating
same destinations

...South Ferry A.J


1* V4 ..liattery Place A.
.Hanover Square... A.
Rector St A.i
...CortlandtSt B,
....Fulton St B.
Barclay St I'..

Park Place B.
.Franklin Square. B.
..City HallOO-- B.
7 1 Warren St B.
.. Chambers St C.
Chatham Squaret.. C.
... Franklin St C.
Canal St._ c.
... Grand St D,
lu t ..Desbrosses St Ii.
.. Rivington St D.
...Houston St D,
First St E.
...Bleecker St E.:
13^1 ..Christopher St ... E.i
3 8th St E,
\%% 9th St E.
15 1^15 1'., 15 _14th St F.
18^ 16 18th St... F.
19th St F.
23d St G.
1« 28th St G.
30th St. G.
33d St II.
14,3d 34th 3t §
" 43d Sttt
II.
24> I.
47th St... I.
50th St I.
53d St§§ J.
57th St J.
58th St .1.

59th St.. J.
65th St K.
66th St * K.
67th St K.
70th St K.
28 72d St L.
76th St L.
80th St L.
29^ 1H m 33 2
81st St
84th St....
L.
M.
86th St M.
84" ii" 89th St \1.
92d St N.
38', 2 93d St N.
36^ 2^ .98th St \
N.
__99th St N.
83"
m IL, .104th
.105th
St.
St
O.
O.
.106th St.. O.
.111th St O.
3k> 43 [Sf4 4(1 P.
P.
P.
2""
45^2
&
2 150
2 1 52
> RAILROAD 6
. . )

54 THE COLUMBUS HISTORICAL GUIDE.

Each Line traverses the different


Lines running North
streets over which it runs, in the precise order
and South.
given below.

125th St., Tenth Av., Going. Returning.


II i^h Bridge Line.
—Cable Road.
(Distance, 2§ miles; time, 20 Foot E. 125th, Manhattan to !• Via same route.
minutes.) foot W. 130th.
Starts from foot 125th, East
M River, and runs to foot
Manhattan, 130th, North
River.
Through Tenth av., Amster-
Branch. i - Via same route.
dam av. to 187th.

Sixth Av. Line.


^Distance, 45 miles; time, 48 B'way cor. Vesey, Church,
minutes.) Chambers, West B'way, Via same route to West
Starts from Vesey and runs Canal, Varick, Carmine, - B'way, College pi. to
to W. 59th, Central Park. Sixth av., W. 59th, Central Vesey, cor. B'way.
Park.
Diverges through Canal to
Branch Via same route.
cor. B'way.

Third Av. Line.


(Distance, 8J4 miles; time, 8oj Ann, Park row, Bowery,
minutes.') Third av. to Harlem B'dge, v Via same route.
Starts from Ann and B'way,, 130th. \

and runs to Harlem Bridge,


130th. 1

,
J Runs through 36th via Lex-
Via same route.
••) ingtonav. to 42d St.Depot.

Lines running East and


West. — "Cross Town
Lines."
Avenue C Line.
(Distance, 4^ miles; time, s8 ;

West, Charlton, Prince, Bow-


minutes ery, Stanton, Pitt, Av. C,
Very nearly
1

)
I reverses
Starts from Chambers St. E. 18th, Av. A, E. 23d,
route on returning.
P Ferry and runs to Park av. First av., E. 35th, Lexing j

and E. 42d. ton av., E. 42d and Park av


Via same route. Trans-
Branch •<
10th st. and Av. C to 10th
1

fers with B'way &


St. Ferry.
) Seventh Av. Line.

Central Cross Town


Liite.
(Distance, 2 1
r ff miles; time, 26 East 23d, Av. A, E. 18th, Via W. nth, Seventh av.,
minutes. B'way, 14th, Seventh av., 14th, Union sq., E. 17th,
Starts from foot E. 23d and W. nth, West to Christo- Av. A to E. 23d St.
u runs to foot of Christopher pher St. Ferry. Ferry.
St. Ferry.

Chambers Street &


Grand Street Ferry
Line.
(Distance, 2 miles; time, 26 Grand, East River, East, West, Duane, New Cham-
minutes.) Cherry, Jackson, Madison, bers, Madison, Jackson,
Starts from Grand St. Ferry New Chambers to Cham- Cherry, East to Grand
North
R and runs to Chambers St.
Ferry, North River.
bers
River.
St. Ferry, St. Ferry.

Roosevelt, South, James si., West, Duane, via same


Branch New Chambers to Cham- route. Transfers with
bers St. Ferry. B'way & 7th Av. Line.

Christopher Street «fc

10th St. Line.


(.Distance, 2>4 miles; time, 27 Christopher, Greenwich av., E. 10th, Av. A, E. 9th,
minutes ) j
8th St., Av. A to E. 10th Stuyvesant, 8th, Sixth
Starts from Christopher St.' St. Ferry. av., Greenwich av., W.
Ferry, N. R., and runs to ioth.West to Christopher
ioth'St. Ferry, E. R. St. Ferry.
Fourth av. cor. 14th, Ninth
S av., Gansevoort, Washing- ^Greenwich, W. and
1

E.
Branch. ton to Christopher St. i 14th to Fourth av.
Ferry.
_
Branch
, t Ninth av. cor. W 14th to
>• Via same route.
l| foot W. 14th.
55

l>, o. ,..»». « \ . «lr> A It- I II r ii R


* itl m. I.i ii.

lull I ..i I I.i mil A


iiur. in) m. r. rrlea
i.i n. .

I.i -ii.l A I ..i lh.ii.ll


m r. i i > i i ii. .

1 1 Hi

I inth M. A M. Mi h-
..|.i« \ i I I ii. .

v '•
*

Riser

i w . Mis -third it reel


i in.

n . 1 1 .. |i.. 1 1 1 .i ii i i ..«••
lam ii i i ii- .

'
iniC, ti ' :
I

'•

* I

led.
8TREE [
MBERS OPPOSITE tw t .,
1 ,!.| .,
!.'.,
,!
'
N Vl '' '" RAILROA.D STATIONS

MTIO

(.DOTO

I
1 . .

II ! MIIIS IIIsroRl. K\ GUIDE. 57

THE POSTAL SERVICE

MMm

«.. P. \ I I'.

I I
>
4 \.
II D. I II ;

I i
I

l> I I

K
«. i

II I » ! Iiir.l i\
J 1 M
K
I.
j

<>

l» •i. Bldg.
. l I .

1 .

K.

II Ig li B'gc
V \ . < K ! %crUalc

a hen

I.
< r Catherine in.! (

l> i I

C . ' : •
H.K.V
<l II G II
f i.l.
I P.
R ton pi..
li
I 15th U
.

I
1 1 h » B. M. \
I
l
.
-
1 -1 Aist H.. I '•
III 1
I. P.
1.1.

<ihjm.

-
, letter*

il thehm cl», if the letter


thereto.

of District Messenger and 3ranch Telegraph Offices.


A venue. 1

I t>i
Mfll
. -393

58 THE COLUMBUS HISTORICAL GUIDE.

HOTELS.
No city in the world equals New York in the number and excellence of its hotels, nor in
the splendor of their appointments. The following list comprises all of the principal hotels
in the city with a number of others which may be rated as second and third class the ;

nearest Elevated R.R. Station to each hotel the Street Car Line immediately passing or;

nearest the same and, with but few exceptions, the " plan" upon which each hotel is con-
;

ducted, whether American (A), or European (E), or both, including the rates per day, are
also shown. The rates given are, in all instances, the lowest rates.

Plan.
Rates per
NAME AND ADDRESS. O - rt p
day —
either
plan.
c 73 s-

A berdeen, B'way and 21st st 28— 6th B. F. $1 to $2.


Albemarle, B'way and 24th St., Madison sq.. 28-6th B. H. F. $2 and up.
Albert, 37 University pi 24— 3d P. S. $i£ to $2.
A 1 1 111a 11, 67 E. 10th st 23 -6th F. P. 50c. to $3.
America, 15th st. and Irving pi 25— 3d H. P. $1 to $2.
A rno, B'way and 28th st 29 — 6th H. $1 to $3.
Ashland, Fourth av. and 24th st 25— 3d X. §1 to $3.
A st or, B'way and Vesey st 8— 6th E.N. $1 and up.
Avrill, 72 Fifth av 23 — 6th S. P.
turn roll, 15 E. 21st st 28— 3d B. $1 and up.
Barrett, B'way and 43d st 33— 6th N. Si; and up.
Bartholdi, B'way and 23d st 28— 6th H.X. §2 and up.
Hath, 41 W. 26th st 29— 6th B. H. A. hi to $5.
Belmont, 137 Fulton st 6- 3 d G. U. 50c. to $1.
Belvedere, Fourth av. and 18th st 26— 3d P. Si to $4.
Berersford, 81st st. and Central Park West... 47— 9'h
Berkeley, Fifth av. and 9th st 23— 6th S.
Boulevard, Lexington av. and 124th st 62 3d o.
Brevoort, nth st. and Fifth av 23— 6th s. $2 to $5.
Bristol, Fifth av and 42d st 33— 6th J. p. $5 and up.
Bristol, 17 E. nth st 23— 6th s. SiJ and up.
B rower, B'way and 28th st 29— 6th H. $1 and up.
Brunswick, 223 Fifth av 29— 6th B. H. $2 to $10.
Bryant Park, 660 Sixth av 33- 6th B. 50c. to $2.
Buck iuuhii 111, Fifth av. and 50th st 35-6th $1 to $4.
Bull'sHead, Third av. and 24th st 28 —3d X.
Byron, 47 E. 10th st 23— 6th S. B.
Cambridge, Fifth av. and 33d st 31— 6th
Cauda, 17 Lafayette pi 24— 3d B. $i£ to $2.
Carleton, Frankfort and William sts 10 R. 25c. to $1.
Centennial, Eighth av. and 51st st 35— th 50c. to $1.
Central, 253 Canal st !5-3 d B. 50c. to $i£.
Central Park, Seventh av. and 59th st 39— 9th B. $2.
Cla reiiioul, Riverside Park and i26ih st . ... 62— 9th
Clarendon, Fourth av. and 18th st 26— 3d Q- $ 4 i.
Clinton Place, 96 Sixth av 23- 6th s.
Coleman, B'way and 27th st 29— 6th H. $1 to $5.
Colonnade, B'way and Waverly pi 24— d S. $1 and up.
Comptoil, Third av. and 24th st 28 -3d X. 75c. to $2.
Continental, B'way and 20th st 26— 6th F. iji and up.
Cooper Union, 19 Third av 24— d S. $1 to $2.
Cosmopolitan, 15 F". B'way '3 O.G.
Cosmopolitan, W. B'way and Chambers st. 12— 6th N.R. $1 to $5.
Croisic, 7 W. 26th st 29 — 6th B. H.
Crooks, 114 Park row T
3 G. 75c. to $ii.
Cumberland, Fifth av. bet. 22d and 23d sts. 28— 6th X. B.
Bam, Union sq., E. 15th st 25— d S. $2 and up.
Banuevirke, 4 Carlisle st 4— 9th
Bclmonico's, Fifth av. and 26th st 29— 6th B. H.
Be Louvre, 53 W. 28th 29— 6th F. H.
Devonshire, 42d st. and Madison av 33— 3d 0. P. 75c. and up.
De Panama, 17 University pi 23— 6th S.
Bey Street, 58 Dey st 5 -9th C.V. 50c. to $ij.
Earle's, Canal and Centre sts J 5-3 d V. T.
Eastern, 64 Whitehall st 2 C.
Espauol Hispano, 116 W. 14th st 25— 6th Q.S. 1 to $4.
Everett, Fourth av. and 17th st 26— 3d Q- ij- to $4.
Everett, 96 Barclay st 7 -9th u. 50c. to $1.
Fifth Avenue, 23d st. and Fifth av 28 - 6th H.X. A. $5-
Florence, 18th st. and Fourth av 26- 3 d $ii and up.
Fulton Ferry, 2 Fulton st 6 -3d u.c. 50c. to $1.
tiedney, B'way and 40th st 33— 3d N. $1 to $4.
Gcrlac'h, 55 W. 27th st 29— 6th H. A. J-
and up.
Germa nia, 137 Grand st i6-6th T.
Gilsey, B'way and 29th st 29 — 6th H. $2 to $5.
Gladstone, B'way and 59th st 39-gth C. $1 to $5.
Gle nhii 111, Fifth av. bet. 21st and 22d sts 28— 6th X. B. $i and up.
Grammercy Park, 35 Grammercy Park. . 28— 3d J. $i£ to $10.
Grand, B'way and 31st st 31— 6th H.N. $1 j and up.
Grand Central, B'way, bet. Bond and 3d... 21— 6th A. ksi to $5.
Grand ion, Fourth av. and 42d st
I 11 33— d 1. P. $1 and up.
Grand View, 75 W. 59th st 38— 6th N. F.
«. ri II <> 11 19 W. 9th st 23 — 6th S.
Grosvenor, 37 Fifth av 23 —6th S.
Grill li, 63 Greenwich st 4—9 th
Hall's, 98 Park row 3 O.D. ;oc. to $1.
Hamilton, Fifth av. and 42d st 33— 6th I. Is-
Hamilton, Eighth av. and 125th st 62— gth'E. M. A.
I 1

'

'>9

.1' VDURKSS

II. .11- in i.r* ' II. V


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\. |f. A If . I . .. Hi l.l_.
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North Hum I
i
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a. i.i. in., . i i

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IM../
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\\ iiii lirop
60 THE COLUMBUS HISTORICAL GUIDE.

STEAMSHIP LINES AND STEAMERS.


(See opposite page for Ports and Places reached by the following):
Where Steamers sail frjm Piers located in Brooklyn, Jersey City or Hoboken,
the reference characters indicating the Map Square, Elevated Stations and Car
Routes refer to nearest Ferry to such Pier.
The " Belt Lines" of Street Cars— see Car Routes, pages 52 to 55, pass nearly
all Piers and Steamer Landings in the city.— See Elevated R.R. Stations on page 48.
1 1

THE i 61

PORTS AND PLACES.


•r»m»hip l.inr*

enlcn .

tabulated In

In ihal

i i6-j8 \ I

I I

4
N \
-

N
'•
I Brazil...
New Urn: v .

'» N
'•
Bn
SO I i

«4
N ^ New Haven (

N
l old >pr, K I.
N

<

1 lenmark.
> 1

I'rrlh At: lb

Port Ian.!
Portland M<
Ri» ci N \

K I

Kn baton
Fill Knr:. I

r't»hin,{ I'- i- l>

» . : \

I C i ; i n \
1
«
- .
- i

4
I

i I \ \
N \ n ^
n <>

II s . > N B
I I

N .

' I

I
« h
M 1 1

I!

M ;

N «
1 . . .
... . . 4 3

62 THE COLUMBUS HISTORICAL GUIDE.

RAILROAD DEPOTS AND STATIONS.


See page opposite for alphabetical list of Cities and Towns reached by the following.

3,-H
'5*
iw'a
Ferry, etc., rjin
Location of Depot
C D. Name of Railroad.
or Station.
leading to Depot 9 n^5-73
or Station. (1 '« o
" "°
I
Atl.&Fkln.avs.Bn Fulton I'M A.C.U.
Grand st D.6 H. T.Y.
Bklyn & Brighton Beach
23dst., E. R.... G-5 P.Q.X.
Brooklyn Bridge B.4 A. J. O.
36th st.&5th av,Bn Fulton B.4 6- 3 d A. C.U.
Bklyn,Bath & West End- Hamilton A. 4 B.C.
Ft. B'way, Bklyn
Brooklyn Bridge
23d st., E. R... G-5
M -2,1
A. J.
P.Q.X.
O.

Grand D.6 -2d H.T.Y.


Bklyn Elevated R.R'ds.J Roosevelt B.4 -3d C. R. G.
Ft. Fulton St.,Bkn Fulton B.4 "3d A. C.U.
Bridge, Brooklyn Bridge B.4 A. J. O.
Central R.R. of N. J. Jersey City. ...... Liberty . .... . B.3 -9th C. U.V.
Hoboken Barclay B.3 -9th C. U. V.
Del., Lack. & West.R.R-j
Christopher D.2 nth C. Q
S.
Long Island City.. 34th St., E. R. .. H.s -2d I.J. X.
James Slip B. S 3d C. G. R.
Pier 18, E. R. +. B.4 -2d c. u.
Long Island R.R
At.& Flat.avs.,Bn, Fulton
,

B.4 3<1 A. C.U.


Hamilton A. B. C.
Brooklyn Bridge B.4 A. J. O.
Jersey City Chmbersst, N.R C.2 6th R. C.V.
New Jersey & N.Y.R.R. .

23d st, N. R ... oth C. X.Y.


G.i
Jersey City Chmbersst, N.R C.2 6th R. C.V.
N. Y. & G'wood L.R.R. 23d St., N. R.... G.i -9th C. X. Y.
155th st.
High Bridge
& 8th av. OO S.2
T.2
9th E. M.
M.
Morris Dock T.2
New York&Nort'nR.R-! Fordham Heights. U.2
Kingsbridge V.2
Van Cortlandt . . W.2
Mosholu X
65th st.& 3d av,Bn Bay Ridge.. A.4 B.C.
10 N. Y. & Sea Beach R.R.- Fulton B. 4 6- 3 d A. C. U.
Brooklyn Bridge B.4 A. J. O.
G.Ct.,42d&4thav 1-3 J. O. P.
4th av. & 125th st. Q-3 J. M.
Mott Haven, 138th R-3 J. K.
High Bridge T.2 M. K.
Morris Heights. T.2 M. K.
Kingsbridge V.2
10th av. & 30th st. G.i oth L. C.
1 N. Y. Cen. & H.R.R.R. Ft. 130th St., N.R. Q.i -9th M. W.
152'! st R-3 -9th E. M.
Fort Washington. T.i M.
Inwood U.i
Spuyten Duyvil . V.i
Riverdale X.i
Mount St. Vincent X.i
Chmbersst, N.R C.2 R. C. V.
N.Y.,L.Erie&Wes.R.R-j Jersey City
-..tb
12 23dst., N. R.... G.i -9th C. X. Y.
G.Ct ,42d & 4th av 1-3 -3d J. O. P.
86thst.&Fourth av M.3 ;h1 F. J. O.
noth " O.3 2d J. W.
125th
" M.
Q-3 •''! J.
138th st., Mott Hn R-3 -gth J. K.
!
Melrose S-3 K.
13 N. Y. & Harlem R.R ...-{ Morrisania S.3 K.
Claremont Park.. T.3 K.
Tremont . U.3 K.
Fordham V.3 K.
Bedford Park V.3
Williamsbridge W.3
Woodlawn X.3
G.Ct.,42d&4thav 1-3 33— d J. O. P.
14 N.Y., N.H. & H.R.R.— Port Morris R-4 K.
(Including Har. Riv.
Cassanova S.4
Branch.*)
Hunt's Point S.4
Weehawken Jay st C.2 -gthC. L. R.
15 N.Y., Ont.& West.R.R. -j
42d st., N.R... I.I -gth H. C. I.
Jersey City. B.3[Cortlandt -
9 th,C. U.V.
16 N.Y.,Susq. & West. R.R J
*'
Desbrosses st. C.2 .
-gth C. T.V.
Jersey City 'Chambers C.2 -6thlR. C.V.
17 Northern R. R. of N. J. '*
23d st., N. R... G.i -gth:C. X. Y.
Jersey City Cortlandt -gth C. U.V.
18 Pennsylvania R.R. Desbrosses C.2 -gth C. T.V.
Fulton t B.4 -3d A.C.U.
65th st.& 3d av.Bn Bay Ridge A. 4 B.C.
Fulton B.4 6— 3d A.C.U.
19 Prospect Park & C.I. R.R- " Brooklyn Bridge B. 4 I
A. J.O.
" B.4 A. J. O.
36thst.&sthav,Bn| etc,
20th st.& 9th av, "j Fulton, etc B-4| 6- 3 d A. C.U.
20 S. I. Rapid Transit R.R. St. George, S. I. ..Whitehall A.4
Weehawken Jay st C.2 gthlc! l!r.
21 West Shore R.R N. R...
1

gth'H. C.
4 2dst.,
I I.i I.

+ Annex. O
Directly connecting with Sixth and Ninth Av. Elevated Railroads.
* Closely connecting with Second and Third Av. Elevated Railroads at 129th street,
<

II" III* 63

CITIES AND tow:;


he I Fnited
I
wlii. tl til'

may be "i" I

ooren
in.iii tied by the nuin '-.linn tti<- i nd t<>

numt'crs indexing all

whf !i do * ia appended
on Hit- li'ic >>i tin- road ind(

(INI- \\l> I

N \ .

ii, ra, i-
M

] N
i

I
. i

'4


6, II, i
S
'
OilCit)
Omaha
8 V I *

ii

N I

« N l

Philadelphia .

Phillip*] .;

a Puubura
N N .

N
.i, i . I.
N \

\ \

i. 1 1.

I I

ii. i . H

II

II, t>. i*
I
— — — ——
. . .. . . ...
.... ., —

64 THE COLUMBUS HISTORICAL GUIDE.

FERRIES,
WITH TABLE SHOWING THE
Railroad Depots, Street Car Lines, Etc.
CONNECTING WITH SAME.

90

RUNS. 5 3 s.S|8
3 3*8
3

a-*
,H
a c
5-3 q q r* <
To From s

£tf
• a.

Astoria East 92d St X.s G.J. 51— 2d


Bay Ridse Whitehall St . A.4 B.C.
Bedloe's Island A. 4 B. C.
Black well's Island. East 26th " . G.5 G. C. 29— 3d
" ssd " .
J-5 G. C. 35— 2d
" 76th " . . 1-5 G. 45— 2d
Brooklyn,
"
Main St. Catherine Slip. B.s C. R. G r3
Fulton St. Fulton St i;. 4 A. C.U. 6- 3 d
Montague St.. Wall " A. 4 C. 3— 2d
Atlantic Ave. Whitehall St . A.4 B.C.
Hamilton " A. 4 B.C.
39th St., S. B.. A.4 B.C.
E.D.,B'way FCast 23d " . . . G.5 C. P. X 28— 2d
" Grand St. " Houston St E.6 C. H. 20 — 2d
''
B'way Grand St
. D.i-;, C. V.T. 16— 2d
" Grand St. D.6 C.H.Y 16— 2d
" B'way Roosevelt St .
B. 4 c G.R. 9— 3d
" Greenpoint East 23d " .. X 28— 2d
College Point.
10th "
99th "
...
...
a c
G
P.
c. P. S. 23— 2d
53— 3d
Ft. Lee Canal "... C.V. T. 17— 9th
West 130th St . Q.i W.L.I. 65-gth
Governor's Island E. Pier 3, R . . A.4 B.C. 1
Hart's " East 26th St G.5 G. C. 29 — 3d
Hoboken, Nwk. & Fy. St. Barclay St B.3 c. v.u. 7— Qth
Christopher St. E.2 C. S. Q.22— 9th
" West "
14th St 14th . F.i C. S. Y.25— 9th
Jersey City, Montg'ery St. Desbrosses " . C.2 15 C.V. T. 17— 9th
Cortlandt " C.V.U. 5- 9 th
.
§•3
N.J.C.RR. Dock Liberty " . B.3 C. V.U. 5-gth
Pavonia Ferry. . Chambers " . C.2 C. R.L. 12 — 6th
West 23d " . G.i C. X. Y. 28— 9th
Long Island City James Slip B.5 C. G.R. 9— 3d
East 34th St g.5 C. D.J. 32 "3d
»l orrisa nia & Harlem Pr.22, Fulton St. 4 A. C.U. 6- 3 d
Randall's Island East 26th St... r' G. C. 29— 3d
120th " . . P.5 G. 61— 2d
Staten Island, St. George Whitehall " ... A.4 B. C. 1
Ward's Island East 26th " . . G.5 C. G. 29—3d
115th " .., P.5 8 G. 59— 2d
Weehawken,
"
W.S.R.R.. West 42d " . . . l.i 12 !c. H. I. 33- 9th
Old Slip . I.I 12 ,C. H. I. 33— 9th
'.'.'.
W.S.R.R.. Jay St C.2 15 ,C. L.R. 14— gth

A
ferry line is projected to run from the Barge Office to the new Immigrant Landing
Station on Ellis Island, a distance of one mile in a south-westerly direction.
a, Excursion. b, Must have pass. c, Pass only. d, Fare between the hours of 5 and
7.30, morning and evening, 1 cent. e, Ten tickets for 25 cents.—/, Eighteen tickets for 50
cents.—g, Excursion tickets 25 cents. A, Three trips per day.—/, Boats at 10 A.M. and 2
and 5 P.M.—/, 11 A.M. daily. k, 10.30 A.M. daily. — /, Irregular.— >«, 10.30 A.M. and 3.30
P.M. daily.

" 2," I
Railroad Depots, Street Car Lines, Etc.,

REACHED BY LIST OF FERRIES TABULATED ABOVE.

1.— Street cars to North Beach, " Bowery Bay," Steinway, Flushing, etc.
2.— New York & Sea Beach Railway, Ft. Hamilton Line, Brooklyn, Bath & West End
R.R., Brighton Beach Racing Assn., Brooklyn Jockey Club, Coney Island Jockey
Club.
3. — Statue of Liberty.
— Charity Hospital, Penitentiary, Alms House, Work House and Insane Asylum.
4, 5, 6.
7.— The DeKalb Ave., Butler St., Hicks St., Hoyt St. and 7th Ave. are the nearest Street
Car Lines to this Ferry.
. —
Kings County Elevated R.R. to Van Siclen Ave., 7^ miles, 31 minutes; Eastern Park Base
Ball Grounds, Brooklyn Elevated R.R. to Wyckoff Ave., Ridgewood, 4^7 miles, 24
minutes; Fifth Ave. Branch to Washington Park Ball Grounds, also connecting with
Brooklyn, Bath & West End R.R.; Culver's R.R. for Coney Island and the L. I.
R.R. Depot at Flatbush Ave., Court St. cars to Greenwood, connecting with C. I. &
Fort Hamilton trains; 7th Ave. Line to Prospect Park, etc.; 5th Ave., Adams St.,
Butler St., Flatbush Ave., Flushing Ave., Furman St., Gates Ave., Greenpoint, Myrtle
Ave., Putnam Ave., Third Ave. and D^Kalb Ave. Street Car Lines.
. . , i

rm 65

Railroad Depots, Street Car Lines. Etc.

.: with
.

.id k.k. 10 I

. Kriii.

Hill u
\
'•

.ining 75,000
ilrunL

R . V linir... i .
N rthrrn H I

ie, Lehigh Valley R.R., Wcm Jcr*ey


k k.. N. I. Midland k.k . \ 1 k k.
v I . Pbikddphti I I

bem k.k., S.Y.I keiton k.k.


a Hudson k.k.. N |,IN.Y, k.k
k k .

L. I. R.R Manhattan '

icut/cn Pari

bildren'i and Infai I

' ' R.R., Sail r»" Snug


Harinr,


IcOl aft. .\ I ,:r k.k., Ubtet \ I
'

Y., ( tatari i \\ e tern K.k . W

MARKETS.

N \ M I AN 1 1 \ 1 •

4 u I lia I n. .

4 I' II I II I ,

I I II t I -• ,

4 II III
4 •• I ll III l> II ». 14th M
I .1 «l Mil. II .1 I I

I •.- \
I .1 1 III. I
'».
Mom • r.
I 11 It .. 11.
Illltoll I l-ll.
.1 . II' I ».. II

'I .1 nil t 1.1 11 II11 \ ,

I . . 1 1 1 1 . U I 1 1 »
I lllo II ,

Washington,
\» . »l \\ .l.ll 111- I. .11
. , 4
3 3

66 THE COLUMBUS HISTORICAL GUIDE.

THEATRES AND PLACES OF AMUSEMENT.

5a>
NAME AND ADDRESS.
H2.

Academy of Design, 23d St. and Fourth Av G.3 28— 3d J. X. H.


Academy of Music, 14th St. and Irving PI F.4 25— 3d H. J.O.
A rscual "Museum and Menagerie," 64th St.& Fifth Av., C.Pk. K.3 40 -3d C. F.
Am berg Theatre, 15th St. and Irving PI >:-4 25—30 H. J.O.
American A rt Galleries, 6 E. 23d St G. 3 28 -3dH.X.B.
American Institute, Third Av. and 64th St K. 4 40— 3d G. O.
Atalanta Casino, 155th St. and Eighth Av 65-ath E. M.
Atlantic Garden, 50 Bowery is— 3d G. O.
Association Hall, 23d St. and Fourth Av 28— 3d H.J.X.
Berkeley Lyceum, 19 W. 44th St 33 — 6th N. F.
Bijou Theatre, Broadway, bet. 30th and 31st Sts il 31— 6th B.H.N.
Broadway Theatre, Broadway and 41st St H. 2 33— 6th B. N.H.
Casino, Broadway and 39th St H. 3 33— 6th B. N.H.
Central Opera House, 205 E. 67th St K. 4 41— 3d O. G.
Chickerillg Hall, Fifth Av. and 18th St F. 3 26— 6th F.
Columbus Theatre, 112 E. 125th St Q. 4 62 — 3d M. 0.
Cooper Union Hall, 8th St. and Fourth Av E. 4 24— 3d J. O. S.
Cyclorama Buildings, 19th St. and Fourth Av 4 26 — 3d J. P. Q.
Daly's Theatre, Broadway and 30th St r 29— 6th B. N.H.
Doris's Museum, 351 Eighth Av gJ 30 — 9th E.
Edcll Musee, 23d St. near Sixth Av G.3 28— 6th N. X.
Eighth Street Theatre, 8th St. bet. B'wayand Fourth Av. E.4 24 — 3d B. J. S.
Fifth Avenue Theatre, Broadway and 28th St G.3 29— 6th B. H.N.
Fourteenth Street Theatre, 14th St. near Sixth Av 25— 6th N. Q.
Garden Theatre, Madison Av. and 27th St 29 -3d
Grand Museum, 345 Grand St D-5 16 -ad G. T. V.
Grand Opera House, Eighth Av. and 23d St (r. 2 28— 9th E. X.
Ilu I'd m» Hall, Fifth Av. and 19th St
11 F. 3 26— 6th F.
Harlem Olympic Theatre. Third Av. and 130th St Q.4 64-3d M. O.
Harlem Opera House, 125th St., W. of Seventh Av Q.2 62 9th M. W.

Harrigan's Theatre, 35th St. and Sixth Av H.3 31— 6th B.N.H.
Hermann's Theatre, Broadway and 29th St 29— 6th B. H.
H liber's Museum, 14th St. near Fourth Av
Koster & Bial's, 23d St. near Sixth Av
25— 3d J.H.O.
28— 6th N. X.
G. 3
Lenox Lyceum, Madison Av. and 59th St J- 39— 3d C. J. F.
Lexington Av Opera House, 58th St., near Third Av. J- 39— 3d C. O.
Loudon Theatre, 235 Bowery D.4 19 — 3d O. J. P.
Lyceum Opera House, 160 E. 34th St H. 4 32— 3d O.J.
Lyceum Theatre, Fourth Av., near 23d St G -3 28— 3d J.X.
Madison Square Garden, 26* 27th Sts., 4th & Mad. Avs. G. 3 29— 3d J. F.
Madison Square Theatre, 24th St., near Broadway.. G.3 28— 6th B. H.
Metropolitan Museum of Art, 5th Av.&83dSt.,CPk.§ M. 3 48— 3d F.
Metropolitan Opera House, Broadway and 39th St ... H. 2 33— 6th B. N.P.
Miner's Eighth Avenue Theatre, 8th Av. and 25th St G. 2 28— 9th E.
Miner's Theatre, 165 Bowery D.4 16— 3d J.O.
Music Hall, 57th St. and Seventh Av J. 2 3 8-6th B.C.
Museum of Natural History, C. Park W. and 77th St. E. 2
'
47 -9th E.
New York M useiim, 210 Bowery D. 4. 19— 3d J.O.
Niblo's Garden, 570 Broadway D.4 19 —
3d B. P.
Palmer's Theatre, Broadway and 30th St G.3 31 — 6th B. H.N.
Park Theatre, Broadway and 35th St H.3 3i--6th B. H.N.
Parepa Hall, 203 E. 86th St M. 4 49— 2d G. O.
People's Til eat re, 199 Bowery D. t 16— 3d J. O.
Proctor's 23d Street Theatre, 139 W. 23d St G.3 28 -6th N. X.
Houiuauia Opera House, 118 Bowery C4 16 — 3d G. O.
Scottisll Bite Hall, 96 Madison Av., cor. 29th St G.3 29 — 3d F.J.
Standard Theatre, Broadway and 33d St H.3 31 -6th B.H.N.
Star Tli eat re, Broadway and 13th St F. 3 25— d B. J. H.
Thalia, "Old Bowery" Theatre, 46 Bowery C.4 IS 3d GO. V.
Tbi rd Avenue Theatre, Third Av. and 31st St G. 4 29 -3d O.
Tony Pastor's Theatre, 14th St., near Third Av F.4 25 - 3d H.J. O.
Union Square Theatre, 14th St., near Broadway F. 3 25— 3d B. J.H.
University Club Theatre, Madison Av. and 26th St . . G.3 29— 3d F.J.
"Windsor Theatre, 45 Bowery C.4 15— 3d G.O.V.
Worth's M 11 se 11 in, Sixth Av. and 30th St G.3 29 — 6th B.N.H.

§ Open daily from 10 A. M. to 5 P. M., and on Tuesday and Saturday evenings


Admission free except Mondays and Tuesdays, when 25 cents is charged. Tuesday nights
are free ; also open on Sundays from 1 P. M. to half hour before sunset.
* Situated in "Manhattan Square,"
77th to Sist Streets and Eighth to Ninth Avenues.
Open daily, except Sundays, from 10 A. M. to 4:30 P. M.; also Wednesday and Saturday
evenings. Admission free.
THE 6?

CAB, COACH AND CARRIAGE FARES.

< iii-.

i half
mile nr pjrt ihei
I

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68 THE COLUMBUS HISTORICAL GUIDE.

EXPRESSES.
The Express system of the country centres in New York, the service extending to every

city and place of importance throughout the civilized world. In the following classification

the " Local" places are given first, after which the four points of the compass, including

certain prominent cities, and finally the foreign countries. The branch offices are selected, as

near as possible, with reference to a uniform distribution throughout the city. The charac-

ters in brackets, viz., (Cort'dt 4171), etc., indicate the " telephone call," or number, of the

company, immediately following its address.

LOCAL — New York City, Brooklyn, Jersey City, Hoboken, Long Island City, etc.
Westcott, 12 Park pi. (Cort'dt 4171); foot of Jay st. (Cort'dt 1512), foot of W. 42d
st. (38th st. 686), S3 W. 125th st. (Harlem 327*, also 785 and 942 Broadway; foot of

Barclay st. and foot of Christopher st.. Grand Central Depot, 1154 Ninth av. and 314
Canal st. Dodd's " New
York Transfer Co.", 944 Broadway (18th st.
34), 1323 Broadway (38th st. 41), 42d st. and Sixth av. (38th st. 6i\ 38th st. and
Seventh av. (38th st. 5*, 42d st. and Fourth av. (38th st. 28', foot of Desbrosses st.
(Spring 7), foot of Liberty st. (Cort'dt 1502), 241 W. 28th st. (38th st. 76), 132 E. 125th
st. (Harlem 38), 264 W.
125th (Harlem 334*, 72d St. and Ninth av. (38th st. gi).
Long Island Express (for places on Long Island exclusively), Pier 31, E. R.
(Cort'dt 423). Hoboken Express (Hoboken exclusively), foot of Barclay st.

(Cort'dt 4626).

EAST ,— Boston, Mass.; Bridgeport, Ct.; Cambridge, Mass.; Fall River, Mass.; Hartford,
Ct.; Holyoke, Mass.; Portland, Me.; Providence, R. I., and all points easterly
Adams, Broadway (Cort'dt 2807), 122 W. Broadway (Spring i46o\ also 309
59
Canal, 684 Broadway, 12 W. 23d St., 40 E. 42d st. and 48th st. and Lexington av.
National, 145 Broadway (Cort'dt 662), 136 Franklin (Cort'dt 4273), 785 Broadway
(18th st. 959', 950 Broadway (18th st. 535), also 12 Park pi., 302 Canal, 47th st. and
Madison av., and foot of Jay and foot of W. 42d st. York Boston New &
Despatch, 304 Canal st. (M. 1309), also 45 Church St., Pier foot of Murray st.,
N. R., 9 Burling slip, 57 Lispenard St., 97 Mercer st. and 940 Broadway.

WEST Allegheny, Pa.; Chicago, 111.; Cincinnati, O.; Cleveland, O.; Denver, Col.;
Kansas City, Mo.; Minneapolis, Minn.; Omaha, Neb.; San Francisco, Cal., and all
points westerly— Adams(see addresses above). American, 65 Broadway
(Cort'dt 2730), 47th st. and Madison av. (38th st. 591), 121 E. 125th st. (Harlem 243),
3485 Third av. (Harlem 427), 237 W. 125th st. (Harlem 474^, R.R. av. and 138th st.
(Harlem 426), Fordham, N. Y. Harlem 443); also 715, 785 and 940 B'way, 12 Park
(

pi., 40 Hudson st., 314 Canal st., 15 E. 14th St., Tenth av. and 30th St., and Eighth

av. and 53d st. United States, 49 Broadway (Cort'dt 2093), 8 Reade st. (Cort'dt
4554), 296 Canal st. (Spring 37), 142 West st. (Cort'dt 4166), foot of Christopher st.
(18th st. 28), 13th av.,W. Washington mkt. (Harlem 256), 6S3 Broadway (Spring 36),
946 Broadway (18th st. 52I, 1313 Broadway (38th st. 1066), 875 Sixth av. (38th st. 83),
342 Third av. (18th st. 607), also 72 W. 125th st. Wells, Fargo ic Co., 63
Broadway (Cort'dt 2072),, 66 Beekman st. (Cort'dt 830), 10 Clinton pi. (Spring 941),
957 Broadway( 18th st. 528), also 317 Broadway, 143 Bowery, 97 Mercer St., 304 Canal
St., foot of Chambers st. and foot of W. 23d st.

NORTH Albany, N. Y. Augusta, Me.; Buffalo, N.Y.; Detroit, Mich.; Elmira, N. Y.;
;

Grand Rapids, Mich.; Montreal, Quebec Rochester, N.Y., and all points northerly
;

— Adams (see addresses American (see addresses above); National


above);
(see addresses above); Wells, Fargo & Co. (see addresses above).

SOOTH Atlanta, Ga.; Baltimore, Md.; Charleston, S. C; Chattanooga, Tenn.; Louis-


ville, Ky.; New Orleans, La.; Norfolk, Va.; Philadelphia, Pa.; Richmond, Va.; St.
Louis, Mo.; Washington, D. C, and all points southerly — Adams (see addresses
above); United States (see addresses above).

rUrlLlulli — Africa, Cuba, France, Germany, Great Britain, Mexico, South America,
West Indies and all foreign countries American (see addresses above); United
States (see addresses above); Wells, Fargo & Co. (see addresses above);
Baldwin's, American-European, 53 Broadway (Cort'dt 3091). Contanseau
Rapid, 71 Broadway (Cort'dt 1106).
no •' ;i>». 69

DISPENSARIES.
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70 THE COLUMBUS HISTORICAL GUIDE.

CHURCHES.
As shown in the following, New York City is liberally supplied with churches. The
list enumerates nearly 500 (493), many of them being magnificent examples of modern
church architecture. Their aggregate seating capacity probably exceeds 300,000, nearly
every denomination being represented. The principal divisions arc : Baptist, 48 ; Catholic,

77; Jewish, 39; Lutheran, 21; Methodist Episcopal, 62; Presbyterian, 58; Protestant
Episcopal, 87, and Reformed Dutch, 26.

African. Church of St. Jean Baptiste, 159 E. 76th st.


Church of St. Michael, 408 W. 32d st.
Bethel, 214 Sullivan st.
Dodge Metiorial, 101st st. and 3d av. Church of St. Paul the Apostle, Columbus
First African Union, 121 W. 25th st.
av. and W. 60th st.
Church of the Blessed Sacrament, W. 71st
Little Zion, 236 E. 117th st.
Mt. Olivet 161 West 53d st.
near Boulevard.
st.,
,

Shiloh, 167 W. 26th st.


Church of the Guardian Angel, 511 W. 23d
st.
Union American, 228 E. 85th st.
Church of the Holy Cross, 335 W. 42d st.
Zion, 351 Bleecker st.
Church of the Holy Rosary, 442 E. 119th st.
Baptist. Church of the Resurrection, 24 Roosevelt
Abyssinian, 166 Waverley pi. st.
Alexander av., E. 141st and Alexander av. Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, 447
Amity, 310 W. 54th st. W. 51st st.
Ascension, 527 E. 160th st. Epiphany, 373 2d av.
Berean, 33 Bedford st. Holy Innocents, 126 W. 37th st.
Calvary, W. 57th St., near 6th av. Holy Name of Jesus, Amsterdam av., cor.
Carmel, E. 121st st., near 1st ave. W. 97th st.
Central, 220 W. 42d st. Immaculate Conception, 505 E 14th st.
Central Park, 235 E. 83d st. Immaculate Conception (German), E. 151st
Church of the Epiphany, Madison av., cor. st., near 3d av.
E. 64th st. Most Holy Redeemer, 165 3d st.
Church of the Redeemer, W. 131st., near Nativity, 48 2d av.
7th av. Our Lady of Mercy, Fordham.
Colgate Chapel (of Tabernacle), 332 E. Our Lady of Sorrows, 105 Pitt st.
20th st. Our Lady of the Rosary Mission, 7 State st.
East, 323Madison st. Our Lady the Queen of Angels, 228 E.
Ebenezer Chapel, 154 W. 36th st. 1 13th st.
Emmanuel, 47 Suffolk st., near Grand st. Sacred Heart, Anderson av., near Birch st.
Fifth Avenue, 6 West 46th st. St. Agnes, 143 E. 43d st.
First, E. 39th st., cor. Park av. St. Alphonsus, 230 So. 5th av.
First German, 336 E. 14th st. St. Andrews, Duane st., cor. City Hall pi.
First German of Harlem, 220 E. 118th st. St. Anns, 112 E. 12th st.
First Swedish, 332 E. 20th st. St. Anthonys, 153 Sullivan st.
Free, 235 W. 25th st. St. Augustines, Jefferson st., Morrisania.
German, W. 67th st. and 10th av. St. Benedict the Moor, 210 Bleeckerst.
Grace, E. g2d st., near Park av. St. Bernards, 332 14th st. W.
Hope, Laight and Varick sts. St. Boniface, 882 2d av.
Judson Memorial, So. Washington sq. St. Bridgets, 123 Avenue B., near 8th st.
Lexington Avenue, E. 111th st. and Lex- St. Catharine of Genoa, 153d st. and W.
ington av. Amsterdam av.
Macdougal Street, 22 Macdougal st. St. Cecilia, E. 106th near Lexington av.
St.,
Madison Avenue, E. 31st St., cor. Madison St. Charles Borromeo, W. i42d St., near 7th
av. av.
Mariners Temple, 12 Oliver st. St. Columbas, 339 W. 25th st.
Mt. Morris, 5th av., near W. 126th st. St. Elizabeth, W. 187th st., near Kings-
North, 234 W. nth st. bridge road.
North N. Y., Alexander av., cor. 141st st. St. Francis of Assisi, 139 W. 31st st.
Peoples, 365 W. 48th st. St. Francis Xavier, 36 W. 16th St., near 6th
Pilgrim, Boston road, near Vyse st. av.
Riverside, W. Q2d St., cor. Amsterdam av. St. Gabriels, 310 East 37th st.
Second Church of the Disciples of Christ, St. James, 32 James st.
E. 169th st., near Franklin av. St. Jerome, Alexander av. and E. 137th st.
Second German, 451 W. 45th St. St. John Baptist, 209 30th st. W.
Shiloh, 122 E. 126th st. St. John Evangelist, 355 E. 55th st.
Sixteenth, 257 W. 16th st. St. Johns, 2911 Church St., Kingsbridge.
Sixty-seventh Street (German), 223 W. St. Josephs, 59 6th av.
67th st. St. Josephs, 1850 Washington av., Tremont.
Tabernacle, 166 2d ave. St. Josephs (German!, 408 E. 87th st.
Third German, Fulton av., near 166th st. St. Josephs (German), 125th St., cor. W.
Thirty-third Street, 327 W. 33d St. Columbus av.
Tremont, 1815 Washington av. and 175th st. St. Lawrence, Park av. and 84th st.
Twenty-third Street, Lexington ave. and St. Leos, n
E. 28th st.
23d st. St. Mary Magdalens (German), 527 E. 17th
Trinity, 141 E. 55th St. st.
Zion Mission, 106 W. 32d st. St. Marys, 438 Grand st.
St. Monicas, 409 E. 79th st.
Catliolie. St. Nicholas, 125 2d st.
Madison av., cor. E. 129th st.
All Saints, St. Patricks, Mott and Prince sts.
Annunciation B. V. M., Broadway and W. St. Patricks Cathedral, 5th av. and E. 50th
131st st. st.
Assumption, 427 W. 49th st. St. Pauls, 121 E. 117th st.
Chapel of the Immaculate Virgin, 2 Lafay- St. Peters, 22 Barclay st.
ette pi. St. Raphaels, 509 40th st. W.
Church of Our Lady of Good Council, 236 St. Rose of Lima, 42 Cannon st.
E. 90th st. St. Stanislaus (Polish), 43 Stanton st.
Church of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, 473 St. Stephens, 149 E. 28th st.
E. 115th st. St. Teresa, Rutgers, cor. Henry st.
Church of Our Lady of Perpetual Help, St. Thomas Acquinas, 1271 Tremont av.
321 E. 61st st. St. Thomas the Apostle, 118th St., nearW.
Church of Our Lady of the Holy Scapular St. Nicholas av.
of Mt, Carmel, 333 E. 28th st. St, Veronicas, 626 Washington st.
i in 71

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72 THE COLUMBUS HISTORICAL GUIDE.

Church of the Puritans. 15 W. 130th st. Incarnation, 205 Madison av.


East Harlem, 233 E. 116th st. Intercession, W. 158th st., cor. nth av.
Emmanuel Chapel, 733 6th st. Reconciliation, 242 E. 31st st.
Faith, 423 W. 46th st. Redeemer, Park av. and E. 81st st.
Fifth Avenue, 708 5th av. St. Agnes Chapel, 9th av. and W. g2d st.
First, 54 5th av. St. Ambrose, 117 Thompson st.
First (Tremont), Washington av., near E. St. Andrews, cor. E. 127th st. and 5th av.
174th st. St. Anns, St. Anns av. and E. 140th st.
First, of Morrisania, Washington av. and St. Anns, 7 W. 18th st.
E. 167th st. St. Augustines Chapel (Trinity Parish), 107
First Union, 747 E. 86th st. E. Houston st.
Fourth, 124 W. 34th st. St. Barnabas Chapel, 306 Mulberry st.
Fourth Avenue, 286 4th av. St. Bartholomews, 348 Madison av., cor.
Fourteenth Street, 2d av. and E. 14th st. 44th st.
French Evangelical, 126 W. 16th st. St. Chrysostoms Chapel (Trinity Parish),
German, 290 Madison st. 201 W. 39th st., cor. 7th av.
Grace Chapel, 340 E. 22d st. St. Clements, 108 W. 3d st.
Harlem, 43 E. 125th St. St. Cornelius Chapel, Governor's Island.
Hope Chapel, 341 E. 4th st. St. Edward the Martyr, E. 109th st. and
Knox, 252 E. 720I st. 5th av.
Madison Avenue, 506 Madison av., cor. E. St. Esprit, 30 W.
22d st.
53d st - St. Georges, 7 Rutherford pi.
Madison Square, 9 Madison av. St. Georges Chapel. 130 Stanton st.
Memorial Chapel, 310 E. 42d st. St. Ignatius, 56 W.
40th st.
Mizpah Chapel, 420 W. 57th st. St. James, E. 71st St., cor. Madison av.
Mount Washington, Inwood. St. James (Fordham), Jerome av., cor.
New York, 7th av. and W. 128th st. St. James st.
North, 374 9th av. St. John th<- Baptist, 259 Lexington av.,
Park, W. 86th st. and Amsterdam av. cor. 35th st.
Phillips,Madison av. and E. 73d st. St. John the Evangelist, Waveiley pi. and
Riverdale, Riverdale. W. nth st.
Rutgers Riverside, W. 73d st.,cor.Boulevard St. Johns Chapel. 46 Varick st.
Scotch, 53 W. 14th st. St. Lukes, 483 Hudson st.
Second German, 435 E. Houston st. St. Lukes Chapel, W. 141st st. and Convent
Seventh, 138 Broome st. av.
Spring Street, 246 Spring st. St. Lukes Hospital Chapel, 5th av. and
Thirteenth Street, 145 W. 13th st. 54th st.
Union Tabernacle, 139 W. 35th st. St. Marks, Stuyvesant st., near 2d av.
University pi., E.ioth st. and University pi. St. Marks Mem. Chap*"', Av. A and E. 10th
Washington Heights, Amsterdam av. and st.
W. 155th st. St. Mary the Virgin, 228 W. 45th st.
Welsh, 225 E. 13th st. St. Marys, Alexander av., cor. E. i42d st.
West, 31 W. 42d st. St. Marys, Lawrence St., near Amsterdam av.
West End, W. 105th st. and 10th av. St. Matthews, 1389 Columbus av., near W.
West Farms, 1243 Samuel st. 83d st.
West Fifty-first Street, 359 W. 51st st. St. Michaels, Amsterdam av., near W. 99th
Westminster, 210 W. 23d St. st.
Zion (German), 135 E. 40th st. St. Pauls, B'way, cor. Vesey st.
St. Pauls, 3d av. and E. 170th st.
Protestant Episcopal. St. Peters, 342 W.
20th st.
All Angels, cor. \V. 81st st. and W. End av. St. Philips, i6r W.
2sth st.
All Saints, 286 Henry st. St. Stephens, 57 W.
46th st.
All Souls, 781 Madison av., cor. 66th st. St. Thomas, 5th av., cor. 53d st. W.
Anglo-American Free Church of St. George St. Thomas Chapel, 3d av. and E. 60th st.
the Martyr, 222 W. nth st. St. Timothys, 332 57th st.W.
Annunciation, 144 W. 14th st. San Salvatore, 307 Mulberry st.
Ascension, 36 5th av. Transfiguration, 5 K. 29th st.
Ascension Mem. Chapel, 330 W. 43d st. Transfiguration Chapel, W.6gth an J 9th av.
Beloved Disciple, E. 89th st., near Madison Trinity, B'way, opp. Wall st.
av. Trinity, E. 164th st., near Boston rd.
Calvary, 273 4th av. Trinity Chapel, 15 W. 25th st.
Calvary Chapel, 225 E. 23d st. Well Beloved Disciple, Anthony av., near
Chapel of the Comforter, 814 Greenwich st. E. 176th st.
Christ, W. 71st and Boulevard. Zion, 245 Madison av., cor. E. 38th st.
Christ, Riverdale av. Zion, 332 W. 57th st.
Church of Our Saviour, South st.,near Pike Zion Chapel, 418 W. 41st st.
st.
Church of Santiago, 21st st. and 4th av.
Reformed Episcopal.
Church of the Archangel, St. Nicholas av., First, Madison av., cor. E. 55th st.
near W. 117th st.
Church of the Epiphany, E. 47th st., near Reformed (Dutch).
Lexington av. Bloomingdale, Boulevard and W. 68th st.
Church of the Holy Comforter, 343 W. Collegiate, 5th av., cor. \V. 48th st.
Houston st. Collegiate, Middle Church, 14 Lafayette pi.
Church of the Holy Faith, E. 166th St., Collegiate Missions, North Dutch, 113 Ful-
near Boston rd. ton st.
Church of the Holy Nativity, W. 136th st., Collegiate Reformed (First Church), 191
near 7th av. E. 121st st.
Church of the Holy Sepulchre, E. 74th st., Collegiate Reformed (Second Church), 6th
near Park av. av. and W. 123d st.
Church of the Mediator, 2937 Church st., Collegiate, 5th av. and W. 29th st.
Kingsbridge. Collegiate (Fifth Av.), 5th av. and W. 48th
Church of the Reformation, 130 Stanton st. st.
Grace, 800 Broadway, cor. 10th st. De Witt Chapel, 160 W.
19th st.
Grace, 212 E. 116th st. Dutch Reformed Protestant, 149 Norfolk st.
Grace (West Farms', Vyse, near Boston rd. Fordham, Kingsbridge rd., near Aqueduct
Grace Chapel, 132 E. 14th st. av.
Heavenly Rest, 551 5th av. Fourth (German), 244 W. 40th st.
Holy Apostles, 300 9th av., cor. 28th st. German Ev. Mission, 141 E. Houston st.
Holy Communion, 324 6th av. Grace, 845 7th av.
Holy Cross Mission, 43 Av. C, cor. 4th st. Hamilton Grange, W.i45th st. and Convent
Holy Martyrs, 39 Forsyth St. av.
Holy Trinity, 42! st. and Madison av. Holland, 279 W. nth st.
Holy Trinity, W. I2?d St., near Lenox av, Knox Memorial, 5^14 9th av,
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74 THE COLUMBUS HISTORICAL GUIDE.

CLUBS.
A distinguishing feature of the city's social life is strikingly illustrated
in the number of its clubs and the luxuriousness of their surroundings.
In this respect New York City stands preeminent, not even excepting the
establishments of the older European cities. It is conservatively esti-

mated that the value of the leading club plants of the city will exceed
$25,000,000. The following list includes the names and addresses of all
the leading clubs, and some which may not be rated as first class, but
there are thousands of clubs, so called, representing various social, in-
dustrial and political organizations, which do not appear here.
Aldine, 20 Lafayette Place. Driving, 3rd av. and 92d st.
Actor's Am. Ath. Ass'n., 43 W. 28th st. Eastern Coursing, 253 Fifth ave.
Amateur Rifle, 12 John st. Eclipse Yacht, foot E. io2d st.
American Athletic, 135th st. & H. R. Electric, 17 E. 22d st.
American English Beagle, 171 Broadway. Emerald Gun, 131 Henry st.
American Fox Terrier, 2 Wall st. Engineers', 10 W. 29th st.
American Geographical, 11 W. 29th st. Enterprise 136 E. 12th st.
American Jersey Cattle, 1 Broadway. Etching, 51 W. 10th st.
American Jockey, 22 E. 27th st. Federal, 645 Madison av.
American Kennel, 44 Broadway. Fellowcraft, 12 E. 29th st.
American Mastiff, 9 VV. 35th st. Fencers', 8 W. 28th st.
American Yacht, 40 Wall st. Fidelio, no and 112 E. 59th st.
Anawanda, 345 Second av. Fifth Ave. Riding, 1090 5th ave.
Arion, Park av. cor. 59th st. Five A's, 43 W. 28th st.
Arlington League, 240 W. 14th st. Florists', 3rd av. and E. 18th st.
Arthur Club, 187 E. Broadway. Fordham, Creston av.near High bridge road.
Aschenbroedel, 74 E. 4th st. Forty, 115 W. 43d St.
Ass'n of the Bar of the City of N. Y., 7 W. Free Trade, 365 Canal st.
29th st. Freundschaft, Park ave. cor. E. 72d st.
Atalanta Boat, W. i52d st. & H. R. Friendship Boat, foot E. I32(t st.
Atlantic Yacht, 45 William st. Fulton, 83 Fulton st.
Authors', 19 W. 24th st Gaelic Society, 17 W. 28th st.
Balfe Musical, 263 Bowery. German, n* W. 59th st.
Beethoven Maennerchor Society, 210 E. German Liederkianz, in E. 58th st.
5th st. Gotham 624 Madison ave.
Berkeley Athletic, 19 W. 44th st. Graduate Ass'n. of Alpha Delta Phi, 427
Berkeley Ladies' Athletic Ass'n, 23 W.44th Fourth av.
st. Gramercy Boat, 134th st. and Park ave.
Blooming Grove Park Association, 100 Grand National Curling, 1482 Broadway
Broadway. Grolier, 23 E. 32nd st.
Bohemian Club, foot E. i32d st. Hamilton Republican, 145 W. 125th s'
Building Trades, 117 E. 23d st. Harlem, 123d st. cor. Lenox ave.
Caledonian, 10 Horatio st. Harlem Bowling, 15 E. 125th st.
Calumet, 267 Fifth ave. Harlem Chess, 177 E. 114th st.
Camera, 314 5th av. Harlem Democratic, 15 E. 125th sf
Canoe, 7 Bowling Green. Harlem Republican, 24 E. 125th st.
Caterers', 127 W. 26th st. Harlem Wheelmen, 5th ave. and 134th st.
Catholic, nf W. 50th st. Harlem Yacht. 519 E. 121st st.
Central Tammany, 211 E. 32d St. Harmonie, 45 W. 42d st.
Central Turn Verein, N. Y., 205 E. 67th st. Harvard, 11 W. 22d st.
Central Park Lawn Tennis, 1793 B'way. Hide & Leather, 83 Gold st.
Century, 7 West 43d st. Hoboken Turtle, 754 Broadway.
Cercle Francais del'Harmonie,24 \V.26th st. Hoffman, 16 W. 25th st.
Christian Institute Athletic, 238 E. 33d st. Holy Cross Lyceum, 43d st. near 9th ave.
Citizens' Bicycle, 26W. 60th st. Hoot, 25 University Building.
City Club, 253 Bowery. Hudson River Yacht, foot VV. 74th st.
City Reform Club, 41 Park Row. Jockey, 173 5th av.
Clergy, 29 Lafayette Place. Kindly, 13 E. 16th st.
Coaching, 319 Fifth ave. Kit Kat, 49 University pi.
Collie Club of America, 32 Broad st. Knickerbocker, 319 Fifth ave.
Colonial, West 72d st. cor. Boulevard. Knickerbocker Canoe, foot W. 152nd st.

Columbia, 52 Lexington ave. Knickerbocker Yacht, 254 Broadway.


Columbia, Chess, 107 Second ave. Ladies' N. Y. Club, 28 E. 22d st.
Columbia, College Boat & Fencers' Clubs, Lawyers", 120 Broadway.
41 E. 49th st. Liederkranz, 111 E. 58th st.
Columbia'Yacht, foot W. 86th st. Lincoln, 56 Clinton place.
Columbia Working Girls', 245 W. 55th st. Lone Star Boat, W. 153d st. and H. R.
Commonwealth, 2 Wall st. Lotos Club, 149 Fifth ave.
Coney Island Jockey, 173 5th ave. Manhattan, Fifth ave. cor. 34th st.
Congregational, 278 West 125th st. Manhattan Athletic. Madison av.cor.45th st
Contra Bass, 70 E. 4th st. Manhattan Bicycle, 263 W. 70th st.
Corinthian Yacht, 55 Beaver st. Manhattan Chess, 31 W. 27th st.
Cosmos, 25 University Building. Manhattan Liberal, 223 E. 15th st.
Cosmopolitan Bowling, 917 8th ave. Manhattan Riding, Grand Circle & Boule-
Cosmopolitan Cricket, 150 E. 40th st. vard.
Crescent, 514 Willis av. Manhattan Yacht, foot E. 89th st.
Crescent Rowing, foot E. 134th st. Manufacturers' and Merchants' Club, 2
Cricket, 208 3rd av. Elizabeth st.
Dauntless Rowing, W. 147th st. cor. 6th ave Meadow Brook, 48 Wall st.
Delta Kappa Epsilon, 435 5th ave. Mendelsohn Glee, 108 W. 55th st.
Delta of Columbia College, 68 E. 49th st. Merchants', 108 Leonard st.
Delta Phi, 5 E. 27th st. Merchants' Central, 29 Wooster st.
Delta Upsilon, 8 E. 47th st. Metropolitan, 751 5th av.
Democratic, 617 Fifth ave. Metropolitan Rowing, E. 133d st. cor. Lex
Deutscher Press Club, 6 Centre st. ington av.
Down Town Ass'n, 60 Pine St. Metropolitan Stenographic, 95 Lex. av.
Drawing Room, 501 Fifth ave. Mineralogical, 15 Union Square.
NOVEMBER 15, 1891


[or)$ Island •:

AND

Easter9 States Ljpe


COMPRISING

LONG ISLAND RAILROAD,

.i.-i. tt&ktt.
NEW ENGLAND TERMINAL CO,

•*

- : '"-y-y^
*-> >"^ r-<> r-s r-* r

NEW YORK & NEW ENGLAND


RAILROAD,

THE ONLY ROUTE BETWEEN

Brook;ly9 ^ Bostoty
AND

: Easteri? pities :

H. M SMITH.
Minagt'
A. W.
Oeni
>
PERRIN.
.it» • A;
AC Ocn'l
KENDALL,
Pin r Ajjr
LONG ISLAND HOUSATONIC N V A N C
B R SYSTEM R R

' •
lil.EGANT NEW SOIJ1) ni^I.MAN VESTI-
Hi. K».I> TRAINS between KROOKMTi,
LONG ISEA9H) CITY (34t" St. K.R.. N.Y.i
AND BOSTON, WITHOUT CHANGE.

LIMITED TICKET, $5.00.

These trains are furnished with New Pullman Buffet Sleepeis,


New Coaches and Baggage Cars. They leave either city at n p.m.
daily, including Sundays, and are due at destination 7.30 the follow-
ing morning.
This service is unsurpassed by anything in the country, and the
public will find every convenience for their comfort while en route.
The route is via Brooklyn, Jamaica, Mineola, Roslyn, Sea Ciiff,
Glen Cove, Oyster Bay, Wilson Point, Hawleyville, Waterbury,
New Britain, Hartford, Willimantic, Putnam, Franklin and Boston.
At Oyster Bay, east-bound, and Wilson Point, west-bound, the
entire train is run aboard the immense

Jransfer 5^afr\er "Qape Qtyarles"

This steamer is well known, having run on the Chesapeake Bay in

the service of the Pennsylvania system. It is built of iron and is


staunch and fast.
The run across the sound is made in 45 minutes.
Trains start from Brooklyn. Flatbush Avenue Station, L. I. R.R.,
reached from the Brooklyn Bridge, via Elevated Railroad, and also
from Fulton, Wall and South Ferries, via surface cars, and from the
Long Island City Station, reached via East 34th Street Ferry, New-
York.
Trains arrive at and depart from the New York & New England
depot, foot Summer Street, Boston.
Berths in sleepers will be ready for occupancy at 9.02 p.m., where
passengers can remain, if desired, until 9.00 a.m.
This new route brings Brooklyn, with its 850,000 inhabitants, in
direct communication with Boston, and should be appreciated and
patronized by

Business Men, Tourist, Theatrical and Other Parties

en route to any of the numerous cities reached by it.

For further information apply to


H. M. Smith, Traffic Manager,
Long Island Railroad, Long ls'und City, N. Y.
A. W. Perrin, General Passenger Agent,
Housatonic System, Bridgeport, Conn.
A. C. Ken Dai.
General Passenger Agent,
1.,

New York & New England R.R., Boston.


W. R. Babcock, Gen'l Western Pass'r Agent,
New York & New England R.R., 353 Broadway, N.Y.
75

Mil

. »i. Zctu 1 . ... U.

Housatonic Railroad System


|THE ONL V K( )T fTE
I o

LENOX
Wl- Mil

pamod5 Summer I^orts


IN MH

Berkshire Hid
ar^b Qa^fer^ dSifie^.

LonjJ Island a "d $


Eastern
States
Lino

ftrougfi ^ofii. ^e*fi6u?eeL <Urairv& (©oriAiAfirj^ of puffman &u{?{?et <g>feepenS>, ©cr/ <3oaefie& aT^b dfub dar^
SEE TIME TABLE, ETC. ON
76 THE COLUMBUS HISTORICAL GUIDE.

Safety and Comfort


IN TRAVEL
Are considerations of the greatest moment. The railway
line which is noted for these features commends itself to
the patronage of the public.

* * T HE**
Pennsylvania Railroad
is esteemed the best appointed railroad in America in all

that goes to make travel safe, comfortable and pleasant.

A MAGNIFICENT ROAD-BED,
THE BLOCK SIGNAL
SYSTEM THROUGHOUT,
A UTOMA TIC SWITCHES,
COMPLETELY EQUIPPED
TRAINS OF THE BEST CARS,
BEAR TESTIMONY IN SUPPORT OF THE CLAIM.

The service is comprehensive, covering all the principal

cities of the South and West. One trip over the line will

convince the traveler of the wisdom of his selection.

Tickets and all information at all ticket offices, or at

the office of

SAM'L CARPENTER,
Eastern Passenger Agent,

8*9 ±5i^o*^i^v^y, kew yokk.

CHAS. E. PUGH, J.
R. WOOD,
General Manager. General Passenger Agent.
.

..I II. I 77

The Windsor Hotei


FIFTH AVENUE,
py»MO MS* BfocA $*ho$*n \6tA and 47til $tt*cfo

\\ W Y< IRK.

L-1M- wi\ns(iu. U.(r,i.;, .

in m i *. i i v i \» VOM
Jl \ " l\ /«. \\ I I II I l< II I I I-, *..

HAS BEEN RECfc NTLY I I I I ED


R< >UGH< 'I I W'l III I III. LA rES I

M< >1>I K\ SAN1 1 ARY PLUMBING.


THt DRINKING WATER USED IN THE HOTEL IS PERFECTLY
PURE. BEING FILTERED BY THE PASTEUR GERMPROOF FILTER.
AND THE ICE USED IS MADE BY THE HYGEIA ICE COMPANY. FROM
DISTILLED WATER

A MODEL AMERICAN HOTEL ON THE AMERICAN PLAN


LOCATION. CUISINE AND SERVICE UNSURPASSED.

HAWK & \\ I I HI KKI I

Proprietors.
78 THE COLUMBUS HISTORICAL GUIDE.
79

PALI S

H
80 THE COLUMBUS HISTORICAL GUIDE.

THE WASHINGTON BRIDGE.


(Pee illustration on page 76.)

This magnificent structure, which is said to be one of the


most beautiful
bridges in the world, crosses the Harlem River and
the tracks of the
New York Central and Hudson River Railroad at Tenth Avenue and 181st
map Square "T 2."
Street, see Its total length is 2,375 feet, and its clear
height above high water, 152 feet 4 inches The total width of road-
way is 80 feet — 50 feet being used for the carriage-way, the sidewalks
taking up 15 feet on either side of the same. Work on the Bridge was
commenced in July, 1886; it was finished in December, 1888, and opened
to the public in 1889. Its total cost was nearly $3,000,000—/. e.,

$2,851,684.55. An average of 500 men were constantly employed upon


the work during its construction. The two main central arches, each
being 510 feet span, are superb examples of modern engineering skill,

wherein sections of steel are combined and keyed into arches in the
same manner as stone arches are built. The seven side arches, four on
the west and three on the easterly section, are of granite.

NIAGARA FALLS.
(See illustration on page 77.)

This mighty cataract, which is located four hundred and forty-seven


miles from New York, at the western terminus of the New York Central
and Hudson River Railroad, is the most inspiring natural wonder known to

man, and the objective point of tourists from the most remote parts of the
earth. The Niagara River, extending from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario, a
distance of thirty miles, forms the outlets of Lakes Superior, Michigan,
Huron and Erie. The total fall of the river is three hundred and thirty-

four feet, the greater part of the descent being confined within a distance

of seven or eight miles. The rapids are so strong two miles above the
falls as to entirely prevent navigation. There are three distinct cataracts

The Horseshoe Falls, so called from its crescent shape, is by far the

largest, and is in the direct course of the river ; it is two thousand feet

wide and one hundred and fifty-four feet high. The American Fall is six

hundred and sixty feet wide, and the Central Fall two hundred and
forty-three feet, each having a fall of one hundred and sixty-three feet.

In 1885 the State of New York acquired by purchase all the property

on the American side adjacent to the falls, including Prospect Park, and
it is now open free to the public. In 1888 the lands adjacent to the falls

on the Canadian side were finally opened to the public after their acqui-

sition by the Dominion Government. The New York Central maintains


a magnificent service of ten fast express trains between New York and
Niagara Falls every day in the year.
[lit.
:
'l

SARATOGA
Fllor.SXND ISLANDS
AMERICAS GREATEST RAILROAD
ADIRONDACK-
tft MOUNTAINS

DS'YOBK
NEW YORK
Albanv
.(HLNfJciADY
(entral
71 CA
YR.\CU5E
.M\I)AIGUA
Geneva
HESTER
BATAYL4
m
HUDSON RIVER

B BliFfALO
Niagara Falls.

the excellence of its track, til and


F<»K
the numtxr An.! im| ., n ,| the uniformly
the New York Central & Hudson River
Railroad
the Atlantic.
THE COLUMBUS HISTORICAL GUIDE.

EYERY PERSON
Who takes an intelligent interest in the architec-
ture, construction and decoration of the

Buildings he Inhabits,
SHOULD READ

The Architectural Record,


It is a quarterly magazine of the same size as
the Century, richly illustrated.

YEARLY subscription, ONE DOLLAR.


OFFICES OF PUBLICATION :

1 -* - 1 © V E E Y ST.
S>

Jtye l^eeord ar?d Quid^,


THE LEADING REAL ESTATE AND BUSINESS
WEEKLY IN THE UNITED STATES

INVALUABLE TO
J

ALL WHO DEAL OR INYEST IN REAL ESTATE,

ALL BUSINESS MEN GIVING CREDIT,


It publishes a complete record of conveyances in
all
and around New York Judgments, Me-
City, Mortgages,
chanics' Liens, Lis Pendens Chattel Mortgages, New Build-
ings projected, and much other valuable information.

Price, 15 cents a copy, at all news stands,


or #6 a year.

PUBLICATION OFFICES:

14-16 VKSEY STRKKT.


.:

SATONIC RAILROAD SMI


ill! OM.V ROUTE

j^eu/Ybr^to^ei^ox

BERKSHIRE HILLS.

E ls1 Limited Express Trains.

l-'A-ST TIlwIF;, RKLIA-BI.l SI 1 : V !

I II It «» t «. 1 1 IUCXWINI. ICO..M I \|«V

Be lure your tickets read via the Housatomc Railroad,


" The Berkshire Hills R

WILLIAM H. STEVENSON.

A. W. PEHmN.
\ 'Si
THE ONLY ROUTE TO LENOJ
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