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PROIECTAREA UNUI SISTEM

HIBRID DE PRODUCERE A
ENERGIEI ELECTRICE

Profesor indrumator: ef lucrri univ.dr. ing. Constantin


UNGUREANU
Student: Herman Dumitru Toader

PROIECTAREA UNUI SISTEM HIBRID DE PRODUCERE A ENERGIEI


ELECTRICE

HOMER: DATE DE
INTRARE
AC Load: Primary Load 1
Data source: Synthetic
Daily noise: 15%
Hourly noise: 20%
Scaled annual average: 2.4kWh/d Scaled
peak load: 0.194 kW
Load factor: 0.514
Capital

Size (kW)

Replacement

($)

($)

8,000

6,000

O&M

PV

($/yr)

Sizes to consider: 0, 7 kW

Lifetime: 20 yr
Derating factor: 80%
Tracking system: Two Axis
Slope: 48 deg
Azimuth: 0 deg
Ground reflectance: 20%

Solar Resource
Latitude: 47 degrees 59 minutes North
Longitude: 26 degrees 26 minutes East Time zone:
GMT +2:00
Data source: Synthetic
Month

Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

Clearness
Index

0.507
0.508
0.621
0.563
0.525
0.473
0.519
0.577
0.6
0.695
0.638
0.533

Average
Radiation
(kWh/m2/day)

1.46
2.2
4.06
5.04
5.66
5.47
5.79
5.55
4.41
3.46
2.04
1.31

Scaled annual average: 0.187


kWh/m/d
4

DC Wind Turbine: Generic 3Kw


Quantity

Capital
($)
8,000

Replaceme
nt ($)

O&M
($/yr)

6000

Quantities to consider: 1
Lifetime:

15 yr

Hub height:

25 m

Wind Resource
Data source: Synthetic
Weibull k: 2.00
Autocorrelation factor: 0.850
Diurnal pattern strength: 0.250
Hour of peak wind speed: 15
Scaled annual average: 8.58 m/s
Anemometer height: 10 m
Altitude: 0 m
Wind shear profile: Logarithmic
Surface roughness length: 0.01m

AC Generator: Generator 1

Sizes to
consider: 0, 3 kW
Lifetime: 15,000 hrs
Min. load ratio: 30%
Heat recovery ratio: 0%
Fuel used: Diesel Fuel
Curve intercept:0.08 L/hr/kW
Fuel curve slope:0.25L/hr/kW

Fuel: Diesel
Price:

$ 1.7/L

Lower heating value: 43.2 MJ/kg


Density:

820 kg/m3

Carbon content:

88.0%

Sulfur content:

0.330%

Battery: Bn

Quantities to consider: 1

Quantity
1Capital ($)
Replaceme
nt ($)
O&M ($/yr)
2
0
0
1

0
0
.
0
0
Voltage:

12 V

Nominal capacity:

350 Ah

Lifetime throughput:

1,000 kWh

Converter

Sizes to consider:

20 kW

Lifetime:

15 yr

Inverter efficiency:

90%

Inverter can parallel with AC generator: Yes


Rectifier relative capacity:
Rectifier efficiency:

100%

85%

HOMER: INTERFA PROGRAM


Equipment to consider

Optimization results

COMENTARIU: alegem a 2-a variant din lista de rezultate pe care dorim s o


implementm in proiect, deoarece ndeplinete criteriul de a folosi toate
echipamentele.
6

Simulation result
System architecture
Dispatch
Cycle
PV Array strategy 7
kW
Charging
1 Generic 3kW
Wind turbine
Generator 1
3 kW
Battery
1 Bn
Inverter
Rectifier
20 kW
20 kW

Electrical
Component

Productio Fraction
n
(kWh/yr)

PV array

321

2%

Wind turbine 12,880

98%

Generator 1 0

0%

Total

100%

Load

13,200

Consumptio Fraction
n
(kWh/yr)

AC primary load 876

100%

Total

100%

Quantity

876
Value

Excess electricity 12,199

Units
kWh/yr

Unmet load

0.0000006 kWh/yr
Capacity shortage 07
0.00
kWh/yr
Renewable
fraction

1.000

PV
Quantity
Rated capacity

Value

Units

7.00

kW

Mean output

0.0366

kW

Mean output

0.878

kWh/d

Capacity factor

0.523

Total production
Quantity

321

kWh/yr

Value

Units

Minimum output

0.00

kW

Maximum output

0.268

kW

36.6

PV penetration
Hours of operation
Levelized cost

4,376
2.15

hr/yr
$/kWh

DC Wind Turbine: Generic 3kW


Variable

Value

Units

Total rated capacity

3.00

kW

Mean output

1.47

kW

Capacity factor

49.0

Total production
Variable

12,880
Value

kWh/yr
Units

Minimum output

0.00

kW

Maximum output

3.00

kW

Wind penetration

1,470

Hours of operation

8,033

hr/yr

Levelized cost

0.0610

$/kWh

Generator 1
Quantity

Value

Units

Hours of operation

0 hr/yr

Number of starts

0 starts/yr

Operational life

1,000

yr

Capacity factor

0.00

Fixed generation cost

0.408

$/hr

Marginal generation cost

0.425

$/kWhyr

Battery

Quantity

Value
1

String size
Strings
parallel
Batteries

in

1
1
1
2

Bus voltage (V)


Quantity

Nominal
capacity
Usable

Valu
e

Units

4.20

kWh

2.10

kWh

21.0

hr

Lifetime
throughput

1,000

kWh

Battery
wear
cost
Average

0.201

$/kWh

0.000

$/kWh

nominal
Autonomy

energy
cost
Quantity

Value

Units

Energy in

137

kWh/yr

Energy out

109

kWh/yr

0.00

kWh/yr

27.5

kWh/yr

122

kWh/yr

Storage
depletion
Losses
Annual
throughput

Expected life

8.17

yr

Converter
Quantity

Inverter

Rectifier

20.0

20.0

kW

Mean output

0.1

0.0

kW

Minimum output

0.0

0.0

kW

Maximum output

0.2

0.0

kW

Capacity factor

0.5

0.0

Capacity

Quantity
Hours of operation

Inverter
8,759

Units

Rectifier

Units

0 hrs/yr

Energy in

973

0 kWh/yr

Energy out

876

0 kWh/yr

97

0 kWh/yr

Losses

10